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SCIENCE & TREATMENT OF SOUND ELEMENTS: 1. Source 2. Transmission path 3. Receiver POROUS ABSORBENT Best for lower band frequency ECHO The repetition of a sound produced by the reflection of sound waves from an obstructing surface, loud enough and received late enough to be perceived as distinct from the source RESONANCE The intensification and prolongation of sound produced by sympathetic vibration PHON Unit of loudness level SOUND ABSORPTION Process of dissipating sound energy by converting it into heat SOUND Fluctuation in pressure, particle displacement in elastic medium SABIN unit of absorption equivalent to 1 sq ft of perfectly absorptive material Frequency Decibel Noise Decay time Hertz - expressed in hertz - unit of sound - unwanted sound - reverberation tie - the Si unit of frequency


1. Cycle 2. Frequency 3. Amplitude 4. Velocity 5. Wavelength 6. Pure tone 7. Musical Tone 8. Intensity

- full circuit of particle - number of times a cycle is repeated - maximum displacement - speed of sound - distance - one energy one frequency - many pre tones - rate of flow at sound energy

1. Reverberation 2. Echo 3. Flutter 4. Creep/ Crawl

5. Sound Foci

- the prolonging of sound - repetition of sound, with magnitude and delay - rapid succession of echoes caused by the reflection of sound waves back and forth between two parallel surfaces - reflection of sound from a curved surface

6. Diffusion 7. Refraction 8. Diffraction

- sound is everywhere - when traveling forward in a straight path, it changes direction as it passes through different density and causes sound wave to bend - acoustic phenomenon which causes sound wave to bend

9. Focusing

- sound waves reflected from a concave surface