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M.Tech. – II Semester Regular Examinations, September, 2008 EXTRA HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION (Common to Power System Control & Automation/ Electrical Power Systems/ Power Engineering & Energy Systems) Time: 3hours Max. Marks:60
Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --Explain briefly different types of vibrations and oscillations that affects the transmission line conductors. A 750 KV line has details given below. Calculate the temperature rise under given conditions:- Conductor - 4×0.03m ACSR. Power carried= 2000 MW, Resistivity = 2.7 × 10−8 Ω m at 200 C, temperature coefficient of resistance is 0.0045 Ω / 0 C , ambient temperature = 450 C , relative emissitivity = 0.5, atmospheric pressure = 1 , wind velocity = 1.2m/s, solar irradiation of 1KW/ m 2 , solar absorption coefficient = 0.8. Starting from the fundamentals derive the capacitance matrix for an n-conductor system. Calculate capacitance matrix for a 3 φ 400 KV line with height of the conductor = 15 m, phase spacing = 11m, dia of conductor = 3.18 cm, bundle spacing = 45.72 cm for un transposed conditions if there are 2 conductors per bundle. What is audio noise? How is it measured? A ± 750 kv dc line has following dimensions: Height above ground = 15m Pole spacing = 10m Dia of conductor = 3.5 cm Bundle spacing = 45 cm Number of conductors per bundle = 2 Calculate (a) Maximum and minimum surface gradient on the conductors by considering charge on second pole but omitting the charge due to image conductors. (b) Average maximum surface voltage gradient under the above condition. (c) Charge coefficient for each bundle. What is corona? What are the damaging effects of corona? Contd…2
Code No: 52210/MT 7. 8.
Explain cascade connection of components in a transmission line. How harmonics are injected into a network by TCR? Explain a method to suppress these harmonics. &_&_&_&_