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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A 660-Hz tone has an intensity level of 54 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. The pressure amplitude of the sound waves, in SI units, is closest to: A) 7.2 × 10 -3 B) 1.4 × 10 -2 C) 1.4 × 10 -3 D) 2.9 × 10 -3 E) 2.9 × 10 -2 2) A 380-Hz tone has an intensity level of 64 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. The displacement amplitude of the sound waves, in SI units, is closest to: A) 9.3 × 10 -8 B) 2.3 × 10 -7 C) 4.6 × 10 -8 D) 9.3 × 10 -7 E) 4.6 × 10 -7 3) A 860-Hz tone has an intensity level of 71 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. A 1548-Hz tone has the same displacement amplitude as does the 860-Hz tone. The difference in the intensity level of the 1548-Hz tone relative to that of the 860 Hz tone, in dB, is closest to: A) -5.1 B) 5.1 C) 2.6 D) -2.6 E) zero 4) A 710-Hz tone has an intensity level of 23 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. An 1122-Hz tone has the same pressure amplitude as does the 710-Hz tone. The difference in the intensity level, of the 1122 Hz tone relative to that of the 710-Hz tone, in dB, is closest to: A) zero B) 2.0 C) 4.0 D) -2.0 E) -4.0 5) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 5.0 km. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. The acoustic power emitted by the howler, in mW, is closest to: A) 11 B) 0.11 C) 0.32 D) 1.1 E) 3.2 6) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 8.0 km. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. The distance at which the intensity level of a howler's call is 28 dB, in SI units, is closest to: A) 540 B) 380 C) 320 D) 480 E) 640 3) 2) 1)

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A chorus of five howlers call at the same time. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 27 dB.7) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 4.0 m opening for an outside window. is closest to: A) 2.0025 10) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2.0096 C) 0.0 × 10 -9 C) 2.5 km. is closest to: A) 2. A juvenile howler monkey has an acoustic output of 50 µW. The largest distance at which the chorus can be heard. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions.0 × 10 -9 D) 5.0 m × 1. is closest to: A) 0.0 m opening for an outside window.00025 E) 0. 78 m away and facing the window.0 × 10 -1 2 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) . The ratio of the acoustic intensity produced by the juvenile howler to the reference intensity I o. The factor. The acoustic power entering through the window space.7 C) 10 D) 23 E) 14 8) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 8. in SI units.0 m opening for an outside window. is closest to: A) 18 B) 6. is closest to: A) 19 B) 38 C) 28 D) 50 E) 13 9) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2. in µW. at a distance of 460 m.0 × 10 -10 E) 1. 90 m away and facing the window. is closest to: A) 0. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 41 dB. A loudspeaker is located outdoors. The acoustic output of the loudspeaker. in km.00050 D) 0.4 × 10 -1 C) 3.0048 D) 0.5 × 10 -10 B) 1. by which the acoustic power entering the chamber is reduced by the glass window. A loudspeaker is located outdoors.4 km.3 × 10 -10 11) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2. 74 m away and facing the window. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed.0019 B) 0.0050 C) 0. in SI units.00096 12) A glass window is installed in the window space and the intensity level of the sound entering through the window is reduced from 84 dB to 71 dB.0 m × 1. The sound intensity at a point midway between the loudspeaker and the window. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 24 dB.7 × 10 -1 D) 5. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed.2 × 10 -1 B) 1.0010 B) 0.019 E) 0. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed.0 × 10 -2 E) 3.0 m × 1. A loudspeaker is located outdoors.

the speed of sound in air. The string waves and the sound waves have the same A) amplitude.7 D) 15 E) zero 18) An open pipe. in SI units. is closest to: A) 482 B) 634 C) 1520 D) 951 E) 1270 20) An open pipe. the distance from the center of the pipe to the nearest antinode. the fundamental frequency of the pipe. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 848 Hz. B) If two different sound waves have the same displacement amplitude. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 1900 Hz.2 E) 31 18) 19) 20) 3 . C) If two sound waves have the same intensity level (in decibels). 0. In this situation. In this situation. E) If the intensity level (in decibels) of sound A is twice the intensity level of sound B. 14) Which one of the following statements is true? A) If the intensity of sound A is twice the intensity of sound B. then they must have the same intensity level (in decibels). 0. the length of the shortest stopped pipe. then the intensity of A is twice the intensity of B. is closest to: A) 10 B) 12 C) 21 D) 5. In this situation.62 m long.64 m long. In this situation.8 C) 7. in cm. C) frequency. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 1200 Hz. then the intensity level (in decibels) of A is twice the intensity level of B. 15) Which of the following increases when a sound becomes louder? A) Amplitude B) Phase C) Velocity D) Wavelength E) Period 16) What is the intensity level in decibels of a sound whose intensity is 10-7 W/m2? A) 20 dB B) 50 dB C) 60 dB D) 30 dB 13) 14) 15) 16) E) 40 dB 17) 17) An open pipe. they must have the same intensity. which has the same resonant frequency as the open pipe in the second overtone. 0. is closest to: A) 350 B) 344 C) 368 D) 356 E) 362 19) An open pipe. 0. E) More than one of the above is true. B) wavelength. is closest to: A) 12 B) 3. D) velocity.13) Consider the waves on a vibrating guitar string and the sound waves the guitar produces in the surrounding air. in cm. then they must have the same intensity.46 m long. D) If two different sound waves have the same displacement amplitude. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 888 Hz. in SI units.28 m long.

The frequency produced by the oscillator.2. 24) In Situation 16.2.1 m from one loudspeaker and 3. is closest to: A) 1663 B) 1605 C) 1777 D) 1720 E) 1548 4 . for which constructive interference of sound occurs at point P.72 m.36 C) 0. 1.2 A stopped wire. resonates with a tone whose wavelength is 0.40 D) 0. the overtone number of this normal mode is: A) 4 B) 5 C) 2 D) 3 28) In Situation 16. 21) In Situation 16. in SI units. is closest to: A) 220 B) 330 C) 380 D) 270 26) 27) E) 6 28) E) 160 29) 29) Two loudspeakers placed 6. in SI units. the number of the harmonic for this resonant wavelength is: A) 3 B) 5 C) 6 D) 2 23) 24) E) 4 25) 25) In Situation 16. whose frequency range is 1399 Hz to 1812 Hz.Situation 16. is closest to: A) 210 B) 350 C) 430 D) 280 E) 500 23) Three tuning forks are available. The speed of sound is 344 m/s. Fork A produces a 440 Hz tone. a beat frequency of 4 Hz is heard.2. A point P is located 5. are closest to: A) 436 and 433 B) 444 and 447 C) 447 and 444 D) 436 and 447 E) 444 and 433 Situation 16. the frequency of the sound produced by the pipe. The other forks are marked X and Y. 0. The speed of sound is 340 m/s.1. When forks A and X are sounded together. the distance between a node and an adjacent antinode in the standing wave pattern in the pipe.51 B) 0. in SI units.36 27) In Situation 16. is closest to: A) 0.2 m long. The frequency of fork Y is less than the frequency of fork X.27 E) 0. The frequencies of forks X and Y.22 26) In Situation 16. the frequency of this normal mode. For forks A and Y.1.0 m apart are driven in phase by an audio oscillator.45 D) 0.2. For forks X and Y. the wavelength of the next higher overtone in this pipe.58 C) 0. the number of antinodes in the standing wave pattern is: A) 3 B) 6 C) 5 D) 4 21) E) 7 22) 22) In Situation 16. the beat frequency is 7 Hz.2. the beat frequency is 3 Hz. in SI units. in SI units.90 m long. in SI units.18 B) 0.45 E) 0. is closest to: A) 0.6 m from the other. respectively.1 A standing wave of the third overtone is induced in a stopped pipe.

3 D) 15. but not on one open on both ends.00 periods later than the wave from S1.95 kHz D) 1. for which destructive interference occurs at point P.62 m 30) 31) 32) Situation 16. in SI units. What is the length of the pipe? The speed of sound is 345 m/s in air. D) Displacement nodes and pressure antinodes occur at the same place in an organ pipe.0 m apart.4. in SI units. the frequency of the oscillator. is closest to: A) 500 B) 700 C) 1400 D) 1000 33) E) 350 34) 34) In Situation 16.18 kHz B) 1. is closest to: A) 1799 B) 1694 C) 1720 D) 1746 E) 1773 31) Which of the following is an accurate statement? A) Standing waves can be set up in a pipe closed on both ends.50 periods later than the wave from S1.4 A car on a road parallel to and right next to a railroad track is approaching a train. There is no wind.0 m/s.0 m apart are driven in phase by an audio oscillator.3 C) 15.91 kHz 36) In Situation 16.8 Situation 16. placed 5. the wave from S2 arrives 1. the wavelength of the sound from the train's whistle. the boy walks directly away from S1. as measured by the driver of the car.76 m C) 4. C) The open end of a pipe is a pressure antinode for standing waves.3 Two loudspeakers S1 and S2.90 m D) 5.3 B) 16. At that point.196 m E) 0. and P. but not in one with one end open and one end closed.4. whose frequency range is 1350 Hz to 1826 Hz.20 kHz E) 1. are driven in phase by an audio oscillator. The distance of this point from S1.8 E) 14.25 m B) 2. along the line through P. A boy stands at point P.180 m 35) 36) 5 . A right triangle is formed by S1. E) Standing sound waves can be set up in a pipe open on one end.3.229 m B) 0. A point P is located 4.0 m from S2. 33) In Situation 16. the frequency that the car's driver hears from the train's whistle is closest to: A) 1.15 kHz C) 1. The speed of sound is 344 m/s. is closest to: A) 0.0 m/s while the train is going westward at 50. is closest to: A) 14. The frequency produced by the oscillator.75 m E) 3. in SI units.249 m C) 0. and the speed of sound is 344 m/s. The wave from S2 arrives at point P 2. which is 12. The car is traveling eastward at 30. The speed of sound is 350 m/s.263 m D) 0. The car honks its horn at a frequency of 1.9 m from one loudspeaker and 3. B) The fundamental frequency of an organ pipe is determined primarily by the pipe diameter. 32) An organ pipe open at both ends has two successive harmonics with frequencies of 210 Hz and 240 Hz. S2.50 kHz.0 m from S1 and 13. until destructive interference occurs.6 m from the other. A) 5.30) Two loudspeakers placed 6.00 kHz as the train toots its whistle at a frequency of 1.3. 35) In Situation 16.

19 kHz D) 1.786 kHz D) 1.5/346.5 m/s.25 kHz E) 3.0 × 600 C) 354. the longest wavelength reaching the listener from the sirens.4.0 s later.22kHz D) 1.37) In Situation 16.79 kHz 38) In Situation 16. in SI units. the wavelength of the sound from the car's horn.42 kHz B) 1. The Mach number for the aircraft is closest to: A) 1. in SI units.8 C) 2.0 D) 57. at which time the line of sight to the aircraft forms a 54° angle with respect to the horizontal.0 D) 2.19 kHz C) 1.294 m B) 0. The speed of sound is 350 m/s. is closest to: A) 59.19 kHz 40) In Situation 16.5 × 600 D) 354.5. is given by: A) 345. A sonic boom is heard 12.60 kHz E) 1.4.0 m in radius. the highest siren frequency heard by the listener. In this case. The frequency she measures for this reflected sound is closest to: A) 1. The speed of sound is 325 m/s. the maximum beat frequency of the sirens at the position of the listener.80 rad/s. the frequency of the sound that the driver of the car hears from the train’s whistle is closest to: A) 1. 5.4.20 kHz 37) 38) 39) 40) Situation 16.235 m D) 0.5. in level flight at constant speed. is closest to: A) 12 B) 14 C) 8 D) 10 E) 6 44) In Situation 16. the car and train eventually pass each other and continue traveling away from each other.19 kHz E) 1. 41) In Situation 16.7 E) 59. A stationary listener is located at a distance from the carousel.4.5/354.0/354.344 m C) 0.6 42) In Situation 16.5.0 × 600 E) 345. mounted on posts at opposite ends of a diameter. is observed directly overhead.5 A carousel.936 kHz B) 1. the listener mounts a bicycle and rides directly away from the carousel with a speed of 4.5.315 m 39) In Situation 16. has a pair of 600-Hz sirens.2 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 6 . the driver of the car hears the sound of her horn reflected back toward her from the front of the moving train.91 kHz C) 1.5/354.1 E) 1.7 B) 1.3 C) 57.0 B) 58.5/346. the frequency that a person riding on the train measures for the sound from the car's horn is closest to: A) 0. The highest siren frequency heard by the listener. as measured by a person riding in the train. in SI units. The carousel rotates with an angular velocity of 0.19 kHz B) 1.0 × 600 45) A jet aircraft.05 kHz C) 0. in cm. is closest to: A) 609 B) 605 C) 611 D) 603 E) 607 43) In Situation 16. is closest to: A) 0.0 × 600 B) 354.275 m E) 0.

5 m 7 48) 49) 50) . What is the wavelength of a sound wave of frequency 270 Hz in steel? A) 2. D) why the siren on a police car changes its pitch as it races past us. E) the energy in a sound wave varies exponentially with the amplitude of the wave. at which time the line of sight to the aircraft forms a 53° angle with respect to the horizontal. The altitude of the aircraft. C) how sonar works.339 m D) 5. B) the intensity levels usually encountered are too small to be expressed in the usual exponential notation.1 are some wavefronts emitted by a source of sound S. A sonic boom is heard 9. C) the ear is sensitive over such a broad range of intensities.04 ms D) 329 ms E) 1. One has a period of 1. This picture can help us to understand A) the phenomenon of beats.0 s later.95 m B) 0.54 ms. B) why a sound grows quieter as we move away from the source. in SI units. Figure 16. in level flight at constant speed.0540 m C) 0. The beat due to these two waves has a period closest to: A) 0.8 ms C) 3.50 ms and the other one a period of 1.1 46) 47) 48) In Fig. is observed directly over head. is closest to: A) 6000 B) 4900 C) 3700 D) 1800 E) 9700 47) The reason a decibel scale is used to measure sound intensity level is that A) decibels are dimensionless.040 ms B) 57.52 ms 50) The speed of sound in steel is 5000 m/s.89 m E) 18.46) A jet aircraft. D) the intensity levels usually encountered are too large to be expressed in the usual exponential notation. 49) A person is hearing two sound waves simultaneously. 16. The speed of sound is 325 m/s. E) why it is that our hearing is best near 3000 Hz.

64 × 1011 Pa C) 0.26 × 1011 Pa E) 2.40 m long.91 × 1011 Pa D) 1.6.1 54) A pipe.4-Hz longitudinal wave is transmitted in the oil.0 m long has a density of 5800 kg/m3 and a diameter of 6 cm. has a mass of 1. taken as an ideal gas. A wave compression traverses the length of the bar in 0. 40 m long and 10.6 A uniform bar of metal.7 D) 1. is closest to: A) 7. The speed of sound in helium gas.0 E) 3. in MPa. Longitudinal sound waves take 3.9 × 10 8 B) 3.51) The speed of sound in an alcohol. The density of the olive oil is 865 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1. 60 m long and 10. The intensity of the wave. the value of Young's modulus for the metal.2 E) 1.37 × 1011 Pa B) 2.00 × 10-3 s to travel the length of the bar. 20 m long and 10. at a temperature of 20°C. the wavelength of the longitudinal wave in the metal.4 57) In Situation 16. What is Young's modulus for this material? A) 1. The bulk modulus of the alcohol.5 B) 1.6 B) 2.6. The density of the alcohol at that temperature is 830 kg/m3. is closest to: A) 1470 B) 1530 C) 1340 D) 1280 E) 1400 51) 52) A pipe. in SI units.0 cm. 56) In Situation 16. is closest to: A) 2.1 kg. with a diameter of 2.9 × 109 Pa.8 D) 3.9 × 10 8 C) 4. A 980-Hz longitudinal wave is transmitted in the oil.67. is closest to: A) 1.5-MHz longitudinal wave is propagated along the length of the bar. at a temperature of 20°C. in SI units. at a temperature of 290 K and a pressure of 80 kPa. A 53. A 980-Hz longitudinal wave of amplitude 4.00 × 10-3 kg/mol and the adiabatic constant is 1.2 C) 3. The time for the wave to travel the length of the pipe in the oil.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil. The density of the olive oil is 933 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1.0 mm is transmitted in the oil.8 × 109 Pa. in GPa (G = giga = 109).9 × 10 7 D) 9. is 1240 m/s.8 × 10 7 E) 2. A 1. in mm.3 × 109 Pa. is closest to: A) 97 B) 73 C) 79 D) 85 E) 91 58) The molecular mass of helium is 4. The density of the olive oil is 890 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1.12 ms. is closest to: A) 17 B) 13 C) 15 D) 14 E) 12 53) A pipe. The wavelength of the longitudinal wave in the oil.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil.0 × 10 8 52) 53) 54) 55) A metal bar 14.05 × 1011 Pa 55) Situation 16. in ms.4 C) 1.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil. is closest to: A) 1100 B) 1200 C) 900 D) 1000 E) 800 56) 57) 58) 8 . 0.

Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.0983 m B) 0.79 × 1014 Hz B) 9.50 ms B) 14.00 m from this source. 65) A certain source of sound waves radiates uniformly in all directions.0 dB.0 dB D) 77. but the sound intensity does not. and the speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s. the time for sound to travel across it will be closest to: A) 2. what would the speed of sound then be? A) 339 m/s B) 342 m/s C) 338 m/s D) 341 m/s E) 340 m/s SHORT ANSWER.00 m from a point source of sound. If the absolute temperature in this enclosure is doubled. What is the total acoustic power output of the source.0 dB C) 60.39 × 1014 Hz E) 3.00 ms 64) Under certain conditions the speed of sound in air is 340 m/s. 63) Sound takes 10.590 m 61) At a distance of 2. B) Both the intensity level (in dB) and the sound intensity can be negative. At a distance of 4. E) The intensity level (in dB) obeys an inverse-square distance law.60 × 1014 Hz C) 6.00%. C) Both intensity level (in dB) and sound intensity obey inverse-square distance laws.40 × 1014 Hz D) 3.0 ms E) 5.20 × 1014 Hz 60) Two identical loudspeakers that are 5. D) The sound intensity can never be negative.0 ms to travel across a certain experimental enclosure.393 m C) 0. in watts? (Note: The reference intensity I o is 1.00 m apart and face toward each other are driven in phase by the same oscillator at a frequency of 875 Hz. but the intensity level (in dB) can be negative. The frequency of light measured by an observer on earth is closest to: A) 6.0 × 10-12 W/m2. You are standing midway between the speakers.0 dB E) 20.1 ms C) 7.07 ms D) 20.80 × 1014 Hz.295 m E) 0.59) A star is moving toward earth at one-third the speed of light and is emitting light of frequency 4. At a distance of 20 m from the source the intensity level is 51 db. If the temperature were to rise by 1.0 dB B) 40. the intensity level will be closest to: A) 74.0 dB 62) Which one of the following statements is true? A) Both the intensity level (in dB) and the sound intensity can never be negative. the intensity level is 80.197 m D) 0. The minimum distance you can walk toward either speaker in order to hear a minimum of sound is closest to: A) 0.) 65) 59) 60) 61) 62) 63) 64) 9 .

Assume that there are no other points between C and D where interference occurs.10 meters long and open at both ends? Figure 16. constructive interference occurs. Take the velocity of sound to be 340 Hz. By what fractional amount must the player of the viola with the lower frequency increase the tension in his string to make its frequency identical to that of the other viola? Assume that the other viola is already properly tuned.9 beats per second are heard.50 m from speaker A. driven by the same amplifier.3. When both play the A-note. as shown in the sketch. 69) 10 . The speed of sound is 344 m/s. are separated by 2. Express your answer in percent (%).00 m and produce sound waves of the same frequency. 16. If the microphone is now moved along this line to point D. The frequency emitted by the train is 840 Hz. A small microphone is placed at point C. 68) What must be the length of an organ pipe that is open at one end and closed at the other if its fundamental frequency is to be 5 times that of a pipe that is 2. a man is traveling on a bicycle at 18 m/s along a straight road that runs parallel to some railroad tracks. He hears the whistle of a train that is behind him. A and B. and is the train traveling away from or toward the bicycle? 67) Two violists are tuning their A-strings. Find the frequency of the sound waves. 4. At this point destructive interference occurs.00 m from speaker A along the line perpendicular to the line connecting the two speakers. 3. 16.2 66) In Fig. two identical loudspeakers. but the frequency the man hears is 778 Hz. for which the fundamental frequency is 440 Hz when properly tuned.Figure 16.3 66) 67) 68) 69) In Fig. a) What frequency is heard by a stationary observer located between the train and the bicycle? b) What is the speed of the train.2. 6.

40. 73) A string 40. (The speed of sound is 340 m/s. The speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s.70) A police siren produces a sound level of 81.7 beats per second. The molecular mass of air is 28. 71) Two police cars have identical sirens that produce a frequency of 570 Hz.01 g/mol and ! is 1. By how many pascals does the pressure of this wave vary above and below the ambient air pressure? The reference intensity is 1.50 g is fixed at both ends and is under a tension of 425 N. and the density of the air is 1.75 Pa.8 g/mol and ! is 1. When this string is vibrating in its third overtone.0 cm long of mass 8.0 dB.0 cm in air has an intensity level of 45. t = 20. Find the speed of the approaching police car. A stationary listener is standing between two cars. (a) How long is the pipe? (b) What is the fundamental frequency of the pipe? 74) A sound wave of wavelength 26. One car is parked and the other is approaching the listener and both have their sirens on. you observe that it causes a nearby pipe. the speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s.40.20 kg/m2. The molecular mass of nitrogen is 28. The listener notices 9. Find the new intensity level if the pressure amplitude changes to 2.00 × 10-12 W/m 2. 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 11 .0°C. open at both ends.0 dB with a pressure amplitude of 0.48 Pa. to resonate in its third harmonic.) 72) Find the ratio of the speed of sound in nitrogen gas to that of air at room temperature.

Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED3 1) B 2) C 3) B 4) A 5) C 6) C 7) C 8) A 9) C 10) C 11) E 12) D 13) C 14) C 15) A 16) B 17) C 18) E 19) A 20) A 21) D 22) E 23) C 24) B 25) A 26) A 27) C 28) D 29) B 30) C 31) D 32) D 33) B 34) B 35) E 36) D 37) D 38) E 39) D 40) E 41) A 42) E 43) B 44) A 45) E 46) B 47) C 48) D 49) B 12 .

1 % 68) 0.11 × 10-3 Pa 13 .Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED3 50) E 51) D 52) A 53) A 54) B 55) D 56) B 57) A 58) D 59) A 60) A 61) A 62) E 63) C 64) B 65) 6.730 m (b) 236 Hz 74) 5.7 m/s 72) 1.01 times as fast 73) (a) 0.8 m/s.4 dB 71) 5.3 × 10 -4 watts 66) a) 821 Hz b) 7.210 meters 69) 950 Hz 70) 91. away from the bicycle 67) 3.