Exam Name___________________________________

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A 660-Hz tone has an intensity level of 54 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. The pressure amplitude of the sound waves, in SI units, is closest to: A) 7.2 × 10 -3 B) 1.4 × 10 -2 C) 1.4 × 10 -3 D) 2.9 × 10 -3 E) 2.9 × 10 -2 2) A 380-Hz tone has an intensity level of 64 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. The displacement amplitude of the sound waves, in SI units, is closest to: A) 9.3 × 10 -8 B) 2.3 × 10 -7 C) 4.6 × 10 -8 D) 9.3 × 10 -7 E) 4.6 × 10 -7 3) A 860-Hz tone has an intensity level of 71 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. A 1548-Hz tone has the same displacement amplitude as does the 860-Hz tone. The difference in the intensity level of the 1548-Hz tone relative to that of the 860 Hz tone, in dB, is closest to: A) -5.1 B) 5.1 C) 2.6 D) -2.6 E) zero 4) A 710-Hz tone has an intensity level of 23 dB. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s. The bulk modulus of air is 142 kPa. An 1122-Hz tone has the same pressure amplitude as does the 710-Hz tone. The difference in the intensity level, of the 1122 Hz tone relative to that of the 710-Hz tone, in dB, is closest to: A) zero B) 2.0 C) 4.0 D) -2.0 E) -4.0 5) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 5.0 km. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. The acoustic power emitted by the howler, in mW, is closest to: A) 11 B) 0.11 C) 0.32 D) 1.1 E) 3.2 6) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 8.0 km. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. The distance at which the intensity level of a howler's call is 28 dB, in SI units, is closest to: A) 540 B) 380 C) 320 D) 480 E) 640 3) 2) 1)

4)

5)

6)

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The acoustic output of the loudspeaker.019 E) 0.0 × 10 -9 D) 5. in SI units. by which the acoustic power entering the chamber is reduced by the glass window. The acoustic power entering through the window space.0010 B) 0.0 × 10 -2 E) 3.0 m opening for an outside window. The ratio of the acoustic intensity produced by the juvenile howler to the reference intensity I o.3 × 10 -10 11) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2.7 × 10 -1 D) 5. A chorus of five howlers call at the same time. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed.0 × 10 -9 C) 2. is closest to: A) 0.0050 C) 0.0 × 10 -10 E) 1. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 41 dB.7) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 4.7 C) 10 D) 23 E) 14 8) The howler monkey is the loudest land animal and can be heard up to a distance of 8. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 27 dB. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed. A loudspeaker is located outdoors.4 × 10 -1 C) 3.0096 C) 0.00025 E) 0. at a distance of 460 m. in µW.0048 D) 0. 90 m away and facing the window. The largest distance at which the chorus can be heard.5 km. 78 m away and facing the window.0019 B) 0.0 × 10 -1 2 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) . Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions.00096 12) A glass window is installed in the window space and the intensity level of the sound entering through the window is reduced from 84 dB to 71 dB. The sound intensity at a point midway between the loudspeaker and the window.0 m × 1. is closest to: A) 2. in SI units. A juvenile howler monkey has an acoustic output of 50 µW.0 m opening for an outside window.0025 10) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2.2 × 10 -1 B) 1. is closest to: A) 19 B) 38 C) 28 D) 50 E) 13 9) An enclosed chamber with sound absorbing walls has a 2. The factor. 74 m away and facing the window.0 m opening for an outside window. is closest to: A) 0. is closest to: A) 18 B) 6. is closest to: A) 2. The intensity level of the sound entering the window space from the loudspeaker is 24 dB. in km. A loudspeaker is located outdoors.00050 D) 0. A loudspeaker is located outdoors.0 m × 1.5 × 10 -10 B) 1.4 km. Assume the acoustic output of a howler to be uniform in all directions. Assume the acoustic output of the loudspeaker is uniform in all directions and that acoustic energy incident upon the ground is completely absorbed.0 m × 1.

the fundamental frequency of the pipe. C) If two sound waves have the same intensity level (in decibels). In this situation. they must have the same intensity. is closest to: A) 350 B) 344 C) 368 D) 356 E) 362 19) An open pipe. the distance from the center of the pipe to the nearest antinode. E) If the intensity level (in decibels) of sound A is twice the intensity level of sound B. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 1900 Hz. in cm. in cm.7 D) 15 E) zero 18) An open pipe.62 m long. 0.64 m long. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 1200 Hz. 0. D) If two different sound waves have the same displacement amplitude. D) velocity. which has the same resonant frequency as the open pipe in the second overtone. C) frequency. then the intensity level (in decibels) of A is twice the intensity level of B. is closest to: A) 12 B) 3. is closest to: A) 10 B) 12 C) 21 D) 5. In this situation. E) More than one of the above is true. vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 848 Hz.28 m long. then the intensity of A is twice the intensity of B. the length of the shortest stopped pipe.2 E) 31 18) 19) 20) 3 . vibrates in the second overtone with a frequency of 888 Hz. 15) Which of the following increases when a sound becomes louder? A) Amplitude B) Phase C) Velocity D) Wavelength E) Period 16) What is the intensity level in decibels of a sound whose intensity is 10-7 W/m2? A) 20 dB B) 50 dB C) 60 dB D) 30 dB 13) 14) 15) 16) E) 40 dB 17) 17) An open pipe. 0. the speed of sound in air. In this situation. in SI units. then they must have the same intensity level (in decibels). then they must have the same intensity. is closest to: A) 482 B) 634 C) 1520 D) 951 E) 1270 20) An open pipe. 14) Which one of the following statements is true? A) If the intensity of sound A is twice the intensity of sound B. B) wavelength.8 C) 7. In this situation. 0. in SI units.13) Consider the waves on a vibrating guitar string and the sound waves the guitar produces in the surrounding air. B) If two different sound waves have the same displacement amplitude. The string waves and the sound waves have the same A) amplitude.46 m long.

is closest to: A) 220 B) 330 C) 380 D) 270 26) 27) E) 6 28) E) 160 29) 29) Two loudspeakers placed 6.Situation 16.2.51 B) 0. resonates with a tone whose wavelength is 0.45 E) 0.72 m. is closest to: A) 210 B) 350 C) 430 D) 280 E) 500 23) Three tuning forks are available.6 m from the other. in SI units. A point P is located 5. the number of the harmonic for this resonant wavelength is: A) 3 B) 5 C) 6 D) 2 23) 24) E) 4 25) 25) In Situation 16.36 C) 0. the beat frequency is 7 Hz. When forks A and X are sounded together. in SI units.27 E) 0. The other forks are marked X and Y. The frequencies of forks X and Y.2.0 m apart are driven in phase by an audio oscillator. in SI units. 21) In Situation 16. for which constructive interference of sound occurs at point P.18 B) 0.40 D) 0.1 A standing wave of the third overtone is induced in a stopped pipe. The speed of sound is 340 m/s.58 C) 0.36 27) In Situation 16. in SI units.1 m from one loudspeaker and 3. For forks X and Y. 0.2. The frequency of fork Y is less than the frequency of fork X. in SI units.1. The speed of sound is 344 m/s. the frequency of the sound produced by the pipe.2. Fork A produces a 440 Hz tone. the distance between a node and an adjacent antinode in the standing wave pattern in the pipe. a beat frequency of 4 Hz is heard. in SI units. the wavelength of the next higher overtone in this pipe.2 m long.90 m long. 24) In Situation 16. respectively.2 A stopped wire.45 D) 0. are closest to: A) 436 and 433 B) 444 and 447 C) 447 and 444 D) 436 and 447 E) 444 and 433 Situation 16. the frequency of this normal mode.22 26) In Situation 16.1. the overtone number of this normal mode is: A) 4 B) 5 C) 2 D) 3 28) In Situation 16. the number of antinodes in the standing wave pattern is: A) 3 B) 6 C) 5 D) 4 21) E) 7 22) 22) In Situation 16.2. The frequency produced by the oscillator. whose frequency range is 1399 Hz to 1812 Hz. the beat frequency is 3 Hz. 1. is closest to: A) 1663 B) 1605 C) 1777 D) 1720 E) 1548 4 . For forks A and Y. is closest to: A) 0. is closest to: A) 0.

8 E) 14. and P.196 m E) 0. The wave from S2 arrives at point P 2. is closest to: A) 1799 B) 1694 C) 1720 D) 1746 E) 1773 31) Which of the following is an accurate statement? A) Standing waves can be set up in a pipe closed on both ends. the frequency that the car's driver hears from the train's whistle is closest to: A) 1.9 m from one loudspeaker and 3. C) The open end of a pipe is a pressure antinode for standing waves.50 kHz.76 m C) 4. The speed of sound is 350 m/s. which is 12.30) Two loudspeakers placed 6. is closest to: A) 500 B) 700 C) 1400 D) 1000 33) E) 350 34) 34) In Situation 16. What is the length of the pipe? The speed of sound is 345 m/s in air.0 m/s while the train is going westward at 50.18 kHz B) 1.25 m B) 2.6 m from the other. in SI units. 33) In Situation 16. A right triangle is formed by S1.3. There is no wind.8 Situation 16. B) The fundamental frequency of an organ pipe is determined primarily by the pipe diameter. is closest to: A) 0. as measured by the driver of the car. placed 5. in SI units. 35) In Situation 16. is closest to: A) 14.0 m from S1 and 13. The distance of this point from S1. until destructive interference occurs.00 periods later than the wave from S1.15 kHz C) 1. for which destructive interference occurs at point P. At that point. 32) An organ pipe open at both ends has two successive harmonics with frequencies of 210 Hz and 240 Hz.50 periods later than the wave from S1.0 m apart. the wavelength of the sound from the train's whistle.263 m D) 0.3. in SI units. along the line through P. the frequency of the oscillator.62 m 30) 31) 32) Situation 16. The car honks its horn at a frequency of 1.249 m C) 0.0 m from S2.0 m apart are driven in phase by an audio oscillator. are driven in phase by an audio oscillator. whose frequency range is 1350 Hz to 1826 Hz.75 m E) 3. and the speed of sound is 344 m/s.3 D) 15. D) Displacement nodes and pressure antinodes occur at the same place in an organ pipe. The car is traveling eastward at 30. but not on one open on both ends.3 Two loudspeakers S1 and S2.4.229 m B) 0.0 m/s.4 A car on a road parallel to and right next to a railroad track is approaching a train. The frequency produced by the oscillator. The speed of sound is 344 m/s. the wave from S2 arrives 1.3 B) 16.180 m 35) 36) 5 .91 kHz 36) In Situation 16.3 C) 15.00 kHz as the train toots its whistle at a frequency of 1. but not in one with one end open and one end closed. E) Standing sound waves can be set up in a pipe open on one end.4. A) 5.20 kHz E) 1. S2. the boy walks directly away from S1.90 m D) 5.95 kHz D) 1. A boy stands at point P. A point P is located 4.

the listener mounts a bicycle and rides directly away from the carousel with a speed of 4.19 kHz B) 1. is closest to: A) 12 B) 14 C) 8 D) 10 E) 6 44) In Situation 16.7 B) 1.0 m in radius. in level flight at constant speed. in SI units.79 kHz 38) In Situation 16.4.294 m B) 0.0 × 600 45) A jet aircraft.5/354. in SI units. is closest to: A) 0. the frequency of the sound that the driver of the car hears from the train’s whistle is closest to: A) 1. the wavelength of the sound from the car's horn.3 C) 57.6 42) In Situation 16.0 D) 57. The speed of sound is 325 m/s.0 × 600 C) 354. the maximum beat frequency of the sirens at the position of the listener. The highest siren frequency heard by the listener.20 kHz 37) 38) 39) 40) Situation 16. in cm.0 B) 58.80 rad/s.4.786 kHz D) 1.275 m E) 0. the longest wavelength reaching the listener from the sirens.19 kHz 40) In Situation 16. the driver of the car hears the sound of her horn reflected back toward her from the front of the moving train. is closest to: A) 609 B) 605 C) 611 D) 603 E) 607 43) In Situation 16.60 kHz E) 1. A sonic boom is heard 12.25 kHz E) 3. The frequency she measures for this reflected sound is closest to: A) 1.5 m/s.5. at which time the line of sight to the aircraft forms a 54° angle with respect to the horizontal.2 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 6 .0 × 600 B) 354.5 A carousel.0/354.05 kHz C) 0.5. The carousel rotates with an angular velocity of 0.91 kHz C) 1.0 D) 2. as measured by a person riding in the train.344 m C) 0.19 kHz D) 1.5.315 m 39) In Situation 16. The speed of sound is 350 m/s.0 s later. 41) In Situation 16. 5.5 × 600 D) 354.42 kHz B) 1. In this case.7 E) 59.19 kHz E) 1. A stationary listener is located at a distance from the carousel. is closest to: A) 59. is given by: A) 345. is observed directly overhead.0 × 600 E) 345.19 kHz C) 1.37) In Situation 16. the frequency that a person riding on the train measures for the sound from the car's horn is closest to: A) 0.235 m D) 0.4.5/346. mounted on posts at opposite ends of a diameter. the highest siren frequency heard by the listener. the car and train eventually pass each other and continue traveling away from each other.22kHz D) 1.5/354.936 kHz B) 1.1 E) 1. in SI units.4.5.8 C) 2.5/346. has a pair of 600-Hz sirens. The Mach number for the aircraft is closest to: A) 1.

The speed of sound is 325 m/s. E) why it is that our hearing is best near 3000 Hz. B) why a sound grows quieter as we move away from the source.52 ms 50) The speed of sound in steel is 5000 m/s. One has a period of 1.040 ms B) 57. Figure 16. C) how sonar works.0540 m C) 0.50 ms and the other one a period of 1.89 m E) 18. C) the ear is sensitive over such a broad range of intensities. D) why the siren on a police car changes its pitch as it races past us. 49) A person is hearing two sound waves simultaneously. The altitude of the aircraft.1 46) 47) 48) In Fig.5 m 7 48) 49) 50) . B) the intensity levels usually encountered are too small to be expressed in the usual exponential notation. This picture can help us to understand A) the phenomenon of beats.1 are some wavefronts emitted by a source of sound S. The beat due to these two waves has a period closest to: A) 0. in level flight at constant speed.46) A jet aircraft. in SI units.95 m B) 0. E) the energy in a sound wave varies exponentially with the amplitude of the wave. A sonic boom is heard 9. is observed directly over head.54 ms. at which time the line of sight to the aircraft forms a 53° angle with respect to the horizontal.0 s later. is closest to: A) 6000 B) 4900 C) 3700 D) 1800 E) 9700 47) The reason a decibel scale is used to measure sound intensity level is that A) decibels are dimensionless. What is the wavelength of a sound wave of frequency 270 Hz in steel? A) 2.8 ms C) 3.339 m D) 5. 16.04 ms D) 329 ms E) 1. D) the intensity levels usually encountered are too large to be expressed in the usual exponential notation.

in GPa (G = giga = 109).6 B) 2. is closest to: A) 1.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil.0 cm.26 × 1011 Pa E) 2. The density of the alcohol at that temperature is 830 kg/m3.64 × 1011 Pa C) 0. at a temperature of 20°C. in SI units.9 × 10 8 C) 4. The intensity of the wave.12 ms. The time for the wave to travel the length of the pipe in the oil. 60 m long and 10. 20 m long and 10. is closest to: A) 1470 B) 1530 C) 1340 D) 1280 E) 1400 51) 52) A pipe.37 × 1011 Pa B) 2. A 53. is closest to: A) 97 B) 73 C) 79 D) 85 E) 91 58) The molecular mass of helium is 4.00 × 10-3 kg/mol and the adiabatic constant is 1.0 E) 3.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil. at a temperature of 290 K and a pressure of 80 kPa.2 C) 3.9 × 109 Pa.9 × 10 7 D) 9. The density of the olive oil is 933 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1. A wave compression traverses the length of the bar in 0.4 C) 1. is closest to: A) 1100 B) 1200 C) 900 D) 1000 E) 800 56) 57) 58) 8 . The bulk modulus of the alcohol.5 B) 1.4 57) In Situation 16.67. The density of the olive oil is 865 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1. has a mass of 1.0 mm is transmitted in the oil. the value of Young's modulus for the metal.40 m long.00 × 10-3 s to travel the length of the bar. 56) In Situation 16. 0.3 × 109 Pa. is 1240 m/s.8 × 10 7 E) 2.4-Hz longitudinal wave is transmitted in the oil. A 1.1 54) A pipe. Longitudinal sound waves take 3. is closest to: A) 7.91 × 1011 Pa D) 1. What is Young's modulus for this material? A) 1.0 m long has a density of 5800 kg/m3 and a diameter of 6 cm. in MPa. at a temperature of 20°C. 40 m long and 10.05 × 1011 Pa 55) Situation 16. taken as an ideal gas.2 E) 1.9 × 10 8 B) 3.6 A uniform bar of metal. in ms. A 980-Hz longitudinal wave is transmitted in the oil.0 cm in diameter contains olive oil. with a diameter of 2.6.8 × 109 Pa. The speed of sound in helium gas. is closest to: A) 2. the wavelength of the longitudinal wave in the metal. A 980-Hz longitudinal wave of amplitude 4. is closest to: A) 17 B) 13 C) 15 D) 14 E) 12 53) A pipe. The density of the olive oil is 890 kg/m3 and the bulk modulus is 1.8 D) 3.0 × 10 8 52) 53) 54) 55) A metal bar 14.51) The speed of sound in an alcohol.5-MHz longitudinal wave is propagated along the length of the bar. in SI units.1 kg. The wavelength of the longitudinal wave in the oil.6.7 D) 1. in mm.

50 ms B) 14. At a distance of 4.59) A star is moving toward earth at one-third the speed of light and is emitting light of frequency 4.) 65) 59) 60) 61) 62) 63) 64) 9 . in watts? (Note: The reference intensity I o is 1. The frequency of light measured by an observer on earth is closest to: A) 6. If the absolute temperature in this enclosure is doubled.590 m 61) At a distance of 2.0 dB 62) Which one of the following statements is true? A) Both the intensity level (in dB) and the sound intensity can never be negative.295 m E) 0.1 ms C) 7.00 m from this source.00 m apart and face toward each other are driven in phase by the same oscillator at a frequency of 875 Hz.00 ms 64) Under certain conditions the speed of sound in air is 340 m/s. D) The sound intensity can never be negative. the intensity level is 80.80 × 1014 Hz.79 × 1014 Hz B) 9. You are standing midway between the speakers. the time for sound to travel across it will be closest to: A) 2.0 dB D) 77. 65) A certain source of sound waves radiates uniformly in all directions. C) Both intensity level (in dB) and sound intensity obey inverse-square distance laws.0 dB C) 60.0 dB B) 40. The minimum distance you can walk toward either speaker in order to hear a minimum of sound is closest to: A) 0.00 m from a point source of sound. What is the total acoustic power output of the source.0 × 10-12 W/m2.0 dB. E) The intensity level (in dB) obeys an inverse-square distance law.00%.393 m C) 0.0 ms E) 5. the intensity level will be closest to: A) 74.60 × 1014 Hz C) 6. At a distance of 20 m from the source the intensity level is 51 db. but the sound intensity does not. If the temperature were to rise by 1.197 m D) 0.40 × 1014 Hz D) 3. B) Both the intensity level (in dB) and the sound intensity can be negative.0983 m B) 0. what would the speed of sound then be? A) 339 m/s B) 342 m/s C) 338 m/s D) 341 m/s E) 340 m/s SHORT ANSWER. and the speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s.07 ms D) 20. but the intensity level (in dB) can be negative. 63) Sound takes 10.39 × 1014 Hz E) 3.20 × 1014 Hz 60) Two identical loudspeakers that are 5.0 dB E) 20. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.0 ms to travel across a certain experimental enclosure.

3. 16. The speed of sound is 344 m/s. 3. driven by the same amplifier. At this point destructive interference occurs. 69) 10 . a) What frequency is heard by a stationary observer located between the train and the bicycle? b) What is the speed of the train.2.9 beats per second are heard. and is the train traveling away from or toward the bicycle? 67) Two violists are tuning their A-strings. The frequency emitted by the train is 840 Hz. He hears the whistle of a train that is behind him. but the frequency the man hears is 778 Hz. Find the frequency of the sound waves. two identical loudspeakers.3 66) 67) 68) 69) In Fig. A and B.00 m and produce sound waves of the same frequency. By what fractional amount must the player of the viola with the lower frequency increase the tension in his string to make its frequency identical to that of the other viola? Assume that the other viola is already properly tuned. Assume that there are no other points between C and D where interference occurs. Take the velocity of sound to be 340 Hz. 4. for which the fundamental frequency is 440 Hz when properly tuned.10 meters long and open at both ends? Figure 16. When both play the A-note.2 66) In Fig. 68) What must be the length of an organ pipe that is open at one end and closed at the other if its fundamental frequency is to be 5 times that of a pipe that is 2. constructive interference occurs. are separated by 2. A small microphone is placed at point C. 16.50 m from speaker A. 6.Figure 16. as shown in the sketch. If the microphone is now moved along this line to point D.00 m from speaker A along the line perpendicular to the line connecting the two speakers. Express your answer in percent (%). a man is traveling on a bicycle at 18 m/s along a straight road that runs parallel to some railroad tracks.

40. The molecular mass of nitrogen is 28. The speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s.8 g/mol and ! is 1. The listener notices 9. 73) A string 40. Find the new intensity level if the pressure amplitude changes to 2.0 cm long of mass 8.01 g/mol and ! is 1.0 cm in air has an intensity level of 45. A stationary listener is standing between two cars. open at both ends. (The speed of sound is 340 m/s.40.0 dB with a pressure amplitude of 0. By how many pascals does the pressure of this wave vary above and below the ambient air pressure? The reference intensity is 1.48 Pa. and the density of the air is 1. When this string is vibrating in its third overtone. The molecular mass of air is 28.75 Pa. you observe that it causes a nearby pipe.00 × 10-12 W/m 2. One car is parked and the other is approaching the listener and both have their sirens on. (a) How long is the pipe? (b) What is the fundamental frequency of the pipe? 74) A sound wave of wavelength 26. Find the speed of the approaching police car. the speed of sound in the room is 344 m/s.20 kg/m2.70) A police siren produces a sound level of 81.0 dB. 71) Two police cars have identical sirens that produce a frequency of 570 Hz.7 beats per second. to resonate in its third harmonic.50 g is fixed at both ends and is under a tension of 425 N.) 72) Find the ratio of the speed of sound in nitrogen gas to that of air at room temperature. 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 11 .0°C. t = 20.

Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED3 1) B 2) C 3) B 4) A 5) C 6) C 7) C 8) A 9) C 10) C 11) E 12) D 13) C 14) C 15) A 16) B 17) C 18) E 19) A 20) A 21) D 22) E 23) C 24) B 25) A 26) A 27) C 28) D 29) B 30) C 31) D 32) D 33) B 34) B 35) E 36) D 37) D 38) E 39) D 40) E 41) A 42) E 43) B 44) A 45) E 46) B 47) C 48) D 49) B 12 .

01 times as fast 73) (a) 0.1 % 68) 0.8 m/s.210 meters 69) 950 Hz 70) 91. away from the bicycle 67) 3.11 × 10-3 Pa 13 .3 × 10 -4 watts 66) a) 821 Hz b) 7.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED3 50) E 51) D 52) A 53) A 54) B 55) D 56) B 57) A 58) D 59) A 60) A 61) A 62) E 63) C 64) B 65) 6.7 m/s 72) 1.730 m (b) 236 Hz 74) 5.4 dB 71) 5.