International Telecommunication Union

Basic NGN Architecture Principles & Issues
Keith Knightson Rapporteur Q3/13 (Architecture)
Industry Canada
ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva, 1-2 May 2005

NGN Definition ITU-T
Next Generation Network (NGN): a packet-based network able to provide telecommunication services and able to make use of multiple broadband, QoS-enabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It enables unfettered access for users to networks and to competing service providers and/or services of their choice. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.
ITU-T Recommendation Y.2001
dates

ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva, 1-2 May 2005

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What’s Old: Vertically-Integrated Networks ITU-T
Video Services (TV, movie, etc)

Pre-NGN
Telephone Services Data Services (WWW, e-mail, etc)

Video Services Network

Telephone Services Network

Data Services Network

dates

ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva, 1-2 May 2005

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Point to multipoint. 1-2 May 2005 4 . etc) Telephone Services NGN Services Point to point. e-mail. Multipoint to multipoint ITU-T Recommendation Y.2011 dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. movie. etc) Data Services (WWW. Point to multipoint. Multipoint to multipoint NGN Transport Point to point.What’s New: Horizontally-integrated Network ITU-T Video Services (TV.

admission. monitoring. dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. accounting for usage. o Ugly: • QoS selection. transport resource allocation. charging. authentication. etc. QoS control. the bad and the ugly ITU-T o Good: • Any service over a single IP transport network o Bad: • Two different levels of control. 1-2 May 2005 5 .Effects of Separation: the good.

1-2 May 2005 6 .Decoupling Services from Transport Network ITU-T Service Management Application Services Wholesale Retail Service Management Transport Services Service Resource AAA Billing Instance Management Service infrastructure U Subscriber NAP A10 NSP/ASP Settlement Service Resource AAA Billing Instance Management Service infrastructure dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

Re-distribution of service intelligence ITU-T Migration of Service Intelligence Access User Domain Domain Core Domain Access Domain User Domain dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 7 .

1-2 May 2005 8 .Basic Functional Architecture ITU-T Service stratum Application Functions Management Functions Service and Control Functions Service User Profile Functions Transport User Profile Functions Customer Functions Access Functions Network Attachment Control Functions Access Access Transport Transport Functions functions Transport Control Functions Media Handling Functions Gateway Functions Other Other networks networks Edge Functions Core Transport Core Transport Functions functions UNI Transport stratum Control Media NNI dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

End-User Services in NGN R1 ITU-T o All 3GPP IMS Services delivered to fixed line systems o PSTN replacement and legacy services o IMS extensions to accommodate regulatory requirements (emergency. etc.) o QoS-enabled transport o Secure IP network o Mobility (continuous where available. disaster relief. Public Internet.) dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. etc. global requirement limited to nomadism for R1) o Global Interconnect (other NGNs. PSTN/ISDN. 1-2 May 2005 9 .

etc. ETS/TDR.Release 1 Service & Capabilities ITU-T u Service Types l PSTN/ISDN Emulation services l PSTN/ISDN Simulation services l Multimedia services l Internet access l Other services (data services etc.) l Public service aspects (LI.) u Service Capabilities l Basic network capabilities l Service support capabilities l Open Service Environment l Service Enablers l PSTN/ISDN Emulation support l Public service support capabilities ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 dates 10 .

including interactive realtime voice.Multimedia Services ITU-T • • • • • Real-time Conversational Voice services Instant messaging (IM) Push to talk over NGN (PoN) Point to Point interactive multimedia services. gaming. etc. advanced push services. etc. e-learning. etc. Presence and general notification services 3GPP Release 6 and 3GPP2 Release A OSA-based services ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. motorway traffic status. whiteboarding. 1-2 May 2005 • • • • • • • • dates 11 . such as cinema ticket information. Group Messaging Content delivery services Push-based services Broadcast/Multicast Services Hosted and transit services for enterprises (IP Centrex.) Collaborative interactive communication services: support of multimedia conferencing with file sharing and application sharing. video and other media (videotelephony.) Information services.

such as tele-software. • Data communication services. alarms etc. • Over-the-Network Device Management Public Service Aspects • Lawful Intercept. such as home applications control. electronic mailbox and web browsing • Online applications (online sales for consumers.Other Services ITU-T • Data retrieval applications. 1-2 May 2005 12 dates . • Malicious call trace • User identity presentation and privacy • Emergency Communications (ETS/TDR) • Users with disabilities • Carrier selection • Number portability ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. telemetry. online procurement for commercials) • Sensor Network services • Remote control/tele-action services. such as data file transfer. e-commerce.

1-2 May 2005 13 .Component/subsystem viewpoints ITU-T Applications Based on 3GPP IMS IP Connectivity Access Network And related functionality User Profiles Other Multimedia Components … Streaming Services (RTSP based) PSTN / ISDN Emulation (SIP-I based) IP Multimedia Component (Core IMS ) (SIP based) Other Networks Legacy Terminals GW Network Attachment Functionality NASS Resource and Admission Control Functionality RACS Customer Networks Access Transport Network Core transport Network NGN Terminals 3GPP IP-CAN 3GPP Terminals dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

1-2 May 2005 .Changing Environment (1) ITU-T Original Requirements E2E transparency Peer-to-peer Connectionless Best Effort User back-off Network empowerment No flow state Trust Static Addresses dates New Requirements Packet inspection/NATs NATs/Firewalls/servers MPLS Real-time demands Bandwidth demands QoS “guarantee” User Empowerment Flow state Hackers everywhere DHCP. Mobility 14 ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

1-2 May 2005 15 . competition. multi-terminal multiQoS Access & Core Domains Inter-layer coupling? Protocol maze Commercialization. BE New Requirements QoS (implies deliberate unfairness) Mass public residential services.Changing Environment (2) ITU-T Original Requirements Fairness Terminal-to-host. consumer choice Flat network Layer Independence Simple protocol layering Research/Defense use dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

Clark. et al. RFC 2775. Bob Braden. RFC 3439. 1-2 May 2005 16 • • • • • • • * Just a small sample dates . Internet Transparency. Blumenthal & David D. Role-based Architecture. Steve Bellovin.Bush. Some Internet Architectural Guidelines and Philosophy. Version 4 3/24/05. David Clark. Robert T. IAB Concerns Regarding Congestion Control for Voice Traffic in the Internet. Ted Faber. David Clark. Brian Carpenter. A new architecture for an Internet.Next Generation Internet: Papers of Interest • ITU-T Developing a Next Generation Internet Architecture. Bob Braden. Craig Partridge. Marjory S. et al. Bob Braden. John Wroclawski. James Kempf Making the world (of communications) a different place. Ted Faber. Rethinking the design of the Internet: The end to end arguments vs. Scott Schenker. et al. D Meyer. the brave new world. Noel Chiappa. Clark. ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. Report of a working session of the End-to-End Research Group. David D. Braden (chair). R. Sally Floyd.

1-2 May 2005 dates 17 .A Golden Opportunity for Collaboration ITU-T o A recognition in both organizations that some new approaches may be required? o What kind of changes are required and/or foreseen? o Could/should the expertise of the ITU-T and the IETF be jointly applied to create the principles and architectural framework for next generation networks? ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

1-2 May 2005 18 .Obtain Respective Views on Architectural Issues such as: 1 ITU-T o Role of Edge-based Servers: • E2E violation • Packet inspection • Admission control o Application selectable QoS: • Lack of adequate classes • Lack of standardized protocol mappings • Explicit bandwidth selection dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

dynamic allocations. multiple QoS End-user Application selection of QoS Role of Home Gateway (shaping.Obtain Respective Views on Architectural Issues such as: 2 ITU-T o QoS in Access: • • • • Multiple terminals. 1-2 May 2005 19 dates . accounting o Network Control and Management • • • Protect from attack Separation from payload paths Inter-domain co-ordination ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. limiting) Home gateway control o Distributed network control of/for QoS path: • • • Horizontal means Vertical means Monitoring.

only Questions ITU-T o Do the ITU-T and IETF have different views on the architecture of next generation networks? o Can a number of differences (if any) be identified and catalogued for study? o Can ITU-T and IETF collaborate with a view to eliminating or (at least minimizing) any differences wherever possible? dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 20 .No conclusions.

1-2 May 2005 21 .ITU-T dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

1-2 May 2005 22 .ITU-T dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

Y. Middleware & Baseware services Services Resources NGN Service Service Management Functions Service Control Functions NGN Transport Transport Management Functions Transport Control Functions Transfer Functional Area ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 dates 23 .2011: Basic Functional Architecture ITU-T Application.

1-2 May 2005 24 .Home Gateway Functionality Desktop PC Desktop PC ITU-T Network Terminating Unit 10/100 Base-T Home Routing Gateway Customer Premise Network Set Top Box Television Other Devices. …. etc Set Top Box Television …. …. Appliances. …. IP phone QoS per device/terminal dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

Wireline Access Architecture ITU-T NSP 1 A10-NSP L2TP A10-NSP L2TS User 1 Access Node U DSL Modem/RG T User 2 CPN NSP 2 IP R IP-QoS ASP 1 Regional Network BRAS L2 Agg Access Network A10-ASP RAN dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 25 .

Mobility Requirements ITU-TDevice Mobilty Domain User/Service Mobilty Domain Network dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 26 .

Network Access T-15 Transport Measurement Process Function Resource & Function T-8 Enforcement Mobility Support Functions T-6 Function T-1 AMGF Packet Transport Function T-12 SGF other IP MM Network (e. Authentication T-11 Media &Authorization Resource Function T-20 Processing T.g. Authorization and Accounting) Application Network Border ITU-T Management Function Terminal Function A-2 Application Gateway Function S -9 S.Authentication & Authorization Function S -10 S -4 Registration S -17 User Profile DB Function Function LS Function S -13 S -1 PGCF Session Control Function S -18 Session Control Proxy Function S -11 Media Resource Control Function S -19 AGCF S -12 MGCF Session & Call Control Other NGN T-16 Transport Adaptation Transport Resource / Policy Control Function T-18 T.Generic Functional Architecture A-1 Application Server Function (may include own Authentication. IMS) T-3 Internet PGF Transport T-9 TMGF PSTN/ISDN Management Scope of NGN All lines of this type attach to the corresponding input line at the CCF within session & call control Connection point dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.Network Access Function T-7 T-13 Access Relay Control Function Function T-4 Traffic T. 1-2 May 2005 27 .

IMS Architectural Component Other IP Multimedia Networks AS ISC Mm Sh ITU-T PSTN MGW PSTN BGCF Mk Mj Mn CSCF Mw Mi HSS (AAA+DB) Cx Dh BGCF Mg Mb Mb MGCF MRFP Mr Mp CSCF Dx Mw SLF Mb MRCF Gq P -CSCF Gm Mb IP Con nectiv ity Access Network dates UE 28 ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 .

Fixed to Mobile convergence (1) ITU-T Radio Access Network Base Station Controller …. …. …. …. Dual Mode Handset Core Mobile Network IP Access Network UMA Network Controller WiFi How to integrate with fixed VoIP service? Cross Architectural impacts? ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. 1-2 May 2005 dates 29 .

…. …. …. GSM/IMS Core Service Architecture GANC (UMA) Network Controller WiFi RG Tunnelled IMS stack IP Access Network ….Fixed to Mobile convergence (2) ITU-T Radio Access Network Base Station Controller UMA-enabled Dual Mode Handset …. …. SIP Fixed/wireless Telephone Native IP Stack VoIP SIP Server IP Core Transport dates ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva. …. 1-2 May 2005 30 . ….

1-2 May 2005 31 .Traffic shaping at user site RL EF AF1 RL AF2 AF3 AF4 BE Classifier RL EF AF1 Data Out Data In ASP Access ITU-T S RL RL AF2 AF3 AF4 BE PTA RL PPP Access (BE or AF) dates PTA = PPP Termination Aggregation RL = Rate Limiter S = Scheduler ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.

FRA: Functional Requirements & Architecture • Service control functions • Transport control functions • Mobility management functions • Wireless and Fixed access • IMS positioning • Multi-terminal/multi-QoS Home Gateway ITU-T Workshop on NGN (jointly organized with IETF) Geneva.805 relevance Y. services from networks • Identify emerging NGN-generic issues • Architectural principles • OSI model relevance • G.Summary of Work in SG13 • ITU-T • Y. Characteristics & Subject Areas Y.2011: General Reference Model • Identify high-level paradigms • Separation of concerns.2001: NGN Overview • NGN Definition. 1-2 May 2005 32 • dates .