2009-2010 Academic Catalog
Effective July 1, 2009

Ashford University 400 North Bluff Blvd. Clinton, Iowa 52732 Toll-free: (800) 242-4153

Table of Contents
Introduction
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Management � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � SVC Service � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � XXX Special Topics � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � Course Descriptions 199 200 201 201 203 204 210 211 212 212 214 214 215 216 222 222 225 225 225 226 226 227 228 230 231 232 234 235 236 236 236 237 238 238 239 240 241 241 242 243 245 245 245 246 247 247 248 248 viii Ashford University .

Table of Contents Board of Trustees � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 249 Ashford University Administration� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 250 Faculty� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 250 University Personnel 249 2009-2010 Academic Catalog ix .

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affordability. Clinton. intellectual inquiry. high-quality learning opportunities and degree programs that meet the diverse needs of individuals pursuing integrity in their lives. and lifelong learning� To provide a traditional liberal arts college experience. continuous assessment of student learning. service. was founded in 1918 by the Sisters of St� Francis. excellent value. accountable administrative processes. creativity. professions. and communities� Statement of Purpose To foster a vigorous.Statement of Mission Section One The mission of Ashford University is to provide accessible. interdependence. originally named Mount St� Clare College. the University was acquired by Bridgepoint Education and renamed Ashford University� 1 . and strategic strength to ensure the future of the University� Introduction History The University. affordable. as a junior college for women� In 1950. the College became coeducational� Baccalaureate degree programs began in 1979 and graduate degrees in 2003. environmental responsibility. sensitivity to diversity and human dignity. integrity. responsive student services. and relevant graduate programs� To place priority upon institutional effectiveness. coinciding with the name change to The Franciscan University� In 2005. financial. effective and responsible leadership. accelerated external-degree programs for adult learners. Iowa. the College was accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and has since maintained its accreditation� Its interest in adult learners began in 1962 when an evening program was begun to serve the needs of students with career and family responsibilities� In 1967. diverse learning environment shaped by contemporary awareness. supported by technological resources and led by qualified faculty and staff who are guided by contemporary scholarship and professional practice� To promote the development of foundational values relevant to leadership in the 21st century: self-worth. and effectiveness� To foster intellectual and personal growth. and a shared search for truth in which students gain knowledge and build skills and values useful in their personal and career development� To cultivate student-centered learning at all levels. and curricular improvement to assure quality in a rapidly changing culture and demonstrate innovative leadership in higher education� To maintain operational. innovative.

Introduction Accreditation The Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools HLC website: www�ncahlc�org • Iowa Network of Women in Higher Education (IWHE) • Iowa State Education Association • League for Innovation in the Community College • Marine Corps Academic Explorer (MCAeX) • NAFSA: Association of International Educators • National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) • National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics • National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC) Memberships • Alpha Sigma Lambda • American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) • American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO) • American Council on Education (ACE) • Association of American Colleges and Universities • Association of International Educators • Association on Higher Education and Disability • Central Association of College and University Business Officers (CACUBO) • Commission for Accelerated Programs (CAP) • Council for Adult and Experiential Learning Recognized by the Council for Adult and Experiential Learning as an Adult Learning Focused Institution • Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) • Council of College and Military Educators (CCME)� • Eduventures • Illinois Association for College Admission Counseling • International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education (membership only) • International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education (membership only) • National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) • National Center for Higher Education Management Systems • National Institute for Staff & Organizational Development (NISOD) • National University Telecommunications Network • Quality Matters Consortium • Servicemembers Opportunity College (SOC) • SOCGUARD • Society for College and University Planning (SCUP) • Society for Human Resource Management (National and San Diego) • The College Board • The Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (CAEL) • The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education • The Sloan Consortium • Upper Midwest Association of International Educators Ownership Ashford University is a wholly owned subsidiary of Bridgepoint Education. CA 92128 • Iowa Association for College Admission Counseling • Iowa Association of Colleges for Teacher Education 2 Ashford University . Suite 600 San Diego. Inc� 13500 Evening Creek Dr� North.

poetry. and • Presentations made at professional conferences. editorials. plays. the faculty continually strives to convey a sense of excitement to their students in the shared search for knowledge and truth� The Ashford University Catalog presents the policies and procedures for graduate and undergraduate programs offered by the University� The University reserves the right to make alterations to this catalog and the policies and procedures therein as necessitated by changes in curriculum. academic integrity. faculty and students also share certain responsibilities toward scholarship� These responsibilities include the following: • Establishing and cultivating a broad general knowledge base across academic programs and acquiring knowledge in one’s own discipline. and computer graphics designs. essays. rules. books. • Performances in the fine arts. and • Making the commitment to pursue learning throughout one’s entire life and to assist others in the pursuit of knowledge� Above all. and other venues. ethnic. guidelines. • Published works such as papers. and guidelines are updated and/or clarified by the U�S� Department of Education� These updates and/ or clarifications may necessitate the need for Ashford University policies and practices not in compliance with Title IV requirements to be subject to immediate change to ensure continued compliance� Commitment to Diversity Ashford University prepares students to serve populations with diverse social. plays. procedures. and costs� Notice is not required for a new policy to take effect. or music. Ashford University will make reasonable attempts to notify students promptly of any policy changes through communication methods deemed appropriate by the University administration� Title IV Compliance Ashford University is committed to being in compliance with Title IV of the Higher Education Act and all implementing and interpretative rules. however. • Accepting responsibility for one’s own learning and seeking opportunities for scholarly dialogue. operational responsibility. and educational experiences� Both the academic and training curricula are designed to provide an environment in which students can develop the skills and attitudes essential to working with people from diverse backgrounds� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 3 . and policies of the United States (U�S�) Department of Education� Periodically. seminars. or conventions� In addition to joining in scholarly research. short stories. both on and off campus such as concerts. meetings. organizational structure.Introduction Governance The Board of Trustees is responsible for the governance of Ashford University� The strategic priorities of the Board include mission. and planning� Trustees meet regularly to ensure accountability of the University to its students and constituencies� The Board of Trustees appoints a University President to provide overall leadership and to administer the day-to-day operations for Ashford University� Statement on Scholarship Right to Change Requirements Scholarship at the University refers to the in-depth investigation and shared search for knowledge and truth embodied in the University mission statement� Faculty and students learn to identify relationships and to make connections. academic policies. articles. recitals. regulations. both within their own academic areas of study as well as across disciplinary lines with other programs� They have the opportunity to work collaboratively on scholarly projects within an atmosphere of the highest academic integrity and to share knowledge gained with the University community and beyond� Examples of scholarship at the University include the following: • Scholarly research in more specialized areas that is used to enhance regular course offerings or is presented to the campus and local communities in open forums. regulations. seminars. art exhibits. economic. book reviews.

Bachelor of Arts in Social Science. Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice. Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. • Demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively through the use of technology. Bachelor of Arts in Sociology. Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration. Bachelor of Arts in Communication Studies. affordable. • Demonstrate competence in their major fields of study. Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education. • Demonstrate self-worth and respect the diversity in others. Master of Business Administration.Introduction Academic and Professional Standards Central to the University’s mission is a commitment to high-quality learning opportunities and degree programs that are accessible. Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing. Olympia. • Share talents and resources in service to others. faculty contributions. • Demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively in speech and in writing. Ashford University is committed to developing and improving student learning through continuous assessment of course objectives. Bachelor of Arts in Organizational Management. the University embraces the liberal arts as a perspective for learning in its undergraduate programs and offers graduate studies within a framework of professional competence� Through this learning environment. social responsibility. health and safety. and fiscal responsibility� Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board Ashford University is authorized by the Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) and meets the requirements and minimum educational standards established for degree-granting institutions under the Degree-Granting Institutions Act� This authorization is subject to periodic review and authorizes Ashford University to advertise and recruit for the following degree programs: Associate of Arts in Business. Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education Administration. Bachelor of Arts in Psychology. and lives characterized by service and personal integrity� Authorization Statements Tennessee Higher Education Commission Ashford University is authorized by the Tennessee Higher Education Commission� This authorization must be renewed each year and is based on an evaluation by minimum standards concerning quality of education. and program outcomes� Graduates of Ashford University will be able to: • Demonstrate the ability to read and think critically and creatively. student performance. WA 98504-3430� Institutional Outcomes To achieve organizational effectiveness. and Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology� Authorization by the HECB does not carry with it an endorsement by the board of the institution or its programs� Any person desiring information about the requirements of the act or the applicability of those requirements to the institution may contact the HECB at P�O� Box 43430. available in classroom and online modalities. and innovative� Seeking to serve diverse needs. • Demonstrate an understanding of the interdependence of life in all its forms. Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration. and • Recognize learning as a life-long endeavor� 4 Ashford University . Master of Arts in Organizational Management. Bachelor of Arts in Social Science/Education Concentration. Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management. the institution encourages and engages students in the pursuit of intellectual growth. learning environments. ethical business practices. • Demonstrate the ability to draw information from different fields of study to make informed decisions.

the date and time the crime occurred. Student and staff may contact the appropriate authorities directly. or University security officers will make contact on behalf of the University or individuals involved if the officers consider it necessary or if requested� The University takes any reported criminal action seriously and responds to it accordingly. work closely with the Clinton Police Department. which are held annually� Crime prevention information is posted on campus bulletin boards and communicated in campus programming� Security Officer Access on Campus Security personnel monitor all campus buildings on random weekdays during non-business hours and on evenings during weekends. the University relies on law enforcement authorities to assist during criminal investigations and appropriate emergencies� Students and staff are made aware of the services offered by the Campus Security Office through the Ashford University Catalog and through orientation sessions for new students.Campus Safety and Security Section Two It is important for students. with reasonable notice given� Information in the crime log includes the following: the nature of the crime. University security officers have access to all areas of campus including the residence halls� The University does. University security officers have civil enforcement authority only� They do. county. therefore. respect and seek to ensure the privacy of students living in residence halls. Clinton County Sheriff’s Office. University security officers have no official arrest powers. arbitrary room searches are prohibited� Certain legal rights of room entry are maintained by the University as a private institution that operates residence halls� These rights include. the right of staff members to enter a student’s room when deemed 5 . and others� The University Campus Security Office keeps a daily crime log that depicts any criminal incidents that occur on the campus� This information is available for review by anyone in the University community. however. with limitation. and the Iowa Highway Patrol. or state law enforcement officers make all arrests. themselves. however. subsequently. to take responsibility for their own safety and well-being� The University strongly encourages students to take steps to ensure the safety and security of their belongings. and any known disposition of the complaint� The University reserves the right to keep the confidentiality of both the victim and the accused in any of these situations� Campus Security Office Health and Safety The University maintains a security team staffed by student personnel and supervised by a professional Director of Campus Security. if assistance is required. a general location of the crime. City. as well as other members of the campus community.

first dial “9. and the Clinton Police Department� The information is recorded in the year in which the crime was reported to a University security authority� ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . please call (563) 242-2752� If you are calling from a campus phone. or wind damage� If an occupant. one being a Student Success professional staff member. and signed report will be prepared by a Student Success professional staff member and placed in the residence hall files within three (3) class days of the occurrence� In the absence of any occupant. and a room search or cursory inspection is conducted. the Student Success professional staff member will prepare a written. and in instances such as medical emergencies. 1990� The Act requires all institutions of higher education to collect and maintain statistics concerning specific crimes beginning on September 1. such as for stolen property. Consequently. posted information. fire. confidential basis for inclusion in the annual disclosure of crime statistics� 6 The Student Right-to-Know and Campus Security Act (Public Law 101-542) was signed into law on November 8. etc. in or on non-campus buildings or property.Health and Safety advisable for community or individual welfare. and in the absence of any emergency. a� Resident students may be notified via building meetings. fire. etc� • If necessary. • Immediate notification of student body. a Student Success professional staff member will be present when entering a room� If these circumstances should occur. or if you have information that would aid in solving a crime� Ashford University does not have any policies or procedures that allow victims or witnesses to report crimes on a voluntary. resident. or guest is present. the Student Success Office will notify the campus community in a timely manner through one or more of the following methods. a dated and signed form must accompany those conducting the search� The form must include a description of the items being sought and the specifically designated University officials conducting the search� The presence of two University representatives. the Campus Security Office. depending upon the nature of the incident: • Immediate notification via telephone to the Director and Associate Director of Student Success. the information is provided to any applicant for enrollment or employment� It is Ashford University’s intent to comply fully with the Act. if you witness a crime.” Procedures for Reporting Criminal Actions or Emergencies The University encourages individuals to report any crime accurately and promptly to a Campus Security Officer. email. in complying with this Act. flood. 1992.000 could be available when the information provided leads to the arrest and/or conviction of a criminal offender(s)� Ashford University does not have a policy that encourages pastoral counselors and professional counselors to inform the persons they are counseling to report crimes on a voluntary. and signed report within one (1) working day of the occurrence� Under certain conditions requiring a room search. notification of the media via written press release or telephone call� The Student Success Office or Campus Security Office may also find it appropriate to contact local police to request information about crimes reported to them that would qualify under the Cleary Act� Annual Disclosure of Crime Statistics University Security Escort Service University security officers are available to provide assistance and to accompany visitors and campus community members who wish to be escorted on campus after dark� If assistance is desired. b� Entire student body may be notified via flyer. rooms will be checked for occupancy� Customary landlord rights of inspection and maintenance by University personnel also apply� Timely Reports of Specific Crimes or Offenses When a known crime risk might endanger students or employees. gathers statistics concerning the occurrence on campus. and the statistical information provided in the tables below is intended for this purpose� Ashford University. a written. is required� In the event of an emergency such as weather conditions. flyers. you can also contact the Clinton Police Department if you are the victim of a crime. For immediate assistance. or drills of same. the Clinton County Sheriff’s Office maintains Crime Stoppers that may be contacted at (563) 242-6595 or toll free (888) 883-8015� Reward money up to $1. and each year thereafter. and to report these statistics annually to students and employees� Upon request. dated. dated. confidential basis. and on public property of certain offenses� The statistics are gathered from the Director of Student Success.

Health and Safety Crime Data: Office of Campus Safety Murder/Non-Negligent Manslaughter Manslaughter Forcible Sex Offense Non-forcible Sex Offense Robbery Aggravated Assault Burglary Motor Vehicle Theft Arson Year 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 OnCampus 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 OnCampus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 OnCampus 12 6 47 1 3 2 0 0 0 OnCampus 0 0 0 Residence Halls* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Residence Halls* 12 6 46 1 0 2 0 0 0 Residence Halls* 0 0 0 Residence Halls* Criminal Arrests Liquor Law Violations Drug Abuse Violations Weapons Possession Judicial/Referrals Liquor Law Violations Drug Abuse Violations Weapons Possession Hate Crime NonCampus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NonCampus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NonCampus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NonCampus 0 0 0 Public Property 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Public Property 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Public Property 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Public Property 0 0 0 TOTAL 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 TOTAL 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TOTAL 12 6 47 1 3 2 0 0 0 TOTAL 0 0 0 *Crimes reported in the Residence Halls column are included in the On-Campus column� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 7 .

is above the age of 18. address. the University strongly recommends that the crime be reported immediately so that information may be obtained and evidence preserved. harassing phone calls. or security� University personnel will assist the student in notifying authorities. the Office of Campus Security will inform the local law enforcement agency within 24 hours� Abusive sexual conduct by anyone is a threat to the entire University community� All students who believe another individual has personally violated them in a sexual manner should immediately report the incident to the Director and/or Associate Director of Student Success. personal attacks. or similar incidents to Campus Security and/or Residence Life staff� Such contact may enable University personnel to locate the person(s) involved while they are still on campus� • Lock both your room and car doors at all times. threats. safety. If. if the student is under the age of 18. or. The Director of Student Success will review all reported sex offenses and will assist student victims in identifying both University judicial procedures and legal options� The University will change a victim’s academic and living environment when requested and if such changes are reasonable and viable� Campus Personal Safety Tips Although the University has a low crime rate.Health and Safety Missing Student Notification In accordance with the Higher Education Opportunity Act. if requested� In cases where a student believes that a rape or other assault has occurred. upon investigation of the official report. Ashford University has developed a missing student notification policy for students who reside in on-campus housing� Each student 18 years of age or older who resides in oncampus housing has the option to identify and register a confidential contact with the Office of Student Success. Confidential counseling referral information is available through the Student Success Office. the Office will contact the individual’s confidential contact registered with the Office of Student Success. and/or to local police� Students are strongly encouraged to report all incidents that threaten the student’s continued well-being. to University security personnel. This confidential contact will be notified by the University not later than 24 hours after the time that the student is determined missing in accordance with the notification procedures set forth below� If the missing student is under 18 years of age and is not an emancipated individual. as it may be necessary to prove criminal sexual assault. the Campus Security Office determines that the missing student has been missing for more than 24 hours. the student’s custodial parent or guardian via telephone within 24 hours� Regardless of whether the student has identified a contact person. and carry your keys with you� Never lend your keys to anyone� Do not leave keys or valuables in your student mailbox� Keep your campus lockers secured at all times� • Close all outside doors during locked hours� Do not prop open locked building doors� • Do not carry large amounts of cash� Store all money and valuables in appropriate places� • Secure your bike with a high-safety lock� • Do not let unfamiliar people into campus buildings or open your room door to individuals unknown to you� Never give your name. then the University must notify a custodial parent or guardian not later than 24 hours after the time that the student is determined missing in accordance with the notification procedures set forth below� The University Campus Security Office will notify the local law enforcement agency not later than 24 hours after the time the student is determined missing� • Immediately report all thefts. Any official missing person report relating to such student must be referred immediately to the Campus Security Office. or phone number to unknown persons� Notification Procedures Prevention of Sexual Abuse/Assault It is the obligation of the entire University community to immediately report a student who has been missing for 24 hours to the Office of Student Success. it is essential that every member of the University community practice personal safety� Some personal safety suggestions include the following: • Walk only in well-lit areas� Do not take shortcuts through dark or deserted areas� Avoid walking alone at night� • Immediately report unfamiliar persons or people who are acting strangely to the Campus Security Office at (563) 242-2752 or to a Residence Life staff member� 8 Additional Sexual Abuse/Assault Information The following additional information is provided to assist individuals in dealing with issues of sexual abuse and assault� ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . or is an emancipated minor.

you may be guilty of rape� • Be especially careful in group situations� Be prepared to resist pressure from friends to participate in violent or criminal acts� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . • Don’t fall for the common stereotype that when people say “No” they really mean “Yes. Most Iowa hospitals will make specialized rape 9 Educational Programs Programs to promote the awareness of rape. Don’t give mixed signals. or agrees to go to your room� Don’t assume that just because a person has had sex with you previously. don’t be afraid to intervene� You may save the person from the trauma of sexual assault and your friend from the ordeal of criminal prosecution� • Be especially careful in situations involving alcohol or drugs� Alcohol and drugs can interfere with your ability to assess situations and to communicate effectively� To protect yourself against rape: • Know your sexual intentions and limits� You have the right to say “No” to any unwanted sexual contact� If you are uncertain about what you want. Back up your words with a firm tone of voice and clear body language� • Don’t rely on “ESP” to get your message across. no matter what the circumstances� • Don’t make assumptions about a person’s behavior� Don’t automatically assume that a person wants to have sex with you because he or she drinks heavily. and counseling� Many support services are available for assistance to victims. better a few minutes of social awkwardness or embarrassment than the trauma of sexual assault� • Attend large parties with friends you can trust� Agree to “look out” for one another. seek help at once� We recommend that you have a free and confidential rape examination at a local hospital to ensure your health and to preserve evidence if charges are filed later. he or she is willing to have sex with you again� Also. dresses provocatively. intoxicated.” “No” means “No. don’t hesitate to state your feelings and get out of the situation. passed out. but rape is an action decided on by the perpetrators� If you are raped. Try to leave with a group. and other forcible and non-forcible sex offenses are sponsored at various times of the year on campus� Check the campus planner or the Student Success Office for details� Rape Prevention Information Men and women should follow the tips below to protect themselves against acquaintance rape and stranger rape on campus� Tips to prevent the crime of rape: • Listen carefully� Take the time to hear what the other person is saying� If you feel he or she is not being direct or is giving you a “mixed message. or going to a person’s room automatically indicates a willingness to have sex� Be especially careful to communicate your limits and intentions clearly in such situations� • Listen to your gut feelings� If you feel uncomfortable or think you may be at risk. dressing provocatively. If you say “No. believe him or her and stop� • Remember that date rape is a crime� It is never acceptable to use force or the threat of force in sexual situations. ask the other person to respect your feelings� • Communicate your limits firmly and directly. Confidential counseling referral information is available through the Student Success Office.” say it like you mean it. leave the situation immediately and go to a safe place� • Don’t be afraid to make waves if you feel threatened� If you feel you are being pressured or coerced into sexual activity against your will.” ask for clarification. • Remember that some people still think that drinking heavily. support.” or unaware of what is happening around him or her. he or she is willing to have sexual intercourse� • Be aware that having sex with someone who is mentally or physically incapable of giving consent is rape� If you have sex with a person who is drugged. rather than alone or with someone you don’t know very well� Prevention efforts can reduce the risk of rape. don’t assume that just because a person consents to kissing or other sexual intimacies. • Get involved if you believe that someone is at risk� If you see a person in trouble at a party or a friend using force or pressuring another person. acquaintance rape. incapable of saying “No.Health and Safety Counseling and Health Resources Victims of sexual abuse should seek help. Don’t assume that your date will automatically know how you feel or will eventually “get the message” without your having to tell him or her.” If a person says “No” to sexual contact.

IA 52732 Website: www�aaquadcities�com Phone (563) 242-8136 Bridgeview Community Mental Health Center 638 South Bluff. IA 52732 Website: www�bridgeviewcmhc�com Phone Sexual Assault/Battered Women (24-Hour Hotline) Women’s Health Services Iowa Suicide Prevention Hotline: (For use in Iowa only) Cedar Rapids Area (563) 243-5633 (563) 243-7867 (563) 243-1413 (800) 332-4224 (319) 362-2174 Quad Citians Affirming Diversity (QCAD) 1705 2nd Ave� Rock Island. being employed. Campus Sex Crimes Prevention Act requiring institutions to inform members of the campus community of the means by which they can obtain information about registered sex offenders who may be present on campus� A list of those persons from Iowa who are determined by the State of Iowa and local officials to be a risk to re-offend (predators) is published and available strictly for your knowledge in the Student Services Office and can be obtained from the Iowa Sex Offender Website at www�iowasexoffender�com� Illinois registry information is available at http://www�isp�state�il�us/sor/� Questions regarding local sex offender registry can be directed to the Clinton County Sheriff’s Office at (563) 242-9211. 2002. as of October 28. the U�S� Department of Education amended the Higher Education Act of 1965.Health and Safety counselors available to you� They can help you sort out your options after the immediate trauma recedes� We urge you to take two actions: • Seek counseling and support to help you recover from what is a traumatic experience� • Consider telling school officials or law enforcement officers what happened. 2002. Clinton. 2nd Floor Bluff Bldg. and rescue) Director of Campus Security University Security/Residence Life 911 (815) 718-5685 (563) 242-2752 Help Services Numbers and Hotlines: Sex Offender Registry As of July 1. Iowa law requires sex offenders to register with the county sheriff when affiliated with higher education institutions either as full-time or part-time students or when employed or engaged in a vocation on a full. Clinton. fire. Important Telephone Numbers Emergency Numbers: Emergency (police. Clinton.qcaffirmingdiversity. or engaging in a vocation at the institution� Prior to July 2002. please call: Clinton Police Department Director of Student Success Director of Campus Security Associate Director of Student Services (563) 243-1458 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7382 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7868 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7789 10 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . Clinton YWCA Domestic Violence/Sexual Assault Resource Center 317 7th Avenue South. at-risk sex offenders had to register only in their county of residence� In addition.or part-time basis at an institution in a county other than the county of residence� The person must register within five days of becoming a student. IA 52732 Website: www�ywca�org/clinton Crisis Line Office Phone (Clinton) Office Phone (Maquoketa) Fax: (800) 381-9319 (563) 242-2118 (563) 652-4162 (563) 244-8341 Alcoholics Anonymous/Narcotics Anonymous 521 South 3rd Street. IL 61201 Website: www.org Phone (309) 786-2580 For Non-emergency Help: Student Success Office (Mon-Fri 8:00 a�m�–4:30 p�m�) (563) 242-4023 ext� 7794 After office hours.

possession. give.000 to $4. or at Universitysponsored activities� For certain University events or functions. and distribution of alcohol by any student. and other combustible materials. or otherwise supply alcoholic beverages to a minor (§ 123�47 and 123�47A)� • Those under the legal age may not present false evidence or misrepresent their age to a vendor or licensee for purposes of obtaining alcoholic beverages (§ 123�49(3))� • No person may sell or give alcoholic beverages to an intoxicated person (§ 123�49(1))� Anyone under the age of 21 who is caught driving with a blood alcohol level of 0�02 or more will lose his or her driver’s license or permit for up to 60 days� Temporary driving permits for school. consumption. which provided that all states were to raise the minimum legal drinking age to 21� All members of the University community who are not of legal drinking age are expected to follow this guideline� Iowa law relating to the consumption of alcohol is laid out in Iowa Code § 123� Following is a partial summary of the regulation: • Persons under the legal age (21 years) are prohibited from purchasing or possessing alcoholic beverages (§ 123�47)� • It is unlawful to sell. rifles. defer its own actions and sanctions pending the outcome of any criminal proceeding� General State and Federal Laws Regarding Drugs and Alcohol Both state and federal laws prohibit distribution of.000 to $1. any student convicted of a drug-related felony offense must be denied all federal Title IV assistance. Ashford University seeks to uphold University drug. will not be issued during the suspension period� Realize that 0�02 is a very small amount–as little as one beer or drink� Drugs and Alcohol It is the University’s intent to provide a drug-free. including Pell Grants� In addition. bow and arrows. or employees who violate related laws may also be referred to law enforcement for prosecution� As part of the disciplinary process. depending upon the type and quantity of drug involved� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 11 . sale.and alcohol-related policies and laws by disciplinary action of those members who violate said policies and laws� Such sanctions could lead to a student being suspended or expelled from the University� Students. and penalties are described in Iowa Code § 124� Maximum federal penalties range from 1 year confinement to life imprisonment and a fine of $250. and other types of potentially dangerous weapons are not permitted anywhere on campus� All types of explosives.000. in writing. safe. and surrounding community: University Alcohol Use Policies The University neither condones nor sanctions the use of alcohol� All individuals are expected to observe the alcoholic beverage laws of the State of Iowa or the state in which they reside� The University strictly prohibits the use. or other reason. manufacture of. faculty. amounts. including fireworks. alcohol may be served only to those persons of legal drinking age� Written permission from the Campus Director or University President to serve alcohol and an alcohol permit must be obtained prior to the function� University Sanctions Regarding Drugs and Alcohol Drug Policies The possession.000 depending upon the type and quantity of drug involved. handguns.000. ammunition. or distribution of illegal drugs is prohibited on the University campus� Also. air guns. gasoline. or possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance or a counterfeit controlled substance� State penalties range from 5 years to life confinement and a fine of $1. no later than 5 days after such conviction. healthful. on campus grounds. unlawful use.Health and Safety Firearms/Explosives Shotguns. and Ashford University need not. and ordinarily will not. regardless of where the offense occurred� Under federal law. within the residence halls. Specific drugs. faculty. the University may also request that the person complete a rehabilitation program� A criminal conviction is not necessary to find that a student has violated the University standards of conduct. regardless of legal age. and secure academic environment� The University shall make a good-faith effort to comply with the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act and the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989� The following policies and guidelines have been established to uphold the University’s obligation to its students. are prohibited in all areas of the University� The federal government passed the Uniform Drinking Age Act in 1984.000. work. drug paraphernalia is not permitted on the University campus� Any student convicted of any drug-related criminal statute must notify the Director of Student Success and the Campus Financial Aid Office.

sleep. blurred vision. rapid eye movement. if they continue to use the drug� ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . and euphoria� Other CNS effects include irritability. • Physical symptoms such as muscle tension. heart rate. sexual activity. a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and movement� Dopamine is released as part of the brain’s reward system and is involved in the high that characterizes cocaine consumption� The physical effects of cocaine use include constricted peripheral blood vessels. convulsions.Health and Safety Health Risks of Drugs and Alcohol The Iowa Drug Rehabilitation Coalition has listed the following health risks associated with the use of the following illicit drugs and with prolonged alcohol use� Heroin Methamphetamine Heroin abuse is associated with serious health conditions including fatal overdose. increased physical activity. cellulitis. hyperthermia. a severe movement disorder� Users may become addicted quickly and use it with increasing frequency and in increasing doses� The central nervous system (CNS) actions that result from taking even small amounts of methamphetamine include increased wakefulness. decreased appetite. increased respiration. which stimulates brain cells. and sensitivity to pain� Many of the risks users face with MDMA use are similar to those found with the use of cocaine and amphetamines: • Psychological difficulties including confusion. which can result in symptoms like those of Parkinson’s disease. including liver damage. confusion. faintness. which may lead to further cocaine use to alleviate depression� Prolonged cocaine snorting can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the nose and can damage the nasal septum enough to cause it to collapse� Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest� 12 MDMA causes injury to the brain. as well as from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration� Methamphetamine releases high levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. infection of the heart lining and valves. which include hyper-stimulation. they often become depressed. there is evidence that people who develop a rash that looks like acne after using MDMA may be risking severe side effects. anxiety. spontaneous abortion. and chills or sweating. and blood pressure� The duration of cocaine’s immediate euphoric effects. • Increases in heart rate and blood pressure. and • Also. involuntary teeth clenching. and extreme anorexia� Its use can result in cardiovascular collapse and death� Marijuana Recent research findings also indicate that long-term use of marijuana produces changes in the brain similar to those seen after long-term use of other major drugs of abuse� Someone who smokes marijuana regularly may have many of the same respiratory problems as tobacco smokers� These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm. and infectious diseases. another neurotransmitter� Over time. may result from the poor health condition of the abuser. paranoia. dilated pupils. and mental clarity. reduced fatigue. methamphetamine appears to cause reduced levels of dopamine. and aggressiveness� Hyperthermia and convulsions can result in death� Methamphetamine causes increased heart rate and blood pressure and can cause irreversible damage to blood vessels in the brain. affecting neurons that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with other neurons� The serotonin system plays a direct role in regulating mood. tremors. and paranoia – during and sometimes weeks after taking MDMA. irregular heartbeat. producing strokes� Other effects of methamphetamine include respiratory problems. abscesses. insomnia. and increased temperature. a special risk for people with circulatory or heart disease. aggression. enhancing mood and body movement� It also appears to have a neurotoxic effect. depends on the route of administration� High doses of cocaine and/or prolonged use can trigger paranoia� Smoking crack cocaine can produce a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior in users� When addicted individuals stop using cocaine. depression. sleep problems. damaging brain cells that contain dopamine and serotonin. and liver disease� Pulmonary complications. including various types of pneumonia. and more frequent chest colds� Continuing to smoke marijuana can lead to abnormal functioning of lung tissue injured or destroyed by marijuana smoke� Ecstasy (MDMA) Cocaine Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that interferes with the reabsorption process of dopamine. including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis� Mental functioning becomes clouded due to depression of the central nervous system� Long-term effects of heroin appear after repeated use for some period of time� Chronic users may develop collapsed veins. collapsed veins. nausea. drug craving. symptoms of chronic bronchitis. severe anxiety.

especially cancer of the esophagus. dry mouth. you may drink alcohol occasionally� Or. this means that you have no more than one drink per day. mouth. this means that you have no more than two drinks per day� Drinking at these levels usually is not associated with health risks and can help to prevent certain forms of heart disease� Some problems can occur after drinking over a relatively short period of time� But other problems. the user’s personality. and pancreatitis. and voice box� Women are at slightly increased risk of developing breast cancer if they drink two or more drinks per day� Drinking may also increase the risk for developing cancer of the colon and rectum� Pancreatitis: The pancreas helps to regulate the body’s blood sugar levels by producing insulin� The pancreas also has a role in digesting the food we eat� Long-term heavy drinking can lead to pancreatitis. GHB. some of which are described below� Alcohol-Related Liver Disease: More than 2 million Americans suffer from alcohol-related liver disease� Some drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis. or inflammation of the liver. and the surroundings in which the drug is used. sleeplessness. long-term heavy drinking puts you at risk for developing serious health problems. amphetamine. often develop more gradually and may become evident only after long-term heavy drinking� Women may develop alcohol-related health problems 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 13 . such as men over the age of 45 and women after menopause� But long-term heavy drinking increases the risk for high blood pressure. including insomnia. anxiety. and tremors� LSD is not considered an addictive drug since it does not produce compulsive drug-seeking behavior as do cocaine. loss of appetite. when combined with methamphetamine. and abdominal pain� Alcoholic hepatitis can cause death if drinking continues� If drinking stops. because of concern about Rohypnol. GHB. like others. and some kinds of stroke� Cancer: Long-term heavy drinking increases the risk of developing certain forms of cancer. given the unpredictability of the drug� The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is funding studies that focus on the neurochemical and behavioral properties of LSD� This research will provide a greater understanding of the effects of the drug� Alcohol If you are like many Americans. jaundice (abnormal yellowing of the skin. as a result of long-term heavy drinking� Its symptoms include fever. if you are a man. sweating. like many of the addictive drugs. and urine). GHB may also produce withdrawal effects. especially among those at greatest risk for heart attacks. heroin. and other similarly abused sedativehypnotics. you may drink moderate amounts of alcohol on a more regular basis� If you are a woman or someone over the age of 65. and sweating� In October 1996. increased heart rate and blood pressure. throat. there appears to be an increased risk of seizure� Combining use with other drugs such as alcohol can result in nausea and difficulty breathing. heart disease. the user feels the first effects of the drug 30 to 90 minutes after taking it� The physical effects include dilated pupils. Congress passed the Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996� This legislation increased federal penalties for use of any controlled substance to aid in sexual assault� after consuming less alcohol than men do over a shorter period of time� Because alcohol affects many organs in the body. Usually. LSD produces tolerance. so some users who take the drug repeatedly must take progressively higher doses to achieve the state of intoxication they had previously achieved� This is an extremely dangerous practice. alcohol. or inflammation of the pancreas� This condition is associated with severe abdominal pain and weight loss and can be fatal� LSD The effects of LSD are unpredictable� They depend on the amount taken. tremors. and nicotine� However. mood. this condition often is reversible� About 10 to 20 percent of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic cirrhosis. heart disease. such as liver disease. higher body temperature. or scarring of the liver� Alcoholic cirrhosis can cause death if drinking continues� Heart Disease: Moderate drinking can have beneficial effects on the heart. and Ketamine Coma and seizures can occur following abuse of GHB and.Health and Safety Rohypnol. eyeballs. and expectations. certain forms of cancer.

information. and Rehabilitation Programs The following national toll-free telephone numbers are provided to assist any member of the University who may require assistance in dealing with a drug or alcohol problem� • American Council on Alcoholism (800) 527-5344: Addresses alcoholism as a treatable disease through public education. • Al-Anon (888) 425-2666: Helps families and friends of alcoholics recover from the effects of living with the problem drinking of a relative or friend. IA 52722 Phone: (563) 332-9080 Website: http://www�cads-ia�com Center for Alcohol and Drug Services— Intake Outpatient Administration Address: 1523 South Fairmount Street. Davenport. Students must sign up for 14 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . as well as active physical education classes. 2322 East Kimberly Road.. intervention. and referral. Treatment. Davenport. through a third-party vendor. IA 52804 Phone: (563) 421-2900 Intake: (563) 421-2901 Website: http://www�genesishealth�com New Life Outpatient Center Inc. Davenport. IA 52808 Phone: (563) 322-2667 Website: http://www�cads-ia�com Center for Alcohol and Drug Services— Country Oaks Address: 12160 Utah Avenue. and • The National Institute on Drug Abuse Hotline (800) 662-HELP/(800) 662-4357: Provides information. IA 52804 Phone: (563) 326-1150 Website: http://www�cads-ia�com Family Resources Inc. Bettendorf. IA 52807 Phone: (563) 355-0055 Website: http://www�newlifeopc�com Smoking Policy Smoking is prohibited on the University campus except within designated areas� All smokers should be respectful of their fellow University members by disposing of their waste in the proper container� Health and Wellness Requirements All students attending on-campus classes are required to complete an Emergency Contact form and return it to the Student Success Office prior to their first day of classes and prior to the beginning of each fall semester thereafter� On-campus resident students are required to have an updated Student Immunization Record form on file with the Student Success Office prior to the first day of classes. are required to have full health and accident coverage through either a family or individual policy� Resident international students must purchase health insurance that provides coverage in the United States� The University provides access to insurance plans. the following counseling services have been identified: Center for Alcohol and Drug Services Address: 4869 Forest Grove Road. Students participating in intercollegiate athletics are required to have a physical examination each academic year� This physical must be completed before the student begins athletic practice� All information provided is confidential and kept on file in case of a campus emergency� Health Insurance Requirements It is recommended that all resident students maintain full health insurance that includes coverage for major medical events and hospitalization and to know the details of their coverage and policy numbers� Students are responsible for their own health and accident insurance� Students participating in intercollegiate athletics.. Wittenmyer Youth Center/Leslie East Address: 2800 Eastern Avenue. IA 52803 Phone: (563) 326-6431 ext� 243 Intake: (563) 326-6431 ext� 239 Website: http://www�famres�org Genesis Multiple Addictions Recovery Center (MARC) Address: West Central Park at Marquette. Address: Paul Revere Square. Davenport. treatment options. for on-campus students� Details concerning insurance plans are available in the Student Success Office. Suite 2000 North. All returning on-campus resident students must submit an updated form to the Student Success Office at the start of each academic year prior to the first day of fall classes. support. and referrals to local rehab centers for any drug or alcohol problem� For on-campus students in the State of Iowa. Davenport.Health and Safety Counseling.

and the location where students can find out more information about Meningococcal Disease (American College Health Association website. and/or performance of regular duty assignments as long as they are physically and psychologically able� Access to social areas will not be restricted� The University campus coordinates AIDS prevention and education programs for students and employees� Educational information is critical to impede further spread of the disease� The University recognizes its responsibility to exercise reasonable care in protecting students. anger. staff. family concerns. and • Mercy Medical Center (hospital). eating disorder/habits. must contact the Office of Student Success for access to and proper disposal and replacement of a sharp disposal container for used needles and syringes� This container is a requirement of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)� Needles and syringes must never be disposed of in regular waste receptacles� Needles and syringes must only be disposed of in proper disposal containers� Health and Wellness Referrals University life presents many new challenges and situations that individuals may not have experienced previously� While many of these experiences may be welcomed. suicidal thoughts.Health and Safety coverage to be eligible� Exclusions and limitations apply� The University will not be held responsible for medical bills that are incurred by students� It is the student’s responsibility to maintain adequate medical insurance coverage� of Public Health. sexuality/ gender identity issues. and Needle Safety Procedures The purpose of this policy is to provide a comprehensive institutional policy and procedure statement on the treatment of students and employees with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and/or associated conditions� It is the policy of Ashford University that students and/or employees who have AIDS. Communicable Disease Control. located at 1410 North Fourth Street. AIDSRelated Complex (ARC). faculty. grief. • Support groups. the annual Anonymous Data Collection for the Iowa Department 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Health Risks The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U�S� Public Health Service say AIDS is not a readily communicable disease� There are no known cases of transmission by food. and anxious� The Student Success staff can and will refer students to services for depression. relationship issues. 915 13th Ave� North (at the corner of 13th Ave� North and Springdale Drive). sexual assault/ abuse. such as insulin. www�acha�org)� Questions should be directed to your health care provider� The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the United States Public Health Service report procedures and recommendations for dealing with communicable diseases� The University uses such guidelines in determining reasonable care on a case-by-case basis� Students who know or suspect they may have a communicable disease should contact the Director of Student Success so that reasonable care and protection can be assured to them and to others� Resident and on-campus commuter students taking medication routinely administered by injection. anxiety. 2745 Lincoln Way. a bill was passed by the State of Iowa relating to distribution and collection of data regarding Meningococcal Disease vaccination� Colleges and universities are now mandated to inform all students who are enrolled in an institution of higher education that has an on-campus dormitory or residence hall of the Meningococcal Disease vaccination. or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) antibodies will be allowed normal classroom attendance. • Educational programming. discouraged. domestic/dating violence. social. self-esteem. • Long-term mental health counseling and specialized counseling therapy. administrators. and more� These services may include the following: • Short-term. substance misuse concerns. (563) 244-5555� Health Alerts. loneliness. (563) 243-2511. water. or casual contact� The virus has not been spread in families that have one or more persons who have been diagnosed with AIDS� The current scientific understanding is that the AIDS virus is transmitted through transfer of body fluids into the broken skin or mucous membranes of the recipient. and • Emergency and inpatient mental health services� AIDS Policy Medical Care The City of Clinton has several medical clinics including the following: • Medical Associates. roommate conflicts. and visitors from health dangers while on the campus� In April 2004. (563) 244-2161. confidential individual counseling. and cultural activities. they may also overwhelm and/or leave one feeling confused. intimacy/relationship issues. • Quality Urgent Care. most 15 . athletic. usual access to campus academic.

or HIV antibodies. nor will food service workers be so restricted. faculty. or staff member should immediately sound the building alarm and leave by the nearest exit. contact sports. A fire can be reported by pulling the lever on any of these boxes. through exchange of blood that occurs when needles are shared by an infected person. If a fire is suspected. All resident students must leave the residence halls whenever a fire alarm sounds� The University will not screen prospective and/or current students and employees for HIV antibodies as part of the regular admission or employment process� In accordance with University policy. Georgia� Each University department is responsible for establishing procedures to implement these guidelines to ensure student and/or employee safety� Students and/or employees may contact the Student Success Office to obtain additional information about AIDS and associated conditions and/or HIV testing� Individuals requesting HIV testing will be referred to laboratories that can perform this testing� Medical Emergencies In the case of a medical emergency. a student. and staff must evacuate buildings whenever a fire alarm sounds. including information related to AIDS� Individuals with HIV antibodies who participate in activities where an exchange of body fluids such as blood may occur (e�g�. educational laboratory settings. condition. Then call the Campus Security Office at (563) 242-2752 and provide them with as much information as possible� Turning in a false alarm is both dangerous and illegal� THE CURRENT FINE IS $100 PLUS CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR REPORTING A FALSE ALARM� A SIGNIFICANT FINE IS ALSO ASSESSED FOR MISUSE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS� All students. unless they show evidence of another infection. or HIV antibodies� residence halls with infected individuals� Circumstances may exist where students with HIV antibodies might be exposed to certain contagious diseases in a close living situation� Because of the medical need of such students to exercise greater control over their environment. they will be offered appropriate options based upon consultation with their personal physicians� Housing may offer private rooms to protect the health of the immunodeficient student from the exposure to infectious diseases� Incidents of harassment. faculty. ARC. etc�) should discuss the advisability of participation with their physicians� The participant who is positive for HIV antibodies has the responsibility to inform other participants of the possibility of transmission� Individuals with HIV antibodies will not be restricted access to food service areas. regardless of the time of day or outside weather conditions� Fire evacuation instructions are posted on each floor and in each classroom� Carefully read and note the exit route to be used in the event of a fire emergency. Fire Regulations Procedures Open burning is not permitted on campus without written permission from the Director of Campus Security� Fire alarm boxes are directly connected to the Clinton County Law Enforcement Center. there is no basis for routinely excluding or dismissing students because they have AIDS. University personnel follow the guidelines published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. and educational records are confidential. medical records. either emotional or physical. or through blood transfusion from an infected person� Considering current medical opinion. or illness for which there should be such restrictions� All food service workers should follow recommended standards and practices of sanitation and personal hygiene� Occupants of residence halls will not be advised if another resident has tested positive for HIV antibodies� Current medical information indicates there is no risk in sharing 16 ASHFORD UNIVERSITY . call 911 immediately� Then promptly report the emergency to the Campus Security Office or to a Residence Life staff member.Health and Safety usually by sexual intercourse. personnel files. not just those known to have HIV infection� When dealing with persons who have AIDS. toward students or employees who are either known to be or suspected of being HIV positive will not be tolerated� Complaints should be handled according to the policy regarding Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights Infringements� Precautions The University adopts safety guidelines as proposed by the U�S� Public Health Service for the handling of the blood and body fluids of all persons. ARC.

AM 1390 or watch Quad-City area television stations WHBF. Never re-enter a burning building� Severe Weather In the case of severe weather. such as a jacket. In the case of severe weather. or WQAD. you should not return to the building until authorized to do so by a Fire Department official. keep low to the floor if there is smoke in the room� • Feel the door or doorknob before opening any doors� If either is hot. stand clear. sheets. Channel 8� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 17 . do not open the door� If no heat is felt. staff members. or Residence Life staff� • Even if an alarm has been turned off. go to the nearest exit or stairway� Never use the elevator! If the exit is blocked. faculty.Health and Safety Evacuating a Building • When an alarm sounds. go to a higher floor and signal for help by waving or shouting out a window� • If you try to escape through a smoke-filled room or corridor. emergency equipment will need to maneuver around the buildings� Stay away from main entrances� • Follow all directions given by fire and police personnel. KWQC. listen for a warning siren and/or radio announcements� (On campus. taking short breaths through your nose� • After evacuating the building. The Eagle. seal up the cracks around the door using wet clothing. or KCLN. call Campus Security at (563) 242-2752 and inform them of your location� • If you are able to leave the room. be prepared to take cover in a designated shelter area� Campus Security staff. Campus Security staff. close the door and stay in the room until help arrives� • If you are unable to leave the room. open the door slightly to check for heat or heavy smoke� If heat or heavy smoke is present outside the room. Channel 4. an air horn will be used to signal warnings or impending danger�) The severe weather/tornado siren sounds a steady blast or tone for three minutes� When a severe weather/tornado warning occurs. etc� to attract attention� If a phone is available. AM 1340. move quickly in a crouched position� Cover your head and body with something that can be easily discarded should it catch on fire (preferably wet) and breathe through a wet cloth. FM 94�7. and Residence Life staff will assist students in moving to designated areas on campus� All students must move to the designated areas for the duration of the warning! Please note that it is everyone’s individual responsibility to be prepared and to educate themselves accordingly in the event of impending severe weather� Campus Security and Residence Life staff will notify students when the “all clear” signal has been issued by the Clinton Police Department� Students will then be allowed to leave the designated areas� Students are asked to cooperate with all directives given by University staff� NEVER USE THE FIRE ALARM FOR NOTIFICATION OF SEVERE WEATHER. try another exit� Close all doors behind you as you go� • If you cannot find a clear exit. etc� Hang an object out the window. shirt. listen to local radio stations KROS. sheet. Channel 6.

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privileges. state. color. or veteran status� The University is an equal opportunity employer and complies with all federal. disability. the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. sexual orientation. sex. and activities generally available to students at the University� The University does not discriminate in employment or in its educational programs and activities on the basis of race. national or ethnic origin. Ashford University prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability� The University is committed to providing an equal opportunity to access a full educational experience and reasonable accommodations will be granted to students who present documentation of disability and are otherwise qualified to participate. in accordance with University requirements� Current documentation of the disability must be provided by a qualified health care professional� Authorized accommodations are based upon documented disability and the functional effects of the disability upon the student’s educational endeavor� Accommodations are not retroactive� The determination of reasonable accommodation resides with the Disability Services Coordinator� Students who believe they are in need of accommodations should contact the Disability Services Office at disabilityservices@ashford�edu� Students who have a concern about their disability services may contact the Disability Services Manager� Formal complaints will be handled in accordance with the Ashford University Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints� The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) affords students certain rights with respect to their education records� These rights include the following: 1� The right to inspect and review the student’s education records within 45 days of the day the University receives a request for access� a� Students should submit written requests that identify the record(s) they wish to inspect to the University Registrar or the Campus Registrar� The Registrar will make arrangements for access and notify the student of the time and place where the records may 19 . or national origin to all the rights. and local laws� Disability Services Student Rights & Responsibilities In accordance with Section 504 the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.Notice of Nondiscrimination Section Three Ashford University is an educational institution that admits academically qualified students of any race. Students are responsible for disclosing disability information and requesting accommodation. color. programs. age. and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. religion.

and specifying why it should be changed� b� If the University decides not to amend the record as requested by the student. 3� The right to provide written consent prior to disclosures of personally identifiable information contained in the student’s education records. Ashford University decides that the information in the education record is not inaccurate. or local law. A school official has a legitimate educational interest if the official needs to review an education record in order to fulfill his or her professional responsibilities for the University� A school official may include any of the following: • A person employed by the University in an administrative. c� If. research. or collection agent).Student Rights & Responsibilities be inspected� If the records are not maintained by the Registrar’s Office. or assisting another school official in performing his or her professional responsibilities� b� Upon request. misleading. or • A student serving on an official committee. the record will include the statement filed by the student. “Directory information” means information contained in an education record of a student that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed� If you do not want Ashford University to disclose directory information from your education records without your prior written consent. clearly identifying the part of the record they want changed. misleading. and the student is under the age of 21 at the time of the disclosure to the parent. the Registrar’s Office will facilitate the student’s access to the requested records� 2� The right to request the amendment of the student’s education records that the student believes is inaccurate. • When the student has violated any Federal. or support staff position (including law enforcement unit personnel and health staff). • A person or company with whom the University has contracted (such as an attorney. misleading or otherwise in violation of the student’s privacy rights under FERPA� They should write the Registrar. the University discloses education records without consent to officials of another school in which a student seeks or intends to enroll. such as a disciplinary or grievance committee. auditor. as a result of the hearing. you must notify the University Registrar in writing� A request for nondisclosure of directory information is valid unless or until the student requests a change in writing� Ashford University has designated the following information as directory information: • Student’s name • Participation in officially recognized activities and sports Ashford University . except to the extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure without consent� a� An exception. is disclosure to school officials with legitimate educational interests. or • The disclosure is in connection with a health or safety emergency� d� The University may also disclose education records without consent when the information is deemed necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individuals in an emergency� e� Directory information can be published and/or disclosed to outside organizations without a student’s prior written consent. • A person serving on the Board of Trustees. 20 • A person or organization acting as an official agent of the institution and performing a business function or service on behalf of the institution. the student will be afforded the opportunity to place with the education record a statement commenting on the contested information in the record and/or a statement setting forth any reason for disagreeing with the decision of the hearing� The statement placed in the education record by the student will be maintained with the contested part of the record for as long as the record is maintained� When the related record is disclosed to an authorized party. or any rule or policy of Ashford University. governing the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance if Ashford University determines that the student has committed a disciplinary violation with respect to that use or possession. which permits disclosure without consent. State. supervisory. or otherwise in violation of the privacy rights of the student. academic. or is already enrolled so long as the disclosure is for purposes related to the student’s enrollment or transfer� c� The University may disclose education records without consent to parents in the following circumstances: • When a student is a dependent student as defined in Section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. or otherwise in violation of the student’s privacy rights under FERPA� a� Students may ask the University to amend a record that they believe is inaccurate. the University Registrar will notify the student in writing of the decision and advise the student of his or her right to a hearing regarding the request for amendment� Additional information regarding the hearing procedures will be provided to the student when notified of the right to a hearing.

S. Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights Infringements Principle The University is committed to maintaining a humane atmosphere in which individuals do not abuse their personal and/or professional authority or power in interpersonal relationships. he or she must complete the Ashford University Name Change form and provide copies of a Social Security card reflecting the new name. The right to file a complaint with the U. age. hostile. faculty. the Registrar’s Office will change the name in all systems to reflect the student’s legal name. or offensive educational or working environment� Discrimination: Any distinction. or auto-forwarded email are not acceptable excuses for missing official University communications� Online students must additionally maintain and provide the University with an email address for correspondence with University administration and faculty� Sexual Harassment of a Student by Another Student Name Changes If Ashford University becomes aware that a student’s name recorded in the Ashford University system does not match the student’s official name as reflected by the United States Social Security Administration. derogatory reference. as outlined on the Name Change form. or offensive environment for a student. administration.Student Rights & Responsibilities • Address • Telephone listing • Weight and height of members of athletic teams • Electronic mail address • Photograph • Degrees. threatened. verbal or nonverbal. full-time or part-time) • Class rosters within the classroom 4. or sexual preference� Electronic Communication Email is considered an official form of University-related communication� It is recommended that students check their email at least 3 to 4 times per week in order to stay current with University-related communications� Students have the responsibility to recognize that certain communications may be time-critical� Failure to check for messages and failure to receive messages due to full mailboxes. DC 20202-5920 If the student has an official name change. requests for sexual favors. and awards received • Date and place of birth • Major field of study • Dates of attendance • Grade level • The most recent educational agency or institution attended • Enrollment status (e�g� undergraduate or graduate. and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature by a student toward another student are inappropriate behaviors and constitute sexual harassment when such conduct interferes with a student’s living or studying conditions or creates an intimidating. to subject a person to unwanted sexual attention. or offensive environment for that student� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 21 . abused. More specifically. to the Office of the Registrar. spam filtering. faculty. hostile. staff. honors. creed. Department of Education concerning alleged failures by Ashford University to comply with the requirements of FERPA� The name and address of the Office that administers FERPA is: Family Policy Compliance Office U�S� Department of Education 400 Maryland Avenue. along with supplemental documentation. or assaulted� At least partial evidence that harassment has occurred is based upon the feelings of the offended party� Harassment includes conduct that has the effect of creating an intimidating. and students will not condone actions or works that a reasonable person would regard as either discrimination or harassment� Definitions Harassment: An act. physical or mental disability. national or ethnic origin. or staff member and has the effect of substantially interfering with the academic performance or extracurricular activity of a student or the work performance of a faculty/staff member� Sexual Harassment: An attempt to coerce an unwilling person into a sexual relationship. or favor for or against an individual compared to others that is based upon an individual’s gender. color. that causes a person to feel intimidated. Any unwelcome sexual advances. hostile. to punish a refusal to comply. SW Washington. or to create a sexually intimidating. race.

transfer credit appeals. Education. requests for sexual favors. sexual orientation. including following procedures for formal appeal identified above. disability. and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature by a faculty or staff member toward a student are held to constitute sexual harassment when: 1� Submission to such sexual conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of rating an individual’s educational development or performance. the problem or complaint should first be discussed with the individual involved in the complaint� If satisfactory resolution is not reached after discussion with the individual. students should first contact his or her designated financial services advisor (or supervisor). hostile. should follow the procedures for these appeals outlined elsewhere in this Catalog. hostile. or 2� Such conduct has the purpose or effect of interfering with a student’s educational performance or creating an intimidating.Student Rights & Responsibilities Sexual Harassment of a Faculty/Staff Member by a Student Any unwelcome sexual advances. or administrators. or email studentfinancehelp@ ashford�edu� Informal Dispute Resolution: A Necessary First Step before Filing Formal Complaints Before pursuing the formal complaint process. whether overtly. or federal law� Students who believe they have been subjected to discrimination or harassment in violation of this policy should follow the procedure outlined in the Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints� This process is intended to provide a fair. gender identity. and reliable determination about whether the Ashford University nondiscrimination policy has been violated� 22 Ashford University . there is potentially great damage to the individual student. or any other characteristic protected by state. in the case of an email submission. D�C� 20201� Grievance Procedure for Student Complaints Sexual Harassment of a Student by a Faculty/Staff Member The Ashford University community benefits from formal procedures that encourage prompt resolution of complaints and concerns that students may have about the implementation of policies and procedures that govern the institution� Students pursuing grades appeals. color. local. and to the climate of the University� Complaints Concerning Discrimination and/or Harassment Ashford University does not discriminate or harass in our programs and activities on the basis of race. Washington. to the accused. or offensive living or studying environment for that student� While a particular interaction must be offensive to an unwilling person to be defined as harassment. prompt. United States Department of Health. age. requests for sexual favors. religion. implicitly. the student should contact the individual’s direct supervisor to attempt to resolve the complaint� If these efforts are unsuccessful. every reasonable effort should be made to constructively resolve issues with faculty. sent as a Microsoft Word attachment in letter format and should contain the name and all contact information for the student� Any supporting documentation and evidence shall be referenced within the body of the formal complaint� The words “this constitutes a formal complaint” must be included in the subject line of the complaint� 1� The written complaint should clearly and concisely describe the alleged incident(s) and any corrective action sought� Unwelcome sexual advances. or offensive living or working environment for the faculty or staff member� Individuals with complaints of this nature also always have the legal right to file a formal complaint with the Office for Civil Rights (OCR). and Welfare. faculty and staff members and other persons of authority should be sensitive to questions about mutuality of consent that may be raised and to the conflict of interests that are inherent in personal relationships that result from professional and educational interactions� Harassment in any situation is reprehensible. it is particularly damaging when it exploits the educational dependence and trust between students and faculty/staff� When the authority and power inherent in faculty/staff relationships with students. or through misinterpretation. sex. staff. For financial complaints. appeals of satisfactory academic progress dismissal. the formal complaint process may be initiated� Formal Complaint Process: • The complaint must be presented in writing and sent via email attachment or other written form� It should describe the alleged incident(s) and any corrective action sought� • The complaint should be signed by the initiator or. Whenever possible. and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature directed by a student toward a faculty/ staff member are inappropriate behaviors and constitute sexual harassment when such conduct interferes with a faculty or staff member’s University duties or creates an intimidating. is abused in any way. national origin. or appeals of Student Conduct Committee findings.

they may also recommend corrective action� • The decision of the Vice President of Academic Affairs. dates and times of attempted or actual contact along with a description of the discussion and the manner of communication made in the course of each effort� 3� The initiator shall attach to the complaint all contact information supporting the efforts made to resolve the issue(s) before filing the formal complaint� • Students presenting complaints for resolution must present them within thirty (30) days of the incident prompting the complaint or from the date of knowledge of the incident prompting the complaint� This means the complaint must be filed on or before thirty (30) days from when the initiator knew. University Provost. ext� 3317 Natalie De Witte Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator 858-513-9240. Registrar. or Vice President of Student Services may be appealed by petitioning the President of the University� The written appeal must be made within twenty (20) business days* of receipt of the determination letter from the Vice President of Academic Affairs or the Vice President of Student Services� The President. University Provost. Student Affairs. handle inquiries. nor is formal. or Vice President of Student Services will determine whether a violation of the Ashford University policies has occurred and respond to the student in writing within thirty (30) business days* from receipt of a complaint� If the Vice President of Academic Affairs. faculty member. or Vice President of Student Services will have decision making authority in regards to formal complaints� These individuals may appoint a third party or parties to investigate the dispute and present a recommendation to them� In most cases. ext� 2993 Email contact: GrievanceResolution@ashford�edu • Generally. *Business day is defined to mean normal operating hours. Finance. or Vice President of Student Services 2009-2010 Academic Catalog delegate decision making authority to a grievance committee consisting of representatives from the following Departments: Compliance. the person or persons named in the complaint will be notified of the complaint by the appropriate party� • The following persons have been designated to formally investigate grievances at Ashford University. University Provost. will render a written decision on the appeal within twenty (20) business days* from receipt of the appeal� The President’s decision shall be final. Monday through Friday. or Director of Student Affairs determines that a policy has been violated. legal representation allowed� At his or her sole discretion. of the alleged action(s)� • Except in cases where it is determined by Ashford University administration that notice may endanger the health or safety of the initiator or other persons. University Provost. names.Student Rights & Responsibilities 2� The complaint’s supporting documentation must clearly demonstrate all informal efforts to resolve the issue(s)� This includes. ext� 3488 Jenefer Gilbert Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator 858-513-9240. and to coordinate the University’s compliance efforts regarding student complaints and grievances: Adriana DeJong Student Grievance Resolution Coordinator 858-513-9240. academic advisor. University Provost. the Vice President of Academic Affairs. or should have known. Academics. Student Success. or staff member� The disputing parties must advise the investigator of the identity of an advocate or witness at least five (5) days before the date of the meeting between the parties� The student’s advocate may not act as an attorney or formally represent the student� These procedures are entirely academic in nature and are not considered legal proceedings� No audio or video recording of any kind is permitted. the Vice President of Academic Affairs. the investigator may prohibit from attending or remove any person who disrupts the investigation� • The Vice President of Academic Affairs. and/or Enrollment� • The investigator may contact or request a meeting with either the initiator or the respondent as part of the investigation� The initiator or the respondent may also request to meet and discuss the allegations with the investigator and may offer any witnesses in support of their position to the investigator during the course of the investigation� Any party to a complaint has the right to have an advocate present during the investigation meetings and discussions� Such an advocate must be a member of the Ashford University Community: student. excluding recognized 23 . or his/her designee.

• If the Director of the Center for External Studies is the instructor of the course. and the right of petition and peaceful assembly� Each student shall enjoy certain freedoms as a member of the academic community and should exercise his or her freedoms with responsibility� The 24 Ashford University . The Office of the Ombudsman provides confidential. through the following procedure: • The student should first discuss his or her concerns with the instructor who issued the grade� • If the student is not satisfied with the grade issued in the class. Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship during the last 25% of a course should request an incomplete grade through their instructor prior to the course end date� However. the student may appeal to the Vice President of Academic Affairs� • Unless otherwise qualified above. • Documented death in the family. ext� 3097� Grade Appeal Procedure All grades may be appealed in writing within fourteen (14) days after the grade in dispute is granted. Tennessee Residents: Any grievances not resolved on the institutional level may be forwarded to the Tennessee Higher Education Commission. online students may appeal to the Director of the Center for External Studies via the Grade Appeal form and campus students may appeal to the Dean of the college in which the student is enrolled� Appeals will not be accepted without documentation that the student has made a written appeal to the instructor. the student may appeal to the Dean of the college in which the student is enrolled� If the Dean of the college is the instructor of the course. impartial. Office of the Ombudsman Ashford University maintains an Office of the Ombudsman to assist and investigate issues concerning students that are brought to the attention of the office by members of the University community. freedom of discussion and expression. he or she should appeal to the instructor in writing for reconsideration of the grade� • If the student is not satisfied with the outcome of appeal to the instructor of the course. for complete details on Ashford University’s Incomplete Grade policy. • Documented personal or family medical emergency. neutral. the student must fax or email the written grade appeal with official documentation of the hardship experienced� An incomplete grade or a grade of “W” may be approved and applied for the following documented reasons that directly impacted the student’s ability to complete the course requirements or program during the last 25% of the course: • Documented military duty that resulted in an inability to continue in the course or program.Student Rights & Responsibilities national holidays� In cases where additional time is needed in the investigation of a complaint. and informal dispute resolution services and subscribes to the International Ombudsman’s Associations Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice� Contact may be made by e-mail at ombudsman@ashford�edu or phone at 866-974-5700. Grade Appeals Basis for a Grade Appeal Grades may be appealed based on the student’s perception that any of the following conditions exist: • An error was made in the calculation of the course grade� • The instructor was incorrect with respect to an objective fact within the discipline and this error affected the student’s final grade. there may be extreme circumstances that prohibit a student from making this request prior to the conclusion of a course. or • Documented temporary severe economic hardship� Student Rights and Student Conduct Regulations Ashford University is responsible for creating and maintaining an environment that is conducive to the pursuit of learning and living and to the development of students as scholars and citizens� Ashford University is committed to preserving the exercise of freedom of inquiry. TN 372430830. Students who are not able to complete at least 75% of the course prior to requesting an incomplete grade are also ineligible� Note: Please refer to the Catalog’s Academic Information and Policies-General. To appeal for an “I” grade after the end date of a course. Nashville. Incomplete Grades. • Documented act of nature. students will be notified accordingly. the Dean of the college in which the student is enrolled is the final decision maker on all grade appeals. freedom of thought. (615) 741-3293� Students who are administratively dropped from a course for not meeting attendance requirements are not eligible to receive an “I” grade.

they are subject to disciplinary action by the University. health records. and all of these duties and responsibilities require orderly procedures for implementation. the enforcement of which is the responsibility of duly constituted local. but when the violation of the law also adversely affects the orderly operation of the University. or federal authorities� Institutional actions shall not be used to duplicate functions of general laws. national origin. the University community must respond in ways that protect the rights and freedoms of all members of the community� The welfare and development of the individual student are primary concerns� Rights and freedoms imply duties and responsibilities. state. state. sex. or other classification that deprives the person of consideration as an individual� 2� A student shall be provided with a clear statement of basic rights.Student Rights & Responsibilities responsibility to secure and maintain conditions conducive to the freedom to learn is shared by all members of the University community� University regulations are necessary to safeguard the mission of Ashford University. creed. students are subject to all local. color. State. whether individually or collectively. the University has the right and the duty to maintain order within the University and to exclude persons who disrupt the educational process� When necessary. the University will call upon the local. freedom of thought. state. or local legal proceedings or dispositions� University action will be initiated only when the institution’s interest as an academic community is clearly involved� Statement of Student Rights Student Freedom Freedom of Inquiry and Expression Ashford University is committed to preserving the exercise of freedom of inquiry. the University may enforce its own regulations regardless of any federal. and responsibilities concerning academic and nonacademic conduct� 3� A student has the right to be evaluated solely on the basis of academic achievement and fulfillment of the educational requirements with freedom of expression protected and respected� 4� A student shall have the right to join associations without fear of charges being brought based solely on such membership� 5� A student shall have the right of protection from maintenance by the University of Records reflecting the student’s beliefs or his/her political activity and associations. must assume full responsibility for the consequences of such actions and must not identify their position or actions as representing the University� It is the policy of Ashford University to guarantee that each student shall enjoy certain rights as a member of the academic community� 1� A student shall have the right to participate in University-sponsored services and activities without discrimination or harassment based on the student’s race. and Federal Penalties When students violate University regulations. whether or not their conduct violates local. a student shall have the right of protection from release to persons outside the University community of such records as well as academic and disciplinary records without the express consent of the student or a court order� 6� A student shall have the right to petition for change in either academic or nonacademic regulations. are also responsible for such violations� When students violate local. procedures. except for counseling records. or practices� Exercise of Rights of Citizenship On-campus students are both members of the academic community and citizens of the Clinton community� As members of the academic community. and freedom of discussion and expression and the right of petition and peaceful assembly� Special attention should be noted that a student who exercises his/her rights as a private citizen. thus protecting the freedom of students to learn without undue interference by others� If violations of conduct regulations occur. state. or federal law(s) off campus. a student or organization may be subject to disciplinary action by the University� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 25 . and/or federal authorities to maintain order� Conduct regulations apply to misconduct only when the conduct adversely affects some distinct and clear interest of the University academic community� Students who act in concert to violate the University regulations. and federal authorities� Institutional Authority and Local. To fulfill its function as an educational institution and to protect the rights of all the members of the University community. and federal laws. they may incur penalties as determined by local. state. age. state. and records of disciplinary proceedings� Also. or students who advise or incite to violate the University regulations. students are entitled to all the rights and protections enjoyed by other members of the community� Students are also subject to obligations by virtue of this membership� As citizens of the Clinton community. or federal laws� By committing an act of misconduct. obligations. state.

even for first-time offenses. if the behavior at issue directly and adversely affects the University or members of the University community� Misconduct includes. nor grounds for. • Present evidence and witnesses. regardless of the location of their commission. or possession. or otherwise infringes upon the rights of other members of the University community or of the University itself cannot be tolerated� 26 Ashford University . fabrication. vandalism. or parking stickers. firecrackers. without limitation. misuse. the Code is not an exhaustive attempt to codify every possible type of problematic behavior� Violations of the Code in any form may be grounds for immediate expulsion. • Be treated and considered innocent until proven otherwise by preponderance of the evidence. or destruction of University property or the property of others. students are subject to discipline for engaging in prohibited behaviors. malicious. • Have an advocate. Admissions decisions are final. physical detainment of any person against his/her will. storage. use of. • Be notified of charges and to have charges explained. firearms. or make changes to the Code from time to time. and • Challenge not only the facts of the case but also the rule itself� 8� A student shall have the right to protection from placement of non-University financial obligations on the student’s account without the express written consent of the student� 9� A student shall have the right to protection from ex post facto regulations� 10. explosives. and to have views considered� All students are expected to make themselves familiar with the Code of Student Conduct (hereinafter referred to as Code)� Ignorance of this Code. or weapons� Property: Theft of. students have a responsibility to comply with all University policies and procedures� In a community of learning and living. individual or group conduct that is unlawful. • Challenge the membership of the hearing board. Any attempt to commit or conceal an act of misconduct prohibited by these rules is subject to sanctions to the same extent as completed acts� Misconduct is defined as any prohibited conduct on the University campus. threat. including behavioral expectations. nor standards applicable to criminal prosecution� In addition. A student shall have the right to have a clearly defined means to participate in the formulation and application of institutional policy affecting both academic and non-academic services� The student’s participation shall include the right to gain access to information. specific prohibited conduct. or destruction of University documents. coercion. they are expected to seek the resolution of all issues through the process of reason� Moreover. conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person. modify. or penalties for misconduct is not a defense to. identification cards/access cards. records. • Be protected from arbitrary.Student Rights & Responsibilities 7� A student shall have the right of due process in any action that can reasonably be expected to affect the student’s status with the University brought or taken by the University or any of its constituent parts or agencies� The due process rights in cases under the Code of Student Conduct shall include the right to the following: • Have a prompt hearing. the following kinds of willful acts� Violence: Any act of violence. The University reserves the right to create. or intimidation. disrupts or interferes with the educational process. causes destruction of property. Code of Student Conduct All students of the University are expected to conduct themselves in such a manner as to be a credit to themselves and to the University� As responsible individuals. at a University-sponsored event. as needed. damage to. physical abuse or assault (including sexual assault) upon any person. excusing violations of the Code� In support of this goal. the University reserves the right to refuse admission to any applicant whose behavior is deemed inappropriate based on communication with University employees. • Have a fair and impartial hearing. • Be protected from arbitrary and capricious charges. or in a University online classroom for which a student or guest is subject to University disciplinary action� In addition. or attempt or threat to use any kind of ammunition. and alteration. or unjust sanctions. to express a view. or when it determines necessary in particular circumstances� The Code may also be extended or amended to apply to new and unanticipated situations that may arise� Misconduct It is the intention of this Code to clarify the standards of behavior essential to the University’s educational mission and its community life� The Code is not written with the specificity of criminal statutes. defacement. force. • Be protected from self-incrimination.

and drug-related offenses and gambling� Fraud: Any misrepresentation. but is not limited to. humiliating. loud noises after residence hall quiet hours. or embezzlement of University documents. access cards or passwords) is considered fraud� Writing checks that fail to clear within thirty (30) days is prohibited. and veterans will not be tolerated� This includes the use of threatening. disciplinary procedures. or other University or University-authorized activities. and the breach of University peace�) Harassment: Harassment of any kind will not be tolerated by the University and will be dealt with in accordance with University policies regarding harassment� Trespass: Unauthorized entry into. harassing. forgery. lewd. lewd. and local codes� Examples include but are not limited to alcohol. scholarship. religion. “used outside of normal posted hours. equipment. closed to student activities. shouting. vulgar. funds. or disorderly conduct. state. or when meeting with University personnel is subject to disciplinary action� Computer. seizure. presence in. or occupation of any University facility that is locked. alteration. graphics or telephone messages are prohibited� Online Communication: Written communication in an online community is an extremely important factor in online educational programs� The ability to communicate clearly and effectively is crucial to the success of all online learning programs� Professional language relevant to the course content should be used in the online discussion postings� Students are expected to follow the rules of Netiquette. pornographic. misuse. blocking or impeding normal pedestrian or vehicular traffic on or adjacent to University property. property. and Communication Misuses: The University prohibits violations of the privacy of others (including prejudicial or discriminatory attacks) and the abuse of resources.” or otherwise restricted as to its use. failure to comply with the directive of a University official. sexual discussions. After notification that a check was returned for insufficient funds. swearing. blocking the entrance or exit of any University facility or building or any corridor or room therein. copyright laws. or attempts at obstruction or disruption of teaching. or instruments of identification (e�g�. or any pornographic resources� Inappropriate language and materials of this nature are inexcusable and constitute unacceptable behavior� • Discrimination: Derogatory statements about race. national or ethnic origin. disruption. and illegal file sharing while using any electronic device or system. and consulting time (and expertise) of the Information Technology Services or other University technology support staff� The use of 27 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . obscene conduct or expression or participation in a riot� (Nonexclusive examples include inappropriate communication in an online environment. disability. cursing. profane. Telephone. and discriminating against someone in the online environment� • Disrespect: Impolite and impertinent behavior such as putting down or cursing your instructor or any student in an online classroom will not be tolerated� • Offensiveness: An online classroom is not the place for graphic terminology. students must provide immediate restitution to the check holder� The act is considered theft and has a direct effect on the relationship between the student and the University� Drugs and/or Alcohol: Using or being under the influence of alcohol or illegal drugs on campus. sex. as posted in their online courses� The following behaviors are disruptive to the online learning environment and will not be tolerated: • Flaming: Flaming is the term used for behaving disrespectfully to others online� This behavior includes. functions. computers. Communication used in the course of committing a crime or obscene. indecent. records. or solicit employees� Use of Technology Resources: University technology resources are to be used to advance the University’s mission of education. administration. disrespect of another person’s belongings. color.Student Rights & Responsibilities Disruption: Obstruction. Illegal Activity: Any actions considered in violation of federal. software. tampering with smoke alarms or other fire equipment. or inflammatory language. research. or operations. events. public intoxication. and traditional media equipment) either owned or leased by the University. sexual orientation. promote business. while in class. or conduct that violates state and/or federal law or the Ashford University Sexual Harassment and Civil Rights Infringements policy and Ashford University Notice of Nondiscrimination� • Solicitation: It is against policy and inappropriate for students to use the communication channels within Blackboard to solicit other users for personal or professional reasons� Students may not send emails to classmates or post messages that attempt to sell products. but are not limited to. age. false fire alarms. video. mocking. at University-sanctioned events. food fights. and service� Students may use these resources for purposes related to their studies or research or other University-sanctioned activities� These resources include. threatening. sexually explicit or discriminatory language. hardware (including telephones.

as needed to protect the health and safety of students and staff. research. and • Inappropriate/widespread email distribution� Electronic Mail: The following uses of electronic mail are prohibited: • Personal use that creates a direct cost for the University.. • Use of electronic mail to harass or intimidate others or to interfere with the ability of others to conduct University business. • Attempts to exploit or explore security provisions. but may do so at any time as the University deems necessary for purposes of maintaining the integrity and effective operation of the student email system� No facility exists on this system for the sending or receiving of private communications� The University reserves the right to inspect and disclose the contents of email as follows: in the course of an investigation triggered by indications of misconduct or misuse.” (i. but are not limited to: • Activities that violate copyright or other intellectual property rights of others. or University-sanctioned activities should be considered as secondary activities (i�e�. • Use of electronic mail systems for any purpose restricted or prohibited by laws or regulations. libelous or obscene. obtaining access to the files or electronic mail of others for the purpose of satisfying idle curiosity. or attempting to intercept any electronic mail transmissions without proper authorization� Monitoring of Email Communications: The University does not intend to monitor individual electronic mail as a routine matter. or as needed to locate substantive information required for University business that is not more readily available by some other means� .” (i.. • Sending copies of documents in violation of copyright laws. or federal laws. personal or otherwise)� Should such secondary activity in any way interfere with primary activities. as needed to prevent interference with the academic mission. either at the University or elsewhere. or • Attempting unauthorized access to electronic mail or attempting to breach any security measures on any electronic mail system. • “Snooping.Student Rights & Responsibilities technology resources provided by the University for commercial or other purposes not directly related to study. • Allowing other individuals to use your account or password. with no substantial University business purpose). constructing an electronic mail communication so it appears to be from someone else). • Inclusion of the work of others into electronic mail communications or any other electronic transmission in violation of copyright laws. • “Spoofing. as needed for technical troubleshooting or spam/content filtering. offensiveness.e. using or distributing computer viruses. • Disruption or unauthorized monitoring of electronic communications or of computer accounts. • Flaming. the secondary activity must be terminated immediately� Many of the University’s technology resources are shared among the entire University community� The use of these resources shall not violate law or the rights of others� Prohibited activities include. the infringing use of peer-topeer file sharing services. • Sending copies of documents in violation of copyright laws via electronic mail or any other electronic transmission. including but not limited to. • Activities that could be considered as harassing. discrimination or solicitation as outlined in the Online Communication section above. state. • Activities that violate University policies. • Creating.e. • Unauthorized use of computer accounts. • Impersonating other individuals. • Activities that obstruct usage or deny access to technology resources. disrespect. including for the purpose of meeting attendance requirements in an online class. • Activities that invade the right to privacy of others. • Destruction or alteration of data belonging to others. • Activities that violate local. • Inclusion of the work of others into electronic mail communications in violation of copyright laws. • Capture and “opening” of electronic mail except as required in order for authorized employees to diagnose and correct delivery problems. 28 Ashford University • Use for personal monetary gain or for commercial purposes that are not directly related to University business.

000 per infringement per work can be awarded (See 17 U�S�C� §§ 501 et seq� (infringement) and §§ 1201 et seq� (circumvention of technological copyright protection measures))� Actual damages for infringement can be significantly higher including profits made from infringement. or distribution of a work being prepared for commercial distribution can also result in criminal fines and penalties of: • $500. penalties will be imposed with noted appeal procedures available� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . within a specified period of time. and after consultation with concerned individuals (e�g�. the Provost. the student may be subject to suspension. • $1. if any. separation. may be subject to civil and criminal liabilities in addition to sanctions imposed by the University� Violations per offense include: Civil—Damages may be awarded in the amount of: • Actual damages suffered as a result of the infringement • Statutory damages of not less than $200 or more than $25. the student seeking to re-enter the University shall be required to reapply� Readmission is not guaranteed� 29 Penalties for Misconduct Engaging in misconduct may result in one or more of the following penalties imposed by the University. reproduction or distribution of copyrighted material worth more than $1000. including peer-to-peer file sharing. administrators. not to exceed one calendar year. the University administration will follow University procedures for administration of the Code of Student Conduct and render a decision as to the penalties. internship or student teaching supervisors. or for any reason. etc�). exceeding one calendar year� Upon expiration of the designated period of separation. the Vice President of Academic Affairs. if the student is found guilty of a further violation of a University regulation. or the Director of Student Affairs may place the student on an administrative leave of absence� During this leave of absence. Criminal—Willful infringement of copyrighted material for commercial advantage or private financial gain.Student Rights & Responsibilities Violation of Federal Copyright Laws Any member of the University community who participates in the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material. §§ 1201 et seq. to be imposed by Ashford University� Students on Emergency Administrative Leave of Absence may not be allowed to return to campus or to participate in University classes or events� Reprimand/Disciplinary Warning: A written notice to the student that his/her behavior has not met University standards and that a continuation or repetition of prohibited conduct. if given. faculty.000 or imprisonment for not more than 5 years for first offense.000 unless willful infringement is found in which case a maximum statutory penalty of $150.000 or imprisonment for not more than 10 years for subsequent offense� (See 17 U�S�C� §§ 501 et seq�. Director of Student Success. disciplinary warning. will be grounds for more serious disciplinary action. the University administration will undertake. extends through graduation� Conduct Probation: Action permitting a student to remain at the University on probationary status� During the period of probation. to return to the campus or to participate in University classes or events unless the suspension is successfully appealed through the formal appeal process� Separation: Termination of a student’s status with the University for a definite period of time.000. students. Emergency Administrative Leave of Absence: In situations requiring immediate action. the Vice President of Student Services. in a timely fashion. as set forth in the written notice of suspension subject to other University regulations� Suspension or expulsion may occur midcourse with no reimbursement for University tuition� In some cases of suspension or separation. other staff members. or expulsion from the University� Removal From Course: Exclusion of a student from the course in which the violation occurred� Suspension: Exclusion of a student from the University for a definite period of time. and 18 U�S�C� § 2319�) For additional information visit www�copyright�gov� Students who are found to have participated in the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material and/or other forms of copyright infringement will be subject to an appropriate sanction in accordance with the Code of Student Conduct found in this Catalog� Both the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) maintain a list of legal alternatives for downloading� Please visit http://www�riaa�com/ or http:// www�mpaa�org/ for more information� Note: These penalties are subject to change as deemed appropriate and necessary by Ashford University administration. assessment of the circumstances and severity of the student’s behavior� Students will remain on an administrative leave of absence no more than 30 days� Within that 30-day period. students may not be allowed at any time. depending on the offense� Following a judgment according to applicable disciplinary procedures.

Students may use previous work only to support current work (and the previous work must be cited properly). but are not limited to: • Copying text from printed materials.Student Rights & Responsibilities Expulsion: Permanent separation of a student from the University with no opportunity for reapplication� Students who are expelled from the University may not at anytime. or the appropriate Student Conduct Committee explore the nature of the issue and the reasons behind the specific violation and. has emphasized the importance of sound judgment and a personal sense of responsibility in each student� All members of the academic community are expected to abide by the highest standards of academic integrity� Academic dishonesty is a serious offense at the University because it undermines the bonds of trust and personal responsibility between and among students and faculty. he or she must cite the source in the text of the paper and at the end of the paper as a reference� The only exception to this rule is if the idea the student uses is common knowledge� Facts that are common knowledge will generally be known by many people and can easily be Ashford University Academic Dishonesty Students of Ashford University will follow expected levels of academic integrity. encyclopedias. and/or loss of general status recognition� Community Service: An assignment to perform a task or service for the University or a University-sponsored organization� Counseling: In cases where the student and the Vice President of Academic Affairs. • “Recycling” old papers for a current course. throughout its history. which include books. Ashford University defines academic dishonesty as deceitful and/or deceptive attempts to fulfill academic requirements. language. even if the student has the permission of the other student� The use of another’s work constitutes an act of collusion. which constitutes an act of plagiarism. information. or study aids in any academic exercise (e�g�. • “Copy and paste” plagiarism. • The use of another student’s work. or interspacing the student’s work into the plagiarized work. before a student will be allowed to return to the University community� Fabrication: Intentional and unauthorized falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise� Facilitating Academic Dishonesty: Intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another student commit a breach of academic integrity� Plagiarism: Representing the words or ideas of another as one’s own in any academic exercise� Plagiarism occurs when a student deliberately uses the ideas. Plagiarism: Some students have the mistaken notion that they must give credit to a source only when they use a direct quotation� Paraphrasing (putting ideas into your own words) or changing a word or two in a source does not relieve the student of responsibility to credit the source� If an idea is not the student’s own. etc�)� 30 . using University dining facilities. newspapers. test. or • Paraphrasing or summarizing another’s work without giving appropriate credit� Common Knowledge vs. a student may be referred for counseling� When behavior is extreme and outside all guidelines set by the Code of Student Conduct. the University. and defrauds those who believe in the value and integrity of the degree� Academic dishonesty may take several forms: Cheating: Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials. magazines. • The use of materials purchased from Internet or other outside sources. etc�. to avoid a repeat of the behavior in the future. counseling will be required. or for any reason. • The modification of text with the intent of changing verbiage. having an automobile on campus. Director of Student Success. cheating or furnishing fabricated or false information to Ashford University officials and faculty (such as lying to affect a grade change) are also acts of academic dishonesty and will be met with censure� The academic community of the University believes that one of the goals of an institution of higher learning is to strengthen academic integrity and responsibility among its members� To this end. return to the campus or participate in University classes or events unless the expulsion is successfully appealed through the formal appeal process� Restitution: Reimbursement for damage to or destruction or misappropriation of property� Revocation of Privilege: Loss of privilege of living in University housing. or another writer’s original material (that is not common knowledge) without acknowledging the source� Plagiarized materials include texts (print or online) as well as the work of other students� Plagiarizing denies the student the powerful opportunity to develop as an ethical and conscientious human being� Herein rests the greatest reason not to plagiarize� Acts of plagiarism include. weakens the credibility of the academic enterprise. While plagiarism is the most common form of academic dishonesty. at a direct cost to the individual. changing words. essay. which involves copying and pasting materials from Internet sources and presenting them as one’s original work.

the accused assassin of Robert Kennedy)� Avoiding Plagiarism: Address any questions regarding plagiarism to the course instructor� Students should be aware that Ashford University instructors utilize antiplagiarism resources to determine the originality of submitted written work� These tools compare students’ work with texts available in internal databases and through Internet searches� University students is essentially an educational process� The University will deal with misconduct on the basis of this premise whenever possible� Disciplinary Responsibilities Violations of the Code of Student Conduct will be referred to and managed by the Director of Student Success or designee� Violations of the local. students must reference lesserknown ideas and interpretations of common knowledge (e�g�. ethnically.Student Rights & Responsibilities found or referenced� Common knowledge facts (e�g�. the student will receive notice informing him/her of the offense. and federal law will be referred to the appropriate authorities� Students are required to cooperate fully and immediately with any reasonable request made by a University staff member� Failure to cooperate with reasonable staff requests is a violation of University standards. This should also become the personal goal of any student who wishes to gain the most from his/her University experience� It is expected that some students will make an occasional error in judgment. physically. based upon enrollment in online or on-campus programs� Disciplinary Procedure On-Campus Student Conduct Disciplinary Processes Ashford University is committed to sustaining an environment that promotes total development of the student� The University provides a wide range of opportunities for students to develop intellectually. socially. that Robert Kennedy was assassinated in 1968) do not need to be documented� However. and/or dismissal from the University� Instructors or other University staff may report instances of academic dishonesty to the Instructional Specialist (External Studies) or Vice President of Academic Affairs (on-campus). students generally are able to learn from their mistakes� The disciplinary system is based on the premise that correcting most types of misbehavior among 2009-2010 Academic Catalog The purpose of this policy is to establish disciplinary procedures to guide the enforcement of the Code of Student Conduct� These procedures are applicable to any student or student organization that is charged with a violation of the Code of Student Conduct� However. because of the individual nature of students. When prompt action is deemed necessary. including but not limited to. however. failure to receive credit on an academic exercise. and such violations will be referred to the appropriate University Administrator� In all cases where a student’s behavior abridges the personal freedoms and rights of other students or of the University. and the particular circumstance involved. the case will be referred to the appropriate University administrator� Depending upon the severity of the infraction. the University promotes and encourages co-curricular programs that meet the continued and emerging interests of the students� It is the main purpose of the Student Success Office to initiate these programs and to model them for the rest of the University community� The development of conditions conducive to personal growth. the University may not in every situation be able to follow these procedures precisely� Deviations from the outlined timeline and/or procedures may occur on occasion and will not invalidate a decision or proceeding� When a student is charged with prohibited conduct: • The student shall be notified verbally or in writing of the alleged misconduct� Delay in notification. from the time of incident. course failure. as well as any resulting disciplinary action(s)� Students may appeal disciplinary decisions regarding academic dishonesty through the grade appeal process� Students may appeal disciplinary actions of the Student Conduct Committee as per the process outlined in this Catalog. their behaviors. state. may occur when charges are being investigated� • The student shall be directed as to his/her rights as explained in the Ashford University Catalog. vocationally. any reported misconduct may result in disciplinary sanctions ranging from reprimand and warning to dismissal from the University� Penalties for Academic Dishonesty A student who commits an act of academic dishonesty may face disciplinary action. and spiritually� Along with responsible student leadership. culturally. actions to protect the safety and welfare of the University community may be imposed prior to a full investigation of the alleged misconduct� Incident Report of Violation: Any member of the University academic community may submit an allegation(s) of violation(s) of the Code of Student Conduct to the Student Success Office or the Vice President of Academic Affairs� 31 . privacy. a press release defense attorney Lawrence Teeter issued regarding the possible innocence of Sirhan Sirhan. and academic success is a primary goal of the Student Success Office.

appropriate College Dean. and four faculty or staff. if necessary� Every student who is charged with a disciplinary sanction shall be given the option to: • Accept the imposed sanction. or • Appeal the sanction within ten (10) business days* and request a formal hearing� Sanctions involving consideration of suspension. or designee meets with the individuals involved in the alleged violation to determine responsibility and sanctions. and the meeting concerning the allegation shall be conducted according to the Ashford University Catalog� These procedures are entirely academic in nature and are not considered legal proceedings� No audio or video recording of any kind is permitted nor is formal legal representation allowed� • The Chair will set a date for the OCSCC meeting within ten (10) business days* after receiving notice of the student appeal to the OCSCC� The Ashford University 32 . separation. or expulsion� Appeal for On-Campus Student Conduct Committee Hearing: The On-Campus Student Conduct Committee (OCSCC). All documentation that may be relevant to the case should be presented at the time of the referral� Informal Hearing: The Director of Student Success. if necessary� Procedures for a formal hearing: • A hearing shall be set at a suitable time and place� • The student shall be permitted to present witnesses� • The student shall not be permitted to have an attorney present at any hearing or in appeal or review� • Formal rules of evidence applicable in a court of law do not apply� Following a formal hearing. he or she should first confront the suspected party regarding the concerns and. • Whether the evidence was significant enough to warrant a decision against the student(s). confrontation should be avoided and a referral should be made immediately� • Any allegation presented to the Student Success Office or the Vice President of Academic Affairs must be submitted in writing� The writing must be signed and dated by the person submitting the allegation� This referral should contain all the facts that form the basis for the allegation� The student alleged to have committed the violation and the person making the allegation shall be considered “parties” to the investigation.Student Rights & Responsibilities • In most situations where a member of the University community suspects a student of violating the Code of Student Conduct. • Appeal the decision in writing within ten (10) business days* to the Vice President of Academic Affairs or designee for an On-Campus Student Conduct Committee hearing if the decision imposes a sanction of suspension. additional information may be included in the record� The student may provide a written statement and/or other documentation for the Committee to review� • The Chair will provide the student with any additional information that has been added to the record� • The Chair will remind the student that the investigation into the allegation. OCSCC proceedings. consisting of an administrative chair. and • Whether the sanction imposed was in keeping with the seriousness of the violation and prior conduct record of the student(s)� Procedures for an On-Campus Student Conduct Committee: • A designated Chair will correspond with all parties and provide all parties with notice that an appeal has been made to the On-Campus Student Conduct Committee� OCSCC members will receive notice of the allegation� • After receiving notice of the allegation. six students. students shall be given the option to: • Accept the decision of the Vice President of Academic Affairs or designee. his or her intent to make a referral� In situations where there may be a risk of harm. consequently. will hear all appeal cases based on the following: • Whether the original hearing was conducted in a fair manner. or expulsion will be provided a formal hearing unless a student otherwise declines� Formal Hearing: The Vice President of Academic Affairs or designee hears the case to determine responsibility and sanctions. separation. Director of Campus Security.

include supporting documentation. and/or a review of the original complaint� The Campus Director will render a decision and notify the student in writing within thirty (30) business days* of receiving notification of the appeal. academic advisor. Committee members will confer privately in an executive session to discuss the information before them� The OCSCC Chair will notify the parties of the committee’s decision in writing within ten (10) business days* of the Committee’s decision� Following an On-Campus Student Conduct Committee Hearing. and such violations will be referred to the appropriate University Administrator� 33 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . or designee maintains the responsibility for determining and enforcing rules and consequences of a student’s failure to adhere to the Code of Student Conduct� Students are required to cooperate fully and immediately with any reasonable request made by a University staff member� Failure to cooperate with reasonable staff requests is a violation of University standards. and published institutional policy. students generally are able to learn from their mistakes� The University will deal with misconduct on the basis of this premise whenever possible� Disciplinary Responsibilities The University Provost. and other witnesses may be called to answer questions or to present information� Generally. the Chair will briefly outline the procedures to be followed� The Committee will read and discuss all the submitted documentation regarding the allegation� • Guided by common sense. whether the sanction imposed was in keeping with the seriousness of the violation and prior conduct record of the student(s). whether the evidence was significant enough to warrant a decision against the student. Monday through Friday. the Chair and the Committee members will consider evidence relevant to the alleged conduct and disciplinary action� At the discretion of the Committee. excluding recognized national holidays� Authority for the implementation of these rules and regulations is delegated to the Vice President of Academic Affairs� It is the responsibility of the student to complete all sanctions of a disciplinary decision� Failure to do so could result in additional sanctions being imposed� Sanctions imposed will not be deferred due to a pending appeal� Online Student Conduct Disciplinary Processes The disciplinary system for online student conduct violations is based on the premise that correcting most types of misbehavior among University students is essentially an educational process� It is expected that some students will make an occasional error in judgment. witnesses may be interviewed by the Committee� The person bringing the allegation.Student Rights & Responsibilities meeting will occur within twenty (20) business days* after receipt of the student appeal� The Chair will determine the location of the meeting� The student is required to attend the OCSCC meeting in person or via teleconference� • At the meeting. or • Appeal the decision in writing within ten (10) business days* to the Campus Director� Final Appeal of On-Campus Student Conduct Committee Decisions Students have the right to appeal disciplinary actions of the On-Campus Student Conduct Committee to the Campus Director� Students have ten (10) business days* from the date of the letter indicating a decision by the On-Campus Student Conduct Committee to inform the Campus Director in writing of the intent to appeal� The letter must clearly state the reason for the appeal. or other staff member)� The student’s advocate may not act as an attorney or formally represent the student� The advocate may assist the student during the proceeding. The decision of the Campus Director is final. * Business day is defined to mean normal operating hours. fairness. however. student. the student will be the only person allowed to present information to the Committee in support of her/his position� • The parties may be asked to make statements at the meeting� The Chair and Committee members may ask questions of any individual in attendance at the meeting at the Committee’s request� The Chair of the Committee will determine the order in which witnesses will present information� • At the conclusion of the meeting. faculty member. parties involved and witnesses will be interviewed separately and not in the presence of the other parties involved� • The student has the right to have an advocate present during the committee meeting� Such an advocate must be a member of the Ashford University community (e�g�. the student in question. students shall be given the option to: • Accept the decision of the Committee. and be signed by the student� Students may appeal based upon whether the original hearing was conducted in a fair manner. however. the Director of Student Affairs.

and a Center for External Studies Council faculty member� Any member of the University academic community may submit an allegation(s) of violation(s) of the Code of Student Conduct to the Director of Student Affairs� • Any allegation presented to the OSCC must be submitted in writing to the Director of Student Affairs� The writing must be signed and dated by the person submitting the allegation� This referral should contain all the facts that form the basis for the allegation� The student alleged to have committed the violation and the person making the allegation shall be considered “parties” to the investigation at the Committee meeting� All documentation that may be relevant to the case should be presented to the committee at the time of the referral� • The Chair will correspond with all parties and provide all parties with notice that the allegation has been received� OSCC members will receive notice of the allegation� • After receiving notice of the allegation. or designee hears the case to determine responsibility and sanctions.Student Rights & Responsibilities In all cases where a student’s behavior abridges the personal freedoms and rights of other students or of the University. or designee� Depending upon the severity of the infraction. an academic administrator. member of the University Registrar’s office. any reported misconduct may result in disciplinary sanctions ranging from reprimand and warning to dismissal from the University� student alleged to have committed the violation and the person making the allegation shall be considered “parties” to the investigation. if necessary� Procedures for a formal hearing: • The Online Student Conduct Committee (OSCC) for online students is comprised of the Director of Student Affairs or his/her designee (Chair). his or her intent to make a referral� In situations where there may be a risk of harm. University Provost. the case will be referred to the University Provost. he or she should first confront the suspected party regarding the concerns and. additional information may be included in the record� The student may provide a written Ashford University Disciplinary Procedure The purpose of this policy is to establish disciplinary procedures to guide the enforcement of the Code of Student Conduct� These procedures are applicable to any student that is charged with a violation of the Code of Student Conduct� However. if necessary� Every student who is charged with a disciplinary sanction shall be given the option to: • Accept the imposed sanction. may occur when charges are being investigated� • The student shall be directed as to his/her rights as explained in the Ashford University Catalog. or designee contacts the individuals involved in the alleged violation to investigate and determine responsibility and sanctions. their behaviors. When prompt action is deemed necessary. from the time of incident. the Director of Student Affairs. or • Appeal the sanction within ten (10) business days* and request a formal hearing� Students imposed a sanction of dismissal/expulsion are entitled to a Student Conduct Committee hearing prior to imposing this sanction� Formal Hearing: The Director of Student Affairs. confrontation should be avoided and a referral should be made immediately� • Any allegation presented to the Director of Student Affairs or University Provost must be submitted in writing� The writing must be signed and dated by the person submitting the allegation� This referral should contain all the facts that form the basis for the allegation� The 34 . the University may not in every situation be able to follow these procedures precisely� Deviations from the outlined timeline and/or procedures may occur on occasion and will not invalidate a decision or proceeding� When a student is charged with prohibited conduct: • The student shall be notified verbally or in writing of the alleged misconduct� Delay in notification. and the particular circumstance involved. consequently. All documentation that may be relevant to the case should be provided at the time of the referral� Informal Hearing: The Director of Student Affairs. because of the individual nature of students. University Provost. actions to protect the safety and welfare of the University community may be imposed prior to a full investigation of the alleged misconduct� Incident Report of Violation: Any member of the University academic community may submit an allegation(s) of violation(s) of the Code of Student Conduct to the Director of Student Affairs or University Provost� • In most situations where a member of the University community suspects a student of violating the Code of Student Conduct.

the student will be the only person allowed to present information to the Committee in support of her/his position� • The parties may be asked to make statements at the meeting� The Chair and Committee members may ask questions of any individual 2009-2010 Academic Catalog in attendance at the meeting at the committee’s request� The Chair of the Committee will determine the order in which witnesses will present information� • At the conclusion of the meeting. or staff member� The student’s advocate may not act as an attorney or formally represent the student� The advocate may assist the student during the proceeding. degree-seeking students entered Ashford University (prior to 03/09/05 known as Mount St� Clare College and The Franciscan University [of the Prairies])� After six years (as of August 31. Committee members will confer privately in an executive session to discuss the information before them� The OSCC Chair will notify the parties of the Committee’s decision in writing within ten (10) business days* of the Committee’s decision� Final Appeal of Online Student Conduct Committee Decisions Students have the right to appeal disciplinary actions of the Online Student Conduct Committee to the University Provost� In cases where the University Provost is involved in the referral. * Business day is defined to mean normal operating hours. degreeseeking students during the 2002-2003 school year and for whom 150% of the normal time-to-completion has elapsed� During the fall semester of 2002. however. and/or a review of the original complaint. The decision of the University official is final. 48 first-time. faculty member. and other witnesses may be called to answer questions or to present information� Generally. and published institutional policy. whether the sanction imposed was in keeping with the seriousness of the violation and prior conduct record of the student(s). whether the evidence was significant enough to warrant a decision against the student.Student Rights & Responsibilities statement and/or other documentation for the committee to review� • The Chair will provide the student with any additional information that has been added to the record� • The Chair will remind the student that the investigation into the allegation. the appeal may be directed to the University President� Students have ten (10) business days* from the date of the letter indicating a decision by the Online Student Conduct Committee to inform the appropriate University official in writing of the intent to appeal� The letter must clearly state the reason for the appeal. include supporting documentation. and the meeting concerning the allegation shall be conducted according to the Ashford University Catalog� These procedures are entirely academic in nature and not legal proceedings� No audio or video recording of any kind is permitted nor is formal legal representation allowed� • The Chair will set a date for the OSCC meeting within ten (10) business days* after receiving notice of an alleged violation� The meeting will occur within twenty (20) business days* during regular University business hours. academic advisor. fairness. the Chair and the committee members will determine what evidence will be considered� At the discretion of the Committee. OSCC proceedings. parties involved and witnesses will be interviewed separately and not in the presence of the other parties involved� • The student has the right to have an advocate present during the Committee meeting� Such an advocate must be a member of the Ashford University community: student. 35 . provides the following information regarding its graduation/completion rate. Monday through Friday. the Chair will briefly outline the procedures to be followed� The Committee will read and discuss all the submitted documentation regarding the allegation� • Guided by common sense. in compliance with the Student Rightto-Know and Campus Security Act of 1990. 2008) 44% of these students had graduated from Ashford University� Please contact the Registrar’s Office with any questions. full-time. with respect to the time zone in which the student resides� The Chair will determine the location of the meeting� The student is required to attend the OSCC meeting via teleconference� • At the meeting. The rate reflects only the graduation/completion status of students who enrolled as first-time. witnesses may be interviewed� The person bringing the allegation. the student in question. and be signed by the student� Students may appeal based upon whether the original hearing was conducted in a fair manner. The University official will render a decision and notify the student in writing within thirty (30) business days* of receiving notification of the appeal. excluding recognized national holidays� Graduation/Completion Rates Ashford University.

FFEL.Student Rights & Responsibilities Please note that the graduation/completion rate does not include any student who attended a college or university after high school and then enrolled at Ashford University� Graduation/Completion Rate by Gender Men Women 29% 71% Graduation/Completion Rate by Race or Ethnic Group Nonresident alien Black. nor Direct Loan Recipient 33% 53% 14% * The number of students in this group is not large enough to be statistically reliable or the data has been omitted to protect the privacy of the members of the group� 36 Ashford University . non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native Asian/Pacific Islander Hispanic White. non-Hispanic Race/ethnicity unknown 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% Graduation/Completion Rate by Financial Aid Category Pell Grant Recipient FFEL or Direct Loan Recipient (no Pell Grant) Neither Pell Grant.

and diplomas until accounts are paid in full� Tuition rates and fees may change at any time without prior notice. and payment options for On-Campus Traditional Programs. Financial Information On-Campus Traditional Programs (09/10 Academic Year) Tuition and Fees: Full-time per semester (12 to 18 credits) Part-time (11 credits or less) or in excess of 18 credits (per credit) Per credit for audit. fees. actual amount may vary) Technology fee per semester (nonrefundable) Part-time technology fee (per credit) Activity fee per semester (nonrefundable) $20�00 $500�00 $200�00 $15�00 $75�00 37 . fees.860�00 $458�00 $230�00 Room & Board Fees: Room per semester for all room configurations (nonrefundable) Board per semester (19 meals per week) (nonrefundable) Room deposit (refundable when room is officially vacated with no damage) $1. students should contact their personal Financial Services Advisor� Financial Information Tuition and Fees 2009-2010 Tuition and applicable fees are due and payable at the beginning of each class� Ashford University will withhold transcripts. students should contact the Campus Business Office. degree verifications. and payment options for programs in the Center for External Studies. grade reports.Section Four Ashford University is committed to helping students understand and manage the financial aspects of obtaining their education� For questions regarding tuition.300�00 $1.700�00 $100�00 Other Fees: Application fee (nonrefundable) Books (estimated amount per semester. For questions regarding tuition. senior citizens (age 60 and over) and high school students (not enrolled in the State of Iowa’s Post-Secondary Enrollment Option) $7.

2009. for non-degree seeking students who are not alumni.SPA 103 or SPA 104 Prior learning assessment experiential learning essay assessment (per evaluation)* Late payment fee Insufficient funds fee Graduation fee 38 The following is a list of tuition and fees applicable to Master’s degree programs and/or courses. effective April 1. Tuition per credit: Master of Arts in Education Master of Arts in Health Care Administration Master of Arts in Organizational Management Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology Master of Business Administration Master of Public Administration $463�00 $515�00 $515�00 $463�00 $515�00 $515�00 $354�00 $55�00 $100�00 $30�00 $990�00 $140�00 $15�00 $125�00 $30�00 $30�00 $110�00 Fees: Application fee Books and materials (average per course) Late payment fee Insufficient funds fee Graduation fee Replacement/Duplicate Diploma Official transcript Unofficial transcript Educational records – Per page $55�00 $140�00 $30�00 $30�00 $110�00 $45�00 $10�00 $5�00 $0�50 Ashford University . Tuition rates and fees may change at any time without prior notice. 2009.Financial Information Activity fee per credit for less than 12 credits (nonrefundable) Insufficient funds fee Graduation fee Replacement/Duplicate Diploma Official transcript Unofficial transcript CLEP testing fee per exam Independent student fee (per credit) College of Education Transcript Analysis Fee. the online library collection. pursuing endorsements only in the State of Iowa College of Education credential file request $6�00 $30�00 $110�00 $45�00 $10�00 $5�00 Cost of exam plus $15�00 $150�00 $100�00 Between $3�50 and $30�00 Replacement/Duplicate Diploma Official transcript Unofficial transcript Educational records – Per page $45�00 $10�00 $5�00 $0�50 * Payment for evaluation does not guarantee that credit will be awarded� ** Non-refundable fee. effective April 1. post start date� The technology services fee provides the student with initial configuration setup to University systems such as Blackboard. Tuition per credit: 100.to 400-level Courses Fees: Application fee Books and materials (average per course) Sponsored professional training assessment (per credit evaluated)* Technology services fee** Education concentration fee*** Course fee . applied on the 6th week of enrollment. and other academic support systems� ***The education concentration fee covers additional costs associated with administrative functions and program management inherent in the facilitation of education concentrations� Undergraduate Programs Offered Through the Center for External Studies Graduate Programs The following is a list of tuition and fees applicable to Associate and Bachelor’s degree programs and/or courses offered through the Center for External Studies. Tuition rates and fees may change at any time without prior notice. student portal.

Financial Information

Terms of Payment

• Complete an Institutional Application; • Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); • Complete a Master Promissory Note (MPN); • Complete a Loan Entrance Interview; • Complete all related paperwork and documentation further requested by the University; and • Pay all applicable fees� If the student fails to supply all required documents or is unable to qualify for financial aid, the student is held responsible for any outstanding balances incurred and must select another finance option. On this plan, it is the student’s responsibility to reapply for funding as necessary� Students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional Programs are encouraged to reapply each year by March 1, for the upcoming academic year� Students enrolled in programs offered through the Center for External Studies, must reapply 90 days prior to the start of each academic year� Tardiness in applying could result in disqualification and require compliance with the terms and conditions of the Cash Plan� Note: Under this plan for enrollment in nontraditional programs, continuous attendance with no attendance breaks greater than 29 days is required to retain eligibility for disbursed federal financial aid funds. The University may be required to return the federal funds of students with reduced financial aid eligibility due to attendance breaks, leaving the student responsible to the University for the remaining balance on the student’s account. Students in this situation who received excess funds stipend checks maybe required to return those funds to the institution. Students are strongly encouraged to contact their Financial Services Advisor to understand the potential impact attendance changes may have on their financial aid as far in advance as possible. Any student not completing the financial aid process in advance of their last date of attendance forfeits eligibility for financial assistance that might otherwise have been available during that period of enrollment, and becomes fully responsible for all remaining balances�

Tuition and fees are due and payable at the beginning of each course/term; however, on-campus students in traditional programs who are in need of a more flexible payment schedule may use the option (Level-Pay Plan) below� Arrangements to participate in this plan must be made with the Campus Business Office at the beginning of each term� The University reserves the right to cancel the registration of any student whose account is delinquent� Diplomas or certificates will be withheld, graduation participation will be delayed, and transcript of semester credits will not be forwarded to another institution or potential employer until all accounts with the University are paid in full�

Bankruptcy

Any student who files bankruptcy and has a debt to the University discharged as part of the bankruptcy must pay his or her tuition balance in full upon future registration�

Payment Options
Cash Plan

Ashford University offers a variety of options for covering the costs of a student’s education� The Cash Plan requires that 100% of applicable tuition, room, board and any applicable fees be paid prior to each course start date� Students may choose to have tuition and/ or fees automatically charged to a credit card (debit cards are not accepted)� Full cash payments must be made prior to the start date of each course� Students are advised that credit cards are accepted as a convenient method of payment� Credit cards bearing high interest rates should not be used as a long-term financing method for educational costs� Ashford University encourages all students to utilize the free financial counseling provided by the Financial Aid Office.

Financial Aid Plan

The University will provide assistance to all students and families who are eligible for financial aid. The University provides a convenient online application process� This process includes access to required financial aid forms, options for electronically signing the application, and links to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and Master Promissory Note� All students seeking federal financial aid benefits must be admitted to a financial-aid eligible degree program to determine financial aid eligibility. To select the Financial Aid Plan as the primary financing option, at least 50% of a student’s annual tuition must be funded through the federal financial aid benefits. To apply for the Financial Aid finance option, the student must meet the following conditions:
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

Level-Pay Plan (On-Campus Traditional Programs ONLY)
The Level-Pay Plan offers students an opportunity to spread the cost of tuition, fees, books, room, and board (whichever are applicable) over the term� Additional details about this program can be obtained from the Campus Business Office.

39

Financial Information

Tuition Reimbursement Plan

The Tuition Reimbursement Plan is available as a primary option if you qualify for your employer’s tuition reimbursement program and if your employer reimburses at least 50% of your annual tuition� Under this plan, tuition is deferred a maximum of 90 days from the course/term start date, regardless of when the student receives disbursement from the employer� Applicable fees are due on or before the start date of each course/term� To qualify, prior to the start of the course/term, students must submit a signed Tuition Reimbursement Certification and Authorization form that includes a valid credit card number (debit cards are not accepted) with authorization to charge the card if the tuition is not paid within the 90-day time frame� The credit card must be issued in the student’s name� The conditions of this plan are not dependent upon the receipt of a course grade or completion of the course� Tuition must be paid in full 90 days after the start date of a course/term; otherwise, the student’s credit card will be automatically charged� If fees are not paid in full on or before the start date of a course/term, the student’s credit card will be automatically charged� A declined card will automatically result in a late fee and an insufficient funds fee� Students who have two declined credit card payments will be required to comply with the terms of the Cash Plan and will no longer qualify for the Tuition Reimbursement Plan� Documentation required for the Tuition Reimbursement Plan includes the following: • Student Financial Agreement form; and • Tuition Reimbursement Certification and Authorization form�

Military Veteran’s Benefits Plan

The Military VA Plan requires that all tuition and any applicable fees be paid prior to each course’s start date, with the exception of the first course in the student’s first academic year. Under this plan, tuition for the first course is deferred a maximum of 60 days from the course’s start date, regardless of when the student receives disbursement from the Veterans’ Administration� Applicable fees are due on or before the start date of each course/term� To qualify, prior to the start of the course/term, students must submit a signed Student Finance Agreement form that includes a valid credit card number (debit cards are not accepted) with authorization to charge the card if the tuition is not paid within the 60-day time frame� The credit card must be issued in the student’s name� Automatic credit card payments are charged after the start date of each course; otherwise, full cash payments must be made prior to the start date of each course� Credit card information will be requested of students selecting this option in order to establish credit for this plan� Documentation required for the Military VA Plan: • Student Finance Agreement form; and • Military VA Certification & Authorization form�

Military Tuition Assistance Plan

Ashford University is approved for active duty Military Tuition Assistance� Students are required to submit Tuition Assistance (TA) vouchers at least 5 days prior to the start of each course� Any tuition and applicable fees not covered by the TA program must be paid prior to the start date of each course� Documentation required for the Military TA Plan: • Military Tuition Assistance Forms DD1556; and • Student Finance Agreement form�

Direct Bill Plan (Third-Party Billing)

Direct Bill Plans are available if Ashford University has pre-approved a student’s employer or agency for direct billing� At minimum, 50% of a student’s annual tuition must be paid by the employer or agency to be eligible for this option� Any amounts not covered by the employer or agency must be paid prior to the start of each course� The employer or agency must remit payment to Ashford University within 90 days of the course start date� Vouchers should be sent to directbill@ashford�edu five days prior to the start of each course� Failure to supply voucher or payment timely may result in disqualification for Direct Bill Payment Plan� Documentation required for Direct Bill Plan: • Student Finance Agreement form; and • Company voucher approved by Ashford University or other authorized agency tuition voucher�
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Private Loan Plan

Ashford University will work with any lender participating in private student loans a student wishes to provide� Students may also select from one of the many lenders currently working with existing Ashford University students (this information is available from your Financial Services Advisor upon request)� Ashford University and its staff are prohibited from accepting remuneration or compensation from any institution providing loans to its students� Documentation required for the Private Loan Plan: • Student Finance Agreement form; • Completed Loan Application; and • Signed Promissory Note�

Ashford University

Financial Information

Financial Aid

The University is committed to the idea that no one should be denied an education because of financial need. The University will provide assistance to all students and families who are eligible for financial aid. In general, financial aid is provided in the form of scholarships, grants, and loans� Part-time work programs are available for students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional or ASPIRE programs� While some students may qualify for one type of financial assistance, others may qualify for a combination of two or more programs. This “packaging” of financial aid allows Ashford University to assist a larger number of students and to award aid suited to the student’s individual needs� Each student may be expected to make a financial contribution toward educational costs based on family circumstances and ability to pay� The family’s share of the cost and eligibility for aid are determined through the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)�

Verification for Federal Student Aid Eligibility

Students selected for verification of federal aid eligibility must submit the required documentation, as determined by current federal regulations, before a financial aid package is awarded. Students will be notified of the required documentation needed to complete the verification process� After documents are reviewed, students will receive written notification of aid eligibility, generally within two to three weeks from the date all documents are submitted to the Financial Aid Office. The University reserves the right to adjust any aid package when conflicting documentation exists, in accordance with federal regulations and institutional guidelines, or as a result of any cutbacks in specific financial aid programs. The University, however, will utilize all other available aid resources for students whose packages are revised due to any of the reasons outlined above�

How to Apply for Financial Aid

Complete an application for admission to the University� A student must be accepted by the University before a financial aid award can be determined. Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), and list the University (Code: 001881) as a college to receive information� The University recommends students enrolled in On-Campus Traditional Programs are encouraged to apply each year by March 1, for the upcoming academic year� Students enrolled in programs offered through the Center for External Studies, must apply 90 days prior to the start of each academic year�

University Awards (for On-Campus Traditional Programs)

The University awards institutional aid based on a student’s demonstrated financial need and academic record� For more information, please see our website at www�ashford�edu or inquire in the Admissions or Financial Aid Offices.

State Aid Programs

Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)

This form is available online at www�fafsa�ed�gov � The completed form should be signed electronically with your PIN so that the student’s financial need can be evaluated. All Iowa residents are encouraged to apply for an Iowa Tuition Grant (ITG) by indicating on the FAFSA that financial data should be sent to the Iowa College Student Aid Commission. All paperwork for financial aid should be received at the processing center by July 1 to be eligible for an Iowa Tuition Grant and to allow maximum consideration for all aid from the University�

Iowa Tuition Grants (lTG): Awarded by the State of Iowa to assist Iowa residents who plan to attend an independent college or university in Iowa� A student must be a resident of Iowa and demonstrate financial need. The maximum grant amount varies annually and may be available for up to four years of full-time study. Students must file the FAFSA by July 1� Iowa Grants (Available for On-Campus Traditional Programs Only): Awarded by the State of Iowa to students who are residents of Iowa, show high financial need, and are enrolled for at least three semester hours at an Iowa college� Awards range from $100−$1,000� Grants may be available in other states for students in the Center for External Studies� Students are encouraged to inquire to the State Commissions where they reside and provide state grant information to the Financial Aid Office.

2009-2010 Academic Catalog

41

Financial Information

Federal Aid Programs

Federal Pell Grants: Federally funded grants for undergraduate students who have not earned a bachelor’s or professional degree. These grants are based on financial need and enrollment status at the University� Pell Grants provide a foundation of financial aid for many students to which other aid may be added� To determine eligibility for Federal Pell Grants, the U�S� Department of Education uses a standard formula to evaluate the information supplied to them from the student� This formula produces an Expected Family Contribution (EFC) amount� The amount a student receives depends on a student’s EFC, cost of attendance, status as either a full-time student or part-time student, and whether the student has attended school for a full academic year� Pell Grants are limited each award year in amounts depending upon program funding and a maximum per-student amount� Grants are currently awarded up to a maximum of $5,350 per year� Federal Academic Competitiveness Grants (ACG): Federally funded grants for undergraduate students who are Pell Grant recipients and are enrolled in a two- or four-year degree program� Students must have completed a rigorous high school program as defined by the Department of Education and must self-certify on the FAFSA. In addition, first-year students may not have previously enrolled in an undergraduate program and must have completed high school after January 1, 2006� Second-year students must have completed high school after January 1, 2005, and must be maintaining a GPA of at least 3�0 in the current eligible program� Awards are generally $750 for the first academic year and $1,300 for the second academic year� Awards are not available beyond the second academic year� Federal SMART Grants (Available for On-Campus Traditional Programs Only): Federally funded grants for students who are Pell Grant recipients and are enrolled in the third- or fourth-year of an eligible program maintaining a GPA of at least 3�0� Eligible programs are limited to science and math fields of study as defined by the Department of Education� Awards are generally $4,000 per academic year for the third- and fourth-year only� Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG): Federally funded grants for undergraduate students with exceptional financial need. The University determines who will receive an FSEOG based on factors such as need and availability which may vary by session, as determined by the Institution� Federal Parent PLUS Loans (PLUS) (Available for On-Campus Traditional Programs & Center for External Studies): Long-term, low-interest rate loans made available to eligible parents to help pay expenses at an approved postsecondary educational institution� An eligible parent may borrow up to the cost of attendance,
42

minus all other financial aid and resources, directly from participating commercial banks, savings and loan associations, and credit unions� Repayment begins 60 days from the date the loan is fully disbursed, although some lenders allow deferment options� These loans are subject to credit approval and are available only to aid dependent students� Federal Graduate PLUS Loans (Available for Graduate Programs Only): Long-term, low-interest unsubsidized loans for graduate students� The student may borrow up to the cost of attendance, minus all other financial aid received, and after all Stafford Subsidized and Unsubsidized loan eligibility has been exhausted. An eligible student may borrow directly from participating commercial banks, savings and loan associations, and credit unions� Repayment begins 60 days from the date the loan is fully disbursed, although some lenders allow deferment options� These loans are subject to credit approval� Federal Stafford Loans: Students may borrow directly from a participating bank, credit union, or savings and loan association, regardless of financial need. To be eligible for a loan, a student must be enrolled on at least a half-time basis� The Stafford Loan Program offers a lower interest rate than many commercial loans� The federal government pays the interest on the loan while the student is in school for students who qualify for Subsidized Stafford Loans based on a demonstrated financial need. An origination/guarantee fee may be deducted from the student’s loan, dependent on the lender, to help reduce the federal cost of the interest subsidy� If a student does not demonstrate a financial need, the Unsubsidized Stafford Loan is available and does accrue interest while the student is in school� Repayment begins six months after the student graduates or is no longer enrolled at least halftime, and up to 10 years may be allowed to repay the loan� Applications are available from participating lenders� Federal College Work-Study Program (FCWS) (Available for On-Campus Traditional and ASPIRE Programs Only): Funded by the federal government and the University� To be eligible, a student must have a documented financial need and maintain satisfactory progress, as defined for financial assistance.

Ashford University

Financial Information Federal Stafford Annual Loan Limits:
1st Year Students Campus Programs: 0–29 Credits Center for External Studies 0–23 Credits 2nd Year Students Campus Programs: 30–59 Credits Center for External Studies 24–47 Credits 3rd & 4th Year Students Campus Programs: 60 Credits or Greater Center for External Studies: 48 Credits or Greater Graduate Students Federal Stafford Aggregate Loan Limits:
Subsidized/Unsubsidized Additional Unsubsidized for Independent Students Combined Total Subsidized/ Unsubsidized Limit (Dependent Students) Additional Unsubsidized Limit (Independent Students ONLY)

$5,500

$4,000

$6,500

$4,000

$7,500 $8,500

$5,000 $12,000

Undergraduate Graduate

$31,000
(includes undergraduate borrowing)

$34,500
(includes undergraduate borrowing)

$57,500
(includes undergraduate borrowing)

$65,500

$73,000

$138,500

* A dependent student whose parent is denied a PLUS loan is allowed to borrow additional Unsubsidized Stafford amounts equal to the amount that independent borrowers are able to borrow.

Ashford University Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant

Students enrolled in an Undergraduate program offered through the Center for External Studies may be eligible for Ashford University’s U�S� Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant� To receive the Ashford University U�S� Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant, Veterans of the U�S� Armed Forces must be certified for VA Benefits through the U�S� Department of Veterans Affairs and by Ashford University� Grants are applicable to courses for which tuition is in excess of $250 per credit hour� For courses with tuition of $354 per credit hour, the grant is $104 per credit hour� In addition, this grant also covers the full $990 Technology Services Fee� Tuition grants are only applied to an eligible student’s account upon receipt of an approved VA certification. VA Classification of Ashford University Students: Students enrolled in undergraduate programs offered through the Center for External Studies are classified as three-quarter time. The only way to get the full-time payment rate is to double up on courses after successful completion of two courses with Ashford University� Students enrolled in graduate programs offered through the Center for External Studies are classified as full time�
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

Students enrolled in an undergraduate program offered through the On-Campus Traditional programs may be eligible for Ashford University’s U�S� Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant� To receive the Ashford University U�S� Military Veteran’s Tuition Grant, Veterans of the U�S� Armed Forces must be certified for VA Benefits through the U�S� Department of Veterans Affairs and by Ashford University� Students should contact the Campus Financial Aid Office for additional information. GI Bill Application Procedure: The student must obtain the appropriate form(s) from www�gibill�va�gov under “Education Benefits.” Forms can be submitted online directly to VA� The signature page from the appropriate form(s) will need to be mailed directly to VA at VA Regional Office PO Box 33860 St� Louis, MO 63166-6830 Students must double check that their name and Social Security Number appear on the bottom of the signature page� Ashford University requires a signed copy of the appropriate completed form(s), as follows, for the student’s file:

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Payment by Direct Deposit/Electronic Funds Transfer is strongly encouraged� Payments are sent directly to student savings or checking account� To establish or change direct deposit information. Department of Defense employees. students must provide the University with an approved TA Authorization form or valid Military ID card� Students should contact the Campus Financial Aid office. • 22-1995 (Change of Program/Training) for veteran students who have used their GI Bill benefits before. or Reserves U�S� Military� To receive the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant. students should click on the ‘Direct Deposit Enrollment Form’ link after they have logged into WAVE� Changes and enrollments are usually processed the next business day� • The University’s VA Certifying Official will report course drops and withdrawals to the VA on a weekly basis� Course drops may affect eligibility for VA benefits. National Guard. students must provide the University with an approved TA Authorization form or valid Military ID card� Grants are applicable to courses for which tuition is in excess of $250 per credit hour� For courses with tuition of $354 per credit hour. National Guard. The School’s certifying official will certify the student for a year of courses on the VA-ONCE website� Procedures While Enrolled: • After the student receives an award letter from the VA. unless there is alternative. This form does not hold up certification. National Guard.Financial Information • 22-1990 (Application for VA Education Benefits) for veteran students who are using their GI Bill for the first time. Reserves. • Chapter 35 Dependent/Spouse benefit forms are available for each branch on the website below� • DD-214 (Release from Duty)� Ashford University requires a copy of this form for the student’s file if available. as per the VA Office’s processes. Center for External Studies: Students enrolled in an undergraduate program offered through the Center for External Studies may be eligible for the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant� Eligible students include Active Duty. and spouse of Active Duty. • Once the TA Application form has been received by the Ashford University Military Tuition Assistance Office. • Payment of VA benefits may be mailed directly to the student� Students are responsible for paying Ashford University tuition and fees at the start of each course. an invoice will be sent to the military� A copy of this invoice may be mailed or faxed to the student upon request� • After command approval has been received. • The TA Application form must be received before the fee waiver or course cost adjustments will be applied� TA vouchers must be received by the fifth day of each course. which will be based on certification beginning with the student’s first date of eligible attendance in an Ashford University degree program� Subsequent payments should be received monthly. the grant is $104 per credit hour� In addition. Ashford University Military Tuition Grant 44 Ashford University . he/she is required to begin monthly selfverification of enrollment by the 30th of each month� This is accomplished by using the Web Automated Verification of Enrollment (WAVE) or by Interactive Voice Response (IVR)� WAVE = www�gibill�va�gov IVR = 877-823-2378 Click the link to WAVE • Students should allow 10 to 12 weeks after completion of all paperwork to receive the first payment. the student digitally signs the TA Application form and then sends it by fax or email to: Ashford University Military Tuition Assistance MilitaryTA@Ashford�edu On-Campus Traditional: Students enrolled in an undergraduate program offered through the On-Campus Traditional Programs may be eligible for the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant� Eligible students include Active Duty. and spouse of Active Duty. approved financial aid. which can be found under the Education tab. Department of Defense employees. National Guard. this grant also covers the full $990 Technology Services Fee� Tuition grants are only applied to an eligible student’s account upon receipt of an approved TA Authorization form or valid Military ID card� Military Tuition Assistance Procedure: • Military students must first complete the TA Application form. Reserves. or Reserves U�S� Military� To receive the Ashford University Military Tuition Grant.

” or “D-” that do not count towards successful completion of required competency courses and thus must be repeated. Grades of “W. depending upon completion of the financial aid paperwork. which can be found under the Education tab. businesses.” “D. and at least half of the loan period (20 weeks) must have passed.” “D. Eligible Military Status: • Active Duty • National Guard • Reserves • Veterans/Retired (eligible for VA education benefits) • Spouse of Active Duty/Nat Guard/Reserve • Department of Defense Employee Students taking a break of greater than 29 days in enrollment will be asked to recertify eligibility for book benefits and/or military tuition grant by faxing a copy of their military ID card indicating a future expiration date or other appropriate verification. then the loan period will run for 2 ½ terms� Loan periods are 40 calendar weeks in length� The beginning of the loan period will coincide with the date a student begins coursework� The first disbursement will be delivered on or after the start date of the course. Other Available Financial Aid Alternative loans may be available in addition to aid programs listed� Students may request information through the Financial Aid Office or by speaking with their Financial Services Advisor� Scholarships. grants.” or “D-” that do not count towards successful Book Benefits for Eligible Military Books. The second disbursement will be delivered once a student has successfully completed at least 12 undergraduatelevel credits� A student must also be registered for and start the next class.” “*I.Financial Information Military Tuition Assistance Procedure: • Military students must first complete the TA Authorization form. Grades of “D+. also do not count toward successfully completed courses� In addition. and loans are also made by private organizations� Students should check with their high school.” will not have the repeated course counted toward successfully completed courses� A student may receive a second loan once these conditions have been met: • The initial 40-week loan period has ended� • The student has completed at least 40 weeks of non-concurrent instructional time� This may take longer than the 40-week loan period if the student does not remain continuously enrolled in sequential courses� • The student has successfully completed at least 24 undergraduate-level credits and is registered for another course.” or “F” do not count toward successfully completed courses. the student digitally signs the TA Authorization form� The form should be faxed to (563)-242-8684 or delivered to the Campus Financial Aid Office. • Once the TA Authorization form has been received by the Ashford University Campus Financial Aid Office. and churches to determine availability� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 45 .” “WF. Grades of “D+. area civic groups. including standard shipping costs. Financial Aid Specific to the Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs Definitions Week = 7 calendar days Academic/Financial Aid Award Year Definition = 40 weeks of instructional time and 24 earned credits Financial Aid Payment/Disbursement Period = Minimum 20 weeks of instructional time and 12 earned credits Block/Course = 5 weeks of instructional time Loan Disbursement Information Loan periods are two terms in length.” “WF. students who are required or choose to repeat courses in which they earned a grade of “C.” “*I. • The TA Authorization form must be received before the fee waiver or course cost adjustments will be applied� TA vouchers must be received prior to the first class date of each term. an invoice will be sent to the military� A copy of this invoice may be mailed or faxed to the student upon request� • After command approval has been received. unless students begin at the mid-point of a term.” or “F” do not count toward successfully completed courses. Grades of “W. required for an eligible student’s program of study and purchased through Ashford University’s bookstore or textbook partner will be covered by Ashford University� Students enrolled in undergraduate or graduate level programs who meet one of the criteria below may certify their eligibility to receive this benefit.

Financial Information
completion of required competency courses and thus must be repeated, also do not count toward successfully completed courses� In addition, students who are required or choose to repeat courses in which they earned a grade of “C,” will not have the repeated course counted toward successfully completed courses� *Note: Once a grade of “I” is successfully completed for a permanent grade as outlined above, the course will count towards successful completion. A student may receive a second loan once these conditions have been met: • The initial 36-week loan period has ended� • The student has completed at least 36 weeks of non-concurrent instructional time� This may take longer than the 36-week loan period if the student does not remain continuously enrolled in sequential courses� • The student has successfully completed at least 18 graduate-level credits and is registered for another course. Grades of “W,” “WF,” “*I,” or “F” do not count toward successfully completed courses� In addition, students who are required or choose to repeat courses in which they earned a grade of “C” will not have the repeated course counted toward successfully completed courses� *Note: Once a grade of “I” is successfully completed for a permanent grade as outlined above, the course will count towards successful completion.

Tuition Payment and Financial Aid

Each financial aid disbursement is intended to cover tuition costs for at least 12 undergraduate-level credits� However, students who do not meet the criteria listed above for receipt of loan funds may be required to pay for more than the minimum number of courses before a subsequent disbursement is available� Students who do not consistently register for sequential courses may not be eligible for financial aid disbursements�

Tuition Payment and Financial Aid

Financial Aid Specific to the Center for External Studies Graduate Programs
Definitions
Week = 7 calendar days Academic/Financial Aid Award Year Definition = 36 weeks of instructional time and 18 earned credits Financial Aid Payment/Disbursement Period = Minimum 18 weeks of instructional time and 9 earned credits Block/Course = 6 weeks of instructional time

Each financial aid disbursement is intended to cover tuition costs for at least 9 graduate-level credits� However, students who do not meet the criteria listed above for receipt of loan funds may be required to pay for more than the minimum number of courses before a subsequent disbursement is available� Types of Aid Available for Graduate Students: • Federal Stafford Loan • Students may request information about alternative loans through the Financial Aid Office. Graduate Stafford Loan Limits: • Subsidized $8,500�00 • Unsubsidized $12,000�00 • Maximum Lifetime Loan Limit $138,500�00 • Maximum Lifetime Aggregate Subsidized Loan Limit $65,500 • Maximum Lifetime Aggregate Unsubsidized Loan Limit $73,000 • A borrower who has reached his or her aggregate borrowing limit may not receive additional loans�

Loan Qualifications and Disbursement

Loan periods are 36 calendar weeks in length� The beginning of the loan period will coincide with the date a student begins coursework� The first disbursement will be delivered on or after the start date of the course, depending upon completion of the financial aid paperwork. The second disbursement will be delivered once a student has successfully completed at least 9 graduatelevel credits� A student must also be registered for and start the next class, and at least half of the loan period (18 weeks) must have passed. Grades of “W,” “WF,” “*I,” or “F” do not count toward successfully completed courses� In addition, students who are required or choose to repeat courses in which they earned a grade of “C” will not have the repeated course counted toward successfully completed courses�

46

Ashford University

Financial Information

University Refund and Repayment Policies

The following policies govern refunds to students in case of course drop, withdrawal, or dismissal from the University. Students who do not have federal financial aid will have their charges and financial credits assessed in accordance with the refund policy� Any nonfederal aid will be prorated and refunded using the same percentages in the refund policy� No refund will be made if the student’s withdrawal date occurs after 60% of the enrollment period has passed�

Special Circumstances

Students called to active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States or leaving the University because of illness or other causes beyond their control may receive special consideration� Each case will be considered individually based upon the special circumstances involved� Tuition, room, and board refunds may be authorized on a pro rata basis or such other adjustments as considered necessary in those circumstances� Decisions are solely at the discretion of the University and are final.

Institutional Tuition Refund Policy

Students whose last date of attendance (LDA) for a class or semester, as outlined in the chart below, is during the indicated week will receive the tuition credit indicated� Classes for On-campus Traditional terms begin on Monday and end on Friday� Classes in the Center for External Studies Undergraduate and Graduate programs begin on Tuesday and end on Monday of each week� If a student drops on or before the start date of a course, a 100% refund of the total cost of the course, excluding books, materials, administrative fees, student services fees, technology services fees, orientation fees, and other fees applies� Tuition refunds/credits are based upon class or semester length as outlined below� Return of Title IV is based on the length of the payment period� Ashford University Tuition Refund Schedule

Dismissal/Expulsion

Students dismissed or expelled from the University are not authorized refunds of any kind other than those provided by the withdrawal policy. Any financial aid available to a student who has been dismissed will be based on the student’s dismissal date and will be calculated accordingly�

*Refund percentage applied based on week of last date of attendance (LDA) Program Course Length 16 1st * week 2nd * week 3rd * week 80% 4th * week 60% 5th* week 60% 6th* week 60% 7th* week 40% 8th* week 40% 9th* week 40% 10th* week 0%

Semester-Based Programs

(On-Campus Traditional Format) Refund % by Semester LDA

100% 100%

Semester-Based 8-Week Format
(On-Campus ASPIRE, On-Campus Traditional Formats) Refund % by Course LDA 8 100% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% N/A N/A

Nonterm-Based Graduate Level Programs

(Online, On-Campus ASPIRE Formats) Refund % by Course LDA

6

100%

50%

0%

0%

0%

0%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nonterm-Based Undergraduate Level Programs

(Online, On-Campus ASPIRE Formats) Refund % by Course LDA

5

100%

50%

0%

0%

0%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

2009-2010 Academic Catalog

47

Financial Information

Federal Financial Aid Refunds/Repayments

The U�S� Department of Education requires every institution participating in Title IV Federal Financial Aid Programs to have a fair and equitable refund policy� Under this policy, the institution is required to refund unearned tuition to a student who withdraws or otherwise fails to complete the period of enrollment for which the federal aid was intended� The University uses the prorated refund policy defined by governmental regulations� This refund equals that portion of tuition, fees, and any other charges assessed to the student by the institution until the date a student withdraws, minus any unpaid charges owed by the student� No federal refund is required if the student’s last date of attendance occurs after 60% of the enrollment period has passed� If a student withdraws completely from the University prior to the first 60% of the payment period, it is very likely a portion of the financial aid the student received will be required to be returned to the federal government� The calculations for determining how much aid must be returned is based on the date the student begins the withdrawal process from Ashford University� If the student withdraws completely from the University after the 60%, the student is entitled to retain aid received� Any student considering withdrawing should consult with the Financial Aid Office to discuss the effects on loan eligibility� These effects vary depending on the student’s program of study� It is important, if a student does need to leave school, to complete the official withdrawal process and fully understand the financial implications of disruptions to continuous attendance� As a result of these requirements, all or part of the federal and institutional funds awarded to a student may need to be repaid to their respective programs� Repayments due to Title IV programs will be reimbursed in the following sequence*: 1� Unsubsidized Federal Loans 2� Subsidized Federal Loans 3� Perkins Loan (where applicable) 4� Federal PLUS Loans 5� Federal Pell Grant 6� Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG) 7� National SMART Grant 8� Federal SEOG *This sequence may be revised without notice to conform to new federal regulations.

Students who do not have federal financial aid will have their charges and financial credits assessed in accordance with the University Refund Policy� Any nonfederal aid and/or personal payments will be refunded according to the Refund Policy�

Ashford University Alumni Tuition Grant

Application fees are waived for the students who have graduated from an Ashford University degree program and wish to apply for another degree� Associate’s to Bachelor’s: Students who graduate from an Ashford University Associate’s degree program and enroll in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program are eligible for an Alumni Tuition Grant� To be eligible for the grant, students must successfully complete four attempted courses after matriculation into a Bachelor’s degree program� The tuition grant will then be applied to the student’s account in the amount of tuition charged for the fifth attempted course. Bachelor’s to Master’s: Students who graduate from an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program and enroll in an Ashford University Master’s degree program are eligible for an Alumni Tuition Grant� To be eligible for the grant, students must successfully complete three attempted courses after matriculation into a Master’s degree program� The tuition grant will then be applied to the student’s account in the amount of tuition charged for the fourth attempted course�

Questions About Financial Aid

Students should call, write, or visit the Financial Aid Office for help in completing forms, answering questions, and explaining the award process� The Financial Aid Office telephone number for On-Campus Traditional Programs is (563) 242-4023, ext� 7727; the fax number for On-Campus Traditional Programs is (563) 242-8684� The Financial Services telephone number for students in the Center for External Studies is (866) 974-5700�

48

Ashford University

On-Campus Student Services Section Five
Ashford University has a commitment to the educational goals of a regional, national, and international student population� This mission, shared by the entire University community, is that students live and learn in an environment that fosters a supportive and caring community. The Student Success Office makes every attempt to meet the needs of the University’s globally diverse students through various programs designed to enhance the experience of all students� The University provides a wide range of student-centered services. Many are part of the Office of Student Success, while others are provided elsewhere throughout the University� Services provided are detailed below�

Office of Student Success

Campus Student Life

The Office of Student Success develops, implements, and continually evaluates the University’s living and learning programs and services offered to University students� These programs and services are actively integrated throughout the University and encompass values that enhance and enrich the moral, intellectual, spiritual, and psychological growth of the whole student� The office includes the Director of Student Success, Career Development and Activities, Student Success Activities, Residence Life, Alumni, Campus Security, University Retention Services, Career Lab, Student Center, Clare’s Corner, Orientation, and Health Service Referrals� The Student Success Office coordinates the on-campus student ID/Access Cards, health insurance forms, and campus postings of signs� Students are encouraged to contact the Student Success Office with any questions or concerns�

Career Development and Activities

The Career Development and Activities Office offers resources related to career exploration, employment, jobseeking techniques, sample resumes, cover letters, and career testing� A career services bulletin board is updated regularly and lists full-time, part-time, and temporary employment opportunities from worldwide employers as well as internships� Job postings and internships are also located on our website at www�ashford�edu� In addition, directories of public, private, and nonprofit industries, state, and regional school districts, federal and international career opportunities, internships, and summer jobs are available for student use� The Career Development and Activities Office also provides individualized career planning assistance to all students and alumni� Through career testing, individuals may explore their interests, abilities, values, and job realities, while identifying career options and goals� Annually, the office may host a career lecture series
49

Campus Student Life
and themed interview weeks to provide assistance with placement opportunities, interview experience, job shadows, and the opportunity to explore the current job market� Services are also provided via career services workshops on a variety of career-related topics and networking opportunities with alumni� Participation at regional job fairs can be arranged through the Career Development and Activities Office, and the office also hosts Homecoming in the fall and local alumni nights in and around the community� • Providing opportunities for residents to experience a balance of educational, recreational, cultural, and social programs within the halls; and • Encouraging residents to govern themselves, within their living and learning environments, by providing guidelines and regulations� The University residence halls are available to all members of the University on-campus community� The halls provide lounges, reception, and living accommodations for all residential students� Durham Hall and Regis Hall serve the residential needs of the University� All rooms are equipped with beds, storage space, desks, and chairs� Each room is Internet and cable ready� Indoor and outdoor recreational facilities, designed to enhance the living and learning environment, are centrally located and open to all residents of the campus community (e�g�, sand volleyball, basketball, etc�)� Students are strongly encouraged to play an active role in all aspects of the hall’s functioning� Hall Council fosters community within and between each hall through a governing structure that includes student staff members, residents of each hall, and the Director of Residence Life� HC is an organization that serves as the representative body for resident students and provides many excellent opportunities for students to become involved� A liaison between the Residence Life Office and the residents, HC provides the residence hall community with educational, social, cultural, and programming opportunities� Missing Student Notification It is the obligation of the entire University community to immediately report a student who has been missing for 24 hours to the Office of Student Success. Please read the Health and Safety section of this Catalog to review the complete missing student notification policy.

Residence Life

The Residence Life Program seeks to create a living and learning environment in which students, faculty, and staff benefit from the scholarly exchange of insights, ideas, and experiences� To this end, the University adheres to a residence requirement to provide adequate time for such an exchange and for the student’s development both inside and outside the classroom� See Residence Life Handbook for more information regarding Residence Life policies� The residence halls are an integral part of the total education program for students� Therefore, to develop a student-centered, group-living experience that encourages self-responsibility for decisions, behaviors, and a sense of community among all residents, students need to comply with all policies and regulations� Each resident, as a member of the overall residence hall community, is required to attend all hall and floor meetings. The philosophy of the Residence Life Program is designed to complement and enhance the educational mission of the University� This philosophy is based on self-governance within a matrix that includes the Student Success staff, the Student Code of Conduct, the Residence Life staff, and the Hall Council (HC)� Within this structure, the Director of Residence Life fosters self-governance by working closely with the residents, student staff, and HC as an educator, mediator, and advisor� The Director oversees the Resident Advisors/Assistants and HC, as well as the development and implementation of residential policies in conjunction with the Director of Student Success� The overall Residence Life Program is committed to: • Providing a support system of professional staff and paraprofessional student staff who work to promote respect for individual differences, while encouraging residents to meet academic goals and the many social and emotional needs of a positive University residence hall community; • Placing an emphasis on living and learning as a community, while teaching residents how to take responsibility for their own actions and resolving their own problems;

Children’s Services

The University offers, at a cost and when space is available, a drop-in child care program for children 3 to 6 years of age� The child care service is available weekdays from 7:00 a�m� to 5:30 p�m�, during the school year only� The University offers a preschool for children ages 3 to 5� Two-hour morning and afternoon sessions are available from Labor Day to Memorial Day� All children must meet state eligibility requirements and provide all required documentation� Individuals interested in registering a child for a program should contact Ashford Children’s Center, located on the first floor of the Science Building, at (563) 242-4023, ext. 2100 for more information�

50

Ashford University

plyometric boxes. and relax� The Student Center features a television lounge. dependent on scheduling.6:00 p�m� The University board program provides three meals per weekday. Students should check the area bulletin boards or ask at the athletics offices regarding any closings. an elliptical machine. Some athletic equipment is available for student use and can be obtained through the Athletics Department� The Golinvaux Fitness Center offers state-of-the-art facilities for full body workout and exercise including free weights. which is designed for meetings. or dinner. event. Replacement cards may be obtained for a fee� Durgin Educational Center The Durgin Educational Center includes the University gymnasium (Kehl Arena) and the Golinvaux Fitness Center and provides facilities and equipment for recreational and physical education activities. social events. a commuter lounge. and intramural athletics shall have first priority for use. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 51 . lunch.Friday: Breakfast 7:30 a�m� .9:30 a�m� Lunch 11:15 a�m� . Special events occasionally require the temporary closing of specific areas. and a treadmill� Hours will be posted� The Fitness Center is closed during all University athletic home events at Kehl Arena� Students should check the Fitness Center bulletin board for event schedules and facility closings� The Fitness Center is open only to the following individuals: registered Ashford University students. Inc� AmeriServe operates two dining options for the University. a valid Ashford University student ID/Access Card must be presented for admission to the Fitness Center and to all other areas of the Durgin Educational Center� (Family members under the age of 16 must be accompanied by an adult�) Note: Use of Durgin Educational Center is allowed only during posted hours.6:00 p�m� (Monday . and an opportunity to gather. is deducted from the total number of meals� Unused meals are not carried over and are nonrefundable and nontransferable� No food or tableware can be taken from the main Dining Hall� Requests for meals for resident students who are ill or who have university-related conflicts must be made through the Food Service Director� Special diets: If you have any special dietary needs. physical education classes. the main dining hall and Clare’s Corner� Main Dining Hall Payment for a meal is required for admission to the Dining Hall� Meals are served primarily in the Dining Hall (lower level of St� Clare Hall) during the following times (dining hours and services are subject to change and may not be available during scheduled holidays and breaks): Monday . Nautilus equipment. or individuals wishing to schedule an activity. with the exception of sports teams supervised by coaching staff.Campus Student Life Student Center The collegiate center is the Student Center.5:45 p�m� (Friday) Saturday . and faculty/staff of the University and their families� Upon request.Sunday: Brunch 11:00 a�m� . both organized and informal� The University gymnasium is open for student use. food service will attempt to tailor a program to those needs� Please inform the Food Service Director in writing� Vegetarian and low-fat items are always offered on the daily menu� Nonresident/commuter students wishing to eat in the main Dining Hall may purchase a meal plan or pay for each meal at the door before entering� Contact the Student Success Office for more information. whether it is breakfast.12:30 p�m� Dinner 4:45 p�m� . and a game room located adjacent to the bookstore� Clare’s Corner provides a snack bar environment for all students and it serves as an alternative dining option for residential students� Vending machines and a microwave are also available for student use� Students who use the lounge are asked to respect the rights of others by keeping the area neat and clean� Departments. and brunch and dinner on the weekend� All resident students must participate in the University’s board program plan� Each meal. A valid Ashford University student ID/Access Card must be presented by resident students for admission to the Dining Hall� Lost or stolen IDs should be reported to the Student Success Office immediately.1:15 p�m� Dinner 4:45 p�m� . aerodyne bicycles. organizations. or information table within the Student Center must contact the Student Success Office for reservation information� Food Service The food service at the University is operated by AmeriServe.9:00 a�m� Continental Breakfast 9:00 a�m� .Thursday) Dinner 4:45 p�m� .2:45 p�m� Salad & Sandwich 12:45 p�m� . alumni of the University who have an earned degree. Monday–Friday. intercollegiate athletics. socialize.

and study guides will not be bought back by the Bookstore� The Bookstore has no guarantee that all of the student’s textbooks will be bought for 50% of the purchase price� New editions and the selections of textbooks for student use are beyond the control of the University Bookstore management� 52 Ashford University . and student organizations in the programming of student activities� The Student Success Activities Office is also responsible for coordinating many of the University’s “learning and living” co-curricular activities and events. both on and off campus. school supplies. subject to the following conditions: • Students have until the last day of the drop/add deadline to request a refund� • Books to be returned must be accompanied by the receipt of purchase� • New books must be free of all markings and in original wrap (if originally wrapped)� • Defective books will be replaced� The Student Success Activities Office provides support. • the Bookstore is not overstocked on the textbook. the Bookstore will hold a textbook buyback opportunity� Students should bring all textbooks to the buyback unless the books will be kept for future reference� Textbooks will be purchased at 50% of the student’s purchase price if the following conditions exist: • the book will be required during the following semester. body. Monday through Friday� Hours of operation for each department and facility will be updated and posted on campus throughout the academic year� No one will be allowed to use a campus facility after the posted hours end� Student Activities Students attending the University can choose from a variety of activities to participate in as part of their University experience� Some of these activities are detailed below� University Bookstore Student Success Activities Office Course textbooks. University memorabilia (including insignia clothing and souvenirs). and limited personal supplies are available at the University Bookstore� Bookstore Refund Policy Textbooks purchased at the beginning of each semester may be returned for full refund. the Office works directly with the Student Success Office.Thursday: 10:00 a�m� to 8:00 p�m� Friday: 10:00 a�m� to 3:00 p�m� General Hours of Campus Facilities General campus office hours are 8:00 a. • books must be in resale condition� The Bookstore reserves the right to refuse to buyback books if such books are not in resalable condition� Workbooks. until 4:30 p. lab manuals. one in which high standards and expectations are placed upon students toward the development of mind. and other clubs in coordinating campus activities and events� Buyback Policy During the last two days of final exams at the end of each semester. Student Government Association. student organizations.m. intramural athletics. faculty. the Student Success Activities Office provides support services and resources to all students and student clubs in the area of leadership development� The Career Development and Activities Coordinator also assists the Director of Student Success in advising the Student Government Association and coordinating new student orientation� Additionally. and other such entertainment� Additionally. The office works closely with the Director of Student Success. mass market paperbacks. The office also coordinates events such as movie nights.m. and soul� The office’s key principle is that of community involvement: a concept through which students. the Student Government Association.Campus Student Life Clare’s Corner Clare’s Corner offers a snack bar environment for all students and it serves as an alternative dining option for residential students� Residential students may use their student ID/Access Card in Clare’s Corner under their meal plan offered by the University� Commuter students may either purchase food items or utilize the vending machines� A microwave is also available for student use� Clare’s Corner operates during the following times (services are subject to change and may not be available during scheduled holidays and breaks): Monday . The philosophy of the office centers on a holistic approach to education. comedians. resources and advice to assist students in planning programs and developing organization and leadership skills. bowling. and staff actively participate in the mission of the University. shaping its image and making the student’s University experience even more meaningful and successful for all members of the community� Student Success Activities Office events include Welcome Week and Homecoming.

support groups. whose members include all students living in Durham Hall and Regis Hall� Hall Council promotes a living environment conducive to the improvement of the residents’ academic. social. cultural. along with the Career Development and Activities Coordinator. nurturing and maximizing the member’s leadership potential as individuals and professionals� Fine Arts Club: An organization that unites the University community members who have an affinity for artistic expression and organizes. and special events� Any department. service organizations. entertain. or individual who wishes to sponsor an entertainment or social activity for students is asked to coordinate the event with the Student Government Association� For more information. but are not limited to. and recreation clubs� Anyone interested in forming a club or organization on campus should contact the Student Success Activities Office for more information� The following list represents organizations active on the University campus: Campus Pals: Mentors at risk middle school students with their homework and offer leadership activities to the students� Concert Choir: Auditioned vocal ensembles open to students from all majors� The group rehearses three times weekly and performs a wide variety of works from western to popular music� The performing schedule has included madrigal dinners and a spring tour as well as a variety of concerts. spiritual. and communicate to one another and to the University community the causes and effects of artistic expression� Hall Council: The governing body of the University residents. Officers are elected in the spring semester.and off-campus� Crème de la Crème: A service sorority that is the premier organization for young women at AU� The purpose of the organization is learning. both on.A. by the following standards: • We are dedicated to a commitment to our vision while creating partnerships with a sense of personhood� • We are dedicated to knowing the strengths and weaknesses of ourselves and applying them while keeping the diversity of the students in mind� • We are dedicated to being academically and socially sound role models� • We are dedicated to an awareness of diversity and take pride and embrace our differences� • We are dedicated to the intellectual and emotional growth of ourselves and the student body we represent� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Campus Organizations The University offers many opportunities for students to become involved in clubs and organizations on campus� Campus organizations include. and physical welfare.): A group promoting activism. developing.O. contact the Student Government Association President or the Career Development and Activities Coordinator� The Student Government Association consists of the following: • The Executive Officers. and representatives from each floor are appointed early in the fall� Inspirational Choir: Performance choir focusing on gospel music which is open to all majors� Latin American Student Organization (L. a company of performers from all arenas of art to convey.Campus Student Life Student Government Association The Ashford University Student Government Association provides a means of expression for the student body and an opportunity for students to participate in and share the responsibility for student life� All students automatically become members of the Student Government Association with their payment of the University activity fee� The nonrefundable activity fees comprise the budget of the University Student Government Association� The activity fees subsidize the cost of events sponsored by the Student Government Association� The Student Government Association is the representative body of the students and directs student elections. shall decide the number and specific titles of these positions� • The Senators representing a cross-section of the student body� These representatives are not elected but make a personal commitment to the Student Government Association� • One representative from each recognized campus club/organization� Student Government Association Mission Statement We are dedicated to representing the student body with integrity. religious groups. organizes events that provide information about the cultural richness of Latin America� Mu Omega Sigma Fraternity: A group of young men who work with other AU students and at-risk students in the community to encourage their success in earning an education� 53 . advocacy and raises awareness about Latin American issues. who are elected in the spring of the previous academic year� The Student Government Association. social and cultural activities. with collective effort. special event planning committees. group. special interest groups.S. teach. honor societies.

and mathematics� This organization promotes the scientific development of it members. and alumni. the student must maintain a grade point average of 3�20� • Lambda Sigma Society: A national honors society that recognizes scholarship. faculty/staff of the University. and universities� Spirit Club: Helps cheer on the AU Saints athletic teams and promotes university spirit during other events� Student Ambassadors (SA): Under the direction of the Admissions Office. which features a speaker. Student Ambassadors serve as links between current students.Campus Student Life Phi Beta Lambda: A national organization for students interested in a business career� Members tour businesses. developing a strong networking system� Student Iowa State Education Association (SISEA): A student organization devoted to helping fulfill the mission of its parent organization. and national business contests. the following: Artists’ Series: The University may offer a full calendar of performing artists throughout the school year� Students may attend at no charge and frequently receive class credit for attendance� Lecture Series: The University sponsors several lectures each year� The traditional Matriculation Ceremony held in the fall. and leadership in sophomores� Membership in the Alpha Upsilon chapter is extended to full-time sophomores who have completed at least one freshman semester at the University and have attained a semester grade point average of 3�20 or better� • Mu Sigma Eta: A society composed of honor students from the fields of biology. state. and philosophy� The Bonaventure lecture series showcases faculty members in their area of expertise� Guest lecturers are also frequently invited to campus to enhance the instruction in individual classes� 54 Intramural Athletics The intramural program is intended to allow all current students. formally begins the academic year and welcomes new students into the University community� The annual Sr� Cortona Phelan lecture series features a guest lecturer to speak about a topic related to the University’s heritage. league commissioners. the National Education Association (NEA)� The Iowa State Education Association (ISEA). in order to develop a lifetime interest in recreational activities and to maintain a healthy lifestyle� The intramural program is student run and is coordinated by the Student Success Activities Office. faculty. and interested community members� Members need to display a competency on their chosen instruments� The wind ensemble meets weekly in regularly scheduled rehearsals and establishes its own performance schedule� Honor Societies: University students are academically recognized through the following honor societies: • Junior/Senior Honor Society: Recognizes and encourages scholarship among juniors and seniors� Membership is extended to full-time juniors and seniors who have completed at least one semester at the University and have attained a semester grade point average of 3�50 or better� Thereafter. officials. students serve as event supervisors. men’s baseball. attain the prescribed grade point average. Admission is by faculty invitation� Athletics Intercollegiate Athletics Athletic activities at the University include men’s and women’s basketball. staff. and become involved in other business-related activities� Ping Pong Association: Group of students who want to play ping-pong playing at AU and to compete with other organizations. and have accumulated a specified number of credit hours. service. soccer. Ashford University . chemistry. and national levels and allows members to participate in cooperative work on the problems of the profession and the community as they prepare for teaching careers� Wind Ensemble: A select instrumental ensemble open to students from all majors. but are not limited to. a student must be enrolled in a minimum of 12 institutional credit hours. prospective students. and economic rights for all� SISEA membership encompasses local. compete in state. and women’s softball and volleyball� The University is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and the Midwest Classic Conference� To participate in intercollegiate sports. regional. NEA. track and field. and advocate human. colleges. In addition to participating. floor athletic directors. and team captains� For more information contact the Student Success Activities Office. and their spouses to become involved in recreational activities regardless of skill level or past experience. Details regarding athletic eligibility may be found in the Athletic Handbook or by contacting the Athletics Office. expand the rights and further the interests of educational employees. Other Campus Activities Other activities on campus include. invite business people to chapter meetings. civil. causes. and golf. and SISEA promote the cause of quality public education and advance the profession of education.

consumption or sale of alcohol at an event/function. organization. administration. cork strips. trees. windows.Campus Student Life General Campus Information Campus ID/Access Cards Each student receives a campus Student ID/Access Card� Access Cards are generally obtained through the Student Success Office at the beginning of each semester. Office reserves the right to remove any item(s) posted improperly� Requirements for the posting of signs and posters are shown below� • Signs and posters may be displayed on designated bulletin boards. distribution. and management� All students are invited to apply for a position on the newspaper staff� Students enrolled in the News Writing course may earn limited academic credit for serving on the newspaper staff� 55 . or non-painted surfaces only� Posting is prohibited on campus buildings. a locker sign-up sheet is kept in the Student Success Office. cultural. • Please use masking tape (not transparent tape). advertising. and activities on and off campus. tacks. Students should check with this office for missing items or to turn in items found on campus� The University does not accept responsibility for the loss of students’ possessions and advises students to secure their items properly� Any suspected thefts should be reported immediately to the Campus Security Office so that a description of the missing property can be circulated� Locker Sign-Up Lockers are available for any student. writing. The campus Access Card is required for electronic building access after normal business hours. whether held on or off campus. or event moderator should check signs/posters made by students for grammar. and appropriateness of content� • The posting of notices and/or advertisements that include the sponsorship. staff. access to the University Fitness Center. second floor. Lost and Found Articles The lost and found service is located at the Information Desk. admission to University social. and other career-related items must be approved by the Career Development and Activities Coordinator or the Student Success Office. organizations. layout. community events. cars. and painted surfaces without special permission from the Student Success Office. or appropriate hardware to display signs and posters� All signs and posters should be removed within 24 hours after the event advertised� • Items posted should be legible and attractive� The club. a $40. or publicity information must be approved through the Student Success Office. sign posts. editing. and athletic events. job openings. employment notices. All items must be stamped and initialed prior to posting� The Student Success 2009-2010 Academic Catalog The Clarion: The University publishes a student newspaper called The Clarion� This publication offers interested students the opportunity to participate in various aspects of newspaper production including reporting. spelling. check out of Library materials. photography. and students may use these mailboxes to communicate with individual students� All students are responsible for checking their mailboxes frequently� A fee is charged if a key needs to be replaced� Vandalism of student mailboxes will be considered a criminal trespass� U�S� Postal delivery service is provided to resident students within their regular student mailboxes� Please contact the Business Office with any problems or questions. Student Mailboxes All undergraduate students are assigned a campus mailbox� This mailbox may remain the same for the duration of the time a student is enrolled at the University� Faculty. is strictly prohibited� The distribution of such notices and/or advertisements into campus mailboxes is prohibited� Note: Prior to posting. and access to the Dining Hall for those students on a board plan� The Access Card also entitles the holder to reduced rates for City of Clinton bus passes� An Access Card is nontransferable� Suspension of activity privileges and access to the Dining Hall and Fitness Center may be imposed if an Access Card is used by anyone other than the person to whom it was issued� Replacement Access Cards may be obtained through the Student Success Office. Clare Hall.00 fee will be charged for replacement cards� A student who withdraws from the University must return his/her campus Access Card to the Student Success Office. glass doors. A student may select any empty locker for his/her use and must indicate the locker number chosen on the sign-up sheet� Lockers in use without proper sign-up may be subject to lock removal� The student who selects a particular locker is responsible for making sure that locker is cleaned out� Anything left in lockers may become the property of Ashford University� Campus Publications Signs and Posters The posting of signs and posters for clubs. St.

faculty. payable at the Business Office within 48 hours. visitor. a replacement permit will be issued for $10�00� Second permits will be issued to students for another family car at a cost of $10�00� Faculty and staff parking permits are also issued though the Campus Security Office. Violators with three or more fines will have their vehicles towed at the owner’s expense� • A fine of $35.Campus Student Life Publicity and Photo Release All media releases of information originating from the University should be channeled through the Communications Office. and staff at the University are to be directed to the Communications Office. and staff are encouraged to inform the Communications Office about newsworthy events and developments regarding class and campus events of interest� Students should also contact their advisers regarding newsworthy information� student should change cars during the academic year. except as listed below. at the owner’s expense. any late fees will not be refunded� • A written appeal must be submitted to the Campus Security Office within 48 hours of the ticket issuance� All written appeals will be reviewed and a ruling made within five working days from the date the appeal was received� Ashford University Campus Parking Policy Students are permitted to bring motor vehicles to campus� Students who wish to park on campus must display a student parking permit on the back side of the rear-view mirror of the vehicle� Students are required to register their vehicles every year and are responsible for all fines attributed to that vehicle. temporary physical disabilities. Special permits are issued for visitors. and emergency reasons only� Visitors may obtain a temporary parking permit from the Campus Security or Student Success Office during office hours. snowmobiles. for any reason. payable at the Business Office within 48 hours. faculty.00. and administrators. or students who are contacted directly by the media should refer the media to the Office of Communications. will be charged to the student’s account� Fines delinquent more than 48 hours will be double their original amount� Ticket Appeals Process: All rulings in the appeal process will be made according to the stated Ashford University Parking Policy� The appeals process is as follows: • All fines must be paid before the appeals process can begin� A refund will be issued if a ticket violation is overturned� However. will be charged to all vehicles illegally parked in spaces marked “Child Care” or specially designated parking such as Speech and Hearing. seven days per week in all student. and a fine of $100. will be charged for violations of the parking regulations. mopeds. will be charged to all vehicles illegally parked in spaces marked “Handicapped Only. in the same manner as the student parking permits� Applicable faculty/staff parking regulations are available at the Campus Security Office as well� Special Permits: Students needing special parking permits should discuss their needs with the Campus Security Office. This special permit must be hung from the rear-view mirror� Visitors may park in designated spots in Lot B or anywhere in Lot C� Parking Fines: A basic fine of $15. Media inquiries directed toward students. payable at the Business Office within 48 hours. faculty. unless a written request to withhold directory information is on file in the Registrar’s Office.” • Vehicles parked in spaces designated as fire lanes will be towed immediately.00. and tow-away zones� Lots are designated according to the campus parking map available at the Campus Security Office. Comments should not be given to the media until the Office of Communications has been contacted� All students give implicit permission and authorization to the University to use any still photograph/video of themselves that is taken or is authorized by a University faculty or staff member for instructional or promotional purposes. etc� • A fine of $100. Parking tickets will be issued for violations of parking regulations� A copy of the parking policy and a complete list of violations may be obtained from the Director of Campus Security� Please refer to the parking map and brochure received when a permit is issued to you� Parking Permits: All students wishing to use campus parking must have a student parking permit� A permit allows a student to park in the designated parking area as long as room is available but does not guarantee a parking space on campus� Resident students are allowed only one vehicle� Student parking permits may be obtained free of charge from the Campus Security Office. Students. and any other motorized vehicle are subject to all usual parking rules and regulations� Parking regulations are enforced 24 hours per day. payable at the Business Office within 48 hours. staff.00.00. A motor vehicle is the responsibility of the student whose name is on the most current registration card and/or the owner� Motorcycles. The state auto registration must be shown to Campus Security staff before a permit is issued� If. a 56 .

the written decision will be placed in the student’s campus mailbox� A receipt for refund will be issued if the ticket is overturned by the appeals committee. 7722 ext. 7789 ext� 1599 ext� 6111 (563) 242-4070 ext� 7812 ext. Campus Offices To reach campus offices or resident students. please dial (563) 242-4023 and then the extension� College Deans and Faculty Support Services Admissions Alumni Office Athletics Department Athletic Training Bookstore Business Office Campus Director’s Office Campus Security Career Services Office Children’s Center Communications Office Director of Student Success Duty Radio Financial Aid Fitness Center Flavian Achievement Center Food Service. 7730 ext� 7382 (563) 242-2752 ext� 4900 ext� 7727 ext� 7817 ext� 7767 ext� 7864 ext� 5199 ext� 7714 ext� 7752 ext� 7823 ext� 5536 ext� 7849 ext. 7794 Campus Security Office (answered 24 hours a day) Director of Student Success Director of Campus Security Associate Director of Student Services University Information Desk Help Lines/Hotlines 24 Hour National Suicide Prevention/ Mental Health Crisis Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) 24 Hour National Domestic Violence Hotline National Sexually Transmitted Disease Hotline CDC National AIDS Hotline/ National STD Hotline (800) 799-SAFE (7233) TDD Line: (800) 787-3224 (800) 227-8922 (800) CDC-INFO (232-4636) TDD Line: (888) 232-6348 24 Hour National Alcohol & Substance Abuse Information Center Gay and Lesbian National Hotline The Youth Law Hotline Poison Control Center National Child Abuse Hotline (800) 784-6776 (888) THE-GLNH (843-4564) (800) 728-1172 (800) 222-1222 800-4-A-CHILD (422-4453) National AIDS Hotline for the Hearing Impaired Maintenance Registrar’s Office Residence Life Office Durham Hall Regis Hall Speech and Hearing Center Student Activities Student Success Office A complete University Directory is available by contacting the Office of Student Success. 7702 ext. 7380 ext� 7862 ext� 7846 ext� 7725 ext.Campus Student Life • Upon ruling. AmeriServe. 7707 (563) 242-2752 ext. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 57 . Inc� Menu Hot Line Information Desk I�T� Help Desk Library after 5:30p�m� ext� 7834 ext� 7383 ext. 7380 ext� 7833 ext. any late charges will not be refunded� Ashford Campus Emergency Phone Numbers/Services The following numbers should be called in the event of an emergency: Ambulance Fire Police 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line) 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line) 911 (Dial 9 to get an outside line) (563) 242-2752 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7382 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7868 (563) 242-4023 ext� 7789 (563) 242-4023 Public Transportation Information on local bus service and regional bus service can be obtained from the Student Success Office.

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Bachelor’s.Section Six University Colleges and Program Offerings Associate. and Master’s programs are offered through three colleges� College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Arts • Communication Studies • English and Communication • Environmental Studies • Health Care Administration • Health Care Studies • History • Liberal Arts • Natural Science • Political Science and Government • Psychology • Social and Criminal Justice • Social Science • Social Science with Education Concentration • Sociology • Visual Art Bachelor of Applied Science • Health Care Administration Bachelor of Science • Biology • Clinical Cytotechnology • Clinical Laboratory Science • Computer Science and Mathematics • Health Science • Health Science Administration • Natural Science • Nuclear Medicine Technology Graduate Studies • Master of Arts in Health Care Administration Academic Information and Policies – General 59 .

literature. critical thinking. Typically. and written and oral communication� These learning skills are valuable in and of themselves and. the faculty formulated five general goals in the areas of aesthetic awareness. there is much variety. computing. and its personality� The University’s General Education requirements are grounded firmly in the University’s mission statement. this takes the form of a competency block in which students must demonstrate proficiency in applied ethics. the faculty believed that students graduating from the University should first of all possess certain competencies that define a college-educated person� In curricular terms. physical world. so. colleges and universities have sought to provide such preparation by requiring that students devote a substantial portion—often about one-third—of their coursework to General Education programs that provide sufficient breadth of education and mastery of essential learning skills to enable them to understand and to adapt to a changing world as well as to contribute to its betterment� While virtually all institutions of higher education have some sort of General Education requirements. College of Education Bachelor of Arts • Business Education • Early Childhood Education • Early Childhood Education Administration • Education (non-licensure) • Elementary Education • Physical Education Graduate Studies • Master of Arts in Education • Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology 60 Ashford University . its view of the world. mathematics. doubly so. and the pattern that a college’s General Education program takes says a great deal about its values. social awareness. and values and beliefs� These goals were then defined in greater detail as learning outcomes within each subject area� Courses appropriate to the desired outcomes were identified and incorporated into the General Education curriculum� Certain subject areas relate directly to elements of the mission statement.General College of Business and Professional Studies Associate of Arts • Business Bachelor of Arts • Accounting • Professional Accounting Program • Business Administration • Business Economics • Business Information Systems • Computer Graphic Design • Organizational Management • Public Administration • Public Relations and Marketing • Sports and Recreation Management Bachelor of Applied Science • Accounting • Computer • Computer Graphic Design • Management Graduate Studies • Master of Arts in Organizational Management • Master of Business Administration • Master of Public Administration General Education Curriculum Philosophy and Purpose The higher education offered by the University and other colleges and universities differs from other forms of postsecondary education in the belief that education involves preparation for living life as a whole rather than simply training a student for a specific job. which places the University squarely within the liberal arts tradition of higher education� It speaks of intellectual growth and of a shared search for truth within a community that values diversity in ways of learning and forms of knowledge as well as in terms of the people the University seeks to serve� In crafting a General Education program that reflects the mission statement. demands breadth� In structuring this part of the General Education program.Academic Information and Policies . when used as means to realize the “intellectual growth” and “shared search for truth” of the mission statement� They are also skills much in demand by employers� A liberal arts education is rooted in the idea of preparing a person for life as a citizen in a free society and.

the distribution of coursework across five subject areas requires students to take courses in many disciplines� By experiencing a diversity of subject matter and ways of knowing. b� respond to other’s insights and interpretations of issues. and BS degrees� Courses offered by Ashford University to satisfy these competency requirements are listed in each area� General Education Requirements The General Education program incorporates a framework that balances specified competencies and five general subject areas� In addition to satisfying the competencies. required courses listed can be waived by means of high school advanced placement (AP) coursework and/or placement/competency testing� Students should consult their Academic Advisors for additional information regarding a waiver of competency requirements.and bachelor-level programs are outlined in this section. commitments and attitudes. not only to pursue successful careers but also to lead meaningful lives� Competencies (21 credits) Competencies are skills deemed necessary by the faculty to demonstrate a quality college education� The following general policies apply to the competencies: • Prerequisite courses. e� evaluate ethical issues with alternative ethical solutions. in conjunction with studies in their major and elective coursework. specific General Education courses may be required for some programs and majors� Every Ashford University General Education course is not available in every modality and/or degree program.General most obviously in the area of values and beliefs� More generally. c� examine the development of social and personal ethics and their application to society. in addition to right and wrong conduct� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� formulate the historical perspective on the development of the philosophy of morality and ethics. Bachelor of Applied Science. and f� appraise through personal reflection his/her own response to moral issues� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 61 .Academic Information and Policies . • A minimum grade of “C–” will be required to satisfy competencies and competency prerequisites. BA. must be completed before taking the competency course� However. Please refer to the program requirements section of this Catalog for information on specific degree program requirements� General Education Total Competencies Applied Ethics Communication Computer Critical Thinking Mathematics General Subject Areas Aesthetic Awareness Literature Physical World Social Awareness Values and Beliefs 46 credits 21 credits 3 credits 9 credits 3 credits 3 credits 3 credits 25 credits 3 credits 3 credits 4 credits 9 credits 6 credits Applied Ethics Competency (3 credits) The Applied Ethics competency involves two major components: (1) understanding principles of normative and non-normative ethical theories and (2) applying these principles in decision-making activities including case studies and contemporary social issues� Moral character is explored in all its dimensions: virtues and vices. BAS. Bachelor of Arts. and community involvement. however. a total of 25 credits of General Education courses in five subject areas is required for the Associate of Arts. and Bachelor of Science degrees� General Education requirements for all Ashford University associate. if needed. d� analyze connections between schools of thought and ethics and morals. students will emerge with a broadly based education that equips them. personal relationships. and • Competency courses may not simultaneously be used to satisfy subject area requirements� Demonstration of the competencies listed below is required for the AA.

students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� write appropriately for different occasions. Students will study computer concepts. 62 Computer Competency (3 credits) Computer competency is defined as the level of computer literacy necessary to understand the purpose of a computer. f� use various strategies for organizing information in speeches to achieve his or her purposes. and how computers influence society. b� discuss the advantages and limitations of computers. are required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: Required courses: • ENG 121 English Composition I (3 credits) • ENG 122 English Composition II (3 credits) Choose one course from: • COM 200 Interpersonal Communication (3 credits) OR • SPE 103 Oral Communication (3 credits) Students have the option of using a passing score on a CLEP examination to fulfill the English Composition I or Composition II requirement. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • BUS 250 Corporate and Social Responsibility (AAB only) (3 credits) • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics and Medical Law (3 credits) • PHI 107/307 Philosophy of Human Conduct (3 credits) • PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • REL 203 Contemporary Human Problems (3 credits) • SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits) Typically. totaling 9 credits. and f� prepare a manuscript using a standard style of documentation� In speech. to persuade. how computers assist individuals and organizations to work more efficiently. identify inconsistencies in logic. and separate fact from opinion)� Three communication courses. c� select and use with confidence a variety of audiovisual aids to present messages. and purposes. Communication Competency (9 credits) Learning Outcomes To earn a degree at the University. to present formal speeches). courses that deal with ethics or morality. audiences.General One applied ethics course. e� locate appropriate information for speeches. may be applied in transfer to satisfy this competency� A competency test is available to campus students upon request� d� demonstrate competence in verbal and nonverbal aspects of delivery. 3 credits. students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� speak confidently to achieve various purposes (to inform. e� use information in an ethical manner to produce research papers with a persuasive or expository purpose. and present it in an ethical manner avoiding plagiarism. evaluate it for credibility. show awareness of a speaker’s technique. Ashford University . a student must demonstrate writing and speaking competency� In writing. b� use the conventions of standard written English with skill and assurance. and to create visual presentations� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� discuss the future prospects of computer hardware. and the role of system software� Students will utilize computer applications software to produce various documents. d� use critical reading skills in evaluating information gathered from various sources. terminology.Academic Information and Policies . recognize the intention of a speaker. usually with a PHI or REL prefix. b� adapt his or her message to a specific audience and occasion. c� locate information from library and non-library sources for use in research projects. Campus students may fulfill the Composition II requirement by earning a passing score on an Ashford English Department examination� Campus students may also satisfy the speech requirement by earning a passing score on an Ashford University speech examination or through a portfolio demonstrating a range of public speaking experiences� Please note: Students placed in ENG 100 must earn a grade of “C” before progressing to ENG 121. and g� listen effectively (i�e�. to construct spreadsheets.

introductory computer courses or courses stressing the application of computers to a specific industry may be applied in transfer to satisfy the computer competency requirement� Most applicable courses will have a BPC. and test data. and e� classify and evaluate inductive reasoning� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . CIS. j� use a computer to create spreadsheets. h� use a computer to perform file management. e� speak knowledgeably about how computers impact society. 3 credits. k� use a computer to create visual presentations. analyze. 3 credits. degree. i� use of computer to create text documents. One computer course. b� reasoning skills to analyze situations and draw valid conclusions. A competency test is available to campus students upon request� Mathematics Competency (3 credits) Mathematics competency permits students to efficiently process data and to learn new material in fields inside and outside of mathematics� Students will develop a knowledge base that allows logical reasoning and valid problem-solving techniques� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� communication of mathematical concepts. INF. c� modeling real data and refining the model if necessary. or COMP prefix. and using the essential skills of deductive and inductive argument analysis and evaluation� Students must demonstrate practical applications of critical thinking in academic disciplines� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this competency will be able to do the following: a� formulate and analyze deductive reasoning. d� using technology to organize. 3 credits. A competency test is available to campus students on request� One critical thinking course. and m� define essential computer concepts.S.General c� describe software types and their functions. logic courses or courses stressing critical thinking may be applied in transfer to satisfy the critical thinking competency� Most applicable courses will have a PHI or LOG prefix. b� distinguish logical fallacies from valid arguments. except those with an A�A� or A. l� use library and computer resources to do research. c� apply critical reasoning concepts in his/her academic discipline. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • MAT 126 Survey of Mathematical Methods (3 credits) • MAT 225 College Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 228 Mathematical Modeling (3 credits) A comparable course with a grade of “C-” or better may be applied in transfer to satisfy the mathematics competency� All incoming campus students. and e� making connections to other disciplines� One math course. will be required to take a placement test approved by the Mathematics Department� Those placing beyond the courses listed above will be held to have satisfied the competency� 63 Critical Thinking Competency (3 credits) Critical Thinking competency is defined as a set of skills and strategies for making reasonable decisions about what we do and believe� These skills and strategies include understanding the use of thought and language. f� use the computer as a tool to improve problem solving at school. or a math course with a grade of “C” or higher deemed equivalent to the competency requirement. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • COM 323 Persuasion & Argumentation (3 credits) • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) • PHI 104 Fundamentals of Critical Reasoning (3 credits) Typically. g� use operating software.Academic Information and Policies . at home. and at work. recognizing the most common logical fallacies. is required� Ashford University offers the following course to satisfy this requirement: • INF 103 Computer Literacy (3 credits) Typically. d� discuss the ethical implications of computer use. d� contrast the purposes of language in persuasive statements.

and appreciation for. film.Academic Information and Policies .General General Education Subject Areas (25 credits) • MUS 105 Music Theory I (3 credits) • MUS 255/355 Music in the United States (3 credits) • MUS 257 The American Musical Theater (3 credits) • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) Typically. society. dance (non-PE activity). and demonstrate analytical and interpretive skills. the value of the arts through individual expression and through an examination of his/her impact on society� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� understand the role of the arts as both a reflection of. d� comprehend/realize/understand the impact of the creative process on people’s cultural and ethical values and principles. a course in one of the following subject areas may be applied in transfer to satisfy the aesthetic awareness requirement: art. and an influence on. information and personal growth� Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� interpret and evaluate works of literature using his or her own values and beliefs. and h� compose in-depth research papers on literary topics using the MLA documentation format� One literature course. f� use technology to research topics in literature and create informative presentations. photography. thereby gaining insight into both our individual selves and our relations with others. make logical inferences. c� understand the role of literature as the product of a culture at a given historical moment. e� discover the diversity of experience. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) • ART 102/202/302/402 Study of Art and Culture Abroad (3 credits) • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 200/ART 300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art (3 credits) • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) • ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits) • LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) • MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits) 64 Literature (3 credits) Learning Outcomes The student will develop life long habits of reading literature for pleasure. and music� A course may be applied only once to meet a General Education requirement� Whether a course may be applied simultaneously to a General Education requirement and to a major requirement depends on the requirements specified for each major. and e� gain an appreciation for the communal and communicative value of the arts through participation in fine arts classes. g� write effective critical essays on works of literature. d� explore the realm of the imagination and discover relations among fiction. imagination and experience. Courses offered to satisfy the General Education subject area requirements are listed below: Aesthetic Awareness (3 credits) The student will develop an understanding of. b� demonstrate knowledge of the terminology and skills necessary to understand the artistic experience. as well as what is held in common with those of other cultures and historical moments. 3 credits. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • ENG 125 Introduction to Literature (3 credits) • ENG 201 American Literature to 1865 (3 credits) • ENG 202 American Literature Since 1865 (3 credits) • ENG 203 British Literature I (3 credits) • ENG 204 British Literature II (3 credits) • ENG 212/312 African American Literature (3 credits) Ashford University . b� read accurately and with comprehension. 3 credits. c� incorporate analytical skills and aesthetic appreciation in the interpretation and evaluation of works of art. music ensembles and/or theatrical presentations� One aesthetic awareness course.

social processes. and processes over time. 3 credits. institutions. and the self� Three Social Awareness courses. and d� utilize the scientific method to address issues in the physical world� One physical world course. c� demonstrate skills and problem solving in a hands-on scientific laboratory experience. b� demonstrate an awareness of the relationship between human activity and the ability of the environment to sustain life. and physics� Social Awareness (9 credits) Physical World (4 credits) To foster environmental responsibility.General • ENG 217/317 International Voices (3 credits) • ENG 303 Survey of Shakespeare (3 credits) • ENG 388 Destination Course: Literary & Historical Developments in 19th Century England (3 credits) • LIB 316 Historical Contexts and Literature (3 credits) Typically. biology. b� demonstrate the ability to explain the development of selected societies.Academic Information and Policies . in the following areas may be applied in transfer to meet the physical world requirement: natural sciences including chemistry. will satisfy the literature requirement� • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) • SCI 201 Physical Geology (4 credits) • SCI 207 Dependence of Man on the Environment (4 credits) Typically. institutions. introductory courses with lab. the student will understand the human species as a dynamic component of the physical world� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� recognize the effect of natural phenomena on living things and the physical world. a course in World or Western Civilization. is required� Students with transfer credits in science may substitute two physical world courses without lab� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • BIO 100 Life Science (4 credits) • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • ENV/BIO 101 Humanity and the Environment (4 credits) • ENV/CHE 108 Introductory Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) • PHY 103 Weather and Climate (4 credits) • PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog The student will identify and explain significant relationships among peoples. 4 credits (with lab). totaling 9 credits. astronomy. and c� demonstrate the ability to distinguish between primary and secondary sources and explain the use of each in understanding the past� One historical perspectives course. survey courses in American and British literature and courses dealing with works of major writers. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) • HIS 388 Destination Course: Literary & Historical Developments in 19th Century England (3 credits) • LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature (3 credits) Typically. are required in the following perspectives areas� Historical Perspectives (3 credits) Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� demonstrate the ability to use the past as a context for explaining significant aspects of the present. applied in transfer. may be applied in transfer to satisfy the Historical Perspectives requirement� 65 . or an American history course.

Ashford University students will examine the role of values and beliefs in the development of peoples. and c� demonstrate the ability to explain the characteristic concepts of a social science methodology� One social perspectives course. processes. 3 credits. 3 credits. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • ENG 212/312 African-American Literature (3 credits) • ENG 217/317 International Voices (3 credits) • ENG/HIS 388 Destination Course (3 credits) • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • HIS 351 Asia in the World of Decolonization and Globalization (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern World (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 380 History and Culture of Mexico (3 credits) • LIB 382 London Studies (3 credits) • REL 113 Comparative Religions (3 credits) • REL 114 Comparative Religions II (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • SPA 103 Beginning Spanish I (3 credits) • SPA 104 Beginning Spanish II (3 credits) Typically. b� demonstrate the ability to explain major forms of interaction among different cultures. b� explain the social implications of institutional change. 66 Ashford University . a course with a cross-cultural. and c� explain implications of globalization� One multicultural perspectives course. global context. professions. c� identify the influence of values on personal and professional decision making. may be applied in transfer to satisfy the Multicultural Perspectives requirement� Social Perspectives (3 credits) Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� explain relationships between the individual and society. or a context other than the United States. b� identify his/her personal values and begin to critically evaluate them. is required� Ashford University offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY 202 Adult Development and Life Assessment (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) Values and Beliefs (6 credits) In pursuit of integrity in their lives. and communities.General Multicultural Perspectives (3 credits) Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� demonstrate the ability to identify the sources and forms of cultural diversity. and institutions� Learning Outcomes Students meeting this subject area will be able to do the following: a� demonstrate an understanding of the concepts/ principles that guide ethical behavior.Academic Information and Policies .

rather than to acquiring content� The instructor uses a facilitative approach (rather than lecture) in which students interact with one another and with the instructor. allowing students to complete a total of 12 credits (4 courses at 3 credits each) embedded within the traditional 16-week semester term� ASPIRE Course Delivery Undergraduate students meet with a classroom instructor for a 4-hour period once a week for five consecutive weeks� Ashford’s accelerated course delivery structure requires 20 classroom contact hours for completion of an undergraduate course carrying three credits� Graduate students meet with a classroom instructor for a 4-hour period once a week for six consecutive weeks. and values at Ashford University� Note: Faculty Academic Advisors. and f� demonstrate the ability to think critically and logically about philosophical and ethical issues� Two values and beliefs courses. IL� Students enrolled at this location will complete three credits in an accelerated 8-week format� Two courses will be offered every 8 weeks. religion. active-learning environment� 67 . and/or sociology-based coursework with a values and beliefs component may be applied in transfer to fulfill the values and beliefs requirement� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Freshman Experience Requirement • EXP 103 Freshman Experience (3 credits) (Campus only) The primary goal of this course is to assist all first-year campus-based students in their personal adjustment to college life� This is accomplished by investigation and practice of specific academic skills. Registrar’s Advisors. but it is the student’s responsibility to ensure he or she fulfills the above requirements. meeting the requirement of 24 classroom contact hours� Students must spend a significant block of time each week acquiring content information on their own. Course Delivery Methods Ashford University offers programs using the following course structures and delivery modalities: On-Campus Traditional Course Delivery Generally. are required� Ashford offers the following courses to satisfy this requirement: • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (3 credits) • PHI 100 Human Person and Values (3 credits) • PHI 101 Introduction to Philosophy (3 credits) • PHI 107/PHI 307 Philosophy of Human Conduct (3 credits) • PHI 200 Mind & Machine (3 credits) • PHI 210/PHI 310 Franciscanism: Today and Yesterday (3 credits) • PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • REL 100 Introduction to Theology (3 credits) • REL 101 Person and Faith (3 credits) • REL 107 Introduction to Sacred Scripture (3 credits) • REL 113 Comparative Religions (3 credits) • REL 114 Comparative Religions II (3 credits) • REL 130 Quest for Judaic-Christian Values (3 credits) • REL 250 Judeo-Christian Thought (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility (3 credits) • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • SOC 402 Contemporary Social Problems & the Workplace (3 credits) Typically. by using textbook and other resources provided before the class session each week� Classroom time is devoted to knowledge processing and application. which further contributes to a dynamic. 6 credits.General d� develop an understanding and respect for the values of others. a combination of coursework in philosophy. and Academic Advisors assist students with course selection.Academic Information and Policies . e� demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of philosophical/theological inquiry. outside of the classroom. especially peoples different from themselves. by inquiry into life skills necessary for citizenship in any diverse community. and by knowledge of history. Ashford University courses are offered oncampus during two traditional 16-week semesters� A limited number of course offerings are also available during shorter summer sessions and winter interim sessions between fall and spring semesters� Classes meet on campus throughout the week days for traditional students� Starting in Fall 2008. traditions. a limited number of upper division courses will be offered at Sauk Valley Community College in Dixon.

and students are required to satisfy all academic requirements. Registering as a non-degree seeking student in no way guarantees or implies admission to any degree programs� Credit is granted. as well as to assess the suitability of a non-degree seeking student for any course� Note: Non-degree seeking students are not eligible to take courses offered in the Associate of Arts in Business degree program. or full-time student according to enrollment requirements for the degree program� Undergraduate students are further classified according to the number of undergraduate credits earned� Non-Degree Seeking Students Students who wish to take a limited number of courses and do not wish to be enrolled in a degree program at Ashford University may enroll as non-degree seeking students (non-degree students or non-matriculated students) by completing an application for admission� Students who enroll as non-degree seeking students are generally expected to have earned the prerequisite degree(s) required for admission to an Ashford University degree program through which the courses are offered� Applicants may be required to submit copies of transcripts indicating previous degree earned� Students who are enrolled in high school must be recommended by their high school guidance counselor or equivalent administrator for non-degree seeking student status� Nondegree seeking students pay the standard tuition rate and are ineligible for financial aid. half-time.Academic Information and Policies . unless otherwise approved by the Dean of the College� Students who enroll as nondegree seeking are generally expected to have earned the prerequisite degree(s) required for admission to an 68 Major/Minor Overlap Exceptions A maximum of 50% of required credits in a minor can overlap with courses fulfilling major requirements in order to declare the given major/minor combination. grades are recorded. Specific log-in requirements are built into the design of each course and monitored over the Internet through the Blackboard instructional platform� The course structure allows students to take the initiative to learn content on their own time and provides carefully developed learning activities that allow students to optimize their knowledge processing/application efforts� Course objectives are clearly stated and measured through multiple measures� Ashford University degree program in which the courses are offered and any prerequisite coursework required for an individual course� Non-degree seeking students planning to formally apply for admission to a program should have their intended course selections reviewed by their Academic Advisors to determine relevance and potential applicability to the program� Individuals who have previously matriculated at Ashford University but are not in attendance currently. qualified students may be permitted to apply a specified number of credits to a degree program. for courses taken� Upon acceptance to the program. An accelerated online graduate course lasts six weeks. Students who wish to apply credits to an undergraduateor graduate-level degree program at Ashford University may apply up to 12 credits. Classification of Students Degree-Seeking Students A degree-seeking student is one who has been accepted by the University as a degree candidate and is currently enrolled� A student who remains continuously enrolled is classified as a less than half-time. unless otherwise specified by current program. including prerequisites.General Online Course Delivery Undergraduate students complete three credits in accelerated online delivery in five weeks. or those who have been dismissed or disqualified from Ashford University must petition the Vice President of Academic Affairs on campus or the Provost for online courses. to register as a non-degree seeking student� Graduates of Ashford University are generally permitted to register for continued coursework as non-degree seeking students� The number of non-degree seeking students in any class may be limited� Ashford University reserves the right to limit courses for which a non-degree seeking student may register. those who previously have been denied regular admission. The following major/minors combinations are approved exceptions to the 50% rule: Major Minor Business Administration Information Systems Business Administration Natural Science Public Relations & Marketing Public Relations & Marketing Sociology Sports & Recreation Management Visual Art Biology Clinical Lab Science Nuclear Medicine Technology Sports & Recreation Management Child Learning & Development e-Business Marketing Social and Criminal Justice Business Administration Computer Graphic Design Chemistry Chemistry Chemistry Ashford University . threequarter time.

and wishes to earn an additional Master’s degree must fulfill all degree and graduation requirements applicable to the additional degree� Any credits applied to a previously awarded degree cannot be applied to a subsequent degree� If a student has completed coursework that fulfills content requirements for the second Master’s degree. or an appropriately credentialed university.General Completion of Additional Majors Students who wish to pursue an additional major at the undergraduate level may do so by successfully fulfilling the requirements for that major� Students must complete a minimum of twenty-four (24) unique credits that apply to the additional major and are not used to satisfy major requirements in any other declared majors� Coursework in the additional major must be completed within the normal timeframe for the degree� If a baccalaureate degree has already been awarded from Ashford. only the most recent grade earned affects the grade point average. “W” grades are counted as credits attempted when calculating completion-rate requirements for satisfactory academic progress. coursework must commence before a period of five (5) years has elapsed from the date the B�A� or B�S� degree was granted� The student’s transcript will reflect completion of the additional major upon completion of all the required coursework� Sequence of Courses In most cases. If a student completes coursework that fulfills content requirements for more than one Master’s degree. A. and transfer credit hours are not reflected in the Ashford University grade point average� Completion of Additional Master’s Degrees Grading System and Grade Points Credits are awarded in semester credit hours� Note: Plus and Minus grades and/or “D” grades are not applicable to graduate programs. Grades/Quality Points: A = 4�0 CD+ D DF WF = 1�7 = 1�3 = 1�0 = 0�7 = 0 = 0 A student who has previously earned a Master’s degree at Ashford University. major.” No grades are awarded for transferred credits. minor.= 3�7 B+ = 3�3 B = 3�0 Completion of Concurrent Master’s Degrees B. Course sequencing requirements may be outlined for each degree program. students are not permitted to take a course for credit after they have completed a more advanced course in the same subject with a grade of “C-” or higher. Unless the specific degree requires General Education requirements beyond the traditional General Education core. courses cannot be used to fulfill total credit requirements across more than one Master’s degree program� Any credits applied to one Master’s degree cannot be applied to another Master’s degree. the student must complete additional courses to fulfill total credit requirements for the additional degree� Students pursuing this option should discuss financial aid implications with their Financial Services Advisor� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Other Grading Designations T I = Transfer Credit = Incomplete Course (replaced when final grade is awarded) 69 .Academic Information and Policies . the grade point value of the first grade is no longer included in calculating the cumulative average. an appropriately accredited Bachelor’s degree will meet all General Education requirements� The grade point average is determined by dividing the total number of quality points earned by the total number of credits attempted for which quality points are given� The grades of “Incomplete” and “Passing” do not alter the grade point average� If a student repeats a course. and/or specialization� Academic Credit Academic credit at Ashford University is granted using the semester credit hour system� Grade Point Average Completion of Additional Baccalaureate Degrees A student who has previously earned a baccalaureate degree at an appropriately credentialed university and wishes to earn an additional baccalaureate degree must complete an additional 30 upper-division credits at the University and fulfill all graduation requirements applicable to the additional degree. the student must complete additional courses to fulfill total credit requirements for the additional degree.= 2�7 C+ = 2�3 C = 2�0 For students who enroll concurrently in more than one Master’s degree program. “WF” grades are counted as credits attempted and equal the same grade points as an “F.

credit is earned for a course only once� The previous grades for all repeated courses are retained on the transcript and count as credits attempted� Only the most recent grades and points are used in calculating the grade point average (GPA)� Transfer credit from other institutions is noted on the transcript in semester credit hours� Repeated Courses A course may be repeated at the University if the initial grade in the course was a “C” or lower. students in accelerated course modalities are responsible for adhering to all program attendance policies� Incomplete grades will not be issued to students who have not met attendance requirements for the entire course� • Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship during the last 25% of a course should request an incomplete grade through their instructor prior to the course end date� However. unless a compelling reason is addressed� • The instructor must approve the plan presented by the student for satisfying the requirements of the course and meet attendance requirements for the course� Students in accelerated course modalities must meet weekly attendance requirements through the end of the course� • The student has up to 30 days. based on instructor discretion.Academic Information and Policies . unless an extension is otherwise approved by the Dean of the appropriate College� If the student does not complete the work. there may be extreme circumstances that prohibit a student from making this request prior to the conclusion of a course� In order to appeal for an “I” grade after the end date of a course. The most recent grade earned in the course is used in computing the cumulative grade point average� Limits on the number of courses or times a course may be repeated may be set at the degree and/or major level� Incomplete Grades Incomplete (“I”) grades are issued at the discretion of the instructor and based upon compelling circumstances� The “I” grade appears on the grade reports and/or official transcripts. incompletes will 70 . although grade points will not be earned� = Credit by Exam = Enrolled in Course = Withdrew from Course Withdrawn Fail.General AU P = Audited Course (On-Campus Traditional Only) Designates Pass/Fail credit earned for courses = specifically designated as Pass/Fail. the student must submit a written grade appeal with official documentation of the hardship experienced to the Vice President of Academic Affairs. An incomplete grade or a grade of “W” may be approved and applied for the following documented reasons that directly impacted the student’s ability to complete the course requirements or program during the last 25% of the course: • Documented military duty that resulted in an inability to continue in the course or program. issued when a student drops = or is administratively dropped from a course after 75% of the total instructional time has elapsed� Credits are marked as attempted and grade points are equivalent to an “F” grade. • Documented act of nature. = Competency by Exam not be granted to students hoping to improve their grades� • The student must send a formal request for the incomplete to the instructor� Incompletes requested in the last week of class will be denied. his or her grade automatically defaults to the grade earned as of the conclusion of the course� • Regardless of a request for an incomplete grade. or • Documented temporary severe economic hardship� Ashford University CR E W WF CE PLA = Prior Learning Assessment Credit AP ** NC = Advanced Placement Credit = Repeated Course* = No Credit *A student may repeat a course previously taken only if the initial grade earned was a “C” or lower. • Documented death in the family. from the last day of the course to finish his or her coursework. Unless otherwise designated. Credits earned count toward the degree requirements. • Documented personal or family medical emergency. To issue a grade of “I” for a course. the following conditions must be met: • The student’s coursework to date in the course must be of passing quality.

which is before the conclusion of the first 10% of the total number of instructional weeks of attendance. • Students who do not return from an approved leave of absence. Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 75% of the total instructional time will receive a grade of “WF” in the course� Reinstatement Process After Withdrawal (Less Than One Year) Students who are withdrawn from Ashford University may request reinstatement to the same degree/program in which they were enrolled at the time of withdrawal� Students seeking reinstatement to a different degree/ program must complete admission materials and meet requirements for admission to that degree/ program� Students seeking reinstatement to Ashford University should contact their Academic Advisors for accelerated programs and the Registrar’s Office for traditional programs� Reinstatement is not guaranteed� If reinstatement is granted. of his or her intent to withdraw or the midpoint of the payment period or period of enrollment� Course Drop Students who officially drop from a course or courses during the add/drop period. the last date of attendance will be the earlier of the date the student began the withdrawal process by notifying the institution. will have that course removed from their academic transcripts� Drop Deadlines: 16-week course = Week 2 6-week course = Week 1 5-week course = Week 1 3-week course = Day 3 Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% of the total instructional weeks of attendance will receive a “W” in the course. a student’s last date of attendance date is: • The last documented date of academically related activity by the student (attendance is documented on a weekly basis in courses utilizing online learning). Students who are not able to complete at least 75% of the course prior to requesting an incomplete grade are also ineligible� Note: Please refer to the Grade Appeals policy outlined in this Catalog for complete details on Ashford University’s Grade Appeals policy. or • In instances where a last date of academically related activity cannot be established. • Students who do not meet the minimum attendance requirements for the course/program. or course sequence. • Students who fail to follow the proper procedures for requesting a leave or who do not receive approval for their leave. Last Week to Drop with a Grade of W: 16-week course = Week 12 6-week course = Week 5 5-week course = Week 4 3-week course = Day 16 Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% of total instructional weeks of attendance will receive a grade of “W” in the course. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Students who are withdrawn from Ashford University and are seeking readmission to the same or a different degree/program must submit new admission materials� This process is to ensure that the University has current demographic information for each student� A second application fee is not required� If the student has continued his or her education at another school since leaving the University.Academic Information and Policies . the University will determine the conditions under which the student may re-enroll and will convey those conditions to the student� 71 . term. official transcript(s) from any other college attended should be submitted� Students must meet admission requirements and complete all degree requirements in effect for the program of study at the time of readmission� Readmission is not guaranteed� If reinstatement is granted. in writing or orally. or • Students requesting to officially withdraw from the University� Last Date of Attendance For official or unofficial withdrawals.General • Students who are dropped from a course for not meeting attendance requirements are not eligible to receive an “I” grade. Ashford University will determine any conditions under which the student may be reinstated and will convey those conditions to the student� Readmission Process After Withdrawal (One Year or More) Withdrawal from the University Ashford University determines that a student is withdrawn when he or she falls into one of the following categories: • Students who do not register for and attend the current semester.

and summer schedules� The University’s PrairieCat consortium online catalog provides access to the 8�4 million volumes in the University collection in addition to the collections of more than 90 regional libraries� Students may choose to receive materials from other libraries. Current and back-file collections of more than 600 periodicals and journals are housed in the Library in several formats. and August� Students who meet the following criteria will be recognized for their scholarship through the Academic Dean’s List� • 3�50 Ashford University cumulative grade point average. either by regular courier delivery to the Library or by visiting these libraries and using a patron ID. break.500 print and non-print instructional materials� Access to these instructional aids is available to all patrons. May. but check-out privileges are limited to currently enrolled Ashford University undergraduate and graduate students majoring in education� 72 Ashford University . and • Currently attending or on an approved Leave of Absence at the time of review� Curriculum Resource Center (CRC) – On-Campus Located on the Library’s main floor. to engage in group study. Students are invited to come to the Flavian Center for individual tutoring. who taught for many years in Clinton’s Catholic schools� Sister Flavian was renowned for giving students individual attention in those areas of study where they experienced difficulty.General Requests for Program Change Students who are requesting a program change must submit any additional admission materials required for the new program of study� Students must meet admission requirements and complete all degree requirements in effect for the program of study at the time of admission to the new program� Admission is not guaranteed� The University will determine the conditions under which the student may enroll and will convey those conditions to the student� Assistance in Developing Writing Proficiency A number of self-help resources are available on the Ashford University website for students preparing to meet the writing proficiency standards in degree programs offered online� In addition. for items in the online catalog or on the OCLC national network from libraries throughout the world� The Library coordinates on-campus and remote access to online research databases� Instruction in the use of these databases and other library resources is available on campus for groups. and special holiday. The Flavian Center seeks to further her work� The Center is committed to helping on-campus learners of all ability levels achieve and maintain the academic competencies that form the core of a liberal arts education� The General Education requirements in a liberal arts institution cover a wide range of disciplines. and full-text articles from hundreds of other journals are available by using the online research databases� Computer and audio-visual materials are also available for use in the classroom� Interlibrary loan services are provided free of charge. OSF. fee-based tutorial services are available to students who need personal assistance in writing skill improvement� Campus students are provided with support and tutoring through the Flavian Achievement Center� Learning Resources Library Ashford University students have access to both traditional and online research resources and services during Library hours that include 85 weekly hours during regular semesters. or to participate in competency-based activities suggested by the academic departments� These free services are provided by professional staff and peer tutors who have demonstrated excellence in the basic competencies as well as in a variety of content areas� In addition to academic assistance. the CRC supports Ashford University’s education programs by providing access to more than 7. extended hours during finals. in December. • In good academic standing at the time of review. the Flavian Center has computers that may be used for academic research and word processing and a number of software programs relevant to the content areas� Make-up and assessment testing are also provided by the Flavian Center� Program Completion and Honors Dean’s List Center for External Studies: Associate and Bachelor degree-seeking students will be evaluated three times per calendar year for academic recognition. and individuals and by email� Flavian Achievement Center – On-Campus The Flavian Achievement Center is named for Sister Flavian Launderville. classes. • Have completed a minimum of 12 credit hours in the ASPIRE program or online program. via the PrairieCat system.Academic Information and Policies . and most students can benefit from academic assistance.

must be submitted as a requirement for participation in Ashford University commencement� Commencement ceremonies are held two times a year on the Ashford University campus in Clinton. including required fees. recognizes the top accounting graduate� The Alex Esquivel Promising Teacher Award is given in memory of a graduate of the Elementary Education program and goes to a teacher education graduate who shows exceptional potential as an educator� The James Mooney Social Science Award recognizes the social science graduate with the highest grade point average and is named for the distinguished American anthropologist whose sister. Alpha Sigma Lambda. Iowa� Petitions received after the deadlines will be forwarded to the next commencement ceremony date� Students must be within six (6) credits of meeting all graduation requirements. was Mother Superior of the Sisters of St� Francis from 1879 to 1900 and was one of the founders of Mount St� Clare Academy� The Joan Walsh Richeson Award honors the memory of a former faculty member and prominent artist and goes to the Arts and Science major who best personifies the values of a liberal arts education. sponsored by the Note: Dates may be updated periodically and are available on the Petition to Graduate form in the Registrar’s Office or online in the Student Portal at www. The College of Business Scholar’s Award. the Registrar’s Office identifies students who merit academic recognition for their scholarship� Students enrolled for a minimum of six credits who earn a grade point average of 3�50 or above are placed on the Dean’s List� Iowa Society of Certified Public Accountants.50 may graduate “with Distinction.” With Distinction 3�50 or above Recognition also is given to Scholars Institute graduates and to students who are members of honor societies: Junior/Senior Honor Society. 2010 Application Deadline October 1. certificates. and transcripts will be withheld until all accounts at the University are paid in full� Commencement Ceremony Graduation Honors and Awards Candidates for a Bachelor’s degree who have completed at least 55 credits at the University and candidates for the Associate degree who have completed at least 32 credits at the University may be awarded the following honors at graduation by earning the corresponding grade point average: Cum laude Magna cum laude Summa cum laude 3�30–3�69 3�70–3�89 3�90 or above The completed Petition to Graduate form.General On-Campus Traditional: Following the close of each semester. must be submitted as a requirement for graduation from all Ashford University programs� Students should petition to graduate when they are within four (4) courses of program completion or before the beginning of their final semester. as per the published deadlines below. Diplomas.edu. The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma reflects the date the student completes all degree requirements� Degree completion is generally recorded on a student’s official transcript within 30 days after completion of ALL program requirements� Diplomas are generally ordered within 30 days after completion of all program requirements and payment of all related tuition and fees� The Petition to Graduate is available in the Registrar’s Office or online in the Student Portal at www�ashford�edu. and Mu Sigma Eta� Also recognized are students who were selected for “Who’s Who Among Students in American Colleges and Universities. Sr� Agnes Mooney. including required fees. 2009 May 8. prior to participating in the commencement ceremony� Commencement Dates for 2009/2010 December 12. 2009 March 1.” Five awards are given at commencement to graduates who have distinguished themselves in their major areas of study� The Accounting Student Award. sponsored by the College of Business and Professional Studies is given to the highest-ranking graduate in business as determined by the College� Graduation/Degree Awards The completed Petition to Graduate form. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 73 . 2010 Candidates for a Bachelor’s degree who have completed 30 credits (but fewer than 55 credits) with letter grades at the University and who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.ashford.Academic Information and Policies .

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and the College of Education (formally known as the Marilyn Huegerich College of Education)� Study of the liberal arts provides a common learning perspective across the disciplines.Section Seven Ashford University offers the following baccalaureate programs at its campus in Clinton. Iowa� These academic programs are administered by the College of Arts and Sciences. the College of Business and Professional Studies. a perspective that is enhanced by a traditional residential campus environment and a community where scholarship and human relationships are valued� On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Arts • English and Communication • Environmental Studies On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Health Care Administration • History • Natural Science • Psychology • Social and Criminal Justice • Social Science • Sociology • Visual Art Bachelor of Science • Biology • Clinical Cytotechnology • Clinical Laboratory Science • Computer Science and Mathematics • Health Science • Health Science Administration • Natural Science • Nuclear Medicine Technology Bachelor of Applied Science • Health Care Administration 75 .

December 7-10 Saturday. May 3−6 Saturday. 2010 76 Ashford University . CPA track) • Business Administration • Business Information Systems • Computer Graphic Design • Public Relations and Marketing • Sports and Recreation Management Bachelor of Applied Science • Accounting • Computer • Computer Graphic Design • Management Academic Calendar: On-Campus Traditional Programs (2009–2010) FALL SEMESTER: August 24–December 11. August 24 Monday. May 8 MAY TERM and SUMMER TERM: 2010 May Term (3-week session) Summer Term (6-week session) May 10−May 28. Tuesday. January 19 Monday. December 12 College of Education Bachelor of Arts • Business Education • Education (non-licensure) • Elementary Education (grades K-8) • Physical Education WINTERIM: January 4–January 15. September 7 Thursday−Friday. 2010 SPRING SEMESTER: January 19–May 6.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs College of Business and Professional Studies Bachelor of Arts • Accounting • Professional Accounting Program (154 credits. 2010 Student Registration Classes Begin President’s Day Holiday Spring Break Final Exams Graduation Must be completed prior to the first day of class. March 15-19 Monday−Thursday. August 23 Monday. November 26-27 Monday−Thursday. 2009 New Student Registration Convocation Ceremony Classes Begin Labor Day Holiday Thanksgiving Break Final Exams December Graduation Must be completed prior to the first day of class. February 15 Monday−Friday. 2010 June 7−July 16. Sunday.

or summer admission. GED. Documentation Required: • Final official high school transcript indicating an earned regular high school diploma. Notification of admission status is made within ten days following receipt of all necessary forms. and/or a personal interview with the Vice President of Academic Affairs� Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors� Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year� If an applicant graduated from high school three (3) or more years prior to admission and does not meet the GPA or class rank criteria. • A rank in the upper half of the graduating class. 500 paper based. an essay. or 61 Internet based is required�) Traditional Undergraduate Program Admission Requirements Requirements for Full Admission (Less than 30 college-level transfer credits) Freshman students who seek to attend the University should meet two of the three following requirements: • A grade point average (GPA) of 2�0 or above in college preparatory courses or regular high school courses (GED equivalency is also accepted) or have completed secondary school through home schooling. Iowa 52733-2967 make a decision on the student’s admission� Additional application requirements may include ACT or SAT scores. then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Requirements for Conditional Admission Student may be enrolled. an essay. • Official ACT scores or SAT scores (required if applicant does not meet GPA and class rank criteria and/or applicant completed high school less than three years prior to application date). • Nonrefundable application fee. as defined by state law. transcripts. and test scores� Please write or call the Office of Admissions (563) 242-4023 or 1-800-242-4153 with any questions� All applicants for admission should forward the necessary admissions materials to: Director of Admissions Ashford University 400 N� Bluff Blvd� P�O� Box 2967 Clinton. and • The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods: • Submission of high school transcripts indicating that English was the primary mode of instruction or that GED was taken in English. An earned IEP or Special Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular high school diploma requirement for admission to Ashford University. recommendation letters. or • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� (A minimum score of 173 computer based. and/or a personal interview with the Vice President of Academic Affairs� Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors� Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year. spring. 77 . or documentation that the applicant has completed secondary school through home schooling.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Admission Policies and Procedures General Admission Process Admissions decisions are made on a continuous basis� Applicants may apply for fall. • Transcript of high school credits (complete and official high school transcript must be submitted after graduation). then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to make a decision on the student’s admission� Additional application requirements may include recommendation letters. Students must contact the Office of Admissions for admission materials. but CANNOT attend class� Students normally apply for admission early in the senior year of high school and should provide the Admissions Office with the following documentation: • Completed application for admission. • Official ACT or SAT scores (required if applicant does not meet GPA and/or class rank criteria and applicant completed high school less than three years prior to application date). • Official transcripts from any college-level coursework attempted. and/or • A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT composite score of 860� If an applicant meets only one of the three criteria for admission. as defined by state law.

or • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� (A minimum score of 173 computer based. recognized by the Department of Education of the state in which it was earned. • The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods: • Graduation from a high school where English was the primary mode of instruction or where GED was taken in English. and • A rank in the upper half of the graduating class. recommendation letters. • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� A minimum score of 173 computer based. OR a minimum of 60 transferable 78 Provisional admission may only be used beginning two weeks prior to semester start� Student may attend class for up to one semester in provisional status� International students are not permitted to enter under this status� Documentation Required: • Copies of all required documentation outlined for full admission� Students who seek to attend the University must meet the requirements for full admission based upon unofficial documentation� Additional Admission Requirements for Applicants Relying on Academic Credentials Earned Outside the United States for Admission In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate students. as defined by Ashford University transfer credit policies. and • A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT composite score of 860� credits from an appropriately accredited postsecondary institution. an essay. or 61 Internet based is required. and/or • A record of having achieved the equivalency of a United States high school diploma� Ashford University . • Official transcripts from any college-level coursework attempted indicating 30+ transfer credits earned. or 61 Internet based is required�) Unofficial documentation must indicate that the student will likely meet two out of three of the following criteria upon graduation from high school: • A grade point average (GPA) of 2�0 or above in college preparatory courses or regular high school courses (GED equivalency is also accepted). or • Submission of copies of transcripts designating that a minimum of 30 transferable credits have been taken at regionally or nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States� Requirements for Provisional Admission Requirements for Full AdmissionTransfer Students (30+ transferable college credits) Transfer students who seek to attend the University should meet the following requirement: • A cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2�0 or above in all college-level coursework attempted� If a transfer applicant does not meet the GPA criteria. 500 paper based.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Nonrefundable application fee. applicants must submit an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that they have met one or more of the following requirements: • The equivalent of an Associate’s degree from the United States with 60 or more transferable credits. and/or a personal interview with the Vice President of Academic Affairs� Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors� Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year� Documentation Required: • Signed application indicating a high school diploma or GED equivalency. 500 paper based. and • The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods: • Submission of high school transcripts indicating that English was the primary mode of instruction or that GED was taken in English. then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to make a decision on the student’s admission� Additional application requirements may include ACT or SAT scores.

or J nonimmigrant classification: written confirmation of nonimmigrant status at previous school attended before transferring to Ashford University� If an applicant seeking to enroll in valid student nonimmigrant status is transferring from a college or university in the United States. cross-country. soccer. Financial statements (typically provided by a bank) must verify sufficient funds to cover the cost of the educational program as well as all living expenses. The University is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and the Midwest Classic Conference� NAIA eligibility regulations state that the student wishing to participate in intercollegiate athletics if a first-time entering freshman must meet at least two of three entrylevel requirements: • Have a score of at least 18 on the ACT or 860 on the SAT. and women’s basketball. soccer. sound card. called The Saints. Inc� (ECE) OR • World Education Services (WES) Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to making application to Ashford University may petition the University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies. or Opera. cross-country. and • For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in the United States at the time of application in either F. students. • For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in the United States at the time of application: a photocopy of the visa page contained within the student’s passport as well as a photocopy of the student’s I/94 arrival departure record (both sides). golf. PowerPoint. Applicants seeking to enroll in valid nonimmigrant status must meet all admissions requirements stipulated for all students and must additionally submit each of the following items: • A completed and signed Statement of Financial Support. and/or • Graduate in the top half of the senior class in high school� In addition. Iowa. basketball. 1Gb free disk space. • Official financial statements. or greater. the International Student Transfer Clearance form is also required� If the applicant is accepted. Internet Explorer 5�5 or greater. and Adobe Acrobat. Netscape 6 or greater. NT. System Requirements: The following minimum system configuration and software are required: • Platforms: Mac OS X 10�2 or greater or Windows 2000. and track and field. softball. participate in 13 intercollegiate sports: men’s baseball. • Productivity Software: Microsoft Word. 79 . XP. and • Ability to use appropriate anti-virus utilities so that transmitted files are virus free. CD-ROM. and faculty using email and the Web. and volleyball. track and field. a student must be enrolled in a minimum of 12 institutional credits per semester and earn a specified number of credits each academic year� Details regarding athletic eligibility may be found in the Ashford University Student Athletes’ Handbook. • Web Browser: Firefox. • Hardware: Minimum 512Mb RAM. golf.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services: • Educational Credentials Evaluators. • Windows Media Player 7�0 or higher. Safari. • Ability to correspond with University staff. • Achieve an overall high school grade point of 2�00 on a 4�00 scale. Additional Admission Requirements for Nonimmigrant Students Ashford University is authorized under federal law to enroll nonimmigrant alien students in approved programs offered in Clinton. • A photocopy of the student’s passport to provide proof of birth date and citizenship� Students outside the United States who have not yet acquired a passport will need to submit a copy of their birth certificates. he or she will be sent additional information regarding the student visa application process� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Technology Requirements It is our intent to assist students and to prepare them adequately for their coursework at Ashford University� Therefore. and speakers. technology competencies and requirements have been established� These requirements are in effect for all Ashford students taking courses on campus and using laptops� Students must meet the following competencies: • Ability to access course and program material on the Web. to participate in intercollegiate sports. M. Athletics and Admission The University athletic teams. Excel.

Change of Major: Students changing their majors must satisfy the academic eligibility requirements of the involved department(s) at the time the new major 80 Transfer Credits Transfer credits will be evaluated by the Office of the Registrar in terms of curriculum� Courses similar in content and level will be accepted as equivalents to University courses based on the following criteria: • Coursework must be completed at a regionally or approved nationally accredited college or university at the time the student attended� • Students transferring credits from international institutions will be accepted based on a detailed evaluation from an approved evaluation service� • Course must be freshman/sophomore level or higher� • Course must not duplicate previously completed coursework� Unless special conditions exist. or Health Care Administration programs. Eudora. upper-division courses will not be considered equivalent or duplicative of lower-division courses� • Grade of “C-” or better must have been earned. Outlook Express. • A quarter credit taken in transfer will be equated to two-thirds of a semester credit� • The Associate of Arts degree from a regionally accredited college or university. • Achieve an overall cumulative grade point average of 2�50 in all major and collateral courses completed at the time a declaration of major is filed. and • New entering freshmen or transfer students without an Associate’s Degree must complete MAT 332 by the end of their sophomore year (fourth semester)� Transfer students with an Associate’s Degree must complete MAT 332 or its equivalent by the end of their second semester at Ashford University� Part-time students should complete MAT 332 or its equivalent by the conclusion of their fourth semester at Ashford University� The above requirements apply to both native students and transfer students. The form must be signed by the student’s Faculty Academic Advisor� The student must satisfy the academic eligibility requirements of the involved department(s) at the time the major is declared� After the Declaration of Major form is returned to the Registrar’s Office. The Office of the Registrar will evaluate transfer credit through an official transcript before accepting a transfer student into one of the aforementioned majors� To be accepted in Practitioner Preparation or to apply for student teaching. will be accepted by Ashford as fulfilling all the General Education and competency requirements in Bachelor’s programs offered at Ashford University� A maximum of 9 credits with a grade of “D” may be transferred to Ashford University.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Networking: 56k dialup modem and DSL or cable modem. Associate of Science (AS) degrees accepted as meeting the general education requirements for Bachelor of Arts degrees offered through state universities in which the college granting the AS degree resides. with a 2�0 cumulative grade point average. will be accepted as fulfilling all the General Education requirements at Ashford University. Professional Accounting. for students with either an AA or AS degree� An Associate of Science degree with Ashford University . and • Email: Outlook. and • Compatible with 802�11b and/or 802�11g wireless networks� is declared� A change of major is accomplished by submitting a completed Declaration of Major form for the new major. Entourage. approved by the student’s Faculty Academic Advisor� Requirements for Minors: Students may minor in a second field to complement their major studies at the University� See Minors section of this Catalog for the specific course requirements for these minors. with the exception that all students seeking a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree should have credit for college algebra or an acceptable substitute� This does not constitute a waiver of any course required to earn in a major� In addition. Declaration of Major and Minor Course of Study Declaration of Major: Students who are planning to pursue a Bachelor’s degree at the University are required to complete a Declaration of Major form prior to registration for their first semester of enrollment. the following conditions must be fulfilled: • Completion of a minimum of 60 college credits with a cumulative grade point average of 2�00. Mac Mail. or Yahoo/Hotmail/Google mail. an official degree plan is prepared for the student� To be accepted into the Accounting. Business Administration. students must meet the requirements outlined in the College of Education section.

by individual request. IA. Ashford University. the acceptance of transfer credits earned more than 10 years prior to the student’s admission to Ashford University will be evaluated on a caseby-case basis� • Additional requirements and limits on transferability of credits may apply to students who pursue the practitioner preparation program in the College of Education� Transfer credits will be evaluated against the most current requirements of the State of Iowa by the Registrar’s Office with final approval of the Dean of the College of Education� Applicants and/or students who have questions concerning their transfer credit evaluation should contact the Registrar’s Office to discuss their concerns. except for the English Composition with Essay. throughout the year� Registration procedures and test information are available by contacting the Flavian Center. and Health Science) will accept up to 64 applicable transfer credits� Students are required to complete at least 30 hours at Ashford University before attending the professional training year in their area� The professional training will transfer back an additional 30 to 34 hours of credit that will apply toward their Ashford degree� • Due to the rapid advancement of knowledge in the chemistry and biology fields. ext� 7767 or (800) 241-9893. and content area indicated by the ACE and PONSI national guides� Students must submit an ACE/PONSI transcript or other authentic documentation of successful course completion. number. Academic Policies Credit Opportunities— Nontraditional Learning Ashford University provides three methods of awarding university-level credits for nontraditional learning: through national credit recommendations. and Spanish: 66� Ashford University On-Campus College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Policy CLEP examinations are administered on campus. Clinical Laboratory Science. Clinton. however. and is made up primarily of multiple-choice questions. Credit maximums are specified by degree program� National Credit Recommendation Policies The University will award credits for American Council on Education (ACE) and Program on Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction (PONSI) transcripts in accordance with the level.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs a 2�0 cumulative GPA will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis for fulfillment of all General Education requirements� • Credits earned in certificate programs will be evaluated on an individual basis for the BA and BS degrees� Courses taken that are similar to those taken in an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree program will be accepted in transfer� Exceptions to this policy must be approved in writing by the Vice President of Academic Affairs� • A maximum of 90 credits may be accepted in transfer from a two-year institution� Limitations on the number and type of transfer credits accepted are set by each Ashford University degree program� • Ashford University’s 3+1 programs (Clinical Cytotechnology. German: 63. National Testing Programs Advanced Placement (AP) Students taking AP courses in high school and receiving a score of 3 or higher on a College Entrance Examination Board Advanced Placement test may receive college credit� Details of tests recognized and scores required are available from the Registrar’s Office. (563) 242-4023. to the Office of the Registrar. 400 N� Bluff Boulevard. Nuclear Medicine Technology. through national testing programs. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 81 . CLEP Ashford University is a participating university in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP)� CLEP provides students of any age the opportunity to demonstrate college-level achievement through a program of examinations in undergraduate college courses� The University follows the policies for CLEP testing established by the Educational Testing Service� Ashford University will accept all CLEP exams with a minimum score of 50 except for Level II Foreign Language� Those required scores are French: 62. some exams do have fill-in-the-blank questions. and through the prior learning assessment process. which indicates ACE/ PONSI credits earned. ext 7767� All available CLEP exams are administered on computer� Each exam is 90 minutes long. Students requesting re-evaluation of specific transfer credits may be required to submit course descriptions and/ or syllabi for the previous courses to be reviewed by the Registrar’s Office.

• Copying or photographic devices. • Hats (unless worn as a religious requirement). • Mechanical pencils or any type of pen. a course of similar level. BlackBerry). • Slide rules. beepers. protractors. radios with headphones. or rulers. • Calculator watches. beverages. or certifying agency. • Highlighter pens and/or colored pens and pencils. • Listening devices. what scores are required. • Wireless communication devices of any kind (e�g�.” or PDAs. or one that is more advanced in content level� Some CLEP tests may be duplications of other national testing programs. Students will be able to obtain unofficial test results at the time of testing. • Wristwatch cameras or digital cameras. students should designate Ashford University as a score recipient� The college code number is #6418� Students with previous CLEP results should request an official transcript be sent to the Registrar’s Office at Ashford University� For Students Planning to Attend College Elsewhere: Check directly with the college or university you plan to attend to find out which exams are accepted. • Cellular phones/pagers. this option must be selected through the exam software on the day of the exam� This service is free of charge only if the score recipient is selected at the time of the test� One institution may be designated for free at the time of the exam� A $20 fee will be charged for each additional institution or for a transcript ordered at a later date� Scores will be kept on file by CLEP for twenty (20) years. Ashford University reserves the right to invalidate a test session if a candidate uses a prohibited item during the test administration or engages in misconduct� Prohibited Items: Use of the following items in the testing room is strictly prohibited unless an approved exception has been specified by CLEP: • Food. except for the English Composition with Essay exam� Special Accommodations: Students who will need special accommodations must contact the CLEP Testing Center two weeks prior to taking the test� Only students with documented hearing. laptop computers or digital assistants). physical. or reference materials. books. such as Advanced Placement (AP) tests� If you are an Ashford University currently enrolled student. or alarm wristwatches. “walkie talkie. you should check with your advisor to determine if specific CLEP tests will fit into your academic plan and not duplicate previous credit awarded� Tutorial: To help students navigate through the computerized test. • Transmission or receiving devices. or recorders. learning. compasses. • Nonmedical electronic devices (e�g�. employer. and • Any other unauthorized testing aids� 82 Ashford University . a free downloadable tutorial is available on the CLEP Website at www�collegeboard�com/ clep� The free CLEP Sampler contains the same tutorials as the actual exams. and how much credit will be granted� Duplication and Regression: It is the student’s responsibility to make sure that CLEP tests do not duplicate previous credit earned� A student may not earn credit by examination in an area in which he or she previously has completed an equivalent course. • Hand-held calculators (a calculator function is built into the software for those tests that require calculator use). digital watches (wrist or pocket). or visual disabilities are eligible to receive testing accommodations� CLEP Credit: Each institution sets its own policy regarding CLEP exams for which it will grant credit and how many credits it will award� For Students Planning to Attend Ashford University: At the time of the exam. • Dictionaries. • Papers of any kind (except for authorized scratch paper provided in the testing room). or tobacco products.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Candidates may not repeat an examination within 180 days (6 months) of the testing date� Fees: The total cost is $15 plus the cost of the examination� Test fees must be paid by credit card (preferred method of payment) or check/money order made payable to Ashford University CLEP� Payment must be made prior to candidates taking the exam� Score Reports: If students want their scores sent to a college. • Candidate-provided keyboards. pamphlets. The CLEP Official Study Guide for all tests (not free) and Individual Subject Guides (not free) are also available for download from the Website and feature test-taking tips and procedures� Test Invalidation (On-Campus): As an official CLEP Testing Center.

(Forms are available in the Registrar’s Office. the Athletic Director (if a student athlete). The University reserves the right to cancel any course due to low enrollment or for other reasons� Changes in Registration: Each student should carefully plan an educational program of study with the assistance of a Faculty Academic Advisor� If a change in registration is desired. • Taking or attempting to take an exam for someone else. • Failing to follow test regulations or the test administrator’s instructions. • Removing or attempting to remove test questions and/or responses (in any format) from the testing room. and the instructor of the course to be added� Course Drop Prior Learning Assessment The Ashford University Prior Learning Assessment Program allows students pursuing a baccalaureate degree the opportunity to earn credit for college-level learning that occurs outside a traditional classroom setting� Students may earn credit in two ways: • Through faculty evaluation of sponsored professional training. and • Causing a disturbance of any kind� time student is dropping to part-time status. • Using any of the prohibited aids listed. Currently enrolled students should contact their Faculty Academic Advisors for assistance during each registration period� The Registrar’s Office assists new students with their assignments to a Faculty Academic Advisor for the initial registration� Registration for classes and changes to the schedule should be made through the Registrar’s Office prior to or on the official registration day for each semester. a student must complete and submit a written request to the Registrar’s Office. the Faculty Academic Advisor. as indicated in the Catalog� An additional late fee may be charged for registrations completed after the official registration day. The date the form is returned to the Registrar’s Office becomes the official date of change. • Leaving the testing room without permission. and • Through faculty evaluation of experiential learning via the experiential essay process� To officially drop from a class or classes without withdrawing permanently from the program. The form used to add or drop a course can be obtained in the Registrar’s Office.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Misconduct: Candidates involved in any misconduct will be asked to terminate their exams and to leave the testing room� Exam scores will be cancelled� Examples of misconduct are as follows: • Giving or receiving assistance of any kind. The change is not official until the form is received by the Registrar’s Office. the Dean of Students. Registration Registration for classes each semester is conducted on dates announced by the Registrar’s Office. • Tampering with the operation of the computer or attempting to use it for any function other than for taking the exam. the student must also have the permission of the Vice President of Academic Affairs. Students notifying Ashford University for official withdrawal will be asked to complete a written withdrawal form� The student must resolve any financial obligations to Ashford University before receiving an official transcript from the Registrar’s Office. and the Residence Life Director (if a resident student)� Students receiving financial aid who drop courses should contact the Director of Financial Aid to determine how the change in registration affects their financial aid status. Last Day to Add a Class A course may not be added after the first nine days of classes without the approval of the Vice President of Academic Affairs.) The date this form is received by the Registrar’s Office will be the official date of determination and single course drop date of the course for grading purposes� Official Program Withdrawal An on-campus student wishing to officially withdraw from Ashford University must notify the Registrar’s Office. permission of the Faculty Academic Advisor and the instructor(s) involved must be obtained� If a full2009-2010 Academic Catalog Class Load A full-time class load is 12−18 credits� Additional tuition is charged beyond the 18th credit� A student who plans to register for more than 18 credits must have the permission of the Vice President of Academic Affairs� A student on academic probation is usually limited to 12 credits� Exceptions must be approved by the Vice President of Academic Affairs� Degree-Seeking Student Classifications Class Level: Freshman: 0-29 credits earned Sophomore: 30-59 credits earned Junior: 60-89 credits earned Senior: 90 or more credits earned 83 .

interdisciplinary honors courses taught by selected faculty� In addition. projects or other demonstrations are presented in a public setting and open to the entire campus community� (This is in addition to students presenting their work in the context of a regular class with honors component requirements�) Presentations should be a minimum of ten minutes in length� • Maintain a portfolio of scholarly work completed for each honors course (examples would include papers. and to have access to enhanced internships and capstone courses� • *Participate in an end-of-semester forum of Scholars Institute students where papers. Veteran students are required by the Veterans Administration to maintain satisfactory progress in their educational program� These regulations are available from the Financial Aid Director and are followed by the University. high school G�P�A� is considered�)� For admission into the Scholars Institute.va. Grade reports are accessible to all students at the end of each semester� Ashford University .and extracurricular activities. students must complete the following requirements: Testing Services Placement exams in math and English are administered to all incoming freshman prior to the start of their first semester� These exams are designed to assist in the academic placement of students in these subject areas� Veterans To maintain membership in the Scholars Institute.” which would be worked out between the student and the professor. • Take one of their regular courses with an “honors option.or 400-level� It is also strongly recommended that at least half of the courses be the designated Scholars Institute courses offered each semester� Students have three options for fulfilling membership requirements: 84 Students who are eligible for educational benefits from the Veterans Administration should notify the Financial Aid Director of their intention to enroll� Assistance in the certification procedure will be provided. which offers an enhanced undergraduate experience for able and highly motivated students in any of the University’s On-Campus Traditional Program majors� At the heart of the curricular experience is a series of limited-enrollment.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Enrollment Status: Less than half-time: 1-5 credits Half-time: 6-8 credits Three-quarter time: 9-11 credits Full-time: 12 or more credits • Take a regularly scheduled Scholars Institute course. etc�)� Requirements for Admission and Membership • Fill out an application for admittance and submit it to the Director of the Scholars Institute. and • Possess a cumulative G�P�A� of 3�50 or higher (For incoming freshmen.vba. or students can visit the following website: http://vabenefits. research projects. a percentage of which must be at the 300. or • Complete a “special topics” research-oriented project where the student and professor work collaboratively on the parameters and requirements for the project� The following scale indicates minimum standards for each grade level: Grade Level Freshman Sophomore Juniors/ Transfers # of credits 18 12 9 # of upperlevel credits 9 6 6 # of public presentations* 3 2 2 Auditing Courses Students may register to audit lecture classes on a spaceavailable basis� Students who are auditing a course are expected to attend class regularly� They are not responsible for written assignments or examinations� A student who wishes to change from audit to credit seeking must notify the Registrar’s Office by the end of the first two weeks of classes� Scholars Institute The Scholars Institute is the University’s honors program. presentations. students must meet the following requirements: • Maintain a cumulative G�P�A� of 3�50 or higher and a minimum of 3�50 in honors-designated courses� • Complete a minimum number of credits of Scholars Institute or honors-designated courses. • Submit a sample of his or her formal writing. Scholars Institute members have opportunities to work closely with senior University faculty in joint research projects. either from a previous class or newly written.gov/ vonapp/main�asp� Grade Reports At mid-semester. the University will make a reasonable attempt to notify any student who is performing at the level of a “D” or “F” grade in a course. to participate in distinctive co.

The student’s grades for the semester will be determined according to the Course Drop policy guidelines outlined in the Academic Information and Policies–General section of this Catalog� Faculty members will include a clearly stated policy on each course syllabus to further explain how absences will affect a student’s grade in that course� Final Examinations The academic year is divided into two semesters of approximately sixteen weeks each. to the Registrar’s office.) is required in every course and should be given at the time designated by the Registrar’s Office on the final exam schedule.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Only final semester grades are recorded on the official transcript� Leave of Absence Policy Campus/Semester-Based Programs Academic Advisement The University has supportive faculty and staff members who work with each student to help ensure the student’s success at Ashford University� A Faculty Academic Advisor is appointed for each degree-seeking student� The Faculty Academic Advisor assists in the development of a class schedule that is tailored to meet the interests and educational goals of the student� If a student decides to change majors. report. Federal regulations require that the University establish a last date of attendance for any student who ceases attending the University and return financial aid funds according to federal guidelines and University policy� Students who do not attend any classes for two consecutive weeks will be administratively withdrawn from the program by the Registrar’s Office. project. student loan grace/repayment periods begin� • The start date of the Leave of Absence is based on the last date of class attendance� • Students are allowed one Leave of Absence per academic year� • The scheduled return date must be no later than the start of the next semester. etc. which cannot exceed the 180 days� • Students who are requesting a leave of absence must complete a Leave of Absence Request form� Failure to return to school on or before scheduled/approved re-entry date will result in the student’s withdrawal from the program� • Leave of Absence Requests must be SIGNED AND SUBMITTED ON OR BEFORE the last day of class attendance� Requests submitted after the last day of attendance require an explanation� Requests submitted greater than 15 days after last date of attendance will not be approved� • Students who do not return from an approved Leave of Absence will be withdrawn from the University as of the last date of documented attendance� Semester-Based Course Attendance Policy The attendance policy at Ashford University is based on the commitment of the faculty and administration to helping students develop the work habits and skills that are essential for achieving academic success� Students are required to attend the classes and labs for courses in which they are enrolled� They are expected to arrive on time for each class and to remain for the entire class unless prior arrangements have been made with the instructor� If a student is excused from class due to a University-sponsored activity. Exceptions to this policy must receive the written approval of the Vice President of Academic Affairs at least 85 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . the Registrar’s Office should be notified immediately� Students may request a change of Faculty Academic Advisor by application to the Registrar’s Office. from time to time circumstances may arise that warrant a short break in enrollment� Students who need to request a break in enrollment may request an official Leave of Absence (LOA)� • A LOA may be considered an approved leave if the request is made after the second week of the beginning of the semester and before the conclusion of the 12th week of the semester� • A financial aid student considering a Leave of Absence should contact the Financial Aid Office to discuss the impact on financial aid eligibility. At the point a student withdraws from all classes or falls below at least half-time enrollment status. that student is expected to arrange with the instructor for all class work and assignments to be made up before the event� Students on academic probation must receive prior approval for missing class for a University sponsored event from the course instructor and the Vice President of Academic Affairs� If a student must miss a class due to an emergency over which he or she has no control. on a weekly basis. the student must contact the instructor to determine what preparation is needed before returning to the next class� Faculty members are required to report absences from their classes. beginning in late August and in mid-January of each year� The last week of each semester is reserved for final exams. Although Ashford University encourages continuous enrollment from the time of matriculation through graduation for all students. Some form of final evaluation (exam.

and Dismissal Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are placed on academic probation for the following term� Students will be given up to 12 credits of attempted coursework to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress� All coursework attempted after the term during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress will be counted as a part of the first-term probationary period. W. • Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with Secondary Education Track. and • Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine Technology� 86 Probation. • Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Mathematics with Secondary Education Track. Appeal. I. • Bachelor of Science in Natural Science with Secondary Education Track. the following policy outlines the academic requirements for Ashford University on-campus traditional programs and how they will be measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion� Probationary periods provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and meet overall requirements for degree completion� Students on probation should meet with their Faculty Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling and planning for remediation� Please contact the Ashford University Registrar with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy� Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation Reviews will take place at the end of each semester (including summer) in traditional semester-based programs� Undergraduate students will be evaluated against the GPA and 67% requirement for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of every 12 attempted credits at Ashford University� Undergraduate Semester-Based Program Measures • Week = 7 calendar days • Academic Year = 32 weeks of instructional time • Semester/Term = 16 weeks of instructional time • Full-Time Enrollment = 12 credits or more per semester/term On-campus traditional undergraduate students must meet the minimum criteria of a cumulative GPA in Ashford University coursework of 2�00 to make satisfactory academic progress� The following majors require a 2�50 GPA standard: • Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education. • Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory Science.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs two weeks prior to the scheduled exam week� A student’s absence from a final examination without a serious reason and permission of the instructor may be recorded as a failure in the course. WF. Ashford University . Deciding the nature of final exams as well as the frequency of other exams during the course is the responsibility of the individual instructor� Cumulative GPA includes all undergraduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University. • Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication with Secondary Education Track. students who have shown marked improvement and/or who have experienced extreme temporary hardship during this probationary period but have not met the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may appeal to the Associate University Registrar/Campus Services to take up to 12 additional credits of coursework for second-term probation� Students granted an appeal for a second-term probation may be required to retake coursework previously completed to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements� These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. excluding grades of Pass. repeated courses are not excluded� Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I. and F� Successful completion of all program requirements must be accomplished within 150% of the normal length of the program� On-Campus Traditional Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements We are dedicated to the academic success of our students� In this vein. • Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science. • Bachelor of Science in Clinical Cytotechnology. or W� Only the latter grade is counted when a course is repeated� No grades are recorded or counted toward GPA for transfer credits or prior learning credits� A successful completion rate equals 67% or 2/3 of all attempted credits� Attempted undergraduate credits are all course attempts recorded on the academic transcript. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on first-term academic probation� Students on probation who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of 12 attempted credits may be dismissed from the University� However.

and • Completion of the University’s baccalaureate General Education requirements. • A minimum of 30 credits in upper-division courses numbered 300-level or above� At least 21 of these credits should be credit for major or collateral courses. and a plan for completion of the coursework required for removal from probation during the following term� • Appeals will be evaluated by a committee made up of the University Registrar or an Associate Registrar and an Academic Administrator who has oversight in the student’s program of study� The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office. and elementary education majors and all majors seeking secondary education endorsements�). and • Completion of 30 credits from the University� Note: Faculty Academic Advisors assist students with course selection. • If at any point during the program it becomes clear that the student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program (measured in credits). including competencies. a student must successfully accomplish the following: • Completion of the General Education requirements. and/or successful completion of college-level credits during the period of absence� Students who are approved by the Registrar and appropriate Dean. clinical cytotechnology. • Completion of a minimum of 120 credits that are 100-level or higher. death of a student’s family member. • No more than 45 credits in a single department (Neither limit is applicable to students majoring in Clinical Laboratory Science). • Minimum cumulative grade point of 2�00 in all coursework attempted and in major. with the following modifications: 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 87 . • Completion of all collateral course requirements (where applicable). and collateral coursework attempted at the University� Students with more than one major must average 2�00 in each major (A cumulative grade point of 2�50 is required for the business education. or Provost for re-admission after dismissal will be on academic probation. • The written appeal must include a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date. he or she will be dismissed from the University� Academic Standards for Student Athletes Eligibility to participate in intercollegiate athletics is governed by the standards adopted by the National Association for Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and supplemented by the University Athletic Handbook� Graduation Requirements for BA and BS Degrees To be eligible for the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degrees. minor. or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student. Vice President of Academic Affairs. • Completion of all major course requirements. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on second-term academic probation� • Students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of 24 credits in probationary status will be dismissed from the University� Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. a student must successfully accomplish the following: • An Associate of Applied Science or similar degree from an institution accredited by a recognized agency or association. including competencies. experience. which may include mitigating circumstances such as student injury/ illness. but it is the student’s responsibility to ensure that he or she fulfills the above requirements. students who have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may be re-admitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last date of attendance� Students must appeal to the Registrar for readmission and must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs In rare circumstances. and will be required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing from the Registrar to return to good standing� Failure to meet specific requirements will result in dismissal without the opportunity for re-admission� • The appeal must be made prior to the student’s enrollment in any classes that begin after the first-term probationary period. Graduation Requirements for BAS Degrees To be eligible for a Bachelor of Applied Science degree.

computer. • Completion of core requirements in accounting. of Academic Affairs and the College Deans have authority to waive or to provide substitute coursework for program requirements� College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication The English and Communication program is designed to provide a framework for developing an understanding of the complex and changing nature of human interaction� Exploring literary works provides insights on social. • Completion of at least 30 credits of upperdivision credit (300-level or higher). The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Bachelor of Applied Science degree in the chosen core. • Demonstrate knowledge of rhetorical. philosophic. provided they do not require a student to prolong the time required to complete the degree requirements� The Vice President 88 Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Common Core Requirements: Literature/Comm� Track: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 12 credits 24-25 credits 37-38 credits Ashford University . and • Completion of 30 credits from the University� Decisions on the applicability of courses taken as part of an AAS degree to General Education requirements (including competencies) will be made by the Vice President of Academic Affairs and the Associate University Registrar. and minor courses. provides students with fundamental ideas and skills for developing effective human interaction in the workplace and in all aspects of life� Program Outcomes Students in the English and Communication program will be able to: • Communicate effectively in written. and mass media communication techniques. health and human services management. • Demonstrate adaptability in technological communication. and non-verbal modalities. computer graphic design. • A minimum grade point average of 2�00 in all work at the University and a minimum 2�00 grade point average in core. • Conduct effective independent research. specialization.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Aesthetic Awareness: Any 3 credit art or music course may be taken to satisfy the requirement (as may ENG 225 or SPE 301)� • Literature: Any literature course may be taken to satisfy the literature requirement� • Social Awareness: Any history course may be used to satisfy the historical perspectives requirement� • Values and Beliefs: PHI 402 may be taken to satisfy the philosophy requirement� • Completion of a minimum of 120 credits that are 100-level or higher� (The University will accept up to 64 transfer credits earned as part of an AAS degree�). therefore. it is the student’s responsibility to ensure that he or she fulfills all graduation requirements. in consultation with relevant faculty� Note: Although Faculty Academic Advisors and Registrar’s Advisors assist students in course selection. oral. if applicable. and • Integrate significant literary ideas and themes into the development of a personal worldview� Changes in Degree Requirements Students have the option of satisfying degree requirements under any Catalog in use during their period of continuous attendance� Students are required to notify the Registrar’s Office of any decision to follow degree requirements under a Catalog other than the one in place at the time of initial enrollment� Major requirements for graduation are those in effect at the time the student declares a major� Changes in requirements after this time may apply. engaging in communication through writing. track. • Interpret various literary genres and works in their cultural contexts. speaking. • Utilize appropriate communication skills in a variety of contexts. and moral aspects of human interaction. or management (see BAS section for specific requirements). and technological media presents resources for building meaningful and productive human relationships� This combination of intellectual inquiry and communication practice. journalistic.

and either ENG 203 or ENG 204.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Students majoring in English and Communication will successfully complete the Common Core and one of the following three tracks� • CGD/JRN 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CGD/JRN 318 Public Relations Practices and Professional Writing (3 credits) • CGD/JRN 340 Print Production (3 credits) • JRN 210 Introduction to Reporting (3 credits) • JRN 211 News Reporting Lab (3 credits) (up to an additional 3 credits beyond the above requirement) • ENG 315 Business and Professional Writing (3 credits) • ENG /JRN 328 Scientific and Technical Writing (3 credits) • JRN 310 Editorial and Feature Writing (3 credits) • ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits) • ENG/JRN 490 Communications Internship (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual and Verbal Presentations (3 credits) One Course of portfolio: • ENG/JRN 480 Communications Portfolio (3 credits) Common Core Requirements (12 credits) 6 credits (2 courses) in 200-level literature surveys: • ENG 201 American Literature to 1865 (3 credits) • ENG 202 American Literature After 1865 (3 credits) • ENG 203 British Literature I (3 credits) • ENG 204 British Literature II (3 credits) • ENG 212 African-American Literature (3 credits) • ENG 217 International Voices (3 credits) Note: Students in the Secondary Education Concentration will take either ENG 201 or ENG 202. One Course in composition: • ENG 223 Intermediate Composition (3 credits) One Course in linguistics: • ENG 321 Introductory Linguistics (3 credits) Literature Track (25 credits) 6 courses (18 credits) in literature courses: • Must be numbered 300-level or higher� ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits) may be substituted for 3 credits (one course)� One Course in research: • ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits) Two courses (4 credits) in thesis: • ENG 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) • ENG 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits) English/Language Arts Track/Endorsement 5-12 (22 credits) This endorsement is for students intending to teach in middle or high school� In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated below. students in this endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure� One Course in 200-level literature: • EDU 203 Child and Adolescent Literature (3 credits) One Course in secondary reading: • ERE 240 Secondary Reading (3 credits) One Course in research: • ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits) Three Courses (9 credits) in literature: • Any literature course 300-level or higher One Course in speech: • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) One Course in English teaching: • ENG 330 Teaching Literary Genres and Techniques (1 credit) (taken concurrently with EDU 342) 89 Communications Track (24 credits) One Course in journalism: • JRN 211* News Reporting Lab (3 credits) *JRN 210 and JRN 310 are both prerequisites to JRN 211� One Course in speech • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) OR SPE 315 Business and Professional Speaking (3 credits) 15 credits from the following pool of courses: • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) • CGD/JRN 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits) • CGD/JRN 240 Media Writing and Editing (3 credits) • CGD/JRN 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog .

• Demonstrate the ability to utilize appropriate current technologies that allow their work and knowledge in the field to meet or exceed course expectations. reading. and integration skills in the analysis of complex situations in order to develop descriptions. and techniques in the natural sciences relating to a career in the environmental fields. thinking. and the humanities. and motivation to seek out solutions to global environmental issues� Through interdisciplinary study in science. and global in scale� Program Outcomes Students in the Environmental Studies program will be able to: • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material. skills. information. • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information in the humanities and social sciences relating to a career in the environmental fields. national. Environmental Studies encourages students to embrace the interconnections in knowledge and the environment 90 Major Course Requirements (40 credits) • ENV 101 Humanity and the Environment (4 credits) • ENV 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits) • ENV 301 Environmental Studies Seminar (3 credits) (cross-listed with BIO 301) • ENV 306 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) • ENV 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • ENV 345 Business and the Environment (3 credits) Ashford University . cultural. the social sciences. and communication skill using language specific to the environmental fields.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Additional Education Requirements (47 credits): • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit) • EDU 342 English/Language Arts Specific Methods (3 credits) • EDU 343 Practicum Secondary English/ Language Arts (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (8 credits) AND 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (7 credits) OR EDU 462 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits) in order to deal with the complexities of environmental. attitudes. and social issues that are local. • Demonstrate critical reading. Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Minor (student’s choice): Required Electives: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 40 credits 18-27 credits 11 credits 0-5 credits Students majoring in Environmental Studies will complete the following requirements: Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies The B�A� in Environmental Studies prepares students as professionals and citizens of the world for work in environmental careers� Environmental Studies is an interdisciplinary program that instills in students an ability to better understand the relationships between humans and environments and humanity’s impact on different environments� Students work individually and collaboratively to acquire the knowledge. and solutions regarding issues in the environmental fields. and • Demonstrate critical thinking. interpretations.

PHI 310 = Values and Beliefs)� Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration Minor Requirement (18 credits minimum) • Students must complete a minor of their choice. all minors are applicable except Environmental Studies� Required Electives (11 credits) Additional courses from the following: Courses included in the minor requirement do not meet these requirements� • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 210/310 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • ENV 420 Environmental Internship (variable credits) • LIB 313 Moral Controversies in Technology (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 332 Science and Culture (INTD) (3 credits) • An introductory statistics course (3 credits) • PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday and Today* (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) Note: Special topics courses may be included with the permission of the Program Director. and applications� The Health Care Administration degree is characterized by an interdisciplinary and integrated learning approach. • Explore the ramifications of cultural and socialdemographic variables as they impact the delivery of health care.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • ENV 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) • ENV 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits) • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology* (3 credits) • PHY 103 Weather and Climate* (4 credits) OR PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science* (4 credits) • POL 201 American National Government* (3 credits) (prerequisite for ENV 310) • ENG 328 Scientific and Technical Writing (3 credits) • LIB 315 The Environment and the Human Spirit (INTD) (3 credits) Electives (0-5 credits to meet minimum 120 degree credit requirement) • *Each of these courses will be allowed to count as both a required course and as a General Education requirement (ANT 101 = Multicultural Perspective. health care services. • Evaluate the contributions of volunteerism within the context of the health care delivery system. Specific curriculum in health administration. and • Analyze health care delivery’s outcome research� Requirements For the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 37 credits 37 credits 91 . regulation and financing. POL 201 = Social Perspective. operations. reflecting the realities of the health care system. health care planning. • Demonstrate the integration of multi-disciplinary knowledge into the multiple perspectives of the U�S� health care system. PHY 103/105 = Physical World. • Analyze the major financing systems of U. and quality monitoring is provided� Program Outcomes Students in the Health Care Administration program will be able to: • Examine the requirements of continued learning for health care professionals. health policy. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog The Bachelor in Health Care Administration is designed to meet the learning needs of health care professionals and others in the acquisition of foundational knowledge in health-related topics. • Discuss the provision of health care services across the life span. • Communicate the major forces driving change in the U�S� health care system.S.

• Practice historical scholarship in an ethical manner. and human communities in their historical contexts. and • Relate historical phenomena to their geographical contexts� Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science The B�A� in Natural Science prepares students to become licensed teachers in secondary schools in the state of Iowa� The program provides a broad base in the sciences. • Distinguish between history and other ways of thinking about the past. institutions. • Incorporate science processes using an interdisciplinary approach in biology. Ashford University 92 . OR • LIB 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) and LIB 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits). chemistry. chemistry.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Major Course Requirements (37 credits): • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 42-43 credits 12 credits • HCA 311 Health Care Financing and Information Systems (3 credits) • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics and Medical Law (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing Health and Human Services (3 credits) • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring and Accreditation (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community and Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits) • HCA 421 Health Care Planning and Evaluation (3 credits) • HCA 459 Senior Project (4 credits) OR HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) Major Course Requirements Four Survey courses (12 credits): • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) One Methodology Course (3 credits) from the following: • HIS 378 Historiography & Historical Methodologies (3 credits) • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits) Eight Upper-level Content Courses (24 credits) from the following: • Choose eight courses from available courses� LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (3 credits) may be counted� At least two courses must be in American history and at least two courses in non-American history� Capstone (3-4 credits): • HIS 497 History Capstone (3 credits). or general science� Program Outcomes • Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental content and processes in biology. • Utilize chronology appropriately. with further specialization to allow for endorsements in biology. • Explain historical phenomena in terms of causation. chemistry. OR • Students will designate a research paper written in an upper-level content course to demonstrate mastery of major learning outcomes� Those choosing the last option will take an additional content area course� Bachelor of Arts in History In a world transformed by the powerful tides of globalization. agency. and general science. and general science. • Interpret events. and consequence. • Analyze science problems and interpret data using the scientific method. significance. history provides an intellectual toolkit for dealing with complex national and international realities� Every aspect of the present is rooted in aspects of the past Immersion in place-based knowledge and understanding how unintended consequences shape our lives help students to understand an increasingly complex world� Program Outcomes • Identify appropriate historical sources and utilize them in the creation of written and/or oral narratives and analyses.

Biology Endorsement Required courses: • BIO 104 Principles of Biology II (4 credits) Choose at least 1 course of the following: • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) • BIO 342 Genetics and Immunology (4 credits) Choose at least 1 course of the following: • BIO 101 Humanity and the Environment (4 credits) • BIO 210 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits) Choose any of the following to total 24 credits of biology: • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 204 Biology: Special Problems: Mu Sigma Eta (1 credit) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits) • BIO 225 Medical Biology for Health Care (3 credits) • BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits) • BIO 310 Field Experience for Biology (4 credits) Chemistry Endorsement Required courses • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • CHE 203 Demonstrations for Teachers (3 credits) • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) Major Course Requirements (62 credits) Core courses (15 credits) • BIO 103 Principles of Biology I (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) • BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits) Education Requirements (47 credits) • EDU 200 Introduction to Education (Elementary & Secondary) & Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education (Preschool. • Demonstrate ability to effectively plan and teach science in both the lecture and lab components. Elementary. • Demonstrate ability to organize.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Relate science to the daily lives and interest of students through science instruction. and • Use technology to help solve problems and communicate information� • EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary School and EDU 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: Endorsement Requirements: 120 credits 46 credits 62 credits 12 credits Endorsements Requirements beyond Core Requirements credits depend on endorsement selection (see following) Multiple endorsements are possible by meeting each individual endorsement or a combination is possible after completing one endorsement and an additional 15 hours in another endorsement area. & Secondary) & Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) • EDU 331 Practicum in Secondary General Methods Literature (1 credit) • EDU 346 Business Education Methods (3 credits) • EDU 347 Business Education Methods (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 93 . and assess science programs. implement.

• Demonstrate communication behaviors consistent with the study and practice of psychology. health care.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Elective courses (Choose any of the following to total 24 hours in chemistry): • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) • CHE 306 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) • CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry (3 credits) • CHE 315 Quantitative Chemistry (4 credits) General Science Endorsement: This endorsement can be earned with 8 additional hours in biology. • Evaluate theories of personality development. government. and successfully complete all other requirements for Iowa licensure� See College of Education Student Handbooks� Additional requirements from the Iowa Department of Education may be added at any time� Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 36-37 credits 37-38 credits Major Course Requirements (36-37 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child/Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) OR PSY 202 Adult Development and Life Assessment (3 credits) • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits) • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits) • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 496 Applied Project (3 credits) OR PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits) OR PSY 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) AND PSY 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits) Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits) • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics OR an introductory statistics course Choose two upper level psychology courses (6 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 309 Special Topics (3 credits) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of Applied Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Late Adulthood (3 credits) • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits) • PSY 340 Research and Presentation (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Psychology The Psychology major guides students as they study human behavior and mental processes� This major explores psychology both as an area of scientific investigation and as a health or human services profession� A psychology major is also particularly valuable for students who desire to continue their education through graduate study in psychology� Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate programs� Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs� Students majoring in psychology may also seek employment opportunities in business. and other careers that involve understanding human behavior and providing competent leadership� Program Outcomes Students in the Psychology program will be able to: • Analyze human behavior and mental processes. • Evaluate psychology research methods. and • Acquire and use skills and concepts that are fundamental to the ethical application of psychology� 94 Ashford University . or physics after completing the major core requirements� Students in this degree program must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program. • Analyze theories of continuing education in psychology and related fields. law. acceptance into student teaching. chemistry.

including history. psychology. and • Apply information from sociology law. and related social science fields. ethics. including history. history. and sociology� Program Outcomes Students in the Social Science program will be able to: • Evaluate fundamental social science concepts. sociology. • Investigate the operation of the criminal justice system. The Social and Criminal Justice major is a unique interdisciplinary program that offers an emphasis in criminal justice through which a perspective for building a more just society is considered� Program Outcomes Students in the Social and Criminal Justice program will be able to: • Examine law enforcement issues. 303. Optional tracks are available in health and human services management. and • Integrate knowledge from the social sciences. and sociology. • Examine the relationship of service to social science. psychology. psychology. history. psychology. • Examine the implications of social and cultural diversity in social interactions. and sociology� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 95 . • Acquire and use a foundation of research skills from the social sciences. human services. • Examine the relationship of social justice to the criminal justice system. but a course may be applied only once to a major requirement� Please note: CRJ 201 is a prerequisite for CRJ 301.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice Five Upper-Level Major Courses (15 credits) • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits) • CRJ 306 Criminal Law and Procedure (3 credits) • CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior (3 credits) • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits) • CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence (3 credits) • HIS/POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern World (3 credits) • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) Social and Criminal Justice majors must earn a minimum of 30 upper division credits in the major� Credits applied to General Education requirements may be applied to major requirements. and 305. • Apply knowledge to socio-economic (cultural) diversity to criminal justice. and related fields to the study of criminal justice� Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: (30 upper division) Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 36 credits 38 credits Three Courses in Social Justice (9 credits) from the following: • PHI 107/PHI 307 Philosophy of Human Conduct (3 credits) • PHI 210/PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday and Today (3 credits) • SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits) • SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits) • SOC 331 Social Justice and Ethics (3 credits) Four Courses in Criminal Justice (12 credits) • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits) • CRJ 420 Criminal Justice Practicum (3 credits) OR CRJ 422 CRJ Capstone (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Social Science The Social Science major offers students an opportunity to focus their studies primarily in psychology.

World History.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 48 credits 26 credits One of the following four courses: (Students planning to pursue a graduate degree are advised to complete more than one course in this requirement�) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits) The Social Science major also requires the completion of a minimum of 36 credits at the 300-level or higher� Secondary education students pursuing endorsements in American History. Some courses may also apply to General Education requirements. Psychology. Psychology. including 6 or more at the 300-level or higher 9 credits in sociology. provided that no more than three hours are applied to any one area� This option may not be applied to course-specific requirements in the tracks offered within the degree� This option is designed to help facilitate secondary education students seeking the American Government endorsement� Note: A single course may apply to only one of the requirement areas in the major. and Sociology will also meet the major requirements for the Social Science degree� Endorsement courses may also be used to meet major and General Education requirements� Political Science Option: Students desiring more depth in political science may apply up to six hours of upperlevel POL courses in areas of the major that require more than one course (i�e� the History. and Cross-Cultural requirements). selected from the following courses: • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • LIB 316 Literature in Historical Context (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) 3 credits in political science The following seminar course: • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits) 96 Health and Human Services Management Track (57 credits) The Health and Human Services Management track provides an interdisciplinary course of study for students in the social science major� This track provides the educational credentials to seek employment opportunities in management roles entailing the direct supervision of other human service professionals� Students selecting this track are required to complete specific courses including a business course component� Students pursuing the health and human services management track may pattern their coursework to complete the requirements for Nursing Home Administration licensure in the state of Iowa� History (9 credits): • Same requirements as listed under Social Science major� Psychology (9 credits): • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) OR PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits) Ashford University . Sociology. Major Course Requirements (48 credits): 9 credits in history. Multidisciplinary. selected from the following courses: • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • LIB 309 Interdisciplinary Topics in the Liberal Arts (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 332 Science and Culture (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 323 Revolution and Terrorism in the Modern World (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (INTD) (3 credits) 3-6 credits in cross-cultural perspectives. including 6 or more credits at the 300-level or higher 9-12 credits in psychology. including 6 or more at the 300-level or higher� (HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System may be applied to this requirement�) 6 credits in multidisciplinary social science.

to General Education and major requirements� Human Services Track (57 credits) The optional track in Human Services gives an applied emphasis to the major� Students selecting the human services track are required to complete specific courses within most of the nine requirement pools in the Social Science major� History (9 credits): • Same requirements as listed under Social Science major� Psychology (9 credits): • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) (or equivalent) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of Applied Psychology (3 credits) Sociology (9 credits): • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) 97 . as well as the following: • Either HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) OR HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • Either HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) OR HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (INTD) (3 credits) • 4 upper-level HIS courses (12 credits) Courses in the track may also apply. including 6 or more at the 300-level or higher): • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) (course fulfills requirement in place of one 300-level sociology course�) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) Multidisciplinary Social Science Courses (6 credits): • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking: The Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) OR PSY/SOC 309 Special Topic in Human Services (3 credits) Cross-Cultural Perspectives Courses (6 credits): • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) OR SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) And one of the following courses: • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) Political Science (3 credits): • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) Economics (3 credits): • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) Methods Course (3 credits): • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring Accreditation (3 credits) OR HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits) Seminar requirements (3 credits) will be satisfied by • HCA/SOC 340 Managing in Health and Human Service: An Interdisciplinary Approach (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Accounting (6 credits): • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Professionals (3 credits) • HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information Systems (3 credits) Philosophy (3 credits): • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits) Internship/Project (3-6 credits) • HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits) (Must have a GPA in the major of 2�75) OR HCA 459 Senior Project (3 credits) History Track (21 credits) The History track provides Social Science majors an opportunity for greater emphasis on history in their major studies and allows them to document a history-based program at the undergraduate level� History concentrators must meet the general requirements for the Social Science major.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) OR PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) OR PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (3 credits) Sociology (9 credits. where appropriate.

and the making and implementation of social policy� Graduates of the program are prepared for entry-level social science-linked and social service positions� Program Outcomes Students in the Sociology program will be able to: Ashford University . where appropriate. Family. various forms of social interactions. selected from the following courses: • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) Methods Course (3 credits): • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral and Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) • PSY 335 Tests and Measurements (3 credits) Seminar and Practicum (6 credits): • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits) • PSY/SOC 421 Human Service Practicum (3 credits) 98 Psychology Track (18 credits) The Psychology track requires the courses listed below in addition to the other courses required for a Bachelor of Arts in Social Science� Courses listed will be applied to the psychology course requirement of the Social Science major� Required Courses: • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) • PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits) Three courses selected from the following: • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits) • PSY 335 Tests and Measurements (3 credits) • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits) Sociology Track (21 credits) The Sociology track provides Social Science majors an opportunity for greater emphasis on sociology as part of their major studies and allows them to document a sociology-based program at the undergraduate level� Sociology track students must meet the general requirements for the Social Science major. racial and ethnic groups.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • SOC 312 Child. and Society (3 credits) • SOC 320 Public Policy and Social Services (3 credits) Elective Social Science Courses (15 credits): • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits) • SOC 340 Managing Health and Human Services (3 credits) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial and Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits) • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime and Society (3 credits) Political Science (3 credits): • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) Economics (3 credits): At least 3 credits in economics or courses specifically related to the economics of providing human services. to General Education and major requirements� Bachelor of Arts in Sociology The B�A� in Sociology focuses on the study of human beings in their social settings� Sociology majors study topics such as social structures. as well as the following: • SOC 101 Intro to Sociology (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • 5 upper-level SOC courses (15 credits) Courses in the track may also apply.

or computer graphics� The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Visual Art may also be combined with a minor in Business Administration. and historical aspects of visual arts in the creation and analysis of works of art. • Explain the methodologies of collecting and assessing data that the discipline of sociology offers. • Apply major sociological theoretical perspectives. some courses may simultaneously be applied to major and General Education requirements� Major Course Requirements (36 credits) Lower-Level Major Requirement (6 credits): • SOC 101 Intro to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits): • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) Upper-Level Major Requirement (24 credits from the courses listed below): • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. Family. • Apply knowledge of styles and characteristics of eras of art history in the creation of individual works of art. Marketing. • Apply aesthetic principles and theories in the creation of works of art. and • Demonstrate appropriate language in expressing creative ideas in written and verbal forms� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 36 credits 38 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upperdivision credits� In this program. aesthetic. • Demonstrate an appreciation for cultural and social diversity� Bachelor of Arts in Visual Art The Bachelor of Arts in Visual Art program prepares creative students with design skills to seek employment in the art market through e-commerce. • Assess the quality of sociological research by applying the standards of the discipline. & Society (3 credits) • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits) • SOC 330 Social Justice and Society (3 credits) • SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits) • SOC 490 Social Science Capstone (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Collateral Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 31 credits 34 credits 9 credits Major Course Requirements (31 credits): Required Two-Dimensional Studio Art Courses (18 credits): • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits) • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits) • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • ART 220 Printmaking I (3 credits) • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) Required Three-Dimensional Studio Art Courses (3 credits): • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design (3 credits) OR ART 211 Ceramics I (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 99 . or Computer Science for students who plan to seek employment in the global marketplace� Program Outcomes Students in the Visual Art program will be able to: • Demonstrate a blend of technical knowledge and principles with various art media. • Analyze critically major sociological issues. • Synthesize the technical. web page design.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Demonstrate a knowledge of basic sociological concepts.

using language specific to the sciences. 9 of which must be 300-level courses): • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculpture (3 credits) • ART 309 Special Topics (1-3 credits) • ART 311 Ceramics II (3 credits) • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • ART 320 Printmaking II (3 credits) • ART 325 Photography II (3 credits) • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits) • CGD 220 Storytelling & Storyboarding (3 credits) 100 College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Science Degree Programs and Requirements Bachelor of Science in Biology The Bachelor of Science degree in Biology offers students the opportunity to focus on the study of life forms and processes� Ashford University biology majors are exposed to different areas of biology and gain experience in both laboratory and field research. • Earn a minimum grade of “C-” for ART 498 and ART 499. A Biology major is particularly valuable for students preparing for postgraduate study in medicine. physical therapy.to 400-level courses. and other health-related fields. • Demonstrate critical reading. Ashford University .On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Required Art History Courses (6 credits): • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) • ART 200/300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art (3 credits) Senior Thesis/Project (4 credits): • ART 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) • ART 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits) • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits) • CGD 331 Digital Video and Audio (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits) • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) Other program requirements for Visual Art majors: • Earn an overall grade point average of 2�00 or higher in art courses taken to complete the program. • Complete a minimum of 30 credits of 300. and • Mount an exhibition of their artwork in the Cortona Art Gallery as part of the Senior Thesis/ Project requirement� Collateral Requirements: Liberal Arts Courses Beyond General Education (34 credits) Visual Art and Liberal Arts Requirements (11 credits): • ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits) • ART 307 Painting II (3 credits) • ART 350 Advanced Art Seminar (2 credits) • LIB 304 Fine Arts Seminar (3 credits) Interdisciplinary Course Requirements (6 credits): • LIB 309 Interdisciplinary Topics in the Liberal Arts (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 311 The Human Quest for Personal Freedom: Art. Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate program� Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs� Program Outcomes Students in the Biology program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. and Literature of the Romantic Era (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 315 The Environment and the Human Spirit (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 330 The Renaissance (INTD) (3 credits) Elective Studio Courses (16 credits. thinking. and communication skills. Music.

Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Demonstrate a breadth of understanding in the biological sciences for a career in the life sciences. Mayo Foundation. Minnesota (contingent upon their admission to this school)� The fourth year is devoted to laboratory studies in the different fields of cytology. Minnesota before this phase of the program can be completed� A minimum cumulative GPA of 2�50 at Ashford University and strong academic performance in the courses following are required for admission� Students who have met the degree requirements of the University and the professional training requirements of an affiliate institution receive the baccalaureate degree from the University and a professional certificate from the affiliate. thinking. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their field. and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals and specific to their degree program. Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester. • Demonstrate critical reading. 101 Biology Electives (11 credits minimum) • Choose three additional biology courses 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . of which one course must be numbered 300-level or above� Bachelor of Science in Clinical Cytotechnology Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Biology Electives: Unrestricted Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 58 credits 11 credits 5 credits Cytotechnology is the microscopic study of cells contained in body tissues� The clinical cytotechnologist must differentiate malignant cells from normal ones in the diagnosis of cancer and other diseases� To make these critical decisions in the medical laboratory. numbered 200-level or above. Major Course Requirements (58 credits) • BIO 103** Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) • BIO 498* Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) • BIO 499* Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) • ENG 328 Scientific and Technical Writing (3 credits) • An introductory statistics course (3 credits) • MAT 227 Pre-calculus (3 credits) • MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) OR • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) *Students must earn a grade of “C–” to fulfill degree requirements� **BIO 103 may also be applied to General Education requirements� Program Outcomes Students in the Clinical Cyotechnology program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. Students must gain admission to the Cytotechnology Program. Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester. Mayo Foundation. Minnesota� In their first three years of study at the University. Students who then pass the national examination administered by the American Society of Clinical Pathology are eligible to achieve full professional certification in Clinical Cytotechnology. the cytotechnologist must have a strong academic background in natural science along with intensive laboratory training in cytology� The Clinical Cytotechnology program at the University is a 3 + 1 program offered in cooperation with the Cytotechnology Program. Mayo Foundation. students complete a program of study in biology and chemistry in addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for the baccalaureate degree� Students complete their senior year at the Cytotechnology Program. and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge.

treatment. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for professionals within their chosen degree. hematology. students complete a program of study in biology. Illinois� In a clinical laboratory setting. • Develop research projects to evaluate new products and methods. in the courses above are required for admission to an affiliate program. and mathematics in Ashford University . and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge. immunohematology. In their first three years of study at Ashford University. students must possess or be eligible for a baccalaureate degree upon completion of the clinical year. and prognosis of disease. • Perform analyses on blood. or • Provide and participate in continuing education� The 4-year degree program opens options at the supervisory level that a Medical Technician (2-year certificate program) cannot offer. and other body fluids. immunology. Residency at Affiliated Program Major course requirements at an affiliated program involve successfully completing 30-32 credits in residence� Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory Science Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Additional Requirements: Major Requirements at Affiliate University: 120 credits 46 credits 36 credits 15 credits 30-32 credits Major Course Requirements at Ashford University (36 credits) • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) • BIO 342 Genetics & Immunology (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists perform the laboratory tests on which physicians rely for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of disease� Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists are highly skilled health team members who use a battery of sophisticated procedures and instruments in their work and who possess specialized knowledge and skills acquired through completion of a formal program of academic and clinical study� The Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) program at the University is a 3 + 1 program offered in cooperation with OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical Laboratory Science. Residency Requirements at Ashford University Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from the University before attending the affiliate school of cytotechnology� General Requirements Admission to Cytotechnology Program at Affiliated University Students must gain admission to one of the affiliate programs before this phase of the program can be completed� A minimum cumulative GPA of 2�50 at Ashford University and strong academic performance 102 The CLS program is a 3 + 1 (3 years of prerequisite and General Education coursework followed by a clinical year) professional program that grants a certificate and/ or a baccalaureate degree� Alternatively. • Use independent judgment and problem-solving abilities. molecular pathology. OSF Saint Francis Medical Center. and/or clinical microbiology. Peoria. chemistry. Additional Requirements A minimum of 15 credits in upper-division courses numbered 300 or above� A minimum of 90 credits must be completed prior to attending the affiliate institution. • Evaluate quality assurance data to ensure accurate and reliable test results. • Operate complex instruments to generate scientific data that aid in the diagnosis. a CLS graduate may: • Work in clinical chemistry. urine.

thinking. enter medical or dental school. short generalist rotations. Peoria. OSF Saint Francis Medical Center. and advisors would be in the position to determine whether a student would proceed into the program� The professional (clinical) program consists of a minimum of 12 months of didactic and practical instruction and successful completion of 32 credits.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for the baccalaureate degree� Students complete their senior year of study at the OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical Laboratory Science. OSF Saint Francis Medical Center. demonstrations. • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for professionals within their chosen degree. or are considering a science undergraduate major other than Clinical Laboratory Science should take the second semester of organic chemistry either in place of or in addition to biochemistry� In addition. devoted to clinical laboratory studies� • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits) • BIO 342 Genetics and Immunology (4 credits) Program Outcomes Optional/Recommended Courses: Students in the Clinical Laboratory Science program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree. and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals and specific to their degree program. OSF Saint Francis Medical Center. Illinois (contingent upon their admission to the program). • Demonstrate critical reading. Science division advisors are in the position to gauge a student’s ability in advising sessions and would be in a position to recommend students into the CLS program at University of Iowa� Declaration of a major is required at the end of the sophomore year. Peoria. 32 credits would transfer back to Ashford University for a Bachelor of Science in CLS� Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Major Requirements at Affiliated Clinical Lab: 120 credits 46 credits 48 credits 32 credits Admission to Affiliated University CLS Program: Major Courses (48 credits): • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) OR CHE 309 Special Topics: Biochemistry (5 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits) Students must gain admission to the CLS program at OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical Laboratory Science. Illinois. The first summer session and fall semester are devoted to lectures. and seminars covering theory and technique in clinical laboratory science� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 103 . laboratory experience. before this phase of the program can be completed� A minimum cumulative GPA of 2�75 at Ashford University and strong academic performance in the courses above are required for admission� Furthermore. Peoria. those students should also add the twosemester sequence of college physics and the cell biology course� Residency Requirements at Ashford University: Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from Ashford University before attending the affiliate’s Clinical Laboratory Science program� Of the Major Course Requirements at OSF Saint Francis School of Clinical Laboratory Science. • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) Students who plan to pursue a graduate degree. Illinois. and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge.

matrices. • Apply general principles of modern programming languages. • Apply discrete mathematics concepts to practical applications such as those in computer science. and to apply computer and mathematical skills while preparing for careers as mathematicians. and kernels to represent real-life models. applied mathematics. or secondary education teachers or to prepare for graduate-level work in computer science or mathematics� Collateral Courses Requirements* (7 credits): • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) OR PHI 302 Formal Logic (3 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) OR PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) OR PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science (4 credits) * Note: Collateral courses could also count towards General Education requirements. and for the Education track. Program Outcomes Students in the Computer Science and Mathematics program will be able to: • Apply concepts such as linear transformations. bases. computer programmers.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Mathematics • MAT 352 Calculus II/Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits) The Computer Science and Mathematics program has flexibility to allow students to concentrate in computer programming. • Create and develop software applications using a systemic approach. 57� Mathematics Track (28 credits) Required courses (22 credits): • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits) • MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 364 Modern Geometry (3 credits) • MAT 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits) • MAT 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits) Ashford University Common Core (21 credits): Required Major Courses (14 credits): • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • MAT 351 Calculus I/Analytic Geometry (4 credits) 104 . • Use concepts and tools of differential and integral calculus to solve real-life applications. for the Computer Science track. or secondary education� Students in this program will develop and strengthen their ability to solve problems creatively and effectively. 51. and • Examine emerging computer and software technologies within dynamic environments� Computer Science Track (30 credits): Required courses (24 credits): • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications and Networking Concepts (3 credits) • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) • MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits) Elective credits (9 credits) from the following: • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits) • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits) • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Common Core: Track: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 21 credits 28-60 credits 0-25 credits Requirements for the Common Core plus Track (49-57 credits) Students majoring in Computer Science and Mathematics will successfully complete the Common Core and one of the three following tracks� The number of major credits for the Mathematics tracks is 49. to reason logically.

students complete a program of study in biology and chemistry in addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for the baccalaureate degree� Students complete their senior year in the Doctor of Physical Therapy program at Clarke College� Students must gain admission to the 3+3 Doctor of Physical Therapy program at Clarke College before this phase of the program can be completed� Requirements for admittance at Clarke College are listed below� The degree will be granted upon successful completion of a fourth year in an articulated program. such as the 3+3 Doctor of Physical Therapy program at Clarke College� When the student completes the Doctor of Physical Therapy at Clarke College (projected in two additional years). physical. The curriculum centers around essential biological. in Health Science is a 3+1 program that prepares students for entry into post-baccalaureate professional training programs in a health-related field. chemical. In their first three years of study at the University. • Demonstrate critical reading.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Elective credit (6 credits) from the following: • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications and Networking Concepts (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits) • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits) • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 364 Modern Geometry (3 credits) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits) In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated above. 105 . and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals. and social sciences that are fundamental to the allied health professions. and specific to their degree program. Clarke College confers the Doctorate� Program Outcomes Students in the Health Science program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills.S. students in the education endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure� Education Endorsement (57 credits): Required courses (10 credits): • MAT 206 Linear Algebra (3 credits) OR MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits) • One additional MAT course (3 credits) Education requirements (47 credits): • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit) • EDU 344 Math Specific Methods (3 credits) • EDU 345 Practicum Secondary Mathematics (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (8 credits) AND EDU 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (7 credits) OR EDU 462 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Bachelor of Science in Health Science The B. thinking. The program is designed to fulfill requirements for admission into advanced degree programs such as physical therapy� The University has affiliation agreements with Clarke College.

and social sciences. Ashford University 106 . check with a Faculty Academic Advisor or with Clarke College� Requirements for the Major Residency at Affiliated Program 120 credits 46 credits 53 credits 35 credits Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Professional Program Requirements at Affiliated College: Major course requirements at Clarke College’s Doctor of Physical Therapy program are as follows: Professional Program Requirements: • BIOL 410 Human Gross Anatomy • BIOL 420 Human Physiology Physical Therapy Program at Clarke College (35 credits) Major Course Requirements (53 credits): • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I* (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II* (4 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I* (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology II* (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I* (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II* (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I* (4 credits) • PHY 202 College Physics II* (4 credits) • MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology* (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology* (3 credits) OR PSY 304 Lifespan Development* (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • HCA 221 Health Care Practicum** (3 credits) *Prerequisites must have “C” or better with minimum GPA of 3�00� **Requirement of 75 documented hours under the direct supervisor of a licensed Physical Therapist in at least three different settings� • PT 414 Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics • PT 422 Physical Agents • PT 425 Issues in Health Care • BIOL 425 Exercise Physiology • BIOL 445 Neuroscience • PT 424 Patient Care • PT 426 Intro PT Exam/Intervention • PT 429 Clinical Practicum • PT 518 Therapeutic Exercise Bachelor of Science in Health Science Administration The B�S� degree in Health Science Administration prepares students to seek entry-level positions in a healthrelated field or to gain admission into a post baccalaureate program in a health-related field.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for professionals within their chosen degree. chemical. Admission to Health Science Program at Affiliated Institution Students must gain admission to the affiliate programs before this phase of the program can be completed� Requirements for admittance at Clarke College include a minimum cumulative G�P�A� of 3�00 and no grades lower than a “C” on prerequisite courses. physical. Other requirements may apply. The curriculum gives the individual a firm foundation in essential biological. and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge. Students in the Health Science Administration program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. as well as effective management skills that are fundamental to administering allied health programs� Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate programs� Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs� Residency Requirements at Ashford University Program Outcomes Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from Ashford University before attending the affiliate school. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree.

and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals. thinking and communication skills using language specific to the sciences. and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge. • Demonstrate critical reading.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Demonstrate critical reading. Administration Requirements (36-39 credits): • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 107 . and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree. and specific to their degree program. thinking. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their field. • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • HCA 311 Health Care Finance & Information Systems (3 credits) • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing Health and Human Services (3 credits) • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits) • HCA 402 Health Care Internship* (3-6 credits) OR HCA 221 Practicum in Health Care (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Administration Requirements: 120 credits 46 credits 47 credits 36-39 credits Major Course Requirements (47 credits): • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits) Bachelor of Science in Natural Science • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II (4 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) • MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • HCA 221 Health Care Practicum (3 credits) OR HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3 credits) The B� S� degree in Natural Science offers students an opportunity to tailor their education to their specific career goals within the science area� It provides a basic background in biology and chemistry that can then be expanded upon for students considering health care or research professions� A secondary education teaching endorsement. • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for professionals within their chosen degree. • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information in the natural sciences for a career in the scientific or health-related fields. may be completed within this degree� Program Outcomes Students in the Natural Science program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. which combines biology and chemistry.

Additional requirements from the Iowa Department of Education may be added at any time� Students majoring in Natural Science will complete the following requirements: Major Course Requirements (34 credits) • BIO 103 Principles of Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of Biology I (4 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits) • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • One introductory statistics course (3 credits) • NAT/BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits) • NAT/BIO 498 Senior Thesis (2 credits) • NAT/BIO 499 Senior Thesis (2 credits) Additional Requirements (26 credits) 26 additional credits in BIO. • Collecting and preparing biological specimens to measure levels of hormones. PHY. students seeking licensure in the state of Iowa must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program. and research purposes� The nuclear medicine technologist diagnoses diseases by safely using radioactive tracers for diagnostics purposes and works hand-in-hand with nuclear medicine physicians. • Preparing data for the physician’s interpretation. and radio chemists as an integral part of a highly skilled team� The Nuclear Medicine Technologist generally works in hospitals and clinics� The NMT’s functions might include: • Operating nuclear medical instruments. Chemistry with Physics option. and successfully complete all other requirements for Iowa licensure� See College of Education Student Handbooks. or MAT. health physicists. drugs.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Additional Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 34 credits 26 credits 14 credits • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit) • EDU 346 Sec Ed: Science Specific Methods (3 credits) • EDU 345 Practicum Sec Ed: Science (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 460 & 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School OR EDU 462 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits) In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated above. or General Science� Education Major Requirements (47 credits) • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) is a medical specialty program that uses nuclear medicine instruments. three of these courses must be 300-level or above� Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Medicine Technology Education Endorsements for Bachelor of Science in Natural Science Majors Endorsements are possible in Biology. Chemistry. CHE. radio pharmacists. numbered 200 or above beyond General Education requirements. acceptance into student teaching. and other components. therapeutic. • Positioning patients for imaging procedures. and detectors for diagnostic. Bio-Chem Combo. • Preparing and administering radiopharmaceuticals. sophisticated computers. Ashford University 108 .

Minnesota (contingent upon their admission to the program). and computers. chemistry. students must possess. Transferability of credits is always up to the receiving institution. plus fulfillment of General Education requirements and competencies (46 credits)� The required courses in the first and sophomore years emphasize the physical and biological sciences. students receive a certificate from the nuclear medicine program attended and. students complete a program of study in biology. and • Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge. a student may earn a degree from the University of Iowa� Students must meet the admissions requirements of the University of Iowa Nuclear Medicine program or any certified Nuclear Medicine program where the student wishes to apply� Students will be strongly advised to follow Ashford University Bachelor of Science in Biology degree program requirements� In this way. devoted to nuclear medicine technology� In the first 3 (three) years of study at Ashford University. chemistry. a baccalaureate degree in Nuclear Medicine Technology from Ashford University� Graduates then are eligible for national certification by the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board as nuclear medicine technologists� Optional approach: Students may complete the Ashford University Nuclear Medicine Technology requirements previously outlined and choose to apply to the University of Iowa’s Nuclear Medicine program� Upon acceptance Students in the Nuclear Medicine Technology program will be able to: • Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills. or be eligible for. students must complete at least 38 credits in the areas of biology. and/or • Quality control� The Nuclear Medicine Technology program is offered in cooperation with the Mayo School of Health Sciences� Note: Students should see an Ashford University Dean or the Vice President of Academic Affairs for details about any arrangements between Ashford University and other colleges/universities. which provide a basic background for future development in the junior year� Students take electives to ensure a minimum of 90 credits to apply to a certified Nuclear Medicine Technology program. • Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree. thinking. Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Professional Program Requirements at Affiliated Institution: 120 credits 46 credits 45 credits 34 credits Major Course Requirements (45 credits): • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry (3 credits) • CHE 315 Quantitative Chemistry (4 credits) • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology (4 credits) • BIO 104 Principles of General Biology (4 credits) • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) 109 • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . and specific to their degree program. In their first 3 (three) years of study at Ashford University. to University of Iowa’s Nuclear Medicine program. and mathematics in addition to fulfilling General Education requirements for the baccalaureate degree� Students complete their senior year of study at the Mayo School of Health Sciences in Rochester. Students complete their senior year of study at the Mayo School of Health Sciences Nuclear Medicine Program (contingent upon their admission to the program)� Upon satisfactory completion of the fourth year. students who are not admitted to University of Iowa’s Nuclear Medicine Technology program can complete an Ashford University degree in their chosen area within four years� Program Outcomes General Requirements The NMT program is a 3 + 1 (3 years of prerequisite and General Education coursework followed by a clinical year) professional program that grants a certificate and/ or a baccalaureate degree� Alternatively. and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals. a baccalaureate degree upon completion of the clinical year. mathematics. physics. • Demonstrate critical reading. • Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for a professional in their chosen degree. Students who wish to apply to the University of Iowa or other Nuclear Medicine programs will be subject to that institution’s admissions requirements. upon transferring the 34 credits.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Radiation safety.

health policy. or management without losing a large number of credits in the transfer process� Accepting the AAS as evidence 110 Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: AAS Degree (includes 46 General Education Requirements): Selected Core: Elective: 120 credits 64 credits 45-48 credits 12 credits Ashford University . • Evaluate the contributions of volunteerism within the context of the health care delivery system. the BAS degree adds breadth through a liberal arts-based General Education component and depth through the chosen core� The BAS graduate is thus prepared for greater career mobility and a more enriched life� In addition to the general requirements for the BAS degree noted previously (see Requirement for Graduation with a Bachelor of Applied Science Degree section in this Catalog). Specific curriculum in health administration. • Demonstrate the integration of multi-disciplinary knowledge into the multiple perspectives of the U�S� health care system. health care planning. and • Analyze health care delivery outcome research� Students must declare a major at the end of the sophomore year. computer graphic design. students must complete one of the following core requirements: Recommended Electives: • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits) • BIO 342 Genetics and Immunology (4 credits) • MAT 311 Managerial Calculus (3 credits) • BIO 225 Medical Biology for Health Care (4 credits) • HCA 221 Practicum in Healthcare (3 credits) Bachelor of Applied Science in Health Care Administration Residency Requirement at Ashford University: Transfer students must earn at least 30 credits from Ashford University before attending an affiliate institution with a Nuclear Medicine Technology program� The Bachelor in Health Care Administration is designed to meet the learning needs of health care professionals and others in the acquisition of foundational knowledge in health-related topics. health and human services management. • Discuss the provision of health care services across the life span.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits) • BIO 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits) • BIO 353 Cross-Sectional Anatomy (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) of expertise in an applied science. and Ashford University advisors would be in the position to determine whether a student would proceed into the NMT program� Science advisors are in the position to gauge a student’s ability through advising sessions and to recommend students into the NMT program� A minimum cumulative GPA of 2�75 at the University and strong academic performance in the courses above are required for admission to NMT programs such as the program at the Mayo School of Health Sciences� The curriculum of the NMT clinical year is based on Essentials of an Accredited Educational Program in Nuclear Medicine Technology� The clinical year consists of 30 plus hours� College of Arts and Sciences: Bachelor of Applied Science Programs and Requirements The Bachelor of Applied Science degree offers holders of Associate of Applied Science degrees the opportunity to pursue a four-year degree with a focus in accounting. regulation and financing. health care management. operations and applications� The Health Care Administration degree is characterized by an interdisciplinary and integrated learning approach. reflecting the realities of the health care system. and quality monitoring is provided� Program Outcomes Major Course Requirements at Mayo School of Health Sciences: Students in the Health Care Administration program will be able to: • Examine the requirements of continued learning for health care professionals.S. health care services. • Analyze the major financing systems of U. computers. • Communicate the major forces driving change in the U�S� health care system. • Explore the ramifications of cultural and socialdemographic variables as they impact the delivery of health care.

Collateral courses complement the accounting curriculum and enable students to better understand the internal and external business environment through study in business administration. and • Apply knowledge and skills to obtain Certified Management Accountant professional designation� Elective (12 credits): • HCA 425 Long-Term Care Internship (12 credits) Requirements for the Major The following courses may also be applied to the General Education requirements: • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 42 credits 32 credits Major Course Requirements (42 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 111 . Program Outcomes Students in the Accounting program will be able to: • Collaborate to achieve organizational goals. conceptual. or permission of the instructor� ** GPA of 2�75 required in the core� College of Business and Professional Studies: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements Bachelor of Arts in Accounting The Accounting major at the University develops necessary analytical. • Apply ethical standards to accounting. and technical knowledge and proficiency in accounting.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Major Course Requirements (45-48 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management* (3 credits) • HCA/PSY 321 Program Evaluation (3 credits) • HCA/SOC 310 Funding Health and Social Services (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 320 Public Policy and Social Services (3 credits) • HCA 402 Health Care Internship** (3-6 credits) One course from the following (3 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • HCA/SOC 340 Managing in Health and Human Services: An Interdisciplinary Approach (3 credits) One course from the following (3 credits): • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 317 Cognition in Late Adulthood (3 credits) One course from the following (3 credits): • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 320 Research Methods and Statistical Applications (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) *The prerequisite for BUS 303 is SOC 340 Managing in Health and Human Services (3 credits). • Use technology tools related to the area of Accounting. • Analyze alternatives to complex accounting problems. economics. • Apply and integrate accounting information into business decision making. and quantitative methods� Accounting majors may also pursue an optional track in environmental studies� The Professional Accounting Program meets the needs of students planning to sit for the Certified Public Accounting (CPA) exam.

the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) requires members of its organization to have earned 150 credits of education and to have passed the CPA exam� To respond to this requirement. • Apply and integrate accounting information into business decision making. • Apply ethical standards to accounting.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 380 Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits) One course from the following: • ACC 311 Cost Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 402 Federal Income Taxes II (3 credits) • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits) Business Core Requirements (12 credits from the following): • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) One course in Information Systems (3 credits): • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) Program Outcomes Students in the Professional Accounting program will be able to: • Collaborate to achieve organizational goals. This five-year. • Use technology tools related to the area of Accounting. Ashford University has developed the Professional Accounting Program. 150-credit-hour curriculum meets the AICPA requirements for sitting for the CPA exam� The Professional Accounting program also incorporates AICPA recommendations for broadening the academic preparation of public accountants� Students completing the program can choose either double undergraduate majors in accounting and business administration or an undergraduate degree in accounting and a Master of Business Administration degree� Business Core Requirements (24 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) 112 Ashford University . • Analyze alternatives to complex accounting problems. and • Apply knowledge and skills to obtain Certified Management Accountant or Certified Public Accountant professional designation� Double Undergraduate Major Degree Track Requirements for Double Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Business Core Requirements: Collateral Core Requirements: Information Systems Requirements: Electives: 150 credits 46 credits 36 credits 24 credits 18 credits 9 credits 17-18 credits Major Course Requirements (36 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 311 Cost Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 380 Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) • ACC 402 Federal Income Taxes II (3 credits) • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits) • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits) • ACC 420 Internship (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Professional Accounting Since January 1. 2001.

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) Undergraduate BA Accounting/ Master of Business Administration Track Requirements for the BA Accounting/ Master of Business Administration Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Accounting Core Requirements: Business Core Requirements: Collateral Core Requirements: Information Systems Requirements: 120 credits 46 credits 24 credits 24 credits 18 credits 9 credits Collateral Core Requirements (18 credits): • BUS 312 Business Law II (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) OR ECO 317 Money and Banking (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • MAT 311 Managerial Calculus (3 credits) • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits) Undergraduate Accounting Core (24 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 380 Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) Information Systems Requirements (9 credits): • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) Business Core Requirements (24 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) Elective Courses (17-18 credits from the following): • ACC 420 Internship (maximum 8 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 318 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 345 Business and the Environment (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 352 E-Business (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions and Markets (3 credits) • ECO 317 Money and Banking (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) Collateral Core (18 credits): • BUS 312 Business Law II (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) OR ECO 317 Money and Banking (3 credits) • MAT 311 Managerial Calculus (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits) 113 2009-2010 Academic Catalog .

students must first earn their undergraduate degree in Accounting� assist students in acquiring essential knowledge and competence in accounting. information management. • Manage change within a dynamic business environment.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Information Systems (9 credits): • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) Before progressing to the graduate Master of Business Administration program. economics. human resources. and • Create a strategic business plan� Graduate Coursework Requirements for the Master of Business Administration: Total Minimum Credits Required: Graduate Accounting Core: Graduate Business Core: 33 credits 9 credits 24 credits Graduate Accounting Core (9 credits from the following): Requirements for the Major • ACC 502 Federal Tax II (3 credits) • ACC 507 Advanced Accounting (3 credits) • ACC 511 Cost Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 520 Internship (3 credits) Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives 120 credits 46 credits 45 credits 29 credits Students should plan to complete the first 9 credits in the Graduate Accounting core in the traditional classroom format on campus� The remaining 24 credits in the Graduate Business core will be completed by students in the accelerated classroom format (either in Ashford’s ASPIRE program on-campus or in the online modality) offered through the Center for External Studies� Major Course Requirements (45 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) Graduate Business Core (24 credits): • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 650 Managerial Finance (3 credits) • BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits) • BUS 620 Managerial Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 640 Managerial Economics (3 credits) • BUS 630 Managerial Accounting (3 credits) • BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits) • BUS 690 Business Strategy (3 credits) One course in Statistics (3 credits): • MAT 332 Statistics (3 credits) One course in Management (3 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) One course in Strategic Planning (3 credits): • BUS 402 Strategic Management and Business Policy (3 credits) Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration Business students study the environment of business in a market-based economy and explore the different functional areas of business including finance. and mathematics. ethics. • Evaluate a situation and apply an effective leadership style. • Use technology tools related to their area of emphasis. Elective specializations in finance and marketing build on the core curriculum� Program Outcomes Students in the Business Administration program will be able to: • Collaborate to achieve team goals. • Develop an awareness of their leadership style. and marketing� Collateral courses complement the business core and 114 .

and computer programming skills that are needed to aid current business and industry� The Graphic Design degree involves the creation of information that people see and read: posters. business management. develop. e-business administration. signs. music. • Manage relationships with technology providers and customers. logical.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs One course in Ethics (3 credits): • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) One course in Information Technology (3 credits): • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) Requirements for the Major: Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 45 credits 29 credits Required Courses (45 credits): Elective Specializations • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) OR MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • COM 340 Technical Writing (3 credits) • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • MGT 497 Strategic Technology Planning for Organizations (3 credits) Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program� Please see the Specializations section in this Catalog� Financial Certification Students interested in pursuing the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) qualification should consult the Dean of the College of Business and Professional Studies regarding appropriate coursework� Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems graduates are able to understand the interaction and importance of information systems and information sharing within a business or organization� Courses will focus on networking. developing and implementing new or existing information systems within the businesses organization� Program Outcomes Students in the Business Information Systems program will be able to: • Utilize analytical. advertisements. brochures. and deploy effective Information Systems solutions. digital imaging. and control processes� Bachelor of Arts in Computer Graphic Design The Computer Graphic Design major combines the application of visual art. video production. and Websites� See Business Information Systems description and Computer Science and Mathematics description for other degree options in the computer science field. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 115 . and the application of long-range planning. communication. and • Evaluate the business as an integrated information system including the relations among the functional areas. • Evaluate appropriate enterprise solutions for business success. as well as problem solving and leadership in designing. marketing. • Analyze alternatives to complex business problems and alternatives. commercials. systems implementation. books. and critical thinking abilities to analyze user requirements and to design. strategic data utilization.

and media capabilities in the development and execution of graphic communication projects. • Develop and communicate creative ideas to colleagues and clients through oral.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Program Outcomes Students in the Computer Graphic Design program will be able to: • Utilize computer graphics and visual arts tools related to their track focus (Animation. and • Incorporate professional ethics on projects� • CGD 326 3-D Dynamics (3 credits) • CGD 327 Advanced 3-D Seminar I (3 credits) • CGD 427 Advanced 3-D Seminar II (3 credits) • ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits) Animation Electives (3 credits from the following): • ART 211 Ceramics I (3 credits) • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CGD 323 3-D Modeling II (3 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits) • CGD 332 Multimedia Authoring (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) Requirements for the Major: Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Required Courses: Track: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 27 credits 27-30 credits 17-20 credits Print Media Track (27 credits): Required Courses (27 credits): • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits) • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • CGD 318 Introduction to Public Relations and Promotional Writing (3 credits) • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits) • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communication (3 credits) • CGD 240 Media Writing/Editing (3 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits) • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) Print Media Electives (3 credits from the following): • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • CGD 220 Storytelling and Storyboarding (3 credits) • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits) • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits) • CGD 332 Internship (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) Ashford University Tracks (27-30 credits) Students must choose ONE track from the following: Animation Track (30 credits): Students must earn a “C-” or better in each course to move on in the program� • CGD 220 Storytelling/Storyboarding (3 credits) • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits) • CGD 331 Digital Video and Audio (3 credits) • CGD 324 3-D Animation I (3 credits) • CGD 325 3-D Animation II (3 credits) 116 . • Accurately determine client needs. or Web Design). written. audience. and visual communication during the completion of individual and team projects. Print Media. purpose. • Investigate opportunities for professional growth.

• Develop competencies in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet clients’ needs. as well as to develop competence in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet client’s needs� Graduates will be able to evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages and engage 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Corporate Communications Track (15 credits): • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • BUS 355 Corporate Communication Strategies (3 credits) • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) 117 . strategic planning. strategic planning. and • Engage in problem analysis. • Evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages. message development.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) in problem analysis. message development. and tactical solutions� Web Electives (3 credits from the following): • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits) • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits) • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits) • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing (3 credits) • CGD 332 Multimedia Authoring (3 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Core Requirements: Corporate Communications Track Marketing Track 120 credits 46 credits 33 credits 15 credits 15 credits Core Requirements (33 credits): • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • BUS 420 or CGD/INF 392 Internship (3 credits) • CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits) • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing Graduates of the major in Public Relations and Marketing will be able to develop an understanding and mastery of marketing and public relations functions� Emphasis is on creating a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts. and tactical solutions� Program Outcomes Web Design Track (27 credits): • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) (may substitute BUS 317 or 330) • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) Students in the Public Relations and Marketing program will be able to: • Develop an understanding and mastery of marketing and public relations functions. • Create a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts.

exhibit college-level writing and speaking skills. and commercial recreation programs. • Apply theory to practice through practica and internships. business. sociology. English. and acquire a knowledge base in the field of sports and recreation management� Program Outcomes Students in the Sports and Recreation Management program will be able to: • Integrate knowledge from sports recreation and business administration fields. sport/fitness clubs. economics. • Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities. and psychology� The curriculum consists of learning experiences that are essential for assuming entry-level business management positions in the sports and recreation profession� Students completing the 118 • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing and Management (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • SRM 320 Organization and Administration of Sports and Recreation Management (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) Practicum/Case Study (3 credits from the following): • SRM 244 Practicum I (1 credit) • SRM 344 Practicum II (2 credits) OR SRM 325 Case Research in Sports and Recreation Management (3 Credits) Ashford University . sports/athletics equipment merchandising. • Apply business procedures to team and facilities management. and • Demonstrate appropriate decision-making skills in organizational contexts� Marketing Track (15 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits) • INF 242 Database & Spreadsheet Analysis (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Electives (3 credits) • BUS 315 Professional Selling & Sales Management (3 credits) • BUS 318 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (3 credits) • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits) Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Major Requirements: Electives (6 credits are specified): 120 credits 46 credits 45 credits 29 credits Major Course Requirements (45 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management The Sports and Recreation Management major helps to prepare professionals for managerial positions in the sports and recreation industry including professional. intercollegiate. physical education. private. philosophy. and interscholastic sports. speech. information systems.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) Electives (3 credits) • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Video & Audio (3 credits) • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • JRN 211 News Reporting Lab (3 credits) • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits) required coursework will be exposed to various theories of management in the field of business administration. public. and intramural and recreational sports� Students complete coursework in the following areas: accounting.

• Apply and integrate accounting information into business decision making. • Use technology tools related to the area of Accounting. BUS 312� The following courses may also be applied to the General Education requirements: • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) Bachelor of Applied Science in Accounting Program Outcomes Students in the Accounting program will be able to: • Collaborate to achieve organizational goals. and • Apply knowledge and skills to obtain Certified Management Accountant professional designation� Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: AAS Degree (includes 46 General Education Requirements): Core: Electives: 120 credits 64 credits 36 credits 20 credits Major Course Requirements (36 credits): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I* (3 credits) • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II* (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I** (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I** (3 credits) • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I** (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) College of Business and Professional Studies: Bachelor of Applied Science Degree Programs and Requirements The Bachelor of Applied Science degree offers holders of Associate of Applied Science degrees the opportunity to pursue a four-year degree with a focus in accounting. ACC 401. without losing a large number of credits in the transfer process� Accepting the AAS as evidence of expertise in an applied science. or BUS 311 if the student earned a “B-” or better grade in a similar course at the freshman. health and human services management. ACC 402.or sophomore-level� **May receive credit for ACC 310. health care management.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs One course in Advanced Communication (3 credits from the following): • BUS 340 Business Communications (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual and Verbal Presentations (3 credits) One course in Public Relations/Media (3 credits from the following): • CGD 240 Media Writing and Editing (3 credits) • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices and Promotional Writing (3 credits) One course in Internship/Project Management (3 credits from the following): • SRM 420 Internship (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) One course in Information and Technology (3 credits from the following): • INF 242 Database Analysis (3 credits) • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) • Analyze alternatives to complex accounting problems.or sophomore-level� Credit will be awarded after the student earns a grade of “C” or higher in Ashford University courses: ACC 311. computers. students must complete one of the following core requirements: *May substitute ACC 380 Accounting for Not-ForProfit Organizations (3 credits) or ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits). computer graphic design. • Apply ethical standards to accounting. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 119 . or management. if the student earned a “B-” grade or better in a course similar to ACC 305 or ACC 306 at the freshman. the BAS degree adds breadth through a liberal arts-based General Education component and depth through the chosen core� The BAS graduate is thus prepared for greater career mobility and a more enriched life� In addition to the general requirements for the BAS degree noted previously (see Requirement for Graduation with a Bachelor of Applied Science Degree section in this Catalog).

Print Media. • Recommend technology tools and techniques to meet the information needs of an organization. and visual communication during the completion of individual and team projects. • Develop and communicate creative ideas to colleagues and clients through oral. • Research organizations’ information needs. Web Design).On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) AND/OR PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) • INF 317 Procedures for IS Support (3 credits) • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) Bachelor of Applied Science in Computer Program Outcomes Students in the Computer program will be able to: • Know general principles of modern programming languages. • Accurately determine client needs. 200-level or above. • Investigate opportunities for professional growth. audience. • Demonstrate knowledge of business procedures. must be taken at Ashford University� Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: AAS Degree (includes 46 General Education Requirements): Required Major: Collateral Course Requirements: Electives (9 credits are specified): 120 credits 64 credits 18 credits 9 credits 29 credits Bachelor of Applied Science in Computer Graphic Design Program Outcomes Students in the Computer Graphic Design program will be able to: • Utilize computer graphics and visual arts tools related to their track focus (Animation. purpose. • Coordinate information technology requirements to support the information systems requirements. and • Incorporate professional ethics on projects� Major Course Requirements (36 credits): Required Courses (18 credits): • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) OR INF 325 Telecommunications and Networking Concepts (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) Choose three electives (9 credits) from the following: • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) 120 Requirements for the Major: Total Minimum Credits Required: AAS Degree (includes 46 General Education Requirements): Major Requirements: Track: Electives: 120 credits 64 credits 21 credits 24 credits 11 credits Ashford University . and media capabilities in the development and execution of graphic communication projects. and • Research emerging technologies to adapt within dynamic organizations� Collateral Course Requirements (9 credits): • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) OR MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) (PHI 402 may also be applied to General Education requirements�) Additional Degree Requirements: A student may be required to demonstrate competency in COBOL programming if previous COBOL coursework was completed more than four years prior to enrollment at Ashford University� At least one programming course. written.

one of the projects may be in a topic area for that major. even if from a different major� • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits) • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) Students must choose one of the following: Animation track. • Evaluate the situation and apply an effective leadership style. students will produce an animation. and • Manage change within a dynamic business environment� Print Media Track (24 credits): • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • CGD 220 Storytelling and Storyboarding (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CGD 318 Introduction to Public Relations & Promotional Writing (3 credits) • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: AAS Degree (includes 46 General Education Requirements): Major Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 64 credits 33 credits 23 credits Web Design Track (24 credits): • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • CGD 331 Digital Video & Audio (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Major Course Requirements (33 credits required): • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) OR MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) 121 . • Develop an awareness of their leadership style. Print Media track or Web Design track and complete all course requirements� Animation Track (24 credits): • CGD 220 Storytelling/Storyboarding (3 credits) • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits) • CGD 331 Digital Video and Audio (3 credits) • CGD 324 3-D Animation I (3 credits) • CGD 325 3-D Animation II (3 credits) • CGD 327 Advanced 3-D Seminar I (3 credits) • CGD 427 Advanced 3-D Seminar II (3 credits) • ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits) Bachelor of Applied Science in Management Program Outcomes Students in the Management program will be able to: • Collaborate to achieve organizational goals. or Web portfolio project� If the student is double majoring in another major offered by the IS Department.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Major Course Requirements (21 credits): • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits) • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits) • CGD 240 Media Writing and Editing (3 credits) • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits) • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits) • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) Additional Degree Requirements: Tracks (24 credits) In the following courses. print media. • Use technology tools related to their area of emphasis. A single project may fit more than one topic area.

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS/ECO 316 Financial Institutions and Markets (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) OR ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) OR ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) • Two upper-level electives (6 credits) in accounting. Students must have a cumulative grade point average of 2�50. which equals a minimum of 15 weeks� Elementary education majors are required to receive a passing score on the Praxis II exam to be recommended for an Iowa initial license� Professional Behavior and Contact with Children and Youth A student pursuing a program in Teacher Education or a minor in Child Learning and Development at Ashford University must meet the professional behavior requirements to enroll in field experiences. while also taking a substantial number of Education and Education-related courses� Students who are interested in teacher licensure will be initially enrolled in the Bachelor of Arts in Education program or Secondary Education program of interest� Upon completion of Level One requirements outlined in the Ashford University Practitioner Preparation Handbook. business. a minimum grade point average of 2�70 in education core courses. students will be eligible for admission to 122 . 200. certain assault convictions. practica. youth. in the junior year).and possibly some 300-level Education major course requirements during the first five to six semesters. and a passing score on a basic skills test to be eligible to apply for admission to the Practitioner Preparation Program (PPP)� When admitted to the PPP (typically. the majority of the Education courses will be at the 300-level� Curriculum and methods courses and the accompanying practica are taken during the semesters immediately preceding student teaching� A full semester of student teaching takes place during the last semester. and/or information systems� The following courses may also be applied to the General Education requirements: • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits) the Practitioner Preparation Program and transfer to the appropriate program for the endorsement area being pursued� Students who are not interested in a teaching license. or student teaching courses� Any student who fails to meet the criteria for professional behavior may be removed from or denied enrollment in any course where there is direct contact with children. internships. internships. Professional Behavior and Enrollment in Courses in Teacher Education Students who successfully complete all required courses (including the Student Teaching Semester) and who demonstrate a minimum of entry-level proficiency in all competency areas can be recommended for an Iowa teaching license� The Iowa Board of Educational Examiners requires a federal criminal background check and fingerprint check on all applicants prior to teacher licensure� Felony convictions. or young adults such as a field experiences. or do not meet the requirements for a teaching license may complete the Bachelor of Arts in Education program or a related major without teacher certification. and certain drug and alcohol convictions are among the convictions that will preclude the award of a teaching license� The University asserts that students who enter the program must be eligible to be recommended for a teacher license upon completion of program requirements� Checkpoints Students in elementary and secondary education take General Education courses and 100-. or student teaching� Ashford University Elective Specializations Students may choose a finance or marketing optional specialization to supplement their major� College of Education: Program Information Practitioner Preparation Program The practitioner preparation program is the licensure track common to all endorsements and majors in the College of Education and prepares students for rewarding careers as professional educators� Students desiring to teach Pre-K through grade eight will major in elementary education� Those preparing to teach fifth through twelfth grades will select a major related to the content area they wish to teach. practica. child abuse or neglect convictions. a cumulative GPA of 2�70 in endorsement area courses.

and the Dean of the College of Education� Permission will be granted on a limited basis. Endorsement-Seeking Students Certified teachers who hold a valid Iowa teaching license may add any endorsement for which Ashford University is approved and currently offers courses� behaviors such as promptness. • Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities including technological.English Methods (3 credits) • EDU 343 Practicum in Secondary English (1 credit) OR • EDU 344 Secondary Education . to ensure compliance with current State regulations. and social development of learners� Requirements for the Program Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Secondary Education Requirements: Endorsement Area: 120 credits 49 credits 47 credits 15-24 credits Secondary Education Requirements (47 credits): • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) • EDU 331 Practicum: General Methods (1 credit) • EDU 340 Business Education Methods (3 credits) • EDU 341 Practicum in Business Education (1 credit) OR • EDU 342 Secondary Education . • Utilize a variety of assessments and use assessment data to drive instruction. preparedness.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Repeating/re-enrolling in Education Core Courses Students who wish to repeat or re-enroll in education core courses they previously dropped must obtain the permission of the instructor. emotional. nonverbal. • Respect privacy. • One literature course with an ENG prefix (3 credits) Please note: In some cases. and conditions for enrollment in/ continuation in the course will be articulated� Required General Education Courses for Students Seeking Teacher Licensure in Iowa Students that transfer to the College of Education with an AA degree will be required to fulfill the general education requirements listed below� • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) OR MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits) • ENG 122 Composition II (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) • SPE 103 Oral Communication (3 credits) • One course each from the biological and physical sciences (one course must include a laboratory experience) Note: Secondary education only requires one science course that includes a lab. • Meet the needs of diverse learners in a variety of settings. and faculty. and exhibit professional 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . their advisor(s). physical. the Iowa State Department of Education requirements change after the Ashford University Catalog has been published. verbal.Mathematics Methods (3 credits) 123 Secondary Education Licensure Program Program Outcomes Students in the Secondary Education program will be able to: • Exhibit evidence of a high level of academic preparedness. and • Implement teaching strategies that promote the intellectual. and participating in on-going professional development. • Create a classroom environment where students experience mutual respect and appreciation for diversity. • Demonstrate skills in sound teaching methodology and instructional strategies. actively seeking input for professional development opportunities. It is essential that students work with the Dean of the College of Education. possess knowledge of mandatory reporting. • Acknowledge the important role of reflection in an educator’s ability to self-evaluate and modify actions in the learning community. and written. adhering to contractual issues.

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • EDU 345 Practicum in Secondary Mathematics (1 credit) OR • EDU 346 Secondary Education . Education Concentration General Science 5-12 (24 credits) Mathematics 5-12 (24 credits) Psychology 5-12 (15 credits) Sociology 5-12 (15 credits) World History 5-12 (15 credits) BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science BS/Computer Science and Math. as required by the Iowa Board of Educational Examiners� 124 Ashford University .Social Science Methods (3 credits) • EDU 349 Practicum in Secondary Social Science (1 credit) AND all of the following: • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) • EDU 460 & EDU 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) OR EDU 462 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Content Area (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits) Secondary education students will complete Iowa state endorsement requirements as part of the following corresponding degrees: State of Iowa Secondary Education Endorsement Area American Government 5-12 (15 credits) American History 5-12 (15 credits) Biology 5-12 (24 credits) Chemistry 5-12 (24 credits) English/Language Arts 5-12 (22 credits) Corresponding Ashford University Degree BA/Social Science BA/Social Science BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science BA/English and Communications.Science Methods (3 credits) • EDU 347 Practicum in Secondary Science (1 credit) OR • EDU 348 Secondary Education . Education Concentration BA/Social Science BA/Social Science BA/Social Science Coaching Authorization or Endorsement The Education Division also offers coaching credentials for students who successfully complete the following program: • PED 203 Exercise Physiology (1 credit) • PED 211 Theories and Techniques of Coaching (1 credit) • PED 242 Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries (2 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) Students must earn a grade of “C–” or higher in the four courses required for the Coaching credential� Students who are eligible or currently hold an Iowa teaching license will be issued the K−12 Coaching endorsement� The students must meet the GPA requirements of the Practitioner Preparation Program� Students in programs of study outside of Education are eligible for the K−12 Coaching Authorization� These students must hold a minimum GPA of 2�00 in the four required coaching courses� Students who successfully complete the Coaching Authorization are responsible for submitting appropriate application fees and must complete and pay fees associated with the DCI/FBI criminal background investigation.

• Demonstrate skills in sound teaching methodology and instructional strategies. adhering to contractual issues. preparedness. • Acknowledge the important role of reflection in an educator’s ability to self-evaluate and modify actions in the learning community. and written. • Meet the needs of diverse learners in a variety of settings. physical. and • Implement teaching strategies that promote the intellectual. verbal. • Respect privacy possess knowledge of mandatory reporting.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs College of Education: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education Program Outcomes Students in the Elementary Education program will be able to: • Exhibit evidence of a high level of academic preparedness. and social development of learners� Elementary Education Major Requirements (44 credits): • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 203 Child and Adolescent Literature (3 credits) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 301 Language Arts in the Elementary Schools (3 credits) • EDU 303 Reading Methods and Curriculum (3 credits) • EDU 305 Clinical Experience in Reading/ Language Arts Methods (1 credit) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 311 Social Studies Curriculum and Methods (2 credits) • EDU 313 Elementary Curriculum and Methods of Science (2 credits) • EDU 315 Curriculum and Methods of Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary School (2 credits) • EDU 317 Clinical Experience in Social Studies/ Science/Math Methods (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 450 Student Teaching in the Elementary School (8 credits) and EDU 451 Student Teaching in the Elementary School (7 credits) OR EDU 452 Student Teaching in the Elementary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) Requirements for the Major Total Minimum Credits Required: General Education Requirements: Elementary Education Major Requirements: Collateral Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 52 credits 44 credits 19 credits 5 credits Collateral Course Requirements (15 credits): • MAT 223 Math for Educators (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 317 Mild/Moderate Disabilities (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavior Management (3 credits) (One Endorsement Area is also required for the state of Iowa) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 125 . and participating in on-going professional development. • Create a classroom environment where students experience mutual respect and appreciation for diversity. and exhibit professional behaviors such as promptness. • Utilize a variety of assessments and use assessment data to drive instruction. actively seeking input for professional development opportunities. emotional. nonverbal. • Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities including technological.

and social development of learners� Requirements for the Major Total minimum credits required: General Education courses Business Courses Requirements Education Courses Requirements 123 credits 46 credits 30 credits 47 credits Business Courses Requirements (30 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) Choose 6 credits from the following: • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) One course (3 credits) from the following: • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits) Choose 6 credits from the following: • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Business Education Students will be awarded this degree and have earned an endorsement in Business – All 5-12� In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated below. and written. nonverbal. and participating in on-going professional development. and exhibit professional behaviors such as promptness.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Two courses from the following (4 credits): • ART 201 Art Skills for the Classroom Educator (2 credits) • MUS 225 Musical Skills for the Classroom Teacher (2 credits) • PED 205 Physical Education for the Elementary Teacher (2 credits) • PED 230 Health Education for Elementary Education Majors (2 credits) Students in Elementary Education must also complete an endorsement area� Endorsements are available in the following areas: • Pre-K–K (30 credits) • Reading K–8 (27 credits) • English/Language Arts K−8 (24 credits) • History K–8 (24 credits) • Mathematics K−8 (24 credits) • Science Basic K−8 (24 credits) • Social Studies K−8 (24 credits) Students who pursue one or more of the previous endorsements are also eligible to complete an endorsement in the following: • Instructional Strategist I (Special Education) K-8 (18 credits) • Middle School 5-8 (30 credits) • Coaching K-12 (7 credits) The Practitioner Preparation Handbook provides further details regarding program requirements� • Respect privacy possess knowledge of mandatory reporting. • Utilize a variety of assessments and use assessment data to drive instruction. verbal. • Meet the needs of diverse learners in a variety of settings. adhering to contractual issues. emotional. students in this endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure� Program Outcomes Students in the Business Education program will be able to: • Exhibit evidence of a high level of academic preparedness. and • Implement teaching strategies that promote the intellectual. • Acknowledge the important role of reflection in an educator’s ability to self-evaluate and modify actions in the learning community. preparedness. 126 Ashford University . • Demonstrate skills in sound teaching methodology and instructional strategies. • Create a classroom environment where students experience mutual respect and appreciation for diversity. • Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities including technological. physical. actively seeking input for professional development opportunities.

and coaching� This program will provide both elementary and secondary physical education endorsements� Program Outcomes Students in the Physical Education program will be able to: • Identify physical education content and disciplinary concepts related to the development of a physically educated person.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) One course (3 credits) from the following: • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Education Students who are interested in education. etc. recreation. elementary. nonverbal and media communication techniques to foster interaction� Requirements for the Major Total minimum credits required: Education course requirements: AU minor requirements: Internship requirements: General Education requirements: 120 credits 46 credits 36 credits 18-27 credits 4-8 credits (The internship is optional if 120 credits have previously been completed�) Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education The Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education is designed for students who want to teach K-12. and/ or secondary school� This degree will also help prepare students who seek careers in wellness. but who do not meet all of the requirements for teaching licensure or are not interested in a teaching license may complete this degree� Candidates for completion of this degree must formally apply to the College of Education and be accepted before an internship can be arranged� Additional requirements such as background checks. and emotional development. may be necessary if an internship placement requires it� Education Courses Requirements (47 credits) • EDU 200 Introduction to Education and Field Experience I (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education and Field Experience II (2 credits) • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits) • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit) • EDU 340 Business Specific Methods (3 credits) • EDU 341 Practicum Secondary Business (1 credit) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • EDU 460 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (8 credits) AND 461 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (7 credits) OR EDU 462 Student Teaching in the Secondary School (15 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits) In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated above. • Understand how students differ in their approaches to learning. cognitive. • Demonstrate how individuals learn and develop by providing opportunities that support their physical. middle. • Understands and can use individual and group motivation strategies. first aid certification. social. • Can create and evaluate learning experiences that make subject matter meaningful for students. 127 . and • Demonstrate effective use of verbal. students in this endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Program Outcomes • Understand how students learn.

and media communication techniques to enhance learning and engagement in physical activity settings. • Use knowledge of effective verbal. • Plan and implement a variety of developmentally appropriate instructional strategies to develop physically educated individuals. • Use assessment to foster physical. and emotional development of students in physical activity. and Secondary) & Field Experience II (2 credits) 128 Ashford University . cognitive.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • Applies knowledge of how individuals differ in their approaches to learning. and self-motivation. Major Course Requirements (47 credits) • EDU 200 Introduction to Education (Elementary and Secondary) & Field Experience (1 credit) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundation of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270 Principles of Education (Preschool. fellow professionals) and seek opportunities to grow professionally. nonverbal. • Evaluate the effects of their actions on others (e�g�. and community agencies to support students’ growth and well-being� • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits) • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit) • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits) • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits) • EDU 325 Specific Methods in Elementary PE (3 credits) • EDU 326 Practicum in Elementary PE (1 credit) • EDU 327 Specific Methods in Secondary PE (3 credits) • EDU 328 Practicum in Secondary PE (1 credit) • EDU 468 Student Teaching Elementary PE (8 credits) • EDU 469 Student Teaching Secondary PE (7 credits) • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit) Physical Education Endorsement (29 credits) • PED 212 Foundation of Movement & Motor Activities (3 credits) • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits) • PED 242 Prevention & Care of Athletic Injuries (2 credits) • PED 217 Individual & Team Sports Skills (3 credits) • PED 240 Applied Kinesiology & Biomechanics (3 credits) • PED 335 Curriculum & Administration of Physical Education (3 credits) • ESE/PED 340 Adapted Physical Education (3 credits) PED Sport Skills Courses (6 credits) • Activity: 1 credit each (6 distinct total courses) • PED 104 Personal Health & Wellness (2 credits) Requirements for the Major Total minimum credits required: Major Course Requirements: PE Endorsement: *Coaching endorsement: General Education Requirements: 122 credits 46 credits 47 credits 29 credits 2 credits *A student may add PED 242 Prevention & Care of Athletic Injuries for two credits to complete the coaching endorsement. and • Foster relationships with colleagues. • Use information technology to enhance learning and to enhance personal and professional productivity. students. parents/ guardians. social. active engagement in learning. • Use an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a safe learning environment that encourages positive social interaction. based on state and national (NASPE K-12) standards. parents/guardians. Elementary. by creating appropriate instruction adapted to these differences.

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs

Minors
To provide students with additional opportunities to broaden and enrich their educations, the University offers a variety of minors� A minor is a program of study that is distinct from and supplements a student’s major� A minor may be taken as a way to give a coherent pattern to elective credits, to expand career options, to prepare for graduate study, or simply to explore in greater depth an area different from one’s major� Coursework that is applied toward fulfillment of a minor may count toward elective or General Education requirements, but will not apply toward fulfillment of a track or specialization� Students cannot earn a minor in the same subject area as their major field of study. Students must declare a minor prior to degree conferral�

minor entails 18 credits of coursework when applied outside major requirements for Visual Art and Psychology majors, respectively. Psychology courses: • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) Choose 6 credits from the following: • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in Late Adulthood (3 credits) • PSY 360 Survey of Mental Health (3 credits) Art courses: • ART 103 Two Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits) • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits) • ART 350* Advanced Art Seminar (2 credits) • ART 403 Art Therapy Practicum (1 credit) Choose 3 credits from the following: • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculptor (3 credits) • ART 211/311 Ceramics I (3 credits) Choose 3 credits from the following: • ART 215/315 Computer Art I (3 credits) • ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits) • ART 307 Painting II (3 credits) *ART 350 is included to assure that graduates have prepared a portfolio required by AATA for graduate admission to an accredited Art Therapy Master’s program.

Accounting Minor
(18 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Accounting Principles II (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) Choose one of: • ACC 311 Cost Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 380 Non-for-Profit Accounting (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits)

Advanced Science Minor
(18 credits) A total of 18 credits in BIO, CHE, MAT, and PHY courses above general education and competencies is required� At least 9 credits must be upper-level courses� No more than 9 credits may be applied toward both the minor and the major coursework� This minor is restricted to students earning a Bachelor of Science degree within the College of Arts and Sciences only�

Art Therapy Minor
(36 credits) Please note: Recommended for Psychology, Social Science and Visual Art majors only. Psychology coursework may be applied to both to the Art Therapy minor and the Psychology or Social Science major requirements. Art coursework may be applied to both the Art Therapy minor and the Visual Art major requirements. The Art Therapy
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

Arts Administration Minor
(26 credits) Required courses: • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) OR ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
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• MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business and Professional Writing (3 credits) • LIB 420* Applied Liberal Arts (3 credits) • MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits) Additional music requirement: • MUS 103 AU Concert Choir (1 credit) OR MUS 125 AU Wind Ensemble (1 credit) OR Applied Music Lessons (2 credits)� Recommended Electives: • LIB 301 Liberal Arts Seminar *Internship of 150 hours in institution of the student’s main interest�

Chemistry Minor
(21-22 credits) Required courses: • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits) • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits) • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits) Choose one course from the following: • CHE 306 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) • CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry (3 credits) • CHE 315 Quantitative Chemistry (4 credits) • CHE 322 Chemistry Internship (3 credits)

Child Learning and Development Minor
(24 credits) Required courses: Choose 12 credits from the following, including one fieldbased course at Ashford University in addition to PSY 104: • ART 201 Art Skills for the Classroom Educator (3 credits) • EDU 200* Introduction to Education (Elementary and Secondary) and Field Experience (1 credit) • EDU 203 Child and Adolescent Literature (3 credits) • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits) • EDU 270* Principles of Education (Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary) (2 credits) • ERE 231 Techniques & Strategies for Corrective Reading (3 credits) • MAT 223 Math for Educators (3 credits) • MUS 225 Musical Skills for the Classroom Teacher (2 credits) • PED 205 Physical Education for the Elementary Teacher (2 credits) • PED 230 Health Education for the Elementary Teacher (2 credits) • PHI 205 Philosophy and Children (3 credits) *Field-based course

Business Administration Minor
(18 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) Choose one of: • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)

Business Economics Minor
(18 credits) Not available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration. • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) OR MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits)
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Choose 9 credits from the following: • EDU 300 Internship in Education (1-8 credits) or another 300-level course as approved by the faculty advisor and the Education Division chair • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child, Family, and Society (3 credits) Students must earn a minimum grade of “C-” in PSY 104 and a 2�00 cumulative grade point average in the courses required for the minor� is more than four years prior to enrollment at Ashford University� At least two programming courses, 200-level or above, must be taken at Ashford University�

Criminal Justice Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits) Select 3 courses from the following (at least one of which must be a CRJ course): • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits) • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits) • CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure (3 credits) • CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence (3 credits) • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking (3 credits) • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child, Family and Society (3 credits) • SOC 320 Public Policy and Social Services (3 credits)

Computer Graphic Design Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits) • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits) • CGD 240 Media Writing and Editing (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)

Computer Science Minor
(22-23 credits) Required courses: • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits) • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits) • MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits) Choose one of the following (3-4 credits): • MAT 352 Calculus II and Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • MAT 206/366 Linear Algebra (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) Additional degree requirement: A student may be required to demonstrate competency in programming if previous programming coursework
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

e-Business Minor
(18 credits) Required Courses: • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)

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English and Communication Minor
(21 credits) This minor allows students in other majors an opportunity to minor in the English and Communication area� The minor has been consciously structured to allow considerable latitude in selecting courses� This way, students desiring a more literature-based program can pattern the minor accordingly, while those seeking a program emphasizing a more applied approach stressing communication skills can do likewise by taking a different array of courses� Required courses: • ENG 223 Intermediate Composition (3 credits) One upper-level speech: • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) OR SPE 315 Business and Professional Speaking (3 credits)� 15 credits (12 credits at 300-level or higher) • From any of the courses that satisfy track requirements in the English and Communication major�

Choose 9 credits from the following: • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits) • BIO 210/310 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits) • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits) • ENV/BIO 101 Humanity and the Environment (4 credits) • ENV/CHE 108 Introductory Environmental Chemistry (4 credits) • ENV 420 Environmental Internship (3 credits) • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits) • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday and Today (3 credits) • PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science (4 credits) OR Any 100-level physical science course *Division Seminars other than the Concentration Seminar must be approved by the Program Chair� **Special topics must be approved by the Program Chair�

Entrepreneurship Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship (3 credits) • BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation (3 credits) • BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking (3 credits) • BUS 433 New Business Strategy (3 credits) • BUS 435 Small Business Ventures (3 credits) • BUS 437 Business Plan Development (3 credits)

Finance Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) • BUS 430 Finance Seminar (3 credits)

Environmental Studies Minor
(24 credits) Required courses: • ENV/BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits) • ENV/BUS 345 Business and the Environment (3 credits) • ENV/POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • LIB 301 Divisional Seminar* (3 credits) OR LIB 303 Concentration Seminar (3 credits) • LIB 315 Environment and the Human Spirit (INTD) (3 credits)

Health Care Administration Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • HCA 305 U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing Health and Human Services: An Interdisciplinary Approach (3 credits)

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• HCA 322 Health Care Ethics and Medical Law (3 credits) Select 3 courses from the following: • HCA 421 Health Care Planning (3 credits) • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits) • HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information Systems (3 credits) • MGT 445 Human Resources Management (3 credits) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring and Accreditation (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits)

Information Systems Minor
(18 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)

International Management Minor
(18 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 378 International Business Law (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 439 International Human Resources Management (3 credits) • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits)

History Minor
(18 credits) • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) OR HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) OR HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits) • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits) Note: Campus students may substitute other upper-level HIS courses OR LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (3 credits) for any or all of the upper-level requirements.

Liberal Arts Minor
(18 credits) Required courses: • One Liberal Arts Seminar (3 credits) (From the following Liberal Arts areas: fine arts, humanities, science, or social science�) • Two interdisciplinary (LIB) courses (6 credits) • Three Liberal Arts courses (9 credits) beyond the General Education requirements including at least two upper-division (300+) courses, and courses from at least two Liberal Arts areas (e�g�, fine arts, humanities, science, and social science).

Human Resources Management Minor
(18 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resources Management (3 credits) • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits) • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits) • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits) • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits)
2009-2010 Academic Catalog 133

Marketing Minor
(18 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits)

On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Mathematics Minor (18 credits) Required Courses: • MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • MAT 352 Calculus II with Analytic Geometry (4 credits) • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits) • MAT 366 Linear Algebra (3 credits) Choose 3 credits from the following: • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits) • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits) • MAT 362 Modern Algebras (3 credits) • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits) • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) OR MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • BUS 445 Total Quality Management (3 credits) • BUS 446 Production Control (3 credits) Organizational Management Minor (18 credits) Required Courses • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) One Course in Management • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) One Course in Leadership • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits) One Course in Human Resources • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) One Course in Communication • SPE 315 Business and Professional Speaking (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business and Professional Communication (3 credits) • COM 425 Communication in Organizations (3 credits) Music Minor (24 credits) Required Courses: • MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits) • MUS 105 Music Theory I (3 credits) • MUS 106 Music Theory II (3 credits) • MUS 107 Ear Training/Sight Singing I (1 credit) • MUS 108 Ear Training/Sight Singing II (1 credit) • MUS 250 Conducting I (2 credits) • Ensemble: 4 semesters • Applied Music: 4 semesters Choose 3 credits from the following: • MUS 255/355 Music in the United States (3 credits) • MUS 257 The American Musical Theater (3 credits) • MUS 350 Music in Western Civilization I (3 credits) • MUS 351 Music in Western Civilization II (3 credits) • LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits) Project Management Minor (18 credits) • INF 342 Project Quality Assurance (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • INF 337 Integrated Cost and Schedule Control • (3 credits) • INF 338 Leadership & Communication Skills for Project Management (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) Ashford University Operations Management Minor (18 credits) Required Courses • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) 134 .

. Family & Society (3 credits) Public Administration Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Public Administration. but at least 15 of the 21 credits must be at the 300-level or above� Sociology Minor (18 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. PSY. POL.g. ECO. HIS.e. as ENV 310). SOC)� For purposes of clarification: a course cross-listed under a social science and a nonSocial Science discipline (e. • PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 305 Budgeting for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 401 Urban Management (3 credits) • PPA 403 Administrative Law (3 credits) • PPA 405 Personnel Management (3 credits) • PPA 497 Public Policy Formation (3 credits) Sports and Recreation Management Minor (18 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports and Recreation Management (3 credits) Social Science Minor The Social Science minor provides an opportunity for students in other majors to pattern their electives in such a way as to demonstrate a basic familiarity with the social sciences� This will allow them to present themselves to prospective employers or graduate programs as having pursued a well-rounded undergraduate education and as having a familiarity with disciplines that help to explain the human condition� Visual Art Minor (18 credits) Required courses: • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) OR ART 200/300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art (3 credits) 135 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . ENV/POL 310 Environmental Policies) may be counted towards the minor even if formally taken under the nonSocial Science pre-fix (i. Courses may also apply to General Education requirements.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs Psychology Minor (18 credits) Required courses: • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits) • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits) Select 3 courses from the following: • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral and Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) • PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 330 Theories of Personalities (3 credits) • PSY 360 Survey of Mental Health (3 credits) • PSY 361 Health Psychology (3 credits) Required courses (21 credits) • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar: Race Relations in America (3 credits) • Interdisciplinary (LIB) course from the multidisciplinary Social Science block of the Social Science major� • Five Social Science courses that include coursework in at least three Social Science disciplines (ANT.

and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • CRJ 451 Homicide Investigation & Evidence Gathering (3 credits) • CRJ 453 Criminal Profiling (3 credits) • CRJ 455 Criminal Law (3 credits) • CRJ 457 Forensic Evidence & the Law (3 credits) Corrections Management Specialization (12 credits) Available for Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. • CRJ 461 Corrections Administration & Management (3 credits) 136 History Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social Science degree program only. • BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship (3 credits) • BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation (3 credits) • BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking (3 credits) • BUS 437 Business Plan Development (3 credits) Finance Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Business Administration. Health Care Administration. Business Administration. • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits) • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits) Ashford University . • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits) Forensics Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. Health Care Administration.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits) • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits) Choose 6 credits from the following: • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculpture (3 credits) • ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits) • ART 211/311 Ceramics I/II (3 credits) • ART 215/315 Computer Art I/II (3 credits) • ART 220 Printmaking I (3 credits) • ART 225 Printmaking I (3 credits) • ART 307 Painting II (3 credits) • ART 320 Printmaking II (3 credits) • ART 325 Photography II (3 credits) • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits) • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits) • CRJ 463 Contemporary Corrections Issues (3 credits) • CRJ 465 Corrections & Incarceration (3 credits) • CRJ 467 Probation & Parole (3 credits) Entrepreneurship Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) Specializations A specialization is an area of study that supplements select undergraduate majors� Students begin specialization coursework following successful completion of the major capstone� Students must declare a specialization prior to completion of program requirements� A student may not enroll in any undergraduate specialization that has a course overlap with any declared major(s)� Business Economics Specialization (12 credits) Available for Bachelor of Arts in Accounting degree program only.

• POL 319 State & Local Government (3 credits) • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits) • POL 411 Political Behavior (3 credits) Project Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Social and Criminal Justice. • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits) • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits) • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits) • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits) Operations Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting and Business Administration degree programs only. • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • BUS 445 Total Quality Management (3 credits) • BUS 446 Production Control (3 credits) Information Systems Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Business Administration.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • HIS 342 The Middle East (3 credits) • HIS 331 World War II (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits) Homeland Security Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. Social Science and Sociology degree programs only. • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) Political Science and Government Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in History. and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. Business Administration. • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) Human Resources Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Health Care Administration degree programs only. Health Care Administration. Business Administration. • CRJ 441 Homeland Defense (3 credits) • CRJ 443 Intelligence & Homeland Security (3 credits) • CRJ 445 Consequence Management: Terrorism Preparation & Response (3 credits) • CRJ 447 Homeland Security Organization (3 credits) Marketing Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. Public Relations and Marketing and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. Health Care Administration. • INF 342 Project Quality Assurance (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) 137 International Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Public Relations and Marketing. and Public Relations and Marketing degree programs only. Health Care Administration.

• PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 305 Budgeting for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 401 Urban Management (3 credits) • PPA 497 Public Policy Formation (3 credits) Security Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. Business Administration. and Health Care Administration degree programs only.On-Campus Traditional Undergraduate Programs • INF 337 Integrated Cost & Schedule Control (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) Public Administration Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing & Management (3 credits) 138 Ashford University . • CRJ 433 Principle and Theory of Security Issues (3 credits) • CRJ 435 Evaluation of Security Programs (3 credits) • CRJ 437 Contemporary Issues in Security Management (3 credits) • CRJ 439 Security Administration (3 credits) Sports and Recreation Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Public Administration degree program only.

Bachelor’s. and Master’s degrees from Ashford University� Grounded in the principles of adult learning and established to address the unique needs of mature and distance learners. advanced placement.Section Eight The online and accelerated evening (ASPIRE) programs offered at Ashford University are managed by the Center for External Studies� The Center works closely with the academic colleges in program development of online and ASPIRE programs and provides the necessary operational support to implement and manage these programs� These programs serve adult and distance learners seeking Associate. and national testing programs� Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Arts • Communication Studies • Health Care Administration • Health Care Studies • History • Liberal Arts • Political Science and Government • Psychology • Social and Criminal Justice • Social Science • Social Science with Education Concentration • Sociology 139 . sponsored professional training. therefore. the Center for External Studies recognizes the aspirations and qualities of selfdirectedness and serious motivation that broadly characterize working adults who seek college degrees� Programs offered through the Center for External Studies. military training. provide diverse and alternative ways for such individuals to earn and accumulate credits to be used in completing baccalaureate degrees� Besides offering online and ASPIRE courses that are accelerated and conveniently scheduled. the Center for External Studies administers assessment activities to determine college-level credit that adult learners may have already achieved� Alternative sources of credit at the undergraduate level may include credit for experiential learning.

CD-ROM. Entourage. or Cable modem. • Hardware: 256 Mb RAM. or Opera. Eudora. developing a degree-completion plan. add courses. DSL. acceptance.External Studies Undergraduate Programs College of Business and Professional Studies Associate of Arts • Business Bachelor of Arts • Accounting • Business Administration • Business Economics • Business Information Systems • Organizational Management • Public Administration • Public Relations and Marketing • Sports and Recreation Management Competencies Students must meet the following competencies: • Ability to access course and program material on the Internet. PowerPoint. • Email: Outlook. • Web Browser: Firefox. Mac Mail. Employment Services Program Enrollment Initial enrollment in courses offered by the Center for External Studies. XP or higher. and 1 Gb free disk space. NT. • Productivity Software: Microsoft Word. • Networking: 56k dialup modem. students. and clarifying university policies and procedures� Technology Requirements It is our intent to assist students and to prepare them for their coursework at Ashford University� Therefore. Outlook Express. or change their course schedule� Any change in the original registration must be communicated to the student’s Academic Advisor� Major changes in a student’s schedule may necessitate completion of a new Admissions Application and Enrollment Agreement� Ashford University does not guarantee employment to any applicant as a condition of their application. and • Ability to correspond with University staff. both online and on-campus. Excel. Safari. or Yahoo/Hotmail/ Googlemail� College of Education Bachelor of Arts • Early Childhood Education • Early Childhood Education Administration Academic Policies and Procedures Note: The following policies and procedures apply to all undergraduate programs offered through the Center for External Studies. and Adobe Acrobat. technology competencies and requirements have been established� These requirements are in effect for all Ashford University applicants and existing students� 140 Ashford University . is arranged through a University Enrollment Advisor� New online students should contact an Enrollment Advisor to register� It is the student’s responsibility to officially register for the program course of study� After initial enrollment. Please refer to the Program Details section for program-specific policies and procedures. Internet Explorer 5�5 or higher. students will work with their Academic Advisors to register. Netscape 6 or higher. and faculty using email and the Internet� System Requirements The following minimum system configuration and software are required: • Platforms: Mac OS X 10�2 or higher or Windows 2000. or attendance in any program� Ashford University does not promote employment services or make student referrals to prospective employers based on direct contact with the employer regarding current job openings to any student attending Ashford University online programs� Academic Advisement Ashford University’s Center for External Studies has supportive faculty and staff members who work with each student to help support the student’s success at the University� Advising is managed by a staff Academic Advisor and based on academic policies set by faculty and operational procedures that uphold consistency and service to students� An Academic Advisor is assigned to each degreeseeking student upon enrollment� This approach provides students with an available point of contact for academic and administrative direction� The advisor assists the student in course scheduling/registration.

students have access. will have that course removed from their academic transcripts� Drop Deadlines: • 6-week course = Week 1 • 5-week course = Week 1 • 3-week course = Day 3 Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% of total instructional weeks of attendance will receive a grade of “W” in the course. General Transfer Credit Provisions and Limitations Auditing of Courses Ashford has developed its Center for External Studies to serve adult and distance learners through innovative online programs and to allow accessibility through high transfer of credit. the University will work with students in an effort to provide them with the opportunity to reschedule or to transfer to a comparable University course or program. Program Changes. or accelerated/online). which is before the conclusion of the first 10% of the total number of instructional weeks of attendance. sequence. and delivery modality (on-campus/ classroom. Students who officially drop from a course or courses during the add/drop period. in consultation with the student. Academic Advisor. as deemed necessary by University administration� Registration in a particular course section or with a specific instructor is not guaranteed. Academic Advisor. innovative and highquality education� Students are responsible for reviewing their scheduled courses with their Academic Advisor and informing him/ her of any courses that they believe are duplicative or 141 The Center for External Studies does not allow course auditing due to the accelerated nature of course 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . but not limited to. in conjunction with previous education� Initial registration occurs in consultation with an Enrollment Advisor� Upon completion of initial registration. course dates. to their individual course schedules and the dates of each course for which they are registered� Once the admission file is completed and the student receives full admission to the University. to accommodate courses applied in transfer� It is the student’s responsibility to review his or her schedule regularly through the Student Portal and to notify the Academic Advisor to initiate any schedule changes� To drop from a course(s). Ashford University may cancel or postpone courses or programs. a student must contact his or her assigned Enrollment Advisor. if available� Any payments made for canceled courses will be refunded or applied to another University course or program� The University will make a reasonable attempt to notify affected students through various communication methods� Students wishing to officially withdraw from Ashford University must notify their assigned Enrollment Advisor.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Degree-Seeking Student Classifications Class Level: Freshman: Sophomore: Junior: Senior: 0–23 credits earned 24−47 credits earned 48–71 credits earned 72+ credits earned offerings and the unique nature of the online classroom environment� Course Drop Registration Initial registration and student scheduling is a one-time process based upon the information provided to Ashford University in the Admission Application� The student’s initial schedule is based upon the student’s desired start date and program of study. student schedules are adjusted by the student’s Academic Advisor. Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 75% of the total instructional time will receive a grade of “WF” in the course� Official Program Withdrawal Schedule Changes. accessible. as deemed necessary by the University� In such situations. or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Services Departments� Students choosing to notify their Academic Advisors verbally of their intent to withdraw may be asked to fill out a written request to withdraw� Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn� The student must resolve any financial obligations to Ashford University before receiving an official transcript from the Office of the Registrar. and Course Cancellation Ashford University reserves the right to make adjustments to student schedules including. via the Student Portal. accelerated/campus. or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Services Departments. in keeping with the University’s mission: affordable.

This service is intended to assist the student in determining how many transfer credits are likely to apply to an Ashford University degree and if transfer credit is equivalent to Ashford University courses prior to submission and evaluation of official transcripts. 100-level or higher)� Remedial or developmental course credit is not transferable� • Credits must have been earned with grade of “C-” or better from regionally accredited and selected nationally accredited colleges or universities� Transfer credits will generally be evaluated from each college or university independently� • A maximum of 9 credits with a “D” grade are transferable as long as the student’s cumulative overall GPA is 2. 142 in terms of curriculum� Courses similar in content and level will be accepted as equivalents to University courses based on the following criteria along with any program specific criteria: • Transfer credits must have been completed as part of a degree program and must carry collegelevel academic credit (generally. nontraditional learning or transfer credits in an area in which he or she has completed an equivalent course/exam� Generally. or nontraditional credit� Students are fully responsible for any charges for duplicative coursework taken at Ashford University� Ashford University will provide unofficial preevaluation of transfer credit upon request of the student and submission of unofficial transcripts.External Studies Undergraduate Programs equivalent in content to previously completed coursework or nontraditional learning� Students may submit official transcripts to Ashford University for review of transfer credits at any time� However. based on review of official transcripts by the Office of the Registrar. through transfer of credit. nontraditional learning or transfer credits in an area in which he or she has already a completed course of similar level. upper-division courses will not be considered equivalent or duplicative of lower-division courses� • The Center for External Studies places no general age limit on transfer credit from regionally accredited and selected nationally accredited institutions. Pre-evaluation of transfer credit prior to the submission of official transcripts is NEVER a guarantee that a certain number of transfer credits will officially apply towards the student’s specific degree program. with possible exceptions in subject areas where there has been significant change. Transfer credits will be officially evaluated. Once official transfer credit evaluation is completed. “D” credits cannot be applied toward the major or toward General Education competencies� • Credits from international institutions will be accepted based on a detailed evaluation from an approved evaluation service� • Transfer credit may not be granted when it duplicates college credit previously earned� Credit will not be given for the same learning twice� • Unless special conditions exist. students are responsible for reviewing their degree audits and notifying their Academic Advisors of any perceived discrepancies between credits completed and credits applied in transfer� Duplication and Regression: It is the student’s responsibility to make sure that transfer credits. a student may not earn credit by examination. or one that is more advanced in content level� Ashford University degree-seeking students. and/or Ashford University coursework does not duplicate previous credit earned� A student may not earn credit by examination.0 or above. the difference in required credits must be earned through completion of coursework necessary to achieve the total required credits for graduation� For example: A 3-quarter-credit course may be accepted as meeting General Education core or competency requirements but will equate to 2�00 credits� Therefore. should check with their Academic Advisor to determine if credits taken outside of Ashford University will fit into their academic plan and not duplicate previous credit awarded� Applicants and/or students who have questions concerning their transfer credit evaluation and/or official degree audit should contact their Academic Advisor to discuss their concerns. Requirements are noted in specific in degree/major requirements� • Graduate-level credits cannot be applied to undergraduate degrees� • A quarter credit hour taken in transfer will be equated to two-thirds of a semester hour� When quarter credits are used as equivalencies to General Education requirements. Students requesting re-evaluation of specific transfer credits will be directed to the Transfer Credit Appeal form in the Student Portal at www�ashford�edu and may be required to submit course descriptions and/ or syllabi for the previous courses to be reviewed by the Office of the Registrar. one additional credit of coursework will be needed to meet graduation requirements� A minimum of 5 quarter credits in Ashford University . transfer credit and/or nontraditional credit is not retroactive� Credits submitted and evaluated will not be accepted if they are duplicative of course work already earned at Ashford University. nontraditional learning.

External Studies Undergraduate Programs Natural Science is required to meet the Physical World requirement� • Limitations on the number and type of transfer credits accepted are set by each Ashford University degree program� • Introductory courses. handouts) • Contact information for course instructor/work supervisor (current phone/email) • Credit Rationale Paper (1-page paper) for each submission/topic Ashford University faculty will evaluate the submission of Sponsored Professional Training for evidence of college-level learning applicable to the student’s Ashford University degree program� Applicable fees for evaluation of Sponsored Professional Training are listed in Section Four of this Catalog� Payment for evaluation is charged per credit submitted for evaluation and does not guarantee that credit will be awarded� Through Experiential Learning: Students may participate in the experiential learning component by first enrolling in the experiential learning course. Commission on Accrediting (ATS). formerly known as NHSC). and through prior learning assessment� Nontraditional learning may not be applied at the graduate-level. and Capstone courses must be taken at Ashford University� Nationally accredited institutions granted accreditation by the following accrediting agencies will be considered in transfer: • Association of Advanced Rabbinical and Talmudic Schools. • Accrediting Commission for Career Schools/ Colleges of Technology (ACCSCT. • Distance Education and Training Council. Accrediting Commission (DETC. regardless of the number of nontraditional credits they apply towards their degree� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . • Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. formerly known as AICS or CCAACICS). • Credit carrying ACE. such as PSY 202 and EXP 105. Accreditation Commission (TRACS). formerly known as NATTS or CCA-ACICS). students may submit one or more experiential essays for review� Ashford University faculty will evaluate the experiential essay submission 143 Nontraditional Credits The Center for External Studies recognizes the uniqueness of each student’s experience and realizes that learning takes place in a variety of environments� Up to 75 nontraditional credits can be awarded in three ways: through national testing programs. EXP 200 Fundamentals of Adult Learning� EXP 200 is a 3-credit elective course. and • Credit earned through the Ashford Prior Learning Assessment Center (PLA)� Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) The Ashford University Prior Learning Assessment program allows students pursuing an Associate of Arts in Business or a baccalaureate degree the opportunity to earn credit for college-level learning that occurs outside a traditional classroom setting� PLA credit cannot be applied at the graduate-level� The program is managed through the Center for External Studies and complies fully with the Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (CAEL) standards for excellence� Students may earn credit through the Prior Learning Assessment program in two ways: Through Sponsored Professional Training: Students may participate in the Sponsored Professional Training component of PLA by providing the following documentation: • Evidence of successful completion (official certificate or letter) • Evidence of length of course (number of contact hours) • Evidence of course content (syllabus. and • Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES)� Specifically. • Council on Occupational Education (COE. Accreditation Commission (AARTS). • Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools.or PONSI-recommended credits. formerly known as SACS-COEI). formerly known as AABC). with the exception of ACE credits� Students in the Associate of Arts in Business program must meet the 18 credit residency requirement. • Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS. nontraditional learning will be defined as follows: • Credit from a National Testing Program. • Association of Biblical Higher Education (ABHE. and per-credit tuition is charged at the regular rate outlined in the current tuition and fee schedule� Upon successful completion of EXP 200. through national credit recommendations.

applicants may be admitted with a minimum of 60 transferable credits from an appropriately accredited postsecondary institution as defined by Ashford University transfer credit policies� • Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills. Bachelor’s degree students must be fully admitted and successfully complete PSY 202. at its discretion. satisfy the English proficiency requirement. completed secondary school through home schooling as defined by state law. hardware. or earned an equivalent to a US high school diploma at an international high school� An earned IEP or Special Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular high school diploma requirement for admission to Ashford University� Qualified applicants will self-certify as to their high school education on the application for admission� Ashford University may also require. Associate of Arts in Business students must be fully admitted. and successfully complete EXP 105. as outlined in the tuition and fee schedule in Section Four of this Catalog� Payment for evaluation is charged per essay submitted for evaluation and does not guarantee that credit will be awarded� Students may participate in one or both PLA components depending on their experience. features. Academic Calendar The academic calendar for the Associate of Arts program is continuous: • In a five-week course format. and/or evidence of passing the GED� If no high school degree was earned. but at least 18 credits included in the degree must be Ashford University credits� • Have a regular high-school diploma earned through college preparatory or regular high school courses or GED equivalency recognized by the Department of Education of the state in which it was earned. To be eligible for PLA. • Received a GED that was taken in English. abilities. including the signature page for the online application� • Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following: • Achieved a recognized high school diploma or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English. It does not apply to students pursuing a Master’s degree or non-degree seeking students. background. and need� Prior Learning Assessment credit awarded at another regionally or approved nationally accredited institution may be transferred to Ashford University with the approval of the Ashford University Registrar and the Director of the Center for External Studies� In order to be applied toward an Ashford University degree. Please read the nontraditional credit provisions and limitations for more information in this section of the Catalog. system configurations. 2010� Admission Requirements for the Associate of Arts Degree Associate of Arts in Business Program Details The Associate of Arts in Business program is designed to prepare students in entry-level work in business organizations� All credits in the Associate of Arts in Business program are transferable to the Ashford University Bachelor degree programs� The Associate of Arts in Business program will provide basic proficiency skills necessary for entering the field of business and will allow students to develop a broad personal perspective and world view and to focus on professional competencies that are essential to success in the workplace� The Associate of Arts in Business program is a 61-credit program that includes completion of current Ashford University General Education requirements� No on-campus residency will be required for graduation. and software outlined in this Catalog� • Applicants under the age of 18 must have all legal documents signed by a parent or a legal guardian. high school diploma. transcript records must include PLA subject area and/or content information� Students may also be required to submit the original PLA documentation� Such transfer credit counts toward the nontraditional credit maximum applicable in a degree program� Note: Prior Learning Assessment applies to students pursuing Associate of Arts in Business and baccalaureate degrees. 2009 to January 4. that an applicant or student provide a high school transcript.External Studies Undergraduate Programs for evidence of college-level learning applicable to the student’s Ashford University degree program� Additional charges apply per evaluation submitted. students typically take one course at a time and move to the next course in the program sequence without a break� • There is an annual two-week Winter break when courses are not scheduled� The Winter break for 2009-2010 occurs from December 23. 144 Ashford University .

copies of documentation indicating that the student meets the following admission requirements are required for provisional admission: • Submit copies of an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student has met one of the following requirements: • A minimum of 60 transferable credits from an appropriately accredited post-secondary institution. • Military credits evaluated for equivalency to college credits� (The Ashford University Registrar’s Office staff will manage the request of military transcripts for students who have signed the appropriate Transcript Request form�). OR World Education Services (WES)� Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to making application to Ashford University may petition the University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies. as defined by Ashford University transfer credit policies • A record of having achieved the equivalency of a United States high school diploma� • All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services: Educational Credentials Evaluators. Provisional Admission Status Requirements Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants Students are provisionally admitted to an undergraduate degree program when they submit a completed application indicating that they meet admission requirements outlined for that program. if required for admission. or 61 Internet based is required. students must complete all the requirements outlined below and pay all required tuition. along with the appropriate application fee� Students who then enroll in courses are considered regular students in their degree program� However.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • A minimum of 30 transferable credits* have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English. for students who have signed a Transcript Request form�). To start the fifth (5th) course. Inc� (ECE). students who do not meet all requirements for full admission by the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted Ashford University course are disqualified and are withdrawn from the program� The following requirements are applicable to international applicants and applicants relying on academic credentials earned outside the United States for admission to the programs offered through the Center for External Studies� Provisional Admission Status Requirements In addition to the requirements for provisional admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate programs in the Center for External Studies. and • Official documentation of any postsecondary credit previously earned through examination or credit earned through non-collegiate instruction the students intends to have evaluated for applicability to Ashford University program requirements (must be requested by the student)� • Official TOEFL scores. 145 Full Admission Status Requirements The following provisions must be met prior to the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted Ashford University course. Copies of official scores must be submitted prior to provisional enrollment. fees. 500 paper based. or • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� A minimum score of 173 computer-based. and applicable taxes due to Ashford University� Students who do not meet all requirements are disqualified and withdrawn from the program� • Submission of official transcripts from all postsecondary education previously attempted or a signed Authorization to Close form for any official transcripts the student is unable to provide� Postsecondary education includes all of the following: • College or university transcripts and transcripts from any other regionally or approved nationally accredited postsecondary educational institution attended� (The Ashford University Registrar’s Office staff will manage the request of college transcripts 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . and official scores must be submitted for full admission� * Satisfying the English Language Requirement does not exempt a student who earned his/her high school diploma outside of the United States from the additional admission requirements for international applicants.

even if the student transfers in 61 credits or more� • Students may not use nontraditional credits or transfer credits to waive the EXP 105 or the Capstone course� • Prior learning assessment (PLA) can be applied to the Associate of Arts program on a course match basis� Associate of Arts students must complete EXP 105 and satisfy the English Proficiency requirement before they can apply for PLA� PLA cannot be used to waive EXP 105 or the Capstone course� Credit Maximum Policy A maximum of 36 credits may be attempted per academic year� Students may appeal in writing to the Provost for an increase to a maximum of 48 credits attempted per academic year� Concurrent Enrollment Policy • Concurrent course registration may occur when the student is fully admitted and has completed his or her first two courses. international students must complete this requirement or they will be disqualified and withdrawn from the program� Associate of Arts Progression Requirement Associate of Arts Academic Policies Transfer Credit and Nontraditional Credit Provisions and Limitations • Students in the Associate of Arts program may apply up to 30 credits of nontraditional credit toward degree completion� Associate of Arts students entering the University are required to successfully complete EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education in their first five-week block. EXP 105 satisfies an Associate of Arts core program requirement and cannot be replaced or waived by transfer credit� Students transferring from an Ashford University Bachelor’s program may waive EXP 105 if they have successfully completed PSY 202� Associate of Arts students will be registered.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Full Admission Status Requirement In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate programs in the Center for External Studies. To start the fifth (5th) course. • Student must be meeting Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements� • Payment for concurrent courses is not deferred and must be paid for in advance of the course start date� • Concurrent course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements� • At no time may a student attend more than two Ashford University courses concurrently in online or ASPIRE modalities� • Concurrent enrollment in other Ashford University programs or course formats is not allowed for students enrolled in the Associate of Arts program� Associate of Arts Residency Requirements Students enrolling into the Associate of Arts degree program must successfully complete a minimum of eighteen (18) credits of Ashford University courses and all other program requirements for degree completion� Credits earned through Prior Learning Assessment are not included in the 18-credit calculation� 146 Ashford University . for the full Associate of Arts program course sequence� Students may request changes to course registration in writing to their Enrollment Advisor or Academic Advisor and should include any appropriate supporting documentation� It is the student’s responsibility to inform his or her Enrollment Advisor and Academic Advisor. in writing. per the program of enrollment indicated on their Admissions Application. international students must submit an official evaluation sent direct directly from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student meets full admission requirements (student copies are not accepted) prior to the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted Ashford University course. Unsuccessful completion of EXP 105 will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of future course sequence. of potential equivalent transfer courses and to provide appropriate supporting documentation prior to each course start date� • A maximum of 40 credits of combined nontraditional learning and transfer credits may be accepted and applied towards the 61 credits required for the Associate of Arts degree� • Students who transfer in General Education courses or transfer from an Ashford Bachelor’s program will be required to complete all of the course requirements for the Associate of Arts program.

Absence should contact the Financial Aid Office to discuss the impact on financial aid eligibility. such as military deployment. may be made� Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn� Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course will be administratively dropped from the course and must work with their Enrollment Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program. Students must log in on two separate days each subsequent week of the course to meet attendance requirements� Students who fail to meet these attendance requirements in a given week of the course will be given an absence for that week� Students should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments� Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirements for a second week in the course will be administratively dropped from the course retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance� Required courses must then be repeated� Limited exceptions to attendance requirements based on exceptional circumstances.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Associate of Arts Online Course Attendance Policy Students taking online classes are expected to attend each week� Students are required to log in to each online course by Tuesday during the week in which the course officially begins and to complete the initial introductory postings required in the course� Students must log in at least one additional day during the first week of the course. including breaks of 29 days or less. a second LOA may be requested during the last 30 days of their approved LOA� Associate of Arts Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy (SAP) We are dedicated to the academic success of our students� In this vein. At the point a student withdraws or falls below at least half-time enrollment status. the following policy update outlines the academic requirements for Ashford University external studies programs and describes how they will be measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion� Non-Term-Based Program Measures • Week = 7 calendar days • Course/Block = 5 weeks of instructional time • Academic Year Definition = 40 weeks of instructional time. in non-term-based programs are classified as full-time Leave of Absence Policy Although Ashford University encourages continuous enrollment from the time of matriculation through graduation for all students. from time to time circumstances may warrant a short break in enrollment� Students who take a break of 29 days or less remain continuously enrolled and are classified as full-time. 24 earned credits • Financial Aid Payment Period = Minimum 12 earned credits. 20 weeks of instructional time • Satisfactory Academic Progress Increment = 12 attempted credits • Full-Time Enrollment = Students who remain continuously enrolled. student loan grace/repayment periods begin� • Leave of Absence Requests must be signed and submitted on or before the last day of class attendance� Requests submitted after the last day of attendance require an explanation� Requests submitted greater than 29 days after last date of attendance will not be approved� • Students who do not return from an approved LOA will be withdrawn from the University as of their last date of documented attendance� • Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship that limits their ability to return to school within the period of their approved leave may contact their Academic Advisor or the Financial Aid Office to discuss potential options prior to expiration of their approved Leave of Absence� In such cases. Students who need to request a break in enrollment that is longer than 29 days may request a Leave of Absence (LOA)� • Students are limited to no more than two (2) Leaves of Absence within a 12-month period� • Each LOA cannot exceed a total of 90 days and cannot exceed an annual limit of 180 days� • The start date of the LOA is based on the last date of documented attendance� • Students who are requesting a leave of absence must complete a Leave of Absence Request form� A financial aid student considering a Leave of 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards Students must meet the following minimum qualitative and quantitative standards to make satisfactory academic progress: • Minimum cumulative GPA in Ashford University 147 .

and F� • Successful completion of all program requirements within 150% of the normal length of the program as measured in credits� • Grade points earned at another college are not used in the computation of the grade point average at Ashford University� aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on their first academic probation. regardless of date attempted� • Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are placed on academic probation for the following twelve (12) credit increment� • Students will be given up to 12 credits of attempted coursework to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress� All coursework attempted after the term during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress will be counted as a part of the first-term probationary period. In rare circumstances. students who have been dismissed from the University after a first. Vice President of Academic Affairs. • At the conclusion of the first academic probation period. and Dismissal Probationary periods provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and to meet overall requirements for degree completion� Students on probation should meet with their Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling and to plan for remediation� Please contact the Ashford University Registrar with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy� This policy will be applied to all coursework attempted at Ashford University. may appeal to the University Registrar to take up to twelve (12) additional credits of coursework for their second academic probation� Students granted an appeal for a second-term probation may be required to retake coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/ or graduation requirements� These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. but have not met the requirements for satisfactory academic progress.or second-term probation for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may be readmitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last date of attendance� Students must appeal to the Registrar for readmission and must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances. and will be required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing from the Registrar in order to return to good standing� Failure to meet specific requirements will result in dismissal without the opportunity for readmission� • The appeal must be made prior to the student’s enrollment in any classes that begin after the initial probationary period� • The written appeal must include a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date. Appeal. students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may be dismissed from the University� Appeal of Academic Dismissal Students who have shown marked improvement and/ or who have experienced extreme temporary hardship during the first probationary period. experience. death of a student’s family member. or W� Only the latter grade is counted when a course is repeated� No grades are recorded or counted toward GPA for transfer credits or prior learning credits� • Successful Completion Rate = 67% or 2/3 of all attempted credits Attempted undergraduate credits are all course attempts recorded on the academic transcript. which may include mitigating circumstances such as student injury/ illness. W. or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student and a plan for completion of the coursework required for removal from probation during the following term� Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation Satisfactory Academic Progress is reviewed in twelve (12) credit increments� Students will be evaluated against both qualitative and quantitative standards at the conclusion of every twelve (12) attempted credits� Probation. or Provost for readmission after dismissal will be on academic probation. excluding grades of Pass. I. repeated courses are not excluded� Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial 148 Ashford University . WF. and/or successful completion of college level credits during the period of absence� Students who are approved by the Registrar and appropriate Dean.External Studies Undergraduate Programs coursework for all undergraduate students = 2�00� Cumulative GPA includes all undergraduate level coursework attempted at Ashford University.

• Evaluate significant contributions to knowledge of self and knowledge of society that are expressed through psychology. history. 9 credits from the core may also satisfy General Education requirements� Core Requirements (24 credits) • EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • ACC 201 Principles of Financial Accounting (3 credits) • ACC 202 Principles of Managerial Accounting (3 credits) • BUS 201 Principles of Management (3 credits) • BUS 235 Introduction to Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 250 Corporate and Social Responsibility (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Applied Ethics Competency requirement • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Aesthetic Awareness requirement • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Social Perspectives requirement Associate of Arts in Business Program Outcomes Students who successfully complete the Associate of Arts in Business degree program will be able to: • Communicate information and ideas at a competency level acceptable in business through written.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • Appeals will be evaluated by a committee made up of the University Registrar. • Demonstrate skill in quantitative reasoning and data interpretation at a level useful in decisionmaking activities. and technological means. and • Interpret important social. corporate and global issues and begin to develop a personal world view that integrates conclusions reached about these issues� General Education Requirements (46 credits) • COM 200 Interpersonal Communication (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Communication III Competency requirement • ENG 121 Composition I (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Communication I Competency requirement • ENG 122 Composition II (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Communication II Competency requirement • ENG 125 Introduction to Literature (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Literature requirement • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Historical Perspectives requirement • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Multicultural Perspectives requirement • INF 103 Computer Literacy (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Computer Competency requirement Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Core Requirements: 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 61 credits *46 credits *24 credits 149 . Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on a second academic probation� Students on second academic probation who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of twenty-four (24) total attempted credits in probationary status will be dismissed from the University� Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. and an Academic Administrator who has oversight in the student’s program of study� The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office. literature. that student will be dismissed from the University� *In this program. • Understand critical thinking processes and apply strategies that demonstrate competent use of logic in problem solving. or an Associate Registrar. verbal. • Apply basic skills in management. science and religion. If it becomes clear at any point during the program that a student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program as measured in credits. marketing and accounting.

and software outlined in this Catalog� • Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following: • Achieved a recognized high school diploma or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English� • Received a GED that was taken in English� • A minimum of 30 transferable credits* have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English� • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� A minimum score of 173 Ashford University Associate of Arts in Business Graduation Requirements To be eligible for an Associate of Arts in Business degree. or earned an equivalent to a US high school diploma at an international high school� An earned IEP or Special Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular high school diploma requirement for admission to Ashford University� Qualified applicants will self-certify as to their high school education on the application for admission� Ashford University may also require. • Minimum cumulative grade point average of 2�00. features. high school diploma. There is an annual two-week Winter break when courses are not scheduled� The Winter break for 2009-2010 occurs from December 23. or receive documented approval from the Registrar’s Office via the “Under 22 Appeal” process. abilities. completed secondary school through home schooling as defined by state law. and/or evidence of passing the GED� If no high school degree was earned. five-week format.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • MAT 126 Survey of Mathematical Methods (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Mathematics Competency requirement • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) Satisfies General Education Critical Thinking Competency requirement • PHI 200 Mind & Machine (3 credits) Satisfies a General Education Values and Beliefs requirement • SCI 207 Dependence of Man on the Environment (4 credits) Satisfies General Education Physical World requirement • SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility (3 credits) Satisfies a General Education Values and Beliefs requirement Admission Requirements Students seeking admission to a Bachelor’s program in the Center for External Studies must meet the following requirements: • Be 22 years of age or older. 2009 to January 4. or a graduate of Ashford University’s Associate of Arts in Business degree program. hardware. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� Bachelor’s Degree Program Details Academic Calendar The academic calendar in the Center for External Studies’ Bachelor’s degree programs is continuous. rather than defined by semesters. Typically. that an applicant or student provide a high school transcript. a student must successfully accomplish the following: • Completion of all program/course requirements. system configurations. applicants may be admitted with a minimum of 60 transferable credits from an appropriately accredited postsecondary institution as defined by Ashford University transfer credit policies� • Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills. • Have a regular high-school diploma earned through college preparatory or regular high school courses or GED equivalency recognized by the Department of Education of the state in which it was earned. • At least 18 credits earned toward the Associate of Arts degree must be completed at Ashford University. • Completion of a minimum of 61 credits that are 100-level or higher� Additional prerequisite courses may be required. at its discretion. 2010� 150 . students take one course at a time and move to the next course in the program sequence without a break� Opportunities to enroll in the programs offered through the Center for External Studies and begin a course sequence in a degree program are available every week (online modalities)� Courses are offered in an accelerated.

students who do not meet all requirements for full admission by the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted Ashford University course are disqualified and withdrawn from the program. fees. thereby waiving potential transfer credits from previously attended schools. Copies of official scores must be submitted prior to provisional enrollment. and official scores must be submitted for full admission� • Transfer students must provide official documentation of an undergraduate cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of 2�0 in all combined undergraduate coursework attempted at regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities since high school. • Submission of official transcripts from all regionally or approved nationally accredited postsecondary education previously attempted or a signed Authorization to Close form indicating relinquishment of those potential transfer credits for any official transcripts the student is unable to provide� Postsecondary education includes all of the following: • College or university transcripts and transcripts from any other postsecondary educational institution attended� (The Ashford University Registrar’s Office staff will manage the request of college transcripts for students who have signed a Transcript Request form�) • Military credits evaluated for equivalency to college credits� (The Ashford University Registrar’s Office staff will manage the request of military transcripts for students who have signed the appropriate Transcript Request form�) • Official documentation of any postsecondary credit previously earned through examination or credit earned through non-collegiate instruction that the students intends to have evaluated for applicability to Ashford University program requirements (must be requested by the student)� • Official TOEFL scores. and applicable taxes due to Ashford University� Students who do not meet all requirements are disqualified and withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted Ashford University course� Note: Additional requirements for students seeking admission based on credentials earned outside of the United States are outlined separately. or • Student has experienced extreme.External Studies Undergraduate Programs computer-based. Full Admission Status Requirements The following provisions must be met prior to the conclusion of four (4) attempted Ashford University courses. degree program when they submit a completed application indicating that they meet admission requirements outlined above. or 61 Internet based is required. Appeal of Dismissal Following First-Term Academic Probation A student who does not meet SAP requirements following first-term academic probation may appeal to the University Registrar to attempt up to twelve additional credits of course work for a second-term academic probation under the following conditions: • Student has achieved a successful completion rate of at least 67% and has at least a 1�50 Ashford University cumulative grade point average (CGPA) during the first probationary period. if required for admission. temporary hardship during the probationary period� Please refer to the Bachelor’s Program Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements in this section to review all related satisfactory academic progress guidelines� Provisional Admission Status Requirements Students are provisionally admitted to an undergraduate 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 151 . students must complete all the requirements outlined below and pay all required tuition. along with the appropriate application fee� Students who then enroll in courses are considered regular students in their degree program� However. or he/ she is admitted on first-term academic probation. any student who does not meet the requirements for Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) may be dismissed from the University� * Satisfying the English Language Requirement does not exempt a student who earned his/her high school diploma outside of the United States from the additional admission requirements for international applicants. is admitted on first-term academic probation as well. but has not met all requirements for satisfactory academic progress. or • Student has achieved a successful completion rate of at least 50% and has at least a 2�00 Ashford University CGPA. To begin the fifth (5th) Ashford University course. At the conclusion of the first academic probation period or the first 12 attempted credits. Any student who signs an Authorization to Close form. 500 paper based.

External Studies Undergraduate Programs

Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants

The following requirements are applicable to international applicants and applicants relying on academic credentials earned outside the United States for admission to the programs offered through the Center for External Studies�

Bachelor’s Program Academic Policies
Transfer Credit and Nontraditional Credit Provisions and Limitations
• A maximum of 99 credits of combined nontraditional learning and transfer credits may be accepted and applied toward the 120 credits required for a Bachelor’s degree�

Provisional Admission Status Requirements

In addition to the requirements for provisional admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate programs in the Center for External Studies, copies of documentation indicating that the student meets the following admission requirements are required for provisional admission: • Submit copies of an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student has met one or more of the following requirements: • The equivalent of 60 or more transferable credits; or • A record of having achieved the equivalency of a United States high school diploma� • All academic records from countries other than the United States must be evaluated by one of the following evaluation services: • Educational Credentials Evaluators, Inc� (ECE); OR • World Education Services (WES)� Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to making application to Ashford University may petition the University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies.

• Within the 99 credit maximum, a maximum of 75 credits of nontraditional credit may be applied toward degree completion� These 75 credits can be any combination of acceptable types of nontraditional credit� • Within the 75 credit nontraditional maximum, a maximum of nine (9) nontraditional credits may apply towards the major requirements� Nontraditional credits may also apply up to a maximum of 50% of the requirements for a minor or specialization or 100% of the requirements for a concentration (unless the concentration is part of the major requirements)� The content of nontraditional credits must be comparable to the content of the replaced course� • Students may not use nontraditional credits to meet the Capstone course requirements� • Nontraditional credit may not be counted toward the residency requirement in a degree program� • Nontraditional credit may not be granted when it duplicates college credit previously earned� Credit will not be given for the same learning twice� • Nontraditional credit is posted to the transcript as credit earned (i�e�, without a grade), and does not affect a student’s grade point average� • Prior learning assessment (PLA) credit may be granted only in disciplines where Ashford University offers coursework or in disciplines related to its degree programs� • Prior learning assessment (PLA) credit may or may not be transferable� It is the student’s responsibility to find out if credits will transfer to an institution that the student may plan to attend in the future� • Prior learning assessment (PLA) credit awarded at another regionally or approved nationally accredited institution may be transferred to Ashford University with the approval of the University Registrar and the Director of the Center for External Studies� In order to be applied towards an Ashford University degree,
Ashford University

Full Admission Status Requirements

In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate programs in the Center for External Studies, international students must submit an official evaluation sent directly from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student meets full admission requirements (student copies are not accepted) prior to the conclusion of four (4) attempted Ashford University courses. To begin the fifth (5th) Ashford University course, international students must complete the requirements or they will be disqualified and withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the fourth (4th) attempted course�

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transcript records must include PLA subject area and/or content information� Students may also be required to submit original PLA documentation� Such transfer credit counts toward the nontraditional credit maximum applicable in a degree program� • Maximum allowance of six (6) credits may be accepted for Physical Education activity courses (unless student is a PE major)� • Maximum allowance of six (6) credits may be accepted for software applications courses� • Unless special conditions exist, upper-division courses will not be considered equivalent or duplicative of lower-division courses� • Credits earned in a regionally accredited Associate of Arts degree where the student earned a 2�00 cumulative GPA or higher are accepted as fulfilling all the General Education and competency requirements of a Bachelor’s program in the Center for External Studies� This does not constitute a waiver of any course required to earn a particular major� • In addition, Associate of Science (AS) degrees accepted as meeting the general education requirements for Bachelor of Arts degrees offered through state universities in which the college granting the AS degree resides, will be accepted by Ashford as fulfilling all the General Education and competency requirements in Bachelor’s programs offered at Ashford University� • Recipients and applicants with nationally accredited AA or AS degrees with a 2�00 cumulative GPA or higher will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to determine if the degree is accepted as fulfilling all the General Education and competency requirements of the Center for External Studies� • AAS degrees will not be accepted as fulfilling the General Education or competency requirements� Credits earned in an Associate of Applied Science degree or a certificate program will be evaluated on an individual basis for application toward the BA degree� Courses taken that are similar to those taken in an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree program will be accepted in transfer� University credits� Credits earned through Prior Learning Assessment are not included in the 21-credit calculation�

Progression Requirements in the Bachelor’s Programs
English Proficiency
All students enrolled in Bachelor’s degree programs must satisfy English Proficiency through one of the following options: • A passing score on the Ashford University English Proficiency exam (credit not awarded) prior to the conclusion of the third attempted course� All Bachelors programs students are granted two attempts to complete the English Proficiency exam. • A grade of “C-” or better in the designated Ashford University English course (ENG 121) within the first 12 credits attempted at Ashford University� • A passing score on designated National Testing Program exams completed within two years from date of application� • A grade of “C-” or better in a comparable course from a regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution completed within the past two (2) years from date of application� Note: Due to the nature of the Ashford University curriculum, ENG 121 and ENG 122 are not considered duplicative of transfer courses. Students who have completed comparable or more advanced English courses but require ENG 121 and ENG 122 to satisfy proficiency will have the credits applied toward any Communication or Electives credit deficiencies.

Bachelor’s Program Course Sequencing
0-23 Transfer Credit Students
Students must have earned a minimum of twenty-four (24) credits to begin the major course sequence� Bachelor’s program students entering an online program with fewer than twenty-four (24) transferable credits are required to successfully complete EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education as their first course. Unsuccessful completion of EXP 105 will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of future course sequence� EXP 105 applies toward elective credit requirements and cannot be replaced or waived by credit in transfer� Students with fewer than twenty-four (24) transferable credits will be initially registered for the General
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Residency Requirements in Bachelor’s Programs

No on-campus residency is required for graduation, but at least 21 credits included in the degree must be Ashford
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

External Studies Undergraduate Programs
Education course sequence� Typically, students entering their Ashford University program with fewer than 24 transferable credits complete their General Education course sequence at Ashford University and then progress into their appropriate Bachelor’s programs major course sequence� Students who do not wish to take any or all of the General Education course sequence through Ashford University must contact their Academic Advisor to request a schedule change� Students may request changes to course registration in writing to their Enrollment Advisor or Academic Advisor and should include any appropriate supporting documentation� It is the student’s responsibility to inform his or her Enrollment Advisor and Academic Advisors in writing of potential equivalent transfer courses and to provide appropriate supporting documentation prior to each course start date� The following General Education course sequence is the standard for the University� On occasion, courses may be substituted to satisfy specific General Education requirements�

24+ Transfer Credit Students

Bachelor’s program students entering the University with twenty-four (24) or more transferable credits are required to successfully complete PSY 202 Adult Development and Life Assessment as their first course. PSY 202 is designed to help experienced students acclimate to the online college environment� Unsuccessful completion of PSY 202 will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of the future course sequence� PSY 202 satisfies the Social Awareness/Social Perspectives General Education requirement and cannot be replaced or waived unless a student provides proof of 90 credits of lower-division transfer credit prior to initial program enrollment� Students will be initially registered, per the program of enrollment indicated on their Admissions Application, for their Bachelor’s program’s major course sequence� Students who have not previously completed the coursework applicable to the Ashford University General Education requirements may request to be enrolled in the General Education course sequence or in specific General Education courses� Students may request changes to course registration in writing to their Enrollment Advisor or Academic Advisor and should include any appropriate supporting documentation� It is the student’s responsibility to inform his or her Enrollment Advisor and Academic Advisors in writing of potential equivalent transfer courses and to provide appropriate supporting documentation prior to each course start date� Students with twenty-four (24) or more transferable credits who have been out of school for a long time or feel that they need additional support to enter the online environment may choose to enroll in EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education as their first course. EXP 105 is designed for students with little or no previous college experience and is not recommended for students with high transfer credit� Enrollment in EXP 105 may result in the reduction of three (3) transfer credits in the Elective category� Students taking EXP 105 are required to take PSY 202 as their second course� Unsuccessful completion of either EXP 105 or PSY 202 will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of the future course sequence�

General Education Course Sequence:

• EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) (introductory course required-online only) • PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) • ENG 121 Composition I (3 credits) • ENG 122 Composition II (3 credits) • INF 103 Computer Literacy (3 credits) • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits) • SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility (3 credits) • ENG 125 Introduction to Literature (3 credits) • PHI 107 Philosophy of Human Conduct (3 credits) • ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits) • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) • COM 200 Interpersonal Communication (3 credits) • SCI 207 Dependence of Man on the Environment (4 credits) • HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) • MAT 126 Survey of Mathematical Methods (3 credits) • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)

Transfer Concentration Guidelines

Concentrations are intended for students who have experience and/or extensive transfer credit coursework in a field of study at the time of admission. Students must petition for a transfer concentration in a defined subject area and submit a minimum of twelve (12) credits of coursework before approval is granted� In rare cases, a student with some transfer coursework completed in a given subject area may petition, after admission,
Ashford University

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to complete part of a concentration through Ashford University coursework� • Concentrations generally will not be approved in fields of study that lead to licensure or certification. • Transfer credits will only be applied towards the required coursework in applicable majors if the student has maximized all other transfer credit possibilities within the Bachelor’s degree and has otherwise earned enough upper-division credits to meet program requirements� Otherwise, concentration coursework will be applied towards elective credit� • A student can earn more than one transfer credit concentration as long as each concentration has at least six credits that do not apply to another concentration or major� • Students earning transfer concentrations with substitutions against major coursework are not exempt from the minimum requirement for earning thirty (30) upper-division credits� by Tuesday during the week in which the course officially begins and to complete the initial introductory postings required in the course� Students must log in to their course at least one additional day during the first week of the course� Students must log in to their course on two separate days each subsequent week of the course to meet attendance requirements� Students who fail to meet these attendance requirements in one week of the course will be given an absence for that week� Students should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments� Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirements for a second week in the course will be administratively dropped from the course retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance� Required courses must then be repeated� Limited exceptions to attendance requirements based on exceptional circumstances, such as military deployment, may be made� Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn� Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course will be administratively dropped from the course and must work with their Enrollment Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program.

Credit Maximum Policy

A maximum of 36 credits may be attempted per academic year� Students may appeal in writing to the Provost for an increase to a maximum of 48 credits attempted per academic year�

Concurrent Enrollment Policy

• Concurrent course registration may occur when the student is fully admitted and has completed his or her first two courses. • Student must be meeting Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements� • Payment for concurrent courses is not deferred and must be paid for in advance of the course start date� • Concurrent course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements� • At no time may a student attend more than two Ashford University courses concurrently in online or ASPIRE modalities�

ASPIRE Bachelor’s Program Attendance Policy

Enrollment Status

Students taking classes in an on-campus accelerated format are expected to attend each class session� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirement in one week of the course will be given an absence for that week� Students should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments� Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirements for a second week in the course will be administratively dropped from the course retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance� The course must then be repeated� Students who must miss more than one week of attendance due to extreme extenuating circumstances beyond their control may appeal for an exception to the attendance policy� The request must be supported by the instructor and the student must submit the rationale for the exception to their academic advisor, prior to the second absence, for approval by an academic administrator with oversight for the student’s program of enrollment�
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Students who remain continuously enrolled, including breaks of 29 days or less, in non-term-based programs are classified as full-time.

Online Bachelor’s Program Attendance Policy

Students taking online classes are expected to attend each week� Students are required to log in to each online course
2009-2010 Academic Catalog

External Studies Undergraduate Programs
Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course will be administratively dropped from the course and must work with their Enrollment Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program. requirements for Ashford University external studies undergraduate programs and how they will be measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion�

Leave of Absence Policy

Although Ashford University encourages continuous enrollment from the time of matriculation through graduation for all students, from time to time circumstances may warrant a short break in enrollment� Students who take a break of 29 days or less remain continuously enrolled and are classified as full-time. Students who need to request a break in enrollment that is longer than 29 days may request a Leave of Absence (LOA)� • Students are limited to no more than two (2) Leaves of Absence within a 12-month period� • Each LOA cannot exceed a total of 90 days and cannot exceed an annual limit of 180 days� • The start date of the LOA is based on the last date of documented attendance� • Students who are requesting a leave of absence must complete a Leave of Absence Request form� A financial aid student considering a Leave of Absence should contact the Financial Aid Office to discuss the impact on financial aid eligibility. At the point a student withdraws or falls below at least half-time enrollment status, student loan grace/repayment periods begin� • Leave of Absence Requests must be signed and submitted on or before the last day of class attendance� Requests submitted after the last day of attendance require an explanation� Requests submitted greater than 29 days after last date of attendance will not be approved� • Students who do not return from an approved LOA will be withdrawn from the University as of their last date of documented attendance� • Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship that limits their ability to return to school within the period of their approved leave may contact their Academic Advisor or the Financial Aid Office to discuss potential options prior to expiration of their approved Leave of Absence� In such cases, a second LOA may be requested during the last 30 days of their approved LOA�

Bachelor’s Degree Non-Term-Based Program Measures
• Week = 7 calendar days • Course/Block = 5 weeks of instructional time • Academic Year Definition = 40 weeks of instructional time; 24 earned credits • Financial Aid Payment Period = Minimum 12 earned credits; 20 weeks of instructional time • Satisfactory Academic Progress Increment = 12 attempted credits • Full-Time Enrollment = Students who remain continuously enrolled, including breaks of 29 days or less, in non-term-based programs are classified as full-time.

Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards

Bachelor’s program students must meet the following minimum qualitative and quantitative standards to make satisfactory academic progress: • Minimum cumulative GPA in Ashford University coursework for all undergraduate students = 2�00� Cumulative GPA includes all undergraduate level coursework attempted at Ashford University, excluding grades of Pass, I, or W� Only the latter grade is counted when a course is repeated� No grades are recorded or counted toward GPA for transfer credits or prior learning credits� • Successful Completion Rate = 67% or 2/3 of all attempted credits� Attempted undergraduate credits are all course attempts recorded on the academic transcript; repeated courses are not excluded� Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I, W, WF, and F� • Successful completion of all program requirements within 150% of the normal length of the program as measured in credits� • Grade points earned at another college are not used in the computation of the grade point average at Ashford University�

Bachelor’s Program Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Requirements

Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation

We are dedicated to the academic success of our students� In this vein, the following policy outlines the academic
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Satisfactory Academic Progress is reviewed in twelve (12) credit increments� Students will be evaluated against both qualitative and quantitative standards at the conclusion of every twelve (12) attempted credits�
Ashford University

If. that student will be dismissed from the University� Appeal of Academic Dismissal Students who have shown marked improvement and/ or who have experienced extreme temporary hardship during the first probationary period but have not met the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may appeal to the University Registrar to take up to twelve (12) additional credits of coursework for their second academic probation� Students granted an appeal for a second-term probation may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/ or graduation requirements� These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. Vice President of Academic Affairs. In rare circumstances. experience. which may include mitigating circumstances such as student injury/ illness. it becomes clear that a student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program as measured in credits. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on a second academic probation� Students on second academic probation who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of twenty-four (24) total attempted credits in probationary status will be dismissed from the University� Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. death of a student’s family member.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Probation. at any point during the program. and Dismissal Probationary periods provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and to meet overall requirements for degree completion� Students on probation should meet with their Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling and to plan for remediation� Please contact the Ashford University Registrar with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy� This policy will be applied to all coursework attempted at Ashford University. • At the conclusion of the first academic probation period. or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student and a plan for completion of the coursework required for removal from probation during the following term� • Appeals will be evaluated by a committee made up of the University Registrar or an Associate Registrar and an Academic Administrator who has oversight in the student’s program of study� The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office. be in the highest twenty (20) percent 157 . Appeal. students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may be dismissed from the University� changed circumstances. students who have been dismissed from the University after a first or second term probation for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may be re-admitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last date of attendance� Students must appeal to the Registrar for re-admission and must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Honor Society Alpha Sigma Lambda is an honor society devoted to the advancement of scholarship and leadership of adult students in higher education� Students must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3�20 to be eligible� To be eligible for membership in the Ashford University Alpha Lambda chapter of the Alpha Sigma Lambda National Honor Society. or Provost for re-admission after dismissal will be on academic probation. and will be required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing from the Registrar in order to return to good standing� Failure to meet specific requirements will result in dismissal without the opportunity for re-admission� • The appeal must be made prior to the student’s enrollment in any classes that begin after the initial probationary period� • The written appeal must include a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on their first academic probation. regardless of date attempted� • Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are placed on academic probation for the following twelve (12) credit increment� • Students will be given up to 12 credits of attempted coursework to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress� All coursework attempted after the term during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress will be counted as a part of the first-term probationary period. and/or successful completion of college level credits during the period of absence� Students who are approved by the Registrar and appropriate Dean. students must be seeking their first Bachelor’s degree.

F . therefore enrollment may extend graduation dates and may delay financial aid disbursement timing� • Graduate-level courses are graded as follows: A. Vice President of Academic Affairs. C. the student becomes a lifetime member of the Alpha Lambda chapter of the Alpha Sigma Lambda honor society� Names of inductees will be published on the Ashford University website once the induction process for eligible students is complete� Students who are inducted into the honor society will be mailed a certificate. or Provost� Master of Arts in Education • EDU 623 Introduction to Teaching & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 618 Assessment of Learning Outcomes with Technology (3 credits) Master of Arts in Health Care Administration • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits) • MHA 610 Introduction to BioStatistics (3 credits) Master of Arts in Organizational Management • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • OMM 612 Managing in Social Change (3 credits) Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology • EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits) Ashford University • Students in a Bachelor’s-level program offered at Ashford University may attempt up to six (6) Master’s-level credits offered at Ashford University to satisfy elective requirements in their Bachelor’s program� • Bachelor’s-level upper-division tuition applies to any AU Master’s-level coursework attempted as part of the Bachelor’s program� Students are limited to six (6) attempted credits at the Bachelor’s-level tuition rate (AU Military Tuition Grant rates are applicable for students who qualify)� Financial aid is also awarded at the Bachelor’s-level� • Students are not permitted to retake Master’slevel courses attempted while enrolled in a Bachelor’s program� Only one attempt per Master’s course is permitted at the undergraduate-level (W and WF grades included)� • Master’s-level coursework attempted as part of a Bachelor’s program is applied towards the Bachelor’s-level cumulative grade point average (CGPA)� 158 . W.External Studies Undergraduate Programs of eligible baccalaureate students based upon cumulative GPA. and D grades are not awarded in graduate-level coursework� SMART Track Program Requirements Students enrolled in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program may be eligible to enroll in up to six (6) credits of graduate-level coursework towards their Bachelor’s degree and accelerate completion of a Master’s degree with Ashford University� SMART Track Courses Bachelor’s Program Stipulations and Requirements for Enrolling and Applying Master’s-Level Coursework Specific graduate-level courses for which Bachelor’s students are eligible to enroll may be stipulated by each Master’s degree program� The following courses have been designated by program for SMART Track student enrollment� Enrollment in any courses other than those designated below must be approved by the appropriate Dean. WF. and • completion of a minimum of 12 credits of liberal arts coursework� Students who meet the eligibility criteria will be sent an invitation in the spring to become a member� There are no membership fees or dues� Students who accept the invitation may attend either the campus induction ceremony or the online induction ceremony� Once a student has participated in an induction ceremony. and meet the following criteria as of December 31: • completion of a minimum of 24 credits at Ashford University. • Enrollment in the Master’s degree program begins after an applicant has been formally admitted to the program by submitting an application indicating an earned Bachelor’s degree� Students are subject to the academic requirements that are in effect at the time of enrollment in the Master’s degree program� Any Master’s degree requirements that have been satisfied by coursework taken as part of the SMART Track will be considered fulfilled. or I� Plus. • Unless otherwise stipulated by program. B. Minus. the graduate-level coursework will apply towards elective credit requirements� • Graduate-level courses are normally six (6) weeks in length.

minor. courses taken at the Bachelor’s level must be: • Applicable to the specific Ashford University Master’s program in which the student enrolls� • Successfully completed with a grade of “B” or higher� Grades earned in Master’s level courses completed as part of an undergraduate program will not be calculated into the graduate level cumulative grade point average (CGPA)� Ashford University will waive BUS 600 for students who graduate from an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program and are admitted into a graduate-level degree program requiring this course� This is a non-credit bearing waiver� Students will be required to take another Master’s level course to substitute for BUS 600� Students who have successfully completed BUS 599 as part of their Bachelor’s degree program with a grade of “C” or higher have also satisfied this prerequisite in the MBA and MPA programs� SMART Track Student Eligibility Students must meet the following criteria in order to take Master’s-level coursework in a Bachelor’s program: • Must be a senior-level student with 108+ credits earned towards a Bachelor’s degree at Ashford University. Students may be pre-qualified and enrolled in SMART Track courses when 105 credits are earned in anticipation of 108 credits completed prior to beginning SMART Track coursework� • Must have a 3�00 or higher cumulative GPA to begin a Master’s-level course� • Must meet any prerequisite coursework requirements for each course� • Must indicate to their Academic Advisor that they plan to apply for admission to a specific Master’s degree program at Ashford University upon completion of the Bachelor’s degree. • Minimum cumulative grade point average of 2�00 in all major. Graduation Requirements To be eligible for a Bachelor’s degree. and specialization course requirements. specialization. minor. including competencies. a student must successfully accomplish the following: • Completion of the General Education requirements. and request the courses through their Academic Advisor� • Must be in good financial standing at Ashford University� • Students must complete a Request to Enroll in the Ashford University Bachelor’s to Master’s Degree SMART Track form. • Completion of a minimum of 120 total credits.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Master of Business Administration • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • BUS 620 Managerial Marketing (3 credits) • *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits) Master of Public Administration • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits) • *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits) *Otherwise eligible students enrolled in a Bachelor’s degree program who plan to apply to the Ashford University MBA or MPA programs may take BUS 599 for an additional three (3) elective credits for a total of nine (9) Master’s level credits to satisfy appropriate Bachelor’s degree requirements and this prerequisite course to the MBA program� Bachelor’s program to an Ashford University Master’s program� In order to be applied toward completion of an Ashford University Master’s program. • Completion of all required major. including a minimum of 30 credits of upperdivision courses and 18 credits of upper-division coursework in the major. and total coursework taken at the University. • Minimum of 21 credits earned toward a Bachelor’s degree must be completed at the University as a matriculated student (residency requirement). and • Completed Petition to Graduate form and payment of related fees� Applying Coursework Taken at Bachelor’s Level to Ashford University Master’s Programs Students who graduate from an Ashford University Bachelor’s program may internally transfer six (6) applicable Master’s level credits earned as part of their 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 159 .

• Analyze alternatives to complex accounting problems. conceptual. The curriculum will enable students to better understand the internal and external business environment through study in business administration. • Employ technology tools related to the area of accounting. economics.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Bachelor’s Degree Programs and Requirements Bachelor of Arts in Accounting Students pursuing the Accounting major at the University will develop the necessary analytical. and quantitative methods� • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 305 • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • ACC 380 Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 205 • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits) Prerequisites: ACC 306 and ACC 310 • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits) Prerequisites: ACC 306 and ACC 310 Business Core Requirements (12 credits): • ^BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • ^BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) One course in Information Systems (3 credits): *CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. ^ Math competency must be met before taking these courses Program Outcomes Students in the Bachelor of Arts in Accounting program will be able to: • Demonstrate fundamental accounting principles and procedures. technical knowledge and proficiency in accounting. • Utilize and integrate accounting information in business decision making. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (42 credits) The BA in Business Administration will provide students with the technical knowledge. critical thinking skills. and the ability to communicate ideas in a collaborative environment� Graduates will be equipped with a practical understanding of these and other important business concepts and skills� Ashford University takes great pride in ensuring that students are challenged to open their minds to new ways of thinking and problem solving� The BA in Business Administration degree will assist students in meeting both personal and professional goals� • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 205 Program Outcomes Students in the Business Administration program will be able to: Ashford University 160 . and • Synthesize accounting information and nonaccounting information in order to appropriately assess business opportunities� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *42 credits 35 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program.

• Manage change within a dynamic business environment. • Evaluate a situation and apply an effective leadership style. and PHI 445� For additional details.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • Collaborate to achieve team goals. ^ Math competency must be met before taking these courses Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. see Transfer Concentration Guidelines in this Catalog section� Major Course Requirements (45 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 205 • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) • ^BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Business Economics The Bachelor of Arts in Business Economics links the fields of economics and business to provide students with an understanding of the theoretical and practical approaches of economics while preparing graduates for employment in a continually changing global and technologically innovative business environment� One course in Statistics (3 credits): • ^BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 161 . • Use technology tools related to their area of emphasis. MGT 415. and • Create a strategic business plan� One course in Management (3 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) One Course in Strategic Planning (3 credits): • MGT 450 Strategic Planning for Organizations (3 credits) Prerequisite: MGT 330 One Course in Ethics (3 credits): • *PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) 120 credits *46 credits *45 credits 35 credits One Course in Information Technology (3 credits): • *CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Transfer Concentration Option Students may add a transfer concentration to the BA in Business Administration program by transferring in 12 applicable credits in one of the following areas: • Business Management • Marketing • Accounting • Finance • Hospitality Management • Retail Management • Computer Science Studies Transfer concentrations are intended for students who have experience and/or extensive transfer credit coursework in a field of study at the time of admission to the program� The following major courses are designated for substitution with concentration coursework. MGT 435. • Develop an awareness of their leadership style. where appropriate: BUS 303.

and policy makers. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy general education requirements� Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) The Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems graduates are able to understand the interaction and importance of information systems and information sharing within a business or organization� Courses focus on networking. and deploy effective Information Systems solutions. • Manage relationships with technology providers and customers. and the application of long-range planning. logical. • Analyze alternatives to complex business problems and alternatives. as well as problem solving and leadership in designing. • Evaluate appropriate enterprise solutions for business success. firms. ^ Math competency must be met before taking this course� Program Outcomes Students in the Business Economics program will be able to: • Assess business facts and interpret them consistent with economic thinking. and • Integrate economic models to analyze the impact of various fiscal monetary. develop. strategic data utilization. business management. and critical thinking abilities to analyze user requirements and to design. and control processes� Ashford University . and government service� • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • ^ECO 342 Principles of Econometrics (3 credits) Prerequisite: BUS 308 • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 206 • *PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits) • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits) Prerequisite: ECO 203 • MGT 450 Strategic Planning for Organizations (3 credits) Prerequisite: MGT 330 + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. particularly finance. banking. • Apply economic tools to analyze decisions made by consumers. developing and implementing new or existing information systems within the businesses organization� Program Outcomes Major Course Requirements (45 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits) Prerequisite: ACC 205 • ^BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203 162 Students in the Business Information Systems program will be able to: • Utilize analytical. and trade policies on a nation’s economy� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *45 credits 32 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. e-business administration.External Studies Undergraduate Programs It prepares students for employment in a variety of business fields. systems implementation. • Understanding of how decision makers allocate scarce resources to achieve economic efficiency. and • Evaluate the business as an integrated information system including the relations among the functional areas. business management.

education. human resources. and the media� Communication Studies provides students with an understanding of ethical responsibilities when accessing information and freedom of expression in a democratic society� Within the program. • Articulate the value of free expression to a democratic society. • Demonstrate adaptability to changes in communication technology. business management. both business/ professional writing and writing for media purposes� Program Outcomes Students in the Communication Studies program will be able to: • Communicate with fluency and clarity. students will examine multiple forms of communication from persuasion and communication theory to various forms of written communication. • Conduct effective independent research. software. and/or internet connectivity requirements� This includes use of Windows XP with Service Pack 2�0 or higher and broadband Internet access� ^ Math competency must be met before taking this course� Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Communication Studies Major Course Requirements (45 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) Prerequisite: INF 103 • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • ^BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • COM 340 Technical Writing (3 credits) • **INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) Prerequisite: INF 103 • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • **^INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) Prerequisite: INF 231 • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) Prerequisite: INF 231 • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) Prerequisite: INF 103 • MGT 497 Strategic Technology Planning for Organizations (3 credits) Prerequisites: MGT 330 and INF 340 + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. communications management. journalism. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog The Bachelor of Arts in Communication Studies major is designed for students who seek career opportunities in many fields: public relations. • Identify barriers to effective communication in different contexts and formulate effective solutions. • Select effective communication techniques appropriate to audience and context. and • Communicate in ways consistent with the highest ethical standards of the communications professions� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *33 credits 44 credits 163 .External Studies Undergraduate Programs Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 45 credits 29 credits **Please note that some applications in this course may require additional hardware. • Demonstrate sensitivity in communications between and among different groups and individuals of diverse backgrounds. public policy and administration. sociology.

language.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. and challenging for children. physical and affective domains. hiring. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� • Demonstrate knowledge of child development principles. including cognitive. and maintenance of staff in quality child care settings. and program requirements in a quality child care settings� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (33 credits) • COM 321 Communication Theory (3 credits) • COM 425 Communication in Organizations (3 credits) • ENG 325 Intermediate Composition (3 credits) • COM 345 Media Writing for Communication (3 credits) • *COM 323 Persuasion & Argumentation (3 credits) • COM 325 Communication & Conflict (3 credits) • COM 360 Advanced Communications in Society (3 credits) • COM 340 Technical Writing (3 credits) • CGD 318 Public Relations Practice & Promotional Writing (3 credits) • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits) • COM 480 Communication Studies Capstone (3 credits) Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 39 credits 35 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. Major Course Requirements (39 credits) • ECE 101 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits) • ECE 214 Nutrition & Health of Children & Families (3 credits) • ECE 332 Child Development (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. ethical. and program development. legal. and • Demonstrate knowledge of fiscal. • Design and assessment developmentally appropriate strategies and programs promoting positive development and learning for children. • Analyze the influence and impact of families and communities on a child’s learning and development. and exhibit advanced instructional skills� Program Outcomes Students in the Early Childhood Education program will be able to: 164 . students will be well acquainted with the education industry. Family & Society (3 credits) • PED 212 Foundations of Movement & Motor Activities (3 credits) • ECE 315 Language Development in Young Children (3 credits) • ECE 311 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods (3 credits) • ECE 335 Children’s Literature (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education The Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education major prepares students for a career in education� Upon completion of coursework in childhood development. curricula. • Identify components of personnel management in the recruiting. supportive. in creating environments that are healthy. be highly trained in various theories of childhood development.

Ashford University does not represent that this program meets certification or licensure requirements in any state. students will be well acquainted with the education industry. It is the student’s responsibility to determine any individual state’s certification or licensure requirements. Family & Society (3 credits) • ECE 311 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods (3 credits) • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits) • ECE 313 Collaboration with Parents & Community (3 credits) • ECE 312 Administration of Early Childhood Education Programs (3 credits) • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) Program Outcomes Students in the Early Childhood Education Administration program will be able to: • Demonstrate knowledge of child development principles. supportive. childhood development. in creating environments that are healthy. • Identify components of personnel management in the recruiting. legal. and exhibit advanced organizational management skills� Major Course Requirements (39 credits) • ECE 101 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits) • ECE 214 Nutrition & Health of Children & Families (3 credits) • ECE 332 Child Development (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. and program requirements in administrating quality child care settings� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits 46 credits 39 credits 35 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education Administration The Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education Administration prepares students for a career in early childcare administration� Upon completion of coursework in organizational behavior and management. including cognitive.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • ECE 313 Collaboration with Parents & Community (3 credits) • ECE 312 Administration of Early Childhood Education Programs (3 credits) • ECE 405 Children & Families in a Diverse Society (3 credits) • ECE 430 Early Childhood Education Capstone (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. ethical. and maintenance of staff in quality child care settings� • Demonstrate knowledge of fiscal. Note: Successful completion and graduation from the Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education is not intended to lead to certification or licensure in any state. and challenging for children� • Analyze the influence and impact of families and communities on a child’s learning and development� • Design and assess developmentally appropriate strategies and programs promoting positive development and learning for children� • Apply leadership principles in directing and managing a child care setting� 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 165 . language. be highly trained in various theories of childhood development. hiring. and curricula and program administration. physical and affective domains.

Note: Successful completion and graduation from the Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education Administration is not intended to lead to certification or licensure in any state. Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *36 credits 41 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. and quality monitoring is provided� Major Course Requirements (36 credits) • HCA 305 U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits) • *HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits) • ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits) • HCA 311 Health Care Financing and Information Systems (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation (3 credits) • HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits) • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 459 Senior Project (3 credits) Program Outcomes Students in the Health Care Administration program will be able to: • Examine the requirements of continued learning for health care professionals. health care planning. Ashford University does not represent that this program meets certification or licensure requirements in any state. It is the student’s responsibility to determine any individual state’s certification or licensure requirements. • Explore the ramifications of cultural and socialdemographic variables as they impact the delivery of health care. health policy. and • Analyze health care delivery’s outcome research� + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • ECE 430 Early Childhood Education Capstone (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. Specific curriculum in health administration. • Demonstrate the integration of multi-disciplinary knowledge into the multiple perspectives of the U�S� health care system. • Analyze the major financing systems of U. • Evaluate the contributions of volunteerism within the context of the health care delivery system. Students seeking licensure 166 Ashford University . • Discuss the provision of health care services across the life span. health care services.S. reflecting the realities of the healthcare system. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration The Health Care Administration major provides foundational knowledge in health-related topics. operations. Note: Students should understand that this program is not intended to prepare students for professional licensure or certification in any field. regulation and financing. • Communicate the major forces driving change in the U�S� health care system. and applications for those working in or seeking careers in the rapidly growing healthcare industry� The degree is characterized by an interdisciplinary and integrated learning approach.

as well as learners desiring an entry level health care degree� This generalist degree stresses the knowledge of the health care industry and emphasizes the development of qualitative skills� It is intended to complement our more quantitative managerial BA in Health Care Administration� Program Outcomes Students in the Health Care Studies program will be able to: • Explain the major components of the U� S� health care system. • Analyze driving factors influencing health care. and BUS 303� For additional details. • Explain the major population factors that influence the delivery of health services. • Apply principles from management theory. HCA 340. including reform and quality.External Studies Undergraduate Programs or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements for that licensure prior to enrollment. see Transfer Concentration Guidelines in this Catalog section� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in History In a world transformed by the powerful tides of globalization. where appropriate: HCA 305. and • Demonstrate communication skills that facilitate the delivery of health services� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *30 credits 47 credits Transfer Concentration Option Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. history provides an intellectual toolkit for dealing with complex national and international realities� Every aspect of the present is rooted in aspects of the past Immersion in place-based knowledge and understanding 167 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Studies The Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Studies is designed to facilitate the attainment of a Bachelor’s degree for individuals working in the health care system. • Analyze non-clinical issues arising in delivering health care. Transfer concentrations are not required and are intended for students who have experience and/or extensive transfer credit coursework in a field of study at the time of admission to the program� The following major courses are designated for substitution with concentration coursework. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements for that licensure prior to enrollment. social and health sciences. SOC 313. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Students may add a transfer concentration to the Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Studies program by transferring in 12 applicable credits in a defined subject area. Major Course Requirements (30 credits) • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • *HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits) • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits) • HCA 331 Introduction to Health Care Education (3 credits) • HCA 333 Introduction to Long Term Care (3 credits) • HCA 497 Health Care Studies Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. • Discuss regulatory elements influencing health care delivery such as ethics and legal issues. Note: Students should understand that this program is not intended to prepare students for professional licensure or certification in any field.

External Studies Undergraduate Programs how unintended consequences shape our lives help students to understand an increasingly complex world� • HIS 331 World War II (3 credits) • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits) • HIS 342 The Middle East (3 credits) • HIS 351 Asia in the Age of Decolonization & Globalization (3 credits) • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits) • HIS 497 History Capstone: Advanced Research Project (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. especially those issues related to cultures and their diversity� Liberal studies emphasize literature. cultural. • Develop and apply culturally diverse communication skills between and among different groups and individuals in a global environment. • Apply critical thinking skills in analyzing. and consequence. and analytical and critical thinking skills. • Utilize chronology appropriately. • Develop skills to conduct effective independent research. and nations� Major Course Requirements (42 credits) • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) • HIS 310 American Women’s History (3 credits) • *HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • *HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 378 Historiography & Historical Methodologies (3 credits) 168 Ashford University . environmental. • Interpret events. social. • Explain historical phenomena in terms of causation. and technological change� Note: The Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts program is not Title IV Financial Aid eligible at this time. • Develop the ability to integrate viewpoints from different disciplines. philosophy. social science. all of which prepare students for lifelong learning and social. and human communities in their historical contexts. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Program Outcomes Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Students in the Liberal Arts program will be able to: • Demonstrate appropriate comparative and analytical communication skills across disciplines. and political issues. and • Analyze the values that influence interactions among people. Students will not be able to apply for nor receive Federal aid while enrolled in this program. institutions. The Liberal Arts program is designed to provide students with a broad-based liberal arts experience enriching the student’s understanding of the physical and social world� The diversity of courses will enable the student to examine major national and global issues. • Practice historical scholarship in an ethical manner. • Distinguish between history and other ways of thinking about the past. groups. agency. and • Relate historical phenomenon to their geographical contexts� Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *42 credits 38 credits The Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts major is designed for students who seek career opportunities in many fields. significance. Program Outcomes Students in the History program will be able to: • Identify appropriate historical sources and utilize them in the creation of written and/or oral narratives and analyses.

• Formulate strategies for effective team development. • Compare and contrast individual characteristics that influence work behaviors and organizational effectiveness. allowing for skill development in communication. Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *30 credits 50 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. and ethics� Focused attention is given to defining and understanding strategic planning. group behavior. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Organizational Management Major Course Requirements (30 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) 169 The Organizational Management program is designed for students who have work experience and desire to improve their understanding of how organizations function and develop effective skills in management and leadership� The curriculum places emphasis on the human side of 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . human resource management. group. and societal levels� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (33 credits) • *SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • *LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature (3 credits) • *PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • COM 321 Communication Theory (3 credits) • COM 360 Advanced Communications in Society (3 credits) • ENG 325 Intermediate Composition (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) • LIB 315 The Environment & the Human Spirit (3 credits) • LIB 332 Science & Culture (3 credits) • LIB 356 Research Methods for the Humanities (3 credits) • LIB 495 Capstone – Advanced Research Project (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. law. and • Analyze the impact of social problems on the workplace at the individual.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *33 credits 50 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. organizational. • Demonstrate appropriate decision-making skills in organizational contexts. and marketing areas in which an organizational leader must be knowledgeable to be effective� Program Outcomes Students in the Organizational Management program will be able to: • Examine one’s personal leadership style and determine its appropriateness to various organizational situations. • Analyze alternative solutions for complex business problems. 9 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� managing organizations. financial management. decision making.

see Transfer Concentration Guidelines in this Catalog section� Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� Introductory Course Requirement (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (36 credits) • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) • POL 211 Introduction to Politics (3 credits) • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • POL 319 State & Local Government (3 credits) • POL 325 Congress & the Presidency (3 credits) • POL 353 Comparative Politics (3 credits) • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits) • POL 411 Political Behavior (3 credits) • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) • POL 497 Political Science Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. rights. and SOC 402� For additional details. • Analyze political issues and develop methods to resolve them through effective and creative communication. PHI 445. and • Evaluate public policy as it relates to political behavior. behavior. and public policy and is designed to provide students with the analytical tools and critical thinking skills to address the intricate and complex relationships among the private. and global sectors� Program Outcomes Students in the Political Science and Government program will be able to: • Demonstrate an understanding of the ways in which power and authority are embedded in the structures and workings of the government and politics. • Assess critically the causes and implications of conflict. MGT 415. transnational. comparative politics. and an emphasis on our national government� Political Science is key for imparting knowledge of political processes. public. • Develop the ability to undertake in-depth analyses of political behavior as it applies to various political theories in democracy and representation. national. 170 .External Studies Undergraduate Programs • *SOC 402 Contemporary Social Problems & the Workplace (3 credits) • COM 425 Communication in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • MGT 450 Strategic Planning (3 credits) • *PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • MGT 460 Leadership Priorities & Practice (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. research methods. where appropriate: COM 425. political parties. and justice� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *36 credits 38 credits Transfer Concentration Option Students may add a transfer concentration to the Bachelor of Arts in Organizational Management program by transferring in 12 applicable credits in a defined subject area� Transfer concentrations are not required and are intended for students who have experience and/or extensive transfer credit coursework in a field of study at the time of admission to the program�The following major courses are designated for substitution with concentration coursework. Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and Government The Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and Government focuses on the systematic study of political institutions. values. transnational. and global levels. compromise. and cooperation at the local.

• Demonstrate communication behaviors consistent with the study and practice of psychology. • Analyze theories of continuing education in psychology and related fields. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� ^ In this program. or local level and nonprofit management. developing. and other careers that involve understanding human behavior and providing competent leadership� Program Outcomes Students in the Psychology program will be able to: • Analyze human behavior and mental processes. Students will receive a solid foundation in public sector practices and processes complemented by coursework in the social sciences� Program Outcomes Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits^ and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. and implementing public policy and administration. and • Judge the ethical components of public responsibility� Introductory Course Requirement (3 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) • *PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Major Course Requirements (36 credits) • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *45 credits 32 credits 171 . health care. government.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Bachelor of Arts in Psychology • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits) • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits) • PSY 496 Applied Project (3 credits) Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits): • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) Two Upper-Level Psychology Courses (6 credits): • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. law. • Identify relevant political and legal factors in the policy process and analyze their roles critically. • Evaluate theories of personality development. • Apply management theory to the practice of public administration. • Integrate academic theory and practical applications. • Evaluate psychology research methods. and • Acquire and use skills and concepts that are fundamental to the ethical application of psychology� Bachelor of Arts in Public Administration Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *36 credits 44 credits The Bachelor of Art in Public Administration is designed for students who seek entry-level management careers in government management at the federal. students will need an additional 3 credits of upper-division credit beyond the major to satisfy this requirement� Students in the Public Administration program will be able to: • Demonstrate theoretical knowledge for understanding. The Psychology major focuses on the study of human behavior and mental processes� This major explores psychology both as an area of scientific investigation and as a health or human services profession� Students majoring in psychology may also seek employment opportunities in business. state.

strategic planning. message development. message development. and tactical solutions� Major Course Requirements (45 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits) • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • *PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits) • PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 303 Finance for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 305 Budgeting for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 307 Intergovernmental Relations & Issues (3 credits) • PPA 401 Urban Management (3 credits) • PPA 403 Administrative Law (3 credits) • PPA 405 Personnel Management (3 credits) • PPA 497 Public Policy Formation (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (45 credits) Graphic Design (3 credits): • *CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) Management (3 credits): • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing Graduates of the major in Public Relations and Marketing will be able to develop an understanding and mastery of marketing and public relations functions� Emphasis is on creating a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� well as to develop competence in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet client’s needs� Graduates will be able to evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages and engage in problem analysis. and public relations functions. • Create a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts. • Develop competence in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet client’s needs. and • Engage in problem analysis. as 172 .External Studies Undergraduate Programs Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. and tactical solutions� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Program Outcomes Students in the Public Relations and Marketing program will be able to: • Develop an understanding and mastery of marketing. Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *45 credits 35 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. strategic planning. • Evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages.

psychology. law. 6 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (36 credits) Three Courses in Social Justice (9 credits): • *SOC 120 Intro to Ethics & Social Responsibility • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • *SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits) Four Courses in Criminal Justice (12 credits): • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits) • CRJ 422 Criminal Justice Capstone (3 credits) Five Upper-Level Major Courses (15 credits): • CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior (3 credits) • CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure (3 credits) • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits) • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice The Social and Criminal Justice major offers a unique interdisciplinary program that examines criminal justice from a perspective that sees it as a means of building a more just society� Students examine topics such as forensics. ethics. • Examine the relationship of social justice to the criminal justice system.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Ethics (3 credits): • *PHI 445 Personal and Organizational Ethics (3 credits) Project Management (3 credits): • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) Communications (3 credits): • BUS 340 Business Communications (3 credits) Research/Data Management (3 credits): • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) Upper-Level Major Courses (24 credits): • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) • CGD 240 Media Writing and Editing (3 credits) • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices and Promotional Writing (3 credits) Capstone (3 credits): • BUS 421 PR/Marketing Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. psychology. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 173 . criminal law. • Investigate the operation of the criminal justice system. the Constitution. and • Apply information from sociology. and the correctional system� Program Outcomes Students in the Social and Criminal Justice program will be able to: • Examine law enforcement issues. crime prevention. and related fields to the study of criminal justice� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *36 credits 44 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. • Apply knowledge to socio-economic (cultural) diversity to criminal justice.

Note: CRJ 201 should be taken prior to 300-level CRJ courses and above. • Acquire and use a foundation of research skills from the social sciences. and sociology. • Examine the relationship of service to social sciences. Note: PSY 101. see the following BASS Ed program listing for partnership with Rio Salado College that leads to Arizona teaching licensure� Program Outcomes Students in the Social Science program will be able to: • Evaluate fundamental social science concepts. and HIS 204 should be taken prior to 300-level courses and above in their respective subject areas. and related social science fields. 18 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirement (3 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (48 credits) Three Courses in History (9 credits): • *HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits) 174 Transfer Concentration Option Students may add a transfer concentration to the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science program by transferring in 12 Ashford University . SOC 101. including history. Online students may have previous expertise recognized through a transfer concentration� For a concentration in education. history. • Examine the implications of social and cultural diversity. and • Integrate knowledge from the social sciences. psychology. sociology. and sociology� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program.External Studies Undergraduate Programs + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. psychology. including history. • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) Four Courses in Psychology (12 credits): • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) • *PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) Three Courses in Sociology (9 credits): • *SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • *SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • SOC 402 Contemporary Social Problems & the Workplace (3 credits) Two Courses in Multidisciplinary Social Science (6 credits): • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (3 credits) • LIB 332 Science and Culture (3 credits) One Course in Cross Cultural Perspectives (3 credits): • *LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature (3 credits) One Course in Political Science (3 credits): • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) 120 credits *46 credits *48 credits 44 credits One Course in Research (3 credits): • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) One Capstone Course (3 credits): • SOC 490 Social Science Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. Bachelor of Arts in Social Science The Social Science major offers students an opportunity to focus their studies primarily in psychology.

Arizona� Upon successful completion of all requirements for the Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education and upon successful completion of all of the Level I coursework requirements of Rio Salado College. concurrently with their first education concentration 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 175 . This fee covers additional costs associated with administrative functions and program management inherent in the facilitation of Education concentrations� Education Program Seminar— Education Concentration Partnership Course Students who enroll in the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education will be registered into EDU285AA Education Program Seminar. Students who intend to apply to the Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program must meet all requirements of Rio Salado College to be admitted and enrolled in that program� Ashford University applicants. students can enroll in Level II education methods courses that are required for Arizona teacher certification. and graduates are responsible for reviewing. and meeting all Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program admission and completion requirements through Rio Salado College� Arizona teacher certification is accepted in the majority of states� However. Arizona� The program meets the needs of students who are seeking a Bachelor’s degree that is a requirement for certification as a teacher in Elementary. otherwise qualified students are able to apply for a State of Arizona teaching certificate in elementary or secondary education. Successful completion and graduation from the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education program at Ashford University does not guarantee admission to the Teacher Certification PostBaccalaureate program at Rio Salado College� Successful completion and graduation from the Bachelor of Arts in Education Concentration Fee In addition to all other tuition and fees applicable to students in the Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education program. and LIB 332� For additional details. successful completion of all degree requirements at Rio Salado College does not guarantee that any state board or licensing agency will accept a graduate’s application for licensure� The completion of all degree requirements also does not guarantee a teaching license� Graduates of the Rio Salado Post. HIS 306. Ashford University/Rio Salado College Educational Partnership Ashford University has established an educational partnership with Rio Salado College (RSC) in Tempe. Secondary. students.External Studies Undergraduate Programs applicable credits in a defined subject area. an additional Education Concentration Fee of $140�00 charged when students enroll in their first Education concentration course. POL 310. where appropriate: SOC 402. please be aware that license requirements of state boards and licensing agencies vary from state to state and change over time� Consequently.Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program must apply and fulfill all the state requirements that are necessary to secure a teaching license� Students are responsible to check with their particular state’s Department of Education to determine if the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education program in conjunction with the Rio Salado College Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program are applicable towards certification and licensure in the state in which they intend to teach� We highly encourage students to research state requirements prior to enrolling at Ashford University� The U�S� Department of Education’s website is a resource for students to research state certification and licensing requirements� http://www�ed�gov/erod Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education This program is the result of a partnership with Rio Salado College in Phoenix. see Transfer Concentration Guidelines in this Catalog section� Social Science with a Concentration in Education program does not lead to any state teacher certification or licensure. or Special Education� Students may be able to include some Rio Salado Level I teacher certification courses into their Ashford University baccalaureate degree plan of study� Upon receiving an Ashford University baccalaureate degree and following successful completion of all Level I coursework. the student is eligible to submit an application for formal acceptance into Rio Salado College’s Arizona Department of Education (ADE) approved Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program� Following program acceptance. understanding. Transfer concentrations are not required and are intended for students who have experience and/or extensive transfer credit coursework in a field of study at the time of admission to the program� The following major courses are designated for substitution with concentration coursework. this collaborative agreement enables graduates to apply for admission into the Arizona Department of Education (ADE) approved Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program at Rio Salado� Upon completion of both programs.

or ^Special Education): Rio Salado Course EDU 285AA EDU 220 EDU 270 EDU 272 Rio Salado Course Title ^ * ~ Education Program Seminar * ~ Introduction to Serving English Language Learners * ~ Learning and the Brain ^ * ~ Educational Psychology Credits 1 3 3 3 Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *39 credits 47 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� *In this program. no additional tuition is charged for initial enrollment in this course� Registration is facilitated by Ashford University� As an element of this partnership. if applicable� EDU285AA is offered as part of the partnership program with Rio Salado College. and successfully complete EDU285AA. psychology. and pass the course through direct registration at Rio Salado College� ^ * Phonics Based Reading and Decoding (Elective course available for students planning to pursue Elementary or Special Education) EDU 271 3 * Elementary Education ~ Secondary Education ^ Special Education Students planning to pursue teacher certification in Secondary Education are encouraged to review the subject knowledge areas available for certification in their state and for secondary teacher certification in the State of Arizona prior to beginning the program� Ashford University does not currently offer subject area knowledge tracks. and sociology. however. ~Secondary Education. will have fulfilled the following Level I course requirements towards the Rio Salado College Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program. • Acquire and use a foundation of research skills from the social sciences and education including history. including history. and contact information for each student enrolled in this course to facilitate registration and to create an educational record at Rio Salado College� Students who do not successfully complete this course within fourteen (14) weeks of initial enrollment are required to re-enroll. • Examine the relationship of social science to education. students may choose to complete coursework in a particular subject area toward elective credit in the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education degree while enrolled at Ashford University� Program Outcomes Students in the Social Science with Education Concentration will be able to: • Evaluate fundamental social science concepts. pay tuition. therefore. name. dependent upon the student’s certification track (*Elementary Education. • Examine the implications of social and cultural diversity in social interactions.External Studies Undergraduate Programs course at Ashford University� This is a one semester credit course offered through Rio Salado College� Students may complete this course within one (1) to fourteen (14) weeks from initial enrollment� EDU285AA is a requirement of the Rio Salado College Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program. and sociology� Education Concentration Courses Students are permitted to begin Education Concentration coursework once they have successfully earned 89 or more credits in the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education program� Students who successfully complete the Ashford University Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education at Ashford University with a grade of “B” or higher. Students who successfully complete EDU285AA will also be eligible to transfer the course into their Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education program as one (1) elective credit� Rio Salado College will provide Ashford University with the student’s grade for the course in order to apply the transfer credit towards the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with a Concentration in Education degree. 12 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirement (3 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) 176 Ashford University . and • Integrate knowledge from the social sciences and education. psychology. Ashford University will provide Rio Salado College with the Social Security Number.

9 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) Major Course Requirements (36 credits) Lower-Level Major Requirement (6 credits): • *SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) Research and Statistics Requirement (6 credits): • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits) • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits) Upper-Level Major Requirement (24 credits): • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. racial and ethnic groups. and • Demonstrate an appreciation for cultural and social diversity� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: Major Course Requirements: Electives: 120 credits *46 credits *36 credits 47 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. Note: All courses that apply toward the PostBaccalaureate Teaching Certification Program at Rio Salado must have a minimum grade of 3.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Major Course Requirements (39 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) • *LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (3 credits) • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • HIS 324 History of American Education (3 credits) • *SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • *SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits) • EDU 360 Philosophy of Education (3 credits) • PSY 372 Educational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 370 Learning & the Brain (3 credits) • EDU 321 Introduction to Serving English Language Learners (3 credits) • EDU 371 Phonics-Based Reading & Decoding (3 credits) • EDU 490 Interdisciplinary Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements. Family. • Analyze critically major sociological issues.00 to transfer.50 to gain admittance into the program. various forms of social interactions. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 177 . • Assess the quality of sociological research by applying the standards of the discipline. Level I courses taken at Rio Salado College will be accepted in transfer toward degree completion at Ashford University� • Apply major sociological theoretical perspectives. & Society (3 credits) • *SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits) Bachelor of Arts in Sociology The BA in Sociology focuses on the study of human beings in their social settings� Sociology majors study topics such as social structures. • Explain the methodologies of collecting and assessing data that the discipline of sociology offers. and students must have an overall GPA of 2. and the making and implementation of social policy� Graduates of the program are prepared for entry-level social science-linked and social service positions� Program Outcomes Students in the Sociology program will be able to: • Demonstrate a knowledge of basic sociological concepts.

and acquire a knowledge base in the field of sports and recreation management. • Apply theory to practice. philosophy. information systems. intercollegiate. business. Major Course Requirements: Electives: *45 credits 32 credits Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits and a minimum of 21 credits at Ashford University (residency requirement)� * In this program. and commercial recreation programs. public. private. • Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities. exhibit college-level writing and speaking skills. and psychology� The curriculum consists of learning experiences that are essential for assuming entry-level business management positions in the sports and recreation profession� Students completing the required coursework will be exposed to various theories of management in the field of business administration. English. sociology. and intramural and recreational sports� Students complete coursework in the following areas: accounting. Major Course Requirements (45 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing & Management (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • SRM 320 Organization & Administration of Sports & Recreation Management (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) Practicum/Case Study (3 credits): • SRM 325 Case Research in Sports & Recreation Management (3 Credits) Communication Requirement (3 credits): • BUS 340 Business Communications (3 credits) Public Relations/Media Requirement (3 credits): • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing (3 credits) Project Management Requirement (3 Credits): • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) Ashford University Program Outcomes Students in the Sports and Recreation Management program will be able to: • Integrate knowledge from sports recreation and business administration fields. sport/fitness clubs. economics. physical education. and • Demonstrate appropriate decision-making skills in organizational contexts� Program Requirements Total number of credits required: General Education Requirements: 120 credits *46 credits 178 . Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management Introductory Course Requirements (6 credits) • +EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education (3 credits) • *PSY 202 Adult Development & Life Assessment (3 credits) The Sports and Recreation Management major helps to prepare professionals for managerial positions in the sports and recreation industry including professional. and interscholastic sports. 3 credits from the major may also satisfy General Education requirements� Note: A minor in Business Administration is not available to students majoring in Sports and Recreation Management. speech. • Apply business procedures to team and facilities management. sports/athletics equipment merchandising.External Studies Undergraduate Programs • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits) • *SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits) • SOC 490 Social Science Capstone (3 credits) + EXP 105 fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits * Satisfies General Education requirements.

External Studies Undergraduate Programs Information and Technology (3 Credits): • *CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits) + Fulfills 3 credits toward total elective credit requirements and is required for online students with fewer than 24 transferable credits� * Satisfies General Education requirements. to expand career options. Family & Society (3 credits) • ECE 315 Language Development in Young Children (3 credits) • ECE 353 Cognitive Development of Infants & Young Children (3 credits) • ECE 354 Assessment & Intervention During Early Childhood (3 credits) • ECE 355 Understanding Behavior & Family Dynamics (3 credits) Accounting Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Accounting. or simply to explore in greater depth an area different from one’s major� Coursework that is applied toward fulfillment of a minor may count toward elective or General Education requirements. • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits) Child Development Minor (18 credits) • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. to prepare for graduate study. • ACC 205 Accounting Principles I (3 credits) • ACC 206 Accounting Principles II (3 credits) • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits) • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits) • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits) Entrepreneurship Minor (18 credits) • BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship (3 credits) • BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation (3 credits) • BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking (3 credits) • BUS 433 New Business Strategy (3 credits) • BUS 435 Small Business Ventures (3 credits) • BUS 437 Business Plan Development (3 credits) Business Administration Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Business Administration and Business Economics. • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) Minors The Center for External Studies offers minors to provide students with additional opportunities to broaden and enrich their education� A minor is a program of study that is distinct from and supplements a student’s major� A minor may be taken as a way to give a coherent pattern to elective credits. unless otherwise noted� Students must declare a minor prior to degree conferral� Business Economics Minor (18 credits) Not available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Economics. • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • ACC 205 Accounting Principles I (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 179 . but will not apply toward fulfillment of a transfer concentration or specialization� Students cannot earn a minor in the same subject area as their major field of study or a major that has more than 50% of the same coursework.

External Studies Undergraduate Programs Finance Minor (18 credits) • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) • BUS 430 Finance Seminar (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits) • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits) • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits) • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits) Information Systems Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Business Information Systems. • *HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits) • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits) • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits) Marketing Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Public Relations and Marketing. • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) 180 Ashford University . • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits) • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) Health Care Administration Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Health Care Administration. • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) Human Resources Management Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Organizational Management. • HCA 305 The U�S� Health Care System (3 credits) • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits) • *HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits) • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits) • HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits) • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits) International Management Minor (18 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 378 International Business Law (3 credits) • *BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 439 International Human Resources Management (3 credits) • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits) History Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in History.

• PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits) • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits) • *PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits) • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) Public Administration Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Public Administration. • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) • COM 425 Communication in Organizations (3 credits) Psychology Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Psychology. • PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 305 Budgeting for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 401 Urban Management (3 credits) • PPA 403 Administrative Law (3 credits) • PPA 405 Personnel Management (3 credits) • PPA 497 Public Policy Formation (3 credits) Political Science and Government Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Political Science and Government. • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits) • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits) • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • POL 211 Introduction to Politics (3 credits) • POL 353 Comparative Politics (3 credits) • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 181 .External Studies Undergraduate Programs Operations Management Minor (18 credits) Required Courses • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • BUS 445 Total Quality Management (3 credits) • BUS 446 Production Control (3 credits) Project Management Minor (18 credits) • INF 338 Leadership & Communication Skills for Project Managers (3 credits) • INF 342 Project Quality Assurance (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • INF 337 Integrated Cost & Schedule Control (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits) Organizational Management Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Organizational Management.

Business Administration. • CRJ 461 Corrections Administration & Management (3 credits) • CRJ 463 Contemporary Corrections Issues (3 credits) • CRJ 465 Corrections & Incarceration (3 credits) • CRJ 467 Probation & Parole (3 credits) Sports and Recreation Management Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Sports and Recreation Management. and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits) • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing & Management (3 credits) *Satisfies General Education requirements. • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits) Sociology Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Sociology. • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits) • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits) • CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure (3 credits) • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits) Specializations A specialization is an area of study that supplements select undergraduate majors� Students begin specialization coursework following successful completion of the major capstone� Students must declare a specialization prior to completion of program requirements� A student may not enroll in any undergraduate specialization that has a course overlap with any declared major(s)� Business Economics Specialization (12 credits) Available for Bachelor of Arts in Accounting degree program only. Family & Society (3 credits) Corrections Management Specialization (12 credits) Available for Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Social and Criminal Justice Minor (18 credits) Please note: This minor is not available to students majoring in Social and Criminal Justice. • *SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits) • *SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits) • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits) • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits) • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) • SOC 312 Child. Entrepreneurship Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. • BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship (3 credits) • BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation (3 credits) • BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking (3 credits) • BUS 437 Business Plan Development (3 credits) 182 Ashford University . Health Care Administration.

• INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits) • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits) • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits) History Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and Government and Social Science degree programs only. Business Administration. • CRJ 441 Homeland Defense (3 credits) • CRJ 443 Intelligence & Homeland Security (3 credits) • CRJ 445 Consequence Management: Terrorism Preparation & Response (3 credits) • CRJ 447 Homeland Security Organization (3 credits) Marketing Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits) • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits) • HIS 342 The Middle East (3 credits) • HIS 331 World War II (3 credits) International Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Public Relations and Marketing and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits) • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits) • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits) • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits) Forensics Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. Health Care Administration. and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits) • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits) • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits) • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits) Human Resources Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration. • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 403 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits) Homeland Security Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits) • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits) • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits) • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 183 . Business Administration. Health Care Administration. Health Care Administration. Health Care Administration and Organizational Management degree programs only.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Finance Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. and Public Relations and Marketing degree programs only. Business Administration. • CRJ 451 Homicide Investigation & Evidence Gathering (3 credits) • CRJ 453 Criminal Profiling (3 credits) • CRJ 455 Criminal Law (3 credits) • CRJ 457 Forensic Evidence & the Law (3 credits) Information Systems Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting.

and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only. • PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 305 Budgeting for Public Administrators (3 credits) • PPA 401 Urban Management (3 credits) • PPA 497 Public Policy Formation (3 credits) Political Science and Government Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in History. Health Care Administration. Organizational Management. Public Relations and Marketing. Business Administration.External Studies Undergraduate Programs Operations Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting and Business Administration degree programs only. • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • BUS 445 Total Quality Management (3 credits) • BUS 446 Production Control (3 credits) Public Administration Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. and Organizational Management degree programs only. Health Care Administration. • CRJ 433 Principle and Theory of Security Issues (3 credits) • CRJ 435 Evaluation of Security Programs (3 credits) • CRJ 437 Contemporary Issues in Security Management (3 credits) • CRJ 439 Security Administration (3 credits) Project Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting. Social Science and Sociology degree programs only. • POL 319 State & Local Government (3 credits) • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits) • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits) • POL 411 Political Behavior (3 credits) Security Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice degree program only. Business Administration. • INF 342 Project Quality Assurance (3 credits) • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits) • INF 337 Integrated Cost & Schedule Control (3 credits) • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) Sports and Recreation Management Specialization (12 credits) Available in Bachelor of Arts in Organizational Management and Public Administration degree programs only. Social and Criminal Justice. • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits) • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits) • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits) • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing & Management (3 credits) 184 Ashford University .

add courses. 2010� Program Enrollment Initial enrollment in Ashford University graduate programs is arranged through a University Enrollment Advisor� New online students should contact an Enrollment Advisor to register� It is the student’s responsibility to officially register for the program course of study� After initial enrollment.Section Nine Center for External Studies Graduate Programs The Center for External Studies offers the following graduate programs through three colleges� College of Arts and Sciences College of Business and Professional Studies • Master of Arts in Health Care Administration • Master of Arts in Organizational Management • Master of Business Administration • Master of Public Administration College of Education • Master of Arts in Education • Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology Center for External Studies Graduate Programs Academic Policies and Procedures Academic Calendar The academic calendar for Ashford University graduate programs is continuous. 2009 to January 4. students take one course at a time and move to the next course in the program sequence without a break� Opportunities to enroll in graduate studies and to begin a course sequence in a degree program are available frequently throughout the calendar year� Most courses are six weeks long with an annual two-week Winter Break when courses are not scheduled� The Winter Break for 2009-2010 occurs from December 23. students will work with their Academic Advisors to register. rather than defined by semester dates� Typically. or change their course schedule� Any change in the original registration must be communicated to the student’s Academic Advisor� Major changes in a student’s schedule may necessitate completion of a new Admissions Application and Enrollment Agreement� 185 .

and pay all required tuition. meet all admissions requirements applicable to their specific degree program. however. CD-ROM. Eudora. students must have a computer with the following features and system configurations: • Platforms: Mac OS X 10�2 or greater or Windows 2000. and software outlined in this Catalog. 550 paper based. features. system configurations. DSL. PowerPoint. Internet Explorer 5�5 or greater. Outlook Express. or Yahoo/Hotmail/ Google mail� c� A minimum of 30 credits have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English. Entourage. Safari. and faculty using email and the Web. • Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills. and official scores must be submitted prior to full admission� Provisional Admission Status Requirements Students are provisionally admitted to a Master’s degree program when they submit a completed application indicating that they meet admission requirements outlined above and that they meet any admissions requirements applicable to their specific degree program. • Networking: 56k dialup modem. or XP or greater. students must complete all the requirements outlined below. Excel. The following provisions must be met prior to the conclusion of three (3) attempted Ashford University courses� To begin the fourth (4th) Ashford University course. hardware. or 79 Internet based is required� Copies of official scores must be submitted prior to provisional enrollment. • Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following: a� Achieved a recognized high school diploma or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English. • Web Browser: Firefox. students who do not meet all requirements for full admission are disqualified and withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course� Graduate Studies General Admission Requirements Full Admission Status Requirements Students seeking admission to any Master’s degree program are required to meet the following requirements: • Have a Bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited college or university with a grade point average (GPA) of 2�0 or above� Students with a grade point average of 2�0 to 2�74 will be placed on first-term academic probation. and applicable taxes due to Ashford University� Students who do not complete all requirements are disqualified and withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course� • Submission of a transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution that awarded the baccalaureate degree indicating a minimum GPA of 2�0� • Submission of official transcripts from institutions where graduate credit was earned or a signed Authorization to Close form indicating relinquishment of potential transfer credits for any official transcripts the student is unable to provide� (The Ashford University Registrar Office staff will manage the request of all transcripts for students who have signed a Transcript Request form�) 186 Ashford University . Minimally. or Opera.External Studies Graduate Programs Technology Requirement Students must possess the following online competencies: • Ability to access course and program material on the Web. and • Ability to use appropriate antivirus utilities so that files transmitted and received are virus free. NT. and Adobe Acrobat. b� Received a GED that was taken in English. Netscape 6 or greater. Students must also pay the appropriate application fee� Students who then enroll in courses are considered regular students in their degree program. • Productivity Software: Microsoft Word. and 1 Gb free disk space. or cable modem. Mac Mail. or d� Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years� A minimum score of 213 computer based. • Ability to correspond with University staff. and • Email: Outlook. fees. students. abilities. • Hardware: 256 Mb RAM.

OR • World Education Services (WES) Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to making application to Ashford University may petition the University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies.External Studies Graduate Programs • Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirements outlined in the following two options but do have a minimum of a 2�0 GPA are fully admitted on first-term probation and are required to achieve a cumulative GPA of 3�00 and successfully complete 67% of credits attempted in the first three (3) graduate-level courses attempted at Ashford University� • Students who have completed only a Bachelor’s degree or fewer than 12 credits of graduate-level coursework will have their GPA calculated for the Bachelor’s degree only to meet the 2�75 GPA requirements� • Students who have completed 12 credits or more of graduate-level coursework may have their GPA calculated for graduate coursework to meet the 3�0 graduate GPA requirement� • At the conclusion of the first academic probation period or the first 9 attempted credits. international students must submit an official evaluation sent directly from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student meets full admission requirement (student copies are not accepted) prior to the conclusion of three (3) Ashford University courses� To begin the fourth (4th) Ashford University course. any student who does not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may be dismissed from the University� However. or • Student has achieved a successful completion rate of at least 33% and has at least a 3�00 GPA. In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs. Accounting. Accounting. copies of documentation indicating that the student meets the following admission requirements are required for provisional admission: • Submit copies of an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student has met the following requirements: • The equivalent of a regionally or approved nationally accredited Bachelor’s degree from the United States� • The requirement for official evaluation of the Bachelor’s degree may be waived when a Master’s degree has been earned at an appropriately accredited university in the United States� • All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services: • Educational Credentials Evaluators. but has not met all requirements for satisfactory academic progress. if required for admission� Note: See the Satisfactory Academic Progress Requirements in this section to review all related Satisfactory Academic Progress guidelines. or • Student has experienced extreme. temporary hardship during the probationary period� • Students must submit official TOEFL scores. a student may appeal to the University Registrar to take up to nine (9) additional credits of coursework for a second academic probation under the following conditions: • Student has achieved a successful completion rate of at least 67% and has at least a 2�50 GPA during the first probationary period. 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants The following requirements are applicable to international applicants and applicants relying on academic credentials earned outside the United States for admission to the programs offered through the Center for External Studies� Provisional Admission Status Requirements In addition to the requirements for provisional admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs. Inc� (ECE). Master of Business Administration and Master of Public Administration Program-Specific Requirements: Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business. international students must complete the requirement or they will be disqualified and withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course� Full Admission Status Requirements 187 . Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics. Finance. Business Administration. and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles� Students are responsible for notifying their Academic Advisor if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

credit by examination. unless offered in an approved program or under an arrangement approved by Ashford University� • Students must have earned a grade of “B” or better for any transfer course� • All capstone courses must be taken at Ashford University� Degree programs may determine that certain courses are not eligible for transfer of credit� • Official transcripts are required for transfer credit to be considered� In addition. including Ashford University courses� • The course must have been equivalent in content and level to the Ashford University course against which it is to be applied� • The course must have been a graduate-level course. credit for life experience. to accommodate courses applied in transfer once the admission file is completed and the student receives full admission to the University� It is the student’s responsibility to review his or her schedule regularly through the student portal and to notify their Academic Advisor to initiate any schedule changes� Schedule Changes. sequence.External Studies Graduate Programs Transfer Credit Policy Students who have earned graduate-level course credits prior to matriculation at Ashford University may be eligible to transfer up to nine (9) credits towards an Ashford University graduate-level degree� Once admitted and/or matriculated into an Ashford University Master’s program. the University will work with students in an effort to provide them with the opportunity to reschedule or to transfer to a comparable University course or program. students may be required to provide a copy of the catalog description and/or the course syllabus from the institution where the credit was awarded to validate that the course satisfies the transfer credit criteria� • Transfer of credit requests are not granted until students have been accepted into a Master’slevel program� Registration Initial registration and student scheduling is a one-time process based upon the information provided to Ashford University in the admission application� The student’s initial schedule is based upon the student’s desired start date and program of study in conjunction with previous education� Initial registration occurs in consultation with an enrollment advisor� Upon completion of initial registration. students have access to their individual course schedules and the dates of each course for which they are registered via the student portal� Student schedules are adjusted by the student’s Academic Advisor. in consultation with the student. but not limited to course dates. or graduate credit from non-accredited schools. credit by correspondence. students are not permitted to take coursework at other institutions and transfer it into Ashford University� Graduate-level college credits completed are acceptable for transfer under the following conditions: • Credits should have been earned no more than ten (10) years before the date of admission and/or matriculation to the degree program to which the credit is to be applied� • Graduate courses cannot have been used to satisfy the requirements for a previous graduate degree. Program Changes. if available� Any payments made for canceled courses will be refunded or applicable to another University course or program� The University will make a reasonable attempt to notify affected students through various communication methods� Degree-Seeking Student Classifications Class Level: Students enrolled in graduate programs are classified as graduate-level students� Enrollment Status: Students who remain continuously enrolled in a graduatelevel program are considered full-time students� Ashford University 188 . and modality as deemed necessary by University administration� Registration in a particular course section or with a specific instructor is not guaranteed� Ashford University may cancel or postpone courses or programs as deemed necessary by the University� In such situations. and Course Cancellation Ashford University reserves the right to make adjustments to student schedules including. taken for equivalent graduate-level credit at a regionally accredited college or university or Ashford University approved nationally accredited college� • Credits earned outside the United States must be evaluated for equivalency to both content and degree level of the Ashford University course� • Ashford University does not accept for graduate credit any credits earned as military credit.

for approval by an academic administrator with oversight for the student’s program of enrollment� Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course will be administratively dropped from the course and must work with their Enrollment Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program. Students who need to request a break in enrollment that is longer than 29 days may request a Leave of Absence (LOA)� • Students are limited to no more than two (2) Leaves of Absence within a 12-month period� • Each LOA cannot exceed a total of 90 days and cannot exceed an annual limit of 180 days� • The start date of the LOA is based on the last date of documented attendance� • Students who are requesting a leave of absence must complete a Leave of Absence Request form� A financial aid student considering a Leave of Absence should contact the Financial Aid Office to discuss the impact on financial aid eligibility. Leave of Absence Policy Although Ashford University encourages continuous enrollment from the time of matriculation through graduation for all students.External Studies Graduate Programs Graduate Program Online Course Attendance Policy Students taking classes in an accelerated format are expected to attend each week� Students are required to log in to each online course by Tuesday during the week in which the course officially begins and to complete the initial introductory postings required in the course� Students must log in at least one additional day during the first week of the course. prior to the second absence. attendance policy� The request must be supported by the instructor and the student must submit the rationale for the exception to his or her Academic Advisor. student loan grace/repayment periods begin� • Leave of Absence Requests must be signed and submitted on or before the last day of class attendance� Requests submitted after the last day of attendance require an explanation� Requests submitted greater than 29 days after last date of attendance will not be approved� • Students who do not return from an approved LOA will be withdrawn from the University as of their last date of documented attendance� • Students experiencing extreme temporary hardship that limits their ability to return to school within the period of their approved leave may contact their Academic Advisor or the Financial Aid Office to discuss potential options prior to expiration of their approved Leave of Graduate Program ASPIRE Course Attendance Policy Students taking classes in an accelerated format are expected to attend each class session� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirement in one week of the course will be given an absence for that week� Students should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments� Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirements for a second week in the course will be Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively dropped from the course retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance� The course must then be repeated� Students who must miss more than one week of attendance due to extreme extenuating circumstances beyond their control may appeal for an exception to the 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 189 . from time to time circumstances may warrant a short break in enrollment� Students who take a break of 29 days or less remain continuously enrolled and are classified as full-time. Students must log in on two separate days each subsequent week of the course to meet attendance requirements� Students who fail to meet these attendance requirements in one week of the course will be given an absence for that week� Students in graduate programs are allowed one absence per course� Students should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments� Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor� Students who fail to meet the attendance requirements for a second week in the course will be administratively dropped from the course retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance� Required courses must then be repeated� Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn� Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course will be administratively dropped from the course and must work with their Enrollment Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program. At the point a student withdraws or falls below at least half-time enrollment status.

Academic Advisor. a student must contact his or her assigned Enrollment Advisor. which is before the conclusion of the first 10% of the total number of instructional weeks of attendance. 18 weeks of instructional time • Satisfactory Academic Progress Increment = 9 attempted credits Repeating Courses A student may repeat a given graduate course once� A maximum of two different courses may be repeated� Both courses remain on the transcript� The grade point average will be calculated based on the grade given in the second course� Exceptions to the limit on repeating courses must be approved by the Vice President of Academic Affairs or the University Provost� Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards Graduate Programs Credit Maximum Policy Graduate students must meet the following minimum qualitative and quantitative requirements to make satisfactory academic progress: • Cumulative GPA in Ashford University coursework for all graduate students = 3�00� • Cumulative GPA includes all graduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University excluding grades of I or W� Only the latter grade Ashford University A maximum of 24 credits may be attempted per academic year� Students may appeal in writing to the Provost for an increase to a maximum of 36 credits attempted per academic year� 190 . will have that course removed from their academic transcripts� Drop Deadline: 6-week course = Week 1 Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 10% and prior to the last 75% of total instructional weeks of attendance will receive a grade of “W” in the course. the following policy outlines the academic requirements for Ashford University graduate programs and how they will be measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion� This policy will be applied to all graduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University. or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Services Departments. regardless of date attempted� Graduate Non-Term-Based Program Measures • Week = 7 calendar days • Academic Year Definition = 36 weeks of instructional time. Academic Advisor. 18 earned credits • Financial Aid Payment Period = Minimum 9 earned credits. a second LOA may be requested during the last 30 days of their approved LOA� Concurrent Course (Double Up) Registration Policy Course Drop To drop from a course(s). Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after 75% of the total instructional time will receive a grade of “WF” in the course� • Concurrent course registration may occur when the student is fully admitted and has completed his or her first two courses.External Studies Graduate Programs Absence� In such cases. or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Success Departments� Students choosing to notify their Academic Advisors verbally of their intent to withdraw may be asked to fill out a written request to withdraw� Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements� Students who are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 29 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn� The student must resolve any financial obligations to Ashford University before receiving an official transcript from the University Registrar� Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Policy We are dedicated to the academic success of our students� In this vein. Students who officially drop from a course or courses during the add/drop period. • Student must be meeting Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements� • Payment of concurrent courses is not deferred and must be paid for in advance of the course start date� • Concurrent course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements� • At no time may a student attend more than two Ashford University courses concurrently in online and ASPIRE modalities� Auditing of Courses Official Program Withdrawal Ashford University does not allow graduate-level course auditing due to the accelerated nature of course offerings and the unique nature of the online classroom environment� Students in the Center for External Studies programs wishing to officially withdraw from Ashford University must notify their assigned Enrollment Advisor.

• Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on a second academic probation� • Students on second academic probation who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of eighteen (18) attempted credits in probationary status will be dismissed from the University� Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. W. • At the conclusion of the first academic probation period. • The appeal must be made prior to the student’s enrollment in any classes that begin after the initial probationary period� • The written appeal must include a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date. death of a student’s family member. and/or successful completion of college level credits during the period of absence� Students who are approved by the Registrar and appropriate Dean. which may include mitigating circumstances such as student injury/ illness. or Provost for re-admission after dismissal will be on 191 Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation Satisfactory academic progress is reviewed in nine (9) credit increments� Students will be evaluated against both qualitative and quantitative standards at the conclusion of every nine (9) attempted credits� Probation. and F� • Successful completion of all program requirements within 150% of the normal length of the program as measured in credits� during the first probationary period but have not met the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may appeal to the University Registrar to take up to nine (9) additional credits of coursework for their second academic probation� Students granted an appeal for a second-term probation may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/ or graduation requirements� These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. In rare circumstances. Vice President of Academic Affairs. or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student and a plan for completion of the coursework required for removal from probation during the following term� • Appeals will be evaluated by a committee made up of the University Registrar or an Associate Registrar and an Academic administrator who has oversight in the student’s program of study� The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office. WF. repeated courses are not excluded� Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I. and Dismissal Probationary periods provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and meet overall requirements for degree completion� Students on probation should meet with their Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling and to plan for remediation� Please contact the Ashford University Registrar with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy� • Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are placed on academic probation for the following nine (9) credit increment� • Students will be given up to 9 credits of attempted coursework to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress� All coursework attempted after the term during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress will be counted as a part of the first-term probationary period. experience.External Studies Graduate Programs is counted when a course is repeated� No grades are recorded or counted toward GPA for transfer credits or prior learning credits� • Successful Completion Rate = 67% or 2/3 of all attempted credits� Attempted graduate-level credits are all course attempts recorded on the academic transcript. students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress may be dismissed from the University� Appeal of Academic Dismissal Students who have shown marked improvement and/ or who have experienced extreme temporary hardship 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid will be eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on their first academic probation. students who have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may be re-admitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last date of attendance� Students must appeal to the Registrar for readmission and must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances. Appeal.

192 . • Apply leadership principles in advancing classroom practices for diverse learning needs within the profession. • Analyze and implement assessment strategies for the educational setting and program improvement.External Studies Graduate Programs academic probation. skills. Communities & Diversity (3 credits) • EDU 637 Planning. • Implement research principles in the design and delivery of instruction to meet the needs of diverse learners. and dispositions of providing instruction to diverse populations� Its specializations are comprised of courses students can select based on their personal area of interest and expertise in education� Specialization Requirements (12-15 credits) Assessment and Measurement Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 660 Tests & Measurements (3 credits) • EDU 661 Data Analyses & Decision-Making (3 credits) • EDU 663 Assessment & Public Policy (3 credits) • EDU 665 Performance Assessments (3 credits) Culturally Responsive Education Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 627 Culturally Responsive Learning Environments (3 credits) • EDU 647 Families. and will be required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing from the Registrar in order to return to good standing� Failure to meet specific requirements will result in dismissal without the opportunity for re-admission� If at any point during the program it becomes clear that a student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program as measured in credits. Implementing & Assessing Instruction for Diverse Learners (3 credits) • EDU 638 Intercultural Communications & Global Learning (3 credits) Ashford University Program Outcomes Students in the Master of Arts in Education program will be able to: • Analyze basic and educational needs of diverse learners within the context of a community. the student will be dismissed from the University� Students enrolled in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program may be eligible to enroll in up to six (6) credits of graduate-level coursework towards their Bachelor’s degree and accelerate completion of a Master’s degree with Ashford University� Please see the SMART Track Program Requirements in the Center for External Studies Undergraduate Programs section of this Catalog for more information� • Demonstrate knowledge of designing effective curriculum and instructional processes within the educational setting. • Identify and apply components of differentiated instruction within the classroom in delivering core content to multiple learning needs. and • Demonstrate reflective and critical analyses of curriculum and instructional delivery models in meeting the needs of diverse learners� SMART Track Program Core Requirements (24 credits) • EDU 623 Introduction to Teaching & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 618 Assessment of Learning Outcomes with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 620 Meeting Individual Student Needs with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 626 Research Design & Methodology (3 credits) • EDU 639 Human Relationships & Learning in the Multicultural Environment (3 credits) • EDU 673 Instructional Strategies for Differentiated Teaching & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 675 Change Leadership for the Differentiated Educational Environment (3 credits) • EDU 695 MAED Capstone (3 credits) Master’s Degree Programs and Requirements Master of Arts in Education Degree Focus The Master of Arts in Education is designed to present foundational perspective and specialization for educators� Its core courses are aligned to program outcomes that define the foundation of knowledge.

Ashford University does not represent that this program meets certification or licensure requirements in any state. Materials & Technology for Learning a Second Language (3 credits) • EDU 659 Testing & Assessment for English Language Learners (3 credits) Higher Education Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 657 History & Philosophy of American Higher Education (3 credits) • EDU 662 Curriculum & Assessment in Higher Education (3 credits) • EDU 653 Teaching in Higher Education (3 credits) • EDU 654 Student Development in Higher Education (3 credits) Teacher Leader Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 686 Educational Policy & Administration (3 credits) • ESE 633 Collaborative Relationships & Transition (3 credits) • EDU 615 Leading the Change Process in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits) • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits) Graduation Requirements To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Education degree. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Education� Note: Successful completion and graduation from the Master of Arts in Education is not intended to lead to certification or licensure in any state. a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 36-39 credits. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. It is the student’s responsibility to determine any individual state’s certification or licensure requirements. .External Studies Graduate Programs Curriculum and Instruction Specialization (15 credits) • EDU 674 Foundations & Trends in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits) • EDU 615 Leading the Change Process in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits) • EDU 676 Curriculum & Instruction Design for Increased Achievement (3 credits) • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits) • EDU 678 Seminar in Curriculum & Instruction for Diverse Needs (3 credits) Distance Learning Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 648 Introduction to Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits) • EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for Online Learning (3 credits) • EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning (3 credits) Early Childhood Education Specialization (12 credits) • ECE 601 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits) • ECE 611 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods (3 credits) • ECE 612 Administration of Early Childhood Education Programs (3 credits) • ECE 623 Collaboration with Parents & Community (3 credits) Educational Technology Leadership Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits) • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits) • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits) English Language Learners Specialization (12 credits) • EDU 629 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (3 credits) • EDU 642 Understanding & Teaching English Language (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 193 • EDU 643 Methods.

strategic thinking. information systems. quality improvement. • Demonstrate sensitivity to diversity in the health care setting. a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 36 credits. • Formulate health care decisions consistent with legal and ethical standards. and • Communicate the responsibility of a health care professional remaining current in their professional knowledge� To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Health Care Administration degree. statistical reasoning. • Apply health care economic perspectives in the interpretation of health policy. • Evaluate health care outcomes using quality improvement and risk standards. administrative leadership. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Health Care Administration� Note: Students should understand that this program is not intended to prepare students for professional licensure or certification in any field. law. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements for that licensure prior to enrollment. ethics. accounting. risk management. decision making. • Utilize health care information technology and statistical reasoning in organizational planning and decision-making. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. marketing.External Studies Graduate Programs Master of Arts in Health Care Administration Degree Focus The Master of Arts in Health Care Administration prepares graduates to assume leadership and management positions in health care organizations� The program incorporates integration and application of health care theories and concepts across the domains of organizational health care� Topics addressed throughout the program are: management finance. and innovation cultivate the landscape for building an organizational culture that embraces quality and diversity� Course Requirements (36 credits) • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits) • MHA 610 Introduction to BioStatistics (3 credits) • MHA 612 Financial & Managerial Accounting (3 credits) • MHA 614 Policy Formation & Leadership in Health Organizations (3 credits) Program Outcomes Students in the Master of Arts in Organizational Management program will be able to: • Understand cultural and economic trends and contexts that influence organizational change. strategic planning. economics. and modeling professional values. and human resources� • MHA 616 Health Care Management Information Systems (3 credits) • MHA 618 Health Economics (3 credits) • MHA 620 Health Policy Analyses (3 credits) • MHA 622 Health Care Ethics & Law (3 credits) • MHA 624 Continuous Quality Improvements & Risk Management (3 credits) • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits) • MHA 628 Managed Care & Contractual Services (3 credits) • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits) Program Outcomes Graduation Requirements Students in the Master of Arts in Health Care Administration program will be able to: • Apply health care financial and accounting concepts in organizational decision making. Master of Arts in Organizational Management Degree Focus The Master of Arts in Organizational Management is designed to develop professional competence in a world of rapid and global change� This degree develops advanced skills in dealing with the complex problems organizations and individuals face in today’s marketplace� Courses in organizational change. Ashford University 194 . health policy. • Apply principles of leadership in the developing of strategic goals. • Apply problem-solving approaches in the resolution of health care issues. achieving organizational outcomes.

effective problem-solving strategies within organizational culture. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Organizational Management� 195 . a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 33 credits. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. • Communicate knowledge and ideas basic to creating teams. and • Implement effective leadership within a learning organization that reflects current social. • Evaluate and apply resources and strategies that develop human capital and improve organizational performance. data interpretation. corporate. and global perspectives� • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits) • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits) Human Resources Management Specialization • BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits) • BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits) • BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits) Organizational Leadership Specialization • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits) • BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) Project Management Specialization • BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits) • BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits) • BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits) Public Administration Specialization • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits) • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits) Supply Chain Management Specialization • BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits) • BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits) • BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits) Core Requirements (24 credits) • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits) • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • OMM 612 Managing in Social Change (3 credits) • OMM 614 Innovation and Entrepreneurship (3 credits) • OMM 625 Learning Organizations & Effectiveness (3 credits) • OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits) • OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits) • BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits) Specialization Requirements (9 credits) Standard Specialization • OMM 615 Strategies: Marketing/Advertising/ Public Relations (3 credits) • OMM 622 Financial Decision-making (3 credits) • OMM 692 Organizational Management Strategy (3 credits) Global Management Specialization • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits) • BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits) Health Care Administration Specialization • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog Graduation Requirements To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Organizational Management degree. and decision making necessary for developing innovative.External Studies Graduate Programs • Demonstrate skill in critical thinking. managing organizational processes. and developing managerial capabilities in others.

a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 30 credits. and instructional systems in a variety of learning environments� This Master’s degree program prepares teachers and corporate trainers for rewarding careers as professional educators with the technological skills necessary to meet the ever changing needs of students and trainees� • EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits) • EDU 618 Assessment of Learning Outcomes with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 626 Research Design & Methodology (3 credits) • EDU 697 MATLT Capstone: A Project Approach (3 credits) Graduation Requirements Program Outcomes Students in the Teaching and Learning with Technology program will be able to: • Demonstrate knowledge and skills related to learning using technology.External Studies Graduate Programs Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology Degree Focus The Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology promotes the knowledge. skills. and behaviors necessary for educational practitioners to incorporate technology. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology� Master of Business Administration Degree Focus Master of Business Administration graduates are prepared for careers in which a broad background and general knowledge in the field of business are requirements as well as advanced graduate work in critical areas� Graduates may choose to enter or advance in one of the areas of business or industry for which their degree has prepared them or to start their own businesses� Program Outcomes Students in the Master of Business Administration program will be able to: • Communicate using multimedia tools in a world with converging media. and communicate findings. • Exemplify ethical practices of technology usage. To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology degree. interpret results. tools. • Evaluate technology resources to facilitate effective assessment and evaluation. • Apply critical thinking in solving business problems using a variety of computer and analytical tools. • Demonstrate knowledge and skills in current and emerging instructional technologies. • Apply research to support learning in a technology-enhanced environment. including legally sound and ethically correct management practices. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. • Utilize technology to collect and analyze data. and • Demonstrate leadership ability and team building skills in groups with cultural and intellectual diversity� Course Requirements (30 credits) • EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits) • EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits) • EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment (3 credits) • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits) • EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for On-line Learning (3 credits) 196 Ashford University . and • Demonstrate the ability to make informed decisions regarding the use of technology in support of learning and leadership� Note: Program outcomes for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology have been adopted from the NETS*T standards (National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers) that serve as nationally recognized professional standards. • Design learning opportunities that apply technology-enhanced instructional strategies to support the needs of all learners. • Describe and practice socially responsible and accountable behavior. • Evaluate the use of the Internet in the connected virtual world of business.

Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics.External Studies Graduate Programs Program-Specific Requirements Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business. Finance. Business Administration. Accounting. and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles� • BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits) • BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits) Health Care Administration Specialization • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits) • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits) • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits) Human Resources Management Specialization • BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits) • BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits) • BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits) Information Systems Specialization • INF 620 Management of Information Systems (3 credits) • INF 630 Systems Analysis (3 credits) • INF 690 ISS Capstone Seminar (3 credits) Marketing Specialization • MKT 625 Consumer Behavior (3 credits) • MKT 635 Market Research (3 credits) • BUS 695 Marketing Capstone Seminar (3 credits) Organizational Leadership Specialization • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits) • BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) Project Management Specialization • BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits) • BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits) • BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits) Public Administration Specialization • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits) • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits) 197 Core Requirements (24 credits) • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits) • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits • BUS 620 Managerial Marketing (3 credits) • *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits) • BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits) • BUS 640 Managerial Economics (3 credits) • BUS 630 Managerial Accounting (3 credits) • BUS 650 Managerial Finance (3 credits) • BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits) *Students who do not waive BUS 599 must take this course which will constitute an additional 3 credits of required coursework in order to meet graduation requirements. Specialization Requirements (9 credits) Standard Specialization • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits) • BUS 642 Business Research Methods & Tools (3 credits) • BUS 690 Business Strategy (3 credits) Entrepreneurship Specialization • BUS 604 New Business Venture Management (3 credits) • BUS 605 Venture Capital & Private Equity (3 credits) • BUS 696 Strategic Thinking for Entrepreneurs (3 credits) Finance Specialization • BUS 655 Financial Investment Management (3 credits) • BUS 657 Corporate Managerial Finance (3 credits) • BUS 694 Finance Capstone Seminar (3 credits) Global Management Specialization • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits) 2009-2010 Academic Catalog . Accounting.

or local level and in non-profit management� Graduates increase interpersonal and management skills while gaining a wide range of proficiencies in financial management. and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles� To be eligible for the Master of Business Administration degree. Graduation Requirements To be eligible for the Master of Public Administration degree. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. and • Assess the role and function of public administration in today’s multicultural environment� 198 *Students who do not waive BUS 599 must take this course which will constitute an additional 3 credits of required coursework in order to meet graduation requirements. and personnel management� Program Outcomes Students in the Master of Public Administration program will be able to: • Demonstrate critical thinking skills relevant to public administration contexts. • Assess the effectiveness of public administration strategies for dealing with urban planning and redevelopment. • Analyze the needs of various stakeholders in the development public policy. quantitative methods. state. urban planning/redevelopment. Accounting. • A minimum cumulative GPA of 3�00. a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 33 credits. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Public Administration� Ashford University . • Apply management theory to the practice of public administration. Finance. budgeting. Accounting.External Studies Graduate Programs Supply Chain Management Specialization • BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits) • BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits) • BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits) Program-Specific Requirements Graduation Requirements Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business. Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics. Bargaining & Conflict Management (3 credits) • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits) Master of Public Administration Degree Focus The Master of Public Administration is designed for students with a baccalaureate degree in any academic discipline who seek careers in government management at the federal. • Evaluate the impact of political influences on the public sector decision-making process. • Evaluate public administration trends and strategies for financing government operations. and • Submission of Petition to Graduate form and applicable fees� The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Business Administration� Course Requirements (33 credits) • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits) • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits) • OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits) • OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits) • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits) • *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits) • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits) • PPA 602 Public Financial Management (3 credits) • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits) • PPA 604 Urban Planning/Redevelopment (3 credits) • PPA 605 Negotiation. Business Administration. a student must successfully complete the following: • The approved program consisting of 33 credits.

unless otherwise noted in the program requirements� For traditional on-campus courses. the notation “F” denotes fall offerings. the following offers a general correlation between course numbers and grade levels: Grade Level Lower Division Upper Division Graduate Level Course Number Range 100–299 300–499 500-699 Course Descriptions Ashford University awards semester credit hours� 199 . Course descriptions that reference “successful completion” of a prerequisite course assume the student will have earned a grade of “C-” or higher.Course Descriptions Section Ten Not all courses are offered in all modalities or with the same frequency. Course prerequisites may also be listed in the individual program sections. Term offerings are subject to change� Course Numbering System While many courses cross lines between class levels. and “S” denotes spring offerings. Please reference the academic programs sections of the Catalog to find a list of courses offered and/or required in each degree program.

Prerequisite: ACC 206 3 Credits ACC 381 Health Care Accounting Lab ACC 208 Accounting for Managers This course is designed to explain how data can be interpreted and used by managers in making decisions. partnerships.Course Descriptions ACC Accounting ACC 201 Principles of Financial Accounting This course is an introduction to financial accounting for nonaccounting business majors. Prerequisite: ACC 305 3 Credits ACC 410 Auditing Principles. provide evidence of learning through a written journal. Prerequisite: ACC 205 3 Credits ACC 402 Federal Income Taxes II This course examines income tax compliance and planning related to partnerships. Prerequisite: ACC 206 3 Credits A continuation of ACC 410. this course introduces the student to the analysis and interpretation of financial reports. Prerequisite: ACC 306 and 310 3 Credits ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II A continuation of ACC 305. transfer pricing. Permission of the supervising faculty member is required. Covers the rest of the balance sheet: current liabilities. Major concepts include job order costing. joint product and byproduct costing. standard costs and variances. 1-2 Credits ACC 380 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II Primarily covers the principles of managerial accounting. corporations. Prerequisite: Qualified sophomore or junior student with cumulative GPA of 2. decision theory. and partnerships. Students complete 52 hours in a professional work environment. Other topics include non-operating income. and impact of changing prices. Prerequisite: ACC 206 3 Credits ACC 407 Advanced Accounting Primarily a course dealing with combined business entities. statement of changes in financial position. audit reporting and internal. Prerequisites: ACC 401 and permission of Department Head. Corequisite/prerequisite: ACC 380. long-term liabilities. S 1 Credit ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I ACC 244 Accounting Practicum I Prospective accounting majors function under the tutelage of professionals in accounting firms. process cost system. and statement analysis. The course will survey additional auditing concepts including assurance services.7. Emphasis is placed on managerial planning and control. fiduciary funds. internal service funds. Additionally. and keep an up-to-date time sheet. and long-term investments. Emphasis is on accrual accounting procedures and the development and use of financial statements. Prerequisites: ACC 306 and 310 3 Credits ACC 411 Advanced Auditing ACC 310 Cost Accounting I Covers traditional “cost” concepts: factory overhead. Prerequisite: ACC 205 3 Credits Examines the differences in accounting between not-for-profit and for-profit organizations. enterprise funds. Prerequisites: ACC 310 and MAT 332 3 Credits ACC 202 Principles of Managerial Accounting This course is an introduction to managerial and cost accounting concepts for the nonaccounting business major. and keep an upto-date time sheet. Students complete 52 hours in a professional work environment. budgets and standards. and performance analysis. Permission of the supervising faculty member is required. banks. capital projects funds. leases. performance measurement. estates. Student receives two weeks of intensive instruction from the IRS and understudies an experienced tax preparer before assisting clients directly. Topics include mergers. and other related entities. cost accumulation. Balance sheet items examined in detail explaining the theory behind various methods of application to accounts: cash. Emphasis on auditor’s working papers and submission of audit statements. Development of accounting reports on an accrual basis. plant and intangible assets. and operational and governmental auditing. acquisitions and combinations. Prerequisite: ACC 410. the general fixed asset group of accounts. and the general longterm debt group of accounts. (Not offered every year) 3 Credits ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I Covers the corporate balance sheet and its related problems. process costing. ACC 311 Cost Accounting II 3 Credits A continuation of ACC 310. intercompany profit. 3 Credits ACC 344 Accounting Practicum I ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I Introduction to the principles and procedures of general financial accounting with an emphasis on reporting to individuals outside the organization. international operations. A Health Care Management major must have completed ACC 206. 3 Credits ACC 403 Tax Assistance Institute An opportunity to apply knowledge of the tax code by assisting poor and elderly area residents file their state and federal tax returns. responsibility accounting. designed to provide health care decision-makers with fundamental concepts of health care accounting practices and procedures. Prerequisite: ACC 401 3 Credits ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals This course is designed as an applied managerial and financial accounting course. changes in equity. temporary investments. receivables. and standards of public accounting. 3 Credits This one-credit lab will introduce students to fund accounting activities unique to the health care industry. procedures. job order cost system. Accounting for funds including general funds. provide evidence of learning through a written journal. and human resource accounting. 1-2 Credits A study of federal income tax laws and their application to individuals. gross profit analysis. consolidated financial statements. and corporations. and trusts. inventories. budgeting. special assessment funds. direct costing. cost behaviors. and other related entities. 3 Credits Prospective accounting majors function under the tutelage of professionals in accounting firms. special revenue funds. Advanced individual income tax issues will also be addressed. Prerequisite: Qualified upper-division student with cumulative GPA of 2. Course will be graded Pass/Fail. banks. pensions. Covers traditional “managerial” concepts of costs-volume-profit planning. and contributed capital retained earnings. Emphasis on reporting to individuals inside the organization. (Alternate years) 3 Credits 200 Ashford University .7. with particular emphasis on the reimbursement system. debts service funds. earnings per share.

Also offered as ART 202. development. and civic ideals and practices of the hosting country/countries through the study of art. This course provides an introduction to the culture. developing skills in visual composition. Lectures. Prerequisite: ACC 306. The student must devote 150 clock hours for every three hours of credit. and African American art. Students will visit historic and contemporary sites and complete a portfolio reflecting their learning. It is designed to introduce mature art students to the study of human anatomy and physiognomy. Enrollment is limited to availability of placement and to availability of faculty. with an emphasis on developing an understanding of the composition of 3-D forms through studio work. and teacher resources. history. Prerequisites: Senior status. and a 3. The faculty advisor must approve specific objectives before the internship begins. Enrollment is limited to availability of placement and to availability of faculty. Abstract Expressionism. The course will examine the social. and learning about the use of color. Students enrolled in the graduate course will be required to complete an approved graduate level research project. but with an emphasis on drawing as the foundation for graphic design. The human form relates our feelings and emotions as people and requires dedication to master. The faculty advisor must approve specific objectives before the internship begins. governance and power. The work must be non-routine and managerial type. customs. the environment. socio/political strategies. behavior. and political developments of the period in relation to movements in art including impressionism. Surrealism. Application must be made at least eight weeks in advance of the regular fall or spring registration. Feminist. The work must be non-routine and managerial type. Prerequisite: EDU 200. This course is essential for art students interested in understanding the human figure in art. governance and power. ART 103. cultural. people. 1 Credit ART 200 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art This course will be an alternative to and a continuation of Art Appreciation focusing on European and American art of the late 19th through 20th centuries. This course will be conducted over a 10-day period abroad. religion. completion of courses applicable to the internship. Recommended: ART 101 3 Credits ACC 507 Advanced Accounting Same course description as ACC 407. 3 Credits Basic course in 3-D design principles through the study of the history. This course will be conducted over a 10-day period abroad. S 3 Credits ACC 520 Internship Student applies classroom knowledge to a project or program in an established workplace. or PSY 201. Students enrolled in the graduate course will be required to complete an approved graduate level research project. (Not offered every year) S 2 Credits ART 202 Study of Art and Culture Abroad ART Art ART 101 Art Appreciation A survey course providing an overview of the history of Western Art and the principles of art as they relate to society through lectures and slides. 3 Credits Early childhood and elementary pre-service teachers learn to design and implement art experiences through developmental theories. including figure drawing from 3 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 201 . 3-12 Credits ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design Theory and practice in the basic principles of two-dimensional design in addition to producing artwork using basic design elements. 3 Credits ART 201 Art Skills for the Classroom Educator ANT Anthropology ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Students explore culture in its role of guiding human behavior and providing social order. the human figure. PSY 104. Culture is presented as a system of adaptation involving beliefs. and sculpture. Introduction to various drawing media and techniques in addition to practice in using basic design principles with an emphasis on developing composition skills through drawing. Throughout the history of art. Prerequisites: ACC 310 and MAT 332. Cubism. language. and civic ideals and practices of the hosting country/countries through the study of art. The course will stress the unique individual characteristics associated with the most difficult of all art subjects to draw. the rendering of the human figure has been seen as the basis for artistic knowledge and expression.0 GPA in accounting coursework. Prerequisite: ART 101. traditions. Regionalism. (Not offered every year) 3 Credits ART 205 Drawing II Course builds on basic drawing and composition skills gained in Drawing I. A professional model will be used to strike a variety of short 10-15 second poses to more elaborate poses of 30 minutes. F/S/Summer 3 Credits This course will focus on drawing the human figure from life. Students will visit historic and contemporary sites and complete a portfolio reflecting their learning. and technology that evolve over time. Application must be made at least eight weeks in advance of the regular fall or spring registration. Recommended: ART 101 3 Credits ART 105 Drawing I ACC 502 Federal Tax II Same course description as ACC 402. 3 Credits 3 Credits ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculpture ART 102 Study of Art and Culture Abroad This course provides an introduction to the culture. Students are encouraged to discover personal interests through their own research on historical or contemporary styles and themes in art. The student must devote 150 clock hours for every three hours of credit. 302.Course Descriptions ACC 420 Internship Student applies classroom knowledge to a project or program in an established workplace. Prerequisites: Senior status. Some drawing ability is required. S 3 Credits ART 110 Figure Drawing Workshop ACC 511 Cost Accounting II Same course description as ACC 311. people. Pop Art. structure. and 402. Students enrolled in the graduate course will be required to complete an approved graduate level research project. completion of courses applicable to the internship. and class discussions provide a historical background to design theory and contemporary visual communication. slides. and evolution of the sculptural form. and a 3.0 GPA in accounting coursework. Students are encouraged to develop their own personal interests in sculpture and 3-D design in addition to investigating historical and contemporary approaches to 3-D mediums. practical skill. Prerequisite: ACC 401 F 3 Credits Beginning course providing the basic skill level needed to use the medium of drawing as a means of visual expression and communication. religion. Students will spend eight clock hours observing elementary art classrooms. history. ART 105 or permission of the instructor. painting. the environment. and stability for individuals and groups of people. Fauvism.

The course allows the necessary time for students to fully develop personal interests in terms of specific drawing media and subject matter. ART 103. drypoint. 3 Credits ART 315 Computer Art II The course description is the same as ART 215 with this addition: A student registering for ART 315 is required to complete an approved independent project in addition to class assignments and scheduled class meetings. It will examine both Western and eastern methods of paper and book production that have been created since 400 A. Emphasis is given to hand-building methods such as pinch. 3 Credits This course continues the development of processes learned in Printmaking I. 3 Credits This course focuses on drawing the human figure from life. Fauvism. and calligraphy). Prerequisite: ART 101. 3 Credits ART 307 Painting II ART 211 Ceramics I An introduction to the methods and techniques of producing ceramic objects covering the various forming. Prerequisite: ART 225 or permission of the instructor. form. people. 3 Credits ART 310 Figure Drawing Workshop ART 215 Computer Art I An introductory course that provides a foundation in design for understanding and speaking the visual language. and civic ideals and practices of the hosting country/countries through the study of art. coil.Course Descriptions live models and practice in illustrating ideas and abstract concepts. Prerequisite: ART 220 or permission of the instructor. the characteristics of film. and compositional organization to produce images with unique visual qualities. Regionalism. and mezzotint) and relief (woodcuts. and ART 105 or permission of the instructor. etching. Individual instruction and critiques. and abstract concepts. and sculptural construction. It will also introduce students to the various techniques used for creating journals. Opportunity for drawing students to fully develop personal interests in terms of specific drawing mediums and subject matter. Students taking the course for 300-level credit will be asked to write a substantial research paper. The course will also incorporate the techniques of monotypes. (Not offered every year) F 3 Credits ART 311 Ceramics II A continuation of Ceramics I that includes advanced theory and techniques. and political developments of the period in relation to movements in art including impressionism. Prerequisites: ART 101. (Not offered every year) F or S 3 Credits 202 Ashford University . plus learning more about the complexities of glazing and firing. and albums. S ART 207 Painting I Beginning course in use of painting mediums. This course is essential for art students interested in understanding the human figure in art. The course will incorporate papermaking using natural and recycled materials. The course will examine the social. colored filters. clay. Prerequisite: ART 215. slab. in China. history. Prerequisite: ART 103 or ART 105 or permission of the instructor or S. Students will learn the components of the camera. (Not offered every year) F 3 Credits ART 225 Photography I This course will introduce the basic principles of black-and-white photography. Students experience their own creative expression in the mysterious transformation of a natural material. cultural. Students will visit historic and contemporary sites and complete a portfolio reflecting their learning. and the procedure of developing black-and-white film including enlarging. the rendering of the human figure has been seen as the basis for artistic knowledge and expression. Surrealism. 1 Credit ART 220 Printmaking I This course will explore the challenging medium of printmaking or the making of multiple images. linoleum cuts. and firing techniques. (Not offered every year) F 3 Credits Course continues development of skills learned in Painting I with more emphasis placed on personal interests in terms of subject matter and more advance painting techniques. finishing. This course explores the various design criteria required in the production of computergenerated images. Pop Art. 3 Credits ART 320 Printmaking II ART 302 Study of Art and Culture Abroad This course provides an introduction to the culture. 3 Credits ART 312 Papermaking & Book Arts This course focuses on the fascinating art and craft of papermaking and bookmaking. solarization. This course will be conducted over a 10-day period abroad. chemical processing. Prerequisite: ART 211. Prerequisites: ART 205 and permission of the instructor. with students pursuing either representational or abstract painting styles. lens exposures. sophomore standing. and experimental printmaking techniques. and spot coloring. and African-American art. Students are encouraged to draw from their imagination and practice illustrating naturalistic forms. It is designed to introduce mature art students to the study of human anatomy and physiognomy.D. Individual instruction and critiques. Abstract Expressionism. with an emphasis on the use of acrylics and watercolors to develop basic composition skills using line. the environment. or permission of the instructor or S. Prerequisite: ART 105 or permission of the instructor. with more emphasis on personal subject matter created in the media of relief and intaglio printmaking. Prerequisite: ART 103 or ART 105 or permission of the instructor. or permission of the instructor. The course will stress the unique individual characteristics associated with the most difficult of all art subjects to draw. Throughout the history of art. The course will be devoted to the two traditional printmaking processes: intaglio (engraving. the human figure. and skills. The course will also incorporate non-traditional approaches and experimental photography techniques including multiple exposures. Cubism. silkscreen. ART 207. sketchbooks. Prerequisite: Art 103 or ART 105 3 Credits ART 300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art This course will be an alternative to and a continuation of Art Appreciation focusing on European and American art of the late 19th through 20th centuries. A professional model will be used to strike a variety of short 10-15 second poses to more elaborate poses of 30 minutes. Feminist. emphasis on developing the traditional skills of throwing on the potter’s wheel. Explorations of various programs and practical experience developing a personal design sense will be covered. The human form relates our feelings and emotions as people and requires dedication to master. cropping. nonobjective ideas. wood engraving. religion. (Not offered every year) F 3 Credits ART 325 Photography II ART 305 Drawing III This course builds on the basic drawing and composition skills gained in Drawing II but with an emphasis on advanced drawing techniques 3 Credits This course continues the development of processes learned in Photography I. and color. texture screens. governance and power. Prerequisite: ENG 122 or permission of the instructor. with more emphasis on personal subject matter created in the media of black-and-white photography.

Individual and group critiques will be used to inform and evaluate student artwork. 4 Credits BIO 210 Field Techniques Laboratory BIO Biology BIO 100 Life Science This is an introductory course that introduces students to the physical basis of life. Approval of the topic must be secured in advance by an art faculty member serving as the thesis/project director. 4 Credits This course offers hands-on experience conducted on-site in northern Minnesota. availability of participating organizations and overall accessibility. CHE 152 is recommended. people. muscular. Prerequisites: successful completion of BIO 104 or permission of the instructor. Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO 205 or permission of the instructor. Recommended for science-. political. annotated bibliography.) F 4 Credits ART 402 Study of Art and Culture Abroad This course provides an introduction to the culture. habitat sampling techniques. Students will visit historic and contemporary sites and complete a portfolio reflecting their learning. Students are also required to defend their thesis and to exhibit to a thesis committee.Visual Art majors must earn a grade of “C-” in this course. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory 4 Credits BIO 201 Microbiology ART 407 Painting III A continuation of acrylic or oil painting with emphasis on advanced opaque and transparent techniques. Organizational placements are selected using learner and Practicum identified outcomes.Voyagers National Park. and other educational centers. 3 Credits BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I A study of the principles of modern biology beginning with molecules and continuing with fundamental concepts in the cellular basis of life and heredity. thus learning to use the tools of research and scientific literature. Students are required to produce a thesis statement. and civic ideals and practices of the hosting country/countries through the study of art. and maintaining field journals. physiology. resume. data collection. F/S 2 Credits This is the second semester in a two-semester course in Human Anatomy and Physiology. transportation. and reproductive systems. respiratory. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ART 498 with a C. 4 Credits BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II ART 499 Senior Thesis/Project II This course is a continuation of ART 498. culturing. A minimum grade of “C-” is required to meet degree requirements. and health-related majors. The completed thesis and exhibit will be defended orally before and evaluated by the senior thesis committee. The major areas of study include the structures and functions of endocrine. Prerequisite: Successful completion of BIO 103. This course includes lectures and weekly laboratories. and board. 3 Credits A study of micro-organisms including their classification. Interactions of these organ systems will be studied as they pertain to homeostasis. The interactions between the humans and their environment will be emphasized. governance and power. 1 Credit BIO 104 Principles of General Biology II A continuation and application of biological principles established in BIO 103. Side trips to local sites. (Offered every other year) 2 Credits BIO 101 Humanity & the Environment This course focuses on humans and their relationship with planet Earth. and social ramifications of human population growth. The students are required to complete a professional electronic portfolio. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory. relationship to disease. and press release in their area of study. and completed outline of the thesis. Diversity. Prerequisite: Successful completion of BIO 104 4 Credits BIO 204 Biology: Special Problems (Mu Sigma Eta) An opportunity for the student who has demonstrated superior ability to study a biological problem. The major areas of study include the structures and functions of cells and tissues. This course includes weekly lectures and laboratories. history. digestive. including timber operations. and function of both animals and plants are studied in depth. This course will be conducted over a 10-day period abroad. field identification of flora and fauna. structure. Students will gain first-hand exposure to the northern forest ecosystem while conducting species inventory work at the Vince Shute Wildlife Sanctuary. During the laboratory section. and nervous systems. The specific model system used may vary from year to year. urinary. will broaden the experience. This course fulfills the General Education Physical World outcome.or better. structure. (Cross-listed under ENV 101. Lecture topics include evolutionary and ecological theories. CHE 152 is recommended. techniques. and kinesiology. artist’s statement. Experiences will include orienteering. the environment. the student will write a research paper and mount an art exhibition. lymphatic. and effects of current technological trends on the environment. medical-. skeletal. Students will implement these techniques through several projects. Interactions of these organ systems will be studied as they pertain to homeostasis and physiology. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory 4 Credits ART 403 Art Therapy Practicum This course exposes the learner to theories and practices within the field. The Practicum experience is 50 hours per credit of which 40 hours will be the organizational experience and 10 hours of course materials addressing art therapy practices consistent with the observational experience. as well as the integumentary. Prerequisite: ART 307 and permission of the instructor. room. and approaches will be presented through studio visuals and demonstrations. Prerequisite: Junior/ Senior standing. S 2 Credits BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I This is the first semester in a two-semester course in Human Anatomy and Physiology. evolution. During the semester. A course fee is associated with this 18-day course to cover tuition. planetary pollution problems. students will complete the senior thesis and art exhibition following the guidelines specified by the Art Department. cover letter. and practical applications.Course Descriptions ART 350 Advanced Art Seminar This course provides the necessary requirements for Visual Art and Computer Graphic Design majors to apply for jobs and graduate programs in their chosen field. Basic methods. circulatory. control. the ecological. Prerequisite: Completed writing competency and senior standing. 4 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 203 . Prerequisite: Successful completion of BIO 100 or BIO 103 lab course or permission of the instructor. Admission by invitation only or S 1 Credit ART 498 Senior Thesis/Project I Under the direction of a member of the art department faculty. This course includes weekly lectures and laboratories. This course is offered Pass/Fail. It will provide a background of the scientific method and scientific ethics as well as a basic knowledge of biology within a model system. specific scientific problems are investigated and analyzed using both biological and chemical assays. religion.

and board. Permission of the supervising faculty member is required. 4 Credits BUS 201 Principles of Management This course is an introduction to the nature and problems of management and organizations. Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO/ENV 101 and BIO 100 or BIO 103 and 104 or permission of the instructor. focusing on the tools individuals and families employ to manage their financial affairs. and its role in medical imaging. The research project has to be designed and approved by the instructor prior to leaving the University. No course prerequisite required. (Offered every other year) F 4 Credits BUS 215 Personal Financial Management This course provides an introduction to the field of personal financial management and planning. Prerequisite: BIO 498 with a minimum grade of “C-. $20 course fee for professional membership to Phi Beta Lambda. Professional networking opportunities are abundant. Participation of BIO 210 students in the research project is strongly encouraged. Prerequisites: Successful completion of MAT 332.) (Offered every other year) S 3 Credits BUS Business BUS 181/381 Business & Professional Studies Seminar This cross-disciplinary course provides opportunities for all students to enhance their academic programming and to create additional exhibits of learning to use for résumé and cover letter inclusion. promotion and distribution. 1-2 Credits 204 Ashford University . cultural trends. A minimum grade of “C-” is required to meet degree requirements. writing a proposal to include the design of an appropriate project/experiment. This course will be made pertinent through discussions of health and its subsequent impact on the human population. This course will be made pertinent through discussions of the impact of human activity on biodiversity and subsequent impact on the human population. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory. BIO 498 Senior Thesis/Project I BIO 225 Medical Biology for Health Care A study of medical terminology and an introduction to human anatomy and physiology. thorax. technology. including the geological forces that shaped its course. 3 Credits BUS 244 Business Practicum BIO 353 Cross-Sectional Anatomy This course will introduce the student to fundamental principles of computer technology. perspectives. if warranted by the design. and legal environments that influence effective marketing decisions are examined. Approval of the topic must be secured in advance from the faculty member serving as thesis director and from the chairperson of the Biology Department. Basic marketing strategies relating to product. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory. and senior standing/S (Cross-listed as NAT 498) 2 Credits BIO 300 Environmental Biology A study of biodiversity. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. will be discussed. Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO 104 and CHE 152. 3 Credits BIO 340 Cell Biology The cell is the basic unit of life. the student must also design. and complete a research project during the 18-day course. (Offered every other year) S 4 Credits This course is an introduction to marketing principles.5-1 Credit pelvis. Student research and presentations are required.7. develop. and keep an up-to-date time sheet. 3 Credits Prospective business administration majors function under the tutelage of professionals in manufacturing. The relationships between the needs of the individual.) F/S 0. and MRI will be discussed. transportation. 1 Credit BIO 310 Field Techniques Laboratory Course content same as BIO 210. leadership and control. (Cross-listed under LIB 301 and NAT 301. Students complete 52 hours in a professional work environment. The completed thesis project is defended orally before and evaluated by a faculty committee. and starting the approved project.) (Offered every other year) S 3 Credits BIO 499 Senior Thesis/Project II A continuation of the senior thesis project started in BIO 498. This is a general course dealing with the basic molecular structure and function of all cellular organelles of eukaryotic cells. (Offered every other year) F 4 Credits Students demonstrate their mastery of the methodology of science by producing a thesis statement and bibliography. and other related entities.) 2 Credits BIO 301 Science Seminar Students examine a topic from within sciences and develop a working knowledge of the methodologies. price. (This course does not apply toward biology electives required for a Bachelor of Science in Biology. Equipment and its application will be investigated. banking. Medical terminology and concepts will be examined in the context of the human body. In addition. writing competency. Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of the instructor. abdomen. PET. the organization and society are examined. The origin and evolutionary history of biodiversity. societal behavior.Course Descriptions BIO 222 Science Division Internship A student can earn one-half to one credit hour of credit per semester up to a maximum of six credit hours toward a degree through participation in an internship in a divisional activity such as lab assistant. and limitations of the sciences as well as an appreciation of the insights that may be derived from scientific inquiry. Course includes weekly lecture and laboratory. A course fee is associated with this 18-day course to cover tuition. Basic cross sectional anatomy of the brain. concepts and theories that define the marketing discipline. PET. (Cross-listed under ENV 300. The choice of scientific format for the written thesis and the design of the experiment must be approved by the student’s committee.” F/S (Cross-listed as NAT 499. CT. spine and extremities will be covered. Prerequisites: Qualified sophomore or junior student with cumulative GPA of 2. Grading will be on a Pass/Fail basis. provide evidence of learning through a written journal. common pathologies that can be detected by CT. Prerequisite or co-requisite: BIO 206. room. and MRI will be discussed. Students demonstrate their mastery of the methodology of science by completing the research project using appropriate analytical skills and producing a written thesis document in an appropriate scientific format. This course will have a special emphasis on the genetic basis of immunology and cancer. service industries. Prerequisite: BIO 210. 3 Credits BUS 235 Introduction to Marketing BIO 342 Genetics & Immunology This introductory course deals with both classical Mendelian genetics and inheritance patterns as well as the molecular nature of gene structure and the function and regulation of gene expression. To earn upper-division credit. Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO 104 and CHE 152. Prerequisite: Successful completion of BIO 100 or BIO 103. This is a graded course.

profitably deliver it to a carefully selected target market. employee rights and responsibilities. Students will learn to compose. email. the environment. 3 Credits BUS 303 Human Resource Management An introduction to the field of human resource management. The course will include a review of current standards and practices as well as the legal environment as it pertains to the human resource field. and communications among members. 3 Credits BUS 316 Financial Institutions & Markets A study of money and capital markets concentrating on interest-rate determination. contracts. Additionally. An examination of external and internal environments that impact marketing decisions. business. employees. and derivative instruments. consumers. 3 Credits Managers at all levels of an organization must be able to understand financial information contained in financial statements and reports. It will also explore the various career opportunities including account executive. consumer protection. and tactical decisions made by advertising executives. real and personal property. Also examines legal and ethical dimensions of professional selling. Students will create electronic presentations to communicate information. Prerequisite: math competency. provide evidence of learning through a written journal. Students will use software to access information and to evaluate the quality of the information they receive. and critically evaluate the marketing strategy for a product or service. Topics include uses of power. equities. and international trade 3 Credits The objective of this course is to advance the students ability to develop. Marketing strategies of firms operation within these markets are also examined. Additionally.) (Offered in alternate years) F 3 Credits BUS 343 International Marketing Examination of cultural. Includes the organizational characteristics of marketing research. 3 Credits BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising This course is designed to introduce students to the field of advertising as a promotional force with emphasis on institutions. Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203. decision theory.7. 1-2 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 205 . environmental issues. and issues in ethics and social responsibility. persuasively communicate that value. to communicate clearly to other managers. Prerequisite: BUS 311 3 Credits Study and analysis of the marketing information system. This course will focus on the interpretation and use of basic financial information and not on the production of financial statements and reports. investors. and resumes. In-depth study of specific laws and practices as related to contracts. estates. and ethical integrity. secured transactions. format. 3 Credits Every aspect of contemporary business communications — from determining what information to communicate to processing information and sharing it — depends on technology. 3 Credits BUS 330 Principles of Marketing BUS 308 Statistics for Managers This course examines the application of statistical analysis. Prerequisite: math competency. and bankruptcy. the basic elements of a marketing program. elementary probability theory and applications. hypothesis testing. Topics will vary but. economy. the course focuses on the utilization of statistical methods as applied to business problems and operations. Examination of the Constitution. and the protection of competition. this course stresses analytical and interpersonal skills. Topics to be discussed include communication. 3 Credits BUS 339 Marketing Research BUS 312 Business Law II Continuation of Business Law I. the major public and private financial institutions in the U. 3 Credits BUS 320 Finance for Managers BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques A survey of relevant quantitative techniques commonly used in accounting. and political factors that affect marketing of goods and services worldwide. as well as organizing. and sustain both the value and the profitability in the face of ever-changing customer needs and competitive offerings. efficiency. and controlling a sales organization. economic. and regression analysis in business decision making. It also looks at how organizations manage their internal environment with the aim of improving productivity. the Uniform Commercial Code. Students complete 52 hours in a professional work environment. proposal development. typically. 3 Credits BUS 340 Business Communications BUS 315 Professional Selling and Sales Management This course covers tasks and responsibilities of professional selling and the challenges of managing both the individual and team sales function. memos. and management science applications.S. administrative law. and management of personnel. and information systems. motivation. and manage business letters. and to apply financial information when making decisions. government regulations. production. (Cross-listed as ECO 316. and keep an up-to-date time sheet. They need to be able to evaluate their unit’s performance. Prerequisite: BUS 201. reports. account management. banking. and research. agency. service industries. and linear programming are included. It will provide the conceptual frameworks and hone the analytical and creative skills that are necessary to define and develop superior value. and the major types of financial instruments including bonds. basic tools and procedures. copywriting. Permission of the supervising faculty member is required. 3 Credits BUS 318 Organizational Behavior This course is designed to develop the student’s skills in the understanding of factors that affect how individuals and groups act and interact with one another and with management. and planning. media buying. motivating. 3 Credits BUS 344 Business Practicum Prospective business administration majors function under the tutelage of professionals in manufacturing. 3 Credits BUS 336 Marketing Strategy BUS 311 Business Law I Introduction to the legal environment of business in the United States. and other related entities. and considers the leadership roles of managers in implementing corporate and social responsibilities.Course Descriptions BUS 250 Corporate & Social Responsibility This course explores philosophic perspectives for understanding the meaning of corporate responsibility in society. Emphasis is on adapting the marketing strategies of domestic marketers to international operations and the institutional structure that exists in international markets. 3 Credits The methods used by producers of goods and services to determine and satisfy the wants of society. implement. directing. strategic practices. planning. commercial paper. Prerequisite: Qualified upper-division student with cumulative GPA of 2.

Through Internet labs. The course includes environmental scanning. This course identifies and describes the wide range of applications in business. internal rate of return analysis. Prerequisite: Senior standing in the business major. from bootstrapping with personal resources or bank debt to equity investment by angel investors or venture capitalists. Prerequisite: BUS 303. The course also examines how individuals can be innovative in organizations and the challenge of building innovative organizations. present value analysis. intra-group. and evaluation and control. inter-group. Prerequisites: Senior status. location selection. (Cross-listed as ENV 345. which must be in addition to any regular employment. Cost-benefit analysis is developed in student-driven research projects. the implementation of training programs. Students need to be proficient in using the Internet to find information. and permission of the Internship Committee. socio-cultural. basic business planning. motivation. selection of delivery methods and means of instruction. and financing of international sales contracts. 3 Credits BUS 403 International Business Students examine functional areas of business from an international perspective. 3 Credits BUS 378 International Business Law BUS 355 Corporate Communication Strategies This course seeks to expand and improve the student’s understanding of corporate communication and shows how companies use communications to implement strategy. including an analysis of major Western and non-Western legal traditions and the supranational law of the European Community. 3. 3 Credits Basic corporate finance is presented with the emphasis on risk and return. An educational program or project with specific objectives must be established before approval of the course. formation. funding. program design and development. enforcement. strategy formulation. The course also covers the four main aspects of venture capital: valuation. BUS 330. The course will seek to answer the following question: “What is the best way to implement strategy using the power of corporate communication in the corporation?” Prerequisite: Junior status or instructor permission. and decisionmaking aspects of consumer behavior. Prerequisites: ACC 206 and math competency.Course Descriptions BUS 345 Business & the Environment An environmental economics approach is used to illustrate the impacts of the firm on the environment and environmental policy on the firm. 3 Credits This course provides essential managerial-level comprehension of training theory and its practical applications in the business and management environment.00 GPA overall. business. and evaluation. and the role of consumer behavior in our society. and project analysis using the weighted average cost of capital. Prerequisite: BUS 362. Prerequisite: BUS 362. 3 Credits BUS 402 Strategic Management & Business Policy A case-based course that discusses the set of managerial decisions and actions that determines the long-run performance of a company. Students learn the functions and duties of training: trainer/developer. analysis of methods of regulating global competition. (Not offered every year) F or S 3 Credits BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking This course examines financing the start-up of a new venture. 3 Credits BUS 401 Principles of Finance BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship This course introduces students to the opportunities and challenges associated with the creation and management of entrepreneurial organizations. and harvesting. This course will examine a variety of cases and readings that will help the student to understand how corporate communication relates to general management and strategy in a corporation. buying a business as well as discussing various exit strategies. why. 3. legal issues. 3 Credits BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation This course focuses on creativity and innovation as a process in organizations. laws and government regulation. an analysis of international trade regulation. 3 Credits BUS 350 Consumer Behavior This course illustrates the psychological. Students study behavioral concepts. The course focuses on the issues associated with starting and managing a new venture including recognizing opportunity. and an examination of relationships among unions. It must consist of non-routine internship work. deal structuring. introductory marketing. and when to integrate the behavioral sciences with human resources management principles to increase individual and organizational effectiveness. management. valuation of bonds and equities. Enrollment is limited to the availability of placement and to the availability of faculty. Emphasis is on investment principles from the manager’s point of view. 3 Credits BUS 405 Principles of Investments The study and analysis of securities and other forms of investments. the identification and assessment of training needs. and economics subjects. Application must be made through an advisor eight weeks in advance of the regular fall or spring registration. It explains what the Internet is and how it can be used for business applications in a competitive environment. bond and equity markets. governance. The importance of differing cultural and political assumptions in business is also addressed. and organizational interventions that are used to effect comprehensive and lasting changes. a detailed analysis of the negotiation. this course will compare various Web strategies of current businesses. workers. essential human resources management. and of the protection of business property rights in international transactions. 3 Credits The internship program involves the application of classroom learning to practical business projects or programs. Prerequisite: BUS 303. 3 Credits BUS 375 Employee Training BUS 352 e-Business An introduction to the fundamental concepts used in e-business and e-commerce. Prerequisites: BUS 201.) (Offered in alternate years) S 3 Credits BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations The course provides students with both the common and complex issues related to human behavior in the workplace as it relates to employee relations. Students will also be introduced to many types of interpersonal. Prerequisites: BUS 201 or MGT 330 or HCA 459. 3 Credits This courses focuses on the legal environment associated with international commercial transactions. Prerequisite: BUS 401 3 Credits BUS 420 Internship BUS 370 Organizational Development The course overviews how. strategy implementation. S 3 Credits 206 Ashford University . The internship has a minimum requirement of 150 hours devoted to the laboratory. completion of courses applicable to the laboratory work.00 GPA in accounting. BUS 401 and senior standing.

Topics include analysis of world views. real estate investment decision. sociological. The basics of managerial finance including the use of net present valuation models fundamental financial ratio analysis will be examined. and relating pay to performance. The project should exemplify the student’s ability to apply program outcomes. 3 Credits This course presents the human. 3 Credits BUS 601 Challenges & Systems in Urban Leadership BUS 435 Small Business Ventures This course explores the strategic planning. and identifies leadership attributes and methodologies that are effective in facing the complexity of urban realities. students gain understanding the types of analysis performed and decisions made by the financial managers of corporations. and interest arbitrage. financing. 3 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 207 . and international banking. and what resources and capabilities it will take to enter and provide a platform for future growth. 3 Credits BUS 603 Engaging in Global Leadership BUS 439 International Human Resources Management In this course. communication in environments of cultural differences. gaining the appropriate business skills and tools to be successful. different explanations for business cycles. innovation. Prerequisite: BUS 405. international financing. exchange risk. issues and methods of corporate financial management in an international environment. valuation of real options. Emphasis will be on technology. and micro. managing people across cultures. 3 Credits BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles BUS 433 New Business Strategy This course is intended to provide prospective entrepreneurs with information and tools for evaluating opportunities for starting a new firm—how to choose markets for entry. Students will analyze. including using control charts and sampling plans. cultural and developmental challenges of urban leadership within a global framework. international money and capital markets. services and the entire business environment. design. 3 Credits This course is an overview of the fundamentals of accounting. students will examine human resources practices in an international business environment. legal. 3 Credits Topics include analysis of economic fluctuations and their impact on corporations and consumers. 3 Credits BUS 450 International Finance BUS 430 Finance Seminar Using readings and case studies. Note: This course can be waived if the student has an undergraduate degree in business. Quality planning. 3 Credits BUS 446 Production Control BUS 422 Senior Thesis/Project Students produce a written work or engage in a project at an appropriate level of analysis and skill. Students are expected to apply and integrate a variety of skills. Benefit programs and related employee incentive and service programs are also covered. Prerequisite: BUS 362. Students learn various methods of process control and acceptance sampling. and to evaluate systems and thinking that can be implemented to achieve desired economic. Probability and statistical concepts are further explored as related to process control. 3 Credits A course that includes field-based analysis of complex issues leaders face in a major city. theories and models. finance. Prerequisite: BUS 362. the course covers balance of payments. Students also explore specific financing and investing decisions made by the firm’s management to mitigate corporate risk using insurance and financial derivatives. political. investment. (Work previously submitted for credit may not be used. operating. 3 Credits BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management This course reviews the fundamentals of wage and salary programs. and document an appropriate solution for a capstone project. adjusting pay structures. competitiveness. tools.Course Descriptions BUS 421 PR/Marketing Capstone This course is designed to bring together the knowledge gained through the entire program and permits the student to demonstrate mastery in the various course competencies. assurance and control are covered as parts of a total quality system. and knowledge to assess real-world problems offering realistic solutions. evaluating pay differentials. 3 Credits BUS 602 Experiential Analysis of Global Urban Leadership BUS 437 Business Plan Development This course gives students the opportunity to study the elements of a successful business plan and to put that knowledge to work in creating a comprehensive business plan for a new venture. qualitative communication research methodologies. technological tools. Students will investigate the fundamental principles of accounting through the preparation of financial statements. implement. Other course topics include the challenge of identifying viable business opportunities. with emphases upon conceptualizing communication and communication processes in the contexts of organizations and leadership. when to enter. and economics. career and other business issues found in launching a small business or operating family-owned and managed companies or privately-held firms. 3 Credits BUS 445 Total Quality Management This course presents quality procedures and concepts for enhancing goods. Students will also explore modern economic philosophy including an understanding of basic supply and demand. positive change.and macro-economics systems. monetary and fiscal policy for stabilizing economic fluctuations. including conducting salary surveys. Prerequisite: BUS 303. educational and ethical outcomes. effects of public debt. and defining the capital requirements to operate the business. foreign exchange with emphasis on exchange rate determination. defining compensable factors. hedging. It considers systems and approaches for initiating effective. 3 Credits This course evaluates opportunities and patterns for engagement in global leadership. 3 Credits An examination of the international aspects of corporate finance and investing. focusing on valuation concepts and managing for value. The course uses an educational travel experience and globalization as perspectives to investigate specific urban issues and problems faced in transformational change. The completed thesis or project is defended orally before and evaluated by a faculty committee. The course also addresses HR strategies and practices to increase organizational effectiveness and efficiency as well as international compliance problems faced by HR professionals. and research writing.) Enrollment in this class and the thesis/project topic must be approved in advance by the faculty member serving as thesis/project director. employment and trade policy on economic growth. and personal values for global leadership effectiveness. 3 Credits This course is designed to introduce the student to the Ashford University Graduate Business programs. Students must earn a minimum grade of “C–” to fulfill concentration requirement or S grade. Prerequisite: BUS 362.

contracting and procurement. The goal of this course is to acquaint students of business with the fundamental tools of management accounting and to promote their understanding of the dramatic ways in which the field is changing. scheduling. decisions on capital structure and allocation. Topic coverage includes: research methodology. control and closeout. hypothesis generation. social. and. performance measures used across the supply chain. focusing on the managerial application of marketing tools and methodology. With an emphasis on efficiency. A project baseline will be set so that actual schedule and cost variances can be compared to the project baseline and corrective actions can be developed to address the variances. security valuation. Topics such as project life-cycle management. and distribution-based activities. the multinational corporation is investigated with applications in management. project organizations and leadership. Emphasis is placed on marketing decisions associated with allocating organizational resources including: product development and design. 3 Credits 208 Ashford University . 3 Credits BUS 620 Managerial Marketing This course examines the marketing function. leadership. distribution and supply chain management. and the weighted average cost of capital. work definition. and economic environments with a global perspective. tracking and controlling the schedule and costs of the project. 3 Credits BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management BUS 606 Global Comparative Management This course reviews management systems within their political. marketing and operations. the course addresses managerial problem solving through the use descriptive statistics. 3 Credits BUS 650 Managerial Finance This course studies the role and major functions of corporate finance within the organization. 3 Credits This course provides an overview of current logistics and distribution practices intended to advance current knowledge. Some topics covered in this course include: cost management. techniques for project scope definition. in-process goods. Upon developing an understanding of the theoretical foundation of corporate finance. finished goods. The emphasis through the text and course is on using account information to help manage an organization. Prerequisite: BUS 599 or equivalent. 3 Credits This course studies the role and major functions of the managerial accountant within the organization. The course also addresses the process of forming business ventures. Students should gain an understanding of the significant components of logistics management and the dynamics of what is considered best practice. literature review. 3 Credits BUS 642 Business Research Methods & Tools This course examines the use of quantitative techniques business decision-making. ethical. Students of managerial accounting should not only be able to produce accounting information but also understand how managers are likely to use and react to that information. organizational structure. Additional coverage includes study of qualitative and quantitative data as well as reviewing conceptual versus empirical research studies. This course also provides a graduate foundation for conducting business research. Students will examine ways of identifying. and decision-making processes. buyer psychology. Using spreadsheet software. and PM software are covered. and investment strategies unique to the start-up are presented. 3 Credits Study and analysis of supply chain management for products/services and the dynamic interaction of companies within an integrated supply chain. 3 Credits BUS 630 Managerial Accounting BUS 605 Venture Capital & Private Equity This course will examine the role of finance and the formation of financial strategies needed to support each phase of the business startup. Prerequisite: BUS 599 or equivalent. and fiscal considerations in procurement and contracts. proposals and contracts. RFPs. Prerequisite: BUS 599 or equivalent. finance. and correlation and regression (single and multiple) analysis. pricing. strategic planning and implementation of marketing plans. promotional strategies. the project management methodology. power. 3 Credits BUS 644 Operations Management This course focuses on the principles associated with the effective design. risk management. 3 Credits BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement This course emphasizes a hands-on approach to using project management knowledge areas to facilitate scheduling. hypothesis testing.Course Descriptions BUS 604 New Business Venture Management This course focuses on the important aspects of starting a new business enterprise with emphasis on the challenges faced by the entrepreneur in initiating a business venture and directing its early development. This course also emphasizes the managerial processes in a global business environment and provides a strategic assessment of the fundamental issues involved in the management of multinational corporations. In this course students will learn about the legal. estimating. 3 Credits BUS 640 Managerial Economics This course is designed to provide a solid foundation of economic understanding for use in managerial decision-making. Topics include comparative studies of practices of management in foreign nations and examination of the influences of culture on business operations. The course offers an intuitive non-calculus based treatment of economic theory and analysis. estimating. and information from point-of-origin through the production process to the end consumer. Taking into consideration socio-political structural differences. Focuses on the complexities associated with the integrated flow of raw materials. Technology as a supply chain tool. the identification and evaluation of new venture opportunities. and the development of appropriate entry strategies. Topics covered include: net present value analysis (time value of money). The role that economic analysis plays in that process is emphasized throughout this course. Topics include factors guiding companies’ supply chain development and management. evaluating and mitigating risk in scheduling. students will use financial tools in an applied case and problem format. A variety of examples is used to illustrate the application of managerial economics to diverse practical situations. Topics include group and team dynamics. data collection and summary techniques. project team building. motivation. Alternative working capital. cost control. inventory management systems. 3 Credits BUS 611 Project Planning & Management This course introduces students to the art and science of project management as applied to different types of project situations. Course coverage includes the marketing concept. various budgeting theories and techniques. 3 Credits BUS 632 Advanced Logistics BUS 610 Organizational Behavior This course investigates behavioral factors that affect modern organizations and their management. course coverage includes: systems design for products and services. risk assessment. and change management. implementation and management of organizational processes and systems. capital structure. 3 Credits BUS 616 International Business This course studies the major functional business areas in a global context. Positioning of a company in terms of its role as a valuable member of the supply chain. Sources of equity and debt capital along with entry strategies such as franchising and acquisition are examined.

the capstone project requires the generation and presentation of an industry analysis. 3 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 209 . Additionally. environmental law. its foundations. both personal and professional. with a particular emphasis on the corporate form. optimal capital structure and dividend policy. and review of marketing strategy for organizations. critical assessments. The course examines contemporary and historical leadership issues. differentiating between various investment types and understanding investment risk and return principles. students will explore methods of directing an entire organization through applied case analysis. Leadership as a social and political influence process is examined. In the context of a globally competitive market. 3 Credits BUS 695 Marketing Capstone Seminar BUS 680 Training & Development This course provides in-depth knowledge of training and performance development concepts essential for line managers or human resource specialists. concepts. create functional operations. The final component is the generation of a business plan as a capstone project. 3 Credits of a strategic plan. 3 Credits BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership This course provides an in-depth examination of the multi-faceted concept of leadership studies by presenting the student with the vocabulary. value creation. risk and rate of return theory. and the world in which we live. strategic positioning. 3 Credits This course will cover advanced financial topics including: International financial management. The course expands the leader’s thinking and explores the arena of leadership and how it will impact the future of the individual. It examines and discusses how entrepreneurial firms develop and implement innovative business plans. and creation 3 Credits This course focuses on application of managerial approaches necessary to align significant projects with organizational strategy. portfolio asset allocation. business. report progress. Additionally. securities regulations. Topics include internal and external environmental analysis. valuation methods for debt and equity capital. working capital management and financial forecasting. 3 Credits This course builds on leadership. This course covers security markets operations. business. Emphasis is placed on integrating human resource management with the overall business strategy.Course Descriptions BUS 655 Financial Investment Management The central focus of this course is to develop an understanding of how security markets function. value. anti-trust law. Topics of relevance to be explored include the following core concepts: constitutional law. moral and ethical responsibilities of leadership. investment information. and management concepts. and other internal and external components. 3 Credits BUS 693 Global Business Strategy BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change This course blends theories of leadership with concepts and models of organizational change. In addition. implementation. and strategic choice. This course is cumulative in nature. corporate risk management. and applicable research that are fundamental to the understanding of leadership. Topics include analysis of competitive position. Topics covered are: analysis techniques of financial statement and cash flows. and practices. Emphasis is placed on Earned Value Management techniques and achieving project progress and technical performance of the project. The course is designed to employ case analyses. and implementation and control issues. and strategic management. 3 Credits This course examines how to manage human resources effectively in the dynamic legal. and a comprehensive strategic planning project to lead the student to fluency in the global strategic planning process. development of system-wide goals and objectives. contracts. and incorporate technology strategies. competition. 3 Credits This course builds on the leadership. and economic environment currently impacting organizations. this course distinguishes between training and development and addresses their complementary functions in the modern organization. portfolio management theory and real options. organizational values. Emphasis is placed on the vision of the firm. 3 Credits This course focuses on application of key strategic and managerial approaches necessary entrepreneurs to implement the strategy for a start up or business takeover enterprise. strategy. and crimes and torts. 3 Credits This course builds on the leadership. and evaluation/control of organizational strategic management. the strategic planning process. 3 Credits BUS 696 Strategic Thinking for Entrepreneurs BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits This course provides in-depth knowledge into compensation theories. business. financial environment analysis. and evaluation of equity and fixed income securities. The course examines human resource management in the current business environment and develops alignment with vision. factors that influence security valuation. 3 Credits BUS 697 Project Management Strategy BUS 690 Business Strategy This capstone course explores the formulation. and HR functions. BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership BUS 657 Corporate Managerial Finance This course introduces the financial theory and practices firm managers use to attain their goal of maximizing corporate shareholder wealth. government regulation. systems. policies. ethics. the organization. theories. and measure project quality while communicating with key organizational stakeholders. and the role it plays in managing a business. cost of capital. It examines and discusses how firms determine business benefits and project feasibility. integrating knowledge and information attained while completing the entire MBA curriculum. change agents. merger and acquisitions. the course focus is on identifying critical factors in workplace performance and in determining how to analyze the causes of performance problems. case law. employment law. and leadership in a variety of contexts. with particular emphasis toward designing effective compensation programs. global market evaluations. The course provides insight into types of changes that impact organizations and possible strategies to effectively address those changes. and management concepts while integrating a comprehensive look at strategic planning and management in a global environment. Beginning with fundamental principles of performance. the capstone project requires the generation and presentation of strategic marketing plan. and management concepts contained in the MBA program while introducing the principles and tools for managers to apply in the development. social. implementation. The change process consists of a series of steps that focuses on vision. capital project budgeting decisions and cash flow estimation. implementation. 3 Credits BUS 694 Finance Capstone Seminar BUS 670 Legal Environment This course involves the study of business law. This strategy course provides the student with the opportunity to synthesize all prior learning in leadership and related coursework and experiences.

illustrations. Rudiments of fundamental principles of dynamics in 3-D space are covered including rigid bodies. Practical examples of sourcing excellence are provided. Much of the class revolves around tutorials. (Crosslisted as JRN 217. Creative and ethical aspects of this technology will 3 Credits 210 Ashford University . color theory. speeches. The course teaches students to understand the proper audience. writing styles. The class is largely based on tutorials. and print media. 3 Credits CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing An introduction to the process of writing for varied media. Students gain a broad knowledge of basic primitive animation. and linking of animations. reports. in-class demonstrations.) 3 Credits This course will focus on honing students’ individual skills in 3-D computer graphics. special effects. squash and stretch. and composition. Alias Maya. New techniques using curves. and MEL. Each student will choose a concentration in 3-D computer graphics (e. Much of the class revolves around tutorials. motion paths. and larger project assignments. 3 Credits CGD 324 3-D Animation I CGD 220 Storytelling & Storyboarding Students will learn to create both linear and nonlinear stories. and subdivisions will be taught and evaluated by use of tutorials. Practical experience includes writing for campus media. walk cycles. 3 Credits In this course. 3 Credits CGD 325 3-D Animation II CGD 223 3-D Modeling I This course introduces students to the basic principles of building three-dimensional objects. Prerequisites: CGD 220. in-class demonstrations. Much of the class revolves around physical expression acting. and measuring performance in the context of the organization’s strategic plans are covered. Prerequisite: CGD 223. 3 Credits CGD 303 Publication Design CGD Computer Graphic Design CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications This lecture course is a survey of design principles and practices used in computer animation. photos. Current hardware and software will be utilized to create and manipulate images and to prepare them for publication or multimedia use. and larger project assignments. This course will cover navigational organization. implementing contracts. Included is an introduction to HTML and opportunities to work with current Web publishing software. 3 Credits This course will familiarize students with the basics principles and theory of primitive animation using Alias Maya. students expand their knowledge and skills in 3-D computer modeling. group critiques. Students will be exposed to such things as building a character. moving from “word” to “image” and. blend-shapes. brochures. Emphasis is placed on understanding principles of visual literacy and design to communicate ideas in publications such as newspapers. Prerequisite: CGD 324. group critiques. 3 Credits CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation This is an introductory course into the world of 2-D computer animation using the latest in 2-D computer animation software for the Web. marketing strategies. and larger project assignments. and CGD 325. group critiques. and produce a 3-D computer graphic film. Prerequisite: CGD 223. animation. newsletters. and full production of the student’s own 3-D film to be screened at the end of the semester. design criteria. lighting and texturing techniques will be incorporated into the 3-D models. inclass demonstrations. Prerequisite: Fulfillment of computer competency or permission of the instructor. animation with a biped character. editing. storyboarding. and larger project assignments. character rigging. deformers. Students will write news releases. particle systems. texturing. and ad copy using workshop format. Students will learn basic concepts such as modeling techniques with NURBS. skinning. Emphasis is on gathering information. and subdivisions. CGD 223. 3 Credits CGD 327 Advanced 3-D Seminar I CGD 253 Web Publishing An introduction to the Internet as a medium for publishing. and sound to Web pages. in-class demonstrations. polygons. lip synch. NURBS.) 3 Credits 3 Credits CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing An introduction to current procedures and duties of public relations personnel will be studied. with the high-end 3-D animation software. (Crosslisted as JRN 253. Web design. lip synch. engaging in valuable preproduction concepts.) In this course. Students will be exposed to a greater level of function using Maya’s animation tools and functions including such things as key framing. Course content and activities focus on message content and creation and the visual principles and theories that shape effective visual communication in the business environment. polygons. consequently. to environments. rendering. and magazines. group critiques. The course also includes study and practice in visualizing communication problems in the layout and design of publications and an introduction to desktop publishing using Quark XPress and PageMaker. (Cross-listed as JRN 303. storyboarding. Critical elements including identifying and selecting suppliers. 3 Credits This course will familiarize you with the basics principles and theory of character animation using Alias Maya. composition. group discussions and critiques. scripts. soft bodies. 3 Credits CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging An exploration of the impact of digital technology on the process of creating still images. timing. students are introduced to graphic design with an emphasis on theory and practice in designing visually effective communication media. The focus of the class is to build a larger body of work with demo-reel-quality models. in-class demonstrations. and character design and development. Prerequisite: ART 105.g. forward and inverse kinematics. tutorials. memos. 3 Credits CGD 326 3-D Dynamics Students will learn the basics of 3-D dynamics in Alias Maya. lighting. Prerequisite: Computer competency.Course Descriptions BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management This covers addresses the strategic implications of sourcing and supplier relationships in the context of supply chain management. group critiques. CGD 324. and to characters. and set-driven key. and character acting. Coursework will include script writing. and organization of written communication. negotiating contract terms and conditions. etc. Legal and ethical issues relating to visual communication will be introduced and incorporated into projects that develop visual literacy and visual problem-solving skills. Prerequisite: Computer competency. modeling. brochures. and choices of graphic software to produce professional graphic art. selection. In addition.. and large-scale projects. 3 Credits CGD 323 3-D Modeling II CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business This course examines the evolution and trends in digital media utilized in business.

electrochemistry. Prerequisite: CGD 327. Topics include kinetics. Participants in the program are responsible for completing real projects typical of those assigned to computer technology graduates in entry-level positions. and stereochemistry. students will screen their films to the staff and to the student body of Ashford University. Prerequisite: Successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 225 or equivalent) F 4 Credits CHE 152 General Chemistry II CGD 340 Print Production This course covers the proper procedures for creating print-ready files in both native and prescript formats. completion of courses applicable to the internship work. Students complete 52 hours in a professional work environment. and other related entities. and expose the student to practical computer projects or programs.5-1 Credit CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I A study of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and the functional derivation of these organic compounds with emphasis on nomenclature. and issues involved in generating and delivering content dynamically. and audio elements into interactive entertainment. 5 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 211 . Prerequisite: CGD 217. 3 Credits CHE 204 Chemical Problems (Mu Sigma Eta) Undergraduate seminar to study selected chemical problems and to undertake research and literature searches in the area. Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 151 or equivalent and Successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 225 or equivalent) S 4 Credits CGD 344 Computer Graphics Practicum Prospective Computer Graphic majors function under the tutelage of professionals in graphics communication. and stereochemistry. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Physical World Requirement. F or S 0. In addition. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.Course Descriptions also be examined. A minimum of 150 hours is devoted to the internship. creating digital videos. Prerequisite: Qualified upper-division student with cumulative GPA of 2. video. Prerequisites: CGD 221 and computer competency recommended. (Cross-listed under ENV 108. Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 301 or equivalent. equilibrium. and manipulate imagery and sound with computer software. applications to the teacher side of laboratories will be explored. 3. CHE Chemistry 3 Credits CHE 108 Introductory Environmental Chemistry This course will cover chemical concepts and principles in the context of real-world societal issues such as air pollution. 3. public relations. At the end of the course. 3 Credits An introduction to modern inorganic chemistry including the study of structure and bonding patterns of the elements.7.) F or S CGD 331 Digital Video & Audio 4 Credits A course in the creation of digital imagery and sound for multimedia productions including capturing digital still camera images. Admission by invitation only F or S 1 Credit CHE 222 Science Division Internship CGD 392 IS Internship Internships are designed to open new career paths.00 GPA overall. reaction mechanisms. Prerequisite: ART 215 or permission of the instructor. promotional. advertising. or computer science/math. provide evidence of learning through a written journal. video games. Three lectures and four hours of laboratory weekly.) 3 Credits A continuation of General Chemistry 151. still imaging. and keep an up-to-date time sheet. and global warming. physical and chemical properties of matter and solutions. stoichiometry. This course uses traditional analog audio/video devices as well as digital synthesis to edit. and earth science curricula. Three lectures and four hours of laboratory weekly. 3 Credits A student can earn one-half credit hour of credit per semester up to a maximum of 4 credit hours toward a degree through participation in an internship in a divisional activity such as lab assistant or tutor. Prerequisites: Computer competency and CGD 220. (Not offered every year) 3 Credits CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing This course introduces students to the basic concepts of dynamic media.00 GPA in computer graphics design. 1-2 Credits CHE 203 Demonstrations for Teachers Provides an opportunity for teachers to perform practical chemistry demonstrations and to review fundamental chemical principles and fundamental safety procedures. Course content is a continuation of CHE 301. If appropriate. (Cross-listed as JRN 340. Laboratory includes instruction in physical methods of analysis and synthesis of organic compounds. shape. management information systems. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory weekly. Grading will be on a Pass/Fail basis. although this cannot be guaranteed. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory weekly. Application must be made through an advisor eight weeks in advance of the regular fall or spring registration. S and Successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 225 or equivalent). CHE 151 General Chemistry I CGD 332 Multimedia Authoring Multimedia authoring is the incorporation of animation. Laboratory includes instruction in physical methods of analysis and synthesis of organic compounds. water pollution. interactive Websites. biological. Students will continue work on their films already in production. 3 Credits CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II A study of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and the functional derivation of these organic compounds with emphasis on nomenclature. Every effort is made to place interns in positions that match their primary career interests. and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisites: CGD 303 and CGD 330. This course includes two lectures weekly. students will develop a demo reel for submission to future employers. Students will evaluate the effectiveness of dynamic media with regard to usability and accessibility for different audiences. Projects include making music videos and short films. Prerequisites: Senior status. Students will study the technological innovations in the printing procedures. and permission of the Internship Committee. foster personal growth. Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent and Successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 225 or equivalent) F 5 Credits CGD 427 Advanced 3-D Seminar II This is the second of a two-part class where students focus on specific areas of interest in 3-D animation by making a film. reaction mechanisms. and recording and shaping sounds. acid rain. The course includes three lectures and one laboratory session weekly. Laboratory exercises reinforce principles covered in lecture. or educational productions for CD-ROM and the Web. thermodynamics. Permission of the supervising faculty member is required. informational. These demonstrations are suitable for incorporation into the physical.

and organization of written communication. F or S 1-6 Credits This course provides students with technical writing concepts and principles and the skills necessary to compose effective technical documents for a broad range of professions. international. and resolution of conflict at the interpersonal. management. and classification strategies.Verbal and nonverbal communication patterns between people in personal. Students will explore types of technical documents and the specific techniques applicable to technical writing such as outlines. editing. Key topics include principles of radioactive decay. Emphasis is placed on making complex and technical information understandable to a variety of audiences. organizational. interactions of radiation with matter. and a detailed instruction for performing a task or operation. (Not offered every year) 4 Credits COM 323 Persuasion & Argumentation Students will learn critical thinking methods to enable them to analyze and evaluate arguments and understand which contribute to effective and non-effective persuasion. is included. 3 Credits This course integrates the use of advanced communication techniques into a variety of contexts shaped by socially and culturally-constructed distinctions between and among individuals and groups. and a cumulative grade point average of 3. Students will be assisted in developing and strengthening such communication skills as self. They will analyze and critique these theories and research findings and assess the impact of technology on communication patterns. Topics include intercultural. 3 Credits COM 345 Media Writing for Communication This course is an introduction to the process of writing for varied media. Relationship stages. including statistical methods of data analysis. This course examines the purpose and function of research in supporting elements of argument and persuasion and the need to understand receiver variables. a proposal/recommendation report. academic. learn to work with difficult people. Three lectures weekly. approval by a supervising faculty member. 3 Credits COM 360 Advanced Communications in Society COM Communications COM 200 Interpersonal Communication This course is designed to aid students in understanding the dynamics of interpersonal relationships.awareness. The course includes three lectures and one laboratory session weekly. and the nature of those interactions will be evaluated using contemporary communication theory. and public communication. small group.Course Descriptions CHE 306 Environmental Chemistry This course will cover chemical concepts and principles of air. and corrections. as well as concepts of power and interaction in group. both in oral and written forms. multicultural. water and soils pollution and the analytical analysis of their impacts. Prerequisite: Successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 225 or equivalent) and successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent (Cross-listed as ENV 306). Types of groups and organizations are identified. and four hours of laboratory weekly. Students will analyze the purpose of conflict. definition. Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent and successful completion of mathematics competency (Math 228 recommended). and sources of radioactive materials. social. writing styles. and gender on communication patterns. students will also have an opportunity to examine the practical implications of these concepts in building their own communication skills. Students will examine classic approaches and new theories and research in interpersonal. interpersonal competence. Emphasis is on gathering information. discussion. with emphasis given to gravimetric and volumetric techniques. and public settings. Students will complete a comprehensive research project on a selected career field. 3 Credits COM 480 Communication Studies Capstone COM 321 Communication Theory This course examines theoretical perspectives and research findings concerning human communication. 3 Credits CHE 315 Quantitative Chemistry This course explores the theory and practice of chemical analysis and basic laboratory instrumental analysis. radioactive tracers. group. Students will create an electronic portfolio containing the assignments completed throughout the program to demonstrate professional achievement. Junior status. theories. Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent and Successful completion of Mat 227 or equivalent. radiation detectors. culture.00. In this class. Prerequisites: Successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent. 3 Credits 212 Ashford University . organization. and inter-gender communications. 3 Credits COM 425 Communication in Organizations This course investigates the role of communication in creating an effective and ethical organizational environment. 3 Credits This course is a summative compilation of representative work from each course in the program. 3 Credits CRJ Criminal Justice CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice This course involves an analysis of the criminal justice system focusing on the police. abstracts. and professional settings will be examined. nuclear methods of analysis. and contemporary views of “family” are examined. and leadership and team skills. Lecture. They will have an opportunity to apply their knowledge by writing a process or mechanism description. intrapersonal efficacy. and understand communication as a significant factor in the development. as well as the impact of family. organizational. A primary goal of the course is to improve the quality of students’ communication in their personal and professional relationships. The course will enable students to identify their interpersonal communication behaviors and to more critically evaluate their own oral communication and that of others. 3 Credits CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry An introductory course in the applications of radionuclide’s in chemistry. and societal levels. courts. S 3 Credits COM 325 Communication & Conflict The course provides students with conflict resolution techniques through communication. Laboratory experience with basic quantitative techniques. F 4 Credits COM 340 Technical Writing CHE 322 Internship The student must devote 50 hours for each credit hour of normally non-remunerative work in an off-site laboratory environment such as an industrial or medical laboratory to learn the use and applications of specialized laboratory equipment. They will formulate persuasive arguments and learn to deliver those arguments effectively.

recruitment. and programs to educate young people as to likely consequences of criminal behavior. parole. detection and management technologies. prisons. Performance of 150 hours of normally non-remunerative work in a criminal justice setting under faculty supervision is required. 3 Credits CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure A survey of constitutional rights. management structures and techniques. local. and media relations. rehabilitation. international commercial sales. students will analyze past and present national security issues from an intelligence perspective. The sociological concepts of social process and structure. Emphasis will be given to strategies of prevention and early intervention. and preservation of physical evidence (chain of custody issues). biological. cognitive. Successful students will focus on the pragmatic application of principles and theories that guide criminal justice practice in the United States.Various facets of physical. adjudication and reconsideration reviews. and some solutions to the issue of family and domestic violence. how social service agencies and the criminal justice system are working together to deal with these issues. Students will be introduced to current topics in workplace violence. security countermeasures. This course will look at the theories as to why these issues are occurring.Course Descriptions CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice This course describes prevalent patterns of juvenile delinquency. the course surveys the roles of police. state. actors. Other topics include inmate subcultures. violence. 3 Credits CRJ 443 Intelligence & Homeland Security This course examines the relationship between intelligence and homeland security strategy during the 20th century with emphasis placed on the Cold War. as well as the role of forensic science in the criminal justice system and the identification. and psychoanalytic. managing change. and dependent adult abuse. and social conflict are introduced. as well as aspects of loss prevention and the protection of assets. the causes. guard operations. programs to improve police/ community cooperation. private. 3 Credits CRJ 441 Homeland Defense This course will examine the boundaries of the national security mission by evaluating the threats. Emphasis is placed upon the Federal Rules of Evidence. investigation. developmental. focused study of a modern criminal justice issue while applying solutions and predictions for future trends in criminal and social justice. including the admissibility of physical evidence at trial. It also explores the concepts of legal liability.75 are required. case management. and management of contracts are also examined. especially jails. emergency planning and response measures. as well as daily operating procedures. child neglect. report writing. 3 Credits CRJ 433 Principle & Theory of Security Issues CRJ 305 Crime Prevention This course explores strategies of crime prevention including programs designed to reduce opportunities to commit crime. 3 Credits This course outlines the principles and topics relevant to business and organizational security management. Using a case study approach. security planning. The course focuses on development of homeland security from early to modern times with an emphasis on the emerging homeland security structure and culture. The intent of this course is to show students the problem. including the role of the Chief Security Officer. The role of the security manager in personnel management. Approval of the supervising faculty member and a cumulative grade point average of 2. 3 Credits This course focuses on the real world applications for security managers. and other organizational structures involved in homeland security. and examines various theories pertaining to the causes of criminal behavior among juveniles. programs to alleviate demoralizing community social and economic conditions that foster criminal behavior. social control. collection. and vulnerabilities. 3 Credits This course addresses the potential results of nuclear. training and development. personnel. and their impact on security operations. Topics include public health consequences. 3 Credits CRJ 437 Contemporary Issues in Security Management CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior Psychology of Criminal Behavior is an integrated course applying the research and methodology of psychology and sociology to the understanding of criminal conduct. and physical security. police compliance to constitutional rights. use of examinations such as polygraphs. courts. 3 Credits CRJ 439 Security Administration CRJ 311 Forensics Forensic science applies scientific methodology to crime scene investigation and crime solving. Students gain understanding of established management functions. and information security are studied. and prisonization. This course analyzes techniques of crime scene investigation and the lawful gathering of evidence. child abuse. Course objectives include examination of the historical uses of chemical and biological weapons and the impacts of chemical and biological weapons. In addition. relates these patterns to theories of child and adolescent development. and investigations are discussed. 3 Credits CRJ 435 Evaluation of Security Programs This course examines industry standards and practices and methods of determining the adequacy of security management programs. and probation is the focus of this course. 3 Credits 2009-2010 Academic Catalog 213 . 3 Credits CRJ 303 Corrections An analysis of correctional procedures and institutions. Prerequisite: Senior standing. and organizational structures and resources affecting the security of the United States. 3 Credits CRJ 445 Consequence Management: Terrorism Preparation & Response CRJ 420 Criminal Justice Practicum Students apply the skills and knowledge learned from the criminal justice curriculum in a work environment. and delinquency intervention programs in the administration of juvenile justice. retention. securing information systems. The course examines the application of these rights in the enforcement. and constitutional amendments that specifically apply to the individual. and how the media is used to discourage these issues. 3 Credits CRJ 447 Homeland Security Organization Students will examine federal. and chemical warfare and incidents. Staff selection and employee screening are discussed. Theories of psychology are explored including biological. 3 Credits CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence This course looks at the growing issues of domestic violence. security awareness training. and adjudication of specific crimes. 3 Credits This course focuses on the current topics in security management such as substance abuse. social learning. organizational communication. 3 Credits CRJ 422 Criminal Justice Capstone Students will review all learning objectives achieved throughout previous coursework and develop a comprehensive.

The principles of criminal liability are emphasized as well as the actions. (Not offered every year) F 2 Credits CRJ 453 Criminal Profiling This course defines the motivators and environmental influences leading to criminal behavior. or to property. philosophy. Students will also be introduced to policies and procedures for evaluating and gathering evidence. 3 Credits ECE 311 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods This course focuses on curriculum development in early childhood and teaching strategies with a developmentally appropriate approach. Students are introduced to profiling approaches and techniques and their relationship to crime solving. 3 Credits ECE 222/335 Children’s Literature Students learn how to select and use children’s books and other media relating to physical. issues. 3 Credits This course provides a study of the health and nutrition needs of children and families. Students are introduced to such new concepts as community-based corrections. emotional. budgets. and medical/ legal causes of death. 3 Credits CRJ 463 Contemporary Corrections Issues This course focuses on a broad range of contemporary concerns and topics in criminal justice such as racism in sentencing. from choosing a script to closing-night curtain calls. 3 Credits ECE Early Childhood Education ECE 101 Introduction to Early Childhood Education This course provides an overview of the field of early childhood education including history. community policing. church. evaluation. public policy.” This course will cover all the basic areas of mounting a production. mental state. advocacy.Course Descriptions CRJ 451 Homicide Investigation & Evidence Gathering This course provides students with the skills and knowledge necessary for the resolution of homicide investigations. preservation. analyzing. 3 Credits ECE 213/313 Collaboration with Parents & Community Factors that promote effective communication and collaboration with parents of babies and preschool-aged children. Topics include strategic planning. (Not offered every year) S 2 Credits CRJ 457 Forensic Evidence & the Law Students are exposed to the historical and contemporary contexts in which arguments are made about the quality of forensic evidence and the legal burden of proof in criminal litigation. trends. 3 Credits A class that will be of inter