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Presented by HARI.V 1SG06EC026
Under the guidance of Mrs. Shobha. K Mrs. Padmavathi
The iButton is an electronic chip.
It is armored in a 16mm stainless steel can. Digital circuits that µtalk¶ directly to other chips. Long and short pulses encode 1¶s and 0¶s. Every iButton produced has a unique serial number - no two iButtons will ever have the same number. It is durable enough for a person to wear everyday on an accessory like a ring, key chains, wallet, watch, metal card or badge.
Access to secure areas. Can be attached to an object or carried by a person. . Evolution of barcodes and large databases. health care records. Silicon media as labels that act as standalone database. etc.SILICON MEDIA: Human-readable labels vs computer-readable labels. tracking of items.
. Button Shape is Self-Aligning with Cup-Shaped Probes. The side makes a ground connection and face makes a data connection for a simple. self aligning contact. extend the internal connections out to form electrical contacts. Buttons. Two-piece stainless steel can called MicrocanTM.Identification by touch: To reduce cost. 16mm button shape serves all iButtons.
Technology: No internal power source required. . A signaling protocol that can communicate bidirectionally over two wires. Electrical interface reduced to a minimum. Transmission of information via the same connection. Needs connection to reader for power and data transfer. Energy is µstolen¶ from the data line called parasitic power. The data line is designed as an open drain output.
Chip built using CMOS technology for low static power consumption. .
iButton readers come with various upload capabilities from direct PC upload cradle to Palm upload to direct Internet upload cradles. Two communication modes: ± Standard mode at 16 kbps.iButton probe Requires momentary touch against a µtwo-contact¶ metal probe. . Information is transferred between iButton and a probe. Reads an iButton in less than 10 ms. ± Overdrive mode at 142 kbps.
EXAMPLE OF A PROBE .
iButton Recorder ± penshaped mobile reader/writer. Touch transporter ± large capacity memory iButton.Memory iButton devices: Minimum of 1 PC/master required. . iButton Editor ± hand-held computer that has additional keyboard. Archive computer ± keeps inventory of all objects carrying iButtons.
Memory iButton devices (continued) : .
Half-duplex data transfer. Command word sent to iButton slave from the master. Serial communication.Protocol: 1-Wire protocol is used. . starting with LSB. Discretely defined time slots that are independent of each other.
to indicate to the master the iButton is ready. .given by the master requesting for a presence pulse. Reset pulse . Presence pulse .Synchronization: Master and slave to be synchronised for data transfer.
Master defines the beginning of timeslot by a writeone time-slot. ± Logic 0. iButton makes no change. To transfer ± Logic 1. holds data line low. Data is read from the iButton using same rules.Data transfer: Command sent to slave ± 1 and 0 timeslots. .
Decoding is necessary as light must be converted to electrical energy. ± ± ± Scanning speed. . poor contrast or dirt affect the process.Alternative identification technologies: 1) Barcodes: ± Necessity of electromechanical printers and electro-optical printers. Sunlight or other ambient light affects the read rate. scanning angle.
± Any dirt will damage the coil and the reader if present during the swipe ± Precise alignment of card and smooth movement necessary.Alternative identification technologies: 2) Magnetic stripes: ± Usage of analog signals. ± The stripes can be damaged by a brief contact to other magnets. . ± Strong fields can erase or damage data.
± Sensitive to alignment and sequence of contacts. ± Limited lifetime. ± Unsuited for labeling. . which forms oxide layer. ± Card malfunction and mechanical bending.Alternative identification technologies: 3) Chip-cards: ± Not designed for high resistance intermittent contacts. ± For economic reasons copper is used.
± Prone to interference from other transmitters. ± Electromagnetic waves affect human bodies.Alternative identification technologies: 4) RF Tags: ± Energy consumption is quite high. . ± Comparatively larger in size. ± Availability of frequencies and allotment to various applications.
lighter and less expensive. Smaller. Clam-shell steel container.Other advantages Computer interface is built into the chip. Reading/writing needs only a single I/O line of the computer. . Programming using the same probe that reads it. Virtually no energy is needed to read information. the Microcan is suitable for harsh environments.
Mass Transit in Istanbul. Turkey Parking Meters in Brazil .Applications Care Giver Services in Australia To measure temperature (for food storage and transport) Electronic ID (for physical access to buildings) Store e-cash (for purchases both in stores and via the web). Digital Fleet Fueling at Ryder systems Inc.
com www.lothar.com .com/tech/iButtons/ http://www.com ¾ Products ¾ iButton ¾ Overview www.maxim-ic.ibuttonlink.org whatis.techtarget.References: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) www.wikipedia.dalsemi.com/products/ibutton/applications/ www.maxim-ic.com http://www.