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Environmental Science and Engineering course plan and matl

Environmental Science and Engineering course plan and matl

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Published by: Karuppiah Senthil Kumar on Jul 29, 2011
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07/19/2013

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Course File

Year : 2010

Sem. : EVEN

One Campus One Vision Quality forever

S.K.P Institute of Technology

Tiruvannamalai ± 606 611.

THE PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD

I. The Production and Distribution of Food

A. Subsistence Agriculture

1. Slash and Burn

B. The Transformation of Traditional Agriculture to Modern Agriculture

1. Shift From Animals to Machines

2. Increase in Acreage Cultivated (can do more with fewer people)

3. Use of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides

4. Use of Irrigation

5. Refrigerated Transport (can sell what you could grow)

6. High Yield Crop Varieties

C. Green Revolution

1. Two Choices - only one possible

a. Increase production of glucose by altering process of photosynthesis.

b. Decrease calories plants put into nonfood portion of plant.

2. Decreased Calories Plants Put into Nonfood Portion of Plant

a. Decreased root mass

·

Plants dependent upon irrigation and fertilizers

b. Decreased plant height

·

Plants dependent upon herbicides

3. Decreased Genetic Diversity

a. Few varieties of crops species grown

b. Increased susceptibility to insects and disease

Course File

Year : 2010

Sem. : EVEN

One Campus One Vision Quality forever

S.K.P Institute of Technology

Tiruvannamalai ± 606 611.

D. Biotechnology

1. Allows Crossbreeding of Genetically Different Plants

2. Can Select Desired Characteristics

E. Prospects for Increasing Food Production Using Existing Practices

II. Food Distribution and Trade

A. Patterns in Food Trade

Fig. 10.10 The Food Guide Pyramid indicates what foods will provide adequate nutrition and keep weight under control. Suggested numbers
of servings are given as a range, because energy requirements vary for people depending on their size, age and level of activity.

Course File

Year : 2010

Sem. : EVEN

One Campus One Vision Quality forever

S.K.P Institute of Technology

Tiruvannamalai ± 606 611.

Fig. 10.12 The Sahel is a band of dry grasslands that stretches across the continent. The map shows the countries where civil wars and
droughts have recently brought on serious famines.

IV. Building Sustainability Into Agriculture - Developed versus Developing Countries

A. For sustainability, ecosystems dispose of wastes and replenish nutrients by recycling all

elements.

B. For sustainability, ecosystems use sunlight as their source of energy.

C. For sustainability, the sizes of consumer populations are maintained so that overgrazing

or other overuse does not occur.

D. For sustainability, biodiversity is maintained.

Course File

Year : 2010

Sem. : EVEN

One Campus One Vision Quality forever

S.K.P Institute of Technology

Tiruvannamalai ± 606 611.

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