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Which is one role of play in the pre-school and early childhood years? A. Develops competitive spirit. B. Separates reality from fantasy. C. Increases imagination due to expanding knowledge and emotional range. D. Develops the upper and lower limbs.

2. Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) comes, before he takes the LET, he spends one hour or more praying for a miracle, i.e. to pass the exam. Which attitude towards religion or God is displayed? A. Religion as fake B. Religion as magic C. Religion as authentic D. Religion as real 3. As a teacher, you are a rationalist. Which among these will be your guiding principle? A. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything. B. I must teAch the child to develop his mental powers to the full. C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven. D. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future. 4. All men are pretty much alike. It is only by custom that they are set apart, said one Oriental philosopher. Where can this thought be most inspiring? A. In a multi-cultural group of learners B. In multi-cultural and heterogeneous groups of learners and indigenous peoples' group C. In a class composed of indigenous peoples D. In heterogeneous class of learners 5. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are very good in dramatizing. Which tool must have helped him discover his pupils' strength? A. Portfolio assessment B. Performance test C. Journal entry D. Paper-and-pencil test 6. NSAT and NEAT results are interpreted against set mastery level. This means that NSAT and NEAT fall under __________. A. intelligence test B. aptitude test C. criterion-referenced test



D. norm-referenced test 7. In a social studies class, Teacher I presents a morally ambiguous situation and asks his students what they would do. On whose theory is Teacher I's technique based? A. Kohlberg B. Bandura C. Piaget D. Bruner 8. Which is a sound classroom management practice? A. Avoid establishing routines B. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks. C. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis. D. Apply reactive approach to discipline. 9. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has been abused and neglected. He has been to two orphanages and three different elementary schools. The student can decode on the second grade level, but he can comprehend orally material at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s of this student's reading problem is/are __________. A. emotional factors B. poor teaching C. neurological factors D. immaturity

10. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's teaching is against what philosophy? A. Realism B. Hedonism C. Epicureanism D. Empiricism 11. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the Constitution is the development of work skills aligned? A. To develop moral character B. To teach the duties of citizenship C. To inculcate love of country D. To develop vocational efficiency 12. Direct instruction is for facts, rules, and actions as indirect instruction is for __________, __________, __________. A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions B. concepts, patterns and abstractions C. concepts, processes and generalizations D. guesses, data and conclusions 13. To elicit more student's response, Teacher G made use of covert responses. Which one did she NOT do? A. She had the students write their response privately. B. She showed the correct answers on the overhead after the students have written their responses. C. She had the students write their responses privately then called each of them.



D. She refrained from judging on the student's responses. 14. What should you do if a parent who is concerned about a grade his child received compared to another student's grade, demands to see both students' grades? A. Refuse to show either record. B. Show both records to him. C. Refuse to show any record without expressing permission from principal. D. Show only his child's records. 15. John Watson said:Men are built not born.What does this statement point to? A. The ineffectiveness of training on a person's development. B. The effect of environmental stimulation on a person's development. C. The absence of genetic influence on a person's development D. The effect of heredity. 16. A guest speaker in one graduation rites told his audience: "Reminder, you are what you choose to be." The guest speaker is more of a/an __________. A. realistic B. pragmatist C. idealist D. existentialist 17. The best way for a guidance counselor to begin to develop study skills and habits in underachieving student would be to __________. A. have these underachieving students observe the study habits of excelling students B. encourage students to talk about study habits from their own experiences C. have them view film strips about various study approaches D. give out a list of effective study approaches 18. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers:Subject matter should help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and actions.From which philosophy is this thought based? A. Perennialism B. Essentialism C. Existentialism D. Progressivism 19. The search for related literature by accessing several databases by the use of a telephone line to connect a computer library with other computers that have database is termed __________. A. compact disc search B. manual search C. on-line search D. computer search



20. Teacher W wants to review and check on the lesson of the previous day? Which one will be most reliable? A. Having students identify difficult homework problems. B. Having students correct each other's work. C. Sampling the understanding of a few students. D. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant information necessary for the day's lesson. 21. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of instruction in schools? A. The Vernacular B. English C. Spanish D. Spanish and the Vernacular 22. With indirect instruction in mind, which does NOT belong to the group? A. Problem solving B. Lecture-recitation C. Inductive reasoning D. Discovery 23. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for inter-disciplinary teaching. Which strategy/method did I use? A. Problem-entered learning B. Thematic instruction C. Reading-writing activity D. Unit method 24. Read the following then answer the question TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT THE UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS? BOBBY: WE COULD GOTO THE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME ELEMENTS THERE WE DON'T HAVE. BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN INTO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF WE FIND ANY OF THE MISSING ELEMENTS. RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN FIND ANY. TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS. BUT WHAT IF THOSE EXCURSIONS TO THE MOON, TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING? HOW MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME NEW ONES? Question: The Teacher's questions in the above exchange are examples of __________ questions. A. fact B. concept C. direct D. closed



25. In his second item analysis, Teacher H found out that more from the lower group got the test item # 6 correctly. This means that the test item __________. A. has a negative discriminating power B. has a lower validity C. has a positive discriminating power D. has a high reability 26. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought to avoid __________ questions. A. informational B. rhetorical C. leading D. divergent 27. The teacher's first task in the selection of media in teaching is to determine the ______. A. choice of the students B. availability of the media C. objectives of the lesson D. technique to be used 28. Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important. To which educational philosophy does he adhere? A. Existentialism B. Perennialism C. Progressivism D. Essentialism 29. Who among the following needs less verbal counseling but needs more concrete and operational forms of assistance? The child who __________. A. has mental retardation B. has attention-deficit disorder C. has learning disability D. has conduct disorder 30. After giving an input on a good paragraph, Teacher W asks her students to rate a given paragraph along the elements of a good paragraph. The students' task is in level of __________ A. application B. analysis C. evaluation D. synthesis 31. In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is NOT said of teachers? A. LET passers B. Duly licensed professionals C. Possess dignity and reputation D. With high-moral values as well as technical and professional competence



32. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question. Subject Mean Math 56 Physics English SD 10 41 80 Ronnels's Score 43 9 31 16 109

In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform most poorly in relation to the group's performance? A. English B. English and Math C. Math D. Physics 33. Teacher G's lesson objective has something to do with the skill of synthesizing? Which behavioral term is most appropriate? A. Test B. Assess C. Appraise D. Theorize 34. Standard deviation is to variability as mean is to __________. A. coefficient of correlation B. central tendency C. discrimination index D. level of difficulty 35. If you agree with Rizal on how you can contribute to our nation's redemption, which should you work for? A. Opening our doors to foreign influence B. Upgrading the quality of the Filipino through education C. Stabilizing the political situation D. Gaining economic recovery 36. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of possessives. He first introduced the rule, then gave examples, followed by class exercises, then back to the rule before he moved into the second rule. Which presenting technique did he use? A. Combinatorial B. Comparative C. Part-whole D. Sequence 37. Theft of school equipment like tv, computer, etc. by teenagers in the community itself is becoming a common phenomenon. What does this incident signify? A. Prevalence of poverty in the community. B. Inability of school to hire security guards. C. Deprivation of Filipino schools. D. Community's lack of sense of co-ownership.



38. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task analysis? A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills. B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills. C. Determine the level of thinking involved. D. Revise lesson objectives. 39. With-it-ness, according to Kounin, is one of the characterestics of an effective classroom manager. Which phrase goes with it? A. Have hands that write fast. B. Have eyes on the back of your heads. C. Have a mouth ready to speak. D. Have minds packed with knowledge. 40. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what developmental stage are they according to Freudian psychological theory? A. Oedipal stage B. Latent stage C. Anal stage D. Pre-genital stage 41. Teacher Y does norm-referenced interpretation of scores. Which of the following does she do? A. She describes group performance in relation to a level of mastery set. B. She uses a specified content as its frame of reference. C. She compares every individual students' scores with others' scores. D. She describes what should be their performance. 42. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist. Which among these will be your guiding principle? A. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future. B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full. C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven. D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything. 43. From whom do we owe the theory of deductive interference as illustrated in syllogisms? A. Plato B. Scorates C. Aristotle D. Pythagoras 44. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding for meaning and for competent application. Which principle governs Teacher B's practice? A. Contructivist B. Gestalt C. Behaviorist D. Cognitivist



45. What was the most prominent educational issue of the mid 1980s? A. Bilingual Education B. Values Education C. Accountability D. Mainstreaming 46. A teacher/student is held responsible for his actions because s/he __________. A. has instincts B. is mature C. has a choice D. has reason 47. For which may you use the direct instruction method? A. Become aware of the pollutants around us. B. Appreciate Milton's Paradise Lost. C. Use a microscope properly. D. Distinguish war from aggression. 48. The concepts of trust vs. maturity, autonomy vs. self-doubt, and initiative vs. guilt are most closely related with the works of __________. A. Erikson B. Piaget C. Freud D. Jung 49. What measure of central tendency does the number 16 represent in the following data: 14, 15, 17, 16, 19, 20, 16, 14, 16? A. Mode B. Median C. Mode and median D. Mean 50. The principle of individual differences requires teachers to __________. A. give greater attention to gifted learners B. provide for a variety of learning activities C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom D. prepare modules for slow learners in class 51. Which of the following propositions is attributed to Plato? A. Truth is relative to a particular time and place. B. Human beings create their own truths. C. Learning is the discovery of truth as Iatent ideas are brought to consciousness. D. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.



52. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management? A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs. B. It teaches dependence on others for self-control. C. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students. D. Strategies aresimple enough to be used consistently. 53. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test item, namely B, C, and D, no pupil chose D as answer. This implies that D is __________ A. an ineffective distracter B. a vague distracter C. an effective distracter D. a plausible distracter 54. I drew learners into several content areas and encouraged them to solve a complex question for inter-disciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I use? A. Problem-centered learning B. Unit method C. Reading-writing activity D. Thematic instruction 55. Value clarification as a strategy in Values Education classes is anchored on which philosophy? A. Existentialism B. Christian philosophy C. Idealism D. Hedonism 56. Teacher A is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences, dialogues, dictation and writing excercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion? A. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning. B. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same manner. C. The teacher wants to make herteachirig easier by having less talk. D. The teacher is emphasizing reading and writing skills. 57. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more __________ questions. A. closed B. fact C. concept D. convergent 58. Are percentile ranks the same as percentage correct? A. It cannot be determined unless scores are given. B. It cannot be determined unless the number of examinees is given. C. No D. Yes



59. Which method has been proven to be effective in courses that stress acquisition of knowledge? A. Socratic method B. Cooperative learning C. Mastery learning D. Indirect instruction 60. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT A. it links the parts of the lesson B. lt brings together the information that has been discussed C. it makes provisions for full participation of students. D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson. 61. Which is a true foundation of the social order? A. Obedient citizenry B. The reciprocation of rights and duties C. Strong political leadership D. Equitable distribution of wealth 62. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades? A. Using common conversion table for translating test scores in to ratings B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating D. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating 63. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer academic year and more challenging textbooks? A. Perennialist B. Essentialist C. Progressivist D. Existentialist 64. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength? A. Objective test B. Short answer test C. Essay test D. Problem type 65. Read this question:How will you present the layers of the earth to your class?This is a question that A. directs B. leads the student to evaluate C. assesses cognition D. probes creative thinking



66. In Krathwohl's affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the lowest level of affective behavior? A. Valuing B. Characterization C. Responding D. Organization 67. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationships with his classmates. Which basic goal must haye not been attained by Rodel during his developmental years, according to Erikson's theory on psychological development? A. Autonomy B. Trust C. Initiative D. Generativity 68. Two students are given the WISE II. One has a full scale IQ of 91, while the other has an IQ of 109. Which conclusion can be drawn? A. The second student has significantly higher intellectual ability B. The first student is probably below average, while the second has above average potential C. Both students are functioning in the average range of intellectual ability D. Another IQ test should be given to truly assess their intellectual potential 69. To come closer to the truth we need togo back to the things themselves.This is the advice of the A. behaviorists B. phenomenologists C. idealists D. pragmatists 70. Which guideline in test construction is NOT observed in this test item: Jose Rizal wrote __________. A. The central problem should be packed in the stem. B. There must be only one correct answer. C. Alternatives must have grammatical parallelism. D. The alternates must be plausible. 71. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standards of quality education? A. By continually improving themselves personally and professionally B. By wearing expensive clothes to change people's poor perception of teachers C. By working out undeserved promotions D. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching 72. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is, under obligation to transmit to learners such heritage. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation? A. Use the latest instructional technology. B. Observe continuing professional education. C. Use interactive teaching strategies. D. Study the life of Filipino heroes.



73. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has limitless capacity. What does this imply? A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning. B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this nativeabilty. C. Every child is a potential genius. D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything. 74. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then made to ingest a drug that produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking alcohoL Which theory explains this? A. Operant conditioning B. Social Learning Theory C. Associative Learning D. Attribution Theory 75. The following are used in writing performance objectives, EXCEPT A. delineate B. diagram C. integrate D. comprehend 76. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct performance of your students? A. Use the least intrusive prompt first. B. Use all prompts available. C. Use the most intrusive prompt first. D. Refrain from using prompts. 77. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's Summerhill, one of the most experimental schools, based? A. Rousseau B. Pestalozzi C. Montessori D. John Locke 78. "In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen when ... ?" is a sample thought question on A. inferring B. generalizing C. synthesizing D. justifying 79. Which applies when skewness is zero? A. Mean is greater than the median B. Median is greater than mean C. Scores have three modes D. Scores are normally distributed



80. Whose influence is the education program that puts emphasis on self-development. through the classics, music, and rituals? A. Buddha B. Mohammed C. Confucius D. Lao Tsu 81. Which is an appropriate way to manage off-task behavior? A. Make eye contact. B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task. C. Move closer to the child. D. Redirect a child's attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing to work. 82. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most authentic? A. Characterization B. Organization C. Responding D. Valuing 83. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question. Subject Mean Math 56 Physics English SD 10 41 80 Ronnels's Score 43 9 31 16 109

In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous? A. Math B. English C. Physics D. Physics and Math 84. We encounter people whose prayer goes like this: "O God, if there is a God; save my soul, if I have a soul" From whom is this prayer? A. Stoic B. Empiricist C. Agnostic D. Skeptic 85. The test item "Group the following items according to shape" is a thought test item on __________. A. creating B. classifying C. generalizing D. comparing



86. Teacher B is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion? A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information in, a variety of methods. B. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning. C. The teacher wants to do less talk. D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills. 87. What is the mean of this score distribution: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10? A. 7 B. 6 C. 8.5 D. 7.5 88. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupils. Which one will she do? A. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown in graphs. B. Ask her students to answer questions beginning withWhat if ... C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs. D. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not understood. 89. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information? A. Enactive and iconic B. Symbolic C. Symbolic and enactive D. Iconic 90. Which holds true to standardized tests? A. They are used for comparative purposes B. They are administered differently C. They are scored according to different standards D. They are used for assigning grades 91. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is a low-profile classroom technique? A. Note to parents B. After-school detention C. Withdrawal of privileges D. Raising the pitch of the voice 92. Which type of report refers toon-the-spotdescription of some incident, episode or occurrence that is being observed and recorded as being of possible significance? A. Autobiographical report B. Biographical report C. Value and interest report D. Anecdotal report



93. By what name is Indirect instruction the Socratic method also known? A. Mastery learning B. Indirect Method C. Morrison method D. Questioning method 94. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be involved in any investigation. Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher A fail to apply? A. The end does not justify the means. B. The principle of double-effect C. Always do what is right. D. Between two evils, do the lesser evil. 95. What should a teacher do for students in his class who are not on grade level? A. Give them materials on their level and let them work at a pace that is reasonable forthem, trying to bring them up to a grade level. B. Give them the same work as the other students, because they will absorb as much as they are capable of. C. Give them the same work as the other students, not much, so that they won't feel embarrassed. D. Give them work on the level of the other students and work a little above the classmates level to challenge them. 96. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this does not mean that the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on punishment and learning, this shows that __________ A. punishment strengthens a response B. punishment removes a response C. punishment does not remove a response D. punishment weakens a response 97. Helping in the development of graduates who aremaka-Diyosis an influence of A. naturalistic morality B. classical Christian morality C. situational morality D. dialectical morality 98. Teacher H gave her first-grade class a page with a story in which pictures take the place of some words. Which method did she use? A. The whole language approach B. The Spaulding method C. The rebus method D. The language experience approach 99. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated A. Generalization B. Extinction C. Acquisition D. Discrimination



100. Teachers often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that adversely, affect their teaching. Does this mean that teachers must be preoccupied only with teaching? A. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they be properly compensated. B. Yes, because other community leaders, not teachers, are tasked to leadin community activities. C. NO, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership and initiative in activities for betterment of communities. D. Yes, because teaching is enough full time job.