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Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Chapter 2: Quadratic Equations

1. Given and are the roots of 3 − 2 + 1 = 0, find

i. +

ii.

+

iii. +

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

2. The equation 4 − 8 + 9 = 0 has roots and , find

i. + 3 and + 3

ii.

iii.

and

and

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

3. Given + + = 0 has one root 4 times of another root, find in terms of and .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

4. + 1 3 − 4 + 2 + 9 = 0 has a root negative of another root, find .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

5. Given one root of 2 + 5 + 3 + 5 = 0 is the reciprocal of another root, find .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

6. The roots of the equation 2 + + 3 = 0 where > 0 are and whilst those of the

equation 3 − 2 + 3 are

and . Find .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

7. Given + − 5 = 0 has roots which differ by 4. Find

i. The value of each root

ii. The value of .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

8. Given that is the root of each of the equations − 5 + = 0 and − 6 + 3 = 0, where ≠ 0, find and .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

9. Given that and are the roots of the equation = − 2,

i. Find the value of

+

ii. Prove that = 2 − 3

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

10. Form the quadratic equation for which the sum of the roots is 2 and the sum of the squares of the roots is 18.

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

11. Given the equation 3 + 8 + 4 + 3 + 4 = 0, find the value of for which

i. One root is the negative of the other

ii. One root is the reciprocal of the other

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

12. Write + 6 + 144 in the form + + and thus obtain expressions for and in terms of . Hence find the range of values of such that + 6 + 144 is positive for all values of , and deduce the corresponding range of values of .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

13. The equation 3 + + 120 = 0, where > 0, has roots and where = 3. Evaluate and and hence, or otherwise, find the value of .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

14. Obtain the quadratic equation whose roots are the squares of the roots of the equation 3 − 2 + 5 = 0.

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

15. Given that the equation 2 − 2 + 3 = 0 has the roots and , find the equation

whose roots are

and

.

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

16. Given that and are the roots of the equation 2 = 3 − 4,

i. Form an equation whose roots are and .

ii. Show

that 4 = − 12

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

17. The quadratic equation + + = 0 has roots −2 and 6. Find

i. The value of and

ii. The range of values of for which the equation + + = has no real roots

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

18. The equation − 2 + 3 = 0 has roots and and the equation − 4 + = 0 has roots and . Find the value of and of .

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

19. Find the values of for which the line = 2 + is a tangent to the curve =

.

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

20. Given that 1 and 2 are the roots of + + = 0, state in terms of some or all of ,

and ,

i. The condition that 1 = 2

ii.

The value of 1 + 2

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

21. Find the values of for which the line = is a tangent to the curve = 3 − 1.

Success in SPM – Additional Mathematics – Form 4

22. The line = 2 mees the curve 3 = − 10 at the points A 1 , 1 and B 2 , 2

i. Obtain the quadratic equation whose roots are 1 and 2

ii. Without solving this equation, find the co-ordinate of the midpoint of AB