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Sengupta at MMD kolkata

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Q. 1 On a vessel with 32 persons onboard and accomodation amidships, if all liferafts condemned, what is minimum number of liferafts to be ordered? 1 ) 06 persons fwd & 06 persons aft; 32 persons life raft on port & stbd together if transferable otherwise Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : 32 persons on each side.

2 ) 06 persons fwd & 06 persons aft; 32 persons life raft on port & stbd together if transferable otherwise Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : 32 persons on each side.

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Q. 2 Where would you find load density of deck? 1 ) CARGO STOWAGE & SECURING MANUAL

ad_doodle2007 (1466) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 amitkume27 (3)

Stability

Booklet

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 3 Which certificates are to be displayed on the bulkhead and why? 1 ) Certficate A and Loadline certificate to be exhibited as per MS act.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 4 Name one certificate, checking which would ensure that all other certificates are valid? 1 Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Safety Management Certificate

no

doa

applied

for

other

cargo

tulu (3) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 5 Is DOA only for grain cargo? 1 ) Yes only for Grain cargo.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 6 What is the period of validity of Safe Manning Certificate? 1 ) The Minimum Safe Manning Certificate issued to a ship by the Administration shall remain valid subject to validity of the Certificate of Registry provided there is no change of name, navigating area, operating company or any major alteration or modification of the onklur (109) 1 user Rated : ship.

2 ) Upon provisional registration, and provided that he would have been furnished with the relevant Application Form duly completed and signed by the ship owner, the Registrar of Shipping will issue a Minimum Safe Manning Certificate (MSMC) in respect of the Ship, valid for five (5) years, renewable thereafter upon Application to that effect for further periods of five (5) years anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : each.

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Q. 7 Range and arc of visibility of lights on basis of length of vessel?

1 ) Masthead light 225 22.5, Sidelight 112.5 22.5, Stern light 135 and 67.5, in a vsl of less than Range: Vsl 20 > than mtrs 50 mtrs sidelights Masthead 6 may miles, Rest be all lights combined. 3 miles.

Vessel > 12mtrs but less than 50 mtrs Masthead 5 miles (vsel > than 12 mtrs but , than 20 mtrs masthead Vsl < than 12 3 mtrs: miles) Masthead 2 miles, rest sidelights 1 all miles and 2 rest all 2 miles miles.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 8 If your heading is 320, at what bearing is the situation overtaking and when is it crossing? 1 ) If She is coming >22.5 abaft the beam then overtaking, otherwise she is crossing. Satyarthi (175) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 9 Lights on a vessel pushing ahead and towing alongside? 1 ) Same lights that is side light and stern light and 2 masthead light in a vertical line. Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 10 Anchor lights on a fishing vessel? 1 ) no anchor light by fishing vessel. only light which is given in rule 26.

vks_sd (52) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 11 Plenty of situations based on cards - do not take action as specified in card - do as you would in reality ie aquire target, check bearings, then act. 1 MANAVI (4) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) YES VERY RIGHT

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Q. 12 What is scanty information ie how many bearings before action? 1 ) Scanty means not optimum information as to the target. 03 bearings before actions Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 13 RV, one vessel on port qtr and other at stbd qtr, what action? 1 ) Reduce speed, take all way off.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 14 Abt Capt Sengupta - puts candidates at ease. Gives max importance to navigation. To pass, must be able to id cards and take correct actions. No comments for this Question.

You are here : ORALS >> Master - ASM MMD Oral Question and Answers asked by Surveyor Capt. J.K. Bose at MMD kolkata

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Q. 1 DOA ? Grain loading requirements ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 2 Can all Bulk Carrier Load grain ? Criteria for loading Grain? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 3 ROR CARD- Towing vessel port side 4pts, 4 miles. Action? 1 ) You are the Standon vessel no action needed. If the giveway vessel is not altering than 5 short and rapid blasts to confirm its action. If still it does not alter than swing hard stb and pass

the JAHAJEE (2715)

astern

of

the

towing

vessel.

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 4 ROR CARD- N cardinal Buoy your co 270. Action ? 1 ) A/C to Stb and pass north of it e.g keeping it to your port.

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 5 ROR CARD- P.D. can see both side lights V/L 4 points stb bow 4 miles. Action? 1 ) Since both sidelights can already be seen so you are already ahead of the other vessel and hence no cation needed now and can continue on the same course and speed.

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 6 HVR does not apply to deck cargoes then how are Timber cargoes carried? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 7 What are the various Information in damage control plan ? 1 2. 3. ) Any 1. Boundaries/Location and location there of of such to the Water in tight the such W/T W/T Compartments. Compartment. Openings.

openings and

opening close

Device

location

4. Indicators and signals of the status of opening (closed/open) and there location. One always on JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : bridge.

3 Q. 8 Liabilities of MTO ? 1 ) 920 SDR

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per

package

2.75

SDR

per

kg

parmanand (6) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 9 How will you make sure that SMS is being implemented onboard just after joining as Master ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 10 Why STCW 95 but MARPOL 73/78 ? 1 ) STCW 95 completely revised the STCW 78 which was in force. MARPOL 73 was not yet in force when the Protocol of 78 came . MARPOL 73 already covered pollution by Oil, Chemicals,Harmful substances in packaged form, sewage and Garbage. Protocol of 78 added measures related to tanker design and operation (like COW). Thus while STCW 95 completely revised STCW 78 , MARPOL protocol 78 added new measures, hence MARPOL is referred as -

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION OF MARINE POLLUTION FROM SHIPS,1973 AS MODIFIED BY THE PROTOCOL OF 1978 RELATING THERETO(MARPOL 73/78) !!!!

Phew JAHAJEE (2715) 6 user Rated :

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Q. 11 You are in a river with stern current? How will you berth alongside? How will you do short turn? 1 ) The short turn can be achieved by dredging the anchor if the vessel is in restricted waters JAHAJEE (2715) 3 user Rated :

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Q. 12 Can all Bulk Carrier load grain ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 13 You are anchored 0.5 miles ahead of another anchored vessel. You found anchor not holding, started to drift aft(current from fwd). Action? 1 ) You do not have space for lowering more shackles and second anchor too cannot be dropped ....well you can say all the precautions of dragging anchor but in the end do not forget to say: You will use the rudder and keep it hard toward the side opposite to that in which the anchor is dropped. Refer

Book Edition Author Pg

The

Theory

and :

Practice

of

Seamanship 11

: No.

Graham :

Danton 23

JAHAJEE (2715) 3 user Rated :

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Q. 14 How will you send cargo from Kolkata to UK via MTO ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 15 SITUATION - You are a P.D. V/L and you see a tow on your Port bow ? What action will you take and under which rule ? At what distance will you alter the Course ? 1 ) You are standon .Alteration to stb if the give way vessel not responding. Alteration at minimum JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : 6 miles (Safe Navigation).

2 ) Do not forget to sound 5 short and rapid blast prior any alteration to confirm about the give ways JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : vessel action.

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Q. 16 What are the Expressed and Implied warranties ? 1 ) EXPRESSED WARRANTY

=================== (1) An express warranty may be in any form of words from which the intention to warrant is to be inferred.

(2) An express warranty must be included in, or written upon, the policy, or must be contained in some document incorporated by reference into the policy.

(3) An express warranty does not exclude implied warranty, unless it be inconsistent therewith. Example A] B] C] In short SALVAGE anything which is NAVIGATION of / TOWING WARRANTIES written is Exp TRADING Warranty: WARRANTY WARRANTIES etc expressed

IMPLIED ================ Warranty Example A] B] C] In short anything which is understood is not included of in or endorsed Exp on the

WARRANTY

policy. Warranty:

SEAWORTHINESS LEGALITY NEUTRALITY implied

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 17 Current from behind. Manoeuverabilty and berth v/l ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 18 You are the master of Tanker and required to join with 20 new crew from Rotterdam? How will you go about? Where will you sign the Article of Agreement 1 ) AOA can be signed at the agents office also no need to go to the shipping masters office... JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated :

2 ) ensure proper handing over and taking over. familirisation to be carried our as per company check list. carr out drill b4 dep. AOA same as above

ajanup18 (84) 2 user Rated :

3 ) it depends upon flag of v/l..u can sign aoa on board also..or b4 joining d v/l in office.. samb (71) 1 user Rated :

Ref.

MSA

58,

Art.

116:

(a) ... procure sanction of the consular officer, and shall,... engage the seaman before that officer. (b) ...Indian consular officer to endorse upon the agreement an attestation to the effect, that it has ottokarapt (3) 1 user Rated : been signed in his presence...

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Q. 19 What statutory certificates are carried on Tankers? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 20 EPIRB Distress signal route? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 21 What is the purpose of Council in IMO? 1 ) 1)composed of 40 member states 20 elected by the assembly for 2 tear terms 3)it is the executive organ of the imo 4)responsible for supervising imo working 5)performs the function of the assembly in between sessions

ad_doodle2007 (1466) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 22 Distress message received, you are south of Sri Lanka. What is your duty ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 23 Why is USA insisting on HAMBURG Rule ? 1 ) hamburg is more shipper friendly

jjos20 (1062) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 24 How many Class certificates are issued by Classification Society? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 25 Open moor, Standing and running moor? Which one to use and when ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 26 During Multimodal transport part of cargo damaged during Railwy transport. Who will be liable and how much ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 27 Can anyone become a MTO? Conditions? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 28 C1,C2 and C3 marking on STP ships ? 1 ) As per MS(Construction and Survey of Passenger Ships) Rules, 1981 rule 25, C1 is the principle subdivision load line and if the ship is provided with other load lines they shall be marked aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated : as c2, c3....and so on.

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Q. 29 GMDSS A1 and A2 areas and the equipments ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 30 Who approves the damage control Plan ? 1 ) It is issued by the shipyard and approved by the classification society (remember the class stamp on damage stability booklet which every inspector wants to see?)

chithi_dis (87) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 31 Stowaways are governed by which convention ? Briefly explain ? 1 anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Brussels convention

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Q. 32 Is any state bound to take stowaway? What if you can prove the nationality ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 33 Seaman's Identity Document ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 34 A Stowaway is Found after 2 days of sailing from Port. Action ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 35 Man overboard, action ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 36 Article of agreement ?

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No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 37 CAS In detail ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 38 COR lost. what action will you take if the V/L is Indian Registered and when Foreign Registered ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 39 ROR CARD- Pilot Vessel sound signal ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 40 What are Cargo safety Certificate or Safety Certificates? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 41 Difference between Controllable Pitch Propellor and Variable pitch propellor? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 42 What are Layup returns in Insurance ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 43 About Capt J.K.Bose

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1 ) Capt. Bose is the most experienced capt out there and is very kind during Orals. Most of the questions asked by him are from his question sets only.

JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 44 Where are Indian LUT situated? Where are the MCC? 1 onklur (109) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) ISRO BANGALORE.

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Q. 45 How many shares in Cert of Registry? 1 amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) MAXIMUM 10

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Q. 46 Defaced Cert of Registry. Action? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 47 How will you get COFR ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 48 Under Voyage C/P what will you look for first in the C/P ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 49 What is PSC MOU ?

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1 ) Regional cooperation among port States has led to the concluding of Memoranda of Understanding or MOUs, to promote and realize more effective PSC for a given region. vks_sd (52) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 50 MOB action ? Which turn in Restricted Visibility ? 1 JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Williamson Turn

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Q. 51 Fire in No.2 Hold? Action? How will you come to know how many CO2 cylinders to use ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 52 How is muster list prepared on Passenger Ships? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 53 Certificates of Passenger ships? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 54 STPS, Cert A, Cert B? How will you get Cert B? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 55 CSR- who issues? Who can make changes in CSR and when ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 56 Harmonised system of survey? Details? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 57 Action to every distress alert in various sea area? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 58 Why is Margin line 76 cm below Deck line ? 1 ) Each watertight subdivision bulkhead, whether transverse or longitudinal, should be constructed in such a manner that it should be capable of supporting, with a proper margin of resistance, the pressure due to the maximum head of water which it might have to sustain in the event

of damage to the ship but at least the pressure due to a head of water up to the margin line. The construction of these bulkheads should be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

tenzamathur (81) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 59 Is cert of class the only cert which determines the class? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 60 Difference between Assembly and Council ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 61 What is hot pursuit and what is Base line ? 1 ) hot pursuit is a right of authority let say police to go for a search without a search warrant due to a condition that if time wasted in obtaining the warrant would cause no help in enquiry. and Base line as described in UNCLOS it is the low water line along the coast as marked on large scale kuberpandey (65) 1 user Rated : approved chart.

2 ) As per UNCLOS every state has the right to pursue and investigate any vessel involved in a crime against the state. The government vessel (coast gaurd/navy) can pursue the rogue vessel even upon the high seas but only till the time that the vessel is outside the waters of another state. aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

1 Q. 62 What is MAS ? 1 Guidelines )

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WHEN for

REQUIRED Coastal

? States

4.1 Resolution A.950(23) outlines the situations in which the services of the MAS are involved; they are:

.1 the ship is involved in an incident (e.g., loss of cargo, accidental discharge of oil, etc.) that does not impair its seakeeping ability but nevertheless has to be reported;

.2 the ship, according to its Masters assessment, is in need of assistance but not in a distress situation (about to sink,fire developing, etc.) that requires the rescue of those on board; and

.3 the ship is found to be in a distress situation and those on board have already been rescued, with the possible exception of those who had remained aboard or have been placed on board to attempt to deal with the ships situation.

WHO

CONTROLS

IT

IN

INDIA?

The Directorate General of Shipping (DG Commcentre) is the Maritime Assistance Service (MAS) nodal point in India complying under IMO Resolution A. 950 (23).

The DG Comm. Centre operates as MAS (Maritime Assistance Services) on 24 x 7 basis and should DG Tel: Fax: E-mail: 0091 22 0091 2261 0606, 22 2261 2261 4646, be contacted as advised above. The full style is as follows:

Commcentre, 32959320 3636

dgcommcentre@satyammail.net;

dgcommcentre@vsnl.net

ad_doodle2007 (1466) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 63 SOx and NOx? How to control the same? MARPOL which Annex ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 64 Piracy in Malacca strait. Action ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 65 In case the ship is mortgaged, where will it be entered? If one of the creditor want his money back, what to do ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 66 When can ship crew claim for salvage? 1 ) When a crew properly abandons their vessel (on the orders of the master and without hope or expectation of returning to her), the crew are no longer employed under the Crew Agreement and the vessel becomes a "derelict". If the (former) crew members subsequently manage to reboard and save the vessel, they do so as volunteers and may have a valid claim to a salvage

reward. JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 67 What Certificate is given as par as Loadline Certificate? 1 ) For Vessel more Load Load then 24 Line Line mtr in lenght... Certificate. Certificate.

i)International ii)International

vks_sd (52) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 1.

) Ship

Loadline which

Exemption embodies

Certificate features

masy of

be a

granted novel

to:kind

2. Ship not on international voyages when proceeding for an uinternation voyage shall be granted a Load line exemption certificate for 01 voyage.

3. If the administration considers that between 2 ports the voyage is of sheltered nature.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 68 Is a country can claim compensation as per Fund Conv. if it imports less than 150000 t of oil...even after ratifying FUND Convention? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 69 In Formal Investigation (MS Act) can only 1st class Magistrate/Metropolitan Magistrate can cancel a certificate of an officer? Can anybody else cannot No comments for this Question.

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Q. 70 showed a west cardinal buoy. own course 180 deg towards buoy. action. No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 71 certificate of registry.

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No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 72 scopic clause

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Q. 73 Responsibilities between vessels. No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 74 Structure of IMO.

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Q. 75 Port lateral mark buoy in region B. How you will pass your ship? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 76 CLC and fund convention. No comments for this Question.

You are here : ORALS >> Master - ASM MMD Oral Question and Answers asked by Surveyor Capt. M. K. Deb at MMD kolkata

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Q. 1 How is MARPOL Annex 3 different from IMDG Code ? Where will you find the Marine pollutant in IMDG Code ? 1 ) The Annex also comprises general requirements to issue detailed regulations regarding packing, labelling, documentation, stowage, limits on size, etc to satisfy demands on safety and to reduce the risks of pollution by noxious substances. To facilitate for the accession the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG) has also been amended to include marine pollutants.

surajgautam2000 (112) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 ) Each substance defined as harmful to the marine environment is identified as marine pollutant in column 4 of its entry in the Dangerous Goods List

anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 2 What is MLC ?Explain in detail what is the most important feature of MLC ? 1 ) 1. What is the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006?

It is an important new international labour Convention that was adopted by the International Labour Conference of the International Labour Organization (ILO), under article 19 of its Constitution at a maritime session in February 2006 in Geneva, Switzerland. It sets out seafarers rights to decent conditions of work and helps to create conditions of fair competition for shipowners. It is intended to be globally applicable, easily understandable, readily updatable and uniformly enforced. The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 has been designed to become a global legal instrument that, once it enters into force, will be the the fourth pillar of the international regulatory regime for quality shipping, complementing the key Conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS), the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping, 1978, as amended (STCW) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 73/78 (MARPOL).

2. Why is it also sometimes called the consolidated Maritime Labour Convention, 2006? The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 contains a comprehensive set of global standards, based on those that are already found in 68 maritime labour instruments (Conventions and

Recommendations), adopted by the ILO since 1920. The new Convention brings almost all of the existing maritime labour instruments together in a single new Convention that uses a new format with some updating, where necessary, to reflect modern conditions and language. The Convention consolidates the existing international law on all these matters. The Conventions addressing the seafarers identity documents were recently revised in 2003 (Convention Nos. 108 and 185) and are not included in the new Convention. In addition, the Seafarers Pension Convention, 1946 (No. 71) and one Convention (The Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers) Convention, 1921 (No. 15)), which is no longer relevant to the sector, are not consolidated by the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006.

3. When will the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 come into force and what will happen to the existing The Convention will enter into Conventions? force:

" 12 months after the date on which there have been registered ratifications by at least 30 Members with a total share in the world gross tonnage of ships of 33 per cent."

This is a much higher than the usual ratification level (for ILO Conventions) and it uses a new formula that is intended to assure greater actual impact of the Convention. It reflects the fact

that

the

enforcement

and

compliance

system

established

under

the

Convention

needs

widespread international cooperation in order to be effective. Since many of the obligations under the Convention are directed to shipowners and flag States it is important that ILO Members with a strong maritme interest and a high level of tonnage operating under their legal jurisdiction ratify the Convention.

The existing ILO maritime labour Conventions will be gradually phased out as ILO Member States that have ratified those Conventions ratify the new Convention, but there will be a transitional period when some parallel Conventions will be in force. Countries that ratify the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 will no longer be bound by the existing Conventions when the new Convention comes into force for them. Countries that do not ratify the new Convention will remain bound by the existing Conventions they have ratified, but those Conventions will be closed to further ratification. 4. Why was a new Convention needed?

The decision by the ILO to move forward to create this major new maritime labour Convention was the result of a joint resolution in 2001 by the international seafarers and shipowners organizations, later supported by governments. They pointed out that the shipping industry is the worlds first genuinely global industry which requires an international regulatory response of an appropriate kind global standards applicable to the entire industry. The industry called on the ILO to develop an instrument which brings together into a consolidated text as much of the existing body of ILO instruments as it proves possible to achieve as a matter of priority in order to improve the relevance of those standards to the needs of all the stakeholders of the maritime sector. It was felt that the very large number of the existing maritime Conventions, many of which are very detailed, made it difficult for governments to ratify and to enforce all of the standards. Many of the standards were out of date and did not reflect contemporary working and living conditions on board ships. In addition, there was a need to develop a more effective enforcement and compliance system that would help to eliminate substandard ships and that would work within the well-established international system for enforcement of the international standards for ship safety and security and environmental protection that have been adopted by the 5. Does International the new Maritime Convention deal Organization with any new (IMO). subjects?

The Convention is organized into three main parts: the Articles coming first set out the broad principles and obligations.

This is followed by the more detailed Regulations and Code (with two parts: Parts A and B) provisions. The Regulations and the Standards (Part A) and Guidelines (Part B) in the Code are integrated and Title Title Title Title Title 4: 3: organized 1: into general requirements areas for of concern to of facilities, welfare and food social and security under work five on a Titles: ship

Minimum 2:

seafarers

Conditions recreational medical care,

employment catering protection

Accommodation, protection, 5:

Health

Compliance

and

enforcement.

These five Titles essentially cover the same subject matter as the existing 68 maritime labour instruments, updating them where necessary.

It occasionally contains new subjects, particularly in the area of occupational safety and health to meet current health concerns, such as the effects of noise and vibration on workers or other workplace risks.

The provisions relating to flag State inspections, the use of recognized organizations and the potential for inspections in foreign ports (port State control) in Title 5 are based on existing maritime labour Conventions; however, the new Convention builds upon them to develop a more effective approach to these important issues, consistent with other international maritime Conventions that establish standards for quality shipping with respect to issues such as ship safety and security and protection of the marine environment.

6. Why do we need effective international standards for seafarers conditions of work? In ships flying the flags of countries that do not exercise effective jurisdiction and control over them, as required by international law, seafarers often have to work under unacceptable conditions, to the detriment of their well-being, health and safety and the safety of the ships on which they work.

Since seafarers working lives are spent outside the home country and their employers are also often not based in their country, effective international standards are necessary for this sector. Of course these standards must also be implemented at a national level, particularly by governments that have a ship registry and authorize ships to fly their countries flags. This is already well recognized in connection with ensuring the safety and security of ships and protecting the marine environment.

It is also important to understand that there are many flag States and shipowners that take pride in providing the seafarers on their ships with decent conditions of work.

These countries and shipowners face unfair competition in that they pay the price of being undercut by shipowners which operate substandard ships.

7. Are the standards in the new Convention lower than existing maritime labour standards? No, the aim is to maintain the standards in the current maritime labour Conventions at their present level, while leaving each country greater discretion in the formulation of their national laws establishing that level of protection.

8. How will the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 protect more of the worlds seafarers? The Convention aims to achieve worldwide protection for all seafarers. It seeks to meet this goal in a number of ways. It is estimated that there are over 1.2 million people working at sea in the world. Until now it had not been clear that all of these people, particularly for example, those that work on board ships but are not directly involved in navigating or operating the ship, such as many personnel that work on passenger ships, would be considered seafarers. The new Convention clearly defines a seafarer as any person who is employed or engaged or works in any capacity on board a ship that is covered by the Convention. Except for a few specific exclusions and areas where flexibility is provided for national authorities to exempt smaller ships (200 gross tonnage and below) that do not go on international voyages from some aspects of the Convention, the Convention applies to all ships (and to the seafarers on those ships) whether

publicly The

or

privately

owned

that

are does

ordinarily

engaged not

in

commercial apply

activities. to:

Convention

ships which navigate exclusively in inlandi waters or waters within, or closely adjacent to, sheltered ships ships warships of waters or areas where port in such as naval dhows and regulations apply; fishing;i junks; auxiliaries.i

engaged traditionali or build

Many existing maritime labour Conventions have a low ratification level. The new Convention has been designed specifically to address this problem. More protection of seafarers will be achieved by the early ratification and national-level implementation of the new Convention by the vast majority of ILO nations active in the maritime sector, as is the case of the key Conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO): SOLAS, STCW and MARPOL.

9. How does the new Convention make it easier for countries to ratify it and to implement its requirements? Both the Constitution of the ILO and many ILO instruments seek to take account of national circumstances and provide for some flexibility in application of Conventions, with a view to gradually improving protection of workers, by taking into account the specific situation in some sectors and the diversity of national circumstances. Flexibility is usually based on principles of tripartism, transparency and accountability. When flexibility with respect to a Convention is exercised by a government it usually involves consultation with the workers and employers organizations concerned, with any determinations that are made reported to the ILO by the government concerned. This is seen as a necessary and important approach to ensuring that all countries, irrespective of national circumstances, can engage with the international legal system and that international obligations are respected and implemented, to the extent possible, while also making efforts to improve conditions. This is particularly important for an international industry such as shipping.

The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 generally follows this approach as well as also providing for additional flexibility, relevant to the sector, at a national level. The Convention seeks to be firm on rights and flexible on implementation. A major obstacle to the ratification of existing maritime labour Conventions is the excessive detail in many of them. The new Convention sets out the basic rights of seafarers to decent work in firm statements, but leaves a large measure of flexibility to ratifying countries as to how they will implement these standards for decent work in their The areas of flexibility in national the Convention include the laws. following:

i the Seafarers Employment and Social Rights set out in Article IV are to be fully implemented, in accordance with the requirements of this Convention (in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Articles, Regulations and Part A of the Code); however, unless specified otherwise in the Convention, national implementation may be achieved through national laws or regulations, through applicable collective bargaining agreements or through other measures or in practice;

implementation of the mandatory standards in Part A of the Codei (other than Title 5) may also

be

achieved

through

measures

which

are

substantially

equivalent;

many of the prescriptive or detailedi requirements in existng Conventions which had created difficulties for some governments interested in ratifying the Convention are now found in the Guidelines, which are in Part B of the Code. The provisions of Part B of the Code are not mandatory and are not subject to port State inspections, however governments are required to give due consideration to their content when implementing their obligations;

the requirements of the Convention, otheri than the ship certification system, will apply to most ships (it does not apply to fishing vessels, ships of traditional build or warships); however, the application of details in the Code may be relaxed for some smaller ships 200 gross tonnage (GT) and below that do not go on international voyages. This determination would be made in consultation with shipowners and seafarers organizations concerned;

all ships covered by the Convention would bei subject to the inspection system developed by the flag State but the certification system is only mandatory for ships of 500 gross tonnage and above that are engaged in international voyages (or are operating between ports in a foreign country). The certification system will certify that the ship is being operated in conformity with the Conventions requirements as implemented in the laws or regulations of the flag State concerned (in the case of other ships, the shipowners can also request their flag State to include their ships in the certification system so as to avoid or reduce the likelihood of their being inspected in foreign ports);

the Convention expressly recognizes that somei flag States may make use of recognized organizations such as classification societies to carry out aspects of the ship certification system on their behalf;

provisions affecting ship construction and equipment (Title 3) willi not apply to ships constructed before the Convention comes into force for the country concerned. Smaller ships (200 gross tonnage and below) may be exempted from specific accommodation requirements; specific allowance is made fori making determinations at a national level through consultation with shipowners and seafarers organizations "in case of doubt" as to the application of the Convention to categories of persons or ships or a particular ship. A Resolution was adopted along with the Convention which provides guidance to national authorities on the question of who would be considered "seafarers" in this context;

provision is made for the situation of countries that may not havei national organizations of shipowners or seafarers to consult;

provision isi made for national circumstances and for bilateral, multilateral and other arrangements in connection with social security coverage.

10. Will the shipowners duties and responsibilities cover seafarers whose work does not relate to the navigation or safe operation of the ship?

Yes, shipowners (or ship operators) have the overall responsibility as employers with respect to all seafarers working on their ships. It is understood that they could make arrangements with persons who may also have responsibility for the employment of particular seafarers, enabling the shipowners to recover the costs involved, for example.

11. Why is the new Convention likely to achieve the aim of near universal ratification?

Because the Convention was adopted by a record vote of 314 in favour and none against (two countries abstained for reasons unrelated to the substance of the Convention), after nearly two weeks of detailed review by over 1,000 participants drawn from 106 countries. This almost unprecedented level of support reflects the lengthy tripartite consultation exercise and the unswerving support that has been shown for it by the governments and workers and employers who have worked together since 2001 to develop the Convention text. It will also achieve near universal ratification because of its blend of firmness on rights and flexibility with respect to approaches to implementation of the more technical requirements and because of the advantages 12. What it will gives be to the the ships for of countries ships of that ratifying ratify it.

advantages

countries?

The ships of ratifying countries that provide decent conditions of work for their seafarers will have protection against unfair competition from substandard ships and will benefit from a system of certification, avoiding or reducing the likelihood of lengthy delays related to inspections in foreign ports.

13. How will the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 improve compliance and enforcement? The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006, aims to establish a continuous compliance awareness at every stage, from the national systems of protection up to the international system. This starts with the individual seafarers, who under the Convention have to be properly informed of their rights and of the remedies available in case of alleged non-compliance with the requirements of the Convention and whose right to make complaints, both on board ship and ashore, is recognized in the Convention. It continues with the shipowners. Those that own or operate ships of 500 gross tonnage and above, engaged in international voyages or voyages between foreign ports, are required to develop and carry out plans for ensuring that the applicable national laws, regulations or other measures to implement the Convention are actually being complied with. The masters of these ships are then responsible for carrying out the shipowners stated plans, and for keeping proper records to evidence implementation of the requirements of the Convention. As part of its updated responsibilities for the labour inspections for ships above 500 gross tonnage that are engaged in international voyages or voyages between foreign ports, the flag State (or recognized organization on its behalf) will review the shipowners plans and verify and certify that they are actually in place and being implemented. Ships will then be required to carry a maritime labour certificate and a declaration of maritime labour compliance on board. Flag States will also be expected to ensure that national laws and regulations implementing the Conventions standards are respected on smaller ships that are not covered by the certification system. Flag States will carry out periodic quality assessments of the effectiveness of their national systems of compliance, and their reports to the ILO under article 22 of the Constitution will need to provide information on their inspection and certification systems, including on their methods of quality assessment. This general inspection system in the flag State (which is founded on ILO Convention No. 178) is complemented by procedures to be followed in countries that are also or even primarily the source of the worlds supply of seafarers, which will similarly be reporting under article 22 of the ILO Constitution. The system is further reinforced by voluntary measures for inspections in foreign ports (port State control).

14. What are the maritime labour certificate and the declaration of maritime labour compliance? The Appendices to the Convention contain key model documents: a maritime labour certificate and a declaration of maritime labour compliance. The certificate would be issued by the flag State to a ship that flies its flag, once the State (or a recognized organization that has been authorized to carry out the inspections), has verified that the labour conditions on the ship comply with national laws and regulations implementing the Convention. The certificate would be valid for five years subject to periodic inspections by the flag State. The declaration is attached to the certificate and summarizes the national laws or regulations implementing an agreed-upon list of 14 areas of the maritime standards and setting out the shipowners or operators plan for ensuring that the national requirements implementing the Convention will be maintained on the ship between inspections. The lists of the 14 areas that must be certified by the flag State and that may be inspected, if an inspection occurs, in a foreign port are also set out in the Appendices to the Convention.

15. What is meant by no more favourable treatment for ships of non-ratifying countries? These words appear in Article V, paragraph 7, of the Convention. The idea, which is also found in IMO Conventions, is that ships must not be placed at a disadvantage because their country has ratified the new Convention. The practical consequence comes out clearly in the port State control provisions of Title 5 of the Convention, under which ships of all countries (irrespective of ratification) will be subject to inspection in any country that has ratified the Convention, and to possible detention if they do not meet the minimum standards of the new Convention. 16. How will respect for the new Convention actually be enforced?

The new Convention is intended to achieve more compliance by operators and owners of ships and to strengthen enforcement of standards through mechanisms which operate at all levels. For complaint shipowners flag port andi example, procedures shipmasters jurisdiction it contains available supervision and of control ofi provisions to conditions over foreign on for: seafarers;i their their ships; ships; ships.

Statesi State

inspections

By requiring ratifying Members not only to implement thei Convention in the national laws but also to document their implementation, the Convention should also enhance the effectiveness of the supervision carried out at the international level, especially by the competent bodies of the ILO. 17. How will the new Convention be kept more up to date than the existing Conventions? The part of the Convention which is expected to need updating from time to time, namely the two-part Code relating to the technical and detailed implementation of the basic obligations under the Convention, can be amended under an accelerated procedure (tacit acceptance) (provided for in Article XV) enabling changes to come into effect, for all or almost all ratifying countries, 18. Will within three to four be years from by when all they new are proposed.

ratifying

Members

bound

amendments?

A ratifying Member will not be bound by an amendment to the Code entering into effect in accordance with Article XV of the Convention if it expresses formal disagreement within a period

of normally two years. Amendments under Article XIV, which lays down a procedure to be followed in the case of amendments to the basic provisions, i.e. the Articles and Regulations, can only 19. take How do effect the for countries procedures that differ ratify from the those amendment in the IMO concerned. Conventions?

amendment

Both types of amendment procedure under Article XIV for the Convention as a whole, and Article XV for amendments only to the Code are based to a certain extent on procedures that are already well established in another agency of the United Nations, the International Maritime Organization (IMO). However, the Article XIV express ratification procedure is closer to the present ILO procedure for revising Conventions. The accelerated or tacit acceptance procedure under Article XV follows the IMO procedures especially with respect to the submission of amendments to Member States and their entry into effect; the main difference relates to the adoption of amendments: here (unlike under the IMO procedures) non-ratifying Members play a role and amendments have to be approved by the International Labour Conference, open to all ILO 20. What are the novel features of the new Members. Convention?

There are several novel features as far as the ILO is concerned. The whole structure of the new Convention differs from that of traditional ILO Conventions. It consists of the basic provisions, i.e. the Articles and Regulations, followed by atwo-part Code and divided into five Titles, one of which is devoted to compliance and enforcement. The Regulations and the Code, which contains Standards Title Title Title Title Title 4: 3: 1: and Guidelines, are for organized seafarers under to of facilities, welfare and food social the work five on ai Titles. ship

Minimum 2:

requirements

Conditions recreational medical care,

employmenti and security catering protection

Accommodation,i protection,i 5:

Health

Compliancei

and

enforcement.

There is also an Explanatory note to further assist Members implementing the Convention. The Convention also uses a new "vertically integrated" format with a numbering system that links the Regulations, Standards and Guidelines. Each Regulation also has a "plain language" purpose clause. For Regulation 1.2 Medical example: certificate

Purpose: To ensure that all seafarers are medically fit to perform their duties at sea 1. Seafarers shall not work on a ship unless they are certified as medically fit to perform their duties. ... Standard A1.2 Medical certificate

1. The competent authority shall require that, prior to beginning work on a ship, seafarers hold a valid medical certificate attesting that they are medically fit to perform the duties they are to carry ... Guideline B1.2 Medical certificate out at sea.

Guideline

B1.2.1

International

Guidelines...

Other innovations are the amendment procedures and the system for the certification of ships. However, most of these novel features are based on those of the instruments of other organizations, especially the IMO. One unique feature relates to the special status of the nonmandatory Part B of the Code and its relationship with the mandatory Part A.

21. What is meant by the special status of Part B of the Code and why was it needed? The status of Part B of the Code is based on the idea of firmness on principle and rights combined with flexibility in implementation. Without this innovation the new Convention could never aspire to wide-scale ratification: many of the provisions of existing maritime labour Conventions, which relate to the method of implementing basic seafarers rights (rather than to the content of those rights), have been transferred to the non-mandatory Part B Guidelines of the Code. Their placement in the mandatory Regulations and Part A (Standards) could have resulted in clear obstacles to ratification.

The special status is reflected in the following agreed set of questions and answers:

Is Answer:

Part

of

the

Code

mandatory? No.

Can Answer:

Part

be

ignored

by

ratifying

Members? No.

Is

implementation

of

Part

verified

by

port

State

inspectors? No.

Answer:

Does

the

ratifying

Member

have

to

follow

the

guidance

in

Part

B?

Answer: No, but if it does not follow the guidance it may vis--vis the competent bodies of the International Labour Organization need to justify the way in which it has implemented the corresponding mandatory provisions of the consolidated Convention.

22. Since Part B is not mandatory, why is it part of the Convention and not the subject of an international labour Recommendation?

Part A and Part B of the Code are interrelated. The provisions of Part B, called Guidelines, while not mandatory, are helpful and sometimes essential for a proper understanding of the Regulations and the mandatory Standards in Part A. In some cases, the mandatory Standards in Part A are so generally worded it may be difficult to implement them without the guidance in the corresponding 23. Can an ILO provisions Convention legally of contain Part non-mandatory B. provisions?

There is no reason why mandatory provisions should not be complemented by non-mandatory ones. There are precedents in international labour Conventions where the non-mandatory should is used rather than the mandatory shall.

24. Why does there sometimes appear to be some duplication between the Regulations and Part A of the Code of the Convention?

The Regulations, which will be approved by parliaments or legislatures during the national ratification processes, not only set out the basic rights of seafarers but also govern the content of the Code, including its possible future content after amendment under the accelerated procedure. Every provision of Part A of the Code must come within the general scope of the Articles or Regulations to be valid. This requirement sometimes leads to a measure of duplication. 25. Will the Convention also require ratifying countries to apply the ILOs core human rights Conventions or other Conventions mentioned in the new Convention?

No, but they will under Article III of the Convention have to satisfy themselves that their laws and regulations respect, in the context of the Convention, the fundamental rights, such as freedom of association, that are embodied in the core Conventions (there would be no requirement concerning the actual provisions of those Conventions).

The fact that other international Conventions are referred to in the Preamble or other parts of the Convention does not create a legal obligation, with respect to those Conventions, for a country that ratifies the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006.

ad_doodle2007 (1466) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 3 You have sailed out from port and after 9 days you have received a claim of 1000 $ from the consignee as the damage to goods in container ?As a master 1 ) As per Multi Modal transport act consignee can claim for any damaged goods not later than 6 days from the date of discharge of cargo.

tenzamathur (81) 3 user Rated :

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Q. 4 A is not a party to CLC & Fund Convention. B is a party of CLC and Fund. A Goes to port B and pollution is done .So how B will recover the money ? 1 ) Any vsl of A can't go to B's port without P&I club's gurantee ie. It must be covered for the liability limit which is 1 Billion USD. Only then the vsl would be permitted to enter its territory anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 5 A ship sails on 10th . You have joined on 9th .Loadline certificate expiring on 20th. Would you sail like this? Why ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 6 What is the segregation in IMDG Code ? How do you do it for container ship ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 7 What is Marine Pollutant ? 1 ) Each substance defined as harmful to the marine environment is identified as marine pollutant in column 4 of its entry in the Dangerous Goods List

anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 ) Marine pollutants means substances which, because of their potential to bioaccumulate in seafood or because of their high toxicity to aquatic life, are subject to the provisions of Annex III of anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : MARPOL 73/787, as amended.

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Q. 8 What is ISPS ? How will you get ISSC ? Under which condition will you get the Interim ISSC ? No comments for this Question.

2 Q. 9 What is GESAMP?

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1 ) Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP) was established in 1967 by a number of United Nations Agencies. GESAMP deals with all scientific aspects on the prevention, reduction and control of the degradation of the marine environment to sustain life support systems, resources and amenities.

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Q. 10 2 ships collide in open Sea .Who will investigate ? What if none of the coastal state is threatened by Pollution ? 1 ) MATTER TO BE INVESTIGATED BY FLAG STATE .IF CASE OF POLLUTION THAN MATTER IS INVESTIGATED BY FLAG STATE OR CAOSTAL STATE CONCERNED BUT ON COMPLAINT BASIS PRABHGEET (6)

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Q. 11 SITUATION - RV .You hear Fog horn fwd of beam and both RADAR not working? Action ? No comments for this Question.

2 Q. 12 LRIT in details ? 1 Jump ) From

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Wikipedia, to:

the navigation,

free

encyclopedia search

The Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) of ships was established as an international system on 19 May 2006 by the [(International Maritime Organization)] (IMO) as resolution MSC.202(81). This resolution amends chapter V of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), regulation 19-1 and binds all governments which have contracted to the IMO.

The LRIT regulation will apply to the following ship types engaged on international voyages:

* * * Cargo

All ships,

passenger including Mobile high

ships speed craft of

including 300 gross

high-speed tonnage drilling and above,

craft, and units.

offshore

These ships must report their position to their Flag Administration at least four times a day. Most vessels set their existing satellite communications systems to automatically make these reports. Other contracting governments may request information about vessels in which they have a legitimate interest under the regulation.

The LRIT system consists of the already installed (generally) shipborne satellite communications equipment, Communications Service Providers (CSPs), Application Service Providers (ASPs), LRIT Data Centres, the LRIT Data Distribution Plan and the International LRIT Data Exchange. Certain aspects of the performance of the LRIT system are reviewed or audited by the LRIT Coordinator acting on behalf of the IMO and its Contracting Governments.

Some[who?] confuse the functions of LRIT with that of AIS ([[Automatic Identification System]), a collision avoidance system also mandated by the IMO, which operates in the VHF radio band, with a range only slightly greater than line-of-sight. (See AIS) While AIS was originally designed for short-range operation as a collision avoidance and navigational aid, it has now been shown to be possible to receive AIS signals by satellite in many, but not all, parts of the world. This is becoming known as S-AIS and is completely different from LRIT. The only similarity is that AIS is

also collected from space for determining location of vessels, but requires no action from the vessels themselves except they must have their AIS system turned on. LRIT requires the active, willing participation of the vessel involved, which is, in and of itself, a very useful indication as to whether the vessel in question is a lawful actor. Thus the information collected from the two systems, S-AIS and LRIT, are mutually complementary, and S-AIS clearly does not make LRIT superfluous in any manner. Indeed, because of co-channel interference near densely populated or congested sea areas satellites are having a difficult time in detecting AIS from space in those areas. Fixes are under development by several organizations, but how effective they will be remains anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : to be seen.

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Q. 13 ROR Card -Sailing Vessel No comments for this Question.

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Q. 14 Type A and B-100 ships difference wrt Loadline ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 15 App Kandla. Tidal Range 6 m, HW @ 0605, LW @ 1205 . When will you anchor? Why? How to go about? Time when Tidal current is Max ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 16 Twin screw propellor which one would you prefer inward or outward and reason ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 17 Latest Amendments of ISM ? 1 The ISM ) Code has From been changed a 1st lot the full July changes can 2010 be found : from

http://www.maritimenz.govt.nz/Publications-and-forms/Commercial-operations/Shippingsafety/Safety-updates/Issue11-mnz-guidance-notice-october-2009.pdf Remember this that Capt. Menon will ask you everytime "what was it before ?" e.g. he will ask you like if the Masters responsibilty p"eriodically reviewing the safety management system" then what JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : did the code said before ?

2 tacit entry

ammendment accetance int

to

ISM 1st

adopted

4 jan

dec

2008 2008 2010

force

1st

july

sam_mate2002 (25) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 18 What is Particular Average ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 19 What is General Average ? 1 ) As per york Antwerp Rules 1994 "There is a general average act when and only when, any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally or resonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preventing from peril the property involves in a common maritime amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : adventure"

latest

addition

to

ya

rules

2004

numbered

rule

23

is

the

time

bar

jjos20 (1062) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 20 What are the various Information in damage control plan ? 1 2. 3. ) Any 1. Boundaries/Location and location there of of such to the Water in tight the such W/T W/T Compartments. Compartment. Openings.

openings and

opening close

Device

location

4. Indicators and signals of the status of opening (closed/open) and there location. One always on JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : bridge.

1 Q. 21 What is SCOPIC ?

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1 ) scopic is a special compensation for salvage oparation which has to be agreed between onwer & salvor.it is without safty net & no geographical problem.

lillaly (103) 1 user Rated :

Special

Compensation

of

&

Club.

In

case

of

salvage.Article

14.

vks_sd (52) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 22 What do you know about the Fund Convention ? Who manages the FUND ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 23 What are the situations when the Loadline exemption certificate are given ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 24 What is wreck ? 1 1-goods, which have

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Wreck

means: under water

been cast into the sea and then sink and remain

2-goods which have been cast or fall into the sea and remain floating on the surface 3-goods, which are sunk in the sea, but are attached to a floating object in order that they may be 4-goods 5-a vessel which abandoned are without found thrown hope away or or intention of again abandoned recovery

aks00791 (159) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 25 Who is a wreck receiver ? In what conditions receiver can sell off the wreck ? Where does this money goes ? 1 ) Deputy Conservator in Indian ports, also PO MMD can become the receiver of wreck. He can sell the wreck after no claim by the owner in 1 year. He can also sell if it is less than Rs.500 and also if it is no point of any shibaditya (116) 3 user Rated : advantage keeping the wreck. The money goes to GOI

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Q. 26 Can PSC Inspector check the accomodation and crew toilets on board ship ? Under which convention ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 27 What is maritime fraud ? What are the steps to check the charter party frauds ? 1 ) Maritime fraud occurs when one of the parties involved in an international trade transaction like the buyer, seller, shipowner, charterer, ships master or crew, insurer, banker, broker or agent illegally secures money or goods from another party to whom, on the face of it, he has undertaken specific trade, transport and financial obligations.

To check the c/p frauds all care should be taken by the master while issuing any b/l under that c/p to provide the true description of goods on the b/l. If any letter of authority is given to the agent for signing the B/L then such letter of authority should clearly mention the description of the goods so that he may not make any false declaration on behalf of the master

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1 Q. 28 Is IOPC under IMO ? 1

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No

- The 1992 Fund is governed by an Assembly composed of representatives of the Governments of all its Member States. The Assembly holds an ordinary session once a year. It elects an Executive Committee made up of 15 Member States. The main function of the Executive Committee is to approve the settlement of claims for compensation.

- The Supplementary Fund has its own Assembly which is composed of all States that are Members of that Fund whereas the 1971 Fund, which is in the process of being wound up, has an Administrative Council which is composed of all former Member States.

- Organisations connected with the maritime transport of oil, such as those representing shipowners, marine insurers and the oil industry, as well as environmental organisations, are represented as observers at the IOPC Funds meetings. Decisions by the IOPC Funds governing bodies are, however, taken solely by the representatives of the Governments of the Member States. - The 1992 Fund Assembly appoints the Director of the IOPC Funds, who is responsible for the operation of the three Funds and has extensive authority to take decisions regarding the settlement of claims. The Funds have their headquarters in London and are administered by a joint JAHAJEE (2715) Secretariat.

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Q. 29 What are the limits of liability as per OPA -90 ? 1 ) Effective from 31 July the new limits of liability are;

For a single-hull tank vessel less than or equal to 3,000 gross tons, the greater of $3,200 per gross ton or $6,408,000.

For a single-hull tank vessel greater than 3,000 gross tons, the greater of $3,200 per gross ton or $23,496,000. For a tank vessel less than or equal to 3,000 gross tons, other than a single hull tank vessel, the greater of $2,000 per gross ton or $4,272,000.

For a tank vessel greater than 3,000 gross tons, other than a single-hull tank vessel, the greater of For any $2,000 other vessel, per the gross greater of ton $1,000 per or gross ton $17,088,000. or $854,400

aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 30 What is the process of getting COFR under OPA and who gives COFR ? Who gives the Monetory guarantee bond for it ? 1 ) CoFR is issued by NPFC estd by USCG under OPA-90. This is similar to CLC and is issued only if the owner/operator provides evidence of financial responsibility to pay for removal costs and damages up to the applicable limit of liability, which is based on the gross tonnage and type of the vessel (e.g., higher limits apply to tank vessels than cargo vessels).

aks00791 (159) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 31 What is Nairobi Convention and what is the main change which it is likely to bring ? 1 ) As far as MMD Orals are considered the above is wrong. Nairobi convention means Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks

Adopted on 18 May, 2007. It is not yet in force. It will provide the legal basis for States to remove, or have removed, shipwrecks that may have the potential to affect adversely the safety of lives, goods and property at sea, as well as the marine environment specially in waters outside the territorial seas although a state may apply it in its territorial waters by informing IMO. Please refer to following link:

http://www.imo.org/About/Conventions/ListOfConventions/Pages/Nairobi-International-

Convention-on-the-Removal-of-Wrecks.aspx aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

2 ) The Nairobi Convention provides a mechanism for regional cooperation, coordination and collaborative actions in the Eastern and Southern African region that enables the Contracting Parties to harness resources and expertise from a wide range of stakeholders and interest groups towards solving interlinked problems of the coastal and marine environment including critical national and transboundary issues.

The Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region was signed in 1985 and came into force in 1996, making it one of 17 regional seas conventions and action plans. The Convention was amended and adopted in April, 2010.

The Nairobi Convention area extends from Somalia in the North to the Republic of South Africa in the South, covering 10 States, five of which are island States in the Western Indian Ocean and five mainland States. The Contracting Parties are Comoros, France, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania and the Republic of South Africa. anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 32 What is the difference between the HNS convetion and HNS Protocol ? 1 ) The convention has been adopted but has not yet entered into force as the required number of states haven't ratified it.

The protocol has been brought out so as to modify some terms of the convention so as to enable more states to ratify it causing it to come into effect.

aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 33 Will you load a damaged container ? If no then how will you defend yourself ? 1 ) No will not load as per CSC convention. Take photographs and inform the owners, P&I club and JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : then refuse to load.

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Q. 34 Stowaways are governed by which convention ? Briefly explain ? 1 anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Brussels convention

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Q. 35 Would you divert for Stowaways ? Who pays ? 1 P&I ) club No will will pay not for all deviate stowaway for Stowaway. chrges/expenses.

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 36 Is any state bound to take stowaway? What if you can prove the nationality ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 37 What is Unvalued Policy ? How is premium added ? 1 ) VALUATION OF GOODS USED FOR TRANSPORTATION ARE NOT DECLARED AT THE TIME OF COMMENCEMENT OF VOYAGE. PREMIUM IS PAYABLE EITHER AT DELIVERY OF GOODS OR CASUALTY OCCUR. THE VALUATION IS MADE ON THE MARKET VALUE ON THE DATE OF DELIVERY OR THE CASUALTY. PREMIUM IS PAID BY SHIPPER.

onklur (109) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 38 What are track spacing and how are they calculated ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 39 What do you know abt SAR conv. ? SRR overlaps What happens to these areas ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 40 What are the differences btw Hague and Hague Visby Rules ? Why HVR was required ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 41 What do you know about the hamburg rules ? How it came into force and who brought it ? 1 ) In 1971 UNCTAD recommended that a new international conference be called under the united nations auspices. A new set of rules were prepared by the UNICITRAL and was adopted in hamburg in 1978, tehese rules are called Hamburg Rules, cma into force from 01st Jan 1992. amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 42 What do you know about the London Dumping Conv.? Which materials are permitted to be dumped ? 1 ) http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=258&doc_id=681

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 43 What is LLMC ?Why was this conv required ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 44 What do you know abt BWM (Ballast water management) ? When will it enter into force ? 1 JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=867

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Q. 45 When did MARPOL Annex 4 and Annex 6 entered into force ? 1 Annex ) Annex 6419 27 May Sep 2003 2005

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

An

up

to

date

list

of

Status

of

all

Convention

can

be

found

at

http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=247 JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 46 Under what conditions are you required to inform the Class ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 47 You join a Bulk Carrier and see a Triangle on the side shell below Deck line. What does this mean? 1 ) Vessel is not allowed to load high density cargo.

tenzamathur (81) 3 user Rated :

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Q. 48 Capacity and requirements of Emergency Fire Pump ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 49 Requirements of EEBD ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 50 Liabilities of MTO ? 1 ) 920 SDR

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per

package

2.75

SDR

per

kg

parmanand (6) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 51 How will you make sure that SMS is being implemented onboard just after joining as Master ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 52 What are the clear grounds of detention as per PSC ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 53 Contents of CSR ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 54 Requirements of Steering Gear test ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 55 How do you avoid TRS ? Why less TRS in Southern Hemisphere ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 56 What are the criteria for Intact Stability ? 1 ) Refer IMO INTACT STABILITY CRITERIA

amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 57 What is COF? What is IOPP? Differences btw COF and IOPP ? Why is COF required ?Does Oil tanker require COF ? 1 ) The certificate of fitness is a certificate which lists the cargo that a special type of vessel can handle. It is issued under the requirements of SOLAS.

IOPP certificate is issued under MARPOL for equipment related to prevention of oil pollution. Crude oil /refined petroleum product tankers do no need COF.

aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 58 Can a country ratify CLC 69 ? India under CLC 69 or 92 ? Does MS Act show whther India 69 or 92 ? Where does it show ? 1 ) CLC 92 has compulsorily replaced CLC 69 and all states party to CLC 69 are automatically party to CLC 92. Same is stated in article 352H, sub para (i) of Part XB of merchant shipping act as aks00791 (159) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : amended.

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Q. 59 Person dies onboard . As per MS Act whom will you inform ? Why Next of kin and How ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 60 Latest amendments of ROR? What is WIG ? Difference btw WIG, Air cushion and sea plane ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 61 Crew injured on jetty. What is the procedure of investigation ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 62 Out at Sea damage sustained to V/L. Action-whom to inform, other actions ... No comments for this Question.

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Q. 63 York Antwerp Rule ? Is full damage covered ? 1 ) Only losses & damage or expenses which are the direct consequence of the G.A. act. No indirect LATSREE (76) 1 user Rated : losses

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Q. 64 You have a twin scre propellor .How will you execute short turn to Stb ? 1 ) Stb propellor astern, port propellor ahead movement and rudder Hard Stb.

JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 65 What is Ballast Bonus ?Is ballast Bonus only in voyage or time charterer or both ? Exception clauses? 1 ) A ballast bonus is a time charter concept and it refers to a lumpsum payment 'sometimes' made to a shipowner (by the charterer) as compensation for delivering a ship in a loading region of the world!

tomlaks (72) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 66 What is Himalaya clause ? 1 ) "No servant or agent or independent contractor from time to time employed by the carrier shall be liable to the owner of the goods for any loss or damage resulting from any act or negligence tomlaks (72) 1 user Rated : on his part while acting in the course of his employment."

2 ) A shipmaster may also be liable in tort for a variety of civil wrongs claimed to have been done to third parties, an example being the successful suing by a passenger of the master of the P&O liner Himalaya in Adler v. Dixon (1954). As a result of the judgement in that case, many shipowners now insert a "Himalaya Clause" into their contracts of carriage or passage, in order to protect their servants and contractors from liability for wrongs committed during the course of their JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : duties.

3 ) A Himalaya clause is a contractual provision expressed to be for the benefit of a third party who is not a party to the contract. Although theoretically applicable to any form of contract, most of the jurisprudence relating to Himalaya clauses relate to marine matters, and exclusion clauses in bills of lading for the benefit of stevedores in particular.

Contents [hide] anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 67 Is class mandatory ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 68 How do you decide as an owner what your charter hire will be ? How decided ? How often updated ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 69 Is it compulsory to display the loadline Certificate ? Under which what act or regulation ?

1 shibaditya (116)

MS

Act

319

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 70 SUA convention in detail ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 71 If there is a wreck inside the channel, owners have abandoned it by Notice of abandonment. What does the underwriter do? Do they remove the wreck ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 72 World scale ? Graph of world scale ? 1 ) http://www.worldscale.co.uk/Preamble/Book/2010/PreamblePartA.html#PPADefinitions

JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 73 WHAT IS LOI? Can you load and disc on LOI ? 1 ) Letter of Indemnity is issued by one party under contract (usually the charterer) to indemnify the other party (usually the owner/master of the vessel) from any consequences of following the orders/requests of the first party which may be contrary to the terms of the contract. It is usually issued for it discharging has no without legal the presentation in a of bill(s) court of of lading. law.

Though

prevalent,

standing

The owner may accept the LOI under the supervision of his P&I club after which he should explicitly tell the master to Discharge the cargo.

Under no case shall a LOI be accepted for any alterations to a B/L which tend to change the description, date or place of shipping as this comprises maritime fraud.

aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

1 Q. 74 WIBON ? 1 )

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Whether

In

Berth

or

not

JAHAJEE (2715)

2 user Rated :

1 Q. 75 INCO - CIF ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 76 What light will an aground Mine clearance vessel show ? 1 ) ground vsl light as per length

sam_mate2002 (25) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 77 Which vessel does not show RAM even when RAM ? 1 ) Vessel engaged in Mine Clearance operations

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 samb (71)

warship

is

dt

right???

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

3.

Warship

is

not

right.

They

too

exhibit

RAM

LATSREE (76) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 78 3 million USD as guarantee if Salvage operation invokes SCOPIC. How will you settle if expenses are more or less than this amount ? 1 ) If at any time after the provision of the Initial Security the Contractor reasonably assesses the SCOPIC remuneration plus interest and costs due hereunder to be greater than the security in place, the Contractor shall be entitled to require the owners of the vessel to increase the security to a reasonable sum and the owners of the vessel shall be obliged to do so once a reasonable JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : sum has been agreed.

1 Q. 79 What is FSA ?

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1 ) formal safety assessment contains 5 step process for any assessment. ie- 1-identification of hazard 2- risk assessment - 3- risk control options -4- cost benefit measures and -5- decision making kuberpandey (65) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : or recommendations

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Q. 80 Which all vessels will the PSC not inspect ? 1 ) Vessels of their own flag state

chithi_dis (87) 2 user Rated :

v/l

visiting

our

ports

frm use

adjsent for less

countries dn 1

use hr

for

govermental

offical

transport,warships,fpso!!,ferries samb (71) 1 user Rated :

sailing,supply

v/l....etc.

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Q. 81 Can a vessel have 2 classification society ? 1 only indian associate ship have ) member.e.g dual no india class.

sam_mate2002 (25) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 82 What do you know about TOCA ? 1 ) Transfer of Class Agreement

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 83 Change of P & I ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 84 How is a resolution made ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 85 Dual Registry what do you know ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 86 Diference between Note of protest and Letter of protest ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 87 Difference between Salvage and Towage ? 1 2. ) 1. When the contract tug abandons must end the towage before contract Salvage n not contract the tow. starts.

Towage

3. When the tug owning company understands the renumerstions earned by the the standard towage 3.When 4. anshuman (83) 2 user Rated : When LOF contract can't cover him for court 2000 is the time, effort, dangers he faces decides signed

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Q. 88 When will Towage become Salvage ? 1 ) A criterion for whether a towing vessel has become a salving vessel is have there been supervening circumstances which would justifying her in abandoning her contract?not the tow, but abandoning the contract to tow.

It must be ascertained as to whether the services that were to be rendered eventually by the tug such as to have been beyond the reasonable contemplation of the parties when they originally negotiated the towage contract.

It is beyond doubt that towage and salvage services cannot be performed concurrently. One must finish before the other starts.

Definite guidelines have been established in the courts(1928 The Homewood case) to determine where the towage stops and salvage starts. For the tug owner to consider rightly that he had taken on the role of salvor it is essential that:

a)the services he performed were of such an extraordinary nature that they could not have been with in the reasonable contemplation of the parties to the original towage contract

b)the services in fact performed and the risks in fact would not have been reasonably remunerated if the contractual remuneration only was paid.

In short , mere difficulty in the performance of the towage does not automatically convert the towage into salvage. The burden of proof is heavy and lies upon the tug owner claiming the salvage reward. He must show that the nature of the service changed from towage to salvage through no fault or want of skill on his part and simply and solely by accident or fortuitous circumstances over which he had no control.

jjos20 (1062) 1 user Rated :

2 ) 1)when services being performed by the tugs are of such an exceptional nature that they are not within reasonable contemplation of towage contract 2)services being performed by the tug will not be adequately compensated by towage contract

ad_doodle2007 (1466) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 89 Which Document functions same as B/L ? 1 JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : ) Multimodal Transport Document

2 note

) way

seaway bill is

bill not

or document

way of

bill title.

sam_mate2002 (25) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

Note:

Seaway

Bill

is

also

not

document

of

Title

shibaditya (116) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

4 samb (71)

mate

recipt..!!!!

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

its

multi

model

transport

doc.

ajanup18 (84) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 90 What is CESS ? 1 )

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Custom

Excise

Surcharge.

Charged at 50 Paisa/Ton of OIL imported by any company. GOI collects and gives to IOPC fund JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 91 Explain role of Marine Board in Marine casualty as per MS Act ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 92 Pooping ?

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1 ) Pooping is the term used to describe the seas breaking over the stern of the vessel. This can also be dangerous particularly for an open decked vessel. Large amounts of water can quickly flood the vessel, causing additional problems.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

http://www.spc.int/coastfish/sections/training/fts_pdf/statutory/nautical_lg_en.pdf

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 93 Broaching ?

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1 ) Broaching:- when a steep following sea causes the vessel to surf forwards controllably, the bow tends to dig into the wave ahead, decelerating the vessel rapidly. The forces on the stern will cause the stern to swing violently to the left or right and the vessel will come to rest broadside to the waves. A rapid broaching may cause a capsize.

http://www.spc.int/coastfish/sections/training/fts_pdf/statutory/nautical_lg_en.pdf JAHAJEE (2715)

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 94 MRCC in India ? 1 )

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Mumabi,

Chennai

&

Port

Blair

aseem_1972 (11) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 95 What is attachment certificate with Load line assignment ? 1 ) Condition of Assessment of Freeboard (Form C-11)

aseem_1972 (11) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 96 If the master has overloaded the vessel then as per MS Act how is the master fined ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 97 What is IMB? Who funds IMB ? Is IMB member of IMO ? 1 ) International Maritime Bureau (IMB) is a specialised division of the International Chamber Of Commerce (ICC). The IMB is a non-profit making organisation, established in 1981 to act as a focal point in the fight against all types of maritime crime and malpractice.

IMBs main task is to protect the integrity of international trade by seeking out fraud and malpractice. For over 25 years, it has used industry knowledge, experience and access to a large number of well-placed contacts around the world to do this: identifying and investigating frauds, spotting new criminal methods and trends, and highlighting other threats to trade.

The information gathered from sources and during investigations is provided to members in the form of timely advice via a number of different communication routes. It lists the threats and explains how members can reduce their vulnerability to them. Over the years, this approach has thwarted many attempted frauds and saved the shipping and trading industry many millions of dollars.

The IMB provides an authentication service for trade finance documentation. It also investigates and reports on a number of other topics, notably documentary credit fraud, charter party fraud, cargo theft, ship deviation and ship finance fraud.

As well as helping to prevent crime, the IMB also has a duty to educate both the shipping community and a wider audience that comprises just about every entity engaged in trade. To this end, the IMB runs a regular series of courses and training programmes that have a wide-ranging syllabus and many proven benefits. It also offers bespoke consultancy services in areas such as ship and port security.

One of the IMBs principal areas of expertise is in the suppression of piracy. Concerned at the alarming growth in the phenomenon, this led to the creation of the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre in 1992. The Centre is based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It maintains a round-the-clock watch on the worlds shipping lanes, reporting pirate attacks to local law enforcement and issuing warnings about piracy hotspots to shipping.

Financial support to the Piracy Reporting Centre has been received from from the following companies:

Assuranceforeningen Britannia Den European Japan Standard Steamship The Taskos aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated : North Steam Insurance of P&I Ship Mutual Management England P&I Club, P&I Services Association Steam Norske Ship Krigsforsikring Insurance for Association Skib,

SKULD Limited Norway Commission Japan Association Ltd Ltd Shipping

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Q. 98 Who are the members of Fund Convention ? 1 ) entity which imports 150000 tons of persistent oil needs to contribute as per fund convention. tenzamathur (81) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 99 Cargo ships carrying Dangerous cargo. Which certificates required ? 1 aseem_1972 (11) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Documents of Compliance

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Q. 100 During PSC in India ,Inspector finds a detainable deficiency which as a master you do not agree. What actions ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 101 Procedure for removal of wreck from Indian Coast ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 102 As per which section of STCW 95 our certificate is issued? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 103 Seaman's Identity Document ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 104 Is marine Insurance compulsory? Why is it called an ACT ? Why is it required ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 105 Bunker Conv ? What is it all about and when in force ? 1 ) See answer to Q377. Applies to vessels more than 1000GT. Vessels to have compulsory insurance cover for bunker spills. Is similar to CLC but applies to ships other than Oil Tankers aks00791 (159) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 106 FAL Conv ? 1 2. 3. ) Prevent 1.

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has

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Facilitates delay to

International ship, crew

Maritime passengers & &

Traffic. Cargo. procedure.

unnecessary in

Uniformities

formalities,

documentary

requirements

4. It consists of standards & recommended practices, Consist of 7 forms, 2 documents as per postal convention.

5. ADA & EDI(Automatic data processing and Electronic data Interchange) can be utilized due to uniform 6. 7. Action Language when stowaway difficulties are found are having layout. minimized. inadequate docs.

8.

Stowaway

formalities

concerning

repatriation.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 107 Sequence of events that will take place when Shipowner knows that his ship is overdue Survey ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 108 Bonding WIre ? What does ISGOTT say ? 1 ) ISGOTT does NOT recommend Bonding Wires

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 109 Indian Vessel carry Radio Equipment under which Conv/Act ? 1 Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Section 291 MS Act.

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Q. 110 Particular Average and Particular Charge .What is the difference ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 111 Master's Overriding Authority ? Under which element of ISM ? 1 ) 5 Master's Responsibility and Authority

5.1 The Company should clearly define and document the master's responsibility with regard to:

5.1.1 implementing 5.1.2 motivating 5.1.3 issuing appropriate orders and instructions in a clear and simple manner; the crew in the observation of that policy; the safety and environmental-protection policy of the Company;

5.1.4 verifying that specified requirements are observed; and

anshuman (83) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 112 If enhanced survey exists what is the need of CAS ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 113 Criteria for Permanent and Associate member of IACS ? 1 ) To become Minimum More Total Should Gross have then Tonnage 75 an associate 15 750 must surveyors member of years sea be and IACS it requires of going minimum 50 2 technical the following: experience. vessel. million. staff.

There are several classification societies working all over the world but minimum requirements to All More vessels have become Minimum then must 150 a full 30 1500 be over exclusive sea 100 GT member years going with and of of vessels total 100 8 IACS are: experience. registered. million GT. staff.

Should

surveyors

technical

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 114 U have to take Pilot at Baltic Enterance. Owners say not to take and pilotage is not compulsory. What action and where are the guideline given ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 115 IMO Publications carried onboard? Is ISM Code Publication Compulsory ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 116 In IMO Organisation , who is the most powerful committee ? Name some sub-committee ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 117 Full procedure of Insurance of V/L? Does U/W issue the policy ? If not then who issues ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 118 What is Sue and Labour Clause ? 1 ) It is the duty of the assured, their servants and agents to take such necessary measures to prevent and minimize losses. Sue and labour charges are expenses incurred by the assured in preventing or minimizing loss or damage due to an insured peril. Underwriter will contribute to charges Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : incurred under sue and labour.

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Q. 119 you r joining a vessel as a master (tanker).your IOPP certificate is expiring next day.Vessel is sailing same day.last master is a gone case and 1 ) dts nt ur baby....jst infom company dts all...& also b4 joining chk wth company wt surveys n inspections samb (71) 4 user Rated : coming up n dues...

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Q. 120 today is sunday ,all offices closed ,what u will do??owner tell u to do what ever u want to. No comments for this Question.

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Q. 121 certificate has already been extended once.what will u do now?next port is 7 day from now.vesssel is on time charter and surveyor is not availab No comments for this Question.

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Q. 122 under the provision of MS Act when a crew is misbehaving,he is not reporting for work,action as master??u r out at sea and next port 7-8 day. wh 1 1. Verbal ) correction

2. Entry in official log book by the master and signed by the master, mate or one of the crew. 3. The copy of the entry shall be given to the offender and read over and explained to him.

4. If any reply by the offender then that shall also be entered in the official log book and signed as above.

5. Statement that a copy has been furnished and entry has been read out to the offender shall also 6. Fine be of entered Rs. 1000/in or 2 the years official log or book. both

imprisonment

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 123 annex I is prevention and annex II is control .why?? 1 ) Since oil is not miscible in water it floats and is not biodegradable and requires prevention as per Annexx I, whereas Annex II is miscible in water and therefore cant be detected when mixed with Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : water, hence requires control.

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Q. 124 SITUATION - out at sea in night u see a single red light.what it could be??what other light it show?urs heading is 000,what is the heading of sailing vessel? 1 ) It could be a vessel on a westerly course. The vessel could be a sailing vessel or a vessel being towed outside the range of the tug.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 125 what is Ad Valorem freight?? 1 ) It is the freight paid for High valued cargoes and the freight paid is not as per Number or quantity by upon the agreed valuation of the cargo

shibaditya (116) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 126 What is IDE w.r.t LRIT?Who is main renowned international organisation responsible for oversee the operation of IDE?

1 ) International Data Exchange. US Coast Guard is a temporary organization responsible and deputed Exemptions from LRIT by requirements IMO are only possible for in cases as IDE. follows:

a. When the vessel is not engaged in international voyages or is operating exclusively within the territorial waters of a single country,

b. When the vessel is operating exclusively in GMDSS sea area A1 and fitted with AIS, c. There is long term lay-up or conversion with all shipboard system non-operational and without shipboard power,

d. Vessel will enter into long term lay-up or conversion with all shipboard systems nonoperational Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : and without shipboard power.

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Q. 127 what is annex III of marpol??? 1 ) Prevention of pollution from NLS in packaged form.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 128 Maritme labour convention?? As much knowlwdge as possible?? MLC and DoMLC.?? 3 main points of requirements?? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 129 LLMC ,why it came ,what was the necesssity?? 1 ) 1. The reason for LLMC is the shipowner should be encouraged to invest in the high risk ventures. 2. It is unfair that a shipowners liability is unlimited when a loss is caused not by his fault and concurrence, but by the actions of others.

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 130 One Red light ahead, what is it? 1 ) Compass bearing, Alter course to stbd. As I am seeing a side lights of a vessel. Satyarthi (175)

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 131 The ship has sailed out and after few days you receive a large claim from cargo owners. As a master how would u varify if the claim amount is correct? No comments for this Question.

You are here : ORALS >> Master - ASM MMD Oral Question and Answers asked by Surveyor Capt. Menon at MMD kolkata

SHARE WITH FRIENDS : |More Following are the Master - ASM MMD Oral Question and Answers asked by Surveyor Capt. Menon at MMD kolkata

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Q. 1 Latest Amendments of ISM ? 1 The ISM ) Code has From been changed a 1st lot the full July changes can 2010 be found : from

http://www.maritimenz.govt.nz/Publications-and-forms/Commercial-operations/Shippingsafety/Safety-updates/Issue11-mnz-guidance-notice-october-2009.pdf Remember this that Capt. Menon will ask you everytime "what was it before ?" e.g. he will ask you like if the Masters responsibilty p"eriodically reviewing the safety management system" then what JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : did the code said before ?

2 tacit entry

ammendment accetance int

to

ISM 1st

adopted

4 jan

dec

2008 2008 2010

force

1st

july

sam_mate2002 (25) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 2 Who will do the Internal Audit On your ship with respect of ISM ?

1 ) .4 Personnel carrying out audits should be independent of the areas being audited unless this is impracticable due to the size and the nature of the Company.

surajgautam2000 (112) 1 user Rated :

2 ) The Master cannot do the Internal Audit. The management rank officers of different departments JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated : can do the Internal Audit. Superintendent cannot.

normally

the

DPA

or

ship

safety

and

quality

suprtd.

can

took

internal

audit

00nl-0736 (43) 3 user Rated :

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Q. 3 Impact test of Life Boat? 1 ) L/B dropped from 3 m above water . Done during manufacturing only not after that. JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 4 What is General Obligation ? General exceptions of the carrier ? 1 ) 3 common law obligations (as to seaworthiness, deviation, reasonable despatch) are basic obligations of all carriers.

6 common law exceptions (act of God, Queens enemies, inherent vice, defective packing, fraud, jettison/general average) protect the carrier from liability, unless he is negligent, if his vessel was unseaworthy at the start of the voyage, or if there was a serious deviation from the contract (e.g. cargo taken to a non-agreed port, etc.).

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 5 SITUATION - In Restricted Visibility you have a P.D. V/L ,coverging at close quarter, on your port quarter ? Who is the Stand on/Give way vessel? Action ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 6 Who issues a DOC ? How many DOC can a company have ? 1 ) Flag state issues DOC.

Company can have only 1 DOC. If the company has ships of different Flag then mostly, other flag will approve the DOC of different Flag for same kind of ships. If not then the Flag will issue a different We were never able to convince DOC where is it given in the code . .!!!

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 7 How to reduce vertical heeling Moment (Grain)? Where can you find the Information ? 1 ) After telling everything from the Grain Code do tell that you will fill ballast.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 8 What kind of B/L is on Tanker ? How is it different from other B/L ? 1 sunillawrence (73) 1 user Rated : ) Tanker waybill.

2 ) In case of EDP the agent is authorised to sign for the master .Letter of Authorisation is given for signing the B/L to the agent , but only in consultation of the master.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

EDp

Is

early

departure

Procedure

followed

onboard

tanker.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 9 What are the Expressed and Implied warranties ? 1 ) EXPRESSED WARRANTY

=================== (1) An express warranty may be in any form of words from which the intention to warrant is to

be

inferred.

(2) An express warranty must be included in, or written upon, the policy, or must be contained in some document incorporated by reference into the policy.

(3) An express warranty does not exclude implied warranty, unless it be inconsistent therewith. Example A] B] C] In short SALVAGE anything which is NAVIGATION of / TOWING WARRANTIES written is Exp TRADING Warranty: WARRANTY WARRANTIES etc expressed

IMPLIED ================ Warranty Example A] B] C] In short anything which is understood is not included of in or endorsed Exp on the

WARRANTY

policy. Warranty:

SEAWORTHINESS LEGALITY NEUTRALITY implied

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 10 MARPOL Annex 1 machinery space criteria ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 11 What do you know about the Fund Convention ? Who manages the FUND ? No comments for this Question.

2 Q. 12 What is Subrogation ?

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1 ) Subrogation means that upon payment of the insured value to the policy hollder (owner in case of vessel) the insurer takes charge of the object insured to dispose of it in manner he deems fit (he may sell it off or may sue other parties liable for the damage/loss)

aks00791 (159) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 13 What is Particular Average ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 14 What is General Average ? 1 ) As per york Antwerp Rules 1994 "There is a general average act when and only when, any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally or resonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preventing from peril the property involves in a common maritime amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : adventure"

latest

addition

to

ya

rules

2004

numbered

rule

23

is

the

time

bar

jjos20 (1062) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 15 What are the various Information in damage control plan ? 1 2. 3. ) Any 1. Boundaries/Location and location there of of such to the Water in tight the such W/T W/T Compartments. Compartment. Openings.

openings and

opening close

Device

location

4. Indicators and signals of the status of opening (closed/open) and there location. One always on JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : bridge.

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Q. 16 What is Clause paramount ? Why is it mentioned in the Charter Party when the same is there also in B/L ? 1 ) Clause Paramounts inserted in all C/P and has the effect of Incorporating Hague or Hague Visby or Hamburg Rules to the contract of Carriage.

Clause Paramounts requires that all B/L issued to incorporate such Rules/Act so that the Consignee (who may be in some other country) always knows the rules under which carriage is done. The same is also inserted in C/P so that the Shipowner and Charterer agree to the condition JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : of Carriage prior signing the C/P.

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Q. 17 What is New Jason Clause ? 1 ) cargo owner to cntribute in GA

sam_mate2002 (25) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 is

New required to

Jason protect

Clause owners

(or against the

Amended possibility

Jason of US

Clause) lawsuits.

- Under US common law, a shipowner cannot claim General Average contributions from cargo where there has been faulty navigation or management of the ship. The owners will therefore seek to exonerate himself from liability for loss from these causes. However, the Harter Act 1893 made it illegal to insert any clause in a bill of lading exonerating the ship from liability for loss caused through negligence, improper stowage, etc. Even so, a clause was commonly inserted in bills of lading giving owners the right to claim General Average contributions from cargo. - Validity of the clause was tested in a 1904 court case concerning the s.s. Jason, and in 1911 after lengthy litigation, the clauses validity was upheld by the court.

- It has since been extended to include salvage, and is now called the New (or Amended) Jason Clause and commonly inserted in bills of lading and charter parties.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 18 What is Inchmaree Clause ? 1 ) Insurers to indemnify for 3rd part mistakes like Master, crew, Pilots, Surveyors, Stevedores, Dock JAHAJEE (2715) 2 user Rated : Labours etc.

2 ) A standard clause in maritime insurance contracts covering risk of events not directly linked to perils at sea such as, but not necessarily limited to, loading accidents.Named after a ship called the Inchmaree which suffered damage as a result of the breakdown of a pump. tomlaks (72) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 19 What do you know about Anti Fouling convention ? 1 JAHAJEE (2715) ) http://www.imo.org/Environment/mainframe.asp?topic_id=223

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 20 Can you discharge E/R bilges in special Area ? If yes then how is it deifferent from discharge in Non special area ? 1 ) Yes . In Special area there is requirement of alarm as well as automatic stopping device. In non special area it is only alarm and manual stop is there.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 21 Can a vessel sail without signing B/L on tankers ? Who signs the B/L then and with whose permission ? 1 ) n case of EDP the agent is authorised to sign for the master .Letter of Authorisation is given for signing the B/L to the agent , but only in consultation with the master.Permission from owners, JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : master, charterers ,all concerned parties.

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Q. 22 What is utmost Good faith ? 1 ) It is the name of a legal doctrine which governs insurance contracts. This means that all parties to an insurance contract must deal in good faith, making a full declaration of all material facts in the insurance proposal.

This is a doctrine followed by Lloyd's of London for all marine policies and it is expected that the insured shall declare all pertinent information for the object insured.

aks00791 (159) 2 user Rated :

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Q. 23 What is Insurable Interest ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 24 What are the difference between the LOF 2000 and LOF 95 ? No comments for this Question.

2 Q. 25 What is SCOPIC ?

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1 ) scopic is a special compensation for salvage oparation which has to be agreed between onwer & salvor.it is without safty net & no geographical problem.

lillaly (103) 1 user Rated :

Special

Compensation

of

&

Club.

In

case

of

salvage.Article

14.

vks_sd (52) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 26 What do you know about the CLC Fund ? Who will issue the Certificate ? No comments for this Question.

2 Q. 27 What is LSSA ? 1 ) Lloyd's

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has

asked

Standard

Salvage

and

arbitration

Clause

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

2 JAHAJEE (2715)

Clause

in

LOF

2000

This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 28 What is Sue and Labour Clause ? 1 ) It is the duty of the assured, their servants and agents to take such necessary measures to prevent and minimize losses. Sue and labour charges are expenses incurred by the assured in preventing or minimizing loss or damage due to an insured peril. Underwriter will contribute to charges Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : incurred under sue and labour.

2 Q. 29 Risk Assessment?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 30 Static and Dynamic test of Life Boat ? 1 =========== 5 yearly loaded to 1.5 times the Max brake holding capacity of Davit and tested for deformation. DYNAMIC ============ 5 yearly loaded to 1.1 times the Max brake holding capacity of Davit and released at max lowering Both speed. done Tested only for in deformation. drydock. TEST ) STATIC TEST

Also annually done the dynamic test onboard by L/B manufacturing company representative with no crew in boat and lowered at Max lowering speed and checked.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 31 how to calculate the position of datum in sar No comments for this Question.

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Q. 32 Who approves the damage control Plan ? 1 ) It is issued by the shipyard and approved by the classification society (remember the class stamp on damage stability booklet which every inspector wants to see?)

chithi_dis (87) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 33 What is contract of Affreightment? 1 ) Contract of Affreightment is the expression usually employed to describe the contract between a ship-owner and another person called the charterer, by which the ship-owner agrees to carry goods of the charterer in his ship, or to give to the charterer the use of the whole or part of the cargo-carrying space of the ship for the carriage of his goods on a specified voyage or voyages or for a specified time. The charterer on his part agrees to pay a specified price, called freight, for the carriage of the goods or the use of the ship.

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

2 ) Generally done for large quantities of Cargo ...Like LNG for 3 yrs from say port X to Port Y JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 34 SITUATION - You are a P.D. V/L and you see a tow on your Port bow ? What action will you take and under which rule ? At what distance will you alter the Course ? 1 ) You are standon .Alteration to stb if the give way vessel not responding. Alteration at minimum JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : 6 miles (Safe Navigation).

2 ) Do not forget to sound 5 short and rapid blast prior any alteration to confirm about the give ways JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : vessel action.

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Q. 35 What is Proximity Clause ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 36 What are the perils of Insurance ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 37 You have received Damaged cargo. The charterers are giving LOI. Will you sign the B/L ? 1 ) No . will inform the owner and if required P&I Club. Until a written confirmation from owners do not come will not sign B/L.

JAHAJEE (2715) 4 user Rated :

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Q. 38 You are in open sea and experiencing Wind Force more than 10 ? What action will you take w.r.t. the Maneuverability ? 1 ) 1st of all as master in open sea monitor wx fax daily...2nd if drs chances of bad wx take extra precautions such as add.ballat,securing on dk,e/r,galley etc. 3rd if wind force increasing chose

best way to avoid it by doing alteration of course or increase spd...if d load on engines is increasing samb (71) 2 user Rated : dn reduce d spd. n a/c of courese..to mini. damage to v/l..

2 ) With wind force 10, it is prudent to minimise the speed to keep the vessel in safe manoeuvring mode and not putting load on the engines. Vsl should be heaved on to the swell to minimise effects of synchronised rolling. As for cargo part, a note of protest should be noted. Bhoops bhupesh (108) 1 user Rated :

Reduce

Speed.

Bring

the

Engines

to

Dead

Slow

ahead.

JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 39 What are running Down clause ? What is 3/4th Clause? 1 JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Both are same

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Q. 40 Who will pay after the Supplementary fund is exceeded ? 1 tenzamathur (81) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) loss sharing bases

1 Q. 41 Is IOPC under IMO ? 1

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No

- The 1992 Fund is governed by an Assembly composed of representatives of the Governments of all its Member States. The Assembly holds an ordinary session once a year. It elects an Executive Committee made up of 15 Member States. The main function of the Executive Committee is to approve the settlement of claims for compensation.

- The Supplementary Fund has its own Assembly which is composed of all States that are Members of that Fund whereas the 1971 Fund, which is in the process of being wound up, has an

Administrative

Council

which

is

composed

of

all

former

Member

States.

- Organisations connected with the maritime transport of oil, such as those representing shipowners, marine insurers and the oil industry, as well as environmental organisations, are represented as observers at the IOPC Funds meetings. Decisions by the IOPC Funds governing bodies are, however, taken solely by the representatives of the Governments of the Member States. - The 1992 Fund Assembly appoints the Director of the IOPC Funds, who is responsible for the operation of the three Funds and has extensive authority to take decisions regarding the settlement of claims. The Funds have their headquarters in London and are administered by a joint JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : Secretariat.

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Q. 42 What are track spacing and how are they calculated ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 43 What do you know about the hamburg rules ? How it came into force and who brought it ? 1 ) In 1971 UNCTAD recommended that a new international conference be called under the united nations auspices. A new set of rules were prepared by the UNICITRAL and was adopted in hamburg in 1978, tehese rules are called Hamburg Rules, cma into force from 01st Jan 1992. amitsahrawat (16) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 44 When will Towage become Salvage ? 1 ) A criterion for whether a towing vessel has become a salving vessel is have there been supervening circumstances which would justifying her in abandoning her contract?not the tow, but abandoning the contract to tow.

It must be ascertained as to whether the services that were to be rendered eventually by the tug such as to have been beyond the reasonable contemplation of the parties when they originally negotiated the towage contract.

It is beyond doubt that towage and salvage services cannot be performed concurrently. One must finish before the other starts.

Definite guidelines have been established in the courts(1928 The Homewood case) to determine where the towage stops and salvage starts. For the tug owner to consider rightly that he had taken on the role of salvor it is essential that:

a)the services he performed were of such an extraordinary nature that they could not have been

with

in

the

reasonable

contemplation

of

the

parties

to

the

original

towage

contract

b)the services in fact performed and the risks in fact would not have been reasonably remunerated if the contractual remuneration only was paid.

In short , mere difficulty in the performance of the towage does not automatically convert the towage into salvage. The burden of proof is heavy and lies upon the tug owner claiming the salvage reward. He must show that the nature of the service changed from towage to salvage through no fault or want of skill on his part and simply and solely by accident or fortuitous circumstances over which he had no control.

jjos20 (1062) 1 user Rated :

2 ) 1)when services being performed by the tugs are of such an exceptional nature that they are not within reasonable contemplation of towage contract 2)services being performed by the tug will not be adequately compensated by towage contract

ad_doodle2007 (1466) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 45 Pooping ?

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1 ) Pooping is the term used to describe the seas breaking over the stern of the vessel. This can also be dangerous particularly for an open decked vessel. Large amounts of water can quickly flood the vessel, causing additional problems.

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

http://www.spc.int/coastfish/sections/training/fts_pdf/statutory/nautical_lg_en.pdf

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 46 Broaching ?

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1 ) Broaching:- when a steep following sea causes the vessel to surf forwards controllably, the bow tends to dig into the wave ahead, decelerating the vessel rapidly. The forces on the stern will cause the stern to swing violently to the left or right and the vessel will come to rest broadside to the waves. A rapid broaching may cause a capsize.

http://www.spc.int/coastfish/sections/training/fts_pdf/statutory/nautical_lg_en.pdf JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 47 Who are the members of Fund Convention ? 1 ) entity which imports 150000 tons of persistent oil needs to contribute as per fund convention. tenzamathur (81) 1 user Rated :

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Q. 48 Type A and B-100 ships difference wrt Loadline ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 49 Difference between Demise and Bare boat Charterer. No comments for this Question.

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Q. 50 Sistership Clause? Why was it required ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 51 Full name of Antifouling Convetion? How will a surveyor know that Antifouling paint is applied ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 52 What was the condition for entry of Annex 4 of MARPOL? Has India ratified Annex 4? 1 ) Yes India has ratified Annex 4.

http://www.imo.org/includes/blastData.asp/doc_id=693/status-x.xls JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 53 You are berthed alongside Stb side.Onshore wind. You have a ship 25m Forward and 25m Aft berthed. How will you cast off ? No Tugs and No BT. 1 Book Edition Author Pg JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : : No. : The Theory ) and : Graham : Practice of Refer Seamanship 11 Danton 23

2 99NL0038 (67) 3 user Rated :

please

do

not

sail...

3 ) Mariners who passed said that they will give a short kick with Port Rudder, let it swing a little port and a little ahead, drop port anchor to stop onshore drift and then Astern kick to clear ...While Capt menon was not very happy with this but he agreed to it.

JAHAJEE (2715) 3 user Rated :

4 ) let go all lines fwd aft except aft aft springs and 1 breast line. give shot kick ahd andwith rudder hard stbd.when bow clears well from vsl ahd. then let all lines aft, with on shore wind stern will move to stbd. and with ahd and stbd movement vsl can cast off easily. bt if wind speed is very high donotunberth till wind subsides.

PRABHGEET (6) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 54 SITUATION - You have a V/L on your Stb Beam same Co and spd for 5-6 hrs. You see a vessel on your Port bow on collision Co. Action in normal Vis and RV open sea. 1 ) In Normal visibity he will not allow to reduce speed, hence can alter to port just remeber to alter JAHAJEE (2715) 1 user Rated : at 6-8 miles.

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Q. 55 In case of salvage an arbitrator solves disputes between which parties ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 56 PSC Non Favourable treatment ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 57 Various PSC MOU ? Is USA part of any MOU ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 58 What is the name of South America MOU (PSC) ? 1 ) Vina Del Mar

shibaditya (116) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 59 A Stowaway is Found after 2 days of sailing from Port. Action ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 60 Validity of DOC? 1 )

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Validity

of

DOC

yrs

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 61 Coast station is asking you to become the OSC (u r alone).Distress message rcvd 12 hrs before. Patttern u will choose and the calculation of Dist. No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 62 About Capt Menon.

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1 ) Capt Menon lays too much stress on COMMERCIAL KNOWLEDGE, ISM. Most of the times he gives hint also if you are telling something wrong. Subconsciously he also judges by the confidence JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : of the Candidate.

2 ) Capt. Menon confuses you a lot even when you know that you are correct. If you know that ALL IS WELL then just stick to your answer....

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 63 What do you understand by COGSA ? Why is it required ? 1 ) Carriage of goods by sea Act. Each Country has its own COGSA in which details of sea carriage of goods are given and the rules governing them is given. It briefs whether the country follows the JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : HR, HVR or Hamburg rules.

2 ) As far as COGSA is concerned for INDIA it is just a copy of Hague-Visby rules. aks00791 (159) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 64 DOA ? Grain loading requirements ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 65 corrective action for angle of loll No comments for this Question.

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Q. 66 When can ship crew claim for salvage? 1 ) When a crew properly abandons their vessel (on the orders of the master and without hope or expectation of returning to her), the crew are no longer employed under the Crew Agreement and the vessel becomes a "derelict". If the (former) crew members subsequently manage to reboard and save the vessel, they do so as volunteers and may have a valid claim to a salvage reward. JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 67 Does a state contribute in Fund ? How is it decided how much to contribute ? 1 ) The 1992 Fund is financed by contributions levied on any person who has received in one calendar year more than 150 000 tonnes of crude oil and heavy fuel oil (contributing oil) in a State Party to the 1992 Fund Convention.

The levy of contributions is based on reports of oil receipts in respect of individual contributors. Member States are required to communicate every year to the 1992 Fund the name and address of any person in that State who is liable to contribute, as well as the quantity of contributing oil received by any such person. This applies whether the receiver of oil is a Government authority, a State-owned company or a private company. Only persons having received more than 150 000 tonnes of contributing oil in the relevant year should be reported.

The Fund Secretariat estimates the amount required for the following year for compensation payments and administrative costs. The decision on the total amount required is taken by the Assembly. This amount is divided by the total quantity of contributing oil received in the Member States. This gives an amount per tonne of oil received. The quantity of oil received by each contributor is multiplied by the amount per tonne to get the amount in pounds sterling which has to be paid by that contributor.

http://www.iopcfund.org/finance.htm

http://www.iopcfund.org/npdf/genE.pdf JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 68 What are Observations and findings ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 69 What is Condition of Class ? Give an Example ? 1 ) A vessel loosing its anchor and then class can issue COC to sail till next port where a new Anchor JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : can be placed back on ship.

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Q. 70 COGSA ? What is it ? Is it a convention or protocol or Code or Act ?

No comments for this Question.

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Q. 71 Define NC ? Who will issue NC ? Can a vessel sail with NC ? 1 ) Definition of NC:It is an observed situation where objective evidence indicates nonfulfilment of specific requirements. NC's are issued by auditors incase of internal or external audits or PSC incase of PSC inspections. Vessel can sail ith NC's but it has to closed within the time frame agreed between the auditor/ surveyor and Master

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1 Q. 72 COC ? Example ? 1 ) Condition

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of

class....and

not

certificate

of

competency.

Example : A vessel loosing its anchor and then class can issue COC to sail till next port where a new Anchor can be placed back on ship.

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Q. 73 A company has ships registered with different Flag States. How many DOC will it have ? 1 ) If One flag approves the DOC of the other it will only have 1 DOC else as many as Flag states. Capt. menon was not very happy with this condition and he said there is a particular condition which JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : no candidate knew ...

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Q. 74 Difference between CLC and Fund ? 1 ) 1. Under CLC money collected(guarantee) from shipowner while in Fund it is collected from individuals/company 2. 3. FUND CLC Claims and are claims importing FUND that exceed more Claim CLC than 150,000 limits Claims e.g. it T are includes of oil.

different. CLC claim.

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Q. 75 How do you drop anchor in rough weather ? 1 We ) heave I up will never anchor in drop Rough anchor weather in and ROugh do not Weather. drop....

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1 Q. 76 Wearing Turn ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 77 Pressure testing of the CO2 System ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 78 When are the Dynamic/Static test of Lifeboat done ? What about the Impact and Drop test of Lifeboat ? 1 Impact/ JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : ) Dynamic/ Drop test Static test During 5 Yrs Manufacture.

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Q. 79 What are quartering seas ? What are the disadvantages ? 1 ) When the vessel has seas coming from quarter then it is known as Quartering seas. May result into Pooping and Broaching and finally capsizing the vessel.

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Q. 80 HVR vs Hamburg Rules ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 81 Why was there need of Hamburg Rules ? 1 ) HVR was considered pro carrier and had long list of exceptions by which the liabilities of carrier were shunned off, hence outcry by Shippers and states mainly importing the cargo like

USA.

Hamburg

Rules

thus

formulated

with

extended

Liabilities

of

Carrier.

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1 Q. 82 Define Observation ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 83 Define Non Conformity ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 84 Give an example of Sue and Labour ? No comments for this Question.

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Q. 85 Difference between DOC and SMC ? 1 2. 3. DOC ) 1. DOC for of Survey Company DOC while SMC while SMC and has only for SMC 1 Ships of both that 5 survey in 5 Company. Yrs. yrs.

Validity has annual

Intermediate

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1 Q. 86 Cesser Clause ?

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1 ) Where the charterers are not the owners of the goods but is acting only as an agent or broker for the loading of another party's goods, he will probably be anxious to ensure that his liability for the cargo ceases once it is loaded. This is usually expressed in a Cesser Clause stating that "...charterer's liability will cease on shipment of cargo and payment of freight, deadfreight and demurrage", i.e. sums incurred at the loading port.

The shipowner, however, will not want to find himself without a remedy for any breach of contract or damage done to his vessel after the charterer's liability has ceased, and will want legal recourse against another party, who will usually be the receiver of the goods. Therefore, if a Cesser Clause is incorporated in the charter party, a Lien Clause will also be included giving the owners the right to retain possession of the goods at the discharge port until outstanding debts are JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : paid.

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Q. 87 Latest Amendments of COGSA ? 1 ) 1. The Act has been extended to the new Provinces and Merged States and union territories 2. "Goods" includes any property including live animals as well as containers, pallets or similar articles of transport or packaging supplied by the consignor, irrespective of whether such property is to be or is carried on or under deck

3. A suit may be brought after the expiry of the period of one year, within a further period of not more than three months as allowed by the court".

4. Neither the carrier nor the ship shall be entitled to the benefit of limitation of liability if it is proved that the damage resulted from an act or omission of the carrier done with intent to cause damage, or recklessly and with knowledge that damage would probably result.

5. For the words and figures "amount exceeding 100 Per package or unit", the words and figures "amount exceeding 666.67 Special Drawing Rights per package or unit or 02 Special Drawing Rights per kilogram of gross weight of the goods lost or damaged, whichever is higher" shall be substituted;

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 88 You are the master of a ship (Sailing in deep sea) and a crew is either seriously Injured or dead ? What all action will you take ? 1 ) If crew is seriously injured then initial first aid to be given and should be immediately sent for proper treatment. If the vessel is at sea then he should be picked by helicopter.An log entry shall be made in a OLB which should be signed by master, mate and ship surgeon if on board. If a crew is dead then master shall take all his belongings in his custody and shall inform to his next of kins. If the vessel is in foreign port for more than 48 hours then hand over all his belongings to councelor officer and should take a receipt of it and master shall hand over this receipt to shipping master once vessel comes to India.

If vessel is in India then master shall hand over all his belongings to shipping master and shall take receipt. Master shall in all case shall make an log book entry is OLB and shall be signed by master, mate or crew member and by ship surgeon if on board.Entries shall also be made in respect of his balance wages and any deductions.

tenzamathur (81) 4 user Rated :

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Q. 89 EPIRB got transmitted by mistake ? What action ? Why cannot we switch off the EPIRB directly ? 1 2. 3. 4. 5. ) 1. Contact the the Nearest MRCC.Same that by company Devk Log can be obtained got from ALRS by its the of all Vol 5.

Inform Switch

nearest off the

MRCC EPIRB

EPIRB taking

activated out

mistake. battery. incident. events.

Inform Log into

about book

the

We should not switch off immediately since the MRCC might think that the vessel is already sunk and will take longer to contact us as then we will not be transmitting any signal. MRCC may start its SAR operations which will result in useless expenses.

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Q. 90 V/L is coming out of Port and some dangerous situtation require tugs for help. Will it come under salvage ? 1 ) Yes it will if there is a threat to the maritime property. For a salvage to occur following 4 points 1. 2. 3. 4. Maritime property must be have to be present Voluntary Success involved Peril

Satyarthi (175) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 91 Interaction ?

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No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 92 Smelling of Ground ? 1 Edition Author Pg JAHAJEE (2715) ) Book :

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The

Theory :

and

Practice

of

Seamanship 11

: No.

Graham :

Danton 61

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2 ) Occurs when a ship is nearing an extremely shallow depth of water, such as a shoal. The ship is likely to take a sudden sheer first towards it and then away from it into deeper water known as smelling the ground.

In a narrow passage or canal it can produce a dangerous sheer towards the opposite shore or bank, but it can be beneficial if the water opposite the shoal is deep and safe.

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Q. 93 Master and crew abandons a vessel and Later some crew went and saves the ship. Can those crew ask for Salvage award ? What if master still onboard ? 1 ) When a crew properly abandons their vessel (on the orders of the master and without hope or expectation of returning to her), the crew are no longer employed under the Crew Agreement and the vessel becomes a "derelict". If the (former) crew members subsequently manage to reboard and save the vessel, they do so as volunteers and may have a valid claim to a salvage reward. JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

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Q. 94 INSTITUTE Warranties ? No comments for this Question.

1 Q. 95 Parametric Rolling ?

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No comments for this Question.

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Q. 96 Type of Ships as per Loadline ? 1 ) Type A and Type B

JAHAJEE (2715) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate :

1 Q. 97 Objective of ISM.

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1 ) The objectives of the Code are to ensure safety at sea, prevention of human injury or loss of life, and avoidance of damage to the environment, in particular to the marine environment, and to vks_sd (52) This comment has not been rated. Please Rate : property.

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Q. 98 Enhance survey programme No comments for this Question.

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Q. 99 What all equipment will be checked in safety construction certificate No comments for this Question.