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The preliminary assessment of the condition of the man is performed by a nurse, who reports that the patients pain seems to be 'severe'. The characterization of pain as 'severe' is Dichotomous Nominal Ordinal Qualitative 4 Answer If we ask the patient attending OPD to evaluate his pain on a scale of 5 (the worst pain), then this commonly applied scale is a Dichotomous Ratio Scale Continuous Nominal 2 Answer (no pain) to

Which of the Statistical average takes into account all the numbers equally? Mean Median Mode None of the Above 1 Answer Which of the following is a measure of Spread? Variance Mean p value Mode 1 Answer Which of the following is a measure of location? Variance Mean p value Median 4 Answer Twenty-five children are chosen randomly from a school playground. Their heights are measured when they first come into school the next morning, and again just before they go home that same evening. What statistical test could be used to test the hypothesis that their morning heights are no different from their evening heights? unpaired t-test Paired t-test Z-test Regression 2 Answer To label a statistical test definitely significant, the p-value should be less than . 5 less than .5 greater than . 5

greater than .The appropriate test of statistical significance for this trial is: The critical ratio odds ratio paired t-test student's t test 3 Answer The scatter plot is used to display .5 1 Answer For a normal distribution the total area under the curve is 1 2 3 1 Answer In a normal distribution mean + .2 standard deviation encloses approximately 68% of area 99% of area 95% of area 1 % of area 3 Answer Which of the following is used for representing qualitative data Histogram Polygon Pie chart Line chart 3 Answer The basic goal of Hypothesis testing is To confirm the alternative hypothesis To distinguish between random and meaningful differences in outcome To establish the value of alpha To establish the value of beta 2 Answer The value of alpha serves as protection against: False negative results Inadequate sample size Type I error Type II error 3 Answer Statistical significance is achieved when: Alpha is greater than or equal to p Beta equals alpha The result is two tailed p is greater than beta 1 Answer Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as given in the .

. if value of p is .31. Then correct interpretation is : There is a significant difference between population means. There is no significant difference between population means. If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is greater than the value If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is smaller than the value If the Test Statistic value (calculated) is equal to the value None of the above 1 Answer In comparing the difference between two population means. we reject the null hypothesis.1SD? 68% 95% 99% 1 % 1 Answer Which among the following is not a measure of variability Standard Deviation Range Median coefficient of variation 3 Answer In the Testing of Hypothesis problems.Causality Correlation Power Type II error 2 Answer To use parametric methods of statistical analysis the population distribution of the variable should follow Linear Normal Nominal Dichotomous 2 Answer A multivariate analysis is appropriate when Bivariate analysis fails to reveal statistical significance More than one independent variable is predicting the dependent variable Multiple hypothesis are being tested None of the above 2 Answer When more than two treatment groups are present and you wish to test whether the groups differ significantly with respect to a parameter which statistical method would be applied? ANCOVA ANOVA Logistic regression method Multivariate regression 2 Answer What percentage of the area under a Normal curve falls in the range Mean + .

Which one of the following statistical tests is appropriate to find significance of the difference in this case Chi-square test unpaired t-test paired t-test z-test 2 Answer The statistical test used to analyze the difference between the mean values of hemoglobin of two independent samples (of 1 school children in each sample) drawn from normally distributed populations is Paired 't' test Unpaired 't't test Chi-square test z-test 4 Answer The requirement of a good sample are It should be representative of the reference population It should be adequately large size Both the above None of the above 3 Answer .None of the above. the mean cholesterol levels were found to be 25 mg percent and 26 mg percent respectively. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Histogram Box Plot 2 Answer In a small sample survey on 7 male and 1 female students. All of the above 2 Answer The following shows the age distribution of cases of a certain disease reported during a year in a particular state.Which graphical presentation is appropriate to describe this data Pie Chart Line chart Histogram Pictogram 3 Answer Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Multiple bar chart Pie chart Histogram Box plot 1 Answer below gives the total expenditure on the First Five Year Plan and its distribution amongst various types of States.

in fact. The correct statistical procedure in this study would be: t-test Mann-Whitney test odds ratio correlation coefficient 2 Answer - 33 In a study to determine relationship between presence of I. in fact. wrong Rejecting null hypothesis when it is.H.one group having anemia while the other did not have anemia.D and smoking.29 The correct statistical procedure for studying the association between an exposure and an outcome variable when both of them are measured on a continous scale is Chi square test Pearsons correlation coefficient ANOVA t-test 2 Answer - 3 The type of diagram useful to detect linear relationship between two variables is Histogram line Diagram Scatter plot Bar chart 3 Answer - 31 Beta (Type II) error in research is the probability of Accepting the null hypothesis of no association when it is. the appropriate Statistical test is :Z-test Paired t test Chi-square test None of the above 3 Answer - 34 If a null hypothesis is rejected at 5% levels of significance: - . correct Rejecting a wrong null hypothesis Accepting a correct null hypothesis 1 Answer - 32 An obstetrician takes two groups of expectant ladies from her ANC . to see if anemia in pregnancy was associated with a lower APGAR score in new born. She follows them till delivery and notes the APGAR score of baby.

we might have incorrectly rejected the true null hypothesis There is 5% chance that.There is 5% chance that. we have failed to accept the true null hypothesis. we have correctly rejected the true null hypothesis There is 5% chance that. None of the above 1 Answer - 35 In simple random sampling if the subject is replaced back in the population it is termed as Simple Random Sampling with replacement Simple Random Sampling without replacement Systematic sampling None of the above 1 Answer - 36 The probability of rejecting the correct null hypothesis is Type I error Type II error Power of the test None of the above 1 Answer - 37 The minimum power of a study should be 7% 8% 9% None of the above 2 Answer - 38 Power of the test is given by (1- ) 3 Answer - 39 The probability of accepting the false null hypothesis is Type I error Type II error Power of the test Level of significance 2 Answer - 4 .

Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Simple bar chart component bar chart Histogram Box plot 1 Answer - 45 Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? . The awareness level with respect to the family income is as tabulated below. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Multiple bar chart Component bar chart 4 Answer - 43 Following is the frequency distribution of the serum levels of total cholesterol reported in a sample of 71 subjects. 2 lived in owner occupied houses.Requirements of a sample is that it should be Representative Adequate none of the above Both a) and b) 4 Answer - 41 Of the 14 children. 7 lived in council houses and 5 lived in private rented accommodation. Appropriate graphical presentation will be Line chart Simple bar chart Histogram Frequency polygon 2 Answer - 42 A study was conducted to assess the awareness of phimosis in young infants and children up to 5 years of age. Type of accommodation is a categorical variable. Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Stem and Leaf Pie Chart Histogram Component bar chart 3 Answer - 44 below gives the total expenditure on the First Five Year Plan and its distribution amongst various types of States.

Box plot Component bar chart Histogram Pie chart 4 Answer - 46 Information from the Sports Committee member on representation in different games at the state level by gender is as given below.284 None of the Above 1 Answer - 4 . 56 to .7 89 2 Answer - 3 In a random sample of 1 individuals. Which of the following is a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of left-handed people in the population? . The mean weight before the intervention is: 76.184 . Which graphical presentation is best to describe the following data? Box plot Component bar chart Multiple bar chart Pie chart 3 Answer - 1 To evaluate an experimental diet programme ten volunteers are weighted before and after the trial. 37 to .5 81. 56 to .7 8 3 Answer - 2 To evaluate an experimental diet programme ten volunteers are weighted before and after the trial.8 79 86.2 3 .The median weight after intervention is: 71. 12 are left -handed. The weights are shown in the accompanying . The weights are shown in the accompanying .8 78.

12. 4.2 1 Answer - 7 Calculate the Standard Deviation for the following data: .8 42. The standard deviation of the pretrial cholesterol values is : 12. estimate the mode using appropriate formula {Hint: Mean-Mode 3(Mean-Median)} 29 .Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months. 1 2. 1 .4 13. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as given in the .1 . 13.89 1. 8. The standard error of the pretrial cholesterol values is : 7. 97 1.86 1. 6.6 2 Answer - 6 Find SD of incubation period of Chicken -pox when in 6 patients it was found to be 16.8 27 33. 2 Answer - 5 Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months.98 4. In the same series the mean serum cholesterol levels in mg dl was found to be 2 with SD 36. 8.46 3 Answer - 8 In a series of 1 individuals. The pretrial and the posttrial changes in the cholesterol levels are as gi ven in the .6 21. Blood Glucose Serum Cholesterol Both of the above None of the above 2 Answer - 9 If mean 4 .5 33.85 2. 12. the mean blood glucose in mg dl was found to be 15 with SD 5 . 12 and 17 days 2.56 3. Find which series shows greater variation. 14. Median 36.

1.54 1 Answer - 12 Find mode of the following distribution 5.124.5 2.27 26 28 4 Answer - 1 Following are SBP of 1 healthy subjects 15 .2.2 127 126 127. 1. 3. 13 . 7.2. 12 .2. the rate was found to be 2 .2 1. 1.8 4 Answer - 11 Following is the respiratory rate per minute in 5 cases. 7. . .4. 6. 1.6. 1. 8.9. 15 8.3. 8. 128.16 3. 12. 1 . 6.5 5.2 Calculate median for the above data. 5 8 7 6 4 Answer - 13 Calculate Median from the following data: . 3. 1. 2. 1. 1.9. . 2. 1. 1. 2.8. 18 and 22.7. . 6. 1. 6.122. 1. 5.98 2.5 7. 16.9. 13 Find the mean for the above data. 24. 2.5 2 Answer - 14 Urinary concentration of lead in 15 rural children ( milimole per litre per 24 hour) is . 2. 13 . 3.1.126.1. 6.4 1. Calculate the standard deviation. 3 Answer . 122.5. 2.5 6.126.

24. 12. Data observations are . 1 . 7. 6 6 and 8 6 8 no mode 1 Answer - 18 Following is the respiratory rate per minute in 5 cases. 6. 3. 3.5 4 Answer - 2 During a given year. 8. The pretrial changes in the cholesterol levels (mg dl) are as given below. 1.98 1 Answer - 16 The CD4 to CD8 ratio of the 8 patients diagnosed as HIV positive is given below. 18 and 22. 1 . 2.52 1.2 7 7.39. the rate was found to be 2 .62 42. 1. 8. 1. 2.986 1. 212. Calculate the standard deviation of the pretrial cholesterol values.26 . 18 . college students. 16. 8.57.165 2 Answer - 19 Calculate the median for the following data: 6. 243. . Of the detected cases 7 resulted in deaths. 218 33. 2. 1. 12 cases of disease 'X' are detected in a population of 7 . 1.162 3.384 . Calculate the standard deviation. 7. 1. 8.71.89 3. 15 .6 12.59. 3. 8 6 7.54 2 Answer - 17 Calculate Mode from the following data: . Many more . 1. 2. 11.6.26.44. 225. 8.79 35. Calculate the standard deviation.84.- 15 Six volunteers have gone on a cholesterol lowering diet for six months.

. in the ages 14 to 49 is 3 . Total deaths 12 . 15 per 1 population 15 per 1 live births 15 . The total live births were 2 .students have mild symptoms of the disease. .1 . Deaths from typhoid were 24. . Find the proportional mortality from typhoid. (4 thousand).15 2 Answer - 24 In India the mid-year female population of child bearing ages i. 37 births per 1 women in reproductive age group 37 per 1 live births to women in reproductive age group 37 .e. (1 lakh 1 thousand). Deaths of children within 1 year after birth 55 2 per 1 live births 2 per 1 population 2 2 1 Answer - 23 Mid-year population of a city was 8. Mid year population of a city was 6. .583 7 58 2 Answer - 21 Out of 6 deaths in an urban area during a certain year 24 deaths were of person below the age of 6 years. Calculate late neonatal mortality rate. Calculate case fatality rate. 12 . Total live births 15 . Deaths within 28 days after birth were equal to 5 and deaths within one week after birth were 3 .583 per 1 cases 7 58 2 Answer - 22 Calculate post neonatal mortality rate for the information given for a city.37 1 Answer . The total number of births during a calendar year was 1. The events that occurred during 1999 were as follows. 12 per 1 population . Calculate the general fertility rate. (3 lakhs) whereas the mid year female population in the age group 2 -24 was 4 . such as persistent daydreams about selling coconuts on a Caribbean beach. . Deaths of children within 28 days after birth 25 .

live births .5 .94 1.24 2 .69 18. Still births were 15 . Maternal deaths due to puerperal causes were 6 .5 7. Deaths of children within 1 year after birth 27 . 7.2 .26 . .2. What would be the approximate 95 percent confidence interval for population mean? {Hint: Approximate 95 percent confidence interval for population mean is given by Mean + .79 . Mid -year population of a city was 6.4 .26.5 2 Answer - 28 Suppose a researcher. 8 8. interested in obtaining an estimate of the average level of some enzyme in a certain human population. Total deaths were 5 . 2. Suppose further it is known that the variable of interest is approximately normally distributed with variance of 45. determines the level of the enzyme in each. The total live births were 15 . Deaths of children within 1 year after birth were 45 .4 3 Answer - 26 Calculate crude death rate from the following data. . Deaths of children within 28 days after birth 15 . 11. .19.1. 8.- 25 Census population of a city was 5.5 6.76 .5 5.32.8 . and computes a sample mean of 22. . 6 3.75 2 Answer - 29 Compute 95% confidence interval for difference between two mean . Calculate maternal mortality. . takes a sample of 1 individuals.5 . The events occurred during 2 5 were as follows: -Total deaths 12 . 2.4. 1 .1.24 . 4 per 1 women 4 4 per 1 . 6.2 2 per 1 live births 2 2 per 1 population 4 Answer - 27 Calculate the median for the following data.45 17. 3. 8.2 SD} 22 . Total live births 15 .

1 for males and 82. 184. 6 .696 . The mean values for males was 118.245 111. 178. 168.5 4 . 172. Calculate standard error.42 4 Answer - 34 The mean systolic blood pressure of 5 young individuals is 115 mmHg with a standard deviation of 11. 2 mmHg 5.89 3.2 1 .2 mmHg.3 amd 1 7.1. 2.2.9 .2.29 11. 2 8. 164.524 2 Answer .2.852 .5 for females.45 4 Answer - 31 Research is being conducted to see if the proportion of patients surviving in the treated group is greater than that in the untreated group. 6 mmHg 1 . 174.3 Answer - 3 For the following 11 hypertensive patients compute mean deviation from the median.269 .5 9.524 2 Answer - 32 The data obtained on 26 young healthy adult subjects gave the mean systolic blood pressure as 113.1.2 1 .6 Calculate 95 percent confidence interval.118.269 . Calculate standard error. 2. . The parameter values are as follows. 188. for females. Variance was 7 . 166.947 1..1 .3 mmHg.3 mmHg 1 Answer - 33 In a particular study the number of observation was 14 for males and 12 for females. 17 . 123 . Calculate 95 percent confidence inte rval. 188 6. n 1 and survival rate (p) .64 1.947 1.8 7.1 mmHg with a standard deviation (SD) of 1 .89 mmHg 1. 162.

165 .181 3 .2 1 .947 4 . 23 .269 .524 1 Answer .36 Find the 95% confidence limits with in which you would expect the population proportion to be if you had examined records of 1 children in a school and found 25 had tonsillectomy done.- 35 To study the length of hospitalization a random sample of 64 peptic ulcer patients was drawn.335 Answer: 4 .25 days. 7.869 . 1 . If the population standard deviation is known to be 3 days.. The mean length of hospitalization was found to be 8.2.11.1.119 .954 2 1.1.985 1 .11.515 .8. Find 95% confidence interval for mean.2.947 11.1 4 .269 .

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