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BLUR IDENTIFICATION USING NEURAL NETWORKS FOR IMAGE RESTORATION


ABSTRACT: A prior knowledge about the distorting operator and its parameters is of crucial importance in blurred image restoration. So, the estimation of the Point Spread function is often a necessary first step in the restoration of degraded images. Usually blur refers to the low-pass distortions introduced into an image. Any type of blur, which is spatially invariant, can be expressed by the convolution in the integral equation. When the blurring operator is unknown, the image restoration becomes a blind de convolution problem. Most of the methods to solve it are iterative. So Neural Network approach is used to identification of blur. The feed forward neural network is exploited for identification of a type of blur among trained blurs and of its parameters. This network has a number of specific properties and advantages. Its back propagation learning algorithm is used for this network. This network can be used as an efficient estimator of PSF, whose precise identification is of crucial importance for the image deblurring. Inverse filtering is a very easy and accurate way to restore an image provided that we know what the blurring filter is and that we have no noise. Because an inverse filter is a high pass filter, it will tend to amplify noise as was presented in our results. But this method does not deal well with noise. To overcome this problem, we must use wiener filtering, which would trade off inverse filtering with de-noising. Wiener filtering is the optimal tradeoff between the inverse filtering and noise smoothing. This project will be developing in MATLAB 7.6, using Image Processing Tool box and Neural Network Tool box.

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