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17371960 History of Nursing in the Philippines

17371960 History of Nursing in the Philippines

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Published by: datlorielyn092146669 on Jul 30, 2011
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History of nursing in the Philippines

Early beliefs and practices
Diseases and their causes and treatment were shrouded with mysticism and superstitions. 1. Beliefs about causation of disease: a. Another person (an enemy or a witch) b. Evil spirits 2. People believe that evil spirits could be driven away by persons with powers to expel demons. 3. People believed in special gods of healing, with the priest physician (called ³word doctors´) as intermediary. If they used leaves or roots, they were called herb doctors (³Herbolarios´).

the ³mabuting hilot´ (good midwife) was called in. witches were supposed to be the cause. If the became difficult. Persons suffering from diseases without any identified cause were believed to be bewitched by the ³mangkukulam´ or ³mangagaway´. gunpowder was exploded from a bamboo cane close to the head of the sufferer. Difficult childbirth and some diseases (called ³pamao´) were attributed to ³nonos´. Midwife assisted in child birth.Early care of the sick The early Filipinos subscribed to superstitious beliefs and practices in relation to health and sickness. Herbmen were called ³Herbicheros´. . During labor. To disperse their influence. meaning one who practice witch craft.

.. San Lazaro Hospital (1578). Hospital de Indio (1586). built exclusively for patients with leprosy. but also admitted Spanish civilians.was established mainly to care for the Spanish King¶s soldiers.Established by the Franciscan Order service was in general supported by alms and contributions from charitable persons.Founded by Brother Juan Clemente and was administered for many years by the Hospitalliers of San Juan de Dios. Francisco de Sande..The Earliest Hospitals Established: Hospital Real de Manila (1577). founded by Gov. .

Established in Laguna. Bautista of the Franciscan Order .. Hospital de Aguas Santas (1590). San Juan de Dios Hospital (1596). founded by Brother J. rendered general health service to the public.4. support was derived from alms and rents.Founded by The Brotherhood of Misericordia and administered by the Hospitalliers of San Juan de Dios. near a medicinal spring. .

Melchora Aquino (Tandang Sora). during the Philippine-American War that broke our 1899. 2. 5. organized Filipino Red Cross under the inspiration of Apolinario Mabini. Second ± wife of Emilio Aguinaldo provided nursing care to Filipino soldiers during the revolution. Nursed the wounded Filipino soldiers and 1. Wife of Emilio Aguinaldo. 4. Converted their house into quarters for the Filipino soldier. President of the Filipino Red Cross branch in Batangas. wife of Jose Rizal. . gave them shelter and food. Rosa Sevilla de Alvero. 3.Nursing During the Philippine Revolution The prominent persons involved in nursing works: Josephine Bracken. Dona Maria Agoncillo de Aguinaldo. Installed a field hospital in an estate house in Tejeros:provided nursing care to the wounded night and day. Dona Hilaria de Aguinaldo.

 stayed in the hospital at Biac na Bato to care for the wounded soldiers. provided nursing care to the wounded when not in combat. Agueda Kahabagan.  Revolutionary leader in Laguna.  A revolutionary leader in Nueva Ecija.Capitan Salome. Trinidad Tecson ³Ina ng Biac na Bato´. also provided nursing services to his troops. .

charity bazaars. and voluntary contributions.Filipino Red Cross Malolos Bulacan. . Established branches in the provinces Functions of Filipino Red Cross Collection of war funds and materials through concerts. age requirement for officer was 25 years old. Provision of nursing care to wounded Filipino soldiers. Requirements for Membership: at least 14 years old. Of sound reputation.location of the national head quarters.

1906) It was ran by the Baptist Foreign Mission society in America. Miss Rose Nicolet   Graduate in New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston Massachusetts was the first superintendent for nurses moved to its present location in Jaro Road. graduated nurse took the first Nurses board examination at the Iloilo Mission Hospital.Hospitals and Schools of Nursing 1. 22 nurses graduated April 1944. . Iloilo Mission Hospital School of Nursing (Iloilo City. Miss Flora Ernst  an American nurse took charge of the school in 1942 March 1944. Iloilo city in 1929.

1907  The hospital was established the Arcbishop of Manila.  It opened its training school for nurses in 1908 with Rev. St Paul¶s Hospital School of Nursing (Manila. Paul de Chartres  It was located in intramuros and provided general hospital services.2. The most Reverend Jeremiah Harty  Under the supervision of the sisters of St. Mother Melanie as superintendent .  It had a free dispensary and dental clinic.

Philippine General Hospital School of Nursing  Began in 1901 as a small dispensary mainly for ³Civil Officers and Employees´ in the City of Manila.3. .  It later grew into Civil Hospital.

 she opened classes in nursing under the auspices of the Bureau of Education.Mrs.  She first opened a dormitory for girls enrolled at the Philippine Normal Hall and the University of the Philippines with the approval of Government Officials. . Mary Coleman Masters (1906)  an educator advocated for idea of training Filipino girls for the profession of nursing.

The school became known as the Philippine General Hospital school of Nursing. the Civil Hospital was abolished. the Philippine General Hospital was established.Julia Nichols and Charlotte Clayton     taught the students nursing subjects. In 1910. Act No. 1976. American physicians also served as lecturers. .

Elsie McCloskey-Gaches  Introduced several improvements in the school .  course was made attractive and more practical. . Anastacia Giron-Tupas First Filipino nurse to occupy the position of chief nurse and superintendent in the Philippines.

 These girls had their first year in combined classes w/ the Philippine General Hospital School of Nursing and St.school opened w/ three Filipino girls admitted .4. Paul¶s Hospital School of Nursing.1907)  Is an Episcopalian Institution  It began as a small dispensary in 1903  In 1907 . Luke¶s Hospital of Nursing (Quezon City .St. .

Miss Helen Hicks was the first principal of St. Luke¶s Hospital of Nursing Vitaliana Beltran was the first Filipino superintendent of nurses Jose Fores was the first Filipino medical director of the hospital. .

 Good family and social standing  Recommendations from three different persons well known in the community.Following Requirements:  Educational preparation. at least completion of seventh grade  Sound physical and mental health  Good moral character. .

Was called Bethany Dispensary Was funded by the Methodist Mission for the relief of suffering among women and children.5.1907) It started as a small dispensary on Calle Cervantes (now Avenida Rizal).Mary Johnston Hospital and School Nursing (Manila. .

D. Rebecca Parrish . Rose Dudley and Gertrude Dreisback Organized the Mary Johnston School of Nursing Mr. Johnston of Minnesota Donated as a memorial to his wife $12. . B.00 for a hospital building . S.Sr.500.

Miss Librada Javalera was the first Filipino of the school . It was burned down in 1945. the Philippine Assembly appropriated a monthly sum of P500.00 for the hospital At the outbreak of World War II.In 1911. It was reconstructed through contributions of Methodist Church in America It reopened in 1947 at the Harris Memorial. it became an emergency hospital where the wounded were treated.

1903) 2. Frank Dunn Memorial Hospital (Vigan. Ilocos Sur.Mary Chiles Hospital School of Nursing (Manila 1911).Sallie Long Read Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (Laoag. Ilocos Norte. 3.1912) .6. Philippine Christian Mission Institute Schools of Nursing The United Christian Missionary Society of Indianapolis. Indiana-a Protestant organization of the Disciples of Christ Three Schools of Nursing 1.

N. Sampaloc. Tuason Annex Was donated by Miss Esperanza Tuazon ±a Filipino Philantropist. 7. Miss Mary Chiles of Independence (Montana) Donated a large sum of money with w/c the present building at Gastambide was bought. Lemon established the Mary Chiles Hospital School of Nursing in a small house on Azcarraga. Benito Valdez The board of Inspector and the Executive Board of the Hospital passed a resolution to open a school of nursing. .San Juan de Dios Hospital School of Nursing (Manila. Manila. W.Dr.1913) Dr.

The school is run by the Daughters of Charity .Sister Taciana Trinanes Was the first directress of the school.

the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society sent Dr. .8.H.J.  The school oferred a three year training course for an annual fee of P100. Lerrigo to Capiz for the purpose of opening a hospital.Emmanuel Hospital School of Nursing (Capiz. Miss Ciara Pedrosa was the first Filipino principal. P.00.1913)  In 1913.

9. as the organizer. . Miss Visitacion Perez was the first principal. 1918)  The hospital was established in 1911 under the Bureau of Health.  The school opened in 1918 Anastacia Giron-Tupas.Southern Islands Hospital School of Nursing (Cebu.

Paul¶s School of Nursing in Iloilo City (1946) North General Hospital and School of Nursing (1946) Siliman University School of Nursing (1947) .Other Schools of nursing established were as follows:        Zamboanga General Hospital School of Nursing (1921) Chinese General Hospital School of Nursing (1921) Baguio General Hospital School of Nursing (1923) Manila Sanitarium and Hospital School of Nursing(1930) St.

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