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Stirrup Design

Stirrup Design

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Published by Supti Biswas

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Published by: Supti Biswas on Jul 30, 2011
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05/24/2013

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Inputs

:
@ support Vu= fc'= fy= Stirrup No.

(input blue color cells only) 1000 kip 3000 psi 60 ksi 3

Beam Prorerties b= 14 in

h= 25 in d= 22.5 in Stirrup

Span Length of Beam=

16 ft

Calculation:
1) Calculate factored shear force @ distance "d" from support: 765.6 kip Vu = 2) Calculate shear strength provided by concrete: Ф2√fc'bd 29.3 kip ФVc = = 3) Calculate 1/2ФVc: 14.7 kip 1/2ФVc = 1/2Ф2√fc'bwd = 4) Calculate Vc1: 4√fc'bwd 69.0 kip Vc1 = = 5) Calculate Vc2: 8√fc'bwd 138.0 kip Vc2 = = 5) Check: a. Vu < 1/2ФVc = No; So stirrup is req'd. b. 1/2ФVc < Vu <ФVc = 6) Calculate Vs: ( Vu Vs = = 866.2 kip ФVc)/Ф

36 ft from support.6 12.3 24.0 up to in : kip kip kip in c/c can be used is 7.9 in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c m minm S2 S2 m minm S2 S2 11.6 in c/c when Vc1 < Vs ≤ Vc2 (minimum shear reinforcement ) use it when 1/2ФVc < Vu <ФVc Smax.3 in c/c b) Maximum Spacing allowed by ACI code: S2 = = S3 = = S4 = d/2 24 d/4 12 Avfy/50bw = = = = = 11.85*Vs = ФVs = ФVc+ФVs The distance xc at which S= 0.6 51 80 5. 7) Calculate Vs for maximum spacing of Vs = Avfyd/S = = 0.8) Determine the required spacing : a) Spacing based on Vs: S1 = Avfyd/Vs = 0.0 in c/c in c/c 8) Find required spacing: S = 0.3 in c/c when Vs ≤ Vc1 5.0 in c/c. then use S = .0 5.3 in c/c 11 59.3 in c/c Use S = 5. 7.0 18.36 ft from support face.allowed = 7) Minimum spacing : ( Smin ) Smin = 4 5.

ft to mid span of beam.0 in from column face 7.4 5. .4 0.0 Output: Change the section or increase concrete strength. 1)Place first stirrup at S/2 = 2)Provide stirrup @ 3)Provide stirrup @ 0.0 in c/c up to 7.0 in c/c from ft from support face.

S1 = Avfyd/Vs. c. S3 = Avfy/50bw Smax is smaller of S2 and S3. If S1 > Smax. 6) Calculate the stirrup spacings based on the calculated Vs. 9) The ACI code did not specify a minimum spacing. as explained in step 7. S2 = d/2 ≤ 24 in. If Vu < 1/2ФVc . The crital design shear value is at a section located at a distance d from the face of the support. if Vs ≤ Vc1 = (4√f'c)bwd or S2 = d/4 ≤ 12 in.then use S1 to the nearest smaller 1/2 in. if Vc1 < Vs ≤ Vc2.e.85 3) a. for deeper beams. and 4 in.Design Summary: 1) Calculate the ultimate shear force Vu from the applied forces acting on the structural member. If S is considered small. either increase the stirrup bar number or use multiple-leg stirrups. 4) If Vu > ФVc. Use no. if not increase the dimension of the section. 2) Calculate ФVc=Ф(2√f'c)bwd . 3 U. calculate the shear reinforcement must be provided according to steps 4 through 8. no shear reinforcement is needed. Compute the calculated Vs with the maximum permissable value of Vc2 =(8√f'c)bwd. a practical minimum S may assumed equal to 3 in. The maximum spacing is the least of S2 and S3: a. then use Smax to he nearest smaller 1/2 in. . calculate the shear to be carried by shear reinforcement : Vu = ФVc + ФVs i. Under normal conditions . for d ≤ 20 in. If 1/2ФVc < Vu ≤ ФVc . b. Here Ф = 0. If Vs is less than Vc2. Then calculate 1/2ФVc.stirrups spaced at maximum spacings. b. proceed in the design. 7) Determine the maximum spacing alllowed by the ACI code . minimum shear reinforcement is required. 8) If S1 calculated in step 6 is less than Smax (the smaller of S2 and S3). If Vu > ФVc. Vs = (Vu-ФVc) / Ф 5) Calculate Vc1 = (4√f'c)bwd and Vc2 = (8√f'c)bwd = 2Vc1.

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