DISPLACEMENT MEDTHOD OF ANALYSIS

:
MOMENT DISTRIBUTION
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Member Stiffness Factor (K)
Distribution Factor (DF)
Carry-Over Factor
Distribution of Couple at Node
Moment Distribution for Beams
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General Beams
Symmetric Beams

Moment Distribution for Frames: No Sidesway
Moment Distribution for Frames: Sidesway
1

Member Stiffness Factor (K) & Carry-Over Factor (COF)
CB

P

A

L1 /2

L1/2

B

w

C

L2

EI
L3

D

Internal members and far-end member fixed at end support:
4 EI
K=
L

kCC

COF = 0.5

4 EI
=
L
C

1

k DC =

2 EI
L

D

COF = 0.5

B

K(BC) = 4EI/L2,

C

K(CD) = 4EI/L3
2

CB

P

A

L1 /2

B

L1/2

w

C

L2

EI
L3

D

Far-end member pinned or roller end support:
3EI
K=
L

K(AB) = 3EI/L1,

k AA

COF = 0

3EI
=
L

K(BC) = 4EI/L2,

0
C

1

D

K(CD) = 4EI/L3

3

Joint Stiffness Factor (K)
CB

P

A

L1 /2

L1/2

K(AB) = 3EI/L1

B

w

L2
K(BC) = 4EI/L2,

C

EI
L3

D

K(CD) = 4EI/L3

Kjoint = KT = ΣKmember

4

far-end fixed (DF = 0) KAB/(K(AB) + K(BC) ) B KBC/(K(AB) + K(BC) ) A DF 1 DFBA) DFBC C K(CD)/(K(BC) + K(CD) ) D DFCB DFCD K(BC)/(K(BC) + K(CD) ) 0 5 .far-end pined (DF = 1) .Distribution Factor (DF) CB P A L1 /2 L1/2 B w EI L3 C L2 DF = D K ΣK Notes: .

Distribution of Couple at Node CB A (EI)1 L1 /2 L1/2 A DF 1 CO=0 L2 (EI)3 L3 C B C DFBA DFBC DFCA DFCD CB(DFBC) CB(DFBC) (EI)2 B CB CB( DFBC) B D D 0 CO=0.5 CB( DFBC) 6 .

333 0.667) 50(.5 CO=0.5 50 kN•m 50(.333) 50(.5 0 16.50 kN•m 2EI 3EI A B 4m 3EI C 4m D 8m 8m L1= L2 = L3 A DF B 1 CO=0 C 0.667) 50(.667 0.67 B 7 .333) D 0.

L3 = 10 m A DF B 1 DFBA DFBC MF MF 0 0 MF(DFBC) C DFCB DFCD D 0 B MF MF( DFBC) MF(DFBC) B MF( DFBC) 0.Distribution of Fixed-End Moments P w (EI)1 M A F L1 /2 (EI)2 B L1/2 C (EI)13 L2 D L3 L1= L2 = 8 m.5 8 .

2 9 . L3 = 10 m A DF B 1 0.P w EI wL22/12=16 1.4 4.6 B 16 16 14 0.4 8.5 B 8.5 0.6 D 0 14 30 0 0 5.5 0.5PL1/8=30 B A L1 /2 L1/2 C wL32/12=25 L2 D L3 L1= L2 = 8 m.6 30 5.4 C 0.

Moment Distribution for Beams 10 .

20 kN 3 kN/m 2EI 3EI A C B 4m 4m 8m 11 . Use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports.Example 1 The support B of the beam shown (E = 200 GPa. I = 50x106 mm4 ). and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams.and qualitative deflected shape.

5 3EI 16 -11.75 kN 11.662 9.669 CO Σ -25. 0 K2 = 4(3EI)/8 K2/(K1+ K2) 0.34 25.333 0.25 kN 12 .34 20 kN A 6.17 kN C B 13.338 4.667 0 -30 16 -16 4.33 kN•m 10.5 4m K1 = 3(2EI)/8 DF B 0 0.34 kN•m 13.83 kN C 8m K1/(K1+ K2) 1 16 0.33 24 kN B 25.20 kN 3 kN/m 2EI CO A 30 4m [FEM]load Dist.

75 + 1.33 kN•m M CB = 2(3EI ) θ B − 16 = −11.33 kN • m 8 13 .5)EIθB .33 kN•m.22/EI MBA = -25.Note : Using the Slope 20 kN Deflection 2EI A 4m 3 kN/m 20+10 B 16 3EI 4m 16 C 8m 3(2 EI ) θ B − 30 − − − (1) 8 4(3EI ) = θ B + 16 − − − (2) 8 M BA = M BC MBA MBC + ΣMB = 0: -MBA - MBC = 0 (0. MBC = 25.30 + 16 = 0 B θB = 6.

75 + + C - 10.25 -13.75 = 26.25 kN x (m) - 4.13 + - + - x (m) -11.32 M (kN•m) 6.17 + 13.33 B 13.83 kN 4m V (kN) 4m 6.58 m -10.83 11.20 kN 3 kN/m A 6.17 27.33 Deflected shape x (m) 14 .92 kN 8m 13.33 -25.

and qualitative deflected shape.Example 2 From the beam shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams. 50 kN•m 10 kN 2EI 3EI A B 4m 5 kN/m 4m 3EI D C 8m 8m 15 .

667) 50(.333) CO=0.35 CO=0 50 kN•m 50(.5 8m K1 = 3(2EI)/8 K2 = 4(3EI)/8 K1/(K1+ K2) DF 1 K2/(K1+ K2) K2/(K2+ K3) 0.10 kN 50 kN•m 5 kN/m 2EI 15 A B 0.67 0.67 26.65 -33.667 Joint couple C 40 3EI 0.571 0.5 8m D K3 = 3(3EI)/8 K3/(K2+ K3) 0.5 4m 4m 26.333) 50(.428 1 -16.5 B 16 .667) 50(.333 0.

78 40 1.67 0. CO Dist.740 -16.218 -0.5 4m 4m 26.667 1.953 -0.429 1 -16.891 2.667 C K2/(K2+ K3) 40 3EI 0.333 0.673 0.28 -13.675 -26.22 -43.318 0.25 17 .10 kN 5 kN/m 2EI 15 A B 0.35 -15 26. CO Dist.181 -36.905 -3.369 -0.137 43.571 0.667 -3. Σ 50 kN•m 1 K2/(K1+ K2) 0.317 -0.109 -0.885 -7.782 0.65 -33.437 1.5 8m D K3 = 3(3EI)/8 K3/(K2+ K3) 0.67 26.636 1.5 8m K1 = 3(2EI)/8 K2 = 4(3EI)/8 K1/(K1+ K2) DF Joint couple CO FEM Dist.

25 C 43.50 kN•m 10 kN 2EI 36.25 kN•m 13.59 kN 40 kN 43.25 3EI 8m 8m 10 kN 40 kN 36.78 kN•m B ByR = 12.87 kN C CyL= 27.47 kN D ByL = 9.22 A B 13.41 kN D Dy = 14.22 kN•m B A 43.78 4m 4m 5 kN/m 43.13 kN 18 .25 kN•m C Ay = 0.53 kN CyR = 25.

57 m 13.59 kN 0.47 kN 4m V (kN) 9.41 -43.47 -9.59 -27.22 Deflected shape 2.13+25.32 x (m) -14.41=52.92 m 2.78 M(kN•m) 25.4 kN 27.87 0.50 kN•m 10 kN A 2EI 5 kN/m C B D 3EI 14.29 x (m) -36.54 kN 4m 8m 8m 12.87=22.88 21.53+12.25 x (m) 19 .13 1.53 30.

and qualitative deflected shape.Example 3 From the beam shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. 2EI 40 kN 10 kN/m 50 kN•m 40 kN A D 3m 3m B EI 9m C 3m 20 . and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams.

5 DF 40 kN K2/(K1+ K2) 0.25 B 0.20 40 10 -60 -30 101.25 1 49 -120 21 .5 C 9m 3m K2 = 3(EI)/9 K1/(K1+ K2) Joint couple CO 20 FEM 30 Dist.25 1 -120 -9 -2.80 0. CO -4.5 3m K1 = 4(2EI)/6 0 101. EI 0.5 Σ 45.2EI 40 kN 50 kN•m 10 kN/m 120 kN•m A D 30 30 3m Dist.

40 kN 1 2EI A 49 45.75 kN ByL = 12.5 EI B 3m 10 kN/m 50 kN•m 3m 120 40 kN D 120 C 9m 3m 40 kN 45.89 kN 22 .5 kN•m A 40 kN 1 kN•m B 120 kN•m C Ay = 27.25 kN D CyR = 40 kN 90 kN 120 kN•m 49 kN•m B ByR = 37.11 kN C CyL = 52.

71 m x (m) -52.84 + x (m) - -49 -120 x (m) 23 .11 -12.89 1 - 19.36 kN 3m 9m 27.25 37.11 = 49.89+40 = 92.2EI 40 kN 10 kN/m 50 kN•m 40 kN A D EI 3m V (kN) 27.75 + - C B 12.25+37.75 + M(kN•m) -45.75 kN + + - 3.5 Deflected shape 52.89 kN 3m 40 37.

15 kN•m 20 kN 12 kN•m 3 kN/m 2EI 3EI A C B 4m 4m 8m 24 . Use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. and qualitative deflected shape. and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams. I = 50x106 mm4 ) settles 10 mm.Example 4 The support B of the beam shown (E = 200 GPa.

85 12.125 Dist.72 -26.90 0 10 5 -16 -28. C -12 -8.72 23.125 25.92 CO Σ 16 0.667 5 12.375 2 2 L 2L A ∆ 6(2 EI )∆ L2 B K1 = 3(2EI)/8 DF 1 Joint couple -12 CO [FEM]load [FEM]∆ 6(3EI ) ∆ = 28.15 kN•m 20 kN 12 kN•m 3 kN/m B A 2EI 4m 30 16 3EI 10 mm 8 m 0.125 L2 [FEM]∆ B K1/(K1+ K2) ∆ C K2/(K1+ K2) 0.5 4 m 6(2 EI )∆ 6(2 EI )∆ − = 9.20 25 .375 -28.5 6(3EI ) ∆ = 28.333 0.125 L2 K2 = 4(3EI)/8 -6 -30 16 9.

375 − 12 / 2 − − − (2a) 2 8 4(3EI ) M BC = θ B + 16 − 28.38.72 kN•m 2(3EI ) θ B − 16 − 28.5)EIθB .125 (16)load 10 mm 8m 16 15 kN•m -12 4(2 EI ) 2(2 EI ) M AB = θA + θ B + 20 − 18.MBC + 15 = 0 (0.15 = 0 θB = 23.MBA .75 .9/EI MBA = -8.125 − − − (4) 8 MBA MBC B + ΣMB = 0: .375 )∆ 2EI 4m B (20+10)load 4m 3 kN/m (28.7 kN•m.75 + 1.125)∆ C 3EI 28.Note : Using the slope deflection 12 kN•m A 20 kN 18.75-9.125 − − − (3) 8 2(3EI ) M CB = θ B − 16 − 28.125 8 26 = −26.2 kN • m M CB = .75 − − − (2) 8 8 ( 2) − (1) 3(2 EI ) : M BA = θ B − 30 + 9.75 − − − (1) 8 8 2(2 EI ) 4(2 EI ) M BA = θA + θ B − 20 + 18.375 15 kN•m (9. MBC = 23.

725 kN•m Ay = 7.69 kN Cy = 12.41 kN ByL = 12.12 kN•m 2EI A 12 kN•m 15 kN•m 20 kN 4m 8.59 kN ByR = 11.205 24 kN 8.7253EI C 8m 20 kN A 26.725 4m B 3 kN/m 23.31 kN 27 .205 kN•m 23.725 kN•m B B C 26.

93 -23.9 m x (m) -12.205 θB = 23.9/EI x (m) 28 .725 - -0.15 kN•m 20 kN 12 kN•m A B 2EI 7.41 kN 4m 4m 3EI C 26.31 kN 11.31 -12.725 Deflected shape 10 mm - x (m) -26.64 12 M (kN•m) + -8.69 7.69 = 24.41 V (kN) 3 kN/m + - + - 3.205 12.28 kN 8m 12.59+11.59 41.

bending moment diagrams. and qualitative deflected shape.5EI 12 kN•m A 10 mm 3m 29 . 6 kN/m B 2EI 3m C 1. I = 50(106) mm4. support A settles 10 mm downward. use the moment distribution method to (a)Determine all the reactions at supports (b)Draw its quantitative shear. Take E= 200 GPa.Example 5 For the beam shown.

5 C 0.75 50 Dist.16 12 30 .4. -40.64 0.5/2) = 6.01) 32 = 100 kN • m K2 = 3(1.08 -40.5EI)/3 K1/(K1+ K2) DF 0 Joint couple A 4.5+(4.01 m C K1 = 4(2EI)/3 CO [FEM]load [FEM]∆ MF∆ A 10 mm 6(1.16 -22.5 × 200 × 50)(0.16 40.5 12 kN•m 6 kN/m K2/(K1+ K2) 0.5EI 3 m 0.08 Σ -20.75 B 2EI 3m 1.59 CO -20.5 100-(100/2) = 50 0.36 1 12 6 6.

39 kN 31 .16 + 20.08 kN 1.08 = 20.08 C -10.16 kN•m 40.08 kN•m B 20.12 kN•m 6 kN/m B A 2EI 3m ΣΜ -20.16 20.39 kN 12 kN•m A 8.16 kN•m C 26.16 40.5EI 3m C 12 40.08 kN 3 18 kN 6 kN/m 40.

39 kN 26.5EI 3m B 40.39 12 kN•m A - Deflected shape -20.08 kN 40.08 20.08 kN A 12 x (m) -40.08 8.16 x (m) 32 .39 kN 8.12 kN•m 6 kN/m B C 2EI 1.16 kN•m C 20.39 x (m) + M (kN•m) 10 mm 3m 20.08 kN•m 20.16 kN•m V (kN) 6 kN/m C 26.

6 kN/m B 2EI 3m C 1. and qualitative deflected shape.Example 6 For the beam shown. bending moment diagrams. I = 50(106) mm4. use the moment distribution method to (a)Determine all the reactions at supports (b)Draw its quantitative shear. Take E= 200 GPa. support A settles 10 mm downward.5EI 12 kN•m A 10 mm 3m 33 .

• Overview 6 kN/m B 2EI 3m C 12 kN•m A 10 mm 1.5EI 3m 6 kN/m B 12 kN•m A C R 10 mm ∆ B A ×C R´ R + R ' C = 0 − − − (1*) 34 .

5+(4.08 Σ -20.16 40.08 -40.64 0. -40.01 m C K1 = 4(2EI)/3 CO [FEM]load [FEM]∆ MF∆ A 10 mm 6(1.16 12 35 .5EI)/3 K1/(K1+ K2) DF 0 Joint couple A 4.• Artificial joint applied 4.59 CO -20.36 1 12 6 6.75 B 2EI 3m 1.5 × 200 × 50)(0.5 100-(100/2) = 50 0.75 50 Dist.16 -22.5EI 3 m 0.01) 32 = 100 kN • m K2 = 3(1.5 C 0.5 12 kN•m 6 kN/m K2/(K1+ K2) 0.5/2) = 6.

16 kN•m 40.47 kN 36 .39 kN 12 kN•m A 8.6 kN/m 12 kN•m B A 2EI 3m ΣΜ C -20.08 1.08 kN 3 20.08 = 20.08 18 kN 6 kN/m C 26.08 − 26.08 kN 40.16 + 20.39 kN R + ↑ ΣFy = 0 : − 20.16 kN•m 40.39 + R = 0 R = 46.16 20.5EI 3m -40.39 kN 40.08 kN•m B C 12 40.16 40.16 kN•m 20.16 kN•m C 26.

• Artificial joint removed

B
2EI 0.5
3m

C

1.5EI 0.5

3m
C

C

B

DF 0

6(1.5EI )(

Dist.

A

75-(75/2)
= 37.5
0.64 0.36

[FEM]∆ -100

32

75
)
EI = 75

1

-100 +37.5
40 22.5

CO

20

Σ

-80

-60 60
60 kN•m

80 kN•m
46.67 kN

100

75
6(2 EI ) ∆ C


=
=
100
EI
32

B

A

60 kN•m
C
20 kN

C
46.67 kN
46.67

A

20 kN

C
20 kN + ↑ ΣFy = 0 : R' = 66.67 kN 37

• Solve equation
Substitute R = 46.47 kN and R ' = 66.67 kN in (1*)

46.47 + 66.67C = 0
C = −0.6970

6 kN/m

B
20.08 kN•m

12 kN•m
A

C
R = 46.47 kN

20.08 kN

8.39 kN

B

80 kN•m

10 mm

A

46.67 kN

R´ = 66.67 kN

× C = −0.6970

20 kN
12 kN•m

6 kN/m
35.68 kN•m

B

12.45 kN

2EI

C

1.5EI

A
5.55 kN

38

6 kN/m
35.68 kN•m

B

C

2EI

12.45 kN

3m

12 kN•m
A

1.5EI

10 mm
5.55 kN

3m

V (kN) 12.45

0.925 m

+

x (m)
-5.55

M (kN•m)

1.67
-

14.57
+

12
x (m)

-35.68
Deflected shape
x (m)
39

Symmetric Beam
• Symmetric Beam and Loading
P

P

θ

θ
A

B

L

C

D

real beam
V´B

L
2

L
2

V´C

+ ΣMC´ = 0:

− VB ' ( L ) +

M
L
( L)( ) = 0
EI
2

M

M

L EI
EI
conjugate beam

VB ' = θ =
M=

ML
2 EI

2 EI
θ
L

The stiffness factor for the center span is, therefore,
K=

2 EI
L

40

therefore.• Symmetric Beam with Antisymmetric Loading P θ A D θ B C P L L´ L´ real beam V´B B´ 1 M L M ( )( ) 2 EI 2 EI 2 L 3 + ΣMC´ = 0: 1 M L 2L − VB ' ( L) + ( )( )( ) = 0 2 EI 2 3 VB ' = θ = C´ M EI 1 M L ( )( ) 2 EI 2 conjugate beam V´C M= ML 6 EI 6 EI θ L The stiffness factor for the center span is. K= 6 EI L 41 .

15 kN/m A D B 4m C 6m 4m 42 .Example 5a Determine all the reactions at supports for the beam below. EI is constant.

07 -8.98 kN 43 .07 +36. -20. K ( AB ) + K ( BC ) (3EI / 4) + ( 2 EI / 6) K ( AB ) K ( BC ) (2 EI / 6) ( DF ) BC = = = 0.07 30 kN 4m 36.308 K ( AB ) + K ( BC ) (3EI / 4) + (2 EI / 6) 1.02 kN 90 kN 3m 45 kN 3m 30 kN 36.07 kN•m B B 29.98 kN 8 3 -16 +45 -36.692.93 ΣΜ A 0.15 kN/m A D wL2/15 = 16 B 4m wL2/12 = 45 C wL2/15 = 16 6m 4m 2 EI 2 EI 3EI 3EI = = .07 kN•m C C 45 kN 8 3 D 4m 29.02 kN 0.308 DF K ( AB ) = [FEM]load 0 Dist.692 0.( DF ) BA = = = 0. K ( BC ) = L 6 4 L K ( AB ) K ( AB ) (3EI / 4) ( DF ) AB = = 1.0 0.

02 M (kN•m) 31.98 -29.98 kN V (kN) D B 74.02 kN 4m x (m) -0.A 0.02 -45 + - -36.98 x (m) -36.02 kN 3m 45 kN 30 kN 36.42 - 0.07 44 .02 kN 0.07 Deflected shape C 74.98 kN 8 3 30 kN 90 kN 36.98 kN 15 kN/m A 0.07 kN•m B B 4m 3m 29.07 kN•m C C 45 kN 8 3 D 4m 29.98 kN 29.02 kN 6m 45 4m 0.

EI is constant. 15 kN/m C A B 4m D 15 kN/m 3m 3m 4m 45 .Example 5b Determine all the reactions at supports for the beam below.

063 5wL2/192 11wL2/192 wL2/15 = 16 = 14.875 16.938 C D A B 15 kN/m 15 kN/m A 16 B 16.15 kN/m Fixed End Moment C A D wL2/15 = 16 B 11wL2/192 5wL2/192 = 30.938 = 14.875 C 16 D 15 kN/m 46 .063 = 30.

96 kN 45 kN 30 kN 47 24. 0.571 ( DF ) BA = 0 ( DF ) BC = 1 = 0.75 + 1 -16 16. K ( BC ) = 6 L 4 L ( DF ) AB = 1.571 0.875 3m 4m K ( AB ) = DF [FEM]load Dist.96 kN 24.0 0. 5.75 = 0.429.75 + 1 1.75EI .875 C 0.91 kN 27.91 kN 16 D 15 kN/m 3m 4m 6 EI 6 EI 3EI 3EI = = EI = = 0.375 kN•m 16.375 kN•m 4m 3 B C D B C 4m 27.375 8 30 kN 3 45 kN 8 16. A 16.429 0.50 ΣΜ -16.875 -0.15 kN/m A 16 B 16.375 -0.375 16.09 kN .09 kN 5.

96 27.09 kN D 5.91 kN 8 3 30 kN 45 kN 16.A 5.91 15 kN/m 52.05 kN 27.96 kN 45 kN 24.91 kN V (kN) 5.375 kN•m C C 8 3 4m 27.375 M (kN•m) x (m) -16.09 D 5.96 -24.375 Deflected shape 48 .09 -24.09 kN 30 kN 24.05 kN 52.91 kN 15 kN/m C A B 5.91 kN 5.375 kN•m B B 4m 16.96 kN 27.91 x (m) 16.

Moment Distribution Frames: No Sidesway 49 .

Example 6 From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams. 40 kN•m 8 kN/m 48 kN B A C 2.5EI 4m 3EI 5m D 5m 50 .5EI 2. and qualitative deflected shape.

5 KAB = KBC = 3(2.5EI 0.5EI)/5 = 1.5 0 1 -10 -10 -20 -45 5 -10 25 5 10 CO Σ 4m 0.5EI 0.5 EI 3EI A 1 Joint load CO FEM Dist.25 0.25 0. 2.5 D 5m DF 25 45 KBD = 4(3EI)/4 = 3EI Member AB C 5 0 -50 20 -10 -5 0 51 .5 5m B D C BA BC BD DB CB 0.40 kN•m 8 kN/m 48 kN B A 2.

5EI 50 10 3EI 5 2.75 kN 52 .40 kN•m 8 kN/m 48 kN B A 14 kN C 20 2.75 20 50 48 kN 3.75 16 kN 3.75 10 kN•m 34 kN 24 kN C 3.75 kN 5 58 3.75 B 0 50 kN•m 58 14 kN BA Σ D A AB 58 10 40 kN B 20 3.5EI 16 kN Member 58 kN BC BD DB CB 0 -50 20 -10 -5 0 40 kN•m 34 24 3.

5EI C 20 50 3EI 2.40 kN•m 8 kN/m 48 kN B A 14 kN 2.5EI 10 5 16 kN 4m D 5m 5m 58 kN 35 10 16 20 50 Moment diagram Deflected shape 5 53 .

Moment Distribution for Frames: Sidesway 54 .

Single Frames ∆ B P P ∆ C C R B B C R´ x C1 A D A D Artificial joint applied (no sidesway) A D Artificial joint removed (sidesway) 0 = R + C1R´ 55 .

Multistory Frames P2 ∆2 P3 P4 ∆1 P1 P3 ∆´´ P2 R2 P4 P1 ∆´ R2´ ∆´ x C1 R1 R1´ ∆´´ R2´´ x C2 R1´´ 0 =R2 + C1R2´ + C2R2´´ 0 =R1 + C1R1´ + C2R2´´ 56 .

Example 7 From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. and qualitative deflected shape. and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams. EI is constant. 16 kN B 1m 4m C 5m A D 57 .

• Overview 16 kN B 5m A 1m 16 kN C 4m C R B B = 5m D C + A D artificial joint applied (no sidesway) R + C1R´ = 0 R´ x C1 A D artificial joint removed ( sidesway) ---------(1) 58 .

• Artificial joint applied (no sidesway) Fixed end moment: 16 kN b=1m B a=4m C R Pa2b/L2 Pb2a/L2 = 10.56 A D Equilibrium condition : + ΣF = 0: A + D + R = 0 x x x 59 .24 = 2.

16 0.72 kN•m B C 5m A Σ 0 -2. 0.5 0.04 -0.08 0. 0.81 kN R = .78 5.56 1. 10.5 A 5.32 DF 2.0.24 5m 0.73 .04 -5.64 -0.16 kN 1m B 4m 10.50 0.50 5m FEM Dist.28 1.56 Dist.78 kN•m 2.08 0.32 -0.73 kN D 2.56 0. CO -0.50 0.88 kN•m A R + ΣF = 0: 1.02 -0.28 0.12 -2.64 -0.88 D 0 Equilibrium condition : 5m Ax = 1.5 C B C 0.32 -2.72 1.32 -0.0.16 Dist.78 -2.02 -0.08 0.32 kN•m 60 .28 0.16 Dist.50 0.81 + R = 0 x Dx = 0.08 0.92 kN 1.64 D CO -2.12 -5.16 0.64 CO -0.24 -5.56 1.32 -0.28 1.72 2.

∆ ∆ 100 kN•m 5m B C 5m A R´ 100 kN•m 5m 100 kN•m 100 kN•m D Equilibrium condition : + ΣF = 0: A + D + R´ = 0 x x x 61 . and L so we will assume fixed-end moment to be 100 kN•m. and AB and DC have the same E.• Artificial joint removed ( sidesway) Fixed end moment: Since both B and C happen to be displaced the same amount ∆. I.

0 Dist.5 A 0. 0.28 + R´ = 0 R´ = 56 kN 62 .50 0.195 -0.125 6.78 0.5 -3.39 -0.50 0.0 12.56 0.195 0.50 100 -50 -50 100 -50 -50 -25.195 0.39 Dist.50 0.5 100 kN•m 5m 100 kN•m D 0 FEM 100 Dist.78 -1.78 0.56 Dist.5 -25.5 CO -1.∆ ∆ 5m B C 0. CO -25.5 Dist.78 -1.39 -0.0 12.56 0. 60 kN•m B 60 kN•m C 5m A Ax = 28 kN 80 kN•m Σ 5m 80 60 -60 D 0 100 -60 60 80 Equilibrium condition: + ΣFx = 0: D Dx = 28 kN 80 kN•m -28 .5 B C 0.5 12.0 6.5 12.125 6.125 -3.39 100 kN•m DF 100 kN•m 5m A R´ 0. -1.195 -0.5 -25.56 CO 0.5 -3.125 -3. CO 6.

57 28 28 A = 1m 3.63 1.71 5m 2.92 + C1(56) = 0 C1 = 0.79 5m 1.79 3.78 + 2.71 4.73 kN A C B 60 60 60 60 x C1 80 0.72 2.88 1.32 1.92 and R´= 56 in (1) : R + C1R´ = 0 -0.78 R B 2.Substitute R = -0.92 56 16 kN 16 kN B C 5.81 D R´ 80 D C 4m 4.72 5.27 kN A D 1.27 63 .

8.71 3.57 2.01 kN 1.22 16 kN B 1m 4m 4.99 kN 1.71 4.63 1.79 5m 1.27 kN A 3.79 3.71 C 13.27 kN D 2.57 4.71 5m 2.79 3.79 4.63 Bending moment diagram (kN•m) ∆ Deflected shape ∆ 64 .

Example 8 From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. 3m 20 kN/m B pin C 3EI 2EI 3m 4m 4EI A D 65 . and qualitative deflected shape. and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams.

• Overview 20 kN/m B B 3m. 2EI 4m . 4EI R = A C R´ + A x C1 A D D artificial joint applied (no sidesway) R + C1R´ = 0 D artificial joint removed (sidesway) ----------(1) 66 . 3EI B C C 3 m .

53 .0 + R = 0 60 A 3m 4m Ax = 33.00 0 -15.53 kN•m 0 R = .94 kN•m + ΣF = 0: x C 60 . 0.00 7.• Artificial joint applied (no sidesway) A 20 kN/m B 3m .5 CO 3. 3EI C R DF 0 0.5 FEM 15.00 1.47 kN 67 .533 3 m . 2EI 4m.065 7.94 A D KBA = 4(2EI)/3 = 2.935 -7.471 0.5 0.667EI B KBC = 3(3EI)/3 = 3EI KCD = 3(4EI)/4 = 3EI 7. 4EI 15 Σ 18.529 1.26.00 15 Dist.53 kN D Dx = 0 18.53 B C D 0.33.94 7.

3EI C R´ 100 kN•m 4m. 2EI 100 kN•m 6(2EI∆)/(3) 2 3(4EI∆)/(4) 2 A ∆ ∆ D 4m. 3EI C 100 kN•m 3 m. 4EI 3 m. 2EI 100 kN•m B R´ 6(4EI)∆/(4) 2 6(2EI∆)/(3) 2 3m.25 kN•m A D Assign a value of (FEM)AB = (FEM)BA = 100 kN•m 6(2 EI ) ∆ = 100 2 3 ∆AB = 75/EI 68 .• Artificial joint removed ( sidesway) • Fixed end moment ∆ ∆ B 3m. 4EI 3(4EI)(75/EI)/(4) 2 = 56.

06 + R´ = 0 4m 3m A 0.5 100 B Ax = 43.5 0.25 D + ΣF = 0: x C B -43.55 100 A 0 FEM 100 Dist.25 52.471 0.06 kN 56. kN•m 76.25 0 52. 0.12 .529 D CO -28.5 C R´ 0.25 kN•m 69 .9 56.1 -52.18 kN 14.∆ ∆ B C 3m A DF 3m 4m Σ 56.14.45 1.00 1.12kN 76.9 56.9 -52.00 0 100 -47.45 kN•m D R´ = 57.9.

47 + C1(57.18) = 0 C1 = 26.55 kN•m = + 18.49 kN 26.52 kN 70 .53 kN•m C R´ 52.Substitute R = -26.04 kN•m 5.51 kN D 5.45 kN•m 43.53 kN A A 0 0 D 16.12 kN 33.18 in (1) : R + C1R´ = 0 -26.52 kN6.18 20 kN/m B 52.06 3m 53.37 and R´= 57.94 kN•m B C 76.9 3m x C1 56.25 D 14.92 kN•m A 4m 53.94 kN•m 7.9 kN•m B C R 7.47 57.

49 kN 26.04 D C B A Deflected shape D 71 .92 53.52 kN6.20 kN/m B 16.51 kN D 5.55 C C B 16.52 kN ∆ ∆ Moment diagram 26.04 kN•m A 5.55 kN•m 3m 53.55 3m 16.92 kN•m A 4m 53.

Example 8 From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. EI is constant. and qualitative deflected shape. 10 kN B C 4m A D 4m 3m 72 . and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams.

• Overview 10 kN B C 4m A D 4m 3m = 10 kN B C ---------(1) R + C1R´ = 0 B R C R´ + A D artificial joint applied (no sidesway) x C1 A D artificial joint removed (sidesway) 73 .

10 kN 74 .• Artificial joint applied (no sidesway) 10 kN B A Equilibrium condition : C 0 R D 0 + ΣF = 0: x 10 + R = 0 R = .

87° = 0.334/EI 36.87° = 1.75(266.• Artificial joint removed (sidesway) • Fixed end moment B 6EI∆BC/(4) 2 6EI∆AB/(4) 2 100 kN•m R´ 3EI∆CD/(5) 2 C 100 kN•m 6EI∆AB/(4) 2 6EI∆CD/(5) 2 4 m A D 4m 3m Assign a value of (FEM)AB = (FEM)BA = 100 kN•m : 6 EI∆ AB = 100 42 ∆AB = 266.25(266.25 ∆ = 1.667/EI) A D C ∆AB = ∆ = 200/EI 4m 3m 75 .87° = 0.667/EI C´ B∆ ∆ CD ∆BC R´ ∆CD = ∆ / cos 36.87° C´ 4m ∆CD ∆BC = ∆ tan 36.75 ∆ 36.667/EI) ∆ C B´ = 333.

∆BC= 200/EI. ∆CD = 333.334/EI B 6EI∆BC/(4) 2 = 6(200)/42 = 75 kN•m 100 kN•m C R´ 3EI∆CD/(5) 2 = 3(333.334)/52 = 40 kN•m 100 kN•m A D Equilibrium condition : + ΣF = 0: A + D + R´ = 0 x x x 76 .

34. KCD = 3EI/5 = 0.05 -56.735 Dist. 40 0.48 C 56.5 DF B 43.469 -5.125 10.38 kN 34.5 0.38 kN + ΣF = 0: x -43.02 kN 91.375 CO -2.05 B B 0.5 100 100 A D 4m 3m KBA = 4EI/4 = EI.50 0.05 0 FEM 100 4 m Dist.25 -5.709 1.938 -6.05 -81.977 1.735 -0.91 + R´ = 0 R´ = 82.48 56.953 -2.02 34.48 34. KBC = 4EI/4 = EI.38 kN 81.25 Dist.93 kN 39.02 1 100 -75 -75 40 -12.875 13.38 kN A C CO -6.75 B A 75 R´ C 0.977 -0.625 0.02 .39.38 kN 77 .469 3.38 kN 56.906 2.344 Σ D 81.91 kN D 34.6EI 81.48 C 34.026 91.5 -12.5 21.50 0. 1.

81 kN D 3m 4.02 43.77 C 6.81 6.05 + A 0 D 0 91.81 10.38 kN 0 R´ 56.48 81.93 B R 81.93 kN in (1) : -10 + C1(82.91 kN D 34.93 39.05 0 C 9.98 5.Substitute R = -10 kN and R´= 82.38 kN 34.02 kN A = 0 10 kN B 9.19 kN 4m 4m 4.48 56.15 kN 78 .15 kN x C1= 10/82.93) = 0 R + C1R´ = 0 10 kN B ---------(1) C C1 = 10/82.77 A 4.

81 A 10.81 kN 4.81 6.15 kN 9.19 kN A 4.81 9.98 5.77 B B C C 6.15 kN 4m 4m D 3m 4.10 kN B 9.77 C 6.77 10.98 D Bending moment diagram (kN•m) A D Deflected shape 79 .77 9.

Example 9 From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to: (a) Determine all the reactions at supports. 40 kN 20 kN B C 3EI 3m 4EI 4m 4EI A D 2m 3m 2m 80 . and also (b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams.and qualitative deflected shape. EI is constant.

40 kN • Overview 20 kN B C 3EI 3m 4EI A D 2m 3m C 3m B + D 2m R + C1R´ = 0 R artificial joint applied (no sidesway) A 2m = 40 kN 20 kN B 4m 4EI 2m ----------(1) C R´ x C1 artificial joint removed (no sidesway) A D 2m 3m 2m 81 .

5 kN•m A D 2m 3m 2m Equilibrium condition : + ΣF = 0: A + D + R = 0 x x x 82 .• Artificial joint applied (no sidesway) Fixed end moments: 40 kN PL/8 = 15 C B 20 kN R 15+(15/2) = 22.

5 kN 13.5 Σ A C 0.0 FEM Dist.00 1.35.5 B A 23.5 13.6 = 4.40 1.5 -13.5 R D 0 22.75 + R´ = 0 C B 40 kN 13. CO -6.33 kN C 15. 24.5 B -6.444EI.5 D 2m 3m 2m KBA = 4(4EI)/3.5 kN 83 .60 0.A 40 kN 20 kN B C 22.5 kN•m + ΣF = 0: x 23. KBC = 3(3EI)/3 = 3EI.5 kN R´ = .75 -13.08 + 20 -7.5 kN D 7.75 0.08 kN 6.75 kN 0 15.75 kN•m 24.5 0.5 kN 24.5 kN 15.5 -9.00 DF 0 15 0.

47) 2 100 kN•m 6(4EI)∆AB/(3. 3.472) 2 D Assign a value of (FEM)AB = (FEM)BA = 100 kN•m : 6(4 EI ) ∆ AB = 100. 4 3EI m 72 4EI 4EI A D 3(3EI)∆BC/(3) 2 6(3EI)∆BC/(3) 2 100 kN•m 6(4EI)∆AB/(3.• Artificial joint removed (sidesway) Fixed end moments: 3m 3.61) 2 A 3(4EI)∆CD/(4.606) 2 B C R´ 6(4EI)∆CD/(4.612 ∆AB = 54.6 06 m B C R´ 4.18/EI 84 .

69 = 30.57°= 50.69o =5 4.05/EI /E I B´ = B' C ' = 22.57° 33.4/EI)/(4.59 / EI ∆CD = ∆/cos 26.08/EI C´ ∆ CD 26.05 / EI = 52.B BB´ CC´ C´ C R´ ∆ = ∆ABcos 33.472) 2 D = 30.57° 33 .59 kN•m 100 kN•m B 100 kN•m A C R´ 3(4EI)∆CD/(4.69 o B´ A C B∆ AB D ∆ BC 26.3 ∆ tan 26.54/EI ∆ tan 33.69° = 45.54 / EI + 30.24 kN•m 85 .472) 2 = 3(4EI)(50.4/EI 3(3EI)∆BC/(3) 2 = 3(3EI)(52.57 = 22.59/EI) /(3) 2 = 52.

85 + ΣF = 0: x -68.19.49 kN 30.00 30.45 -18.85 kN A C DF 0 4EI D B R´ = 87.34 .83 kN C 23.5 4EI A 4m 0.60 0.78 71.59 -28.5 3m 100 0.96 Σ 0 30.24 85.85 D 19.55 -71.85 kN 86 .40 FEM 100 Dist.24 kN•m 23.59 100 C R´ 0.5 2m 3m 0.55 30.24 71.24 2m 23.223 23.55 B 23.A 3EI B 52.85 kN 1. 100 -52.78kN•m 23.85 kN 71.00 D CO -14.55 kN•m 68.49 + R´ = 0 C B 85.34 kN 1.

28 kN•m 27.33 and R´= 87.91 kN D 15.16 kN•m 14.75 kN D 90.24 kN•m 23.83) = 0 40 kN 20 kN B C B 35.08 kN 0 A 24.85 kN 7.76 kN•m 4.78 kN•m 6.33 kN 13.83 = 15.5 kN•m 23.75 kN•m C1 = 35.34 kN A 30.485 kN 23.5 kN C x C1 68.59 kN 71.09 kN 87 .59 kN 25.83 in (1) : -35.33/87.5 kN D 19.55 kN•m +85.85 kN 40 kN 20 kN B C 15.33 + C1(87.41 kN A 12.Substitute R = -35.

91 kN 15.76 Bending moment diagram 12.28 B A C C B 27.16 kN•m 14.59 kN D 25.41 kN A 12.65 15.16 D A Deflected shape D 88 .76 kN•m 4.28 kN•m 27.09 kN 37.40 kN 20 kN B C 15.

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