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LESSON PLAN Form Subject Topic Objective : : Chemistry Date: 24 May 2011 Time: 1.10pm 2.

45pm

: Hydrocarbon and oil (Hidrokarbon dan minyak bumi) : Distinguish alkane, alkene, alkyne and the characteristic of them

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the class, students are able to: i. State what are rates of reaction ii. Now the relationship between total number of mole and the rates of reaction iii. Used the formula to find the order of reaction iv. State the four factors that effecting rates of reaction. Moral Values: i. Being cooperative. ii. Being confident and independent. Educational Emphasis: A. Creative thinking: i. Making generalization (making general conclusion) ii. Synthesizing (combining separate element) iii. Inventing (producing something new) B. Critical thinking: i. Attributing (identify criteria) ii. Analyzing (examining info in detail) iii. Making conclusion (making a statement about outcome) Instructional Aids: White board and textbook Textbook and whiteboard Previous Knowledge:

References: Yuliadi,S.Pd. (2004) Memahami KIMIA SMK, Tingkat 3. Armico. Bandung. Farhan Fuadi Muslim. (2008) KIMIA Kelompok Teknologi, Kesehatan dan Perindustrian. Grafindo. Bandung

Teaching Procedure: Stage Set Induction ( 10min) Developme nt (70min) Instructional Activity Greeting Telling what will be taught today class - Recap back what is hydrocarbon 1. ALKANE (Alkana) a. Molecular formula (Rumus molekul) Learning Activity Student listening Student answer Students listen, understand and take notes.

CnH2n+2
b. Naming and structure -ask student randomly with random numbers of carbon name. - suffix -ane 1-methane 2-ethane 3-propane 4-butane 5-pentane 6-hexana 7-heptane 8-octane 9-nonane 10-decane - Alkyl group ( Gugus Akil) CH3- methyl CH3-CH2- ethyl CH3-CH2-CH2 propyl CH3CH3-CH2- isopropyl - give 2 examples to give name and 2 example to construct the structure. Students listen and try to solve the problem together. Student stand up and answer

c. Characteristics of alkane

- the more carbon in the compound, it was in solid form - the higher the number of carbon, the higher the boiling point - alkane is a nonpolar compound which cannot dissolve in water - Hard to react with other compound. 2. ALKENE (alkena) a. Molecular formula

CnH2n
b. Naming and structure -same as alkane but with suffix ene(ena) - the chain contain double(=)bond. - give 1 example to give name and 2 example to construct the structure. c. Isomerism d. Characteristic of alkene - have double(=) bond - the more the carbon in the chain, it is in form of solid - have certain reaction that can be done by alkene but not by alkane, makes alkane more reactive than alkane.

Students listen and try to solve the problem together.

3. ALKYNE (alkuna) a. Molecular formula

CnH2n-2
b. Naming and structure - same as alkane but with the suffix yne(una)

Students listen and try to solve the

-give 1 example to give name and 2 example to construct the structure.

problem together.

c. Characteristic of alkyne -have triple bond -have same characteristic with alkene but more reactive -explode able - produce colorless gas which also have its own odor/smell 4. ISOMERS -hydrocarbon compound that have same molecular formula but have different structure and characteristics -types:1. chain(rantai) 2.posision (posisi) 3.functional group (gugus fungsi) 4.cis-trans isomers (Ruang) Conclusion (10 minutes) Emphasize what to remembers -the 10 basic naming of alkame where it also useable and important in naming alkene and alkyne -alkyl group -priority of double and triple bond in naming structure. Student listen

Table of example questions: Questions 1. ALKANE a. Naming structure: i.

Answer: 4-ethyloctane (4-etiloctana) ii.

Answer: 2,4-dimethylhexane (2,4dimetilhesana) b. Construct the structure: i. 3,3-diethyl-4-methylpentane (3,3-dietil4-metilpentane) Answer:

ii.

4-ethyl-2-methylheptane (4-etil-2metilheptana) Answer:

2. ALKENE a. Naming the structure

Answer:3-ethyl-5,6-dimethyl-3-heptene (3-etil5,6-dimetil-3-heptena) b. Construct the structure: i. 3-metyl-1-pentene (3-metil-1-pentena) Answer:

ii.

2,3-dimethyl-1-hexene (2,3-dimetil-1hexena) Answer:

3. ALKYNE a. Naming the structure:

Answer: 3-ethyl-4-methyl-1-pentyne (3-etil4metil-1-pentuna) b. Construct the structure i. 4-ethyl-5,7-dimetyl-2-nonane (4-etil-

5,7-dimetil-2-nanuna) answer:

ii.

4-metyl-2-pentyne (4-metil-2-pentuna) Answer:

Follow-up Activity: Ask student to do: Pelatihan 3.2 (m/s 34) Diantara senyawa-senyawa berikut, manakah yang mempunyai isomers cis-trans, dan lukis struktur masing-masing? a. 2-pentena b. 2-metil-2-butena c. 2,4-dimetil-2-butena Self-evaluation:

Supervisors Comments: