NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Vehicle Recorders Division Washington, D.C.

20594

December 21, 2001

Air Traffic Control Recording
Specialist's Report by Joseph A. Gregor

A.

ACCIDENT Location: Date: Time:1 Aircraft: NTSB Number: Boeing 767 -200ER DCA01SA063 New York, New York September 11, 2001

B.

GROUP

N/A
C. SUMMARY On September 11, 2q01 Untied Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 crashed into Tower 2 of the World Trade Center in New York City, New York. A certified analog copy of air traffic control (ATC) transmissions tower, departure, recorded on September 11, 2001 at various

and Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) positions along the Safety

route of flight was sent to the audio laboratory of the National Transportation Board.

These recordings were used to create an audio track and text transcript of the communications from takeoff to accident time.

aircraft-ground

- ii D. DETAILS OF INVESTIGATION Transmissions between the accident aircraft and ATe were recorded and an analog copy was sent to the Safety Board's audio laboratory. following ATe positions and time periods: The tapes cover the

Facility BOS BOS ZBW ZBW ZBW ZNY

Time Period' (UTe) 1201: 11 - 1220:33 1209:11 -1228:58 1211 :49 -1224:53 1214 - 1236 1217 - 1233 1226 -1245 1235 -1254 1250 -1308

Position LeE

10
SL Sector47R Sector 46R Sector 20R Sector42R

Sections of the tape recordings containing air-ground transmissions to and from the incident aircraft were digitized at a 22,050 Samples/second data rate and saved as standard Microsoft .wav files. individual .wav files were combined into a single 41 minute 11 second long .wav file containing a" transmissions to and from the incident aircraft from 1213:26 UTe (aircraft cleared for takeoff) to 1254:37 UTe. A transcript

was obtained from the final composite recording. Times are approximate due to limitations inherent in the data obtained from the FAA.

Joseph A. Gregor (,... Electrical Engineer

- iii -

Transcript of ATC communications with a Boeing B-767-200ER (American Airlines flight 175) which crashed into Tower 2 of the World Trade Center in New York City, New York on September 11,2001.

LEGEND

AAL-175 LCE 10 SL 47R 46R 20R 42R *

Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Radio transmission Unintelligible word Expletive Questionable

from American B-767-200ER, flight 175 from Local Control East from Initial Departure from Lincoln Departure from Sector 47 Radar position from Sector 46 Radar position from Sector 20 Radar position from Sector 42 Radar position

#

insertion

[

]

Editorial insertion Pause Interruption

Note 1: Times are expressed in universal coordinated Note 2: Only radio transmissions

time (UTe).

to and from the accident aircraft were transcribed. of the words

Note 3: Words shown with excess vowels. letters. or drawn out syllables are a phonetic representation as spoken.

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1213:26

LCE

1213: 31 1214:33 1214:36 1214:44 1214:46

UAL-175 LCE UAL-175 UAL-175 ID

1214:51 1215:41 1215:45 1216:50 1216:53 1217:09 1217:13 1217:21 1217:25 1217:28 1219:08 1219: 13 1219:24

UAL-175 ID UAL-175 ID UAL-175 ID UAL-175 UAL-175 SL UAL-175 SL UAL-175 UAL-175

1219:42

47R

1219:48 1222:06 1222:10 1222:33 1222:37 1227:09 1227:19

UAL-175 47R UAL-175 UAL-175 46R 47R 46R

United one seventy five heavy runway niner cleared for takeoff traffic's holding in position on four right. [BOS 1202-1220 ICE] cleared for takeoff runway niner Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [BOS 1202-1220 ICE] United one seventy five heavy contact departure. [BOS 12021220 ICE] departure Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [BOS 1202-1220 ICE] departure Uniteds one seventy five heavy is with you out of twelve hundred. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] United one seventy five heavy Boston departure radar contact climb and maintain one four thousand. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] one four thousand Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [BOS 12091228 Initial Departure] United one seventy five heavy turn right heading two one zero. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] turn two one zero Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [BOS 12091228 Initial Departure] United one seventy five heavy turn right heading two seven zero. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] turn to two seven zero Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] United one seventy five heavy contact Boston approach one two seven point two good day. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] two seven point two Uniteds one seventy five heavy good day. [BOS 1209-1228 Initial Departure] Boston good morning Uniteds one seventy five heavy is out of eight thousand. [BOS 1211-1224 lincoln Departure] United one seventy five heavy Boston approach fly heading two seven zero. [BOS 1211-1224 lincoln Departure] two seven zero on the heading Uniteds one seventy five. [BOS 1211-1224 lincoln Departure] United one seventy five heavy contact Boston center one three three point four two. [BOS 1211-1224 lincoln Departure] three three four two Uniteds one seventy five heavy good day. [BOS 1211-1224 lincoln Departure] Boston good morning Uniteds one seventy five heavy heavy out of eleven seven for one four thousand. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy five Boston center climb maintain flight level two three zero you're cleared direct BIGGO. [ZBW 12191230 Sector 47R] direct BIGGO up to two three zero United one seventy five heavy. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy five contact Boston center one two seven point eight two. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] two seven eight two United one seventy five so long. [ZBW 1219-12~0 Sector 47R] Boston morning United.one seventy five's out of uh nineteen for two three oh. [ZBW 1222-1227 Sector 46R] United one seventy five Boston uh center roger. [ZBW 1222-1227 Sector 46R] United one seventy five you with me? [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy five contact the ah Boston center on ah one three three point four two. [ZBW 1222-1227 Sector 46R]

1227:25 1227:34 1227:37 1227:42

UAL-175 UAL-175 47R UAL-175

1228:43 1228:49 1228:51 1228:54

UAL-175 47R UAL-175 47R

1228:58 1230:50

UAL-175 47R

1230:56 1231:04 1231:08 1237:03 1237:06 1237:08

UAL-175 UAL-175 20R 20R UAL-175 20R

1237:18 1238:00 1238:04

UAL-175 20R UAL-175

1238:11 1238:24

20R 20R

1238:28 1239:33 1239:36 1239:41 1239:44

UAL-175 20R UAL-175 20R UAL-175

'kay three four two United one seventy five so long. [ZBW 1222-1227 Sector 46R] Boston United ah one seventy five two three oh. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy five Boston center roger climb and maintain flight level three five zero. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] up to three five zero we want to request three one zero if it's smooth for United one seventy five. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] Boston Uniteds one seventy five l~ke to request three one oh if it's smooth. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy nine you say you want three one oh? [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] yes sir if it's smooth for Uniteds one seventy five heavy. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy nine maintain ah flight level that's ah correction there I have one seventy five maintain flight level three one zero. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] three one zero Uniteds one seventy five we'd like to keep that as a final. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] United one seventy five maintain three one oh and contact the Boston center on one two five point five seven. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] two five five seven we'll maintain three one oh Uniteds one seventy five. [ZBW 1219-1230 Sector 47R] Boston morning Uniteds one seventy five is out of two eight oh for three one oh. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] United one seventy five Boston center roger good morning. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] United one seventy five Boston. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] one seventy five go ahead sir. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] roger do you have traffic look at uh your twelve to one o'clock at about uh ten miles south bound see if you can see an American seventy sixty seven out there please. [ZBW 12311239 Sector 20R] okay were looking negative contact United one seventy five. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] okay United one seventy five do you have him at your twelve o'clock now and five, ten miles. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] affirmative we have him uh he looks uh about ah twenty ah yeah about twenty nine, twenty eight thousand. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] okay thank you. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector20R] United one seventy five turn thirty degrees to the right I want to keep you away from this traffic . [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] thirty degrees to the right United one seventy five heavy. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] United 9ne seventy five cleared direct SPARTA. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] direct SPARTA United one seventy five. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] United one seventy five contact New York center one two seven point one seven. [ZBW 1231-1239 Sector 20R] one two seven one seven United one seventy five. [ZBW 12311239 Sector 20R]

1240:32 1240:37 1241:28 1241:31 1241:33

UAL-175 R42 UAL-175 R42 UAL-175

1241:51 1241:55 1242:12 1251:42 1251:53 1252:09 1252:20 1253:52 1254:33

R42 UAL-175 UAL-175 R42 R42 R42 R42 R42 R42

center good morning United one seventy five heavy three one oh. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five * -correction United one seventy five New York center roger. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] New York United one seventy five heavy. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five go ahead. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] ya we figured we'd wait to go to you center ah we heard a suspicious t ransmi s's Lon on our departure out of Boston ah with someone ah, ah sound like someone sound like someone keyed the mike and said ah everyone ah stay in your seats. [ZNY 12371307 Sector 42R] oh okay I'll pass that along over here. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] that's ah cut out. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] did you copy that? [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five recycle your transponder and squawk code of one four seven zero. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five New York. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five do you read New York? [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United, United one seventy five do you read New York? [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five New York. [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R] United one seventy five do you read New Yor~? [ZNY 1237-1307 Sector 42R]

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