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of an historical and cultural analysis. The story is based on the Civil War in Nigeria. This fact provides lots of insight into this story. Facts about how people lived during this time and what happened can be very beneficial in learning the themes of this story. I think one of the themes is be thankful for what you have been given, which can be seen in the line that was repeated over and over. The line is "Nothing puzzles God." It would be interesting to find out how much religion played into the lives of those who lived in Nigeria during this time. Culture also plays a big role in this story. Family seems to be a big part of it and a belief in God also prevails. As far as clues in the story, it is very easy to see that a war has gone on, that people are not in good financial standing, the country is a mess, and many people have lost family members and belongings. All of these clues are important because they give you even more insight into the characters lives and allows you to read into the story more and understand the themes. I think one of the first things that should be researched are the war in Nigeria and the author. Just knowing information about the author helps alot. I have read another piece by Achebe and I know that he is Nigerian. Knowing this gives him even more credibility when reading this piece. I think it would also be interesting to research relations between people living in the country because we see that gangs of thieves were hurting their fellow Nigerians. As in any story, culture is of utmost importance. It would be good to research African culture and how the Europeans affected this culture and how it changed after the war during the "Civil Peace."
May 30.” begins with the protagonist. January 15. “Civil peace. “Civil Peace” takes place after the Nigerian Civil War which lasted approximately thirty months. Chinua Achebe About the Author He was born in Ogidi. Jonathan Iwegbu. the fighting became a full-blown war in which about a million civilians died. By December 24. He and his family . at London University. 1969 only two out of the original twelve provinces that formed the state of Biafra remained in the republic." from his short story collection Girls at War and Other Stories. Chinua Achebe’s short story. The Biafran troops gained international support but in the end lacked the resources and organization to defeat the federal troops. living in a military camp dealing with the aftermath of the war. three Eastern states formed the Republic of Biafra which the Nigerian government responded to as an act of rebellion. By July. He completed college in Nigeria and received his B. 1970 the Biafran state formally surrendered.A. Nigeria. 1967.Civil Peace From BluWiki This Wiki discusses Nigerian author Chinua Achebe's "Civil Peace.
He only has the twenty pounds he'd received earlier that day." When he returns to his home in Enugu after remaining for a year at a camp.then move to the capital of the defeated state of Biafra. and attempt to cope with the hardships created in the aftermath of the war. The robbery does not bother Jonathan. He also deals with the crime and anarchy that faces him after the civil war in the anarchy of “civil peace. so the robbers come inside to search for money. robbers awake Jonathan in the middle of the night to take his ex gratia money. he thinks of . he and his family go on with their normal activities. Jonathan asks what they want with a man as poor as he is. Characters There are two main characters in "Civil Peace:" Jonathan Iwegbu and the thieves. and the heads of three of their four children" (82). so they take that. They demand 100 pounds from outside the window. Jonathan receives twenty pounds of ex gratia money because the government changed the currency after the war. instead of mourning the loss of one child.” Plot Summary A year after the Nigerian civil war. his wife Maria's head. Jonathan's optimism allows him to recover from the war. during this time of "Civil Peace. and his wife works making food and drinks for soldiers and "other lucky people with good money. Jonathan Iwegbu and his family have remained positive despite the loss of their youngest son in the war. He starts his new life with minimal money but optimistically puts his family to work in order to make a living. he finds that his house is still standing despite the bombings. Enugu. That night. and the next day." The first main instance where he shows this optimism is when he counts his "five inestimable blessings his head. Jonathan works taxiing wealthy officials and their families. Jonathan and his wife Maria scrounge around for what work they can find to make ends meet.
which is especially obvious when Jonathan speaks clearly. With its absence. is no longer available. . They are desperate people due to the war. they can rob easily to get money. even though it is called a time of "Civil Peace". some of his money is stolen. The police and soldiers did not enforce justice within Eastern Nigeria. As seen in "Civil Peace" work ethic is something that is always there when everything else around you falls apart. Without his work ethic. however. the violence that exists has not changed or disappeared. they were punished for their actions. The thieves come to Jonathan's house to rob him. illegal activities and breaking the law became commonplace. Their heavy dialects indicate their ignorance. he moves on with his daily activities.everyone who is alive. Later. Work ethic is depicted as a vitality. corrupt soldiers. The Biafran government had been destroyed after the civil war. mining coal. getting new employment rather than dwelling over the fact that his former job. as it did for Johnathan Iwegbu. Biafra and Enugu are plagued by theives. his optimism prevails when he goes to the city to forage for goods to repair his house before everyone else. Law and Justice Law and justice within Civil Peace is not present. he would be unable to keep his optomistic attitude towards life. Johnathan's work ethic deemed important after the war with the burden of supporting his family. Once again. and a lack of control. Work Ethic In the story "Civil Peace" work ethic plays a significant role. he opens a bar. AFter the Civil War. Instead they reeinforced the lack of justice by committing acts like when the soldier attempted to take the bike from Jonathan. Because of the civil peace. The inattention to the law remained in Enugu whether or not the war was over. When people did break the law. At the end of the story. despite the fact that his neighbors sympathize with him.
In "Civil Peace" law simply does not exist in the corrupt Nigerian country. Point of View The point of view is third person which restricts the reader from understanding other points of view. The country side. he and his family were gifted with running water. feelings and hardships of his family members. in the camp. justice is ridiculed when attempted to be enforced. more jobs were available for the taking. In the city. affects the protagonist Jonathan in the sense of who he is and how he lives his life. Point of view is very important. The reader is unaware of the opinions. However. his fellow coal miners were left unemployed and scrounging for food and shelter. . "Police-o! Thieves-o! Neighbours-o!" (86). The neighbours turn a blind eye to the robbery and police officers don't lend their aid. Because of the hustle and bustle in the city. They dismiss the calls of the Iwegbu family because they know no one will respond. For example. when Johnathan and his family cry out for help. or the camp in which Johnathan and his family live. the theives laugh at them and mock them. they were not gifted by running water and robbers stole from their well-beings.Since laws no longer had meaning to the Nigerians. affects him in the sense that he had more hardships than he would in the city. Through this point the reader is able to infer that he is very optimistic and other characteristics. helping them cry out during the night. However. Setting Setting in the novel. who play a significant role in his life. In the camp. he was able to earn a living by shuttling officers to and from the tarred road to the camp. Even the home made out of mud brick in the city was better than living in a camp.
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