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Overview of Lecture
Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering
What is an engineer? The discipline:
Where did chemical engineering come from? What is chemical engineering? What do chemical engineers do? What is a chemical engineer? Where do you find chemical engineers?
Some examples of where chemical engineering has come from, where it is now and what it will potentially be in the future.
© Mark J. Biggs, 2005
Introduction to Chemical Engineering
What is an engineer?
Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering
“Engineers can do for 1p what a scientist can do for £1” Unknown “Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man” Thomas Tredgold, 1828 “Part Einstein, part bulldog. Somebody who makes the difficult routine and the impossible probable” Unknown
Engineers find and implement solutions for the needs of society that are economically viable, environmentally sustainable and morally sound.
© Mark J. Biggs, 2005
Founding of discipline: George E. Davis: 1880+ Industrial Revolution: It brought not only wealth but also illness and environmental damage G. Concerned with getting the job done. Many countries did without them until more recently (Germany). 1. built and ran processes. Davis and the IChemE – 1880 onwards. Gross inefficiencies and large environmental impact.3 © Mark J. Agricola published first process engineering text in 1556 MIT founded first ChE department in 1887 1. ‘Unit operations’ and the AIChE in 1915.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Where did chemical engineering come from? Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering George E. First departments . 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Where did chemical engineering come from? Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Prehistory: G. Little standardization.MIT in the US (1887). UMIST (1900s). Agricola published first process engineering text in 1556. Biggs. Mechanical engineers + chemists designed.4 © Mark J. Biggs. 2005 2 .
Biggs.6 © Mark J.Introduction to Chemical Engineering What is chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Definition found in a standard dictionary: “A branch of engineering which involves the design and operation of large scale chemical plants. 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering What is chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering 1.” Hmmm … Another definition (from the WWW): “Concerned with processes that cause substances to undergo required changes in their chemical or physical composition.” A picture is worth a 1000 words … 1. energy content or physical state. structure. Biggs. 2005 3 . and the like. petrochemical refineries.5 © Mark J.
03% How easy it is to pour a small amount of powder accurately? 1.Introduction to Chemical Engineering What is chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Selenium (Se) tablets 100 µg in 385 mg = 0.8 © Mark J. Biggs. drugs. Biggs.7 © Mark J. paint. 2005 4 . silicon chips. …) Product Engineer Process Engineer (to make product) Biology Mathematics Management Economics Physics 1. 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering A chemical engineer is more than a chemist Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Chemistry (chemical.
2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Traditional view of chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering 1. …. …) Finance sector Consultants Academia 1.9 © Mark J. Biggs. catalysts.10 © Mark J. Biggs. 2005 5 . moisturizers. …) Household products (washing powder.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Chemical engineers are everywhere Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Oil industry Chemical and allied products Process plant manufacture and construction Pharmaceutical (aspirin. hormones. …) Food and drink Materials (silicon chips. porous media. drug delivery) Personal care (cosmetics.
Biggs. Biggs. Bone and the various components are materials. 1. 2005 6 . Where do chemical engineers more widely get involved? Large quantities of matrix and hormone to pharma standards.12 © Mark J.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Modern view of chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Small scale processes (protein quantification via microfluidics) What chemical engineering is involved? Molecules (proteins + solvent) Reaction Flow Interfacial phenomena Unit operations in miniature! John B Fenn Nobel Laureate 1. 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Modern view of chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Interface with life sciences … Insert into gap Bone growth through matrix Why chemical engineers developed method? Bone growth process involves diffusion and reaction.11 © Mark J.
nanofactories.0 0. CO2 CH4 Mars Atmosphere Compressor and separator CO2 reduction Electrolysis H2 recycle H2O O2 Ar/N2 1. has Al2O3. pressures and fuel. Fe2O3.4 0.g. Biggs. TiO2.13 © Mark J. for example. … (a) Me H O O Chromophore 0 −1 −2 Energy (103 cm−1) (b) Excited state 120 Ground state 0 −1 −2 −3 −4 −5 180 −0. Cl. nanostructures.14 © Mark J. … Challenges: gravity. temperatures.4 O − H − O coordinate (Å) 1. 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering The future of chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Exploration & exploitation of extra-terrestrial environments … Earth provides ~1/3 of future needs Mars. MgO. Need to design suitable processes.Introduction to Chemical Engineering The future of chemical engineering Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Smart molecules. Biggs. 2005 7 . e.
de/chem-eng. mathematics. SCI (www.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Summary Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering Chemical engineering is about producing required products in an economic. to bread and the list goes on. Progress in Chemical Engineering (www.uni-karlsruhe. 2005 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Further information Engineering 1: Chemical Engineering History of chemical engineering and what it is (in part): www. Biggs. to silicon chips.org) US: AIChE (www. The products can vary from chemicals. to emulsions.cepmagazine. Biggs.edu/www-che www.org).15 © Mark J.org). 2005 8 .pafko. economics. management and common sense. space. Chemical engineering is constantly evolving …. Chemical Engineering societies: Some industry publications 1.icheme.che.org) Chemical Engineering News (www. Chemical engineering involves bringing together science.html Further info on chemical engineering www.html UK: IChemE (www.pubs.16 © Mark J. ‘Developed World’: Bulk chemicals Specialty Products increasingly engaging with other disciplines moving to new fields of endeavour (bio. …) 1.aiche.org/EducationalServices/chemach/ www. safe and environmentally friendly way. nano.com/history/h_intro.soci.ciw.org/cen). to nappies.acs.ufl.chemheritage.