RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS: M.TECH.

(DIGITAL COMMUNICATION)

1MDC1 SIGNAL THEORY Representation of deterministic signals: Orthogonal representation of signals. Dimensionality of signal spaces. Construction of orthogonal basis functions. Random Processes: Definition and classification, stochastic integrals, Fourier transforms of random processes, stationary and non-stationary processes, correlation functions. Ergodicity, power spectral density, transformations of random processes by linear systems. Representation of random processes (via sampling, K-L expansion and narrow band representations), special random processes :white Gaussian noise, Wiener-Levy process, Poisson process, shot-noise process, Markov process. Optimum Filtering: Matched filters for deterministic signals in white and colored Gaussian noise. Wiener filters for random signals in white and colored Gaussian noise.

1MDC2 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM Characterization of communication signals, signal space representation, equalisation, matched filtering, binary PSK, QPSK, FSK, QAM & M-Ary modulation techniques and their representation. Coherent & non coherent detection, carrier & symbol synchronization, bits vs symbol error probability, bandwidth efficiency, Spread spectrum modulation: Pseudo noise sequences, DS & FH spread spectrum.

1MDC3 SATELLITE COMMUNICAITON Introduction: Orbital mechanics and launching, earth station and satellite sub systems, satellite link: design and analysis, multiplexing techniques, multiple accesses for satellite links: FDMA, TDMA CDMA & DAMA, propagation effects, DBS-TV, GPS. VSAT: Network architecture, access control protocol & link analysis

2MDC1 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING DFT & its properties. Decimation in time and decimation in frequency FFT algorithms, discrete cosine transform. IIR Filter design: Butterworth design, bilinear transformation. Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass and Band Stop digital filters. Spectral transformation of IIR filters. FIR filter design: Symmetric and antisymmetric linear phase. FIR filter by rectangular, triangular and Blackman window functions. Finite word length effects in FIR and IIR digital filters: Quantization, round off errors and overflow errors. Multi rate digital signal processing: Concepts, design of practical sampling rate converters, Decimators, interpolators. Polyphase decompositions.

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Data transmission in GSM and UMTS. system comparison. circulators. Intermodal and intramodal dispersion.1 HIGH FREQUENCY ELECTRONICS Analysis of planar transmission lines: Variational method.fields. OTDR SONET: frame format. Multicarrier CDMA. filters. Channel coding & decoding: Run length limited codes. Synchronization and demodulation . switches.Diversity techniques and rake receiver.Binary field arithmatic. non-radiative guide. Reed-Solomon code. Optical switching. Fading channels. bends and discontinuities. mixers. Microstrip lines on ferrite and garnet substrate. multiplexing hierarchy. BCH code. active & passive phase shifters. Co-channel interference. Basics of CDMA.frame structure and features. 3MDC1 MOBILE COMMUNICATION Cellular concept. Applications of CDMA to cellular communication systems. convolutional code.Intensity modulated. Laser diode and photodiode. optical filters. Virtual tributaries. tunable sources and tunable filters. passive circuits. impedance transformers. Introduction to Algebra:Groups. Photodetector noise analysis. Transitions. Mach-Zehnder interferometer multiplexer. Mobile radio propagation. H-guide and groove guide. power control. Wireless networking. diffraction grating. Isolators and circulators. dispersion flattened and dispersion compensated fibers. Monolithic circuit components planar transmission lines. Profile dispersion. Wireless systems and standards. 2 . TCP in wireless environment. source coding. Cellular coverage planning. LBC. Rate distortion theory. optical amplifiers. WDM. Signal distortion and attenuation. optical add/drop multiplexers. SDH: Standards . Multiple access. lumped elements in MICs Analysis of basic transmission lines for millimeter wave frequencies. Spread spectrum concept. payload pointer.Basic properties of Galois field GF(2m )and vector spaces. WDM networks. cyclic code. Properties and generation of PN sequences. image guide and its variants. DWDM. Trellis coded modulation. analysis & design of devices. optical integrated circuits . 1MDC4. Diversity. power dividers. Classification of optical sensors.2MDC2 INFORMATION THEORY & CODING Shannon’s fundamental coding theorems. spreading codes. losses in microstrip lines. Analog and Digital communication link design. amplifiers (narrow band /broad band) oscillators. phase modulated and spectrally modulated sensors. multi-user detection and its performance analysis. WAP and other protocols for internet access.Characterization of optical fibers. lumped and distributed passive elements. arrayed waveguide grating. isolators. study of PMD. 2MDC3 ADVANCED OPTICAL COMMUNICATION Optical fibers: review of fundamentals. Second and third generation CDMA systems/ standards. optical couplers. overhead channels. Integrated finline. Millimetre wave devices for generation and detection. Blue-tooth and other wireless networks. oscillators. couplers. Differential entropy & mutual information for discrete & continuous ensembles.

Transformation compression techniques. computational procedures in dynamic programming. sensitivity analysis. CAT. force. least mean square adaptive filters. flow.2 ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PROCESSING Adaptive filtering: Wiener filters. etc. ECG data reduction technique. ECG lead system.1MDC4. classification of optimization. minimax and Neyman-Pearson criteria. NMR. ML and MAP estimators. Direct data compression techniques. Applications of adaptive filters. direct search methods (Fibannoci method. generalized and recursive least square. Other data compression techniques. Dynamic Programming: Multistage decision process. principles of optimality. dual simplex method. methods of steepest descent and least-squares. acceleration. Physiological effect of electric current. safety. Arrhythmia analysis. duality in linear programming. 2phase method. unbounded LPs. Biomedical transducers: displacement. general Gaussian problem.2 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES Introduction: Historical development. kalman filters. revised simplex method. frequency domain & sub-band adaptive filters. constrained optimization. Measurement of blood temperature. IIR adaptive filters. Ultrsonic and nuclear imaging. Cardiological Signal Processing: Basic Electrocardiography. golden section. Transportation.3 BIOMEDICAL ELECTRONICS Brief introduction to human physiology. velocity. heart-lung machine. degeneracy and convergence. Telemetry – Transmission of the original through wire & wireless. order recursive adaptive filters. temperature. simplex method. Bioelectrodes and biopotential amplifiers for ECG. Impedance plethysmography. examples of optimization problems. Data compression techniques. 3 . Parameter Estimation: Least square. recursive least-squares adaptive filters. finite precision effects. artificial kidney. ECG data acquisition. potential. application to engineering problems. Linear Programming: Graphical method. quadrature and cubic interpolation) descent methods. defibrillators. optimization with calculm. Prostheses and aids: pacemakers. 1MDC4. EMG. ECG parameters & their estimation. long form continuous ECG recording. radar and sonar systems. dissolved ions and gases. Non-Linear Programming: Unconstrained optimization techniques. Adaptive algorithms: adaptive equalization and echo cancellation. Direct ECG data compression techniques. 2MDC4. Nuclear. PET. square root adaptive filters. pressure and flow. monitoring. Big-M method. X-Rays. linear prediction. Types of estimates and error bounds. statement of optimization.1 DETECTION AND ESTIMATION THEORY Hypothesis testing:bayes. 2MDC4. alternate optimal solutions. assignment and other applications. EEG. Applications to communication. kuhn-tucker conditions. direct and indirect methods. Imaging techniques – Ultrasound. the use of multi scale analysis for parameters estimation of ECG waveforms. Elements of sequential and non-parametric detection. Detection and estimation in coloured noise. comparison. Safety aspects. aids for the handicapped. estimator properties including error bounds and convergence. MES.

ATM traffic & congestion control. Antenna measurements. transmission line & cavity models. horn. 3MDC2. image analysis using multiresolution techniques.3 MICRO-ELECTRO-MECHANICAL-SYSTEMS (MEMS) Micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) origins. Internetworking: switches. routing and addressing. slotted ALOHA. monochrome & color vision models. Traveling wave & broadband antennas. The micro-machined transmission line. image sampling & quantization. different feed configurations. analysis using assumed current distribution. Linear arrays. restoration & reconstruction. The toolbox: processes for micro machining. FDDI. bridges. token ring. image transforms. Antenna for infrared detectors. B-ISDN architecture. Wavelet Transform for Image Processing: Continuous wavelet transform. MEMS fabrication technologies. Smart antennas for mobile communications. 2-D systems.2 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING Human visual system and image perception. 3MDC2. calculation of blocking probability. Traffic engineering and teletraffic theory. Printed antennas: Feeding methods. shaped beam antennas. phased arrays. loop and helical antennas. Introduction to various antenna types wire. color representation. planar arrays. ATM switching. Markov processes representing traffic. space time & space time division switching. Modeling and analysis of important media access control protocols: ALOHA. wave guide. image compression.3 ANTENNA THEORY AND TECHNIQUES Review of the theory of electromagnetic radiation. Paraboloidal reflector antenna. Arrays: pattern synthesis.CSMA. discrete wavelet transform. 4 . Microwave MEMS applications: MEM switch design considerations. routers.CSMA/CD. Active antennas and arrays. 3MDC2. single stage & multi stage switching network. analysis and design of rectangular & circular microstrip antenna. image coding. Antennas for biomedical applications.1 TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING & NETWORKS Principles of circuit switching & signaling schemes. B-ISDN protocols. and reflector antennas. image enhancement. Aperture antennas: slot.2MDC4. MEMS-based microwave circuit and system. lens antenna. LAN: Ethernet. gateways. Fundamental MEMS devices: The cantilever beam. signaling. Analysis using field equivalence principle and Fourier transform methods. multi-resolution analysis. MEMS impetus/ motivation. stochastic models for image representation. Fundamentals MEMS device physics: Actuation. Material for MEMS.

FIR Digital Filter Design IIR Digital Filter Design FFT of a given signal Plot PSD/Power Spectrum of a signal Discrete Cosine Transform Adaptive Filter Design using Standard LMS Algorithm Speech analysis using L. 6. Demodulation & BER measurement. TDM. 2MDC5 MODELING & SIMULATION LAB EXPERIMENTS USING TMS320C6XXX DSP KITS 1. 3. 7.DSSS Modulation. 2. Error correction. Error detection. 5. PART II : DIGITAL MODULATION & KEYING ASK. PART III : CDMA . QPSK. BER calculation.1MDC5 COMMUNICAITON SYSTEM LAB PART I : PCM AND LINK ANALYSIS Link establishment. FSK. Noise on PCM link. 4. PSK.P. FSK Modulation & Demodulation. 5 . PART IV : SIMULATION IN MATLAB ENVIRONMENT BPSK. BER calculation. QPSK Modulation and Demodulation.C.

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