A STEP-BY-STEP ASP.

NET TUTORIAL

Credits: http://www.w3schools.com/

About: This is a step-by-step, easy-to-follow manual for those who want to learn ASP.NET to develop web applications. It has been compiled from http://www.w3schools.com/ in a book format for the benefit of those who have slow or no access to the internet and also for those who would like to have a handy copy with them as a reference.

ASP.NET TUTORIAL

TABLE OF CONTENTS ASP.NET INTRODUCTION_________________________________6 What You Should Already Know..........................................................................................6 What is Classic ASP?.............................................................................................................6 ASP.NET is NOT ASP...........................................................................................................6 What is ASP.NET?.................................................................................................................6 What is an ASP.NET File?.....................................................................................................6 How Does ASP.NET Work?..................................................................................................7 What is ASP+?.......................................................................................................................7 The Microsoft .NET Framework............................................................................................7 ASP.NET 2.0..........................................................................................................................8 ASP.NET 3.0..........................................................................................................................8 ASP.NET VS. ASP_______________________________________9 New in ASP.NET...................................................................................................................9 Language Support..................................................................................................................9 ASP.NET Controls.................................................................................................................9 Event Aware Controls............................................................................................................9 ASP.NET Components.........................................................................................................10 User Authentication..............................................................................................................10 User Accounts and Roles.....................................................................................................10 High Scalability....................................................................................................................10 Compiled Code.....................................................................................................................10 Easy Configuration...............................................................................................................10 Easy Deployment.................................................................................................................10 Compatibility........................................................................................................................10 ASP.NET INSTALLING__________________________________11 What You Need....................................................................................................................11 Windows 2000 or XP...........................................................................................................11 Service Packs and Updates...................................................................................................11 Install .NET..........................................................................................................................11 The .NET Software Development Kit..................................................................................11 Connection Speed and Download Time...............................................................................11 ASP.NET - WEB PAGES__________________________________13 Hello W3Schools..................................................................................................................13 Hello W3Schools!................................................................................................................13 Hello W3Schools in HTML.................................................................................................13 Hello W3Schools in ASP.NET............................................................................................13 How Does it Work?..............................................................................................................13 Classic ASP..........................................................................................................................14 Dynamic Page in Classic ASP.............................................................................................14 Dynamic Page in ASP .NET................................................................................................14 ASP.NET vs Classic ASP....................................................................................................15 ASP.NET - SERVER CONTROLS____________________________16 Limitations in Classic ASP..................................................................................................16 ASP.NET - Server Controls.................................................................................................16

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ASP.NET - HTML Server Controls.....................................................................................16 ASP.NET - Web Server Controls.........................................................................................17 ASP.NET - Validation Server Controls...............................................................................17 Example................................................................................................................................18 ASP.NET - EVENTS_____________________________________19 ASP.NET - Event Handlers..................................................................................................19 The Page_Load Event..........................................................................................................19 Example................................................................................................................................19 The Page.IsPostBack Property.............................................................................................19 Example................................................................................................................................20 ASP.NET WEB FORMS___________________________________21 ASP.NET Web Forms..........................................................................................................21 Submitting a Form................................................................................................................21 ASP .NET MAINTAINING THE VIEWSTATE___________________23 Maintaining the ViewState...................................................................................................23 Example................................................................................................................................23 Example................................................................................................................................24 ASP .NET - THE TEXTBOX CONTROL________________________25 The TextBox Control...........................................................................................................25 Example................................................................................................................................25 Add a Script..........................................................................................................................25 Example................................................................................................................................26 Example................................................................................................................................26 ASP.NET - THE BUTTON CONTROL_________________________27 The Button Control...............................................................................................................27 Add a Script..........................................................................................................................27 Example................................................................................................................................27 ASP.NET - DATA BINDING_______________________________29 Data Binding........................................................................................................................29 ASP.NET - THE ARRAYLIST OBJECT________________________30 Try it Yourself - Examples...................................................................................................30 Create an ArrayList..............................................................................................................31 Data Binding to an ArrayList...............................................................................................32 Example................................................................................................................................33 ASP.NET - THE HASHTABLE OBJECT________________________34 Try it Yourself - Examples...................................................................................................34 Create a Hashtable................................................................................................................35 Data Binding........................................................................................................................36 Example................................................................................................................................37 ASP.NET - THE SORTEDLIST OBJECT_______________________38 Try it Yourself - Examples...................................................................................................38 The SortedList Object..........................................................................................................40 Data Binding........................................................................................................................40 Example................................................................................................................................41 ASP .NET - XML FILES__________________________________42
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An XML File........................................................................................................................42 Bind a DataSet to a List Control..........................................................................................42 Example................................................................................................................................43 ASP.NET - THE REPEATER CONTROL_______________________45 Bind a DataSet to a Repeater Control..................................................................................45 Example................................................................................................................................46 Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate>................................................................................47 Example................................................................................................................................47 Using the <SeparatorTemplate>...........................................................................................48 Example................................................................................................................................49 ASP.NET - THE DATALIST CONTROL________________________50 Bind a DataSet to a DataList Control...................................................................................50 Example................................................................................................................................51 Using Styles..........................................................................................................................52 Example................................................................................................................................52 Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate>................................................................................53 Example................................................................................................................................53 ASP.NET - DATABASE CONNECTION_______________________55 Try it Yourself - Examples...................................................................................................55 What is ADO.NET?.............................................................................................................57 Create a Database Connection..............................................................................................57 Create a Database Command...............................................................................................57 Create a DataReader.............................................................................................................58 Bind to a Repeater Control...................................................................................................58 Example................................................................................................................................58 Close the Database Connection............................................................................................59 ASP.NET 2.0 - NEW FEATURES____________________________60 Improvements in ASP.NET 2.0............................................................................................60 What's New in ASP.NET 2.0?.............................................................................................60 Master Pages........................................................................................................................60 Themes.................................................................................................................................60 Web Parts.............................................................................................................................61 Navigation............................................................................................................................61 Security.................................................................................................................................61 Roles and Personalization....................................................................................................61 Internationalization...............................................................................................................61 Data Access..........................................................................................................................61 Mobility Support..................................................................................................................62 Images..................................................................................................................................62 Automatic Compilation........................................................................................................62 Compiled Deployment (Installation) and Source Protection...............................................62 Site Management..................................................................................................................62 Development Tools..............................................................................................................62 ASP.NET 2.0 - MASTER PAGES____________________________64 Master Pages........................................................................................................................64 Master Page Example...........................................................................................................64 Content Page Example.........................................................................................................64

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..............................................................................................................................70 VALIDATION SERVER CONTROLS__________________________72 Validation Server Controls...............................................................72 ASP..............................NET 2.......................................66 The Sitemap File.......67 HTML SERVER CONTROLS_______________________________69 HTML Server Controls.................................................................................NAVIGATION______________________________66 Web Site Navigation..............................69 WEB SERVER CONTROLS________________________________70 Web Server Controls......................................................................................................66 TreeView.....................................................................................66 Dynamic Menu.....................................................................................................................................................................Content Page With Controls..............................................................................................................................0 ................................65 ASP.......................................NET EXAMPLES____________________________________73 Page 5 of 82 .........................67 SiteMapPath.................................................

ASP.NET file are executed on the server An ASP.NET file has the file extension ". find the tutorials on our Home Page What is Classic ASP? Microsoft's previous server side scripting technology ASP (Active Server Pages) is now often called classic ASP.0 was the last version of classic ASP.ASP. but it's not an upgraded version of ASP. XML and the basics of building Web pages Scripting languages like JavaScript or VBScript The basics of server side scripting like ASP or PHP If you want to study these subjects first.NET is a program that runs inside IIS IIS (Internet Information Services) is Microsoft's Internet server IIS comes as a free component with Windows servers IIS is also a part of Windows 2000 and XP Professional What is an ASP. HTML.NET is the major part of the Microsoft's . XML.NET? ASP. It was written from the ground up and is not backward compatible with classic ASP.NET Framework. You can read more about the differences between ASP and ASP.NET Introduction What You Should Already Know Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following: • • • WWW. What is ASP.NET in the next chapter of this tutorial. and scripts Scripts in an ASP.NET is a Microsoft Technology ASP stands for Active Server Pages ASP. ASP 3.NET is an entirely new technology for server-side scripting.NET is NOT ASP ASP.aspx" Page 6 of 82 . To learn more about classic ASP.NET is the next generation ASP. ASP.NET file can contain HTML. you can study our ASP tutorial.NET is a server side scripting technology that enables scripts (embedded in web pages) to be executed by an Internet server. • • • • • • ASP. ASP.NET file is just the same as an HTML file An ASP.NET File? • • • • An ASP.

NET platform. ASP+ is just an early name used by Microsoft when they developed ASP. the ASP.NET) J# (Pronounced J sharp) Server technologies and client technologies: • • • ASP .NET) Visual Web Developer Page 7 of 82 .NET Framework is an environment for building.NET file. Microsoft's first server technology ASP (Active Server Pages). . The Microsoft .NET engine reads the file.NET.NET file is returned to the browser as plain HTML What is ASP+? ASP+ is the same as ASP.NET (Active Server Pages) Windows Forms (Windows desktop solutions) Compact Framework (PDA / Mobile solutions) Development environments: • • Visual Studio .NET Frameworks keywords: • • • • • • Easier and quicker programming Reduced amount of code Declarative programming model Richer server control hierarchy with events Larger class library Better support for development tools The .NET. The . line by line. IIS passes the request to the ASP.NET Framework The . and running Web applications and Web Services.NET Work? • • • • When a browser requests an HTML file. and executes the scripts in the file Finally.NET Framework is the infrastructure for the Microsoft . the server returns the file When a browser requests an ASP.How Does ASP. was a powerful and flexible "programming language". It was not an application framework and not an enterprise development tool. The Microsoft .NET Framework was developed to solve this problem. deploying.NET Framework consists of 3 main parts: Programming languages: • • • C# (Pronounced C sharp) Visual Basic (VB .NET engine on the server The ASP.NET (VS . But it was too code oriented.

This tutorial is about ASP.NET.

ASP.NET 2.0
ASP.NET 2.0 improves upon ASP.NET by adding support for several new features. You can read more about the differences between ASP.NET 2.0 and ASP.NET in the next chapter of this tutorial.

ASP.NET 3.0
ASP.NET 3.0 is not a new version of ASP.NET. It's just the name for a new ASP.NET 2.0 framework library with support for Windows Presentation Foundation, Windows Communication Foundation, Windows Workflow Foundation; and Windows CardSpace. ASP.NET 3.0 is not covered in this tutorial.

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ASP.NET vs. ASP
ASP.NET has better language support, a large set of new controls, XML-based components, and better user authentication. ASP.NET provides increased performance by running compiled code. ASP.NET code is not fully backward compatible with ASP.

New in ASP.NET
• • • • • • • • •
Better language support Programmable controls Event-driven programming XML-based components User authentication, with accounts and roles Higher scalability Increased performance - Compiled code Easier configuration and deployment Not fully ASP compatible

Language Support
ASP.NET uses ADO.NET. ASP.NET supports full Visual Basic, not VBScript. ASP.NET supports C# (C sharp) and C++. ASP.NET supports JScript.

ASP.NET Controls
ASP.NET contains a large set of HTML controls. Almost all HTML elements on a page can be defined as ASP.NET control objects that can be controlled by scripts. ASP.NET also contains a new set of object-oriented input controls, like programmable list-boxes and validation controls. A new data grid control supports sorting, data paging, and everything you can expect from a dataset control.

Event Aware Controls
All ASP.NET objects on a Web page can expose events that can be processed by ASP.NET code. Load, Click and Change events handled by code makes coding much simpler and much better organized.

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ASP.NET Components
ASP.NET components are heavily based on XML. Like the new AD Rotator, that uses XML to store advertisement information and configuration.

User Authentication
ASP.NET supports form-based user authentication, cookie management, and automatic redirecting of unauthorized logins.

User Accounts and Roles
ASP.NET allows user accounts and roles, to give each user (with a given role) access to different server code and executables.

High Scalability
Much has been done with ASP.NET to provide greater scalability. Server-to-server communication has been greatly enhanced, making it possible to scale an application over several servers. One example of this is the ability to run XML parsers, XSL transformations and even resource hungry session objects on other servers.

Compiled Code
The first request for an ASP.NET page on the server will compile the ASP.NET code and keep a cached copy in memory. The result of this is greatly increased performance.

Easy Configuration
Configuration of ASP.NET is done with plain text files. Configuration files can be uploaded or changed while the application is running. No need to restart the server. No more metabase or registry puzzle.

Easy Deployment
No more server-restart to deploy or replace compiled code. ASP.NET simply redirects all new requests to the new code.

Compatibility
ASP.NET is not fully compatible with earlier versions of ASP, so most of the old ASP code will need some changes to run under ASP.NET. To overcome this problem, ASP.NET uses a new file extension ".aspx". This will make ASP.NET applications able to run side by side with standard ASP applications on the same server.

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ASP.NET Installing
ASP.NET is easy to install. Just follow the instructions below.

What You Need
If you have a Beta version of ASP.NET installed, we recommend that you completely uninstall it! Or even better: start with a fresh Windows 2000 or XP installation!

Windows 2000 or XP
If you are serious about developing ASP.NET applications you should install Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP Professional. In both cases, install the Internet Information Services (IIS) from the Add/Remove Windows components dialog.

Service Packs and Updates
Before ASP.NET can be installed on your computer, all relevant service packs and security updates must be installed. The easiest way to do this is to activate your Windows Internet Update. When you access the Windows Update page, you will be instructed to install the latest service packs and all critical security updates. For Windows 2000, make sure you install Service Pack 2. You should also install the latest version of Internet Explorer. Tip: Read the note about connection speed and download time at the bottom of this page.

Install .NET
From your Windows Update you can now select the Microsoft .NET Framework. After download, the .NET framework will install itself on your computer - there are no options to select for installation. You are now ready to develop your first ASP.NET application!

The .NET Software Development Kit
If you have the necessary bandwidth, you might consider downloading the full Microsoft .NET Software Development Kit (SDK). We fully recommend getting the SDK for learning more about .NET, and for the documentation, samples, and tools included.

Connection Speed and Download Time
If you have a slow Internet connection, you might have problems downloading large files like the Windows 2000 Service Pack 2 and the Microsoft .NET Framework.

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from a friend.If download speed is a problem. our best suggestion is to get the latest files from someone else. Page 12 of 82 . or from one of the CDs that comes with many popular computer magazines. from a colleague.

aspx How Does it Work? Page 13 of 82 .aspx".ASP.NET page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself.NET page looks just like an ordinary HTML page. This code displays our example as an ASP. save the code in a file called "firstpage.NET The simplest way to convert an HTML page into an ASP.aspx extension.NET. and create a link to the file like this: firstpage.Web Pages A simple ASP. and create a link to the file like this: firstpage. Hello W3Schools To start learning ASP.htm".NET .NET page is to copy the HTML file to a new file with an .htm Hello W3Schools in ASP. we will construct a very simple HTML page that will display "Hello W3Schools" in an Internet browser like this: Hello W3Schools! Hello W3Schools in HTML This code displays the example as an HTML page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself. save the code in a file called "firstpage.

Classic ASP Active Server Pages (ASP) has been around for several years. The ASP. An HTML page has the extension . the server processes any executable code in the page.NET page above does not contain any executable code.aspx. If a browser requests an HTML page from the server.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> The code inside the <% --%> tags is executed on the server.NET pages.NET is not fully compatible with Classic ASP.NET page has the extension . so nothing is executed. please visit our ASP Tutorial. With ASP. the server sends the page to the browser without any modifications.NET page is just the same as an HTML page. An ASP. Response. Dynamic Page in Classic ASP To demonstrate how ASP can display pages with dynamic content. before the result is sent back to the browser. and create a link to the file like this: dynpage. If a browser requests an ASP. ASP.asp Dynamic Page in ASP . we have added some executable code (in red) to the previous example: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> <p><%Response. executable code can be placed inside HTML pages. but most Classic ASP pages will work fine as ASP.Write is ASP code for writing something to the HTML output stream.NET page. Previous versions of ASP (before ASP . save the code in a file called "dynpage.asp". Now() is a function returning the servers current date and time.htm. In the next examples we will add some executable code to the page to demonstrate the difference between static HTML pages and dynamic ASP pages. If you want to try it yourself.NET This following code displays our example as an ASP. with only minor changes.NET page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> Page 14 of 82 .NET) are often called Classic ASP.Fundamentally an ASP. If you want to learn more about Classic ASP.

<p><%Response. save the code in a file called "dynpage. As you can see from the two latest examples there are no differences between the two ASP and ASP.NET vs Classic ASP The previous examples didn't demonstrate any differences between ASP. and create a link to the file like this: dynpage. Page 15 of 82 .NET pages. In the next chapters you will see how server controls make ASP.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself.NET and Classic ASP.aspx".NET more powerful than Classic ASP.aspx ASP.

NET understands: Page 16 of 82 .HTML Server Controls HTML server controls are HTML tags understood by the server.ASP. by default.NET has solved the "spaghetti-code" problem described above with server controls. This makes the page difficult to read.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> The code above illustrates a limitation in Classic ASP: The code block has to be placed where you want the output to appear. To make these elements programmable.NET . and difficult to maintain.NET tags Validation Server Controls .Traditional HTML tags Web Server Controls .aspx file. With Classic ASP it is impossible to separate executable code from the HTML itself. The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP. There are three kinds of server controls: • • • HTML Server Controls .Server Controls Server controls are tags that are understood by the server. Server controls are tags that are understood by the server.NET files are.New ASP. The runat="server" attribute indicates that the form should be processed on the server. add a runat="server" attribute to the HTML element. Note: All HTML server controls must be within a <form> tag with the runat="server" attribute. In the following example we declare an HtmlAnchor server control in an . Limitations in Classic ASP The listing below was copied from the previous chapter: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> <p><%Response. The id attribute is added to identify the server control. It also indicates that the enclosed controls can be accessed by server scripts.NET .Server Controls ASP.For input validation ASP. treated as text. ASP. HTML elements in ASP. Then we manipulate the HRef attribute of the HtmlAnchor control in an event handler (an event handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event). This attribute indicates that the element should be treated as a server control.NET . The id reference can be used to manipulate the server control at run time.

NET tags understood by the server.HRef="http://www. Web server controls do not necessarily map to any existing HTML elements and they may represent more complex elements.Text="You clicked me!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Click me!" runat="server" OnClick="submit"/> </form> </body> </html> ASP. However.<script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load link1.Web Server Controls Web server controls are special ASP. Page 17 of 82 .Validation Server Controls Validation server controls are used to validate user-input. Each validation control performs a specific type of validation (like validating against a specific value or a range of values).NET .aspx file. e As EventArgs) button1. Web server controls are also created on the server and they require a runat="server" attribute to work.w3schools. If the user-input does not pass validation. it will display an error message to the user. The syntax for creating a Web server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> In the following example we declare a Button server control in an . Like HTML server controls.NET . ASP.com" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <a id="link1" runat="server">Visit W3Schools!</a> </form> </body> </html> The executable code itself has been moved outside the HTML. Then we create an event handler for the Click event which changes the text on the button: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object.

one Button control. and one RangeValidator control in an . the text "The value must be from 1 to 100!" will be displayed in the RangeValidator control: Example <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Enter a number from 1 to 100: <asp:TextBox id="tbox1" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> <asp:Button Text="Submit" runat="server" /> </p> <p> <asp:RangeValidator ControlToValidate="tbox1" MinimumValue="1" MaximumValue="100" Type="Integer" Text="The value must be from 1 to 100!" runat="server" /> </p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 18 of 82 .By default. or LinkButton control is clicked. You can prevent validation when a button control is clicked by setting the CausesValidation property to false. page validation is performed when a Button.aspx file. If validation fails. ImageButton. The syntax for creating a Validation server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> In the following example we declare one TextBox control.

from a button click on a form): Page 19 of 82 . The Page_Load event is triggered when a page loads. you can use the Page. ASP.IsPostBack property is false.ASP.e.." The Page_Load Event The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP. the page is posted back to the server (i.Text="The date and time is " & now() End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Note: The Page_Load event contains no object references or event arguments! The Page.NET .IsPostBack property. and ASP.IsPostBack Property The Page_Load subroutine runs EVERY time the page is loaded.NET will automatically call the subroutine Page_Load..Event Handlers Look at the following code: <% lbl1.NET understands. and execute the code inside it: Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load lbl1.Events An Event Handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event.Text="The date and time is " & now() %> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> </form> </body> </html> When will the code above be executed? The answer is: "You don't know. if it is true. the page is loaded for the first time.NET . If the Page. If you want to execute the code in the Page_Load subroutine only the FIRST time the page is loaded.

Text="Hello World!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> <h3><asp:label id="lbl2" runat="server" /></h3> <asp:button text="Submit" onclick="submit" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » The example above will write the "The date and time is.." message only the first time the page is loaded.. Page 20 of 82 . When a user clicks on the Submit button. the submit subroutine will write "Hello World!" to the second label. but the date and time in the first label will not change.Text="The date and time is " & now() end if End Sub Sub submit(s As Object.IsPostBack then lbl1.Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.. e As EventArgs) lbl2.

. you will see that ASP. if you do not specify the name and id attributes. it is ignored.aspx page containing a form with no name. and the <form> tag must contain the runat="server" attribute.NET has added these attributes to the form. or id attribute specified. Also.ASP. e As EventArgs) button1. it will be set to method="post" by default.NET has the following format: <asp:Button id="id" text="label" OnClick="sub" runat="server" /> The id attribute defines a unique name for the button and the text attribute assigns a label to the button... If you omit the method attribute. method. A button click runs a subroutine which changes the text on the button: Example <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object. If you specify an action attribute. they are automatically assigned by ASP. action.HTML + server controls </form> Note: The form is always submitted to the page itself.aspx file.Text="You clicked me!" End Sub </script> Page 21 of 82 .NET Web Forms All server controls must appear within a <form> tag.. Note: An .NET. It looks something like this: <form name="_ctl0" method="post" action="page. In the following example we declare a Button control in an . The onClick event handler specifies a named subroutine to execute.aspx page can only contain ONE <form runat="server"> control! If you select view source in an . and the <form> tag must contain the runat="server" attribute. It also indicates that the enclosed controls can be accessed by server scripts: <form runat="server"> .some code </form> Submitting a Form A form is most often submitted by clicking on a button. ASP. The Button server control in ASP. The runat="server" attribute indicates that the form should be processed on the server.aspx" id="_ctl0"> .NET Web Forms All server controls must appear within a <form> tag.

<html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Click me!" runat="server" OnClick="submit" /> </form> </body> </html> Page 22 of 82 .

Form("fname") If fname<>"" Then Response.NET way.aspx page or add the attribute EnableViewState="false" to any control. How come? This is because ASP .. all form values are cleared. The ViewState indicates the status of the page when submitted to the server. If you want to NOT maintain the ViewState..NET Web Forms. Maintaining the ViewState When a form is submitted in classic ASP. include the directive <%@ Page EnableViewState="false" %> at the top of an . When you click on the submit button. When you click on the submit button..aspx file.NET Maintaining the ViewState You may save a lot of coding by maintaining the ViewState of the objects in your Web Form. Suppose you have submitted a form with a lot of information and the server comes back with an error... It demonstrates the "old" way to do it.NET maintains your ViewState. When a form is submitted in ASP . Look at the following ..NET. and you will have to start all over again! The site did not maintain your ViewState. You will have to go back to the form and correct the information..some code </form> Maintaining the ViewState is the default setting for ASP.ALL form values are CLEARED.ASP .aspx" id="_ctl0"> <input type="hidden" name="__VIEWSTATE" value="dDwtNTI0ODU5MDE1Ozs+ZBCF2ryjMpeVgUrY2eTj79HNl4Q=" /> . the form reappears in the browser window together with all form values. the form value will NOT disappear: Page 23 of 82 .. and what happens. The source could look something like this: <form name="_ctl0" method="post" action="page. The status is defined through a hidden field placed on each page with a <form runat="server"> control..Write("Hello " & fname & "!") End If %> </body> </html> Show example » Here is the new ASP .aspx" method="post"> Your name: <input type="text" name="fname" size="20"> <input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form> <% dim fname fname=Request.. the form value will disappear: Example <html> <body> <form action="demo_classicasp. You click the back button.

NET has added a hidden field in the form to maintain the ViewState <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object.Example Click view source in the right frame of the example to see that ASP . e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text & "!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 24 of 82 .Text="Hello " & txt1.

The example below demonstrates some of the attributes you may use with the TextBox control: Example <html> <body> <form runat="server"> A basic TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A password TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb2" TextMode="password" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with text: <asp:TextBox id="tb4" Text="Hello World!" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A multiline TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb3" TextMode="multiline" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with height: <asp:TextBox id="tb6" rows="5" TextMode="multiline" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with width: <asp:TextBox id="tb5" columns="30" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Add a Script The contents and settings of a TextBox control may be changed by server scripts when a form is submitted. The TextBox Control The TextBox control is used to create a text box where the user can input text. The TextBox control's attributes and properties are listed in our web controls reference page. Page 25 of 82 .The TextBox Control The TextBox control is used to create a text box where the user can input text.ASP .NET . A form can be submitted by clicking on a button or when a user changes the value in the TextBox control.

The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object.Text End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » In the following example we declare one TextBox control and one Label control in an . e As EventArgs) lbl1.In the following example we declare one TextBox control.Text="You changed text to " & txt1. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub change(sender As Object.aspx file. one Button control.Text="Your name is " & txt1. the change subroutine is executed. the submit subroutine is executed.Text End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" text="Hello World!" ontextchanged="change" autopostback="true"/> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 26 of 82 .aspx file. and one Label control in an . When the submit button is triggered. e As EventArgs) lbl1. When you change the value in the TextBox and either click outside the TextBox or press the Tab key.

A command button has a command name and allows you to create multiple Button controls on a page.Text End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> Page 27 of 82 .Text="Your name is " & txt1.ASP. When the submit button is triggered. this control is a submit button. the submit subroutine is executed.NET .aspx file. The Button control's attributes and properties are listed in our web controls reference page. The push button may be a submit button or a command button. one Button control. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object. In the following example we declare one TextBox control.The Button Control The Button control is used to display a push button. The example below demonstrates a simple Button control: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="b1" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Add a Script A form is most often submitted by clicking on a button. A submit button does not have a command name and it posts the page back to the server when it is clicked. e As EventArgs) lbl1. and one Label control in an . It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the submit button is clicked. The Button Control The Button control is used to display a push button. It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the command button is clicked. By default.

</form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 28 of 82 .

with data binding we may use a separate source. By using an imported source. we will describe how to bind data from a scripted data source. Data Binding The following controls are list controls which support data binding: • • • • asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox The selectable items in each of the above controls are usually defined by one or more asp:ListItem controls.Data Binding We may use data binding to fill lists with selectable items from an imported data source.NET . an XML file.ASP. In the next three chapters. Page 29 of 82 . or a script. like a database. an XML file. and any changes to the items are made in the separate data source. or a script to fill the list with selectable items. like this: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="countrylist" runat="server"> <asp:ListItem value="N" text="Norway" /> <asp:ListItem value="S" text="Sweden" /> <asp:ListItem value="F" text="France" /> <asp:ListItem value="I" text="Italy" /> </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> </body> </html> However. the data is separated from the HTML. like a database.

Examples ArrayList DropDownList <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.Sort() rb.DataSource=mycountries Page 30 of 82 .Add("France") mycountries.SelectedItem.TrimToSize() mycountries.e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & dd.ASP.Add("Italy") mycountries.TrimToSize() mycountries.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.Add("Sweden") mycountries.Add("Sweden") mycountries.NET .Add("Norway") mycountries.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="dd" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> ArrayList RadioButtonList <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.The ArrayList Object The ArrayList object is a collection of items containing a single data value.Add("Italy") mycountries.DataSource=mycountries dd.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries. Try it Yourself .Add("France") mycountries.Sort() dd.Add("Norway") mycountries.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.

Add("Sweden") mycountries.Add("Sweden") mycountries.rb.e As EventArgs) lbl1. an ArrayList object contains 16 entries.TrimToSize() end if end sub </script> Page 31 of 82 .Add("Italy") mycountries. The following code creates a new ArrayList object named mycountries and four items are added: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page. An ArrayList can be sized to its final size with the TrimToSize() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.Add("France") mycountries.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Create an ArrayList The ArrayList object is a collection of items containing a single data value.Add("Italy") end if end sub </script> By default.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb. Items are added to the ArrayList with the Add() method.Add("Norway") mycountries.SelectedItem.Add("Norway") mycountries.Add("France") mycountries.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.

apply the Reverse() method after the Sort() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.Reverse() end if end sub </script> Data Binding to an ArrayList An ArrayList object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: • • • • asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.Sort() end if end sub </script> To sort in reverse order.Add("Sweden") mycountries.Add("Sweden") mycountries.Add("Norway") mycountries.Add("France") mycountries. first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list and binds the values in the list to the RadioButtonList control: Page 32 of 82 .TrimToSize() mycountries.Add("France") mycountries.Add("Norway") mycountries.Add("Italy") mycountries.TrimToSize() mycountries.Sort() mycountries.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.An ArrayList can also be sorted alphabetically or numerically with the Sort() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.Add("Italy") mycountries.

DataSource=mycountries rb.Sort() rb.Add("France") mycountries. use either the Hashtable object or the SortedList object. Page 33 of 82 .DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » The DataSource property of the RadioButtonList control is set to the ArrayList and it defines the data source of the RadioButtonList control.Add("Norway") mycountries. To add Values that are different from the Text.Add("Sweden") mycountries. The DataBind() method of the RadioButtonList control binds the data source with the RadioButtonList control.Add("Italy") mycountries. Note: The data values are used as both the Text and Value properties for the control.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New ArrayList mycountries.TrimToSize() mycountries.Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.

"control_radiobuttonlist.Add("N".Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Hashtable RadiobuttonList 2 <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.The Hashtable Object The Hashtable object contains items in key/value pairs.asp") rb.DataSource=navigate rb.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.DataValueField="Key" rb."France") mycountries."control_dropdownlist.Add("DropDownList".Add("ListBox".Add("CheckBoxList".DataValueField="Value" rb.Add("I".DataTextField="Value" rb."control_checkboxlist. Try it Yourself .DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.asp") navigate.SelectedItem.ASP.DataTextField="Key" Page 34 of 82 .IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New Hashtable mycountries.NET .asp") navigate.Add("F".e As EventArgs) lbl1.Add("RadioButtonList".IsPostBack then dim navigate=New Hashtable navigate."Norway") mycountries.Add("S"."Sweden") mycountries.Examples Hashtable RadiobuttonList 1 <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.asp") navigate."control_listbox.DataSource=mycountries rb."Italy") rb.

"Italy") dd.DataBind() end if end sub sub navigate(s as Object.Add("N".Value) end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="navigate" /> </form> </body> </html> Hashtable DropDownList <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.DataTextField="Value" dd.Add("S".Add("I".e As EventArgs) lbl1.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New Hashtable mycountries."Sweden") mycountries.text="Your favorite country is: " & dd."Norway") mycountries. e As EventArgs) response.DataSource=mycountries dd.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.redirect(rb.rb.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="dd" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Create a Hashtable Page 35 of 82 ."France") mycountries.SelectedItem.SelectedItem.Add("F".DataValueField="Key" dd.

The Hashtable object contains items in key/value pairs. The keys are used as indexes.Add("N". Items are added to the Hashtable with the Add() method.DataBind() end if end sub </script> Page 36 of 82 . first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .DataTextField="Value" rb.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New Hashtable mycountries.Add("I". The following code creates a Hashtable named mycountries and four elements are added: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page."Italy") rb.Add("I".Add("F". and very quick searches can be made for values by searching through their keys."Sweden") mycountries.Add("F"."Sweden") mycountries."Norway") mycountries."Italy") end if end sub </script> Data Binding A Hashtable object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: • • • • asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control."France") mycountries.DataSource=mycountries rb.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New Hashtable mycountries.Add("S".aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page."Norway") mycountries.Add("S".Add("N".DataValueField="Key" rb."France") mycountries.

When a radio button is clicked."Italy") rb.Add("N".Add("S".e As EventArgs) lbl1.SelectedItem.<html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control.DataValueField="Key" rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object. To sort items alphabetically or numerically.DataTextField="Value" rb.Add("F"."France") mycountries."Norway") mycountries.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New Hashtable mycountries. a text will appear in a label: Example <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page. Page 37 of 82 ."Sweden") mycountries.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Note: You cannot choose the sort order of the items added to the Hashtable.DataSource=mycountries rb.Add("I". use the SortedList object.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.

DataTextField="Value" rb."control_listbox.ASP.e As EventArgs) lbl1."Norway") mycountries.The SortedList Object « Previous Next Chapter » The SortedList object combines the features of both the ArrayList object and the Hashtable object.Add("I".DataSource=mycountries rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.asp") navigate.Add("DropDownList".asp") rb.Add("F"."control_radiobuttonlist.Add("S". Try it Yourself .IsPostBack then dim navigate=New SortedList navigate."control_dropdownlist.SelectedItem.NET .DataSource=navigate Page 38 of 82 .Add("N".Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> SortedList RadiobuttonList 2 <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page."Italy") rb.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.DataValueField="Key" rb."Sweden") mycountries."control_checkboxlist.asp") navigate.asp") navigate.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New SortedList mycountries.Add("RadioButtonList"."France") mycountries.Add("CheckBoxList".Add("ListBox".Examples SortedList RadiobuttonList 1 <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.

DataValueField="Key" dd.Add("F".Add("N".DataTextField="Value" dd.redirect(rb."France") mycountries.Value) end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="navigate" /> </form> </body> </html> SortedList DropDownList <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.rb.SelectedItem.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New SortedList mycountries.text="Your favorite country is: " & dd.SelectedItem.e As EventArgs) lbl1.Add("S". e As EventArgs) response."Norway") mycountries.Add("I"."Italy") dd.DataValueField="Value" rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object.DataTextField="Key" rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub navigate(s as Object.DataSource=mycountries dd."Sweden") mycountries.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="dd" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Page 39 of 82 .

Add("N".Add("I". The following code creates a SortedList named mycountries and four elements are added: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.Add("N"."Sweden") mycountries.Add("I"."France") mycountries.Add("S". A SortedList object automatically sort the items in alphabetic or numeric order.DataTextField="Value" Page 40 of 82 . A SortedList can be sized to its final size with the TrimToSize() method. first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New SortedList mycountries.Add("F".DataSource=mycountries rb.aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.DataValueField="Key" rb. Items are added to the SortedList with the Add() method."France") mycountries."Sweden") mycountries."Norway") mycountries.Add("S".IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New SortedList mycountries."Norway") mycountries.The SortedList Object The SortedList object contains items in key/value pairs.Add("F"."Italy") rb."Italy") end if end sub </script> Data Binding A SortedList object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: • • • • asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control.

e As EventArgs) lbl1.SelectedItem.Add("I".Add("F"."Italy") rb.DataTextField="Value" rb.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.Add("N"."Norway") mycountries.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 41 of 82 .Add("S".DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control. When a radio button is clicked.DataSource=mycountries rb. a text will appear in a label: Example <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page."France") mycountries.rb.DataValueField="Key" rb.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New SortedList mycountries.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object."Sweden") mycountries.

Data" namespace.ASP . import the "System. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New DataSet mycountries.xml")) end if end sub Page 42 of 82 .aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.XML Files We can bind an XML file to a list control. Include the following directive at the top of an . An XML File Here is an XML file named "countries.ReadXml(MapPath("countries.NET .xml Bind a DataSet to a List Control First.xml": <?xml version="1.Data" %> Next.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <countries> <country> <text>Norway</text> <value>N</value> </country> <country> <text>Sweden</text> <value>S</value> </country> <country> <text>France</text> <value>F</value> </country> <country> <text>Italy</text> <value>I</value> </country> </countries> Take a look at the XML file: countries. create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.

ReadXml(MapPath("countries.DataSource=mycountries rb. When a radio button is clicked.DataTextField="text" rb.xml")) rb.DataSource=mycountries rb.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> </form> </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the XML DataSet: <%@ Import Namespace="System.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New DataSet mycountries.xml")) rb.DataBind() end if end sub Page 43 of 82 .ReadXml(MapPath("countries.IsPostBack then dim mycountries=New DataSet mycountries.DataTextField="text" rb.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page. first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .To bind the DataSet to a RadioButtonList control. a text will appear in a label: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.DataValueField="value" rb.DataValueField="value" rb.

Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 44 of 82 .e As EventArgs) lbl1.SelectedItem.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.sub displayMessage(s as Object.

Bind a DataSet to a Repeater Control The Repeater control is used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control.The Repeater Control The Repeater control is used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control.NET .90</price> <year>1997</year> </cd> </catalog> Take a look at the XML file: cdcatalog. an XML file.90</price> <year>1982</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Still got the blues</title> <artist>Gary Moore</artist> <country>UK</country> <company>Virgin records</company> <price>10.90</price> <year>1985</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Hide your heart</title> <artist>Bonnie Tyler</artist> <country>UK</country> <company>CBS Records</company> <price>9. Here we will show how to bind an XML file to a Repeater control.xml Page 45 of 82 .ASP.20</price> <year>1990</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Eros</title> <artist>Eros Ramazzotti</artist> <country>EU</country> <company>BMG</company> <price>9. The Repeater control may be bound to a database table. We will use the following XML file in our examples ("cdcatalog.xml"): <?xml version="1. or another list of items.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <catalog> <cd> <title>Empire Burlesque</title> <artist>Bob Dylan</artist> <country>USA</country> <company>Columbia</company> <price>10.90</price> <year>1988</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Greatest Hits</title> <artist>Dolly Parton</artist> <country>USA</country> <company>RCA</company> <price>9.

xml")) end if end sub Then we create a Repeater control in an .ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.. create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.DataItem("fieldname")%> method: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System. </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> .Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.Data" %> Next. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. import the "System.DataSource=mycdcatalog Page 46 of 82 . and last.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog. Include the following directive at the top of an . then the contents of the <ItemTemplate> element are repeated for each "record" in the DataSet. We also fill the Repeater control with HTML tags and bind the data items to the cells in the<ItemTemplate> section with the <%#Container. </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Then we add the script that creates the DataSet and binds the mycdcatalog DataSet to the Repeater control..Data" namespace... the contents of the <FooterTemplate> element are rendered once within the output: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> .xml")) cdcatalog. The contents of the <HeaderTemplate> element are rendered first and only once within the output.aspx page..IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.First.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog. </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> ..

xml")) Page 47 of 82 .ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container. In the following example each other row in the table will be displayed in a light grey color: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate> You can add an <AlternatingItemTemplate> element after the <ItemTemplate> element to describe the appearance of alternating rows of output.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.cdcatalog.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.

DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </AlternatingItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <SeparatorTemplate> The <SeparatorTemplate> element can be used to describe a separator between each record.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <AlternatingItemTemplate> <tr bgcolor="#e8e8e8"> <td><%#Container.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container. The following example inserts a horizontal line between each table row: Page 48 of 82 .

DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.xml")) cdcatalog.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <SeparatorTemplate> <tr> <td colspan="6"><hr /></td> </tr> </SeparatorTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 49 of 82 .DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="0" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.

like the Repeater control. like the Repeater control.90</price> <year>1988</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Greatest Hits</title> <artist>Dolly Parton</artist> <country>USA</country> <company>RCA</company> <price>9. used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default. an XML file. the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default. We will use the following XML file in our examples ("cdcatalog.90</price> <year>1985</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Hide your heart</title> <artist>Bonnie Tyler</artist> <country>UK</country> <company>CBS Records</company> <price>9. used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control.90</price> <year>1997</year> </cd> </catalog> Page 50 of 82 . However. The DataList control may be bound to a database table. However.The DataList Control The DataList control is. Bind a DataSet to a DataList Control The DataList control is.ASP.NET .xml"): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <catalog> <cd> <title>Empire Burlesque</title> <artist>Bob Dylan</artist> <country>USA</country> <company>Columbia</company> <price>10. or another list of items. Here we will show how to bind an XML file to a DataList control.20</price> <year>1990</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Eros</title> <artist>Eros Ramazzotti</artist> <country>EU</country> <company>BMG</company> <price>9.90</price> <year>1982</year> </cd> <cd> <title>Still got the blues</title> <artist>Gary Moore</artist> <country>UK</country> <company>Virgin records</company> <price>10.

.Data" %> Next.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog..xml First.Data" namespace. Include the following directive at the top of an . </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> ...Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page. import the "System. </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Then we add the script that creates the DataSet and binds the mycdcatalog DataSet to the DataList control. then the contents of the <ItemTemplate> element are repeated for each "record" in the DataSet..aspx page.aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog. create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page. The contents of the <HeaderTemplate> element are rendered first and only once within the output.IsPostBack then Page 51 of 82 .Take a look at the XML file: cdcatalog.. and a <FooterTemplate> that contains a text. We also fill the DataList control with a <HeaderTemplate> that contains the header of the table. an <ItemTemplate> that contains the data items to display. the contents of the <FooterTemplate> element are rendered once within the output: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> . We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> . and last.xml")) end if end sub Then we create a DataList in an . Note that the gridlines attribute of the DataList is set to "both" to display table borders: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.

DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> $<%#Container.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Page 52 of 82 .DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> Copyright Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using Styles You can also add styles to the DataList control to make the output more fancy: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.xml")) cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" gridlines="both" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container.xml")) cdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.

DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> Copyright Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate> You can add an <AlternatingItemTemplate> element after the <ItemTemplate> element to describe the appearance of alternating rows of output.DataItem("artist")%> $<%#Container. You may style the data in the <AlternatingItemTemplate> section within the DataList control: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> Page 53 of 82 .DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.<asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="true" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff" footerstyle-font-size="9pt" footerstyle-font-italic="true"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.xml")) cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.

DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <AlternatingItemTemplate> "<%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> $<%#Container.<form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="True" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff" alternatingitemstyle-backcolor="#e8e8e8" alternatingitemstyle-forecolor="#000000" footerstyle-font-size="9pt" footerstyle-font-italic="True"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container. Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Page 54 of 82 .DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> $<%#Container.DataItem("price")%> </AlternatingItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> &copy.DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.

0. With ADO.ExecuteReader() customers.DataBind() dbread.DataSource=dbread customers.OLEDB.NET you can work with databases.Examples Database connection .mappath("/db/northwind.dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.4.Close() end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="customers" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="True" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff" footerstyle-font-size="9pt" footerstyle-font-italic="True"> <HeaderTemplate> Customers Table </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> Page 55 of 82 .data source=" & server.NET is also a part of the .dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.ASP. Try it Yourself .NET .Database Connection ADO.mdb")) dbconn. ADO.Bind to a DataList control <%@ Import Namespace="System.dbcomm.sql.NET Framework.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn.Jet.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql.NET is used to handle data access.Close() dbconn.Data.

DataItem("contactname")%> </td> <td><%#Container.0.DataItem("address")%> </td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("companyname")%> </td> <td><%#Container.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn.DataItem("city")%> </td> </tr> Page 56 of 82 .DataSource=dbread customers.dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql.dbcomm.DataItem("address")%>.data source=" & server.DataItem("companyname")%> in <%#Container.mappath("/db/northwind.Close() end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="customers" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr bgcolor="#b0c4de"> <th>Companyname</th> <th>Contactname</th> <th>Address</th> <th>City</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr bgcolor="#f0f0f0"> <td><%#Container.dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Data.ExecuteReader() customers. <%#Container.Close() dbconn.DataBind() dbread.sql.mdb")) dbconn.Bind to a Repeater control <%@ Import Namespace="System.<%#Container.Jet.OLEDB.DataItem("city")%> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> Source: Northwind Database </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Database connection .4.

mappath("northwind.mappath("northwind.Data.Open() end sub </script> Note: The connection string must be a continuous string without a line break! Create a Database Command To specify the records to retrieve from the database.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft. First. unlike ADO.NET is a part of the .Open() Page 57 of 82 . we will create a dbcomm variable as a new OleDbCommand class.Jet.dbcomm dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft. import the "System. We create a dbconn variable as a new OleDbConnection class with a connection string which identifies the OLE DB provider and the location of the database. Then we open the database connection: <%@ Import Namespace="System.</ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> What is ADO.0.mdb")) dbconn.0. We need this namespace to work with Microsoft Access and other OLE DB database providers.Data.OLEDB.NET? • • • • ADO.Data. The OleDbCommand class is for issuing SQL queries against database tables: <%@ Import Namespace="System.NET ADO. data source=" & server.NET ADO.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn.OLEDB.mdb")) dbconn.NET Framework consists of a set of classes used to handle data access is entirely based on XML has.4. data source=" & server.OleDb" namespace.NET ADO.4.Jet. We will create the connection to the database in the Page_Load subroutine.sql. no Recordset object Create a Database Connection We are going to use the Northwind database in our examples.

OLEDB.DataSource=dbread customers.Close() end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="customers" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Companyname</th> Page 58 of 82 .Jet.sql.mappath("northwind. data source=" & server.Data.dbcomm.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql.Close() dbconn.ExecuteReader() customers.4.DataBind() dbread.dbconn) end sub </script> Create a DataReader The OleDbDataReader class is used to read a stream of records from a data source.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn.0.Jet. A DataReader is created by calling the ExecuteReader method of the OleDbCommand object: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.mdb")) dbconn.sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql.0.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn. data source=" & server.ExecuteReader() end sub </script> Bind to a Repeater Control Then we bind the DataReader to a Repeater control: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.dbcomm.mappath("northwind.4.dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql.OLEDB.sql.mdb")) dbconn.

DataItem("companyname")%></td> <td><%#Container.Close() Page 59 of 82 .<th>Contactname</th> <th>Address</th> <th>City</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.Close() dbconn.DataItem("contactname")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("city")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Close the Database Connection Always close both the DataReader and database connection after access to the database is no longer required: dbread.DataItem("address")%></td> <td><%#Container.

NET 2.NET 2.0 ASP. Design goals for ASP.0 solves this problem. Design goals for ASP. Master pages in ASP. Themes Themes is another feature of ASP. XML.0 are: • • • • • • • • • Master Pages.NET 2. The result page is a combination (merge) of the master page and the content page.0 .New Features ASP.NET didn't have a method for applying a consistent look and feel for a whole web site.NET 2.NET 2.NET 2.0? Some of the new features in ASP. Themes. or skins.0: • • • • • Increase productivity by removing 70% of the code Use the same controls for all types of devices Provide a faster and better web server platform Simplify compilation and installation Simplify the administration of web applications What's New in ASP.NET 2. and internationalization services Improved and simplified data access controls Full support for XML standards like. Improvements in ASP. personalization.0. Master Pages ASP. A master page is a template for other pages. XHTML. Read more about master pages. The master page defines placeholders for content pages.NET by adding several new features. with shared layout and functionality.0 improves ASP. allow developers to create a customized look for web applications.NET 2.0 themes: Page 60 of 82 . and WSDL Improved compilation and deployment (installation) Improved site management New and improved development tools The new features are described below. Themes.NET 2. and Web Parts Standard controls for navigation Standard controls for security Roles.ASP.0 was designed to make web development easier and quicker.NET 2.

Internationalization Reaching people with different languages is important if you want to reach a larger audience. which provides login functionality LoginStatus control. to provide different views depending on login status CreateUser wizard.0 has built-in navigation controls like • • • Site Maps Dynamic HTML menus Tree Views Security Security is very important for protecting confidential and personal information. and entire sites Allow all visual elements to be customized Web Parts ASP. to control the login status LoginName control to display the current user name LoginView control.NET 2. Data Access Page 61 of 82 .0 has personalization features for storing user details. This provides an easy way to customize user (and user group) properties. In ASP.NET 2. pages. New controls: • • Zone controls .• • • Make it simple to customize the appearance of a site Allow themes to be applied to controls.0 Web Parts can provide a consistent look for a site.NET 2. to provide the "I forgot my password" functionality Roles and Personalization Internet communities are growing very popular. ASP. ASP.areas on a page where the content is consistent Web part controls .NET 2. while still allowing user customization of style and content.0 the following controls has been added: • • • • • • A A A A A A Login control.NET 2.content areas for each zone Navigation ASP.0 has improved support for multiple languages. to allow creation of user accounts PasswordRecovery control.

ASP. the source code is protected. With ASP.NET 2.NET this involved code. removing much of the need for programming and in-depth knowledge of data connections. All files within a directory will be compiled on the first run.NET Visual Studio. A key goal of ASP.NET 2.NET 2. In ASP. and often the same code had to be used over and over in different web pages.NET was released with project and design features targeted at corporate developers. using databases or XML files as data sources.0 has new controls for handling images: • • The ImageMap control . Page 62 of 82 . Images ASP.0.0 provides automatic compilation. like hand-held computers and cell phones. This provides an easy way to deploy (upload to a server) compiled applications.NET.0 has three new features for web site configuration and management: • • • New local management console New programmable management functions (API) New web-based management tool Development Tools With ASP.0 has new data controls.0 also provides pre-compilation.NET 2.NET 2. the Microsoft Mobile Internet Toolkit (MMIT) provided this support.0 was to ease the use of data sources.Many web sites are data driven. MMIT is no longer needed because mobile support is built into all controls.NET 2. and because only compiled files are deployed. including support for WSDL. An entire web site can be pre-compiled. Site Management ASP.image map support The DynamicImage control . In ASP.image support for different browsers These controls are important for better image display on mobile devices. Automatic Compilation ASP. Compiled Deployment (Installation) and Source Protection ASP. and XSD files.NET 2. Mobility Support The problem with Mobile devices is screen size and display capabilities.

Visual Studio 2005 was released. Page 63 of 82 .NET 2.0. Front Page.) No project files.NET 2.ability to compile on first run Visual Web Developer is a new free ASP.. File System. allowing code to be manipulated outside Visual Studio Integrated Web Site Administration Tool No "build" step .. Key design features for Visual Studio 2005 include: • • • • • Support for the features described above Upload files from anywhere (FTP.NET..0 tool for non-corporate developers who don't have access to Visual Studio.With ASP.

The master page contains a placeholder tag <asp:ContentPlaceHolder> for individual content.master" %> <asp:Content ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1" runat="server"> <h2>Individual Content</h2> <p>Paragraph 1</p> <p>Paragraph 2</p> </asp:Content> The content page above is one of the individual content pages of the web.0 . The id="CPH1" attribute identifies the placeholder. ASP. This master page was saved with the name "master1. The output result is a combination of the master page and the content page. Content Page Example <%@ Page MasterPageFile="master1. Page 64 of 82 .NET merges the pages to produce output that combines the layout of the master page with the content of the content page.Master Pages Master pages provide templates for other pages on your web site. A master page provides a template for other pages.NET 2. allowing many placeholders in the same master page.master". Note: The master page can also contain code. with shared layout and functionality. Master Page Example <%@ Master %> <html> <body> <h1>Standard Header For All Pages</h1> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder id="CPH1" runat="server"> </asp:ContentPlaceHolder> </body> </html> The master page above is a normal HTML page designed as a template for other pages. The @ Master directive defines it as a master page. allowing dynamic content. The content pages contains the content you want to display. which can be overridden by content pages. The master page defines placeholders for the content.ASP. When users request the content page. Master Pages Master pages allow you to create a consistent look and behavior for all the pages (or group of pages) in your web application.

aspx". No content is allowed outside the tag. Note: The content text must be inside the <asp:Content> tag.NET controls can be inserted into the content page just like an into an ordinary page. The content page contains a content tag <asp:Content> with a reference to the master page (ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1").aspx.master" %> <asp:Content ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1" runat="server"> <h2>W3Schools</h2> <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="textbox1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button id="button1" runat="server" text="Button" /> </form> </asp:Content> The content page above demonstrates how .NET merges the content page with the master page.aspx.The @ Page directive defines it as a standard content page. Content Page With Controls <%@ Page MasterPageFile="master1. Click to display mypage1. When the user requests this page. Click to display mypage2. Page 65 of 82 . ASP. This content page was saved with the name "mypage1.

In ASP.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?> <siteMap> <siteMapNode title="Home" url="/aspnet/w3home.aspx"> <siteMapNode title="Services" url="/aspnet/w3services. In addition.aspx"/> </siteMapNode> </siteMapNode> </siteMap> Rules for creating a sitemap file: • • • • The XML file must contain a <siteMap> tag surrounding the content The <siteMap> tag can only have one <siteMapNode> child node (the "home" page) Each <siteMapNode> can have several child nodes (web pages) Each <siteMapNode> has attributes defining page title and URL Note: The sitemap file must be placed in the root directory of the web and the URL attributes must be relative to the root directory.aspx"> <siteMapNode title="Training" url="/aspnet/w3training.NET 2.0 .aspx"/> <siteMapNode title="Support" url="/aspnet/w3support. and is stored in the root directory of the web.Navigation ASP. Code Example: <asp:SiteMapDataSource id="nav1" runat="server" /> <form runat="server"> <asp:Menu runat="server" DataSourceId="nav1" /> </form> Page 66 of 82 .0 has three new navigation controls: • • • Dynamic menus TreeViews Site Map Path The Sitemap File The following sitemap file is used in this tutorial: <?xml version="1. This file is normally called web. Dynamic Menu The <asp:Menu> control displays a standard site navigation menu.ASP.NET 2.NET 2.0 the menu can be stored in a file to make it easier to maintain.0 has built-in navigation controls Web Site Navigation Maintaining the menu of a large web site is difficult and time consuming.NET 2.sitemap. ASP.

Unlike the TreeView and Menu control the SiteMapPath control does NOT use a SiteMapDataSource.sitemap file by default. The <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control automatically connects to the default sitemap file (web. Tips: If the SiteMapPath displays incorrectly. The data source of the control is defined by the DataSourceId attribute. Page 67 of 82 .symbol. Click here to see a demo of Menu. The SiteMapPath control uses the web. TreeView. The <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control automatically connects to the default sitemap file (web. and SiteMapPath TreeView The <asp:TreeView> control displays a multi level navigation menu. most likely there is an URL error (typo) in the web. and SiteMapPath SiteMapPath The SiteMapPath control displays the trail (navigation path) to the current page. Click here to see a demo of Menu. The data source of the control is defined by the DataSourceId attribute. Code Example: <asp:SiteMapDataSource id="nav1" runat="server" /> <form runat="server"> <asp:TreeView runat="server" DataSourceId="nav1" /> </form> The <asp:TreeView> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created navigation menu. The path acts as clickable links to previous pages. The menu looks like a tree with branches that can be opened or closed with + or .sitemap). Code Example: <form runat="server"> <asp:SiteMapPath runat="server" /> </form> The <asp:SiteMapPath> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created site path display.sitemap). The id="nav1" connects it to the <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control.sitemap file.The <asp:Menu> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created navigation menu. TreeView. The id="nav1" connects it to the <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control.

and SiteMapPath Page 68 of 82 . TreeView.Click here to see a demo of Menu.

add a runat="server" attribute to the HTML element. <div>. <span>. and <input type="reset"> HTML elements Controls an <input type="checkbox"> HTML element Controls an <input type="file"> HTML element Controls an <input type="hidden"> HTML element Controls an <input type="image"> HTML element Controls an <input type="radio"> HTML element Controls <input type="text"> and <input type="password"> HTML elements Controls a <select> HTML element Controls a <table> HTML element Controls <td>and <th> HTML elements Controls a <tr> HTML element Controls a <textarea> HTML element Page 69 of 82 . treated as text. To make these elements programmable. etc.NET requires that all HTML elements must be properly closed and properly nested. This attribute indicates that the element should be treated as a server control. HTML Server Controls HTML elements in ASP. Controls an <image> HTML element Controls <input type="button">. by default. <input type="submit">. Note: All HTML server controls must be within a <form> tag with the runat="server" attribute! Note: ASP.NET files are. HTML Server Control HtmlAnchor HtmlButton HtmlForm HtmlGeneric HtmlImage HtmlInputButton HtmlInputCheckBox HtmlInputFile HtmlInputHidden HtmlInputImage HtmlInputRadioButton HtmlInputText HtmlSelect HtmlTable HtmlTableCell HtmlTableRow HtmlTextArea Description Controls an <a> HTML element Controls a <button> HTML element Controls a <form> HTML element Controls other HTML element not specified by a specific HTML server control. like <body>.HTML Server Controls HTML server controls are HTML tags understood by the server.

Web Server Controls Like HTML server controls. The syntax for creating a Web server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> Web Server Control AdRotator Button Calendar CalendarDay CheckBox CheckBoxList DataGrid DataList DropDownList HyperLink Image ImageButton Label LinkButton ListBox ListItem Literal Panel PlaceHolder RadioButton RadioButtonList BulletedList Repeater Style Table TableCell TableRow TextBox Xml Description Displays a sequence of images Displays a push button Displays a calendar A day in a calendar control Displays a check box Creates a multi-selection check box group Displays fields of a data source in a grid Displays items from a data source by using templates Creates a drop-down list Creates a hyperlink Displays an image Displays a clickable image Displays static content which is programmable (lets you apply styles to its content) Creates a hyperlink button Creates a single.or multi-selection drop-down list Creates an item in a list Displays static content which is programmable(does not let you apply styles to its content) Provides a container for other controls Reserves space for controls added by code Creates a radio button Creates a group of radio buttons Creates a list in bullet format Displays a repeated list of items bound to the control Sets the style of controls Creates a table Creates a table cell Creates a table row Creates a text box Displays an XML file or the results of an XSL transform Page 70 of 82 . However. Web server controls do not necessarily map to any existing HTML elements and they may represent more complex elements.NET tags understood by the server.Web Server Controls Web server controls are special ASP. Web server controls are also created on the server and they require a runat="server" attribute to work.

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it will display an error message to the user. If the data does not pass validation. The syntax for creating a Validation server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> Validation Server Control CompareValidator CustomValidator RangeValidator RegularExpressionValidator RequiredFieldValidator ValidationSummary Description Compares the value of one input control to the value of another input control or to a fixed value Allows you to write a method to handle the validation of the value entered Checks that the user enters a value that falls between two values Ensures that the value of an input control matches a specified pattern Makes an input control a required field Displays a report of all validation errors occurred in a Web page Page 72 of 82 .Validation Server Validation Server Controls Controls Validation server controls are used to validate user-input. A Validation server control is used to validate the data of an input control.

com" link2.Title="W3Schools" link2.HRef="http://www.Target="_blank" link2. e EventArgs) p1.com" link1.NET HTML Controls HTMLAnchor ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load link1.Target="_blank" link1.HRef="http://www.Title="Microsoft" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <a id="link1" runat="server">Visit W3Schools!</a> <br /> <a id="link2" runat="server">Visit Microsoft!</a> </form> </body> </html> Output Result: Visit W3Schools! Visit Microsoft HTMLButton ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub button1(Source As Object.microsoft.w3schools.InnerHtml="You clicked the button!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> As blue As pink Output Result: Blue button!Pink button! Page 73 of 82 . e EventArgs) p1.NET Examples ASP.InnerHtml="You clicked the button!" End Sub Sub button2(Source As Object.ASP.

gif" image1.width:100" runat="server"> Pink button! </button> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> HTMLImage ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load(Sender As Object. e As EventArgs) image1. height:25.Src="smiley. height:25.<button id="b1" OnServerClick="button1" style="background-color:#e6e6fa.width:100" runat="server"> Blue button! </button> <button id="b2" OnServerClick="button2" style="background-color:#fff0f5.Alt="Smiley" image1.Border="3" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <img id="image1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Output Result: HTMLImage 2 ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub choose_image(Sender As Object.Src = select1.Value End Sub </script> <html> <body> Output Result: þÿ Display image Page 74 of 82 .E As EventArgs) image1.

gif">Angry</option> <option value="stickman.value & "!" end if End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <input id="name" type="text" size="30" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server" /> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Output Result: Enter your name: Submit þÿ HTMLInputCheckbox ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Output Result: What color do you prefer? Page 75 of 82 .gif">Stickman</option> </select> <input type="submit" runat="server" value="Display image" OnServerClick="choose_image"> <br /><br /> <img id="image1" src="smiley. e as EventArgs) if name.<form runat="server"> <select id="select1" runat="server"> <option value="smiley.value<>"" then p1.gif" runat="server" width="32" height="32" /> </form> </body> </html> HTMLInputbutton ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object.gif">Smiley</option> <option value="angry.InnerHtml="Welcome " & name.

checked=false blue.InnerHtml="You prefer red!" else p1.Value End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter some text: <input id="string1" type="text" size="25" runat="server" /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server" /> <input id="hidden1" type="hidden" runat="server" /> Output Result: Enter some text: þÿ Submit Page 76 of 82 .Sub submit(Source As Object.InnerHtml="Hidden value= " + hidden1. e As EventArgs) if red.Value=string1.checked=false End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> What color do you prefer? <br /> <input id="red" type="checkbox" runat="server" /> Red <br /> <input id="blue" type="checkbox" runat="server" /> Blue <br /> <input type="button" value="Submit" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server"/> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Red Blue HTMLInputHidden ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object.InnerHtml="You prefer blue!" end if red.Checked=True then p1.Value p1. e As EventArgs) hidden1.

ImageClickEventArgs) p1. ImageClickEventArgs) p1.Checked=True then p1.InnerHtml="Your favorite color is red" else Output Result: Select your favorite color: Page 77 of 82 .gif" OnServerClick="button1" runat="server" width="32" height="32" /> </p> <p> <input type="image" src="angry.InnerHtml="You clicked button!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Click on one of the images:</p> <p> <input type="image" src="smiley. e As EventArgs) if r1.InnerHtml="You clicked button!" End Sub Sub button2(Source As Object.<p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> HTMLInputImage ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub button1(Source As Object.gif" OnServerClick="button2" runat="server" width="32" height="32" /> </p> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> e As the smiley e As the angry Output Result: Click on one of the images: You clicked the smiley button! HTMLInputRadiobutton ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object.

e As EventArgs) Dim row. cell 1 row 1.Checked=True then p1.Add(New LiteralControl("row " & j & ".i row=0 numrows=cint(rows1.InnerHtml="Your favorite color is blue" end if end if end if End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Select your favorite color: <br /> <input id="r1" name="col" type="radio" runat="server">Red</input> <br /> <input id="r2" name="col" type="radio" runat="server">Green</input> <br /> <input id="r3" name="col" type="radio" runat="server">Blue</input> <br /> <input type="button" value="Submit" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server"/> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Red Green Blue HTMLTable ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object. cell 2 row 2.j.if r2.numcells.Cells.Controls.Value) for j=1 to numrows Dim r As New HtmlTableRow() row=row+1 for i=1 to numcells Dim c As New HtmlTableCell() c. cell 1 row 2.InnerHtml="Your favorite color is green" else if r3.Checked=True then p1. cell " & i)) r.numrows.Value) numcells=cint(cells1.Add(c) Output Result: Table rows: Table cells: Display Table þÿ þÿ row 1. cell 2 Page 78 of 82 .

Rows(i).Rows.BGColor="yellow" table1.Count-1 for j=0 To table1.Cells.Cells(j). e As EventArgs) dim i.Count-1 table1.Rows(i).next t1.Visible=true next End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Table rows: <select id="rows1" runat="server"> <option value="1">1</option> <option value="2">2</option> <option value="3">3</option> </select> <br />Table cells: <select id="cells1" runat="server"> <option value="1">1</option> <option value="2">2</option> <option value="3">3</option> </select> <br /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Display Table" runat="server" OnServerClick="submit"> </p> <table id="t1" border="1" runat="server" visible="false"/> </form> </body> </html> HTMLTable 2 ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object.BorderColor="red" for i=0 To table1.Add(r) t1.InnerHtml="Row "&i next next End Sub </script> <html> Output Result: Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3 Cell 4 [CHANGE CONTENT BUTTON] Row 0 Row 0 Row 1 Row 1 [CHANGE CONTENT BUTTON] Page 79 of 82 .Rows.j table1.

<body> <form runat="server"> <table id="table1" border="1" runat="server"> <tr> <td>Cell 1</td> <td>Cell 2</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Cell 3</td> <td>Cell 4</td> </tr> </table> <br /> <input type="button" value="Change Contents" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server"/> </form> </body> </html> HTMLTextarea ASP Source: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object. e As EventArgs) p1.InnerHtml = "<b>You wrote:</b> " & textarea1.NET Web Controls Page 80 of 82 .Value End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter some text:<br /> <textarea id="textarea1" cols="35" rows="6" runat="server" /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" OnServerClick="submit" runat="server" /> <p id="p1" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Output Result: Enter some text: Submit ASP.

NET Database Page 81 of 82 .NET Data Binding ArrayList RadioButtonList ArrayList DropDownList Hashtable RadioButtonList 1 Hashtable RadiobuttonList 2 Hashtable DropDownList SortedList RadioButtonList 1 SortedList RadiobuttonList 2 SortedList DropDownList XML RadiobuttonList ASP.NET Events Page_Load Page.AdRotator Button Button 2 Calendar Calendar 2 Calendar 3 Checkbox CheckboxList DataList DataList with styles DataList with <AlternatingItemTemplate> DropdownList Hyperlink Image ImageButton Label LinkButton Listbox Literal Literal 2 Panel Radiobutton RadiobuttonList Repeater Repeater with <AlternatingItemTemplate> Repeater with <SeparatorTemplate> Table Table 2 Textbox Textbox 2 Textbox 3 XML ASP.NET Validation Controls CompareValidator CompareValidator 2 CustomValidator RangeValidator RangeValidator 2 RegularExpressionValidator RequiredFieldValidator Validationsummary Validationsummary 2 ASP.IsPostBack ASP.

Bind to a DataList control Page 82 of 82 .Bind to a Repeater control Database connection .Database connection .

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