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First of all, thank you for purchasing this Maxxum/Dynax your first Minolta camera, welcome to the Minolta family.
3xi. Also, if this is
This instruction manual has been designed to help you get the most enjoyment and use out of your new camera. It is not necessary for you to read the contents of this manual from cover-to-cover before you begin photographing. it is better that you read it in sections. by learning a little about the manual itself by reading the TABLE OF CONTENTS on p.2. This will give you an idea of kinds of information included in the manual and the way in which it is organized. Next, pick up your camera and, using NAMES OF PARTS AND DISPLAYS, become familiarize yourself with the layout of its controls and indications. Continue to the next section, PREPARATIONS, and follow along with your own camera by attaching the Pl'k<::tr"1n and a lens, inserting a battery, etc. When you are finished, read SIMPLE OPERATION-THE BASICS thoroughly and you should be ready to begin using your new camera in its most basic operating mode. When you want to take more creative control over the image-making process, OPERATIONS IN DETAIL will help you do so. Finally, APPENDIX contains information about the camera and general photography, as well as a Quick Reference Guide, which may be helpful to you in the near future. Refer to it as you need. You are probably anxious to begin, so good luck and we hope that this camera will help you to discover and enjoy the many pleasures of the world of photography.
to work he Minolta with mses, flash units, and other accessories manufactured and distributed by ~inolta. We therefore caution users of this camera that the attachment and! with the 3xi may result in to the camera or its accessories. To obtain the life of your 3xL we recommend those lenses, flashes and other accessories distributed by for use with this camera.
. .. . . .. .. . '" Manual fill-flash (P mode) . 14 14 " .. Bulb: Long exposures . . .. .. . Flash range .. ... .. . . Flash cancel (P mode) .. " . . .. . . .. .. .. . . Changing exposure modes A: Aperture priority... ... Battery-condition indicators Battery performance . Special focusing situations. . ... . .. .... . Film ~~ 15 . 9 10 .. . . . . . . . .. J::AIIJUl:iOUn::l Flash Details . Data Panel. ... . .. 18 .. . ... . . Viewfi nder . . . . . Wireless/remote off-camera flash control 2 .7 PREPARATIONS ---------------.. . . 18 IN DETAil . Flash in A.. . . . . . 15 Preliminary ~~ ~~~ Neckstrap . focusing Details AF illuminator. Care of glass surfaces. .. 29 30 31 32 33 33 34 36 38 40 42 42 43 43 44 Auto Stand-by Zoom (ASZI . . . . . . ~. .. . 9 .. . . . and M modes. .. . . . ..Inserting. ... . . . 11 11 12 13 .. . . . ... .. . . . . .. . .. . .. . Loading film Automatic rewind. ... . . .. .. . ... . . . . . .. ... . S: Shutter priority M: Manual exposure... . Exposure modes.Names of Parts and Displays Body . .. ... . .. .. Attaching " . . Eyepiece and Accessory Shoe Cap... Automatic film-speed setting. .. . . ... .~- Battery ~ Removing. . ..-------------.. Cold-weather operation . Manual start of rewind.. S. ... . ~ Lens .. Details _.. .. '" 4 6 . .. Manual focus. ... . .
.. . Flash Pre-flash: . .. 22 ... ..59 3 .24 25 ... . Focus Lock.... 51 52 53 54 '" .26 . . 23 ..... ... .27 Lens Aperture and Depth of Field Shutter Speed and Moving "c. . . .. 56 . Care and Storage .. 21 .. Flash Basics . Focus Signals . Technical Details Quick Reference Guide ... ..... .. Main Taking Pictures. . . . .ce~lsory Information Troubleshooting.SIMPLE Holding the Camera .~ '-"""-" Self·Timer .. .. ..
Data 7. 4. I-'rrlflY:"m Re-sets camera to programmed operation Flash Accessory shoe Main switch Self-timer button Aperture-setting control Selects aperture in A and M modes 13. control Used to control shutter speed is Sand M modes and select exposure mode 3. 10.. Focus-mode switch Selects auto/manual focus 16. Shutter-release button 4. 12. Mirror* 17. Pre-nash button Selects/ cancels pre-flash 6. 5. 9. 11. Lens contacts" 8. 4 .'""'"'"'"~'"'"'~'"-~~'"'"'"----.14 ----15 sensor Activates eyepiece sensor 2.6 ~'"'--'"'".----~- 5 ~'"--'"~~------.----.ens release L 15. 3 ~-''"-~-~-__c ----12 ---'~-'-·13 -. Back-cover release 14.
Tripod socket 28. Film window and 23. Viewfinder eveoiece" ~ Flash-control button 1. Shutter" 29. DX contacts" Do not touch film 5 . Film chamber 9. Used to pop-up built-in fire fill flash. Guide rails 27. cancel flash in P mode ~2. cover 25. Pressure 24. sensor IR sensor activates camera when it detects an ~O.• 8. Battery-cover release 26. Rewind button Used to rewind 30.
Data Panel 2 3
1. Selectable setting pointers Indicates which settings are under manual control 2. Shutter-speed display 3. Aperture display 4. Battery-condition indicator Displays level of battery charge 5. Frame counter 6. Film-transport signals 7. Film cartridge mark Indicates film loaded, film rewound, film improperly loaded 8. Exposure-mode indicators Indicates current exposure mode 9. Flash-mode indicators Indicates current flash mode 10. Self-timer indicator 11 Manual-focus indicator
Continuous AF mode: appears after 1"\1,,,_~a"'rt when focus and after shutter-release button partway .. Focus locked: appears a short time after shutter-release part way down if is Focus cannot be confirmed
is in down if button is
In Mmode: A overexposure; "" ~ correct exposure In P and A mode when flash is canceled: ""~(blinking) Camera-shake warning: current shutter blurry In all modes:
may result in
Flash "h,,.N<,n rapidly) Flash output sufficient
t Focus frame
This section includes those things which you should do and understand before you use your camera. Read it thoroughly before you go on to SIMPLE OPERATION or OPERATIONS IN DETAIL
pull to remove. snap it in over the eyepiece as shown above. To attach the cap.'''n in . slide the accessory shoe cap into the cap for """fnv". Fasten it to the viewfinder "'\""'''~'''' whenever you use the selftimer or make exposures. The camera also comes with an accessory shoe cap which protects the contact When you are using a flash or other accessory..• cap strap.
2.1. especially the lens mirror. • Do not force the lens if it does not turn smoothly .[. Turn the body cap and lens cap as shown and remove them. The lens is not attached properly . will appear in the aperture display of the data panel if: • No lens is attached to the camera .. • Never touch anything inside the camera. The AZ/MZ switch on an xi-Series lens is set to MZ 10 .:' " .. Be csrefut.. Fit the lens into the mount and turn the lens clockwise until it locks in place with a click.Ullld'. t... Align the red bead on the lens barrel with the red dot on the camera's lens mount.
. the . and camera interior. lens contacts.1. from the center of the lens. 11 . This will protect the lens elements. if necessary. Never lift the mirror or touch its surface. Lift the lens out of the mount 2. Press the lens release and hold it in while you turn the lens counterclockwise until it stops. moisten a sheet of lens tissue with one drop of fluid and. If it is have the camera cleaned at an authorized Minolta service facility.. This may its or scratch its face. t Care of Glass Surfaces . attach the rear cap to the lens and the cap or another lens to the camera. Never touch any lens surfaces (including the with your If a lens becomes first clean it with a lens brush. Dust on the mirror's surface will not affect meter or quality.
This camera uses a 6-volt 2CR5 lithium battery to supply power to all of its If you are also using an xi-Series lens. The battery may explode and cause severe burns. 1. CAUTION Read and follow all warnings and instructions supplied by the battery manufacturer. 2. Snap the cover closed. CI Do not attempt to disassemble. .. Do not it to high temperatures or fire. the camera battery also power to the zoom motor built into the lens. or short-circuit the battery. II 12 . Move the main switch to LOCK and slide the battery cover release in the direction indicated to open the battery cover. recharge. Insert the battery according to the marks on the inside of tile chamber cover. 3. batteries away from small children.
low. after you turn camera on-power is suffi.Whenever you move the main switch from LOCK to indicators will appear in the data indicator u-riartnrv 41 turn camera on-power symbol appears for 4 sec.. 2.. after you is sufficient.1... The will need to be changed soon. 13 ..cient. symbol appears for 4 sec.. and shutter insufficient for ReOI' 3. check that the is in- &I Indicator 4 will appear even while the main switch is set to LOCK. but low. and t: apappears at all. a fresh blinks while it appears with indicators at any time -···camera can be but power is <>"1"0.
it will regain some of its charge. Actual performance will depend on how you use the camera. If you install a new battery that has been in prolonged storage.. These figures are based on Minolta's standard test method using a fresh battery at 68°F (20°C).RJl'l.. if you plan to shoot many rolls of film outdoors at temperatures near or below 32°F (O°C). the camera's performance may vary.. Cold-Weather n"". After it warms up. However.. we recommend that you carry the camera inside your coat to keep it warm while you are not shooting.. You may also want to carry a spare battery in your pocket so that you can change the camera battery if necessary..i'i .....H&u'v Performance The 6-volt 2CR5 lithium battery should provide sufficient power for shooting up to 60 rolls of 24-exposure film without flash. Lithium batteries perform well in cold weather. Do not discard a cold battery. 14 ..
NEXT PAGE 15 . Film Before you load a roll of film. the camera will automatically set the cor. the camera will set ISO 100. Check the film window and frame the type of film in the camera and the number of frames (See p.• rect film For flash photography. check the data panel. If you use non-OX-coded film. It Before you load film for the first remove and discard cover over the shutter.If you use DX-coded film between ISO 25 and 5000. (f the fil m cartridge rnsmavert do not open the back cover.18 for instructions on rewinding an unfinished roll of filrn. Minotta • recommends that you use film between ISO 25 and 1000.) • load film in subdued light or shade.
Its precision design makes it extremely sensitive to pressure. 2. . it may not wind properly .. Open the back cover by sliding the back-cover release downward. RIGHT WRONG ~~ fill NEVER TOUCH THE SHUTTER CURTAIN WITH YOUR FINGERS OR WITH THE FILM TIP. NEXT PAGE 16 . Place the film cartridge into the film chamber and extend the leader between the guide rails until the tip is just past the film-leader index. If the film leader is torn or crimped. • If the film tip extends beyond the mark.1. gently push the excess back into the cartridge.
. The camera will advance the film • to the first frame and 1 will appear in .. If you accidentally open the back cover before you rewind the film.3.. AUTO ~p . the back cover and repeat steps 2 and 3. . If the film is loaded 0 will blink in the frame counter and the shutter will remain locked.. the film counter. If you move the main switch to ON before you load do not touch the grip sensor the above because ASZ may activate .. quickly shut the back. Close the back cover and move the main switch to ON. .. The counter will reset to 1 Some of the you have already taken will be ruined or will be discolored along the 17 .
. If the motor stops before the film is completely rewound. for a 24-exposure roll. the motor wilt stop and the filmcartridge mark in the data panel will blink to indicate that it is safe to open the back cover. insert a fresh battery. to rewind a 36-exposure roll. or 12 sec. 18 . it takes about 18 sec.Automatic Rewind After you have exposed the last frame. . the camera will automatically rewind the film. Manual Start of Rewind To begin rewind at any time. When the film has been completely rewound. With a fresh battery. gently press the film rewind button on the bottom of the camera body .
Tln1AA method of section . you get started n"''>'::ttlnl"t-wjjrh nrnr. autofocus.rR.1M RATI N BASI • tt This brief section is intended to the posure. and autoflash.
make sure you touch the grip sensor. Keep your elbows securely against your sides when shooting both horizontal and vertical pictures. 20 . Always keep the camera strap around your neck or wound around one wrist. Press the shutter-release button gently in a single. steady motion-never with a quick jab. • When you pick up the camera. Eye-Start will not function.Hold the grip firmly in your right hand and use your left hand to support the camera or lens. (I Do not touch the focusing ring of an AF lens or the end of the lens barrel of an xi-Series Autozoom lens or AF Power Zoom lens. Otherwise.
21 . ASl will not function in this case. auto zoom is also activated and the lens will zoom By the time you frame your fore. may not function. " If you are which absorb infrared light. the camera has many of its set-up and is make an exposure. " If you do not touch the grip sensor or if you are you must activate autofocus and autcexposure by pressing the shutter-release button partway down. the data sensor activate. This sensor then activates autofocus and autoexposure when it detects an near the viewfinder. If you are an xi-Series Autozoom lens. after it no detects an near the viewfinder.When you move the main switch to ON. When you then touch the grip sensor. the sensor is activated. The sensor also turns autofocus and autoexposure off 4 sec.
1. Hold the camera as described on p. 2. lit Pressing the program-reset button sets the camera to programmed autoexposure mode. Place your main subject in the focus frame and press the shutterrelease button down to take the picture. Slide the main switch to ON. the camera will automatically advance the film to the next frame and will increase the film counter by one.20. AUTO ~p Gl 22 . autofocus. 3. Press the program-reset button. and auto switchover flash. AUTO ~p Gl After the exposure has been made. 4.
After has activated the camera. the autofocus system will enter continuous AF mode and (41) will appear in the viewfinder when it has focused. and it will set the lens to focus on this point before the mirror up. If your is the camera will remain in continuous AF mode. which are of this system. sub"UILtltl''''U.(e) 1. the camera will calculate where the main will be when the shutter curtain actually begins to make the exposure. on your When you press the shutter-release button partway down. wilt appear in the viewfinder. 2.. 23 . if your is the camera will lock focus a short time later and . See • This camera has Predictive AF. When you take a picture in continuous mode.
Do not turn the ring after you lock focus.If. first lock focus on your subject. then recompose the scene as desired. Hold it in this position while you recompose and take the picture. as a result of the composition or framing you have chosen.. 1 Place your subject in the center of the AF area. button 3.. and press the shutterrelease button all the way down to take the picture . you can lock focus by pulling the lens control ring towards the camera. 24 .. Focus will not lock if your subject is moving. ) to . the main subject falls outside the main focus frame. Wait for the focus signal to change from (. Focus lock with the lens control ring: If you are using an xi-Series or power zoom lens. 2. Press the shutter-release partway down. recompose the picture.
the built-in flash will pop-up when you press the shutter-release button partway down and fire whenever necessary.autoexposure (P mode). the camera of your and the surrounding scene as soon as activates the camera. In P mode. 41 Meaning * appears after you take the when the This flash was to a correct exposure. 25 . 411 If you are built-in flash.
warn your subject before you take the picture that the flash will fire several times so that they know what to expect. «II The built-in flash also acts as the camera's AF illuminator. Canceling preflash will not cancel the AF illuminator flash. To select pre-flash: Press the pre-flash button once so that appears in the data panel.Pre-flash In photos of people. 26 . This is caused by light from the flash reflecting off the interior of the person's eyes. See p. «II Pressinq the program re-set button will not cancel pre-flash.A~owili appear in the data panel. At\O To cancel pre-flash: Press the pre-flash button again. the flash will fire a series of pulses before the main burst. This causes your subject's pupils to close slightly and greatly reduces the amount of light which will reflect off of the inside of their eyes.30 for details. In pre-flash mode when you press the shutter-release button completely down. This camera has a pre-flash feature which reduces the appearance of "red eye". The pre-flash will fire before every flash exposure. «II When you use pre-flash. sometimes the subject's eyes appear to glow bright red.
To cancel this self-timer announcement without cancelling normal flash operation. and M modes. unless you have cancelled the flash. • The self-timer automatically switches off after shutter-release.The electronic self-timer will release of the shutter the time you press the shutter-release button. about 10 sec. In S.. To make another exposure with the self-timer. 27 . In P mode. . If a dedicated accessory flash is attached. The self-timer indicator will appear in the data panel. Press the self-timer button. Press the shutter-release button . • To cancel the self-timer while it is move the main switch to LOCK . button • 2.. repeat steps 1-3. its AF illuminator will blink three times before the shutter releases . . .. three small bursts will fire just before the shutter releases. 3. from To activate the self-timer: 1. this will happen only if you first pop-up the flash. Press the self-timer to cancel. your scene and attach the eyepiece cap. press and hold the button down and move the main switch from LOCK to ON .
this section will help you to take more control over its operation. .IN Once you have learned the basics of using your camera.
If you use power zoom to ASZ's setting.the camera's automatic control in your com- . To cancel ASZ: Press and hold the lens-function button on the lens barrel while you move the main switch from LOCK to ON. ASZ will not function again until you remove the camera from your eye and wait 20 sec. it will not set a new focal every time you point the camera at a new unless you first take the camera away from your eye. ON AS will appear in the data • To turn ASZ on panel. In this case. OFF AS will appear in the data 4 repeat the above step. • ASZ does not work if you are using an AF Power Zoom lens. the shutter-release button partway down will activate all of the camera's automatic systems except ASZ. • No other autozoorn functions are available when this camera is used with an xi-Series Autozoorn lens. 29 .. ASZ's is a one-shot function. • If the sensor does not activate ASZ will not function.
To cancel AF illuminator: Press and hold the pre-flash button down while you move the main switch from LOCK to ON. " The AF illuminator will not work in P mode if the flash is not necessary or if you have canceled it. '" Canceling pre-flash will not effect the AF illuminator.3-16ft. the built-in flash will automatically fire low-power bursts when you press the shutter-release button partway down. '" The range of the AF illuminator is approximately 3. or M mode if the flash is down. ON Al will appear in the data panel. OFF Al will appear in the data panel. repeat the above procedure. • To re-activate the AF illuminator. This provides focus-assist lighting for the AF system to operate normally even in complete darkness. (1-5m). if the AF system cannot detect a subject to focus. or in A. S.AF Illuminator When flash is required. .
Situations The camera's autofocus system will produce in almost every situation. however. it may be difficult or impossible for the camera to autofocus properly-manual may be necessary If a and dark Jines completely fills the frame On very bright or low-contrast • You can also first lock focus on another recompose your (see of distance and then 31 . In the cases described below.
" When your subject comes into focus. Slide the focus-mode switch down to set the camera to manual focus mode. slide the focus-mode switch down. With an xi-Series lens or AF power zoom lens. • will light in the viewfinder. the shutter will release even if the subject is not in focus. 2. M. FOCUS will appear in the data panel. lit To return to autofocus mode. If you are using an AF lens. refer to the lens manual. turn the focusing ring until the subject appears sharp. pull and turn the control ring.Manual Focus To manually focus the lens: 1. 32 . • the program re-set button will also return the camera to autofocus mode. and will also change all of the programmable functions to their default (& In manual focus mode. For more information.
ttl.autoexposure exposure (M). use A. 2. ". Press and hold the program re-set button as you move the shutter-set.. 33 . When you release the program re-set button. 1. Expert PrrV1r:>m such factors as distance... In P mode.. press the program re-set button... and no modes to set manually for different situations.. Mode If you want more creative control over the camera's exposure S. There is no program line for each focal length. or M mode. Each mode is in sections. the mode you have selected will be entered II To return to P mode. before it sets aperture and shutter exposure based on the particular of the situation at hand.• ling control..
2. A pointer will appear next to the aperture display.A: In A mode. Refer to p. The aperture display in the data panel will change in 1/2-stop increments . 34 . you set the aperture you want and. the camera will automatically set the shutter speed to maintain a correct exposure.. 1. Available apertures are limited to those within the range indicated on the lens you are using. To set the aperture. slide the aperture-setting control up or down.33 (Changing Exposure Mode) and select A. .
range of the camera and lens. 35 . reduce level. Under exposure will result Set a larger aperture. Flash is canceled and the shutter too slow to allow hand-held Set a aperture. Slower shutter not available. or use faster film. or mount the camera on a tripod. Reduce bright or increase low light. or use slower film. Over exposure will result Set a smaller aperture. activate the flash. increase light level.Data Panel and Viewfinder Exposure Signals Data Panel Viewfinder Meaning Faster shutter not available.
A pointer will appear next to the shutter speed display. move the shutter-setting control to the left or right. Refer to p.33 (Changing Mode) and select S. 36 . (II You cannot select BULB in S mode. To set the shutter speed. you select the shutter speed you want and. the camera will automatically set the correct aperture to ensure a proper exposure.In S mode. 2. 1. The shutter speed display in the data panel will change in t-stop increments. if the lens you are using allows.
Over exposure will result. Reduce light or increase low light. t and smallest fI# of the lens you are 37 . aperture not available. Under exposure will result. Light level is the coupling range of the camera and lens. Set a faster shutter speed. Set a slower shutter use faster level. use slower film.Smaller aperture not available. or reduce light level.
33 (Changing Exposure Mode) and select M. you have full control over the exposure settings. or correctly. move the shutter-setting control to the right or left. Pointers will appear next to both the shutter speed and aperture displays. III The shutter speed wiJ) change in 1-stop increments and the aperture will change in 112-stop increments. move the aperture-setting control up or down. In this mode. To set the shutter speed. To set the aperture. Refer to p. 1. 38 . 2. under-.M: Manual "'AII'U::>""'" In manual mode.exposed picture. you select the shutter speed and aperture and the camera will tell you whether your settings will provide an over-.
will result. Meaning range of the 39 .Viewfinder Exposure Signals Viewfinder signal Exposure is correct.
fIIi If the scene is too dark. Use the aperture-setting control to select the aperture. To use BULB setting: 1. 4. Slide the focus mode switch down and focus the lens manually. NEXT PAGE 40 . exposure mode to M 3. Slide the shutter-setting control to the left until bulb appears in the data panel. autofocus may not function. 2.When you select BULB. Compose your scene and focus the lens. Mount the camera on a tripod. Set the (manual). the shutter will remain open as long as you press the shutter-release button.
The shutter will remain open as as you hold the shutter-release button down.">I't. To take the press the shutter-release button and hold it down for the duration of the exposure.nn the exposure.vent stray camera and eveeiece cap to prethe ".n. • 41 . 6.
the camera-shake warning (T) will blink in the viewfinder. ell If you have canceled the flash and the shutter speed is too slow to allow sharp while hand-holdmq the camera. press the program re-set button or press flash-control button again.In P mode. the camera-shake warning Will not function. In S or M mode. • The flash-mode indicator in the data panel will disappear. or an attached. 42 . To prevent the built-in flash from firing in P mode: Press and hold the flash-control button while you press the flash down. dedicated flash will fire whenever necessary. the buiit-ir. ell To restore autoflash operation. press and hold the flash-control button while you take the picture. To fire the flash manually in P mode regardless of lighting conditions. Mount the camera on a tripod or activate the flash.
Similarly. your within the range indicated for the aperture you are Aperture 1. it down until it locks in .3-56fUl.4 2 2.2m 3.0-6.5m 3.3ftll.3-9. and M Modes In A.8ft/l.o-12m 3.6 3.3-14ftll.0-30m 3.0-8.0-6. When it is down it will not fire..2m 3.3-20ftll.0ftll. press the flash-control button.9ftll.3-20ft/l.3-7.3-39ft/l. and M modes.o-3.3-28ftll.3-4.o-2.8ft/l.0-4.0-R4m 3.3-6.0m 43 8 11 .3-14ft/l.4m 3.0m 3.0-2.8 ISO 100 3.0m 3.o-17m 3. Flash The range of the built-in flash is shown below.S. S. when the built-in flash is up it will fire every time you take a picture.om 3.6ftl1.0m 4 5. if a dedicated accessory flash is attached to the camera and turned on.0-4.Flash in A.0-1.om 150400 3. To cancel the flash. it will fire every time you take a and wilt not fire when it is turned off. To activate the built-in flash in these exposure modes.3-28ftll.3-9.
reduce the brightness of your surroundings as much as possible when you are using this feature. Flash 3500xi With off-camera flash Without off-camera flash To take pictures with off -camera flash: 1. Set the channel selector switch inside the flash battery chamber to CH1. Because the signal that fires the off-camera flash is a small burst from the built-in flash. off-camera flash control with TIL flash metering. NEXT PAGE 44 . this camera offers you the flexibility of wireless/remote.Wireless/Remote Off-Camera Flash Control When used with the 3500xi flash unit. Attach the flash to the camera and press the flash's ON/OFF button to turn it on.
47."rnJ'ltAlv 3. Press and hold the camera's flash-control button and move the control to select wireless/remote flash mode.2. On will appear in the data and ~~ will blink ::Ht. Remove the flash and it to the below and the table on p. Make sure the flash's AF illuminator is at the l'l1"r'nrriinl"1 • The off-camera flash may not detect the control if it is behind NEXT PAGE 45 .
you cannot select shutter speeds faster than 1/45 sec . Take the picture. Press the flash-control button to pop-up the built-in flash. In all exposure modes. You must manually select the which matches your lens setting. It 46 . the built-in flash will fire the control signal every time you press the shutter-release button. when the camera is set to wireless/remote flash mode. 5. press the program re-set button or repeat step #2 and select OFF. Wait until both the off-camera flash and built-in flash are charged . Refer to the flash manual for details . 6. • To cancel wireless/remote mode. . the offcamera flash's AF illuminator and the flash-ready indicator will blink when it is charged.4. Both flash signals in the viewfinder will blink alternately when the built-in flash is charged. (I In M mode. Press the pre-flash button to test-fire the offcamera flash and wait again until both flashes are fully charged. • In wireless/remote mode. The off-camera flash will not automatically zoom..
l40-50m 9.616ft'/1.0m 3.lO.5m 1.3-16ft.4ft.In wireless/remote mode.5-3.6m • 8 11 47 .0m 4.3rn 1.4-5.3· 15ft.4ft./O.lO.2m 6./O.l1.0-5.6·16ft'/2.6-16ft.3-7.ll.l2.3-16ft.3-S.8-5.0m 3.Sm 1.0-50rn 2.7-11ft.0m 6.lO.5-3. you can use the off-camera flash and built-in flash to a 2:1 lighting ratio on your press the flash control button and hold it while you take the The off-camera flash wilt 2/3 of the exposure and the built-in will add the 1 Wireless/Remote Aperture 1.0-5.6-16ft'/2.6-11 ft. 7A.8 4 5.2rn 1.0m 2.4·5.3·15ft.6 Flash ISO 100 ISO 400 13-16ft.lO.4-2.l1.0m 4.0-5.74.4 2 2.4-1.2-16ft.
APPENDIX (Where we put everything that doesn't have its own place in the rest of the manual) .
.."0'. rlAr~Af1. If focal and distance remain constant.. of field increases.. (A) mode.rlirln move on the scale.". IAFU::>fI. to or from halve the amount of the film. and manual (M) mode enable you to vary the size of the aperture in order to • control a of field. as the size of the lens aperture decreases. on which way you move on the scale...6.""""". either will double or 16 26 Whole stops are in bold type. Different situations different • 32 NEXT PAGE 49 ..I1'fm WfIOl£I·Sl:OO of one stop.~rc.l\I related to the actual size of the than f/t1.1"\1'11" P.. tens 11.'>(nr'A<::·~Arlas an f-nurnber or These are the ISOlaVE!<l the data in and which appear as part of the n". focal and distance are this range.1'1 aperture.of field the area in front of and behind the on which the lens is focused which wit! also appear in the final size. but smaller than fl5. .
and a small aperture for landscapes and extreme close-ups to maximize depth of field. an increase in focal length will reduce the depth of field and a decrease in focal length will have the opposite effect.aperture Small aperture For in a portrait situation. extends the range which will appear in focus. the lens to 28mm. you may want to use a larger aperture in order to focus only on the main subject and separate the person from their A small aperture. For example. if a 28-105mm zoom lens is set at 50mm. if you move to 6 ft. Expert Program Selection will automatically set a large aperture in portrait situations so that only your main subject will appear in focus. changing the focal length to 90mm without the exposure settings or subject-to-camera distance will noticeably shorten the depth of field. fl8 and the subject is 12 ft. however. Without changing lens aperture or focal length in the above case. (4m) away. on the other hand. Depth of field also depends on subject distance. For any f-number and subject distance. 50 . would be preferable in such cases as photography when you want as much of the scene as possibls to appear in focus. (2m) from your there will be less depth of field in the final image.
Fast shutter Slow shutter Your choice of shutter is an will appear in the final slower shutter such as 1/15 appear blurred and in the Fast shutter "U1Jl""l'I" on the of your subsec. try to avoid shutter slower than 1/180 closest shutter 1/1 if you are not a • 51 .:'UILJI"'''I'' of motion. if you are using a telephoto lens. will make moving . a general rule to follow is that 1If' is the slowest usable shutter while the camera is hand-held. For lenses longer than f'=50mm. Also. a fast shutter can help prevent blurring caused by camera shake. For if you are a 135mm tens.
check their compatibility before them with your 3xi. LENS All Minolta AF lenses can be used with 3xi.5 AF Zoom 28-135mm f/4-4. these units fire whenever a picture is taken. Flash Shoe Adapter FS-11 00 must be used to attach an AF-series flash to 3xi. 1. 52 . When used with the 3xi.If you have own Minotta accessories. 2. Manual focusing lenses (MD or Me) cannot be attached the 3xi. FLASH Minolta i. Before using any of these lenses. that the built-in flash provided coverage for lenses with focul no wider than 28mm. The above information applies only to use with the 3xi's flash.S-4.8 APO TELE AF 300mm fl2. regardless of the exposure mode selected.5-5. In all exposure modes TIL flash control will operate. too.5 The following lenses cannot be used under any conditions with the 3xi's builtin flash: AF 300mm fl2.and xi-series flash units can be used. check with the nearest Minolta Service facility for the conditions of their use: AF Zoom xi 35-200mm fl4. Auto Stand-by Zoom (ASZ) is only if the 3xi is used with an xi-series lens.8 APO TELE (N) AF 600mm fl4 APO TELE (N) AF 600mm f/4 APO TELE in mind. OTHERS Finder and Magnifier cannot be used.6 AF Zoom 28-85mm fl3. 3. Shadowing on the bottom of picture may occur in your pictures when the 3xi's built-in flash is used together with the lens listed below.
. • 53 .. button is partway down.. Move the Al/MZ switch toAl. . . . In wireless mode... Attach the lens so that it locks in with a click !It Clean contacts with a clean.. Touch the sensor. Autofocus does not work or the lens does not focus when the shutter-release . difficult to Set the camera to autofocus mode.Problem No display in the data panel when the camera is switched on. Al/MZ switch on an xi-Series lens set to MZ. Set channel selector switch to CH1. cloth !It Move the Al/MZ switch toAl.. . built-in flash fires but off-camera flash does not . Camera set to manual focus. Off-camera flash set to channel 2. III Focus or use focus lock. III . Cause exhausted «II Solution Install a fresh III lens not attached .. . Contacts on camera and/or lens are III Al/MZ switch on an xi-Series lens set to Ml. appears in the data ...
or harmful chemicals. • Never lubricate any part of the camera body or lens . Never use orqanic solvents to clean the camera. then remove the battery. II Never touch the lens or with your fingers.can be cleaned by wiping with a dry or silicone-treated cloth. water. • Never touch the shutter curtains. To remove stubborn spots. " We recommend that you have your camera cleaned once a year at an authorized Minolta service facility.. Whisk away loose matter with a blower brush. Always your camera in its case with the lens capped when not in use.. dry place away from dust or chemicals. your camera to shock. it is recommended that you periodically release the camera's shutter to maintain proper working condition. tissue may be moistened with one drop of lens-cleaning fluid. 54 . Be particularly careful not to leave it in the glove compartment or other places in motor vehicles where it may be subjected to high temperatures . preferable in an airtight container with a drying agent such as silica gel. humidity. Also. til No part of the camera should be forced at any time. Place the camera in a cool. If necessary. " If you to store your camera for an extended period of time. or with a body cap on when a lens is not attached. high heat. mirror. use a sheet of photographic lens tissue. rewind and remove the film. II cartridge and polaroid instant 35mm films cannot be used. or the interior of the body or clean them with compressed air. never place fluid directly on glass surfaces. Doing so may impair their alignment and movement iIII External camera surfaces and lens barrel -but not glass surfaces.
To resume operation. wipe it with a clean. and be careful to sand from both the interior and exterior of the camera and its accessories.mn. nn. and before pictures at an irncheck the operation of the camera and lens. dust-. response time and contrast will making the difficult to read. This camera contains no user-serviceable parts. This camera is not or camera near water or at the beach. blow away loose -wiping may scratch the carnera=. If this occurs.. If it comes in contact with water..and it to an authorized Minolta Service facility . If it comes in contact with sand or if sand enters the camera. To prevent condensation. dry cloth and it to an authorized Minolta Service facility. as when it from a cold environment into a heated condensation may form inside. Protect it at all time from moisture or saltwater spray.. the camera in a sealed before it from a cold wait for it to come to room temperature before . At very high temperatures... a may darken. If the camera is subjected to a sudden change in temperature. the should return when the camera is restored to range conditions . water-.n range for camera's data panel is from -4 to 122°F (-20 to At temperatures outside this range. . ... Do not attempt to disassemble or the camera • This camera's may switch off. After storage. or may occur... even when a and install it power is installed.. remove the • 55 .
automatically activated by Eye-Start. mete~l!:!. BULB also available. Predictive focus control. AE.--'.35mm SLR with expert control of autofocus (AF).:_:C::: Any available aperture selectable in 112-stop in. silicon photo cell (SPC).:_.. recycle time TIL~.'=:' Any shutter speed from 112000 to 30 sec.cc=-. shutter speed set steplessly from 112000 to 30 sec.ll'l" system: AF.JlIJv::.-c_" ClUIIU"'C<" in I-stop increments.. approx. 2 sec.c Automatic control of aperture and shutter speed depending on scene characteristics and lens specifications :_:r:='''~::. 50mm fll.--=.4) <. autoexposure (AE).. and auto stand-by zoom (ASZ). activated by Eye-Start. ' crements. accepts all Minolta Maxxum AF lenses.. and (if using xi-Series lens) ASZ automatically activated combination of eyepiece and grip sensors AF system: Minetta's through-the-lens (TIL) phase-detection system with one wide CeD sensor. range: EV -1 18 (at ISO 100) AF illuminator: Built-in flash automatically fires in low-light and low-contrast to aid focusing Manual focusing: Visually on Acute-Matte viewfinder screen or by monitoring focus signals in viewfinder Metering: TTL-type. also auto film transport and built -in flash lens mount: Minolta A-type bayonet mount.'.Ir Operates in all flash modes with dedicated units !:r:Qf!@~ AE: Aperture and shutter speed set automatically. 8-segment honeycomb-pattern. selectable in t-stop increments.:_:=''.:L . correct and over-z'under-exposure indicated in viewfinder Built-in flash: Guide number at ISO 100: 39 in feet. coverage for 28mm lens. xi-Series Autozoom lenses. aperture adjusted in 112-stop increments.urt: modes: ::'~:i:E-="c:.:":'='C:L. second SPC for TTL flash metering of built-in or dedicated accessory flash AE range: EV 1 20 (ISO 100.:. shutter _.. aperture set by autoexposure program Any shutter speed/aperture combination selectable.. __. by autoexposure program ""::""'="'-1!. 12 in meters. built-in or accessory flash fires automatically when necessary 56 . and AF Power Zoom lens l:\lIA-~.
flash-control. flash mode. condition. with xi-Series Autozoom lens) Automatic for OX-coded films.75X (with 50mm lens at infinity) outside screen: LEOs for • flash with indicators for exposure mode. focus mode. main switch. cation: 0. flash will fire or turned on flash) mode Auto Stand-by distance. frame counter in data Controls: re-set. rum) ~ . film-loaded.or aperture usable. and self-timer Viewfinder: fixed roof mirror 90% of field of view. range: ISO 25-5000 in 1 increments Film transport: Auto auto advance to first advance. frame counter. shutter aperture and manual focus Power: 6-volt 2CR5 lithium automatic when camera is turned on. self-timer. shutter mode. automatic or manual rewind start. condition displayed by shutter locks when IS exhausted Battery Performance: 60 rolls without 25 rolls with flash on 50% of the exposures (based on Minolla's standard test method. ISO 100 set for non-OX-coded films. manual start of rewind.
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. if not installed and used in accordance with tile instructions. Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.5 x 92 x 64mm) Weight: 14-13/16 oz. This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise """""'V'" from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of Canadian Department of Communications. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. including interference that may cause undesired operation. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. film window. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. and (21 this device must accept any interference received. 58 . 10-sec. GO model: 15-3/8 oz. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocated the receiving antenna. delay of shutter release.Self-timer: Electronic with approx. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. (420g) without lens and battery. However. (435g) Specifications and accessories are based on the latest information available at the time of printing and are subject to change at any time without notice. (146. uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. carrying strap Dimensions: 5-3/4 x 3-5/8 x 2-112 in. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. cancelable. This equipment generates. built-in flash or AF illuminator of attached accessory flash fires 3 times before shutter release Other: Eyepiece cap.
If two are should appear after you The disotavs shown When you want to '" AUTO ~p <!l • 59 .
• 61 .
Ltd.MINOLTA MInollo co.K Mlnolta Camera Benelux BY Belgium Branch Mlnolta (Schwelz) AG Minolto SVensko AS Finland Finland Branch Mlnollo POflugallimltada usboo.Ouorrv Bay. Easlern Canlar. Iorxm Gardens Crescent.13.C. SinQupme MInolto Singapore (Pte) lid. mb. Osaka 541. Ltd. 70 Zhong Shon Paocl (E). Portugal MinaHa Corporation Head Office WllliOn1S iln'6. Shanghai MInolla Ophcal Products co. ChuQ. Song Jiang Coi. SllOnghOi Crtno © 1991 9224-2085-10 Minolta Co. cnnooo Vancouver Branch Paom 208.ntv. Hong Kong Minolta Hong Kong limited 10. V6V lYti. <. "zuchi.Ku.G604) . Bilionmo Ilood Omorio L4Z Canada Head Office 106'3850 Jocombs Road. under the Berne Convention and Universal Copyright Convention Printed in Japan (P9604. 3. B.Chome. 1065 [IoQ<j. Japan MInOlta GmbH Minolto France SA Minolla (UK) Limifed MlnollO Auslria Gas. Los Angeles Branch 11100Hope Siree! MInollo Canada Inc.Machi.. ltd.