Annexure III | Air Conditioning | Electrical Engineering

Air Conditioner Labeling

National Educational / Awareness Programme On Standards & Labeling

Basic Terms For Air Conditioners
Cooling Capacity
‡ Amount Of Cooling Produced By The AC ‡ Units Used: TR, Btu/hr, kCal/hr, Watts ‡ 1TR = 12,000 Btu/hr = 3,024 kCal/hr = 3,514 Watts

Power Consumption
‡ Electrical Power Consumed By Electrical Equipment Used In AC = Compressor + Fan Motor ‡ Split ACs Use 2 Fan Motors Totally ‡ Unit Used: Watts (W), Kilo Watts (kW)

What Is Energy Consumption?
‡ We Pay Electricity Charges Based On ³Units Of Consumption´ ‡ 1 Unit = 1 kWh ‡ Example-1:- 10 Nos of 100 Watts Bulb Turned ON For 10 Hours Will Consume 10Nos x 100W x 10 Hrs = 10,000 Wh = 10 kWh = 10 Units ‡ Example-2:- Electrical Appliance Having 2,000 W Power Input And Continuous Operation Of 8 Hours Will Consume 2,000W x 8 Hrs = 16 kWh = 16 Units

Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER)
For Air Conditioners
‡ EER Of AC = Cooling Capacity (Watt) / Power Consumption (Watt) ‡ EER Of 1TR (3,514 W) Capacity AC Consuming 1,500W Power = 3,514 / 1,500 = 2.34 ‡ Star Rating System As Of Now Based On EER ± Star-1: 2.3, Star-2: 2.5, Star-3: 2.7, Star-4: 2.9, Star-5: 3.1 ‡ EER Can Be Improved By Increasing Cooling Capacity Or Reducing Power Input Or Both Through ± Increasing Heat Exchanger Surface Area Of Indoor Unit & Outdoor Unit ± Optimizing Heat Transfer coefficient on both the air and refrigerant side and also reducing air leakages ± Use Of High Efficiency Compressor & Fan Motors
‡ Higher number of Stars Means Higher Incremental Cost Difference

± International Market: Average Rs.1,500 Per Star ± India Market As Of June¶08: Average Rs. 750 ± 1,000 Per Star

Situation Before Energy Labeling
‡ Testing Methods Different ‡ No Monitoring Agency; No Way To Check Claims ‡ Lack Of Clarity To Customers ± With So Many Claims ‡ Energy Not Really Getting Saved In The Country

Grooved Copper Tube

Fin Design & Heat Transfer

Coil & No. Of Rows


Standards Comparison
BIS Norms
‡ The capacity of the production unit as determined on the room side shall be not less than 90% of the name plate rating ‡ Maximum power consumption specified in the standard

BEE Norms
‡ the measured cooling capacity shall be > 0.95 of the rated value ‡ the measured energy consumption shall be < 1.05 of the rated value ‡ the measured EER shall be > 0.95 of the rated EER Monitoring & Controlling System In Place

Situation In Labeling Scenario
‡ Standardized Test procedure ‡ Monitoring System & Agency In Place ‡ Gain Customer Trust In Labeling ‡ Save Significant Energy For Our Country
NABL Accredited Common Test Lab For All OEMs

Challenge Testing To Dissuade Tall Claims

Energy Labeling For AC Is In Voluntary Adoption Phase Now Became Mandatory

Current & Practical Approach To Labeling
If EER Value Of AC Is
2.68 3.1

What Star Will The Mfr. Declare?
2 Star 4 Star

‡ Manufacturers Will Prefer To Keep Safety Margin For Production Deviations ‡ BEE Has An Audit Check System In Place To Take Action Against Claims

Labeling Helps Whom??
Labeling Helps The Whole Value Chain
‡ OEMs ± Improved Top Line & Bottom Line, Product Differentiation ‡ Channel Partners ± Improved Margins ‡ End Users ± Savings In Monthly Energy Bill, Faster Paybacks ‡ Our Country / Government ± Huge Reduction In Energy Demands
BEE Has Specific Programs To Engage OEMs, Channel Partners And End-users To Move The Labeling Program Forward

Energy Saving Potential
India Air Conditioners Labeling Program
Saving in power Power Power Power AC FY08 India Cooling generation Consumed consumed consumed Capacity Room AC capacity in FY08 if Zero star if 1star if 5star HP Market (Pcs) (Watts) all AC (Watts) (watts) (watts) moved to 1 star (MW) Sub 2HP 2HP 2.5HP 524,000 1,190,000 248,000 1,962,000 3,514 5,271 7,028 1,597 2,396 3,194 1,464 2,196 2,928 1,098 1,647 2,196 70 238 66 373 Savings in power generation in FY08 if all AC move to 5 star (MW) 262 891 248 1,400

Kalpakkam Nuclear Plant Generation Capacity: 440MW. Cost: Rs. Xxxx Crores Neyveli Thermal Plant Generation Capacity: 2,490MW. Cost: xxxx Crores

User Benefits Of Star AC
Need To Be Conveyed At Point Of Sale



Role Of Channel Partners
‡ Provide Correct Information On Labeling To Customers ‡ Guidance In Choosing ³Higher Star´ AC ‡ Interfacing Between Customers & OEMs ‡ Spreading Awareness On Star Labeling

Promoter Card

‡ Pocket Book For Show Room Salesmen To Explain Labeling To Customers ‡ Covers The Following: ‡ Essence Of Energy Label ‡ How It Impacts Air Conditioner Performance ‡ Energy Bill Saving & Payback Calculation ‡ Energy Calculator Web Site

Promoter Card
Star Label & Impact On Air Conditioner Performance
Energy Meter Unit Consumption (kWhr) Depends On Input Power (kW) Of Labeled AC Power = Capacity / COP For 5 Star 1.5TR AC = 5271W / 3.2 = 1650 W
Information On Label Impact On Power Consumption

Promoter Card
Energy Savings & Payback Period
Joint Exercise:1) 1.5TR, 3 Star AC Price Is Rs.22,000. Calculate Payback Period For Your City Tariff
Energy Saving Potential For 1,512 Hours Use/ Year Payback Calculation For Star Labeled AC

Promoter Card
Energy Calculator On Web Site
‡ If The Usage Pattern Is Other Than 1,512 Hours / Year, Ask Customer To Use The Energy Calculator On Web Site ‡ Simple To Use For layman

Piggy Leaflet
Contains Essence Of Promoters Card

Tools For Channel Partners

Shop Poster Customer Looks At & Enquire

Promoter Card Salesman Pulls Out Promoter Card From Pocket & Explains

Piggy Leaflet Give A Copy To Potential Customer To Help In Decision Making

Energy Calculator
‡ Very Simple Tool For layman ‡ User Defined µUsage Pattern¶ ‡ 15 City Tariff Data ‡ Accessible On Web Site ‡ Links To Registered OEM List On BEE Web Site

Tariff Charges In India
Delhi Mumbai Ahemedabad Patna Chennai Kolkata Hyderabad Bangalore Pune Surat Vadodara Guwahati Bhopal/ Indore Bhubaneshwar Jaipur

Electricity Rate / unit
4.65 5.75 3.80 5.00 3.05 5.35 5.50 4.35 5.00 4.15 4.70 4.75 3.50 4.50 4.48

‡ From State Electricity Board Tariff Charges ‡ Slab Of More Than 300 Units Consumption / month

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