The Curtain of the Temple Torn Mark 15:38

Bible Doctrine: PRIESTHOOD OF 'BELIEVERS Bible Study Method: Subject Search Christian Discipline: Planning and accomplishing your own life goals Ministry Action: Performing the function of a minister or priest UNIT LEARNING GOALS: The study of this unit on the doctrine of the priesthood of the believer should help you: • Understand what "priesthood of the believer" means . .. Understand how to study a subject not listed as one of the 27 major doctrines in the Disciple's Study Bible. • Demonstrate your acceptance of the responsibilities of a minister/priest. • Demonstrate your commitment to perform the ministry function of a minister/priest. VERSES TO MEMORIZE "I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received," Ephesians 4:1. "But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light," 1 Peter 2:9.


Learning Objectives: You will understand what "priesthood of the believers" means. You will learn how to study a subject without the benefit of a separate article in the Disciple's Study Bible.

Introduction to the Unit One of the most exciting doctrines affecting the daily life of Christians is the doctrine of the priesthood of believers. If you believe and practice it, you will find a challenging responsibility and an exhilarating sense of freedom. • Many basic beliefs relate directly to the doctrine of the priesthood of believers. In the following pairs of statements, these beliefs are contrasted with practices that are commonly held views. All of these are views held by some groups. Check the statement in each pair with which you agree.

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1. "Salvation comes to those who are members of the right church." 2. "Salvation comes by individual response:' 3. "Baptism is designed for believers only.' 4. "Baptism of infants ushers them into the community of faith." 5. "Church membership is for believers only." 6. "Church membership is open to the whole community of faith, including believers



and their immediate families."

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churches." 8. "Local congregations should govern their church."

7. "Area, state, and or national bodies should govern the actions of the local

9. "Individuals have the right to interpret the Scriptures for themselves." 10. "Only ordained men can interpret the Scriptures." 11. "Only pastors and other church professionals have a calling from God to be ministers,"

o 12. o 14. o 15. o

"Every Christian has a calling to service in God's kingdom."

13. "Nations should limit religious practices to one state authorized church."

"Individuals should be free to practice the religion of their choice.'

"Both the church and state (the government) should use the influence of the other to accomplish their own goals." 16. leA 'wall of separation' between church and state is a healthy way to prevent the misuse of power and authority by either church or state."




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winning "the lost to Christ." 18. "Every Christian has a responsibility to try to bring men and women to Christ."
19. "The priesthood of believers carries with it the duty to act responsibly." 20. "The priesthood of believers leads to anarchy and a mistrust of pastors."

17. "Pastors and other professional ministers have been given the sole responsibility of

Many practices and doctrines taught by some churches do not reflect adequately the doctrine of the priesthood of believers. These teachings often have no basis in Scripture. Their primary support comes from the traditions and practices of the church. They do not reflect a proper interpretation of what the priesthood of believers means. In the above list items 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 19 reflect appropriate applications of the doctrine of the priesthood of believers. Once again doctrine should be tested against the Scriptures to make sure the teaching is in keeping with God's Word. By now you should see the importance of the study this week. You are going to experience this doctrinal study by interpreting the Scripture for yourself. When you interpret the Scripture yourself instead of relying on interpretations made by others, you may experience frustration. The priesthood of believers gives believers both freedom and responsibility in interpreting Scripture. "Priesthood of Believers" is not one of the twenty-seven major doctrines outlined in the Disciple's Study Bible. You can, however, find this doctrine in your study Bible. How would you use the Disciple's Study Bible to study a subject that is not treated as a major doctrine? As a Bible student you need to have this skill. The study this week should help you learn to study a subject not treated separately in the Disciple's Study Bible. Suppose someone has discussed the doctrine of the priesthood of believers, but you do not know much about it. You look in the Disciple's Study Bible but do not see it listed as one of the doctrines treated separately. What do you do next? Take these three steps to study such a subject:

II; : .~

Steps to Study a Subject not Outlined Separately Step 1. Select a starting point. a. Outlines b. Glossary c. Concordance d. Scripture Passages Step 2. Look for clues leading to more information. Step 3. Study related subjects. a. Scriptures b. Words c. Annotations d. Doctrinal Summaries e. Histories of the Doctrines

·:', ! " ;} r·.:.·I.'.~





Step 1: Select a Starting Point. The Disciple's Study Bible provides many starting points for Bible study, Here are some of the options you could consider: ., ., ., ., OUTLINES-Scan the outlines looking for the subject or related topics, GLOSSARY-Look up key words, phrases, and related words in the glossary, CONCORDANCE-Look up key words and related words in the concordance . SCRIPTURE PASSAGES-Read key Scripture passages that you already know relate to the topic,



Anyone of these would help you get started studying a subject in your Bible. However, some may get you started quicker than others. Take, for instance, scanning the outlines (1), The outlines include nine pages of subjects for you to scan, This could take some time, The other three starting points will probably get you started quicker, Let's try them first. Glossary. The topic you are wanting to study is "priesthood of believers," Turn to the Glossary of Theological Terms (DSB p. 1733). You would try looking for words like believer, priest, priesthood, or the phrase priesthood of believers, • Which of the following words or phrases are found in the glossary? o believer o priesthood o priest o priesthood of believers

Fortunately, you are trying to study a subject that can be readily identified in the glossary. This glossary includes only words that have specialized uses in the DSB or that might be misunderstood. In this case the glossary is a good place to start. You did not find believer or priest, but you did find priesthood and priesthood of believers. Once you find an entry point like these definitions, you begin to look for clues leading to more information. • Read these two definitions and list places you could go to study the subject further. These places might include Scriptures or related words,

You probably noticed that the second definition of priesthood is the one that relates to "priesthood of believers." That part lists three Scriptures you could check for further information-Exodus 19:6, 1 Peter 2:5, and Revelation 1:6. In the definition of priesthood of believers you see two words that are italicized. That means they are defined in the glossary as well. You have already read the definition of priesthood. You would also want to read the definition of mediator. We will look at the Scriptures later, • For now, summarize the glossary definitions for the following words and phrase, Priesthood (2)-

Priesthood of believersMediator_





List the additional Scripture references you found under mediator that you might want to study later.

Now you have several places to go for further study. The glossary frequently will be a good place to start a subject study when the subject is not one of the twenty-seven doctrines outlined in your Bible. Concordance. You would begin using the concordance much like you would begin with the glossary. You will find one difference, however. The concordance normally lists only words, not phrases. You look up the key words you know are related to your subject. You would try looking for words like believer, priest, or priesthood. When you find one of the words, you would read the passages listed and identify those that look like they may be related to your subject. Some of the passages will not be related. Others may be related. • Look up believer, priest, priesthood, and any related words you choose. (Related words appear in parentheses in the concordance.] List references of passages that look like they will be helpful your study of priesthood of believers.


I did not see a reference under believer, belie vel'S, or believe that appeared to be directly related to "priesthood of believers." Many of them would, of course , indirectly relate to the subject. Your list may be different, but I selected the following references as possible helps for the study: Priestbood=A Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Priests-Exodus 19:6; Revelation 5:10. Why do these appear to be helpful? Because they refer to God's kingdom and His chosen people, believers. We will look at these passages later to see whether they do indeed provide insight into our subject. An exhaustive concordance will give you every place the word is mentioned in the Bible. Scripture Passages. Sometimes you will try to study a subject for which you know a related Scripture passage. Suppose you were studying "creation," for instance. You recall that Genesis 1:1 talks about God creating the world. You would then read Genesis 1:1 and look for clues about other places to study the subject. We will study more about how to find these clues later. • Do you already know of a specific Scripture passage that relates to priesthood of believers? If so, list it below.

What is the first step you would take in studying a subject not outlined separately in the Dlsalple's Study Bible?

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Study related subjects. Look for a starting point. Look for clues leading to more information.

Did you check the second item? That is the place to begin your study of a subject that is not one of the 27 major doctrines outlined separately in your Disciple's Study Bible. The glossary is a good starting point. You may also try to find a starting point in the doctrinal outlines, the concordance, or in a Scripture you already know is related to the subject you want to study. • Optional Activity. I often start with the doctrinal outlines and scan them for clues. If you want to experiment with the doctrinal outlines as a starting point, turn to DSB page xiii.




Your present knowledge of this topic will affect your results. Scan through the outlines and write on separate paper subjects that seem to relate to "priesthood of believers!' Step 2: Look for Clues Leading to more Information. After you find a starting point, you will look for clues leading you to more information about the subject. In step 2 you look for clues. Then in step 3 you study the clues you have located. You will find more information (clues) about your subject when you examine related ... • Scripture passages (II words • doctrinal subjects (annotations) Ultimately, you will want to find one or more related doctrinal subjects that you can study. You will be able to identify related doctrinal subjects as you read annotations of related Scripture passages. After you find a related doctrinal subject you can study these two items for more information on your subject: (II doctrinal summaries 1& histories of the doctrines • One of the references you found in the glossary and in the concordance was Exodus 19:6. Practice looking for additional clues in Exodus 19:6 (DSB p. 97). Read the verse and the related annotations at the bottom of the pages. As you read these annotations, look for and write below other Scripture references and words that appear to be related to "priesthood of believers." Also write the doctrinal subject headings (from the annotations) that may be related to "priesthood of believers." Read one annotation at a time and fill in the information below. Then move to the second annotation. Write ideas or information that may help your understanding of "priesthood of believers." Related Scriptures: Related Words: ~_~ _

Related Doctrinal Subjects:

Information about "priesthood of believers:"

Related Scriptures. Related Scripture references are most often found in the center column references. For Exodus 19:6 you would have found reference to the following Scriptures in the note for 19:6 n ("kingdom of priests"): Isaiah 61:6, Isaiah 66:21, 1 Peter 2:5. These are places you can go for further study. You probably noticed other Scripture references in the annotations. You could make note of them for further study on warnings about sharing the message of good news (2 Ki 7:9; Eze




33:6) and about covenants (Ge 9:8-17; Ge 17:1-21).

Related Words. Sometimes you will find related words Kingdom and holy are words in Exodus 19:6 that might annotations you could have selected many other words of believers," Some of those words would be covenant, responsibility, service, election, and vocation.

to study in the Scripture itself. prove helpful. As you read the that could be related to "priesthood mediate, chosen, redeemed,

Once you discover words like these, you may study them using your glossary and concordance to gain more information that may relate to your topic, "priesthood of believers." You learned how to study a Bible word in unit 6. Related Doctrinal Subjects, The headings of the annotations for Exodus 19:6 will lead you to related doctrinal subjects to study. This passage is included in five annotations (19:1-6; 19:38: 19:3-6: 19:4-8; 19:5-8). Did you identify "19:1-6 GOD, Sovereignty"? That is tricky. It is found on DSB page 96 at the beginning of chapter 19, Each of these annotations discuss the role of God's people as priests. Thus, each of the following doctrinal subjects would be places for further study: ., GOD, Sovereignty " CHRISTIAN ETHICS, Moral Imperatives o MISSIONS, Means " THE CHURCH, Covenant People o DISCIPLESHIP, Priesthood. • What are three sourses of additional information on a subject?
1. 2,

Related Related

3. Related 4. Doctrinal Summaries 5. Histories of the Doctrines

What are the first two steps in studying a subject not outlined separately in the Disciple's Study Bible? Step 1: Select ~ Step 2: Look Step 3: Study related subjects. This is a good stopping point for this two-day assignment. Start with step 3 tomorrow. ~ LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today: ~ ___

* * * * ~* * * * * *

Step 3: Study related subjects,


Let's reyiew for just a moment. In your study of "priesthood of believers" you: selected a starting point-you used the glossary (or concordance).




• found a related word (mediator) and related Scripture references. • studied Exodus 19:6 and found related Scripture references, words, and doctrinal subjects, • wrote information that helps you better understand "priesthood of believers." In this brief time you have discovered many places to go for further information, At least: • 5 Scripture references • 10 words • 5 doctrinal subjects As you can see, the size of the study can grow quickly, Each word, Scripture, or doctrinal subject will point you to other places you can go for more information, When you begin a study, you will have to decide how much time you want to devote to the study or what you must find out before you quit. A study like "priesthood of believers" could take hours, days, weeks, or even months-depending on how much detail you wish to gain from your study, Step 3 will help you go as deep as you choose. You have already examined Exodus 19:6 by studying the Scripture and the annotations, You know how to study a Bible word (unit 6, day 1). Two other resources in the Disciple's Study Bible provide more information: • Doctrinal Summaries • Histories of the Doctrines You discovered five subjects in your study of Exodus 19:6, Let's see what more you can learn about "priesthood of believers" from the study of one of those subjects. ,. Turn to the "Outlines of the Doctrines" (DSB p. xiii), Look up each of the five subjects you found earlier (p. 148). Read other topics dealt with in that part of the outline. Then select one of the subjects that is most likely to help you understand "priesthood of believers." Let's walk through the first one together. The first subject you discovered was uGOD, Sovereignty." Follow this procedure:
1. Find the outline for the Doctrine of God. (Do this now.) 2. Scan the outline for the subtopic-"Sovereignty." It will be printed in italics.

What is the title of the section of the outline that includes "sovereignty"?

This section of the outline is titled "V, God Works in His World." ,. Read each of the items in that section of the outline, Now, follow the same procedure for each of the other four subjects you found, Look for the one subject that seems to be most clearly related to "priesthood of believers." Check each subject after you have read the related portion of the outlines. Subjects: o CHRISTIAN ETHICS, Moral Imperatives o MISSIONS, Means o THE CHURCH, Covenant People o DISCIPLESHIP, Priesthood. Which subject is most clearly related to "priesthood of believers?"



Obviously the last subject is the most clearly related, The summary of the doctrinal subject you discover will give you ideas for further study, • Turn to "Summary of the Doctrine of Discipleship" (DSB p, 1685). The second paragraph of the summary relates to priesthood of believers. Read that summary and write key ideas below.

What other Scriptures and words might be helpful for further study?

The histories of the doctrines will also provide you with ideas for further study or with other helpful insights, INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. Turn to "History of the Doctrine of Discipleship" (DSB p. 1717), Read the article and write on separate paper any interesting or helpful insights related to "priesthood of believers." • What are the last two sources for more information about a topic not outlined separately in the Disciple's Study Bible? 1. Related Scriptures 2. Related Words 3. Related Doctrinal Subjects (Annotations) 4.

INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. You have studied only one of the Scripture references (Ex i9:6) you found in your initial research. Complete a similar study using the other passages you located: 1 Peter 2:5,9; Revelation 1:6; and Revelation 5:10, ~ LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: You will demonstrate your understanding of the priesthood of believers by outlining the role, the responsibilities, and the privileges of a believer as a priest,





Role • Read again the definitions for priesthood and priesthood of believers in the Glossary (DSB

From these definitions it should be clear that a priest is a representative such, he or she functions in three roles:

or go-between, As

Roles of a Priest 1, Maintaining a personal and direct relationship between himself and God through Christ. 2. Representing God to other persons. 3, Representing other persons before God.

In the following examples write the number of the role listed above that most clearly explains the kind of role represented in the following stories: __ A. The tax collector (publican) in the Temple praying to God. (Lk 18:10·14) __ B. Moses bringing the Ten Commandments of God to the Israelites. (Ex 19:25__ __ __ C. Moses praying that God would not destroy the Israelites. (Ex 32:8-14) D. Your praying for others during a worship services. E, Your witnessing to a lost person.

The choices should have been A-l, B·2, C-3, n-i or 3, and E-2, • In your own words write the three different roles of a believer priest,
1. 2. 3.

The Responsibility of Priesthood Biblical priesthood was instituted with Israel in the Old Testament. New Testament believerpriests have some similarities and some differences. • Read the following lists that compare the nature and responsibilities of the priests in the Old Testament and believer-priests in the New Testament. As you read about the New Testament believer-priest circle key words that show the difference in Old Testament and New Testament priests.





OLD TESTAMENT PRIESTS 1, Sacrificed animals
2. 3. 4.

1, 2, 3, 4.

Obeyed and ministered the Torah Ministered in Temple Blessed individuals 5, Limited to Levites


Sacrifice praise, good works, possessions, and thanksgivings Obey and minister the Word Are the temple of the Holy Spirit Bless nations with witness Includes all believers

The duties of New Testament priests include responsibilities to God and responsibilities to persons. • In the following list write UGHfor a responsibility of the priest to God or "P" for a responsibility of the priest to persons, ~_ i. Worshipping God ~~_ 2, Offering of self and possessions as a sacrifice to God __ 3, Interceding for others through prayer __ 4. Bringing persons to Christ -_ 5. Serving through offering to God thanksgiving and praise __ 6. Serving through doing good works

Items 1, 2, and 5 focus on ministering to God. The other numbers focus on ministering to other persons, However, since Christ said that persons serve Him when they serve others sacrificially, items 3, 4, and 6 could also focus on ministering to Christ. You will discuss the importance of these duties in your group session this week. • Review what you have learned thus far in your study of the priesthood of believers by writing A for Agree and D for Disagree in front of the statements below.


4. 5.

B. 9, 10.


The priesthood of believers is an interpretation of the Bible that is new in the last 100 years. Believer-priests today perform the same functions as the Old Testament priests. Jesus is the High Priest and all believers are priests. Believer-priests today can forgive sin, Believer-priests are responsible for inviting persons to come to Christ. The priesthood of believers, though basic to many church practices, is not applied to its fullest today. Praise, thanksgiving, and giving of possessions are duties of believer-priests. Pastors are the only true priests today. One church practice based on the priesthood of believers is infant baptism. One individual practice based on the priesthood of believers is interpreting the Scriptures for oneself.

You probably agreed with 3, 5, 6, 7, 10 and disagreed with the others. If you have questions, see if you can find out addtional information in the Disciple's Study Bible that would help you understand. Bring your questions and research notes to your group session this week.
I) From your study check the following statements you consider to be your privileges as a

priest. D i. Exercising my freedom to relate directly to God. D 2. Interpreting Scripture for myself, o 3. Helping others. D ~. Witnessing for Christ as a calling. o 5. Giving of self and possessions for the Kingdom.




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6. Participating in congregational (democratic) church government. 7. Ministering to the Lord in prayer and worship. 8. Interceding for others in prayer.

In the space below write a summary of the priesthood of believers using the given headings. You may use any of the studies you have done this week. Write in the most usable form for you. You may want to write it in narrative form, or you may simply write an outline and indicate appropriate Scripture verses and explanations. Use other paper if needed. PRIESTHOOD OF BELIEVERS A. The Roles of Bellaver-Priests

B. The Responsibilities of Believer-Priests

C. The Priviledges of Believer-Priests



Christ is saying to me today: ,,


Learning Objective: You will be able to demonstrate your acceptance of the privileges and responsibilities of a believer-priest by doing such things as: -describing your own call to minister to others -performing a ministry related to your spiritual gift -discovering and becoming involved in a study (group or individual) that equips you for a ministry -relying on the Holy Spirit's power in a specific ministry action

Why should you function as a priest in the world today? The following statements





represent seven strong reasons. Fill in the blanks below using the list of key words below, Complete one statement and meditate carefully on the privilege or responsibility it describes. Then move to the next statement. Key Words: church, Holy Spirit, God, Jesus Christ, Great Commission, child, world, 1. In each generation ~ kingdom of priests to represent Him in the world. 2.

develops His people into a

sacrificed Himself in order to open the Holy of Holies for all His followers to enter as priests. The to empower him or her to serve, lives in each believer, as a spiritual temple,

4. The is the Body of Christ and is to carry out the functions of worship, proclamation, education, ministry, and application in the world today.

Jesus gave the representatives/priests,

to all His followers. As His they are to take the gospel to every creature. are lost and

6. The vast majority of people in the need intercessors to pray for them and bring them to Christ.
7. As a

of God you are to represent Him to the

world. Pause to meditate and pray about your role as a priest or minister for Christ, Using the key words (God, Jesus Christ, Holy Spirit, church, Great Commission, world, and child of God), see if you can state aloud seven reasons you should function as a priest of God. *********** Beside each Scripture referenced below is a summary statement of the passage, Read the Scripture passages. Select the appropriate key word to fill in the blank for a summary statement. Key Words: Called, Empowered, Equipped, Gifted, Sent, Special

A. Ephesians 4:1
B. 1 Peter 4:10 C. Ephesians 4:11~12

All Believers Are All Believers Are All Believers Are to be All Believers Are AU Believers Are All Believers Are

to be Ministers. for Ministry, for Ministry. as Ministers. for Ministry. as Ministers.

D. John 20:21
E, Acts 1:8

F. 1 Peter 2:9

The key words for A-F respectively are Called Gifted, Equipped, Sent, Empowered, and Special,





Read the following statements made by respected scholars. Classify each according to the key words. Write the key word in front of the quotes that explain the heading more fully. For example: the first quote explains "Called" more fully. You may have difficulty in selecting only one. In those cases you may list more than one word. Called Gifted Equipped Sent Empowered Special

-__ ~ 1. "The word 'call" consistently used in the New Testament, is from a Greek word meaning 'to call toward oneself, to summon.' It is basically used in a threefold manner: called to salvation, to discipleship, and to service."?
_____ --'.3. "Each gift must be understood as a Holy Splritimparted grace-gift, a supernatural endowment, a God-given ability to serve, a spiritual manifestation of God the Spirit through the believer for the enrichment of the body, for the development and work of the ministry in Christian servlce.!"

_______________ 5. "You are a minister of Christ .... If you are a baptized Christian, you are already a minister. Whether you are ordained or not is immaterial. No matter how you react, the statement remains true. You may be surprised, alarmed, pleased, antagonized, suspicious, acquiescent, scornful, or enraged. Nevertheless, you are a minister of Christ."!
_______________ 6. "If in the average church we should suddenly take seriously the notion that every lay member, man or woman, is really a minister of Christ, we could have something like a revolution in a very short time."!


7. "Our faith, far from being a mere decoration, is something which makes a geniuine practical difference when we find a garage mechanic or finisher of floors who envisages his daily work as the chief expression of the gospel .. . . [and recognizes that] he is a partner of the Living God, helping minutely in the work of

8. "In recent generations we have frequently limited the notion of a call to what is termed a 'call to the ministry,' meaning by this, in essence, a call to the pastorate or to the foreign mission field. This use of the term was not wrong, but it was woefully inadequate. Now we are finding, ... a conscious effort to recover the earlier and more vital conception. Today, ... young people pledge themselves to the ministry of farming and the ministry of medicine or law, right along with those who pledge themselves to the ministry of the pastorate.?" _________ ~ ~ 10. "If the laity, the whole people of God, are going to accept the responsibility for ministry, in light of the Biblical heritage which proclaims ministry to be the responsibility of the whole people of God, the clergy must become enablers, equipping the laity for mtnlstry.!" ______________ 11. "Being called of God and being sent by God are two distinct operations of the Holy Spirit. ... The word 'send', is from a Greek word meaning 'to send forth from oneself, furnished with credentials, with a commission to act as one's representative and accomplish a certain mission.' "8 _______________ 12. "The task for the whole church is to educate and lead in the administrative structures of churches on the basis of the gifts of the Spirit, aid believers in discovering their gifts, and then lead God's gifted people in the development of their gifts for ministry.?" . These statements come from respected persons who believe that the Bible teaches that all





believers [priests) are called to fulfill their role as a priest in the world. I related them as follows: Called: 1, 3, 6; Gifted: 2, 9; Equipped: 7, 9; Sent: 8; Empowered: 2, 5; Special: 4. Some of the statements could go under more than one category, • Check each of the titles below that you feel comfortable being called.

o priest o


minister servant

laity o people of God o believer





layperson deacon evangelist

o o


teacher leader pastor

These priestly roles will be defined in the group session this week. In your own words state your beliefs about the following: A. Your call as a priest or minister

B. Your spiritual gifts or giftedness

C. Your right and responsibility to be equipped for ministry

Read again today's Learning Objective, How can you demonstrate your acceptance of the responsibilities of a minister or priest? This week do at least one action that will demonstrate that you have accepted this responsibility. It mayor may not be one of those mentioned in the learning objective. Write at least one action you can take in your own life situation.




Christ is saying to me today:





Learning Objective: You will demonstrate your commitment to perform the ministry function of a believer-priest by doing such things as: -providing biblical counsel to a person needing God's wisdom for a decision -visiting a hospital patient -writing or talking with a grieving person -correcting a child who has done wrong -witnessing to a lost person -judging impartially in children's disputes . -interceding in prayer for another person -others ...

The Arena of the Home Home means the place where you live. It mayor may not include other persons. The home provides the most natural place to demonstrate what Christ does in one's life and what He will do in others' lives. What you do in your home demonstrates more about your character than almost anything else. The home is God's first institution. It can serve as a platform for ministry. • List any ministries you now perform in or through your home.

For Singles only-As

you read the following

section, underline

ideas for ministry as a

How can you use your home for ministry? If you choose to remain single, you should ask, How can I best use my singleness to perform ministries for God? Perhaps God has led you to remain single, or circumstances have dictated it. Jesus said that singleness can allow one to be more devoted to kingdom causes (Mt 19:8-12). You can use your home as a gathering place for other singles, such as for Bible study groups, recreation, or hospitality. Some singles adopt orphans, keep foster children, help troubled youth, or counsel those needing help. An "I-plan-to-marry-someday" single may begin by asking, Who is the best person I can marry so that through our home we can have the most effective ministry in the world? You can demonstrate your commitment to Christ as the first priority in your life in marriage (Mt 6:33).

If you are single, write some ministry goals to achieve as a single.

For Married Persons Only-As
ministry as a married person.

you read the following section, underline

ideas for

Married persons may ask the question, How can we make our home a platform for our ministry? Another LIFE course, Covenant Marriage: Partnership and Commitment, says that couples should ask, What ministry has God given us together for His glory? Perhaps you have never thought about a joint ministry. If both partners set a common ministry goal, they




can discover genuine fulfillment as they serve together. Rearing a Christian family is also a ministry opportunity. Cultivating friendships with neighbors can provide numerous ministry opportunities. Ministry actions can involve the entire family. One person studying Mosterl.ife: Discipleship Twining was given $5.00 by his leader and told to use it to help someone for God's glory. He involved his entire family. From their own funds they bought groceries and clothes for a family. They gave the $5 to their 12- year-old son to give to the son of a family in need. These activities not only ministered to the needy family, but also to their own family. Some couples see their home as a gathering place for young people where they can have good, clean fun and fellowship. Other couples volunteer to keep foster children. Some adopt children, Some use their gift of hospitality to entertain others in their home. They may open their home to visiting evangelists and teachers; or they may use their home for Outreach Bible Studies, coffee fellowships, and so forth. Persons committed to ministry have an endless number of opportunities to exercise ministry through their home. ,. List at least three ways you as a married couple can use your home as a platform ministry: for

1. 2.
3. The Arena of Work ,. As you read the following section, underline ideas for ministry.

Persons usually spend more time working than in any other activity (with the possible exception of sleep). How can you minister through your work? Ask yourself, How can I allow Christ to have a maximum ministry through my life in my career? Your calling may include ministry in the vocation you were in when Christ called you (1 Co 7:23-24). God may want you to consider changing vocations. If you have not chosen a vocation ask, What career can I enter which would best enable me to minister effectively in the world? In the process you may consider a church-related vocation. Some people have attended a seminary to prepare for a church-related vocation, because they thought that a church-related vocation was the only way they could express full dedication to God. The study this week should help you realize that all Christians are priests and ministers who should dedicate themselves to God. God needs people to minister in the world as well as in the church. "The real battles of faith today are being fought in factories, shops, offices, and farms, in political parties and government agencies, in countless homes, in the press, radio and television, in the relationship of nations. Very often it is said that the Church should 'go into these spheres,' but the fact is that the Church is already in these spheres in the persons of its laity."!" ,. What is the "sphere" What kinds of "battles of your vocation? of faith" take place where you work?





Read the following quotation. Underline phrases that encourage you to minister through your current vocation. Jesus didn't call just clergy to build his church. He called people in the marketplace. He lived in a country crowded with seminary graduates. Yet not one of Jesus' twelve, original disciples was a Sadducee, Pharasee, prophet or priest. Instead, He chose to build His church with a handful of entrepreneurs. Independent businessmen whose only theological educa tion came from the school of hard knocks. By the Middle Ages, however, the church had abandoned Christ's emphasis on lay ministry. If you wanted to live a truly spiritual life, there was only one thing to do: trade in your workboots for a pair of monkish sandals and a robe. Ordinary people began to feel their faith grow stale. Until a sharp rap on the Wittenberg door announced to all that the Reformation had begun. Today, we live in shockingly similar times. Instead of sharing the Gospel, soothing the suffering or feeding the hungry we simply stuff the offering plate. In hopes that full-time church workers will carry the cross in our place. Perhaps the time has come to remember the Reformation. To take up the hammer. And pound the door. God's Word is more than a guide for the Church. It's a manual for the marketplace. In a church that depends so heavily on clergy, Bible studies tend to be colored by a clerical point of view. We love to spotlight spiritual giants-great priests and prophets of their day. But when was the last time you opened God's Word and saw yourself in there? A man or woman of the marketplace, working out your faith in the rough-and-tumble of the secular world? It shouldn't be so difficult. The Bible is full of people just like you. In fact, a full 75% of all the major characters in God's Word never held a religious job in their lives. Somehow, we've forgotten that time after time-from Daniel to Nehemiah, from Esther to Lydia-God called everyday people to be His workaday ministers in the real world. And he still does .... Work is not a necessary evil, it's a necessary ministry in the marketplace. What it all boils down to is this: the clergy are called to serve the church. But the laypeople are the church. This was the rallying cry of the Reformation: that all believers are His priests. And everything we do is sacred in His sight. We must learn to see our work as a calling, not just a means to an end. Our own, special way of serving and imitating God. Because it is through work that we reflect His image as the creator, the master craftsman of the world around us. And in the end, what higher calling could there possibly be than to be like Htmi"! • Describe three things you will do in your job that will demonstrate your committment to "ministry in the marketplace."





Consider performing a ministry activity this week using your home or your workplace as a platform. One ministry you might want to consider is counseling. If you feel you need to provide biblical counsel to a person needing God's wisdom for a decision (the first ministry suggestion in today's Learning Objective) read "Guide to Counseling For Laity," (DSB p. 1826). Study the ten-step model. Practice it on a friend. Then, the next time someone seeks your counsel, turn to the diagram on DSB page 1828 and use the ten-step model. Wise Counsel: Skills for Lay Counseling is a thirteen-week LIFE course designed to provide basic' counseling skills for lay persons. If you have opportunities to counsel others informally, you may want to consider this training course to better equip yourself for that ministry. The Arena of the Church The call of some persons does lead them into church-related ministries. God does need pastors and teachers, prophets, 'missionaries, and evangelists to minister and to equip other Christians to minister (Eph 4:11-12). • Consider whether your call leads you in this direction. What indications do you have that God is or is not leading you in the direction of a church-related ministry?

Choose one of the ministries you have identified today. Describe any actions that you have taken this week or will take before the next group session that indicate your commitment to ministry. Prepare to share them in the group session.

Ministry Check-up. Look on the back cover of LifeGuide at the column of ministry actions. Review the list of invitations to ministry for units 1-9. Continue to watch for opportunities to minister to others as you go about your day-to-day activities. ~ LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:




Jesus Weeping Over Jerusalem



Bible Doctrine: EVANGELISM and MISSIONS Bible Study Method: Comparing and contrasting parallel or similar passages Christian Discipline: Demonstrating compassion for the lost Ministry Action: Participating in a missions or evangelism activity UNIT LEARNING GOALS: The study of this unit on the doctrines of evangelism and missions should help you: II) Understand a biblical basis for evangelism and missions. II) Understand how to compare and contrast similar passages in Bible Study . .. Demonstrate compassion for the lost at home and in the world. e Demonstrate obedience to Christ's call to personal involvement in evangelism and missions. VERSES TO MEMORIZE "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the"very end of the age," Matthew 28:18·20. "As the Father has sent me, I am sending you," John 20:21.


Learning Objectives: You will recognize similarities and differences in the five commissions of Jesus to the church. You will summarize the primary thrust of the commissions. You will be able to compare and contrast parallel or similar passages of the Bible.

Introduction to the Unit You live in the greatest missions era in world historyl Take a quick look at some trends in the world today: AFRICA. In 1900 less than 10 million non-Catholic Christians were in Sub-Sahara Africa. According to present growth trends, over 400 million will be Christian by the year 2000. That is 500 times faster than the population growth of Africa. LATIN AMERICA. In 1900 only about 50,000 Protestant Christians were in Latin America. Projections indicate over 100 million Latin Americans will be Protestant Christians by 2000 AD-a growth rate 20,000 times faster than the population growth. SOUTH KOREA. Just 100 years ago no Christian churches were in Korea. Today 6000 churches are in Seoul alone. On a visit to Seoul I could look in almost any direction and see a cross on a building, signifying a church. I was told that 25-30% of the population are Christians, up from 10% when I visited there 10 years earlier. The largest and fastest growing churches in the world are in South Korea. Korean Christians are going all over the world as missionaries. They may be the next great mission sending nation. CHINA. The China story is almost unbelievablel I remember in the 1960'S (during the time of the cultural revolution) people used to laugh at Dr. Baker James Cauthen, Executive Director of the Foreign Mission Board, SBC, because he still reported the statistics of Baptist churches last heard from in 1949. Critics said there were no churches left, and no one knew if there were many Christians at all. When the Communists took over in 1949 there were 750,000 Christians as the fruit of over 100 years of missionary work. Today it is reported that between 30 and 50 million Christians worship in official churches and house churches in China. And they are still growing! THIRD WORLD MISSIONS BOARDS. The number of missionaries being sent by Third World countries is growing 25% each year. They already comprise 25% of the total number of missionaries working in the world. This is an exciting trend since American and European missionaries are experiencing more and more difficulty securing visas to work in many countries. As a result, the center of the Christian world is moving from North America to Africa. In a few years Nairobi, Kenya could be the center of Christian activity and the primary sender of missionaries. AD 2000 PLANS. Over 300 plans for world evangelization by AD 2000 are being pursued by



Christian organizations and denominations. God is moving through many groups to bring a lost world to Himself. That's the good news! The discouraging news is that we have a long, long way to go. We will look at just how far later in this unit. In the first day's study you will learn what Jesus said about taking the gospel to all nations. Parallel Passages One way to study the Bible is to study various accounts of the same events or to study similar statements of an idea. Passages that describe the same event are called "parallel passages." How do you locate parallel passages using the Disciple's Study Bible? Let's suppose you are studying the resurrection of Jesus in Matthew. Turn to Matthew 28 (DSB p. 1223). Notice that "The Resurrection" is the subheading for Matthew 28:1-10.Under the subheading you find: 28:1-8pp - Mk 16:1-8;Lk 24:1-10. This tells you the following: Matthew 28:1-8 has parallel passages (ppJ in Mark 16:1-8 and in Luke 24:1-10. • Suppose you are studying-the death of Jesus in Matthew 27:57-61. What are the parallel passages you find listed there?

In this case you found three, one from each of the other gospels. To gain the fullest understanding of a Scripture that has parallel passages, yqu will want to study each passage noting similarities and differences with your primary Scripture text. In some cases parallel passages are not listed because the identical event is not described elsewhere. However, you may find passages where similar statements of the same idea exist. This situation is another case where you would want to study each similar passage noting similarities and differences with your primary Scripture text. Here are some ways you can go about the task of studying parallel or similar passa~es of Scripture:

Comparing and Contrasting Parallel or Similar Passages
CIII Read all the passages (more than once). e Make common sense comparisons of details and ideas in the texts. e Answer these questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? and HoW? CIII Ask yourself, What significance do these similarities and differences make to the meaning of the text?

Since your goal is to understand the meaning of a Scripture passage, you may want to use all the study helps available to you. Let's tryout this study method by comparing and contrasting five similar passages of Scripture. Five Commissions of Jesus Usually Matthew 28:18-20is identified as the Great Commission. Christians talk about the Great Commission as if there were only one. Turn to Matthew 28:18-20. Notice that no parallel passages are listed under the subheading "The Great Commission." If you wanted to



study similar statements in this case, you would look in two places for the information, the center column references and the annotations. • Turn to Matthew 28:18-20. Begin reading the annotation "28:18·20 MISSIONS, Command" and find references for four other statements of Jesus' command to extend His kingdom to all peoples. List the other references below.

The New Testament contains five statements of Jesus' commission to the church. Five times Jesus told His disciples what He wanted them to do after He returned to the Father. You can find the five commissions in Matthew 28:18-20, Mark 16:15, Luke 24:47, John 20:21, and Acts 1:8. They have a common purpose. They have both similarities and differences. In order to understand the commissions of Jesus you would want to study all five statements. • Turn to each of the five statements and read them. Since you will be using these same passages throughout your study this week, mark them with tabs, bookmarks, or paper clips. Check each passage after you have read and marked it.


Matthew 28:18·20

0 Mark 16:15

0 Luke 24:47

0 John 20:21

0 Acts 1:8

Form Your Questions As you study similar passages, you will want to find answers to these questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? and How? To do this you would first need to form specific questions that relate to your selected passages of Scripture. • Write questions related to the commissions of Jesus for which you would like to find answers. For example you might ask, Who did Jesus give these commands to? Use the words below as you phrase your questions. Who? What? When? Where? Why?
0 ••••• 0


Compare your questions to the ones I made up: o Who did Jesus give these commands to? CD Where was Jesus when He gave these commands? CD When did Jesus give these commands? o What direct commands are given? ., What is to be taught, preached, or witnessed to? II Where are the disciples to carry out these commands? • What promises of help are given? CD What roles will the disciples assume as they carry out these commissions? CD Why are the disciples to obey? CD How will the disciples receive the power to get the job done?





Compare and Contrast the Bible Texts • To compare similar texts, look for similarities in the passages. • To contrast similar texts, look for differences in the passages. Study the Bible texts before you consult other sources of information. Use your own common sense to examine the details of the texts themselves. Ask yourself the questions you have formed. If the texts do not provide the answer to a question, leave the space blank and move on to the next question. You may return later to study unanswered questions using other Bible study resources. • Answer the following questions by examining only the Bible texts themselves, In some cases you may need to read the larger contexts to find the answers: Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 16:9-15; Luke 24:33-49; John 20:19-22; Acts 1:1-9. 1. Who did Jesus give these commands to? Draw a line between the Bible book of the commission and the recipients of Jesus' commands. A. Matthew 1. The disciples B. Mark 2. The Eleven (disciples) C. Luke 3, The apostles (the disciples) D. John 4. The Eleven (disciples), two men from E. Acts Emmaus, and others

Where was Jesus when He gave these commands? Draw a line between the Bible book of the commission and the place where Jesus gave the commission. A. Matthew 1. On a mountain in Galilee prearranged as B. Mark a meeting place with the disciples C, Luke 2. In Jerusalem, probably the upper room D. John 3. Mount of Olives (the place of the E. Acts ascension) When did Jesus give these commands? Draw a line between the Bible book of the commission and the time when Jesus gave the commission, A. Matthew 1. Evening on that first day of the week B. Mark (the day of the resurrection) C, Luke 2. Just prior to Jesus' ascension into heaven D, John 3. Sometime between the resurrection and the E. Acts ascension


4. What direct commands are given in the primary commissions?


What is to be taught, preached, or witnessed to?


Where are the disciples to carry out these commands?




7. What promises of help are given?


How will the disciples receive the power to get the job done?

Which of the following roles will the disciples assume as they carry out these commissions? Check all that apply. D Witnesses o Baptizers D'Teachers D Preachers

Answers. (1) A-lor 2, B-2, C-4, Ir-t, E-3. Notice that groups 1, 2, and 3 all represent the same group of people-the eleven disciples or apostles. Group 4 is the same eleven men together with other persons. (2) A-l, B-not sure but probably 2, C-2, D-2, E-3. (3) A-S, B-s, C-l, D-l, E-2. (4) The direct commands given are these: "Go and make disciples" and "Go ... and preach the good news." Tomorrow we will look in more detail at the relation of these commissions to evangelism and missions. (5) The commissions include teaching disciples to obey everything Jesus commanded; preaching the good news; preaching repentance and forgiveness of sins; and serving as a witness to the life, suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
(6) The commissions include carrying out the commands of Jesus everywhere. "All nations" refers to countries or peoples-all ethnic groups. "All the world" is the widest in scope and "all creation" the most inclusive. Acts explains the progression in going from one's home (Jerusalem) to "the ends of the earth." The commissions exclude no place and no person. Christ commands His disciples to go to every place where persons have not heard the gospel (good news) or have not been discipled. Christ's disciples are under orders to go tell them the gospel and make disciples of them.

Jesus took responsibility for the disciples' success. In Luke and Acts, Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit to empower and guide the disciples. In Matthew He promised that His presence would go with them to the end of the age.

(9) Those who accept the commission of Jesus will be witnesses, teachers, baptizers, and preachers. • Pause and reflect on this question: What significance do these similarities and differences make .to the meaning of the texts? You will discuss this question in your group session this week.

Summary of Each Commission • Read each of the following passages. Try to write a summary of each commission ill seven (7) words or less. You will not be able to include every idea, so summarize each passage by stating the essence of the commission. Matlbew 28:18-20.




Mark 16:15, Luke 24:47. John 20:21.
Acts 1:0. ---'-

_ _

See how your seven-word summaries compare to mine: • Matthew 28:18-20-Go and make disciples of all nations. • Mark IB:15-Go and preach the good news everywhere, • Luke 24:47-Repentahce and forgiveness will be preached everywhere. • John 20:21-As God sent me, I send you. e Acts 1:8-You will be my witnesses to everyone. • Suppose you were asked to write a newspaper report about Jesus' commissions to His disciples. Which of the following would you select as the headline for your report? Check one. o 1. Called to Make Disciples o 2. Called to Preach the Good News o 3. Witnesses to the World


4,Other: ~

~ Christ is saying to me today:




Learning Objectives: You will be able to define missions and evangelism and discriminate between evangelism actions and missions actions, Using the evangelism and missions annotations for the commissions of Jesus, you will be able to: -describe Jesus' call to evangelize and -explain Jesus' missions command

What Is the Difference Between Evangelism and Missions? Evangelism and missions overlap. Yet they are not the same. In order to understand the relationship between these two doctrines, let's begin by looking at definitions of these two terms. • Using your Glossary (DSB p, 1733) look up the words evangelism and miesionts). Read the definitions. For each item below determine whether it better describes evangelism or missions. Write :'evangelism" or "missions" beside each item to indicate your choice.





~ __


1. God-given responsibility to bring God's love and



the Christian gospel to persons of other cultures or ethnic groups . 2. God-given responsibility to tell others the gospel of salvation with the goal of leading them to repentance and faith in Christ.

The clearest distinctions between evangelism and missions are as follows. Missions is done among another cultural group than one's own and some barriers must be crossed. It includes all kinds of Christian activity such as evangelism, establishing churches, discipling members, ministering to the needy and sending others to further missions situations. Evangelism is the central element of missions-telling the gospel to those who are not Christians. It includes various approaches in all kinds of situations anywhere in the world, but they are all related to helping persons confess their faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. You should have labeled 1 as missions and 2 as evangelism. • Check the items below that describe true differences between evangelism and missions. Leave blank the ones that do not. o 1. Evangelism focuses on telling the good news. Missions focuses on the sending of persons to tell the good news and engage in other activities to establish churches. o 2. Evangelism occurs in one's own country and missions occurs in the rest of the world. o 3. Missions includes the task of evangelism but evangelism does not include all the tasks of missions. . o 4. Missions involves crossing barriers, usually cultural barriers, with the gospel. Evangelism occurs among people who share a similar background with the evangelist.

The first statement agrees with the definitions given in the glossary. The second one is not correct. Evangelism is the specific activity of telling the good news whether it is in one's own country or in another. Usually missions is thought of as taking place in another country, but it can take place in one's own country as long as a different culture is involved. The third statement is true. Missions does include evangelism as well as other activities. Evangelism does not include operating medical clinics, providing hunger relief, training national pastors, and other types of missions activities. The fourth statement presents a correct statement about missions, but it is incorrect in its statement about evangelism. One may evangelize (tell the good news) across cultural lines. In that case he or she would be doing evangelism and missions at the same time. You should have checked 1 and 3. Call to Evangelize Three of the commission passages have annotations for "EVANGELISM, Call to Evangelize." • Using the annotations for (A) Matthew 28:18-20, (B) John 20:21-23, and (C) Acts 1:8, write A, B, or C to indicate which statement comes from annotations on each commission. Read the annotations one at a time and mark those statements. 1. The call to evangelize is our primary calling. 2. Christ sends us to lead others to follow Him. 3. New disciples are to be integrated by baptism into the church so spiritual growth can take place. 4. New disciples are to be taught the Lord's ways. 5. Jesus promised to be involved in the task with us. B. We are to carryon until the end of the age.



~_ __ (Answers: •

7. When God's people take this passage seriously, world evangelization will flourish. 8. Our testimony confronts people with salvation in Christ. 9. Those who accept Christ find freedom from guilt. 10. All believers share in this commission, not just church leaders. 11. We are to cross all regional, cultural, and geographic barriers to share Christ's gospel. A-1-7,
B-B-9, C-l0-11)

Using some of the key ideas from these annotations, describe in your own words Jesus' call to evangelize. Focus on the ideas that seem most important to you. You do not have to include every idea in your description.


Command statements list annotations for "MISSIONS, Command."

Two of the commission • Read the annotations Annotation: Matthew

listed below and answer the questions 28:18-20 MISSIONS, Command

that follow each.

1. To whom is the Great Commission 2. What one verb appears

directed? or command form?

in the imperative

3. What is the scope of the command?
4. What does baptism


for the new disciple?

5. If baptism is not the end of the missionary lead new Christians?

task, where should the missionary



John 20:21 MISSIONS,


1. What is our model or pattern 2. What is our authority

for missions?

for missions?

3. What is the source of missions? 4. As our model for missions,

what did Jesus do?

5. Why did the Father send Jesus? What was His purpose?




6. VVhyhas Jesus sent us?





If you read the annotations carefully, you should have the correct answers.

Briefly explain in your own words the missions command of Jesus to His church.

At this point in time, what do you believe about your responsibility for the evangelistic call and the missions command? Check one. o 1. Jesus only commissioned His eleven disciples. I don't have any responsibility for these tasks. o 2. Jesus commissioned church leaders. Pastors and missionaries are responsible for this task, but I am not. o 3. Jesus commissioned His church. I am not a church member and, therefore, not responsible. o 4. Jesus commissioned His church. I am responsible to join in this Kingdom activity.


5. Other:

LIFE GUIDE-VVhat Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: Using the missions annotations for the commissions of Jesus, you will be able to: -identify the missions message -describe the need, the nature, and the provision of power to carry out the Great Commission

Missions Message One of the commission passages provides an annotation for the doctrinal subject "MISSIONS, Message." • Read the annotation for Luke 1(24:44·49 MISSIONS, Message" and answer the following questions. 1. VVhatis the source of missions? 2. VVhatis the missions message? 3. VVhatis the scope of missions?




What is the power for missions?


The source of missions is God's purpose to redeem a lost world, Repentance leads to forgiveness through Jesus Christ. This is the good news message of missions, Beginning where we are, the scope of missions extends to all of the earth, The Holy Spirit is the power for missions, Missions Power • Turn to Acts 1 and read the annotation "1:6·8 MISSIONS, Power," As you read, complete the following activities, .

Using some of the following key words, describe the nature of missions power: (dunamin, personal, Holy Spirit, convict, convert, regenerate, comfort, keep),


In one sentence describe the purpose of this power.

3, What kind of witnesses are Christ's witnesses to be?

ends of the earth, Write one of these locations beside a modern application of Jesus' command to His disciples today. __________ __________ __________ __________

4. Jesus commanded His disciples to witness in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and to the

a. A disciple is to be Christ's witness to different ethnic groups, peoples, families, and subcultures, b. A disciple is to be Christ's witness to others beyond his or her home community in home missions. c. A disciple is to be Christ's witness to all peoples of other nations around the globe, d. A disciple is to be Christ's witness where he or she is-in one's home community, even in places of past failure or places of persecution,

5. Suppose Jesus were to visit your LifeGuide group and give this same command. What locations would He identify for your group? Write your guess beside each location listed below. JerusalemJudeaSamariaThe ends of the earthYou will have opportunity to compare answers to activities 1-3 and 5 in your group session this week. Answers pto4 are a-Samaria, b-Judea, c-Ends of the earth, and d-Jerusalem. INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. Read the "Summary of the Doctrine of Evangelism"



and the "Summary of the Doctrine of Missions" (DSB p. 1701). On a separate sheet of paper make a list of the key teachings of these doctrines. Pay special attention to what difference these truths ought to make in your own life. • LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: You can demonstrate your compassion for the lost at home and in the world by doing such things as: -evaluating the degree of your own personal concern for the unsaved -praying for missionaries as listed in missionary prayer calendars -giving to special mission causes over and above your tithe and regular offerings -being involved in evangelistic efforts to reach the lost -participating i~ missions personally -others ...

Compassion for the Lost • Read Matthew 9:36-38. What specifically caused Jesus to be moved with compassion?

Jesus showed His compassion for lost people by all His actions. Compassion comes more from within. It means love that reaches out to hurting and confused people; to people who have no shepherd. The multitude of lost persons weighed heavily on the Master. Read the following statement by Werner Fornos, president of The Population Institute and consider how Jesus must feel now.
It took until 1830 for the population to reach one billion. By 1930, that doubled to two billion. The third billion was added in 30 years, by 1960, and the four billion

mark was reached in 1975. By 1987 we reached five billion and the sixth billion could be reached by 1996 with the world's population growing to 6.2 million by
2000.1 • . 1. In light of Matthew 9:35-38, do you think Jesus sees the situation as hopeless? What do

you think He would have us do today?


What contributions have you made in taking the good news to every person in the world?




3. List three things your church does.

4. Read the five commissions again. Write below the phrases that tell us what we should do.

5. Check the ways you consistently show your concern for evangelism and missions. If

you do not do this activity consistently, do not check it. List other ways you show your concern on the lines below. o witness to the lost o reading missions magazines o praying for mission and evangelism requests o giving sacrificially to missions offerings o participating in missions projects in my country or overseas o helping start new churches o participating in small-group evangelism o helping in literature evangelism o sharing Christ with internationals




6. Read the following fictitious "Letter to the Editor" which could have appeared in a denominational paper.

Dear Editor,
I am tired of reading all your editorials about trying to send missionaries to save everyone in the world by AD 2000. Don't you realize that our churches here in the States are having a hard time paying our own bills? We had better save our own country first.

God's real concern is His chosen people, not all those foreigners who reject Him, He told the disciples to shake the dust off their feet if they didn't accept Him. That would eliminate the Moslems, Communists, atheists, and secular humanists right there. If there is anyone left that has not heard the gospel, it is his own fault. Radio and television evangelists send the message all over the world. We've been sending missionaries for centuries. Now our country is flooded with immigrants that aren't even Christians. God says charity begins at home. Give us some editorials on that. Hoping for the best, Jim D. • Do you agree with this letter? Respond to this letter by writting a letter of your own to the editor explaining your commitment to world-wide missions. Use separate paper. Prepare



12:1-3; 2 Ch .6:32-33; Isa 42:6-7; 49:6; In 3:16; Lk 19:10j 1 Ti 2:1,3-4j 1 Pe 3:9.)

to share your letter in the group session. (You may want to read some of these verses: Ge

Developing a Strategy Just being concerned about the world is not enough. If Christians take seriously the commissions, they will develop and participate in a strategy for reaching the world with the gospel. Suppose the dam breaks twenty miles up the valley from your small hometown of ten thousand people, A wall of water fifty feet high is surging down the canyon . .You have just thirty minutes to warn as many people as possible to scramble up the valley slope out of danger. But evacuating ten thousand people in thirty minutes is not going to be easy. What would you do? When the dam breaks, it's 2 p.m. and most of the children are in school. There are three schools in town. All the kids can walk home in ten minutes, run home in three, Would it make sense to start down the block punching door bells, warning people of the coming disaster? You'd use up your thirty minutes before you covered three blocks. No, since almost half the town is in school, you phone each school, The kids run home, fan out down the blocks. You phone the four major factories. You phone the local radio station, and so forth. It's not very far to the valley slope and safety," ,. In applying this story to the world evangelization efforts of Christians which of the following strategies would be best: D Give a gospel tract to every person in the world. D Broadcast the gospel on radio and television stations. D Involve laity in spreading the gospel wherever they go in the world. D Send more career missionaries to countries that will let them enter. D Start churches for every people group in the world. This tricky question has no "best" method. All of the above are needed plus many other strategies. Businessmen plan their strategies to reach the world markets. If Christians take the commissions as their Lord's most important command, then they will seek to find new ways to get the gospel to all people. They will find new ways to disciple them, and baptize them into churches where they can learn to obey all things Christ commanded. The establishing of churches in every land is essential to sharing the gospel with every person. Ralph Winter continues his application of his broken dam story: Trying to contact ten thousand people one at a time would be an overwhelming task compared to the penetration of key groups, within which communication is nearly automatic .... The simple fact is that we don't have to reach out to every person in the world if we concentrate on penetrating every people group in the world. Penetrating every group with the gospel is admittedly not quite as easy as in our broken dam illustration-phoning three local schools where the person answering speaks your language. However, establishing a church for every people by the year 2000 is



definitely possiblel . , , The roughly 7,000 reached groups tend to be larger than the remaining unreached groups, and about half the world's population is part of these reached groups, The other half of the world's population is walled off into approximately 17,000 relatively smaller groups that are unreaohed." God the Father is working His strategy and He has delegated to us the responsibility to tell the good news to all the world, Jesus will return from "his journey into a far country" at any time and demand an account of us-individually and as His total people. Time and stewardship no longer allow us the luxury of every man doing his own thing, We need an overall Christian strategy that can include every individual working in the freedom of his own gifts and under the Spirit's leadership, • Read the "Guide to Missions Ministries" (DSB p. 1837). As you read, underline or write on separate paper all the different ways persons can participate in missions. *********** Which, if any, of these ways of missions involvement do you sense God might want to use you?

Here are some ways ordinary people have become partners with God in foreign missions. As you read, think about whether God may want to use you in one of these ways . .. John went to Zimbabwe on a lay evangelism crusade. • Carlos and Maria went as career missionaries to Chile. e Thomas and Sarah spent a year in China teaching in a university so they could witness in English. 4» Chuck and Marge lived in Singapore for years so he could travel to Sabah and Sarawak, Borneo. Missionaries were not allowed to live in Borneo, but they could go for short visits. e Tan Tek Tjai moved to the Philippines where he earned his living working for IBM, but he saw his main work as witnessing to students at the university. • Ho Han Park served as a medical technician with an interdenominational health care program in Afghanistan, so he could be a witness in a country closed to missionaries. • David Lefler asked Merril Lynch to transfer him to a job in Hong Kong. There he could work with the churches on his own time. • Tom and Darlene took their vacation to a different country each year, so they could lead MasterLife discipleship workshops. • Hershel transferred from Harvard to the University of Bazel, Switzerland to study and to share Christ with students as he prepared for future student work in Europe, • LeAnn served as a secretary for the Indonesian Baptist Mission for two years after college before entering graduate school. • Does God want to use you in one of these ways? If you think so, which one or ones?



Christ is saying to me today:




Learning Objective: You can demonstrate obedience to Christ's call to personal involvement in missions and evangelism by doing such things as: -sharing your Christian testimony with a lost person -participating in life-style evangelism -using small groups for evangelism -participating in your church's evangelistic activities -helping in mass evangelism -engaging in some type of missionary service -others ...

1. Select and study one (1) of the following guides in the Life Helps section of your Bible. Read the guide carefully and jot down ways you could become involved in evangelism or missions. -Guide to Relational Evangelism (DSB p. 1784) -Guide to Giving Your Personal Testimony (DSB p, 1786) -Guide to Using a Marked New Testament (DSB p. 1788) -Guide to Service in Christ's Name (DSB p. 1823) -Guide to Life-style Evangelism (DSB p, 1731) -Guide to Small-Group Evangelism (DSB p. 1732) -Guide to Church Evangelism (DSB p. 1833) -Guide to Mass Evangelism (DSB p, 1835)

, .1I

2. Choose one type or method of involvement you will try to implement to become involved in evangelism or missions. You can. use ideas you discovered in yesterday's study related to missions. Describe how you plan to go about accomplishing it.

3. Plan to do at least one act that will involve you in evangelism this week. You can do this alone, with a partner, with a small group, or in an activity related to mass evangelism. Write the result below.

Ministry Check-up. Look on the back cover of LifeGuide at the column of ministry actions, Review the list of invitations to ministry for units 1-10. Continue to watch for opportunities to minister to others as you go about your day-to-day activities. ~ LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:


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Bible Doctrine: EVIL AND SUFFERING Bible Study Method: Biographical study Christian Discipline: Persistence in fighting evil Ministry Action: Counseling the suffering UNIT LEARNING GOALS: The study of this unit on the doctrine of evil and suffering should help you: «IiI Understand what the Bible teaches about evil and suffering. «IiI Understand biblical principles for dealing with evil and suffering. «IiI. Understand how to use the biographical method of Bible study. «IiI Demonstrate assurance of God's provision and power during times of suffering in your own life . • Demonstrate persistence in fighting evil and compassion for those who suffer. VERSES TO MEMORIZE "We know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose," Romans 8:28. "Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything," James 1:3~4.

Job and His Friends Job 14:1

Learning Objectives: You will be able to identify and state principles from the Book of Job related to evil and suffering You will be able to use the biographical method of Bible study in studying a Bible character.

As 1write this unit a tragedy bas occurred in our city. A two-year-old girl bas been mauled to death by a 'pet' leopard. The seven-year-old leopard, owned by her [ather, had escaped from its pen and killed the tot while the mother was taking groceries into the bouse. The father, a rock musician, was performing in Las Vegas at the time. This morning's newspaper story reports: Rock musician Joe Savage fighting tears, said yesterday his 2-year-old daughter's death Wednesday after a mauling by a family pet leopard was a "force of destiny." What "God" did to his daughter, Nikka, "protected her from growing up in this world. this society, this country that is worse than any Amazon jungle," he said. "There are just predators out there ... People just waiting to turn them into prostitutes, drug addicts. That's what I had to look forward to. I'm glad it happened now." "It was a force of destiny." Savage called the leopard .. " an instrument of Cod.' That is one man's attempt to deal with evil and suffering. Evil and suffering confront every living human being at some point in time. Each person must learn to deal with suffering. Christians face the following dilemma:

If God is good, almighty, and loving, Why is there evil and suffering in the world He created?
If He is good


Why would He allow evil and suffering? • If He is good, is He not almighty; Since evil and suffering have not been abolished? • If He is good and almighty, Does He not care; Is He not loving; Since He allows evil and suffering? Christians believe God is good, almighty, and loving. The presense of evil and suffering in the world demands that we find some possible answers.



This is a two-day study. Work as far as time will allow today and complete the study tomorrow. Studying a Bible Character • Turn to "Guide to Studying a Bible Character" (DSB p.1778). Read the introduction (first two paragraphs) and find out why studying a Bible character is a valuable study. Studying a Bible character is helpful because: _

God wants us to live bur lives based on His principles for living. We learn these principles best as we see them lived out in the experience of others. Bible character study helps us learn and apply God's principles to our lives. Though we cannot learn everything the Bible has to say about evil and suffering through one person's experience, the story of Job gives us some helpful insights. We will study Job's life to discover principles for dealing with suffering. Step 1: Gather Basic Information • In the "Guide to Studying a Bible Character," read item 1 (a-k on DSB pp, 1778-9) about the basic information you need to gather. Place a bookmark in this place for reference throughout the week.

You will find more information on prominent Bible characters than you will on others. If you are not able to find the information suggested in the guide, you can skip those questions and move on in your study. References to Job. When doing a study of a character, you must first locate passages about him or her. • Where do you think you should look first for Scripture references for a Bible character? o a. Doctrinal Reference Index o b. Glossary o c. Doctrinal Summary o d. Concordance D e. Bible book by his or her name o f. Center column references

Once you know a character's name, the best place to start looking for references is in a concordance. The concordance will often list several of the references for that character. If the character has a Bible book named after him or her that would be another place to start. Keep in mind, however, that most Bible characters will not have a Bible book named after them. If you are already studying a reference where the Bible character is named, you can look in the center column references for help. • Turn to the concordance (DSB p. 39 in the back of your Bible). Under the name Job, you find that an entire book is named for him. What other references are listed for Job besides those in the Book of Job?




References: Book of Job and



Turn to Job 1:1 (DSB p, 592) and look in 'the center column references (1:1h) for another reference to Job outside the Book of Job, What is that reference?

You should have two verses in Ezekiel and one in James listed as other references for Job, Though the information is not in your concordance, Job is referenced 57 times in the Book of Job. Normally you would read every passage in the Bible about a character to do a thorough study of that Bible character, Since our time is limited, I will guide you to those passages about Job that will provide the most help for our study, You will discover that you cannot answer some of the questions asked in the "Guide to Studying a Bible Character," For instance, we know nothing of Job's genealogy or the geography of the locale except that he lived in the land of Uz. • Read Job 1, 2, and 42 and try to answer the questions or complete the activities suggested below.


did Job live? Where was he from?


2, Events-List


the personal events in Job's life, I have given you one of the first events

• Sabeans carried off his oxen and donkeys and killed his servants.

Here is a factual summary of what happened: • Sabeans carried off his oxen and donkeys and killed his servants (1:14). • Fire fell from heaven and destroyed his sheep and servants (1:15), • Chaldeans carried off his camels and killed his servants (1:17), • A mighty wind killed his children (1:19), • He was afflicted with painful sores (2:7), • His three friends came to "comfort" him (2:11). Then from chapter 42 you should have listed these: .. Job repented (42:6). • God blessed him with twice the blessings as he had before (42:10-16), Other items you would not have read about in chapters 1, 2, and 42 are: • His friends disputed with him for most of the rest of the book (Chapters 3-31). • God questioned Job (38--41). • C~ntinue gathering basic information:





did Job respond to the following people?

His wife (2:9-10)

The Three Friends (See the introduction to Job-DSB p. 589.)


God (42:1-6)

below. These are some of the ones Job is remembered for. What significant statements did Job make? Write a brief summary of each. Job 1:21 Job 2:10 Job 13:15a Job 14:1-2 Job 16:19-21 Job 19:25-27
5. Testlmonies=-Read Ezekiel 14:14, 20 and James 5:11. What character trait was Job known for?

3-41) have subheadings for all of Job's speeches. Otherwise read the passages listed

4. Statements-If

you want to read all of Job's statements, the sections of dialogue (Job

6. Divine witness-summarize 14:14.)

what God said about Job. (See Job 1:8; 2:3; 42:7-8; Ezekiel

You can compare your responses to those of your LifeGuide group members. This may be a 'good stopping point for you in this two-day assignment. ~ LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:

*********** Step 2: Establish a Lifeline Chart. • Read the description for preparing a lifeline chart in the "Guide to Studying a Bible Character." Then, using the list of events you identified in Job's life (p, 181), draw a lifeline for Job on separate paper. Turn your paper lengthwise to give more room for writing. Bring the chart to your group session.




Step 3: Relate Principles from Scripture. • Read the description for relating principles from Scripture in the "Guide to Studying a Bible Character" (DSB p. 1779).

A thorough knowledge of Scripture is needed in order to identify these principles. INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. On separate paper, list biblical principles that could guide your behavior in times of evil and suffering. For those that relate to the way Job responded, write the references on your lifeline chart for Job. Step 4: Write Down Biblical Principles You Learn. • Read the description for this item in the "Guide to Studying a Bible Character."

A. The annotations in Job under the heading "EVIL AND SUFFERING" present some principles for understanding and daaling with evil and suffering. Read all the EVIL AND SUFFERING annotations in Job to discover other principles beginning with Job 1:6~12. One person summarized that annotation with this principle: "God sometimes permits suffering as a test of one's faith" (1:6-12). Write below the biblical principles learned from Job's life that have special meaning for you.

B. Turn to the introduction of the Book of Job (DSB p. 589). The "Theological Conclusions" section gives several principles related to how to deal with evil and suffering. Write a summary of the principles below.

Step 5: Apply the Teaching to Your Life. • Identify some attitudes, values, or actions in your own life that you need to change because of what you have learned from Job. For example: One person decided she should pray for her friends who do not understand the reason God allows suffering. Write your own responses here.






Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: You will demonstrate your understanding of what the Bible teaches about evil and suffering by defining the terms evil and suffeJ'ing and by outlining what the Bible teaches about evil and suffering.

Definitions • What do evil and suffering mean? Search in the "Summary of the Doctrine of Evil and Suffering" (DSB p. 1672) and/or the glossary (DSB p. 1733) for brief definitions of these two words. Write the definitions in your own words. EvilSuffering-___

Job does not give all the answers to the problem of evil and suffering. You need to add other scriptural principles to those in the Book of Job to get a fuller understanding of how to deal with evil and suffering. • Study the "Summary of the Doctrine of Evil and Suffering" (DSB p. 1672) and some of the Scriptures and annotations referenced in the Evil and Suffering Reference Index (DSB p. 1849). Look for principles for dealing with evil and suffering. Outline on separate paper what you discover. Include in your outline the following points from the outline in the doctrinal summary: 1. The origin of evil and suffering 2. Types of evil and suffering 3. God's relation to evil and suffering 4. The Christian response to evil and suffering Gordon Clinard preached a sermon in which he made three points from the book of Job. As you read look for the "3 R's" in Clinard's main topics and circle them.
I. GOD HAS A RIGHT Job learned that the Sovereign Lord has a right to do as He pleases with His creation.

II. GOD HAS A REASON Job never learned the reason, but God had one. It was a good one. It dealt with convincing Satan that man could love God for Himself, not just what he received. III. GOD HAS A REWARD Job got double all the animals he lost. But, you say he only got the same number of


children he lost. Clinard said, " When an animal dies, he dies. When a child dies he goes to be with the Lord forever. He still has twice as many children, Only half of them are in heaven and half on earth." • Read again the dilemma mentioned at the beginning of the unit on page 179.

Since evil and suffering exist and God exists, no "solution" is completely satisfying. The Bible's answer to the problem of evil and suffering consists of eight parts. No one answer is adequate to explain the entire problem. Job's friends' had only one solution to the problemJob had sinned and was being punished. Recognizing the following eight principles can lead to a faith that will help you endure or overcome evil and suffering. • Read this list. Circle the number preceding those you have listed in some form in your own list of principles.

Eight Basic Approaches to Evil and Suffering
1. 2.




Reward and Punishment-Righteousness will be rewarded and unrighteousness will be punished. Discipline and Teaching-God disciplines His people, wholly and individually to draw them closer to Him. Testing-God allows His people to be tested for reasons they may not know. It could be that He tests persons to prove something. Revelation of God-Suffering allows God to better reveal Himself to persons. Suffering for Others-Suffering of the innocent may further the purpose of God for the guilty. Mystery and Faith-God alone is wise. Trusting Him when we don't understand will increase our faith. Understanding Later-True Justice and understanding will come only in the afterlife. Satanic Opposition-Satan and his demons tempt man and pervert God's intention bringing suffering.

Each of the following Scriptures suggests one of the eight principles. Read the Scripture. Then in the blanks write the number of the principle. __ __ __ __

A. ISRAEL, "See I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse- the blessing if you obey the commands of the Lord your God that I am giving you today; the curse if you disobey," (Dt 11:26). B. JESUS, "Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities," (Is 53:4-5). C. HEBREWS, "Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as sons .... God disciplines us for our good, that we may share in his holiness," (Heb 12:7,10). D. INFIRM WOMAN, "Then should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen long years, be set free on the Sabbath day from what bound her?" (Lk 13:16). E. HOSEA, "The Lord said to me, 'Go, show your love to your wife again, though




__ __

she is loved by another and is an adulteress. Love her as the Lord loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods," (Hos 3:1). F. PAUL, "I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us .... We ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies," (Ro 8:18, 23). G. PETER, "Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour;" (1 Pe 5:8). H. JOB, "Who is this that darkens my counsel with words without knowledge? Brace yourself like a man; I will question you, and you shall answer me. Where were you when I laid the earth's foundation? Tell me, if you understand," (Job 38:2-4).

Although some Of the examples may relate to more than one of the principles, you probably matched them like this. A-1, B-5, C-2, D-O, E-4, F-7, G-3. H-B. • The following list includes examples of each of these principles or statements based on one of the principles. Write the number of the principle beside the example of the principle below. You may check your response after completing each example before moving to the next one. Cover the other answers with a sheet of paper so you will not accidentally see the answers before coming to your own conclusion. __ __ _~ __ __ __ _~ __ __ __ __

a. God has allowed our nation's economy to go down to call us back to Him. b. You didn't get rain because you haven't been paying the preacher. c. We'll understand it better by and by. d. Jesus' death was vicarious suffering for our sins. e. If you can get through this, God will bless you. f. This suffering will help you know the fellowship of Christ's suffering for you. g. The devil made me do it. h. She has suffered so much in prayer for her son. i, We're just not supposed to understand. j. He is rich because he lives right. k. He'll get his in the next life.
I. Only God knows why.


m. This is just a test to see if you really love God.

The devil was really at work here.

__ o. This sickness will help you understand how to use your gifts for God. Answers: i-b, j; 2-a, 0; 3-e, m; 4-f; 5-d, h; B-i, 1; 7-c, k, 8-g, n. ~ LIFE GUIDE--:What Christ is saying to me today:



',::1 .,


Learning Objectives: This study should help you demonstrate your assurance of God's provision during times of personal suffering by doing such things as: -writing a reflective account of a time in your personal or family life when God provided strength to face suffering. -praying a prayer of thanksgiving for God's ·help during a personal crisis you have faced or are facing. -telling children or others a Bible story about characters who faced evil and suffering. This study should help you demonstrate persistence in fighting evil by doing such things as; -voting in elections which seek to legalize gambling, lotteries, drugs, alcohol, and other evils. -providing for your family informative reading materials on the results of drugs, alcohol dependence, promiscuous sex practices, gambling, and other social evils. -giving to the church media library appropriate educational materials on social evils. -helping family members and others memorize Scripture passages on how to deal with evil.

Describe a time you, a family member, or person close to you has suffered.

What do you think God was doing through that time of suffering? (Consider the principles on evil and suffering you studied yesterday.)

One of the principles that you learned states that God has a right to do whatever He pleases. He is sovereign. You also learned that God has a reason for whatever He does or allows. Romans 8:28 provides assurance that: "In all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose." That does not mean that all things are good, but it does mean that God will work in all things to bring about good to those who love Him and are called according to His purpose. Paul described that purpose in the next verse. God wants us "to be conformed to the likeness of his Son." Paul followed that declaration by saying that in all kinds of situations



he is convinced that nothing "will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord" (Ro 8:38-39). Doesn't it stand to reason then that we should be able to thank God for anything even if it appears bad for us? LeRoy Ford tells the story that E. F. Hallock developed the habit of thanking God for even bad things. Once he crushed his thumb with a lug wrench while changing a tire. By force of habit he responded, "Thank you, Codl" He told it as a funny, not as a recommendation. Thanking God for what seems to be a bad circumstance does not mean being grateful for the suffering. Rather you are thanking God in advance for what He plans to do in your life as a result of the suffering. He can make a bad circumstance accomplish good in the life of one responsive to Cod's purposes. Giving thanks in all things shows ultimate faith in God and His justice. That is why 1 Thessalonians 5:18 says, "Give thanks in all circumstances, for this is God's will for you in Christ Jesus." • Try to recall an occasion in your life when something unpleasant happened through which God worked to "conform you to the image of His son." Write it down then stop and thank God.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? and why? Human nature is such that sometimes it takes a tragedy or disappointment to teach a person a deep spiritual truth.

o I agree because o I disagree because
Demonstrating Persistence in Fighting Evil • Read the list of things in today's Learning Objectives that could demonstrate persistence in fighting evil. What are some other things you could do to demonstrate persistence in fighting evil? There are hundreds of possibilities. List at least four more.


4. Choose one or more of the indicators listed in this goal or on the list you just completed. Deliberately take that action as soon as possible. Prepare to share with the group a testimony about what you diy and the results for you and for others. ~IFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:


.................... J




Learning Objective: You will demonstrate compassion for those who suffer by doing such things as: -visiting someone who faces adversity and suffering. -counseling someone who faces adversity and suffering. -providing food, clothing, furniture, or other household items for a family that lost their home in a fire (or some other tragedy). -writing letters of encouragement to persons confronted with evil and suffering, especially to persons whom you do not know. -others ...

The list of references below is selected at random from the DISCIPLESHIP Reference Index under "Focus of Discipleship" (DSB p. 1860). A, Needs of Persons. Dt 24:17-22; Lk 14:12-14; Ac 20:35; Php 2:4. B. The Poor. Ex 22:25-27; Isa 3:14-15; Mt 19:21; Mk 10;21; Lk 3:11; [as 2:1-9. C. The Hungry. Lk 1:53; 9:12-17; Ro 12:20; 1 Co 11:21-22. D, The Homeless. Ex 22:21; Lev 19:33-34; Nu 15:15-16,29; Dt 10;17-19. E. The Oppressed. Isa 10:1-3; Am 4:1-2; Mt 9:36; Mk 12:38-40 p, The Sick. Mt 10:8; Lk 9:1-6; [as 5:14-16. G, The Handicapped. Lev 19:14: Dt 27:18; Mt 15:30-31; Lk 14:13 H, The Fallen. 2 Co 2:5-11; Gal 6:1-2.
• 1.

Choose one or more subjects and read the passages. Then picture in your mind someone of your acquaintance of whom the Scripture reminds you. Explain why you thought of that person. For example: one person read James 2:1~9concerning the poor. He thought of a man he works with who refuses to come to church because he does not have a suit to wear. Write the reference and the person you thought about.

2. Describe one example of your showing compassion to someone who was suffering. If you cannot remember one, try to show your compassion before next group session by helping someone who is suffering.

Counseling Hurting People One positive thing Christians can do to demonstrate compassion is to counsel persons who are experiencing suffering or encountering evil. You might say that you will never counsel anyone: because you don't want to be like Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu. Job's counselors became one of his problems! Most Christians have never received training as professional counselors, Often they do not really have the option not to counsel, only whether they will help or hurt. For example, suppose a hurting person trusts you to help with an emotional problem. If you ignore him or



her or simply recommend professional help, the person might interpret your action as rejection. That could compound the problem.
If someone were to stop you after Sunday School class and tell you that his or her spouse has left, what would you do or say? What would you do if a person were to tell you that his


or her child tried to commit suicide the night before? He or she has placed the child under a doctor's care, but the parent struggles with feelings of doubt and guilt. You can do something. You can express love for the person in appropriate ways. You can learn a simple Ten-Step Model for lay counseling even though you have not had professional training. The LIFE course, Wisetknuisel: Skills tal' Lay Counseling teaches you to use a simple counseling outline to help with many basic counseling needs. It is not designed to train you as a professional counselor. It can help you minister to those hurting persons you bump into in your everyday living. Your Disciple's Study Bible also presents a brief guide for use of the Ten-Step Counseling Model used in that course. This might help you know how to counsel when someone opens his or her heart to you. Today, I want you to become familiar with the model so you can use it when needed. • A. First, read the "Biblical Foundation for Care and Counseling" (DSB p. 1818). As you read, look for reasons Christians should care for and counsel others. Then write a short paragraph explaining why Christians should care for and counsel others.

B. In the "Guide to Counseling For Laity" (DSB p. 1826), read "Counseling often involves the use of important questions." As you read, find a two-question method that lets a person work through his or her own problem. What are the two questions?

C. Briefly review section 2 on use of important questions and read section 3 on questions with a purpose. After reading the two sections, write T for true and F for False beside the statements below.

__ __

Questions should be open ended and require more than a yes or no answer. 2. The best questions focus on facts. 3. Questions should be easy to answer, so the counselee doesn't feel uncomfortable. 4. The best questions may cause a person to think, and the counselor should wait for an anSW81"

Numbers one and four are true; two and three are false. If you have a question about these answers reread the article. • D. Read section 4: "A Ten-Step Plan can be used effectively for more complex counseling situations" (DSB p. 1827). ***********




Looking only at the diagram of the Ten-Step Counseling Model (DSB p, 1828) write why you should ask the question related to each step. Step 1. Why should you select appropriate time and place?

Step 2. Why should you listen?

Step 3. Why should you clarify the situation?

Step 4. Why should you investigate previous counseling?

Step 5. Why should you introduce the responsibility concept?

Step 6. Why should you model the role?

Step 7. Why should you review alternatives?

Step 8. Why should you explore outcomes?

Step 9. Why should you supply information for decision making?


Step 10. Why should you provideclosure?

E, In order to help you remember the steps write a key word (or two) for each step that will help you remember easily the progression of questions. Write the key words below.
1. __
6, ___

3. 4. 5.

___ ___ ___

7. 8. 9.

___ _ ___

F. Memorize the steps or questions. See if you can say them out loud without looking at the chart. You may have chosen these words: Arrangements, Listen, Clarify, Investigate, Responsibility, Model, Alternatives, Outcomes, Information, Closure.



Practice • With your Disciple's Study Bible open to the diagram of the Ten-Step Counseling Model (DSB p. 1828) and before the next group session practice counseling with a person who will role-play a person with a problem. Jot down problems you faced using the model.

Now try to practice counseling the person a second time without looking at the Ten-Step Counseling Model.


After you have finished, review the model to see if you omitted any step. Remember, the counselee usually does not know you are following a model. Even if your approach is not perfect, you can still help the person. If you need to use the chart in counseling, explain why you are doing so by saying something like this: I'm glad you have confidence in my ability to help. In my Disciple's Study Bible there is a counseling model designed to help ordinary people like me help others by asking a series of questions. Would you mind if I followed the model and asked you these simple questions? They will help you think through what you should do. Then you could turn to the model without showing it to the counselee and begin to ask the questions. Watch for an opportunity to counsel someone before the next group session. Come prepared to practice with others during the session. The person you counsel may have received improper counsel given by a previous counselor. You may need to deal with the improper counsel before you can talk about the original problem. In this case you would need to modify the Ten-Step Counseling Model as follows: In Step 5 you may choose not to ask, "Where have you failed?", but "Why do you think that person gave you that counsel?" You may then identify with the person (Model the Role) by telling of a similar experience you have had. When you come to step 7, Review Alternatives, you may return to the original problem instead of dwelling on the poor counsel the counselee has received. You may need to deal first with the bitterness regarding the first counseling experience. Then you can use the Ten-Step Counseling Model to help the person begin to work through the problem. Consider the following true case study: A young father accidentally ran over his three-yearold son with a tractor. The boy died. During the time of grief, their pastor (who had become theologically disoriented) came to the man's house and said, "This happened because the devil is in your heart." • How would you counsel the father after the pastor's visit?




Plan to discuss your answer •

in the group session.

Now read this true case history.

Two young parents lost their ten-day-old baby after surgery for a congenital heart defect. A well-meaning member said to the grandparents, "WeU, it could be for the best. He might have grown up to be a drug addict like my own child." • How would you counsel the young parents? the grandparents? the immature church member? Write a summary of your answers below and prepare to share them in the group session. Parents:




Ministry Check-up. Look on the back cover of LifeGuide at the column of ministry actions. Review the list of invitations to ministry for units 1-11. Continue to watch for opportunities minister to others as you go about your day-to-day activities. ~LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:




Jesus Praying in the Garden Matthew 26:39

Bible Doctrine: PRAYER, Jesus' Example Bible Study Method: Limited biographical study Christian Discipline: Praying in faith Ministry Action: Participating in a ministry of intercession UNIT LEARNING GOALS: The study of this unit on the doctrine of prayer should help you: liD Understand how to pray. liD Understand the characteristics of Jesus' prayer life. liD Understand how to focus the biographical Bible study method on one aspect in the life of a Bible character. liD Demonstrate faithfulness in prayer. liD Demonstrate commitment to intercessory prayer as a ministry. VERSES TO MEMORIZE "Lord, teach us to pray," Luke 11:1. "You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it," John 14:14.



Learning Objectives: You will be able to summarize the characteristics of Jesus' prayer life. You will be able to focus your Bible study on one characteristic of a Bible character's life. You will indicate your commitment to prayer by planning and participating in an extended period of prayer.

Plan Ahead The person from whom to learn prayer is Jesus-the Master. As did the disciples, we can say, "Lord, teach us to pray." This unit of study will challenge you to spend an extended time in prayer, such as an hour or more. You may want to use some of this time to pray about what you are learning in this study. You may do this alone or with others. (Day 5 has more specific instructlons.) Plan now to allow for this time to pray prior to your next group session. The following study is designed for two days. Work your allotted time for today. Then stop at an appropriate place and begin there tomorrow. Modifying the Biographical Method of Bible Study In unit 11 you used the biographical method of Bible study in your study of Job. This unit focuses on just one aspect of a Bible character's Iife-e-prayer in the life of Jesus. One reason to focus on one characteristic is the great volume of material about Jesus in the New Testament. This unit limits the study to what Jesus did when He prayed. It does not deal with all He taught about prayer. Even this topic is extensive. To do the study, the unit guides you in reading selected passages about what Jesus did when He prayed.

The simplest way to focus on one aspect of a person's life is: e Choose the aspect of the character's life you want to study. fI Locate and read passages related to that aspect of the character's life. e Ask the six helping questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?



We have already chosen prayer in the life of Jesus as our topic of study. If you were to look at the outline of the doctrine of Prayer (DSB p. xix), you would find the item I.C.3. is "Jesus' Example." This gives you a clue about where to find passages related to prayer in Jesus' life . Here are the Scripture references listed in the Prayer Reference Index (DSB p. 1866) under "Jesus' Example":




Matthew 11:25-26 Matthew 14:13-14,23 D Mark 1:35 o Mark 6:31w32 o Mark 6:45-46 o Mark 7:34 o Luke 3:21-22 o Luke 4:42-43 D Luke 5:16

o o

Luke 6:12-13 Luke 9:18 o Luke 9:28-29 o Luke 10:21-22 o Luke 11:1w4 o John 6:15 D Acts 7:59-60 o 2 Timothy 4:16 o Hebrews 5:7


To guide your study. of these passages you will ask the following questions and write a brief answer. Later you will summarize your findings under these same questions: 1. Where did Jesus pray? 2. When did Jesus pray? 3. Who did Jesus pray for? 4. What did Jesus pray about? 5. Why did Jesus pray? 6. How did Jesus pray? • To aid in your study, write the following headings across the top of a separate sheet of paper. You may want to turn the page sideways or use more that one sheet of paper. REFERENCE WHERE WHEN WHO WHAT WHY HOW

Now begin your study of the passages listed in the box above. On the left side of your paper, write the first reference (Mt 11:25-26). Read the Scripture and the annotation related to prayer. Then write an answer to the questions: where, when, who, what, why, and how. You may need to look in the preceding verses to answer some of the questions. Some of the questions may not apply. If this is the case leave the space blank. Once you have studied Matthew 11:25-26, follow the same procedure for each of the other verses. You can place check marks beside the references above as you complete your study of each one. Remember, you have two days for this assignment.

Summarize what you learned from Jesus' practice of prayer using the following questions:
1. Where did Jesus pray?

2. When did Jesus pray?


3. Who did Jesus pray for?





4, What did Jesus pray about?

5,. Why did esus pray?


6. How did Jesus pray?

Plan to share your findings with your LifeGuide group this week. • How does your prayer life compare to that of Jesus?

What will you do to make your prayer life more Christlike?

Read the Summary of the Doctrine of Prayer (DSB p, 1697), As you read, watch for principles of prayer that you would like to develop and use in your own prayer life. INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY, Not all the examples of Jesus prayers have annotations, You will find some more examples of Jesus' prayers listed below. Study each of these examples, asking the six questions, Write your findings on a separate sheet of paper. Matthew 15:36; 19:13-15; 26:26-27,36-46; 27:46 Luke 22:31-32; 23:34; 24:30 John 12:27-28; 17:1-26 INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY, Another place you can find Scripture references regarding prayer in Jesus' life is under the following heading: "VI. JESUS CONTINUES TO MINISTER FOR US; B. Through Intercession for us" (DSB p. 1847), Study each of these Scriptures and the related annotations, ~ LI~E GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:



4;WE ;



Learning Objectives: You will be able to identify the types of prayer that Jesus used. You will be able to use prayer guides for different types of prayer.

To get an overview of the kinds of prayers in the Bible, look at the chart, "Biblical Prayers and Related Doctrines" [opposite DSB p, 1603). Then do the following activities to familiarize yourself with them: • Read in the chart about the meaning for each type of prayer. Without looking back at the chart, write the letter of the definition beside the type of prayer it defines. Type of Prayer _~ __ _~

Definition A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Making requests of God on behalf of another Expressing gratitude to God for what He has done Expressing loyalty to God and His work A request for God's blessing Acknowledging sin and helplessness and seeking God's mercy Seeking mercy for personal sin or the sin of others Affirming God's all-sufficiency and the believer's security in His love Adoring God for who He is Making personal requests of God the type of prayer each suggests.


1. Confession 2. Praise 3. Thanksgiving 4, Petition 5, Intercession
6. Commitment

_~ ~~

7. Forgiveness 8. Confidence
9. Benediction


Read the following Scriptures Luke 11:5-13 Matthew Matthew Matthew 6:5-15: 7:11 6:12: Luke 6:27-36 6:10; Luke 6:46-49

and identify

John 17:9, 20-21 Matthew 7:7-12 ~ _


Luke 17:11-19 Matthew 6:9

Luke 15:11-24; 18:10-24 Use the chart to check your answers. types of prayer listed on the chart. The Scriptures above are in the reverse order of the



INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. Select one or more of the subjects listed in the chart under "Related Doctrines." Turn to the corresponding subject in the Doctrinal Reference



Index (DSB p. 1843) and read selected passages of Scripture and the annotations for that subject. • Scan the following guides to prayer. Select and read carefully one of the guides to different types of prayer. Check the one you choose. D Guide to Praise (DSB p. 1762) D Guide to Thanksgiving (DSB p. 1762) o Guide to Confession (DSB p. 1763) o Guide to Petition (DSB p. 1764) o Guide to Intercession (DSB p. 1800) Read the guide. Follow the guide as you pray each day the rest of this week during your Quiet Time. Record in your MasterLife Day by Day: Personal Devotional Guide, or on separate paper in your prayer journal, a summary of your prayer. Another option you may choose is to use a different prayer guide each day. Check the words that best describe your feelings when you pray. 0 Okay 0 Buoyant o Defeated 0 Empty 0 Delighted DElated 0 Cheerful 0 Blank o Drained o Glad 0 Charged up 0 Happy o Peaceful o Confident 0 Assured 0 Challenged o Abandoned

o Blissful o Barren o Joyful

Tomorrow you will read the testimony of the people who prayed through a mighty movement of God in history. They discovered the joy of changing their world through intercession. Extended Time of Prayer • Read the instructions in "Guide to Extended Prayer" (DSB p, 1767). As you read, underline or make notes about what you do in an extended time of prayer. *********** Plan your own extended time of prayer, or ask a friend or your LifeGuide group to pray with you. Decide how long you want the prayer time to last: o one hour o a half day o a day As an optional use of the prayer guides, follow them during the extended time of prayer this week. (See DSB pp, 1767-69 for suggestions.) ~LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:


Learning Objective: You can demonstrate faithfulness in prayer by doing such things as: -establishing and following a prayer schedule -praying "always" in normal and unusual circumstances. -documenting answers to your prayers. -giving thanks in all circumstances. -being persistent in prayer when nothing seems to be happening. -others ...

The One Hundred Year Prayer Meeting On August 27,1727, twenty-four men and twenty-four women agreed to spend one in every twenty-four hours in prayer, asking God's blessing on their congregation and its witness. "Encouraged by Zinzendorf, ... this covenant spread wider and for over a hundred years the members of the Moravian Church all shared in the 'Hourly Intercession.' At home and abroad, on land and sea, this prayer watch ascended unceasingly to the Lord," 1 • As you continue reading about this century of intercession, ask yourself: Would God want to involve me in a ministry of intercession? Would He want to use me to help build His kingdom through prayer?

"Hourly Intercession" on the part of the Moravian Brethren made a significant impact on the world. Although there were other factors which influenced the events, these praying people played a significant part in spiritual awakening. Consider some events that happened in that century. 1. John Wesley was impressed by the behavior of some Moravians during a storm at sea, On his return to England, Wesley had a conversion experience in a Moravian meeting at Aldersgate. He became a flaming evangelist, was greatly used in the Great Awakening. began the Methodist Church. and sent missionaries around the world.
2. The First Great Awakening in America was influenced by the teachings of the Moravians. They emphasized the need for a personal experience of God, Bible study, prayer. and development of a strong devotional life.

Kenneth Scott Latourette called that century "The Great Century" for missions. It became the greatest geographical and numerical expansion of the church since the first century. The prayers of the Moravians along with the prayers of others are an important factor in this great missionary thrust.

Although the Moravians were not the only ones praying. research shows that every great awakening since then can be related to them or their teachings. An editorial in Christianity Today ends with these words: Perhaps the time has come to pick up the challenge of the Moravian Brethren and begin another hundred-year prayer effort. ... God called special servants of his among the Moravians to give themselves to this prayer ministry. Surely there are



forty-eight believers around the world whom the Spirit of God will lead to devote themselves to this prayer effort. And they will be able to pray others into the same ministry until there is an unbreakable chain of hundreds of thousands of believers who will not stop shaking the gates of heaven until the churches are revived and the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached to every creature." • 1, Would God want to involve you in a ministry of intercession?

o o

Yes, I believe He wants me involved in such a ministry, No, I do not sense God is leading me to such a commitment at this time,

2, In what ways do you think He wants to use you to help build His kingdom through prayer? I sense God wants me to pray for ...

o a. The
o o


of the lost and evangelists peoples among Christians to unreached

b. The calling and sending of missionaries
c, Spiritual

o d, The
o o


spread of Christianity

e. Freedom of religion in closed countries f. Other: Keep in mind

3, Write a paragraph about an answer to prayer that you have experienced, three answers to prayer are possible: yes, no, and wait.

4, Write the name of a Bible character (other than Jesus) who is your favorite person of prayer. If you do not have a favorite, use your Bible study skills and see if you can find one. Write why the person is your favorite in twenty-five words or less,

5, How faithful and persistent are you in prayer? Read Matthew 15:21-28 and put yourself in the woman's place. Ask yourself the following questions which call more for meditation than for answers, NO YES Verse 23-Can Verse 24-Can Verse 26-Can Verse 2B-Can my faith stand the silence of the Lord? my faith stand the rejection of the Lord? my faith stand the insult of the Lord? my faith stand the commendation of the Lord?

o o
o o

o o o


One can only answer these when faced with a real situation. answer the following questions,

Read Luke 18:1-6. Then




Am I persistent in prayer? Have I given up on some prayers that I should still be praying for? If Christ were to come today, would He find me faithful in prayer? D D D

o o o


Surely the judge of all the earth will do right. He is not like the unjust judge, but He insists that we should be persistent in prayer. • Write two other personal prayer requests which call you to be persistent in prayer.

1. 2.
Read again the objective for day 4.

It lists several things which indicate faithfulness in prayer. There may be other activities you would list as evidence that you are faithful in prayer. A commitment to do them will indicate your willingness to be faithful in the discipline of prayer. • List a way or ways you will indicate your faithfulness know you are maintaining that faithfulness. in prayer. Write also how you will

To evaluate your prayer life now as compared to your prayer life before you began this unit of study, complete the evaluation chart below. More My prayers My prayers My prayers My prayers My prayers The amount now focus on praise now focus on thanksgiving now focus on confession now focus on petition now focus on intercession of time I spend in prayer 0 D 0 D D D About the same D D D 0 0 D Less D 0 0 D D 0

List one or two answers

to prayer you have received

since you began studying LifeGuide.

As you conclude today's session, spend time praying about your role in God's kingdom. Ask Him to reveal to you the ways He wants to involve you in accomplishing His purposes. Record the results of your prayer time in your prayer journal or MasterLife Day by Day.






Christ is saying to me today:



Learning Objective: You can demonstrate your commitment to an intercessory prayer ministry by doing such things as: -maintaining a prayer notebook and/or intercessory prayer lists. -participating in intercessory prayer projects of your church or following your own plan for intercessory prayer. -joining the National Prayer Corps and committing yourself to pray thirty minutes a day including prayer concerns of the churches and the Kingdom. -others ...

Intercession means to pray in behalf of others. Pray-ers become go-betweens who pray to God for someone else's needs. Both individuals and groups can intercede. • Read the list of prayer activities below. Then check those in which you would like to become involved or learn more about.

o o o

o o


Prayer Services Prayer in family Worship Prayer Chains Prayer Alerts Prayer Vigil Prayer Retreat Intercessory Prayer Ministry'

o Prayer o Prayer o Prayer o Prayer


in personal devotions Groups or Cells meals Concerts Seasons of Prayer Prayer Hot Lines for Missions

These are just some of the ways people become involved in intercessory prayer. To learn more about these various forms of prayer or to learn to pray more effectively, consider studying another LIFE course entitled Prayerl.ife: Walking in Fellowship with God. (Orders or order inquiries may be sent to Customer Service Center, 127 Ninth Avenue, North, Nashville, TN 37234, or call1-800-458-2772. PrayerLife is also available through your Christian bookstore.) • Read again the list. Underline the two projects you would most like to pursue. Prepare to share your choices with your LifeGuide group. Write a brief plan of action you will take to getmore involved in prayer. This could be your own personal intercessory prayer ministry or the intercessory prayer ministry of your church. Many of the suggestions above may not be available in your church. It could be that you should help start one of these types of prayer ministries in your church. What can and will you do about being involved in an intercessory prayer ministry?





Time of Prayer

During the next two weeks spend an extended time in intercessory prayer, such as 1"3 hours, This could be alone or with a group or both, Plan to talk to your group about the possibility, If you have not already done so, perhaps you could plan a prayer retreat for the conclusion of this LifeGuide study, You may feel that you would have difficulty praying for that long, If you follow the instructions in the "Guide to Extended Prayer" (DSB p. 1767) before your time of prayer, you will be surprised how fast the time passes, • After your time of prayer, write the most meaningful things God revealed to you.


to Pray More Effectively

The more you pray, the more you learn there is more to prayer than you have realized, If you study prayer and practice it over a period of time, it will profoundly affect your life. One source for such study is Prayel'Life: Walking in Fellowship With God, a 13"week LIFE course mentioned earlier, Another course is Masterl.ife: Discipleship Training, a zs-week discipleship course with prayer interwoven throughout. If you have a certified MasterLife leader in your church you could request to be in the next group offered. If no one in your church is certified, write for information on how you can receive this certification. Write to MasterLife, MSN 150A, 127 Ninth Avenue, North, Nashville, TN 37234, You do not need to be certified to purchase or to lead PrayerLife. ' Consider joining a local or national group that unites in prayer for the common purposes of the Kingdom. Praying in unity with others brings real spiritual power, This could be your first step in commitment to be a part of another One Hundred Year Prayer Meeting. • How does that possibility make you feel? Be ready to talk about your commitment prayer in the group session. to

Read the following response review list. Check the items you have done or plan to do that indicate your commitment to intercessory prayer,


D 1. I have prepared 2. I have developed

and am using an intercessory my own plan for intercessory Prayer Corps, ~~ __ ~

prayer list. prayer.

D 3. I am joining the National D 4. Other: ~~ __ ~


__ ~


Ministry Check-up, Look on the back cover of LifeGuide at the column of ministry actions. Review the list of invitations to ministry for units 1"12. Continue to watch for opportunities minister to others as you go about your day-to-day activities. ~LIFE GUIDE-W.hat Christ is saying to me today:




The New Jerusalem Revelation 21:2

Bible Doctrine: LAST THINGS Bible Study Method: Comparing differing interpretations of a doctrine Christian Discipline: Living an ethical life Ministry Action: Demonstrating a sense of urgency toward ministry UNIT LEARNING GOALS: The study of this unit on the doctrine of last things should help you: • Understand four common interpretations concerning the second coming of Christ. • Understand how to use five steps in comparing different interpretations of a passage. • Demonstrate your commitment to ethical living in anticipation of Christ's return, • Demonstrate a renewed sense of urgency toward Christian ministry in the light of Christ's promised return. VERSES TO MEMORIZE "Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come," Matthew 24:42. "Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming,". 2 Peter 3:11-12.


Learning Objective: After studying this lesson you will be able to: -identify four theological positions on the second coming of Christ. -place in order five steps to use with the Disciple's Study Bible to compare different interpretations of a passage.

The final doctrine you will study in this course has been hotly debated by people for ages. It is called the doctrine of last things (or eschatology), In the "Summary of the Doctrine of Last Things" (DBB p. 1689) a list of teachings about last things is given on three levels of human hope: Individual Concerns -death -intermediate state -resurrection -judgment -rewards -final destiny in heaven or hell Church Concerns -rapture of the church -great tribulation -millennium -coming Kingdom Cosmic Concerns -renewal of all things . -creation's redemption -new heaven and earth -eternal order • In the list above} circle those subjects you would have a personal interest in learning more about. Place a question mark beside each subject that you know little or nothing about.

Some people have the impression the Book of Revelation is the primary place for teachings about last things. This book certainly is full of such teachings. However, most books in the Bible have some teaching regarding last things, By looking at the Old Testament Doctrines chart (adjacent to DSB p. 99) and the New Testament Doctrines chart (adjacent to DSB p, 1186) you will find that 44 books of the Bible include teachings related to the doctrine of last things, This information should help you understand the broad scope of the doctrine, Obviously we cannot study all these subjects or all the related texts this week. We will limit our study to subjects related to the second coming of Christ found in the Book of Revelation, The doctrine of last things is open to many interpretations, The purpose of the study is not to debate the differing viewpoints as much as to help you better understand them, Do not expect to solve all the problems in this short week, but do expect to get the basic message. When you attend a football game, you may not remember or know the significance of all the




plays. But you will remember the outcome and how it was achieved. The same will probably happen with your study of the four interpretations of Christ's second coming. This study could become for you an introduction to a lifelong study. You will be invited to "dig deeper" in your study of last things in the Invitations To Further Study, Take advantage of these invitations this week or in the weeks and months following your study of LifeGuide. The reward for such a study is stated by John:

A Reward for Your Study "Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near" (Rev

Notice in this promise the concept we have been trying to teach in LifeGuide-that doctrine (reading and hearing/understanding) ought to lead to discipleship (taking to heart/applying the truth). Let's begin this unit of study by focusing on the doctrine related to the second coming of Christ. • Turn to DSB page 1634. Read the final two paragraphs of this introduction to the Book of Revelation. Write below some of the truths from Revelation that every disciple should learn and practice.

Foul' Interpretations of Last Things Through history various interpretations primary positions: 1. Postmillennialism 2. Amillennialism 3. Dispensational Premillennialism 4, Historical Premillennialism of last things have developed. They fall into four

These are big words that could scare the beginning Bible student away from studying the subject of last things. Do not let these big words scare you. Each of these big words is related to the position taken related to the millennium described in Revelation 20:2-6. The millennium is a 1,000 year reign of Christ in the end times. • Turn to and read Revelation 20:1-6. What does this Scripture say will happen to the following: Satan? Tho~e beheaded for Jesus? __




The rest of the dead? Christ? ~ ~ _

Very simply the four positions are these:
1. Postmillennlalism

says Christ's second coming will occur after (post-) the 1,000 years reign of Christ (millennium). This view has declined in acceptance since the two world wars of this century,

2. Amillennialism says that the millennium is only symbolic of the time between Christ's first and second coming. Thus, no [a-] literal 1,000 year. reign (millennium) is included in this description of the end times, 3. Dispensational Premillennialism says that God has divided history into seven periods (Dispensations) in which He deals with people differently. It claims that Christ will return before (pre-) the establishment of His 1,000 year reign (millennium). 4. Historical Premillennialism emphasizes a historical perspective of the events of Revelation. It also claims that Christ will return before (pre-) the establishment of His 1,000 year reign (millennium), • Match the following prefixes to their definition by connecting them with a line. Prefix postapreDefinition before after with no or not Read the descriptions of these four positions in the '''Contemporary Teaching" section of the introduction to Revelation (DSB p, 1634), Match the brief description of each of the following interpretations with the name of the position by writing the letter in front of the position.






1. Postmillennialism

A. Revelation is only symbolic of the battle between God and Satan, and good and evil. The millennium refers to the rule of God in men's hearts. B. The first three chapters of Revelation are literal instead of symbolic and Christ must return to earth before the millennium. C. Christ has already returned to earth to cleanse the temple symbolically and set up His kingdom. D. The seven churches in the first three chapters of Revelation are symbolic of seven historical periods with the last one referring to the present period. Most of the rest of Revelation is literal. Christians will not be on earth during the tribulation but will return with Christ for His millennial reign.


2. Amillennialism


3. Dispensational Premillennialism


4. Historical Premillennialism

Christ will return bodily to earth after His people have won the world to Him and it has grown more Christlike.

Post- means "after"; Q- means "no or not"; and pre- means "before." The positions are described by the following: 1-E; 2-A; 3-D; and 4-B. Description "C" is the position Jehovah's Witnesses hold. It represents none of the above named positions. Comparing Different Interpretations The existence of these different interpretations is a good example of the way application of the principles of interpretation (DSB p. 1769) can lead people to different views. Those who emphasize the literal principle of interpretation likely will come up with a different interpretation than those who emphasize the allegorical principle or the figurative principle. • You studied these principles of interpretation in unit 3. Turn to page 45, and review your own explanations of these principles.


As you compare the views of the different interpretations of the doctrine of last things, you will need to understand and apply these principles. You will want to use them to interpret the Scriptures for yourself. Then you can better evaluate the way other interpreters view the Scriptures. As you compare the viewpoints of various interpretations this week, you will follow five steps:




Steps to Comparing Various Interpretations
1. Read the Scripture for yourself. 2. Using the principles of interpretation, try to arrive at your own understanding of the Scripture. 3. Study the related annotations that may help you understand the Scripture. 4. Compare the different interpretations. 5. Decide with which viewpoint you most nearly agree.

With your hand or a sheet of paper} cover the steps listed above. Then see if you can number the jumbled steps below in the correct order from one to five. __ A. Compare the different interpretations. -B. Study the related annotations that may help you understand the Scripture. __ C. Decide which viewpoint you most nearly agree with. -D. Using the principles of interpretation, try to arrive at your own understanding of the Scripture. __ E. Read the Scripture for yourself.

Uncover the steps and check your answers. As with any Bible interpretation: The Holy Scriptures must be your single source of authority; and you must rely on the Holy Spirit to reveal the meaning and application of Scripture to you. • Pause now and pray. Ask the Holy Spirit to be your Teacher as you consider what the Bible has to say about last things. Do not only ask Him to help you understand the truths of Scripture, but also ask Him to reveal how you ought to apply the teaching to your life. *********** bUFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today;


Learning Objectives: After studying this lesson on the second coming you will be able to: -identify the similarlties and differences between your own viewpoint about events related to the second coming of Christ and the three viewpoints usually held. -identify which viewpoint is most like your own.

Overview of Revelation • Preview the following true/false questions and then read "Theological Setting" in the introduction to Revelation (DSB p. 1630). (You may like to know that the introduction has been written from a Historical PremiUennial viewpoint.)




Write T (true) or F (false) in front of these statements about Revelation:
_~ __ -~ 1. 2. 3,

__ __

5. 6.



Paul the Apostle wrote Revelation while he was a prisoner. Revelation was written to strengthen the Christians under Roman persecution. Revelation was written after most of the apostles and eyewitnesses of Christ had died. Christians were being tempted to forsake Christ to avoid persecution. Christians did not mind worshiping the emperor as long as they could continue meeting with the church. Expectations were high that Christ would return very soon. The Christians were enthusiastically witnessing. Even the Christians who were lukewarm were doctrinally sound,

John, not Paul, was the author of Revelation. The book was written to encourage persecuted Christians after most of Jesus' eyewitnesses had died. Christians were being tempted to forsake Christ, yet they strongly opposed worshiping the emperor or calling him "lord." Belief in Christ's soon return was getting harder to find, This situation led to lukewarm Christianity that often compromised due to false doctrine and failed to witness aggressively to their first love, Answers are-True: 2, 3, and 4; False: 1, 5, 6,7, and 8. • Now look at the outline of the Book of Revelation (DSB p, 1630). Read the twelve main points of the outline to get an overall view of the book. Summarize each of the twelve points in three or four words. I have done the first one for you. I. Jesus's Revelation Given to John
II, ___




~~ ___





___ ___

Common Ground There are many differences of interpretation regarding the events in Revelation. You may be encouraged at the outset of this study that Christians do hold some key truths about last things in common. The following list contains some statements held in common by adherents of all positions.


UNITi3 1. 2.


Christ will visibly return the second time. No one knows when Christ will come, 3, Christ will judge all people. 4, This earth will be destroyed, 5, A new heaven, earth, and Jerusalem will be established by God, 6. All persons will go to heaven or hell depending on what they did with Christ on this earth, 7. Everyone who goes to hell will be punished according to his deeds, and everyone who . goes to heaven will be rewarded according to his deeds, In the remainder of this lesson you will be using the "Millennial Perspectives On Revelation" chart (following DSB p, 1634) to compare the commonly held viewpoints of some of the events related to the second coming. Place a bookmark at the chart for ready reference, Notice that postmillennialism is not addressed in the chart. It is not a very commonly accepted viewpoint in our time. Since our time is limited you will only study selected subjects and events. The Sealed Book • 1. Read Revelation 5:1-9.
2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the sealed book. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage,

3, Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the sealed book.
4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more.

Amillennial .... , . . . . .. Historical Premillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial

1. Read Revelation 7:4-8.
2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the 144,000. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of

Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. , , .. Historical Premillennial , . .. Dispensational Premillennial


The Great Tribulation • 1. Read Revelation 7:14.




2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the great tribulation. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the great tribulation.

4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. Amillennial The Bride • 1. Read Revelation 19:7. 2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the the bride. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage. " Historical Premillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial


Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the bride.


4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. Amillennial Marriage Supper
• 1.

" Historical Premillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial

Read Revelation 19:9.

2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the marriage supper. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of themarriage supper. 4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. Amillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Historical Premillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial This is a two-day lesson. You may want to stop here, and pick up with the following topic tomorrow. ~
i((i6\ ..


Christ is saying to me today:




One on a White Horse • 1. Read Revelation 19:11~16, Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the One on a white horse. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the One on a white horse,
4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more.

Amillennial. , . , , , , , . .. Historical Premillennial ... , ... , . .. Dispensational Premillennial Battle of Armageddon • 1. Read Revelation 16:16 and 19:19·21. 2, Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the Battle of Armageddon. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.


Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the Battle of Armageddon. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. , , Historical Premillennial .. , , , Dispensational PremillenniaI


Amillennial Binding of Satan •

1, Read Revelation 20:2, 2. Using the principles of interpretation, write a one ,sentence summary of your understanding of the binding of Satan. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the binding of Satan. 4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. Amillennial .. , First Resurrection , . " Historical Premillennial . , , Dispensational Premillennial





Read Revelation 20:5-6.

Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the first resurrection. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.


Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the first resurrection.

4. Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more. Amillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Historical Premillennial. . . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial Second Death
• 1. 2.

Read Revelation 20:6.

Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the second death. You may study the related annotation(s) to help you understand the passage.


3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the second death. 4.

Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more.

Amillennial .... , .. , . .. Historical Premillennial ... , .. , .. " Dispensational Premillennial New Jerusalem • 1. Read Revelation 21:2-5. 2, Using the principles of interpretation, write a one sentence summary of your understanding of the New Jerusalem. You may study the related annotation{s) to help you understand the passage.

3. Turn to the Millennial Perspectives chart and compare the different interpretations of the New Jerusalem.

Which of the viewpoints do you most nearly agree with? Circle one or more,

Amillennial ... , , .... ,. Historical PremiUennial. , . . . . . . . .. Dispensational Premillennial Bring your work to class, and you will have opportunity to discuss some of these interpretations. No matter how long you have been a student of the Bible, you probably do not understand all the teachings and meanings found in Revelation. Early Christians may not have understood all that John wrote in this book either. Yet, their faith was firmly founded on the



crucifixion, resurrection, and second coming of Jesus Christ. Their common greeting to one another was Maranatha which means "0 Lord, cornel" May our prayers and greetings to one another carry the same sense of expectation-Maranatha-O Lord, Cornel Tomorrow you will begin to look at the way this doctrine should influence your discipleship.

o o o


INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. For another perspective of last things, read Jesus' teachings in Matthew 24 and the following related annotations:
24:3-14 LAST THINGS, Return Signs 24:21-22 LAST THINGS, Great Tribulation 24:27-28,30

LAST THINGS, Return Promises Preparedness


24:36-44 LAST THINGS, Demands 24:51 LAST THINGS, Hell


Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: You can demonstrate your commitment to ethical living in . anticipation of Christ's return by doing such things as: -recalling and explaining some of God's standards for ethical living in light of the Second Coming of Christ. -evaluating your own conduct against specific ethical standards. -identifying violations of principles of ethical conduct in your own life. -making plans to correct any violations or omissions of ethical conduct. -others ...

Ethical Living More important than the particular interpretation of the second coming of Christ which you honestly believe, is the teaching of truth that you need to apply to your own life. • In the following passage underline the exhortations given to Christians.

"Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat. But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness. So then, dear friends, since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with him" 2 Peter 3:11-14.





Peter exhorted Christians to (1) Jive holy and godly Jives and (2) to make every effort to be found spotless, blameless, and at peace with God. • In light of the fact that Jesus is coming again, ask yourself the following questions: • If Jesus were to come back tonight, would I be proud of my life and happy to meet Him? • Would Jesus be able to say, "Well done, you good and faithful servant"? • Would I have some things I wanted to do for Him that I have failed to do? • Would I have any friends or family that would not go to heaven because my poor Christian testimony and life were barriers to their becoming Christians? Stop and pray that God will reveal to you any unholy or ungodly actions, attitudes, or character traits that exist in your life.

Read the "Summary of the Doctrine of Christian Ethics" (DSB p. 1687). Write on the lines below any changes you think you need to make in your life in light of the truths you have studied this week.



Encouragement Under Persecution One of the purposes of Revelation was to encourage Christians who faced persecution. The exercise below describes three situations in which Satanic forces seemed to be in control. • Check the responses that indicate how you think you would have responded John was writing were being persecuted and even killed for Christ's sake. D a. I would have kept a low profile. D b. I would have witnessed regardless of the consequences. D c. I would have said that Caesar is lord when I was forced to, but in my heart I would have said that Christ is my real Lord. D d. I would not have denied that I was a Christian, but I would not have done anything to antagonize the authorities either.
2. The disciples were with Jesus the night He was betrayed. 1. The first century Christians towhom

D a. I would have prayed three hours with Jesus. D b. I would have gone to sleep like the disciples. D c. I would have left early like Judas. o d. I would have missed the Lord's Supper. o e. I would have prayed at least the first hour. 3. Believers were imprisoned in a country whose government has been taken over by Communists.




o o o



a, b, c. d. e.

I would have witnessed to the jailer and other prisoners, I would have remembered the sufferings of Paul in jail and tried to do as he did. I would have cooperated so they would let me go for good behavior. If tortured, I would have identified other Christians, If I had been released, I would not have had secret worship services in my home again.

Suppose you were to befriend an international student who was going to college in your area, You help him make a commitment to Christ as Savior and Lord, After he returns to his home country, he sends a letter telling of the persecution he is receiving because he refuses to renounce Christ. He asks you what to do, He asks you to send a letter of counsel. In light of your studies of Revelation, write him a letter of encouragement. Use separate paper if you need more space.


INVITATION TO FURTHER STUDY. In Matthew 25 Jesus gives several illustrations of what will happen in the end times. Read the three parables and the related annotations. On separate paper summarize what you think each story suggests for Christians today, State what you should do as a result of the teachings of each parable. LIFE GUIDE-What Christ is saying to me today:

Learning Objective: You can demonstrate a renewed sense of urgency toward Christian ministry in light of Christ's imminent return by doing such things as: -making an effort to witness to someone before you retire tonight or during the day tomorrow. -cultivating a friendship in order to reach that person for Christ. -identifying and helping with ministry needs of people in your own church (financial, educational, emotional, employment, health, and so on). -volunteering to take part in a ministry action coordinated by your church. -others ...





A Sense of Urgency The revelation of Christ has not been given to us for our benefit alone. He expects us to serve people and share with them His way of salvation. • Describe how you would respond in the following cases. 1. A homeless person comes to your home and says he has lost his job and needs shelter and food. Iwould ... ___

2. A person where you work is making fun of the second coming saying, "That is only a scare tactic to keep Christians from doing what they are thinking. I'm not worried about what will happen later. If I go to hell, I have plenty of friends there." I would ... ___

3. Your boss asks you to change some figures on receipts in order to make a profit for the business. He promises to protect you if anything goes wrong. He leaves a veiled threat that he might have to take some other actions if you do not do it. I would ... _

4. A relative, who is not a Christian, has been reading a book on the end of the world. He

asks your opinion about whether the world will end.

I would ...


Think of other situations in your own community, like those above, in which you might minister to a needy person. Write them below.




Be prepared to share these ministry ideas with your LifeGuide group. At that time you may decide to do an individual ministry action or a group ministry project in light of the truths you have learned about the second coming.



Reread the learning objective for today. Write one of the ways you will demonstrate a sense of urgency to Christian ministry in light of Christ's imminent return. It does not have to be one of those actions mentioned, but it should be similar to them.

LifeGuide Wrap-Up Look on the back cover and review the doctrines that you have studied in LifeGuide. Note that you have studied only one aspect of most of those doctrlnes. There are many more aspects of each doctrine which you may study. In addition to the doctrines studied in LifeGuide, the Disciple's Study Bible contains materials about thirteen other doctrines that you have not studied. "Life Helps" surveys many of the disciplines and ministries, but this course has not dealt with all of them. It should be obvious that mastery of the Word of God requires a lifetime of study. God speaks to us through Paul's instruction to Timothy: "Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth." -2 Timothy 2:15 • 1. How do you intend to accomplish God's command in the months and years ahead? Outline a plan that expresses your desire to study the Word of God and develop your life of discipleship and ministry in the future.

2. Which of the following short-range projects do you want to become involved in to grow in discipleship? I want to ... o Do an independent study of other doctrines and Life Helps in the Disciple's Study Bible o Take another LIFE course like PrayerLife o Enroll in MasterLife or MasterBuilder o Teach a LIFE course, maybe even LifeGuide o Get involved in a specialized ministry o Begin attending other discipleship training opportunities at my church



Ministry Check-up. Look on the back cover of LifeGuide at the column of ministry actions. Review the list of invitations to ministry for units 1-13. Continue to watch for opportunities to minister to others as you !w about your day-to-day activities in the weeks and months to come.



You were asked to participate in at least six of the ministry actions suggested in the course. List the ones you completed:
1. 2. 3.

5. 6.



Christ is saying to me today:

CONGRATULATIONS!!! You have completed the study of Lifethiide to Discipleship and Doctrine. This is no small achievement in light of the amount of work you have done. You deserve some recognition for your work. Complete the Church Study Course form on page 224 and apply for your LifeGuide Diploma, In the final group session, we deal with how you can help each other say with Paul: "I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, and so, somehow, to attain to the resurrection from the dead ... , I press on to take hold of that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me, ... I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus," -Philippians 3:10, 12, 14


Unit 1 1 Kenneth S. Kantzer, "Confidence in the Face of Confusion," Christianity Today, 5 February 1988, 38. 2David B. Guralnik, ed., Websters New World Dictionary, Second College Edition, (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1970). 729. 3Merri!! C. Tenney, Zonderven Pictorial Bible Dictionary, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1967). 380. 4William Barclay, The Letters to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. in The Daily Study Bible, (Rhiladelphia: The Westminster Press, 1960). 230-31. . 5"Experts Are Human," Parade Magazine, 2 December Research in Revival). Unit 8 lCharles R. Swindol, Growing Deep in the Christian Life, (Portland: Multnomah Press, 1986), 332. 2William Barclay, The Gospel of Matthew, in The Daily Study Bible, (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1958), 153. Unit 9 1 Wuest, quoted by Jim Garlow in Ute, (Kansas City: Beacon Hill, 1980), 03. 2Lewis Drummond. "A Theology of the Laity; Spiritual Gifts," LAOS: All the People of God, (New Orleans: Bookcrafters, Inc., 1984),50-51. 3Francis O. Ayres, The Minislry of the Laity, (Evanston IL: The United Methodist Church, 1962), 25. 4Elton Trueblood, Your Other Vocation, (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1952), 29. 5Trueblood, Vocation, 63. 6Trueblood, Vocation, 66. 7Edwin Carl Lindberg, (unpublished dissertation), "An Examination of the Role of the Clergy as an Enabler of the Development and Growth of the Ministry of the Laity," (D. Min. dissertation, Claremont School of Theology, 1975), 244-51. 6Wuest, Ute, 03. 9Drummond, LAOS, 55. 10Cited by Hans-Reudi Weber, Salty Christians, (New York: The Seabury Press, 1963), 3. 11MarketPIace Forum Brochure (Madison, WI: InterVarsity),







1984, 17.
6Hershel H. Hobbs, "Baptist Beliefs," The Baptist Messenger, 10 March 1988, 8. 7Philip Yancey, "Holy Subversion," Christianity Today, 5 February 1988, 14-20. Unit 3 lCurtis Vaughan, ed., The New Testament from Twenty-six Translations, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1967), 902. 2W. E. Vine, The Expanded Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, ed. John R. Kohlenberger III with James A. Swanson, (Minneapolis: Bethany House Publishers, 1984), 688-90. -Dallas Willard, "Discipleship: For Super-Christians Only?", Christianity Today, 10 October 1980, 23-27. 4Mary Jane Welch, "Baptists Must Pay Price To Reach World." The Baptist Messenger, 17 August 1986, 13. 5Welch, Messenger, 13. Unit 4 fAndrew Murray, The Full Blessing of Pentecost, (Great Britain: Lowe & Brydone Ltd., 19540). vii. 2Murray, Pentecost, vii. 3L. L. Legters, The Simplicity of the Spirit-Filled Ute, (Farmingdale, NY: Christian Witness, 1968), 51-52. 4Avery T. Willis, Jr., The Biblical Basis of Missions, (Nashville: Convention Press, 1984), 63-64. 5Harold Wildish, The Glorious Secret, (Westchester, IL: Good News Publishers, 1963), 62. Unit 5 1 Webster's, 718. 2 Webster's, 368. 3Discovering Your Spiritual Gifts, Equipping Center module, Church Training Department, Baptist Sunday School Board,








Unit 10 f"Populalion statistic spurs grim warning," The Tennessean, 20 April 1987, 4, A. 2Ralph Winter, "The Unfinished Task: A new perspective," Discipleship Journal, 1 January 1987, 12. 3Winter, Journal, 13. Unit 11 lDwight Lewis, "Savage says tot's death was 'destiny', " The Tennessean, 28 May 1988, 1. Unit 12 lEditorial, Christianity Today, 18 February 1977, 35. 2Christianily Today, 36.


© 1981.
Unit 6 lKyle Yates, Studies in Psalms, (Nashville: Broadman Press,

1953), 68, 90.
2Yates, Psalms, 90. 3Yates, Psalms, 6B. 4Yates, Psalms, 91. 5J. Edwin Orr, The Role of Prayer in Spiritual Awakening, (A Campus Crusade film), (Los Angeles: Oxford Association for


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