Parts of a computer

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board

Mother Board

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS

SMPS

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet

Cabinet

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan

CPU Heat Sink & Fan

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM

Random Access Memory

SD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

In this section you will know about
The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)

Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)

Contd…
CD ROM Drive

CD ROM Drive

Contd…
CD ROM Drive CD Writer

CD Writer

Contd…
CD ROM Drive CD Writer Different Screws Used

Screws

Contd…
CD ROM Drive CD Writer Different Screws Used AGP Card

AGP Card

Contd…
CD ROM Drive CD Writer Different Screws Used AGP Card LAN Card

LAN Card

Mother Board

Mother Board

Socket 478

Mother Board

North Bridge

Mother Board

South Bridge

Mother Board

CMOS Battery

Mother Board

Primary & Secondary

Mother Board

Ports

Mother Board
SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots

RAM Slots

Mother Board

AGP Slot

Mother Board

PCI Slots

Mother Board

CNR Slot

Mother Board

BIOS

Mother Board

ATX Power Connector

Mother Board

Floppy Drive Connector

Mother Board

CD In Jacks

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

Socket 478

CPU Heat sink and Fan Retention Module
Locking Lever

Socket 478 Close Up

Socket Name

Pin 1 Indication

Locking Lever

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

North Bridge

Mother Board
SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots

North Bridge Socket 478

AGP Slot

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

South Bridge

Mother Board

Floppy Drive Connector

Ports
BIOS

Primary Secondary

PCI Slots

CMOS Battery

Secondary

Primary

CMOS Jumper

System Fan

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

Ports (Back View)

Ports (Front View)
Ethernet Port Parallel Port

Mouse Port

Game Port

Keyboard Port USB Ports

Serial Port

VGA Port

Sound Ports

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

DDR RAM & SD RAM Slots

266 MHz

133 MHz

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

AGP Slot
Accelerated Graphics Port
66MHz

PCI Slots
Peripheral Component Interconnect

33MHz

CNR Slot

Communications and Networking Raiser

CNR, PCI, AGP Slots
AGP Slot

PCI Slots

CNR Slot

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

BIOS Basic Input Output System

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

ATX Power Connector

r Floppy Drive Connecto

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

CD in

Socket 478

DDR RAM Slots

SD RAM Slots

Ports AGP Slot BIOS PCI Slots CNR Slot

North Bridge

ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive Connector Primary Secondary CMOS Battery

South Bridge

Clock Speed

L2 Cache FSB Speed Core Voltage

P – IV CPU Top View
Pin 1 Indication

L2 Cache

Pin 1 Indication

SMPS
Switching Mode Power Supply
SMPS Fan

230 V AC Input 230 V AC Output

Red(R) +5V Yellow(Y) +12V Orange(O) 3.3V Grey(Gr) Power Good

Purple(P) +5V Stand By Blue(Blu) -12V Green(G) Power Supply On White(W) -5V

ATX Power Connector
O Blu B G B B B W R R

11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6

17 18 19 20 7 8 9 10
Y

O

O

B

R

B

R

B

Gr

P

12V

5V
GND

Peripheral Power Connector

12V

GND

5V

Floppy Power Connector

12V

ATX 12V Connector

GND 3.3V

5V

(P6)

ATX Auxiliary Connector

Cabinet
Power LED HDD LED Power Switch Reset Switch

SMPS Case Mother Board Ports case System Fan Case ADD ON Cards Cases

CDD Cabin

HDD & FDD Cabin

Speaker

CPU Heat Sink & Fan
Locking Levers

Fan

GND

12V

Random Access Memory

SD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM

IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics
Jumper Pins

IDE Connector

Power Connecto r

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

HDD Top View

Instructions on Top of HDD

Jumper Settings

Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)

Access LED

Eject Button

FDD Back View

Power Connector

Data Cable Connector

CD ROM Drive

Vendor Name

Access LED Head Phones Jack Volume Control

Speed of a CDD

52X = 52 x 150 KBps = 7800 KBps

Pin Hole

Open / Close Button

CDD Rear View
Jumper Pins

IDE Connector CD Audio Connectors Power Connector

CDD Connectors Specifications

CDD Top View

CD Writer

CD Writer Rear View

IDE Connector Jumper Pins Power Connector CD Audio Connectors

Vendor Name
Volume Control

Head Phones Jack

Write Speed

Read Speed

Pin Hole

Re Write Speed

Access LED Open / Close Button

CD Writer Top View

Screws

Outer

Inner

Mother Board

AGP Card

AGP Card top view

LAN Card

RJ 45 Jack

Cables
Floppy Drive Cable IDE Cables

40 Conductor Cable
Low Speed

80 Conductor Cable
High Speed

Section 2

Assembling a P – IV PC

In this section you will learn
How to assemble a Pentium – IV PC with • P – IV 1.6 GHz 478 pin CPU • KOB P4M266 NDFSMX Mother Board • 256 MB SD RAM • Sony FDD • Creative Infra 48X CD ROM Drive • Seagate 40 GB HDD • 10 /100 Realtek Ethernet Card

Preparing the Chassis

I / O Shield

Installing the Mother Board

Installing the CPU

Installing the CPU fan

Installing the RAM

Installing the SMPS

Installing the ATX Power Connector

Installing the HDD

Installing the FDD

Powering the HDD & FDD

Installing the CDROM Drive

Installing the LAN Card

Test Yourself
Try to identify the components
FROM NOW ON PRESS THE SPACE BAR TO PROCEED TO NEXT SLIDE

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Mother Board

Socket 478

Socket 478 Close Up

Mother Board

SMPS

Red(R) +5V Yellow(Y) +12V Orange(O) 3.3V Grey(Gr) Power Good

Purple(P) +5V Stand By Blue(Blu) -12V Green(G) Power Supply On White(W) -5V

11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6

O

Blu

B

G

B

B

17 18 19 20 7 8 9 10
Y

B

W

R

R

O

O

B

R

B

R

B

Gr

P

12V

5V
GND

12V

GND

5V

12V

GND 3.3V

5V

(P6)

IDE –

Speed of a CDD

52X =

CDD Rear View

Screws

Cables

Conductor Cable
Speed

Conductor Cable
Speed

Thank You

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