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1.

PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE


, '
, .
: OFTEN, USUALLY, ALWAYS, SOMETIMES, FROM
TIME TO TIME,
.
S.
TO DO.
I play football.
I do not (dont) play football.
Do I play football?

He goes to bad.
He does not (doesnt) go to bad.
Does he go to bad?

2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


.
: NOW, THIS MOMENT, RIGHT NOW, AT THE
MOMENT,
TO BE
( + ING).
NOT, .
I am playing football.
I am not playing football.
Am I playing football?

He is going to bad.
He is not going to bad.
Is he going to bad?

3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE



, . U srpskom jeziku se
prevodi kao proslo vreme.
: ALREADY, JUST, EVER, NEVER,
TO HAVE
( + ED, III).
NOT, .
I have played football.
I have not (havent) played football.

He has gone to bad.


He has not (hasnt) gone to bad.

Have I played football?


Has he gone to bad?
4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

, .
: SINCE ( ) FOR (
).
TO BE
( + ING).
NOT, .
I have been playing football.
I havent been playing football.
Have I been playing football?

He has been going to bad.


He hasnt been going.
Has he been going to bad?

5. PAST SIMPLE TENSE



,
.
: YESTERDAY, LAST NIGHT, LAST WEEK, LAST
MONTH, LAST YEAR, FEW DAYS AGO,
( + ED, II).
TO
DO.
I played football.
I did not (didnt) play football.
Did I play football?

He went to bad.
He did not (didnt) go to bad.
Did he go to bad?

6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


,
.
: WHILE WHEN.
TO BE
( + ING).
NOT, .

I was playing football.


I was not (wasnt) playing football.
Was I playing football?

He was going to bad.


He was not (wasnt) going to bad.
Was he going to bad?

7. PAST PERFECT TENSE



, . .
: AFTER BEFORE.
TO HAVE
( + ED, III).
NOT, .
I had played football.
I had not (hadnt) played football.
Had I played football?

He had gone to bad.


He had not (hadnt) gone to bad.
Had he gone to bad?

8. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



.
: SINCE FOR, AFTER BEFORE.
TO BE
( + ING).
NOT, .
I had been playing football.
I hadnt been playing football.
Had I been playing football?

He had been going to bad.


He hadnt been going to bad.
Had he been going to bad?

9. FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE


.
: TOMORROW, NEXT WEEK, NEXT MONTH, NEXT
YEAR,
SHALL WILL .
NOT, .
I shall play football.

He will go to bad.

I shall not (shant) play football.


Shall I play football?

He will not (wount) go to bad.


Will he go to bad?

10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE



, .
TO BE
( + ING).
NOT, .
I shall be playing football.
I shant be playing football.
Shall I be playing football?

He will be going to bad.


He wount be going to bad.
Will he be going to bad?

11. PRESENT INFINITIVE


: TO PLAY, TO
GO,
12. PERFECT INFINITIVE
, . ,
, , .
SHOULD, . OUGHT TO ( ),
MAY (MIGHT), MUST,
TO HAVE
( + ED, III).
TO HAVE PLAYED, TO HAVE GONE,
13. PRESENT CONDITIONAL
() .
SHOULD WOULD .
NOT, .
I should play football.

He would go to bad.

I should not (shouldnt) play football.


He would not (wouldnt) go to
bad.
Should I play football?
Would he go to bad?
14. PAST CONDITIONAL

.
SHOULD WOULD .
NOT, .
I should have played football.
I shouldnt have played football.
Should I have played football?

He would have gone to bad.


He wouldnt have gone to bad.
Would he have gone to bad?

15. CONDITIONAL (IF) CLAUSES


REAL () ( )
.
FUTURE TENSE, IF PRESENT
SIMPLE TENSE.
I shall play football, if I have time.
.

He will go to bad, if its late.


.

POTENTIONAL ()
.
PRESENT CONDITIONAL, a IF PAST
SIMPLE TENSE.
I should play football, if I had time.
.
( , )

He would go to bad if it was late.


.
( , )

UNREAL () .
PAST CONDITIONAL, IF PAST
PERFECT TENSE.
I should have played football, if I had had time.
.

He would have gone to bad, if it had been late.


.
16. THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES

. PAST SIMPLE
TENSE
:
PRESENT SIMPLE
PAST SIMPLE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PAST CONTINUOUS
PRESENT PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST SIMPLE
PAST PERFECT
PAST CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
FUTURE SIMPLE
PRESENT CONDITIONAL
PRESENT CONDITIONAL
PAST CONDITIONAL
PAST CONDITIONAL
PAST CONDITIONAL
,
,
.
17. INDIRECT SPEECH
:
: .

()

: .

()


THAT.
, ,
.
. SAY,
TELL, ORDER, ASK.

He says: I play football.


He tells: You go to bad.
He says that he plays football.
He tells that I go to bad.
*
(TO BE, TO DO, TO HAVE, CAN,)
IF, IF .
He asks: Do you play football?
He asks if I play football.

She asks: Does he go to bad?


She asks if he goes to bad.

*
, , ( WH)
, .
He asks: When do you play football?
He asks when I play football.

He asks: Why do I go to bad?


He asks why I go to bad.

*
TO.
TO NOT.
He says: Play football and dont eat.
He says: Go to bad.
He says to me to play football and not to eat. He says to me to go to bad.
* ,
.
He said: I play football.
He said that he played football.

He said: I have gone to bad.


He said he had gone to bad.

*
:
-
He said: Kragujevac lies on the river Lepenica.
He said that Kragujevac lies on the river Lepenica.
- USED TO
He said: I used to play football every day.
He said that he used to play football every day.
-

She said: I was born in Kragujevac.


She said that she was born in Kragujevac.
-
She said: If I had money, I would by that.
She said that if she had money, she would by that.
-
She said: I would have come, if I had had time.
She said that she would have come if she had had time.
18. PASSIVE VOICE
TO BE
( + ED, III).
.
I play football.
Football is played by me.
* ()
()
.
He gave me the book.
I was given the book.

The book was given to me.

*
, TO BE
( + ED, III) .
I can play football.
Football can be played by me.
19. GERUND
ING:
PLAY + ING = PLAYING
E E ING:
WRITE + ING = WRITING
:

- TO START
- , TO STOP -
- TO LIKE
- , TO HATE
- TO ADMIT , TO APOLOGIZE ,
TO MIND
- TO BE BUSY , TO BE NO USE ,
TO LOOK FORWARD TO , TO BE WORTH ,
TO BE DUE , , TO BE TIRED ,
TO CANT HELP , TO BE FOND OF
- FOR, BY, WITHOUT, TO, OF, IN,
He started playing football two years ago.
She stopped smoking last year.
I like going to town.
We hate getting up early.
You admitted taking my book.
She apologized breaking your pencil.
I dont mind talking to you.
We are busy watching television.
It is no use telling him that.
They are looking forward to coming here.
It is worth truing.
He is due going home.
I am tired of hearing this.
She cant help loving him.
They are fond of walking.
Thanks for being here.
He lives by selling cars.
You did that without telling me.
I have no objection to (of) his marrying.
Is it his design in settling there?
20. SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
, , .
.
:
- WISH ,

- IT IS TIME , IT IS HIGH TIME ,


IF ONLY , AS IF
PAST SIMPLE TENSE,
PAST PERFECT TENSE.
I wish I had a new car.
It is time you had gone home.
It is high time you stopped smoking.
If only she had never met him.
As if you had been at home.
* TO BE
(
).
I wish I were you.
21. CAUSATIVE USE TO HAVE (TO GET)
.
TO HAVE
( + ED, III)
.
I have had my TV set repaired.
22. ACCUSATIVE WITH INFINITIVE
:
WISH , WANT , BELIEVE , FEEL ,
EXPECT , HOPE ,

TO. .
I wish him to do something.
He wanted me to go with him.
You believed her to be your friend.
She feels him to watch her.

They expect me to show there.


I hopped her to write to me.
* TO
NOT.
I expect you not to talk.
23.
(..., ...).

(THE).
The more I listen to him, the less I like him.
24. AK ED
* ED :
LOOKED, HELPED, CROSSED, BRUSHED,
*
, ED D:
PLAYED, USED, CALLED, PROVED,
* D ED ID:
WAITED, WANTED, EXTENDED, SUCCEEDED,
25.
.
.
THE.
,
[i:],
[].
.
() ,
.
:
- , ,

-
-
-
-
-
A [] AN [n].
.
( ) ,
.
A ,
.
AN ,
H .