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Ci.!.C\R\CfEruZ.\RE.\

GENER.\L,\ A :'.IE'fODELOH A STRUCTUHlLOR Caracterist iclte de baza ale rnodelului structural fizicli a materialului

DE

l'ROlECTAHE

A;YrISEIS:\IlC.\'

Nr: de crt. pro iecta re

Mcluda

Metoda

de calcul

~Ioddarca acj iunii seism ice

Legea

rul actiunii seismicc 5

Caractc-

Tipul modclului structural

Stabil irea clor t u rilor sectionale de d imensionare

Y er i fica rca condij iilor de


:i..

conforrnare

ant iscismica

2 3 1 M etoda A Stat ica Ii- forte con·... ne rue t od a niard (SL) tionale dist ricurcnra buite dupa 0 lege si mil 81:1 de 1'1'-'icctarc distr ibut ici Iorj clo r de Juertic ill raspunsul scismi\! liniar2)

Iinlara (L)

sra t ic") (S)

6 7 a) plan (PL). - valorile cfor-I cu considcrat urilor .Ic l.i exrea sirnpl if i- treinitat ilc unor cat!'t a ctcctc- clemente ale lor de torsi- structuriise mouue general:'\. d if ica ill raport eu valor ilc rczultate din caleulul structural, in vederea impunerii mecan ismului dc plastincare dorit b) spatia l - d iagramelc de SP) eiort.ur i pe dementcle structurale sunt cele asociate mecanismu-

8 toarclc (c·ndil ii /{t'neralec . a) Corrd it ii de rigiditate; Valori le de calcul ale deplasarilor trebuie stt fie mal mid decat valorile admise
b) Condit ia de duct iht.ate ; Aceasta se exprima, ill mod aproximat iv, lhlf'
'Ad"'_"~ll II.

Se

irupun

-urrna-

II

Il.l< I care

U.

-I

de valor ilc eforturilor sec. tionale


pc

j la \lcatu irc i'1 i'l/~:"


'1 ,.

sec-

Uc

f",' (' ~

0 2

2
Di nami-

I
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3 accelero-

I
"

--"

I
(0)

I
)

!
()

8 Nu se poate verifica explicit reaIizarea rnccanismului de plastiLicare uriuari t

ca lini;\.1:1 [nL)
-

Hniara (L)

d inarnic

a) plan (PL)

- efor tur ile rezultate din calculul structural se reduc proportionJ.l [:1::1 1:t valorile corespunzatoare forte i seismice de calcuI.
se procedeaza ea lao pet. 1
ill cont inuare

b) spatial (SP)

3 i[etoda B Stat ica metoda uel iu iara bazata (S\YL) pe considerarea propriettl.tilor
(:0

forte conven- nel in iara tionale distri- -(NL) buite dupa 0 lege similara d ist ribuj ici fDrtelor de inerj.ie ill rasmic2)
pUll"U~ seis-

static (S) a) plan I'L)

Se stabilesc: a) mecanismul de plastificare a stl't1ctmii (In iconsidepoteza rat~r pr iv ind dis- . t ribut ia Ior telor orizontale) b) capacitAtile de deforrnare -~i de a ductilitatc structur ii

1l;;;[0[-

marc a structurii

.. b) spatial (SP)
-

~\~ii'~it~; ~;-/~.".:.~~, ,
p"

oj
0..

2
D~ll.l-

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oj

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-'

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mica neliniara (DNL)

grarne

nel in i.i rii (NL)

d inarnic

.... pla J

n (Pl.)

--

Se stabilesc : ~) mecanismul de plastiIicare a structur ii b) ceriutele de deplasare ale str uctur ii -\,i de ductilitate in aTt iculat iile plastiee

b) spa tiJ.l (SP)


..

Observcti i :

1) Dist r ibulla Litdor s<.':.,:"i",; -,:izoulale ell' culcul est c st ab il it.; pc baza caracterist icilor de vibrajie ale strllcturii ~[ corespunde valorilor rnax ime ale 'iortelor de iner t ic. Din acest rnot iv calculul structural dcctnai in acest e cond it ii c.>te c\euurnii uncori pseudo-d inamic. 2) Proccdeul Jt" ralcul ut il izat (onsEt Int r-uu calcul biogra.fic pr i n care se deterrninli starea de solieitare in struct llfa, pr in pasi de incilrcare en forte sau CI.t deplasar i pan!t la stadiul de rupere [stadiul de col aps s tr uc tural}. In aui.mit e s i t uat ii, in special in Iaze le pr cl un inare ale proiectar ii structurale, se pot obt ine inforrnat ii utile consider and direct ech il ihr ul Ia Iimitu al strncturii. .

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