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1. Fusion is a dental anomaly that affects the shape of the tooth and is characterized by: a.

division of single tooth germ b. having single root and root canal c. not necessarily involving dentin d. reducing number of teeth 2. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Gemination is characterized by: normal number of teeth in the arch union of two adjacent tooth buds presence of single root and root canal presence of two identical separated teeth a&c a&b b&d c&d

3. Which of the following anomalies does not affect the shape of the tooth: a. Congenital syphilis b. Talon cusp c. Gemination d. Concrescence 4. a. b. c. d. e. 5. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Enlargement of the tooth body on the expense of its root is called: Macrodontia Fusion Taurodontism Germination All of the above Dentinogenesis Imperfecta is characterized by: Hypoplasia of dentin with normal enamel Hypoplasia of enamel and dentin Hypoplasia of dentin and enamel with normal pulp Bulbous crown with short root and obliteration of pulp space a&d b&d a&c c&d

6. Fusion most commonly affects the following sites: a. Mandibular posterior region

b. Maxillary anterior region c. Mandibular anterior region d. Maxillary posterior region 7. a. b. c. d. e. 8. a. b. c. d. Enamel hypoplasia Is radiopaque Can not be demonstrated on a radiograph Can be demonstrated on a radiograph Is osteosclerosis None of the above Which of the following is not true about supernumerary teeth: It can prevent eruption of natural teeth If erupting, they may result in crowding It can not be detected on dental radiographs It can cause displacement of adjacent teeth

9. Radiographic diagnosis of an upper incisor consisting of two crowns and one root with one root canal: a. Fusion b. Gemination c. Supernumerary tooth d. Odontoma e. Concrescence 10.Supernumerary teeth occur radiographically: a. In mandible only b. In permanent teeth only c. In deciduous and permanent teeth d. In deciduous teeth only e. None of the above 11. An intra oral radiograph revealing absence of normal radiopacity of enamel, decrease in size and changes in shape of teeth is most likely presenting a case of: a. Turners hypoplasia b. Amelogenesis imperfecta c. Congenital syphilis d. Dentinogenesis imperfecta 12. Panoramic radiographs of a young adult showed permanent teeth were all short with partial or total obliteration of pulp chambers and root canals. The most likely diagnosis is:

a. b. c. d.

Dentinogenesis imperfecta Infantile cortical hyperostosis Cleido cranial dysplasia Craniofacial dystosis

13. An intra oral Periapical radiograph of a maxillary second bicuspid demonstrates a sharp right angle deviation of the apical third of the root. The most likely diagnosis is: a. Fusion b. Dilacerations c. Dense in dente d. Taurodontism 14. Hutchinsons teeth in congenital syphilis are types of: a. Abnormality in structure b. Abnormality in number c. Abnormality in shape d. Abnormality in size e. a, b & c f. a, c & d g. b, c & d h. c & d 15. Dentinogenesis imperfecta is characterized by: a. Marked hypoplasia and hypocalcification of dentin b. Normal enamel c. Thin cementum d. Totally obliterated pulp chamber e. a, b & c f. a, c & d g. a & c h. a & d 16. Gemination is characterized: a. Normal number of teeth in arch b. Union involving enamel, dentin and cementum c. Teeth have individual root canals d. Teeth have single root and root canals e. a, b & d f. a, b & c g. b & c h. b & d

17. Fusion of teeth: a. results from division of single enamel organ b. results in a tooth with single root and root canal c. does not necessarily involve the dentin d. could cause reduced number of teeth

18.Microdontia most commonly affects: a. Upper lateral incisors b. Upper canine c. Upper central incisors d. Upper premolars 19. In Amelogenesis Imperfecta, the affected teeth appear: a. Undersized radiographically with thin enamel and normal contour b. Normal size radiographically and normal contour c. Undersized radiographically with thin enamel and abnormal contour d. Normal size radiographically and abnormal contour 20. Dentinogenesis Imperfecta is characterized by: a. Hypoplasia of enamel of all teeth b. Hypoplasia of dentin with loss of normal enamel around most of teeth c. Normal dentin and cementum d. Bulbous crown with sort root e. a & d f. b & d g. a & c h. c & d 21. Radiograph of a young adult show that all permanent tooth roots are short and blunted with partial or total obliteration of the pulp chambers and root canals. The likely diagnosis is: a. Dentinogenesis imperfecta b. Infantile cortical hyperostosis c. Chondrodystrophica fetalis d. Cleidocranial dysplasia e. Craniofacial dystosis

22. An intraoral Periapical radiograph of a maxillary second bicuspid demonstrates a sharp right angle deviation of the apical third of the root. The most likely diagnosis is: a. Fusion b. Dilacerations c. Dens in dente d. Taurodontism

1. D 2. E 3. D 4. C 5. E 6. C 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. 11.C 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.D 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

C A B F F E A C F A B