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Murad Sawalmeh

185 English Grammar For All Levels

Conditional Sentences

:
Structure of conditional sentences
:
If-clause
-1
-2 Main-clause
If my father has enough money, he will buy a new car.
) ( If-clause
) (Main-clause
:
He will buy a car if he has enough money.
: Kinds of conditional sentences
:
Probable to happen
-1


:

Main-clause

If-clause

S+ will/shall/can + V1 + Com

If + S + V1 + Com

S+ will/shall + not + V1+ Com

If + S+ dont /doesnt + V1+ Com

:
1- If I have time, I shall phone you later. .
2- If you study, you will succeed.

3- If my father gives me money, I will buy some books.
.
4- I will not go to school if it snows.
.

186 English Grammar For All Levels

Murad Sawalmeh

5- I won't come to the party if you dont invite them.


.
6- You can take the goods back if they are defective.
.
7- If I see him, I may tell him about the subject.
.
8- She won't arrive on time if she misses the bus.
.
9- If Ahmed arrives in time, he will go with us.
.
10- If it stops raining, we can go out.
.

Improbable to happen

-2

If-clause

Main-clause

If + S + V2

S+ would/should/could + V1

If + S + didnt + V1

S+ would/should/could+ not + V1

:
1- If he studied hard, he would pass the exams.

2- If he faced problems, he would tell me quickly .
.
3- If I had money, I would buy that house.

4- If he didnt come early, I wouldnt see him.
.
5- If they didnt study hard, they would fail the exams.
.
6- She would feel better if she didnt smoke so much.
.
7- I would come if they invited me.
.
8- We should swim if we went to Aqaba. .
9- If my brother was here, he would drive my home.
.

187 English Grammar For All Levels

Impossible to happen

Murad Sawalmeh

-3

If-clause

Main-clause

If + S + had + V3

S + would/should/could + have + V3

If + S + hadnt + V3

S+ would/should+ not + have + V3

:
1- I should have succeeded if I had studied.
.
2- He would have come if I had invited him.
.
3- If I had come early, I wouldnt have been late. .
.
4- If you had read, you wouldnt have failed. .
5- If he had asked me, I would have helped him. .
6- If I had been in your place, I would have dealt with him simply.
.
7- If you had brought your car, we would have arrived early.
.
8- If he hadn't an excellent swimmer, he wouldn't have rescued the child.
.
9- If you hadn't driven me I wouldn't have arrived in time.
.
10- If you had known what he wants, you would have helped him.
.

Exercises
- Complete the sentences by using the correct form of
the verb in brackets.
1- If I ------- enough money, I will go with you (have).
2- If I ------- enough money, I would have gone with you (have).
3- Sally always answers the phone if she ------ in her office(be).
4- If the weather is nice tomorrow, we ---- to the zoo (go).
5- Jack would shave today if he ------- a sharp razor (have).
6- I my friend at the weekend if my parents agreed. (visit).
7- If Ahmed .. at seven, he will miss the bus. (not/leave).

188 English Grammar For All Levels

Murad Sawalmeh

- Choose the correct answer from brackets.


1- If he read well, he .. the exam.
( will pass, would pass, would have passed).
2- We out if it stopped raining.
( may go, might go, might have gone).
3- If I had worked, I . you some money.
( may send, might send, might have sent).
4- If I saw the man next Sunday, I to him.
( will talk, would talk, would have talked).
5- If they hard, they would fail the exams.
( don't study, didn't study, hadn't studied).

- Complete each of the following sentences so that the


new sentence is similar in meaning to the one before it.

.
1- If he doesn't speak English well, he will not get the job.
Unless
2- If she can't swim well, she will sink.
Unless
3- Unless they build the room correctly, it will collapse.
If
4- Unless we practice speaking, we won't be able to speak English.
Provided that ..
5- If you dont write well, you will make some mistakes.
Unless .
6- You really ought to go somewhere sunnier to get a suntan.
Unless
7- Calling her might make her feel better.
If .
8- He canceled his trip because he had run out of money.
If ..
9- There will be an election if the president resigns.
Providing.
10- John didnt leave early so he didnt get there on time.
If