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UDC 666.972.17·691.32: 628.1.03
British Standard Methods of test for
Water for making concrete (including notes on the suitability of the water)
Methodes d' essai pour les essais d' eau destinee la confection de beton des notes sur aptitude de eau I' emploi)
Prufverfahrunq fur Wasserprufungen fur die Herstellung von Beton (einschlieblich Erklarunqen uber die Gebrauchseignung des Wassers)
17: 691. Guidance on the suitability of water for making concrete is given in appendix A which summarizes the present state of knowledge by which the results of chemical analysis of waters may be used to judge their suitability for this purpose. is a revision of BS 3148: 1959 which is now withdrawn. Deionized water is also suitable. Gypsum.1. It shall be thoroughly mixed.03 British Standard Methods of test for Water for making concrete (including notes on the suitability of the water) Methodes d' essai pour les essais d' eau destinee la confection de beton compris des notes sur aptitude de eau I' ernploi) (y r r a a Prufverfahrunq fUr Wasserprufungen fur die Herstellunq von Beton (einschlieplich Erklarunqen uber die Gebrauchseignung des Wassers) Foreword This British Standard. and stored in an container. 5. In the light of present knowledge it is not possible to issue a specification for water for making concrete but only methods of testing such water.2 Test cement. state of as to their 5.32: 628. but not necessarily of the same batch or manufacture. NOTE. Not less than 15 kg of cement shall be provided. as it is proposed to use for the concrete. will be found in as 1328 although the refinements necessary for obtaining accurate analytical figures will be out of place here.. with particular regard to the factors which may cause variation of composition.1 Distilled water. summarizes the present which waters may be purpose. Materials for the test 5. 1.BS 3148 : 1980 UDC 666. British Staooard Minimum initial :Ht1.1"h. Elaborate sample collectors are not essential and may be replaced by any clean convenient container. The cement shall comply with the of the British Standard for its "". Aggregates and Quarry Products Standards Committee. Guidance on methods of sampling... time of at least 30 min more than the minimum initial standard.i"lltime . NOTE. as shown in table 1. prepared under the direction of the Cement..972. Not less than 5 litres of distilled water shall be available for control tests and shall be stored in a clean container. of the same type.
since the critical is the total amount of sulphate in the concrete exceed % of . 7. and the compressive strength determined. is given in A. Cubes shall be tested 28 days after preparation except in the case of concrete cubes made with high alumina cement which shall be tested 24 h after preparation. ~3 A ~~ ~ sulphates in water is that the sulphate content should not exceed 1000 mg of trioxide per litre. determined from the test block and from the control test block. The initial setting times of the cement. As a guide.<:1t:>'"'tn'nl" The amount of sulphate that can be tolerated in the water on the contents of the aggregates and cement. cubes for testing at other ages. the chloride content of the water should generally not exceed 500 mg of chloride per litre.5. orfrom other sources. Sea water should not be used in reinforced or nr<'ci""". is suitable for making concrete. and the compressive strength shall be determined by the same method... Control concrete test cubes shall be made with the distilled water and the same cement. The presence of chlorides in concrete. silt. It may also be useful to prepare. waters with a pronounced odour. is a of coloured waters.4. Surface waters in particular often carry suspended matter such as oil. or those in which green or brown are visible should be regarded with suspicion. Compressive strength test Concrete test cubes shall be made with the water and the appropriate test cement. It is however sometimes necessary to accept higher concentrations in certain arid regions of the world where natural waters can be highly saline.'v~" water contents has been used t. nor in concrete made with high alumina cement..1 General. (Guidance on the suitability of the water.l Note. from the same concrete mixes. Recommended limiting values for total chloride by weight of cement in different types of concrete are included in 6.5. by the method described in as 4550 : Part 3 : Section 3. can present potential hazards with some cements or when metals are embedded in concrete. based on the initial setting time test. clay. The average strength of the test cubes and of the control test cubes shall be reported. and may contain undesirable organic constituents or unacceptably high contents of inorganic salts. water of chemical composition acceptable for drinking.5 and Section 3. substances in natura! waters on the time of cement or the ultimate of the concrete. such as filtration or impounding to allow suspended matter to seale. Whef"e public supplies are not available.6. Its use may also cause a moderate reduction in strength. The amount of chloride that can be tolerated in the mixing water depends on the total amount of chloride in the concrete arising from all sources. based on the compressive strength test. and should be tested accordance this British Standard. whether treated for distribution through the public supply or untreated.3.) NOTE. and may be unsuitable for use without physical treatment. is given in A. Initial setting time test A test block shall be made with the water and the appropriate test cement. It may also be useful to continue the test to determine the final settinq time. either from the mixing water. Hf'lw. A. concrete. shall be reported.2 Chlorides. As a general rule. and the initial setting time determined by the procedure described in BS 4550: Part 3: Section 3. water for concretinq may have to be drawn from natural sources.3.BS 3148 : 1980 6. (Guidance on the suitability of the water.8 of CP 110: Part 1 : 1972. Sea water has been used satisfactorily for making plain Portland cement concrete but there is a tendency for it to cause surface dampness and efflorescence. and the initial setting time shall be determined by the same procedure. A control test block shall be made with the distilled water and the same cement. Appendix A Notes on the suitability of water for making concrete A. leaves and other vegetable debris.
do not differ by more than 30 min. determined from the test block and from the control test block. therefore further consideration should be given to securing an alternative source of water. and (b) the average compressive strength of the concrete test cubes is not less than 90 % of the average strength of the control test cubes. to modifying the mix proportions. (a) the initial setting times of the cement. or. A. when tested as specified. It is considered that water will have no significant effect on the setting and hardening characteristics of concrete if. where the strength does not fall below 80 % of the average strength of the control test cubes. Values that fall outside these limits imply that the water is causing an effect.5 Assessment of setting time and compressive strength tests. .BS 3148: 1980 and such waters should be tested in accordance with this British Standard.
by the issue either of amendments British Standards Institution. when making use of a British Standard. Any person who. A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Milton Keynes MK14 6LE. Standard following Aggregates and Quarry Products under whose direction this British from the and industrial "Department "Federation of Transport of Civil Engineering Contractors Association was prepared. SSt is It is important that users of British Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or editions. British Standards are revised. Copyriyht. is requested to notify BSI without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken. of necessary details such as symbols and size. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of 0908221166. 1980 i980. BSI. telex 825777. Advice can be obtained from the Enquiry Section. in the course of implementing the standard. Technical E "porters. BS!. Users of British Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all BSI publications. otter s specialist services including the provision of information through the SSt Library 10 or of revised editions.BS 3148 -1980 This British Standard. amendments and withdrawn standards. Gypsum. Cooperating organizations The Cement. and other services.'~ Manufacturers and Wales Greater London Individual expert . having been prepared under the direction of BSI. telephone telex 825777. encounters an inaccuracy or arnbiqurtv . Gypsum. tvoe or grade designations. This does not preclude the free use. Enquiries should be addressed to the Publications Manager. enquiries is 0908 220022 the Cement. consists of representatives Government departments and scientific Gypsum Products Development Institute of Quarrying Institution of Civil Engineers "Institution "Institution Institution "Institution "tnstitution of of of of of organizations: Association of Consulting Engineers Association of County Councils ASSOCiation of District Councils Association of Metropolitan Authorities Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Products Association "Bretish Precast Concrete Federation ltd. (Building (Housing IPSA) Research and Construction) together with the committee entrusted Standard: Association Electricity of Supply were directly the preparation represented on the of this British ~r"a. revisions. was published under the authority of the Board of SSI and comes into effect on 30 September ©BritiSh Standards Institution. First published September 1959 First revision September 1980 ISBN 0 580 11557 7 The following Committee BSI references relate to the work Draft for comment on this standard: 78(13468 DC Contract requirements.~". Standards Committee. Milton Keynes MK 14 6LE. reference CAB(4 Revision of British Standards. Incorporated by Royal Charter. *British Quarrying and Slag Federation British "British Railways Board Ready Mixed Concrete Association Highway Engineers Municipal Engineers Public Health Engineers Structural Engineers Water Engineers and Scientists "National Federation of Building Trades Employers Natural Environment Research Council (Institute of Geological Science) "Royal Institute of British Architects *Royallnstitution of Chartered Surveyors Alliance Sand and Ballast Hauhers and Allied Trades "S and and G ravel Association Limited of Chemical Industry The organizations marked with an asterisk British Steel Industry "Cement Admixtures Association "Cement and Concrete Association "Cement Makers' federation Chemical Industries Association "Concrete Society limited ·Ccounty Surveyors' Society "Department of the Environment Establishment) Department of the Environment "Department "Department of the Environment 01 the Environment in the above list. the mdependent nanonat body for the preparation of Brotish Standards. telephone BSI Help 0908 221166. individual Organization and automatic standards updating service called PLUS. and Standardline Database. Information on all BSI publications is in the BSI Caralogue. It is the UK member of the International for Standardization and UK sponsor of the British National Committee of the InternatIonal Electrotechnical Commission. tn addition to the preparation and promulgation of standards. Users of Brotish Standards are responsible for their correct application. Automatic updating service. The number for telephone and for telex 825777. Aggregates and Quarry Products Standards Committee. supptemented each month by BSI News which is available to subscribing members of BSI and gives details of new publications. Details are available from BSI Enquiry Section at Milton Keynes. Linford Wood. SSI provides an economic. when necessary.
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