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49495064 Handover Analysis

49495064 Handover Analysis

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Published by Emilson Cruz

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Published by: Emilson Cruz on Aug 08, 2011
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Handover Analysis

Handover is an important function, which shows the integrity of the GSM network. If the handover performance is poor, the subscriber will perceive the quality of the network as bad. Probable Reason of Bad Handover Performance Bad locating parameter Bad setting might cause the locating will not rank the best cell settings as a candidate Uplink interference Incoming handover failed as the target cell could not decode the handover burst message from the mobile Missing measurement Prevent any handover to affected neighbor cells frequency in BA-list Extra measurement Can provide inaccuracy of measurement for handover frequency decisions Co-Channel and Co-BSIC Measurement result from neighbors can not be distinguished and MS may perform a handover to the wrong cell. Unnecessary neighbor None or few handover might indicate a unsuitable neighbor relation relation. HW faults Can cause bad neighbor relation. Permitted NCC (network Missing NCC of the neighbors will not allow any handover. color code) Wrong use of HCS Cause unnecessary handover parameters Congestion High congestion might lead to dragged calls (handover performed at a not intended location) a lot of unsuccessful handover.

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Check the handover related parameters such as relation. . offsets etc.Check the worst relation and pick one cell. . . .Check if cell has HW problem.Check the cell whether it is external or internal. If the number is above certain value for example Y and then take into consideration. (Good map is needed here). . whether the site to site distance or co-sited. . check the uplink & downlink interference problem.If the cell is internal. .Check the site location. . .Check the successful handover per cell . BSIC.Check the difference performance of incoming and outgoing handover.Check if congested target cell. There might be problem on co-channel or adjacent channel.Check if assignment handover are used.Check the handover activity from the number of handover performed.Check if many Ping-Pong handover. . hysteresis.Check the handover flow whether is balance between incoming and outgoing. . . if already known problem of no dominant serving cell and take other cell. . If the target cell is congested and then solve the congestion by adding TRU.Check the frequency plan.Focus on the bad direction. If external. check the high ratio of lost handover.Check whether the cell is isolated or not. This is to ensure the priority for more problem direction. BA-list. .If one of them is yes. .Handover Analysis Flowchart. The following procedure should be performed for handover analysis: .Check for the handover success rate below certain criteria for example X%. If problem found. . If it doesn¶t meet the criteria and change the X% to a higher value and check for the next cell. urgency handover and reversion. start inter-BSC analysis. swap or repair hardware. .

No or Few Handover Attempts .. This is the assumption comes from the above analysis.Perform measures to improve HO performance.

.No or Few Handover Attempt Flowchart.

. .The following procedure should be performed for no or few handover attempts: . solves the congestion problem. if NCC of the neighbor is missing.Check the missing measurement frequency (MBCCHNO) in Double BA-list in active list (if yes.Check NCCPERM.Check the poor setting of parameter and if so.Check from the unbalance relation whether the target cell is congested. remove unnecessary relations.Check if BTS is defined but might not be in service.Check locating parameters and list out. correct parameter setting or deblock it. . . check the inter BSC HO performance (SIEMENS System). . . if so . add the measurement frequency in the BA-list.Check unnecessary neighbor cell relations and if found. If yes. . .Check BTS definition (RX commands especially RXMOP). . correct the parameter setting .Check the neighbor relation with low traffics (less than 10% of average number of handover per relation) and unbalance relations.Check if the cell is at the inter BSC border. if congested. add the NCC of the neighbor list into the NCCPERM list.Check the setting of the cells whether they are set in different layer of HCS. (Layer 1 is the highest priority) .

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