Handover Analysis

Handover is an important function, which shows the integrity of the GSM network. If the handover performance is poor, the subscriber will perceive the quality of the network as bad. Probable Reason of Bad Handover Performance Bad locating parameter Bad setting might cause the locating will not rank the best cell settings as a candidate Uplink interference Incoming handover failed as the target cell could not decode the handover burst message from the mobile Missing measurement Prevent any handover to affected neighbor cells frequency in BA-list Extra measurement Can provide inaccuracy of measurement for handover frequency decisions Co-Channel and Co-BSIC Measurement result from neighbors can not be distinguished and MS may perform a handover to the wrong cell. Unnecessary neighbor None or few handover might indicate a unsuitable neighbor relation relation. HW faults Can cause bad neighbor relation. Permitted NCC (network Missing NCC of the neighbors will not allow any handover. color code) Wrong use of HCS Cause unnecessary handover parameters Congestion High congestion might lead to dragged calls (handover performed at a not intended location) a lot of unsuccessful handover.

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Check the handover activity from the number of handover performed. . start inter-BSC analysis.If one of them is yes. swap or repair hardware.Check the handover related parameters such as relation. .Focus on the bad direction. check the uplink & downlink interference problem.Check the difference performance of incoming and outgoing handover. . .Check the successful handover per cell . offsets etc. If external.Check if cell has HW problem.Check the cell whether it is external or internal. .Check the frequency plan. whether the site to site distance or co-sited. . urgency handover and reversion. If it doesn¶t meet the criteria and change the X% to a higher value and check for the next cell.Check whether the cell is isolated or not. BA-list. check the high ratio of lost handover. . The following procedure should be performed for handover analysis: . (Good map is needed here).Check the site location. . .Check for the handover success rate below certain criteria for example X%.Handover Analysis Flowchart.Check if assignment handover are used. . If problem found. BSIC. This is to ensure the priority for more problem direction. If the number is above certain value for example Y and then take into consideration. . . There might be problem on co-channel or adjacent channel.Check the handover flow whether is balance between incoming and outgoing.Check if many Ping-Pong handover. . . . If the target cell is congested and then solve the congestion by adding TRU. .Check the worst relation and pick one cell. hysteresis.If the cell is internal. if already known problem of no dominant serving cell and take other cell. .Check if congested target cell.

Perform measures to improve HO performance. This is the assumption comes from the above analysis. No or Few Handover Attempts ..

.No or Few Handover Attempt Flowchart.

Check from the unbalance relation whether the target cell is congested. remove unnecessary relations.Check the neighbor relation with low traffics (less than 10% of average number of handover per relation) and unbalance relations.Check if BTS is defined but might not be in service.Check BTS definition (RX commands especially RXMOP). if NCC of the neighbor is missing. (Layer 1 is the highest priority) . . .Check if the cell is at the inter BSC border. correct parameter setting or deblock it. . check the inter BSC HO performance (SIEMENS System). .The following procedure should be performed for no or few handover attempts: .Check the setting of the cells whether they are set in different layer of HCS. solves the congestion problem.Check locating parameters and list out. . if congested.Check the missing measurement frequency (MBCCHNO) in Double BA-list in active list (if yes.Check unnecessary neighbor cell relations and if found. If yes. . .Check the poor setting of parameter and if so. add the measurement frequency in the BA-list. correct the parameter setting . if so . add the NCC of the neighbor list into the NCCPERM list. . .Check NCCPERM.

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