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The Sigourney Weaver Handbook - Everything you need to know about Sigourney Weaver

The Sigourney Weaver Handbook - Everything you need to know about Sigourney Weaver

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Sigourney Weaver (born October 8, 1949) is an American actress best known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the Alien film series, a role for which she has received worldwide recognition. Other notable roles include the Ghostbusters films, Gorillas in the Mist, The Ice Storm, Working Girl, Prayers for Bobby and Avatar.

She is a three-time Academy Award nominee for her performances in Aliens (1986), Gorillas in the Mist (1988), and Working Girl (1988) winning Golden Globe Awards in the latter two films. Weaver has been called "The Sci-Fi Queen" by many on account of her many science fiction and fantasy films.

This book is your ultimate resource for Sigourney Weaver. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Annie Hall, Alien (film), Eyewitness (1981 film), The Year of Living Dangerously, Deal of the Century, Ghostbusters, Terror in the Aisles, Une Femme ou Deux, Half Moon Street, Aliens (film), Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey, Working Girl, Ghostbusters II, Alien 3, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, Dave (film), Death and the Maiden (film), Copycat (film), Jeffrey (film), The Ice Storm (film), Snow White: A Tale of Terror, Alien Resurrection, A Map of the World (film), Galaxy Quest, Company Man (2000 film), Heartbreakers (2001 film), Tadpole (film), The Guys, Holes (film), Imaginary Heroes, The Village (2004 film), Snow Cake, The TV Set, Infamous (film), Happily N'Ever After, The Girl in the Park, Vantage Point (film), Be Kind Rewind, Baby Mama (film), WALL-E, The Tale of Despereaux (film), Prayers for Bobby, Avatar (2009 film), Crazy on the Outside, You Again, Cedar Rapids (film), Paul (film), Abduction (2011 film), Vamps (2011 film), The Cold Light of Day

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Sigourney Weaver (born October 8, 1949) is an American actress best known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the Alien film series, a role for which she has received worldwide recognition. Other notable roles include the Ghostbusters films, Gorillas in the Mist, The Ice Storm, Working Girl, Prayers for Bobby and Avatar.

She is a three-time Academy Award nominee for her performances in Aliens (1986), Gorillas in the Mist (1988), and Working Girl (1988) winning Golden Globe Awards in the latter two films. Weaver has been called "The Sci-Fi Queen" by many on account of her many science fiction and fantasy films.

This book is your ultimate resource for Sigourney Weaver. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Annie Hall, Alien (film), Eyewitness (1981 film), The Year of Living Dangerously, Deal of the Century, Ghostbusters, Terror in the Aisles, Une Femme ou Deux, Half Moon Street, Aliens (film), Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey, Working Girl, Ghostbusters II, Alien 3, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, Dave (film), Death and the Maiden (film), Copycat (film), Jeffrey (film), The Ice Storm (film), Snow White: A Tale of Terror, Alien Resurrection, A Map of the World (film), Galaxy Quest, Company Man (2000 film), Heartbreakers (2001 film), Tadpole (film), The Guys, Holes (film), Imaginary Heroes, The Village (2004 film), Snow Cake, The TV Set, Infamous (film), Happily N'Ever After, The Girl in the Park, Vantage Point (film), Be Kind Rewind, Baby Mama (film), WALL-E, The Tale of Despereaux (film), Prayers for Bobby, Avatar (2009 film), Crazy on the Outside, You Again, Cedar Rapids (film), Paul (film), Abduction (2011 film), Vamps (2011 film), The Cold Light of Day

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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10/31/2014

Sections

  • Annie Hall
  • Alien (film)
  • Eyewitness (1981 film)
  • The Year of Living Dangerously
  • Deal of the Century
  • Ghostbusters
  • Terror in the Aisles
  • Une Femme ou Deux
  • Half Moon Street
  • Aliens (film)
  • Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey
  • Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey
  • Working Girl
  • Ghostbusters II
  • Alien 3
  • 1492: Conquest of Paradise
  • Dave (film)
  • Death and the Maiden (film)
  • Copycat (film)
  • Jeffrey (film)
  • The Ice Storm (film)
  • Snow White: A Tale of Terror
  • Snow White: A Tale Of Terror
  • Alien Resurrection
  • A Map of the World (film)
  • Galaxy Quest
  • Company Man (2000 film)
  • Heartbreakers (2001 film)
  • Tadpole (film)
  • The Guys
  • Holes (film)
  • Imaginary Heroes
  • The Village (2004 film)
  • Snow Cake
  • The TV Set
  • Infamous (film)
  • Happily N'Ever After
  • The Girl in the Park
  • Vantage Point (film)
  • Be Kind Rewind
  • Baby Mama (film)
  • WALL-E
  • The Tale of Despereaux (film)
  • Prayers for Bobby
  • Avatar (2009 film)
  • Crazy on the Outside
  • You Again
  • Cedar Rapids (film)
  • Paul (film)
  • Abduction (2011 film)
  • Vamps (2011 film)
  • The Cold Light of Day
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Sigourney Weaver (born October 8, 1949) is an American actress best known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the

Alien film series, a role for which she has received worldwide recognition. Other notable roles include the Ghostbusters films, Gorillas in the Mist, The Ice Storm, Working Girl, Prayers for Bobby and Avatar. She is a three-time Academy Award nominee for her performances in Aliens (1986), Gorillas in the Mist (1988), and Working Girl (1988) winning Golden Globe Awards in the latter two films. Weaver has been called “The Sci-Fi Queen” by many on account of her many science fiction and fantasy films. This book is your ultimate resource for Sigourney Weaver. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Annie Hall, Alien (film), Eyewitness (1981 film), The Year of Living Dangerously, Deal of the Century, Ghostbusters, Terror in the Aisles, Une Femme ou Deux, Half Moon Street, Aliens (film), Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey, Working Girl, Ghostbusters II, Alien 3, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, Dave (film), Death and the Maiden (film), Copycat (film), Jeffrey (film), The Ice Storm (film), Snow White: A Tale of Terror, Alien Resurrection, A Map of the World (film), Galaxy Quest, Company Man (2000 film), Heartbreakers (2001 film), Tadpole (film), The Guys, Holes (film), Imaginary Heroes, The Village (2004 film), Snow Cake, The TV Set, Infamous (film), Happily N’Ever After, The Girl in the Park, Vantage Point (film), Be Kind Rewind, Baby Mama (film), WALL-E, The Tale of Despereaux (film), Prayers for Bobby, Avatar (2009 film), Crazy on the Outside, You Again, Cedar Rapids (film), Paul (film), Abduction (2011 film), Vamps (2011 film), The Cold Light of Day Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission. Sigourney Weaver

The

SIGOURNEY WEAVER
Handbook
Everything you need to know about Sigourney Weaver

Sigourney Weaver

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Sigourney Weaver Annie Hall Alien (film) Eyewitness (1981 film) The Year of Living Dangerously Deal of the Century Ghostbusters Terror in the Aisles Une Femme ou Deux Half Moon Street Aliens (film) Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Working Girl Ghostbusters II Alien 3 1492: Conquest of Paradise Dave (film) Death and the Maiden (film) Copycat (film) Jeffrey (film) The Ice Storm (film) Snow White: A Tale of Terror Alien Resurrection A Map of the World (film) Galaxy Quest Company Man (2000 film) Heartbreakers (2001 film) Tadpole (film) The Guys Holes (film) Imaginary Heroes The Village (2004 film) Snow Cake The TV Set 1 10 16 37 39 43 46 54 57 58 60 71 74 79 85 95 98 102 104 107 110 115 118 127 129 137 139 143 146 147 151 154 161 163

Infamous (film) Happily N'Ever After The Girl in the Park Vantage Point (film) Be Kind Rewind Baby Mama (film) WALL-E The Tale of Despereaux (film) Prayers for Bobby Avatar (2009 film) Crazy on the Outside You Again Cedar Rapids (film) Paul (film) Abduction (2011 film) Vamps (2011 film) The Cold Light of Day 165 169 173 174 184 188 192 209 213 216 243 245 249 251 254 256 258 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources. Licenses and Contributors 260 268 Article Licenses License 270 .

Working Girl.[1] Weaver has been called "The Sci-Fi Queen" by many on account of her many science fiction and fantasy films. a role for which she has received worldwide recognition. The Ice Storm. Actress Years active 1976–present Spouse Children Parents Jim Simpson (1984–present) 1 Sylvester Weaver Elizabeth Inglis Sigourney Weaver (born October 8.Sigourney Weaver 1 Sigourney Weaver Sigourney Weaver Sigourney Weaver at the 2010 Academy Awards Born Occupation Susan Alexandra WeaverOctober 8. 1949Manhattan. Gorillas in the Mist. Prayers for Bobby and Avatar. 1949) is an American actress best known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the Alien film series. U. Gorillas in the Mist (1988). Other notable roles include the Ghostbusters films. New York. She is a three-time Academy Award nominee for her performances in Aliens (1986). and Working Girl (1988) winning Golden Globe Awards in the latter two films.S. .

which was directed by the up-and-coming director Jerry Zaks.[9] where one of her appearances was in the chorus in a production of Stephen Sondheim's musical version of The Frogs. one of the very few actresses honored for a role in a science fiction film. "One of the real pleasures of "Alien" is to watch the emergence of both Ellen Ripley as a character and Sigourney Weaver as a star. New York City. Aliens. Ty Burr of The Boston Globe states. the daughter of Elizabeth Inglis (née Desiree Mary Lucy Hawkins. and Alien Resurrection."[11] In the sequel Aliens directed by James Cameron critic Roger Ebert exclaims. Connecticut. an English actress. although she only grew another inch during her teens to her adult height of 5′ 11½″ (182 cm). Film career Weaver's first role was in Woody Allen's 1977 comedy Annie Hall playing a minor role opposite Allen."[12] She was nominated for a Best Actress Academy Award in Aliens. Weaver earned her Master of Weaver with her father Pat Weaver in 1989 Fine Arts degree at the Yale University School of Drama in 1974. She reprised the role in three sequels. Weaver graduated from Stanford University. was a comedian and actor. comes through with a very strong.[2] [3] [4] [5] Her uncle. sympathetic performance: She's the thread that holds everything together. She began using the name "Sigourney Weaver" in 1963 after a minor character (Sigourney Howard) in F. She also attended The Chapin School. and the NBC television executive and television pioneer Sylvester "Pat" Laflin Weaver (1908–2002). Weaver appeared two years later as Warrant Officer/Lieutenant Ellen Ripley in the blockbuster Alien movie franchise. Weaver followed the success of Aliens appearing opposite Mel Gibson in The Year of Living Dangerously released to critical acclaim and as Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters and Ghostbusters II. 1913–2007). with a bachelor of arts degree in English in 1972. who is onscreen almost all the time. by living in Stanford's co-ed Beta Chi Community [8] for the Performing Arts. but she had already begun her involvement in acting.[10] Weaver later acted in original plays by her friend and classmate Christopher Durang. Sigourney was reportedly 5′ 10½″ (179 cm) tall by the age of 14.[6] [7] Weaver attended the Ethel Walker School. She first appeared as Ripley in Ridley Scott's 1979 film Alien. She later appeared in an "Off Broadway" production of Durang's comedy Beyond Therapy in 1981. Alien 3.Sigourney Weaver 2 Early life Weaver was born Susan Alexandra Weaver in Manhattan. Doodles Weaver. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby. . where she was regularly teased for being a nerd and for her height. and another was as one of a mob of Roman soldiers alongside Meryl Streep in another production. "Weaver. a prep school in Simsbury.

She role in the film. Ivan Reitman has confirmed that Weaver will reprise her role as Dana Barrett[14] in the rumored third Ghostbusters movie due for release in 2012. played the role of agoraphobic criminal psychologist Helen Hudson in the 1995 movie Copycat. and A Map of the World (1999) earning her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. She received two Academy Award nominations in 1988. Galaxy Quest (1999). leader of the AVTR (avatar) program on the film's fictional moon Pandora. Vantage Point (2008). she was the narrator for the American version of the Emmy Award-winning series Planet Earth. Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award.[15] 3 Weaver in December 2009 . Weaver won Golden Globe awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress for her two roles that year. She also guest starred in the [13] She reunited with Aliens director James Cameron for his 2009 film Avatar TV show Eli Stone in the fall of 2008. Grace Augustine. In 2009. Night Shyamalan horror film The Village (2004). playing the female Planet Express Ship. based on the novel by Kate DiCamillo. being one of only two women in the Top 20 (the other was Audrey Hepburn). In 2006. She appeared in several films throughout the decade including Holes (2003). She also voiced a narrating role in another computer-animated film. She had a guest role in the Futurama episode "Love and Rocket" in February 2002. The film has the distinction of being the highest grossing film of all time. the M. she played a followed by Dave opposite Kevin Kline and Frank Langella. 2008's The Tale of Despereaux. with Weaver playing a major part as Dr. Prayers for Bobby. The same year she appeared opposite Harrison Ford in a supporting role as Katharine Parker in the film Working Girl. New York. Ray Liotta. Weaver narrated "A Matter of Degrees". In 2008. Weaver has done voice work in television and film. Weaver has also expressed interest in starring in a fifth Alien film. and Baby Mama (2008). Weaver starred as Mary Griffith in her first made-for-TV movie. a short film that plays daily at The Natural History Museum of the Adirondacks (The Wild Center) in Tupper Lake. Weaver also concentrated on smaller and supporting roles throughout the decade such as Jeffrey (1994). for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award. By the early 1990's Weaver appeared in several films including Ang Lee's The Ice Storm earning her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actress and winning a BAFTA Award. WALL•E. for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Working Girl and Best Actress for Gorillas in the Mist making her one of the few actors nominated for two acting awards in the same year. Weaver also returned to Rwanda for the BBC special Gorillas Revisited. Sigourney Weaver at the 2008 Tribeca Film Festival premiere of Baby Mama.Sigourney Weaver By the end of the decade Weaver appeared in two of her most memorable and critically acclaimed performances in 1988 as Dian Fossey in Gorillas in the Mist. Weaver was featured as the voice of the ship's computer in the Pixar and Disney release. Also in 2006. She was voted 20th in Channel 4's countdown of the 100 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time. In 2001 she appeared in the comedy Heartbreakers playing the lead role of a con artist alongside Jennifer Love Hewitt. Gene Hackman and Anne Bancroft.

horror and fantasy films.[18] She has been married to the filmmaker Jim Simpson since October 1. Kahn had an 18-year gap between her second appearance in 1977 and her third and final appearance in 1995. On April 8. a non-profit organization focusing on those in extreme poverty.[17] but there has been no confirmation or further news of this. Weaver actually co-hosted the news on WNYW for the film. She has been nominated for a Grammy Award for Spoken Word Album at the 53rd Grammy Awards. 1990. on a season 35 episode in January. in the Rainbow Room.[20] In October 2006. After making Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey. without winning any of them. 1984. there were reports that Weaver had been cast for the lead role Margaret Matheson in the Spanish thriller film Red Lights. who was born on April 13.[21] Filmography Film Film Year Role Notes 1977 1978 1979 Annie Hall Madman Alien Alvy's Date Outside Theater Not Specified Ellen Ripley DVDX Award for Best Audio Commentary (New for DVD) Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Newcomer Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress Crew Members & TV equipment from WNYW (then known as WNEW) appeared in the film.[19] Weaver is an environmentalist. and because of this. and again. she was cast for the lead role as Queen of the Vampire in Amy Heckerling's Vamps. Weaver has now broken Madeline Kahn's record for longest gap between hosting appearances on SNL. 2010. In March 2010. has a 24-year gap between her first appearance in 1986 and her second and most recent appearance in 2010. Grammy. Weaver. Oscar. she became a supporter of The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund and is now the DFGFI's honorary chairperson. on the other hand. mainly women and the disabled. and Tony).[16] She was honored at the 2010 Scream Awards earning The Heroine Award which honored her work in science fiction. 2008. Charlotte Simpson. she is currently the only person in history to receive at least one nomination for each of the EGOT awards (Emmy.Sigourney Weaver Weaver has hosted two episodes of the long-running NBC sketch show Saturday Night Live: once on the 12th season premiere in 1986. 4 Weaver at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival Personal life Weaver was previously engaged to reporter Aaron Latham in 1967. She outlined the widespread threat to ocean habitats posed by deep-sea trawling. In May 2010. an industrial method for harvesting fish. They are the parents of one daughter. she hosted the annual gala of the Trickle Up Program. she drew international attention through a news conference at the start of a United Nations General Assembly policy deliberation. 1981 Eyewitness Tony Sokolow .

Sigourney Weaver 1982 1983 1984 1984 1985 1986 1986 The Year of Living Dangerously Deal of the Century Ghostbusters Terror in the Aisles Une Femme ou Deux Half Moon Street Aliens Jessica Fitzgerald Dr. Lauren Slaughter Ellen Ripley Mystfest Award for Best Actress Saturn Award for Best Actress Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Jilly Bryant Catherine DeVoto Dana Barrett archival footage 5 1988 1988 Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Working Girl Dian Fossey Katharine Parker 1989 1992 1992 1993 1994 1995 1995 1997 Ghostbusters II Alien 3 1492: Conquest of Paradise Dave Death and the Maiden Copycat Jeffrey The Ice Storm Dana Barrett Ellen Ripley Queen Isabella Ellen Mitchell Paulina Escobar Helen Hudson Debra Moorhouse Janey Carver BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie Nominated—SAG Award for Outstanding Female Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Co-Producer Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress – Sci-Fi Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress – Comedy Special Mention Award at the Festival du Film Policier de Cognac (Shared with Holly Hunter for their acting performances) Co-Producer Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress 1997 Snow White: A Tale of Terror Lady Claudia Hoffman 1997 Alien Resurrection Ellen Ripley Clone 1999 A Map of the World Alice Goodwin 1999 Galaxy Quest Gwen DeMarco/Lieutenant Tawny Madison Daisy Quimp Max Conners/Angela Nardino Eve Grubman 2000 2001 2002 Company Man Heartbreakers Tadpole Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy .

Grace Augustine The Narrator 2010 2010 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 Vicky Aunt Ramona Marcy Vanderhei Tara Dr.Sigourney Weaver 2002 2003 2004 2004 2006 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 The Guys Holes Imaginary Heroes The Village Snow Cake The TV Set Infamous Happily N'Ever After The Girl in the Park Vantage Point Be Kind Rewind Baby Mama WALL•E The Tale of Despereaux Prayers for Bobby Joan Warden Walker Sandy Travis Alice Hunt Linda Freeman Lenny Babe Paley Frieda Julia Sandburg Rex Brooks Ms. Lawson Chaffee Bicknell Computer The Narrator Mary Griffith voice only voice only Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress nominated-scream Award for Best Supporting Actress Voice and image voice only Nominated—Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Directed by husband Jim Simpson. starring daughter Charlotte Simpson Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama 6 2009 2009 Avatar ACID TEST: The Global Challenge of Ocean Acidification Crazy on the Outside You Again Cedar Rapids Paul Abduction Vamps The Cold Light of Day Dr. Bennett Cisserus post-production post-production filming .

Acorn Theatre) as Abby Prescott[50] Mrs Farnsworth (2004. the Eternal Maid[24] The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui (1972. Public Theater)[39] Das Lusitania Songspiel (new version) (1980. The Flea Theater) as Joan[49] The Mercy Seat (2002. Williamstown Theatre Festival)[28] The Tempest (1973. Yale Cabaret) as Jenny[22] Story Theatre (1972. single benefit performance) as Melissa Gardner[53] Love Letters (2008. Phoenix Theatre) as Prudence[41] As You Like It (1981. Lone Star (1980) as Elizabeth Beyond Therapy (1981. Direct Theatre) as Lidia/Annabella/Harriet[33] Das Lusitania Songspiel (1976. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Cynthia Muldoon[26] Once in a Lifetime (1972.[44] Nominated for Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play. Nominated for Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical.Sigourney Weaver 7 Stage credits • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Better Dead Than Sorry (1971. Yale Repertory Theatre) as member of the Chorus[31] The Constant Wife (1975. Public/Newman Theatre) as Freydis Conjuring an Event (1978. Playwright's Horizons) as Lydia[52] Love Letters (2007. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Dockdaisy[25] The Rat Trap (1972. The Detroit Film Theatre. The Flea Theater) as Marjorie Farnsworth[51] Crazy Mary (2007. Dallas Festival of Shakespeare) as Rosalind Animal Kingdom (1982. Divine! (1972. Yale Repertory Theatre)[29] Watergate Classics (1973-4. Nederlander Theatre) as Lulu[48] The Guys (2001-2. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Florabel Leigh[27] The Elephant Calf (1972. The Flea Theater. Classic Stage Company) as Portia[46] The Show-Off (1988. Shubert Theatre.[40] Also co-authored the play with Christopher Durang. Ethel Barrymore Theatre) as Darlene. Yale University Theatre)[29] The Nature and Purpose of the Universe (1974. A Streetcar Named Desire (1986. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Stella Kowalski[45] The Merchant of Venice (1986-7. Van Dam Theatre)[34] Gemini (1976. American Place Theatre) as Annabella[37] A Flea in Her Ear (1978. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Anita. single benefit performance) as Melissa Gardner[54] [36] . understudy) as Marie-Louise Durham[32] Titanic (1976. Berkshire Festival) as Cecelia Henry[42] Old Times (1983. Williamstown Theatre Festival)[23] Sarah B. Hartford Stage)[38] New Jerusalem (1979. Direct Theatre) as Eleanor (workshop production)[30] The Frogs (1974. Yale Repertory Theatre)[29] Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (1974. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Anna[43] Hurlyburly (1984-5. Westside Theatre). Playwright's Horizons) as Judith Hastings[35] Marco Polo Sings a Solo (1977. Williamstown Theatre Festival) as Clara[47] Sex and Longing (1996.

com/ ActingTheatre1. com/ news/ 18411). library. . 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2010-07-12. yale. wtfestival. org/ performance?PerformanceID=344 [26] The Rat Trap in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. . htm . 2001. Cook County. [8] "The Beta Chi Chapter House Of Sigma Nu" (http:/ / dynamics.harvard. org/ celebrity/ 1386-sigourney-weaver) [22] Christopher Durang . . dreadcentral. . org/ blog/ ?tag=yale-drama-school). com/ name/ nm0000244). com/ OneActsLong-titanic. Yale University Tercentennial (April Weekend Videos). movietome. edu/ events/ #NYC_Dinner). . sondheimguide. [7] "Sigourney Weaver" (http:/ / akas. html#Production [32] The Constant Wife entry in the Internet Broadway Database http:/ / www. com/ political/ bush. . . Ty October 29.org. com/ people/ 36591/ sigourney-weaver/ bio. html). 2010-01-29. oscars. Bloody-disgusting. gorillafund. googleusercontent. . html). jsp. Retrieved August 15. wargs. imdb. edu/ humanities/ theater/ YRT_season_history_1966-1979.com. php?id=3743 [33] Christopher Durang . com/ frogs. com/ news/ 35012/ sigourney-weaver-talks-ghostbusters-3-again). Gorillafund.com.imdb. Retrieved 2010-07-12. com/ search?q=cache:DxlsOZQf8j8J:www.Titanic http:/ / www. wtfestival.googleusercontent. boston. Roger July 18. 2010-05-25. Movietome. [19] "About Dian Fossey – Info about the Life of Dian Fossey – DFGFI" (http:/ / www. 2008-05-15. ibdb. [4] Chicago: its history and its .com. dreadcentral. org/ performance?PerformanceID=124 [29] "Yale Repertory Theatre.edu. [20] "Center for Health and the Global Environment" (http:/ / chge. [18] "Sigourney Weaver Bio – Actor Information at MovieTome" (http:/ / www. Retrieved February 1. Dreadcentral. com/ apps/ pbcs. harvard. Sigourneyweaver. [10] "Sigourney Weaver The Frogs" (http:/ / sigourneyweaver. com/ news/ 36447/ sigourney-weaver-queen-vamps-where-do-we-sign-up-be-bitten). [21] Sigourney Weaver's Charity Work. [13] "Sigourney Weaver Puts Eli Stone on the Couch" (http:/ / www. and a early pioneer of Chicago. Dreadcentral.imdb. 2008. [3] He is related to Matthew Laflin who was an American Manufacturer of Gunpowder. Retrieved 2010-09-25. Awardsdatabase.org. org/ dian_fossey/ ). dll/ article?AID=/ 19860718/ REVIEWS/ 607180301) The Sun online Retrieved on September 21. Retrieved 2010-07-12. Events and Causes at Look To The Stars (http:/ / www. doc+ yale+ repertory+ watergate+ classics& cd=1& hl=en& ct=clnk). . Webcache..com. wtfestival. Retrieved 2010-07-12. Yale University. html). TV Guide. org/ performance?PerformanceID=291 [28] The Elephant Calf in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. [6] "Sigourney Weaver – Biography" (http:/ / akas. . William Addams (2007). med. [17] "Sigourney Weaver Flashes Red Lights for Rodrigo Cortés" (http:/ / www. nsf/ article/ weavers scottish ancestry mix-up_1075133).com. edu/ terc/ aprilweekendvideos/ index. aspx). Retrieved 2010-07-12. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=3341) Boston. "Ancestry of George W.Longer One Act Plays .com. .org. .. Retrieved 2010-07-12. . org/ ampas_awards/ DisplayMain. suntimes.com. Retrieved 2010-07-12.Acting Theatre http:/ / www. . Businessman. contactmusic. Dreadcentral. [11] Burr. org/ performance?PerformanceID=368 [25] The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www.The Nature and Purpose of the Universe http:/ / www.Sigourney Weaver 8 References [1] "Session Timeout – Academy Awards® Database – AMPAS" (http:/ / awardsdatabase. Akas. 2010] [12] Ebert. com/ name/ nm0000244/ bio).jsessionid=3DB90EE05283B6CEE63A0DE71B58BF58?curTime=1269089099433).med. Illinois.google. christopherdurang. com/ ?id=5v8TAAAAYAAJ& pg=PA211& lpg=PA211& dq=matthew+ laflin). August 15. . Retrieved 2010-07-12. com/ OneActsLong-Nature. 2008. Divine! in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www.com. Books. [5] Reitwiesner. Retrieved July 24. htm [31] Sondheim Guide / The Frogs http:/ / www. org/ SYNERGY/ SynHouseHistory. Retrieved 2010-07-12. wtfestival. Retrieved 2010-07-12. Bush" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 37703/ sigourney-weaver-flashes-red-lights-rodrigo-cortés). htm [23] Story Theatre in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 2008. org/ performance?PerformanceID=508 [24] Sarah B. [9] "Training Great Actors: A Scene from Shakespeare" (http:/ / www. dreadcentral. imdb. 2010.com. com/ production. wtfestival.oscars. . 1986 Sun Times Aliens review (http:/ / rogerebert. 2003 The Boston Globe 'Alien' director's cut oozes gore and greatness (http:/ / www. . tvguide. .com. Retrieved 2010-07-12.Longer One Act Plays . Dynamics. Akas. [15] "Sigourney Weaver Confronted on 'Ghostbusters 3' Spoiler" (http:/ / www. christopherdurang. bloody-disgusting. Production History 1966/67-1977/80 Seasons" (http:/ / webcache. Contactmusic. [14] "Sigourney Weaver Talks Ghostbusters 3 . Retrieved 2010-07-12. 2009-12-16. 2008-01-14. htm). [2] "Sigourney Weaver – Weaver's Scottish Ancestry Mix-Up" (http:/ / www. [30] Christopher Durang . christopherdurang. [16] "Sigourney Weaver Queen of the Vamps! Where Do We Sign Up to be Bitten?" (http:/ / www. org/ performance?PerformanceID=339 [27] Once in a Lifetime in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. Philanthropist. 2010-03-17.. yale. google.com Retrieved on September 21. (http:/ / books.. com/ news. com/ News/ Sigourney-Weaver-Eli-26417. Again" (http:/ / www. wtfestival. looktothestars.org. Chge.

nytimes. com/ 1986/ 12/ 22/ theater/ theater-new-conception-of-merchant-of-venice. com/ gst/ abstract. cfm?search_by=show& id=5005 [41] Christopher Durang .uk/arts/main. February 16. 1979. org/ performance?PerformanceID=289 [44] Hurlyburly entry in the Internet Broadway Database http:/ / www. theflea.com.Beyond Therapy http:/ / www. lortel. php?page_type=0& page_id=6& show_id=29 [52] Crazy Mary in Playwright's Horizons archives http:/ / playwrightshorizons. Gussow. December 15. Mel.Sigourney Weaver [34] Das Lusitania Songspiel in the Lortel Archives http:/ / www.Full Length Plays . Mel. July 23. wehostwebsites. Mel. org/ lla_archive/ index. Gussow. 2008. org. php?id=4342 [45] A Streetcar Named Desire in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. cfm?search_by=show& id=3077 [35] Gemini in Playwright's Horizons archives http:/ / playwrightshorizons. wtfestival.Sex and Longing http:/ / www. July 26. Playbill. Hernandez. nytimes.com/name/nm244/) at the Internet Movie Database Sigourney Weaver (http://www. January 13. theflea. Julie. "An Evening in New Jerusalem. "Philip Barry comedy at Berkshire Festival" http:/ / theater.jhtml?xml=/arts/ 2008/07/25/st_weaver124.Full Length Plays . org/ performance?PerformanceID=402 [46] The New York Times.com. "Sigourney Weaver and Jeff Daniels Will Send Love Letters for Flea's One-Night Benefit" http:/ / www. com/ news/ article/ 107962-Sigourney-Weaver-and-Jeff-Daniels-Will-Send-Love-Letters-for-Fleas-One-Night-Benefit [54] "Playbill. org. 1982. com/ FullBeyond. lortel. Salamon. com/ ProductionDetails. aspx?id=57 [53] Playbill. 9 External links • • • • Sigourney Weaver (http://www. lortel. wtfestival. Ernio. org/ performance?PerformanceID=381 [48] Christopher Durang . 1978. December 22. com/ ProductionDetails. 2002. org/ show_detail. com/ mem/ theater/ treview.xml) . html [47] The Show-Off in the Williamstown Theatre Festival archives http:/ / www. aspx?id=186 [36] Marco Polo Sings a Solo in the Lortel Archives http:/ / www. org/ lla_archive/ index. Gans. Retrieved 2010-09-25. "Sigourney Weaver and Jeff Daniels Send ''Love Letters'' July 26" (http:/ / www. cfm?search_by=show& id=2969 [37] Conjuring an Event in the Lortel Archives http:/ / www. nytimes. On the Trail of Kef" [40] Das Lusitania Songspiel in the Lortel Archives http:/ / www. ibdb.co. org/ show_detail. wtfestival. christopherdurang. wehostwebsites. com/ news/ article/ 119795-Sigourney-Weaver-and-Jeff-Daniels-Send-Love-Letters-July-26). cfm?search_by=show& id=2851 [38] The New York Times.bbc.ibdb. html?res=F70C1EFF3F5E0C768DDDAB0994DA404482 [51] Mrs Farnsworth entry in The Flea Theater official website http:/ / www.asp?ID=64298) at the Internet Broadway Database BBC News article on Sigourney Weaver (http://news. org/ lla_archive/ index.imdb.telegraph. htm [49] The Guys entry in The Flea Theater official website http:/ / www. Andrew. "A Response to 9/12 So Unheroically Human" http:/ / select. 1986. 2007.stm) Daily Telegraph interview with Sigourney Weaver (http://www. htm [42] The New York Times. com/ FullSexLong.com. May 9.co. Gussow. lortel. com/ production. "A Flea in Hartford's Ear" [39] The New York Times. php?page_type=0& page_id=6& show_id=30 [50] The New York Times. .uk/2/hi/entertainment/4795787. christopherdurang. org/ lla_archive/ index. playbill. "New Conception of Merchant of Venice" http:/ / www. playbill.com/person. html?res=9E02EFDC1539F930A15754C0A964948260 [43] Old Times in the Williamstown Theater Festival archives http:/ / www.

it won four Academy Awards including Best Picture. Roger Ebert described it as "just about everyone's favorite Woody Allen movie".''Annie Hall'' 10 Annie Hall Annie Hall Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Woody Allen Charles H.425 Annie Hall is a 1977 American comedy film directed by Woody Allen from a script co-written with Marshall Brickman and co-starring Diane Keaton.[1] . One of Allen's most popular and most honored films. Joffe Jack Rollins Woody Allen Marshall Brickman Woody Allen Diane Keaton Tony Roberts Carol Kane Paul Simon Shelley Duvall Christopher Walken Cinematography Gordon Willis Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Ralph Rosenblum United Artists April 20.[1] Allen had previously been known as a maker of zany comedies.251.[2] as it brought a new level of seriousness to his work. the director has described Annie Hall as "a major turning point". 1977 93 minutes United States English $4 million $38.

In the first flashback showing Alvy as a child. Later. we learn he was raised in Brooklyn. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Woody Allen as Alvy Singer Diane Keaton as Annie Hall Tony Roberts as Rob Carol Kane as Allison Portchnik Paul Simon as Tony Lacey Shelley Duvall as Pam Janet Margolin as Robin Colleen Dewhurst as Mrs. Hall Christopher Walken as Duane Hall Jeff Goldblum as LA party guy on phone Sigourney Weaver as Alvy's date Beverly D'Angelo as TV show actress Shelley Hack as shallow street girl John Glover as Annie's actor ex-boyfriend Truman Capote (uncredited) as Himself (passing by after Alvy's comment "Oh. and Los Angeles. attempting to maintain a relationship with the seemingly ditzy but exuberant Annie (Diane Keaton). Annie likes California. The film chronicles their relationship over several years. resignedly. and likewise Alvy observes Annie's past relationships). Alvy soon realizes he still loves her and tries to persuade her to return with him to New York. WI. Chippewa Falls. the two realize they are fundamentally different and split up. with Annie back in New York. He fails and. Annie moves in with Tony Lacey (Paul Simon). returns home to write a play about their relationship. his father's occupation was operating a bumper cars concession and the family home was located below the Thunderbolt roller coaster on Coney Island. but ending with him winning Annie back. After many arguments and reconciliations. but Alvy hates it. intercut with various imaginary trips into each other's history (Annie is able to "see" Alvy's family when he was only a child. now with different lovers. there's the winner of the Truman Capote Look-Alike Contest") Marshall McLuhan as Himself (correcting misinterpretations of his work by a loud man in line for a movie) Laurie Bird as Tony Lacey's girlfriend Harvey Fierstein (deleted scenes) Danny Aiello (deleted scenes) Jack Gwillim (deleted scenes) . the two are able to meet on good terms as friends.''Annie Hall'' 11 Plot The film is set in New York City. recycling the conversation they had exchanged in California. Alvy Singer (Woody Allen) is a neurotic comedian. Alvy ends the film by musing about how love and relationships are something we all require despite their often painful and complex nature.

and I saw the house under it. and who portrays the character Annie Hall). "I saw this roller-coaster. looking for locations. "Few viewers probably notice how much of Annie Hall consists of people talking. The Cutting Begins. with 1993's Manhattan Murder Mystery. The first rough cut was two hours and twenty minutes long. "I had the courage to abandon. the murder occurred after a scene that remains in the film. that will be interesting or nourishing for the audience. leaves the line to speak to the camera . or launch into inspired monologues like Annie's free-association as she describes her family to Alvy."[2] The "house" in question is in fact the Kensington Hotel. Allen's character. the sequence in which Annie and Alvy miss the Ingmar Bergman film Face to Face. talk to the camera.5 seconds. Allen at several points undermines the illusion of reality."[2] Film critic Roger Ebert cites a study that calculated the average shot length of Annie [1] Hall to be 14. Allen decided to drop the murder plot. 'I think I will try and make some deeper film and not be as funny in the same way. And maybe there will be other values that will emerge. written by the film's editor. Although the film is not essentially experimental. while other films made in 1977 had an average shot length of 4–7 seconds.[3] Ultimately Annie Hall was decided on as the release title. as were Brickman's suggested alternatives. with Robert Karen. during script revisions. This speech by Diane Keaton is as close to perfect as such a speech can likely be.. make love and talk. "It just seems more fun and quicker and less boring for me to do long scenes. Annie Hall has been widely assumed to be semi-autobiographical. However. Ebert adds that the long takes add to the dramatic power of the film.[4] According to Allen. saying. which really was located underneath the Thunderbolt roller coaster. They walk and talk.. just clowning around and the safety of complete broad comedy. It Had to Be Jew. unabridged. but this was considered unmarketable.[5] Another example is the scene in which Alvy sneezes into cocaine.. all done in one take of brilliant brinkmanship. the production of the film was semi-improvisational. for an entire scene."[2] Annie Hall was the first of Allen's films to utilize long takes. In one famous scene. calling Willis "a very important teacher" and a "technical wizard. go to lunch. but Allen decided to keep it in the movie. I said to myself. the trick to editing Annie Hall was paring the film down to its essential."[2] A scene from Annie Hall Allen has also stated that working with cinematographer Gordon Willis for the first time on Annie Hall helped improve his technical skills. whose real name is Diane Hall. but while Allen was driving around Brooklyn with his crew. Allen has commented.' And it worked out very very well.. where sometimes one shot will continue. Because of biographical similarities between the character Alvy and Woody Allen (including Allen's previous relationship with co-star Diane Keaton. Ralph Rosenblum. we have to use this. background scenes and flashbacks-within-flashbacks were deleted to focus on the love story. various subplots." As detailed in the book When the Shooting Stops..''Annie Hall'' 12 Production Allen's working title for the film was Anhedonia (a psychoanalytic term for the inability to experience pleasure from normally pleasurable life events). Rollercoaster Named Desire and Me and My Goy.[6] Style and technique Allen has said that Annie Hall was "a major turning point" both thematically and technically. Alvy didn't grow up under a roller coaster. Allen has denied this. which was purely accidental.. when they tested it with audiences they laughed so much that Allen had to add more footage after the scene so they would not laugh through important conversations afterwards. For example. The film was originally intended to be a drama centered on a murder mystery with a comic and romantic subplot. go to shrinks. also starring Diane Keaton.[2] Allen and co-writer Marshall Brickman would make a murder mystery film many years later. in the original script. standing in line to see a movie with Annie and listening to a man behind him deliver misinformed pontifications on the significance of Marshall McLuhan's work. simply talking. sit and talk. Similarly. And I thought.

Joffe and Jack Rollins • Won . The Jewish humor—particularly the character of the oversexed Jewish man—also draws from Philip Roth's novel Portnoy's Complaint. and in one of the film's last scenes. humorous subtitles convey to the audience the characters' nervous inner thoughts. Similarly. Best Screenplay. Allen would use this again in Crimes and Misdemeanors.''Annie Hall'' directly. Diane Keaton 2. to whose Amarcord Annie Hall owes a great debt. Annie's song is also reprised in the film's final scene. Other techniques that undermine the film's realism are taken from Allen's artistic influences. I wanted to talk to them directly and confront them. when we see Annie and Alvy in an earlier stage of their relationship making conversation and getting to know each other. Joffe 4.Best Director — Woody Allen . Best Actress. Best Actress . In one. and Allen resolves the dispute by pulling McLuhan himself from behind a free-standing movie posterboard to tell the man that his interpretation is wrong. Wendy Greene Bricmont 4. Best Editing. and there is a muzak version of the Savoy Brown song "A Hard Way to Go" playing in the Paul Simon character's mansion during a party. Woody Allen. 13 Awards and honors Academy Awards record 1. he makes modest excuses for the fact that a scene from his "first play" (which the audience has just seen) is his wish-fulfillment version of his breakup with Annie. Woody Allen.Musical/Comedy. "because I felt many of the people in the audience had the same feelings and the same problems.Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role — Diane Keaton • Won ."[2] Very little background music is heard in the film—an homage to Allen’s idol. he stops several passers-by to ask questions about love. Woody Allen 3.Charles H. the school scenes in the beginning of the film were influenced by another idol of Allen’s. Diane Keaton BAFTA Awards record 1. he "breaks the fourth wall" several times when Alvy directly addresses the audience.Best Picture . Woody Allen 3. Best Film 5. he explained. Best Director. Allen chose to have Alvy break the fourth wall. Later in the film. the Molto allegro from the Jupiter Symphony by Mozart heard as Annie and Alvy drive through the countryside. Ralph Rosenblum. Best Direction. An animated scene depicts Alvy and Annie in the guise of the Wicked Queen from Snow White. Best Original Screenplay. In one such scene (used by Allen's idol Ingmar Bergman in Wild Strawberries) the main characters visit Alvy’s childhood. Annie's two performances at the jazz club.[7] While Allen uses most of these techniques only one time. The man then steps out of the queue and speaks to the camera in his own defense. Best Picture. Marshall Brickman 1977 Academy Awards (Oscars) • Won . The few instances of music in the film include a boy's choir Christmas melody played while the characters drive through Los Angeles. Ingmar Bergman. Charles H. Best Actress. Diane Keaton 2. Marshall Brickman Golden Globe Awards record 1. Federico Fellini.

#4 AFI's 100 Years. I don't think Francis Coppola should have done Godfather III because Godfather II was quite great.. readers of Total Film magazine voted it the forty-second greatest comedy film of all time. because we parted. so I [9] don't like that idea so much.#11 AFI's 100 Years. Mahdavi's response: "If worn with a veil. ” Influence on fashion The film also had an influence on the fashion world during the late-70s. this film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally..#2 Romantic Comedy Other awards • In 1992. with many women adopting Keaton's distinctive look. • The film is number 28 on Bravo's 100 Funniest Movies.... and boots. layering oversized.#31 AFI's 100 Years. billowy trousers or long skirts. It was nominated for three more: Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy). The look was often referred to as the "Annie Hall look". one of the top ten movies of the 1970s and as Allen's best film as a director. When they make a sequel. “ I did think once—I'm not going to do it—but I did think once that it would be interesting to see Annie Hall and the guy I played years later.. it's just a thirst for more money. Marshall Brickman • Nominated . or aesthetically significant". historically. But it smacks to me of exploitation.. 100 Movie Quotes (2005): • "La-dee-da. 100 Songs (2004): 14 • "Seems Like Old Times" .. to meet one day and see what our lives have become.Best Writing. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) (2007) . Keaton's wardrobe also included a tie by Ralph Lauren. and it could be interesting... Ali Mahdavi if the Ayatollah Khomeini would approve of "The Annie Hall look" for Iranian women. fine.#90 • AFI's 100 Years. Best Director (Woody Allen). Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen — Woody Allen.Best Actor in a Leading Role — Woody Allen 1978 Golden Globes • Annie Hall won one Golden Globe Award." . Considered sequel Allen says he gets approached "all the time" about making a sequel to Annie Hall.[8] but has repeatedly declined.#35 • AFI's 10 Top 10 (2008) ... • In 2000. la-dee-da. 100 Passions (2002) . • Zagat Survey Movie Guide (2002) ranks Annie Hall one of the top ten comedies of all time..#55 • AFI's 100 Years. saying.. Sequelism has become an annoying thing. 1978 BAFTA Awards • Annie Hall won the BAFTA Award for Best Film American Film Institute recognition • • • • AFI's 100 Years. and Best Actor in Musical or Comedy (Woody Allen).''Annie Hall'' • Won . 100 Movies (1998) . mannish blazers over vests." . for Best Actress in Musical or Comedy (Diane Keaton).. 100 Laughs (2000) . He admitted in a 1995 interview that for a time he considered it. where Garry Trudeau depicts radio interviewer Mark Slackmeyer asking the fictional Iranian revolutionary leader Dr. An example of the influence this look has had on the culture can be found in a 1970s Doonesbury comic strip. Diane Keaton and I could meet now that we're about twenty years older.

htm) at Box Office Mojo Annie Hall (http://www. External links • • • • • • Annie Hall (http://www.allmovie.. Let's just leave her alone. 'Tell her not to wear that. 289. 2002-05-12. com/ culture/ features/ 2005/ 12/ woodyallen200512?currentPage=1).com/m/annie_hall/) at Rotten Tomatoes Good Small Films (http://goodsmallfilms. [9] Bjorkman. "Reconstructing Woody" (http:/ / www. Peter (2005-12). London: Faber and Faber. com/ apps/ pbcs. . 284-285. Vanity Fair. New York Folk Lore Society.. 1995.' And I said.jsp?stid=16636) at the TCM Movie Database Annie Hall (http://www. [6] When the Shooting Stops. The Cutting Begins. by Ralph Rosenblum and Robert Karen.imdb. [4] IMDB: http:/ / www. google.com/title/title.) Woody Allen on Woody Allen. com/ books?id=Q4k5rE4eHjMC) pp. [7] Sam B. Woody Allen on Woody Allen: Revised Edition. It's so crazy. ed. When the Shooting Stops. . imdb. com/ title/ tt0075686/ trivia [5] "The House Under the Roller Coaster" (http:/ / www.'"[2] 15 References [1] "Great Movies: Annie Hall" (http:/ / rogerebert. by Roger Ebert.com/work/2547) at Allmovie Annie Hall (http://tcmdb.122-30 [8] Biskind. "She came in.. The Chicago Sun-Times. Anat Zajdman (1993) Semites and stereotypes: characteristics of Jewish humor (http:/ / books. 'Leave her.''Annie Hall'' Allen recalled that Keaton's natural fashion sense (the outfits that Keaton wore in the film were her own clothes) almost did not end up in the film. Revised Edition 2004. . vanityfair.boxofficemojo. Girgus Philip Roth and Woody Allen: Freud and the Humor of the Repressed in Avner Ziv.com) (Unofficial Woodypedia and blog) . . 75-93. Retrieved 2007-01-23. p. Retrieved 2007-01-23. dll/ article?AID=/ 20020512/ REVIEWS08/ 205120301/ 1023). 2004. by Steve Zeitlin..blogspot. [2] Stig Bjorkman (ed. 1995. org/ pubs/ voicjl27/ dnstate. The Cutting Begins.. suntimes." he recalled in 1995. 51. Spring-Summer 2001. She's a genius.. [3] Ralph Rosenblum and Robert Karen. She can't wear that.com/title/tt0075686/) at the Internet Movie Database Annie Hall (http://www. html). p. let her wear what she wants.rottentomatoes. p. "and the costume lady on Annie Hall said. Stig. Retrieved 2007-01-23.com/movies/?id=anniehall. nyfolklore. London: Faber and Faber. p.

Veronica Cartwright.931.''Alien (film)'' 16 Alien (film) Alien Theatrical release poster by Bill Gold Directed by Produced by Ridley Scott Gordon Carroll David Giler Walter Hill Dan O'Bannon David Giler (uncredited) Walter Hill (uncredited) Dan O'Bannon Ronald Shusett Tom Skerritt Sigourney Weaver Veronica Cartwright Harry Dean Stanton John Hurt Ian Holm Yaphet Kotto Jerry Goldsmith Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Derek Vanlint Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Terry Rawlings Brandywine Productions 20th Century Fox May 25. Sigourney Weaver. The film's title refers to its primary antagonist: a highly aggressive extraterrestrial creature which stalks and kills the crew of a spaceship.801 Aliens Alien is a 1979 science fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Tom Skerritt. Dan . 1979 119 minutes [1] United States English $11 million [2] [3] $104. Harry Dean Stanton. John Hurt. Ian Holm and Yaphet Kotto.

explains that the shuttle will not support four people. Dallas enters the shafts intending to force the Alien into an airlock where it can be expelled into space. Upon receiving a transmission of unknown origin from a nearby planetoid. but it ambushes him. Brett follows the crew's cat into a large room where the now-fully-grown Alien attacks him and disappears with his body into the ship's air shafts. and Lambert discover that the signal is coming from a derelict alien spacecraft. or aesthetically significant". With the ship repaired. Kane. Meanwhile. where Ash allows them inside against Ripley's orders to follow the ship's quarantine protocol. discovering that its blood is an extremely corrosive acid. video games. Alien 3 (1992). electric prods. Science Officer Ash (Ian Holm). Giger. and as the thirty-third greatest movie of all time by Empire magazine.''Alien (film)'' O'Bannon wrote the screenplay from a story by him and Ronald Shusett. resulting in some damage to the ship.[5] and a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. Lacking conventional weapons. and Alien Resurrection (1997). with producers David Giler and Walter Hill making significant revisions and additions to the script.[6] It has remained highly praised in subsequent decades. Best Direction for Scott.[9] [10] The success of Alien spawned a media franchise of novels. Inside it they find the remains of a large alien creature whose ribs appear to have been exploded outward from the inside. R. Kane awakens seemingly unharmed. revealing Ash to be an android. Ash predicts that the . Dallas.[11] The subsequent prequels Alien vs. Alien garnered both critical acclaim and box office success. Kane discovers a vast chamber containing numerous eggs. one of which releases a creature that attaches itself to his face. It also launched Weaver's acting career by providing her with her first lead role. the crew resume their trip back to Earth. and toys. Eventually the creature detaches on its own and is found dead. Lambert implores the remaining crew members to escape in the ship's shuttle. drawing influence from previous works of science fiction and horror. Dallas and Lambert carry the unconscious Kane back to the Nostromo. which Ripley determines to be some type of warning. Captain Dallas (Tom Skerritt). and flamethrowers. Ash attacks her. The film was produced through Brandywine Productions and distributed by 20th Century Fox. the ship's computer awakens the crew. being inducted into the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress in 2002 for historical preservation as a film which is "culturally. the crew attempt to locate and capture the creature by fashioning motion trackers. historically. and Best Supporting Actress for Cartwright. now in command. Executive Officer Kane (John Hurt). but Parker intervenes and decapitates him with a blow from a fire extinguisher. and Navigator Lambert (Veronica Cartwright) set out to investigate the signal's source while Warrant Officer Ripley (Sigourney Weaver). but during a meal before re-entering stasis he begins to choke and convulse until an alien creature bursts from his chest. the crew detaches the Nostromo from the refinery and lands on the planetoid. and the story of her character Ripley's encounters with the Alien creatures became the thematic thread that ran through the sequels Aliens (1986). comic books.[12] Acting on orders from their corporate employers. The titular Alien and its accompanying elements were designed by Swiss surrealist artist H. 17 Plot The commercial towing spaceship Nostromo is on a return trip from Thedus to Earth.[6] [7] [8] In 2008 it was ranked as the seventh-best film in the science fiction genre by the American Film Institute. and Engineers Brett (Harry Dean Stanton) and Parker (Yaphet Kotto) stay behind to monitor their progress and make repairs. the Nostromo's computer partially deciphers the signal transmission. Before Parker incinerates him. as well as three sequel and two prequel films. Predator: Requiem (2007) abandoned this theme in favor of a crossover with the Predator franchise. They unsuccessfully attempt to remove the creature from Kane's face. killing him and escaping into the ship.[4] Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film. receiving an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects. Predator (2004) and Aliens vs. Accessing the ship's computer. while concept artists Ron Cobb and Chris Foss designed the human aspects of the film. Ripley discovers that Ash has been ordered to return the Alien to the Nostromo's corporate employers even at the expense of the crew. along with numerous other award nominations. hauling a refinery and twenty million tons of mineral ore and carrying its seven-member crew in stasis. but Ripley.

"[13] [14] A few years later he began working on a similar story that would focus more on horror: "I knew I wanted to do a scary movie on a spaceship with a small number of astronauts". feeling that this was an interesting plot device by which the alien creature could get onboard the ship. causing explosive decompression which forces the Alien to the open doorway. It attempts to crawl into one of the engines. H. but O'Bannon disliked this and changed it to Alien after noting the number of times that the word appeared in the script. They investigate and their ship breaks down on the surface. however.[13] [15] [17] Shusett came up with the idea that one of the crew members could be implanted with an alien embryo that would later burst out of him. "Dark Star as a horror movie instead of a comedy.[18] Forbidden Planet (1956) gave O'Bannon the idea of a ship being warned not to land. She unsuccessfully attempts to abort the self-destruct. then returns to find the Alien gone and narrowly escapes in the shuttle as the Nostromo explodes. meanwhile. The remaining three crew members plan to arm the Nostromo's self-destruct mechanism and escape in the shuttle.[15] O'Bannon was impressed by Foss' covers for science fiction books. Ripley puts herself and the cat into stasis for the return trip to Earth.[15] [16] The working title of the project was now Star Beast.''Alien (film)'' other crew members will not survive. about gremlins infiltrating a B-17 bomber during World War II. She puts on a space suit and opens the hatch. 18 Origins While studying cinema at the University of Southern California. while he found Giger's work "disturbing":[13] "His paintings had a profound effect on me. a project which took him to Paris for six months. I had never seen anything that was quite as horrible and at the same time as beautiful as his [15] After the Dune project collapsed O'Bannon work. tethering the Alien to the shuttle.[13] [14] O'Bannon had written twenty-nine pages of a script entitled for Alien. Memory comprising what would become the film's opening scenes: a crew of astronauts awaken to find that their voyage has been interrupted because they are receiving a signal from a mysterious planetoid.[13] [16] Though the project ultimately fell through. Ripley discovers that the Alien is aboard the shuttle.[13] [16] In writing the script O'Bannon drew inspiration from many previous works of science fiction and horror. was working on an early version of what would eventually become Total Recall. and set it on the spaceship as the second half of the story."[13] Ronald Shusett. I stole it from everybody!"[18] The Thing from Another World (1951) inspired the idea of professional men being pursued by a deadly alien creature through a claustrophobic environment. it introduced him to several artists whose works gave him ideas for his science fiction story including Chris Foss. R. He and Shusett liked the new title's simplicity and its double meaning as both a noun and adjective.[13] The film included an alien which had been created using a spray-painted beach ball. he later recalled. he contacted O'Bannon and the two agreed to collaborate on their projects. have a clear idea as to what the alien antagonist of the story would be.[13] O'Bannon soon accepted an offer to work on a film adaptation of Dune. As she prepares to enter stasis. but finds the Alien blocking her way. but the gun is yanked from her hands and catches in the closing door. and Jean "Moebius" Giraud. Dan O'Bannon had made a science fiction comedy film with director John Carpenter and concept artist Ron Cobb entitled Dark Star. and then the . She shoots it with a grappling gun which propels it out.[13] [14] Impressed by Dark Star. choosing to work on O'Bannon's film first as they believed it would be less costly to Dan O'Bannon wrote the screenplay produce. And so I ended up writing a script about a Giger monster. Giger." returned to Los Angeles to live with Shusett and the two revived his Memory script. and the experience left O'Bannon "really wanting to do an alien that looked real.[14] [15] He did not yet. Ripley initiates the self-destruct sequence and heads for the shuttle with the cat. Shusett suggested that O'Bannon use one of his other film ideas. but Parker and Lambert are killed by the Alien while gathering the necessary supplies. He later stated that "I didn't steal Alien from anybody. but Ripley activates them and blasts the Alien into space.

"[19] They were on the verge of signing a deal with Roger Corman's studio when a friend offered to find them a better deal and passed the script on to Walter Hill.[13] [23] 19 Direction and design O'Bannon had originally assumed that he would direct Alien.[13] [20] O'Bannon and Shusett signed a deal with Brandywine..[24] [27] His storyboards included designs for the spaceship and space suits. but 20th Century Fox instead asked Hill to direct. including the android character Ash which O'Bannon felt was an unnecessary subplot.''Alien (film)'' crew being killed one by one by a mysterious creature when they defy the warning. but O'Bannon. which Scott quickly accepted.4 million. who had formed a production company called Brandywine with ties to 20th Century Fox. and the only spaceship script they had sitting on their desk was Alien". David Giler. Giger. Simak in which a crew lands on an asteroid and discovers a chamber full of eggs. and various EC Comics horror titles carrying stories in which monsters eat their way out of people. or in fact at not making it even worse.[18] O'Bannon has also noted the influence of "Junkyard" (1953).[13] Hill and Giler did add some substantial elements to the story.[23] [24] Hill declined due to other film commitments as well as not being comfortable with the level of visual effects that would be required. O'Bannon introduced Scott to the artwork of H. R.[25] Peter Yates.[14] He has also cited as influences Strange Relations by Philip José Farmer (1960). describing the film as "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre of science fiction".[14] With roughly eighty-five percent of the plot completed. 20th Century Fox did not express confidence in financing a science fiction film. Shusett and O'Bannon presented their initial script to several studios. drawing influences from films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey and Star Wars.[13] pitching it as "Jaws in space.[23] Despite the multiple rewrites.[18] Planet of the Vampires (1965) contains a scene in which the heroes discover a giant alien skeleton.[24] [26] H. Shusett. and they wanted to follow through fast.[13] [21] This caused tension with O'Bannon and Shusett.[22] but which Shusett later described as "one of the best things in the movie. which impressed 20th Century Fox enough to double the film's budget from $4."[13] O'Bannon believed that they were attempting to justify taking his name off of the script and claiming it as their own. Jack Clayton. and Carroll had been impressed by Ridley Scott's debut feature film The Duellists (1977) and made an offer to him to direct Alien. However. however. R. after the success of Star Wars in 1977 the studio's interest in the genre rose substantially.[13] Alien was greenlit by 20th Century Fox at an initial budget of $4. According to Carroll: "When Star Wars came out and was the extraordinary hit that it was. Giger designed and worked on the Alien and its accompanying elements. a short story by Clifford D.[15] [26] Scott created detailed storyboards for the film in London.[24] [26] Giler.2 million. and Gordon Carroll. which covers alien reproduction."[13] In total Hill and Giler went through eight different drafts of the script..[24] . and the Brandywine team felt that these directors would not take the film seriously and would instead treat it as a B monster movie." O'Bannon recalled that "They wanted to follow through on Star Wars. he was keen on emphasizing horror in Alien rather than fantasy.That whole idea and scenario was theirs. but Hill and Giler were not satisfied with the script and made numerous rewrites and revisions to it. suddenly science fiction became the hot genre. mostly concentrating on the Ash subplot but also making the dialogue more natural and trimming some sequences set on the alien planetoid.[27] However. and Robert Aldrich were considered for the task.2 million to $8. since Hill and Giler had very little experience with science fiction and according to Shusett: "They weren't good at making it better. both of them felt that his painting Necronom IV was the type of representation they wanted for the film's antagonist and began asking the studio to hire him as a designer. Hill. this influenced the Nostromo crew's discovery of the alien creature in the derelict spacecraft.

which went through many design concepts and possible names such as Leviathan and Snark as the script continued to develop.[29] The production team particularly praised Cobb's ability to depict the interior settings of the ship in a realistic and believable manner. [15] [26] 20 –Ron Cobb on his designs for Alien.''Alien (film)'' 20th Century Fox initially believed Giger's work was too ghastly for audiences. to head the casting in the United Kingdom. the derelict spacecraft.2 km) long and 1. I've always felt that there's another way to do it: a lot of effort should be expended toward rendering the environment of the spaceship. and Goldberg free to interpret the characters as they liked and to cast accordingly.[15] [28] Casting Casting calls and auditions for Alien were held in both New York and London. O'Bannon brought in artists Ron Cobb and Chris Foss (with whom he had worked on Dark Star and Dune.[15] Cobb also created some conceptual drawings of the Alien. called Narcissus in the script. The final name of the ship was derived from the title of Joseph Conrad's 1904 novel Nostromo. and his costume renderings served as the basis for the final space suits created by costume designer John Mollo. while the escape shuttle. They wanted the Nostromo's crew to resemble working astronauts in a realistic environment. Under Ridley Scott's direction the design of the Nostromo shifted towards an 800-foot (240 m)-long tug towing a refining platform 2 miles (3. while Mary Goldberg handled casting in the United States. respectively) to work on designs for the human aspects of the film such as the spaceship and space suits."[24] Scott flew to Zürich to meet Giger and recruited him to work on all aspects of the Alien and its environment including the surface of the planetoid. who had worked with him on The Duellists.5 miles (2.[27] [30] Scott has stated that this concept was inspired partly by Star Wars. whatever the fantastic setting of your story should be–as convincingly as possible. .[27] He employed casting director Mary Selway. he knew that the biggest single design problem. but these were not used.[27] With only seven human characters in the story. or space travel.[24] [26] I resent films that are so shallow they rely entirely on their visual effects. maybe the biggest problem in the film."[30] [32] This left Scott.[26] According to Gordon Carroll: "The first second that Ridley saw Giger's work.[24] [28] Moebius was attached to the project for a few days as well.4 km) wide. and all four forms of the Alien from the egg to the adult. Scott sought to hire strong actors so that he could focus most of his energy on the film's visual style.[30] [31] In developing the story O'Bannon had focused on writing the Alien first. which deviated from the pristine future often depicted in science [33] fiction films of the time. and of course science fiction films are notorious for this. That way the story and the characters emerge and they become more real.[24] He and Shusett had therefore written all of the roles as generic males with a note in the script explicitly stating that "The crew is unisex and all parts are interchangeable for men or women.[24] [28] Cobb created hundreds of preliminary sketches of the interiors and exteriors of the ship. a concept summed up as "truckers in space". was named after Conrad's 1897 novella The Nigger of the 'Narcissus'. putting off developing the characters for a later draft. but always in the background. but the Brandywine team were persistent and eventually won out. Selway. had been solved.

Badejo was discovered in a bar by a member of the casting team. particularly towards the less-experienced Weaver. Stanton's first words to Scott during his audition were "I don't like sci fi or monster movies. .[30] [35] The role of Ripley was Weaver's first leading role in a motion picture.[37] She originally read for the role of Ripley. so Jon Finch was cast as Kane instead. Hurt was Scott's first choice for the role but was contracted on a film in South Africa during Alien's filming dates. creating the illusion that there could not possibly be a human being inside the costume. the Executive Officer who becomes the host for the Alien.[27] [30] • Harry Dean Stanton as Brett. the Engineering Technician. and performed most of her screen tests in-studio as the sets were being built. Later.[22] • John Hurt as Kane. Stanton.[15] [34] [35] Stuntmen Eddie Powell and Roy Scammell also portrayed the Alien in some scenes. his South African project having fallen through. the Captain of the Nostromo. who felt that this would help Alien stand out in the otherwise [30] Weaver. and Hill with her audition. Skerritt had been approached early in the film's development but declined as it did not yet have a director and had a very low budget. the Warrant Officer onboard the Nostromo.[6] To assist the actors in preparing for their roles. which had also exacerbated a case of bronchitis. Hurt was in London. and that this helped make the characters more convincing: The principal cast members of Alien. could portray the Alien and look as if his arms and legs were too long to be real. the ship's Science Officer who is revealed to be an android under orders to bring the Alien back to the Nostromo's corporate employers. at 7 feet 2 inches (218 cm) and with a slender frame. Skerritt. Giler. having acted in The Birds (1963) and Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978). and earned her nominations for a Saturn Award for Best Actress and a BAFTA award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Role.[40] Film critic Roger Ebert has noted that the actors in Alien were older than was typical in thriller films at the time. and was not informed that she had instead been cast as Lambert until she arrived in London for wardrobe. in film. impressed Scott.[5] [6] • Ian Holm as Ash. The decision to make the lead character a woman was made by Giler and Hill. Weaver. translated convincingly on film as tension between their respective characters. who put him in touch with Ridley Scott. Finch became ill during the first day of shooting and was diagnosed with severe diabetes. and Hurt. the Nostromo's navigator.[6] • Yaphet Kotto as Parker. Kotto. the Chief Engineer.''Alien (film)'' The principal cast members of Alien were: • Bolaji Badejo as The Alien.[35] but nevertheless accepted the role: "They convinced me that I was the audience's fears.[15] [36] 21 • Veronica Cartwright as Lambert. Ridley Scott wrote several pages of backstory for each character explaining their histories.[30] [39] His performance earned him a nomination for a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. when Scott was attached as director and the budget had been doubled."[30] Cartwright won a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance."[27] Scott was amused and convinced Stanton to take the role after reassuring him that Alien would actually be a thriller more akin to Ten Little Indians. and he quickly replaced Finch.[34] [35] Scott believed that Badejo. I was a reflection of what the audience is feeling. A Nigerian design student. a character actor who in 1979 had already been in twenty films. Skerritt accepted the role of Dallas.[30] • Tom Skerritt as Dallas.[30] [38] She disliked the character's emotional weakness. Holm. was the most experienced actor cast for Alien.[27] • Sigourney Weaver as Ripley. and tensions between some of the cast members. Cartwright. Left to right: Holm. Kotto was chosen partly to add diversity to the cast and give the Nostromo crew an international flavor.[35] However. She was the last actor to be cast for the film.[23] [40] He filmed many of their rehearsals in order to capture spontaneity and improvisation.[39] By this point. Cartwright had previous experience in horror and science fiction films. who had Broadway experience but was relatively unknown male-dominated genre of science fiction.

Many recent action pictures have improbably young actors cast as key roles or sidekicks. Alien achieves a certain texture without even making a point of it: These are not adventurers but workers. author of Beautiful Monsters: The Unofficial and Unauthorised Guide to the Alien and Predator Films. 1978. To move around the sets the actors had to navigate through the hallways of the ship. Harry Dean Stanton was 53.[40] [42] For scenes showing the exterior of the Nostromo a 58-foot (18 m) landing leg was constructed to give a sense of the ship's size. Tom Skerritt. adding to the film's sense of claustrophobia and realism.[31] Production time was short due to the film's low budget and pressure from 20th Century Fox to finish on schedule. the captain. no venting for their exhaled carbon dioxide to escape. He notes that part of the film's effectiveness in frightening viewers "comes from the fact that the audience can all identify with the characters.[40] A crew of over 200 workmen and technicians constructed the three principal sets: The surface of the alien planetoid and the interiors of the Nostromo and derelict spacecraft. Hurt was 39 but looked older. and only Veronica Cartwright at 29 and Weaver at 30 were in the age range of the usual thriller cast."[41] 22 Set design and filming Alien was filmed over fourteen weeks from July 5 to October 21. computer monitors.[43] [47] Some of the Nostromo's corridors were created from portions of scrapped bomber aircraft. these conditions nearly caused the actors to pass out and nurses had to be kept on-hand with oxygen tanks to help keep them going. and gravel were shipped into the studio to sculpt a desert landscape for the planetoid's surface..[27] Tons of sand. with each deck occupying a separate stage and the various rooms connected via corridors. deriving "Weylan" from the British Leyland Motor Corporation and "Yutani" from the name of his Japanese neighbor. plaster. and a mirror was used to create the illusion of longer corridors in the below-deck area. then made moulds and casts and scaled them up as diagrams for the wood and fiberglass forms of the sets.Everyone aboard the Nostromo is a normal. The sets of the Nostromo's three decks were each created almost entirely in one piece. industrial look and make it appear as [43] Ron Cobb created industrial-style symbols and though it was constructed of "retrofitted old technology". working Joe just like the rest of us. motion trackers. was 46. The children nearly collapsed due to the heat of the suits.[11] David McIntee.[15] The suits themselves were thick. They just happen to live and work in the future.[15] [40] [44] The sets used large transistors and low-resolution computer screens to give the ship a "used".[28] [46] and it has remained a central aspect of the film franchise. had no cooling systems and.''Alien (film)'' [N]one of them were particularly young. but by skewing older.[28] [45] The 1986 sequel Aliens named the company as "Weyland-Yutani".[42] [43] The same technique was used for the scene in which the crew members encounter the dead alien creature in the derelict spacecraft. initially.[15] [39] . rock. the name and logo of "Weylan-Yutani" appears on several set pieces and props such as computer monitors and beer cans. so he had his two sons and the son of one of the cameramen stand in for the regular actors. However.[29] Cobb created the name to imply a business alliance between Britain and Japan.. Ridley Scott still did not think that it looked large enough. [40] [42] and eventually oxygen systems were added to assist the actors in breathing. a technique he had used while working on Star Wars. while model and miniature filming was done at Bray Studios in Water Oakley. has praised the acting and characterizations in Alien. including moving chairs. fiberglass. Art Director Roger Christian used scrap metal and parts to create set pieces and props in order to save money. bulky. wearing smaller space suits in order to make the set pieces seem larger. Yaphet Kotto was 42. hired by a company to return 20 million tons of ore to Earth.[43] Special effects supervisors Brian Johnson and Nick Allder made many of the set pieces and props actually function. and flamethrowers. The company that owns the Nostromo is not named in the film. everyday.[15] Art Director Les Dilley created 1/24th scale miniatures of the planetoid's surface and derelict spacecraft based on Giger's designs. and is referred to by the characters as "the company".[42] Combined with a heat wave. Principal photography took place at Shepperton Studios in London. Holm was 48. and lined with nylon. [43] color-coded signs for various areas and aspects of the ship. which the actors would walk across wearing space suit costumes.

[39] [40] H. Giger designed and worked on all of the alien aspects of the film.it's sort of visceral". offering a contrast of the human. By removing the glycerin she was able to continue working with the cats.[15] [43] For the interior of the derelict spacecraft and egg chamber he used dried bones together with plaster to sculpt much of the scenery and elements. .[43] [48] Giger airbrushed the entire The origin of the jockey creature was not explored in the film. Ridley Scott described the set as the cockpit or driving deck of the mysterious ship.[15] Alien originally was to conclude with the destruction of the Nostromo while Ripley escapes in the shuttle Narcissus.''Alien (film)'' Four matching cats were used to portray Jones. and space jockey cultures. However.R. proved problematic as 20th Century Fox did not want to spend the money for such an expensive set that would only be used for one scene. which the production team nicknamed the "space jockey". but the producers vetoed this idea as they believed that the Alien had to die at the end of [49] the film. Children stood in Veronica Cartwright described Giger's sets as "so [43] [48] for the regular actors to make the set seem larger on screen. erotic. Ridley Scott conceived of a "fourth act" to the film in which the Alien appears on the shuttle and Ripley is forced to confront it.. and the production team was able to convince the studio that the scene was important to impress the audience and make them aware that this was not a B movie.. He pitched the idea to 20th Century Fox and negotiated an increase in the budget in order to film the scene over several extra days.[15] set and the "space jockey" by hand. like you're going inside of some sort of womb or whatever. but they were eventually discarded due to budgetary concerns and the need to trim the length of the film..[22] [49] Scott had wanted the Alien to bite off Ripley's head and then make the final log entry in her voice. and the "space jockey" sat atop a disc that [48] 23 could be rotated to facilitate shots from different angles in relation to the actors. Alien. Foss. which he designed to appear organic and biomechanical in contrast to the industrial look of the Nostromo and its human elements. the Nostromo crew's pet.[15] [43] Giger airbrushed the "space jockey" set by hand. and that the ship might have been a weapons carrier capable of dropping Alien eggs onto a planet so that the Aliens could use the local lifeforms as hosts.the whole thing is [15] It was redressed to double as the egg chamber.. and Giger each created concept artwork for these sequences.[31] During filming Sigourney Weaver discovered that she was allergic to the combination of cat hair and the glycerin placed on the actors' skin to make them appear sweaty.[15] Instead the egg chamber was set inside the derelict ship and was filmed on the same set as the space jockey scene.[22] In early versions of the script the eggs were to be located in a separate pyramid structure which would be found later by the Nostromo crew and would contain statues and hieroglyphs depicting the Alien reproductive cycle. the entire disc piece supporting the jockey and its chair were removed and the set was redressed to create the egg chamber.it's big vaginas and penises. but Scott later theorized that it might have been the ship's pilot.[43] [48] To save money only one wall of the set was created...[43] The set with the deceased alien creature.[16] Cobb.

''Alien (film)'' 24 Special effects and creature design Spaceships and planets The spaceships and planets for the film were shot using models and miniatures. then mixing chemicals and dyes onto transparencies and projecting them onto it.[50] [51] The designs of the Nostromo and its attachments were based on combinations of Ridley Scott's storyboards and Ron Cobb's conceptual drawings.[50] [51] Shots from outside the ship in which the characters are seen through windows moving around inside were filmed using larger models which contained projection screens showing pre-recorded footage.4 t) rig for the undocking and planetoid surface sequences.[50] A separate model was created for the exterior of the derelict alien spacecraft.[50] [52] Only one shot was filmed using blue screen compositing: that of the shuttle racing past the Nostromo. and a 12-foot (3. shots. and the team filmed shots of the models for six weeks before Johnson left to work on The Empire Strikes Back. This created the illusion that the arm was pushing the ship forward. Visual Effects Supervisor Brian Johnson. with stars added via double exposure.[15] [51] Scott insisted on numerous changes to the models even as filming was taking place. These included models of the Nostromo.[50] A separate model.[15] giving them the appearance of motion. the escape shuttle Narcissus. The team therefore used a camera with wide-angle lenses mounted on a drive mechanism to make slow passes over and around the models filming at 2½ per second. causing the arm to extend out from the refinery. the refinery. roughly 30 miles (48 km) from Shepperton Studios where principal filming was taking place. the film's budget would not allow for it.[50] [51] He ordered more and more pieces added to the model until the final large version with the refinery required a metal framework so that it could be lifted by a forklift. tanks. 7-short-ton (6. a 30-foot (9.[50] The surface as seen from space during the landing sequence was created by painting a globe white. and World War II bombers. He also took a hammer and chisel to sections of the refinery. Scott then ordered it changed to gray. The other shots were simply filmed against black backdrops.7 m). and the team had to begin shooting again from scratch. which was covered in black velvet. but some drafts of the script gave it the name Acheron[35] after the river which in Greek mythology is described as the "stream of woe".[51] Though motion control photography technology was available at the time. Three models of the passes filming at 2½ frames per second to give Nostromo were made: a 12-inch (30 cm) version for medium and long [15] the models the appearance of motion. was created for the Nostromo's underside from which the Narcissus would detach and from which Kane's body would be launched during the funeral scene. approximately 40 feet (12 m) long. the alien planetoid. Scott also had disagreements with lighting technician Denny Ayling over how to light the models. and the exterior and interior of the derelict spacecraft. Matte paintings were used to fill in areas of the ship's interior as well as exterior shots of the planetoid's surface. and their team worked at Bray Studios. and most of the fine details were added from model kits of Ridley Scott filming model shots of the Nostromo and its attached ore refinery.[50] The basic outlines of the models were made of wood and plastic. and which forms the border of Hell in Dante's Inferno. a branch of the river Styx. its attached mineral refinery. The 1986 sequel Aliens named the . Bower carved Kane's burial shroud out of wood and it was launched through the hatch using a small catapult and filmed at high speed. a 4-foot (1. He made slow battleships. then slowed down in editing. The Nostromo was pushed away from the refinery by the forklift.1 m) docking arm was created using pieces from model railway kits. The Nostromo was originally yellow. supervising modelmaker Martin Bower.[15] [51] The planetoid was not named in the film. [50] For the scene in which the Nostromo detaches from Scott added smoke and wind effects to enhance the illusion. knocking off many of its spires which Bower had spent weeks creating.2 m) version for rear shots. leading to conflicts with the modeling and filming teams.

The chestburster was shoved up through the torso by a puppeteer who held it on a stick. with help from Ron Cobb.[34] [48] Chestburster The design of the "chestburster" was inspired by Francis Bacon's 1944 painting Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion.[34] For the filming of the chestburster scene the cast members knew that the creature would be The "chestburster" was shoved up through the table and false torso bursting out of Hurt. then reversed and slowed down in editing to prolong the effect and show more detail. going through several versions in different sizes before deciding on a small creature with humanlike fingers and a long tail. which became the final version. shocking her enough that she fell over and went into hysterics. Scott used pieces of fish and shellfish to create its viscera. All of a sudden this thing just came up.[34] Giger's original design resembled a plucked chicken.[34] [48] Initial test shots of the eggs were filmed [34] [44] giving it human-like fingers and a long tail. and had seen the chestburster [34] by a puppeteer. which was made of a sheep's intestine. For this reason a hen's egg was used as the primary image for the film's advertising poster. and the innards were made of a cow's stomach and The "facehugger" was the first creature Giger designed for the film. since the acid would burn through the ship's hull. with Hurt's head and arms coming up from underneath the table.[34] . The shot was acted out and filmed in reverse. an effect accomplished by cutting a slit in the table for the puppeteer's stick to go through and passing an air hose through the puppet's tail to make it whip about. would also be bursting out in every direction from [39] [54] The scene was high-pressure pumps and squibs.[34] [48] The facehugger itself was the first creature that Giger designed for the film. tripe. The scene has been recognized as one of the puppet.[53] 25 Egg and facehugger The scene of Kane inspecting the egg was shot during post-production.''Alien (film)'' planetoid as "LV-426". In Alien the planetoid is said to be located somewhere in the Zeta2 Reticuli system.[22] [44] Cobb came up with the idea that the creature could have a powerful acid for blood.[48] The "facehugger" and its proboscis. and this footage was used in early teaser trailers.[16] [22] For the scene in which the dead facehugger is examined. which was provided by Ridley Scott fluttering his hands inside the egg while wearing rubber gloves. which was redesigned and refined into the final version seen onscreen. shot in one take using an artificial torso filled with blood and viscera. but they had not been told that fake blood film's most memorable. She had no idea what the hell happened. When the creature burst through the chest a stream of blood shot directly at Veronica Cartwright. A fiberglass egg was used so that actor John Hurt could shine his light on it and see movement inside. a characteristic that would carry over to the adult Alien and would make it impossible for the crew to kill it by conventional means such as guns or explosives."[34] The creature then runs off-camera. and became a lasting image for the series as a whole rather than the Alien egg that actually appears in the film. using hen's eggs. were shot out of the egg using high-pressure air hoses.[46] and both names have been used for it in subsequent expanded universe media such as comic books and video games.[48] The top of the egg opened via hydraulics.[15] [34] [39] According to Tom Skerritt: "What you saw on camera was the real response.[34] [44] Dan O'Bannon drew his own version based on Giger's design.

a man."[15] The Alien has been referred to as "one of the most iconic movie monsters in film history" in the decades since the film's release. and the Alien will alter shape so you never really know exactly what he looks like. so . made by taking a full-body plaster cast of him.[59] [60] Bolaji Badejo in costume as the Alien. A latex costume was specifically made to fit Badejo's 7-foot-2-inch (218 cm) slender frame.[34] [35] For some scenes. For most of the film's scenes the Alien was portrayed by Bolaji Badejo. The most important thing in a film of this type is not what you see. which protruded from the main mouth and had a second mouth at the tip of it with its own set of movable teeth. Well. the creature was portrayed by stuntmen Eddie Powell and Roy Scammell. but then it would be.[55] In subsequent years the chestburster scene has often been voted as one of the most memorable moments in film. The audience could thus project their own fears into imagining what the rest of the creature might look like:[34] "Every movement is going to be very slow. because in the end it's always been a man in a rubber suit. [15] –Ridley Scott Scott chose not to show the Alien in full through most of the film.[49] while in April 2007 the original Alien suit was sold at auction. making some modifications in order to incorporate the moving parts which would animate the jaw and inner mouth.[61] Roger Ebert has remarked that "Alien uses a tricky device to keep the alien fresh throughout the movie: It evolves the nature and appearance of the creature. being noted for its biomechanical appearance and sexual overtones.[34] A system of hinges and cables was used to operate the creature's rigid tongue. there's one way to deal with that. and was hidden under the smooth. very graceful.[34] The final head had about nine hundred moving parts and points of articulation.[15] [36] in that scene a costumed Powell was suspended [34] [48] on wires and then lowered in an unfurling motion. a Nigerian design student. ranking it above the decapitation scene in The Omen (1976) and the transformation sequence in An American Werewolf in London (1981). wouldn't it? It takes on elements of the host – in this case. He sculpted the creature's body using plasticine. who had worked on the aliens in Close Encounters of the Third Kind.[34] Part of a human skull was used as the "face". incorporating pieces such as vertebrae from snakes and cooling tubes from a Rolls-Royce. but the effect of what you think you saw. During preview screenings the crew noticed that some viewers would move towards the back of the theater so as not to be too close to the screen during the sequence.[57] 26 The Alien Giger made several conceptual paintings of the adult Alien before crafting the final version. translucent cover of the head.[58] Copious amounts of K-Y Jelly were used to simulate saliva and to give the Alien an overall slimy appearance.[15] [34] Scott later commented that "It's a man in a suit.[56] In 2007 the British film magazine Empire named it as the greatest 18-rated moment in film as part of its "18th birthday" issue.[34] [44] The creature's vocalizations were provided by Percy Edwards. I've never liked horror films before. The suit was made of latex. such as when the Alien lowers itself from the ceiling to kill Brett. showing only pieces of it while keeping most of its body in shadow in order to heighten the sense of terror and suspense.[35] Rambaldi's original Alien jaw is now on display in the Smithsonian Institution.[52] Rambaldi followed Giger's designs closely."[26] Badejo attended tai chi and mime classes in order to create convincing movements for the Alien. a voice artist famous for providing bird sounds for British television throughout the 1960s and 1970s as well as the whale sounds for Orca: Killer Whale (1977).[34] [35] The creature's head was manufactured separately by Carlo Rambaldi.''Alien (film)'' The real-life surprise of the actors gave the scene an intense sense of realism and made it one of the film's most memorable moments. with the head as a separate piece housing the moving parts which controlled the second mouth.

[60] [63] [64] [65] Jerry Goldsmith composed the music for Alien.then we could go as fast as we liked because you've sucked people into a corner and then attacked them. a Grammy Award for Best Soundtrack Album. as it bursts from the chest of poor Kane (John Hurt). which is completely different from what they do today. dripping vaginal mouth. It is unmistakably phallic in shape.[63] Scott did not like Goldsmith's original main title piece.[55] [63] .[40] During a preview screening of the film this scene caused a female usher to faint. and re-edited some of Goldsmith's cues and re-scored several sequences to match these cues and even left the temporary score in place in some parts of the finished film. further editing trimmed the final version to just under two hours.[60] Goldsmith wanted to create a sense of romanticism and lyrical mystery in the film's opening scenes. caviar. Scott praised Goldsmith's score as "full of dark beauty"[60] and "seriously threatening.[63] Scott and Rawlings edited much of the film to have a slow pace in order to build suspense for the more tense and frightening moments. which would build throughout the film to suspense and fear.[6] The score has been released as a soundtrack album in several versions with different tracks and sequences.'"[11] 27 Ash For the scene in which Ash is revealed to be an android and has his head knocked off.2 ("Romantic") for the end credits. Ridley Scott had originally wanted the film to be scored by Isao Tomita.. According to Rawlings: "I think the way we did get it right was by keeping it slow.."[63] The first cut of the film was over three hours long.[40] [49] Music The musical score for Alien was composed by Jerry Goldsmith. and performed by the National Philharmonic Orchestra. Jr. conducted by Lionel Newman. and the critic Tim Dirks mentions its 'open. including a piece from Freud: The Secret Passion. Scott and Rawlings had also become attached to several of the musical cues they had used for the temporary score while editing the film. so to speak.The first time we get a good look at the alien. for portions of this scene an animatronic head was made using a face cast of actor Ian Holm.[49] However the latex of the head shrank while drying and the result was not entirely convincing.[63] Terry Rawlings served as Editor..[55] [62] In the following scene Ash's head is placed on a table and re-activated.[63] Goldsmith later remarked that "you can see that I was sort of like going at opposite ends of the pole with the filmmakers of the picture. and to use the andante from Howard Hanson's Symphony No. and a BAFTA Award for Best Film Music."[63] Nevertheless. so Goldsmith rewrote it as "the obvious thing: weird and strange. but 20th Century Fox wanted a more familiar composer and Goldsmith was recommended by then-President of Fox Alan Ladd. funny enough. pasta. and glass marbles were used to show the android's inner workings and fluids. a puppet was created of the character's torso and upper body which was operated from underneath by a small puppeteer.''Alien (film)'' we never know quite what it looks like or what it can do. having previously worked with Scott on editing sound for The Duellists. however. and which everybody loved."[63] It was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score.[66] Editing Editing and post-production work on Alien took roughly twenty weeks to complete. And I think that's how it worked. And I think the slowness of it made the moments that you wanted people to be sort of scared."[60] [63] Another source of tension was editor Terry Rawlings' choice to use pieces of Goldsmith's music from previous films.[40] For the bulk of the scene Holm knelt under the table with his head coming up through a hole and milk.. but beautiful.

into an egg.801 in the United States and $24.[55] Others.[31] The film had no official premier in the United States. however. A subsequent screening in a newer theater in Dallas went significantly better.being consumed. [62] –Editor Terry Rawlings describing the film's screening in Dallas. and a shortened version of it was re-inserted into the 2003 "Director's Cut" which was re-released in theaters and on DVD. sets... by whatever the Alien's organism is. Best Make-up for Pat Hay.931. eliciting genuine fright from the audience.000 in the United States and £7.[68] It was rated "R" in the United States. metamorphosing.[55] It ultimately grossed $80. and "M" in Australia.[55] Critical reaction to the film was initially mixed. Best Editing for Terry Rawlings.000 internationally. we're all rooting for her to get out of there.801. believing it to be the work of the devil. Leslie Dilley. Her trying to get the hell out of there. The first consisted of rapidly-changing still images set to some of Jerry Goldsmith's electronic music from Logan's Run. but it did not open widely in Britain until January 13.[4] [6] It won Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film.[20] [67] 28 Release and reception It was the most incredible preview I've ever been in.[43] while Ivor Powell suggested that "Dallas is found in the ship as an egg. Louis suffered from poor sound in the theater. I mean. Best Special Effects for Brian Johnson and Nick Allder. were positive about the film's merits.000.''Alien (film)'' One scene that was cut from the film occurred during Ripley's final escape from the Nostromo: she encounters Dallas and Brett who have been partially cocooned by the Alien. I guess. Best Direction for Ridley Scott.[55] [62] Religious zealots set fire to the model of the space jockey. and Best Supporting Actress for Veronica Cartwright.[69] A review by Time Out said the film was an "empty bag of tricks whose production values and expensive trickery cannot disguise imaginative poverty".[55] Alien did have a formal premiere in the United Kingdom at the Odeon Leicester Square on September 6. 1979. and Best Writing for Dan O'Bannon. people were screaming and running out of the theater.[55] The film was previewed in various American cities in the spring of 1979[55] and was promoted by the tagline "In space no one can hear you scream. were not: Reviews by Variety."[63] The footage was included amongst other deleted scenes as a special feature on the Laserdisc release of Alien.[5] and was also nominated in the categories of Best Actress for Sigourney Weaver. 1980. Vincent Canby and Leonard Maltin were mixed or negative. such as Barry Norman of the BBC's Film series. Sight and Sound. still alive. Some critics who were not usually favorable towards science fiction.[6] It was also nominated for British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) awards for Best Costume Design for John Mollo. Roger Christian..900.931. making $78. and for her to slow up and have a conversation with Dallas was not appropriate.[62] Two theatrical trailers were shown to the public.[20] Production Designer Michael Seymour later suggested that Dallas had "become sort of food for the alien creature"."[63] Scott remarked that "they're morphing."[22] The scene was cut partly because it did not look realistic enough and partly because it slowed the pace of the escape sequence. O'Bannon had intended the scene to indicate that Brett was becoming an Alien egg while Dallas was held nearby to be implanted by the resulting facehugger..[20] [49] Tom Skerritt remarked that "The picture had to have that pace."[62] [68] Alien opened in theaters on May 25. 1979. and Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Role for . An initial screening of Alien for 20th Century Fox representatives in St. Best Supporting Actor for John Hurt.000 in the United Kingdom during its first run.[70] The film was a commercial success. The second used test footage of a hen's egg set to part of Goldsmith's Alien score. bringing its total worldwide gross to $104. yet moviegoers lined up for blocks to see it at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood where a number of models. and Ian Whittaker).886.[3] Accolades Alien won the 1979 Academy Award for Visual Effects and was also nominated for Best Art Direction (for Michael Seymour. "X" in the United Kingdom. they are changing into. and props were displayed outside to promote it during its first run.

the Grammy Award for Best Soundtrack Album. Sigourney Weaver remained the only recurring actor through all four films.[53] Several computer games based on the film were released. comic books. Sigourney Weaver has expressed interest in reuniting with Ridley Scott to revive her character for another Alien film. as well as a board game in which players raced to be first to reach the shuttle pod while Aliens roamed the Nostromo's corridors and air shafts.[53] Official Halloween costumes of the Alien were released for October 1979. she and Scott both speculated on the possibility.[6] Jerry Goldsmith's score received nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score..[66] A twelve-inch tall model kit of the Alien was released by the Model Products Corporation in the United States and by Airfix in the United Kingdom. Predator: Requiem (2007) abandoning [73] [74] [75] the Ripley character in favor of prequel stories set in the 2000s. A number of these began appearing under the Alien vs.. a number of merchandise items and media were released and sold to coincide with the film.[72] The success of the film series resulted in the creation of a media franchise with numerous novels. These included a novelization by Alan Dean Foster. S. with Paul W. with Weaver stating: "There is an appetite for a fifth one. reprising her role as Ripley in three sequels between 1986 and 1997. each by different writers and directors. . The film series eventually followed suit. and a single of the main theme was released in 1980. Predator crossovers of the 2000s. ultimately sacrificing herself to prevent her employers from acquiring the creatures.[60] Heavy Metal magazine published a comic strip adaptation of the film entitled Alien: The Illustrated Story. and the story of her character Ripley's encounters with the Aliens became the thematic thread running through the series. while Giger's Alien contained much of H. which was adapted from the film's shooting script.it's really hard to come up with a fifth story that's new and fresh.[6] 29 Merchandising Around and shortly after Alien's release in theaters. as well as a 1980 Alien calendar. video games.[46] David Fincher's Alien 3 (1992) had nihilistic tones[41] and found her on a prison planet battling another Alien. but has expressed interest in doing a fifth Alien film. which is something I never expected.[53] Kenner also produced a larger-scale Alien action figure.[53] Sequels The success of Alien led 20th Century Fox to finance three direct sequels over the next eighteen years. Giger's concept artwork for the movie. and other media and merchandise appearing over the years. which brought the Alien creatures together with the titular Predators of the Predator franchise.[60] A soundtrack album was released as an LP featuring selections of Goldsmith's score. Predator (2004) and Colin and Greg Strause's Aliens vs.[6] It also won a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and was nominated for a British Society of Cinematographers award for Best Cinematography for Derek Vanlint. Predator crossover imprint. Despite not appearing in either prequel. but not until several years after its theatrical run. and a BAFTA Award for Best Film Music. as well as a Silver Seashell award for Best Cinematography and Special Effects at the San Sebastián International Film Festival.''Alien (film)'' Sigourney Weaver. toys.but I have wanted to go back into Sigourney Weaver became the star of the Alien films.[11] James Cameron's Aliens (1986) focused more on action and involved Ripley returning to the planetoid accompanied by marines to confront hordes of Aliens.. in both adult and "junior" versions.[60] Two behind-the-scenes books were released in 1979 to accompany the film: The Book of Alien contained many production photographs and details on the making of the film.R. Anderson's Alien vs.[71] Jean-Pierre Jeunet's Alien Resurrection (1997) saw Ripley resurrected through cloning to battle more Aliens even further in the future. She did not appear in either of the Alien vs.. In the 2003 commentary track for the Alien DVD included in the Alien Quadrilogy set.

the set would also include alternate versions of all four films in the form of "special editions" and "director's cuts". However. Such is not the case with Alien: The Director's Cut.. which grossed it an additional $40. In addition. It's a completely different beast. Ridley is enthusiastic about it. Scott felt that it was too long and chose to recut it into a more streamlined alternate version: Upon viewing the proposed expanded version of the film. in the interest of giving the fans a new experience with Alien."[22] Scott remarked that. both singly and packaged with Aliens and Alien 3 as The Alien Legacy. the producers of the first five films in the series.[77] Cameron had been working on a story for a fifth Alien film which would explore the origins of the creatures.. Walter Hill. A few months later the set was re-released with the full version of Alien Resurrection taking the place of the making-of video.[55] Several VHS releases were subsequently sold both singly and as boxed sets. I figured there had to be an appropriate middle ground. which he felt would "kill the validity of the franchise".[78] [79] Weaver has continued to express interest in another installment."[80] In July 2009 20th Century Fox announced that Jon Spaihts had been hired to write a prequel to Alien. and Gordon Carroll.[53] [82] The first three films of the series have also been packaged as the Alien Triple Pack. stating in 2008 that "I would definitely do another if I had a director like Ridley Scott and we had a good idea.[83] Upon viewing the expanded version. but very generally. Laserdisc and Videodisc versions followed. in turn. including some of the deleted scenes from the Laserdisc editions.[82] Alien was released on DVD in 1999. which would include Alien and its three sequels. would not be willing to produce another unless it was about the Aliens' homeworld and Weaver was on board (although Hill did return to produce Aliens vs. the most logical course would be to explore the origins of the space jockey and the Aliens. I felt that the cut was simply too long and the pacing completely thrown off.so we've been talking about it. stating that "I think it would be great to go back. this version is being called "The . For marketing purposes. if the series were to continue.[53] [82] This set was also released in a VHS version and included a commentary track by Ridley Scott. 'cause Earth is so grim. [83] –Ridley Scott In 2003 20th Century Fox was preparing the Alien Quadrilogy DVD box set. The first of these was a seventeen-minute Super-8 version for home projectionists. Weaver.[76] Weaver supported this idea."[22] David Giler stated that he.300. and to restore several scenes which had been cut during the editing process for inclusion in an expanded version of the film.''Alien (film)'' space. another set of the first three films was released including a Making of Alien Resurrection tape.[53] [82] A VHS box set containing Alien and the sequels Aliens and Alien 3 was released in facehugger-shaped boxes. because I'm asked that question so many times: 'Where did the Alien come from?' People really want to know in a very visceral way.[81] 30 Home video releases Alien has been released in many home video formats and packages over the years. and that the film has been restored to its original. Fox approached Ridley Scott to digitally restore and remaster Alien. but ceased work on it when he learned that Fox was pursuing Alien vs. Predator. including deleted scenes and director commentary as bonus features.I think outer space adventure is a good thing for us right now. I cut those scenes out for a reason back in 1979. 2003 Director's Cut The traditional definition of the term "Director's Cut" suggests the restoration of a director's original vision. with Scott attached to direct..000 in the United States alone. untampered form. free of any creative limitations. After all. indicated that she would only return to the franchise if either Scott or James Cameron were directing..[82] When Alien Resurrection premiered in theaters. It suggests that the filmmaker has finally overcome the interference of heavy-handed studio executives. Predator: Requiem). I chose to go in and recut that proposed long version into a more streamlined and polished alternate version of the film.[53] It was also released on both VHS and Betamax for rental.

and Discord in Scarlet. Alien had both an immediate and long-term impact on the science fiction and horror genres. and was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best DVD Collection and Golden Satellite Awards for Best DVD Extras and Best Overall DVD. saying that "For all intents and purposes.[6] In 2010 both the theatrical version and Director's Cut of Alien were released on Blu-ray Disc as part of the Alien Anthology set. Shortly after its debut.. 2003."[83] The "Director's Cut" restored roughly four minutes of deleted footage while cutting about five minutes of other material. Other science fiction films of the time that exploited elements of Alien included Inseminoid [85] (1981) and Xtro (1982).[84] In the wake of Alien's success a number of other filmmakers imitated or adapted some of its elements. O'Bannon was able to prove that he had written his Alien script first. slimy eggs.. including thematic comparisons to And Then There Were None (1939). and that the original 1979 theatrical version "remains my version of choice". which originated from large.[83] The Alien Quadrilogy set earned Alien a number of new awards and nominations. and production staff.[85] An unauthorized Italian sequel to Alien. [11] –Film critic Roger Ebert on Alien's cinematic impact. with both versions of the film included along with a new commentary track featuring many of the film's actors. leaving it about a minute shorter than the theatrical cut. Classic Movie. as he feels that the 1979 version was the best he could possibly have made it at the time. the films it influenced studied its thrills but not its thinking. which was titled at the last minute to cash in on Alien's popularity. writers. titled Alien 2. E.[6] It also won a Sierra Award for Best DVD. It won DVDX Exclusive Awards for Best Audio Commentary and Best Overall DVD. Scott noted that he was very pleased with the original theatrical cut of Alien. as well as other special features and a documentary entitled The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. I still feel that way". such as altered sound effects. Antecedents In the decades since its original release critics have analyzed and acknowledged Alien's roots in earlier works of fiction. van Vogt's The Voyage of the Space Beagle (1950). Fox decided to release the Director's Cut in theaters. 2003. Dan O'Bannon was sued by another writer named Jack Hammer for allegedly plagiarising a script entitled Black Space. One of the first was The Alien Dead (1979).Unfortunately.[86] Many critics have also suggested that the film derives in part from A. and it premiered on October 31. and it built on press coverage of Alien's chestburster scene by having many similar creatures. in which an alien .[55] The Alien Quadrilogy box set was released December 2. and was also nominated for Best Behind-the-Scenes Program and Best Menu Design. in which a cat-like alien infiltrates the ship and hunts the crew.[55] Many of the changes were minor. sometimes by copying its title. particularly the stories The Black Destroyer. However. Each film was also released separately as a DVD with both versions of the film included.[83] He has since stated that he considers both versions "director's cuts". while the restored footage included the scene in which Ripley discovers the cocooned Dallas and Brett during her escape of the Nostromo. 31 Impact and analysis Imitations The 1979 Alien is a much more cerebral movie than its sequels.[85] Contamination (1980) was initially going to be titled Alien 2 until 20th Century Fox's lawyers contacted writer/director Luigi Cozzi and made him change it. bursting from characters' chests. was released in 1980 and included alien creatures which incubate inside human hosts. I felt that the original cut of Alien was perfect.[11] Literary connections have also been suggested.''Alien (film)'' Director's Cut. It has been noted as sharing thematic similarities with earlier science fiction films such as The Thing from Another World (1951)[11] [86] and It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958). with the characters (and the audience) genuinely engaged in curiosity about this weirdest of lifeforms.[18] [61] as well as a kinship with other 1970s horror films such as Jaws (1975) and Halloween (1978).

praising its pacing.[88] Writer David McIntee has also noted similarities to the Doctor Who episode "The Ark in Space" (1975). Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness. but it's about people trying not to get eaten by a drooling monstrous animal. It suggests the enormity of the crew's discovery by building up to it with small steps: The interception of a signal (is it a warning or an SOS?). but in dread-building mystery".[41] 32 Lasting critical praise Alien has continued to receive critical praise over the years. and wowed both the critics."[41] He notes."). but Fox settled out of court. It waits..com critic Andrew O'Hehir Salon. In his "Great Movies" column that year. frozen in his command chair.[90] Critical interest in the film was re-ignited in part by the theatrical release of the "Director's Cut" in 2003. It takes its time. however. that it is a horror film first and a science fiction film second. denies that this was a source of his inspiration for Alien's story. [Science fiction] fans love the hard [science fiction] trappings and hardware. [91] Men love the battle-for-survival element. It's a cynical '70s-leftist vision of the future in which none of the problems plaguing 20th century Earth—class divisions. The enormity of the discovery inside the ship ("It's full of . those immensely influential H. The bitching by Brett and Parker. the subjugation of humanity to technology—have been improved in the slightest by mankind's forays into outer space. Gorehounds like it for the chest-burster. in which an insectoid queen alien lays larvae inside humans which later eat their way out. Giger "biomechanical" designs — and missed what you might call the overall Zeitgeist of the film.''Alien (film)'' implants parasitic eggs inside crew members which then hatch and eat their way out. particularly in early versions of the script. since science fiction normally explores issues of how humanity will develop under other circumstances. leathery eggs . [92] –Salon. The sight of the alien pilot. the dripping. it's about them trying not to get raped by said drooling monstrous animal. and women love not being cast as the helpless victim. The shadowy outline of the alien ship. who are concerned only about collecting their shares."[92] . due to its similarities in tone and atmosphere to Lovecraft's works. a life cycle inspired by that of the ichneumons wasp. their helmet lights hardly penetrating the soup. but most of the imitations have focused on details — a slimy killing-machine monster that is both vaginal and penile.[89] while Metacritic gives the Director's Cut an 83% approval rating based on 22 reviews.R. to H. is that it is a distillation of everything that scares us in the movies.. on the other hand.[14] Van Vogt actually initiated a lawsuit against 20th Century Fox over the similarities. focuses on the plight of people being attacked by a monster: "It's set on a spaceship in the future..com critic Andrew O'Hehir notes that Alien "has a profoundly existentialist undertow that makes it feel like a film noir"[92] and praises it over its "increasingly baroque" sequels as "a film about human loneliness amid the emptiness and amorality of creation. The masterstroke of the surface murk through which the crew members move. It allows silences (the majestic opening shots are underscored by Jerry Goldsmith with scarcely audible. he describes it as a prototype for the slasher film genre: "The reason it's such a good movie. without being a Lovecraft adaptation".[11] McIntee praises Alien as "possibly the definitive combination of horror thriller with [science fiction] trappings.[61] It has a 97% approval rating at the online review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes based on 71 reviews. particularly for its realism and unique environment.. however." Almost every horror film since Alien has ripped it off in some way."[41] Along with Halloween and Friday the 13th (1980). far-off metallic chatterings). Worse. atmosphere. critic Roger Ebert ranked it among "the most influential of modern action pictures".[87] O'Bannon. cavernous interiors of the Nostromo. Alien. The descent to the extraterrestrial surface."[41] He also describes how the film appeals to a variety of audiences: "Fans of Hitchcockian thrillers like it because it's moody and dark.[14] He has also noted similarities between the first half of the film. and settings: One of the great strengths of Alien is its pacing. who normally frown on the genre. and the casual cinema-goer. "not in storyline.[14] and calls the finished film "the best Lovecraftian movie ever made. capitalist exploitation.P.

and historians. Retrieved 2008-09-06. historically or aesthetically significant" by the National Film Preservation Board of the United States. and reproduction by non-consensual means. American Film Institute. dll/ article?AID=/ 20031026/ REVIEWS08/ 310260301/ 1023). McIntee. Internet Movie Database. imdb. com/ movies/ ?id=alien. The ranks were based on a poll of over 1. . [9] "AFI's 10 Top 10: Top 10 Sci-Fi" (http:/ / www. html). it's about sex. or The Accused (1988). The Academy of Science Fiction. On one level it's about an intriguing alien threat. boxofficemojo. loc. Retrieved 2008-10-08. [4] "Awards database" (http:/ / awardsdatabase. the model of the computer. gov/ film/ filmabou."[94] He notes how the film plays on men's fear and misunderstanding of pregnancy and childbirth.[8] and was inducted into the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress for historical preservation alongside other films of 1979 including All That Jazz.200 readers.[7] In 2008 the American Film Institute ranked Alien as the seventh-best film in the science fiction genre as part of AFI's 10 Top 10. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. . html). 20.4 million. And on the level that was most important to the writers and director. while Ridley Scott.500 film artists. gov/ film/ titles. . explain that "Mother" is an abbreviation for "MU/TH/UR 6000". . Apocalypse Now. html). com/ 10top10/ scifi. Sigourney Weaver has stated that it was $14 million. And it's about this happening to a man. On one level it's about parasitism and disease. [2] Official documentation for the film states that the budget was $11 million. 119. Library of Congress. Empire magazine. [7] "Films Selected to the National Film Registry. com/ 500/ 91. "Great Movies: Alien (1979)" (http:/ / rogerebert. asp).[9] The same year. An October 1979 issue of Fantastic Films magazine. [6] "Alien (1979) . 14–15. suntimes. [5] "Past Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. Ivor Powell. htm). critics. 2008-09-25. and overall feminine figure. . Empire magazine ranked it thirty-third on its list of the five hundred greatest movies of all time.[93] McIntee claims that "Alien is a rape movie as much as Straw Dogs (1971) or I Spit on Your Grave (1978). noting that the Alien's phallic head and method of killing the crew members add to the sexual imagery. 1989-2007" (http:/ / www. Chicago Sun-Times.Awards" (http:/ / www. National Film Registry. Retrieved 2008-09-06.[61] Dan O'Bannon has argued that the scene is a metaphor for the male fear of penetration. critics. Retrieved 2008-07-14. oscars. The Black Stallion. and that the "oral invasion" of Kane by the facehugger functions as "payback" for the many horror films in which sexually vulnerable women are attacked by male monsters. echoed this element by having the crew of the Auriga refer to the ship's onboard computer as "Father. Adrian Mackinder compares the facehugger's attack on Kane to a male rape and the chestburster scene to a form of violent birth. and Tom Skerritt have each recalled it being closer to $8.''Alien (film)'' In 2002. National Film Preservation Board. multiple phallic symbols.[95] Film analyst Lina Badley has written that the Alien's design. [11] Ebert. . org/ ampas_awards/ BasicSearchInput. & Horror Films.[96] Notes [1] The cinematic release of the film ran 119 minutes. Retrieved 2010-12-01. com/ title/ tt0078748/ awards)." McIntee. The chapter list for Alien in the 2003 Alien Quadrilogy DVD set also lists it as "MU/TH/UR". Box Office Mojo. . 25. afi. [10] "Empire's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time" (http:/ / www. [3] "Alien" (http:/ / www. saturnawards. while later video and DVD versions ran 116 minutes due to the different frame rates between film and video. the fourth film in the series. while also giving women a glimpse into these fears. based on a poll of 10. Retrieved 2008-09-06. Retrieved 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2008-09-06. a CBS television special ranking the ten greatest movies in ten classic American film genres. . [12] In the script and film the computer is referred to by the crew members as "Mother". loc. with Alien ranking just above Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) and just below Ridley Scott's other science fiction film Blade Runner (1982).[10] 33 Sexual imagery Critics have also analyzed Alien's sexual overtones. . as well as the back of the 1980 Fox videodisk of the film. Roger (2003-10-26). [13] "Star Beast: Developing the Story". but other sources give different numbers. html). Retrieved 2008-09-06. provides an androgynous image conforming to archetypal mappings and imageries in horror films that often redraw gender lines. jsp). Alien was deemed "culturally. com/ apps/ pbcs. The 1997 sequel Alien Resurrection. with strong Freudian sexual undertones. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. empireonline. McIntee. Fantasy. [8] "National Film Preservation Board" (http:/ / www. org/ past. and Manhattan. and members of the film industry. [14] McIntee. . 14.

html). In coming up with a strange company name I thought of British Leyland and Toyota. 35. John. [33] Scott. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien [35] McIntee. [25] McIntee. Changing one letter gave me "Weylan. com/ ARCHIVES/ 2003/ 102303/ film1. Los Angeles: Lucasfilm Ltd. "A space odyssey" (http:/ / www. Ridley Scott (Director). The Authorized Portfolio of Crew Insignias from the United States Commercial Spaceship Nostromo. 31.com. [23] McIntee. 30. . co. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. co. [30] "Truckers in Space: Casting". 22. [45] Mollo. Inc. Beverly Hills. . 29. [DVD box set.. 39. 2007-04-02. [50] "Outward Bound: Visual Effects". [29] McIntee. Inc." and "Yutani" was a Japanese neighbor of mine. bbc. [47] McIntee. [31] McIntee. 31–32. 17. 34 . com/ archives/ 20070402-buy_the_1979_original_alien_suit_by_hr_giger. California: 20th Century Fox. Retrieved 2008-09-07. Giger" (http:/ / www. [36] McIntee. [39] McIntee. [27] McIntee.R. 15. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 28. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. [57] "Alien named as top 18-rated scene" (http:/ / news. "Within the context of that fantasy [George Lucas] said people still have to wash behind their ears at night. That was another wonderful touch. montrealmirror. 1978". I thought I better push it a bit further and make them truck drivers. Gadgetmadness. 34. 21. but we couldn't use "Leyland-Toyota" in the film. Michael Cross (1979). uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 6597295. 25. (2003). [42] McIntee. 30–31. ISBN 1-85286-483-4. "I wanted to imply that poor old England is back on its feet and has united with the Japanese. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. [22] Dan O'Bannon (Writer). . 26–27. [43] "The Darkest Reaches: Nostromo and Alien Planet". Matthew (2003-10-23). guardian. [20] McIntee. 14. Retrieved 2008-09-06. The Force Is With Them: The Legacy of Star Wars. Paul. Designs and Realizations. Retrieved 2010-05-29. [49] McIntee. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. . "John Hurt talks Harry Potter. [19] Hays. 33. Ridley. [56] Green. and 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. [26] McIntee. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. 40. 19. [51] McIntee. metro. 38.''Alien (film)'' [15] Scanlon. [38] McIntee. [17] McIntee. 29–30. 2009-10-13. 18. Ron Cobb. Montreal Mirror. The Guardian. [53] McIntee. audio commentary track]." [34] "The Eighth Passenger: Creature Design". 27. stm). The Book of Alien. 37. [21] McIntee. uk/ film/ 2009/ oct/ 13/ making-of-alien-chestburster). . It influenced me when I did Alien. uk/ showbiz/ interviews/ 805670-john-hurt-talks-harry-potter-flamenco-and-chestbursters). php). [DVD (audio commentary track)]. [24] "The Visualists: Direction and Design". 36 [52] McIntee. Retrieved 2010-05-29. [48] McIntee. Aliens. [18] McIntee. [28] McIntee. 26. 21–22. James (Director). Flamenco and Chestbursters" (http:/ / www. (2003). 2007-04-26. (2004) (Star Wars Trilogy). co. Graeme (2009-12-10). [54] "The Making of Alien's Chestburster Scene" (http:/ / www. 32. [16] McIntee. [40] "Fear of the Unknown: Shepperton Studios. 24. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. [37] Mcintee. Alien. who have taken over the building of spaceships the same way they have now with cars and supertankers. [59] McIntee. [55] McIntee. BBC News. [32] McIntee. 41. [41] McIntee. [60] McIntee." [46] Cameron. gadgetmadness. Sigourney Weaver (Actor). Metro. [44] McIntee. [DVD]. London: Titan Books. [58] "Buy the 1979 Original Alien Suit By H.

p. futuremovies. html). uk/ nso/ Hanson2. Future Movies. Colin and Greg (Directors). uk/ film/ 2003/ oct/ 19/ features. particularly with the success of four. uk/ News_Story/ Critic_Review/ Observer_review/ 0. Walker (editor). [68] "Alien" (http:/ / www. [65] "Great American Composers" (http:/ / www. California: 20th Century Fox.. asp?rtype=3& id=387). uk/ celebnews/ view/ 1554/ Sigourney-plans-shock-comeback-/ ). "It's a tough one. variety. Beverly Hills.. . metacritic. co. aintitcool. [96] Badley. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 264. disc 1) Alien (Director's Cut). Beverly Hills. . co. (2008). Mark (2003-10-19). and I think very simply what no one's done is simply gone back to re-visit 'what was it?' No one's ever said 'who's the space jockey?' He wasn't an Alien. (2003). ukonline. co. [86] French. html?categoryid=13& cs=1& ref=bd_film). com/ title/ tt0078748/ ). Andrew (2003-11-01). [69] "Anti Reviews on Movie-Film-Review" (http:/ / www. 262. Predator. Alien Resurrection. Alien Quadrilogy. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. [75] The date in which the events of Alien are set is not revealed in the film itself. guardian. com/ articles/ 686/ 686746p1. [DVD (audio commentary track)]. [DVD]. imdb. [95] McIntee. Salon. Retrieved 2009-08-03. . Film. Los Angeles: 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. [73] Anderson. Retrieved 2008-09-08. [90] "Alien: The Director's Cut" (http:/ / www. Leslie. com/ film/ titles/ alien?q=alien). [70] Halliwell. "All Fright on the Night" (http:/ / www. Philip (2003-11-02). [92] O'Hehir. [79] Davidson. html). My Science Fiction Life. the horror" (http:/ / dir. [91] McIntee. . Christopher Tookey. California: 20th Century Fox. salon. html). (2005). Beverly Hills. [78] Vespe. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. com/ story/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2003/ 11/ 01/ alien/ index. com/ display. "Holy Crap! Quint Interviews James Cameron!!!" (http:/ / www. [64] "Symphony 2 Howard Hanson" (http:/ / web. Metacritic. review). Alien vs. Inc. [71] Fincher. uk/ dna/ mysciencefictionlife/ A20258336). Lina (1995). Alien.And how long ago? 'Cause those eggs would sit there. [62] "A Nightmare Fulfilled: Reaction to the Film". classicalcdreview. "'Alien' Prequel Takes Off" (http:/ / www. 23. Adrian (2002-01-01). or did it settle there because it had engine trouble?. 35 . Retrieved 2008-09-06.. 2008-06-28. . 43–44. Ain't It Cool News. p. html?CP=IMD& DN=110). (Director). OK! Magazine. ign. [87] McIntee. [74] Strause. [DVD]. rottentomatoes. [93] Kermode. Rotten Tomatoes. S. Retrieved 2007-12-20. Horror. [63] "Future Tense: Music and Editing". [89] "Alien (1979)" (http:/ / www. "AVP Killed Alien 5" (http:/ / movies. 40–41. . [83] Ridley Scott (Director). [76] Ridley Scott (Director). Eric "Quint" (2006-02-07). 120. Connecticut: Greenwood Press. "Alien (review)" (http:/ / film. [81] Fleming. [82] McIntee. .1075900.. and the Body Fantastic: Contributions to the Study of Popular Culture. com/ hanson. [DVD]. co. [88] "The Voyage of the Space Beagle" (http:/ / www. 43. com/ devfilm. Beverly Hills. 38–39. [84] McIntee. [94] McIntee. com/ article/ VR1118006722. Retrieved 2008-07-02. com/ m/ alien/ ). (2003). "The horror. [DVD booklet]. McIntee. Michael (2009-07-30). but the first draft of the script gave the year as 2087. movie-film-review. cgi?id=22405). [72] Jeunet. Paul W. Internet Movie Database. Predator: Requiem. What was that battleship? Is it a battleship? Is it an aircraft carrier? Is it a bio-mechanoid weapon carrier?. htm). Westport." [77] McIntee. Jean-Pierre (Director). . Inc. ISBN 0-00-653219-5. IGN. uk/ review. California: 20th Century Fox. asp?ID=111). (2003-12-02). I think if you close the lid it should be the end of the first chapter.. . . Paul (2006-02-08). [DVD]. (2003). Retrieved 2008-06-25. [67] (Alien Quadrilogy. co. [DVD].. 16. John (2001). Retrieved 2008-07-15. [66] McIntee. "Alien (1979) Movie Review" (http:/ / www. London: Harper Collins. Inc. . The Observer. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. The Guardian. guardian. David (Director). California: 20th Century Fox. [85] McIntee. . Variety.00. 19–20. Retrieved 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 2003-12-02. [80] "Sigourney Plans Shock Comeback" (http:/ / ok. Alien 3. Aliens vs. . BBC. Retrieved 2008-09-06. Los Angeles: 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 259. 42. Retrieved 2010-05-29.com. Halliwell's Film & Video Guide 2001 (16th Edition). bbc. Retrieved 2008-09-05.Why did it land? Did it crash-land. ISBN 978-0313275234. co.''Alien (film)'' [61] Mackinder. . .

Beautiful Monsters: The Unofficial and Unauthorized Guide to the Alien and Predator Films.R. David (2005). H. Surrey: Telos Publishing Ltd.. Dan (Writer). disc 2). 251. Derek Vanlint (Cinematographer). John Hurt (Actor: Kane). Michael Seymour (Production Designer). 10–44. Carlo Rambaldi (Alien head effects). pp. Veronica Cartwright (Actor: Lambert). Martin Bower (Supervising modelmaker). (former President of 20th Century Fox). Ronald Shusett (Executive producer/story). Inc.imdb. The Beast Within: The Making of Alien. Brian Johnson (Visual Effects Supervisor).com/title/tt0078748/) at the Internet Movie Database . Ivor Powell (Associate producer). 258–260. Jerry Goldsmith (Composer). Tom Skerritt (Actor: Dallas). 208. [DVD]. • McIntee. Los Angeles: 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. Ron Cobb (Conceptual artist). Giger (Alien designer). (2003-12-02) (Alien Quadrilogy. Sigourney Weaver (Actor: Ripley). Mary Selway (Casting: UK). Gordon Caroll (Producer).''Alien (film)'' 36 References • O'Bannon. Jr. Alan Ladd. External links • Alien (http://www. Harry Dean Stanton (Actor: Brett). David Giler (Producer). Ridley Scott (Director). Roger Christian (Art Director). Terry Rawlings (Editor). ISBN 1-903889-94-4.

''Eyewitness (1981 film)'' 37 Eyewitness (1981 film) Eyewitness Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Peter Yates Peter Yates Steve Tesich William Hurt Sigourney Weaver Christopher Plummer James Woods Morgan Freeman Stanley Silverman Music by Cinematography Matthew F. and stars William Hurt. This convinces the real killers that Daryll does know vital information about the murder and they pursue the duo over this assumption. The film was directed by Peter Yates. She pursues him for information which Daryll allows as he is romantically interested in Tony and a "cat and mouse" game ensues. Leonetti Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Cynthia Scheider 20th Century Fox February 13. A wealthy man. Sigourney Weaver. . Tony Sokolow (Weaver). suspected of criminal connections is murdered in Daryll's office building and Tony suspects Deever knows something about it. 1981 103 min  United States English Eyewitness is a 1981 thriller film about a television news reporter and a janitor who team up to solve a murder. written by Steve Tesich. Daryll Deever (Hurt) is an avid fan of TV commentator. Plot New York janitor. and Christopher Plummer.

Several station employees cameod in the film. (Fox 5 New York) WNYW. imdb. Sigourney Weaver also worked for the station in order to gain experience. It is now the local Fox affiliate. com/ title/ tt0082353/ . External links • Eyewitness [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. both WNYW and the film are owned by Fox's corporate owner. WNEW-TV.''Eyewitness (1981 film)'' 38 Production • The news equipment and promotional posters actually belonged to the real television station. Today. News Corporation.

It follows a group of foreign correspondents in Jakarta on the eve of an attempted coup by the so-called 30 September Movement in 1965 during the beginning of the violent reprisals by military-led vigilante groups who killed hundreds of thousands. an Australian journalist. . a British Embassy officer. It also stars Linda Hunt as the male dwarf Billy Kwan. The film was shot in both Australia and the Philippines and includes Australian actors Bill Kerr as Colonel Henderson and Noel Ferrier as Wally O'Sullivan. The film stars Mel Gibson as Guy Hamilton.575 (USA) The Year of Living Dangerously is a 1982 Peter Weir film adapted from the novel The Year of Living Dangerously by the author Christopher Koch. Gibson's local photographer contact. The story is about a love affair set in Indonesia during the overthrow of President Sukarno.''The Year of Living Dangerously'' 39 The Year of Living Dangerously The Year of Living Dangerously Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Peter Weir Jim McElroy Peter Weir David Williamson The Year of Living Dangerously by Christopher Koch Mel Gibson Sigourney Weaver Michael Murphy Linda Hunt Maurice Jarre Starring Music by Cinematography Russell Boyd Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue William M.278. a role [1] for which Hunt won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. and Sigourney Weaver as Jill Bryant. Anderson MGM 17 December 1982 117 minutes Australia English $6 million $10.

and he is left with the American journalist Pete Curtis. Still in search of "the big story". Sukarno borrowed the line for the title of his Indonesian Independence Day speech of 1964. decides to hang a sign from the Western hotel expressing his outrage but is thrown from the window by security men. Hamilton suffers a detached retina. but he wants to cover the Communist rebellion that will occur when the arms shipment reaches Jakarta. Hamilton visits the Presidential palace after the army generals have taken over and unleashed executions. Hamilton recalls a passage from the Bhagavad Gita ("all is clouded by desire") which Billy told him. Discovering that the Communist Chinese are arming the PKI. outraged by Sukarno's failure to meet the needs of most Indonesians. however. 40 Plot Guy Hamilton. and a Chinese-Australian dwarf of high intelligence and moral seriousness. a beautiful young assistant at the British embassy. Billy Kwan.[2] The title The Year of Living Dangerously is a quote which refers to a famous Italian phrase used by Sukarno. tired of life in Indonesia. where he boards the last plane out of Jakarta and is reunited with Bryant. His death is also witnessed by Jill.''The Year of Living Dangerously'' It was banned from being shown in Indonesia until 1999. and dies in Hamilton's arms. diplomatic personnel. meaning "living dangerously". remains loyal to Hamilton and tries to open his eyes to all that is going on. who is secretly PKI. Kwan takes a liking to Hamilton and arranges interviews for him with key political figures. However. which competes for scraps of information from Sukarno's government. Bryant falls in love with him. and he subtly manipulates her encounters with Hamilton. arrives in Jakarta on assignment. Guy receives limited sympathy from the journalist community. Resting alone in Kwan's bungalow. Risking permanent damage to his eye. vivere pericolosamente. and the conservative Muslim military. Shocked. Kwan and Bryant withdraw their friendship from Hamilton. a heavily bandaged Hamilton implores Kumar to drive him to the airport. Kumar. Bryant passes this information to Hamilton to save his life. Hamilton is initially unsuccessful because his predecessor. the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI). Kwan introduces Hamilton to Jill Bryant. Kwan. the US and New Zealand. Struck down by an Army officer. after they learned of the Communist shipment. and his own assistant and driver Kumar. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Mel Gibson as Guy Hamilton Sigourney Weaver as Jill Bryant Linda Hunt as Billy Kwan Michael Murphy as Pete Curtis Bill Kerr as Colonel Henderson Noel Ferrier as Wally O'Sullivan Bembol Roco as Kumar Paul Sonkkila as Kevin Condon Ali Nur as Ali Dominador Robridillo as Betjak Man Joel Agona as Palace Guard Mike Emperio as Sukarno Bernardo Nacilla as Dwarf Domingo Landicho as Hortono Hermino De Guzman as Immigration Officer . a neophyte foreign correspondent for an Australian network. Kwan and Bryant are close friends. After resisting Hamilton because she's returning to the UK. Kumar visits him and tells him about the failed coup attempt. He meets the close-knit members of the foreign correspondent community including journalists from the UK. had departed without introducing Hamilton to his contacts.

a New York stage actress who enters the role so fully that it never occurs to us that she is not a man. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 258. The New York Times: pp.[10] However. html). if they meant to kill us. (23 May 1983).[3] The Year of Living Dangerously was by far the most ambitious Australian film undertaken to date and was the first co-production of Australia and a Hollywood studio. Retrieved 2009-06-17. [2] Da Cunha. saying. p.com. The Road Warrior).[9] In his review for The New York Times. com/ apps/ pbcs. I mean. . [8] Dionne. com/ watch?v=Mzsz08GKhv0 GTV 9 Don Lane Show. Weir has perhaps packed too much imagery and information into his movie . We got a lot of death threats to be sure. Gibson (Gallipoli.680 in 2009 dollars. Gerald (23 April 1984). "Mel Gibson Has All Ingredients For Superstardom". permission to film in Indonesia was denied. Gibson downplayed the death threats. The plot becomes landlocked in true-life implausibilities. Vincent Canby praised Mel Gibson's performance: "If this film doesn't make an international star of Mr. Retrieved 24 May 2010. Interview with Peter Weir and Mel Gibson. E. so the bulk of the movie was filmed in the Philippines. 13. Roger (1 June 1983). He's kind of immature and he has some rough edges and I guess you could say the same for me. youtube. Time magazine's Richard Corliss wrote. "The Night off the Great Prom" (http:/ / www. html). "An American from Kangaroo-land hops to the top".[11] In his review for the Washington Post. dll/ article?AID=/ 19830601/ REVIEWS/ 50602001/ 1023). but I just assumed that when there are so many.[8] Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film four out of four stars and praised Linda Hunt's performance: "Billy Kwan is played. . "It wasn't really that bad. . why send a note?"[4] [5] Mel Gibson described his character Guy. "The Year of Living Dangerously" (http:/ / rogerebert. [9] Ebert.9171. saying. Koch's 1978 novel. "Cannes Over. J. Denise. Although originally set to be filmed in Jakarta. by a woman—Linda Hunt. "Mel Gibson: Australia's new hunk".”[6] One piece of music for the film is L'Enfant by Vangelis. astonishingly. festival-cannes. suntimes.[14] which is equivalent to $6. then nothing will. [5] http:/ / www. . 1982 [6] Vernon Scott (24 February 1983). com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0.. which is also featured on his album Opera Sauvage. "But in his attempt to blend his preoccupations with the plot of C. festival-cannes. .. References [1] Worrell.J.00. Singapore in the new millennium: challenges facing the city-state (http:/ / books. This is what great acting is. Gary Arnold described the film as "grievously flawed yet compelling tale of political intrigue. He possesses both the necessary talent and the screen presence". certainly a triumph of atmosphere if not of coherent dramatization".898. [3] Bob Thomas (15 February 1983). Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.[13] Box Office The Year of Living Dangerously grossed $2. a magical transformation of one person into another". [4] Davin Seay (February 1983).000 at the box office in Australia. Reception The Year of Living Dangerously was entered into the 1983 Cannes Film Festival[7] where it was well-received by audiences and critics. ISBN 981-230-131-3.I. Ampersand.968. Retrieved 2010-02-05. time.921697. U. Time. the characters rarely get a hold on the moviegoer's heart or lapels". com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 1375/ year/ 1983. Death threats against Peter Weir and Mel Gibson from Muslims who believed the film would be anti-Islam forced the production to move to Australia.''The Year of Living Dangerously'' 41 Production The film was backed by MGM with a $6 million budget. Derek (2002). Chicago Sun-Times. “He's not a silver-tongued devil.P. Films Face the Public". [7] "Festival de Cannes: Forbidden Relations" (http:/ / www. Associated Press. com/ books?id=BX6R-PizA6oC& pg=PA258& dq="the+ year+ of+ living+ dangerously"+ ban+ indonesia& cd=9#v=onepage& q=& f=false). it must mean nothing is really going to happen. Clarke. google.[12] Newsweek magazine called the film "an annoying failure because it fritters away so many rich opportunities".

med. Richard (17 January 1983). [13] "Our Man in Jakarta". "Waist-Deep in the Big Money" (http:/ / www.Australian Films at the Australian Box Office (http:/ / film.951890.querytype=. The New York Times.com/work/55715) at Allmovie • The Year of Living Dangerously (http://www.com/m/year_of_living_dangerously/) at Rotten Tomatoes • The Year of Living Dangerously (http://www. html). Washington Post: pp.nfsa. com/ movie/ review?res=9951A0C0173BF932A35750C8BF67).boxofficemojo. Arts & Medicine Database. Retrieved 24 May 2010.rec=0.resCount=10). vic.com/title/tt0086617/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Year of Living Dangerously (http://www. "Tale of Political Intrigue Is Flawed but Compelling". David. [11] Corliss.00.9171.gov.group=.afc.imdb. "The Year of Living Dangerously" (http:/ / movies. . com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. 24 January 1983. [12] Arnold. Vincent (21 January 1983). Time.allmovie. "Fan site dedicated to Peter Weir" • "The Year of Living Dangerously" (http://litmed.query=Number:52573. Literature. gov.peterweircave.adv=yes. pdf) 42 External links • The Year of Living Dangerously (http://www.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 24 May 2010. w3p. . C1. au/ resources/ documents/ AA4_Aust_Box_office_report.edu/Annotation?action=view&annid=1593).com/danger/). 66. "Annotation of the novel" • "The Year of Living Dangerously" (http://colsearch.nyu. Peter Weir Cave.au/nfsa/search/display/display.page=0. Australia. time. nytimes. .''The Year of Living Dangerously'' [10] Canby. Newsweek: pp. Gary (18 February 1983). at NYU.holdingType=.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Nicholson.parentid=.groupequals=.com/film/titles/yearoflivingdangerously) at Metacritic • The Year of Living Dangerously (http://www. "The Year of Living Dangerously" (http://www.metacritic. [14] Film Victoria . National Film and Sound Archive.com/movies/?id=yearoflivingdangerously.

The film follows the adventures of several arms dealers that compete to sell weapons to a South American dictator. Gregory Hines. Kline Editing by Jere Huggins Ned Humphreys Bud S.369. and Sigourney Weaver.581 (USA) Deal of the Century is a 1983 American comedy film directed by William Friedkin and starring Chevy Chase. 1983 99 minutes  United States Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue English $10. Smith Warner Brothers November 4. Rubinstein Music by Cinematography Richard H. .''Deal of the Century'' 43 Deal of the Century Deal of the Century Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring William Friedkin Bud Yorkin Paul Brickman Chevy Chase Gregory Hines Sigourney Weaver Arthur B.

Massagi reveals that the global arms industry has a stake in sales of weapons like the Peacemaker because they allow for localized and conventional wars that will keep their business viable into the next century. Stryker instead destroys the entire expo. He is joined by his partner. Massagi also explains how recent changes to federal law not only legalize bribes to foreign dictators. allowing Ray to destroy it. Luckup. an immensely wealthy arms merchant who both encourages him to finalize the San Miguel deal and coaches him on how to do it. To the dictators. Muntz is visited by Massagi (Richard Libertini). But the military junta of San Miguel strings DeVoto along. Muntz peddles small arms (assault rifles. launching the Peacemaker. Muntz nevertheless decides to help Luckup re-sign San Miguel. On the eve of a major defense industry exposition. In the final scene. On returning to America. reminding him of the obvious benefits of pilot-less aircraft. Ray hijacks one of the fighter jets being demonstrated. (After selling weapons.''Deal of the Century'' 44 Plot summary Eddie Muntz (Chase) is a small-time American arms dealer who talks his way into a job with a large defense corporation selling high-tech military unmanned aerial vehicles to a South American dictator (William Marquez). In the middle of a sales pitch to the rebels. that San Miguel reneged on the deal after a distastrous and highly publicized demonstration of the Peacemaker. Catherine shoots Muntz instead. Harold's widow. whereas Luckup's product is more sophisticated -. Muntz accompanies San Miguel's dictator to the weapons expo. This time.) He sells Catherine a car. he is angrily confronted at gunpoint by Catherine (Sigourney Weaver). and machine-pistols disguised as movie cameras). and it's implied that they will be doing other deals together. and also by Catherine. Muntz disparages any warplanes he sees. an ex-fighter pilot now undergoing a religious crisis of conscience. Hobbling in a rundown hotel days later. Ray circles overhead as representatives for defense contractors bicker among themselves as to whose weapons are good enough to shoot him down. a Luckup executive. by "The Peacemaker's" many technical glitches and his own growing moral reservations. driving the man to suicide. dealing used cars appears an almost noble enterprise. While he demonstrates some of his own wares (including a booby-trapped urinal). but still a salesman working at his brother's car dealership. Muntz uses his cane to shut off the Peacemaker's remote control panel. Before he can try again for Ray. Muntz arrives in war-torn and impoverished "San Miguel" to sell weapons to both its leader and the rebels seeking his ouster. Ray Kasternak (Gregory Hines). Waking up in the hospital. and not even Ray can destroy it. the UAV proves a much more formidable threat. These revelations spur Muntz on. Muntz successfully takes over the deal and wins a contract worth millions.the Peacemaker UAV. a sales rep for the American defense contractor. Muntz is also out of weapons trafficking. Demanding the contract. where billions of dollars of high technology are displayed and demonstrated. Stryker takes matters into his own hands. also daring them to attack him. a military dream that operates without pilots or airbases. Muntz's efforts are complicated by tensions with Luckup. Muntz is caught in a firefight and is shot in the foot. reopening the wound on his foot. by Ray's religious conversion. Misusing all of the Peacemaker's weapons. while also adding to his unease. but make those bribes tax deductible. anti-personnel mines. . however. threatening to attack the expo. Muntz meets Harold DeVoto (Wallace Shawn). Muntz is told by Frank Stryker (Vince Edwards). we learn that Ray has left the arms industry to become a missionary.

allmovie.''Deal of the Century'' 45 Cast • • • • • • Chevy Chase as Muntz Gregory Hines as Ray Sigourney Weaver as Catherine Vince Edwards as Stryker Wallace Shawn as Harold Richard Libertini as Massagi External links • Deal of the Century [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Deal of the Century [2] at Allmovie • Deal of the Century [3] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ deal_of_the_century/ . com/ Title?Deal+ of+ the+ Century/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ work/ 12827 [3] http:/ / www.

Ramis. Rick Moranis. who also directed Stripes. 1984 104 minutes United States English $30 million $291. box office history after adjustment for inflation. Aykroyd. Annie Potts. Sigourney Weaver.124 in the United States alone. 1984 and like several films of the era.124 [1] Ghostbusters II Ghostbusters.632.[2] the equivalent of $538.''Ghostbusters'' 46 Ghostbusters Ghostbusters Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ivan Reitman Bernie Brillstein (executive) Ivan Reitman Dan Aykroyd Harold Ramis See Cast Elmer Bernstein Theme song Ray Parker.260. Ghostbusters II in 1989.[3] It was followed by a sequel. who co-wrote the first two . Jr. and Ernie Hudson. and stars Murray. and two animated television series. The film made US$291. It was produced and directed by Ivan Reitman.S. ranking the film as the 32nd biggest grossing in U. titled on-screen as Ghost Busters. teamed Aykroyd and/or Ramis with Bill Murray. The film was released in the United States on June 8. The Real Ghostbusters (later renamed Slimer! And the Real Ghostbusters) and Extreme Ghostbusters.632. is a 1984 American comedy film written by co-stars Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis about three eccentric New York City parapsychologists-turned-ghost capturers. Ramis. Written by Starring Music by Cinematography László Kovács Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by David E. Blewitt Sheldon Kahn Columbia Pictures June 8.000 in 2010 prices.

they successfully (albeit chaotically) capture their first ghost and deposit it into a "containment unit" of their own design located in the basement of their office. Although they manage to light him on fire with their Proton Packs.[4] The American Film Institute ranked Ghostbusters 28th in its 100 Years. At the hotel. and Ray finally admits that he was unable to keep his mind blank. and aim at the dimensional portal Gozer came through. who explodes into torrents of melted marshmallow. and they run out of money. takes a particular interest in the case. taking a form chosen by the team. the team decides to merge the energy streams (known as "crossing the streams") of their Proton Packs (which they were advised against earlier in the film). the group is forced to hire a fourth member. who designed the building to act as a spiritual magnet to summon Gozer and bring about the end of the world. The Ghostbusters head towards the Shandor Building. The two demonic beings meet and head towards the Temple of Gozer to complete the opening of the gate. Venkman. and business skyrockets for the Ghostbusters. the Ghostbusters office is visited by Walter Peck (William Atherton) of the EPA.. The Ghostbusters are hired by a woman named Dana Barrett (Weaver). their secretary Janine Melnitz (Potts) gives them the news that they have been contacted by the upscale Sedgewick Hotel to investigate a haunting. 47 Plot After losing their jobs at Columbia University. Venkman explains that this means that whatever they imagine will be manifested as a destroying force. some of which dumps on Peck below. However. Louis is also discovered to be possessed by a similar demon called Vinz Clortho.C. who initially appears as a woman (Slavitza Jovan).. The Ghostbusters are brought to the mayor's office and freed in order to combat the paranormal activity. Consulting blueprints of 55 Central Park West. "Ghostbusters. transforming into demonic beasts and summoning Gozer. . 100 Laughs list of film comedies. a Sumerian shape-shifting god. rumbling footfalls are heard in the distance. has confirmed that a script for a potential third film is being developed by Gene Stupnitsky and Lee Eisenberg. so he imagined "something that could never. Moore St. in TriBeCa). which declares itself "The Gatekeeper". a demigod worshipped in 6000 B. and the Ghostbusters surmise it would be prudent to keep the two separated from each other. To defeat this manifestation of Gozer. and urges everyone to blank their minds to avoid giving form to the destructor. who arrests the team for supposedly housing dangerous chemicals in their basement (though in reality Peck is a sceptic who believes the Ghostbusters are dangerous frauds). Winston Zeddemore (Hudson). at the risk of their own lives. the Ghostbusters learn that it was built by a mad doctor and cult leader named Ivo Shandor. Both demons speak of the coming of the destructive god Gozer. operating out of a retired fire station (located at 14 N. ever possibly destroy us. Louis/Vinz begins making his way toward Dana/Zuul's apartment as the escaped ghosts create havoc throughout the city. Freed from the Ghostbusters' protective custody. Dana is possessed by Zuul. Gozer disappears. who become local celebrities in the process. gets off to a slow start. Raymond Stantz (Aykroyd). arriving at the shrine at the top. who finds Dana attractive. a trio of misfit parapsychologists—Peter Venkman (Murray). whose apartment at 55 Central Park West is haunted by a demonic spirit called Zuul. to keep up with the demand for their services.''Ghostbusters'' films. However. As their workload continues to rise. it only makes him angry and he continues advancing towards the building. The plan ultimately destroys Stay Puft." The destructor arrives in Stantz's chosen form of the giant Stay Puft Marshmallow Man and begins laying waste to the city. as a servant to Gozer the Gozerian. though her voice echoes that the "destructor" will follow. As they look into the matter. unleashing hundreds of ghosts onto New York City. Ramis told a Chicago Tribune columnist in 2008 that the original films' four main cast members may have minor on-screen roles: "The concept is that the old Ghostbusters would appear in the film in some mentor capacity". They are unable to stop Dana and Louis from completing the opening of the gates. Paranormal activity soon begins to increase across the city. and orders their ghost containment grid shut down. the writing team best known for their work on Curb Your Enthusiasm and the American version of The Office. competing for her affection with her socially-inept neighbor Louis Tully (Moranis). "The Keymaster". Briefly subdued by the team." The business. the next day. and Egon Spengler (Ramis) — establish their own paranormal exterminator service. Fortunately.

the movie shares the premise of professional "exterminators" on a paranormal mission with The Bowery Boys slapstick comedy Spook Busters (1946. Ramis accepted the role of Egon. the story was given a major overhaul.[7] [8] Louis Tully was originally conceived as a conservative man in a business suit played by comedian John Candy.[5] The original story.A.[7] Gozer was originally going to appear in the form of Ivo Shandor as a slender. portraying Louis as a geek. even after renowned actors such as Chevy Chase. the crew struggled to cast the role of The firehouse in New York City that served as the Ghostbusters' headquarters in the film. . Feeling he knew the character best since he created him. space and other dimensions taking on huge ghosts (of which the Stay-Puft Marshmallow Man was just one of many).-like outfits and used wands instead of Proton Packs to fight the ghosts. In that early version. it was decided that he be brought in later to indicate how the Ghostbusters were struggling to keep up with the outbreak of ghosts. a group of "Ghostsmashers" traveled through time.[7] In addition to Aykroyd's high-concept basic premise. If Murphy had been cast. When Ernie Hudson took over. unremarkable man in a suit played by Paul Reubens. Egon Spengler. Christopher Walken. Aykroyd pitched his story to director / producer Ivan Reitman. John Lithgow. Harold Ramis had no intention of acting in any role in the film as he planned on only helping Aykroyd write the screenplay. as Ramis had previously focused on off-screen work such as writing and directing. it was taken by Rick Moranis. as written by Aykroyd. so Aykroyd and Ramis made some changes and polished a basic. and neither Murphy nor Candy would commit to the movie. and would have accompanied the trio on their hunt for Slimer at the hotel and been slimed in place of Peter Venkman. Zeddemore would have been hired much earlier in the film. As they exit the building. the role was played by Yugoslav model Slavitza Jovan. science-fiction-oriented screenplay for their final draft. eventually evolving into the final screenplay which Aykroyd and Ramis hammered out over the course of three weeks in a Martha's Vineyard bomb shelter in May–June 1982. Michael Keaton. He credits this move in revitalizing his acting career. the Ghostbusters are met with cheers from the gathered crowd. the film benefits from Bill Murray's semi-improvisational performance as Peter Venkman. the Ghostbusters wore S. Christopher Lloyd. directed by William Beaudine). and Jeff Goldblum were considered.''Ghostbusters'' The Ghostbusters survive. but with Candy unable to commit to the role. fellow Saturday Night Live alumnus. who liked the basic idea but immediately saw the budgetary impossibilities demanded by Aykroyd's first draft. was very different from what was eventually filmed. However. However. Ghostbusters storyboards show them wearing riotsquad-type helmets with movable transparent visors.T. the character initially intended for Belushi. Belushi died during the writing of the screenplay.[6] In addition to a similar title. 48 Development The concept was inspired by Aykroyd's own fascination with the paranormal and it was conceived as a vehicle for himself and friend John Belushi. A dazed Louis is taken away for medical attention while Peter and Dana kiss as they drive off. Winston Zeddemore was written with Eddie Murphy in mind. Eddie Murphy and John Candy. and Dana and Louis emerge out of the charred remains of their possessors. and Ramis' skill at grounding the fantastic elements with a realistic setting.[8] Aykroyd and Ramis initially wrote the script with roles written especially for Belushi.W.[9] In the end. Also. but Murphy had to decline the role as he was filming Beverly Hills Cop at the same time.[7] At Reitman's suggestion.

the extras were all chanting "Ghostbusters". Columbia Pictures prepared a list of alternative names just in case the rights could not be secured.8 million. a studio record at the time. The hallway sets for the Sedgewick Hotel were originally built for the movie Rich and Famous in 1981 and patterned after the Algonquin Hotel in New York City. A problem arose during filming when it was discovered that a television show had been produced in 1975 by Filmation for CBS called The Ghost Busters. Dana Barrett and Louis Tully's apartments were constructed across two stages and were actually on the other side of their doors in the hallway. where Reitman originally wanted to film the scene. The Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles was chosen because the large lobby allowed for a tracking shot of the Ghostbusters in complete gear for the first time. For the test screening of Ghostbusters. starring Larry Storch and Forrest Tucker. second only to Indiana Jones and the Temple of . other stages needed to be shut down and all their power diverted over to the set. but during the filming of the crowd for the final battle.[7] Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bill Murray as Dr. not yet having been completed by the production team.6 million. it was finally knocked to second place by Prince's film. half of the ghost effects were missing. Egon Spengler Ernie Hudson as Winston Zeddemore Sigourney Weaver as Dana Barrett Rick Moranis as Louis Tully Annie Potts as Janine Melnitz William Atherton as Walter Peck David Margulies as Mayor Lenny Slavitza Jovan as Gozer Paddi Edwards as Gozer (voice) Ivan Reitman as Zuul (voice)/Slimer (voice) Richard Foster as Stay-Puft Marshmallow Man Alice Drummond as Librarian at the New York Public Library Roger Grimsby Larry King Joe Franklin Casey Kasem Cameos Reception Box office Ghostbusters was released on June 8.[12] After seven weeks at number one.[11] The film was number one at the box office for five consecutive weeks. Peter Venkman Dan Aykroyd as Dr. Raymond Stantz Harold Ramis as Dr. 1984 in 1.[7] The audience response was still enthusiastic. Purple Rain and had grossed $142.''Ghostbusters'' 49 Production In order to properly light the set for Gozer's temple and create the physical effects for the set.6 million on its opening weekend[10] and $23 million in its first week. which inspired the producers to insist that the studio buy the rights to the name. and the ghost elements were completed for the official theatrical release shortly thereafter.339 theaters and grossed $13. grossing $99. an unusual move in filmmaking.

2 million at the box office.[16] A re-release in 1985 gave the film a total gross of $238.[22] Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote.[25] Pauline Kael had problems with the chemistry between the three lead actors: "Murray is the film's comic mechanism . these figures put it within the top ten highest-grossing films of all-time. making it the second highest-grossing film of 1984.[31] The title song was nominated for AFI's 100 Years. We kicked its ass.[24] In his review for Time. behind only Beverly Hills Cop. Janet Maslin wrote.. National Review magazine ranked Ghostbusters number 10 on its 25 Best Conservative Movies of the Last 25 Years list...100 Thrills). "Everyone seems to be working toward the same goal of relaxed insanity.[38] .[27] Legacy The film spawned a franchise of related sequels..''Ghostbusters'' Doom as the year's top moneymaker. Murray's lines fall on dead air". But nobody else has much in the way of material. "This movie is an exception to the general rule that big special effects can wreck a comedy . Recognition In 2000. Peter Venkman as a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to develop fully his patented comic character".. computer and video games. the pair played by Writers Aykroyd and Ramis are sweetly earnest about their calling. both spoken by Venkman. Richard Schickel praised the three lead actors: "Of the ghost wranglers. readers of Total Film magazine voted Ghostbusters the 44th greatest comedy film of all time.6 million surpassing Beverly Hills Cop[17] and making Ghostbusters the most successful comedy of the 1980s. Ghostbusters regained top spot the next week.. 100 Laughs list). based on 45 reviews.[34] In 2006. The American Film Institute ranked it 28th in its list of the top 100 comedies of all time (in their 100 Years... 50 Critical response Ghostbusters was well received by critics and is considered by many as one of the best films of 1984.[18] [19] [20] [21] It currently holds a 93% "Certified Fresh" rating on review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.[35] Entertainment Weekly ranked it as the [36] In 2008. and a good deal less substantial". Ghostbusters is wonderful summer nonsense".100 Movie Quotes: "We came. characters and story line are as wispy as the ghosts themselves. Bravo ranked Ghostbusters 76 on their 100 Funniest Movies list. "Its jokes.[13] However." and "I've been slimed.. IGN voted Ghostbusters the greatest comedy ever. We saw. and gracious about giving the picture to their co-star Bill Murray. and then again six weeks later..100 Songs[32] .". Greatest Movie of All Time.[33] In 2005.[28] and nominated it for its lists of the 100 greatest movies in 1998[29] and 2007[30] and the 100 most heart-pounding movies (in AFI's 100 Years. toys. Empire magazine ranked the film #189 on its list of The 500 Funniest Movie of the Past 25 Years.[23] Newsweek magazine's David Ansen wrote. and other merchandise..[15] At the time.. and since there's almost no give-and-take among the three men. and two quotes were nominated for AFI's 100 Years.[14] It went on to gross $229. He obviously (and wisely) regards Dr. Rarely has a movie this expensive provided so many quotable lines".[37] In 2009.[26] In her review for The New York Times. animated television series.

Al Franken. ISBN 0918432685 [6] A Ghostbusters I and II DVD pack included a 28-page booklet of copies of Ghostbusters storyboards.276359. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ entertainment_popmachine/ 2008/ 09/ harold-ramis-co. Jr.[44] The film was also released onto YouTube for a week on a deal with Sony to provide ad-supported full-length movies on YouTube in August 2009. . Directed by Ivan Reitman. Retrieved 2009-04-14. staying #1 for three weeks on Billboard's Hot 100 chart and #1 for two weeks on the Black Singles chart. Danny DeVito. joining in the singing. for plagiarism. but he declined due to his work on the soundtrack for Back to the Future. "Ghostbusters". Melissa Gilbert. Lewis had been approached to compose the main theme song for the movie. Orchestrators contributing to the film were Peter Bernstein. com/ movies/ ?id=ghostbusters. chicagotribune. The film's theme song. The two musicians settled out of court. com/ movies/ ?id=ghostbusters. I was embarrassed about it all these years".[45] References BoxOfficeMojo revenue page (http:/ / boxofficemojo. The video ends with footage of the four main Ghostbusters actors in costume and character. [DVD]. Mark. However. 2009 to coincide with the film's 25th Anniversary. Box Office Mojo. 2008. The song earned Parker an Academy Award nomination for "Best Original Song". com/ gb/ 1998/ 08/ 27/ interview-slavitza-jovan/ ). Nickolas Ashford. htm) Boxofficemojo: Box office statistics for 1984 (http:/ / www. htm).[39] The music video produced for the song became a #1 MTV video. Ghostbusters DVD commentary.00. html).com. this theme "purportedly added $20 million to the box office take of the film". Ghostbusters was the first film ever officially released on a USB flashdrive. Retrieved 2008-12-04. and conceptualized by Keith Williams. In autumn 1984 Huey Lewis sued Ray Parker. dancing in Times Square behind Parker. [DVD]. Harold. doing so on VH1's Behind the Music. September 5. [11] Rich. htm) Caro. [1] [2] [3] [4] . sparked the catchphrases "Who you gonna call? Ghostbusters!" and "I ain't afraid of no ghost. . David Spear and Patrick Russ.[42] Sony had announced at Comic-Con 2008 that the Blu-ray version of the film was to be released on October 21. Making Ghostbusters. Ghostbustersishiring. [9] "Proton Charging interview with Gozer actress. Retrieved 2007-04-01. Irene Cara. George Wendt. Columbia TriStar.[41] The DVD version of the movie was released and became one of the fastest selling units ever on Reel. Entertainment Weekly. and Teri Garr. written and performed by Ray Parker Jr. Carly Simon. and is notable for its use of ondes Martenot (a staple of Bernstein's 1980s work) and also the Yamaha DX-7 synthesizer. Joshua (June 9. Ivan. boxofficemojo. Ghostbusters DVD commentary. The movie was released on Blu-ray on June 16.[40] Releases Director Ivan Reitman was not happy with the laserdisc release of the film because "it pumped up the light level so much you saw all the matte lines. [8] Ramis. though it was only available in the United States. New York: New York Zoetrope. it was released first through Sony Pictures' campaign site. Slavitza Jovan" (http:/ / protoncharging. 2008 [5] Shay." The song was a huge hit. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1984& p=. [7] Reitman. Don (1985).''Ghostbusters'' 51 Music The film score was composed by Elmer Bernstein. Peter Falk. the video integrated footage of the film intercut with a humorous performance by Parker. [10] "Ghostbusters" (http:/ / www. Columbia TriStar.com [43] as a way to drum up sales of its release. ChicagoTribune. (2005). ew. "Pop Machine" (column): "Harold Ramis confirms 'Ghostbusters III'" (http:/ / featuresblogs. produced by Jeffrey Abelson. htm) Boxofficemojo: All-time domestic inflation adjustments (http:/ / boxofficemojo. (2005). Jeffrey Tambor.. boxofficemojo. "High Spirits" (http:/ / www. It was reported in 2001 that Lewis allegedly breached an agreement not to mention the original suit. The video also featured cameo appearances by celebrities who joined in the call-and-response chorus. . Austin (in 1989).com. claiming that Parker stole the melody from his 1983 song "I Want a New Drug". 2000). html). including Chevy Chase. John Candy. According to Bruce A. com/ alltime/ adjusted.

boxofficemojo. . 1984. html). Retrieved May 21. August 1. . boston. 2008. pdf?docID=243) [33] AFI's 100 Years. Duffy. [25] Schickel. ew. .100 Movies Ballot (http:/ / connect. .00. com/ n/ pfx/ forum. pdf?docID=263) [30] AFI's 100 Years. boxofficemojo. Custom PC. 100 Laughs" (http:/ / web. Chris (2005-12-09). afi. ecto-web. Roger (January 1. wired. The Boston Globe. . Retrieved June 11. New York Times. 2010. archive. [23] Ebert. Chicago Sun-Times. nytimes. "Bravo's 100 Funniest Films" (http:/ / web. film. [36] "The Comedy 25: The Funniest Movies of the Past 25 Years" (http:/ / www. com/ features/ story/ 10-best-movies-of-1984/ 15492765). com/ tvevents/ 100years/ laughs. . nytimes. Retrieved May 21. [24] Ansen. aspx). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2008-12-04. "Which Show to See?". com/ movie/ review?_r=1& res=9904E6D9123BF93BA35755C0A962948260& scp=1& sq="Ghostbusters"& st=nyt). Retrieved 2008-12-04.. rottentomatoes. August 27. Retrieved 2006-12-11.. 2010. Retrieved 2008-08-27. Wadsworth Publishing. 2010. . html?res=940DE0D71738F93BA3575BC0A962948260& scp=19& sq="Ghostbusters"& st=nyt). Retrieved 2008-12-04.com. [27] Maslin. archive. "Got a Demon in Your Icebox?". org/ web/ 20061208043102/ http:/ / www. 1984). com/ gst/ fullpage. Retrieved 2008-12-04. Entertainment Weekly. htm). Richard (June 11. org/ ~spookcentral/ huey_lewis_lawsuit. [28] "AFI's 100 Years. 1984). 52 . afi. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. nationalreview. Retrieved 2006-12-11. com/ site/ DocServer/ movies400. html).com. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. 2007. p. afi. Nicole. 2010. com/ culture/ lifestyle/ news/ 1999/ 07/ 20661). [22] "Ghostbusters Movie Reviews. . Retrieved 2009-02-13.org. Retrieved 2008-12-04. Box Office Mojo.926579. AMC Filmsite. Janet (June 8.. Box Office Mojo.100 Thrills (http:/ / connect. com/ ew/ article/ 0. dll/ article?AID=/ 19840101/ REVIEWS/ 401010341/ 1023). .9171. Retrieved April 14. filmsite.. Retrieved May 21.. Retrieved August 13. [41] Michael Giltz (1999-06-18). "Don't Kill Your VCR" (http:/ / www. com/ gst/ fullpage. nytimes. Time. 1984). Retrieved 2006-12-11. [35] Cammorata. com/ movies/ ?page=releases& id=ghostbusters. Suing Huey Lewis Over 'Ghostbusters' Comment" (http:/ / web. . com/ alltime/ domestic. com/ [44] "Ghostbusters is first film to be released on USB stick | News" (http:/ / www. New York Times.100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Ballot (http:/ / connect. [18] "The Greatest Films of 1984" (http:/ / www. . html) on 2010-10-31. "Top 25 Comedies of All-Time" (http:/ / movies. IGN. . 1984). Pauline (June 25. nytimes. Archived from the original (http:/ / boards. htm). com/ ew/ gallery/ 0. pdf?docID=141) [31] AFI's 100 Years. The New Yorker. co. [21] "Best Films of 1984" (http:/ / www. afi. suntimes. [43] http:/ / www. 1984. afi. ghostbustersishiring. listal. bit-tech. com/ y1984r. August 8. . uk/ news/ 604788/ ghostbusters-is-first-film-to-be-released-on-usb-stick. html). Retrieved 2008-12-04.100 Movie Quotes Ballot (http:/ / www. htm). com/ site/ DocServer/ songs400. com/ docs/ tvevents/ pdf/ quotes400.. . aspx?nav=messages& tsn=1& tid=231& webtag=bc-movies) on 2007-03-21. 2010. Retrieved 2008-12-04.. [37] "Empire's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time" (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs. Pictures" (http:/ / www. [16] "All time domestic box office results" (http:/ / www. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ articles/ 674/ 674712p5. David (June 11. 1" (http:/ / query. (1989). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-12-04. "Exercise for Exorcists" (http:/ / www. time.00. com/ site/ DocServer/ Movies_ballot_06. html). boston. Empire Magazine. 1984. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ laughs. 2009. html). org/ 1984. afi. James. empireonline. Wired Magazine. "The Pop Junkpile".. custompc.20221235_25. Film. boxofficemojo. htm). com/ 500/ 61. org/ web/ 20070321101852/ http:/ / boards. com/ n/ pfx/ forum. .100 Songs Ballot (http:/ / connect. New York Times.. Films101.00. July 12. 2008-09-03. pdf?docID=249) [32] AFI's 100 Years. . aspx?nav=messages& tsn=1& tid=231& webtag=bc-movies). html?res=9D04E3DE1638F932A3575BC0A962948260& scp=17& sq="Ghostbusters"& st=nyt). Rotten Tomatoes. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1984& p=. [38] "?" (http:/ / nrd. . . [26] Kael. archive.. . com/ list/ best-films-of-1984). Retrieved May 21. New York Times. ISBN 0-534-09366-3. com/ m/ ghostbusters/ ). com/ article/ ?q=YWQ4MDlhMWRkZDQ5YmViMDM1Yzc0MTE3ZTllY2E3MGM=). org/ web/ 20060905004725/ http:/ / www. aspx) on December 8. [13] "Purple Rain Ousts Ghostbusters as No. html?res=9900EFD71339F931A25754C0A962948260& scp=9& sq="Ghostbusters"& st=nyt). [17] "Release History for Ghostbusters" (http:/ / www. [39] Austin. . [42] Michael Stroud (1999-07-10). [14] "Ghostbusters Regains Top Spot at Box Office" (http:/ / query. 2006. [40] "Ray Parker Jr. . Immediate Seating: A Look at Movie Audiences. [20] "The Best Movies of 1984 by Rank" (http:/ / www. "Ghostbusters gets a face-lift on DVD" (http:/ / www. films101. pdf) [34] Carle. [19] "The 10 Best Movies of 1984" (http:/ / www. listal.com. htm).. 2010. . html). com/ gst/ fullpage. afi. [15] "1984 Domestic Grosses" (http:/ / www. net/ custompc/ news/ 604788/ ghostbusters-is-first-film-to-be-released-on-usb-stick. . [29] AFI's 100 Years...''Ghostbusters'' [12] "Ghostbusters Grosses Near Indiana Jones" (http:/ / query. com/ site/ DocServer/ thrills400. "Ghostbusters" (http:/ / movies. Newsweek. 78.. Retrieved May 21. Bruce A. ew.273772. ign. 1984). "Ghostbusters" (http:/ / rogerebert. asp). Retrieved 2008-12-04.

co. Retrieved 2009-08-16.com/title/tt0087332/) at the Internet Movie Database • Ghostbusters (http://www. 2009-08-14.allmovie.com/work/19671) at Allmovie . . Cnet. cnet. 53 External links • Official website (http://http://www.com/) • Ghostbusters (http://www.''Ghostbusters'' [45] "Who You(Tube) gonna call? Ghostbusters streamed for free in the US" (http:/ / crave.ghostbusters.imdb. uk/ software/ who-youtube-gonna-call-ghostbusters-streamed-for-free-in-the-us-49303356/ ).

45. Nighthawks. Alonzo Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Universal Pictures October 26. Klute.004. Hosts Donald Pleasence and Nancy Allen provide the commentary on topics such as "sex and terror" (Dressed to Kill. to create a compilation of fright-inducing effects. John Carpenter's The Thing. Plot Director Andrew J. In one segment of the anthology. and the occult (Rosemary's Baby. The Omen. Carrie. Alien. The Shining and Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho and The Birds. The Exorcist. Kuehn Stephen Netburn Margaret Doppelt Donald Pleasence Nancy Allen John Beal Cinematography John A. The Seduction). 1984 84 minutes United States English $10. Halloween I and II. Vice Squad. Kuehn Andrew J. The original music score is composed by John Beal. loathsome villains (Marathon Man. as well as some enacted narrative. legendary filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock presents his concepts of how to create suspense in a clip from Alfred Hitchcock: Men Who Made The Movies.''Terror in the Aisles'' 54 Terror in the Aisles Terror in the Aisles Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Andrew J. Wait Until Dark). The film is hosted by Donald Pleasence and Nancy Allen.817 Terror in the Aisles is a 1984 documentary film about horror films featuring clips from Friday the 13th I and/or II. Archival appearances . Ms. Jaws 1 and 2. The Shining). The Texas Chain Saw Massacre. Kuehn has excerpted brief segments of terror and suspense in a wide variety of horror films and strung them together with added commentary.

''Terror in the Aisles''

55

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Bud Abbott Brooke Adams Ana Alicia Alan Arkin Susan Backlinie Belinda Balaski Martin Balsam Ralph Bellamy Sidney Blackmer Nina Blackwood Linda Blair Wilford Brimley Marilyn Burns Ellen Burstyn Michael Caine John Cassavetes Lon Chaney, Jr. Lou Costello Charles Cioffi Joan Crawford Richard Crenna Jamie Lee Curtis Keith David Bette Davis Brad Davis Angie Dickinson Faye Dunaway Griffin Dunne Shelley Duvall Clint Eastwood Morgan Fairchild Mia Farrow William Finley Jane Fonda John Gavin Jeff Goldblum Elliott Gould Gerrit Graham Cary Grant Rosey Grier Charles Hallahan Gunnar Hansen Debbie Harry Rutger Hauer Wings Hauser Tippi Hedren Dustin Hoffman Ian Holm Season Hubley

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Carol Kane Boris Karloff Grace Kelly Persis Khambatta Adrienne King Yaphet Kotto Elsa Lanchester Stephen Lack Martin Landau Piper Laurie Janet Leigh Jerry Lewis Bela Lugosi Zoe Tamerlis Lund Dean Martin Kevin McCarthy Leo McKern Teri McMinn Vera Miles Ray Milland Jason Miller David Naughton Jack Nicholson Laurence Olivier Heather O'Rourke Patricia Owens Gregory Peck Anthony Perkins Christopher Plummer Vincent Price Lee Remick Kurt Russell Roy Scheider P. J. Soles Sissy Spacek Sylvester Stallone Harry Dean Stanton Amy Steel Andrew Stevens Catherine Mary Stewart Donald Sutherland Max von Sydow Jessica Tandy Rod Taylor Robert Walker Dee Wallace-Stone Jessica Walter Sigourney Weaver Jack Weston Billie Whitelaw

Adrienne Barbeau •

''Terror in the Aisles''
• • Michael Ironside Amy Irving • • Billy Dee Williams James Woods

56

Films shown
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bride of Frankenstein (1935) The Ghost Breakers (1940) Hold That Ghost (1941) The Wolf Man (1941) Strangers on a Train (1951) Scared Stiff (1953) Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954) This Island Earth (1955) To Catch a Thief (1955) Tarantula (1955) The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957) The Deadly Mantis (1957) The Fly (1958) Psycho (1960) Konga (1961) King Kong vs. Godzilla (1962) What Ever Happened to Baby Jane (1962) The Birds (1963) Wait Until Dark (1967) Rosemary's Baby (1968) Night of the Living Dead (1968) Klute (1971) Play Misty for Me (1971) Frogs (1972) Frenzy (1972) The Thing with Two Heads (1972) Sisters (1973) The Exorcist (1973) The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) Phantom of the Paradise (1974) Bug (1975) Jaws (1975) Grizzly (1976) The Food of the Gods (1976) The Omen (1976) Marathon Man (1976) Carrie (1976) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Suspiria (1977) The Car (1977) The Fury (1978) Jaws 2 (1978) Eyes of Laura Mars (1978) Midnight Express (1978) The Legacy (1978) Dawn of the Dead (1978, Italy) The Silent Partner (1978) Halloween (1978) Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978) Alien (1979) The Brood (1979) Dracula (1979) Nightwing (1979) When a Stranger Calls (1979) The Fog (1980) Friday the 13th (1980) The Shining (1980) Dressed to Kill (1980) Alligator (1980) Scanners (1981) The Howling (1981) The Funhouse (1981) Ms. 45 (1981) Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981) An American Werewolf in London (1981) Halloween II (1981) Nighthawks (1981) Saturday the 14th (1981) The Seduction (1982) Vice Squad (1982) Cat People (1982) Poltergeist (1982) John Carpenter's The Thing (1982) Alone in the Dark (1982) Videodrome (1983) Firestarter (1984)

Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948) •

''Terror in the Aisles''

57

Trivia
• The television network version has additional film clips added for network viewings as well as replacing violent clips from other films. The additional film clips are from the films: The Car, Dracula, Firestarter, Frenzy, The Legacy, etc. • The film has been frequently featured on the cable television channel Chiller since its premiere in 2007. Also the film has yet to be released in the United States on DVD (Region 1), most likely because of issues surrounding copyright.

External links
• • • • Terror in the Aisles [1] at the Internet Movie Database Terror in the Aisles [2] at Allmovie Terror in the Aisles [3] at Rotten Tomatoes Terror in the Aisles [4] at Box Office Mojo

References
[1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0088249/ [2] http:/ / www. allmovie. com/ work/ 49138 [3] http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ terror_in_the_aisles/ [4] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=terrorintheaisles. htm

Une Femme ou Deux
Une Femme ou Deux (One Woman or Two) is a French film made in 1985. It is a comedy which lasts about 97 mins. It was directed by Daniel Vigne who was also the screenwriter along with Elizabeth Rappeneau. The cast included Gérard Depardieu, Sigourney Weaver, Ruth Westheimer, Michel Aumont, Zabou, Jean-Pierre Bisson, Yann Babilée. Produced by Michel Choquet, the music scores were from Kevin Mulligan, Evert Verhees and Jean Thielemans.

Plot
Gérard Depardieu makes an archeological find of a two-million year old French woman which he calls Laura. He is approached and conned by an American advertising executive Sigourney Weaver, masquerading as a charity organisation executive in order to use the woman for her own perfume advertising campaign. Later the real charity organisation executive Ruth Westheimer turns up ... it all develops from there.

External links
• Une femme ou deux [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Timeout film guide 13! [2]

. and stars Sigourney Weaver. and Patrick Kavanagh. The film was based on the 1984 novel Doctor Slaughter by Paul Theroux. Half Moon Street is the first RKO Pictures solo feature film production in almost a quarter-century. The film was directed by Bob Swaim. 1986 90 min  United Kingdom  United States Language English Half Moon Street is a 1986 erotic thriller film about an American woman working at a British escort service who becomes involved in the political intrigues surrounding one of her clients.Une Femme ou Deux 58 References [1] http:/ / www. made in 1957. The previous one was Jet Pilot. html Half Moon Street Half Moon Street Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Bob Swaim Geoffrey Reeve Edward Behr Bob Swaim Paul Theroux Sigourney Weaver Michael Caine Patrick Kavanagh Faith Kent Ram John Holder Richard Harvey Starring Music by Cinematography Peter Hannan Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Richard Marden RKO Pictures 20th Century Fox August 13. imdb. timeout. Michael Caine. com/ film/ 64761. com/ title/ tt0090235/ [2] http:/ / www.

But during a delicate peace negotiation in the Middle East. External links • Half Moon Street [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. turns out to be Lord Bulbeck. Slaughter moonlights in her flat on Half Moon Street as a paid escort to lonely men." Unhappy with superiors who take credit for her work and dissatisfied with her low wages. One such. Lauren Slaughter is an American woman of considerable intellect. an expert on China who now lives in London.''Half Moon Street'' 59 Plot Dr. someone they suspect might have an ulterior motive. com/ title/ tt0091164/ . imdb. a trusted House of Lords member with a key role in national defense. identifying himself by a fake name. investigators doing a background check on Lord Bulbeck come upon his relationship with the high-priced call girl. enjoying each other's conversation and intelligence. The two strike up a relationship that goes beyond their lovemaking. Dr. working for a "think tank.

060. 1986 137 minutes United States English $18.248 Alien Alien 3 [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by .5 million $131.''Aliens (film)'' 60 Aliens (film) Aliens Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by James Cameron Gale Anne Hurd Gordon Carroll David Giler Walter Hill James Cameron James Cameron David Giler Walter Hill Sigourney Weaver Carrie Henn Michael Biehn Lance Henriksen William Hope Paul Reiser James Horner Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Adrian Biddle Editing by Studio Ray Lovejoy Brandywine Productions SLM Production Group 20th Century Fox July 18.

A sequel to the 1979 film Alien. who inform her that contact has been lost with the colony on LV-426. It was filmed in England at Pinewood Studios. Hicks assumes command and orders the dropship to recover the survivors. 61 Plot Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver). is now home to a terraforming colony. but Bishop soon informs the group of a greater threat: the damaged processing station has become unstable and will soon detonate with the force of a thermonuclear weapon. Ripley and Newt fall asleep in the medical laboratory. Traumatized by her previous encounter with the Alien. Aboard the warship Sulaco she is introduced to the Colonial Marines. Lance Henriksen. She threatens to expose him. The company decides to dispatch Burke and a unit of marines to investigate. There they find a large Alien nest filled with the cocooned colonists. With Gorman knocked unconscious during the rescue. Ripley is visited by Weyland-Yutani representative Carter Burke (Paul Reiser) and Lieutenant Gorman (William Hope) of the Colonial Marines.[3] The movie was nominated for seven Academy Awards. who rescue them and kill the creatures. Ripley loses her space flight license as a result of her "questionable judgment" and learns that LV-426. but Ripley rescues Hicks. Ripley accuses Burke of attempting to smuggle implanted Alien embryos past Earth's quarantine inside her and Newt. Ripley discovers that it was Burke who ordered the colonists to investigate the derelict spaceship where the Nostromo crew first encountered the Alien eggs. which helped establish Cameron as a major action director. Ripley initially refuses to join. Some time later. her testimony regarding the Alien is met with extreme skepticism as no physical evidence of the creature survived the destruction of the Nostromo. including Sergeant Apone (Al Matthews). Aliens is set fifty-seven years after the first film with Weaver's character Ellen Ripley returning to the planet LV-426 where she first encountered the hostile Alien. the surviving humans barricade themselves inside the colony complex. The Aliens attack and kill most of the unit. is rescued and revived after drifting for fifty-seven years in stasis. a stowaway Alien kills the dropship pilots in flight. Aliens earned $86 million in the United States box office during its 1986 theatrical release and $131 million internationally. Aliens' action-adventure tone was in contrast to the horror motifs of the original Alien. and at a decommissioned power plant. subsequently. and Hudson. and Bill Paxton. Ripley is able to alert the marines. and the android Bishop (Lance Henriksen). toward whom Ripley is initially hostile due to her previous experience with the android Ash aboard the Nostromo. which had been plaguing her since her first encounter.''Aliens (film)'' Aliens is a 1986 science fiction action film directed by James Cameron and starring Sigourney Weaver. However. At an interview before a panel of executives from her employer. and offers to restore Ripley's flight status and pick up her contract if she will accompany them as a consultant. but accepts when she realizes that the mission will allow her to face her fears. where they find the colony seemingly abandoned. which have been released from their tanks. including a Best Actress nomination for Sigourney Weaver. It won in the categories of Sound Effects Editing and Visual Effects. This time she is accompanied by a unit of Colonial Marines. William Hope. causing the vessel to crash into the processing station. and the only colonist found is a traumatized young girl nicknamed Newt (Carrie Henn). Following the success of The Terminator (1984). Carrie Henn. Michael Biehn. Privates Vasquez (Jenette Goldstein) and Hudson (Bill Paxton). the planet where her crew first encountered the Alien eggs. Two living Alien facehuggers are found in containment tanks in the medical lab. the only survivor of the space freighter Nostromo. The marines determine that the colonists are clustered in the nuclear-powered atmosphere processing station.[2] 20th Century Fox greenlit Aliens with a budget of approximately $18 million. and that he hopes to return Alien specimens to the company laboratories where he can profit from their use as biological weapons. the Weyland-Yutani Corporation. awakening to find themselves locked in the room with the two facehuggers. Corporal Hicks (Michael Biehn). The heavily armed expedition descends to the surface of LV-426 via dropship. and of . Vasquez. He volunteers to use the colony's transmitter to pilot the Sulaco's remaining dropship to the surface by remote control so that the group can escape. intending to return to the Sulaco and destroy the colony from orbit.

Back on the Sulaco. Burke. Additional Marines were played by Tip Tipping (as Private Tim Crowe). • Daniel Kash as Private Daniel Spunkmeyer. a tough female Marine and operator of the M56 smart gun. Private Vasquez's smart-gun partner. • Ricco Ross as Private Ricco Frost. which Ripley then opens. • Cynthia Dale Scott as Corporal Cynthia Dietrich. Closely pursued by the queen. real name Rebecca Jorden. a squad leader of the investigating Colonial Marines. She forms a close bond with Ripley. the android executive officer of the Sulaco. Ripley accompanies the Colonial Marines to investigate LV-426. Hicks forms a close bond with Ripley during the mission on LV-426. • Colette Hiller as Corporal Collette Ferro. • Al Matthews as Sergeant Al Apone. the senior non-commissioned officer of the investigating Colonial Marines. the Marine team's technician. the only character who previously encountered one of the Aliens. Ripley and Newt rendezvous with Bishop and Hicks on the dropship and escape moments before the colony is consumed by the nuclear blast. who escapes by tearing free from her ovipositor.''Aliens (film)'' planning to kill the rest of the marines in hypersleep during the return trip. Bishop accompanies the team investigating the disappearance of the colonists on LV-426. Newt. a corporate lawyer for the Weyland-Yutani Corporation who meets with Ripley after she is awakened from cryogenic stasis. enraging the queen. Ripley clambers to safety and she. Hicks and the still-functioning Bishop enter hypersleep for the return to Earth. The electricity is suddenly cut off and numerous Aliens attack through the ceiling. . Ripley battles the queen using an exosuit cargo-loader. Ripley and an injured Hicks reach Bishop and the second dropship. • Michael Biehn as Corporal Dwayne Hicks. Ripley and Bishop's relief at their narrow escape is interrupted when the Alien queen. • Mark Rolston as Private Mark Drake. • William Hope as Lieutenant William Gorman. the Marine team's APC driver. 62 Cast • Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley. The two of them tumble into a large airlock. impales Bishop and tears him in half. • Bill Paxton as Private William Hudson. and Vasquez are killed. the Marine team's corpsman. She shares a close bond with Private Drake. and Newt is captured by the Aliens. but Ripley is unwilling to leave Newt behind. the dropship's crew chief. and Trevor Steedman (as Private Trevor Wierzbowski). a child who is the only survivor of the colony on LV-426. He accompanies Ripley and the Marines to LV-426 to oversee the company's interests in the mission. Hudson. Burke. • Jenette Goldstein as Private Jenette Vasquez. stowed away on the dropship's landing gear. expelling the queen into space. the Commanding Officer of the Colonial Marines sent to investigate LV-426. with Ripley being the only surviving character from that film. • Paul Reiser as Carter J. Gorman. Weaver reprised her role from Alien. She rescues Newt from the hive in the processing station. the Marines' dropship pilot. • Lance Henriksen as Bishop. where the two encounter the Alien queen and her egg chamber. Ripley destroys most of the eggs. • Carrie Henn as Newt.

as they felt that Alien had not generated enough profit to warrant a sequel.[4] A scheduling conflict with actor Arnold Schwarzenegger caused filming of The Terminator to be delayed by nine months (as Schwarzenegger was filming Conan the Destroyer). Concept artists were asked to incorporate subliminal acknowledgments to the Vietnam War. allowing Cameron additional time to write a script for Aliens.[9] Some scenes of the Alien nest were shot at the decommissioned Acton Lane Power Station in Acton. which included designing the dropship as a combination of a F-4 Phantom II and AH-1 Cobra. and that can be seen as analogous to the inability of superior American firepower to conquer the unseen enemy in Vietnam: a lot of firepower and very little wisdom. less on horror". and although the script was not finished."[4] [8] In the story of Aliens the Colonial Marines are hired to protect the business interests of the Weyland-Yutani Corporation. although management changes at 20th Century Fox resulted in the film being put on hiatus. refused to sign a contract with Weaver over a payment dispute and asked Cameron to write a story excluding Ellen Ripley. a sum equal to thirty times what she was paid for the first film. referring to John Rambo of the Rambo series.[6] Sigourney Weaver. corresponding to the belief that corporate interests were the reason that American troops were sent to South Vietnam. The attitude of the Marines was influenced by the Vietnam War. but it was redesigned as the ship would be out of frame due to the film's aspect ratio. One of the original designs for the spaceship Sulaco was spherical. they are portrayed as cocky and confident of their inevitable victory. the outcome is not what they expect. While filming The Terminator. who had worked on Blade Runner.[7] Weaver nicknamed her role in the Alien sequel "Rambolina". Fox was impressed and told him that if The Terminator was a success. Cameron and partner Gale Anne Hurd were given approval to direct and produce the sequel to Alien. Cameron was enticed by the opportunity to create a new world and opted not to follow the same formula as Alien. director James Cameron discussed the possibility of working on a sequel to Alien (1979) with producer David Giler. and Tron. but to create a worthy combat sequel focusing "more on terror. .[5] Following the success of The Terminator.[6] Concept and design Early concept art was created by Syd Mead. London. 20th Century Fox. Fox signed the contract and Weaver obtained a salary of $1 million.''Aliens (film)'' 63 Production Origins and inspiration While completing pre-production of The Terminator in 1983. The crew thought it was a perfect place to film due to its grilled walkways The AH-1 Cobra used in Vietnam served as inspiration for the design of the dropship. but after meeting Cameron she expressed interest in revisiting her character. a situation in which a technologically superior force was mired in a hostile foreign environment: "Their training and technology are inappropriate for the specifics. Cameron wrote ninety pages for Aliens. 2010.[5] He refused on the grounds that Fox had indicated that Weaver had signed on when he began writing the script. scheduled for a 1986 release.[7] Cameron drew inspiration for the Aliens story from the Vietnam War. and it didn't work. had doubts about the project. who played Ellen Ripley in Alien. he would be able to direct Aliens. however.[4] After four days Cameron produced an initial forty-five page treatment. Cameron was interested in crafting a sequel and entered a self-imposed seclusion to brainstorm a concept for Alien II. but when they find themselves facing a less technologically advanced but more determined enemy.[4] A fan of the original film. Cameron showed Mead his own concept art and the final result was described as a "rocket gun that carries stuff". With Cameron's persistence. and stated that she approached the role as akin to the titular role in Henry V or women warriors in Chinese classical literature.

American accents. the power station floor had to be reinforced to support the weight.[11] It initially weighed 70 short tons (64000 kg).[9] The Alien nest set was not dismantled after filming. To save on cost. including the not-yet-filmed marine hypersleep sequence. only four hypersleep chambers were created and a mirror was used to create the illusion that there were twelve in the scene.[12] .000 residents in the United Kingdom auditioned. and was reused in 1989 as the Axis Chemicals set for Batman. so that they would form bonds that would show on-screen. but found that many of them had acted in commercials and were accustomed to smiling after saying their lines. and although the crew removed 35 short tons (32000 kg) of lead. Michael Biehn was also absent from the training. however. Cameron wanted the Marines to train together. Gale Hurd wanted to cut the scene altogether. such as Ripley's toilet. Sigourney Weaver. the chambers were opened and closed by wires operated by puppeteers. The casting team auditioned schoolchildren. but Lamont and Cameron felt it was important to the sequence of the film. deployments. but Cameron felt that this suited their characters as "outsiders" in the film. whose father was stationed at a United States military base.[12] Actors who played Marines were asked to read Robert A. After auditions of UK residents proved unsuccessful. and Paul Reiser were absent from training due to other obligations. the crew imported actors from America including Lance Henriksen. helicopter engines. or could create. Instead of using hydraulics. and Michael Biehn.''Aliens (film)'' and numerous corridors. Carrie Henn. Problems were encountered with rust and asbestos. learning salutes. which came from a Boeing 747.[6] although she had no previous acting experience. When the crew of Batman entered the set. a trait that the producers wished to avoid due to the dark tone of Aliens. was chosen out of 500 children for the role of Newt.[9] 64 Casting Cameron opted to hire actors who had. Heinlein's novel Starship Troopers and undergo military training which included running. and the crew managed to purchase a Douglas Equipment Limited DC12-series tug to use as the armored personnel carrier. The APC (armored personnel carrier) was built Lockers. and maneuvers for two weeks. and vending machines were used as set upon the chassis of an aircraft tug tractor. as he was not cast until one week after filming had commenced. elements in the opening hypersleep scene. Over 3. The crew used many "junk" items in the set designs. who had all worked with Cameron on The Terminator. marches.[10] British Airways was re-equipping several of its aircraft tug tractors. William Hope. Al Matthews had experience in the military and believed he was cast as Sergeant Apone because of this experience. The role of Newt was the most difficult to cast according to the casting director. Production designer Peter Lamont was asked to reduce the cost of several scenes. they found most of it intact. Bill Paxton. and the crew was required to spend money to clean the asbestos. lifting weights.

relying on the lights from the Marines' armor. British armorers used guns they found to be the most reliable when firing blanks and those which looked futuristic. producer Gale Anne Hurd. with the crew having what actor Bill Paxton called a "really indentured" way of working. Horner arrived in England and expected the film to be "locked" so he could write the score in six weeks. which had not yet been released in the UK. as they were the heaviest and most dangerous.[15] . by asking her who the producer was and insisting that she was only getting producer's credit because she was married to the director. A walkout occurred when Cameron clashed with an uncooperative cameraman who refused to light a scene the way Cameron wanted. despite Cameron's attempts to show them his previous film. a thirty-year-old studio that was barely able to patch in synthesizers or use the electronic equipment that Horner required. while Cameron insisted on his original vision of a dark.[14] Music Music composer James Horner felt he was not given enough time to create a musical score. citing that Cameron spent two days with the sound engineer creating the sounds for the pulse rifles. The pulse rifles were created from a Thompson SMG. Seattle) that filming and editing were still taking place. Horner believed Cameron was preoccupied with sound effects. He visited the sets and editing rooms for three weeks and found that editor Ray Lovejoy was barely keeping up with the workload due to time restrictions. Hurd managed to [13] coax the crew members into coming back to work.[13] At one point the crew members mocked Cameron's wife. foreboding nest. James Cameron and Gale Anne Hurd production to a temporary halt. The cameraman had lit the Alien nest set brightly. and he was unable to view the film.[4] Production was affected by a number of personnel and cast disruptions. The Terminator. with an attached forend of a Franchi SPAS-12 shotgun and a Remington 12 Gauge Model 870P receiver with barrel. which he Protective armor and helmet worn by Michael Biehn as Hicks (Science Fiction Museum and thought was a sufficient amount of time. Horner. Shooting was said to be problematic due to cultural clashes between Cameron and the British crew. Weapons and props Weapons used by the Marines were based on real. with production lasting ten months. found it difficult to adjust to working practices such as the regular tea breaks that brought The producing team behind Aliens. The crew were admirers of Ridley Scott. He also complained that he was given an outdated recording studio. who is known to be a hard driving director and at the time was bound to a low budget with a release date set that he could not delay.''Aliens (film)'' 65 Filming Aliens was filmed on a budget of $18 million at Pinewood Studios. The crew found flamethrowers the most difficult weapon to create and use. Cameron. The smart guns carried by Vasquez and Drake were based on the German MG-42 machine gun and were maneuvered with steadicam harnesses created using old motorcycle parts. fully functional weapons. and many believed Cameron to be too young and inexperienced to be directing a film such as Aliens. After the cameraman was fired. the score was recorded with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road Studios. however. discovered Hall of Fame.

''Aliens (film)'' Six weeks from theatrical release, no dubbing had taken place and the score had not been written, as Horner was unable to view the completed film. The final cue for the scene in which Ripley battles the Alien queen was written overnight. Cameron completely reworked the scene, leaving Horner to rewrite the music. As Gale Hurd did not have much music production experience, she and Cameron denied Horner's request to push the film back four weeks so he could finish the score. Horner felt that, given more time, he could get the score to 100% of his satisfaction, rather than the 80% he estimated he had been able to achieve. The score was recorded in roughly four days.[15] Despite his troubles, Horner received an Academy Award nomination (his first) for Best Original Score. Horner stated that tensions between himself and Cameron were so high during post-production that he assumed they would never work together again. Horner believed that Cameron's film schedules were too short and stressful. The two parted ways until 1997 when Cameron, impressed with Horner's score for Braveheart, asked him to compose the score for Titanic.[15]

66

Visual effects
Brothers Robert and Dennis Skotak were hired to supervise the visual effects, having previously worked with Cameron on several Roger Corman movies. Two stages were used to construct the colony on LV-426, using miniature models that were on average six feet tall and three feet wide.[16] Filming the miniatures was difficult due to the weather; the wind would blow over the props, although it proved helpful to give the effect of weather on the planet. Cameron used these miniatures and several effects to make scenes look larger than they really were, including rear projection, mirrors, beam splitters, camera splits and foreground miniatures.[16] The Alien suits were made more flexible and durable than the ones used in Alien, to expand on the creatures' movements and allow them to crawl and jump. Dancers, gymnasts and stunt men were hired to portray the Aliens. The creature's head was changed from the sleek shape used in Alien, as the crew thought that the original shape would crack with the creatures' increased mobility. Ridges were added along the head to increase its durability during movements.[16] Scenes involving the Alien queen were the most difficult to film, according to production staff. A life-sized mock-up was created by Stan Winston's company in the United States to see how it would operate. Once the testing was complete, the crew working on the queen flew to England and began work creating the final version. Standing at fourteen feet, it was operated using a mixture of puppeteers, control rods, hydraulics, cables, and a crane above to support it. Two puppeteers were inside the suit operating its arms, and sixteen were required to move it. All sequences involving the queen were filmed in-camera with no post-production manipulation.[16]

Reception
Box office
Eagerly anticipated by fans following the success of Alien,[17] Aliens was released in America on July 18, 1986, and September 26 in the United Kingdom. The film opened in 1,437 theaters with an average opening gross of $6,995 and a weekend gross of $10,052,042. It was number one at the United States box office for four consecutive weeks, grossing $85.1 million, and remains the highest-grossing Alien film at the U.S. box office when not adjusting for inflation. The film took a further $45.9 million outside of North America, for a total gross of $131 million.[1]

Reviews
Test and pre-screenings were unable to take place for Aliens due to the film not being completed until its week of release.[18] Once it was released in cinemas, critical and audience reaction was very positive. Critic Roger Ebert gave the film 3.5 stars out of 4 and called it "painfully and unremittingly intense" and a "superb example of filmmaking craft." He also stated "when I walked out of the theater, there were knots in my stomach from the film's roller-coaster ride of violence."[19] Walter Goodman of The New York Times said it was a "flaming, flashing, crashing, crackling

''Aliens (film)'' blow-'em-up show that keeps you popping from your seat despite your better instincts and the basically conventional scare tactics."[20] Time Magazine featured the film on the cover of its July 28, 1986, issue, calling it the "summer's scariest movie". Time reviewer Richard Schickel declared the film "a sequel that exceeds its predecessor in the reach of its appeal while giving Weaver new emotional dimensions to explore."[4] The selection of Aliens for a Time cover was attributed to the successful reception of the film,[21] [22] as well as its novel example of a science fiction action heroine.[23] Echoing Time's assessment, Dave Kehr of The Chicago Reader called the film "one sequel that surpasses the original."[24] Reviews of the film have remained mostly positive over the years. In a 1997 interview, Weaver stated that Aliens "made the first Alien look like a cucumber sandwich."[25] In a 2000 review, film critic James Berardinelli said "When it comes to the logical marriage of action, adventure, and science fiction, few films are as effective or accomplished as Aliens."[26] Austin Chronicle contributor Marjorie Baumgarten labeled the film in 2002 as "a non-stop action fest."[27] Based on 44 reviews, the film has a "fresh" rating of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes with an average critic score of 8.8 out of 10.[28] It also holds a score of 87 on the other major review aggregator, Metacritic.[29]

67

Accolades
Aliens was nominated for seven Academy Awards including Best Music, Best Sound, Best Film Editing, and Best Art Direction/Set Decoration. It won two awards for Sound Effects Editing and Visual Effects. Sigourney Weaver received her first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress, and although she did not win, it was considered a landmark nomination for an actress to be considered for a science fiction/horror film, a genre which was given little recognition by the Academy in 1986.[6] [18] [30] Aliens received four BAFTA award nominations and won in the category of Visual Effects.[31] It won eight Saturn Awards in the categories of Best science fiction film, Best actress (Sigourney Weaver), Best supporting actor (Bill Paxton), Best supporting actress (Jenette Goldstein), Best performance by a younger actor (Carrie Henn), Best direction (James Cameron), Best writing (James Cameron), and Best special effects (Stan Winston and the L.A. Effects Group).[32] Time magazine named Aliens in their Best of '86 list calling it a "technically awesome blend of the horror, sci-fi and service-comedy Sigourney Weaver's Academy Award nomination [33] In 2007, Entertainment Weekly named Aliens as the genres." for Best Actress was considered a milestone at [34] the time when the Academy gave little second-best action movie of all time, behind Die Hard. In a Rotten recognition to the science fiction genre. Tomatoes analysis of the top 100 science fiction films, Aliens ranks tenth among the best-reviewed films of the genre.[35] In 2004, Aliens was ranked thirty-fifth on Bravo's "100 Scariest Movie Moments" for the scene in which Ripley and Newt are attacked by facehuggers; the original Alien was ranked second for the chestburster scene.[36] IGN ranked it third in its "Top 25 Action Films of All-Time", stating that "there won't be an Alien movie as scary – or exciting – as this one made ever again."[37]

''Aliens (film)''

68

Special edition
A "Special Edition" of Aliens was released in 1992 on laserdisc and VHS that restored seventeen minutes of deleted footage. These additions include a segment showing Newt's family first encountering the derelict spacecraft on LV-426, Ripley learning that her daughter died during the years she was in hypersleep, a scene in the operations building in which the Marines use sentry guns against the Aliens, and several extended dialogue scenes between Ripley and the Marines.[6] These scenes had been deleted from the original theatrical release as 20th Century Fox representatives thought the film was showing "too much nothing" and spent an unnecessary amount of time building suspense.[6] Most of the Special Edition's footage was first seen when the film made its broadcast television debut on CBS in 1989, but two additional sequences concerning Burke's transmission to the colony about the derelict, and the Jorden family's subsequent discovery of the same, were added to the initial Laserdisc release. According to Cameron, the visual effects for the scene were incomplete, so he went back to the Skotak brothers and had them finish the sequences. All currently available versions of the Special Edition contain these scenes. The special edition was released as part of The Alien Legacy DVD box set in 1999 along with Alien and Alien 3. Both the theatrical version and the special edition were released again in 2003 as part of the Alien Quadrilogy DVD box set along with similar versions of Alien, Alien 3, and Alien Resurrection. A separate two-disc "Special Collector's Edition" DVD of Aliens was released on January 6, 2004, containing the same material as the two Aliens discs in the Quadrilogy set.[38] Additional content in these versions included an audio commentary for the special edition featuring director James Cameron, producer Gale Hurd, special effects artists and crew members. The second disc included special features relating to pre-production, production, and post-production.[39]

Interpretation and analysis
Philosopher Stephen Mulhall has remarked that the four Alien films represent an artistic rendering of the difficulties faced by the woman's "voice" to have itself heard in a masculinist society, as Ripley continually encounters males who try to silence her and to force her to submit to their desires. Mulhall sees this depicted in several events in Aliens, particularly the inquest scene in which Ripley's explanation for the deaths and destruction of the Nostromo, as well as her attempts to warn the board members of the Alien danger, are met with officious disdain. However, Mulhall believes that Ripley's relationship with Hicks illustrates that Aliens "is devoted ... to the possibility of modes of masculinity that seek not to stifle but rather to accommodate the female voice, and modes of femininity that can acknowledge and incorporate something more or other of masculinity than our worst nightmares of it."[40] Feminist Susan Faludi writes of Ripley in Backlash that, "The tough-talking space engineer who saves an orphan child in Aliens is sympathetically portrayed, but her willfulness, too, is maternal; she is protecting the child - who calls her 'Mommy' - from female monsters."[41] Several movie academics, including Barbara Creed, have remarked on the color and lighting symbolism in the Alien franchise, which offsets white, strongly lit environments (spaceships, corporate offices) against darker, dirtier, 'corrupted' settings (derelict alien ship, abandoned industrial facilities). These black touches contrast or even attempt to take over the purity of the white elements.[42] Others, such as Kile M. Ortigo of Emory University, agree with this interpretation and point to the Sulaco with its "sterilized, white interior" as representing this element in the second film of the franchise.[43] While some claim that the shape of the Sulaco was based on a submarine,[44] the design has most often been described as a 'gun in space' resembling the rifles used in the movie.[45] Author Roz Kaveney called the opening shot of the ship traveling through space 'fetishistic' and 'shark-like', "an image of brutal strength and ingenious efficiency"—while the militarized interior of the Sulaco (designed by Ron Cobb) is contrasted to the organic interior of the Nostromo in the first movie (also designed by Cobb).[46] David McIntee noted the homage the scene pays to the opening tour through the Nostromo in Alien.[47]

Saturn Awards. [9] Building Better Worlds . boxofficemojo. "The Years of Living Splendidly" (http:/ / www. com/ franchises/ ). com/ gyrobase/ Calendar/ Film?Film=oid:140686). [22] Stuever. Retrieved 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2008-09-16. March 21. Superior Firepower [19] Ebert. July 18. Don. htm). "Beauties and the Beast" (http:/ / www.Men in `Alien' films just don't get it. The Miami Herald. austinchronicle. html). com/ ew/ article/ 0. Superior Firepower [14] The Risk Always Lives . html). Chicago Sun-Times. Pablo. Retrieved 2007-07-16. [29] "Aliens Reviews." (http:/ / www. Richard (1986-07-28)." Cinefex. tcm. [24] Kehr. Richardson. Retrieved 2007-07-16. Roger (1986-07-18). 1986. htm). html). (1997-11-28) Ripley knows best . com/ movie/ review?_r=2& res=9A0DE7DA1731F93BA25754C0A960948260& oref=slogin). Retrieved 2009-11-21. 1985. .290562. . html).Casting and characterization. . Box Office Mojo.Visual effects. potentially self-aware machine. Retrieved 2008-02-27. Dave. No. John H. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. David (2007-03-10). . James (2000).00. . time. Douglas Equipment Ltd. Superior Firepower [6] Aliens: Special Edition audio commentary [7] Corliss. thus confounding Ripley's expectations. Turner Classic Movies. [28] "Aliens reviews" (http:/ / au. com/ apps/ pbcs. metacritic. ABC. Rotten Tomatoes. php).[50] This is seen as part of a larger trend of technophobia in films prior to the 1990s. [11] "Conventional Aircraft Handling Tractors" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-07-16. New York Daily News. 1D. and More. "Movie Minutiae: Aliens" (http:/ / www. php?id=0000000003). Ratings. . Austin American-Statesman. "Movie Review: Aliens (1986) . Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service. org/ archives/ 2007/ 03/ 10/ 161033. org/ awards/ film/ nominations/ ?year=1986). .. [32] "Saturn Award Winners" (http:/ / www. "Movie Review: 300 (Aliens)" (http:/ / blogcritics." Premiere Magazine. Walter (1986-07-18). editing and sound.Pinewood Studios. Superior Firepower [10] Kemble. [5] 57 Years Later . Hank. au/ news/ arts/ articulate/ 200511/ s1513926. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 44–54. [21] Kjolseth. Entertainment Weekly. . pp.9171. reelviews. Bill. . . "Aliens (review)" (http:/ / onfilm.net. E1 [23] Desjardins. [31] "Film nominations 1986" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-03-02. "Aliens (review)" (http:/ / www. August 1986. "Aliens. Retrieved 2008-01-31. uk/ product_list. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. com/ movies/ ?id=aliens. html).Special Event Archives" (http:/ / www.961869. 2001.''Aliens (film)'' The android character Bishop has been the subject of literary and philosophical analysis as a high-profile fictional android conforming to science fiction author Isaac Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics and as a model of a compliant.. Richard (1986-07-28). [8] Shay.Film: Sigourney Weaver in 'Aliens'" (http:/ / movies. The Chicago Reader. [30] Career of living dangerously: Sigourney Weaver ready for next risk. Time Magazine. . Marjorie (2002-06-07). [12] Preparing for Battle . Superior Firepower [13] This Time It's War .From concept to construction. org/ past. time. p. "Help! They're Back!" (http:/ / www. "Aliens (review)" (http:/ / rogerebert. 12. . with Bishop's role being particularly significant as he proves his worth at the end of the film. Box Office Mojo. [20] Goodman. "Aliens . dll/ article?AID=/ 19860718/ REVIEWS/ 607180301/ 1023).961839. "Aliens (review)" (http:/ / www.Weapons and action. [27] Baumgarten. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. "Movie Franchises Index" (http:/ / www.. ew. Blogcritics magazine. . [25] Hochman. Retrieved 2008-04-16. rottentomatoes.9171. . net. Superior Firepower [16] The Power of Real Tech . pg. Gary (2005-12-02). David (1997-12-05). com/ m/ 1000617-aliens/ ). Superior Firepower [17] Cosford. Retrieved 2008-03-03. [18] Aliens Unleashed . Vol 27. chicagoreader. "Iron Jim. abc. boxofficemojo. com/ movie/ aliens). com/ movies/ capsules/ 192_ALIENS).00. Superior Firepower [15] The Final Countdown – Music. douglas-tugmaster. suntimes.[48] His portrayal has been studied by writers for the University of Texas Press for its implications relating to how humans deal with the presence of an "Other".Continuing the story. 2007. August 1994. Time Magazine. . Schickel. bafta. Reelviews. .00. Retrieved 2008-02-27.Reaction to the film.[51] 69 References Notes [1] [2] [3] [4] "Aliens box office results" (http:/ / www. nytimes. [26] Berardinelli. com/ thismonth/ article/ ?cid=87922& rss=mrqe). . co. Let 'Aliens' Invade Your Peace of Mind. Retrieved 2008-03-03. . net/ movies/ a/ aliens. .[49] as Ripley treats them with fear and suspicion and a form of "hi-tech racism and android apartheid" is present throughout the series. Austin Chronicle. saturnawards. The New York Times.

ew. . Science as Culture 12 (3): 341–373. Anton Karl (September 2003). editors Read.com' website. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Telos Publishing. in Backlash. In R. shtml) on 2007-10-30. Alien Quadrilogy – Disc 3. com/ gp/ product/ B00012FXAE/ ref=pd_cp_d_0?pf_rd_p=316286001& pf_rd_s=center-41& pf_rd_t=201& pf_rd_i=B00000ILDE& pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER& pf_rd_r=0SH4J243Z3NWZ008JHPH). html) – Ortigo. [36] "The 100 Scariest Movie Moments" (http:/ / web.) [45] Syd Mead's "Sulaco" ship from Aliens just a big gun (http:/ / gadgets. Time magazine. Sincronía.B. Rotten Tomatoes.com/title/tt0090605/) at the Internet Movie Database • Aliens (http://www. G (May 2000). (via Internet Archive) [37] "The Top 25 Action Films of All-Time" (http:/ / au. org/ web/ 20071030070540/ http:/ / www. Roz. Los Angeles. com/ articles/ 673/ 673392p5. Barbara. shtml). 2005 [48] Buttazzo. [39] Patrizio.com/work/1524) at Allmovie . com/ The_100_Scariest_Movie_Moments/ index. Retrieved 2008-03-03.com. html). No-One Can Hear You Scream: Acknowledging the Human Voice in the Alien Universe. com/ The_100_Scariest_Movie_Moments/ index. Artificial Humans. "The Mulatto Cyborg: Imagining a Multiracial Future". Cinema Journal (University of Texas Press) 44 (2): 34–49. 20th Century Fox Further reading • The Complete Aliens Companion (by Paul Sammon. Page 159 [47] Beautiful Monsters: The Unofficial and Unauthorized Guide to the Alien and Predator Movies – McIntee.imdb. Andy. . [38] "Aliens (Two-Disc Collector's Edition)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-07-16. Georgia. W. ISBN 0-06-105385-6) • Beautiful Monsters: The Unofficial and Unauthorised Guide to the Alien and Predator Films (by David A. Retrieved 2008-03-03. "The 25 Greatest Action Films Ever!" (http:/ / www. Amazon. Retrieved 2007-07-16. from Alien Zone: Cultural Theory and Contemporary Science Fiction Cinema. [35] "100 Best-Reviewed Sci-Fi Movies" (http:/ / www. pp. [50] Kozlovic. p.9171. Tauris. [34] Bernardin. p. [49] Nishime.963157. ign. ISBN 1-903889-94-4) External links • Media related to Aliens (film) at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Aliens at Wikiquote • • Aliens (http://www. Department of Psychology." in Film as Philosophy: Essays on Cinema After Wittgenstein and Cavell. Retrieved 2008-03-09. starshipmodeler. Jatho.20042607_24. Verso. David. 2003. html) Boing Boing Accessed 2008-05-18. Jacobsen and G. 1990. amazon. com/ features/ special/ 2007/ scifi/ ?r=10& mid=1000617). [44] Alien[s] (http:/ / www. html). Entertainment Weekly.00. McIntee. 145 [42] Alien and the Monstrous-Feminine – Creed.1080/09505430309008. an historical retrospective of the Berlin International Film Festival 2000. . Rupert and Jerry Goodenough. 60 [41] Susan Faludi. "Aliens . rottentomatoes. . usask. Anton Karl (Spring 2004). com/ articles/ 440/ 440017p2.2005. Accessed 2008-05-20..allmovie. 45–49. com/ tech/ othr_ref. boingboing. 70 Sources • Superior Firepower: The Making of Aliens. . "HAL-o-phobia: Computer Horror in the Pre-1990 Popular Cinema". Emory University. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-05-29. bravotv. IGN. Harper Prism. 1992. Chatto & Windus.00. Bravo. archive. 1998.''Aliens (film)'' [33] "Best of '86" (http:/ / www. Aurich. time. dvd. Page 129 [43] Ripley and Alien (http:/ / www. bravotv. [46] Alien to The Matrix: Reading Science Fiction Film – Kaveney. Editor Kuhn. Marc. [51] Kozlovic. net/ 2008/ 05/ 16/ syd-meads-sulaco-shi. html). doi:10. in "I’m a Stranger Here Myself": Forced Individuation in Alien Resurrection. 272 pages. Accessed 2008-05-20. . ca/ relst/ jrpc/ art17-alienresurrection.1353/cj. Annette. Retrieved 2008-03-09. Palgrave Macmillan. Goethe Institute. Telos. 2005. ign. html).Collector's Widescreen Edition" (http:/ / au. "Can a Machine Ever Become Self-Aware?". United States.0011. "Technophobic themes in pre-1990 computer films". com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. doi:10. 2005. 1987-01-05. LeiLani (Winter 2005). movies. IGN. . htm) (from the 'starshipmodeler. 2005. [40] Stephen Mulhall. Kile M. I. "In Space.

Hayes Sigourney Weaver Bryan Brown Julie Harris John Omirah Miluwi Maurice Jarre John Seale Stuart Baird USA/Canada Universal Studios International Warner Bros. 1988 (USA) 129 mins United States English. Clegg Arne Glimcher Judy Kessler Robert Nixon Anna Hamilton Phelan Tab Murphy Dian Fossey Harold T. The original music score was composed by Maurice Jarre. Hayes and a story by Phelan and Tab Murphy. The movie was directed by Michael Apted and the cinematography was by John Seale. Kinyarwanda $12 million $61. The screenplay was adapted by Anna Hamilton Phelan from articles by Alex Shoumatoff and Harold T. P.149. September 23.479 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Gorillas in the Mist is a 1988 American drama film which tells the true-life story of naturalist Dian Fossey and her work in Rwanda with Mountain Gorillas. .''Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey'' 71 Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Michael Apted Peter Guber Rick Baker Terrance A.P.

Best Film Editing. and even burns down the poachers' villages and stages a mock execution of one of the offenders. release. Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium . Appalled by the poaching of the gorillas for their skins. She rejects this. is inspired by an anthropologist Louis Leakey to devote her life to the study of primates. Reception Box office • US Gross Domestic Takings: US$24. This fact is reflected on the marquee of a drive-in theater featured in the film: Psycho. Louis Leakey Constantin Alexandrov Van Vecten Waigwa Wachira Iain Glen David Lansbury Maggie O'Neill Mukara Brendan Hello Larry Kim Production Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey was a joint production between Universal Studios and Warner Bros.000 • Gross Worldwide Takings: $61.429. claiming that poaching is the only means by which some of the Rwandan natives can themselves survive. in the bedroom of her cabin. Main cast Actor Sigourney Weaver Bryan Brown Julie Harris John Omirah Miluwi Iain Cuthbertson Role Dian Fossey Bob Campbell Roz Carr Sembagare Dr.149. 1985.479 . Fossey is mysteriously murdered on December 26. a Universal-owned production and The Shining.479 • Other International Takings: $36. which dismisses her.720. She becomes so preoccupied with her vocation that she loses the opportunity of a romance with National Geographic photographer Bob Campbell. hands. To this end she forms and leads numerous anti-poaching patrols. and heads. Dian Fossey. a Warner Bros.''Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey'' The movie stars Sigourney Weaver. Fossey becomes fascinated with the lives and habits of the rare mountain gorillas of the Rwandan jungle. Fossey complains to the Rwandan government. 72 Plot summary A Kentucky woman. Julie Harris and John Omirah Miluwi. Travelling into deepest Africa.Best Actress in a Leading Role (Sigourney Weaver). It was nominated for five Academy Awards .and won the Golden Globe Awards for Weaver's performance and Jarre's score while being nominated also. Original Score and Best Writing. and dedicates herself to saving the African Mountain gorilla from illegal poaching and likely extinction. Best Music. Bryan Brown.

htm . com/ movies/ ?id=gorillasinthemist.''Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey'' 73 External links • Gorillas in the Mist [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Gorillas in the Mist [2] at Allmovie • Boxoffice information [3] References [1] http:/ / www. com/ work/ A20394 [3] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0095243/ [2] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. allmovie.

for which she received the Academy Award for Best Song.6 million $102. The film features a notable opening sequence following Manhattan-bound commuters on the Staten Island Ferry accompanied by Carly Simon's song "Let the River Run".''Working Girl'' 74 Working Girl Working Girl Working Girl movie poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mike Nichols Douglas Wick Kevin Wade Harrison Ford Melanie Griffith Sigourney Weaver Alec Baldwin Joan Cusack Carly Simon (Main song) Rob Mounsey Music by Cinematography Michael Ballhaus Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Sam O'Steen 20th Century Fox December 21. Katharine Parker (Sigourney Weaver). . Tess uses her absence and connections. grossing a worldwide total of $103 million.953. Tess McGill (Melanie Griffith). to put forward her idea for a merger deal. The film was a box office hit. breaks her leg skiing. It tells the story of a Staten Island-raised secretary.112 (Worldwide) Working Girl is a 1988 romantic comedy film written by Kevin Wade and directed by Mike Nichols. When her boss. 1988 115 minutes United States English $28. working in the mergers and acquisitions department of a Wall Street investment bank. including Parker's errant beau Jack Trainer (Harrison Ford).

Tess accidentally finds evidence that Katharine was planning to steal Tess's idea and pass it off as her own. Trask says that Jack "better not let his Johnson go on making his business decisions for him. The evening before the meeting. Back at the office. That night. Katharine returns home with her leg still in plaster. she finds that Mick is going on with his life with Doreen. Jack visits but extricates himself quickly. Jack then arrives at the office and Cyn (at Tess's frantic request) pretends to be Tess's secretary. she accepts a Valium from Cyn. Tess begins to feel her luck is finally changing. Seemingly supportive and benevolent. However. when Tess returns home. who never mentions his name. is helping her get a better job. when Katharine breaks her leg on a skiing trip in Europe. Mick and Tess officially break up. using her boss's name as an entree. she realizes Jack is the man with whom she spent the night. she asks Tess to house-sit for her. Katharine and Trask in the lobby. which she models beforehand for her friend Cynthia (Joan Cusack). Days later. At the party. Katharine reads it and becomes enraged after she discovers what Tess has been up to. Tess laments about her meeting to Cyn. On the day of the Trask/Metro meeting. As Katharine tries to lead the group onto the elevator. intending to make an appointment and pitch their plan. Jack takes her to his place in a cab. she finds her boyfriend Mick Dugan (Alec Baldwin) in bed with another woman. After being misled into thinking that her boss. When Katharine seems interested. because her education was not acquired at a prestigious school.000. but learning of his relationship with Katharine. gives Katharine her pills and rushes out of the apartment. Tess wakes up the next morning in Jack's bed wearing only her underwear and leaves before Jack awakens. she returns to Katharine's apartment and begins to hatch her own plan. Doreen DiMucci (Elizabeth Whitcraft). Katharine storms into the meeting. Trask is interested.''Working Girl'' 75 Plot Tess McGill (Melanie Griffith) is smart working-class secretary for a stock broker who has recently earned a bachelor's degree in Business by attending college at night. Tess wants to reveal herself to Jack. and has a few drinks with him. Jack and Tess realize they're in love. Her goal is to move out of the secretarial pool and into an executive position. Tess calls Dewey Stone executive Jack Trainer (Harrison Ford). enlisting Tess's aid as her personal assistant at home. stating that Tess is this team's leader and he . "Cyn"." Jack then refuses to come. She tells Jack that she has a proposal to run by him and sets up a meeting. she cannot gain entry to her firm's training program for recent college graduates. At the meeting for the Trask/Metro merger. Tess. The next day. one of the firm's clients. Katharine Parker (Sigourney Weaver) . Tess is reassigned as secretary to a new financial executive for Petty Marsh. she decides not to. who was hiding in the closet. To calm her nerves. Katharine encourages Tess to share any good business ideas she has. and is mortified about the previous evening. but passes out from the combination of alcohol and pills. Tess finds herself set up (Kevin Spacey). At Katharine's insistence. wearing a sophisticated new hairstyle and an expensive cocktail dress from Katharine's closet. Tess and Jack crash Oren Trask's (Philip Bosco) daughter’s (Barbara Garrick) wedding. Tess attends a merger party. Jack announces that they will proceed with Tess's pitch. Tess cleans out her desk and packs her belongings. On entering the meeting. she then gets into trouble by publicly calling her boss a "sleazoid pimp with a tiny little dick" through typing the phrase into the office's electronic stock-ticker crawl display. They succeed and meet with two of his executives. After Cyn’s engagement party. and announces that she is just a secretary. Back at to her own office. accidentally leaving her appointment book behind. Disillusioned with Katharine and disgusted with Mick. David Lutz (Oliver Platt). She submits her proposal to him but his colleagues seem uninterested. She bumps into Jack. Back at Jack's apartment. so it can gain more of a foothold in the media market. should invest in radio. accusing Tess of stealing her idea. Upon learning the dress is worth $6. While at Katharine's place. her dream remains unrealized. As she turns 30. Tess suggests to Katharine that Trask Industries. Tess is unable to make the others understand that Katharine is the liar and leaves the meeting in shame. At Cynthia’s wedding. Tess has a minor panic attack. she unknowingly encounters Jack. emerges after he leaves. the pair end up in bed together.

It carries you along while you're watching it.[1] Reception The film received positive reviews from critics with an 84% rating at Rotten Tomatoes and a 73 metascore at Metacritic. She insists her new secretary treat her as a colleague. rather than a superior. in fact. Tess moves in with Jack and starts her first day of her new job at Trask Industries. of course.8 million in North America and $39. but reconstruct it later and you'll see the craftsmanship". it is quickly revealed that the woman is. It went on to make $63. she sees a woman in an office. Tess then calls Cynthia.''Working Girl'' believes her.7 million on its opening weekend. 1988 in 1. Katharine haughtily stalks out of their lives in disgrace. She clearly has the stuff of a megastar. which she happily accepts. talking on the phone." He then offers Tess an "entry-level" job. 76 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Harrison Ford as Jack Trainer Sigourney Weaver as Katharine Parker Melanie Griffith as Tess McGill Alec Baldwin as Mick Dugan Joan Cusack as Cynthia Philip Bosco as Oren Trask Nora Dunn as Ginny Oliver Platt as David Lutz James Lally as Turkel Kevin Spacey as Bob Speck Elizabeth Whitcraft as Doreen DiMucci Jeffrey Nordling as Tim Rourke Robert Easton as Armbrister Olympia Dukakis as Personnel Director Amy Aquino as Alice Baxter (Tess' Secretary) Timothy Carhart as Tim Draper David Duchovny as Tess's Birthday Party Friend Zach Grenier as Jim Ricki Lake as Bridesmaid Lloyd Lindsay Young as TV Weatherman Reaction Box office Working Girl was released on December 23. However. "The plot of Working Girl is put together like clockwork. she cannot). which.2 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $103 million. as adorable as one of Disney's singing mice. Tess’s secretary (Amy Aquino). and Tess realizes that Trask's definition of "entry-level" involves the opportunities she had dreamed of. to tell her the good news.[2] In her review for the Washington Post. Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert gave the film four out of four stars and wrote. He and Tess convince Trask that Katharine has been lying (by asking Katharine to recall what gave her the idea for the merger. and Cynthia shouts to everyone that Tess has finally made it out of the typing pool. and presumes she is to be the woman's secretary. Rita Kempley described Melanie Griffith as "luminous as Marilyn Monroe. . Trask assures Katharine she will lose her job over this duplicity and tells her to "get her bony ass out of his sight. proving she is going be a very different boss from Katharine.051 theaters and grossed USD $4. When she arrives.

"Let the River Run" . "In Love (Instrumental)" . which was destroyed in the September 11 attacks.Carly Simon 2. He encourages Weaver to play (brilliantly) an airy shrew."Let the River Run" (Composing and arranging) Academy Award nominations • • • • • Best Actress in a Leading Role (Melanie Griffith) Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Joan Cusack) Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Sigourney Weaver) Best Director Best Picture Shooting locations Many scenes were shot in the New Brighton section of Staten Island in New York City.Carly Simon 8. Nichols's best work". Thomas Choir Of Men And Boys 6."Let the River Run" 1989: Academy Award for Best Song . "Lady In Red" .Chris De Burgh 7. "I'm So Excited" .Carly Simon 3. wrote. and in its later stages the story remains lively but seldom has the perceptiveness or acuity of Mr. "Carlotta's Heart" . He gives Ford a boyish buoyancy and Griffith the chance to be a grownup mesmerizer". The scenes of Tess' secretarial pool and Katharine Parker's office were filmed at 1 State Street Plaza at the corner of Whitehall and State Street. "Looking Through Katherine's House" .Carly Simon 5. Richard Corliss wrote. "The Man That Got Away" (Instrumental) 4.[3] Janet Maslin.The St.[5] 77 Accolades Winner • • • • • • 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture .Carly Simon 9.Musical or Comedy 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Pointer Sisters . also displays an uncharacteristically blunt touch. in her review for the New York Times.Sonny Rollins 10. "The Scar" (Instrumental) . "Mike Nichols.Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Melanie Griffith) 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress .[4] In his review for Time."Let the River Run" (Carly Simon) 1990: Grammy Awards of 1990 for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television . Director Mike Nichols knows this in his bones. "Let the River Run" . who directed Working Girl. which is full of the atmospheric pressures that allow stars to collide. One Chase Manhattan Plaza was featured at the end as the Trask Industries building.[6] [7] Soundtrack Tracklist 1. The lobby of Tess' office building was located in the 7 World Trade Center.Motion Picture (Sigourney Weaver) 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song . "Poor Butterfly" (Instrumental) . "Kevin Wade shows this in his smart screenplay.''Working Girl'' and the movie glows from her".

jsp?stid=96258) at the TCM Movie Database Working Girl (http://www. [3] Kempley. boxofficemojo. 1988). Roger (December 21.metacritic. com/ wp-srv/ style/ longterm/ movies/ videos/ workinggirlrkempley_a0c9d9. . [4] Maslin.com/film/titles/workinggirl?q) at Metacritic Working Girl (http://www. . Richard (December 19. starring Sandra Bullock as Tess McGill. html).allmovie.com/movies/?id=workinggirl.boxofficemojo. com/ movie/ review?res=940DE5DD153AF932A15751C1A96E948260& partner=Rotten Tomatoes). "The Dress-for-Success Story Of a Secretary From Staten Island" (http:/ / movies.rottentomatoes.956569. "Working Girl" (http:/ / www. com/ films/ Workinggirl. 1988). Retrieved 2009-01-27.9171. htm). Retrieved 2009-01-27. 1988).00. htm [7] http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-01-27. . com/ apps/ pbcs. couleurnewyork. Rita (December 21. .com/title/tt0098951/) at the Internet Movie Database .imdb. htm External links • • • • • • • Working Girl (http://www. [2] Ebert. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. washingtonpost. Time. . suntimes. Retrieved 2009-01-27.com/m/working_girl/) at Rotten Tomatoes Working Girl (http://www. New York Times. [5] Corliss. Box Office Mojo. Janet (December 21. com/ movies/ ?id=workinggirl. Retrieved 2009-01-27. References [1] "Working Girl" (http:/ / www. [6] http:/ / www. "Two Out of Five Ain't Bad" (http:/ / www. Chicago Sun-Times.htm) at Box Office Mojo Working Girl (TV series) (http://www. time. 1988). fast-rewind.com/title/title. "Working Girl" (http:/ / rogerebert.imdb. com/ workinggirl. nytimes.com/title/tt0096463/) at the Internet Movie Database Working Girl (http://tcmdb. It only lasted 12 episodes. Washington Post. htm). dll/ article?AID=/ 19881221/ REVIEWS/ 812210302/ 1023).''Working Girl'' 78 TV series Working Girl was also made into a short-lived NBC television series in 1990.com/work/55284) at Allmovie Working Girl (http://www.

Produced and directed by Ivan Reitman.738 Ghostbusters Ghostbusters III [1] Ghostbusters II is a 1989 science fiction comedy film and is the sequel to Ghostbusters.394. . Ghostbusters II follows the further adventures of a group of parapsychologists and their organization which combats paranormal activities ("ghostbusting"). Music by Cinematography Michael Chapman Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Donn Cambern Sheldon Kahn Columbia Pictures June 16.''Ghostbusters II'' 79 Ghostbusters II Ghostbusters II Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Ivan Reitman Ivan Reitman Harold Ramis Dan Aykroyd Bill Murray Dan Aykroyd Sigourney Weaver Harold Ramis Rick Moranis Ernie Hudson Annie Potts Peter MacNicol Wilhelm von Homburg Randy Edelman Theme song Ray Parker Jr. 1989 108 minutes United States English $25 million $215. The sequel was originally to be called Ghostbusters II: River Of Slime.

after she does. Attacked by the slime after obtaining a sample. The judge begs the Ghostbusters for help. and Winston head down into the sewer system to explore the river of slime and.but suspect that it has been generated by the immense amount of negativity reflected in the attitudes of New Yorkers.and even "dances" to music such as Jackie Wilson's "Higher and Higher" -. whereupon they make their way to the museum. but strongly hinted to be from Peter's fear of commitment. Ray. Investigating the slime and the history of the painting of Vigo. and the Ghostbusters are arrested. a man-eating fur coat returning to life to attack its owner. prompting an awkward reunion between herself and Peter. seemingly attempting to abduct Oscar. The NYPD's emergency lines are flooded with calls from panic-stricken New Yorkers. the museum is caked in a wall of impenetrable slime. but are dismissed by the skeptical politician. Egon Spengler works in a laboratory conducting experiments into human emotion. New Year's Eve sees a sudden outburst of increased supernatural activity as the slime rises through the ground and onto the surface of the city. Egon. after doing so. the mayor fires his assistant and has the Ghostbusters released. Ray discovers a river of pink slime filling an abandoned subway line. After an incident in which Oscar's baby carriage is controlled by an unseen supernatural force and drawn to a busy junction on First Avenue. the Ghostbusters discover that the slime (which they find all over the city) reacts both to positive and negative emotions -. the Ghostbusters are out of business and have incurred a restraining order preventing them from investigating the supernatural. As they do so. Dr. Ray Stantz owns an occult bookstore and does side-work with Winston Zeddemore as unpopular children's entertainers. At their trial they are defended poorly by Louis Tully (who tried to return the favor to them for saving him from being possessed by an evil demon during the climax of the last movie) and found guilty. they re-open their business and commence investigating the supernatural once more. and the slime releases the ghosts of two murdering brothers the judge had previously sentenced to death and now they want their revenge against the judge. The Ghostbusters' investigation leads them to conclude that the supernatural presence originates from under the city streets. While Peter and Dana have dinner together and Louis and Janine babysit (and become romantically involved). they agree to trap the ghosts in exchange for the dismissal of all charges and the rescinding of the restraining order. Determining that they need a symbol of equally-powerful positivity to break through the slime. having broken up with Peter under acrimonious circumstances. including a demon invading Washington Square Park. Realizing the truth of the situation after having spent the night talking to the ghost of former mayor Fiorello La Guardia. prompting Dana to break into the museum by herself. Lowered down on a wire. and the "better late than never" arrival of the Titanic and its long-deceased passengers and crew into the harbor. After the slime invades Dana's apartment. a seventeenth century tyrant trapped within a painting in the gallery. Vigo orders Janosz to locate a child that Vigo can transfer his consciousness into. the two begin to renew their relationship. the wave of negativity that has generated it proving too powerful to damage with their proton packs. his scheming assistant attempts to defuse them as a potential problem by having them committed to a psychiatric hospital. Peter Venkman hosts a little-watched pseudo-psychic television show named "World of the Psychic". Their initial attempt to break through the museum's slime barrier are unsuccessful. The Ghostbusters go to the mayor with their suspicions. causing a major blackout. Janosz Poha—Dana's boss at the art gallery—is possessed by the spirit of Vigo the Carpathian. Dana turns to the Ghostbusters for help. Meanwhile. she seeks refuge with Peter. a film monster bursting out of a movie screen at a local movie theatre. the Ghostbusters use . and an ominous mass of psychokinetic energy blocks out the sun and shrouds the city in darkness. discover that it leads back directly to the museum. and Dana Barrett works at the Manhattan Museum of Art restoring paintings and raising her infant son Oscar at a new apartment. but the judge's emotional outbursts prompt a reaction from the slime sample presented as evidence. thus gaining physical form upon the approaching New Year. a spirit resembling Janosz kidnaps Oscar.''Ghostbusters II'' 80 Plot After being sued by City of New York for property damage incurred during the battle against Gozer five years earlier. Ray accidentally knocks out the city's electrical grid. prompting them to illegally excavate First Avenue at the point where the baby carriage stopped. after falling in and barely escaping.

who played a public works official for the mayor. . At the same time. Brian Doyle-Murray. Their combined efforts manage to trap Vigo within the painting. Vigo momentarily possesses Ray. all his lines were dubbed by Max von Sydow. Bobby Brown also appears in this movie as the doorman to Gracie Mansion when the Ghostbusters go to see the mayor of New York City. While the role of Vigo was played by Wilhelm von Homburg.''Ghostbusters II'' positively-charged mood slime from their slime blowers and a remix of "Higher and Higher" to animate the Statue of Liberty and pilot it through the streets of New York. However. Janosz Poha Harris Yulin as Judge Stephen Wexler Janet Margolin as Prosecuting Attorney "Kitten" David Margulies as Mayor "Lenny" Kurt Fuller as Jack Hardemeyer William T. so the other three Ghostbusters attack him with a combination of proton streams and positively charged mood slime. immensely powerful with both the negative vibes of the city and with midnight and the New Year rapidly approaching. who played the psychiatric doctor. Cheech Marin and Philip Baker Hall also appear in the movie. the positive energy from a chorus of "Auld Lang Syne" from outside the building manages to weaken him sufficiently to allow the Ghostbusters to break free and return him to the painting. Louis. Vigo proves to be a difficult adversary. Peter Venkman Dan Aykroyd as Dr. Raymond Stantz Sigourney Weaver as Dana Barrett Harold Ramis as Dr. 81 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bill Murray as Dr. Egon Spengler Rick Moranis as Louis Tully Ernie Hudson as Winston Zeddemore Annie Potts as Janine Melnitz Peter MacNicol as Dr. Deutschendorf and Hank J. While Janosz is easily taken down with mood slime. destroying him and transforming the painting to a likeness of the four Ghostbusters surrounding baby Oscar protectively. the Key to the City from the mayor. at a later ceremony to restore the Statue. using her torch to break through the museum's ceiling to do battle with Vigo and Janosz. respectively. dressed in full Ghostbusters attire. The movie ends with the Ghostbusters receiving a standing ovation from the crowd and. Deutschendorf II as Baby Oscar Wilhelm von Homburg as Vigo the Carpathian Ivan Reitman as the voice of Slimer Some notable cast members in the film include one of Bill Murray's siblings. In the scene he asks the Ghostbusters for a proton-pack for his younger brother. he manages to paralyze the Ghostbusters and attempt a transfer into Oscar's body. and Ben Stein. as the dock supervisor who sees the Titanic come in and as the city police chief. attacks the weakened slime barrier around the building with a proton stream of his own.

and as a result tries to crash the car and kill the Ghostbusters. at the time.33:1. while possessed. Eventually. They never connect it to Vigo since. and includes several scenes that were in the shooting script but were not included in the released movie. The overall story received minor alterations to run as a three-part series. [3] The Scoleri Brothers are played (uncredited) by Tim Lawrence and Jim Fyfe in latex suits with animatronic masks. Most notable is a scene set after their first visit at the museum (and Ray's first encounter with Vigo). they agreed and created a script. The designs were created by the Visual Development Artist Henry Mayo (Credited) after extensive input from the Producer Michael Gross. who were convicted of robbing and killing a store owner in Philadelphia in the 1960s. claiming that it "Effectively slimed everyone's fond memories of the original". Ostensibly. the film holds a 53% on Rotten Tomatoes and a 56% at Metacritic.''Ghostbusters II'' 82 Development After the success of the first film and the animated series. the makers of this material may have wanted to avoid likeness fees and as a result. then a fade to black. who once robbed Harold Ramis's father Nate Ramis' store. The video version ends with a pan up to the statue's head. Merchandise A great deal of merchandise (such as coloring books) came out with the release of this film.35:1 or panned and scanned at the aspect ratio of 1. The Real Ghostbusters. "The ghosts themselves were very loosely based on the fact that my father was a storekeeper who was once robbed and assaulted by the Scoleri Brothers. unable to account for his actions. though very slightly.[6] Based on 33 reviews. using the cartoon character designs instead of the likenesses of the actors.[2] However.884). The Real Ghostbusters comic book produced by NOW Comics ran a three-part adaptation of the film. Harold Ramis and Ivan Reitman were uncomfortable with this as the original film was intended to be conclusive and they wished to work on other projects. Ghostbusters II has received mixed reviews from critics. Tony and Nunzio are based on the real-life Scoleri Brothers.[7] Home video release The original Laserdisc and VHS versions of the film were made incorrectly: instead of being produced either in the original aspect ratio of 2.33:1. Compared to the "proper" pan and scan version at 1. the biggest three-day opening weekend gross in history[4] . the main characters in these bear little resemblance to any other version of the characters. width is definitely gained on the edges." Some however have suggested that they might be based instead on Tony and Eddie Scoleri. Slimer comes out from behind the Statue of Liberty and goes right into the camera (as he did at the end of Ghostbusters). Box office and reception The sequel had what was. Slimer was puppeted and controlled by Robyn Shelby but much of her performance ended up on the cutting room floor. They soon bring Ray around to his senses after speeding through New York streets. However. and he apologizes. Comic book adaptation During this period. Also. None of this is known for certain however. Dan Aykroyd. In this scene. . At the end of the version shown in theaters.[5] Despite the record-breaking opening. while Nick Shager of Screengrab criticized the film.505. a record that was broken one week later by Batman ($40. in an unusual move. As was the case with the Real Ghostbusters cartoon. the movie was panned and scanned in a 1. the DVD version was transferred and encoded at the original aspect ratio of 2.35:1.66:1 frame. Ray never mentions him. Slimer has his own cast billing in the credits: "and Slimer". Columbia Pictures pressured the producers to make a sequel. Ray is momentarily possessed while driving the Ecto-1A. Variety praised the film as having amusing visuals and a clever plot.

• "Flesh 'N Blood".M. Soundtrack and original score Soundtrack • "Ghostbusters". the original theme from the first movie. • "Flip City". was released in 2009.''Ghostbusters II'' The comic panels further reinforce the movie's scene where Ray is briefly hypnotized by Vigo (leading to him being chosen as a host at the end). written by Glenn Frey and Hawk Wolinski. Dana & Peter. In the ending credits of the film. a rap performed by Doug E.. written by L. performed by Howard Huntsberry. and the book does not mention him again. Fresh and Bernard Wright. Hardemeyer rushes at the museum's slime shell. Sequel Ghostbusters: The Video Game.C.The Museum Tuck in the Guts. 1. Dennis Austin. performed by Jackie Wilson. written by Bobby Brown. performed by Oingo Boingo.) • "On Our Own". This track was exclusive to the Ghostbusters II soundtrack until the release of the Oingo Boingo album Dark at the End of the Tunnel a year later. (This was not included on the soundtrack album. • "Spirit". Carl Smith. singing with them.A. Fresh & the Get Fresh Crew. which engulfs him. • Two versions of "Higher And Higher". Reid. taking place two years after the events of Ghostbusters II. Score • • • • • • • • • • • • • Years Later Hi Peter Named After a Hot Dog Brand Vigo's Plan She's Twitching We're Back The Painting Refuge to Peter Oscar. • "We're Back". We're The Ghostbusters Dates and Sewers Take off Your Clothes No Reservations .) 2. and Raynard Miner. he is shown in the crowd outside the museum. performed by Glenn Frey. 83 Novelization In a novelization of the movie by Ed Naha. a rap performed by Run-D. A third movie is currently under development. performed by Bobby Brown. (This was not included on the soundtrack album. who also makes a cameo appearance as a doorman. written by Gary Jackson. written by Ray Parker Jr. written by Doug E. Danny Elfman. (original version). (updated version). Larry White and Kirk Crumple Original. Babyface and Daryl Simmons[8] [9] • "Ghostbusters". written by its leader. performed by Bobby Brown. written and performed by Ray Parker Jr.

. .End Titles 84 References [1] BoxOfficeMojo revenue page (http:/ / boxofficemojo..imdb. Retrieved 2010-11-08. [6] "Ghostbusters II". The Los Angeles Times. retrieved January 10. [3] "Ghostly Movie" (http:/ / articles. [7] "Ghostbusters II" (http:/ / www. html).com (http:/ / www. The New York Times. External links • Ghostbusters II (http://www.com/work/19672) at Allmovie • Ghostbusters II (http://www.com/m/ghostbusters_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes . 2009. com/ 1989/ 06/ 27/ movies/ batman-sets-record-and-so-does-hollywood. . [8] "Bobby Brown: On Our Own (1989)".com/title/tt0097428/) at the Internet Movie Database • Ghostbusters II (http://www. com/ movies/ ?id=ghostbusters2. htm) [2] "FILM. nytimes. com/ video/ titles/ ghostbusters2).''Ghostbusters II'' • • • • • • • • • • • Trip to the Asylum. com/ 1987-05-17/ entertainment/ ca-380_1_david-puttnam). Retrieved 2010-11-08. latimes. Retrieved 2010-11-08. com/ 2008/ 10/ bobby-brown-on-our-own-1989. Slime? Don't Worry! The Ghostbusters Are Back" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-11-08. latimes. com/ review/ VE1117791248?refcatid=31). Retrieved 2010-11-08. latimes. [4] "Record-Busting Opening for 'Ghostbusters II" (http:/ / articles. The Los Angeles Times. 2009.The Symbol The Girl Can Walk A Fifth Ghostbuster The Boys Are Back Put Oscar Somewhere Safe Vigo Resolution. 2008 (http:/ / 80smusicchannel. .rottentomatoes. html).allmovie. Variety. com/ 1989-06-20/ entertainment/ ca-2613_1_ghostbusters-ii-sequel-indiana-jones). blogspot. October 1. html). [5] "Batman Sets Record And So Does Hollywood" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-11-14. The Los Angeles Times. coming off. com/ 1989-04-09/ entertainment/ ca-1690_1_alice-cooper-big-daddy-new-album). metacritic. . variety. metacritic. . nytimes. retrieved January 10.Bring Me A Child Oscar's Walk on the Ledge The Museum Total Madness Big Ball-o-Yellow." (http:/ / articles. com/ 1988/ 12/ 25/ arts/ film-slime-don-t-worry-the-ghostbusters-are-back. The New York Times. . 80s Music Channel. [9] "GHOSTBUSTERS SEQUEL: The red-hot Bobby Brown.

Dutton Charles Dance Brian Glover Ralph Brown Paul McGann Danny Webb Pete Postlethwaite Lance Henriksen Leon Herbert Peter Guinness Elliot Goldenthal Screenplay by Story by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Alex Thomson Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Terry Rawlings Brandywine Productions 20th Century Fox May 22. 1992 114 minutes United States English $50 million $159.773.545 .''Alien 3'' 85 Alien 3 Alien 3 The original 1992 theatrical poster Directed by Produced by David Fincher Gordon Carroll David Giler Walter Hill David Giler Walter Hill Larry Ferguson Vincent Ward Characters by Dan O'Bannon Ronald Shusett Sigourney Weaver Charles S.

Their only hope of protection is the rescue ship being sent for Ripley by the Weyland-Yutani Corporation. Hicks. and the experience making the film proved agonizing for him. Aaron (Ralph Brown). The story has an escape pod from the Colonial Marine starship Sulaco in Aliens crash-landing on a refinery/prison planet. The pod then crashes on Fiorina 'Fury' 161. Alien 3 had a difficult production. James Cameron and Ridley Scott. and the damaged android Bishop who are all in cryonic stasis. the ship's medical scans of the crew's cryotubes show an Alien facehugger attached to one of the crewmembers.''Alien 3'' Preceded by Followed by Aliens Alien Resurrection 86 Alien 3 (styled as Alien³) is a 1992 science fiction horror film. the third installment in the Alien franchise. She runs to the mess hall to . In another section of the facility. Plot Following the events in Aliens. but when it's about to attack Ripley. mysteriously sparing her life. it suddenly pauses. an Alien facehugger is seen approaching the prison dog. and an Alien bursts from its body. then retreats. She then informs Andrews of her previous encounters with the Aliens and suggests everyone work together to hunt it down and kill it. After some inmates recover the pod and its passengers. The film was the big-budget debut of a young David Fincher. and Ripley is warned by the prison warden. and Clemens proclaims she simply died in the crash. though she does not share this information. the Colonial Marine spaceship Sulaco experiences an onboard fire and launches an escape pod containing Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver). killing several and returning an outcast prisoner Golic (Paul McGann) to his former deranged state. Ripley requests that Clemens perform an autopsy on Newt. the studio dismantled and reworked it without Fincher's consent. She fears that Newt may be carrying an Alien embryo in her body. Suspicious of what caused the escape pod to jettison and what killed her companions. Clemens is killed by the Alien. During the launch. the prison dog enters convulsions. millenarian version of Christianity. Despite protests from the warden and his assistant. and the first film directed by David Fincher. It is born in the prison and begins a killing spree. The added weight was also to create a film worthy of the work of the two revered directors that had gone before him. and shooting even started without a finished script. (Brian Glover) that her presence among them may have extremely disruptive effects. Ripley is taken in and awakened by Clemens (Charles Dance). a foundry facility and penal colony inhabited by all-male inmates with "double-Y" chromosome patterns and histories of physical and sexual violence. who was brought into the project very late in its development. the prison doctor. Ripley recovers and reactivates the damaged android Bishop. Ripley's unusual behavior begins to frustrate the warden and is agitating the prisoners. Unknown to Ripley. The Alien soon begins to attack members of the colony. Many of the ex-inmates have embraced an apocalyptic. Newt. who confirms that there was an Alien on the Sulaco and it came with them to Fiorina in the escape pod. as he had to endure incessant creative interference from the studio and had to shoot the film without having a definite script. To get answers. It is preceded by Ridley Scott's Alien and James Cameron's Aliens. it earned over $100 million outside of North America. in which their bodies are cremated in the facility's enormous furnace. an Alien egg was aboard the ship. Meanwhile. killing everyone on board except Lieutenant Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver).[1] Upon completion. Fincher had little time to prepare. while talking to Ripley about the situation. including releasing a teaser trailer that suggested the film would take place on Earth. Andrews does not believe her story and explains that the facility has no weapons. Back in the prison infirmary. with various screenwriters and directors getting involved in the project. and while not very successful at the United States box office. The film was released to mixed reviews. after a proposed version written by Vincent Ward at the helm fell through. Harold Andrews. A funeral is performed for Newt and Hicks. the autopsy is conducted and no embryo is found in Newt's body. and is told she is the only survivor of the crash.

An explosion is caused by the creature's premature intervention. He is the second to last prisoner to die. He believes Ripley's presence will cause disruption amongst the inmates and attempts to control the rumors surrounding her and the creature. The bait-and-chase style plan results in the death of Dillon and all the remaining prisoners. Ripley rallies the inmates and proposes they pour highly flammable toxic waste. the last surviving inmate. However. Deducing that the mature alien will not kill her because of the embryo she carries. being led away. • Charles S. Before he is killed. one of Fiorina's inmates who functions as the spiritual and de facto leader amongst the prisoners and attempts to keep the peace in the facility. believing him to be an android. They form a plan to lure it into the foundry's molding facility and drown it in molten lead by trapping it by closing a series of doors. which he claims will be destroyed. who pours the lead. He tries to persuade Ripley to undergo surgery to remove the Queen embryo. which is stored at the facility. claiming to be its creator. He treats Ripley after her escape pod crashes at the start of the film and forms a special bond with her.''Alien 3'' warn the others. Dutton). The film ends with a sequence showing the facility being closed down. reprising her role from the previous two Alien films. causing its exoskeleton to cool rapidly and shatter via thermal shock. hoping to turn them into biological weapons. and refutes her claim that Weyland-Yutani will collect the alien instead of them. 87 Cast • Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley. his obsession with and defense of the creature soon lead to murder. the prison warden. Ripley refuses and steps back onto a mobile platform. the Weyland-Yutani team arrives. Dillon being the last. Golic becomes very disturbed after being assaulted by the alien in the prison's underground network of tunnels. Ripley grabs the creature and holds on to it as she falls into the fire. into the ventilation system and ignite it to flush out the creature. Using the medical equipment onboard the Sulaco escape pod. to kill her. Ripley begs Dillon (Charles S. Aaron is shot dead. In the Assembly Cut of the film. The Alien. describing it as "more than a little melodramatic. . gradually becoming more and more obsessed with the alien. Morse is the only survivor of the entire incident. and his actions jeopardize the entire plan. escapes the mold and is killed by Ripley when she turns on fire sprinklers and sprays the beast with water. He opposes Ripley's insistence that the prisoners must try to fight the alien. Clemens laments to Ripley why he was originally sent to Fiorina. • Charles Dance as Jonathan Clemens. and Bishop and his men show their true intentions. • Danny Webb as Morse. the assistant of Superintendent Andrews. the prison's cook. except Morse (Danny Webb). Ripley defies them by throwing herself into the gigantic furnace. The company men shoot Morse in the leg. His death occurs off-screen. including a man named Michael Bishop who looks identical to the Bishop android. which Morse positions over the furnace. after his IQ score. only to see the Alien kill the warden. Morse. While Ripley battles the Alien. She also finds out that the Corporation truly wants the Queen embryo and the adult Alien. • Ralph Brown as Aaron. which annoys him. just as the alien Queen begins to erupt from her chest. • Niall Buggy as Eric. The prisoners refer to him by the nickname "85". Ripley crash-lands on Fiorina 161 and is once again burdened with the task of destroying another of the alien creatures. Ripley scans herself and discovers the embryo of an Alien Queen growing inside her. one of the prison's inmates who assists Ripley in combating the alien. Dutton as Dillon. as she is dying from the wound. who agrees to do so only if she helps the inmates kill the adult creature first. • Paul McGann as Golic. and Aaron picks up a large wrench and strikes Bishop over the head with it." • Brian Glover as Harold Andrews. the religious leader of the inmates. a former inmate who now serves as the facility's doctor. and a shot of the Sulaco escape pod as the sound recording of Ripley's final lines from the original Alien film is heard. covered in molten metal. A mass-murderer and outcast amongst the prison population. only to be killed by it. begging Ripley to let them have the "magnificent specimen". resulting in several deaths. He rejects her claims about the existence of such a creature.

Jr. claiming to be the human designer of the Bishop android. but it is later released by the disturbed inmate Golic. Amalgamated Dynamics. The film's extended footage includes alternate key plot elements. one of the inmates who attempts to rape Ripley. and one of the inmates discovers a dead facehugger. • Holt McCallany as Junior. Director David Fincher was the only director from the franchise who declined to participate in the box-set releases. with the lead role going to Michael Biehn's Corporal Hicks from Aliens. Some scenes are extended to focus more on the religious views of the inmates. he appears in the film's final scene. Initially a visual effects supervisor. and Carl Chase (as Frank). Deobia Oparei (as Arthur). Some of the audio in the original Alien Quadrilogy version of the Assembly Cut is of noticeably poorer quality during footage that was not included in the theatrical release. After going through several ideas. • Additional prisoners were played by Clive Mantle (as William). • Lance Henriksen as Michael Bishop. Christopher John Fields (as Rains). He has a tattoo of a tear drop underneath his left eye.[6] The Assembly Cut has several key plot elements that differ from the theatrical release. 88 Special Edition DVD & Blu-ray An alternate version of Alien 3 (officially titled the "Assembly Cut"[5] with over 30 minutes of additional footage was released on the 9-disc Alien Quadrilogy box-set in 2003. Alien 4 would see the return of Ripley "in an epic battle with alien warriors mass produced by the expatriated Earthlings. he is bitten in the neck and killed by the Alien during the bait-and-chase sequence. since it had been cut from the film by the time the film was being dubbed. In this version. was hired by Fox. This was because ADR by the original actors was not recorded for this footage."[4] • Peter Guinness as Gregor. (uncredited) as the Alien. . Credited as Bishop II. Christopher Fairbank (as Murphy).''Alien 3'' • Pete Postlethwaite as David. making it on par with the original theatrical footage. The alien gestates in an ox rather than a dog."[9] Sigourney Weaver (Ripley) would only make a cameo appearance in the third film. the alien Queen does not burst from Ripley's chest as she falls into the furnace. and later in the Alien Anthology Blu-ray set in 2010. the film series producers. "settled upon a complex two-part story that offered the underhanded Weyland-Yutani Corporation facing off with a militarily aggressive culture of humans whose rigid socialist ideology has caused them to separate from Earth's society. Woodruff decided to take the role of the creature after his company. He wants the alien Queen that is growing inside Ripley for use in Weyland-Yutani's bioweapons division. Leon Herbert (as Boggs).[3] Woodruff said that. trying to make his performance more than "just a guy in a suit. Phil Davis (as Kevin). an ox in the assembly cut).[2] This Alien is different from the ones in previous installments due to its host being quadrupedal (a dog in the theatrical cut.[8] Development Originally Brandywine Productions was approached by 20th Century Fox to create two more sequels. following Sigourney Weaver's advice." He considered the acting process "as much physical as it is mental." Weaver in particular liked the Cold War metaphor and agreed to the smaller role. he approaches the role as an actor instead of a stuntman. one of the more intelligent inmates who is killed by the creature in the bait-and-chase sequence. extended footage and deleted scenes. the leader of the group of inmates who attempts to rape Ripley. The inmates succeed in their attempt to trap the alien. Vincenzo Nicoli (as Jude). Ripley's body washes up on the shore of the planet in the special edition instead of being found in the ship's wreckage as in the theatrical cut. • Tom Woodruff. David Giler and Walter Hill.[7] For the 2010 Alien Anthology release this dialogue was re-recorded by the original cast. There is also a scene in the prison's assembly hall where one of the inmates suggests to Dillon that they lead the creature to the furnace so that they can incinerate it in the fire. He sacrifices himself to entrap the alien as redemption for his rape attempt.

After they have finished with Bishop. which is a Company run space station/mall. though interested.P. It became the first of some thirty drafts. after a variable amount of time goes through "the Change" as Gibson calls it. when a final screenplay (by David Twohy) was delivered to Fox president Joe Roth. they agreed to finance the development of the story. "about thirty pages shorter than the version I turned in. but asked that Hill and Giler attempt to get Ridley Scott to direct Alien 3.P stations are overrun with the parasite and Hicks must team up with the survivors to destroy the aliens. to write the script for the third film. Renny Harlin. perhaps. Gibson. When exposed at close range. agreed to write the script. However this proved to be difficult as Ridley Scott.[10] 89 Writing William Gibson A very early script treatment was written by science fiction author William Gibson. The version available on the Internet is. plus a share of the box office receipts.[10] Although 20th Century Fox were skeptical about the idea. they repair him (albeit with cheap parts) and return him to Anchorpoint in a show of good will. Gibson was asked to make rewrites with their newly hired director.[9] However. faster" Alien Warriors. Sigourney Weaver "seemed doggedly unwilling to participate". The soldiers blast the facehugger into space and take Bishop with them for further study.P. the Aliens additionally exhibit a close proximity airborne virulent contagion. of a bar-code tattoo). and none of mine was used (except for the idea.P. containing 8 marine vs alien battle scenes whereas its predecessor James Cameron's contained only 2 such scenes.P. The suspense here being that the team does not know if anyone is infected until they find out when it is least expected. Giler and Hill approached cyberpunk author. while liking certain parts. At the time of his involvement. concluding with the newly formed Alien graphically tearing the flesh husk off of its body. Eventually Anchorpoint and the U. according to Gibson. and becomes a form of alien warrior. The film ends with a teaser for Alien 4 in which Bishop suggest to Hicks that humans are united against a common enemy and they must track the aliens to their source and destroy them. However due to initial genetic modification experiments undertaken by the Biological Warfare division on the space station (Anchorpoint). declaring that "Sigourney Weaver is the centerpiece of the series" and Ripley was "really the only female warrior we have in our movie mythology. hiding in the entrails of Bishop's mangled body.''Alien 3'' "I felt that Ripley was going to become a burden to the story. with a reported $5 million salary. In September 1987. by a great many screenwriters. The Sulaco then arrives at Anchorpoint."[11] In copies of Gibson's treatment. "There are only so many aspects to that character you can do." Weaver was then called. the victim." . which removed scenes of Ripley's backstory that she considered crucial. he didn't like the idea of Ripley being removed. "chestbursters" erupt out of human hosts as in previous installments. as the Sulaco drifts into an area of space claimed by the "Union of Progressive People". William Gibson. was busy working on three films at the time. due to custody of Bishop. but declined citing [9] various other commitments and "foot dragging on the producers' part. The process imagined by Gibson can be summarized as an involuntary change in the human's skeletal and muscular makeup below the skin. The producers. They also asked that the two films be shot back to back to lessen the production costs. and turn into "bigger. It also featured an extended cast with new characters and has a considerable following on the Internet.P. The ship is boarded by people from the U. The storyline for the film picked up after Aliens. who was influenced by Alien. The U." Weaver also agreed on being removed because she did not like the studio changes to Aliens. meaner. The screenplay was very action oriented. so the main narrative focus became Hicks and Bishop. were unhappy with the screenplay. due to a navigational error." she concluded. is also doing their own research. A fire on the ship caused by remaining Aliens puts Ripley into a coma and Hicks is left to investigate if the rumors are true that Weyland-Yutani are developing alien warriors (which they are). who are attacked by a facehugger.

The screenplay's brash storyline culminates in an all out battle with the townsfolk facing hordes of Alien Warriors. they wonder if their trial is partially caused by sexual temptation. in that it took place in an entire small-town USA city in a type of bio-dome in space. the Monks of the "wooden satellite" lock Ripley into a dungeon-like sewer and ignore her advice on the true nature of the beast. some fused together as Siamese twins. called the "newbreed" here. His version featured a prison planet. resulting in the space station itself being transformed into a giant alien-like creature. Alien chameleon. which had parts of its interior. writer of the cult horror films The Hitcher and Near Dark. and with increasing suggestions of the Alien presence. Upon arrival of Ripley. where the Alien would be videotaped using scientific high speed cameras as it searched for .).and found . Red's screenplay resurrected the idea of aliens transforming humans into cocoons that was deleted from the original film. After being shown Red's screenplay.[15] The monks believe that the Alien is in fact the Devil. To avoid this and (hopefully) the much grimmer reality of what she has brought with her. the monk inhabitants believe it to be some sort of religious trial for their misdemeanors. wooden and archaic in design. describing large jars of Alien test clones. possibly functioning as a precursor to the death of the "newborn" in Alien: Resurrection. both.the weakest part of a structure with a human bait inside. dogs and chickens and has even gained the ability to infect matter and technology as well. The screenplay details how inmates on death row were mock executed in a gas chamber. Examples included breach testing. which was being used for illegal experiments on the aliens for a Biological Warfare division. This screenplay was also the first to propose a failed clones scenario. etc. Spike Alien.[16] 90 . The Alien 3 special features disc set. then-director Renny Harlin walked out on the project to direct Die Hard 2. By having a woman in their monastery. and was the first screenplay to flesh out the idea of the "newborn" (used later in Alien Resurrection). which this time gives rise to Alien mosquitoes.''Alien 3'' Eric Red The next draft was done by Eric Red. and opened with a team of Special Forces marines boarding the Sulaco unarmed and finding that all the survivors of the LV-426 mission had fallen victim to the aliens. Finally. punishable by the creature that haunts them. as Ripley is the only woman to be amongst an all male community in ten years. cattle. It is also the first screenplay in the Aliens genre to feature a genetically mixed Alien-Human creature in antibiosis (foreshadowing the "newborn" in Alien Resurrection). The screenplay also re-uses the "alien virus" idea from Gibson's draft. possibly as a forerunner to the "clones of Ripley" scene in Alien Resurrection. It was at this point that Giler and Hill abandoned their plans for the two Alien sequels. When new director Vincent Ward told the studio he was not interested in filming Twohy's script and wanted to pursue his own idea of the film. broke through and attacked the victim. It was also the first script to feature a high number of different Alien types (Rogue Alien. yet it also contains an arguably higher level of horror than the previous films and screenplays. The screenplay in a sense was even bolder than the Gibson script. while actually being kept alive and being used as bait in experiments with the Alien. and Red was fired shortly afterward. The story begins with a monk who sees a "star in the East” (Ripley's escape pod)[14] and at first believes this to be a good sign. the script also had numerous scenes where victims are piecemeal sucked into space through a small rupture in the hull (or through bars) causing very gruesome deaths. The only reference to the first two films being a torn spacesuit nametag that is found bearing the name "Ripley". Vincent Ward The story by Vincent Ward[12] and the screenplay with co-writer John Fasano had Ripley's escape pod crash landing on a monastery-like satellite. David Twohy Writer (and future director) David Twohy was next to work on the project. Twohy's draft was scrapped. Alien Quadrilogy[13] explains how Ward came about creating the story for this partially wooden satellite also as a place of refuge for Luddite-like monks.

this is obviously reserved for those who have taken a particular interest in the Alien project.”[19] Former London Times journalist David Hughes included Ward’s version of Alien III amongst ‘The Greatest Sci-Fi Movies Never Made’[20] in his book of this title. Winston instead recommended Tom Woodruff. Other CGI elements include shadows cast by the (rod puppet) alien. and despite Pickett being fired and Hill and Giler writing the final draft of the screenplay. remembers an early design idea for “a wooden library shaft. David Fincher did further work on the screenplay with author Rex Pickett. However. producers Walter Hill and David Giler took control of the screenplay themselves.[10] Visual effects Stan Winston. 91 Filming The film was shot at Pinewood Studios.[3] Woodruff's head was contained in the neck of the suit. Ward’s proposed version of Alien III has gained a certain following with the 2009 article in Empire Magazine[21] and an extensive section dedicated to Ward’s vision in the Alien Quadrilogy box set. Aspects of the monastery and monks of these drafts were later utilised in the final production of the film by having the male inmates participating in an apocalyptic religion that forbade sexual relations. responsible for creature effects in Aliens. Primarily it was the plot of Alien 3 that was borrowed from this story but little of this world remained in the film.[17] Ward noted that the things he liked best about the story and those that he believed would have made it work were not used. starting on January 14.''Alien 3'' Primarily though. without a finished script and with $7 million already having been spent. The screenplay featured scenes set in different locations on the one-mile (1. Empire Magazine described Ward’s ‘Wooden Planet’ concept as ‘undeniably attractive – it would have been visually arresting and at the very least. Norman Reynolds . You looked at the books on this wooden platform that went up and down”.Production Designer originally hired by Ward. this story was about Ripley's own soul searching complicated by the seeding of the Alien within her and further hampered her largely solo attempts to defeat it. Despite his credit. Jr.[18] Sigourney Weaver described Ward’s overall concept as “very original and arresting.6 km) wide wooden planetoid. Walter Hill and David Giler Short on time before filming was due to commence. and Alec Gills. could have made for some astonishing action sequences.[22] .[22] A small number of shots contain CGI elements. melding aspects of the Ward/Fasano script with Twohy's earlier prison planet screenplay to create the basis of the final film. but the visual effects team was dissatisfied with the comical result and the idea was dropped in favor of the puppet. Jr. was approached but was not available. The Alien is portrayed by both Woodruff.[4] Director David Fincher suggested that a whippet be dressed in an alien costume for on-set coverage of the quadrupedal alien. he revised most of the work done by the previous authors. two former workers of his studio who had just started their own [3] company. 1991. Since Ward’s vision for the film was never borne out into the arena of public scrutiny. ranging from wheat fields. In the same article. The Alien Quadrilogy DVD set features scenes and illustrations that show this ‘Wooden Planet’. ‘Imagine the kind of vertical jeopardy sequence that could have been staged here – the Alien clambering up these impossibly high bookshelves as desperate monks work the platform’. in a suit and a rod puppet filmed against bluescreen and optically composited into the live-action footage. most notably the cracking alien head. to furnaces and a glass works (also used in the finished film). through a grisly but darkly comic scene in the monks’ communal toilets. A mechanical alien head was also used for close-ups. and airborne debris in outdoor scenes.[22] The suit adapted the design used in Aliens so Woodruff could walk on all fours. because the head was filled with animatronics to move the mouth of the Alien. Amalgamated Dynamics.

4 million. in particular. generally being unfavorably compared to the preceding two films in the franchise. for an average gross of $8.[29] A number of cast and crew associated with the series. It screened in 2. Reception Box office Alien 3 was released in the United States on May 22.[27] [28] Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 40% based on 41 reviews. It is the second highest earning Alien film.[30] Alan Dean Foster. and Hicks "a slap in the face" to him and to fans of the previous film. which has twice survived being almost "impregnated" by the Alien).1 million. in the 2003 Quadrilogy set.[24] The film was considered a flop in North America with a total of $55. Despite giving the Quadrilogy set high marks.733 per theater.[33] Interpretation and analysis Academics analyzing the role of the Ripley character remark on the symbolism of the Sulaco's cryo chamber. spent a year composing the score by working closely with Fincher to create music based primarily on the surroundings and atmosphere of the film itself.[32] The film was also nominated for an MTV Movie Award for Best Action Sequence. Ripley is compared with an incorrupt Catholic saint preserved in a glass coffin (akin to Saint Bernadette of Lourdes. although it grossed $104. performed by boy soprano. the writer of the novelizations of the first two Alien films.3 million internationally[25] for a total of $159. pointing out that the studio had cut the documentary to delete a handful of behind-the-scenes clips in which Fincher openly expresses his anger and frustration with the studio. with a 57% "Cream of the Crop" score.[23] The choral segment featured in the opening titles. demanded and received almost as much money for the use of his likeness in one scene as he had been paid for his role in Aliens. both in her lying in state in the cryotube as well as her incorrupt body.com directed criticism at the bonus disc. Awards The Visual Effects were nominated for an Academy Award. Cameron. excluding the effect of inflation. and had the 28th highest domestic gross in 1992. includes a documentary on the film's production but lacks Fincher's participation. these scholars argue that the Sulaco is transformed "into a holy site where the iconic bodies of a fetishistic religion lie in state. The score was recorded during the Los Angeles riots of 1992. with a Memorial Day weekend gross of $23. The film was also nominated for seven Saturn Awards and a Hugo Award. The film debuted at number two of the box office.''Alien 3'' 92 Music The film's composer. is "Agnus Dei" ("Lamb of God"). Elliot Goldenthal." setting the scene for a lone facehugger attacking its victim (corrupting it) and also causing the .[26] Critical reception From its initial release to the present day the film has incurred mixed reviews by critics. and novelist Alan Dean Foster expressed their frustration and disappointment with the film's story. regarded the decision to kill off the characters of Bishop. upon learning of Corporal Dwayne Hicks' demise. Biehn.227 theaters.[31] These clips were restored for the 2010 Blu-ray release of the Quadrilogy. TheDigitalbits. and was included as a reference to the prisoners as lambs being led to the slaughter. from the Catholic Mass. behind Lethal Weapon 3. including actor Michael Biehn. 1992. The bonus disc for Alien 3. which Goldenthal later claimed contributed to the score's disturbing nature. previous director James Cameron. losing to Death Becomes Her.7 million. called the death of Newt and Hicks "an obscenity". Newt. Accompanied by the Agnus Dei of the Ordinary Mass playing in the background of the opening scene.

Fox (Alien 3 Collector's Edition DVD) [2] Alien3 audio commentary. Jr. 2009. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / www. com/ IV_Woodruff. The Game Boy version. . developed by Bits Studios. Dan. php?contentid=6147 [17] IMDB. Mega Drive/Genesis. was different from the console game."[35] Dark Horse Comics also released a three-issue comic book adaptation of the film. and released for multiple formats by Acclaim.Alien: Reinvented". [DVD]. com/ news/ topnews. Pg 150-156 [22] Fredrick Garvin (Director). com/ dp/ B0000VCZK2 [14] vincentwardfilms. including Amiga. htm). com/ title/ tt0103644/ fullcredits#writers [18] Jolin. . com/ find?s=all& q=vincent+ ward [13] Amazon. Cinescape.com. and Sega Master System.310615. com/ concepts/ alien-3/ graphic-novel-in-8-parts/ part-1/ [15] vincentwardfilms. Empire Magazine. karoo. Super Nintendo. boxofficemojo. . which he disliked. Empire Magazine. but Walter Hill declared he should not alter the storyline. .[36] The official licensed video game was developed by Probe Entertainment. . php?id=5626). Empire Magazine. net/ TheUsher-SpeaksClassic/ TheUsherSpeaks-Alien3.com.com. imdb. WilliamGibsonBooks.. williamgibsonbooks. com/ concepts/ alien-3/ unrequited-vision/ [16] Mike Sutton. December 2008.www. dvdtimes.uk. "Backstory Alien III . 2007.co. Pg 156 [19] Jolin. php). Dan. Alien 3: The Gun. Alien 3 Unrequited Vision. . [23] "Music. Jr. uk/ content." (http:/ / www. interview" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-02-07. Rather than being a faithful adaptation of the film. Retrieved December 16. com/ dp/ 1556524498 [21] Jolin. [12] IMDB. Alien Quadrilogy boxset [3] "Tom Woodruff. com/ ew/ article/ 0. December 2008. "Alien Quadrilogy: Alien 3". Retrieved 2006-12-18. LJN and Virgin Interactive. co. November 1997. [10] "Last in Space" (http:/ / www. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=alien3. iconsoffright. Retrieved 2008-09-04. co. [5] DVD Verdict (http:/ / www. .Alien: Reinvented".com. michaelbiehn. it took the form of a basic platform action game where the player controlled Ripley using the weapons from the film Aliens in a green-dark ambient environment. "Backstory Alien III . shocktillyoudrop. Embittered by this experience. php) [6] "DVD Verdict Review . Editing and Sound". "Backstory Alien III .Alien: Reinvented". Retrieved December 16. Nintendo Entertainment System. The Making of Alien 3. Commodore 64. com/ reviews/ alienquadrilogy. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / vincentwardfilms. Foster later commented: "So out went my carefully constructed motivations for all the principal prisoners. html). Alien 3 Unrequited Vision.com. Sega also developed a rail shooter loosely based on the film's events. htm). asp#106243398206019606).com. . Pg 153 [20] Amazon.[34] 93 Adaptations A novelization of the film was authored by Alan Dean Foster. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / www. [9] "Bald Ambition" (http:/ / www.com. my preserving the life of Newt (her killing in the film is an obscenity) and much else. uk/ data/ articles/ aliens/ aliens3603. [11] "William Gibson talks about the script" (http:/ / www. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / www. being a top-down adventure game. Alien 3. Shock Till You Drop. imdb. retrieved on 2009:10:30 http:/ / www. [7] "Alien 3: Special Edition" (http:/ / www. References [1] Wreckage and Rape: The Making of Alien 3 – Stasis Interrupted: David Fincher's Vision and The Downward Spiral: Fincher vs. [4] "Interview: Amalgamated Dynamics' Tom Woodruff.dvdtimes. [8] "New Details On Alien Anthology Blu-Ray" (http:/ / www. vincentwardfilms. Entertainment Weekly. United States: Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. Alien3 bonus disc. com/ blog/ 2003_09_01_archive. killerfilm. html). amazon.com http:/ / www. 1992-05-29. Vincent Ward.00. kelwick. dvdverdict. Alien Quadrilogy [24] "Alien 3" (http:/ / www. December 2008.Alien3: Collector's Edition" (http:/ / www.''Alien 3'' emergency system to eject the cryotubes into space and to plunge to Fiorina "Fury" 161 (representing the Fall of Man). some of which later reappeared in the Assembly Cut. (2003). . 2008-04-14. His adaptation includes many scenes that were cut from the final film. 2009. Icons Of Fright. Box Office Mojo. amazon. ew. htm). dvdverdict. that's why I turned down Resurrection. com/ reviews/ alien3ce. Dan. Foster wanted his adaptation to differ from the film's script. Retrieved 2008-10-12. . com/ articles/ read/ new-details-on-alien-anthology-blu-ray-28503).

com/work/1504) at Allmovie Alien 3 (http://www. David (1997-12-05). [26] "1992 Domestic Gross" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-02-06. [36] Steven Grant (w). [34] Alien Woman: The Making of Lt. boxofficemojo. .boxofficemojo.rottentomatoes. . . com/ m/ alien_3/ ) [28] IMDB ratings (http:/ / www. ew. com/ reviews3/ alienquad06. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1992& p=. imdb. thedigitalbits. Empire. 100. C.com. Page 122-123 [35] Alan Dean Foster (April 2008).com/m/alien_3/) at Rotten Tomatoes . Retrieved 2006-12-15.00.com/movies/?id=alien3. com/ books?id=k_H3vLIRECgC& lpg=PP1& ots=g622QgqO16& dq=Alien Woman: The Making of Lt. "Planet Error".290562. 2004. com/ m/ alien_3/ [30] Wreckage and Rape: The Making of Alien 3 – Development Hell: Concluding The Story (Alien 3 Collector's Edition DVD) [31] "Criticism of Bonus Disc" (http:/ / www. [32] IMDB awards (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. & Smith. . com/ title/ tt0103644/ awards) [33] "1993 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www.allmovie.Ximena Gallardo C.com/title/tt0103644/) at the Internet Movie Database Alien 3 (http://www. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 1993/ ). Ellen Ripley& pg=PA122#v=twopage& q=& f=false) . [27] Rotten Tomatoes review collection (http:/ / uk. imdb. MTV. 2010. google.''Alien 3'' [25] Hochman. Retrieved September 30.htm) at Box Office Mojo Alien 3 (http://www. htm). Dark Horse Comics 94 External links • • • • Alien 3 (http://www. com/ title/ tt0103644/ ratings) [29] http:/ / www. html). pp. rottentomatoes. The Digital Bits.imdb. Retrieved 2008-10-12. mtv. html). Entertainment Weekly. Alien 3 (1-3) (June – July 1992). Christopher Taylor (p). Continuum International Publishing Group.. mtv. "Beauties and the Beast" (http:/ / www. Ellen Ripley (http:/ / books. rottentomatoes. Jason. com/ ew/ article/ 0.

Anderson Françoise Bonnot Les Healey Armen Minasian Deborah Zeitman Paramount Pictures October 9.) $7. .000. Directed by Ridley Scott and written by Roselyne Bosch. starting with his solicitation of Queen Isabella (Sigourney Weaver) to gain the necessary funding. 1992 (US) 142 minutes Spain.[2] The story tells of Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World and its effect on the indigenous people.399 US (Domestic) Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue 1492: Conquest of Paradise is an epic 1992 European adventure/drama film. France English $47. the film was released for the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's (Gerard Depardieu) voyage. United Kingdom.191.000 US (est.''1492: Conquest of Paradise'' 95 1492: Conquest of Paradise 1492: Conquest of Paradise Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Ridley Scott [1] Mimi Polk Gitlin Alain Goldman Roselyne Bosch Gérard Depardieu Sigourney Weaver Armand Assante Fernando Rey Vangelis Music by Cinematography Adrian Biddle Editing by William M.

''1492: Conquest of Paradise'' 96 Cast Actor Gérard Depardieu Armand Assante Sigourney Weaver Loren Dean Ángela Molina Fernando Rey Michael Wincott Tchéky Karyo Kevin Dunn Frank Langella Mark Margolis Kario Salem Billy L.[3] [4] [5] [6] [7] The movie review site Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a 47% "rotten" rating. However. Overall. stating "Depardieu lends it gravity. movie critic Roger Ebert said in his review that the film was satisfactory. It was rated PG-13 in the United States due to violence and brutality. 1992. the locations are realistic. the supporting performances are convincing. the film had mixed reviews and poor box office results."[8] . Sullivan John Heffernan Arnold Vosloo Steven Waddington Character Christopher Columbus Gabriel Sanchez Queen Isabella I Older Fernando Columbus Beatriz Enriquez de Arana Antonio de Marchena Adrián de Moxica Martín Alonso Pinzón Captain Méndez Luis de Santángel Francisco de Bobadilla de Arojaz Younger Fernando Columbus Brother Buyl Fernando de Guevara Bartolomeo Columbus Fernando Guillén Cuervo Giacomo Columbus José Luis Ferrer Bercelio Moya Juan Diego Botto Achero Mañas Alonso de Bolaños Utapán Diego Columbus Ships Boy Fernando García Rimada King Ferdinand V Albert Vidal Isabel Prinz Jack Taylor Ángela Rosal Silvia Montero Hernando de Talavera Dueña de Vicuña Pinzón's Wife Pinzón's Daughter (uncredited) Release and reception 1492: Conquest of Paradise opened in theatres on October 9. and we are inspired to reflect that it did indeed take a certain nerve to sail off into nowhere just because an orange was round.

20164943. Variety. suntimes. [2] "MOVIES : Voyage of Rediscovery : With '1492.7. htm). The Los Angeles Times. . Retrieved 2010-11-30. com/ ew/ article/ 0.00.php?filmid=7681) . Its main theme. . the Crusaders as they run onto the field. .[9] Music Despite the picture's dismal box office intake in the United States.''1492: Conquest of Paradise'' 97 Box Office The movie was not a success. com/ 1992-10-13/ entertainment/ ca-32_1_opening-weekend). often accompanied by actors dressed as knights and riding on horseback and rugby league team Wigan Warriors who play in Super League. [4] "1492: Conquest of Paradise" (http:/ / www. com/ 1992/ 09/ 06/ columbus-as-a-hollywood-hustler. com/ ew/ article/ 0. The Los Angeles Times.00. Retrieved 2010-11-30. com/ 1992-05-03/ entertainment/ ca-2005_1_christopher-columbus). .imdb. was used by former Portuguese Prime-Minister António Guterres at his 1995 election. Retrieved 2010-11-30. html). The theme was also played before the start of every match in 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Cricket tournament. Entertainment Weekly. [8] 1492 Review (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ wp-srv/ style/ longterm/ movies/ videos/ 1492conquestofparadisepg13howe_a0af13. Retrieved 2010-11-30. Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-11-30. Newsweek. . com/ review/ VE1117791068?refcatid=31). ew. ew. Retrieved 2010-11-30. Dessert News.. Retrieved 2010-10-09. Entertainment Weekly. washingtonpost. the film's score by renowned composer Vangelis became a successful album worldwide. [3] "Columbus As A Hollywood Hustler" (http:/ / www. latimes. [6] "1492: Conquest of Paradise" (http:/ / www. Conquest of Paradise.virtual-history. html). com/ article/ 700000002/ 1492-Conquest-of-Paradise. . The German boxer Henry Maske (former world champion (IBF) in the Light heavyweight category) used the main theme as his official entry theme during his professional career. debuting at No.com/film. html). External links • 1492: Conquest of Paradise (http://www. deseretnews. [7] "1492: Conquest of Paradise" (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs.20179375. References [1] "Coming to America" (http:/ / www. . [5] "1492: Conquest of Paradise" (http:/ / www. newsweek. Retrieved 2010-12-01.' director Ridley Scott and writer Roselyne Bosch aim to portray Christopher Columbus not as a legend but as an extraordinary though flawed person" (http:/ / articles. dll/ article?AID=/ 19921009/ REVIEWS/ 210090301/ 1023) by Roger Ebert [9] "Weekend Box Office A Bang-Up Opening for `Under Siege'" (http:/ / articles.. latimes. variety. .com/title/tt0103594/) at the Internet Movie Database • Movie stills (http://film. The theme is also used by New Zealand Super 14 Rugby Franchise. html).

Sigourney Weaver. Sigourney Weaver. Ben Kingsley. and Laura Linney. Ving Rhames. directed by Ivan Reitman. English Gross revenue $63. Robert Heinlein's 1956 novel Double Star. Ben Kingsley James Newton Howard Music by Distributed by Warner Bros. as well as George M.''Dave (film)'' 98 Dave (film) Dave Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Ivan Reitman Ivan Reitman. Ving Rhames. Kevin Dunn.270. Frank Langella. Lauren Shuler-Donner Gary Ross Kevin Kline. Ross was nominated for an Academy Award for his screenplay which is based on Anthony Hope's novel The Prisoner of Zenda. There are also plot similarities to Mark Twain's 1881 novel The Prince and the Pauper. 1993 Running time Language 110 min. Akira Kurosawa's 1980 film Kagemusha and Paul Mazursky's 1988 Richard Dreyfuss/Raul Julia film Moon over Parador. Tom Dugan. Release date(s) May 7.710 (Domestic)[1] Dave is a 1993 comedy-drama movie written by Gary Ross. Cohan's 1932 film The Phantom President. and starring Kevin Kline. . Frank Langella. Kevin Dunn. Kline's performance was nominated for a Golden Globe Award.

and then ascend to the presidency. championing what had been Dave's initiative. Ellen Mitchell arrives to seek him out. stands guard outside the office door as they embrace. as commented on by numerous well-known media personalities and U. Cast Cast • • • • • • • • • Kevin Kline as Dave Kovic/President William Harrison (Bill) Mitchell Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Mitchell Frank Langella as Bob Alexander Kevin Dunn as Alan Reed Ving Rhames as Duane Stevenson Ben Kingsley as Vice President Gary Nance Tom Dugan as Jerry Charles Grodin as Murray Blum Faith Prince as Alice . Once Nance is forced to resign. Dave's enthusiasm revives Mitchell's popularity. as a side job. they decide to return and plan to turn the tables on Alexander.''Dave (film)'' 99 Plot Dave Kovic (Kline) runs a temporary employment agency in Georgetown. Alexander retaliates by naming Mitchell as a conspirator in the scandal that had been attached to Nance. While making the speech. but introduces evidence provided by Reed. leaving him in a coma. Dave has his accountant friend assist him to rewrite the government's budget so that a cancelled homeless persons project may be reinstated. Mitchell suffers a severe stroke during the affair. Secret Service agent Duane Stevenson (Ving Rhames). Dave decides to runs for city council (as Nance had started out) and as his campaign gathers steam. who make cameo appearances in the film. Washington. Only Alexander. she and Dave both decide to secretly leave the White House. D. at events such as car lot and supermarket openings. now on Dave's campaign team.C. is reconciled to 'Mitchell' and admits that she suspected the substitution. Dave demands his resignation. Dave fakes a stroke and makes a pre-arranged switch with Mitchell in the ambulance. The First Lady. Alexander plans for Dave to nominate him as V. Alexander and Reed send Vice President Gary Nance (Ben Kingsley) on a goodwill tour of Africa and plan to implicate him in a fraud that Alexander and Mitchell perpetrated. now in love with him. whom he greatly resembles. First Lady Ellen Mitchell (Sigourney Weaver).S. Dave admits to Mitchell's role in the scandal. proving that Alexander was the mastermind and Nance was innocent. Mitchell eventually dies and Nance assumes the presidency. Mitchell's wife. despises her husband and sees little of him. In a joint session of Congress. and. Duane. Alexander and Communications Director Alan Reed (Kevin Dunn) arrange for Dave to impersonate the President on an ongoing basis. Reed. Despite Alexander's fury and impotent protests. and announces a jobs bill to create employment for every person who wants work. When Dave shows her the real President on life support at the White House. lives a mainly separate life. Senators and Representatives. he is approached by Mitchell's Chief of Staff Bob Alexander (Frank Langella) to make an appearance as the President in order to cover up Mitchell's extramarital affair with White House staffer Randi (Laura Linney). and the medical staff tending to Mitchell know of the switch. makes appearances impersonating President William Harrison "Bill" Mitchell (also portrayed by Kline). who supported the project. After nearly being arrested by police. Back at his old job..P. To his surprise.

Stone. Barnes Eleanor Clift Bernard Kalb Larry King Michael Kinsley Morton Kondracke Jay Leno Chris Matthews John McLaughlin Robert D. 'Tip' O'Neill (D — Massachusetts. and Larry King Live where Oliver Stone is interviewed by King. several fictional segments from shows frequented by political junkies were created specifically for it. has since died) Abner J. Matthews and Kondracke). has since died) Senator Alan Simpson (R — Wyoming. D — Illinois. has since died) Arnold Schwarzenegger (At the time. Novak Richard Reeves Ben Stein Oliver Stone Kathleen Sullivan Jeff Tackett Helen Thomas Nina Totenberg Sander Vanocur John Yang • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Media personalities In addition. he had not run for any office. including The McLaughlin Group (with McLaughlin. . in a self-parody. Bush). Barnes. now retired) Frederic W. now former Governor (R — California). Kennedy and George McGovern) Senator Howard Metzenbaum (D — Ohio. Clift. Travis Charles Hallahan as Policeman Stefan Gierasch as House Majority Leader 100 Cameos Political figures • • • • • • • Senator Christopher Dodd (D — Connecticut. retired in 2011) Senator Tom Harkin (D — Iowa) Frank Mankiewicz (former Presidential campaign director for Robert F. Senator Paul Simon (D — Illinois. W. played the Chief Justice who swears Nance in as President) Speaker of the House Thomas P. Mikva (retired federal judge and Congressman. retired by the time the film was released. describes a conspiracy theory that turns out to accurately reflect the developments unfolding in the movie. The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.''Dave (film)'' • • • • • • Laura Linney as Randi Stephen Root as Don Durenberger Bonnie Hunt as White House Tour Guide Anna Deavere Smith as Mrs. but had served as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.

com/ 1993-05-11/ entertainment/ ca-34129_1_weekend-gross).com/work/12481) at Allmovie • Dave (http://www.com/title/tt0106673/) at the Internet Movie Database • Dave (http://www.allmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Dave (http://www. behind Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story. com/ 1993-05-11/ business/ fi-33955_1_bruce-lee). 2 at the Box office.com/m/dave/) at Rotten Tomatoes . boxofficemojo. [3] "Weekend Box Office : 'Dragon' Makes 'Dave' Vice President" (http:/ / articles. . com/ movies/ ?id=dave. . Retrieved 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2011-01-06.[2] [3] References [1] "Dave at Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / www. [2] "Bruce' and 'Dave's' Excellent Box Office" (http:/ / articles.ru/sfy.Screenplays for You • Dave (http://www. latimes.imdb. Retrieved 2010-10-26.''Dave (film)'' Extras Many members of the Virginia General Assembly and visitors to the Virginia State Capitol were used as extras during filming. The Los Angeles Times.com/movies/?id=dave.rottentomatoes.html?script=dave) . . The Los Angeles Times. latimes. External links • Dave (1993) (http://sfy. htm).boxofficemojo. 101 Box office Dave debuted No.

''Death and the Maiden (film)'' 102 Death and the Maiden (film) Death and the Maiden theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Roman Polanski Josh Kramer Thom Mount Ariel Dorfman (play) Rafael Yglesias Sigourney Weaver Ben Kingsley Stuart Wilson Wojciech Kilar Starring Music by Cinematography Tonino Delli Colli Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Hervé de Luze Fine Line Features 1994 103 min. and forces her husband to be Miranda's "attorney" in the "trial" she arranges for him. That chance encounter brings up demons from her past. Miranda (Kingsley). Dr. One day a storm forces her husband Gerardo (Wilson) to ride home with a kind stranger. Plot summary Paulina Escobar (Weaver) is a housewife married to a prominent lawyer in an unnamed South American country. Paulina is certain that he is the one. United States United Kingdom France English $2. based on the play by Ariel Dorfman. a Chilean exile who escaped the regime of Augusto Pinochet.1 million Language Gross revenue Death and the Maiden is a 1994 drama film directed by Roman Polanski. was part of the old fascist regime and that he tortured and raped her while she was blindfolded. . Ben Kingsley and Stuart Wilson. Despite attempts by both her husband and Miranda to convince her that he is innocent. Paulina takes him captive to determine the truth. as she is convinced that the stranger. It starred Sigourney Weaver.

that he enjoyed brutalizing Paulina. it is revealed that the doctors at that time created alibis in order to conceal their identities. which is known as the Death and the Maiden Quartet. and they both leave Miranda on the cliff as he stares down at the water. as seen from their point of view. As he advances toward the door. imdb. allmovie. Paulina sees him. As Gerardo tries to stop her. Miranda succeeds in getting Paulina's gun. at last convinced that Miranda is innocent. Miranda implores Gerardo to call the place where he claims to have been at the time of Paulina's rape as she leads him blindfolded out the door to the edge of the cliff. External links • Death and the Maiden [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Death and the Maiden [2] at the TCM Movie Database • Death and the Maiden [3] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. Miranda finally tells them that he really was the doctor. Enraged. In a last-ditch effort to save his life. and so Paulina rejects this as false. and the story is confirmed and he races to inform Paulina. Paulina hits him and after a struggle gets back in control. Paulina and Gerardo are at the same concert where the film began with Miranda also present. and that he was sorry that the old regime fell. Gerardo attempts to throw Miranda from the cliff only to realize he cannot bring himself to take a life. which was also composed by Schubert. The camera simulates someone falling off the cliff. looking down with his wife and sons. A recording of this quartet was played during Paulina's ordeal. In the final scene. Paulina apparently accepts the confession. com/ title/ tt0109579/ [2] http:/ / tcmdb.''Death and the Maiden (film)'' Miranda conspires with Gerardo to agree to a false confession (as Paulina states that that is all she wants in exchange for his life). but Gerardo does not. They cast uncomfortable glances at each other. However. so they write one up and present it to Paulina. 103 Music A central motif is Schubert's string quartet in D minor. Enraged. Accepting defeat. jsp?stid=18857 [3] http:/ / www. The quartet is based on the lied Death and the Maiden. com/ title/ title. Paulina deems Miranda as being unrepentant. Gerardo contacts the hospital. and threatens to kill him. and threatens to kill her if he is not freed. com/ work/ 133795 .

Mark Tarlov Ann Biderman.000. Release date(s) October 27.051. Holly Hunter. David Madsen Sigourney Weaver.000 Gross revenue $32. Harry Connick. The film was directed by Jon Amiel. starring Sigourney Weaver and Holly Hunter. 1995 Running time Country Language Budget 123 minutes United States English $20. Jim Clark Regency Enterprises Editing by Studio Distributed by Warner Bros. Jr. . with a score composed by Christopher Young. Dermot Mulroney.917 (Domestic)[1] Copycat (1995) is an American psychological thriller.''Copycat (film)'' 104 Copycat (film) Copycat Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Jon Amiel Arnon Milchan.

Peter Foley Harry Connick." Noted film critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times awarded it three-and-a-half stars out of a possible four.Helen Hudson Holly Hunter . She then realizes that the killer is targeting her. Jr. She realizes that the Copycat killer has been following the list of serial killers in the same order she'd presented at the university the night of her attack. Nicoletti John Rothman . Thomas Quinn Will Patton . a respected field expert on serial killers. Cast • • • • • • • • • Sigourney Weaver .Det.Andy Shannon O'Hurley . Peter Kürten.Det. M.J. Daryll Lee Cullum. Andy. Monahan Dermot Mulroney . Dr. sealing herself inside an expensive hi-tech apartment.Daryll Lee Cullum J. David Berkowitz. . and a thumbs up on Siskel & Ebert. Helen becomes severely agoraphobic as a result. who kills a police officer and brutally attacks her. Initially reluctant. detective M. Reuben Goetz William McNamara . Helen Hudson. Monahan and her partner Reuben Goetz solicit Helen's expertise. E.Lt.''Copycat (film)'' 105 Synopsis After giving a guest lecture on criminal psychology at a local university. The Hillside Strangler. As the murders continue Helen realizes the elusive assailant draws inspiration from notorious serial killers including Albert DeSalvo. the doctor soon finds herself drawn into the warped perpetrator's game of wits. Freeman . conducting her entire life from behind a computer screen and assisted by a friend. citing Holly Hunter's character as one of the year's most complex and engaging film creations. making it "fresh. At the film's climax Helen again finds herself in mortal danger as the Copycat killer places her in exactly the same scenario as Cullum had. Edmund Kemper and Jeffrey Dahmer. J. Ted Bundy.Susan Schiffer Reception The film received a 75% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[2] Soundtrack .Det. is cornered in a lavatory by one of her previous subjects. When a new series of murders spread fear and panic across her home city of San Francisco.

. Silhouette 14.nytimes. [2] http:/ / rogerebert. Main Title From 'Copycat' 5. "Carabu Party” . In Darkness 10.com/gst/movies/trailer.html?v_id=135454) . com/ movies/ ?id=copycat. allmusic. Next To The Devil 12. com/ album/ r228896 External links • Copycat (http://www. Silent Screams 8. 1995 Film Music. Lay Me Down 19.New World Beat 2. Panic 17. Retrieved 2010-09-29.Y.com/m/1065837/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Trailer. boxofficemojo.''Copycat (film)'' 106 Copycat: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Soundtrack by Various Artists Released Genre Length Label October 27. "Get Up To This” . Soundtracks 63:05 Milan Records Professional reviews Allmusic link [3] 1. The Barber Of Seville: Largo Al Factotum .Silkski (Jerome Evans) 4. htm). Murder's An Art 9.com/title/tt0112722/) at the Internet Movie Database • Copycat (http://www. Pastoral Horror 13.Gabriela Benackova/The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra/Bohumil Gregor References [1] "Forces of Nature at Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 19951027/ REVIEWS/ 510270301/ 1023 [3] http:/ / www. Gallows 15. suntimes.Roberto Servile/Failoni Chamber Orchestra/Will Humburg 20.Steven Ray 3. Butchers and Bakers 16. com/ apps/ pbcs.rottentomatoes.imdb. at N. Who's Afraid 18. Stick Him Or Shoot Him 6. Times (http://movies2. Housebound 7. "Techno Boy” . Take A Life 11. Tosca: Vissi D'arte .

Robert Klein.487. . and Sigourney Weaver. Tufano Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Cara Silverman Orion Pictures August 18. Weiss Patrick Stewart Bryan Batt Stephen Endelman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Jeffrey J.''Jeffrey (film)'' 107 Jeffrey (film) Jeffrey Original theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Christopher Ashley Mark Balsam Victoria Maxwell Mitchell Maxwell Paul Rudnick Paul Rudnick Steven Weber Michael T. Victor Garber. Christine Baranski has a small but memorable role as the socialite hostess of a fundraiser that (in Jeffrey's imagination) turns into a cater-waiter hoedown orgy. an older gay decorator whose partner (Bryan Batt) dies of AIDS complications. Kevin Nealon. Kathy Najimy.767 Jeffrey is a 1995 American gay romantic comedy directed by Christopher Ashley. Ethan Phillips. It is based on a play by Paul Rudnick. Gregory Jbara. 1995 92 min. Nathan Lane. Camryn Manheim. United States English $3. who also wrote the screenplay. It co-stars Patrick Stewart as Sterling. The movie features cameos by Olympia Dukakis.

Weiss as Steve Howard Patrick Stewart as Sterling Bryan Batt as Darius Christine Baranski as Ann Marwood Bartle Victor Garber as Tim Camryn Manheim as Single Woman Sigourney Weaver as Debra Moorehouse Kathy Najimy as Acolyte Ethan Phillips as Dave Debra Monk and Peter Maloney as Mom and Dad Michele Pawk as Young Mother Nathan Lane as Father Dan Olympia Dukakis as Mrs. often breaking the fourth wall to do so. Weber. Almost immediately thereafter he meets Steve (Michael T. a gay man who has sworn off sex because of it. Dukakis. a hunky. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Steven Weber as Jeffrey Michael T. Weiss).com Jeffrey [6] at LOGO Spanish-language page for Jeffrey [7] Review [8] by Roger Ebert On-set photos at GregoryJbara. charming HIV+ man.''Jeffrey (film)'' 108 Plot The story takes place in Manhattan during the height of the AIDS epidemic and revolves around the title character (Steven Weber). He then experiences an emotional conflict as he must face his fear in order to accept love. Marcangelo Gregory Jbara as Angelique Kevin Nealon (uncredited) as TV reporter External links • • • • • • • • • Jeffrey [1] at the Internet Movie Database Jeffrey [2] at Allmovie Jeffrey [3] at Box Office Mojo [4] Jeffrey at Rotten Tomatoes Jeffrey [5] at MSN. and Stewart [9] Other .com featuring Jbara.

culturalianet. imdb. com/ art/ ver. html . com/ jeffrey_ontheset. aspx?m=52823 http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs. logoonline. jhtml http:/ / www. com/ m/ jeffrey/ http:/ / entertainment. com/ work/ 1:134904 http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 19950818/ REVIEWS/ 508180302/ 1023 http:/ / gregoryjbara. msn. suntimes. rottentomatoes. com/ movies/ movie. htm http:/ / www. com/ movies/ movie/ 93044/ moviemain. php?art=3189 http:/ / rogerebert.''Jeffrey (film)'' 109 References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. allmovie. com/ movies/ ?id=jeffrey. com/ title/ tt0113464/ http:/ / www.

and sexual experimentation. Tobey Maguire. The Ice Storm is about two dysfunctional New Canaan. Set during Thanksgiving 1973. and their escapism through alcohol. Elijah Wood. 2008. The film features an ensemble cast of Kevin Kline. . Upon the film's opening in the United States on October 31. Joan Allen. 1997. its release was limited and grossed a mere $8 million on a budget of $18 million. based on the 1994 novel of the same name by Rick Moody. making it a box office flop. Connecticut families who are trying to deal with tumultuous political and social changes of the early 1970s.''The Ice Storm (film)'' 110 The Ice Storm (film) The Ice Storm Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ang Lee Ang Lee James Schamus Ted Hope James Schamus The Ice Storm by Rick Moody Kevin Kline Joan Allen Sigourney Weaver Mychael Danna Screenplay by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Frederick Elmes Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Tim Squyres Fox Searchlight Pictures October 31. Christina Ricci. The film has subsequently become a celebrated success due to a later video release in 1998 and to DVD in 2000. A new special two-disc DVD set was also released [1] as a part of the Criterion Collection on March 18.038. and Sigourney Weaver. adultery.061 The Ice Storm is a 1997 drama film directed by Ang Lee. 1997 112 minutes United States English $18 million $8.

She attempts to shoplift. Paul is excited that Libbets Casey has invited him to visit her that evening. in her resentment. include Jim (Jamey Sheridan). Both families are depicted as uncommunicative with the parents having difficulty talking to their own children and to each other. Seeing this. he changes tack and tells her he's really not all that upset with her. Mikey playing along with Wendy's sexual games while Sandy is obsessed with violence. When Ben reveals to Elena that he found Wendy in the Carvers' basement. Ben obsesses to Janey over his displeasure with his job and his frustrations at continually being bested by his colleague. As the evening begins. a storm hits New Canaan which evolves into a dangerous ice storm. Francis (of whom he is not particularly fond). but Libbets also takes one of the pills. But she is ultimately turned off by his subtle passes and his patronizing behavior towards her. Paul is disheartened to discover Francis was also invited. except that he thinks that Mikey may not "be right" for her. Jim Carver travels for his job and is. not involved in his kids' lives. dissatisfied in his marriage and with the futility of his career. she had revealed her genitalia to Mikey's younger brother Sandy). Elena is bored with her life and is looking to expand her thinking but is unsure of how to do so. eventually concluding (correctly) that he must be having an affair with Janey. Paul has taken the train into Manhattan. He tries to keep this a secret from his roommate. Paul. They have a brief argument over it prior to attending a neighborhood party. and the pornographic film Deep Throat. however. Libbets and Paul leave him to sleep it off on the floor and Paul tries to make his move on Libbets. Janey. Concurrently. Janey. who is becoming tired and bored with her life. In one scene he returns from a trip to find that his sons hadn't even realized he'd been gone. smarmy George Clair (Henry Czerny). as has Wendy – both are caught in the act.''The Ice Storm (film)'' 111 Plot The film begins at a dinner party at the Carvers' house as the adults discuss pop culture references that defined the 1970s: the Watergate scandal. passes out first. seems to have become bored with the arrangement since she has now become unfaithful. not only to her husband but to Ben as well. finds Jim to be largely an annoyance and would prefer he remain gone all the time. Paul attempts to drug Francis with Libbets' mother's sleeping medication so that he will be out of commission for the evening. swinging parties for married couples. an occasional drug user. Elena. who appears to be carrying on with a number of other men in addition to Ben. He is visibly disappointed when she tells him that she only thinks of him "like a . she is more concerned with what he was doing there. The Hood family includes Ben (Kevin Kline). though Wendy (who presumably has already obtained this information from other sources) is visibly bored with the conversation. The women at the end of the evening will each pick a set of keys. she decides to participate in the key party. excusing herself to get "birth control pills" but instead flees the house leaving Ben alone. the Carvers. however. Ben prepares to leave but comes upon his daughter Wendy in the Carvers' basement initiating a sex act with Mikey (a few days previously. is trying to bed his schoolmate Libbets Casey (Katie Holmes). since Francis has the habit of bedding every girl he discovers Paul is attracted to. Ben. The Carvers' two sons are lonely and confused. going home with whomever's keys they've chosen. Wendy enjoys sexual games with her school peers. Realizing that she is not returning. which turns out to be a swinger's key party in which all the husbands toss their keys into a bowl. Janey (Sigourney Weaver) and their children: Mikey (Elijah Wood) and Sandy (Adam Hann-Byrd). is having an affair with Janey. buys spiritual and self-help books and becomes friendly with the hippie-ish minister of a local church. Francis. She abruptly leaves the room just prior to a planned sexual encounter with Ben. Elena at first suspects that Ben was aware of the nature of the party and had plotted to mark his keys so Janey would be able to easily fish them out. Elena (Joan Allen) and their children. for the most part. Their neighbors. 16-year-old Paul (Tobey Maguire) and 14-year-old Wendy (Christina Ricci). It becomes clear that Libbets is more responsive to Francis' direct advances than to Paul's more subtle ones. The three listen to music and begin drinking and smoking marijuana. However. Ben then has an awkward discussion with Wendy about "the birds and the bees" right before he takes her home. During their trysts.

Meanwhile. as the key party progresses. Mikey. When Janey chooses the keys of another man. broken by a fallen tree. agrees to drive her home. Ben. Jim and Elena leave together. Meanwhile. She and Sandy drink from a bottle of vodka that Ben had carelessly left out on a table beside the bed earlier and Wendy tries to seduce him. however. Elena and Wendy then drive to the train station to pick up Paul who is returning from Libbets' apartment. engaging in a quick. 112 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kevin Kline as Ben Hood Joan Allen as Elena Hood Jamey Sheridan as Jim Carver Sigourney Weaver as Janey Carver Henry Czerny as George Clair Tobey Maguire as Paul Hood Christina Ricci as Wendy Hood Elijah Wood as Mikey Carver Adam Hann-Byrd as Sandy Carver David Krumholtz as Francis Davenport Katie Holmes as Libbets Casey Allison Janney as Dot Halford Barbara Garrick as Weather Reporter John Benjamin Hickey as Mark Boland Colleen Camp (uncredited) as Dr. Ben becomes drunk. But a moment later a power line.''The Ice Storm (film)'' brother" before she too passes out. they both fall asleep. regretting the line he and Elena have just crossed. Janey had also returned home earlier and curled up on her bed in the fetal position without bothering to take off her party clothes. retreats to the bathroom where he remains for the rest of the evening. The remaining key party participants are paired off and leave together with only Jim and Elena remaining. so she and Sandy climb into bed together and remove their clothes. Elena walks in on her daughter in bed with Sandy and orders her to get dressed. Ben has sobered up by this time and begins driving home. Jim is devastated while Janey remains asleep and ignorant to the recent events. Ben attempts to protest but trips and knocks his head on the coffee table. Wendy decides to make her way to the Carvers' to see Mikey. Ben. leading Jim to realize that his wife and Ben are having an affair. Jim. Jim and Elena end up back at the Carvers' house as dawn is breaking. she is visibly exhausted and sad. but he has decided to go out into the ice storm. Ben breaks down. sobbing uncontrollably at the wheel as his family looks on in astonishment. out walking in the storm. clumsy sexual encounter in the front seat of Jim's car. his train delayed by the ice and the power failure caused by the downed wire. Passimer Courtney Peldon (uncredited) as Billie . Once all four are together in the car. He discovers Mikey's body on the side of the road and carries it back to the Carvers' house. is enchanted by the beauty of the trees and fields covered in ice. The two families are drawn together by Mikey's death and Wendy hugs the shocked and numbed Sandy in an attempt to comfort him. After debating the issue. Although it is not revealed what transpired between Janey and her 'key partner'. He slides down an icy hill then sits on a guardrail to rest. She retrieves Jim's keys from the bowl and returns them to him. connects with the guardrail and he is electrocuted. in his embarrassment.

" says Schamus. "Help Me Make It Through the Night" – Sammi Smith 11. because of its truly literary qualities." says Lee. who knew Rick Moody from Columbia University's MFA program. "It's an astonishingly cinematic book.''The Ice Storm (film)'' 113 Production The Ice Storm was first brought to the attention of producer James Schamus by his wife.[3] Despite the film opening to widespread acclaim in the United States on September 27. people may have missed its extraordinary cinematic possibilities. followed by the emotional reunion of the Hood family on the morning after the storm. "I knew there was a movie there. Despite the obvious appeal of Moody's comedy of familial errors. "I Can't Read" – David Bowie 4. "Mr. literary scout Nancy Krikorian."[2] To prepare for the film. including The Wedding Banquet in 1993. "Dirty Love" – Frank Zappa 6. Big" – Free Maureen McGovern's 1973 hit single "The Morning After" also appears in the film as a briefly heard piece of music performed by Wendy's school orchestra.8 million on a budget of $18 million. "I've Got a Name" – Jim Croce 7. "Coconut" – Harry Nilsson 13. the film has received noteworthy attention by both critics and audiences that has led to a special Criterion Collection DVD. Due to subsequent issues on video and DVD. its release was limited and it grossed just $7. 1997. and with whom Schamus and partner Ted Hope had already made four films. "O Grande Amor" – Antonio Carlos Jobim 9. as budget values were tight. "Shoplift" – Mychael Danna 2. where James Schamus won the award for Best Screenplay. He also expressed his happiness that the success of the film brought more attention to his novel.[4] The soundtrack was first released in the United States on October 21. Lee and James Schamus wanted to have an "actual score"—not a "nostalgic film with radio music of an earlier time". Reception The film was entered into the 1997 Cannes Film Festival. "Light Up or Leave Me Alone" – Traffic 5. "Too Late to Turn Back Now" – Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose 10. Moody was reportedly very pleased with the final version . 1997. "The book moved me at those two points. Lee let the cast members study stacks of magazine cutouts from the early 1970s. "Montego Bay" – Bobby Bloom 8.and reportedly "sobbed" during the end credits. Track listing 1. leading to more book sales. Soundtrack Most of the professional music featured in the film was independently produced 1970s-type music."[2] Schamus brought the book to Ang Lee. making it a box office disappointment. "But. Lee says what attracted him to the book was its climax: the scene where Ben Hood makes a shocking discovery in the ice. "Finale" – Mychael Danna 3. "Levon" – Elton John 12. who was the first and only contender for the book. .

''The Ice Storm (film)''

114

References
[1] The Criterion Collection: The Ice Storm by Ang Lee (http:/ / www. criterion. com/ asp/ release. asp?id=426) [2] http:/ / www2. foxsearchlight. com/ theicestorm [3] "Festival de Cannes: The Ice Storm" (http:/ / www. festival-cannes. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4799/ year/ 1997. html). festival-cannes.com. . Retrieved 2009-09-21. [4] Rick Moody, The Ice Storm (Little Brown & Co, 1994) p. 279, ISBN 0-316-57921-1.

• Pennington, Jody W. (2007). The history of sex in American film. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 152,158–159,168–172. ISBN 0275992268.

External links
• • • • • Official website (http://http://www.foxsearchlight.com/theicestorm/) The Ice Storm (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0119349/) at the Internet Movie Database The Ice Storm (http://www.allmovie.com/work/154999) at Allmovie The Ice Storm (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=icestorm.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Ice Storm (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/ice_storm/) at Rotten Tomatoes

''Snow White: A Tale of Terror''

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Snow White: A Tale of Terror
Snow White: A Tale Of Terror

DVD cover for Snow White: A Tale Of Terror
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Michael Cohn Tom Engelman Tom Szollosi Deborah Serra Sigourney Weaver Sam Neill Monica Keena John Ottman Mike Southon Ian Crafford Gramercy Pictures July 18, 1997 100 min. USA English Unknown

Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget

Snow White: A Tale of Terror is a 1997 horror film based on the Snow White fairy tale. It stars Sigourney Weaver, Sam Neill and Monica Keena. The original music score is composed by John Ottman. The film is marketed with the tagline "The fairy tale is over." The film received mixed reviews but is praised for staying with the dark formulas that were once present in fairy tales.

Plot summary
Lilliana Hoffman dies in a carriage accident in the woods, caused by wolves that attack the horses and the coachman. Her husband Friederick, at his dying wife's urging, reluctantly performs a caesarean section to save his unborn daughter. Years later, the young Liliana (most often Lilli) Hoffman—the Snow White of the title, although she is never addressed or referred to as such in the film—plays mischievously on the grounds of the Hoffman estate. Lilli reluctantly meets her new stepmother, Lady Claudia. Claudia gives the reticent Lilli a Rottweiler puppy; Lilli is pleased, but runs off with the puppy without thanking Claudia. On the Hoffmans' wedding night, Lilli spoils a communal blessing of the marriage bed by dashing the contents of her small ceremonial cup into Claudia's face.

''Snow White: A Tale of Terror'' As Lilli grows into womanhood, Claudia keeps her dressed in girl's clothing. On the night of a ball, Claudia gives Lilli a dress that belonged to her mother before she passed it on to Claudia; she tells Lilli it is now her turn to wear it. Lilli rebels by wearing one of her mother's gowns to a ball. Her father is startled, then pleased at Lilli's evocation of her mother; the two dance. Claudia, in a paroxysm of jealousy, goes into labor early and delivers a stillborn boy; her doctor informs Friederick that Claudia can never have another child. Claudia, looking haggard from her ordeal, stares into her mother's mirror, where an ideally beautiful reflection replaces her real one and begins to demand revenge against Lilli. Claudia orders her brother Gustav to kill and eviscerate Lilli in the woods. When Lilli escapes, Gustav kills a pig and presents its organs to Claudia, who keeps what she believes to be Lilli's heart. Claudia orders Gustav to place the rest of the remains in the stew pot, then coos over the deliciousness of the stew as she eats and urges Friederick to join her. When Claudia learns the truth from the mirror, she drives a terrified Gustav to suicide. Lilli is found by seven rough, combative miners—outcast by civil or ecclesiastical authority—who grudgingly give her shelter. When one of them threatens her with rape, their unofficial leader, Will, drives him off. When Claudia discovers that Lilli is still alive, she uses sorcery to try to kill her, incidentally killing two of the miners. Meanwhile she keeps an injured Friederick infirm; afflicts the estate staff with a living death; seduces Lilli's fiancé, Dr. Peter Gutenberg, into a long, passionate kiss; and steals Friederick's semen and blood to resurrect her son. As the four remaining miners mourn their losses, Lilli touches Will's scars, inflicted by Crusaders, and the two share a lovers' kiss. Claudia transforms herself into a ruined-looking old woman, and her brother's heart into an apple. Transported to Lilli's refuge, the disguised Claudia speaks kindly to her, gives her the apple, and jokes with her about having a boyfriend. Will finds Lilli seemingly dead on the ground from a bite of the apple. Dr. Gutenberg, the last person still searching for Lilli, arrives and pronounces her dead. Seeing her eyes appear to open through her glass-lidded coffin, Will leaps into the grave, pulls Lilli's body from the coffin, and shakes her as he commands her to breathe, causing the piece of apple lodged in her throat to fall out so that she wakes. Gutenberg takes Lilli back to the mansion to destroy Claudia; Will follows and joins them to help. Lilli's grown dog attacks Will; Lilli counterattacks with her torch, and they escape. On finding her father, Lilli charges Will with getting him safely outside. Claudia kills Gutenberg, and Lilli—rather gratuitously armed with a crossbow—confronts Claudia. Claudia gloats, clutching her newly revived, not fully formed baby boy; disappears; then reappears to attack Lilli, smashing her into mirrors and deliberately cutting her face with one of the shards. Scrambling for safely, Lilli knocks over a burning brazier. When the fire threatens the baby, Claudia is distracted; Lilli finds a knife, and the evil mirror cries out to warn Claudia. Realizing the source of Claudia's strength and weakness, Lilli plunges the knife into the mirror. Claudia dies in flames. Lilli joins Will and her delirious father, who finally recognizes her.

116

Awards
Weaver's critically-acclaimed performance earned her an Emmy Award-nomination as well as a Screen Actors Guild-nomination as Outstanding Lead Actress in a TV Movie. The film also earned two Emmy nominations for Makeup and Costume Design.

Main cast

allmovie. Peter Gutenberg Miroslav Taborsky Gustav Brian Glover Andrew Tiernan Anthony Brophy Chris Bauer Frances Cuka Bryan Pringle Taryn Davis Joanna Roth Lars Scar Rolf Conrad Nannau Father Gilbert Young Lily Lilliana Hoffman External links • Snow White: A Tale of Terror [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Snow White: A Tale of Terror [2] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. com/ work/ 158567 . imdb.''Snow White: A Tale of Terror'' 117 Actor Role Sigourney Weaver Lady Claudia Hoffman Sam Neill Monica Keena Gil Bellows David Conrad Lord Friederick Hoffman Lilli Hoffman Will Dr. com/ title/ tt0119227/ [2] http:/ / www.

E. Freeman Kim Flowers Raymond Cruz John Frizzel Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Darius Khondji Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Brandywine Productions 20th Century Fox November 26.000. 1997 109 minutes United States English $70.658 Alien 3 Alien vs.295.''Alien Resurrection'' 118 Alien Resurrection Alien Resurrection The original 1997 theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Jean-Pierre Jeunet Bill Badalato Gordon Carroll David Giler Walter Hill Characters: Dan O'Bannon Ronald Shusett Screenplay: Joss Whedon Sigourney Weaver Winona Ryder Ron Perlman Dominique Pinon Gary Dourdan Michael Wincott Brad Dourif Leland Orser Dan Hedaya J. Predator .000 $161.

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times felt "there is not a single shot in the movie to fill one with wonder". arrives delivering several kidnapped humans in hypersleep. using human hosts kidnapped and delivered to them by a group of mercenaries. damaging the ship and killing most of its crew. she develops enhanced strength and reflexes. the film is based on a screenplay by Joss Whedon. Dr. The United Systems Military hopes to breed Aliens to study and research on the spaceship USM Auriga. Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver) has been cloned on the outer space military science vessel USM Auriga using "blood samples from Fury 16. The Betty." The United Systems Military wants to extract the Alien queen embryo that was implanted in her before her death in Alien 3. Purvis (Leland Orser). E. the Aliens have already matured and quickly escape their confinement. Set 200 years after the preceding installment. The Aliens escape their enclosures. and a surviving Alien host. a ship full of mercenaries. The military scientists use them as hosts for the Alien facehuggers. The survivors escape in the Betty as the Auriga collides into Earth. The mercenaries encounter Ripley. reveals that the Auriga's default command in an emergency situation is to return to Earth. it can give birth to live offspring without the need for eggs and human hosts. hoping that the Aliens will be destroyed in the crash. which bears a mixture of human and Alien traits.[1] while Desson Thomson of The Washington Post said the film "satisfactorily recycles the great surprises that made the first movie so powerful". Realizing that this will unleash the Aliens on Earth. a marine named DiStephano (Raymond Cruz). Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver) is cloned and an Alien queen is surgically removed from her body. Ripley kills it by using her own acidic blood to burn a hole through a viewing pane. As a result of the cloning process. on ice. several of them are killed by the Aliens. Alien Resurrection was released on November 26. Wren. acidic blood. Alien Resurrection was the first film in the Alien series to be filmed outside of England at Fox studios in Los Angeles. during which Ripley's DNA was mixed with the Alien's. they set it on a collision course with Earth. Directed by French filmmaker Jean-Pierre Jeunet. The resulting offspring.[2] Plot Alien Resurrection takes place 200 years after Alien 3. Alien 3. California. and their youngest member Call (Winona Ryder) recognizes her name. Ripley and the surviving mercenaries arrive at the Betty. They raise the Alien queen and collect her eggs for further use. She attempts to kill Ripley. causing the creature to be sucked violently through the small hole and into the vacuum of space. As they launch. Using her abilities to interface with the damaged ship's systems. the human/Alien hybrid attacks Call. 1997 and received mixed reviews from film critics. but Call is too late. the mercenaries. Earth. Ripley.''Alien Resurrection'' 119 Alien Resurrection is a science fiction film released in 1997 by 20th Century Fox. the scientists decide to keep the Ripley clone alive for further study. Call is revealed to be an android after Wren betrays the group. believing she may be used to create more Aliens. and an empathic link with Aliens. With a budget of $70 million. while Ripley and the mercenaries attempt to escape and destroy the Auriga before it reaches its destination. Freeman). recognizes Ripley as its mother and kills the Alien queen. . attempt to escape on the Betty and destroy the Auriga. Wren (J. As the group makes their way through the damaged ship. one of the ship's scientists. Ripley learns that the Alien queen has gained a human ability from her DNA as well: now possessing a womb. After successful extraction of the embryo. raising several adult Aliens for study.

Ripley has been cloned using blood samples so that the military may extract the Alien queen growing inside her. with a final battle for Earth itself. Despite having an Alien growing inside him. now intended to base the story on a clone of Ripley who they saw as the anchor of the series. Woodruff had previously played the Alien in Alien 3. the newest crew member of the Betty. After having committed suicide at the finale of Alien 3. as the lead Alien. The idea of cloning was suggested by producers David Giler and Walter Hill. She recognizes Ripley and has knowledge of the Aliens. though impressed with his script. • Gary Dourdan as Christie.[4] The studio initially imagined that the film would center around a clone of the character Newt from Aliens. Jr. When the Aliens break out. the Betty's mechanic. Predator and Aliens vs. Sprague. Whedon's initial screenplay had a third act on Earth. • Leland Orser as Purvis. Call is revealed during the course of the film to be an android and helps the surviving protagonists interface with the Auriga. acidic blood. Wren. Johner plays jokes and has a bad temper. reprising her role from the previous three Alien films. saying that "working with him is like working with Lon Chaney. After the Aliens escape he joins the protagonists in their attempt to flee the ship. Purvis joins the surviving protagonists in an attempt to escape the Auriga. Whedon composed a thirty-page treatment surrounding this idea before being informed that the studio." Weaver praised Woodruff's work. • Raymond Cruz as DiStephano. Wren is one of several scientists onboard the Auriga involved in cloning Ripley and studying the Aliens."[3] Woodruff also played the lead Alien in the sequels Alien vs.[5] Whedon had to rewrite the script in a way that would bring back the Ripley character. and can sense the presence of the Aliens. Purvis is one of several humans who have been kidnapped by the crew of the Betty while in cryosleep and delivered to the Auriga to serve as hosts for the Aliens.[4] Whedon wrote five versions of the final act. none of which ended up in the film. Perez is the commanding officer of the Auriga and supervises the experiments to clone Ripley and study the Aliens. • Michael Wincott as Frank Elgyn. Vriess shares a close friendship with Call and an antagonistic relationship with Johner. • David St. He is romantically involved with Hillard. Gediman. the third member of the science team responsible for cloning Ripley. a task he found difficult. Predator: Requiem. only Tom's usually covered with K-Y Jelly. • Ron Perlman as Johner. As a result of the cloning process Ripley has been affected by the Alien queen's DNA. • Carolyn Campbell as Dr. he joins the protagonists in their attempt to escape the ship. Williamson. • Dominique Pinon as Vriess. It's got dog legs. • J. DiStephano is a soldier in the United Systems Military. • Winona Ryder as Annalee Call. • Kim Flowers as Sabra Hillard. the first mate and second in command of the Betty. James as Dr. captain of the mercenary ship Betty. a mercenary and member of the Betty's crew. 20th Century Fox hired Joss Whedon to write the film's script.''Alien Resurrection'' 120 Cast • Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley. and teases Vriess about his handicap. • Tom Woodruff. and a more vicious mouth. • Brad Dourif as Dr. stationed onboard the Auriga. Freeman as Dr. as the Ellen Ripley character had died at the end of Alien 3. another member of the Auriga's science team. a more pointed nose. • Dan Hedaya as General Perez. He is disabled and confined to a motorized wheelchair. who opposed the production of Alien Resurrection as they thought it would ruin the . Production Origins Impressed with his work as a screenwriter. the assistant pilot of the Betty who is romantically involved with Elgyn. She has enhanced strength and reflexes. another of the scientists involved in cloning Ripley and studying the Aliens. E. Elgyn brings the Betty to the Auriga in order to sell kidnapped humans in cryostasis to General Perez. and described the Alien in Resurrection as feeling "much more like a dog.

Jeunet and his crew watched the latest science fiction and Alien films as reference material. conceptual artist Marc Caro had drawn rough sketches of characters' costumes.[6] Weaver received a co-producer's credit and was reportedly paid $11 million. Ringwood made several modifications for the final design. In June 1996. Peter Jackson was also approached. although he was not interested in pursuing the project.[8] Jean-Pierre Jeunet was asked to direct. However. contributing several elements to the script including five different endings.[10] He required a translator as he did not speak much English when filming began. as the film's producers believed he had a unique visual style. Jeunet had just completed the script to Amélie and was surprised he was offered the job for Alien Resurrection.[7] In 1995. Weaver was impressed with Whedon's script. although the expensive ones were dismissed. who thought the film brought back the spirit of Alien and Aliens.[6] Sigourney Weaver. who had played Ripley throughout the series.[9] Jeunet. Jeunet was given creative control. since Ripley becoming part human and part alien would create uncertainty about where her loyalties lay. Boyle and his producer met with effects supervisors to discuss the film. He also opted to make the film a dark comedy and was encouraged to include more violence.''Alien Resurrection'' franchise. after the release of The Usual Suspects. accepted the project with a budget of $70 million. The possibility of an Alien vs. She thought that the error during Ripley's cloning process would allow her to further explore the character. although he was not credited in the Making of Alien Resurrection book. Predator film was another reason for the character's death. however. but declined as he could not get excited about an Alien film. 20th Century Fox approached Bryan Singer to direct. wanted to liberate the character in Alien 3 as she did not want Ripley to become "a figure of fun" who would continuously "wake up with monsters running around".[9] . both of whom he had worked with on The City of Lost Children. and obtained production reports from the Alien films to study the camera setups. This was an interesting concept to Weaver. which were shown to character designer Bob Ringwood. as he thought the franchise had finished with Alien 3 and believed that making a sequel was a bad idea. as she thought the concept "sounded awful".[11] Jeunet hired French special effects supervisor Pitof and cinematographer Darius Khondji.[3] 121 Direction and design Trainspotting director Danny Boyle was intended to direct the film.

making their head domes and chins more pointed. although the distance required for filming was farther than she had practiced. Because of the aquatic filming. which resembled a mix of both male and female sexes. but suffered from anxiety on the [13] first day of filming. including a scene in which Ripley throws a basketball through a hoop while facing the opposite direction. was unable to participate in most of the training due to commitments on Broadway.[3] The decision was made to convert the stage rather than film the scene elsewhere. Alien Resurrection was the first installment in the Alien series to be filmed outside of England. and Alec Gillis also had experience working with Stan Winston on Aliens. Weaver trained for ten days and averaged one out of six baskets.[12] Jeunet asked ADI to lean towards making the human/Alien hybrid creature more human than Alien. as the filming of Hollywood blockbusters such as Titanic. Starship Troopers. and life-size models.[12] Filming Alien Resurrection was filmed at Fox studios in Los Angeles. however. who believed that the previous films' travel schedules exhausted the crew. Weaver. and even Jeunet eventually felt that "even for a Frenchman. containing 548. ADI founders Tom Woodruff. having previously worked on Alien 3. An additional two and a half weeks of training took place at the studio with stunt coordinator Ernie Orsatti and underwater cinematographer Peter Romano. The animatronic hybrid required nine puppeteers and was the most complex animatronic in the film. a decision made by Weaver. although the crew felt this design would be similar to the design of the creature Sil from the 1995 film Species. the ability to swim was a prerequisite for cast and crew when signing onto the film. ADI based their designs and modifications of the Alien creatures on the film's script. however. After receiving the director's approval. and for its filming Stage 16 at Fox Studios was reconstructed into a 36 by 45 meter tank. sketches. Winona Ryder faced a challenge with the scene. which included the creatures having pointed tails for swimming. would have more depth as a character rather than "just a killing which was removed during post-production [12] Jeunet was adamant about the hybrid having genitalia machine".5 meters deep. Eyes and a nose were added to the hybrid to allow it to have more The original design of the human/Alien hybrid expressions and communicate more emotion than the Aliens. so that it included a mix of male and female genitalia.[12] The genitalia were removed during post-production using digital effects techniques.000 gallons of water. and by converting Stage 16 20th Century Fox would be able to use the tank for future films. paintings. Jr.[9] The underwater scene was the first to be shot. 20th Century Fox was uncomfortable with this.''Alien Resurrection'' 122 Creatures Special effects company Amalgamated Dynamics Incorporated (ADI) was hired for the film. but knew that it would be too obvious to audiences due to the difference in hair length. Jeunet had difficulty securing a studio. since moving the film crew to the nearest adequate facility in San Diego would have been too costly for a single scene. California. and The Lost World: Jurassic Park were taking place at the same time. Jeunet was concerned about the time . 4. it's too much". Director Jeunet wanted to display Ripley's new powers. ADI began to create small sculptures. An early concept was to replicate Sigourney Weaver's features. The cast trained in swimming pools in Los Angeles with professional divers to learn how to use the equipment. as she had nearly drowned at age 12 and had not been in the water since. and establishing them to appear more vicious using techniques of camera angles and shot duration. She suggested using a body double. from October 1996 to February 1997. She filmed the scene.

Fox representative Robert Kraft had a short meeting with Frizzel and hired him. the least successful of the Alien series on that continent. The cue "They Swim" took one month to complete as Jeunet was not pleased with Frizzel's original version. and concept artist Sylvain Despretz were tasked to redesign the ship. was determined to make the shot authentic. as visual effects supervisors believed CGI was not effective enough to create realistic spaceships. and the film was released in North America on November 26. Jeunet rejected it. and turned to the camera to say "Oh my god!" There was enough of a pause between Weaver's basket and Perlman's statement for the film's editors to cut the scene accordingly during post-production.[17] Frizzel spent seven months writing and recording the score. Alien Resurrection grossed $25 million in its first five days–$16 million over the weekend. California. in which the camera pans out to show the ship. Jeunet felt Martin's design was too much like a space station. Frizzel sent in four cassettes and received a call from 20th Century Fox about the fourth. although the final result was a mix between the first and third versions he had composed. for an average of $6.2 million. which Jeunet requested to be very different and unique from the previous films in the series. while he accepted Despretz's design due to its streamlined and horizontal appearance.[16] Music Composer John Frizzel was encouraged by a friend to audition to compose Alien Resurrection's film score. The film grossed $47.[18] Debuting at number two at the box office behind Flubber.[19] It was the 43rd highest grossing film in North America in 1997. with pictures on the left and dialog and descriptions on the right.[11] The ball was out of frame for a moment during the shot. Weaver. Ron Perlman broke character when she made the basket. and did not appear satisfactory in the film's 2. This design proved to be too vertical for the film's opening shot. and got the ball in perfectly on the sixth take. 1997. but Weaver refused. production illustrator Jim Martin. The USM Auriga was originally designed by artist Nigel Phelps and resembled a medical instrument. incorporating sound effects such as a gong and rub rod. and Pitof offered to edit it so that the ball was on-screen for the entire scene. with a gross of $113. Impressed with his work. Phelps. which made it easier for visual effects artists to do their work. This included themes of romance and eroticism. The decision was made to use CGI Aliens rather than puppets or suited actors whenever the creatures' legs were in frame.35:1 aspect ratio.''Alien Resurrection'' being spent on the shot and wanted to either use a machine to throw the ball or to insert it later using computer-generated imagery (CGI).[17] Reception Box office A pre-screening of Alien Resurrection was held in Camarillo.[15] All of the spaceships in the film were miniatures. bringing its total gross to $161.415 theaters. as Jeunet felt that a man in a suit is easy to distinguish when the full body is seen.[20] . which contained music from The Empty Mirror.5 million. Jeunet planned every shot. however. It was well received internationally.[14] 123 Visual effects and miniatures The film's script was laid out similar to a comic book. Impressed with the company's work on Joe's Apartment creating CGI cockroaches. Blue Sky Studios was hired to create the first CGI Aliens to appear on film.7 million in North America.821 per 2. Jeunet and Pitof opted to hire the company to create 30 to 40 shots of CGI Aliens. Three days before the design had to be finalized. however.

because everything that they did reflects back to the script or looks like something from the script. and people assume that. Predator: Requiem.[21] and 55% on Rotten Tomatoes. When asked in 2005 how the film differed from the script he had written. higher than Alien 3. Whedon responded: "It wasn't a question of doing everything differently."[26] Releases Alien Resurrection was released on VHS on June 1. How the mighty have fallen...''Alien Resurrection'' 124 Critical response Alien Resurrection received mixed reviews from film critics. And most significantly. 1998. They said the lines."[22] Houston Chronicle editor Louis B..[22] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a negative review. screen tests.. Vriess making a joke to Call.[27] Dark Horse Comics also published a two-issue comic book adaptation. however. And they scored it wrong. And they cast it wrong. Jeunet included an alternate version of the film on the Alien Quadrilogy DVD box set with different opening and closing credits. Parks said "The film is a marvel. it was mostly a matter of doing everything wrong. an extended dialogue between Call and Ripley's clone in the chapel and scenes of the Betty landing on Earth and the planet's landscape during the final dialogue between Ripley and Call. and easy to surrender to in the moment.[24] while Richard Schickel of Time wrote that it was "Less frightening. The second disc."[25] Washington Post contributor Desson Thomson felt it "satisfactorily recycles the great surprises that made the first movie so powerful. concept art. although less than its predecessors Alien and Aliens. it’s that they just executed it in such a ghastly fashion as to render it almost unwatchable. and just killed the Alien series altogether.. post-production. stating "There is not a single shot in the movie to fill one with wonder."[1] Jeffery Overstreet of Looking Closer commented "It's time they quit killing the aliens.. The film scored 63% on Metacritic based on 21 reviews. 2004. it makes a big hoot of the whole business. and audio commentary by the cast and crew. Ripley's clone waking up in the middle of her operation.but they said them all wrong. And they designed it wrong. a well-photographed feast of visual imagery"."[2] Screenwriter Joss Whedon was unhappy with the final product. They did everything wrong that they could possibly do. Alien Resurrection: Collector's Edition was released on January 6. although they changed the ending. if I hated it.but it wasn’t so much that they’d changed the script. The deleted scenes included references to the character Newt from Aliens. containing the two discs contained in the Quadrilogy set.. but as much fun as ever.. then they’d changed the script. Alien vs. called One Step Beyond: The Making of Alien Resurrection. that seems to find a way to make action sequences unexciting."[22] Not all reviews were negative. . . features over two hours of footage relating to pre-production. while Tom Meek of Film Threat wrote "Weaver and Jeunet's efforts are shortchanged by the ineptness of Joss Whedon's script. production. which were originally cut due to budget restrictions.[28] In 2003. with the novelization and the book titled Making of Alien Resurrection released on December 1. There's actually a fascinating lesson in filmmaking. Predator and Aliens vs."[23] Joe Baltake of the Sacramento Bee stated that "This 'Alien' should never have been resurrected". Mary Brennan of Film thought that the movie was "A lot of fun to watch.mostly.

. [16] A Matter of Scale . Entertainment Weekly. 20th Century Fox Notes [1] Ebert. html). metacritic. net/ peter/ faq. Retrieved 2006-12-15. The Secret Origin of The X-Men. boxofficemojo. nytimes. yes. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. [4] Scott Myers (January 3. . com/ cgi-bin/ auth/ story/ content/ chronicle/ ae/ movies/ reviews/ 1126alien4. Retrieved 2008-01-31. [19] "Alien Resurrection (1997)" (http:/ / www. .987471. com/ m/ alien_resurrection/ ?critic=rotten& name_order=asc). Archived from the original (http:/ / lookingcloser. washingtonpost. Alien Resurrection. com/ apps/ pbcs. [17] Genetic Composition . [27] A. . . Retrieved 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2008-01-31. [22] "Alien Resurrection (1997)" (http:/ / au. Retrieved 2008-01-24.Computer Generated Imagery. htm#Alien Resurrection). Box Office Mojo. org/ web/ 20080113211514/ http:/ / lookingcloser. Crispin. [18] Weinraub. [2] Howe. 2003. ew. Retrieved 2008-01-24. Sun Times. [15] Virtual Aliens . Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. 2003. html). Alien Resurrection.The Novelization" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20060721170225/ http:/ / www. I will tell you that. 2003. [14] In the Zone . "Sigourney Weaver Eludes the Image Police" (http:/ / query. html?res=990DE3D7143DF934A35751C1A961958260& sec=& spon=& pagewanted=2). html) on July 21. htm#Alien Resurrection) on 2008-01-13. Jeffery. com/ ew/ article/ 0. "Alien Resurrection Jeffrey Overstreet" (http:/ / web. Louis. "Ripley's back. Eduardo Risso (p. . amazon. [8] Bryan Singer. Alien Resurrection. New York Times. The first one was in the forest with the flying threshing machine. Retrieved 2008-01-23. org/ movie+ reviews/ quickglancesA-G. "Alien Resurrection . Rotten Tomatoes.290562.com. Go Into The Story. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ gst/ fullpage. .Music.com. C. chron.i). [13] Death From Below . [24] Parks. htm). Richard (1997-12-01). natoonline. . The third one was in a maternity ward.Audio Commentary [12] Unnatural Mutation . Metacritic. dll/ article?AID=/ 19971126/ REVIEWS/ 711260301/ 1023). [28] Jim Vance (w). htm). [21] "Overview of Alien Resurrection reviews" (http:/ / www. [10] Mcdonald. And the fourth one was in the desert.Creature Design. stronger than ever" (http:/ / web. 2003. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-01-26. com/ wp-srv/ style/ longterm/ movies/ videos/ alienresurrectionhowe. Retrieved 2008-02-23. suntimes. Bullz-eye. . Box Office Mojo. . html). "Alien Resurrection Roger Ebert review" (http:/ / rogerebert. 2000. . [26] "Joss Whedon on Alien Resurrection" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 01/ interview-joss-whedon. htm) [6] From the Ashes . time.Time review" (http:/ / www. 2003. archive. com/ gst/ fullpage. The second one was in a futuristic junkyard. Retrieved 2008-01-31. Time magazine. [3] Hochman. I wrote five endings. com/ video/ titles/ alienresurrection?q=Alien).Miniature Photography. Roger (1997-11-26). . Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. html?res=9C0CE3D91139F935A25752C1A961958260& scp=23& sq=Alien+ Resurrection& st=nyt). Alien Resurrection. Harry Knowles Is Always Listening" (http:/ / query. theonering. "The Two Hollywoods.. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. William (1997-12-07). Alien Resurrection. Retrieved 2008-01-26. theonering. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. [20] "1997 Domestic Gross" (http:/ / www. com/ Alien-Resurrection-Novelization-C-Crispin/ dp/ 0446602299/ ref=pd_bbs_sr_10?ie=UTF8& s=books& qid=1203740262& sr=8-10). com/ cgi-bin/ auth/ story/ content/ chronicle/ ae/ movies/ reviews/ 1126alien4.9171.00. html). Alien Resurrection (1-2) (October – November 1997). 2003.Direction and Design. "But rather than go into all of the reasons why Alien: Resurrection is disappointing to me. boxofficemojo. David (1997-12-05). 2003. rottentomatoes. 2003. .net.''Alien Resurrection'' 125 References • One Step Beyond: The Making of Alien Resurrection. bullz-eye. org/ infocus/ 05augustseptember/ whedonuncut. Amazon. htm). [25] Schickel. nytimes. archive. 2006. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1997& p=. Bernard (1997-11-16). "Alien: Resurrection . Alien Resurrection.00. Retrieved 2010-07-06. 2003. "Beauties and the Beast" (http:/ / www. html) (blog entry). 2009). "Interview: Joss Whedon" (http:/ / www. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-01-24. Alien Quadrilogy – Disc 8. Retrieved 2008-02-23. [23] Overstreet. Retrieved 2008-01-29. Tom DeSanto. Peter. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. Quadrilogy edition: Fox Home Entertainment. com/ mguide/ interviews/ 2005/ joss_whedon. . gointothestory. New York Times. Washington Post. Alien Resurrection. Alien Resurrection. Retrieved 2007-02-04. htm). . Dark Horse Comics . Desson (1997-11-28). com/ movies/ ?id=alienresurrection. chron. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0.The Basketball Scene.Reviving the Story. [7] Jackson.Fox Studios Los Angeles 1996. . Looking Closer. "Alien Resurrection: She Lives" (http:/ / www. "Peter Jackson FAQ" (http:/ / tbhl. [11] Alien Resurrection ." [5] In Focus | August/September 2005 | Serenity Now! Uncut (http:/ / www. org/ movie reviews/ quickglancesA-G. 20th Century Fox [9] French Twist .

''Alien Resurrection'' 126 External links • • • • Alien Resurrection (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Alien Resurrection (http://www.com/title/tt0118583/) at the Internet Movie Database Alien Resurrection (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/work/158796) at Allmovie Alien Resurrection (http://www.rottentomatoes.imdb.com/m/alien_resurrection/) at Rotten Tomatoes .com/movies/?id=alienresurrection.allmovie.

''A Map of the World (film)'' 127 A Map of the World (film) A Map of the World Directed by Produced by Written by Scott Eliott Frank Marshall Peter Hedges Polly Platt Based on the novel by Jane Hamilton Sigourney Weaver Julianne Moore David Strathairn Chloe Sevigny Pat Metheny Starring Music by Cinematography Seamus McGarvey Editing by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Naomi Geraghty Craig McKay January 21. To make matters worse. 2000 (USA) 125 minutes US English A Map Of The World is a drama released in the year 1999. and Chloe Sevigny. the couple watch helplessly as the community turns against them. Sigourney Weaver was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama. David Strathairn. Julianne Moore.[1] The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. It was directed by Scott Eliott. and likening it to such movies as Being John Malkovitch and Three Kings in "being free--in being capable of taking any turn at any moment. praising the performances. . Background Eminent film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half out of four stars. Synopsis Alice Goodwin (Sigourney Weaver) is a school nurse who lives with her husband Howard (David Strathairn) and two girls on a small dairy farm in Wisconsin. The movie stars Sigourney Weaver. based on the novel of the same name by Jane Hamilton. without the need to follow tired conventions". Alice finds herself fighting charges of child abuse. After the death of the daughter of her friend Theresa Collins (Julianne Moore) on Alice's property.

Retrieved December 17.com/title/tt0160513/) at the Internet Movie Database .''A Map of the World (film)'' 128 References [1] Ebert. External links • A Map of the World (http://www. . 2000). 2009. Roger (February 4. suntimes. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/ 20000204/ REVIEWS/ 2040301/ 1023). "A Map of the World Review" (http:/ / rogerebert.imdb.

916 Galaxy Quest is a 1999 science-fiction comedy film about a troupe of human actors who defend a group of aliens against an alien warlord. and David Newman composed the music score. 1999 102 minutes United States English $45 million $90. Sigourney Weaver.683. The film parodies the television series Star Trek and related phenomena. believing the show's adventures were real. Sam Rockwell. The film's supporting cast features Robin Sachs as the warlord Serris. Patrick Breen as a friendly alien. and Daryl Mitchell as the cast of a defunct television series called Galaxy Quest. Alan Rickman. It was directed by Dean Parisot and written by David Howard and Robert Gordon.''Galaxy Quest'' 129 Galaxy Quest Galaxy Quest Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Story by Starring Dean Parisot Mark Johnson Charles Newirth David Howard Robert Gordon David Howard Tim Allen Sigourney Weaver Alan Rickman Tony Shalhoub Sam Rockwell Daryl Mitchell Enrico Colantoni David Newman Music by Cinematography Jerzy Zielinski Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Don Zimmerman DreamWorks December 25. and Justin Long in his feature-film . Enrico Colantoni also stars as the leader of an alien race who ask the actors for help. It stars Tim Allen. in which the crew of a spaceship embarked on intergalactic adventures. Tony Shalhoub. Mark Johnson and Charles Newirth produced the film for DreamWorks.

who assume the crash is part of the entertainment. and they agree. With Jason in command of the Protector. octopoidal creatures using devices that make them appear human. Fred Kwan (Shalhoub) as the chief engineer. and non-humanoid creatures were created by Stan Winston Studio from designs by Jordu Schell. Not knowing how the ship works. claims that they are aliens called "Thermians". Mathesar (Colantoni). Seventeen years after the show was canceled. at a Galaxy Quest convention hosted by Guy and full of costumed fans. a device mentioned. Portions of the film were shot in Goblin Valley State Park. including the Protector. The actors acquire a new sphere from a nearby planet after battling various alien creatures. Sarris's men activate the ship's self-destruct sequence. When the Thermians follow him to Earth and ask for more help. Sarris sneaks aboard the Protector and starts killing the crew. but Sarris prevents them from leaving. Sarris chases the Protector into a space minefield.''Galaxy Quest'' debut as a human fan of the television show. Once the actors are onboard the Protector. using a communicator that he accidentally gave him at a promotional store opening. believing Sarris is the one to surrender. who abhor all untruth. Some time later. Still believing the situation is fictional. and when Sarris attacks again. Jason contacts an avid Galaxy Quest fan named Brandon (Long) in his suburban home on Earth. They emerge from the wreck to enthusiastic applause from the audience. and Sarris demands the Omega 13. believing the mission is an acting job. Sarris has boarded it and taken control. and they have invented and built real versions of the technologies portrayed in the show. is sent back in time 13 seconds. a female Thermian who chose to stay on Earth as Fred's lover. The film won the 2000 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. starring the original cast. Jason kills him with a blaster pistol and receives even greater applause. the actors detach the command deck and land on Earth with Brandon's help. along with Laliari (Pyle). accidentally crashing into the Galaxy Quest convention. but when they send him through space to Earth. Brandon believes the Omega 13 is a time machine that sends its user 13 seconds into the past. he asks his co-stars to join him. . Jason is approached by a group of people whose leader. As the Thermians take control of the ship. Utah. a once-popular television space-drama series starring Jason Nesmith (Allen) as the commander of a spaceship called the NSEA Protector. and with Guy playing the ship's chief of security. a reptilian humanoid warlord waging a genocidal war against their people. but not used. but Jason and Alexander use a gambit from one of the show's episodes to kill the aliens guarding them. Guy Fleegman (Rockwell) played a security officer who was killed in his only episode. Galaxy Quest is revived. and Tommy Webber (Mitchell) as a precocious child pilot. but Jason activates the Omega 13. the actors and Thermians destroy Sarris' ship and return to Earth. he finally realizes the events were real. Sarris interrogates Jason about the Omega 13 and forces him to admit the truth about Galaxy Quest to Mathesar. Sir Alexander Dane (Rickman) as the ship's alien science officer. but the Thermians really are aliens. they have mistaken broadcasts of Galaxy Quest for historical documentaries. and thwarts his attack. who is heartbroken after learning that Jason and his crew are frauds. Jason goes with them to what he assumes will be an amateur filming session. The Thermians transport Jason onto the Protector to negotiate a surrender with Sarris (Robin Sachs). Jason orders the Thermians to attack Sarris and then insists on returning home. they finally learn the truth. but when they return to the ship. in Galaxy Quest's final episode. so they assume their television roles in order to avoid being killed by the Thermians. Being technically advanced but having no understanding of fiction. which damages the beryllium sphere that powers the ship's reactor. and Brandon and his friends use their extensive knowledge of the ship to help Jason and Gwen abort the self-destruct sequence. 130 Plot The story focuses on the cast of Galaxy Quest. Gwen DeMarco (Weaver) as the computer officer. USA.

His role as Laredo is essentially that of a pilot. Tony Officer of the Protector. greeting the actors familiarly although they don't recognize him. an upright octopoid who appears as a white-skinned. which he believes is inevitable for minor characters such as his. • Daryl Mitchell as Tommy Webber / Lt. Unlike the other actors. He is deeply intelligent and has psionic abilities. the Kirk-like captain of the Protector. communication duties similar to Lt. A trained Shakespearean actor. Weaver later compared her meta-fictional role as Tawny to her role as Ellen Ripley in the Alien series. Alexander resents both his catchphrase and being typecast. Lazarus is a "Maktar". Lazarus" is an homage to Spock. black-haired human. who performed Shalhoub. similar to Pavel Chekov. Alan who played Lt. Chen is in charge of the engine room and the operator of the "digital conveyor" (a version of the Star Trek transporter). Peter Quincy Taggart. • Tony Shalhoub as Fred Kwan. though they won't bring themselves to admit this until the film's end. Jason remains the putative leader of the Galaxy Quest crew members as they travel to conventions and strip mall dedications. during the original television run. the actor who played Tech Sgt. • Sigourney Weaver as Gwen DeMarco. meant to resemble Patrick Stewart. a member of an alien species renowned for their intellect. he has a non-standard weapon and a pretentious catchphrase: "By Grabthar's hammer. Lazarus of Tev'Meck. the actor who played Cmdr. gray-clad. Left to right: Sam Rockwell. Daryl Mitchell. the actress The cast of Galaxy Quest. by the suns of Warvan. Corbin Bleu played Tommy at age 9 during the film's introduction. he suffers the fewest injuries of any of the actors during the flight on the Protector. describing Tawny as "a stereotypical dumb blonde" who fulfills a useless function in contrast to Ripley's dynamic centrality. the actor who played "Crewman #6" in the original series and Security Chief "Roc" Ingersoll in the revival. showing a difficulty to separate reality from fiction when in (perceived) danger. but when he flies the real Protector out of the spaceport. Additionally. while the name "Dr. Ironically. • Enrico Colantoni as Mathesar. He spends most of the movie fretting about his imminent demise. Guy begins the story as a "Questerian" (Trekkie) who had a small role as a disposable redshirt in one episode of the series and moved on to organize the Galaxy Quest convention. a "recording" of an original episode. a parody of "boy wonder"-type characters. smiles warmly . • Sam Rockwell as Guy Fleegman. like all of his people. the equivalent of Spock (with some elements of Jean-Luc Picard). who has aged considerably since his role. He's the last of the actors to embrace his television role (in order to satisfy the Thermians) and only does so when Quellek (a Thermian who idolizes Dr. As the show's female sex symbol. Alexander is a Shakespearean-trained British actor. Tawny Madison. Chen. Tim Allen. Tawny's job consists largely of repeating communications to and from the computer. he scrapes it against a wall and it takes him most of the film (and re-watching old Galaxy Quest episodes) to learn to do it properly. the Computer Rickman. the leader of the Thermians. Lazarus) dies in his arms. Laredo. Uhura. Wesley Crusher and Hieronymus Fox (Gary Coleman in the Buck Rogers TV series). speaks in stiff tones of voice. the actor who played Dr. It's implied (and believed by enthusiastic female fans at the convention) that Gwen and Jason are romantically interested in each other. he is completely comfortable with the true form of the aliens. He's prone to removing his shirt at the slightest pretext and is said to have had romantic relations with most of the minor female characters who appeared throughout his television career. Mathesar is. • Alan Rickman as Sir Alexander Dane. he even falls in love with Laliari. Sigourney Weaver.''Galaxy Quest'' 131 Cast • Tim Allen as Jason Nesmith. you shall be avenged!".

especially when he tries to repeat Lazarus' catchphrase. — Patrick Stewart[6] [7] • I've had flashbacks of Galaxy Quest at the many conventions I've gone to since the movie came out. a warlike reptilian humanoid who destroyed the Thermian home planet and most of their race. With the permission of Mathesar. reptilian skin like the Gorn. He assists Alexander but is initially brushed off by him. Sarris has visual homages to several popular Star Trek villains: a cybernetic arm like Locutus.[1] On Rotten Tomatoes. No one laughed louder or longer in the cinema than I did.[4] The Village Voice offered a lukewarm review. taking pleasure from others' pain. but the actors that they were pretending to be were totally unrecognizable. Justin Long as Brandon. a devoted Galaxy Quest fan with an encyclopedic knowledge of the show. as he lets Laliari stay with Fred on Earth. and of course I found it was brilliant. she exposes her tentacles when embracing Fred after he successfully implements a clever and impressive plan. Patrick Breen as Quellek. and an eye-patch like General Chang. Cmdr. Roth'h'ar Sarris. Certainly I don't know what Tim Allen was doing.[5] Box office The film was financially successful. He is later mortally wounded by one of Sarris' men.012.916 worldwide. motivating Alexander to avenge him.916 and it grossed $90. unforgiving. its total domestic tally stands at $71. and I thought the audience that they portrayed was totally real. As Sarris explains to Jason. And it was both funny and also touching in that it paid tribute to the dedication of these fans. — Tim Russ. and then Jonathan Frakes rang me up and said "You must not miss this movie! See it on a Saturday night in a full theatre. I thought it was an absolute laugh-a-minute. a Thermian who idolizes the Dr. even though it earned only $7. deceitful and sadistic. still seeing them as heroes. and is proud of being a hero himself. who played the Vulcan Lt. He's very cruel. Brilliant. it received an 89% "freshness" rating and a 7. Reaction quotes from Star Trek actors • I had originally not wanted to see Galaxy Quest because I heard that it was making fun of Star Trek.683.630 in its opening weekend. . he develops his own courage.1/10 average reviewer rating out of 110 reviews. The only one I recognized was the girl playing Nichelle Nichols. the Thermian crew member who falls in love with Fred. Robin Sachs as Gen. admits to Alexander he considered "Dr. Mathesar is incredibly naïve to the truth. In the end. He's also very understanding and empathic.[2] The New York Times's Lawrence Van Gelder called it "an amiable comedy that simultaneously manages to spoof these popular futuristic space adventures and replicate the very elements that have made them so durable".''Galaxy Quest'' even when in sorrow or fear. knocks out Sarris. as are the others of his crew.[3] Roger Ebert praised the ability of the film to spoof the "illogic of the TV show". being bent on their destruction. 132 • • • • Reception The film has a 70 percent approval rating on Metacritic from 28 reviews. Lazarus character. noting that "the many eight-to-11-year-olds in the audience seemed completely enthralled"." And I did. and for the life of me I was trying to understand who he was imitating. Tuvok on Star Trek: Voyager[8] • I thought it was very funny. He seemed to be the head of a group of actors. but the idea that the ship was saved and all of our heroes in that movie were saved simply by the fact that there were fans who did understand the scientific principles on which the ship worked was absolutely wonderful. playing a character named "Laliari" while living under the pseudonym "Jane Doe". who played Captain James T. however. and while dying. Lazarus" a father figure. he remains very loyal to Nesmith and the other actors.583. she travels to Earth with Fred and joins him as a cast member of the revived television series. Missi Pyle as Laliari. — William Shatner. Although mostly shown in her human form.

the set would actually (and very suddenly) rock to one side. as in Star Trek. Alas. creating the visual effect of the set rolling and the actors reacting (an effect often called the "Irwin Allen rock-and-roll" by film buffs). according to visual effects co-supervisor Bill George in a 2000 interview with Cinefex magazine. the alien planet was originally called "Theramin" instead of "Thermia. It is a powerful piece of documentary filmmaking. an instrument of the National Space Exploration Administration: obvious send-ups of the USS Enterprise and Starfleet (or the United Federation of Planets) respectively. and have me play a freaky fanboy who keeps screaming at the actor who played "the kid" about how awful it was that there was a kid on the spaceship. References to Star Trek • The prefix of the Protector’s registration number NTE-3120 (compare the Enterprise's NCC-1701) ostensibly alludes to some sort of similar space federation. vibrate wildly and throw the actors out of their seats.' . who was concerned with what she perceived to be Uhura's lack of relevance. it's going to be the genuine. and [co-star] Sigourney [Weaver] rolls her eyes and says. including a promotional website[13] intentionally designed to look like a poorly constructed fan website. true Star Trek fans who will save the day. This homage even extended to the original marketing of the movie. including "A Piece of the Action" and "Patterns of Force'. I recognized every one of them. [laughs] The details in it. And I roared when the shirt came off. who played Hikaru Sulu in Star Trek: The Original Series[12] 133 Relation to Star Trek Galaxy Quest is an acknowledged homage to Star Trek. I have seen Galaxy Quest and no. not only of Trek. . • The name "Thermians" was probably not a reference to Vulcans. The NSEA Protector • Usually. but of fandom in general. And [star] Tim Allen had that Shatner-esque swagger down pat. ''Star Trek'' fandom is not really like that.. How often did we hear that on the set? [Laughs.. The theme of imitative aliens was explored in a few Star Trek episodes. who played "the kid" Wesley Crusher in Star Trek: The Next Generation[11] • I think it's a chillingly realistic documentary. Galaxy Quest. I was rolling in the aisles. therefore a variety of elements in the former correspond to those of the latter... the effect was so real that it actually [15] frightened (and injured) several of the main cast. 'There goes that shirt again. • The constant pseudo-gymnastic "rolling" of Taggart is a nod to the "rolling" of Kirk in many aired episodes of Star Trek. According to interviews on the DVD release of the film. I thought it was brilliant satire. The television program within the film. so during an explosion. And I do believe that when we get kidnapped by aliens. The only thing I wish they had done was cast me in it." an homage to early sci-fi's use of the theremin to make eerie noises. who played the Cardassian Legate Damar on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine[10] • I loved Galaxy Quest. . is set around the starship NSEA Protector. — Wil Wheaton.[14] • Gwen's struggle with her character's function as little more than a sex object is similar to the experience of Nichelle Nichols. The Protector's bridge set was built on hydraulic rams (gimbals). In the screenplay. but in reality stands for "Not The Enterprise". the camera would tilt to one side and the actors would fall to the other. with "screen captures" and poor HTML coding.] - George Takei. — Casey Biggs.''Galaxy Quest'' Kirk[9] • Yes. as in the original Star Trek theme. when there's an explosion.

[16] • Sarris's torturing the Thermian in front of the crew echoes the scene in "Day of the Dove" when Kang tortured Chekov in front of Kirk and the landing party. However. The first "series regular" security chief was Tasha Yar in the revamp Star Trek: The Next Generation. • The Thermians use "appearance generators" to assume human form. "Dilithium crystals" are used in starship engines in the Star Trek universe. • There are several overt nods to Spock in Dr. he says "On. Cmdr. Lazarus: The "Mak'tar stealth haze" parallels the Vulcan mind-meld. his odd worm-like dinner is a nod to the Klingon delicacy gagh. he loses his shirt.". but. • When Commander Taggart is returned to Earth. as in the opening of Star Trek: First Contact. • In a reverse of Star Trek. • When Taggart fights the rock monster. a reference to Kirk's losing his shirt or ripping his clothes in a number of episodes. didn't have a "Security Chief" main character (though an Enterprise security chief. where the Kelvans appear as humans. "The Best of Both Worlds. • The "Omega-13" is a mysterious device. • The design of the NTE ship is based on a Star Trek badge. Giotto. there is a camera shot that starts zoomed in on his eye and pulls back. • The final episode cliffhanger is very similar to the Season 3 episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. warp travel is impossible in the affected sector. 134 .''Galaxy Quest'' • When consuming the food that was synthesized for the crew's personas. • The original Star Trek. activate the Omega-13!" finishing with a "To Be Continued. Teb." where the final line was "Mr. while their true forms are massive. Worf. like Galaxy Quest. fire!" and Taggart's is "Mr.. never surrender" is meant to summon the spirit of Kirk's "Risk is our business" speech from Return to Tomorrow. Lt. Taggart compares his meal to "corn-fed Iowa beef. • The time between the original Galaxy Quest show and The New Adventures was 18 years: the same length of time between the end of Star Trek (1969) and the start of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987). in the aftermath. • Towards the end of the movie. beryllium is the 4th element in the periodic table. in the final bridge battle scene all the main actor/characters are shot . This concept was possibly taken from "By Any Other Name"." • The NTE ship is forced to separate in order to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere at the end of the film. The arm motion is similar to the distinctive gesture used in Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Voyager by characters to "Engage!" a navigational course. the Omega particle is capable of a massive explosion. are actually "massive creatures with hundreds of tentacles. a reference to the NCC-1701D's ability to "saucer separate" as seen in Star Trek: The Next Generation. In Star Trek.. multi-tentacled alien beings. • The Protector's engine is powered by a "beryllium sphere". and his odd weapon parallels the Ahnwoon seen in Amok Time. just after lithium." a possible allusion to Star Trek. The Devil in the Dark). as James Kirk was raised in Riverside.while the "redshirt" guest star with only one Galaxy Quest episode credit is completely unharmed.on!" and repeatedly makes an arm gesture. The manner of discharging it is a visual reference to the Genesis device in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. did appear in one episode. • Taggert's and Lazarus's mock fight is a nod to the Star Trek episodes where Kirk and Spock were constrained to battle: "Amok Time" and "This Side of Paradise". after Mathesar takes command. believed/feared to be capable of destroying the universe. • Taggart's speech "Never give up. • Guy's suggestion that Taggart create a "rudimentary lathe" references Kirk's creating a rudimentary cannon in "Arena". as Spock describes to Kirk. his catchphrase is meant to approximate Live long and prosper. Chen. • The minefield at the climax of the movie is a nod to the self-replicating minefield defending the Bajoran Wormhole in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Iowa.

Amy (1999-12-28). 'Star Trek' Trickery" (http:/ / www. com/ film/ 9952.Star Trek . Retrieved 2008-06-28.Galaxy Quest (http:/ / www. [2] "Galaxy Quest Movie Reviews.a documentary film about Star Trek convention goers Fanboys Free Enterprise The Adventures of Captain Zoom in Outer Space Three Amigos References [1] "Galaxy Quest (1999) Reviews" (http:/ / www. Pictures" (http:/ / www. the US entertainment channel. Sarah (2008-01-27). "To Boldly Go Where Shakespeare Calls" (http:/ / www. • A Thermian Audio Track selection is available.. NASA astronaut Michael Fincke refers to the need to "fashion weapons out of a rudimentary lathe. featured a mockumentary entitled Galaxy Quest: 20th Anniversary The Journey Continues. metacritic. Only by watching the movie in its entirety (or skipping to the end credits and letting them play) will the Omega 13 feature activate. director J. which dubs over all the spoken English with the language of the Thermians. html)." Written by Michael Okuda and Denise Okuda. nytimes. • A Deluxe Edition DVD was released May 12. it comes up with an "Access Denied" error. Rogerebert.taubin.Cult ." • In 2003. co. never surrender. com/ m/ galaxy_quest/ ?critic=columns& sortby=rotten& name_order=asc& view=#mo). Retrieved 2008-07-03. com/ 2008/ 01/ 27/ theater/ 27lyal." the first science-fiction movie made in space. See also • • • • • Trekkies . • In "Apogee of Fear. . [3] Van Gelder. com/ startrek/ view/ community/ chat/ archive/ transcript/ 1254. New York Times. com/ video/ titles/ galaxyquest). Lawrence (1999-12-24). Retrieved 2008-07-03." • In commentary on the Blu-Ray edition of the film Star Trek (2009). shtml) [7] Lyall. technical manuals. dll/ article?AID=/ 19991224/ REVIEWS/ 912240303/ 1023). "Yet One More Final Frontier: Fighting Bad Aliens. Abrams called Galaxy Quest "one of the best Star Trek movies ever made.com. villagevoice. Retrieved 2008-07-03. . for Real" (http:/ / movies. concerning the making of the Galaxy Quest television show.11362. • Galaxy Quest was novelised by science fiction writer Terry Bisson who stayed very close to the plot of the movie. J. IDW Publishing released a comicbook sequel to the movie entitled Galaxy Quest: Global Warning. html) . Rotten Tomatoes. DVD extras • There is a feature on the DVD simulating the Omega 13.. "Galaxy Quest" (http:/ / rogerebert. . Roger (1999-12-24).20. the Galactopedia purports to be based on Galaxy Quest encyclopedias. com/ apps/ pbcs. • The 2009 Blu-ray edition of the film includes a tongue-in-cheek text commentary called the "GALAXY QUEST GALACTOPEDIA.''Galaxy Quest'' 135 In other media • In December 1999 E!. Retrieved 2008-07-03. uk/ cult/ st/ interviews/ stewart/ page13." Both Michael Fincke and fellow NASA Astronaut Greg Chamitoff deliver the line "Never give up. by reversing the opening sequence to the main menu. com/ movie/ review?_r=1& res=9C02EFD91539F937A15751C1A96F958260& partner=Rotten Tomatoes& oref=slogin). • In 2008. . [4] Ebert. New York Times. [5] Taubin. "Pulling Punches. . rottentomatoes. nytimes. startrek. and other imaginary books that presumably come from the universe in which Galaxy Quest was a real TV show. Retrieved 2008-07-03. [8] STARTREK. html?_r=1& pagewanted=all& oref=slogin). If the Omega 13 feature is selected before watching the movie however.COM : Transcript (http:/ / www. These features are not available on all zones' DVDs. . Metacritic. The Village Voice. 2009. suntimes. bbc.Patrick Stewart . [6] BBC Online . Danish rock band Blindstone recorded a song titled "By Grabthar's Hammer" for their album Manifesto.

html) [10] STARTREK. com/ startrek/ view/ community/ chat/ archive/ transcript/ 1146. Memory Alpha. net/ mt/ archives/ 000768. 2010 136 External links Galaxy Quest (http://www.COM : Transcript (http:/ / www. galaxyquest. scifi. org/ wiki/ Gagh). html) [13] Travis Latke's Galaxy Quest Vaults (http:/ / web. org/web/20020413083055/www.com/) Original galaxyquest. com/ startrek/ takei/ takei2.txt) • Dalton's Galaxy Quest Site (http://www. startrek.rottentomatoes. Cinefex #81.com/) Fansite Archive.org/~ag775/gq/index. April 2000 [15] IMDB trivia (http:/ / www.angelfire.com/work/181269) at Allmovie Galaxy Quest (http://www.htm) • • • • • • .webs.''Galaxy Quest'' [9] STARTREK.html) • Early script (http://scifiscripts.archive. org/ web/ 20000819162953/ www.com/msol/GALAXY_QUEST.com/m/galaxy_quest/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Questarian (http://www. retrieved June 11. com/ startrek/ view/ community/ chat/ archive/ transcript/ 1086.galaxyquest. imdb. "Trekking into the Klaatu Nebula".com/scifi2/wizardofflight/protector.com/galaxyquest/index.com/title/tt0177789/) at the Internet Movie Database Galaxy Quest (http://www.name2host. startrek.allmovie.COM : Transcript (http:/ / www.questarian. html) [11] WIL WHEATON dot NET: Where is my mind?: Tangent (http:/ / www. com/ galaxyquest) [14] Jody Duncan & Estelle Shay. wilwheaton. archive.html) • Downloadable model of the NSEA Protector (http://www.com (Travis Latke's Galaxy Quest Vaults) via the Wayback Machine (http://web. com/ title/ tt0177789/ trivia) [16] “Gagh” (http:/ / memory-alpha.imdb. php) [12] STAR TREK: George Takei Is Ready To Beam Up (http:/ / www.hwcn.galaxy-quest. Galaxy Quest (http://www.

In order to avoid the constant mockery in Daisy's family.000 (estimated) Language Budget Company Man is a 2000 Anglo-American comedy film directed by and written by Peter Askin and Douglas McGrath. to get the credits of bringing Petrov to USA. Plot In the 1960's. but due to a coincidence. Ryan Phillippe. Alan says that he is a secret CIA agent. . Cuba.000. and immediately decides to send him to a very calm place. Bill Murray had a cameo appearance in the film. Film stars Douglas McGrath. Sigourney Weaver. John Turturro. Alan has just helped and hidden the professional Russian dancer Petrov who wanted to leave Russia. Skotchdopole Peter Askin Douglas McGrath Douglas McGrath David Lawrence Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Russell Boyd Editing by Release date(s) Country Camilla Toniolo 2000 France UK USA English $16. The CIA decides to hire Alan as an agent.''Company Man (2000 film)'' 137 Company Man (2000 film) Company Man Directed by Produced by Peter Askin Douglas McGrath Guy East John Penotti Rick Leed James W. the CIA acknowledges the lie. Alan Quimp is a school teacher of English grammar and married with the very demanding woman Daisy Quimp. but his appearance was cut. Daisy tells everybody. Alan Cumming. Anthony LaPaglia with Woody Allen and Denis Leary as "Officer Fry".

Film grossed only $146.''Company Man (2000 film)'' 138 Box office According to IMDb. com/ title/ tt0177650/ .000. imdb.028 in USA.000 (estimated). film's budget was $16. External links • Company Man [1] at the Internet Movie Database Company Man (2000 film) [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.

and Gene Hackman are the lead cast. Ray Liotta. Sigourney Weaver. . Weaver was nominated for a Golden Satellite Award for her performance in the film. It was the third collaboration by Guay and Mazur. 2001 122 minutes United States English Russian $35 million $57. This film is written by Robert Dunn.756. Jason Lee. Jennifer Love Hewitt.''Heartbreakers (2001 film)'' 139 Heartbreakers (2001 film) Heartbreakers Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by David Mirkin John Davis Irving Ong Robert Dunn Paul Guay Stephen Mazur Sigourney Weaver Jennifer Love Hewitt Ray Liotta Jason Lee Gene Hackman John Debney Danny Elfman (theme) Starring Music by Cinematography Dean Semler Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue William Steinkamp Davis Entertainment Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer March 23. The plot revolves around an elaborate con set up by a mother-daughter team to swindle wealthy men out of their money. Paul Guay and Stephen Mazur. whose previous comedies were The Little Rascals and Liar Liar.408 Heartbreakers is a 2001 caper-romantic comedy film directed by David Mirkin. and what happens during their "last" con together.

The con is a success. but when they visit the bank to split their earnings. defending her decision by claiming that Jack would have gone on to hurt Paige eventually. implying that Max and Dean are now working together to get Max's money back. involves Max marrying Dean. in a ruse to prevent Pagie from leaving. the money really has gone. While Max and Paige are deciding what to do with the body. Pagie ends up developing genuine feelings for Jack. and then Paige (posing as Dean's secretary) luring Dean into a compromising position to justify Max's immediate divorce and hefty settlement. Paige insists that Jack will not cheat on her. and tells him her real name. Barbara. they choose widower William B.. and set Paige up to work on her own. Won over by Dean's 'advice'. and Max has no right to cut Paige off from that life just because of what might happen. Dean confronts Max about the ethics of their con. having inherited the bar. an auto-body shop owner and small-time crook.R. Paige returns to Jack. pointing out that even a "goody-goody" like Jack is only human. Max and Dean also get together. Complicating matters is beachfront bartender Jack (Jason Lee). The con. For their target.S. and the agent had in fact been Max's mentor. Max offers to return Dean's divorce settlement money if he'll help them make Tensy's death look like an accident. Dean having admitted that he still misses Max even after what she put him through. Max initially relents. and she drugged him. and threatens to expose them. Max tells Paige the truth. having tracked Max down in order to propose to her again. . Max reveals that Jack actually turned her down. Dean discovers the ruse Max and Paige played on him. Dean counters that life is about pain and hurting.S.S. Paige declares that she wants to go solo. liquidated in an act of betrayal by Barbara. and decides to target him for a side con. Max reveals to Paige that the money wasn't really taken by the I. they are confronted by an I. Paige decides to accept Jack's offer of marriage. passing out on their wedding night to avoid actually consummating the marriage. Tensy proposes to Max ahead of schedule. planning to work it as a regular con. which have already been seized. but before they can get married. with Max watching them via binoculars.R. giving him back the bar he'd had to sell to pay the settlement. The final shot of the film is of Dean romancing Barbara. but that it can also be good. which is implied has been done a number of times before on other men. Pagie and Dean go to the bank. whom Paige meets without her mother's knowledge while attempting to go after a target she pointed out earlier (A doctor who inherited money from an uncle. But when Max. Tensy (Gene Hackman). but is heartbroken when during the wedding night she breaks into his room and finds him in a compromising position with Max. When the film opens. Paige learns that Jack is worth $3 million. he slips and chokes to death on a statue piece. After the divorce settlement is paid. agent (Anne Bancroft) who declares that they owe the government a considerable sum on top of the rest of their savings. Paige reluctantly agrees to work together with Max on one last con in Palm Beach (Refusing to work anything cheaper as Palm Beach would result in enough money to pay off the I.''Heartbreakers (2001 film)'' 140 Plot Max (Sigourney Weaver) and Paige Conners (Jennifer Love Hewitt) are a mother-daughter con artist team. and reluctantly breaks it off when Max finds out and advises her to. the Conners are settling a con on Dean Cumanno (Ray Liotta). Max rejected him on the grounds that he was a "momma's boy"). Dean arrives. In order to help Max. her own experience with men having left Max with little faith in them and certain that Paige will only get hurt if she becomes emotionally attached. a chain smoker who is addicted to his own product.R.

Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Sigourney Weaver as Max Conners Jennifer Love Hewitt as Page Conners/Jane Helstrom/Wendy Ray Liotta as Dean Cumanno Jason Lee as Jack Withrowe Anne Bancroft as Gloria Vogal/Barbara Jeffrey Jones as Mr. when production was ready to start. The film contains several references to The Beatles. it was then announced that Anjelica Huston and Cameron Diaz were set to play the two leading roles. The film was set in Palm Beach. none of the original casting choices were available to take the part. Kremlin Waiter Production The film had been in the works for quite a long time. according to the DVD commentary by director David Mirkin. . due to the long pre-production stage. Sigourney Weaver and Alicia Silverstone were then cast in the role. Tensy Nora Dunn as Miss Madress Julio Oscar Mechoso as Leo Ricky Jay as Dawson's Auctioneer Sarah Silverman as Linda Zach Galifianakis as Bill Michael Hitchcock as Dr.''Heartbreakers (2001 film)'' 141 Music Danny Elfman composed the main theme and score for the film. but then Liman backed out of the project. only a few external shots were actually shot in Palm Beach. Appel Gene Hackman as William B. Doug Liman was set to direct with Cher and Jennifer Aniston playing the roles of "Max" and "Page". Surpin Elya Baskin as Vladimir. including Sigourney Weaver singing a Russian folk version of "Back in the U. However.S. Silverstone dropped out over "creative differences". Huston and Diaz both had to bow out as well. creating quite a long time frame to find a new director. Finally. with the rest utilizing Los Angeles locations as stand-ins. Originally.S. Florida (specifically the Breakers Hotel). Arnold Davis Carrie Fisher as Ms. both actresses had to bow out of the film due to scheduling conflicts." and the use of John Lennon's "Oh My Love" in several key scenes.R. Jennifer Love Hewitt was given the part just a few days before filming was scheduled to begin. In 1999.

htm . com/ film/ titles/ heartbreakers http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0125022/ http:/ / www.''Heartbreakers (2001 film)'' 142 External links • • • • Heartbreakers [1] at the Internet Movie Database Heartbreakers [2] at Allmovie Heartbreakers [3] at Metacritic Heartbreakers [4] at Box Office Mojo References [1] [2] [3] [4] http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=heartbreakers. imdb. boxofficemojo. allmovie. metacritic. com/ work/ 239034 http:/ / www.

Aaron Stanford. Robert Iler. and Kate Mara. It stars Sigourney Weaver. Bebe Neuwirth.''Tadpole (film)'' 143 Tadpole (film) Tadpole Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Gary Winick Gary Winick Alexis Alexanian Dolly Hall Heather McGowan Niels Mueller Aaron Stanford Bebe Neuwirth Sigourney Weaver John Ritter Robert Iler Kate Mara Renaud Pion Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Hubert Taczanowski Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Susan Littenberg Miramax Films January 11.200. 2002 (Sundance) August 2. 2002 (US. limited) 78 minutes United States English French $150.000 $3. . John Ritter. The main character (played by Aaron Stanford) frequently breaks the fourth wall throughout the film.241 Tadpole is a 2002 American romantic comedy film directed by Gary Winick and written by Heather McGowan and Niels Mueller.

so Oscar packs up a lunch to surprise her with. Eve and Oscar play a tense round of tennis lobbing insults at each other. Stanley. who offers to take him home seeing his current condition. who thinks Oscar is a patient. After a brief rub Oscar notices Diane is wearing Eve's scarf and can smell Eve on it. Oscar introduces us to his dad. discovering him already there Diane begins to massage him. Jimmy (Peter Appel). that he is in love with another woman. it would be necessary to invent him. Oscar goes to a bar and gets drunk. and that he plans to win her heart this break. Stanley Grubman (John Ritter). and together they decide that the liver should be the new symbol for love. Eve. Following Eve to the kitchen Oscar begins to put on his charm. he is seated with his good friend. He also finds out that Eve once had a thing for sideburns. whom it turns out he loves: his stepmother. Oscar awakes the next morning to meet Diane's boyfriend Phil. His dad meets Miranda Spears. Oscar finds Diane with several friends. but the unsuspecting Eve doesn't pick up on any of his advances. Being drunk Oscar kisses Diane. but Oscar's dad could see them through a mirror. Eve (Sigourney Weaver). is taking the train home from the Chauncey Academy for Thanksgiving. once alone with Diane he makes her promise to keep last night a secret. The next day Diane explains to Eve why she did what she did saying that she was looking for something more and Oscar was a charming young man. He gets away from his dad and surprises Eve at her lab with the lunch. They share a passionate kiss. Charlie (Robert Iler). He is forced to tell Charlie about Diane and Eve weirding him out. he leaves for home. Miranda Spears. they then proceed to have sex. That night at dinner Oscar promises to play tennis with Eve." ending by saying that Voltaire had a sense of humor. Oscar politely brushes her off telling her that is a work by Voltaire. she loses herself but quickly breaks away. Once there. he is ensnared in a conversation and receives a number from one of the ladies. An attractive girl from his school. Later Oscar explains to her that he only did what he did with Diane because he was drunk and she was wearing her scarf. Oscar lies down on Diane's chiropractic table. As the girl tries to talk to him Oscar remains distracted by the woman. Depressed from his failure to gain Eve's love. Their conversation is interrupted by a phone call from Stanley. he quotes: "If God did not exist. After some wine Diane begins to play footsie with Oscar and she flirts with him in French. though she herself does not speak French. Along the way he stumbles into Diane. the passionate doctor. the girl Oscar said he was with. Her boyfriend Phil directs him to the tea room. Miranda Spear (Kate Mara). who all apparently heard about the previous evening. after hitting on the French singer in French. Oscar's dad introduces him to a girl of his age. while out his dad discovers he was out last night with a girl. chiropractor Diane Lodder (Bebe Neuwirth). but after getting her outside he buys her a cab. and in the end Oscar leaves with two sideburns from Charlie's dog. the fifteen year-old prodigal son of Columbia University history professor and author. he excuses himself so they can talk and she kisses him while they're out. They arrive in New York City and share a cab to their respective houses. Oscar's dad makes him walk the girl home. Oscar goes home and asks his dad where Eve was. Oscar asks her how she can work with the heart and still think of it as a symbol for love.''Tadpole (film)'' 144 Plot Oscar Grubman (Aaron Stanford). later explaining to his shocked chum. but Oscar tells him she was a schoolmate. Oscar parts from Charlie at his apartment were he is greeted with the nickname "tadpole" by the doorman. She asks him about a book he has on Voltaire. In desperation for Eve's love Oscar goes to Charlie for help. ending up with Oscar getting hit in the head with a tennis ball. He says she is at work. Finally Diane admits that they are lovers and the evening ends very awkwardly. lending the title of the film. He then bumps into Eve's best friend. but Oscar is in love with someone more mature. Oscar freaks out about Diane's presence and rushes off to talk with her. the Grubmans hold a party. Before he could go his dad asks him to come with him shopping. she explains that the heart itself is incredible and doesn't need to be a symbol. who reminds them of their dinner tonight at Le Gardin with Diane. and stepmother. . That evening. approaches him seemingly with interest and asks him what he's reading. Charlie. Eve immediately understands that he is in love with her. the work-obsessed writer.

htm). . 78% of critics gave the film a positive review.000. com/ m/ tadpole/ ). the film made $3. External links • Tadpole (http://www.com/title/tt0271219/) at the Internet Movie Database • Tadpole (http://www. Retrieved January 18.com/movies/?id=tadpole.com/m/tadpole/) at Rotten Tomatoes .682 in its opening weekend (7/19-21) and raised 34% ($273. boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo.373) in the second weekend.boxofficemojo. 2011. While they are alone Eve asks Oscar how his liver feels and he replies that it hurts. Flixster. . from $2. 145 Cast • • • • • • • • • Aaron Stanford as Oscar Grubman Bebe Neuwirth as Diane Lodder Sigourney Weaver as Eve Grubman John Ritter as Stanley Grubman Robert Iler as Charlie Kate Mara as Miranda Spear Adam LeFevre as Phil Ron Rifkin as Professor Tisch Peter Appel as Jimmy Reception Critical response Tadpole received mostly positive reviews.200.[2] The film opened with $80.[1] Box office On a budget of $150.''Tadpole (film)'' In the next scene. htm). Internet Movie Database. rottentomatoes.Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www.953 in other territories. 2011. boxofficemojo. .[3] References [1] "Tadpole (2002)" (http:/ / www." The song "Changes" by David Bowie starts up as the final scene shows Oscar tell Charlie what he realised. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 18.241 worldwide.imdb.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Tadpole (http://www. and we see Oscar smile as the train rolls on. Internet Movie Database.rottentomatoes. Based on 105 reviews collected by the film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. [2] "Tadpole (2002)" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=tadpole. Retrieved January 18.288 in North America and $308. Charlie doesn't understand his friend. Eve and Stanley are seen taking Oscar to the train to leave for Chauncey again. Rotten Tomatoes. On the train Oscar runs into Miranda who quotes Voltaire: "If we do not find something pleasant at least we will find something new.891. 2011. [3] "Tadpole (2002) . but is not broken. com/ movies/ ?id=tadpole.

html) . It enjoyed a commemorative rerun at the Flea Theater in 2006 on the 5th anniversary of 9/11. Japan.html) Broadway. 2003.columbia. External links • • • • CurtainUp Review (http://www. 2001. Retrieved 2006-10-01.com recorded version.broadway. for which Weaver was nominated for a Golden Satellite Award for best performance by an actress.columbia. Italy and Poland. May 22. an editor. Argentina. In the play. an FDNY captain. Since 2001. The Guys has been presented in 48 US states and in the Czech Republic.[1] The play debuted off-Broadway at The Flea Theater on December 4.edu/academics/directory/an115-fac. The audible.sipa. References [1] "The Guys" (http:/ / www. helps Nick. The play was published by Dramatists Play Service and Random House in 2002. .com/guys. Culture Vulture. htm).com review (http://www. directed by Jim Simpson and starring Sigourney Weaver and Bill Murray. They also star in a 2002 film adaptation. net/ Theater5/ Guys. which featured Bill Irwin and Swoosie Kurtz. won an Audie Award for best recorded play of the year. Joan.curtainup. In parts of the theatrical run the two roles were played by Anthony LaPaglia and Sigourney Weaver. prepare the eulogies for an unprecedented number of firefighters who died under his command that day. Tim Robbins and Susan Sarandon presented it at the Edinburgh Festival.com/gen/Buzz_Story.The Guys 146 The Guys The Guys is a play by Anne Nelson about the aftereffects of the collapse of the World Trade Center.html) Columbia University bio of Anne Nelson (http://www.edu/cu/news/01/12/anneNelson. culturevulture.aspx?ci=536425) Columbia News (http://www.

2003 117 minutes United States English $20 million $71. Blak Teresa Tucker-Davies Screenplay/Novel: Louis Sachar Sigourney Weaver Jon Voight Patricia Arquette Tim Blake Nelson and Shia LaBeouf Khleo Thomas Dulé Hill Henry Winkler Nate Davis Eartha Kitt Eric Pierpoint Joel McNeely Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Stephen St. Nordberg Walt Disney Pictures Walden Media Chicago Pacific Entertainment Phoenix Pictures Buena Vista Pictures April 18.''Holes (film)'' 147 Holes (film) Holes Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Andrew Davis Andrew Davis Lowell D. John Editing by Studio Thomas J.406.573 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue .

Stanley finds Zero in an abandoned rowboat and sees a mountain resembling a thumb. which is now a ghost town. spend their lives digging for the treasure and end up building Camp Green Lake for delinquent boys. Trout and his descendants. gone insane with rage and heartbreak. they are surrounded not only by several deadly yellow-spotted lizards. When Elya changes his mind about marrying Myra. When Stanley finally reaches the Big Thumb. While they are up there. which the boys eat and start to gain their strength back. Stanley. Mary Lou. Mr. runs away himself the next day to find Zero. Kissin’ Kate goes back to Green Lake.''Holes (film)'' Holes is a 2003 film based on the novel of the same title by Louis Sachar. but the harsh Warden. Elya gets on the first boat to America. Kissin’ Kate Barlow. who tried to win over Katherine’s heart. Zero and Stanley struggle to climb the mountain due to their lack of water and clean food. After some time. Stanley sings to Zero the lullaby he was taught. Madame Zeroni . and as it just so happens that Zero is a descendant of Madame Zeroni. Trout Walker and his wife Linda. Once the townsfolk of Green Lake learn of Katherine and Sam’s romance. agrees to help him raise the largest pig if he agrees to carry her up a mountain and sing her a lullaby. After 20 years. which she has not found. Stanley and his fellow campers. they turn against both Katherine and Sam due to ill-favored views on interracial coupling. Over 110 years ago. every son in the family is called Stanley (as it is "Yelnats" spelled backward). Stanley Yelnats IV. Katherine. the initials of the Wild West outlaw. the Warden’s heavy hand of having the boys dig more extensively for the treasure leads to several dramatic instances causing Zero (a silent boy who’s real name is Hector Zeroni) to run away into the desert. are forced to dig holes to “build their character”. Elya's friend and a Gypsy. a shy. Madame Zeroni promises he will win Myra’s hand by doing this or he and his family for generations to come will be cursed. Stanley proposes to Zero that they make their way back to Camp Green Lake so they can try to find Kissin’ Kate’s buried treasure. Stanley later learns the Warden of Camp Green Lake is not interested in building the boys' character. forgetting about his promise to Madame Zeroni. a black onion seller. a schoolteacher in Green Lake. Stanley finds a lipstick tube enscribed with "KB". Stanley tells the judge that he hadn't been to camp before. Kissin’ Kate Barlow opts to die from the lethal bite of a yellow-spotted lizard instead of telling Trout where she’s hid her treasure. worried about his chances of surviving the harsh desert elements. Stanley recalls the story of his great-grandfather’s bad luck of getting robbed by Kissin’ Kate and how he survived by “finding refuge off God’s thumb”. In a flashback. find Kissin’ Kate Barlow and demand to know where she has buried her treasure. this finally breaks the Yelnats family's curse. At Camp Green Lake. Stanley uncovers groundwater and a field of onions. becomes an outlaw named Kissin’ Kate Barlow and ends up stealing all of Stanley Yelnats’ fortune while leaving him stranded in the desert. all delinquents. 148 Plot At the beginning of the story. leads the charge behind the angry town mob and kills both Sam and his beloved donkey. The judge offered Stanley the option for his 18-month punishment to be served at a juvenile detention facility or at a place called Camp Green Lake. Charles “Trout” Walker. Zero has passed out from being very ill. supposedly due to a family curse. Thereafter. Pendanski and Mr. who also wrote the screenplay. with Shia LaBeouf as the lead role of Stanley Yelnats. and is cursed with bad luck. but instead is searching for a buried treasure. Elya Yelnats fell in love with Myra Menke. over 110 years ago. whose father will let her marry the man with the largest pig on her 15th birthday. Back in present day. is taught Madame Zeroni’s mysterious lullaby. Texas. so he gets sent there. has been wrongly accused of stealing the baseball player Clyde Livingston’s shoes from a charity auction to benefit a homeless shelter. Sir who wait for the boys to die from a lizard’s . Zero’s only friend. and her blossoming romance with Sam. to speed up the recovery digging process. The second story features Katherine Barlow. Before the boys are able to leave with the suitcase. The film was produced by Walden Media and released by Walt Disney Pictures. overweight boy who always ends up in the wrong place at the wrong time. The boys are successful and find a old suitcase. the author tells the story of the origination of the Yelnats’ family curse.

Zero’s mother (we assume since the author doesn’t say for certain) sings a song to him. which rightfully belonged to Stanley and his parents. Zero tells her that it has Stanley Yelnats' name on it. 149 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Shia LeBeouf as Stanley "Caveman" Yelnats IV Khleo Thomas as Hector "Zero" Zeroni Sigourney Weaver as The Warden/Ms. so the protection of the resting lizards buys them enough time for a surprise visit from Stanley’s attorney who arrives at Camp Green Lake with the Texas Attorney General requesting Stanley’s release. Zeroni Max Kasch as Ricky "Zig-Zag" Brenden Jefferson as Rex "X-Ray" Byron Cotton as Theodore "Armpit" Jake M. Walker Jon Voight as Mr. Sir/Marion Sevillo Patricia Arquette as Kissin' Kate Barlow Tim Blake Nelson as Mr. deeds. In a final scene. named Sploosh. Carla Morengo Michael Cavanaugh as Judge Sanya Mateyas as Myra Menke Ravil Isyanov as Morris Menke Ken Davitian as Igor Barkov Eartha Kitt as Madame Zeroni Ray Baker as Asst. When the Warden demands the suitcase back. Livingston Scott Plank as Trout Walker Roma Maffia as Atty. which turns out to be slightly different version of the original lullaby Madame Zeroni taught Elya Yelnats. which the lizards hate the smell of. Clyde Livingston. The boys are saved by their massive consumption of onions. Kissin’ Kate’s treasure was actually Stanley Yelnats I’s treasure (full of jewels. Attorney General Shirley Butler as Mrs. Collingwood Alex Daniels as Texas Ranger #1 Tom Brainard as Texas Ranger #2 Steven Anthony Lawrence as Kid Chasing Bus .''Holes (film)'' bite. Stanley uses the bonds to get a new house for his family. stocks and promissory notes). a foot odor perfume. Pendanski Dule Hill as Sam the Onion Man Henry Winkler as Stanley Yelnats III Nathan Davis as Stanley Yelnats II Siobhan Fallon Hogan as Tiffany Yelnats Allan Kolman as Stanley Yelnats I Damien Luvara as Elya Yelnats Rick Fox as Clyde "Sweet Feet" Livingston Nicole Pulliam as Mrs. Smith as Alan "Squid" Miguel Castro as Jose "Magnet" Noah Poletiek as Brian "Twitch" Louis Sachar as Mr. and Zero hires a team of investigators to find his missing mother. along with the Yelnats and the Zeroni’s celebrate the success of Stanley’s father's product.

allmovie.imdb.com/) • Holes (http://www.''Holes (film)'' 150 References External links • Official website (http://www.com/title/tt0311289/) at the Internet Movie Database .holes.com/work/273183) at Allmovie • Holes (http://www.

2004 111 minutes United States English $291. . It focuses on the traumatic effect the suicide of the elder son has on a suburban family.118 (Worldwide) Imaginary Heroes is a 2004 American drama film written and directed by Dan Harris.''Imaginary Heroes'' 151 Imaginary Heroes Imaginary Heroes Original poster Directed by Produced by Dan Harris Illana Diamant Moshe Diamant Frank Hübner Art Linson Gina Resnick Denise Shaw Dan Harris Sigourney Weaver Emile Hirsch Jeff Daniels Deborah Lurie Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Tim Orr Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue James Lyons Sony Pictures Classics December 17.

Going to parties and driving drunk with Kyle he gets into a car accident breaking his leg and earning his own community service. and the Marrakech International Film Festival before opening on two screens in the US on December 19. Production Screenwriter/director Dan Harris was 22-years-old when he sent the script to Bryan Singer. The next scene the family is dressed in black.696 on its opening weekend. you can tell that they still have a long way to go but they have just begun to fix things. Eventually. Tim talks his mother into joining them for the wake. popular. Tim. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Market in May 2004 and was shown at the Toronto International Film Festival. With the passing months. the Austin Film Festival. Newark. Glen Ridge. Two years later he left Singer to begin pre-production work on Heroes. His mother is taken aback and asks why. the Chicago International Film Festival. refuses to get out of the car.351 in foreign markets for a worldwide box office total of $291. The door opens and you see a small pool of blood on the floor. You first see him as a young boy and watch him grow up through swim meets. Sandy. without telling his wife.[1] The film was shot on location in Chatham. is told to go wake him up. the mother. While Tim tries to escape life at home by tagging along with his best friend Kyle to his court ordered community service. at its widest release. insists on continuing to place a meal at the dinner table for the dead boy and begins to drink heavily. The next thing you see is bacon cooking in the microwave. She then realizes that it blood and runs up stairs hysterical.118. new crises arise and a long-kept secret is revealed. Tim walks back downstairs and his mom asks him what he has tracked through the house. It earned $4. 2004. Matt’s younger brother. and West Paterson. his parents doting over their accomplished young child. it played in only twenty-four theaters domestically.''Imaginary Heroes'' 152 Plot The movie begins telling the story of Matt Travis. until we finally learn one family member was aware of Matt's inner turmoil and suicidal thoughts and why nothing was done to help him in his darkest hour. Tim runs upstairs and tries to unlock the door. Tim goes upstairs to wake him up to find the door locked.” he then turns away “lightning never strikes twice” showing how he feels that Tim will never live up to his older brother.[2] . He rushed back downstairs and asks his mother where they keep the spare key. competitive swimmer. his mother is now worried. a good-looking. The last scene is at Tim's graduation where the whole family is there to watch him walk across the stage. he takes a leave of absence from work and spends his days lost in reverie on a park bench. Kiki and Herb make a cameo appearance as entertainers at a neighborhood Christmas party. Ben. While making small talk with mourners Ben is seen talking with Tim to a relative or acquaintance the man says “ So this is Matt’s younger brother. then you see him as a teen his father pushing him and living vicariously through him. In the end everyone has somehow managed to pull themselves back to some sort of family. Wayne. Its apparent that Matt has committed suicide.767 in the US and $62. It eventually grossed $228. and the remake of Logan's Run. who hired him to work on the screenplays for X2. a perfectionist who worshiped Matt as much as he ignored Tim. Montclair. New Jersey.His mother Sandy tries to deal with the pain through the use of marijuana and runs into trouble with the law. they are now joined by their older sister Penny. when you get to high school your gonna be a swimmer just like you brother” Tims dad then says “ hes a senior now and will be graduating. Superman Returns.

. he hasn't sculpted a dynamic drama. understands him." [1] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said the film "has a strong narrative spine... Undercover Hippie Larry Fessenden...... Writer Dan Harris has written himself a tidy little story. The characters deserve a better movie..Vern Luke Robertson....." [4] .. If it had come earlier. right up until the closing scenes. . Penny Travis Deirdre O'Connell . it arrives at an authentic and surprisingly powerful place. But.''Imaginary Heroes'' 153 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Sigourney Weaver .an unexpected virtue in a family drama. .. . What saves Imaginary Heroes is its essential truthfulness about families. .. What the movie damagingly lacks is a personality of its own. Their scenes together have a warmth that almost makes you forgive Imaginary Heroes . Dr... not only in the broad movements of its story but in the small details . every somber family film since Ordinary People. and those scenes might have been considerable ..... and understands herself in a wry but realistic way.. with interesting and big things happening throughout .. with the focus on Sandy and Tim.... What remains when the movie is over is the memory of Sandy and Tim talking. for trying so hard and so futilely to duplicate Ordinary People . Kyle Dwyer Suzanne Santo . and often the story treads water...." [3] Peter Travers of Rolling Stones rated the film two out of four stars and added. The key revelation right at the end explains a lot.. . Sandy Travis Jeff Daniels . But this virtue is obscured somewhat by the movie's lack of narrative drive.. "Sigourney Weaver is a luminous actress with a tough core of intelligence and wit.. Steph Connors Kip Pardue .. who plays her guilt-tormented son..Jack Johnson Lee Wilkof. .. but they get a pretty good one. .. Mitchell Goldstien Terry Beaver. which it reveals. Montey Sara Tankaka.. .. which is inappropriate. ultimately. in tone.Shelly Chan Ned Benson... Sometimes the film's tone wobbles into farce. but in directing it. . there's a lean. has the talent to sustain a major career. as though mimicking. Tim Travis Michelle Williams . Marge Dwyer Ryan Donowho .... "The film might have been stronger as simply the story of the family trying to heal itself after its tragedy.. mean 82-minute drama encased in this flabby 112-minute film ... The emotional power of the last act is weakened by the flood of new information.. To put it in another way... Store Clerk Critical reception Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed... and of a mother who loves her son. but it comes so late that all it can do is explain... it would have had to be dealt with... And Emile Hirsch.. .. Ben Travis Emile Hirsch .. yes. Matt Travis Jay Paulson. But Harris feels a need to explain everything in terms of melodramatic revelations and surprise developments..

deleted scenes. Night Shyamalan M. References [1] [2] [3] [4] Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. and a behind-the-scenes featurette and photo gallery. It features an English audio track and subtitles in French. Bonus features include commentary with either Sigourney Weaver or Dan Harris and Emile Hirsch. Night Shyamalan Joaquin Phoenix Bryce Dallas Howard Adrien Brody William Hurt Sigourney Weaver James Newton Howard featuring Hilary Hahn (violinist) Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Roger Deakins . htm) San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www.imdb. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2005/ 02/ 25/ DDGLRBFT691. boxofficemojo. Sigourney Weaver was nominated for the Satellite Award for Best Actress . Night Shyamalan Sam Mercer Scott Rudin M.Motion Picture Drama but lost to Hillary Swank in Million Dollar Baby. com/ movies/ ?id=imaginaryheroes. suntimes.''Imaginary Heroes'' 154 Awards and nominations The film was cited for Excellence in Filmmaking by the National Board of Review. com/ apps/ pbcs. DVD release The film was released in anamorphic widescreen format on DVD on June 7.com/title/tt0373024/) at the Internet Movie Database The Village (2004 film) The Village Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by M. dll/ article?AID=/ 20050224/ REVIEWS/ 50203005/ 1023) BoxOfficeMojo. com/ cgi-bin/ article. 2005. sfgate. com/ reviews/ movie/ 6768423/ review/ 6871451/ imaginary_heroes) External links • Imaginary Heroes (http://www.com (http:/ / www. rollingstone. DTL) Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www.

While Ivy is traveling through the forest. but things go horribly wrong when Noah Weinerish Percy (Adrien Brody). he is admonished by his mother." His request is denied and. Pennsylvania. the blind daughter of the chief Elder. a young man with apparent developmental problems who is in love with Ivy. the film gave composer James Newton Howard his fourth Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score. Despite this. The death date on the tombstone establishes the date as 1897. It is implied in that scene that it was [5] Noah who had been skinning the animals all along. however. They have built a barrier of oil lanterns and watch towers that are constantly manned to keep watch for "Those We Don't Speak Of"." It is revealed in that scene that the Elders seem to keep dark secrets of their own in the form of black boxes. which the villagers describe as "wicked places where wicked people live. one of the beasts suddenly attacks her.6 million [1] [2] 155 $256. The movie opened to reviews ranging from overall negative to mixed[3] [4] and was not as financially successful as some of Shyamalan's earlier movies. She tricks it into falling into a deep hole to its death. and he returns her affections. They arrange to be married. the creatures leave warnings around the village in the form of splashes of red paint (referred by the villagers only as "the bad color") on all the villagers' doors.''The Village (2004 film)'' Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Christopher Tellefsen Touchstone Pictures July 30. a bogeyman.520 The Village is a 2004 American fantasy-thriller film written and directed by M. 2004 108 minutes United States English $71. who are spoken of numerous times early in the film. After Lucius makes a short venture into the woods. Night Shyamalan about a turn-of-the-20th-century village whose inhabitants live in fear of the creatures inhabiting the woods beyond it. the first plot twist is revealed when Edward explains the secret of the creatures – they are a fabrication. The movie was shot in a recreation of a 19th-century village outside Philadelphia. Edward Walker (William Hurt). dead. Alice (Sigourney Weaver). It is then that the second plot twist is revealed — the creature is actually Noah in a costume that he had found under the floor of the room where he was kept locked from others. As the story progresses. Plot The movie starts out at a funeral of a child in a small village. Even so. agreeing to allow Ivy to pass through the forest and seek out medicine for Lucius. Meanwhile. Edward goes against the wishes of the other Elders. Lucius Hunt (Joaquin Phoenix) asks the village elders for permission to pass through the woods to get medical supplies from "the towns. After the funeral. skinned bodies of small animals are starting to appear around the village. and the creatures do not enter their village. It is explained that the villagers have a long-standing truce with the monsters. created by the Elders to scare the children from the woods in an attempt to keep them from leaving the village.697. Ivy Elizabeth Walker (Bryce Dallas Howard). the contents of which they keep hidden from their own offspring. for wanting to go to the towns. Edward does mention. the villagers do not go into their woods. Before she leaves. that he had heard rumors of "real creatures" living in the woods at one time. stabs Lucius with a knife that he kept hidden away in his pocket. . it is revealed the villagers live in fear of nameless creatures in the woods that surround the village. following Shyamalan's penchant for staging his films near his hometown. later. informs Lucius that she has strong feelings for him.

the rangers make sure no one goes into the wildlife preserve to "disturb the animal(s)". This sequence is intercut with brief segments showing the Elders opening their black boxes. The head ranger named "Jay" in the ranger station (M. approached other people he met at a grief counseling clinic after his father had been murdered. The film ends with Ivy arriving and saying "I'm back.250. where she encounters a large wall. the Walker estate "paid off" the government to keep the entire wildlife preserve a "no-fly zone". Shyamalan is seen in a brief cameo.''The Village (2004 film)'' Ivy eventually finds her way to the edge of the woods. He asked them if they wished to join him in "an idea" he had. Night Shyamalan) seen reflected in a glass door. Clack Vivian Percy Victor Tabitha Walker Kitty Walker Christop Crane Beatrice Finton Coin Jamison $5. Actor/Actress Role Salary and other compensation [6] Bryce Dallas Howard Ivy Elizabeth Walker $150. In that scene Edward points out that Noah's death will allow them to continue deceiving the rest of the villagers that there are "creatures" in the woods and all the Elders take a vote to continue living in the village.000.750.000 . fills in several plot points.000. Once the village was created. The film ends with a scene in a cabin where all the Elders are sitting around Lucius' bed. more peaceful time. a place where they would be protected from any aspect of the outside world." a secluded town in the middle of a wildlife preserve purchased with Edward's family fortune.000 $2. it appears the original "Elders" rolled the clock back to the late 19th century to what they thought was a simpler. The ranger retrieves medicine from a ranger station and Ivy returns to the village. Lucius. In one of the final scenes.000 $1." 156 Cast As is usual in his films. his voice is heard for a time and his reflection can be seen.000 $1. He then learns that Ivy's last name is "Walker. A park ranger driving a Land Rover with the words "Walker Wildlife Preserve" on the side spots Ivy and is shocked to hear that she has come out of the woods.500. After she climbs over the wall the final plot twist is revealed: the film is set in the present day (a newspaper in one scene shows July 30. when Edward Walker. which are revealed to contain mementos from their lives in the actual outside world. 2004. the Walker estate pays to maintain the ranger corps. including one or more items related to their past traumas. professor of American History at the University of Pennsylvania. the date of the film's release).000 Joaquin Phoenix Adrien Brody William Hurt Sigourney Weaver Brendan Gleeson Cherry Jones Celia Weston Frank Collison Jayne Atkinson Judy Greer Fran Kranz Liz Stauber Michael Pitt Jesse Eisenberg Lucius Hunt Noah Percy Edward Walker Alice Hunt August Nicholson Mrs. From this apparently grew "the village.000 $2." It is revealed that the village was actually founded some time in the late 1970s.

"[17] The movie did have a number of admirers. several of the lead actors were called back to the set. Pennsylvania. based on 40 reviews. publishers of the 1995 young adults' book Running Out of Time by Margaret Peterson Haddix.''The Village (2004 film)'' M. earning a "rotten" at Rotten Tomatoes with only 43% giving it a positive appraisal. It's so witless. In April and May 2004.000. The plot of Shyamalan's movie had several similarities to the book. a movie based on a premise that cannot support it. and both have adult leaders bent on keeping the children in . the script was stolen over a year before the film was released. a premise so transparent it would be laughable were the movie not so deadly solemn . and was nominated by the American Film Institute as one of the Best Film Scores. and that "Shyamalan's orchestration of mood and terror is as adroit as ever". but the name was changed because a film directed by Lucky McKee."Guard at Desk" Story rights: $7. 157 Production The film was originally titled The Woods.[18] Philip Horne of The Daily Telegraph in a later review noted "this exquisitely crafted allegory of American soul-searching seems to have been widely misunderstood".[4] and a score of 44 out of 100 ("mixed or average") in Metacritic's weighted average scoring system. An adjacent field contained an on-location temporary sound stage.000. needed to protect the expected twist ending that was a known Shyamalan trademark. already had that title. Despite that. in fact. inhabitants are secretly forced to live in the 1830s when the year is actually 1996. based on 197 reviews.[13] [14] and.[7] Like other Shyamalan productions.000." There were also comments that the film..[10] [11] The village seen in the film was built in its entirety in one field outside Chadds Ford. Night Shyamalan Jay .[3] Roger Ebert gave the film one star and wrote: "The Village is a colossal miscalculation. this film had high levels of secrecy surrounding it. the film's final ending differs from the ending in a stolen version of the script that surfaced a year earlier with the "Crazy fucking white people" scene replaced by an "Ivy meets a friendly ranger" sequence and a new ending scene [15] added after that with all the Elders and Ivy around Lucius' bed. [21] The book had a plot which features a village whose claimed that the film had stolen ideas from the book. prompting many "pre-reviews" of the film on several Internet film sites[8] [9] and much fan speculation about plot details including the films leaked final line. a truck driver exclaiming "Crazy fucking white people". producing: $3. these did not necessarily render it a bad movie. Critic Jeffrey Westhoff commented that though the film had its shortcomings. The Woods.000.[19] The soundtrack by Howard has also been widely praised. To call the ending an anticlimax would be an insult not only to climaxes but to prefixes. Reports noted that this seemed to have something to do with a change to the film's ending. Principal photography was wrapped up in mid December of that year.[12] Production on the film started in October 2003. we want to rewind the film so we don't know the secret anymore. They both involve an 1800s village which is actually a park in the present day. It's a crummy secret.[20] Plagiarism allegation Simon & Schuster. writing services: $300. about one step up the ladder of narrative originality from It was all a dream. in fact.[16] Slate's Michael Agger commented that Shyamalan was continuing in a pattern of making "sealed-off movies that fell apart when exposed to outside logic. did little to "confront" those themes.. with delays because some scenes needing fall foliage could not be shot because of a late fall season. while raising questions about conformity in a time of "evil".000 and directing $221. have young heroines on a search for medical supplies.200. Reception The Village received mixed reviews from film critics polled. that when we do discover the secret.

and $142 million in international markets. Drescher 2004 Online Film Critics Society Awards • Nominated .Top Box Office Film — James Newton Howard 2005 Academy Awards (Oscars) • Nominated .[22] Awards and nominations 2005 ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards • Won . • Nominated . Feature Film — Thomas S.. Ivy Walker waits at the door for Lucius Hunt.Best Sound Editing in a Feature: Music. the tenth highest grossing PG-13 movie of 2004.Best Breakthrough Performance — Bryce Dallas Howard • Nominated .S.''The Village (2004 film)'' their village from discovering the truth.6 million in production fees and $44 million in marketing.Best Breakthrough Female Performance — Bryce Dallas Howard 2005 Motion Picture Sound Editors (Golden Reel Award) • Nominated .Best Original Score — James Newton Howard 2005 Sony Ericsson Empire Awards • Nominated .Choice Movie: Thriller Soundtrack The Village Film score by James Newton Howard Released July 27. 2004 .Choice Movie Scary Scene — Bryce Dallas Howard. Its worldwide box office totalled $256 million.Best Director — M.Best Newcomer — Bryce Dallas Howard • Nominated . Night Shyamalan • Won .Best Actress — Bryce Dallas Howard • Nominated .[2] The film cost $71.Best Technical/Artistic Achievement — Roger Deakins • Nominated . 158 Box office The film grossed $114 million in the U.

. html) [10] AintItCool. com/ scripts/ Village. html& date=2009-10-26+ 01:45:35) [15] The Village Script . html) [12] IMdb. com/ m/ village). There are feathers underneath. htm). "Will You Help Me?" 6. net/ news. fr/ gorezone/ dvdcrypt/ reviewstxt/ vwx/ thewoods.. webcitation. php?id=4846) [14] More views of The Village – aerial (http:/ / www. htm& date=2009-10-26+ 01:56:51) [9] Pre-review of The Village at horrorlair. [5] The Internet Movie Script Database (IMSDb) (http:/ / www. oregonherald. com/ movies/ ?id=village. html) THE VILLAGE" . no.The Woods by M. The (2004): Reviews" (http:/ / www. html) [16] The Reel Deal: The Village (http:/ / www.com: "The Tinseltown Money Trail" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo [3] "Village. "The Bad Color" 4. Retrieved 2010-05-05. Metacritic. thesmokinggun. SECOND HAND LIONS.Moriarty Rumbles! M. html) [7] Lycos review of the Village (http:/ / membres. com/ movies/ scripts/ The_Woods. lycos. [4] "Village. Retrieved 2010-05-05. com/ lostinthevillage/ ScriptReviews. CNET Networks. Rotten Tomatoes. boxofficemojo. imdb. com/ title/ tt0368447/ faq) [13] Change to ending of The Village (http:/ / www. Vivian: "Oh. horrorlair. rottentomatoes.com . "Noah Visits" 2. IGN Entertainment. And LOST IN TRANSLATION (http:/ / www. com/ movie_scripts/ v/ the-village-script-transcript.com . HTML Script (http:/ / www. imsdb. com/ display. com/ archive/ 0227061hollywood1.-The. and skins. .Dialogue Transcript (http:/ / www. "The Forbidden Line" 11. script-o-rama. God. org/ query?url=http:/ / www.''The Village (2004 film)'' Genre Label Film soundtrack Hollywood Records James Newton Howard chronology The Village (2004) Collateral (2004) 159 The original film score and songs were composed by James Newton Howard. cgi?id=16151) [11] horrorlair. "It Is Not Real" 13. thesmokinggun. Inc. "The Shed Not To Be Used" References [1] The Smoking Gun Hollywood by the Numbers (http:/ / www. "I Cannot See His Color" 7. The animals!" [6] TheSmokingGun. aintitcool. geocities. com/ archive/ 0227061hollywood1.com (http:/ / www.com . comingsoon.FAQ for The Village "Where exactly was the movie filmed? Did they use historical buildings or did they build everything?" (http:/ / www. metacritic. "What Are You Asking Me?" 3. The (2004) Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. Night's In The WOODS. com/ robertrodent/ views. org/ query?url=http:/ / www.Transcribed by Kendra. "Rituals" 8. Track listing 1. html) [2] "The Village (2004)" (http:/ / www. . and animal bones. "Those We Don't Speak of" 5. html) [8] Pre-review of The Village (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ mark-sells/ reviews/ village. The floor of the quiet room has been pried up in one specific spot. com/ id/ 2104567/ ) . com/ movies/ village_the. geocities. "Race To Resting Rock" 10. webcitation.com: "Village Idiot" (http:/ / www. html) [17] Slate. Oh. slate. com/ film/ titles/ village). "The Vote" 12. The album was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score (lost to the score of the film Finding Neverland). Inc. Night Shyamalan. "The Gravel Road" 9. horrorlair.

com/title/tt0368447/) at the Internet Movie Database The Village (http://www. com/robertrodent/village. jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2005/ 02/ 07/ bfdvds07.00.com/magazine/aug04/village/index.uk (http:/ / www.imdb. (http://www. telegraph. com/ movies/ 2004/ VILLG. co. html) [22] the-numbers. xml) [20] HollywoodBowlBallot (http:/ / www.geocities.com/movies/village_the. • The Woods unspecified draft script for The Village (http://www. com/ click/ movie-1134441/ reviews. rottentomatoes. guardian.allmovie.theasc. • "Disney and Shyamalan in your back yard" (http://www.12589.com/thevillage/main.com/m/village/) at Rotten Tomatoes American Cinematographer Magazine. php?critic=columns& sortby=default& page=1& rid=1301967) [19] telegraph. com/ Docs/ tvevents/ pdf/ scores250. the-numbers.html) The Village (http://www. August 2004.com/work/286743) at Allmovie The Village (http://www. afi. html) Interview with Roger Deakins on The Village's cinematography.''The Village (2004 film)'' [18] Northwest Herald's The Village review (http:/ / www.go. pdf) [21] Stolen idea in The Village? (http:/ / film.html) • • • • • .1280048.webcitation. uk/ arts/ main. co.movies.Website by a local resident describing the filming of The Village in Chadds Ford. uk/ news/ story/ 0.com -The Village (http:/ / www. php) 160 External links Official website (http://http://video.html&date=2009-10-26+01:45:38) .co.org/query?url=http://www. Pennsylvania.horrorlair.rottentomatoes.

It was the opening night screening for the Berlin Film Festival as well. Sigourney Weaver. among others. Everybody agrees that it is not Alex's fault. Filmed in Wawa. while Alex only gets a nosebleed. Ontario. she is killed by a truck crashing into the car. 2006 (USA). 2006 (UK) December 1. 2006 in the UK. Toronto International Film Festival. It was released on September 8. Her problem is finding someone who will put the garbage outside to be collected. 2006 (Canada) Running time Country Language 112 minutes  Canada  United Kingdom English Gross revenue $1. a woman with autism (Weaver). Snow Cake is a drama about the friendship between Linda. Plot When Vivienne Freeman (Emily Hampshire) gets a ride from Alex Hughes (Alan Rickman). She has been informed about her daughter's death a few hours before Alex's visit. The movie was screened and discussed at Autism Cymru 2nd international conference in May 2006 as well as the Edinburgh International Film Festival. but does not show any signs of grief. who has autism. she has a cleanliness mania which involves her constantly making sure everything in her home is neat.''Snow Cake'' 161 Snow Cake Snow Cake Written by Starring Angela Pell Alan Rickman Sigourney Weaver Carrie-Anne Moss Emily Hampshire Callum Keith Rennie Broken Social Scene Music by Release date(s) September 8. and prevents her from touching garbage bags. However. Emily Hampshire.665 (INT) [1] Snow Cake is a 2006 independent drama film directed by Marc Evans and starring Alan Rickman. Tribeca Film Festival. and Alex (Rickman) who is traumatized after a car accident involving himself and Linda's daughter (Hampshire). and Callum Keith Rennie. Seattle [2] International Film Festival.381. He visits the victim's mother Linda (Sigourney Weaver). as this was always something done by . Carrie-Anne Moss. September 14.

Maggie (Carrie-Anne Moss).[5] References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] http:/ / www. Making of Snow Cake. wrote the role of Alex Hughes with Rickman in mind. who Linda mistakenly thinks is a prostitute.rottentomatoes.Review (http:/ / www. she allows Maggie to come into her home and help her. Alan Rickman chose not to research the subject of autism in order to make his character have an impact/shock when facing Linda. (2006).php) Snow Cake (http://www. (2006). uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4795787. 2006.asp?filmID=264) Snow Cake (http://www. bbc. htm BBC News (http:/ / news. Sigourney Weaver (Linda) researched the subject of autism and was coached by Ros Blackburn.com/catalogue/title. stm) URL last accessed September 23. IndieLondon: Snow Cake .imdb. indielondon. the result of an affair a long time ago. BBC. Linda insists that Alex stay a few days so that he can do it for her.[3] It was also Rickman who read the script and made sure Sigourney Weaver (with whom he had previously starred in Galaxy Quest) was contacted about the role of Linda. Angela Pell.co. Linda dislikes Maggie to the point where she initially refuses her help.com/m/snow_cake/reviews_users. During the course of making the movie. but instead waits until he brings the subject up himself. He agrees and also arranges Vivienne's funeral. [DVD]. External links • • • • • Official site (http://www. a woman with the condition who is also an author and speaker about autism and aspergers syndrome. 162 Awards and critical recognition The film was nominated in 4 categories for the 27th Genie Awards in 2007: • • • • Best actress: Sigourney Weaver Best supporting actress: Emily Hampshire Best supporting actress: Carrie Anne Moss (Won) Cinematography: Steve Cosens Snow Cake won the Zip. Making of Snow Cake. co.uk/) Trailer (http://fortissimofilms.snowcakemovie.''Snow Cake'' her daughter. Alex reveals that he killed the man who caused his son's death in a car crash while he was on his way to meet Alex for the first time — Alex had only recently learned about his existence.boxofficemojo. During his stay he begins a relationship with one of Linda's neighbours. A local policeman warns Maggie against becoming close with Alex because he is not long out of jail for committing murder. Alan Rickman. But after Alex leaves to see the mother of his son. boxofficemojo. 2008.com/title/tt0448124/) at the Internet Movie Database . [DVD]. BBC. Marc Evans. co.htm) at Box Office Mojo Rotten Tomatoes Page (http://www.ca People's Choice Award at the 2007 Kingston Canadian Film Festival. com/ movies/ ?id=snowcake.[4] Both Rickman and Weaver were runners-up at the Seattle International Film Festival for the respective prizes of Best Actor and Best Actress.com/movies/?id=title. Rotten Tomatoes has certified the film 86% 'fresh' based on 59 reviews. Production notes The screenwriter. Maggie does not confront Alex about the matter. uk/ DVD-Review/ snow-cake-review) URL last accessed March 17.

198 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The TV Set is a 2006 comedy about an idealistic writer attempting to bring his vision for a TV show to fruition on the small screen.''The TV Set'' 163 The TV Set The TV Set Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Jake Kasdan Jake Kasdan Judd Apatow Lawrence Kasdan Jake Kasdan David Duchovny Sigourney Weaver Ioan Gruffudd Judy Greer Michael Andrews Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Uta Briesewitz Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Tara Timpone THINKFilm 20th Century Fox April 28. . 2006 (Tribeca) April 6. 2007 87 minutes United States English $2 million $265.

com/ directorinterviews/ 2007/ 04/ jake-kasdan.[1] Releases The film was first screened on the Tribeca Film Festival on the 28 of April 2006.[2] References [1] Nick Dawson. Production and vision The film's writer/director Jake Kasdan had originally intended Ben Stiller for the role of Lenny. Along the way he has to juggle the agendas of a headstrong network president (Sigourney Weaver). a "making of" featurette and a deleted scene.[1] Kasdan does not regard the film as satire. A DVD edition was released through 20th Century Fox on the 25 of September 2007. "The Director Interviews: Jake Kasdan.imdb. however Kasdan cast Weaver for the role. IMDb. com/ title/ tt0473709/ releaseinfo). which changed his idea of what the character should be. imdb. it was released in cinemas on the 6 of April 2007. a pregnant wife (Justine Bateman) and an ever-optimistic personal manager (Judy Greer). [2] "The TV Set release dates" (http:/ / www. External links • The TV Set (http://www. . Following almost a year of festival screenings.''The TV Set'' 164 Plot The plot follows an idealistic writer (David Duchovny) as he tries to navigate his TV pilot down the mine-laden path from script to production to the madness of prime-time scheduling — all while trying to stay true to his vision. volatile young stars. as he sees nothing exaggerated in its depiction of bringing a pilot to production. The TV Set" (http:/ / filmmakermagazine. php). Filmmaker Magazine. .com/title/tt0473709/) at the Internet Movie Database . It features commentary tracks.

717 [1] [2] For the 2009 video game. based on the 1997 book by George Plimpton. 2006 110 minutes United States English $13 million $2. Enemies. According to writer/director McGrath in his DVD commentary. occurred only in McGrath's imagination. It covers the period from the late 1950s through the mid-1960s. see Infamous (video game) Infamous is a 2006 American drama film. most notably a dramatic sexual encounter between Capote and inmate Perry. during which Truman Capote researched and wrote his bestseller In Cold Blood. a subject covered a year earlier in the film Capote.''Infamous (film)'' 165 Infamous (film) Infamous Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Douglas McGrath Christine Vachon Jocelyn Hayes Douglas McGrath Book: George Plimpton Toby Jones Sandra Bullock Lee Pace Daniel Craig Jeff Daniels Peter Bogdanovich Rachel Portman Starring Music by Cinematography Bruno Delbonnel Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Camilla Toniolo Arclight Films Warner Independent Pictures October 13. Capote: In Which Various Friends. many of the scenes in the movie. .613. Acquaintances and Detractors Recall His Turbulent Career.

and obvious intelligence impress him. travel to the small town. and the like. Afterwards he learns Perry bequeathed his meager belongings to him. and provides no legal assistance for the final appeal. Perry acquiesces and discusses what transpired. Ava Gardner. Kansas in the back pages of the New York Times of November 16. Eventually. He empathizes with his unhappy childhood. genuine sincerity. when ex-convicts Richard Hickock (Lee Pace) and Perry Smith (Daniel Craig) are apprehended in Las Vegas and extradited to Holcomb. and among them he finds a charcoal sketch of him the killer had drawn. has refused to cooperate with the writer. known in New York City society for his wit and fashion flair as much as he is recognized in literary circles as the celebrated writer of Other Voices. Capote slowly forms an attachment to Smith. ostensibly so Capote can interview people for a magazine article. He seems to want to hear the details not only as a writer in search of the truth but as someone who finds it difficult to believe a loved one could be guilty of such a crime. and he complies with their request. which suggests the author thinks of him only as a merciless killer. whose dress and demeanor both amuse and dismay law enforcement officials. she invites him and Lee to Christmas dinner. death by hanging will provide a far more satisfying ending for readers of his book. they ask that Truman be present at their April 14. 1959. and a lengthy period of appeals begins. Truman finds himself entangled in a personal and professional dilemma.''Infamous (film)'' 166 Plot Truman Capote (Toby Jones). 1965 execution. Smith learns Truman plans to title his book In Cold Blood. He begins to waver in his feelings. Harper Lee (Sandra Bullock). the author and his friend. although he has difficulty dealing with his emotions. He eventually wins over his host with his stories about Humphrey Bogart. The Kansas Bureau of Investigation's lead detective on the case. Eventually the criminal's reciprocal feelings become evident. The two men are tried and found guilty. Curious as to how the residents would react to a brutal massacre in their midst. reads a small article about the murder of a farming family in Holcomb. Once there. John Huston. Capote. allows Lee to act as a buffer between himself and those whose trust he needs to gain in order to obtain as much background information as possible. Angered. Capote is permitted to interview them in their cells. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Toby Jones as Truman Capote Sandra Bullock as Harper Lee Lee Pace as Richard Hickock Daniel Craig as Perry Smith Jeff Daniels as Alvin Dewey Peter Bogdanovich as Bennett Cerf Hope Davis as Slim Keith Isabella Rossellini as Marella Agnelli Juliet Stevenson as Diana Vreeland Sigourney Weaver as Babe Paley Michael Panes as Gore Vidal John Benjamin Hickey as Jack Dunphy Gwyneth Paltrow as Kitty Dean . Alvin Dewey (Jeff Daniels). Other Rooms and Breakfast at Tiffany's. and his remorseful manner. Perry and Richard have exhausted all their options. he realizes there might be enough material for what he eventually describes as a nonfiction novel. As a result. Perry steadfastly refuses to describe the night of the murders. but when his starstruck wife Marie meets Capote in front of the cheese display at the local grocery store. which greatly angers Capote. he violently subdues Capote and nearly rapes him. As much as he wants Perry to be sentenced to life in prison.

with its own virtues . [it] is infinitely fascinating. . It's the performance to take from the movie. . . popular Philip Seymour Hoffman his Oscar for playing the tiny terror in Capote. . Jones moves into Truman's skin. . Perry . Infamous shows you the man’s soul. and attraction to. It proves that there's more than one way to tell a story and view a life. It is one hell of a beautiful movie to see and savor. . is a far inferior version . .[4] Release Infamous premiered at the August 2006 Venice Film Festival. light in weight and absent the ache . no under-the-skin sense of the conflict between Capote's ambition for his book and his compassion for.wrapped in a cardigan and puffing on cigarettes. a diminutive actor with a titanic talent named Toby Jones literally becomes the man himself. "They gave the Oscar to the wrong Truman Capote. . . . . It differs from the earlier Capote in that it occasionally breaks away from the Kansas setting to allow Capote's Manhattan society friends and professional acquaintances to comment on and express opinions about him to an unseen interlocutor during mock interviews. too . David Rooney felt the film "doesn't measure up to its predecessor and seems unlikely to echo the attention it received . getting his flamboyant mannerisms and creepy. ." [5] Rex Reed of The New York Observer opined. much of the critical discussion of the film focused on comparisons with the previous year's Capote. . Scott called the film "well worth your attention. "By the standards of most pictures. Critical reception Unsurprisingly. The singer portrayed by Gwyneth Paltrow originally was intended to be Peggy Lee. she creates a bracingly sturdy character of this plain-speaking. stylish and well acted… warmer and more tender." [8] In The Village Voice. Robert Wilonsky stated the film "never comes close to approaching the quiet. . But unlike Philip Seymour Hoffman's Oscar-winning turn.O. cinematically breathtaking and largely impeccable. . devastating brilliance of Capote ." [9] . Bullock adopts mannerisms and facial expressions that are not her own for this role and then works them into a well-crafted portrait of a highly internal. In Infamous . Either through studying Lee or channeling someone else. nasal voice down. A. In some ways. observant and deep-revolving spirit. It's good. just not good enough. .''Infamous (film)'' 167 Production The film's original title alternated between Have You Heard? and Every Word Is True." [6] In Variety. there's no texture. than Capote… it is in the end more touching than troubling. the movie is better. . It is a monumental achievement of great artistry and depth. I do not begrudge the versatile. British thesp Toby Jones is a good physical match for Capote. . . It is quick-witted. It's a worthy film in its own right. heart and brains. thoughtful filmmaking . In the central role. In his review in the New York Times. which had received considerable critical acclaim and for which Philip Seymour Hoffman had won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as Capote. unfussy woman amid a cardboard gallery of flashy sophisticates.[3] The situation of an audience being held spellbound by a performer falling silent in the middle of a song was based on a real-life nightclub performance by Barbara Cook. but he was doing an impression. . . especially during its first half. Sandra Bullock's understated performance as Capote's friend Lee is a high point here . it's only against the exalted benchmark standard set by Capote that Infamous falls short . This is no lisping impersonation learned from watching old Johnny Carson shows: Mr." [7] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle observed. It also is more explicit about the romantic feelings Capote and Perry Smith shared. . if also a bit thinner and showier. it's just a lesser version. Which is not to say Infamous . this is intelligent.

boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo Infamous (http://www. com/ title/ tt0420609/ business [2] http:/ / www. . [It] has a gallery of Truman Capote's Manhattan friends. findarticles.com/movies/?id=infamous. html) [10] St.''Infamous (film)'' Steve Persall of the St. Call this race nearly a draw. Infamous is inferior. boxofficemojo. while Hoffman's portrayal was a studiously researched impression. Petersburg Times review (http:/ / www.imdb. com/ node/ 39586) [7] Variety review (http:/ / www. observer.20.74695.html) . com/ 2006/ 10/ 12/ Weekend/ A_day_late__a_dollar_. These cameos give a tone-perfect sense of Capote's life before In Cold Blood. References [1] http:/ / www. com/ p/ articles/ mi_m1285/ is_11_34/ ai_n8563816) [4] Infamous DVD commentary by Douglas McGrath [5] New York Times review (http:/ / movies. DTL) [9] The Village Voice review (http:/ / www. Jones is a much more accurate physical representation of Capote than Hoffman. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2006/ 10/ 13/ DDGV9LNJNA1. com/ awardcentral_review/ VE1117931415. his high-pitched voice sounding a little more affected than his Oscar-winning predecessor. .com/title/tt0420609/) at the Internet Movie Database Infamous (http://www. He also won the Best Actor Award at the Ibiza International Film Festival.. or Conquer" by Ed Liebowitz. uk/ film/ features/ article1096307. ece) External links • • • • Official website (http://http://wip. but lost to Alan Arkin in Little Miss Sunshine. co. variety.com/2006/08/06/movies/06leib. nytimes. sptimes. shtml) [11] The Independent review (http:/ / enjoyment. independent.com/film/titles/infamous) at Metacritic • "Playing a Historical Figure. although not drastically so.com/infamous/) Infamous (http://www.warnerbros.. com/ movies/ ?id=infamous. However. com/ 2006/ 10/ 13/ movies/ 13infa. December 2004 (http:/ / www. . David Thomson of The Independent asked. a likely more challenging task. the relative shallowness of McGrath's screenplay doesn't offer as many emotional land mines for Jones to play. celebrity and outrage that he was. The most obvious comparisons are to be made about performances. . 2006 (http://www.wilonsky. You Can Copy . sfgate. "What does it have that's different? . htm [3] Interview. . "Infamous might have been viewed as one of this year's better films if Capote hadn't told the same story about the same characters a year ago and done it so well . Daniel Craig was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actor. with Hoffman simply crossing the finish line first. [He] delivers an uncanny impersonation. com/ cgi-bin/ article. . He is placed as the phenomenon of culture. com/ film/ 0641. Petersburg Times rated the film B and added. people who adored him without ever quite trusting him ." [10] In comparing this film to Capote. villagevoice.nytimes. html?nav=reviews07& categoryid=2352& cs=1& p=0) [8] San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www. New York Times. . in almost every respect . imdb. August 6. .metacritic. html) [6] The New York Observer review (http:/ / www." [11] 168 Awards and nominations Toby Jones won the London Film Critics Circle Award for British Actor of the Year.

excluding his 2008 HBO special It's Bad For Ya.''Happily N'Ever After'' 169 Happily N'Ever After Happily N'Ever After Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Yvett Kaplan Paul J.085. Patrick Warburton. The film stars the voices of Sarah Michelle Gellar. 2007. The film received negative reviews due to its poor . It proved to be Carlin's final film role before his death the following year. It is a Vanguard Animation production. George Carlin. Freddie Prinze.. 2007 (Germany) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Followed by 86 minutes United States Germany English $38. Bolger John H. The title is the opposite of happily ever after. Andy Dick Wallace Shawn Patrick Warburton George Carlin Sigourney Weaver BAF Berlin Animation Film BFC Berliner Film Companie Odyssey Entertainment Vanguard Films Vanguard Animation Studio Distributed by Lionsgate (US) EuroVideo (Germany) Release date(s) January 5. and Sigourney Weaver. Wallace Shawn. 2007 (United States) November 22. Andy Dick. Jr. Jr. released by Lions Gate Films on January 5. Williams Rob Moreland Douglas Langdale Sarah Michelle Gellar Freddie Prinze.778 Happily N'Ever After 2: Snow White Another Bite @ the Apple (2009) Happily N'Ever After is a 2007 American computer-animated film based on the fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen.

As we meet him. and everything returns to normal. she calls an army of trolls. causing a series of fairy tales to go wrong and have comically unhappy endings (including one where Rumplestiltskin (Michael McShane) wins his bet with the queen and takes her baby). the wizard returns and Munk and Mambo tells every when will.''Happily N'Ever After'' animation. Rick can't really understand what Ella likes about the Prince. She also awakens Rick. Ella knocks Frieda back. Her best friend at the palace is Rick (Freddie Prinze. Rick takes it upon himself to deliver the invitations to the royal ball to Ella. Frieda's goal is to put the "cinder" back in Cinderella. while Rick. Rick's Three Amigos. the uptight pig Munk (Wallace Shawn) and the decidedly goofy cat Mambo (Andy Dick). Happily N'Ever After 2: Snow White Another Bite @ the Apple was released on March 24. As for Ella. and Mambo slip into Frieda's castle and attack Frieda. attack them.). 2009. Rick flies up on a broom. we are introduced to the idea that the Wizard (George Carlin) controls all of the fairy tales and maintains the balance of good and evil in Fairy Tale Land. Ella sees Rick only as a friend. However. Mambo knocks her in. During the fight. While plummeting through the magma. so that part of her is in the portal. eat or poison her. perfect shirt. Later. He wants it all to be perfect: perfect hair. Ella finds out and escapes to the woods. The Ice Queen is shot down during an attempt to capture them. make her sleep for a thousand years. they flee to the Seven Dwarfs' home. Rumplestiltskin has shown throughout the movie that he has come to care for the baby. much the wizard's pleasure. led by The Ice Queen. the Wizard is leaving for Scotland for a long-overdue vacation. Frieda manages to chase off Munk and Mambo and tip the scales of good and evil. Frieda generates a pit of flame in the floor. He plans to meet his Damsel at the ball. He leaves the kingdom in the hands of his two assistants. Frieda creates a portal by accident. lack of humor and general lack of creativity and plot development. threatening to turn her into a snail. Frieda can't stand her hope and goodness. however. Set against a backdrop of fractured fairy tales spinning wildly out of control. Ella. Munk. the Wizard is checking to make sure that all the fairy tales under his care are "on track" to have their traditional happy endings. believe that Rick has a bad case of "Prince envy". but Rick secretly loves Ella. the comic chefs in the palace kitchen. and Ella escape. she uses her staff to fly back up again. where she meets Munk and Mambo. the wicked stepmother will play. she then finishes her off by punching her and knocking Frieda into the portal. Frieda discovers the failure and goes after Ella herself. A direct-to-video sequel. big bad wolves. Ella's evil stepmother. The Prince does everything by the book. poor script. After a short battle. 170 Plot As the story begins. meanwhile. With the help of his assistants. Jr. That night. While the wizard is away. Witches and trolls. But the voluptuous villainess had one final trick to play. "Uncle Rumpy. and giants to her castle. a drop dead gorgeous woman with an hour glass figure named Frieda (Sigourney Weaver). . Ella visits Rick in the palace kitchen to borrow items she needs to complete her chores and to share her hopes of dancing with "him" (the Prince) tonight. Mambo. shrink. in which Rick takes a blast meant for Ella and falls into a deep sleep. things don't go as planned at the ball. gains access to the Wizard's lair during the Prince's ball. witches. dreaming of the Prince (Patrick Warburton) who will sweep her off her feet." So after. Munk. Together. The beautiful Ella (better known as Cinderella) (Sarah Michelle Gellar) starts out a damsel in distress. She succeeds in capturing her and Rick. perfect everything (he even put on perfect underwear). having stolen it from Frieda. and the queen lets him stay in the castle as the baby's nanny. The dwarfs hold off the trolls. It was considered to be a box office bomb and is often regarded by critics as one of the worst animated films of all time. although he is too cool and proud to admit it. Ella and her true love Rick ultimately must choose their destinies in a world of happy endings and get married. and Mambo follow her. the palace dishwasher. Frieda is shown trapped in the Arctic surrounded by elephant seals. Rick. Munk. is being tortured by Frieda in the palace throne room. Thanks to the assistants.

making sure they go by the book and balances scales of good and evil to make sure they go well. Andrew Dolan. He takes the baby from its mother after Frieda breaks the balance of good and evil on the scales' and assist's her. Tom Kenny • Stepsisters: Kath Soucie. the idea was scrapped. A scullery maid from the tale "Cinderella" and the protagonist of the film. Laraine Newman. Rob Paulsen. • George Carlin as the Wizard-An ancient wizard who watches over the fairy tale's of Fairy Tale Land. • Sigourney Weaver as Frieda-Cinderella's power hungry stepmom and the main antagonist. April Winchell. as Rick-A stressed out servant who works for Humperdink and find him as a grand annoyance. Mickey Rooney (uncredited) Production The film was originally a traditionally animated feature. • Amigos: Tom Kenny. . Kevin Michael Richardson.''Happily N'Ever After'' 171 Cast • Sarah Michelle Gellar as Ella-Full name Cinderella. He is the tritagonist. He is another deuteragonist. Jill Talley • Witches: Tress MacNeille. Jr. Unlike Mambo. Cinderella. He has a peculiar crush on Ella. 2008. She is defeated by Ella and sent to Antarctica. he avoids causing trouble in the fairy tales'. He leaves his assistants in charge while goes on vacation in Scotland. but is determined to find his "maiden". Jon Polito • Additional voices by Lee Arenberg. She is in love with Humperdink but later falls for Rick. Jim Ward. Natalie Nassar. he is somewhat lazy and ignorant. Bill Farmer. He follows steps in a tiny booklet he carries around. Jennifer Darling. He is a minor antagonist. • Patrick Warburton as Prince Humperdink-The prince of the Cinderella story. Although he and Mambo bicker. but after the growing success of computer animated features. Some rough animation had already been completed by the time the project switched over to the new animation format. • Andy Dick as Mambo-A rebellious and goofy purple lion/squirrel-like creature who works for the wizard. Jill Talley • Wolves: Tom Kenny. Sherry Lynn. where she is being harassed by elephant-seals'. She takes over Fairy Tale Land by breaking the balance of good and evil on the scales and takes The Wizard's staff for more power. which made the visual effects for the film. Debi Derryberry. John Cygan. He helps Ella stop Frieda from taking over fairy tale land. He is one of the deuteragonists'. Unlike the original prince. Philip Proctor • Dwarves: John DiMaggio. Mickie McGowan. [1] [2] The head of the visual effects was Chris Spry who is CG Supervisor at The LaB Sydney. He constantly causes trouble in the fairy tales'. He is the secondary protagonist. Roger L. Shae D'Lyn. He died of heart failure on June 22. Patti Deutsch. He has about 3 appearances in the film. Jackson. • Michael McShane as Rumpelstiltskin-From the tale "Rumpelstiltskin". but is shown to not want the villain to have the wizard's staff. • Wallace Shawn as Munk-An uptight and smart orange pig/hippopotamus-like creature who also works for the wizard. Jack Fletcher. His name is said by him in a deleted scene on the dvd. This was Carlin's last film before his death in following year. • Freddie Prinze. He wears blue clothing with a yellow moon on his hat. Jan Rabson. they're best friends.

celebritywonder. well below the initial budget cost. explaining the release of the sequel Happily N'Ever After 2 in March 2009 by Lions Gate. External links • • • • • • • • Official website [3] Happily N'Ever After [4] at the Internet Movie Database Happily N'Ever After [5] at Allmovie Happily N'Ever After [6] at Box Office Mojo Happily N'Ever After [7] at Rotten Tomatoes N'Ever After [8] at Keyframe . com/ m/ happily_never_after/ [8] http:/ / keyframeonline.Happily N'Ever After Trailers And Reviews [10] References [1] http:/ / www. making it a box office bomb. com/ [4] http:/ / www.096 foreign. com/ title/ tt0308353/ [5] http:/ / www. Children of Men. rottentomatoes. which was at its third week at the #1 position. By August 2010.608.''Happily N'Ever After'' 172 Box Office and DVD Sales The film opened #6 behind Dreamgirls. the movie has grossed $38.the Animation Resource Berlin Animation Film [9] CelebrityWonder. com/ movie/ 2007_Happily_N'Ever_After. The Pursuit of Happyness. html . com/ work/ 352606 [6] http:/ / www. However. The film made a total of $15. The film made $6. almost recovering the movie's budget.085.393 at the US box office and $15.889. Rotten Tomatoes reports that only 4% of critics gave the film a positive review. com/ preview/ start/ index. htm [7] http:/ / www. com/ watch?v=DzI8QjHwIxI [3] http:/ / http:/ / www.778 worldwide. Freedom Writers. com/ Animation/ Happily_N'Ever_After/ 307/ ''Happily [9] http:/ / www. The critical consensus is: "Happily N'Ever After has none of the moxy. it proved to be a very lucrative seller on DVD. grossing a worldwide total of only $30. youtube." The website ranked the film 38th in the 100 worst reviewed films of the 2000s. com/ watch?v=NTwL4wdEBvM [2] http:/ / www.589. com/ movies/ ?id=happilyneverafter. baf-film.244 during its opening weekend. Reception The film was universally panned by critics. edge or postmodern wit of the other fairy-tales-gone-haywire CG movie it so blatantly rips off.com . and Night at the Museum. happilyneverafterthefilm. imdb.300.489. boxofficemojo. youtube. allmovie. php?main=produktion& sub=38 [10] http:/ / www.

But when Julia meets Louise (Bosworth). including her husband Doug and her son Chris. who makes his directorial debut here after having written the films Proof in 2005 and The Lake House in 2006. all Julia's old psychotic wounds painfully resurface. Julia Sandburg (Weaver) has cut herself off from anyone once near and dear to her. It stars Sigourney Weaver. among others. a troubled young woman with a checkered past. without success. who tried for years to penetrate her wall of isolation and despair.[1] . as do her illogical and increasingly irrational hope that Louise may be the daughter she lost so long ago. Kate Bosworth and Keri Russell. Plot summary Enduringly traumatized by the disappearance of her 3-year-old daughter 16 years ago.''The Girl in the Park'' 173 The Girl in the Park The Girl in the Park Directed by Produced by David Auburn Bryan Furst Sean Furst Dale Rosenbloom David Auburn Sigourney Weaver Kate Bosworth Elias Koteas Alessandro Nivola Keri Russell Theodore Shapiro Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Stuart Dryburgh Release date(s) UK: 5 December 2008 US: 1 December 2009 1 hr. 40 mins United States English Running time Country Language The Girl in the Park is a drama film by writer/director David Auburn.

''The Girl in the Park'' 174 Filming Filming began in New York City on November 13.com/title/tt0847167/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Girl In The Park (http://www. Levy Dennis Quaid Matthew Fox Forest Whitaker Saïd Taghmaoui Eduardo Noriega Ayelet Zurer Richard T. External links • The Girl In The Park (http://www. 2006.allmovie. Jones Bruce McGill Sigourney Weaver William Hurt . 2007.com/work/375866) at Allmovie Vantage Point (film) Vantage Point Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Pete Travis Neal H.imdb. 2006 and was scheduled to end on December 21. Moritz Barry L. Principal cast • • • • • • Sigourney Weaver as Julia Sandburg Kate Bosworth as Louise Alessandro Nivola as Chris Keri Russell as Celeste David Rasche as Doug Elias Koteas as Raymond References [1] The official press release. September 9. The film was premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on Sunday.

Each time the events unfold from the beginning. relayed in a time span of 23 minutes. a reference to a type of filmmaking used in the 1950 film Rashomon directed by Akira Kurosawa. Matthew Fox. 2008. Tania Landau.[2] From the first vantage point. Spain to promote an international treaty. were both released in the United States on July 8.895. The film is cited for its use of the Rashomon Effect. the Original Motion Picture Soundtrack was released by the Varese Sarabande label. The film score was composed by musician Atli Örvarsson.161. an assassination attempt on the president occurs. The widescreen DVD and high-definition Blu-ray Disc editions of the film featuring the director's audio commentary and interviews with the cast and crew. The film recounts a series of events which are re-enacted from several different perspectives and [2] viewpoints. Displayed with eight differing viewpoints. 2006. directs various media personnel from a mobile television studio as the president arrives at the gathering.S. Callum Greene. A joint collective effort to commit to the film's production was made by Relativity Media. Veteran actors Dennis Quaid. which ultimately completes the story of what actually took place during the incident and who was involved in the conspiracy.000. Preceding its theatrical run though. the film was generally met with negative critical reviews before its initial screening in cinemas. Executive producers for the film comprised. It was adapted from a screenplay written by Barry L. Following its premiere in theaters nationwide in the United States on February 22. and by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment in home media format. It was commercially distributed by Columbia Pictures theatrically.185 in business through international release to top out at a combined $151. Plot U. The film was technically considered a strong financial success due to its $40 million budget costs. Original Film. the film grossed $72. It earned an additional $78. GNN producer Rex Brooks (Sigourney Weaver). assassination and terrorism.163 theaters during its widest release.000 [1] [1] $151. On February 26. The story focuses on an assassination attempt on the President of the United States as seen from a different set of vantage points through the eyes of eight strangers.266. Vantage Point explores kidnapping. 2008 90 minutes United States English Spanish $40.161.''Vantage Point (film)'' Music by Atli Örvarsson 175 Cinematography Amir Mokri Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Stuart Baird Relativity Media Original Film Columbia Pictures Sony Pictures Home Entertainment February 22. President Henry Ashton (William Hurt) attends a political summit in Salamanca. Forest Whitaker. a new vantage point is shown revealing additional details. and Sigourney Weaver star in principal roles. and Lynwood Spinks.491 Vantage Point is a 2008 American political action thriller film directed by Pete Travis. The film project began principal photography in Mexico City on June 18. and Art In Motion.491 in gross revenue. Mayor De Soto (Jose Carlos Rodriguez) delivers a . William Hurt. Levy.306 in domestic ticket receipts screening at 3. 2008.

Javier kills the guards and aides within the hotel. which occurs just outside the hotel. Javier joins Taylor in a police car to a planned rendezvous at the overpass. Taylor and Lewis viewing he gave her under the podium. Javier shoots Enrique. When the president is shot. having been informed of a credible assassination threat. Enrique falls to the ground. Seconds later. Barnes realizes Taylor has gone "rogue" and is actually part of the terror plot. At the overpass. trying to cross a busy intersection. Taylor pursues a lead to a potential assassin. Seriously wounded.[2] In a third vantage point. Barnes then views an image on one of the camera's live feeds that startles him and prompts him to run out. killing and injuring numerous people. Enraged. Lewis chases Enrique and the pursuing Secret Service agents. who Barnes sees leaving the scene wearing a Spanish policeman's uniform on one of the GNN live feeds. Barnes barges into the GNN production studio and asks to view their footage. Barnes commandeers a car and chases Taylor and Javier. and kidnaps the president. shoots Ashton's body double using a remote-controlled automatic rifle placed in an adjacent window next to the one with the fluttering curtain that had drawn Barnes' attention earlier. After the president is shot. he witnesses Veronica toss the bag Characters Barnes. GNN reporter Angie Jones (Zoe Saldana) is seen lying dead in the rubble. failing to subdue him. while a little girl named Anna (Alicia Zapien). has returned to his hotel room with his aides while his body double proceeds to the gathering in the plaza. He calls Taylor. shoots his advisers and then proceeds in abducting Ashton. Following the second explosion. confronts Javier and Taylor. The man Enrique saw embracing Veronica is revealed to be sharpshooter Javier (Edgar Ramirez). 176 . Barnes notices a curtain fluttering in the window of a nearby building that was allegedly vacated. gets into a collision with a truck. allowing the duo to escape. Lewis notices Barnes looking at the curtain fluttering in the window of a nearby building. As the smoke clears. who claims to be a Spanish police officer assigned to protecting the mayor of Salamanca. being embraced by a stranger and overhears them speaking about meeting under an overpass. causing the second explosion. who reports the direction of the suspected assassin's escape route. previously seen as Sam. He also observes American tourist Howard Lewis (Forest Whitaker) filming the audience. Later. as Lewis runs out to save her. Enrique. Enrique recorded footage of the attempted assassination. Lewis sees Anna who had earlier become separated from her mother. is revealed to be a device detonated by a suicide bomber disguised as a bellhop. whose brother is being held hostage to ensure Javier's cooperation with the terrorists. Lewis views the pair of agents from afar shooting in the direction of Enrique as he greets an individual in a police uniform under the overpass. Enrique confronts an unseen individual at the overpass and asks if he is surprised to see him still alive. mount a chase while firing shots in his direction. The second vantage point is seen through the perspective of Secret Service agents Thomas Barnes (Dennis Quaid) and Kent Taylor (Matthew Fox). but is tackled by Barnes. a masked assailant bursts into the president's room. The first explosion.''Vantage Point (film)'' short speech and then introduces the president. An explosion outside the plaza soon follows. who is shot twice as he greets the crowd from the podium. Barnes however. Ashton is later placed in an ambulance with Suarez and Veronica disguised as medics. and captures the footage with his camcorder. the podium itself is destroyed by a secondary explosion. Veronica assures Enrique of her love for him as he hands her a bag that she asked him to bring. The rifle is retrieved by Taylor. Moments later. When he confronts her. terrorist leader Suarez. A fourth vantage point revolves around Howard Lewis who is chatting with a man called Sam (Said Taghmaoui). Following the second explosion at the podium. While being detained. Enrique rushes onto the stage to protect the mayor.[2] The fifth vantage point begins as President Ashton. sees his girlfriend Veronica (Ayelet Zurer). even though he tells Barnes that he's in pursuit of the assassin over the phone. By the sixth vantage point. Enrique who did not die in the blast at the podium as intended. Barnes tackles a man rushing to the podium named Enrique (Eduardo Noriega). bumps into him and drops her ice cream. At the overpass. An ambulance races down the road about to hit Anna. escapes as the agents who previously had him in custody.

That’s what we would do". director Pete Travis explained how he felt there were so few strong female characters in the film. It’s the first time I experience something. as a Secret Service unit. Travis welcomed the chance to work with him by Americanizing the character of Howard. You get to see this 15 minutes. Meanwhile. it’s the only time I get to be an audience member. then the audience has a different perception . in the way that he shot it. Director Travis discussed the difficulties the cast and crew faced each day as they tried to film during the height of Mexico's rainy season. The president never goes anywhere that its not choreographed well in advance. Pete not only did that. Quaid explained "I just played it the same way the entire time. Ashton regains consciousness in the ambulance and attacks Veronica. a critically injured Taylor is dragged out by Barnes. you might catch a different angle of that character that you couldn’t see before .[2] During filming. "Except for the actual 40-mile-an-hour crashes" he did most of the driving sequences himself. the crew worked with decorated U. Quaid commented "We were there for two weeks before we started shooting. principal photography on June 18. It really read so well that I felt if they could just put this on screen. Suarez swerves causing the ambulance to flip over just as Lewis pulls Anna out of its way." He went further adding "because it’s from another person’s point-of-view.[3] Locations included the Casa de los Azulejos. what that character was thinking.[2] Originally scheduled for a 2007 release by Sony. We trained as a team. but he really elevated it as well. in order to help the lead actors prepare themselves to play Secret Service agents. He shoots Suarez dead and rescues the president.[4] One of the difficult elements of the filming were the car chase scenes.[2] When Forest Whitaker expressed interest in participating in the project. some exteriors were shot in Cuernavaca. a bonus feature on the DVD release of the film.[2] 177 Production Filming In the original script. Casa de los Azulejos and Puebla.''Vantage Point (film)'' mistakenly believing he had knowledge of his kidnapped brother's whereabouts. Quaid admitted. Barnes runs to the ambulance where he sees Veronica lying dead. then the next time you shoot that same 15 minutes. 2006 in Mexico City.. that he decided to cast Sigourney Weaver as the GNN producer. of these guys. In Plotting an Assassination. who attempts to flee. who had been killed earlier by Suarez. It’s what is interesting and what is so exciting about this movie.S. You see them go around the corner and what really happened. but Taylor dies.[4] Describing his experience. the film began Quaid and Forest Whitaker. Rex Brooks was a male and Howard Lewis was an overweight Eastern European. distracting her and Suarez just as Anna runs into their path. He orders Taylor to reveal where the president has been taken."[4] In regards to the Rashomon effect. from what they said. Quaid mentioned "When I read a script. He credited cinematographer Amir Mokri and the lighting crew for making it look like the twenty-minute segment portrayed in the film unfolded under clear and sunny skies when in fact it frequently was overcast and drizzling during filming.even though I’m doing the same thing."[4] Director Pete Travis on set with actors Dennis . it was going to work.[4] On the dynamics of the storyline. Enrique dies of his wounds as Barnes reaches the scene on foot firing several rounds at Taylor. After crashing his car. In addition to the Mexico City locations.. Javier is then shot and killed by Taylor when he demands to be brought to his brother. Army veteran Ron Blecker.

I loved working with him and he's a Actor Matthew Fox who portrayed Secret Service real actor's director in that he gets right in there with you. He's thinking agent Kent Taylor.[5] In complimenting his co-actors. We did have consultants".. Fox viewed them as being inspirational. that the real physical elements of it. the structure of getting in and out of cars.. film can be a very tedious process. I was just very happy to be working in the same movie as all three of them as a huge fan."[5] Working with the director. "Dennis Quaid. Forest Whitaker. I mean. He said that "Just on a technical basis. 2008. if they have an agenda to perceive it a certain way. where guns are carried. Dina Eaton edited the film's music. was released by the Varese Sarabande music label on February 26."[5] Fox summed up his experience in the film by exclaiming "This movie and the concept of perspective is something that the idea that one event can be perceived so differently by two different people depending on where they're standing. You're doing these sequences over and over and over again. that was accurate. in my own individual microworld in relationships that I have. presented its difficulties." but added.[6] The score for the film was orchestrated by Atli Örvarsson and mixed by Alan Meyerson."[5] 178 Soundtrack The original motion picture soundtrack for Vantage Point. He commented "It was always very important to [director Pete Travis] that we pull off the logistics of what we were doing as Secret Service agents and as that whole team. how voice things are used.''Vantage Point (film)'' Actor Matthew Fox explained how the series of events filmed a number of times.[7] Vantage Point: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Film score by Atli Örvarsson Released Length Label 02/26/2008 41:30 Varese Sarabande . it becomes like eight times as tedious. is something I think about all the time in my life. I respect their work a great deal. Fox felt "That was the real fun thing for Pete Travis and I to do together. William Hurt . "when you get into a situation where you're going to tell the same events through eight different perspectives."[5] Fox believed his training for his part was instrumental in achieving the desired effect. about the character from the point of view of the character. who they are and how they want to perceive it.

S. writing in the San Francisco Chronicle [13] . it premiered in Italy. Certain Asian-Pacific markets. "The Chase Begins" 8.[9] It also garnered a nomination from the Taurus World Stunt Awards for the category of Best Work With A Vehicle in 2009.[11] Rotten Tomatoes reported that 34% of 149 sampled critics gave the film a positive review. which assigns a weighted average out of 100 to critics' reviews.[11] " 'Vantage Point' is at its best in the early going when it focuses on the Secret Service agent. Vantage Point won the Golden Trailer Award for Best Thriller. "Main Title" 2." —Mick LaSalle. 2008. "Epilogue" 10.[8] Following its cinematic release in 2008. "Suarez' Plan" 15. the film received mostly negative reviews. Sweden and Switzerland. "Explosion Aftermath" 14. whom Quaid plays with the intensity of a man trying to blast through doubt and fear by staying very. the film received a score of 40 based on 32 reviews. "Clockwork" 12. "Serendipity" 9.S. whose inner torment can't stop him. Title 1.a blazing portrait of an American professional.[10] Reception Critical response Among mainstream critics in the U. It went into general theatrical release in the U. Quaid is so good that his performance ends up promising what the script can't deliver . "Lewis And Anna" 6. "Motorcade" 3.0 out of 10. while in Malaysia it screened the following day on March 14. "The President Is Safe" 13. Canada and Mexico on February 22..[12] At Metacritic. Other European markets in Portugal and Croatia had the film premiering on April 3. the sunburned man of action.. very angry. "Enrique And Veronica" 4. "President And Decoy" 7. Australia and New Zealand saw the premiere of the film on March 13. "End Title" Total length: Length 2:42 1:36 2:54 2:33 1:19 1:38 2:51 4:39 1:54 3:18 5:08 1:15 3:38 3:58 2:02 41:30 Release The film had its world premiere in Spain on February 28. The next day on February 29.''Vantage Point (film)'' 179 Vantage Point: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack No. with an average score of 5. "Tightening Circle" 11. "Run Enrique Run" 5.

"[21] "With each of the perspectives. stated that there were "many places one could lay blame for "Vantage Point. but the action is never mindless and it is full of marvelous surprises every step of the way. and nothing special is gained from all the stopping and restarting. a kindly tourist who can outrace the bad guys. The writer. Levy. It's entertaining in the same way that an episode of 24 is entertaining. for an orgiastic third-act car chase during which the movie's story threads converge in a way that makes Paul Haggis seem like a master of Balzacian realism."[22] Similarly.. said in outward negativity.chase sequence that cuts between all the participants (and picks a few new ones in the process) as it rushes to an explosive conclusion. Ty Burr bluntly noted that the "rewind/retell gambit quickly grows tiresome ." She even believed that like "many action-adventure movies that are short on plot intricacies but long on gimmick and explosives. a gimmick. anyway."[20] Describing an unfavorable opinion. Aside from the changing-perspectives device. outperforming the predictions of industry analysts and seeming likely to be the weekend's No. Mick LaSalle in the San Francisco Chronicle. the story is skillfully and enticingly enhanced. writing in the Sacramento News & Review. but I can say no more. since they aren't Kurosawa. sometimes harrowing melodrama. 1 attraction. perhaps. may be taking their cues from genre fiction." He thought. nerve-grinding and finally . with each successive turn of the wheel. believed the film was "flat-out one of the more exciting and original gut-busters that Hollywood has produced in many a month. The title is the tip-off. Pete Travis."[17] David Denby of The New Yorker. with an ending meant to be ironic but simply providing a crowning howler to all the Rube Goldberg nonsense. Barry L. Justin Chang wrote in Variety that the film circles "endlessly around a political assassination attempt and its violently contrived aftermath. Stylistically." —William Arnold. "It all winds up—or dribbles down—to yet another chase through crowded streets in commandeered cars."[19] In a mixed review."[13] Claudia Puig of USA Today."[14] Left unimpressed. and then the movie segues into an epic . was not without its supporters. There's no artistic. said the "various viewpoints don't quite link up. James Berardinelli writing for ReelViews. Scott Foundas of The Village Voice said the film encompassed "multiple perspectives" that "are all foreplay."[21] Foundas ended his review noting "nothing in Vantage Point quickens the pulse as much as the realization that."[15] The film however. it turns out. called the film a "fast-paced motion picture that fails the 'reality test' but maintains a certain intensity for its entire running length. whose original movie version of 'Rashomon' made it chic for filmmakers to create multiple-perspective movies and.we're groaning by the fourth narrative reboot .. writing for the Seattle Post-Intelligencer [16] 180 John Anderson of The Washington Post."[18] Writing for The Boston Globe. And they all employ the same rewind technique once unspooled. "with all the repetition and a modest 90-minute running time. we come one step closer to the end. William Arnold of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. packed with mistaken identities."[16] Richard Corliss of TIME commented that "Vantage Point scored with surprisingly robustness at the wickets.and wonderfully complex .and. but no one can say that they haven’t beautifully mapped out their turf as a grid of charged vectors."[22] He ultimately came to the conclusion that "no amount of ripening time was going to help this gimmicky and ultimately harebrained movie. and a lost little girl whom the film brazenly sends onto a highway full of speeding cars. Vantage Point has nothing going on. drive us crazy. wrote that the film utilizing the Rashomon effect "has a fractured and frustrating narrative. philosophical or even jolly entertainment reason for adopting this strategy. of a movie as a big whirling machine." He emphatically believed. this laying out of the facts then speedily going back over them in reverse seems initially intriguing. but without the lead character shouting 'dammit!' every five minutes. beautiful villains." One would be the late Akira Kurosawa." He noted the film is "best seen as straightforward. too much is given away in the trailer.''Vantage Point (film)'' Jim Lane." He thought the end result of the film was "both clever and stupid . It's virtually all action. the film proves every bit as crude. It's just arbitrary. added to the positive sentiment by saying "Vantage Point is something remarkable—the ultimate case. but it gets old after about the fifth time. "the story Vantage Point tells is fairly pedestrian. and the director. a Brit who made a TV movie about a bombing in Northern Ireland. the device isn't used to question the nature of truth (as it was in 'Rashomon' ) but to slowly reveal a nefarious terrorist conspiracy to . they run out of ideas before they run out of film.an interesting feat.

895. the Region 1 Code widescreen edition of the film was released on DVD in the United States on July 1." He believed it had a "a gripping premise that. That said.[29] A supplemental viewing option for the film in the media format of Video on demand is available as well. The Spiderwick Chronicles came in second place during that weekend grossing $13. the film would cumulatively rank at a box office performance position of 43."[24] 181 Box office The film premiered in cinemas on February 22. it's not the plot that thickens — it's the pulp. and the director's commentary. Interviews with the Cast and Crew titled An Inside Perspective.936 in business showing at 3.075.491. 2008 in wide release throughout the U. 2008. a two-disc Special Edition DVD was also released by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on July 1.[27] The film went on to top out domestically at $72. the original holdover slated release for the film in 2007 by Sony was "unlikely to stop traffic around multiplexes despite its attention-getting cast. subtitled.[29] A UMD version of the film for the Sony Playstation Portable was released on July 1. Owen Gleiberman writing for Entertainment Weekly thought the film was "a pulse-pounding technological showman whose high-strung.[29] Blu-ray Disc box cover for Vantage Point The widescreen hi-definition Blu-ray Disc version of the film was released on July 1. Special features include. Plotting an Assassination feature.266. or a Sony PSP. the director's commentary. and the director's commentary.819."[23] However. is grippingly executed. For that particular weekend. Special features for the DVD include.114 in box office revenue.S. The film Semi-Pro. and a Digital Copy of the film that can be downloaded to a PC with a DVD-ROM option. Coordinating Chaos stunt featurette.[1] The film. the film took in an additional $78.161. in a more upbeat tone. Special features include.306 in total ticket sales through a 9-week theatrical run. the film fell to 2nd place screening in 3.[26] During the film's final release week in theaters. at least. allowing for a tracking movement of each character's location and vantage point throughout the film.185 in box office business for a combined worldwide total of $151. earning $12.150 theaters. Vantage Point opened in a distant 25th place with $234. and color widescreen format viewing options.[28] Home media Following its cinematic release in theaters. 2008. the film opened in 1st place grossing $22.[25] The film's revenue dropped by 44% in its second week of release. quick-cut style might be described as JFK meets Paul Greengrass meets Jerry Bruckheimer. The disc features dubbed. Interviews with the Cast and Crew titled An Inside Perspective. unseated Vantage Point to open in first place grossing $15. Internationally. Plotting an Assassination feature.[29] Additionally.245.100. Coordinating Chaos stunt featurette. The disc also includes an exclusive Vantage Viewer feature." He did however note.[1] For 2008 as a whole. 2008. Interviews with the Cast and Crew titled An Inside Perspective.149 locations.192. Surveillance Tapes: Outakes.. Coordinating Chaos stunt featurette. Viewers have the option of seeing the film in either anamorphic widescreen or fullscreen formats.[30] . Plotting an Assassination feature. Surveillance Tapes: Outakes.''Vantage Point (film)'' unsalvageable as the car accidents it keeps inflicting on its characters.042 in revenue. for a while. During its opening weekend.874. 2008. especially when poor word of mouth takes hold. Surveillance Tapes: Outakes.

htm). Vantage Point (http:/ / www. [14] Lane. about. Retrieved 2011-01-03. villagevoice. Yahoo! Movies. Rebecca (17 February 2008). html?dataSet=1& query=vantage+ point). Vantage Point (http:/ / www. [18] Denby. sonypictures. (22 February 2008). Retrieved 2011-01-03.com. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2011-01-03. Scott (19 February 2008).1137807. [12] Vantage Point (2008) (http:/ / www. yahoo. com/ movies/ ?id=vantagepoint. com/ sacramento/ content?oid=629248). about. Richard (23 February 2008). Metacritic. [21] Foundas. Amazon. htm). [19] Burr. com/ time/ arts/ article/ 0. [28] "2008 Domestic Grosses" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2008& wknd=08& p=. Vantage Point: Assassination Fun (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-03. seattlepi. sonypictures. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=2008& p=. Retrieved 2011-01-03. html). [8] "Vantage Point Worlwide Release Dates" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-03. . html). com/ od/ vantagepoint/ a/ vantagemf21408. com/ movies/ vantagepoint/ international/ ). United States: Columbia Pictures. Ty (2 February 2008). com/ review/ VE1117936282?refcatid=31). com/ movies/ 352202_vantage22q. boston. Review: 'Vantage Point' doesn't add up (http:/ / www. [26] "February 29-March 2. Taurus World Stunt Awards. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=09& p=.1716774. reelviews. Vantage Point (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. Vantage Point (2008) (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-03.20179112. com/ m/ vantage_point/ ). DTL& type=movies). com/ homevideo/ vantagepoint/ ). 2008 Weekend" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2008& wknd=16& p=. The Washington Post. Rebecca (17 February 2008). . Retrieved 2011-01-03. variety. About. newyorker. Justin (21 February 2008). [17] Corliss. Dennis Quaid Discusses the Action Thriller 'Vantage Point' (http:/ / movies. [16] Arnold. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ Vantage-Point/ dp/ B001AF5UQS/ ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-video& ie=UTF8& qid=1293998126& sr=1-1). com/ od/ vantagepoint/ a/ vantagedq21408. ew. php?id=134). Retrieved 2011-01-03. Entertainment Weekly. . com/ movie/ 1809712780/ cast). Vantage Point [Motion picture]. 'Vantage Point' isn't politics as usual (http:/ / www. html). com/ awards.. amazon. [22] Anderson John. About. [9] 9th Annual Golden Trailer Award Winner and Nominees (http:/ / www. . [13] LaSalle.com. Box Office Mojo. html). com/ Vantage-Point-Atli-Örvarsson/ dp/ B0012X6FYE/ ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8& qid=1293981112& sr=1-1). Box Office Mojo. Would-be thriller has some major disadvantages (http:/ / www. Tepid 'Vantage Point' gets lost in its many angles (http:/ / www. html). 2008 Weekend" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. Box Office Mojo. Pete (Director). Jim (28 February 2008). gta9. Variety.00.''Vantage Point (film)'' 182 References Footnotes [1] "Vantage Point" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. [15] Puig. htm). com/ index. Retrieved 2011-01-03. . Claudia (22 February 2008). goldentrailer. . [7] "Vantage Point (2008)" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=9549). Retrieved 2011-01-03. Owen (20 February 2008). amazon. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2011-01-03. Vantage Point (http:/ / www. com/ cgi-bin/ article. Bibliography . USA Today. com/ 2008-02-19/ film/ vantage-point-the-truth-won-t-set-you-free/ ). Retrieved 2011-01-03. . . Retrieved 2011-01-03. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. 2008 Weekend" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. [5] Murray. Retrieved 2011-01-03. htm). taurusworldstuntawards. washingtonpost. Retrieved 2011-01-03. David (3 March 2008). ReelViews. com/ profiles/ Film/ main/ 173951/ Vantage+ Point. Retrieved 2011-01-03. [30] "Vantage Point VOD Format" (http:/ / www. [6] "Vantage Point Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-03. net/ movies/ v/ vantage_point. newsreview. Variety. metacritic. Retrieved 2011-01-03. com/ movie/ vantage-point).com. James (February 2008). [2] Travis. htm). Retrieved 2011-01-03. (2008). com/ ew/ article/ 0. htm). The New Yorker. The Village Voice. The Boston Globe. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2008/ 02/ 22/ DDPIV55HH. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 2011-01-03.8599. usatoday. Golden Trailer Awards. sfgate. [4] Murray. [24] Gleiberman. [11] Vantage Point (http:/ / www. Sacramento News & Review. Vantage Point: The Truth Won't Set You Free (http:/ / www. San Francisco Chronicle. time. Matthew Fox Talks About 'Vantage Point' (http:/ / movies. Amazon. Thrilling and original. TIME. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. [29] "Vantage Point" (http:/ / www. [3] Vantage Point Profile (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-03. William (22 February 2008). htm). Retrieved 2011-01-03. [20] Berardinelli. [27] "April 18–20. [10] 2009 Taurus World Stunt Awards (http:/ / www. php). .00. com/ gog/ movies/ vantage-point. Retrieved 2011-01-03. Rotten Tomatoes. [23] Chang. . htm). Retrieved 2011-01-03. Taking Action (http:/ / www. [25] "February 22–24. variety. com/ life/ movies/ reviews/ 2008-02-21-vantage-point_N. Mick (22 February 2008). com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2008/ 03/ 03/ 080303crci_cinema_denby?currentPage=1). CNET Networks.

David (2010).imdb. Knopf. The New Biographical Dictionary of Film: Fifth Edition. The Scarecrow Press Inc.com/m/vantage_point/) at Rotten Tomatoes Vantage Point (http://www. Robert (2009).com/title/tt0443274/) at the Internet Movie Database Vantage Point (http://www. ISBN 978-0787994044. ISBN 978-0786441556. ISBN 978-0810859579..rottentomatoes.com/movies/?id=vantagepoint. Completely Updated and Expanded.boxofficemojo.com/homevideo/vantagepoint/) Vantage Point (http://www. McFarland. ISBN 978-0307271747. 183 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. ISBN 978-1854249906.com/work/351487) at Allmovie Vantage Point (http://www.com/film/titles/vantagepoint) at Metacritic Vantage Point (http://www. • Cettl.allmovie.''Vantage Point (film)'' • Moore. Phil (2010). • Thomson. Alberto (2010). 1960-2008. Jossey-Bass.sonypictures. Terrorism in American Cinema: An Analytical Filmography.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Historical Dictionary of Spanish Cinema (Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts). • Mira.metacritic. The Influential Fundraiser: Using the Psychology of Persuasion to Achieve Outstanding Results. Bernard (2008). Monarch Books. Straight to the Heart of Revelation: 60 Bite-Sized Insights. • Ross.

2008 102 minutes United States English $20 million [1] [2] Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue $30. The film first appeared on January 20.''Be Kind Rewind'' 184 Be Kind Rewind Be Kind Rewind Be Kind Rewind Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Michel Gondry Michel Gondry Julie Fong Georges Bermann Michel Gondry Jack Black Mos Def Melonie Diaz Hal Linden Danny Glover Lola Falana Mia Farrow Sigourney Weaver Jean-Michel Bernard Melissa Manchester Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Ellen Kuras Editing by Distributed by Jeff Buchanan New Line Cinema (USA) Pathe! Focus Features (International) Village Roadshow (Australia) February 22. written and directed by Michel Gondry and starring Jack Black. 2008 at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival. Danny Glover and Mia Farrow. Melonie Diaz.575. Mos Def.[3] . It was later shown at the Berlin International Film Festival. 2008 in the United Kingdom and in North America. The film opened on February 22.373 (worldwide) Be Kind Rewind is a 2008 American comedy film from New Line Cinema.

They complete the movie just in time when another customer asks for Rush Hour 2. a local woman. Fletcher's friend. Without any money to renovate the building. Jerry. the declining "Be Kind Rewind" VHS rental store owned by Mr. crushing the tapes with a steamroller. believing its energy to be melting his brain. Mike (Mos Def). and joins in with the process. Mr. and when he enters the store the next day. Mr. he quickly recognizes that they are making more money from the sweded films than from normal rentals. using them as starring roles in their films. However.[4] 185 Plot In Passaic. Jerry fabricated the word "sweded" while arguing with Craig (Chandler Parker) and his gang.''Be Kind Rewind'' The title is inspired by a phrase commonly displayed on VHS rental tapes during the medium's heyday. In light of the theme of sweding. These remakes are unedited with only a single take per scene. Fletcher invites all the locals to watch the final film. wants to rent Ghostbusters. Fletcher. he inadvertently erases all the VHS tapes in the store (as well as making the camera go out of focus. Jerry (Jack Black).[5] The Be Kind Rewind YouTube channel also encourages filmmakers to create sweded versions of popular movies. the success is put to a halt when two court bailiffs (Sigourney Weaver and Paul Dinello) arrive. intent on converting the store to a DVD rental outlet. he proposes to recreate the film using himself and Jerry as the actors and cheap special effects hoping to fool her. and is further pressed when Miss Falewicz (Mia Farrow). After attempting to sabotage a nearby electrical substation. insisting the sweded films are copyright violations. To prevent her from reporting a problem to Mr. Mr. New Jersey. starring himself. Fletcher. Jerry becomes magnetized. and is forced to reveal to Mike that he had lied about the building being Fats Waller's birthplace. On the day the building is scheduled for demolition. convinces Mr. enlisting the help of Alma (Melonie Diaz). Fletcher returns. Word of mouth spreads through Miss Falewicz's nephew (Chandler Parker) of the inadvertently hilarious results of Mike and Jerry's filming. 1904). Mr. users can engage in sweding. director Michel Gondry sweded a version of the trailer of the film. insisting the films came from Sweden and thus able to demand long wait times and higher costs for the rental. and seize the tapes and the store's assets.[6] . Mike comes up with an idea: as Miss Falewicz has never seen the movie. and Alma quickly pass off the movies as being "sweded". Before leaving Mr. Jerry. which puts their faces on the VHS cover of a movie. and they are given a rousing applause by the gathered crowd. Mike and Jerry enlist the locals to help out in making the movies. When Mr. Fletcher gives up hope. As their film ends. for some of the parts. and the two quickly warm up to the idea. Mr. Fletcher leaves on a trip for several days to join friends and memorialize Waller. despite his claims that jazz pianist Fats Waller was born in that building (Waller was actually born in Harlem on May 21. "Sweded" Films that were erased and recreated are referred to as having been sweded. with the help of the local townspeople. Soon. including the city official and wrecking crew. Mike. Fletcher is given a week to evacuate the building before it will be razed. Fletcher and Mike to give one last hurrah and put together a movie dedicated to Fats Waller's life. Mr. Mike quickly discovers the disaster. whenever he walks past it). Mike and Jerry repeat their filming. On the official website. Fletcher (Danny Glover) is due to be demolished to make way for high-end development unless he can find the money to renovate his building. but a nearby DVD store owner loans them his video projector. Fletcher cautions Mike to keep his paranoid and klutzy friend. Mike and Jerry exit the store to find a crowd has gathered to watch the film through the window. to meet demand. away from the store. Jerry accidentally breaks the only TV the store has. In his eagerness to start the show due to the presence of the demolition crew waiting to start the job. The final fate of the store is left ambiguous. and soon the store is seeing more requests for such movies. leaving his only employee. allowing them to show the movie on a white cloth placed in the store's window. The tapes are described as having come from Sweden as an excuse for higher rental fees and longer wait times. to tend to the store.

1m from DVD sales alone. The site's critical consensus of the film: "Slighter and less disciplined than Gondry's previous mind-benders. acquiring revenue of $5. in that the collectively-made remakes represent our social memories of film. As per the latest figures.''Be Kind Rewind'' The concept of the original website designed by Tequila[7] reinforces an interest in online copying. The theme of sweding also relates to film history.[13] DVD sales Be Kind Rewind was released on DVD on June 17. based on 35 reviews.276. Fletcher • Mia Farrow as Miss Falewicz • Melonie Diaz as Alma Sykes • Chandler Parker as Craig • Arjay Smith as Manny • Paul Dinello as Mr. and through film. Rooney (court bailiff #1) • Sigourney Weaver as Ms. O. This website originally hosted at BeKindMovie."[11] Melonie Diaz introducing the film in Karlovy Vary Box office performance In its opening weekend. based on 121 reviews. Lawson (court bailiff #2) Critical reception The film has received mostly positive reviews. Cast • Jack Black as Jerry Mclean • Mos Def as Mike Coolwell • Danny Glover as Mr. New Jersey.4 million worldwide — an estimated $11 million in the United States and Canada and $19 million in other territories. Scott called the film "inviting.[12] As of September 21. reviewer A."[9] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 52 out of 100.[14] .000 units which grossed $1. the film has grossed $30. 298. 2008. 2008 and opened at #8 in the US DVD sales chart.691.com has been taken off. with review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reporting that 65% of critics gave the film positive reviews. the film earned $4 million in 808 theaters in the United States and Canada.013 per theater. selling 94. and averaging $5.[10] Writing in The New York Times.000 DVD units have been sold. or at least Swede it yourself. making alternate versions of Google's website. ranking #9 at the box office. undemanding and altogether wonderful" and added that "you’ll want to see it again. Asking users to swede their favorite websites.[8] 186 Production Filming of Be Kind Rewind took place over several weeks in autumn of 2006 largely in and around Passaic.

[10] "Be Kind Rewind (2008): Reviews" (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. Issue 24 (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/) Official trailer (http://www. December 11. [4] Deadbolt Interview with Jack Black (http:/ / www. com/ 2008/ 02/ 22/ movies/ 22rewi. youtube.Release dates" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ be_kind_rewind/ ).htm) at Box Office Mojo Be Kind Rewind (http://www. Movie News. boxofficemojo. boxofficemojo.bekindmovie. com/ user/ BeKindMovie) [7] http:/ / www. com/ movies/ 2008/ REWND-DVD. edu.com Fresno Sweded Film Festival (http://www. John Finlay (2009) "‘Rereading’ Be Kind Rewind (USA 2008): How film history can be remapped through the social memories of popular culture". Pictures . 2007 [6] YouTube .com/) Official French Site by EuropaCorp (http://www.rembobinez. Rewind (2008) . Life section. nytimes.com/m/be_kind_rewind/) at Rotten Tomatoes Be Kind Rewind (http://www. rottentomatoes. html) [12] "Be Kind. com/ movies/ 2008/ REWND.swededmovies. Rotten Tomatoes. . htm). the-numbers.com/title/tt0799934/) at the Internet Movie Database Be Kind Rewind (http://www. Retrieved 2008-05-28. Rewind (2008)" (http:/ / www. .org Collection of fan 'swedes' (http://swededfilms. Retrieved 2008-02-22. Box Office Mojo. USA Today. . php) [2] http:/ / www.metacritic. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=bekindrewind. Screening the past.''Be Kind Rewind'' 187 References [1] Be Kind Rewind .fresnoswedefestival. php/ ) [5] Matheson. htm). the-numbers. com/ title/ tt0799934/ releaseinfo). html) [9] "Be Kind Rewind . Cast Information .com/movies/?id=bekindrewind. [14] http:/ / www.com/watch?v=9FV4NSYnIW4) .org) at swededmovies. com/ inspiration/ view/ Karen/ page/ 1/ entry/ 1813 [8] Retrieved on 2009-07-05 Kerr. Retrieved 2008-05-28.com) Jack Black Be Kind Rewind Interview (http://youtube. php External links • • • • • • • • • • • • Official US site from New Line Cinema (http://www.BeKindMovie's Channel (http:/ / www. designrelated. Metacritic. Whitney. [13] "Be Kind. com/ movies/ ?id=bekindrewind.Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www.imdb.com/film/titles/bekindrewind) at Metacritic Be Kind Rewind (http://www.com/?vid=fl&size=large) Be Kind Rewind (http://www. htm [3] "Be Kind Rewind (2008) . Web watch. . Retrieved 2008-02-22.com/work/349000) at Allmovie The Internet (Sweded) Movie Data Base (http://www. thedeadbolt. page 3D. imdb.html) at SwededFilms. Internet Movie Database. metacritic. . com/ movies/ ?id=bekindrewind.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. [11] Times review (http:/ / movies. com/ film/ titles/ bekindrewind). Box Office Mojo.boxofficemojo.com/films. latrobe.Movie Reviews.bekindmovie. com/ news/ 104016/ jackblack_interview. Retrieved 2008-02-22.allmovie. au/ screeningthepast/ 24/ be-kind-rewind.The Numbers (http:/ / www.Box Office Data. Trailers.

411 Baby Mama is a 2008 comedy film from Universal Pictures written and directed by Michael McCullers and starring Tina Fey. Sigourney Weaver. Their conflicting personalities put them at odds as Kate . obnoxious South Philly girl named Angie Ostrowiski (Amy Poehler) to become her surrogate mother. a successful single businesswoman who attended The Wharton School from Philadelphia. Greg Kinnear. Her plans change when she discovers she has only one in a million chance of becoming pregnant because she finds out her uterus is T-shaped.275. has always put her career before her personal life. Now in her late thirties.''Baby Mama (film)'' 188 Baby Mama (film) Baby Mama Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Michael McCullers Lorne Michaels John Goldwyn Michael McCullers Tina Fey Amy Poehler Sigourney Weaver Greg Kinnear Dax Shepard Jeff Richmond Music by Cinematography Daryn Okada Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Bruce Green Universal Pictures April 25. and Dax Shepard. Kate begins preparing for motherhood in her own typically driven fashion — until her surrogate shows up at her door with no place to live. Amy Poehler. Kate hires an immature. 2008 99 minutes United States English $30 million $64. When Angie becomes pregnant. Also denied the chance to adopt. Plot Kate Holbrook (Tina Fey). she has finally decided to have a child on her own.

she discovers she is actually pregnant. and that Kate and Rob are very proud parents of a baby girl and engaged." Kate forgives Angie and the two become best friends.Wiccan Anne L. What Kate does not know is that Angie is faking the pregnancy and that the in-vitro fertilization did not succeed. from whom she is separated). Ultimately. Carl. Angie and Kate raise their children and are in a sister-like relationship one year later at Stefani's first birthday party.''Baby Mama (film)'' learns first-hand about balancing motherhood and career by catering to Angie's childish needs. As if this weren't enough. watching Tom & Jerry cartoons making a reference to an earlier scene in the movie. changing each other for the better. Angie's water breaks and Kate rushes her to the hospital. Meeting face to face after the proceedings. When Kate explains to Angie that the pregnancy test was supposed to be taken two weeks after the procedure. At the court hearing to determine the maternity of the child. Angie makes an impassioned apology. named for Gwen Stefani. Although he does not get back together with Angie. Angie is forced to confess at Kate's baby shower. When she gets an ultrasound. During Angie's delivery. and that the baby could still belong to her. Manheim Fred Armisen as Stroller Salesman James Rebhorn as Judge John Hodgman as Fertility Specialist Thomas McCarthy as Kate's Date (as Tom McCarthy) Jason Mantzoukas as Gay Couple Dave Finkel as Gay Couple Brian Stack as Dave Felicity Stiverson as Ashley . The final scene shows Angie and Kate sitting in front of a TV with their children. Upon waking. Realizing the baby is her own (with her common-law husband. aka "Stef. the doctor supervising Angie's pregnancy tells Kate that she's three months pregnant (the result of her relationship with her new boyfriend). Kate passes out. Carl stays close to his daughter and begins taking parenting classes. it drives a wedge between the two women. After receiving the news. she goes to visit Angie. 189 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tina Fey as Katherine "Kate" Holbrook Amy Poehler as Angela "Angie" Ostrowski Greg Kinnear as Rob Ackerman Romany Malco as Oscar Priyan Dax Shepard as Carl Loomis Maura Tierney as Caroline Holbrook Steve Martin as Barry Waterman Sigourney Weaver as Chaffee Bicknell Holland Taylor as Rose Holbrook Stephen Mailer as Dan Siobhan Fallon Hogan as Birthing Teacher Kevin Collins as Rick Will Forte as Scott Denis O'Hare as Dr. Rob (Greg Kinnear). Angie begins to regret the lie but continually puts off confessing. who is holding her new baby girl Stefani. Nathan as Bookstore Clerk Jay Phillips as Boo-Boo Buster Kathy Searle as Cool Mom . Hoping to ultimately run off with her payment. Kate begins dating the local owner of a blended juice cafe. The baby turns out to be Angie's. It is revealed that Kate and Angie are best friends.

''Baby Mama (film)'' • Glen Campbell as Maternity Nurse • Alice Kernelberg as Roj's Daughter • Catherine Rose as Caroline's 4-year-old 190 Reception Critical reception Baby Mama received generally positive reviews from critics. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=babymama. Pictures ." (http:/ / www. . an alternate ending. Box Office Mojo. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2008-05-27. org/ site/ DocServer/ Gestational_Surrogacy. ranking #1 at the box office and averaging $6. Fey and Poehler at the premiere. . reproductive lawyer Melissa Brisman comments that this movie should be viewed as entertainment rather than as portraying surrogacy in a [3] factual manner. Retrieved 2008-05-26. [4] "Baby Mama (2008) . Metacritic.[5] with a production budget of $30 million. pdf?docID=5142).407. 2009.[2] In a review for RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association. metacritic. resolve.163. htm). Esq. . Home media Baby Mama was released on September 9. Retrieved 2008-04-28.543 theaters in the United States and Canada. Box office In its opening weekend. . htm). As of February 15. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ m/ baby_mama/ ). com/ movies/ ?id=babymama. Baby Mama grossed $17. indicating mixed or average reviews. From Conception to Delivery: The Making of Baby Mama Featurette. deleted scenes.Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www.110 in 2. and Saturday Night Live: Legacy of Laughter. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2008-04-28. [3] "Gestational Surrogacy: Dispelling the Myths By Melissa Brisman. boxofficemojo. the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 63% of critics gave the film positive reviews based on 153 reviews. predictable comedy with strong performances.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www."[1] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 55 out of 100.845 per theater.648. . based on 34 reviews. [2] "Baby Mama (2008): Reviews" (http:/ / www.[4] Baby Mama grossed a total of $64. com/ film/ titles/ babymama). Box Office Mojo. [5] "Baby Mama (2008)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-04-28. with the consensus that the film is "a lightweight. 2008 on both DVD and Blu-ray. References [1] "Baby Mama Movie Reviews. . Extras included commentary with writer/director Michael McCullers and cast members Tina Fey and Amy Poehler.

boxofficemojo.metacritic.com/movies/?id=babymama.com/m/baby_mama/) at Rotten Tomatoes Baby Mama (http://www.net/) Baby Mama (http://www.''Baby Mama (film)'' 191 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Baby Mama (http://www.imdb.com/work/375408) at Allmovie Baby Mama (http://www.babymamamovie.rottentomatoes.com/film/titles/babymama) at Metacritic .com/title/tt0871426/) at the Internet Movie Database Baby Mama (http://www.allmovie.

2008 98 minutes United States English $180 million [1] [2] $521.860 WALL-E. . 2008 (Los Angeles) June 27.311. promoted with an interpunct as WALL·E.''WALL-E'' 192 WALL-E WALL•E Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Andrew Stanton Jim Morris Lindsey Collins (Co-producer) John Lasseter (Executive) Andrew Stanton Jim Reardon Andrew Stanton Pete Docter Ben Burtt Elissa Knight Jeff Garlin Fred Willard John Ratzenberger Kathy Najimy Sigourney Weaver MacInTalk Thomas Newman Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Jeremy Lasky Danielle Feinberg Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Stephen Schaffer Pixar Animation Studios Walt Disney Pictures June 23. The story follows a robot named WALL-E. is a 2008 American computer-animated science fiction film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and directed by Andrew Stanton.

WALL-E follows EVE to the bridge of the ship where the captain learns that by scanning EVE's plant sample with the ship's holo-detector as a sign of Earth being habitable again. who gradually softens and befriends him. EVE's ship returns to collect her. When WALL-E brings EVE home to show her the plant. Angry with WALL-E's disruptive influence. which is launched and set to self-destruct with WALL-E inside. Earth is shown to be an abandoned planet covered in trash. There they witness GO-4 place the missing plant inside one of the pods. it is the first animated feature by Pixar to have segments featuring live-action characters. but instead communicate with body language and robotic sounds. forcing humanity to remain in space. scoring an approval rating of 96% on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. the ship's human passengers have suffered from severe bone loss and become morbidly obese after centuries of living in microgravity and relying on the ship's automated systems. WALL-E mistakes EVE's inspection for torture and tries to save her. Long Form. that resemble voices. WALL-E escapes unharmed with the plant and reconciles with EVE. Auto secretly has the plant stolen by the Captain's robotic assistant GO-4. WALL-E has been met with overwhelmingly positive reviews among critics."[4] 193 Plot In 2805.[3] the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature as well as being nominated for five other Academy Awards at the 81st Academy Awards. (The travel time is undisclosed) On the Axiom. Following Pixar tradition. By the film's time. Later. The plant is brought to the captain. The captain himself does little. WALL-E falls in love with the initially cold and suspicious hostile EVE. However. BnL instead evacuates Earth's population into space on fully automated starliners leaving behind an army of trash compactor robots called "WALL-E" to clean up.1 million on its opening day. With the plant now missing. Presto. several hundred years after mass consumerism. . an advanced robot sent from the BnL starliner Axiom with a directive to search for signs of life on Earth. After directing Finding Nemo. Walt Disney Pictures released it in the United States and Canada on June 27. she automatically stores it. the ship will make a hyperjump to Earth and allow its passengers to recolonize. only one WALL-E unit remains active and has developed sentience. 2008. designed by Ben Burtt. who surveys EVE's recordings of the devastated Earth and realizes humanity must return to restore their home. The film grossed US$23. This ranks as the fourth highest-grossing opening weekend for a Pixar film as of May 31. for its theatrical release. WALL-E discovers a seedling growing among the trash and brings it home. goes into standby mode and sends a retrieval signal. won the 2008 Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film. as part of a classified final directive given to keep humanity away from Earth as it was wrongly deemed unsustainable 700 years ago. and follows her into outer space on an adventure that changes the destiny of both his kind and humanity.''WALL-E'' who is designed to clean up a waste-covered Earth far in the future. 2009. EVE brings him to the escape pod bay to send him back to Earth. WALL-E was paired with a short film. Auto. After five years. and WALL-E desperately clings to its hull as it returns to the Axiom. Stanton felt Pixar had created believable simulations of underwater physics and was willing to direct a film largely set in space. the planet was deemed too toxic to sustain life. It grossed $534 million worldwide. However. EVE is considered defective and taken to the repair ward along with WALL-E for inspection. Giving up on restoring Earth's ecosystem. In addition. however. WALL-E ranks first in TIME's "Best Movies of the Decade. and $63 million during its opening weekend in 3. accidentally releasing a horde of malfunctioning robots. the 2009 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. Auto reveals his directive to prevent their return and stages a mutiny. as he is shown collecting various keepsakes and knickknacks from the trash. facilitated by the megacorporation Buy n Large (BnL). a spaceship lands and deploys EVE. Most of the characters do not have actual human voices.992 theaters. leaving control of the ship to its robotic autopilot. One day. celebrating with a dance outside the Axiom. getting himself and EVE designated as rogue robots. He eventually falls in love with another robot named EVE. ranking #1 at the box office.

three-fingered shovel hands. He also collects objects that have been left on Earth (like a cage full of rubber ducks. His name is never mentioned in dialogue. rallying the help of the malfunctioning robots on the ship. Heartbroken. before himself on his journey to earn her love. Meeting WALL-E. and always puts others. but how much he leaves behind. Meeting WALL-E turns his life upside-down. EVE moves around by a form of antigravity technology. namely EVE. WALL-E and EVE happily reunite and join the humans and robots in restoring Earth's environment. M-O spends a portion of the film following and cleaning WALL-E's tracks throughout the Axiom. the sole commander of the Axiom. a specimen storage compartment with a tractor beam. clean up and recolonize the planet. the titular character of the film. Fred Willard as Shelby Forthright. but is shown on a holographic commemoration in his cabin along with his predecessors. was used for the voice of Auto. state-of-the-art robotic probe whose main function is to locate vegetation on Earth to verify its habitability. however. EVE gives WALL-E a farewell "kiss" which causes an electric spark that reboots WALL-E's memory and restores him to his usual self. egg-shaped body with levitating pivot points (fingers. historical CEO of the Buy n Large Corporation. obsessive compulsive maintenance robot who cleans the ship and inspects incoming shipments for foreign contaminants. She is designed with a white. when he sees not only how much filth is on his body. He is equipped with a cutting laser between his eyes and a recording device which he uses to record and play his Hello Dolly music. The captain deactivates Auto and EVE places the plant in the holo-detector. arms. and binocular eyes. as well as most other robots in the film. 700-year-old solar-powered mobile trash compactor robot. who closes the holo-detector on WALL-E. Throughout his duties as captain. and a plasma cannon in her right arm (which she is quick to use. kind-hearted and endearing. has sparked his interest in Earth. and head) and blue LED eyes. ultimately paving the way for a more dynamic leadership role. She is initially a cold and hostile robot who is only concerned with her mission but does display basic emotions. at even the slightest provocation). Fred Willard is the only cast member in this film who plays a live-action character with a speaking role. for example). Unfortunately. a plastic spork. • Burtt is also credited for the voice of M-O (Microbe Obliterator). McCrea. The truck is his only home. MacInTalk. due to the popular misconception that they never expire). Elissa Knight as EVE (Extraterrestrial Vegetation Evaluator). EVE realizes the only parts capable of repairing WALL-E are in his truck on Earth and helps him bring the plant to the holo-detector to activate the ship's hyperjump back to Earth.Earth Class). he gave up hope after realizing he underestimated just how toxic the planet had become. slowly crushing him as he holds it open. Jeff Garlin as Captain B. leading him to the garbage depot where he unintentionally saves WALL-E and EVE from being jettisoned into the vacuum of space through the airlock and befriends them. a sleek. however. becoming more humane and considerate until she finally reciprocates WALL-E's love. and he becomes enthusiastically engrossed in researching the home he never knew before. he is bogged down by daily routines and boredom. 194 Cast and characters • Ben Burtt produced the voice of WALL-E (Waste Allocation Load Lifter . He is the most "robotic" robot that appears in the • • • • . the text-to-speech program for the Apple Macintosh. However. M-O is a tiny. He is designed as a small compactor box with all-terrain treads.''WALL-E'' tasering WALL-E while he tries to protect the plant. EVE brings WALL-E's body back to his home where she successfully repairs and reactivates him. Known for his seemingly unending optimism. The captain opens the holo-detector while fighting Auto. has a pet cockroach named Hal (whom he feeds Kremies. WALL-E's memory is erased and he reverts to his original trash compactor programming. Forthright proposed the plans to evacuate. the Axiom's artificially intelligent autopilot built into the ship's robotic helm. and is presumably the only functional robot on Earth. a Rubik's cube and a golden trophy. and the first to do so in any Pixar film. WALL-E is a sentient. and harshly. releasing WALL-E and sending the ship back to Earth. lonely. He is very curious. a Twinkie-like confection. and is equipped with scanners. when she opens up to WALL-E she learns to convey her emotions and eventually to understand his deep feelings for her. and is very interested in music. However.

[12] [13] Stanton came up with the idea of WALL-E finding a plant.[16] though . but they did not know how to develop the story and Docter chose to direct Monsters. because his life as the sole inhabitant on a deserted world reminded Stanton of a plant growing among pavements. Can’t resist.[9] Stanton also liked the imagery of stacked cubes of garbage. M-O compulsively cleans it. Impishly makes another mark. having no distinct personality. "What if mankind had to leave Earth and somebody forgot to turn off the last robot?"[6] Having struggled for many years with making the characters in Toy Story appealing. and will do anything to prevent anyone else from violating it.[14] Before they turned their attention to other projects. where visual descriptions were done in continuous lines of a few words.[15] Stanton formatted his script in a manner reminiscent of Dan O'Bannon's Alien.[8] In late 2003. 195 Production Writing BACK ON M-O AND WALLY [sic] M-O just finishes cleaning the floor. Inc. and Finding Nemo – at this lunch. and Joe Ranft in 1994. Stanton wrote the screenplay to focus on the visuals and as a guide to what the sound effects needed to convey [5] Andrew Stanton conceived WALL-E during a lunch with fellow writers John Lasseter. • John Ratzenberger and Kathy Najimy as John and Mary. O'Bannon wrote his script in a manner Stanton found reminded him of haiku. John is a man with blond hair and Mary is a woman with red hair tied in a ponytail with pink fingernails. John and Mary are both humans who live on the Axiom and have been largely unaware of their surroundings for most of their lives. Stanton wrote his robot dialogue conventionally. eventually meeting face-to-face for the first time and falling in love. instead remaining determined to follow directive A113 to the letter. Monsters.[11] Stanton and Pete Docter developed the film under the title of Trash Planet for two months in 1995. respectively.''WALL-E'' film.. Toy Story was nearing completion and the writers brainstormed ideas for their next projects – A Bug's Life. You got that?] Wally wipes the bottom of his tread on M-O’s face. Unlike most of the other robots in the film. but placed them in brackets. Stanton found his simple Robinson Crusoe-esque idea of a lonely robot on a deserted planet very strong. featuring a HAL-style red "eye" in the center of his body. The characteristic qualities of his voice are retained even in other languages. as it was the necessary progression away from loneliness. • Sigourney Weaver as the Axiom's computer. Inc. Stanton and a few others created a story reel of the first twenty minutes of the film. Stanton and Lasseter thought about having WALL-E fall in love. Pete Docter.[11] Stanton started writing WALL-E again in 2002 while completing Finding Nemo.[7] [8] Stanton made WALL-E a waste collector as the idea was instantly understandable. and because it was a low-status menial job that made him sympathetic. Lasseter and Steve Jobs were impressed and officially began development. M-O loses it. it stays clean. instead. Stanton asked. Wally is fascinated. The robot's design is a homage to HAL 9000 from 2001: A Space Odyssey.[10] He did not find the idea dark because having a planet covered in garbage was for him a childish imagining of disaster. Scrubs his own face. constantly talking to their friends on computer screens in front of them. However. M-O (bleeps): [Look. Auto does not have his programming influenced by WALL-E. they are brought out of their trances after chance encounters with WALL-E. most noticeably not realizing their ship housed a giant pool despite living there their entire lives.

green creatures that resemble Jell-O).[7] Whereas most Pixar films have up to 75. who host a dance in a castle on a lake in the back of the ship. Stanton first decided to put a nose and ears on the Gels so the audience could recognize them. WALL-E required 125. he merely wears it casually atop his head.[22] In a later version of the film. and it made WALL-E even more heroic if he held the holo-detector open despite being badly hurt. Stanton also moved the moment where WALL-E reveals his plant (which he had snatched from the self-destructing escape pod) from producing it from a closet to immediately after his escape. During the third act. this was the inspiration of the humans degenerating into the alien Gels.[25] Auto takes the plant and goes into the bowels of the ship into a room resembling a brain where he watches videos of Buy n Large's scheme to clean-up the Earth falling apart through the years. as he wanted to show EVE replacing her directive of bringing the plant to the captain with repairing WALL-E. boneless. Inc. Jim Capobianco. the romantic lighting is slowly introduced into the Axiom environment.[20] and their ancestry would have been revealed in a Planet of the Apes-style ending.[21] [23] wanting WALL-E and EVE's relationship to inspire humanity because he felt very few films explore how utopian societies come to exist.[20] One example of how unintelligent the captain was depicted initially is that he was seen to wear his hat upside-down. originally spelled "W. and other characteristics were added until they arrived at the concept of being fetus-like to allow the audience to see themselves in the characters. The captain appears to be unintelligent.[21] The Gels also spoke a made-up gibberish language. James Hicks. only to fix it before he challenges Auto. otherwise he would have been unempathetic. The film would have its first cutaway to the captain.[27] Production designer Ralph Eggleston wanted the lighting of the first act on Earth to be romantic. he incites a Spartacus-style rebellion by the robots against the remnants of the human race.[22] Originally. Stanton reversed this following a 2007 test screening. As a homage to Get Smart.[20] Stanton felt half the audience at the screening believed the humans would be unable to cope with living on Earth and died out after the film's end. and the Axiom curled up into a ball when returning to Earth in this incarnation of the story.[6] [18] [19] Therefore."[17] While the first act of WALL-E "fell out of the sky" for Stanton.000. EVE would have been electrocuted by Auto. tightening it when he assumes real command of the Axiom. created an end credits animation that continued the story – and stylized in different artistic movements throughout history – to clarify an optimistic tone. He would have then revived her by replacing her power unit with a cigarette lighter he brought from Earth. Eventually. a physiologist. but Stanton scrapped this idea because he thought it would be too complicated for the audience to understand and they could easily be driven off from the storyline.000 storyboards. as it made EVE happier and gave them stronger motivation to dance around the ship.A. because of the world and the history that had to be conveyed.''WALL-E'' Jobs stated he did not like the title. director of the short film Your Friend the Rat. fingers. legless.[11] he had originally wanted aliens to plant EVE to explore Earth and the rest of the film was very different. gelantinous.[22] Stanton decided this was too bizarre and unengaging.-E. clothes. legs. When WALL-E comes to the Axiom.[24] The process of depicting the descendants of humanity as the way they appear in the movie was very slow. but Stanton moved that as he found it too early to begin moving away from WALL-E's point-of-view.[21] Stanton developed the metaphorical theme of the humans learning to stand again and "grow[ing] up".L. while the second act on the Axiom to be cold and sterile. and conceived humanity as "big babies" (an idea Peter Gabriel compared to neoteny). which were cruel alien Gels (completely devolved. art director Anthony . but Stanton wanted him to just be unchallenged. see-through. and then be quickly saved from ejection at the hands of the WALL-A robots by WALL-E. Auto comes to the docking bay to retrieve EVE's plant. Stanton removed this to keep some mystery as to why the plant is taken from EVE. In the finished film. mentioned to Stanton the concept of atrophy and the effects prolonged weightlessness would have on humans living in space for an inordinately extended time period.[26] 196 Design WALL-E was the most complex Pixar production since Monsters.[22] The Gels had a royal family.[6] Pixar studied Chernobyl and the city of Sofia to create the ruined world.

and leads on to the captain's warm carpeted and wooded quarters and the sleek dark bridge.[11] Stanton wanted the Axiom's interior to resemble Shanghai and Dubai. Stanton chose angles for the virtual cameras that a live-action filmmaker would choose if filming on a set. so for WALL-E he wanted to push that for air. cream and tan. understand and replicate handheld imperfections like unfocused backgrounds in digital environments.[6] The first lighting test consisted of building a three-dimensional replica of WALL-E. It was while rewatching some of his favorite science fiction films he realized Pixar's films lacked the look of 70 mm film and its barrel distortion. lens flare and racking focus. the rear's economy class has a basic gray concrete texture with graphics keeping to the red. and then trying to replicate that in the computer.[7] Storyboarder Derek Thompson noted introducing live action meant they had to make the rest of the film look even more realistic.[31] Stanton cited the shallow lens work of Gus Van Sant's films as an influence. and to make the plant more prominent.[28] [29] Eggleston bleached out the whites on Earth to make WALL-E feel vulnerable.[6] Eggleston also based his Axiom designs on the futuristic yet comforting architecture of Santiago Calatrava.[21] The use of live action was a stepping stone for Pixar.''WALL-E'' Christov was from Bulgaria and recalled Sofia used to have problems storing its garbage." and wanted a "jet pack" feel. while Deakins hosted one talk and was requested to stay on for another two weeks. When WALL-E shows EVE all his collected items inside the truck he lives in. as Stanton was planning to make John Carter of Mars his next project. normal humans in live action footage. the cubes making up the towers of garbage had to be very large. Stanton continued the precedent of showing historical. Eggleston divided the inside of the ship into three sections. while creating their bloated descendants in the rest of the film with animation. camera movements were modeled after those of the steadicam. Eggleston tried to avoid the colors yellow and green so WALL-E – who was made yellow to emulate a tractor – would not blend into the deserted Earth. filming it with a 70 mm camera.[33] Eggleston added that if the historical humans had been animated and slightly caricaturized. The dull tans of Earth subtly become soft pinks and blues when EVE arrives. premier class is a large Zen-like spa with colors limited to turquoise. He felt Pixar had captured the physics of being underwater with Finding Nemo.[7] Eggleston studied 1950s and '60s NASA paintings and the original concept art for Tomorrowland for the Axiom. while Deakins helped them understand not to overly complicate their camerawork and lighting. Dolly!.[30] In keeping with the artificial Axiom. then the audience would not have recognized how serious their devolution was. to reflect that era's sense of optimism. blue and white of the BnL logo.[24] 1970s Panavision cameras were used to help the animators 197 WALL-E finds a bra. Because of the haziness. The coach class with living/shopping spaces has 'S' shapes as people are always looking for "what's around the corner". as if he requires sunglasses to survive the harsh sunlight. Muren spent several months with Pixar. all the lights he has collected light up to give an inviting atmosphere. Stanton intended to have many colorful signs. The overexposed light makes the location look more vast.[30] Stanton cast Fred Willard as the historical Buy n Large CEO because "He's the most friendly and insincere car salesman I .[6] Stanton remarked "We are all probably very similar in our backgrounds here [at Pixar] in that we all miss the Tomorrowland that was promised us from the heyday of Disneyland. Roger Deakins and Dennis Muren were consulted on realistic lighting including backgrounds that are less focused than foregrounds.[7] Producer Jim Morris invited Roger Deakins and Dennis Muren to advise on lighting and atmosphere.[30] Stanton also wanted the lighting to look realistic and evoke the science fiction films of his youth. this helped save rendering time). like a Christmas tree. but he realized this would overwhelm the audience and went with Eggleston's original idea of a small number of larger signs. otherwise they would have lost shape (in turn.[7] Pixar also studied the Disney Cruise Line and visited Las Vegas. as it created intimacy in each close-up. which was helpful in understanding artificial lighting. Stanton said Muren's experience came from integrating computer animation into live-action settings. The front.[32] Having chosen to show live-action footage from Hello.

like the Tin Man. and the usage of Also sprach Zarathustra for the showdown between the captain and Auto furthers that.[36] WALL-E's eyes were inspired by a pair of binoculars Stanton was given when watching the Oakland Athletics play against the Boston Red Sox.[37] The director was reminded of Buster Keaton and decided the robot would not need a nose or mouth.[8] Afterwards. Auto was designed entirely differently. they would lower them. the filmmakers knew all emotions could be conveyed silently. visited NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory to study robots. arms and treads were combined together in over a hundred variations. Simplicity was preferred in their performances as giving them too many movements would make them feel human."[6] The animators visited recycling stations to study machinery.[36] Animation director Angus MacLane suggested they attach his arms to a track on the sides of his body to move them around. so if they wanted him to be nervous." which Stanton used because he thought it was funny.[39] Stanton was unaware of the similarities between WALL-E and Johnny 5 from Short Circuit until others pointed it out to him. or "machine[s] with function" like Luxo and R2.''WALL-E'' could think of. the captain and EVE relying on posing her body to express emotion.[36] Her limited design meant the animators had to treat her like a drawing.[38] Ralph Eggleston noted this feature gave the animators more to work with and gave the robot a child-like quality. but masculine and authoritative. I think it likes me! I think it's hungry! I think it wants to go for a walk!'"[35] He added."[21] The CEO says "stay the course.[7] Her eyes are modelled on Lite-Brite toys.[6] His tank treads were inspired by a wheelchair someone had developed that used treads instead of wheels.[30] Pixar's studies of trash compactors during their visits to recycling stations inspired his body. based on the inkjet printers his father designed. resembling EVE.[20] The majority of the robot cast were formed with the Build-a-bot program.[8] Stanton explained there are two types of robots in cinema: "human[s] with metal skin". "We wanted the audience to believe they were witnessing a machine that has come to life. but realized this was unrealistic because he is only designed to pull garbage into his body.[6] They also found her similar to a manatee or a narwhal because her floating body resembled an underwater creature.[38] but Pixar chose to not make them overly expressive as it would be too easy to have her eyes turn into hearts to express love or something similar. The filmmakers noticed baby fat is a lot tighter than adult fat and copied that texture for the film's humans.[30] as well as babies. like a spider. you almost can't stop yourself from finishing the sentence 'Oh. Auto. as they do with babies and pets: "You're compelled .[8] The manner in which he hangs from a wall gives him a threatening feel.[36] The animators wanted him to have elbows.[38] As he rewatched these.[41] To animate their robots.[8] Stanton wanted EVE to be at the higher end of technology. where different heads. He was very impressed..[38] Stanton added a zoom lens to make WALL-E more sympathetic. He found the latter idea "powerful" because it allowed the audience to project personalities onto the characters. watched a recording of a Mars rover. Pixar watched a Keaton and a Chaplin film every day for almost a year.[36] Auto was a conscious homage to HAL 9000 from 2001: A Space Odyssey. and asked iPod designer Jonathan Ive to inspect her design.[40] Originally.[15] and borrowed a bomb detecting robot from the San Francisco Police Department. the Steward robots were also more aggressive Patrol-bots. and occasionally a Harold Lloyd picture.[6] 198 Animation WALL-E went undeveloped during the 1990s partly because Stanton and Pixar were not confident enough yet to have a feature length film with a main character that behaved like Luxo Jr. He "missed the entire inning" because he was distracted by them.[6] Stanton wanted WALL-E to be a box and EVE to be like an egg.. Stanton cited Keaton's "great stone face" as giving them perseverance in animating a character with an unchanging expression. or R2-D2.[34] Industrial Light & Magic did the visual effects for these shots.[6] The humans were modelled on sea lions due to their blubbery bodies. and also met robot designers. Stanton felt that filmmakers – since the advent of sound – relied on dialogue too much to .[6] His arms also looked very flimsy when they did a test of him waving. This arm design contributed to creating the character's posture.

[15] and a record in his career. but if he could not find one that worked. Burtt hit a slinky hung from a ladder with a timpani stick.[24] and that the "hopeless romantic" Woody Allen also inspired WALL-E.[43] Burtt described the robot voices as "like a toddler [. "You realize you get to be "Mother" now?"[6] [49] "Mother" is the ship's computer in the film Alien (1979). before he and Stanton pared it down to a distinct few for each robot. to show he is always thinking and calculating. 'Huh!'.[6] Burtt would choose scientifically-accurate sounds for each character. They crashed it around the parking lot and then let it tumble down a hill.[6] He recorded 2500 sounds for the film. Stanton deemed the sound effect good enough to properly cast her in the role.[8] The filmmakers dubbed the cockroach WALL-E keeps as a pet "Hal". you know?"[44] During production Burtt had the opportunity to look at the items used by Jimmy MacDonald. Disney's in-house sound designer for many of their classic films. He described it as a "cousin" to the blaster noise from Star Wars..[6] .[42] and experimented with filtering his voice for two years. which was twice the average number for a Star Wars film. 'Hm?'.''WALL-E'' convey exposition.[45] He worked in sync with the animators.[7] Burtt saw a hand-cranked electrical generator while watching Island in the Sky.0 m) radio-controlled jet plane for EVE's flying. Burtt used many of MacDonald's items on WALL-E.[12] 199 Sound Producer Jim Morris recommended Ben Burtt as sound designer for WALL-E because Stanton kept using R2-D2 as the benchmark for the robots. Burtt and his daughter went to a supermarket and placed a recorder in their cart. cold.[47] He ran around a hall with a canvas bag up to record the sandstorm though. Burtt wanted her humming to have a musical quality. but found WALL-E and its substitution of voices with sound "fresh and exciting".[6] For the scene where WALL-E runs from falling shopping carts.[34] Burtt recorded a flying 10-foot-long (3. which Burtt found an unusual experience. and bought an identical.[45] and the sound of cars being wrecked at a demolition derby provided for WALL-E's compressing trash in his body.[45] Burtt would find hundreds of sounds by looking at concept art of characters.[45] Burtt was only able to provide neutral or masculine voices. the animators were always evaluating his new creations and ideas.[6] and for her plasma cannon.[6] They also watched 2001: A Space Odyssey.] universal language of intonation. saying. returning their animation after adding the sounds to give them more ideas. and soulless [and] Stephen Hawking's kind of voice I thought was perfect. The Black Stallion and Never Cry Wolf. calculating.[47] The Macintosh computer chime was used to signify when WALL-E has fully recharged his battery. he recorded the clicking caused by taking apart and reassembling handcuffs. in reference to silent film producer Hal Roach (as well as being an additional reference to HAL 9000).. For EVE. he would choose a dramatic if unrealistic noise.[25] Burtt had completed Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith and told his wife he would no longer work on films with robots. Stanton joked about the role with Weaver. unpacked device from 1950 on eBay to use for WALL-E moving around. zeros & ones. films that had sound but were not reliant on dialogue.[48] MacInTalk was used because Stanton "wanted Auto to be the epitome of a robot.[45] Sigourney Weaver was cast as the voice of the ship's computer.[50] To create Hal (WALL-E's pet cockroach)'s skittering.[49] Burtt had visited Niagara Falls in 1987 and used his recordings from his trip for the sounds of wind.[33] Stanton acknowledged Silent Running as an influence because its silent robots were a forerunner to the likes of R2-D2.[6] Burtt began work in 2005. so Pixar employee Elissa Knight was asked to provide her voice for Burtt to electronically modify. 'Oh'.[46] Burtt also used an automobile self starter for when WALL-E goes fast."[24] Additional sounds for the character were meant to give him a clockwork feel. Because Burtt was not simply adding sound effects in post-production.

[53] Stanton found that the song was about two A live-action clip of the song "It Only Takes a Moment" from Hello. of anything that happens in life that's bad for humanity or the planet". in the hope that starting this task early would make him more involved with the finished film. Stanton wanted the whole score to be orchestral. Afterwards. originally. Hello Dolly! composer Jerry Herman allowed the songs to be used without knowing what for. Dolly!. I thought.[56] Stanton said that by taking away effort to work. who was one of Stanton's favorite musicians. which inspires naive young men looking for love. To avoid having relationships with other people. and used electronics too. The script also specified using Bing Crosby's "Stardust" for when the two robots dance around the Axiom. and he generally followed them as he found scoring a partially silent film difficult. Stanton then thought about the song "Put On Your Sunday Clothes" from Hello.[55] Themes Stanton describes the theme of the film as "irrational love defeats life's programming": [21] I realized the point I was trying to push with these two programmed robots was the desire for them to try and figure out what the point of living was. our routines and our ruts. and Newman was encouraged to make it sound more feminine. of dealing with the person next to us.. because he wanted a visual way to show how WALL-E understands love and conveys it to EVE. That's why we can all get on our cell phones and not have to deal with one another.. To avoid having to do the messy part. We all fall into our habits. Dolly![6] Newman travelled to London to compose the end credits song "Down to Earth" with Peter Gabriel.' I wanted to run with science in a way that would sort of logically project that.[52] Stanton originally wanted to juxtapose the opening shots of space with 1930s French swing music.''WALL-E'' 200 Music Thomas Newman recollaborated with Stanton on WALL-E since the two got along well on Nemo. and Stanton included "It Only Takes a Moment" and the clip of the actors holding hands..It took these really irrational acts of love to sort of discover them against how they were built. but Newman wanted to challenge himself and scored an original piece for the sequence. indirectly. He began writing the score in 2005. because "that disconnection is going to be the cause. Newman remarked that animation is so dependent on scheduling he should have begun work earlier on when Stanton and Reardon were writing the script. which gave Newman the Annie Award for Best Music in an Animated Feature. Her theme when played as she first flies around Earth originally used more orchestral elements. Dolly!.. consciously or unconsciously to avoid living. A similar switch occurred for the sequence in which WALL-E attempts to wake EVE up through various means. since he had portrayed the sidekick Barnaby Tucker in a 1980 high school production. EVE's theme was arranged for the first time in October 2007. but he saw The Triplets of Belleville (2003) and did not want to appear as if he were copying it. 'That's a perfect amplification of the whole point of the movie. the robots also take away humanity's .[6] Louis Armstrong's rendition of "La Vie en rose" was used for a montage where WALL-E does not get EVE's attention on Earth. so it would not sound intrusive when played. which was similar to WALL-E's WALL-E to hold hands with EVE own hope for companionship.[51] Newman said Stanton had thought up of many ideas for how he wanted the music to sound. when he saw the film.[21] Stanton noted many commentators placed emphasis on the environmental aspect of humanity's complacency in the film. he found its incorporation into the story "genius". but Newman felt limited by this idea especially in scenes aboard the Axiom.[5] but Newman asked if he could score the scene himself. the montage would play with the instrumental version of "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head". Newman rescored some of the film to include the song's composition. Jim Reardon suggested WALL-E find the film on video.[54] Coincidentally. Newman's uncle Lionel worked on Hello.I realized that that's a perfect metaphor for real life. But.

whereas WALL-E in his stewardship learns to truly appreciate God's creation.[61] and opened in 3. The various editions included Presto. it is the humans and not the robots who make themselves redundant. EVE uses the plant to tell humanity to return to Earth and move away from the "false god" of BnL and the lazy lifestyle it offers. However.[63] The movie crossed the $200 million mark in its sixth week with a total gross of more than $204 million on the first weekend in August 2008. a Pixar employee noted to Jim Reardon that EVE was reminiscent of the dove with the olive branch from the story of Noah's Ark. It only argues that technology is properly used to help humans cultivate their true nature – that it must be subordinate to human flourishing. The film was dedicated to Justin Wright (1981–2008).''WALL-E'' need to put effort into relationships. which he compared to modern corporations such as McDonald's creating brand loyalty in children. who is Christian. WALL-E was paired with a short film for its theatrical release: the attached film was Presto.164 domestically with a worldwide overall of $521. Hrag Vartanian compared WALL-E to Butades in a scene where the robot expresses his love for EVE by making a sculpture of her from spare parts. ranking number one at the box office. The humans' artificial lifestyle on the Axiom has separated them from nature.992 theaters in the United States and Canada on June 27. Dreher emphasized the false god parallels to BnL in a scene where a robot teaches infants "B is for Buy n Large. and have lost what makes them human". "It doesn't demonize technology." he said. 2008. a new short film BURN-E. shorts about the history of Buy n Large. It grossed $63 million in its first weekend. The myth reminds us that art was born out of longing and often means more for the creator than the muse.[9] named EVE after the Biblical character because WALL-E's loneliness reminded him of Adam.[64] In total. "WALL-E is not a Luddite film. dirt covered WALL-E with the sleek clean robots on the ship. the behind-the-scenes special features and a Digital Copy of the film that can be played through iTunes or . "The Ancient Greek tradition associates the birth of art with a Corinthian maiden who longing to preserve her lover’s shadow traces it on the wall before he departed for war. Dreher also noted this departure from classical Christian viewpoints. where Adam is cursed to labor. and the story was reworked with EVE finding a plant to return humanity from its voyage."[60] Reception Release Continuing a Pixar tradition. the film grossed $223.[57] Megan Basham of World magazine felt the film criticizes the pursuit of leisure. the Leslie Iwerks documentary film The Pixar Story.[58] Dreher noted EVE's biblical namesake and saw her directive as an inversion of that story. and help move that along.[9] The Axiom and EVE have been compared to Noah's Ark and the dove in that story. Dreher contrasted the hardworking.[40] Christian journalist Rod Dreher saw technology as the complicated villain of the film. a Pixar animator who had worked on Ratatouille and died of a heart attack before WALL-E's release. making them "slaves of both technology and their own base appetites. before God created his wife. your very best friend".311. In the same way Stanton and his Pixar team have told us a deeply personal story about their love of cinema and their vision for animation through the prism of all types of relationships. and during the end credits humans and robots are shown working alongside each other to renew the Earth. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on November 18.860.[6] The film premiered at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles on June 23.[62] It was the third-best opening weekend for a Pixar film. in that WALL-E argues hard work is what makes humans human. 2008.[59] WALL-E himself has been compared to Prometheus.[25] Sisyphus. making it the ninth highest grossing [2] film of 2008.808."[57] Stanton. 201 During writing.[57] and Butades: in an essay discussing WALL-E as representative of the artistic strive of Pixar itself.

034. and the Tokyo International Film Festival. and a groundbreaking remote control toy of him and EVE that had motion sensors that allowed them to interact with players. soul. with an average rating of 8. the Miami Science Museum. as Cars items were still popular. Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal. based upon a sample of 200 reviews. eyebrows. which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics. noting the film succeeded in "connect[ing] with a huge audience" despite the main characters' lack of speech and "emotional signifiers like a mouth. receiving praise from critics and public alike.''WALL-E'' Windows Media and compatible devices. saying the color palette was "bright and cheerful [..[72] Rotten Tomatoes reported that 96% of critics gave the film positive reviews. the Seattle Center.[76] Other critics who named WALL-E as their favorite film of 2008 included Tom Charity of CNN. For this reason.[65] It sold 9. A.[66] Walt Disney Imagineering (WDI) built animatronic WALL-Es to promote the picture.[77] Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune. O.] and a little bit realistic"."[80] Roger Ebert writing in the Chicago Sun-Times found WALL-E "an enthralling animated film. and that Pixar managed to generate a .[73] At Metacritic. the 700 lb robots were always strictly controlled and WDI always needed to know exactly what they were required to interact with. the film has received an average score of 94. which was a successful line despite the film's failure at the box office. He praised the animation. which created the WALL-E toys. Ty Burr and Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe. Scott of The New York Times. and noted it would appeal to adults and children.[70] 202 Reviews WALL-E was met with near universal acclaim.[78] Todd McCarthy of Variety called the film "Pixar's ninth consecutive wonder". based on their annual survey of 100 film critics. and many manufacturers were more interested in Speed Racer. saying it was imaginative yet straightforward.479. and Anthony Lane of The New Yorker.[74] while Movie City News shows that WALL-E appeared in 162 different top ten lists. Ebert said the scarcity of dialogue would allow it to "cross language barriers" in a manner appropriate to the global theme. He praised Burtt's sound design.[79] Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter declared that WALL-E surpassed the achievements of Pixar's previous eight features and probably their most original film to date. which made appearances at Disneyland Resort. leading The Patriot-News to deem it an item for "hard-core fans and collectors only".. He said it had the "heart. Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly. the most mentions on a top ten list of any film released in 2008. Thinkway.[69] Very small quantities of merchandise were sold for WALL-E.[68] at a retail price of almost $200. based on 39 reviews. Christopher Orr of The New Republic. spirit and romance" of the best silent films.4/10.[71] The "Ultimate WALL-E" figures were not in stores until the film's home release in November 2008.[68] Due to safety concerns.425 DVD units ($142. It "evoke[d] the splendor of the movie past" and he also compared WALL-E and EVE's relationship to the chemistry of Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn. this is it. a visual wonderment.[67] the Franklin Institute.[72] indieWire named WALL-E the 3rd best film of the year.[75] Richard Corliss of Time named WALL-E as his favorite film of 2008.[70] There were even soft toys. Those who wanted to take a photograph with the character had to make do with a cardboard cutout. shoulders [and] elbows". and a decent science-fiction story". a toy that could be taken apart and reassembled.[68] Among Thinkway's items were a WALL-E that danced when connected to a music player. and that the main difference between the film and other science fiction projects rooted in an apocalypse was its optimism. He said it pushed the boundaries of animation by balancing esoteric ideas with more immediately accessible ones.283) in total becoming the best-selling animated DVD among those released in 2008 both in terms of units sold and sales revenue and the 3rd best-selling among all 2008 DVDs. out of 286 different critics lists surveyed. saying "If there is such a thing as an aural sleight of hand. they generally refused to have their puppets meet and greet children at the theme parks in case a WALL-E trod on a child's foot. had previously made Toy Story dolls when other toy producers had not shown an interest. Honeycutt said the film's definitive stroke of brilliance was in using a mix of archive film footage and computer graphics to trigger WALL-E's romantic leanings.

adding.[87] Child reviews sent into CBBC were mixed."[14] .[93] Walt Disney Pictures also pushed for an Academy Award for Best Picture nomination.[84] The interpretation led to criticism of the film by conservative commentators such as Fox News' Glenn Beck. and contributors to National Review Online including Shannen W. saying it would trigger stimulating "little thoughts for the younger viewers. wrote that by depicting future humans as "a flabby mass of peabrained idiots who are literally too fat to walk".[94] but it was not nominated. provoking controversy as to whether the Academy deliberately restricted WALL-E to the Best Animated Feature category. brilliant stuff. A reflective Stanton stated he was not disappointed the film was restricted to the Best Animated Film nomination because he was overwhelmed by the film's positive reception.[90] Patrick J. He said WALL-E was concerned with ideas rather than spectacle. The scenes on what was left of planet Earth are just so beautiful: one of the great silent movies. And the most stunning artwork! It says more about ecology and society than any live action film – all the people on their loungers floating around. News & World Report questioned whether this depiction of "frighteningly obese humans" would resonate with children and make them prefer to "play outside rather than in front of the computer. high-wattage enthusiasm". Ford argued the only evils depicted were those that resulted from "losing touch with our own humanity" and that fundamental conservative representations such as the farm. Sound Editing. and this lack of variety led to Earth's downfall.[95] Peter Travers commented that "If there was ever a time where an animated feature deserved to be nominated for best picture it's Wall-E. and eventually "The line [between live-action and animation] is just getting so blurry that I think with each proceeding year.[79] Kyle Smith of the New York Post. ecologically-minded agenda.[73] though McCarthy said it did so with a lightness of touch that granted the viewer the ability to accept or ignore the message."[96] Only three animated films. these commentators are doing their readers a great disservice. He compared the humans to the patrons of Disney's Parks and Resorts."[91] Director Terry Gilliam praised the film as "'A stunning bit of work. He concluded.[88] Other labels include "unimaginative". and Sound Mixing at the 81st Academy Awards. but of too close a tie between big business and big government: "The government unilaterally provided its citizens with everything they needed. the family unit. "surprisingly trite". Their social comment was so smart and right on the button.[89] "preachy"[86] and "too long". have ever been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Best Original Score."[81] He named it as one of his twenty favorite films of 2008 and argued it was "the best science-fiction movie in years". comparing his "rusty and hard-working and plucky" design favorably to more obvious attempts at creating "lovable" lead characters." Responding to Coffin's claim that the film points out the "evils of mankind". in particular "the second and third acts spiraled into the expected"." [92] 203 Awards WALL-E won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and was nominated for Best Original Screenplay. it's going to be tougher and tougher to say what's an animated movie and what's not an animated movie.''WALL-E'' "curious" regard for the WALL-E.[85] A few notable critics have argued that the film is vastly overrated.[87] and that there were "chasms of boredom watching it". "By steering conservative families away from WALL-E.[82] The film was interpreted as tackling a topical. some citing boredom and an inadequate storyline. Ford of The American Conservative said WALL-E's conservative critics missed lessons in the film that he felt appealed to traditional conservatism.S.[86] claiming it failed to "live up to such blinding. WALL-E was darker and more cynical than any major Disney feature film he could recall. Best Original Song. Coffin and Jonah Goldberg (although he admitted it was a "fascinating" and occasionally "brilliant" production). to avoid a similar fate". 2009's Up and 2010's Toy Story 3. He argued that the mass consumerism in the film was not shown to be a product of big business. 1991's Beauty and the Beast and Pixar's next two films."[83] Maura Judkis of U. "I'm also not sure I've ever seen a major corporation spend so much money to issue an insult to its customers. and "wholesome" entertainment were in the end held aloft by the human characters.

com/ 2008/ 12/ andrew-stanton-wall-e-q. from the Boston Society of Film Critics (tied with Slumdog Millionaire). Total Film: pp. Club. [13] Hauser. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2008-06-24-wall-e-main_N. org/ hugo-history/ 2009-hugo-awards/ ). . pdf). go. Richard (2009-12-29). html?_r=1). . "'WALL-E' focuses on its hero's heart" (http:/ / www. [14] Sarah Ball (2009-01-23).[109] It won all three awards it was nominated for by the Visual Effects Society: Best Animation. html?id=398f8b3e-09c9-45e1-b705-c0ba4691bc47). "Andrew Stanton" (http:/ / www. Disney. TIME ranks WALL-E #1 in "Best Movies of the Decade". The Hugo Awards.[98] the Central Ohio Film Critics awards. com/ blogs/ popvox/ archive/ 2009/ 01/ 23/ breaking-out-of-the-box-wall-e-director-andrew-stanton-on-the-oscars-the-blurring-of-the-line-between-animation-and-film-and-writing-strong-female-characters.[101] It was named as one of 2008's ten best films by the American Film Institute and the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. php?ltype=pageone& article_no=3601& page=1). [12] James White (April 2008). which is voted for by the public.[106] but was beaten out by Kung Fu Panda in every category. [10] Jamie Portman (2008-06-25). TV. . . "Stanton Powers Up WALL•E" (http:/ / mag. com/ wall-e_script.[100] and most notably the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. Retrieved 2008-07-21. boxofficemojo. awn. The New York Times. html).com.1949837_1949237.[99] the Online Film Critics Society. [5] "WALL-E screenplay" (http:/ / disneystudiosawards. Creative Screenwriting. Stanton.V.00. Retrieved 2010-04-22. [3] "2009 Hugo Awards" (http:/ / www. della Cava (2008-06-24). where it became the first animated feature to win the prestigious award. pdf). Direction. aspx). Retrieved 2009-01-12. com/ 2008/ 06/ 01/ business/ media/ 01pixar. "How We Made WALL-E".[112] [113] It won Best Animated Film and was nominated for Best Director at the Saturn Awards. Animated Effects. 11. . "WALL-E (2008) .[4] References [1] Brooks Barnes (2008-06-01).[104] [105] It was nominated for several awards at the 2009 Annie Awards.Best Movies. [8] Tasha Robinson (2008-06-26). blogspot.28804. [6] "Production notes" (http:/ / adisney. avclub.[116] WALL-E was listed at #63 on Empire's online poll of the 100 greatest movie characters. com/ vancouversun/ news/ arts/ story. Tear Down This Wall! Andrew Stanton on How Animated Films are Pigeonholed . Oscar. or the equivalent of it. canada.[107] It won Best Animated Feature at the 62nd British Academy Film Awards. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-02-19.[108] Thomas Newman and Peter Gabriel won two Grammy Awards for "Down to Earth" and "Define Dancing". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2010-04-22.[117] In early 2010.[110] It became the first animated film to win Best Editing for a Comedy or Musical from the American Cinema Editors. thehugoawards. . particularly in the Best Picture category. com/ disneyvideos/ animatedfilms/ wall-e/ media/ downloads/ WALLEProductionNotes. . 113–116. . and was also nominated there for Best Music and Sound. . . [4] Corliss. html) (Quicktime audio). Newsweek. "WALL-E world" (http:/ / www. Books and Theater of the Decade" (http:/ / www. It has won the award.[111] In 2009. usatoday. com/ content/ interview/ andrew_stanton). it won Best Family Film. Walt Disney Pictures. [15] Marco R.[102] [103] 204 It won Best Animated Feature Film at the 66th Golden Globe Awards. . . newsweek. . beating The Dark Knight and the Stargate Atlantis episode "The Shrine". p. . Retrieved 2009-10-05. Retrieved 2008-11-23. [2] "WALL-E (2008)" (http:/ / www. "Disney and Pixar: The Power of the Prenup" (http:/ / www. "The last robot left has to put out the trash" (http:/ / www. [11] "Andrew Stanton: Wall-E Q&A" (http:/ / creativescreenwritingmagazine. Production design. com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 81st Academy Awards and the Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2008. movies. nytimes. USA Today. com/ articles/ 14127). Retrieved 2008-07-19. com/ index. Reardon and Docter won Nebula Award. World. Retrieved 2009-01-06. Best Character Animation (for WALL-E and EVE in the truck) and Best Effects in the Animated Motion Picture categories. [9] Megan Basham (2008-06-28). worldmag. Retrieved 2009-01-26. conducted in 2008.[114] At the British National Movie Awards.[115] It was also voted Best Feature Film at the British Academy Children's Awards. TIME. The A. 2008-12-16.[97] the Chicago Film Critics Association. [7] Bill Desowitz (2008-04-07). Retrieved 2009-01-04. Storyboarding and Voice acting (for Ben Burtt). com/ movies/ ?id=wall-e. Animation World Network.and How Wall-E is Every Man" (http:/ / blog. go.''WALL-E'' WALL-E made a healthy appearance at the various 2008 end-of-the-year awards circles. "Mr. including Best Feature Film. htm). where animated films are often overlooked. Character Animation. time. Retrieved 2008-11-03. htm).

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[78] "Metacritic: 2008 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http:/ / www. "When it comes to the retail world. [80] Kirk Honeycutt (2006-06-25). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-02-23.00. Variety. . [60] Hrag Vartanian (2008-10-21). Retrieved 2008-12-19. com/ movies/ interviews/ andrewstanton. . 2008.1855948_1863826_1863827. slashfilm. 83. . Retrieved 2009-02-07. Speed Racer whomps WALL-E" (http:/ / jimhillmedia. Entertainment Weekly. html). Schleiter (2008-06-22). com/ film/ titles/ walle). [67] Peter Sciretta (2008-05-14). . /Film. . "WALL-E" (http:/ / web. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display. Walt Disney Home Entertainment [56] Jonathan L'Ecuyer (2009-02-23). . Retrieved 2008-11-26. [64] McClintock. htm). 2008. [62] "WALL-E (2008) . "“Wall-E” as a Return to the Promise of Animation" (http:/ / hragvartanian. Retrieved 2009-01-22. [59] Hauser. metacritic. christianitytoday. com/ awards/ 2009/ top_ten/ 00scoreboard. Retrieved 2009-02-19. . Metacritic. The Patriot-News. Time. Reuters. com/ movies/ interviews/ andrewstanton. . Beliefnet. "Off-the-wall gimmicks keep Wall-E in view" (http:/ / www. slashfilm. Retrieved 2008-09-17. Variety. html). boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo. . variety. 2008/ ). . [61] "Disney-Pixar's WALL-E World Premiere Saturday. boxofficemojo. "Indiewire polls 100 critics" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2009-01-13. "WALL-E Review" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2009-01-20. /Film. asp?layout=print_story& articleid=VR1117989981& categoryid=13). "Animatronic WALL-E Spotted in LA" (http:/ / www. com/ 2008/ 05/ 24/ cool-stuff-thinkways-wall-e-toys/ ). [55] Andrew Stanton's Blu-ray and DVD audio commentary. Retrieved 2008-11-04. [76] "Top 10 Movies" (http:/ / www. [70] Kira L. com/ entertainment/ patriotnews/ index. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display. aspx). His blog. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2008-12-09. cnn. . Retrieved 2009-03-03. "Why For: isn't WALL•E rolling around the Disney theme parks yet?" (http:/ / jimhillmedia. 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Jim Hill Media. hollywoodreporter. com/ blogs/ jim_hilll/ archive/ 2009/ 02/ 06/ test. aintitcool. June 21 at the Greek Theatre" (http:/ / www. html).''WALL-E'' [51] "ScoreKeeper Chats With Composer Thomas Newman!!" (http:/ / www. [73] "WALL-E Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. [53] "Best Animated Feature Film Acceptance Speech" (http:/ / oscar. "WALL-E Meets Dolly!" (http:/ / www. Ain't It Cool News. . [71] Peter Sciretta (2008-05-24).Best Animated Feature Film Nominee). Gloucester Daily Times. [52] Daniel Schweiger (2009-01-19).com. Retrieved 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2010-12-07. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=wall-e. jsp?JSESSIONID=stXDLjWG25pv31dwl2yynPgffjhWyvSk96w52TwNp9jZphdLSkRG!-209288430& & rid=11329) on 2008-06-30.20211943. Box Office Mojo. [72] "WALL-E: Reviews" (http:/ / www. . reuters. metacritic. CNN. com/ feature. the-numbers. . [65] Peter Sciretta (2008-10-31). awardsdaily.

[98] Chicago Film Critics Association (2008-12-18). Retrieved 2008-12-09. goldenglobes. grammy. Boston Critics Name WALL-E and SlumDog Best Picture" (http:/ / www. . "Will 'WALL-E' Make Us Greener?" (http:/ / www. "NBR names 'Slumdog' best of year" (http:/ / www.S. 2009-01-22. Dade (2008-12-14). com/ blog/ 2008/ 06/ 30/ wall-es-conservative-critics/ ). [85] Ali Frick (2008-07-01). Empire Online. Retrieved 2009-01-13. . bbc. usnews. org/ nominations/ index. Retrieved 2009-01-13. html).' 'Button'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-10-06. McLean (2009-02-22). . "AFI’s Top 10 Movies of 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15. Animation Magazine. [107] Pete DeBruge (2009-01-30). /film. com/ film/ features/ show-feature/ 8837/ [93] "Oscars 2009: The nominees" (http:/ / news. . [83] Kyle Smith (2008-06-26). html?_r=1& oref=slogin). and there were a lot of them" (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ article/ VR1117997085. . [91] Patrick J. U. html). Annie Awards. "Critics Choice favors 'Milk. Retrieved 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2008-06-30. . [95] Bandyk. org/ 2008/ 07/ 01/ right-wing-hates-wall-e/ ). stm). Think Progress. [103] "AFI Awards 2008" (http:/ / www. 2009-01-22. bbc. . . ft. . com/ blogs/ risky-business/ 2009/ 01/ 22/ academy-awards-controversy-wall-e-gets-snubbed-for-best-picture-oscar. chicagofilmcritics. . kylesmithonline. "Right-Wing Apoplectic Over Pixar’s WALL-E: 'Malthusian Fear Mongering. "The best films of 2008.A. Brooks Barnes (2008-10-27). . Matthew (2009-01-22). Retrieved 2009-02-09. uk/ cbbcnews/ hi/ newsid_7500000/ newsid_7504500/ 7504559.org. abc. News & World Report.net. html?categoryid=13& ref=ra& cs=1).com. Ft. Grammy. timeout. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ apps/ pbcs. Variety.. . com/ apps/ pbcs. Retrieved 2008-12-18. amconmag. "Studios Are Pushing Box Office Winners as Oscar Contenders" (http:/ / www. variety. php?option=com_content& view=article& id=61:wall-e-cleans-up-chicago-film-critics-awards& catid=3:newsflash& Itemid=65). [88] Matthew Odam (2008-07-25). usnews. .. . html?categoryId=13& cs=1). com/ news/ story. Retrieved 2008-12-02. Center for American Progress. Variety. Retrieved 2009-01-22. . com/ grammy_awards/ 51st_show/ list. Chicago Sun-Times. "Is ‘Wall-E’ overrated?" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-07-01. [87] "/ UK . [102] Hayes. afi. com/ awardcentral_article/ VR1117996815. Variety. Variety. 2008-07-17. Austin American-Statesman blogs. html?nclick_check=1). net/ article/ 9623). org/ index. [89] "WALL-E : Film Review : By Tony Macklin at" (http:/ / tonymacklin. . BBC News Online. variety. critics wired for 'WALL-E'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-07-02.com. . com/ blogs/ fresh-greens/ 2008/ 6/ 30/ will-wall-e-make-us-greener. WALL•E Dominate VES Awards" (http:/ / www. "'WALL-E' picks up top honors". Wall-E (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-02-23. net/ content. . [97] Peter Sciretta (2008-12-14). variety. Retrieved 2010-04-22. . net. suntimes. org/ foryourconsideration. html). [108] Emily Phillips (2009-02-08). animationmagazine. annieawards. News & World Report. aspx). htm?section=entertainment). [96] Academy accused of snubbing Dark Knight. Retrieved 2009-01-22. . "Button. aspx). html). The American Conservative (Ron Unz). html). "Slumdog Bags The BAFTAs" (http:/ / www. ABC News. "WALL-E Cleans Up Chicago Film Critics Awards" (http:/ / www. empireonline. [110] Thomas J. forward. . com/ ?p=1319). Goldenglobes. .' 'Fascistic Elements'" (http:/ / thinkprogress. [90] "Film review: WALL-E" (http:/ / news. [106] "2008 Annie Award Nominations by Category" (http:/ / www. php?cID=183). dll/ article?AID=/ 20080626/ REVIEWS/ 963071290). "WALL-E review" (http:/ / rogerebert. The Columbus Dispatch. nytimes. [105] Dade Hayes (2008-12-09). Retrieved 2009-01-22. austin360. [86] Daniel Treiman (2008-07-10). com/ article/ VR1117999390. Ford (2008-06-30). Academy Awards Controversy: Wall-E Gets Snubbed For Best Picture Oscar (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20081205/ COMMENTARY/ 812059997/ 1023). CBBC. com/ 2008/ 10/ 28/ movies/ 28stud. Retrieved 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2008-12-09. [99] Frank Gabrenya (2009-01-10). 2009-01-20. BBC News Online. [94] Michael Cieply. "Disney's "Wall-E": A $170 Million Art Film" (http:/ / kylesmithonline. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 7842438. Retrieved 2009-01-20.S.Everyday tale of droid meets probe" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117997072. variety. [82] Roger Ebert (2008-12-05). . Retrieved 2008-07-02. [100] "Online film critics back Wall-E" (http:/ / news. 2008-10-01. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 2008-07-10. bbc. com/ tvevents/ afiawards08/ default. html?nav=news& categoryid=1983& cs=1). com/ blogs/ content/ shared-gen/ blogs/ austin/ mo/ entries/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ is_walle_overrated. Retrieved 2009-01-12.''WALL-E'' [81] Roger Ebert (2008-06-26).com. "WALL-E’s Conservative Critics" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 207 . html). U. com/ cms/ s/ 0/ 31d5fa26-539b-11dd-8dd2-000077b07658. [92] http:/ / www. The Forward. com/ 2008/ 12/ 14/ afis-top-10-movies-of-2008-boston-critics-name-wall-e-and-slumdog-best-picture/ ). co. [84] Maura Judkis (2008-06-30). The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-06. asp?NID=24160). co. "L. . . suntimes. stm). "Thumbs Up for 'Wall-E'? Ed Kooch Dissents" (http:/ / www. [104] "HFPA – Nominations and Winners" (http:/ / www. co. slashfilm. Retrieved 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-01-31. . [101] Justin Chang (2008-12-09). com/ articles/ 13740/ ). au/ news/ stories/ 2009/ 01/ 23/ 2473002. Tonymacklin. . uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 7839300. . [109] "51st Grammy Awards" (http:/ / www. stm). "'Kung Fu Panda' rules Annie Awards" (http:/ / www.

org.593. org/ web/ 20080822174013/ http:/ / www. .com/work/379342) at Allmovie WALL-E (http://www. Steven H (2009-04-26). php/ guest_blogs/ 2009_nebula_award_ballot/ ). Retrieved 2009-04-27. [116] Post your opinion. empireonline.htm) at Box Office Mojo WALL-E (http://www.com/bnl.com/movies/?id=wall-e.boxofficemojo.cgi?film=92024/) at the Big Cartoon DataBase WALL-E (http://www. . .bcdb. Retrieved 2009-01-12. . org/ newace/ eddieNominees. [113] Silver. html). nationalmovieawards.com/m/wall_e/) at Rotten Tomatoes WALL-E (http://www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. SF Site News (SF Site). com/ default. Retrieved 2009-01-12.com/bcdb/cartoon.com/title/tt0910970/) at the Internet Movie Database WALL-E (http://www. html). . Bafta. bafta.Awards . org/ awards/ childrens/ nominations-childrens-awards-in-2008. 208 Further reading • Hauser. com/ index. saturnawards. Retrieved 2009-03-03.com/film/titles/walle) at Metacritic BnL Official Corporate Website (http://www. archive. Retrieved 2009-01-08.buynlarge. 2008.The BAFTA site" (http:/ / www.metacritic.go. asp?c=63). 160. com/ news/ 2009/ 04/ 26/ nebula-winners/ ). American Cinema Editors. Retrieved 2009-03-17. org/ nominations.''WALL-E'' [111] "59th Annual ACE Eddie Awards" (http:/ / www. Chronicle Books. . External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://adisney. Academy of Science Fiction. "Nebula Winners" (http:/ / www. [117] "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters" (http:/ / www. com/ default.com/disneyvideos/animatedfilms/wall-e/) WALL-E (http://www. ISBN 978-0-8118-6235-6. Nebula Award. com/ 100-greatest-movie-characters/ default.allmovie. [115] "National Movie Awards" (http:/ / web. [112] "2008 Nebula Award Ballot" (http:/ / www. [114] "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. Empire Online. html). nationalmovieawards. ace-filmeditors. sfsite.BA.Children's . Fantasy & Horror Films. The Art of WALL-E. nebulaawards. aspx?page=home) on August 22. Tim (2008).imdb. . "Children's Awards Winners . p. aspx?page=home).rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2009-02-16.swf) .

Macy Kevin Kline Tracey Ullman Ciaran Hinds Tony Hale Frances Conroy Frank Langella Richard Jenkins William Ross Based on Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Brad Blackbourn Editing by Studio Mark Solomon Relativity Media Larger Than Life Productions Framestore Feature Animation Universal Animation Studios Universal Pictures December 19. 2008 93 minutes Distributed by Release date(s) Running time .''The Tale of Despereaux (film)'' 209 The Tale of Despereaux (film) The Tale of Despereaux Movie Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Rob Stevenhagen Sam Fell Gary Ross Allison Thomas Gary Ross Will McRobb Chris Viscardi Rob Stevenhagen The Tale of Despereaux by Kate DiCamillo Sigourney Weaver Matthew Broderick Emma Watson Dustin Hoffman Robbie Coltrane Christopher Lloyd William H.

Despereaux realizes that the princess is in danger. he decides to kidnap the princess. the Mouse Council banishes him to the dungeons. Roscuro is being chased about the castle. falls headfirst in her soup bowl and eventually drowns with no one noticing. to whom he has given her. The battle over. the film was sent by Universal Pictures as a contender for the possibility of being nominated for the Oscar for Best Animated Feature. though it did not get the nomination. Back in the rat colony.947. but she is terrified of him and he is chased out. Mig is rescued by the jailer. Despereaux Tilling (Matthew Broderick) is born. which touches the rat. the brutal leader of the rat world. The mice no longer live in fear and Despereaux. Loosely based on the 2003 fantasy book of the same name by Kate DiCamillo. Roscuro sees the apologetic sincerity in Pea's eyes and regrets his actions. He enlists the help of a servant girl. from clambering over her.''The Tale of Despereaux (film)'' Country Language Budget Gross revenue United Kingdom United States English $60 million [1] [1] 210 $86. he finds the castle banquet room and accidentally falls into the Queen's soup after she takes the first sip. and locks in a cell. Upon finding out that Despereaux has broken the law by speaking with a human. Roscuro approaches the princess to apologize. and the princess and the king decide to soothe their grief by relying on each other for support. meets Botticelli (Ciaran Hinds). The chase finally ends when Roscuro falls into a vent and plunges into the dungeons. remains close friends with the princess even as he departs for his next adventure. is aboard with a human companion. Meanwhile. A few years later. Roscuro causes Botticelli to run into the cat's cage for a fatal end. but is unable to stop the rats. Despereaux tells Roscuro of the princess's gloom. Roscuro is mesmerized by the aroma of soup being prepared in the castle's kitchens and he escapes Pietro to find the source. Pietro. and goes back to her farm with him. Miggery Sow (Tracey Ullman). This was a Dark Ages and the town falls into eternal darkness and famine. Hurt.448 The Tale of Despereaux is a 2008 computer-animated film directed by Sam Fell and Robert Stevenhagen. whom he later double crosses. the movie is narrated by Sigourney Weaver and stars Matthew Broderick and Emma Watson. Roscuro meanwhile. 2008 by Universal Pictures. known for its 'Royal Soup Day. The Queen then has a heart attack. from where he is saved by Roscuro from being eaten by the other rats. reunited with his family. Roscuro is reunited with Pietro. letting loose a cat. an adventurous mouse. Released on December 19. . In doing so.' Roscuro (Dustin Hoffman). Here Despereaux comes to the rescue. Meanwhile. The king in his grief orders soup to be forbidden and rats banished. Plot A ship sails into the kingdom of Dor. a rat. who is revealed to be her father. and becomes friends with the lonely Princess Pea (Emma Watson). Pea and Roscuro exchange apologies.

before the film was approved for funding by Universal Pictures. • Tracey Ullman as Miggery "Mig" Sow.''The Tale of Despereaux (film)'' 211 Cast • Matthew Broderick as Despereaux Tilling. a human princess who befriends Despereaux. • Kevin Kline as Andre • William H.35:1 widescreen format.[2] which was being developed simultaneously on another floor of the same studio. who.[2] Music The score to The Tale of Despereaux was composed by William Ross.[4] Home video release The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on April 7. who recorded his score with the Hollywood Studio Symphony at the Sony Scoring Stage. 2009.531. a brave but nonconforming mouse who does not run from danger as a mouse should. Princess Pea's servant girl. The film brought in a revenue of $25. Sylvain Chomet was employed by Gary Ross and Allison Thomas as director early on. the first drafts of the screenplay written by Will McRobb and Chris Viscardi and the addition of the original character of Boldo the soup spirit) taking place at his studio Django Films in Edinburgh.805 in the US DVD sales market. The Blu-ray release also includes a standard-definition DVD of the film in addition to the Blu-ray Disc. • Emma Watson as Princess Pea. She feels discontented with her role as a slave.[5] . between the French. and is currently working for Botticelli. British and North American staff involved. Macy as Lester • Stanley Tucci as Boldo • Ciaran Hinds as Botticelli. had not read the original novel and directed the film. and was eventually fired from the project and thrown out of the studio space allocated to Despereaux. or accusations thereof.[3] Mike Johnson was also hired as director before the role eventually went to Sam Fell and Robert Stevenhagen. via speakerphone and e-mail. Chomet came up against creative and ethical differences with the producers and was found to be using budget intended for Despereaux to fund his own traditional animation film The Illusionist. • Dustin Hoffman as Roscuro. Its production was marred by disagreements and malpractice. and wants to become a princess herself. reportedly. • Robbie Coltrane as Gregory • Tony Hale as Furlough • Frances Conroy as Antoinette • Frank Langella as Mayor • Richard Jenkins as Principal • Christopher Lloyd as Hovis • Sigourney Weaver as The Narrator • Patricia Cullen as Queen • Sam Fell as Ned/Smudge • Bronson Pinchot as Town Crier • Charles Shaughnessy as Pietro Production This was Universal's first animated film to be filmed in a 2. with pre-production (including character design. made at Framestore in London. a rat who once lived at sea. the leader of the rat world.

metacritic. 2008" (http:/ / www. Amid (2008-06-27). dll/ article?AID=/ 20081217/ REVIEWS/ 812179983). the film grossed an additional $37 million overseas for a total of $87 million. . scoringsessions. Retrieved 2008-12-21.000 in 3. Tuesday and Wednesday. but he also wrote "I am not quite so thrilled by the story."[8] Christy Lemire of the Associated Press was more critical. com/ apps/ pbcs.[6] Another review aggregator. htm) at Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-12-21. msnbc. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times awarded three stars and wrote in his review that "The Tale of Despereaux is one of the most beautifully drawn animated films I've seen. Retrieved 2008-12-21. Retrieved 2008-12-21.. [2] Amidi. com/ news/ 166). [8] "The Tale of Despereaux :: rogerebert. Retrieved 2010-10-26.". 2008-12-17. the-numbers. "Name game: A tale of acknowledgment for Despereaux" (http:/ / www.com/work/361318) at Allmovie • The Tale of Despereaux (http://www. nytimes. com/ id/ 28285852/ ns/ entertainment-movies).allmovie.. Retrieved 2008-12-15. [3] Cieply. The film closed in March 2009 after grossing $50 million domestically. Michael. [9] "‘Despereaux’ feels like a ‘Ratatouille’ rip-off" (http:/ / www. .Box Office Data. [10] "Weekend Box Office Results for December 19–21. Luckily. com/ cgi/ the-tale-of-despereaux-trailer. making it a modest success.[10] On Monday.[7] Many critics praised the film for its excellent animation and the charming title character. rottentomatoes. . com/ movies/ ?id=despereaux. "William Ross scores The Tale of Despereaux" (http:/ / www."[9] The film opened at the third position behind Seven Pounds and Yes Man with $10. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ 2008/ 09/ 27/ movies/ 27movi. Ratings.com) • The Tale of Despereaux (http://www.boxofficemojo. [5] The Tale of Despereaux . [4] Dan Goldwasser (2008-12-15). com/ film/ titles/ taleofdespereaux2008). Charles Solomon (2008-09-27). com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=51& p=. preachy and heavy-handed. Retrieved 2010-04-17. The New York Times: pp. Rotten Tomatoes. [6] "The Tale of Despereaux Movie Reviews. Retrieved 2009-04-06. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ 2008/ TDSPR. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 55% of critics gave positive reviews based on 87 reviews. the film was in second. html?_r=1& ei=5070& emc=eta1).. suntimes. . ScoringSessions.507. . Cartoon Brew. External links • Official website (http://http://www. but complained that it had an unoriginal and scrambled story. .htm) at Box Office Mojo . Pictures" (http:/ / www.''The Tale of Despereaux (film)'' 212 Reception The film received mixed reviews from critics. htm). Box Office Mojo.com :: Reviews" (http:/ / rogerebert. Metacritic. which was lower than its' $60 million budget. Metacritic. The Numbers. Retrieved 2009-04-06. .com/title/tt0420238/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Tale of Despereaux (http://www. Credits" (http:/ / www.com. Movie News. B7. gave the film a 53/100 approval rating based on 23 reviews. msn. .385 average. "The Tale of Despereaux Trailer" (http:/ / www. [7] "The Tale of Despereaux Reviews. php).104 theaters with an $3.thetaleofdespereauxmovie. 2008-12-17.imdb. com/ m/ tale_of_despereaux).com/movies/?id=taleofdespereaux. References [1] The Tale of Despereaux (http:/ / www. cartoonbrew. Retrieved on 2009-01-27. writing that the film "feels obvious. html).. Cast Information (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.

Aarons (book) Sigourney Weaver Henry Czerny Ryan Kelley Christopher Ward Victor Du Bois United States English [3] [3] [3] Written by Starring Music by Editing by Country Language Original channel Lifetime Television Release date Running time January 24. and the producers were nominated for the 2010 Producers Guild of America Award. Sigourney Weaver was also nominated for the 2010 Golden Globe Award. The film stars Ryan Kelley as Bobby Griffith and Sigourney Weaver as his mother. It is based on the book. 2009.Sigourney Weaver).''Prayers for Bobby'' 213 Prayers for Bobby Prayers for Bobby Film poster Directed by Produced by Russell Mulcahy [1] Stanley M. a young gay man who killed himself due to his mother's and community's religious intolerance. 2009 89 minutes Prayers for Bobby is a 2009 television film that premiered on the Lifetime network on January 24. The film was nominated for two Primetime Emmy Awards (Outstanding Made for Television Movie. The film won the 2010 GLAAD Award. which is itself based on the true story of the life and legacy of Bobby Griffith. The film won the Audience Favorite Award at the Seattle Gay and Lesbian Film Festival. Mary. as well as the 2010 Screen Actors Guild Award. In the same category. Prayers for Bobby: A Mother's Coming to Terms with the Suicide of Her Gay Son. by Leroy F. Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie . . Aarons. Brooks (Executive [2] Producer) [2] David Permut (Executive Producer) [2] Daniel Sladek (Executive Producer) [2] Chris Taaffe (Executive Producer) [3] Damian Ganczewski (Producer) Katie Ford (teleplay) Leroy F.

who convinces her to attend a meeting of Parents. David. Bobby's subsequent depression and self-loathing intensifies as he blames himself for not being the "perfect" son. Mary begins to question herself and her church's interpretation of the Scripture. Finally. She becomes an advocate for gay rights and eventually gives a speech in a town council meeting in support of a local "gay day". Bobby moves away with his cousin. Brooks. She takes him to a psychiatrist and persuades Bobby to pray harder and seek solace in church activities in hopes of changing him. finally coming to terms with her son's death and vowing to work hard for the rights of gays and lesbians. Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG). She walks over and hugs him. hoping that some day. However.[1] Cast • • • • • • • • • • Sigourney Weaver as Mary Griffith Henry Czerny as Robert Griffith Ryan Kelley as Bobby Griffith Austin Nichols as Ed Griffith Dan Butler as the Rev. Mary slowly reaches out to the gay community and discovers unexpected support from a very unlikely source. and that his true value was in his heart. She becomes acquainted with a local gay reverend. his mother will accept him. he lets himself fall off a freeway bridge into the path of an oncoming eighteen-wheeler truck. Mary makes it clear that she still does not want her son to continue as he is. Whitsell Carly Schroeder as Joy Griffith Shannon Eagen as Nancy Griffith Scott Bailey as David Bryan Endress-Fox as Greg Rebecca Louise Miller as Jeanette . during which she sees another young man just like Bobby observing the parade. Ltd in association with Permut Presentations and Sladek Taaffe Productions. Faced with their tragedy. He finds a boyfriend. David Permut and Stanley M. He moves to Oregon. Through her long and emotional journey. and are devastated. Bobby does what is asked of him. Chris Taaffe. and that God did not heal him because there was nothing wrong with him. but Mary believes that God can "cure" him. life changes for the entire family after Mary learns about his secret. the church's disapproval of homosexuality and his mother's attempts to suppress his growing behaviors in public causes him to grow increasingly withdrawn and depressed. or support homophobia because "a child is listening". and one night. at a gay bar.[4] 214 Plot Mary Griffith is a devout Christian who raises her children with the conservative teachings of the Presbyterian Church. She urges people to think before they say. but through it all. when her son Bobby confides to his older brother that he may be gay.''Prayers for Bobby'' Prayers for Bobby is produced by Once Upon A Times Films. killing him instantly. voice. It is there that she realizes that she knew Bobby was different from conception. Executive Producers are Daniel Sladek. However. Desperate for his mother's approval. giving up on his hopes of defeating homosexuality. The measure is rejected. The family receives the horrible news the following day. but she and her family travel to San Francisco with fellow PFLAG members and walk in a gay pride parade. Stricken with guilt. Bobby's father and siblings slowly come to terms with his homosexuality.

Los Angeles Times. the executive director and chief executive officer of the Trevor Project. . com/ entertainment/ news/ la-et-prayers-for-bobby24-2009jan24.''Prayers for Bobby'' 215 Soundtrack The final scene of the film features the song "Here I Am. Daniel Sladek." by Leona Lewis. "'Prayers for Bobby' profiles the making of a gay activist" (http:/ / www. Brooks. In addition. com/ on-tv/ movies/ prayers-bobby). glaad.8 million total viewers during the film's January 24."[6] Prayers for Bobby was nominated for two Emmy Awards for the 61st Primetime Emmy Awards: • Outstanding Made for Television Movie . . php). org/ mediaawards/ 21/ nominees). In 2010. The film won the Audience Favorite Award at the Seattle Gay and Lesbian Film Festival. In the same category. [7] "21st Annual GLAAD Media Awards . 2010. prayersforbobby. Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. Prayers for Bobby WON the GLAAD Media Award for "Outstanding TV Movie or Mini-Series" during the 21st GLAAD Media Awards. [3] "Crew" (http:/ / www. Gary (24 January 2009). . TV By The Numbers. David Permut and Stanley M. . Retrieved 2009-05-14. Brooks were nominated for the 2010 Producers Guild of America Award. other artist featured. In addition. Retrieved 2009-01-10. Variety. [4] Littleton. Sigourney Weaver was also nominated 2010 Screen Actors Guild Award. Chris Taaffe.com's web traffic by 169 percent in page views versus the same time period a week prior. story). "Sigourney Weaver Starrer Prayers for Bobby Draws 3. the Prayers for Bobby premiere increased mylifetime. 2010. com/ crew. variety.3 million total viewers subsequently during the January 25. Retrieved 2009-05-14. prnewswire. "Weaver answers 'Prayers': Actress to star in Lifetime movie" (http:/ / www. . with 2.com Recognition Sigourney Weaver received the Trevor Life Award from The Trevor Project for her participation in the film. Retrieved February 21. Retrieved 2009-01-10.[7] The films executive producers Daniel Sladek. David Permut and Chris Taaffe. com/ article/ VR1117986035. "Sigourney Weaver and Lifetime provide inspiration to young people and families who will see films such as Prayers for Bobby and understand the importance of celebrating diversity and life.0. . . [2] Goldstein. [5] Gorman. . References [1] "Prayers For Bobby" (http:/ / www.nominees Executive Producers Stanley M.com." arranged by Marty Haugen and "Bullseye.1562673. html). said in a statement. latimes.com.8 Million Viewers" (http:/ / tvbythenumbers. mylifetime. 19 November 2008. "I Need You to Listen. PRNewswire. PrayersForBobby. Charles Robbins. Bill (26 January 2009). Retrieved 2009-01-10. 2009 premiere on Lifetime. MyLifetime.[5] December 7th 2010 Prayers For Bobby Came Out On DVD on Amazon. com/ ViewContent. com/ 2009/ 01/ 26/ sigourney-weaver-starrer-prayers-for-bobby-draws-38-million-viewers/ 11595)." by Megan McCormick. 2009 Sigourney Weaver was nominated by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association for a Golden Globe award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Mini-series or Motion Picture Made for Television for her role in "Prayers for Bobby". Cynthia (18 May 2008). [6] "Sigourney Weaver and the Trevor Project to be Honored by the Trevor Project" (http:/ / news. online. Producer Damian Ganczewski • Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie (Sigourney Weaver) On December 15. Retrieved 2009-01-10. Reception Prayers For Bobby received 3.English Language Nominees" (http:/ / www. aspx?ACCT=109& STORY=/ www/ story/ 11-19-2008/ 0004929251& EDATE=). 2009 airdate.

imdb.prayersforbobby. 2009 (United States) 162 minutes [2] 171 minutes (Re-release) United States English [1] Running time Country Language .com/title/tt1073510/) at the Internet Movie Database Avatar (2009 film) Avatar Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring James Cameron • • James Cameron Jon Landau James Cameron • • • • • • • Sam Worthington Zoe Saldana Stephen Lang Michelle Rodriguez Joel David Moore Giovanni Ribisi Sigourney Weaver Music by James Horner Cinematography Mauro Fiore Editing by • • • • • • James Cameron John Refoua Stephen E. 2009 (London premiere) December 18. Rivkin Lightstorm Entertainment Dune Entertainment Ingenious Film Partners Studio Distributed by Release date(s) 20th Century Fox December 10.''Prayers for Bobby'' 216 External links • Official website (http://http://www.com/) • Prayers for Bobby (http://www.

2009.[27] It also became the first film to gross more than $2 billion.[29] and won three. The film's home release went on to break opening sales records and became the top-selling Blu-ray of all time. when humans are mining a precious mineral called unobtanium on Pandora.[23] [24] [25] The film broke several box office records during its release and became the highest-grossing film of all time in the U.S. C. H. for a planned release in 1999.[15] [16] Avatar was officially budgeted at $237 million.[30] Plot In the year 2154. Stephen Lang. for Best Cinematography. a paraplegic former marine. To learn about the Na'vi and Pandora's biosphere. to critical acclaim[21] [22] and commercial success.[10] Pandora is inhabited by the Na'vi. Jake's avatar is attacked by a jungle predator thanator. and was internationally released on December 16 and in the United States and Canada on December 18. and "4-D" viewing. . she takes him to her clan's dwelling. Best Visual Effects. Jake meets Neytiri's father.[12] Filming was supposed to take place after the completion of Cameron's 1997 film Titanic. Dr. sapient humanoids[31] who live in harmony with nature and worship a mother goddess called Eywa.[28] Avatar was nominated for nine Academy Awards.206. Jake strays from the rest of the group and gets lost in the forest.[13] but according to Cameron. head of the Avatar Program. Michelle Rodriguez.[8] [9] [10] The expansion of the mining colony threatens the continued existence of a local tribe of Na'vi—a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora. including Best Picture and Best Director. a scientist trained as an avatar operator who was murdered in a robbery. Giovanni Ribisi and Sigourney Weaver. which had held the records for the previous 12 years. Seeing portents from Eywa.[11] Development on Avatar began in 1994.782. stumbles upon Jake and reluctantly rescues him from Pandora's wildlife. 10-foot-tall (3 m). and Cameron began developing the screenplay and fictional universe in early 2006. Grace Augustine (Sigourney Weaver).970 [4] [5] [3] 217 Gross revenue Avatar is a 2009 American[6] [7] epic science fiction film written and directed by James Cameron. Neytiri's mother Mo'at (C. XpanD 3D. Cameron signed with 20th Century Fox to produce two sequels. blue-skinned. making Avatar the first of a planned trilogy. and Canada[26] and also worldwide. considers Sully an inadequate replacement and assigns him as a bodyguard. there. scientists use Na'vi-human hybrid bodies called avatars that are operated via mental link by genetically matched humans. While protecting avatars of Grace and scientist Norm Spellman (Joel David Moore) on their expedition to collect biological samples and data in the forest. Zoe Saldana. The film's title refers to the genetically engineered Na'vi-human hybrid bodies used by a team of researchers to interact with the natives of Pandora. the clan's spiritual leader. clan chief Eytukan (Wes Studi).''Avatar (2009 film)'' Budget $237 million [2] $9 million+ (Re-release) $2. replaces his twin brother. The film is set in the mid-22nd century. and Best Art Direction.[14] Work on the language for the film's extraterrestrial beings began in summer 2005. and IMAX 3D formats). Dolby 3D. when Cameron wrote an 80-page scriptment for the film. 3-D viewing (using the RealD 3D. Following the film's success. Fleeing for his life. the necessary technology was not yet available to achieve his vision of the film. Earth-like moon with an atmosphere poisonous to humans in the Alpha Centauri star system. Hometree. the RDA Corporation is mining a valuable mineral called unobtanium on Pandora.[17] [18] [19] The film was released for traditional 2-D viewing. a lush moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system. a female Na'vi.[] The stereoscopic filmmaking was touted as a breakthrough in cinematic technology. a lush. Neytiri (Zoe Saldana). Pounder). surpassing Titanic.[20] Avatar premiered in London on December 10. Joel David Moore. orders her daughter to teach the "warrior dreamwalker" their ways.[3] Other estimates put the cost between $280 million and $310 million for production and at $150 million for promotion. and starring Sam Worthington. Jake Sully (Sam Worthington).

Selfridge gives Jake and Grace one hour to convince the Na'vi to evacuate. Over three months. The Na'vi fight back but suffer heavy casualties. to intercede on behalf of the Na'vi. but she succumbs to her injuries before the process can be completed. Sully is a disabled former Marine and the film's main protagonist. who was living in his car at the time. killing Neytiri's father. all humans are expelled from Pandora. Quaritch is the head of the mining operation's security detail and the film's main antagonist. Cameron cast the Australian actor after a worldwide search for promising young actors. Jake prays to Eywa.[35] auditioned twice early in development. via a neural connection to the Tree of Souls. Neytiri kills Quaritch and gets to Jake in time to save him. Quaritch's forces destroy Hometree. When Jake reveals his original mission. and Jake and Grace's avatars are taken captive. Tsu'tey (Laz Alonso). exposing Jake to Pandora's poisonous atmosphere. Quaritch shoots and seriously wounds Grace. and several other scientists. breaks them out and flies them to an avatar link outpost. Despite Grace's argument that destroying Hometree could affect the bio-botanical neural network to which Pandoran organisms are connected. Jake recruits thousands of warriors from neighboring clans. The Na'vi are able to link mentally with some animals. Jake reveals his change of allegiance when he attempts to disable a bulldozer.[36] and he has signed on for possible sequels. Quaritch detects the mobilization of the Na'vi and convinces Selfridge to authorize a preemptive strike against the Tree of Souls. and Norm to a remote outpost. The clan attempts to transfer Grace from her human body into her avatar with the aid of the Tree.[38] • Stephen Lang as Colonel Miles Quaritch. Trudy Chacón (Rodriguez). Jake finds the refugees at the sacred Tree of Souls and pleads with Mo'at to heal Grace. When Quaritch shows Administrator Parker Selfridge (Giovanni Ribisi).''Avatar (2009 film)'' The head of Sec-Ops. 218 Cast Humans • Sam Worthington as Corporal Jake Sully. the RDA's private security force. Pandoran wildlife suddenly join the attack and overwhelm the humans. Colonel Miles Quaritch (Stephen Lang).[37] Cameron felt that because Worthington had not done a major film. Selfridge orders Hometree destroyed. he has a profound disregard for Pandora's inhabitants . he would give the character "a quality that is really real". and dons an AMP suit. Norm. Jake is seen wearing the insignia of the Omaticaya leader. Quaritch makes a narrow escape from his ship just as it is destroyed. Fiercely loyal to his military code. During the escape. in which Jake admits that the Na'vi will never abandon Hometree. he and Neytiri choose each other as mates.[32] Hometree is on top of the richest deposits of unobtanium for hundreds of miles. believing that its destruction will demoralize the natives. To regain the Na'vi's trust. but they are unplugged from their avatars back at RDA headquarters and imprisoned. promises Jake that the company will help him walk again if he gathers intelligence about the Na'vi. and he ultimately becomes a leader who transforms the world". Jake grows close to Neytiri and her people. With the exception of Jake. Jake destroys a shuttle converted into a makeshift bomber before it can reach the Tree of Souls. They reaffirm their love as she sees his human body for the first time. Cameron said he "has that quality of being a guy you'd want to have a beer with. including Tsu'tey and Trudy. His military background helps the Na'vi warriors relate to him. Jake. Supported by the new Omaticaya chief. preferring relative unknowns to keep the budget down. a pilot disgusted with Quaritch's brutal methods. On the eve of battle. the leader of the RDA colony. He becomes part of the Avatar Program after his twin brother is killed. a powerful flying predator that has been tamed only five times in Na'vi history. He stumbles upon and breaches the avatar link unit containing Jake's human body.[34] Worthington. she relocates herself. Mo'at frees Jake and Grace.[33] one of Jake's video diary entries. The clan performs the ritual dedicated to Eywa that permanently transfers Jake from his human body into his avatar. Just when all seems lost. Max. When Grace learns that Jake is passing information to Quaritch. Jake takes a dangerous gamble and links with a Toruk. Neytiri accuses him of betraying the entire tribe. which Neytiri interprets as Eywa answering Jake's prayer. as well as many others. After Jake is initiated into the tribe.

• Laz Alonso as Tsu'tey.[51] Visual effects house Digital Domain.[49] • C.[45] He arrives on Pandora at the same time as Sully and operates an avatar. Sigourney Weaver as Dr. like all the Na'vi. Dileep Rao as Dr. and its visual aspect is entirely computer generated. It was revealed in a Bloomberg BusinessWeek cover story that 20th Century Fox had fronted $10 million to Cameron to film a proof-of-concept clip for Avatar.[39] Michael Biehn. Cameron revealed that his film Project 880 was "a retooled version of Avatar". Tsu'tey is heir to the chieftainship of the tribe. Norm Spellman. which was supposed to begin production in the summer of 1997 for a 1999 release.[39] Giovanni Ribisi as Parker Selfridge. Selfridge displays discomfort at the violence. When the attacks are broadcast to the base. actors.[40] but was ultimately not cast in the role. was created using performance capture.[13] However. director James Cameron wrote an 80-page scriptment for Avatar. he would film Avatar. and consort to clan leader Eytukan. He decided to concentrate on making documentaries and refining the technology for the next few years. Max Patel. it turns out that Jake has the personality better suited to win the natives' respect. with whom Cameron has a partnership.[14] The project would cost $100 million and involve at least six actors in leading roles "who appear to be real but do not exist in the physical world".[12] In August 1996. though frustrated with him for what she sees as his naiveté and stupidity.[53] citing the technological advances in the creation of the computer-generated characters Gollum. the daughter of the leader of the Omaticaya. read the script and watched some of the 3-D footage with Cameron.[50] • Wes Studi as Eytukan.[47] The character. which he showed to Fox execs in October 2005.''Avatar (2009 film)'' that is evident in both his actions and his language.[48] Saldana has also signed on for potential sequels. Although he is expected to lead the diplomatic contact with the Na'vi.[41] [42] Michelle Rodriguez as Trudy Chacón. King Kong.[46] 219 • • • • • Na'vi • Zoe Saldana as Neytiri. and the attacks will be humane. and Davy Jones. having set up a school to teach them English. Joel David Moore as Dr. he is reluctant to authorize the attacks on the Na'vi. C. She serves as both the film's main Na'vi protagonist and Jake's love interest. Selfridge is the corporate administrator for the RDA mining operation.[52] In February 2006. which would make use of synthetic. and at the beginning of the film's story he is betrothed to Neytiri. doing so only after Quaritch persuades him that it is necessary.[43] While he is at first willing to destroy Na'avi civilization to preserve the company's bottom line. H. Grace Augustine. Mo'at is the Omaticaya's spiritual leader. or computer-generated. a scientist who works in the Avatar Program and comes to support Jake's rebellion against the RDA. the Na'vi clan central to the story. Spellman is a xenoanthropologist[44] who studies plant and animal life as part of the Avatar Program. Chacón is a combat pilot assigned to support the Avatar Program who is sympathetic to the Na'vi. Production Origins In 1994. who was in Aliens. Neytiri's father. Pounder as Mo'at. he announced that after completing Titanic.[12] Cameron had chosen Avatar over his project Battle Angel after completing . joined the project. Lang had unsuccessfully auditioned for a role in Cameron's Aliens (1986). She mentors Sully and is an advocate of peaceful relations with the Na'vi. Cameron felt that the technology had not caught up with the story and vision that he intended to tell. but the director remembered Lang and sought him for Avatar. a film that he had tried to make years earlier. Augustine is an exobiologist and head of the Avatar Program. Cameron had wanted to work with Rodriguez since seeing her in Girlfight. She is attracted to Jake because of his bravery. and Mo'at's mate. Eytukan is the Omaticaya's clan leader. Neytiri's mother.

and to discuss ways to explain the communication between Pandora's organisms depicted in the film. The story would be of an entire world complete with an ecosystem of phantasmagorical plants and creatures. Fox exercised its right of first refusal.[16] Actress Sigourney Weaver and the film's set designers met with Jodie S. professor of plant physiology at University of California.[59] Stan Winston. one of which focused on the flora and fauna of Pandora. including famed fantasy illustrator Wayne Barlowe and renowned concept artist Jordu Schell.. Fox finally agreed to commit to making Avatar after Ingenious Media agreed to back the film. Paul Frommer. Their language was created by Dr. X. a linguist at USC.. even though Cameron rewrote Avatar's script to combine several characters together and offered to cut his fee in case the film flopped. Cameron worked with a handful of designers. to shape the design of the Na'vi with paintings and physical sculptures when Cameron felt that 3-D brush renderings weren't capturing his vision.''Avatar (2009 film)'' a five-day camera test in the previous year. Cameron announced that he would film Avatar for a mid 2008 release and planned to begin principal photography with an established cast by February 2007.[12] The Na'vi language has a vocabulary of about 1000 words. which reduced Fox's financial exposure to less than half of the film's official $237 million budget. and two separate art departments. Cameron worked on the script and developed a culture for the film's aliens. "I don't know if we're crazier for letting you do this. and a native people with a rich culture and language. who had collaborated with Cameron in the past. Cameron described Avatar as "a futuristic tale set on a planet 200 years hence .. who eventually crosses over to lead the indigenous race in a battle for survival". The tongue's phonemes include ejective consonants (such as the "kx" in "skxawng") that are found in the Amharic language of Ethiopia. Interview [64] ."[63] External audio James Cameron interviewed by F.. when Disney attempted to take over. Cameron was announced to be using his own Reality Camera System to film in 3-D. Titanic.[52] In mid-2006. thrust unwillingly into an effort to settle and exploit an exotic planet rich in biodiversity.[52] Cameron installed a traffic light with the amber signal lit outside of co-producer Jon Landau's office to represent the film's uncertain future. from here [65] In December 2006. The film had two different production designers. Riverside. Fox told Cameron "in no uncertain terms that they were passing on this film.[54] 220 Development From January to April 2006.[55] From 2005 to 2007. to learn about the methods used by botanists to study and sample plants.[56] often working together in the kitchen of Cameron's Malibu home. and showed his proof-of-concept to Dick Cook (then chairman of The Walt Disney Company). with some 30 added by Cameron. and another that created human machines and human factors.[52] In October 2006. or if you're crazier for thinking you can do this.[52] After Fox accepted Avatar. an old-fashioned jungle adventure with an environmental conscience [that] aspires to a mythic level of storytelling". the Na'vi. joined Avatar to help with the film's designs.[58] The following August.[57] In July 2006.[52] However. and the initial "ng" that Cameron may have taken from New Zealand Māori.[62] Fox was wavering because of its painful experience with cost overruns and delays on Cameron's previous picture.[49] .[61] In September 2006.[66] The January 2007 press release described the film as "an emotional journey of redemption and revolution" and said the story is of "a wounded former Marine. one skeptical Fox executive shook his head and told Cameron and Landau. Feeney on writing Avatar. The system would use two high-definition cameras in a single camera body to create depth perception. the visual effects studio Weta Digital signed on to help Cameron produce Avatar." so he began shopping it around to other studios. Holt.[60] Production design for the film took several years.

and with Dances With Wolves.[67] Also he said. "It's an incarnation of one of the Hindu gods taking a flesh form."[11] The look of the Na'vi—the humanoids indigenous to Pandora—was inspired by a dream that Cameron's mother had.[36] The director has acknowledged that Avatar shares themes with the films At Play in the Fields of the Lord. long before he started work on Avatar. "It might have been . their portrayers (Worthington and Saldana) felt the characters do.[70] which I like conceptually. in the context of imperialism and deep ecology.[17] [18] [19] A studio spokesperson.[67] Cameron said his inspiration was "every single science fiction book I read as a kid". a biological body. They photographed.[76] When Cameron was asked if he got the idea for the floating mountains from an album cover of the rock band Yes. Cameron said the two actors "had a great chemistry" during filming."[71] He included similar creatures in his first screenplay (written in 1976 or 1977)."[75] According to production designer Dylan Cole. among others around the world. To create the interiors of the human mining colony on Pandora. with $150 million for promotion. production designers visited the Noble Clyde Boudreaux[78] oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico during June 2007. "I just like blue. he replied with a laugh.[67] Jake's avatar and Neytiri. there's a connection to the Hindu deities. which featured a planet with a native population of "gorgeous" tall blue aliens. but mainly the karst limestone formations in China.[73] Though Cameron felt Jake and Neytiri do not fall in love right away. The Na'vi were based on them. For the love story between characters Jake and Neytiri. Cameron was asked about the meaning of the term avatar. Guilin. to which he replied. which feature clashes between cultures and civilizations. and acknowledged its similarity to the pairing of Jack and Rose from his film Titanic. the fictional floating rocks were inspired by Mount Huang (also known as Huangshan). The Emerald Forest. In this film what that means is that the human technology in the future is capable of injecting a human's intelligence into a remotely located body. One of the inspirations for the look of the Na'vi came from a dream that [67] Cameron's mother had told him about. which was developed by considering her appeal to the all-male crew of artists.[3] 221 Themes and inspirations Avatar is primarily an action-adventure journey of self-discovery..[75] Director Cameron had noted the influence of the Chinese peaks on the design of the floating mountains. end of story".. measured and filmed every . Both couples come from radically different cultures that are contemptuous of their relationship and are forced to choose sides between the competing communities. Cameron applied a star-crossed love theme. In her dream. and Princess Mononoke. the designers drew inspiration from "many different types of mountains..''Avatar (2009 film)'' Estimates put the cost of the film at about $280–310 million to produce and an estimated $150 million for marketing."[77] Pandora's floating "Hallelujah Mountains" were inspired in part by the Chinese Huang Shan [74] mountains (pictured). Zhangjiajie.[68] [69] In a 2007 interview with Time magazine..[] For the film's floating "Hallelujah Mountains". Back in my pot-smoking days. It's a good color . where a battered soldier finds himself drawn to the culture he was initially fighting against. and that he was particularly striving to update the style of Edgar Rice Burroughs's John Carter series. said that the budget "is $237 million. plus. which he thought was "kind of a cool image". noting that about $30 million in tax credits will lessen the financial impact on the studio and its financiers. she saw a blue-skinned woman 12 feet (4 m) tall.[72] He felt that whether or not the Jake and Neytiri love story would be perceived as believable partially hinged on the physical attractiveness of Neytiri's alien appearance.

According to Cameron. Fox had announced that 3-D filming for Avatar would be done at 24 frames per second despite Cameron's strong opinion that a 3-D film requires higher frame rate to make strobing less noticeable.[86] According to Cameron. "The film is definitely not anti-American.[90] During filming.[84] The live action was shot with a modified version of the proprietary digital 3-D Fusion Camera System.[90] Prior to shooting the film. They received language and dialect training in the Na'vi language created for the film. On the contrary.[88] In preparation of the filming sequences. Cameron said this process does not diminish the value or importance of acting. If I want to fly through space. The motion-capture stage known as "The Volume" can be seen in the background. I can. the film is composed of 60% computer-generated elements and 40% live action. what we would like to think we are" and that even though there are good humans within the film. Cameron also sent the cast to the Hawaiian tropical rainforests[91] to get a feel for a rainforest setting before shooting on the soundstage.."[82] and. which collapses in flames after a missile attack. powerful game engine.[79] Cameron said that he wanted to make "something that has this spoonful of sugar of all the action and the adventure and all that" but also have a conscience "that maybe in the enjoying of it makes you think a little bit about the way you interact with nature and your fellow man".[89] More than a thousand people worked on the production. the complete virtual world cannot be seen until the motion-capture of the actors is complete. or change my perspective. .. ". "Ideally at the end of the day the audience has no idea which they're looking at. I can turn the whole scene into a living miniature and go through it on a 50 to 1 scale. Cameron said. all of the actors underwent professional training specific to their characters such as archery. The system is showing the actors' virtual counterparts in their digital surroundings in real time. Cameron described the film as a hybrid with a full live-action shoot in combination with computer-generated characters and live environments. the humans "represent what we know to be the parts of ourselves that are trashing our world and maybe condemning ourselves to a grim future". "We know what it feels like to launch the missiles. horseback riding. or our aspirational selves."[92] Using conventional techniques. not in America."[81] He said in later interviews. New Zealand. New Zealand. In reference to the use of the term shock and awe in the film." Cameron said. firearm use.[80] Cameron acknowledges that Avatar implicitly criticizes the United States' role in the Iraq War and the impersonal nature of mechanized warfare in general. and was scheduled to last 31 days.[87] Motion-capture photography lasted 31 days at the Hughes Aircraft stage in Playa Vista in Los Angeles. developed by Cameron and Vince Pace. "It's like a big.[54] [88] Live action photography began in October 2007 at Stone Street Studios in Wellington. We don't know what it feels like for them to land on our home soil. a new way of directing motion-capture filmmaking. Asked about the scene's resemblance to the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. and hand-to-hand combat. He added that "the Na'vi represent something that is our higher selves. Cameron said he had been "surprised at how much it did look like September 11".. The director indicated that he had already worked four months on nonprincipal scenes for the film.I think it's very patriotic to question a system that needs to be corralled. coating the landscape with ash and floating embers.[81] 222 Filming Principal photography for Avatar began in April 2007 in Los Angeles and Wellington. allowing the director to adjust and direct scenes just as if shooting live action. as well as traditional miniatures.[85] In January 2007.."[83] A scene in the film portrays the violent destruction of the towering Na'vi Hometree. Cameron made use of his virtual camera system. which was later replicated on-screen with photorealistic CGI during post-production.''Avatar (2009 film)'' aspect of the platform. because there is no need for The virtual camera system in use on the set of the film.

and an improved method of capturing facial expressions. which worked alongside Weta Digital to create the battle sequences.[103] To render Avatar.28 required over a petabyte of digital storage.[97] a motion-capture stage or "volume" six times larger than any previously used. the method allows the filmmakers to transfer 100% of the actors' physical performances to their digital counterparts.[104] [105] [106] The render farm occupies the 193rd to 197th spots in the TOP500 list of the world's most powerful supercomputers. a unique camera referred to as a "simulcam" was used.[66] Spielberg said.[13] [14] The director planned to make use of photorealistic computer-generated characters. at one point employing 900 people to work on the film.[102] Because of the huge amount of data which needed to be stored. While filming live action in real time with the simulcam.[107] [108] Creating the Na'vi characters and the virtual world of Pandora [109] and each minute of the final footage for Avatar occupies 17.[99] Besides the performance capture data which were transferred directly to the computers.. Motion capture brings the director back to a kind of intimacy that actors and directors only know when they're working in live theater. the CGI images captured with the virtual camera or designed from scratch. "I like to think of it as digital makeup.. actors wore individually made skull caps fitted with a tiny camera positioned in front of the actors' faces. To achieve the face capturing.[94] Cameron gave fellow directors Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson a chance to test the new technology. A new texturing and paint software system called Mari. ILM was responsible for the visual effects for many of the film's specialized vehicles and Cameron pioneered a specially designed camera built into a 6-inch boom that allowed the facial expressions of the actors to be captured and digitally recorded for the animators to use [96] later.[101] The lead visual effects company was Weta Digital in Wellington. a new cloud computing and Digital Asset Management (DAM) system named Gaia was created by Microsoft especially for Avatar.[90] 223 Visual effects A number of innovative visual effects techniques were used in the production of Avatar. a merger of the 3-D fusion camera and the virtual camera systems. Weta used a 10000 sq ft (930 m2) server farm making use of 4."[] Spielberg and George Lucas were also able to visit the set to watch Cameron direct with the equipment.[100] A technically challenging scene was near the end of the film when the computer-generated Neytiri held the live action Jake in human form.[95] To film the shots where CGI interacts with live action.[98] According to Cameron. According to Cameron. which allowed the crews to keep track of and coordinate all stages in the digital processing. work on the film had been delayed since the 1990s to allow the techniques to reach the necessary degree of advancement to adequately portray his vision of the film. the information collected about their facial expressions and eyes is then transmitted to computers. scenes do not need to be interrupted repeatedly. numerous reference cameras gave the digital artists multiple angles of each performance. a number of other companies were brought on board. are superimposed over the live action images as in augmented reality and shown on a small monitor.[93] Cameron described the system as a "form of pure creation where if you want to move a tree or a mountain or the sky or change the time of day.000 processor cores running Ubuntu Linux and the Grid Engine cluster manager. [110] gigabytes of storage.''Avatar (2009 film)'' repeated camera and lighting setups. New Zealand.000 Hewlett-Packard servers with 35. costume fittings and make-up touch-ups. was developed by The Foundry in cooperation with Weta. To help finish preparing the special effects sequences on time. created using new motion-capture animation technologies he had been developing in the 14 months leading up to December 2006. making it possible for the director to instruct the actors how to relate to the virtual material in the scene.. even on the other side of the world. you have complete control over the elements". .[92] Innovations include a new system for lighting massive areas like Pandora's jungle. cataloged and available for everybody involved. including Industrial Light & Magic. enabling full performance capture. not augmented animation. and attention was given to the details of the shadows and reflected light between them.

[122] Weaver and Cameron appeared at additional panels to promote the film. Texas on the Diamond Vision screen. Stephen Lang.[131] The three-and-a-half-minute trailer of the film premiered live on November 1.[126] The Hollywood Reporter said that audience expectations were coloured by "the [same] establishment skepticism that preceded Titanic" and suggested the showing reflected the desire for original storytelling. "Avatar has been the most difficult film I have worked on and the biggest job I have undertaken.''Avatar (2009 film)'' devised a new way to make CGI explosions.[113] Horner recorded parts of the score with a small chorus singing in the alien language Na'vi in March 2008. Zoe Saldana.[115] The first scoring sessions were planned to take place in Spring 2009. The official game trailer and toy line of the film were also unveiled on this day. one of the world's largest video display. at the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con on July 23. to celebrate the opening of the first 3-D cinema in Vietnam. Avatar star Joel David Moore has a . an ethnomusicologist. during a Dallas Cowboys football game at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. on MySpace. 2009. It is said to be the largest live motion picture trailer viewing in history. James Cameron announced at the Comic-Con Avatar Panel that August 21 will be 'Avatar Day'. The highlight of the campaign was the website AVTR. 2009.[112] 224 Music and soundtrack Composer James Horner scored the film. when held in front of a webcam. 2009.[111] Joe Letteri was the film's visual effects general supervisor.[127] [128] Comic-Con promoting the film.com. enabled users to interact with the website's 3-D features using [133] The film was heavily promoted in an episode of the Fox Network series augmented reality (AR) technology.[125] The 129-second trailer was released online on August 20. speaking on the 23rd[123] and 24th[124] respectively. and to TV audiences viewing the game on Fox.[129] The teaser has been among the most viewed trailers in the history of film marketing. An extended version in IMAX 3D received overwhelmingly positive reviews. producer Jon Landau.[90] British singer Leona Lewis was chosen to sing the theme song for the film. On this day the trailer for the film was released in all theatrical formats.[119] and Empire magazine released exclusive images from the film in its October issue.[120] Cameron."[117] Horner composed the score as two different scores merged into one.[130] On October 30. Episode 9). directed by Jake Nava. Fox allowed Megastar Cinema to screen exclusive 16 minutes of Avatar to a number of press. 2009. An accompanying music video. to create a music culture for the alien race. reaching the first place of all trailers viewed on Apple.[114] He also worked with Wanda Bryant. Specially marked bottles and cans of Coca-Cola Zero.[132] The Coca-Cola Company collaborated with Twentieth Century Fox to launch a worldwide marketing campaign to promote the film. Horner promised Cameron that he would not work on any other project except for Avatar and reportedly worked on the score from four in the morning till ten at night throughout the process. He first created a score that reflected the Na'vi way of sound and then combined it with a separate "traditional" score to drive the film. his third collaboration with Cameron after Aliens and Titanic. then soon after Cameron at the 2009 San Diego premiered online on Yahoo! on October 29. and Sigourney Weaver appeared at a panel. 2009. He stated in an interview.[116] During production. Bones in the episode "The Gamer In The Grease" (Season 5. to positive reviews. 2009.com with 4 million views. premiered December 15. called "I See You".[118] Marketing Promotions The first photo of the film was released on August 14.[126] The new 210-second trailer was premiered in theatres on October 23. moderated by Tom Rothman. Twenty-five minutes of footage was screened[121] in Dolby 3D.

screens which increase in size to display 2. 2009.''Avatar (2009 film)'' recurring role on the program. Wii. the movie's DRM ‘protection’ system failed. a 224-page book in the form of a field guide to the film's fictional setting of the planet of Pandora. and director Peter Jackson wrote the preface. including production sketches. Cameron wrote the epilogue. Producer Jon Landau wrote the foreword. was released by Harper Entertainment on November 24.[152] During a 3-D preview showing in Germany on December 16. The problems were fixed in time for the public premiere. Nintendo DS. epic story that fills in a lot of things". called an i-TAG.[144] A series of toys representing six different characters from the film were also distributed in McDonald's Happy Meals in Argentina. by Abrams Books.[137] The Art of Avatar: James Cameron's Epic Adventure was released on November 30. . 2009.[150] Cameron stated that the film's aspect ratio would be 1. but it would go into much more depth about all the stories that we didn't have time to deal with". Canada. Colombia. The book features detailed production artwork from the film. that consumers can scan using a web cam.[142] James Cameron's Avatar: The Game was released on December 1.[138] In October 2010.[135] 225 Books Avatar: A Confidential Report on the Biological and Social History of Pandora. and some copies delivered could not be watched at all the theaters. producer Jon Landau stated that Cameron plans a prequel novel for Avatar that will "lead up to telling the story of the movie. Brazil. Action figures and postage stamps Mattel Toys announced in December 2009 that it would be introducing a line of Avatar action figures.[140] In February 2010.[134] A week prior to American release.39:1 image would be extracted for 2-D screenings. iPhone). coinciding with the film's worldwide release. HarperFestival also released Wilhelm's 48-page James Cameron's Avatar: The Reusable Scrapbook for children.[144] [145] Each action figure will be made with a 3-D web tag. 2009. Microsoft Windows and December 8 for PSP. The filmmakers and game developers collaborated heavily. Zoe Saldana promoted the film on Adult Swim when she was interviewed by an animated Space Ghost. Abrams Books also released The Making of Avatar. China. Xbox 360.[136] It is presented as a compilation of data collected by the humans about Pandora and the life on it. saying that "Jim wants to write a novel that is a big. Cameron said that he planned to write a novel version of Avatar after the film was released. France Post released a special limited edition stamp based on Avatar.[141] Video games Cameron chose Ubisoft Montreal to create an Avatar game for the film in 2007. the United States and Venezuela.[143] for most home video game consoles (PS3.[146] In December 2009. illustrations by Lisa Fitzpatrick.e. and Cameron decided to include some of Ubisoft's vehicle and creature designs into the film. written by Maria Wilhelm and Dirk Mathison.[139] In a 2009 interview. 2009.[151] However.[147] Release Initial screening Avatar premiered in London on December 10. during filming. and was released theatrically worldwide from December 16–18. revealing unique on-screen content that is special to each specific action figure. and is seen in the episode anxiously awaiting the release of the film.[97] and to give more time for theatres worldwide to install 3-D projectors. a 272 page book that detailed the film's production process and contains over 500 color photographs and illustrations.78:1 for 3-D screenings and that a 2. 2009.[149] but was pushed back to allow more post-production time (the last shots were delivered in November).39:1 films).39:1 extract was approved for use with constant-image-height screens (i. and film stills. a 3-D 2.[148] The film was originally set for release on May 22.

280. the UK ($14.[179] for a worldwide total of $2.446. it became the first film to gross over $700 million.180.401. grossing $54. though remaining in first Global box office receipts of Avatar place at the box office.1 million).457 theatres in the US. of which 3. and the largest for a non-franchise. Germany ($13.582 in other territories.4 million) and Spain ($10.183. with the initial 3-D release limited to 2. to remain in first place at the box office[162] and recording the biggest second weekend of all time.[167] In its fourth weekend.[165] On the 19th day of the film's international release.139 in Canada and the U. sprinkling water.[4] [] the largest domestic opening weekend for a film not based on a franchise (topping The Incredibles). 13% of the film's $73 million (at the time) domestic gross on less than 3% of the screens.[17] [24] [25] The IMAX opening also broke box office records. The international IMAX release included 58 theaters beginning on December 16. which opened in 161 IMAX theatres in the US.[171] It held to the top spot to set the sixth and seventh weekend records earning $34. it set the Martin Luther King Day four-day weekend record.671 were showing the film in 3-D (producing 56% of the first weekend gross).405.[163] The film experienced another small decrease in revenue in its third weekend. after 72 days of domestic release. On January 31 it became the first film to earn over $2 billion. .617.000 after five days. of which 2. laser lights and wind".[174] and on February 27.''Avatar (2009 film)'' however.S. 20th Century Fox Korea adapted and later released Avatar in 4-D version.[170] and set another three-day weekend record with a take of $42.[157] The film's revenues decreased by 1. The previous IMAX record opening was Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. making it the fastest film ever to do so[166] and also making it the highest-grossing release of 2009 worldwide.2 million).[153] Avatar was released in a total of 3.[4] 58 international IMAX screens generated an estimated $4. which included "moving seats.[157] International markets generating opening weekend tallies of at least $10 million were Russia ($20.200 screens.990.[158] In summer 2009.[154] Internationally.081[172] and $31.[169] In the film's fifth weekend.[175] It remained in the number one spot at the domestic box office for seven consecutive weeks—the most consecutive #1 weekends since Titanic spent 15 weekends at #1 in 1997–'98[176] —and also spent 11 consecutive weekends at the top of the box office outside the United States and Canada.5 million.740.604 screens in 106 territories.029[173] respectively. a total of 261 theaters worldwide.721.3 million).217.8 million).[177] By the end of its first theatrical release Avatar had grossed $749. marking a rare occurrence.[4] despite a blizzard which blanketed the East Coast of the United States and reportedly hurt its opening weekend results.612.[155] [156] The film was simultaneously presented in IMAX 3D format.306.1 million during the opening weekend. dropping 9.032 theatres ran it in 3-D. Avatar opened on a total of 14.9 million).[4] [25] the ninth largest opening-weekend gross of all time. smells of explosives. and about 70 international. and $77 million over its opening weekend.[159] 226 Box office Avatar earned $3. France ($20. non-sequel and original film. and the 25th largest national United States weekend opening.4% to $68.[168] and becoming the highest-grossing 2009 release in the United States.[161] earning $75. opening in 178 theaters in the United States on December 18.944.688 domestically. Australia ($11.490.537.. making it the second largest December opening ever behind I Am Legend. Avatar continued to lead the box office domestically. with 178 theaters generating approximately $9. setting a new all-time fourth-weekend record of $50.[157] The IMAX release was the company's widest to date.8% in its second weekend in domestic markets. South Korea ($11. and 25 more theaters were to be added in the coming weeks.[178] and $1.[155] Avatar's worldwide gross was an estimated $232.766.639.000 from midnight screenings domestically (United States and Canada). In total 90% of all advance ticket sales for Avatar were for 3-D screenings.[164] to set another weekend record. it crossed the $1 billion mark worldwide.785.9 million).[160] The film earned $27 million on its opening day.

[184] It became the highest-grossing film of all time in at least 30 other countries[185] [186] [187] [188] [189] and is the first film to earn over $2 billion in foreign box office receipts. and Canada.[198] The New York Times noted that 20th Century Fox executives had decided to release Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel alongside Avatar. and $2.[183] and on February 2. in line with predictions made for Cameron's previous blockbuster Titanic. to its concept and use of 3-D "blue cat people". [197] 227 Box office analysts. but that pressure is good for film-makers. "It makes us think about our audiences and what the audience wants.S.[196] [197] Slate magazine's Daniel Engber complimented the 3-D effects.[195] Commercial analysis Before its release. estimated that the film would be a box office success. 47 days after its domestic release. and Canada. it surpassed Titanic's worldwide gross to become the highest-grossing film of all time worldwide 41 days after its international release. Avatar ranks third after adjusting for inflation. given that recent 3-D films had been successful. 2010.782 billion. they want to go share it. Avatar would be the 14th-highest-grossing film of all time in the U. but criticized them for reminding him of certain CGI characters from the Star Wars prequel films and for having the "uncanny valley" effect.[197] he especially wanted hard-core science-fiction fans to see it: "If I can just get 'em in the damn theater.021 billion in other territories for a worldwide total of over $2.[199] I think if everybody was embracing the film before the fact. calling it a "secret weapon" to cover any unforeseeable losses at the box-office. behind Gone with the Wind and Titanic. This is the one." said an analyst for Exhibitor Relations. and believed Avatar could inspire the same "sharing" reaction as Titanic.[190] more than double the previous record.. Have them go with some sense of wanting to find the answer." he stated.[200] [196] "The holy grail of 3-D has finally arrived. We owe them a piece of good entertainment.. Others guessed higher. James Cameron on criticism of Avatar before its release. various film critics and fan communities predicted the film would be a significant disappointment at the box office. on the other hand. They want to grab their friend and bring them. the film could never live up to that expectation.[192] Box Office Mojo also observes that the higher ticket prices for 3-D and IMAX screenings have had a significant impact on Avatar's gross. They want to be the person to bring them the news that this is something worth having in their life.[196] [197] This criticism ranged from Avatar's film budget.S. Avatar has grossed over $760 million in the U. "We owe them a good time. He said that film worked because.[194] although some reports place it ahead of Titanic."[200] The "cautionary estimate" was that Avatar would bring in around $60 million in its opening weekend. The behemoth.[193] On a worldwide basis. the film will act on them in the way it's supposed to.[200] [201] Some analysts believed the film's three-dimensionality would help its box office performance. 2010.[191] Box Office Mojo estimates that after adjusting for the rise in average ticket prices.[4] [5] with over 72.''Avatar (2009 film)'' Including the revenue from a re-release of Avatar featuring extended footage."[197] . in terms of taking them on an amazing journey and giving them this rich emotional experience. "This is why all these 3-D venues were built: for Avatar. so that they can enjoy it.[4] [5] Avatar has set a number of box office records during its release: on January 25.[180] [181] [182] just two days after taking the foreign box office record. more than any other film since 1999's Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. Avatar overtook Titanic to become the highest-grossing film of all time in Canada and the United States."[197] Although he felt Avatar would appeal to everyone and that the film could not afford to have a target demographic. that Avatar had sold approximately 75 million tickets in North American theatres. it estimated.[196] Cameron said he felt the pressure of the predictions.7% of its total worldwide gross in international markets."[202] Cameron was aware of the sentiment that Avatar would need significant "repeat business" just to make up for its budget and achieve box office success.[27] IMAX ticket sales account for $228 million of its worldwide gross. "When people have an experience that's very powerful in the movie theatre. on April 21.

president of Box Office Mojo.[205] but Avatar was considered the first film with a genuine chance to do so. James Cameron on the success of Avatar [208] 228 Though analysts have been unable to agree that Avatar's success is attributable to one primary factor. "I had to do a double take. are white-hot today" with "more screens and moviegoers" than before. They want to live somewhere else." he said. January is historically "the dumping ground for the year's weakest films". "Most films are considered to be healthy if they manage anything less than a 50% drop from their first weekend to their second. People want a persistent alternate reality to invest themselves in and they want the detail that makes it rich and worth their time. believed in the film's chances of becoming the highest-grossing film of all time.. He said..[209] Additionally. Entertainment Weekly attributed the film's success to 3-D glasses. Dipping just 11% from the first to the third is unheard of. but "the buzz" created by the new technology was the possible cause for sold-out screenings. an analyst at BoxOfficeProphets. people who are going to see Avatar are going to see Avatar and would even if the slate was strong. it will be tough. though he also believed it was too early to surmise because it had only played during the holidays. "The movie might be derivative of many movies in its story and themes."[209] Marketing the film as a "novelty factor" also helped."[161] Brandon Gray. It's just a matter of time. and this also applied to 2010.3 billion in 2009. and its numbers being aided by higher ticket prices for 3-D screenings[203] did not fully explain its success to box office analysts. Fox positioned the film as a cinematic event that should be seen in the theatres. "While Avatar may beat Titanic's revenue record." relayed Paul Dergarabedian. "This is just unprecedented. the Tolkiens and the Star Wars and the Star Treks. and the markets "such as Russia. the Star Wars movies (an established film franchise)..[207] You've got to compete head on with these other epic works of fantasy and fiction. "a threefold increase over 2008 and more than 10% of the total 2009 box-office gross". First.[203] [204] Other films in recent years had been cited as contenders for surpassing Titanic."[209] . and its continued strength perplexed box office analysts.[209] Likewise. "At this point. "Two-thirds of Titanic's haul was earned overseas. Like Pandora. president of box-office analysis for Hollywood. but also to its "astronomic word-of-mouth". and the film is unlikely to surpass Titanic in attendance. "It's gonna happen. "It's really hard to sell the idea that you can have the same experience at home." he said. or The Lord of the Rings (literature).[209] Films in 3-D accumulated $1."[161] Cameron said he did not think it was realistic to "try to topple Titanic off its perch" because it "just struck some kind of chord" and there had been other good films in recent years.[206] He changed his prediction by mid-January. The increased ticket price – an average of $2 to $3 per ticket in most markets – helped the film. and Avatar [tracked] similarly . Avatar established itself as a "must-see" event.50 for IMAX tickets. most recently The Dark Knight.[197] Titanic capitalized on the same January predictability."[161] Analysts predicted second place for the film's worldwide gross. Gray said. but most were uncertain about it surpassing Titanic because "Today's films flame out much faster than they did when Titanic was released. several explanations have been advanced.com. It was a tougher sell. it was debated as the one film capable of surpassing Titanic's worldwide gross..[209] Cameron himself said he decided to open the film in December so that it would have less competition from then into January. 1 in all of them".com. according to Variety.[210] Gray said Avatar having no basis in previously established material makes its performance remarkable and even more impressive. Not only do some theaters charge up to $18. Avatar opened in 106 markets globally and was No. and earned most of its gross in 1998. where Titanic saw modest receipts in 1997 and 1998. Ticket prices were about $3 cheaper in the late 1990s.[209] The "Oscar buzz" surrounding the film and international viewings helped.''Avatar (2009 film)'' After the film's release and unusually strong box office performance over its first two weeks. "but it had no direct antecedent like the other top-grossing films: Titanic (historical events)." he said." stated David Mumpower. I thought it was a miscalculation.

calling its anti-imperialist message "a 22nd-century version of the American colonists vs. "The King of the World sets his sights on creating another world entirely in Avatar.[226] Russell D. praised the film for its "profound show of resistance to capitalism and the struggle for the defense of nature"."[223] Avatar's underlying social and political themes attracted attention.[232] while Miranda Devine of The Sydney Morning Herald felt that. India vs. then you've got some amazing special effects. "It extends the possibilities of what movies can do.[222] James Berardinelli.[229] while Saritha Prabhu of The Tennessean called the film a misportrayal of pantheism and Eastern spirituality in general. giving it four out of four stars he wrote. websites.[216] A. or Latin America vs. based on a total of 39 reviews. literature or media. Moore in The Christian Post concluded that propaganda exists in the film and stated. United Fruit". the film "employs a new generation of special effects"."[211] Metacritic. and imperialism. obvious. O. capitalism. Cameron's talent may just be as big as his dreams. Like Star Wars and The Lord of the Rings. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 83% of 275 professional critics have given the film a positive review. praised the film and its story.[215] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film "extraordinary" and gave it four stars out of four. Scott of At The Movies also compared his viewing of the film to the first time he viewed Star Wars. character. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers. the Raj. theme. editing.[213] The site's consensus is that "It might be more impressive on a technical level than as a piece of storytelling. Armond White of the New York Press wrote that Cameron used villainous American characters to misrepresent facets of militarism."[218] Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review.[234] Parallels to the concept and use of an avatar are in Poul Anderson's 1957 .. film critic for ReelViews." it was "part of what made it work".[212] the film holds an overall approval rating of 95%. Bolivia's first indigenous president. he said. and it's very much a place worth visiting."[233] Critics and audiences have cited similarities with other films. Hollywood's religion of choice for a generation now".."[221] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times felt the film has "powerful" visual accomplishments but "flat dialogue" and "obvious characterization". with a rating average of 7. the British."[220] Richard Corliss of Time magazine thought that the film was. with several accounts concluding the matter as simple "borrowing" and others claiming outright plagiarism. Ty Burr of the Boston Globe called it "the same movie" as Dances with Wolves. "The screen is alive with more action and the soundtrack pops with more robust music than any dozen sci-fi shoot-'em-ups you care to mention" he stated.. "Watching Avatar. the film has a rating score of 84% based on 35 reviews.[214] CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend revealed the average grade cinemagoers gave Avatar was A on an A+ to F scale.[228] Ross Douthat of The New York Times opined that the film is "Cameron's long apologia for pantheism . I felt sort of the same as when I saw Star Wars in 1977". "the most vivid and convincing creation of a fantasy world ever seen in the history of moving pictures. which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 reviews from film critics. "In 3-D. but Avatar reaffirms James Cameron's singular gift for imaginative. television and radio programs."[227] Adam Cohen of The New York Times was more positive about the film. and added that although "the script is a little bit . absorbing filmmaking..[217] Todd McCarthy of Variety praised the film.[219] Rolling Stone film critic Peter Travers awarded Avatar three and a half out of four stars and wrote in his print review.[231] Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune called Avatar "the season's ideological Rorschach blot".[230] Annalee Newitz of io9 concluded that Avatar is another film that has the recurring "fantasy about race" whereby "some white guy" becomes the "most awesome" member of a non-white culture. etc. "If you can get a theater full of people in Kentucky to stand and applaud the defeat of their country in war. "It is impossible to watch Avatar without being banged over the head with the director's ideological hammer.[224] [225] Evo Morales. emotional resonance.[211] Among Rotten Tomatoes' Top Critics. — are presented with sufficient expertise to make even the 2-D version an engrossing 2½-hour experience. it's immersive — but the traditional film elements — story. Every demographic surveyed was reported to give this rating. These polls also indicated that the main draw of the film was its use of 3-D.4 out of 10.''Avatar (2009 film)'' 229 Critical reception See also: Themes in Avatar for more reviews The film was well-received by film critics.

78:1 (16:9) format as Cameron felt that was the best format to watch the film. Avatar had its 3D television world premier on Sky.[255] This extended re-release resulted in the film's run time approaching the current IMAX platter maximum of 170 minutes.[249] It won two of the St.[237] Various reviews have compared Avatar to the films FernGully: The Last Rainforest[238] [239] .[243] [244] Avatar received compliments from filmmakers. The New York Film Critics Online honored the film with its Best Picture award. which featured fantastic images of floating rock formations and dragons. and Visual Effects. The release also preserves the film's native 1.[248] The film also received nine nominations for the Critics' Choice Awards of the Broadcast Film Critics Association. but won for only Production Design and Special Visual Effects..''Avatar (2009 film)'' short story Call Me Joe. Extended theatrical re-release In July 2010. Cameron confirmed that there would be a limited theatrical re-release of the film on August 27. Innovative or Creative Film. and "brilliant". Cinematography. Duncan Jones said: "It's not in my top three James Cameron films. at what point in the film did you have any doubt what was going to happen next?".[261] The US release was not on a Tuesday as is the norm. nominations and honors. including Best Picture and Best Director.[264] [265] .[242] Some sources noted similarities to the artwork of Roger Dean. but was done to coincide with Earth Day. winning for Best Motion Picture – Drama and Best Director.[255] including an extension of the sex scene[256] and various other scenes that were cut from the original theatrical film. which are set in the 22nd century on a forested world called Pandora with a sentient indigenous species called the Nave.[251] The film also received eight nominations from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).[254] The re-release includes an additional 9 minutes of footage.[252] The film has additionally received various other awards. with one commentator stating that Avatar was made by mixing a bunch of film scripts in a blender. .[253] Fox also posted the international re-release dates for Avatar: Special Edition on the film's official website.[262] The first DVD and Blu-ray release does not contain any supplemental features other than the theatrical film and the disc menu in favor of and to make space for optimal picture and sound. Louis Film Critics awards: Best Visual Effects and Most Original.[29] It won the awards for Art Direction.[235] [236] Cinema audiences in Russia have noted that Avatar has elements in common with the 1960s Noon Universe novels by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky.[247] 230 Accolades Avatar was nominated for nine Academy Awards.[2] Television On Christmas Eve 2010.[257] [258] [259] Home media 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released the film on DVD and Blu-ray in the US on April 22.[263] The Blu-ray disc contains DRM (BD+ 5) which some Blu-ray players might not support without a firmware update. winning in the Best Action Film and several technical categories.[250] Avatar also picked up four nominations for the 67th Golden Globe Awards. On the other hand. with Steven Spielberg praising it as "the most evocative and amazing science-fiction movie since Star Wars" and others calling it "audacious and awe inspiring". exclusively in 3-D theaters and IMAX 3D. "master class". in which a paralyzed man uses his mind remotely to control an alien body.[241] NPR's Morning Edition has compared the film to a montage of tropes.[245] Time ranked Avatar number 10 in their list of "Best Movies of the Decade"[246] and IGN listed Avatar as number 22 on their list of the top 25 Sci-Fi movies of all time. 2010. all of which is CG. Pocahontas[240] and The Last Samurai. 2010[260] and in the UK on April 26.. thereby leaving less time for the end credits. Cameron stated that the 9 minutes of added scenes cost more than $1 million a minute to produce and finish. including Best Film and Director.

the original theatrical cut.[273] The release also includes an additional 45 minutes of deleted scenes and other extras. It was later revealed that Fox had given Panasonic an exclusive license for the 3-D Blu-ray version and only with the purchase of a Panasonic 3DTV. sales of Avatar on Blu-ray reached 2.[270] As of September 12.000 units sold).S.7 million DVD and Blu-ray discs combined.[276] Sequels In 2006. thus making it 16 minutes longer than the original theatrical cut. for Blu-ray sales at 1.[267] [268] The release later broke the Blu-ray sales record in the UK the following week. the film sold a total of 19. going so far as to include certain scenes in the film for future story followups. but each in one part on the Blu-Ray)."[280] In an August 2010 interview. the special edition cut. Cameron stated that if Avatar was successful. He stated the "Earth opening" is an additional 4 1/2 minutes of scenes that were in the film for much of its production but were ultimately cut before the film's theatrical release. a new record for sales in that period.[278] The prospect of sequels was something he planned from the start. once the [281] In an interview in Perth's Sunday novel is nailed down.2 million units sold with $146 million in revenue. watch it with the Earth opening".5 million units sold. "maybe one.[277] In 2010. he hoped to make two sequels to the film. and in a continuous screening of the film. "what I'm working on primarily is the novel" and "presumably. Cameron stated that his plans are to shoot both sequels in the planned trilogy back-to-back and that he was waiting for deals to be made. Cameron stated that the standalone 3-D Blu-ray would be the final version of the film's home release and that it was. The length of Panasonic's exclusivity period is stated to last until February 2012. Cameron revealed his intention to capture footage for this sequel at the bottom of the . work will begin in earnest on getting the sequel going. 2010. two years out". he said the film's widespread success confirmed that he will.[269] In its first three weeks of release. and a collector's [272] (all split into three parts on the DVD. First-day DVD and Blu-ray sales combined were over 4 million units sold."[274] In May [270] 2010. breaking the record previously held by The Dark Knight (600.[266] In its first four days of release.[277] [279] Cameron said he wants to make the sequel "cheaper and faster" and that the story will be a continuation of the characters introduced in Avatar. 2010. Cameron stated "if I were to start Avatar 2 tomorrow. The collector's extended cut extended cut contains 6 more minutes of footage." Times on September 12.[271] 231 Extended Collector’s Edition The Avatar Three-Disc Extended Collector’s Edition on DVD and Collector's Edition Blu-ray was released on November 16.[275] On October 2010. DVD sales (not including Blu-ray) totaled over 8.[272] Cover to the 2010 Blu-ray Three-Disc Extended 3-D Blu-ray Cameron initially stated that Avatar would be released in 3-D around November 2010.7 million in the United States and Canada – overtaking The Dark Knight to become the best ever selling Blu-ray release in the region.[274] When being interviewed by AP on the red carpet of the 82nd Academy Awards. Cameron mentioned. Three different versions of the film are present on the discs. it would still be three years away. 2010. He also mentioned.''Avatar (2009 film)'' Avatar set a first-day launch record in the U. Fox stated that the 3-D version would be released some time in 2011. but the studio issued a correction: "3-D is in the conceptual stage and Avatar will not be out on 3D Blu-ray in November. "you can sit down.

2009.2562816). uk/ film/ 2010/ mar/ 14/ avatar-kathryn-bigelow-hollywood-history). "I expect that those nasty humans didn't go away forever. . 1996).uk). co. . 4. "Avatar director slams bandwagon jumpers" (http:/ / www. . com/ movies/ 2009/ AVATR. msn. . . com/ lifestyle/ family/ articles/ 2009/ 10/ 29/ family_filmgoer/ ?page=3). p. D. HarperCollins. 2009). thewrap. Charles Q. [5] "Avatar" (http:/ / www. html#ixzz0a69HUhNB). the-numbers. "Great Expectations" (http:/ / www. com/ id/ 34610604/ ns/ technology_and_science-space/ ). ISBN 0-0618-9675-6. August 12. For this purpose he has commissioned a deepwater submersible. Retrieved February 27." (http:/ / www. 2010. [10] Horwitz. Both sequels will be produced by Cameron's own Lightstorm Entertainment in partnership with 20th Century Fox.[284] Cameron implied that the humans would return as the antagonists of the story. The-Numbers. uk/ website/ Classified. htm). Retrieved January 28. Rebecca (January 11. co. Retrieved December 12. com/ 2009/ 12/ 21/ movies/ 21box. "Channel 2 has Monday morning team in place". . [13] "Synthetic actors to star in Avatar" (http:/ / news. 2010). who played Colonel Miles Quaritch. 2009.8599. . 2009. "Q&A with James Cameron" (http:/ / www. "'Avatar' Is No. com. Bleeding Cool. [9] Wilhelm. nsf/ ClassifiedWorks/ d41e437d8c39c12d80257685004dba11). . announced the possibility of her return for a sequel in an interview for the Le Grand Journal TV Show in Paris. Maria. Cameron officially signed an agreement with Fox to direct two sequels to Avatar. Brooks (December 20. [16] " Avatar Language (http:/ / www. December 7. [7] Johnston. time.[286] 232 References [1] "BBFC rating and classification details for Avatar" (http:/ / www. Petersburg Times (Times Publishing Company). December 15. 2009). "Family Filmgoer" (http:/ / www. Cameron stated that they are going to widen the universe while exploring other moons of Polyphemus. [17] Barnes. Box Office Mojo. who played Dr.[282] In October 2010.1576622. Chicago Tribune. Run Time 161m 35s" [2] James Wigney (August 15. radionz. heraldsun. The Boston Globe (The New York Times Company). Retrieved February 1. Retrieved August 16.[274] The first sequel will focus on the ocean of Pandora but will also feature more of the rainforest from the original movie. ew. 2010. Retrieved December 26. University of Southern California Marshall School of Business. [6] French. 2009. "Feature Film. 2010).[30] Though plots for future sequels have not been laid out yet. Herald Sun. guardian. [8] Choi.20007998. guardian. The Observer (London: guardian. com/ time/ arts/ article/ 0. 2010. and Stephen Lang. 2011. Internet Movie Database. com/ newspapers?nid=888& dat=19960812& id=8rsMAAAAIBAJ& sjid=Al8DAAAAIBAJ& pg=6553. "Avatar was the year's real milestone. [4] "Avatar (2009) – Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / www. [3] Patten. boxofficemojo. com/ article/ true-cost-and-consequences-avatar-11206?page=1) on December 16. marshall. 2007). Retrieved January 17. co. com/ ew/ article/ 0. au/ entertainment/ avatar-director-slams-bandwagon-jumpers/ story-e6frf96f-1225905342936). 2010. . Dirk Mathison (November 2009). msnbc. [12] Jeff Jensen (January 10. Time Magazine. php).[285] Sam Worthington and Zoe Saldana have signed on to reprise their roles in future sequels. Retrieved January 9. The Wrap. (December 3. which are scheduled to be released in December 2014 and December 2015. "'Avatar's' True Cost – and Consequences" (http:/ / www. 2007. 2009). com/ 2009/ 12/ 11/ review-avatar-the-most-expensive-american-film-ever-and-the-most-anti-american-one-too/ ). [15] "Crafting an Alien Language. 2009. (December 28. htm). James Cameron's Avatar: A Confidential Report on the Biological and Social History of Pandora. [14] Judy Hevrdejs.00. usc. co. "Review: AVATAR – The Most Expensive American Film Ever… And Possibly The Most Anti-American One Too. uk/ profile/ philipfrench) (March 14. USC Marshall. Entertainment Weekly (Time Warner). . html). . nytimes. Nash Information Services. webcitation. Grace Augustine. Retrieved December 20. . Jane (December 24. bbfc. bleedingcool. 1996. com/ movies/ ?id=avatar. 2009). 2010.[283] It will continue to follow the characters of Jake and Neytiri. boston. Retrieved January 19. [11] Winters Keegan. Retrieved March 29.00. 1 but Without a Record" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved March 29. Mike Conklin (August 9. edu/ news/ all-articles/ crafting-an-alien. 2009). . 2011. Rich (December 11. MSNBC. . nz/ audio/ national/ ntn/ 2009/ 12/ 15/ avatar_language)". 2010. Classified 07 December. Philip (http:/ / www. 2010." he said. Sigourney Weaver.co. html). 2009. org/ 5m4EySibe). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2009. 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335 Crazy on the Outside is a 2010 comedy film starring and directed by Tim Allen. . Liotta from Wild Hogs. Grammer from Toy Story 2 and Bowen from Joe Somebody). and is notable for reuniting Allen with co-stars from many of his previous films (Weaver from Galaxy Quest. This is Allen's first time directing. 2010 United States English $88.''Crazy on the Outside'' 243 Crazy on the Outside Crazy on the Outside Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Tim Allen Richard Baker Jeffrey Silver Brian Reilly John Peaslee Judd Pillot Tim Allen Sigourney Weaver Ray Liotta Kelsey Grammer Karle Warren Julie Bowen David Newman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Robbie Greenberg Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Gross revenue Boxing Cat Films Freestyle Releasing January 8.

a single-mom parole officer whom he tries to date[1] Sigourney Weaver as Vicky. External links • Official website (http://http://crazyontheoutsidethemovie. .imdb. Retrieved September 11. "Crazy on the Outside For Tripplehorn. especially when he starts spending time with his eccentric sister (Sigourney Weaver) and all the crazy people in and around her life. Rotten Tomatoes.[1] Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tim Allen as Tommy Zelda. Pierce Reception The film has received extremely negative reviews. [2] "Crazy on the Outside" (http:/ / au. Retrieved 2008-07-06. com/ m/ crazy_on_the_outside/ ).[1] Jeanne Tripplehorn as Angela Papadopolous. James as Mrs. com/ news/ crazy-on-the-outside-for-tripplehorn-weaver-and-simmons-4253). And Simmons" (http:/ / www.K.6/10. with an average score of 2. .com/) • Crazy on the Outside (http://www. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 8% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 12 reviews.[2] References [1] Kellvin Chavez (2008-03-25).''Crazy on the Outside'' 244 Plot Crazy on the Outside centers on a fresh out of jail parolee (Tim Allen) who finds out that life outside his prison cell is much more complicated than he was expecting.[2] The film has been deemed "Rotten" by the aggregate.com/title/tt1196134/) at the Internet Movie Database . Simmons as Ed: Tommy's sister's sarcastic. The Hollywood Reporter. 2010. Weaver. she's Tommy's loving but manipulative older sister[1] J. the parolee. taunting husband[1] Ray Liotta[1] as Gray: Tommy's old partner in crime Kelsey Grammer[1] as Frank Julie Bowen[1] as Christy Karle Warren as Alex Luboja Malcolm Goodwin as Rick Kenton Duty as Ethan Papadopolous Meeghan Holaway as Tina Jon Gries as Edgar Daniel Booko as Cooper Luboja Evelyn Iocolano as Denise Jeff Kueppers as Steve John Hayden as Judge Pierce Jean St. rottentomatoes. latinoreview.

610 You Again is a 2010 American comedy film directed by Andy Fickman and written by Moe Jelline. the woman who bullied and tormented her throughout .a. she discovers her brother Will (James Wolk) is about to marry her arch nemesis Joanna (a. Years later.''You Again'' 245 You Again You Again Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Andy Fickman Andy Fickman John J. Sigourney Weaver. 2010 105 minutes United States English $20 million [1] [2] $31. 2011. however. Jay-jay) (Odette Yustman). she is a successful public relations executive. Jamie Lee Curtis. The film was released September 24.862. and reveals how she is tormented and bullied by other girls.k. Odette Yustman and Betty White. recently promoted to a job in New York. making a video about how much she hates high school. an acne-riddled high school senior with glasses and braces. in 2010. When she flies home to her older brother's wedding. 2010. Plot The film opens in 2002 with Marni (Kristen Bell). It stars Kristen Bell. Strauss Eric Tannenbaum Moe Jelline Kristen Bell Jamie Lee Curtis Sigourney Weaver Odette Yustman Betty White Nathan Wang Written by Starring Music by Cinematography David Hennings Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue David Rennie Touchstone Pictures September 24. It will be released on DVD on February 8.

The video reveals Joanna as she was in high school: an alpha-female bully. including nursing. because she always competed with and outdid her. Joanna reveals that they have dated. She finally admits to Marni that she feels truly awful for bullying and tormenting her and feels like an awful person. When Marni lets on to Joanna that she knows who she really is. When it is time for guests to make a toast to the bride and groom. leaving Marni convinced that Joanna has not changed. He reveals that they were almost about to get married. On the other hand. but accuses Gail of always trying to ruin her life throughout high school. She appears to be a sweet woman. but because she was jealous that Gail had a loving family. Will and Marni's grandmother Bunny (Betty White) meet a man named Tim (Kyle Bornheimer). Ramona. He tells Joanna that he doesn't care about her bullying past or that she left her fiancé at the altar. having become quite involved in volunteer work. despite the fact that they were friends. Ramona and Gail argue after the rehearsal dinner. This information surprises Will (and everyone else). Will unplugs the video projector before the video is complete and is furious. She says that she only did it to protect Will from "the woman (she thought) Joanna was. remorseful of her actions. and decides to try and let her brother know of Joanna's bullying past. Marni is also upset to see that Joanna fits in very well with the family. Joanna appears to have changed. unless she apologizes. but Joanna seems to not recognize Marni. Later. The next day. and treats her disrespectfully. When Marni finally meets Joanna for the first time in 8 years. a woman who pushed Gail into a pool at their senior prom for unclear reasons. and Tim appears devastated when he hears that she's marrying Will. Ramona reveals that she always had contempt for Gail. She sarcastically thanks Gail for what she did." 246 .''You Again'' high school. but reveals that she is proud of Ramona. One day on the street. it is obvious that Joanna remembers Marni. hoping to reconcile. with the footage showing proof of her tormenting Marni." Marni is now convinced that Joanna hasn't changed and walks away. A light cat-fight ensues with both of them falling into the pool. He tells Marni that he is furious is at her for "going behind (his) back" in order to stop the wedding. Marni finds Joanna in the kitchen. Gail comes to Ramona's hotel room for "closure" about anything bad between them that happened in the past. not only of their rivalry. and that her family is her accomplishment. a video is presented (with footage obviously recovered by Marni) from their old high school timecapsule. Will walks in and witnesses the fight. because it motivated her to become successful in life. Marni is unwilling to forget the things Joanna did to her in high school. She refuses to give Marni a meaningful apology. but Ramona still seems to not be too fond of Gail. Tim unexpectedly jumps up to give his toast to Joanna. but Joanna is too furious and tells Marni "I thought we could start over. Gail apologizes for being an "insensitive" friend. while Ramona is divorced with no husband or children. binging on junk food (in pity over losing Will). whom she felt Gail was trying to take from her. He is only mad that she was not honest with him. Ramona is now a successful and wealthy woman with a private plane and owns several hotels. The plot thickens when her mother Gail (Jamie Lee Curtis) meets up with Joanna's aunt Ramona (Sigourney Weaver). Marni is in trouble when everyone discovers that she was responsible for the video at the rehearsal dinner. They appear to make up." Joanna left him at the altar. Her attempts to get Will alone for a conversation fail. and apologizes to him for her actions. Joanna then starts a fight with Marni. and they both break several dishes and wedding gifts. Ramona expresses anger at Marni's actions. Meanwhile. Marni pretends to be injured in order to attract Will's attention. despite having been friends throughout high school. except Joanna. However. Marni forgives her and promises to get back Will. Marni decides to talk with Joanna. and that she truly loves her brother. Meanwhile. But she became enemies with Gail when she took the boy that Ramona wanted to the prom. Later that night. but because of "cold feet. she still feels the need to "outdo" Ramona during their interactions together. It is obvious that Joanna and Tim's relationship was much more than dating. Marni decides to bring Tim to the rehearsal dinner as part of her plan to stop the wedding. and Marni reciprocates. tells Gail that she was jealous. Although Gail seems willing to put the past behind her. Gail and Ramona reconcile and are friends once again.

'You Again' exalts shallow. and a 13% approval rating from Top Critics. a doctor. but properly dressed and able to walk down the aisle. 247 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kristen Bell as Marni Jamie Lee Curtis as Gail Odette Yustman as Joanna Sigourney Weaver as Aunt Ramona Betty White as Grandma Bunny James Wolk as Will Billy Unger as Ben Kristin Chenoweth as Georgia King[3] Kyle Bornheimer as Tim Christine Lakin as Taylor Victor Garber as Mark Cloris Leachman as Helen Sean Wing as Charlie Patrick Duffy as Ritchie Phillips Jenna Leigh Green as Heather Arne Starr as Teacher (Uncredited) Dwayne Johnson as Air Marshall (Uncredited) Production You Again was completed on April 3.[4] Critical reception The movie has received negative reviews from critics. but it collapses and injures both of them. They are both forced to stay at a hospital (with Marni's father. taking care of them) and delay the wedding. then tries to camouflage its essentially poisonous content with several layers of sugar coating and weepy reconciliation. and grandma Bunny were enemies in high school when Joanna's grandmother stole a boy from her. with the bride and groom bandaged. Marni puts together a makeshift wedding at the hospital. materialistic values.''You Again'' Joanna and Will reconcile in Marni's old tree house. Joanna introduces Marni's grandmother Bunny to her grandmother Helen. her brother's good friend who was always kind to her. 2010.[7] . It is revealed that grandma Helen (Cloris Leachman). Betty White and Cloris Leachman. Marni appears to start a relationship with Charlie." declaring "Like so many Disney movies."[6] Richard Roeper gave the film an F and stated that it was one of the worst movies he's ever seen. The rivalry between the two grandmothers. is a reference to the conflict between the two on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. However.[5] The New York Times critic Stephen Holden wrote that "There is not a laugh to be found in this rancid. with Rotten Tomatoes giving it a 15% critical approval rating. Bunny gets her revenge when she takes away a potential male dancer from her. However. misogynistic revenge comedy. 2011. Home media The film is scheduled for release on Blu-ray and DVD on February 8.

com/title/tt1414382/) at the Internet Movie Database You Again (http://www.com/m/you_again/) at Rotten Tomatoes • You Again (http://www. IGN Entertainment. html). htm). Richard Roeper website (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=youagain. [4] You Again Blu-ray (http:/ / www.com) You Again (http://www.''You Again'' 248 References [1] Fritz. 1 as 'You Again' lags" (http:/ / latimesblogs. External links • • • • Official website (http://http://youagain-themovie. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 2010. September 23. Retrieved September 23. aspx?bcpid=57019037001& bctid=617172439001). boxofficemojo. com/ 2010/ 09/ 24/ movies/ 24you. boxofficemojo. nytimes.com/movies/?id=youagain.com. blu-ray. [7] "You Again review" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. Inc. [6] "It’s a Mean-Girl World: Are You Bully or Victim?" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved September 25. . Rotten Tomatoes. [5] "You Again Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. com/ default. com/ trailer/ you-again/ interview-kristin-chenoweth). Retrieved October 9.Kristin Chenoweth (http:/ / www. 2010. . [3] You Again Interview . com/ m/ you_again/ ).rottentomatoes. 2010). 2010. 2010. 2010. latimes. Retrieved 2010-12-09.imdb. Blu-ray. . richardroeper. html?ref=movies). [2] "You Again (2010)" (http:/ / www. com). The New York Times.com/work/486188) at Allmovie You Again (http://www. Los Angeles Times.htm) at Box Office Mojo .boxofficemojo. .com. com/ movies/ You-Again-Blu-ray/ 18134). com/ entertainmentnewsbuzz/ 2010/ 09/ movie-projector-wall-street-and-guardians-to-battle-for-no-1-as-you-again-lags. .allmovie. Retrieved October 10.com. 2011. "Movie projector: 'Wall Street' and 'Guardians' to battle for No. TrailerAddict. Ben (September 23. Retrieved January 5. traileraddict. richarroeper.

The script. Tim is soon distracted by three convention veterans (John C. this convention will be anything but conventional. Sent to the "major metropolis" to represent his company at the annual insurance convention. written by Phil Johnston was included on the 2009 Blacklist.''Cedar Rapids (film)'' 249 Cedar Rapids (film) Cedar Rapids Theatrical Poster Directed by Produced by Miguel Arteta Alexander Payne Jim Taylor Ed Helms Phil Johnston Ed Helms John C. [2] . Reilly Anne Heche Isiah Whitlock Jr. Kurtwood Smith Stephen Root Sigourney Weaver Alia Shawkat Written by Starring Cinematography Chuy Chavez Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Eric Kissack Fox Searchlight Pictures January 23. And he's never experienced anything like Cedar Rapids. He's never stayed at a hotel.[1] Plot To call insurance agent Tim Lippe (Ed Helms) "naive" is a gross understatement. a Hollywood list of the most popular unproduced screenplays of the year. Reilly. For a guy who plays everything by the book. He's never left his small Wisconsin hometown. Anne Heche and Isiah Whitlock Jr. 2011 (Sundance) February 11. Iowa. 2011 (United States) United States English Cedar Rapids is a 2011 American comedy film about a naive insurance agent (Ed Helms) who is sent to represent his company at a regional conference when his boss dies in an auto-erotic asphyxiation accident.) who will show him the ropes and push his boundaries.

. com/ cedarrapids/ ). com/ 2009/ 12/ top-10. html).imdb.com/work/496655) at Allmovie Cedar Rapids (http://www. Diana (23 January 2011). as Ronald Wilkes Kurtwood Smith as Orin Helgesson Stephen Root as Bill Krogstad Sigourney Weaver as Marcy Vanderhei Alia Shawkat as Bree Production The failure of an Iowa film production tax credit reportedly is the reason that the film was shot on location in Ann Arbor. com/ 2011/ 01/ 23/ cedar-rapids-movie-debuts-tonight-at-sundance/ ). blogspot.com/movies/?id=cedarrapids.boxofficemojo. [2] "Cedar Rapids" (http:/ / www. retrieved 24 January 2011 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. [3] Nollen.com/title/tt1477837/) at the Internet Movie Database Cedar Rapids (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Cedar Rapids (http://www. Script Shadow.[3] References [1] 2009 [[Black List With Thoughts (http:/ / scriptshadow. Michigan. foxsearchlight. Cedar Rapids Gazette. "‘Cedar Rapids’ movie debuts tonight at Sundance" (http:/ / thegazette.allmovie.''Cedar Rapids (film)'' 250 Cast • • • • • • • • Ed Helms as Tim Lippe John C.rottentomatoes. FOX Pictures.com/) Cedar Rapids (http://www.[3] Michigan provides a 42% tax rebate to movies filmed in specified "core communities" in the state (such as Ann Arbor).cedarrapidsmovie. Reilly as Dean Zieglerl Anne Heche as Joan Ostrowski-Fox Isiah Whitlock Jr. rather than in Cedar Rapids itself. . 2011. Retrieved January 20.com/m/cedar_rapids_2010/) at Rotten Tomatoes .

2011 (United States) United Kingdom United States English Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Paul is an upcoming 2011 ensemble science fiction comedy film directed by Greg Mottola and written by and starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost. . 2011 (United Kingdom) March 18.''Paul (film)'' 251 Paul (film) Paul Teaser poster Directed by Produced by Greg Mottola Nira Park Tim Bevan Eric Fellner Simon Pegg Nick Frost Simon Pegg Nick Frost Seth Rogen Jason Bateman Kristen Wiig David Arnold Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Lawrence Sher Editing by Studio Chris Dickens Relativity Media StudioCanal Working Title Films Big Talk Pictures Universal Pictures February 14.

Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Simon Pegg[1] as Graham Willy. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1. 33[5] Seth Rogen as the voice of Paul[1] Jason Bateman[1] as Special Agent Lorenzo Zoil[5] Kristen Wiig[1] as Ruth Bill Hader[1] as Agent Haggard Gregg Turkington as Neil Hamburger Jane Lynch[1] as Pat Stevenson Sigourney Weaver[6] as Tara Blythe Danner[6] as Tara Walton Mia Stallard as Young Tara Joe Lo Truglio[6] as O'Reilly John Carroll Lynch as Moses Buggs David Koechner as Gus Jesse Plemons as Jake Jeffrey Tambor as Adam Shadowchild Luke Jackson as Ford Paula LaBaredas as Princess Leia Chris Bentley as Highway Patrolman (uncredited) Justin Reed as Comic Con Guest Gilbert Gottfried According to Robert Kirkman.[2] with additional scenes filmed in July 2010 at the Albuquerque Convention Center.[7] . Let Me In. The trailer featured the music "All Over The World" by the Electric Light Orchestra. the settings had to be changed to avoid crowds and extras were used to portray attendees. they discover an alien named Paul (voiced by Seth Rogen) at Area 51 and become the targets of a nationwide manhunt. which was designed to look like the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con. On the way. During filming. the only character who was created by CGI.[3] After obtaining permission to use the Comic-Con brand. A teaser trailer was released on the 18th of October. [1] Production Principal photography wrapped on September 9.''Paul (film)'' 252 Plot summary Two British comic geeks (Pegg and Frost) go on a road trip through America. along with Invincible co-creator Cory Walker and current Invincible artist Ryan Ottley. will have a cameo in the movie. 32[5] Nick Frost[1] as Clive Gollings. 2009. Seth Rogen did motion capture and voice work during post-production. he.[4] It was shown before certain screenings of Vampires Suck. Burke and Hare and The Social Network in the UK. 2010. Joe Lo Trugllio was a stand-in for the character Paul.

External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. 2010-10-18. com/ RobertKirkman/ status/ 3216236821). Retrieved 2009-06-18.allmovie.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=paul. com/ news/ paul-set-visit-report-the-new-simon-pegg-nick-frost-comedy-10495). [5] Paul (2010) (http:/ / www. .''Paul (film)'' 253 References [1] Michael Fleming (2009-05-26). [7] Robert Kirkman (August 9.whatispaul. Blythe Danner.com. Twitter (via Echofon). . [4] "Matt's Movie Reviews Paul trailer" (http:/ / www. "Seth Rogen to voice 'Paul' for Pegg" (http:/ / www. html?categoryId=28& cs=1). latinoreview. net/ trailers-paul. html).The Paul Production Blogs.metacritic. [3] "Paul Set Visit Report.. What Is Paul? . Retrieved 2010-07-25.com/m/paul/) at Rotten Tomatoes . [2] "Principal Photography Wraps!" (http:/ / blog. Variety. . LatinoReview.com/) Paul (http://www. imdb. mattsmoviereviews. Retrieved 2009-06-18. Matt's Movie Reviews. com/ article/ VR1118005089.com/title/tt1092026/) at the Internet Movie Database Paul (http://www. "Flying out tomorrow to New Mexico.. Retrieved 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-25. Variety. com/ 2009/ 09/ 09/ principal-photography-wraps/ ). com/ article/ VR1118004183. September 9. The New Simon Pegg/Nick Frost Comedy!" (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt1092026/ ) at the Internet Movie Database [6] Variety staff (2009-06-17). . . 2009)." (http:/ / twitter. . variety.rottentomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo Paul (http://www. 2009.imdb.com/work/475294) at Allmovie Paul (http://www. html?categoryid=10& cs=1& nid=2248). Joe Lo Truglio" (http:/ / www. whatispaul.com/movie/paul) at Metacritic • Paul (http://www. "Sigourney Weaver. variety.

with actor Taylor Lautner attached to the film. and starring Taylor Lautner. based on a story idea by Gotham's Jeremy Bell. Lily Collins.[4] Gotham Group and Vertigo Entertainment had developed the script.[5] Lionsgate rushed to start filming in July. and John Singleton signed on to direct in March. the first film from their Tailor Made Entertainment label.[3] Ellen Goldsmith-Vein.''Abduction (2011 film)'' 254 Abduction (2011 film) Abduction Directed by Produced by John Singleton Jeremy Bell (Executive) Doug Davison Ellen Goldsmith-Vein Dan Lautner Roy Lee Gabriel Mason (Executive) Lee Stollman Shawn Christensen Jeffrey Nachmanoff Taylor Lautner Lily Collins Sigourney Weaver Maria Bello Alfred Molina Michael Nyqvist Jason Isaacs Freema Agyeman Clint Eastwood Lions Gate Entertainment Written by Starring Studio Release date(s) September 23. Lee Stollman.[2] Production Development Lionsgate bought screenwriter Shawn Christensen's spec script for Abduction in February 2010. with Jeremy Bell and Gabriel Mason executing producing. Maria Bello and Alfred Molina.[3] The studio won a bidding war for the screenplay.[6] Variety estimated the budget to be around $40 million. acquiring it for $1 million. and Doug Davison are producing the film. 2011.[7] .[5] Lautner's father. Roy Lee. directed by John Singleton. is also producing. Sigourney Weaver. The Lionsgate film is about a teenager who finds out that his parents aren't really his when he sees his baby picture on a missing person's website. 2011 Country Language Budget United States English $40 million (estimated) Abduction is an upcoming American thriller film. due to Lautner's schedule to begin work on the last two Twilight films for Summit Entertainment. Dan Lautner.[1] The film is set to be released on September 23. Writer Jeffrey Nachmanoff was hired to work on the screenplay.

html).[10] Cast • • • • • • • • • Taylor Lautner as Nathan Harper Sigourney Weaver as Dr. com/ article/ VR1118017260.[1] Lionsgate returned to the region due to tax benefits from Pennsylvania's tax credit program. net/ films. 2010). variety. and is expected to last into September 2010. Bennett Maria Bello as Mara Lily Collins as Karen Lowell Alfred Molina as Frank Burton Michael Nyqvist as Viktor Kozlow Jason Isaacs as Kevin Freema Agyeman as Kareema Clint Eastwood as Robert Eastman References [1] Buckley. June 30. 2010.[9] Many of the film's scenes were shot in suburban Mount Lebanon.''Abduction (2011 film)'' 255 Filming Principal photography began on July 12. com/ news/ 24243753/ detail. variety. cheerleaders. wpxi. "Singleton to direct Lionsgate's 'Abduction'" (http:/ / www. post-gazette. com/ x/ valleyindependent/ s_690195. pittsburghlive. stm). Retrieved July 13. as well as real students. Dave (March 25. Entertainment Weekly. 2010 in the Pittsburgh. "'Twilight' star Lautner will come to Pittsburgh for 'Abduction'" (http:/ / www. "Taylor Lautner Surprises Fans At Hampton High School" (http:/ / www. 2010. "Another action-movie role for 'Twilight Saga: New Moon' star Taylor Lautner. [9] "Film Fans Make Their Move For 'Twilight' Star's New Pittsburgh Flick" (http:/ / www. Valley Independent.[8] An open casting call for extras held at Carnegie Mellon University drew over 900 people in June. . html). . Variety. Retrieved July 16. 2010). php?id=63252). Retrieved July 15. and The Next Three Days there in 2008 and 2009. "Writer Jeffrey Nachmanoff re-planning ‘Abduction’ (exclusive)" (http:/ / riskybusiness. html). and the marching band. 2010. 2010). . Mount Lebanon. . will appear in the film. who forms production company with his father" (http:/ / www. 2009). 2010. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). .. 2010. [6] Serba. Warrior. Dave (April 6. com/ 2010/ 04/ 26/ jeffrey-nachmanoff-abduction-exclusive-taylor-lautner-lionsgate/ ). The school's name and mascot. Jessica (July 13. html). . ew. hollywoodreporter. .00. mlive. [10] Fera. The Grand Rapids Press. ssf/ 2009/ 12/ another_action-movie_role_for. . [3] Fernandez. comingsoon. com/ entertainment/ grand-rapids/ index. The Hollywood Reporter.[1] Scenes were shot at Hampton High School in Hampton Township. many of whom were teenage fans of the Twilight film series. "What $1 Million Buys in Hollywood" (http:/ / www. Retrieved July 13. 2010). 2010. "Battle puts Lionsgate pair in hot seat" (http:/ / www. Retrieved July 16. . Chris (July 13. Retrieved July 16. com/ pg/ 10090/ 1046802-51. WPXI. John (December 21.20346839. [5] McNary. 2010. Retrieved October 17. after filming My Bloody Valentine 3D. Retrieved July 16. a suburb north of Pittsburgh. com/ article/ VR1118016909. 2010). Retrieved July 16. . WTAE. 2010. . "Teen heartthrob Taylor Lautner filming 'Abduction' in the valley" (http:/ / www.[10] Production will continue in Pittsburgh. (April 26. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Kate (February 26. com/ ew/ article/ 0. 2010. Jay A. [4] Ward. Pennsylvania area. [7] McNary. Greensburg and Hampton Township. html?categoryId=13& cs=1). thepittsburghchannel. Variety. 2010). 2010. Retrieved July 13. com/ high-school-playbook/ 24085735/ detail. Barbara (March 31. html). [2] "Abduction" (http:/ / www. [8] Vancheri. the Talbot. and some others in Forward Township. 2010. 2010).

" Zak Orth as Stacy and Goody's nerdy friend and Marilu Henner as a woman who regains her youth. two socialite vampires living a good life in New York city. Sigourney Weaver will play [2] [3] vampire queen Ciccerus and Richard Lewis will play an ACLU lawyer. Their lives become complicated when they fall in love with two men and are pursued by vampire hunters.[4] Also starring are Malcolm McDowell as Vlad Tepish.[5] Justin Kirk will play a Russian vampire. Ritter's love interest. who "enjoys wearing velvet jogging suits and knitting.com/title/tt1600195/) at the Internet Movie Database Vamps (2011 film) Vamps Directed by Amy Heckerling Produced by Red Hour Films Molly Hassell Lauren Versel Maria Teresa Arida Lucky Monkey Pictures Written by Starring Amy Heckerling Alicia Silverstone Krysten Ritter Sigourney Weaver Wallace Shawn Kristen Johnston Richard Lewis English Language Vamps is an upcoming horror-comedy film that reunites Clueless director Amy Heckerling with actors Alicia Silverstone and Wallace Shawn set to be released in 2011.''Abduction (2011 film)'' 256 External links • Abduction (http://www.[1] Plot The film centres around Stacey and Goody (Krysten Ritter and Alicia Silverstone). Wallace Shawn and Kristen Johnston play the suspicious parents of Joey (Dan Stevens).imdb.[6] Cast • • • • • • • • • • Krysten Ritter as Stacy Alicia Silverstone as Goody Sigourney Weaver as Ciccerus Kristen Johnston as Mrs Van Helsing Wallace Shawn as Dr Van Helsing Richard Lewis Malcolm McDowell as Vlad Tepish Justin Kirk as Vadim Dan Stevens as Joey Van Helsing Marilu Henner . whilst Todd Barry will appear as Ciccerus' loyal assistant. Each must make a choice that will jeopardize their immortality.

2010.20363137. uk/ movies/ news/ a252734/ richard-lewis-boards-silverstones-vamps. com/ News/ story. com/ dpp/ entertainment/ movies/ the-horror-comedy-"vamps"----starring-sigourney-weaver----is-filming-in-the-detroit-area). 2010. whilst using New York for exterior shots. [8] Smith.. "Alicia Silverstone: 'I Can't Wait to Be Pregnant'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved August 28. "Sigourney Weaver Enters The Fang Club" (http:/ / www. php?id=68454). . February 12. People.com/vampsmovie • http://vampsthefilm. Empire Online. [2] White. External Links • http://twitter. 2010).[8] Trivia Alicia Silverstone was offered the role after Heckerling came to see her in Time Stands Still. net/ news/ movienews.com. co. Retrieved August 28. digitalspy. fangoria. com/ index.[7] Alicia Silverstone and Wallace Shawn both have both worked with Heckerling before in Clueless. . James (17 March 2010).net. wxyz. 2010. Rennie (April 25. belfasttelegraph. comingsoon. . html?xid=rss-fullcontent). Retrieved August 28. . Orth and McDowell Join Vamps" (http:/ / www.com.''Vamps (2011 film)'' • Todd Barry as Ivan • Taylor Negron • Zak Orth 257 Filming Filming lasted 37 days in Detroit. php?option=com_content& view=article& id=1767:filmmakers-talk-vamps& catid=1:latest-news& Itemid=167). Fangoria. [7] "Filmmakers talk 'Vamps'" (http:/ / www. "The horror-comedy "Vamps" filming in the Detroit area" (http:/ / www. 2010. net/ news/ movienews. . html). com/ News/ story. August 2. Empire Online. co. . Retrieved August 28.net. com/ people/ article/ 0. [5] "Henner.com .[7] Red Hour Films is producing the film. 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010. uk/ breaking-news/ entertainment/ vampire-role-for-alicia-silverstone-14680267. Retrieved April 25. [3] "Richard Lewis boards Silverstone's Vamps" (http:/ / www. 2010. empireonline. [6] "More Join the 'Vamps' Cast" (http:/ / www. Comingsoon. . . people. 29 July 2010. html). References [1] "Vampire role for Alicia Silverstone" (http:/ / www. August 19. Alice (08/04/10). August 26. [4] "Kristen Johnston On For Vamps" (http:/ / www. Comingsoon. Belfast Telegraph. php?id=69151). 2010. Retrieved August 28. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 2010. comingsoon. Digital Spy. [9] Dyball. 2010. July 29.00. alongside Lucky Monkey Pictures.squarespace. asp?nid=28498).[9] Krysten Ritter was Heckerling's first choice for the role of Stacy. 2010. wxyz. 2010. empireonline. asp?nid=27314). .

where a senior police detective is attached to elucidate the murder of a little girl. Ladislao Vajda Heinz Rühmann. Siegfried Lowitz. Michel Simon. and uses a little girl as bait to attract the killer. even after leaving the police force. There was also a Dutch remake of the film. by Rudolf Van Den Berg. a Swiss playwright and novelist. Gert Fröbe Bruno Canfora Starring Music by Cinematography Ernst Bolliger. under the title The Cold Light of Day made in 1995. directed by Nico Hoffmann. Hans Jacoby. In 1997. it was remade under the same title as a German TV film. His trap is ultimately successful in ensnaring the murderer. As the detective hopes for leads while talking with the mother of the murdered girl. he embarks upon buying a gasoline shop in the remote area where he hopes to find the criminal. The original screenplay was written by Friedrich Dürrenmatt. he pledges to find her killer – and so. Heinz Rühmann and Gert Fröbe both starred in the [1] 1958 movie. .''The Cold Light of Day'' 258 The Cold Light of Day Es geschah am hellichten Tag Directed by Written by Ladislao Vajda Friedrich Dürrenmatt. Plot The three films follow the same basic plot. Heinrich Gärtner Release date(s) Running time Country Language 1958 95 minutes Germany German Es geschah am hellichten Tag (German for It Happened in Broad Daylight) is the title of a 1958 Swiss suspense film directed by Ladislao Vajda. and the first incarnation of the film is still acclaimed by critics.

Oberleutnant Matthäi Sigfrit Steiner . bloody-disgusting.Jacquier Heinrich Gretler .Gemeindepräsident Awards Nominated • 8th Berlin International Film Festival: Golden Bear[2] Alternative versions Friedrich Dürrenmatt had not been happy to see the detective proven successful at the end the story. named The Pledge in 2001. . External links • Es geschah am hellichten Tag (1958) (http://www.Frau Heller Anita von Ow . Das Versprechen differs from Es geschah am hellichten Tag by having the detective fail to identify the killer in the end because of murderer's death in an auto accident.''The Cold Light of Day'' 259 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Heinz Rühmann . so he wrote the novel Das Versprechen: Requiem auf den Kriminalroman (The Pledge: Requiem for the Detective Novel) from the previous film script.com.com/title/tt0119073/) at the Internet Movie Database . Retrieved 2010-01-01. Heinzi Michel Simon .Polizeikommandant Gert Fröbe . References [1] Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep: A Brief History of Child Murder in Cinema (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0051588/ awards).Professor Manz (voice: English version) María Rosa Salgado . as preferred by Dürrenmatt.imdb.Annemarie Heller Barbara Haller .Det. Penn's movie incorporates Das Versprechen's darker ending. imdb.imdb. com/ news/ 19930) [2] "IMDB. American director Sean Penn made a fourth movie on the topic. Feller Siegfried Lowitz .Lt. This failure ultimately leaves the detective a broken and witless old man.Frau Schrott Ewald Balser .Schrott Berta Drews . imdb.Ursula Fehlmann Emil Hegetschweiler .com: Awards for Es geschah am hellichten Tag" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0051588/) at the Internet Movie Database • Es geschah am hellichten Tag (1997) (http://www.Professor Manz Roger Livesey .

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