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The Anthony Hopkins Handbook - Everything you need to know about Anthony Hopkins

The Anthony Hopkins Handbook - Everything you need to know about Anthony Hopkins

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (born 31 December 1937), best known as Anthony Hopkins, is a Welsh actor of film, stage and television. Considered to be one of the greatest living actors, Hopkins is perhaps best known for his portrayal of cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs, for which he received the Academy Award for Best Actor, its sequel Hannibal, and its prequel Red Dragon. Other prominent film credits include The Lion in Winter, Magic, The Elephant Man, 84 Charing Cross Road, Dracula, Legends of the Fall, The Remains of the Day, Amistad, Nixon and Fracture.

Hopkins was born and brought up in Wales. Retaining his British citizenship, he became a U.S. citizen on 12 April 2000. Hopkins' films have spanned a wide variety of genres, from family films to horror. As well as his Academy Award, Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards, two Emmys, a Golden Globe and a Cecil B. DeMille Award.

Hopkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1993 for services to the arts. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2003, and was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2008.

This book is your ultimate resource for Anthony Hopkins. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: A Flea in Her Ear, The White Bus, The Lion in Winter (1968 film), The Looking Glass War, Hamlet (1969 film), Department S, The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens, When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film), Young Winston, War and Peace (TV series), A Doll's House (1973 Garland film), The Girl from Petrovka, QB VII, Juggernaut (film), All Creatures Great and Small (film), Dark Victory, Victory at Entebbe, A Bridge Too Far (1977 film), Audrey Rose (film), Magic (1978 film), International Velvet (film), The Elephant Man (film), A Change of Seasons (film), The Bunker (1981 film), Peter and Paul, Othello (1981 TV film), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film), The Bounty, Arch of Triumph (tele-movie), Guilty Conscience (film), Mussolini and I, The Good Father, 84 Charing Cross Road (film), The Dawning, A Chorus of Disapproval, The Tenth Man, Great Expectations (1989 film), Desperate Hours, The Silence of the Lambs (film), Hannibal Lecter, Freejack, Spotswood (film), Howards End (film), Dracula (1992 film), Chaplin (film), The Innocent (1993 film), The Remains of the Day (film), Shadowlands (film), The Road to Wellville (film), Legends of the Fall, Nixon (film), Surviving Picasso, The Edge (1997 film), Amistad (1997 film), The Mask of Zorro, Meet Joe Black, Instinct (film), Titus (film), Mission: Impossible II, The Grinch (film), Hannibal (film), Hearts in Atlantis (film), Bad Company (2002 film), Red Dragon (film), The Human Stain (film), Alexander (film), Proof (2005 film), The World's Fastest Indian, Bobby (2006 film), All the King's Men (2006 film), The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film), Slipstream (2007 film), Fracture (2007 film), Beowulf (2007 film), The City of Your Final Destination, The Wolfman (2010 film), You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger, Thor (film), The Rite (2011 film)

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (born 31 December 1937), best known as Anthony Hopkins, is a Welsh actor of film, stage and television. Considered to be one of the greatest living actors, Hopkins is perhaps best known for his portrayal of cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs, for which he received the Academy Award for Best Actor, its sequel Hannibal, and its prequel Red Dragon. Other prominent film credits include The Lion in Winter, Magic, The Elephant Man, 84 Charing Cross Road, Dracula, Legends of the Fall, The Remains of the Day, Amistad, Nixon and Fracture.

Hopkins was born and brought up in Wales. Retaining his British citizenship, he became a U.S. citizen on 12 April 2000. Hopkins' films have spanned a wide variety of genres, from family films to horror. As well as his Academy Award, Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards, two Emmys, a Golden Globe and a Cecil B. DeMille Award.

Hopkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1993 for services to the arts. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2003, and was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2008.

This book is your ultimate resource for Anthony Hopkins. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: A Flea in Her Ear, The White Bus, The Lion in Winter (1968 film), The Looking Glass War, Hamlet (1969 film), Department S, The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens, When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film), Young Winston, War and Peace (TV series), A Doll's House (1973 Garland film), The Girl from Petrovka, QB VII, Juggernaut (film), All Creatures Great and Small (film), Dark Victory, Victory at Entebbe, A Bridge Too Far (1977 film), Audrey Rose (film), Magic (1978 film), International Velvet (film), The Elephant Man (film), A Change of Seasons (film), The Bunker (1981 film), Peter and Paul, Othello (1981 TV film), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film), The Bounty, Arch of Triumph (tele-movie), Guilty Conscience (film), Mussolini and I, The Good Father, 84 Charing Cross Road (film), The Dawning, A Chorus of Disapproval, The Tenth Man, Great Expectations (1989 film), Desperate Hours, The Silence of the Lambs (film), Hannibal Lecter, Freejack, Spotswood (film), Howards End (film), Dracula (1992 film), Chaplin (film), The Innocent (1993 film), The Remains of the Day (film), Shadowlands (film), The Road to Wellville (film), Legends of the Fall, Nixon (film), Surviving Picasso, The Edge (1997 film), Amistad (1997 film), The Mask of Zorro, Meet Joe Black, Instinct (film), Titus (film), Mission: Impossible II, The Grinch (film), Hannibal (film), Hearts in Atlantis (film), Bad Company (2002 film), Red Dragon (film), The Human Stain (film), Alexander (film), Proof (2005 film), The World's Fastest Indian, Bobby (2006 film), All the King's Men (2006 film), The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film), Slipstream (2007 film), Fracture (2007 film), Beowulf (2007 film), The City of Your Final Destination, The Wolfman (2010 film), You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger, Thor (film), The Rite (2011 film)

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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10/31/2014

Sections

  • A Flea in Her Ear
  • The White Bus
  • The Lion in Winter (1968 film)
  • The Looking Glass War
  • Hamlet (1969 film)
  • Department S
  • The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens
  • When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film)
  • Young Winston
  • War and Peace (TV series)
  • A Doll's House (1973 Garland film)
  • The Girl from Petrovka
  • QB VII
  • Juggernaut (film)
  • All Creatures Great and Small (film)
  • Dark Victory
  • Victory at Entebbe
  • A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)
  • Audrey Rose (film)
  • Magic (1978 film)
  • International Velvet (film)
  • The Elephant Man (film)
  • A Change of Seasons (film)
  • The Bunker (1981 film)
  • Peter and Paul
  • Othello (1981 TV film)
  • The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film)
  • The Bounty
  • Arch of Triumph (tele-movie)
  • Guilty Conscience (film)
  • Mussolini and I
  • The Good Father
  • 84 Charing Cross Road (film)
  • The Dawning
  • A Chorus of Disapproval
  • The Tenth Man
  • Great Expectations (1989 film)
  • Desperate Hours
  • The Silence of the Lambs (film)
  • Hannibal Lecter
  • Freejack
  • Spotswood (film)
  • Howards End (film)
  • Dracula (1992 film)
  • Chaplin (film)
  • The Innocent (1993 film)
  • The Remains of the Day (film)
  • Shadowlands (film)
  • The Road to Wellville (film)
  • Legends of the Fall
  • Nixon (film)
  • Surviving Picasso
  • The Edge (1997 film)
  • Amistad (1997 film)
  • The Mask of Zorro
  • Meet Joe Black
  • Instinct (film)
  • Titus (film)
  • Mission: Impossible II
  • The Grinch (film)
  • Hannibal (film)
  • Hearts in Atlantis (film)
  • Bad Company (2002 film)
  • Red Dragon (film)
  • The Human Stain (film)
  • Alexander (film)
  • Proof (2005 film)
  • The World's Fastest Indian
  • Bobby (2006 film)
  • All the King's Men (2006 film)
  • The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film)

Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE (born 31 December 1937), best known as Anthony Hopkins, is a Welsh actor of film

, stage and television. Considered to be one of the greatest living actors, Hopkins is perhaps best known for his portrayal of cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs, for which he received the Academy Award for Best Actor, its sequel Hannibal, and its prequel Red Dragon. Other prominent film credits include The Lion in Winter, Magic, The Elephant Man, 84 Charing Cross Road, Dracula, Legends of the Fall, The Remains of the Day, Amistad, Nixon and Fracture. Hopkins was born and brought up in Wales. Retaining his British citizenship, he became a U.S. citizen on 12 April 2000. Hopkins’ films have spanned a wide variety of genres, from family films to horror. As well as his Academy Award, Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards, two Emmys, a Golden Globe and a Cecil B. DeMille Award. Hopkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1993 for services to the arts. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2003, and was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2008. This book is your ultimate resource for Anthony Hopkins. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: A Flea in Her Ear, The White Bus, The Lion in Winter (1968 film), The Looking Glass War, Hamlet (1969 film), Department S, The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens, When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film), Young Winston, War and Peace (TV series), A Doll’s House (1973 Garland film), The Girl from Petrovka, QB VII, Juggernaut (film), All Creatures Great and Small (film), Dark Victory, Victory at Entebbe, A Bridge Too Far (1977 film), Audrey Rose (film), Magic (1978 film), International Velvet (film), The Elephant Man (film), A Change of Seasons (film), The Bunker (1981 film), Peter and Paul, Othello (1981 TV film), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film), The Bounty, Arch of Triumph (tele-movie), Guilty Conscience (film), Mussolini and I, The Good Father, 84 Charing Cross Road (film), The Dawning, A Chorus of Disapproval, The Tenth Man, Great Expectations (1989 film), Desperate Hours, The Silence of the Lambs (film), Hannibal Lecter, Freejack, Spotswood (film), Howards End (film), Dracula (1992 film), Chaplin (film), The Innocent (1993 film), The Remains of the Day (film), Shadowlands (film), The Road to Wellville (film), Legends of the Fall, Nixon (film), Surviving Picasso, The Edge (1997 film), Amistad (1997 film), The Mask of Zorro, Meet Joe Black, Instinct (film), Titus (film), Mission: Impossible II, The Grinch (film), Hannibal (film), Hearts in Atlantis (film), Bad Company (2002 film), Red Dragon (film), The Human Stain (film), Alexander (film), Proof (2005 film), The World’s Fastest Indian, Bobby (2006 film), All the King’s Men (2006 film), The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film), Slipstream (2007 film), Fracture (2007 film), Beowulf (2007 film), The City of Your Final Destination, The Wolfman (2010 film), You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger, Thor (film), The Rite (2011 film) Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

The

ANTHONY HOPKINS
Handbook
Everything you need to know about Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins

Anthony Hopkins

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Anthony Hopkins A Flea in Her Ear The White Bus The Lion in Winter (1968 film) The Looking Glass War Hamlet (1969 film) Department S The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film) Young Winston War and Peace (TV series) A Doll's House (1973 Garland film) The Girl from Petrovka QB VII Juggernaut (film) All Creatures Great and Small (film) Dark Victory Victory at Entebbe A Bridge Too Far (1977 film) Audrey Rose (film) Magic (1978 film) International Velvet (film) The Elephant Man (film) A Change of Seasons (film) The Bunker (1981 film) Peter and Paul Othello (1981 TV film) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film) The Bounty Arch of Triumph (tele-movie) Guilty Conscience (film) Mussolini and I The Good Father 84 Charing Cross Road (film) 1 11 15 16 20 23 24 28 29 32 34 37 39 40 43 46 48 52 54 65 67 71 73 78 81 84 86 118 121 128 129 130 132 134

The Dawning A Chorus of Disapproval The Tenth Man Great Expectations (1989 film) Desperate Hours The Silence of the Lambs (film) Hannibal Lecter Freejack Spotswood (film) Howards End (film) Dracula (1992 film) Chaplin (film) The Innocent (1993 film) The Remains of the Day (film) Shadowlands (film) The Road to Wellville (film) Legends of the Fall Nixon (film) Surviving Picasso The Edge (1997 film) Amistad (1997 film) The Mask of Zorro Meet Joe Black Instinct (film) Titus (film) Mission: Impossible II The Grinch (film) Hannibal (film) Hearts in Atlantis (film) Bad Company (2002 film) Red Dragon (film) The Human Stain (film) Alexander (film) Proof (2005 film) The World's Fastest Indian Bobby (2006 film) All the King's Men (2006 film) The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film) 137 140 142 144 146 148 154 158 161 163 168 173 177 178 184 187 190 193 199 201 206 212 221 224 227 232 237 242 255 258 261 264 268 277 279 283 288 293 .

Licenses and Contributors 347 355 Article Licenses License 357 .Slipstream (2007 film) Fracture (2007 film) Beowulf (2007 film) The City of Your Final Destination The Wolfman (2010 film) You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger Thor (film) The Rite (2011 film) 296 299 302 313 317 327 331 342 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources.

To that end. stage and television. to instill discipline. divorced) Stella Arroyave (2003–present) Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins. Hopkins was born and brought up in Wales. Other prominent film credits include The Lion in Winter. best known as Anthony Hopkins. a Golden Globe and a Cecil B. divorced) Jennifer Lynton (1973–2002. he became a U.[5] His schooldays were unproductive. than attend to his studies. Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards. The Elephant Man. such as painting and drawing or playing the piano. his parents insisted he attend Jones' West Monmouth Boys' School in Pontypool. Glamorgan. Amistad. Wales. and its prequel Red Dragon. for which he received the Academy Award for Best Actor. Wales. he found that he would rather immerse himself in art. Legends of the Fall. He remained there for five terms and was then educated at Cowbridge Grammar School in the Vale of Glamorgan. Considered to be one of the greatest living actors. citizen on 12 April 2000.S. CBE (born 31 December 1937). He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2003. is a Welsh actor of film. Early life Hopkins was born in Margam. Cortona. and was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2008. whom he met briefly at the age of 15. In 1949. from family films to horror. two Emmys. Nixon and Fracture.[4] Hopkins' films have spanned a wide variety of genres.[1] [2] [3] Hopkins is perhaps best known for his portrayal of cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs. the son of Muriel Anne (née Yeats) and Richard Arthur Hopkins. a baker. 2009 Born Philip Anthony Hopkins31 December 1937Port Talbot.[6] Hopkins was influenced and encouraged to become an actor by Welsh compatriot Richard Burton (who was also Neath Port Talbot-born). As well as his Academy Award. DeMille Award. Retaining his British citizenship. Magic. Wales.Anthony Hopkins 1 Anthony Hopkins Sir Anthony Hopkins CBE Hopkins at the Tuscan Sun Festival. Port Talbot. Wales. 84 Charing Cross Road. its sequel Hannibal. United Kingdom Actor Occupation Years active 1967–present Spouse Petronella Barker (1967–1972. Hopkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1993 for services to the arts. The Remains of the Day. he enrolled at the Royal Welsh College . Dracula.

He will play a priest who is "an expert in exorcisms and whose methods are not necessarily traditional". . winning many plaudits and awards for his performances."[9] Despite his success at the National.[13] In 2006. along with Peter O'Toole.[17] Acting style Hopkins is renowned for his preparation for roles.[7] Hopkins became Olivier's understudy. He has since gone on to enjoy a long career. His Pierre Bezukhov for the BBC War and Peace (1972) was particularly memorable.Anthony Hopkins of Music & Drama in Cardiff. he simply discards the lines. whom he portrayed in his 2005 film The World's Fastest Indian.[8] 2 Career Roles In 1965. Confessions of an Actor.[7] After two years in the British Army doing his national service. This leads to an almost casual style of delivery that belies the amount of groundwork done beforehand. directed by John Dexter) he gradually moved away from it to become more established as a television and film actor.[14] In 2008.[10] [11] In 1996. In 1968. This is unlike others who usually remember their lines Isabella Rossellini and Anthony Hopkins in Berlin to shoot scenes for The Innocent (1993).[12] Hopkins has stated that his role as Burt Munro. and filled in when Olivier was struck with appendicitis during a production of August Strindberg's The Dance of Death. after several years in repertory. who played Philip II of France. Although Hopkins continued in theatre (most notably at the National Theatre as Lambert Le Roux in Pravda by David Hare and Howard Brenton and as Antony in Antony and Cleopatra opposite Judi Dench as well as in the Broadway production of Peter Shaffer's Equus. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement. he got his break in The Lion in Winter playing Richard I. "A new young actor in the company of exceptional promise named Anthony Hopkins was understudying me and walked away with the part of Edgar like a cat with a mouse between its teeth. and future James Bond star Timothy Dalton.[16] On 24 February 2010 it was announced that Hopkins had been cast in the upcoming supernatural thriller The Rite. was his favourite. or demands what the actor views as an excessive number of takes. Olivier later noted in his memoir. He made his small-screen debut in a 1967 BBC broadcast of A Flea in Her Ear. Wales. and a Knight Bachelor in 1993. in the upcoming film adaptation of Marvel Comics' Thor. not remembering them later on. While it can allow for some careful improvisation. Lampeter. so that he can "do it without thinking". Hopkins was made a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in 1987. He also asserted that Munro was the easiest role that he had played because both men have a similar outlook on life. the father of Thor. Hopkins tired of repeating the same roles nightly and yearned to be in films. he received the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award. who invited him to join the Royal National Theatre. He has indicated in interviews that once he has committed to a project. that. Katharine Hepburn.[15] Hopkins portrays Odin. he will go over his lines as many times as is needed (sometimes upwards of 200) until the lines sound natural to him. he was spotted by Sir Laurence Olivier. from which he graduated in 1957. he then moved to London where he trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. it has also brought him into conflict with the occasional director who departs from the script. Hopkins was awarded an honorary fellowship from the University of Wales. Hopkins was the recipient of the Golden Globe Cecil B. Hopkins has stated that after he is finished with a scene.

who won for Best Actress. who shared many scenes. I suppose I'll just have to settle for being a respectable actor poncing around the West End and doing respectable BBC work for the rest of my life. preferring the spontaneity of a fresh take. for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1991. and Shakespeare. Red Dragon in 2002). saying. "Well that part of my life's over. Hopkins keeps his memory supple by learning things by heart such as poetry. It is one of the shortest lead performances to win an Oscar.[18] Richard Attenborough. In Steven Spielberg's Amistad. opposite Jodie Foster as Clarice Starling. To allow for this. only bringing him in for the last one before a take."[9] Hopkins played the iconic villain in adaptations of the first three of the Lecter novels by Thomas Harris."[9] Renowned for his ability to remember lines. Butterfly. Whereas Hopkins.[20] At the time he was offered the role. having all but given up on a career there. Hopkins is a gifted mimic. . An overawed Spielberg couldn't bring himself to call him Tony. delivering it in one go. you want to show a bit. The film won Best Picture. He had come back to Britain after living for a number of years in Hollywood. it's a chapter closed. Hopkins stated that Red Dragon would feature his final performance as the character. found himself going to great lengths during the filming of Shadowlands (1993) to accommodate the differing approaches of his two stars (Hopkins and Debra Winger). Laurence Olivier. He duplicated the voice of his late mentor. It's an incredible gift. Hopkins was making a return to the London stage. who has directed Hopkins on five occasions. Hopkins astounded crew with his memorisation of a seven-page courtroom speech. Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay.[8] In addition. and insisted on addressing him as Sir Anthony throughout the shoot. "It's very difficult for an actor to avoid. Attenborough stood in for Hopkins during Winger's rehearsals. Winger rehearsed continuously. The author was reportedly very pleased with Hopkins' portrayal of his antagonist. But I think the less one shows the better. His interview on the 1998 relaunch edition of the British TV talk show Parkinson featured an impersonation of comedian Tommy Cooper.[6] Hopkins reprised his role as Lecter twice (Hannibal in 2001. liked to keep rehearsals to a minimum."[19] 3 Hannibal Lecter Perhaps Hopkins' most famous role is as the cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs. as Hopkins only appears on screen for little over 16 minutes. for additional scenes in Spartacus in its 1991 restoration. He said. His original portrayal of the character in The Silence of the Lambs has been labelled by the American Film Institute as the number-one film villain. The director praised Hopkins for "this extraordinary ability to make you believe when you hear him that it is the very first time he has ever said that line. and that he would not reprise even a narrative role in the latest addition to the series.Anthony Hopkins from a film even years later. performing in M. Hopkins has said acting "like a submarine" has helped him to deliver credible performances in his thriller movies. Hannibal Rising. adept at turning his native Welsh accent into whatever is required by a character. However.

he became a naturalized U. he had lost 80 pounds. A Festival. was published together with Graham Nobles. and celebrated with a 3. following his 1990s success. He is now married to Colombian-born Stella Arroyave.Anthony Hopkins 4 Personal life As of 2007. the actor unveiled a commemorative statue in the entertainer's home town of Caerphilly. He has offered his support to various charities and appeals. South Wales.000-mile road trip across the country. In 2008.. Hopkins donned Cooper's trademark fez and performed a comic routine. but returned to London in the late 1980s.S. who is an actress and singer. California he is also a volunteer teacher at the Ruskin School of Acting in Santa Monica. Abigail Hopkins (b. He has a daughter from his first marriage. California-based non-profit organization offering rehabilitation assistance to women in recovery from substance abuse. he decided to return to the U. voicing concerns about Japan's continuing annual whale hunt. raising funds for the preservation of the Snowdonia National Park in North Hopkins at the 2010 Toronto International Film Wales.[21] Hopkins also takes time to support other various philanthropic groups. As stated Hopkins has attended 12-Step meetings for alcohol addiction. [22] and suddenly stopped drinking in 1975. Retaining his British citizenship. he embarked on a weight loss program. Although he resides in Malibu. as patron of the Tommy Cooper Society. book celebrating these efforts. having first joined the YMCA in the 1950s. to TMZ in October 2010. Anthony Hopkins' Snowdonia. Inc. However. Hopkins resides in Los Angeles. He was a Guest of Honour at a Gala Fundraiser for Women in Recovery. On 23 February 2008.S. He had moved to the United States once before during the 1970s to pursue his film career. 20 August 1968). and by 2010. notably becoming President of the National Trust's Snowdonia Appeal. citizen on 12 April 2000. Hopkins is a vegetarian.[24] Hopkins has been a patron of RAPt (Rehabilitation for Addicted Prisoners Trust) since its early days and helped open their first intensive drug and alcohol rehabilitation unit at Downview (HM Prison) in 1992. Hopkins has been a patron of the YMCA centre in his hometown of Port Talbot.[12] Hopkins has been married three times.[23] Hopkins is a prominent member of environmental protection group Greenpeace and as of early 2008 featured in a television advertisement campaign. California. His first two wives were Petronella Barker (1967–1972) and Jennifer Lynton (1973–2002).[25] . For the ceremony. South Wales for more than 20 years. and to aid the Trust's efforts to purchase parts of Snowdon. He is an admirer of the comedian Tommy Cooper. a Venice.

and Schizoid Salsa. Hopkins has been Oscar-nominated for The Remains of the Day (1993). It peaked at #75 in the UK charts. Lewis (Shadowlands. Hopkins became a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) at the Orange British Academy Film Awards in February 2008. S. 1998) William Parrish (Meet Joe Black. at Switzerland's Locarno International Film Festival. 1996) John Quincy Adams (Amistad. In 1986. Hopkins won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in 1973 for his performance as Pierre Bezukhov in the BBC's production of War and Peace. Hopkins directed " Dylan Thomas: Return Journey" which was his directing debut for the screen. 1985) Donald Campbell (Across the Lake. These compositions include The Masque of Time. making Hopkins unavailable. Nixon (1995) and Amistad (1997).[30] . John Harvey Kellogg (The Road to Wellville. Dickens. Red Dragon.Anthony Hopkins 5 Other work Hopkins is a talented pianist. 1977) Frederick Treves (The Elephant Man. 2004) Burt Munro (The World's Fastest Indian. 1999) Ptolemy I Soter (Alexander. 1997) Charles Morse (The Edge. 1970) Pierre Bezukhov (War and Peace. 1991. an adaptation of Chekhov's Uncle Vanya set in Wales. he released a single called "Distant Star". which he also directed and scored. 1981) Othello (Othello. an experimental drama called Slipstream. 1968) Charles Dickens (The Great Inimitable Mr. 2001. He received nominations in the same category for Magic and The Remains of the Day and as Best Supporting Actor for The Lion in Winter. 1981) Quasimodo (The Hunchback of Notre Dame. 1993) Dr. His first screenplay. Writer John Sullivan saw the interview. 1992) C. Hopkins is a fan of the BBC sitcom Only Fools and Horses. he announced he would retire temporarily from the screen to tour around the world. 1992) Marcus Crassus (Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of Spartacus. 2005) Hrothgar (Beowulf. Hannibal Lecter (The Silence of the Lambs. given its world premiere with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra in October 2008. He won Emmy Awards for his roles in The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case and The Bunker.[27] In 1990. 2002) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Abraham Van Helsing (Bram Stoker's Dracula. both for Slipstream. 1980) Adolf Hitler (The Bunker. 1976) John Frost (A Bridge Too Far. Hannibal. a local villain. 1994) Richard Nixon (Nixon. 1981) Paul the Apostle (Peter and Paul. and additionally for The Silence of the Lambs and Shadowlands. 2010) Odin (Thor. and with Hopkins in mind created the character Danny Driscoll. In 2007. The role instead went to his friend Roy Marsden.[29] He won the directing and the acting award. and once remarked in an interview how he would love to appear in the series. 1997) Don Diego de la Vega/Zorro (The Mask of Zorro. in collaboration with Stephen Barton as orchestrator. 1972) David Lloyd George (Young Winston. 1995) Pablo Picasso (Surviving Picasso. 1982) William Bligh (The Bounty.[28] Hopkins has played many famous historical and fictional characters including: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Richard Lionheart (The Lion in Winter. 1988) Dr. filming of the new series coincided with the filming of The Silence of the Lambs. In 1996. 1972) Yitzak Rabin (Victory at Entebbe. 1998) Titus Andronicus (Titus. premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in 2007. and was Emmy-nominated for The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Great Expectations. 1984) Count Galeazzo Ciano (Mussolini and I. 2007) Sir John Talbot (The Wolfman. 2011) Awards Besides his win for The Silence of the Lambs. 1976) Bruno Hauptmann (The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case.[26] Hopkins has also written music for the concert hall. However. Hopkins directed August.

Col. Jones Dr.[31] 6 Filmography Film Year 1967 A Flea in Her Ear The White Bus 1968 The Lion in Winter 1969 The Looking Glass War Hamlet Department S 1970 The Great Inimitable Mr. John D. Adam Kelno Supt. John McCleod Siegfried Farnon Alexander Tashkov Dr. Anthony Hopkins became an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music. Dickens Hearts and Flowers 1971 When Eight Bells Toll 1972 Young Winston War and Peace A Doll's House Etienne Plucheux Brechtian Richard John Avery Claudius Greg Halliday Charles Dickens Bob Philip Calvert David Lloyd George Pierre Bezukhov Torvald Helmer British Academy Television Award for Best Actor TV Television film TV – Play for Today Nominated — British Academy Television Award for Best Actor Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role TV Role Notes 1974 The Girl from Petrovka Kostya QB VII Juggernaut All Creatures Great and Small The Childhood Friend 1976 Dark Victory The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case Victory at Entebbe 1977 A Bridge Too Far Audrey Rose 1978 Magic Dr.Anthony Hopkins In 1979. Frost Elliot Hoover Charles "Corky" Withers/Voice of Fats Captain Johnson Capt. Michael Grant Bruno Richard Hauptmann Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Lt. London. Frederick Treves Adam Evans TV Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actor Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama TV TV – Play for Today TV Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie International Velvet 1979 Mayflower: The Pilgrims' Adventure 1980 The Elephant Man A Change of Seasons .

Hannibal Lecter Academy Award for Best Actor BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor Saturn Award for Best Actor Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor TV One Man's War 1992 Freejack Spotswood Howards End Joel Ian McCandless Errol Wallace Henry J.Anthony Hopkins 1981 The Bunker Peter and Paul Othello 1982 The Hunchback of Notre Dame 1983 A Married Man 1984 The Bounty 1985 Hollywood Wives Arch of Triumph Guilty Conscience Mussolini and I The Good Father 1987 84 Charing Cross Road 1988 The Dawning Across the Lake A Chorus of Disapproval The Tenth Man 1989 Great Expectations Adolf Hitler Paul of Tarsus Othello Quasimodo Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie TV TV TV Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie TV 7 John Strickland Lieutenant William Bligh Neil Gray Dr. Ravic Arthur Jamison Count Galeazzo Ciano Bill Hooper Frank Doel Angus Barrie Donald Campbell CBE Dafydd Ap Llewellyn Jean Louis Chavel Abel Magwitch TV TV TV TV CableACE Award for Actor in a Movie or Miniseries Moscow International Film Festival Award for Best Actor TV Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film TV miniseries Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor – Miniseries or a Movie 1990 Desperate Hours 1991 The Silence of the Lambs Tim Comell Dr. Wilcox Bram Stoker's Dracula Professor Abraham Van Helsing Chaplin George Hayden Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor .

Anthony Hopkins 1993 The Trial The Innocent The Remains of the Day The Priest Bob Glass James Stevens David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for Shadowlands National Board of Review Award for Best Actor also for Shadowlands Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for Shadowlands Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for The Remains of the Day National Board of Review Award for Best Actor also for The Remains of the Day Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for The Remains of the Day 8 Shadowlands Jack Lewis 1994 The Road to Wellville Legends of the Fall Dr. composed score 1995 Nixon Richard Nixon 1996 August Surviving Picasso 1997 The Edge Amistad Ieuan Davies Pablo Picasso Charles Morse John Quincy Adams Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role 1998 The Mask of Zorro Meet Joe Black 1999 Instinct Titus Don Diego de la Vega / Zorro William Parrish Ethan Powell Titus Andronicus Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for British Actor of the Year Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actor . Wittliff (writer/producer) and Brad Pitt (principal actor) Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture also directed. William Ludlow Western Heritage Awards — Bronze Wrangler for Theatrical Motion Picture shared with Edward Zwick (director). John Harvey Kellogg Col. William D.

Anthony Hopkins 2000 Mission: Impossible II The Grinch 2001 Hannibal Hearts in Atlantis 2002 Bad Company Red Dragon 2003 The Human Stain 2004 Alexander 2005 Proof The World's Fastest Indian 2006 Bobby Mission Commander Swanbeck The Narrator Dr. Hannibal Lecter Coleman Silk Ptolemy I Soter Robert Burt Munro John New Zealand Screen Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Hollywood Film Festival Award for Ensemble of the Year Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Hollywood Film Festival Award for Outstanding Achievement in Acting – Male Performer uncredited Voice Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actor 9 All the King's Men 2007 The Devil and Daniel Webster Slipstream Fracture Beowulf The City of Your Final Destination Judge Irwin Daniel Webster Felix Bonhoeffer Theodore "Ted" Crawford Hrothgar Adam Voice TV 2008 Where I Stand: The Hank Greenspun Hank Greenspun Story Immutable Dream of Snow Lion 2009 Bare Knuckles 2010 The Wolfman You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger 2011 Thor The Rite Xavier Jonas Sir John Talbot Alfie Shepridge Odin Father Lucas awaiting release post-production awaiting release . Hannibal Lecter Ted Brautigan Officer Oakes Dr.

shtml) BBC Retrieved January 2.com. Retrieved 7 March 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 1993) [12] BBC . com/ diario/ noticia/ musica/ flash/ de_gira_como_pianista/ 324637). org/ web/ 20070507035737/ http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1118010609. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ handv. com/ 1993-02-23/ news/ 9303184625_1_actor-anthony-hopkins-knighted-serial-killer) Chicago Tribune (February 23.Anthony Hopkins biography (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=13& cs=1& nid=2562& utm_medium=twitter& utm_source=twitterfeed). London: News. stm). aspx). uk/ entertainment/ film/ interviews/ anthony_hopkins/ 2). 14 October 2009.uk. afi. uk/ femail/ article-1252033/ Anthony-Hopkins. . archive. . [25] "Tommy Cooper statue is unveiled" (http:/ / news.. html). [23] "Silence of the Lamb Chops – Anthony Hopkins Loses 80 Pounds" (http:/ / www. co. Steve (1998). aspx) on 7 May 2007. Quentin (2004). London: BBC News. uk/ 1/ hi/ wales/ 4155326. [3] "Anthony Hopkins" (http:/ / film. telegraph. "Unlimited: A dark and stormy knight" (http:/ / www. tiscali. uk/ wales/ arts/ sites/ anthony-hopkins/ pages/ biography. [29] "Anthony Hopkins: Awards" (http:/ / www. co. ram. uk/ whoswho/ Pages/ HonRAM.co. Retrieved 28 February 2010. stm) BBC News (17 November 2005) [15] Bafta Film Awards 2008: The winners (http:/ / news. co. . [14] Lifetime honour for Sir Anthony (http:/ / news. it just so happens I live in America. variety. htm). bbc. . [2] "Anthony Hopkins Biography" (http:/ / www. bbc. org/ australia/ resources/ videos/ whales/ sir-anthony-hopkins-speaks-out).Arts . elnuevodia. bbc. [28] Clark.co. p. Retrieved 29 October 2008. afi. Dallas Star-Telegram.100 Heroes & Villains" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 11 November 2010. stm) BBC News (10 February 2008) [16] Michael Fleming (30 October 2009). motleyhealth. 125. IMDb. The Hollywood Reporter. bafta. org/ awards/ film/ ). . Tiscali. com/ 2010/ 02/ anthony-hopkins-takes-demonic-forces-in-the-rite. heatvisionblog.net. Retrieved 11 February 2010. ISBN 0-563-38445-X. bbc. 2010 [11] Actor Anthony Hopkins Knighted By Queen Elizabeth (http:/ / articles. London: guardian. [20] "AFI's 100 Years.bbc. com/ celeb/ silence-of-the-lamb-chop-anthony-hopkins-loses-70-pounds). uk/ wales/ arts/ sites/ film/ pages/ actors-anthony-hopkins. guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2008. co.Top 10 Welsh actors: Anthony Hopkins (http:/ / www. html). co. co. . [24] "Green Peace anti-whaling video" (http:/ / www. . uk/ film/ 1998/ dec/ 05/ features). 17 March 2003. BAFTA. html) The Telegraph Retrieved Thursday 06 January 2011 [8] A dark and stormy knight (http:/ / www. Retrieved 31 October 2009. ISBN 0-7535-0999-7. guardian. stm). Anthony Hopkins: The Biography (4th ed. Retrieved 14 October 2009. [4] "Anthony Hopkins – A role to sink his teeth into" (http:/ / www. . co. bbc." [5] Stated in interview on Inside the Actors Studio. chicagotribune. . Solarnavigator. shtml) BBC Retrieved January 2. aspx). [21] Drama returns to YMCA where Sir Anthony Hopkins started (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 October 2009. guardian. stm). uk/ entertainment/ film/ biographies/ anthony_hopkins_biog. Retrieved 25 October 2008. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 4444884. . bbc.Wales . com/ name/ nm0000164/ awards). London: BBC News. bbc. 23 February 2008. solarnavigator. co. . "De gira como pianista" (http:/ / www. "Anthony Hopkins cast in 'Thor'" (http:/ / www. . .Wales . star-telegram. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.-3689. "I have dual citizenship. 2007 [6] Anthony Hopkins: My life in pictures (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 29 October 2008. html) Daily Mail Retrieved 06 January. html). co. . uk/ 1/ hi/ 7191143. . html). greenpeace.14.. uk/ 1/ hi/ uk/ 7260219.co. HeatVision.00. [26] Associated Press (3 December 2007). [30] "Orange British Academy Film Awards" (http:/ / www.. 2010 [13] "The World's Fastest Indian" (http:/ / www.Anthony Hopkins 10 References [1] "Hopkins 'greatest British actor'" (http:/ / news. 2011 [7] Sir Anthony Hopkins portrait (http:/ / www. net/ films_movies_actors/ the_worlds_fastest_indian. co. AFI. co.Arts .uk. BBC Books. Royal Academy of Music. . 24 February 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2007. Greenpeace. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 12 February 2010. bbc. [17] "Anthony Hopkins takes demonic forces in 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www. co. [27] Chris Shull (19 October 2008). Retrieved 17 October 2009. Variety. Motley Health (London). . [10] BBC . Virgin Books. uk/ news/ newstopics/ nationaltreasures/ 2193352/ Sir-Anthony-Hopkins-portrait. 16 August 2005. "Anthony Hopkins brings Hollywood to Dallas Symphony Orchestra" (http:/ / www. dailymail. The Guardian (London). com/ entertainment/ story/ 983795. . co. uk/ film/ 1998/ dec/ 05/ features) The Guardian Retrieved 06 January. The Only Fools and Horses Story.org. co.). uk/ Player/ Player_Page/ 0. ac. co. 2011 [9] Falk. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 8512396. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ handv. 29 October 2008. [18] "Anthony Hopkins: Lecter and Me" — Red Dragon DVD interview [19] "Sir Anthony Hopkins acts 'like a submarine'" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 17 October 2009. imdb. Retrieved 29 October 2008. talktalk.uk. 2009)" (http:/ / www. uk/ news/ uk-wales-south-west-wales-10683793) BBC Wales (20 July 2010) [22] Close (5 December 1998). [31] "Honorary Members of the Royal Academy of Music (Oct.

Raymonde intends to confront her husband there. Victor Emmanuel. In celebration.co. but a large and prominent clientele.289. Plot The play is set in Paris at the turn of the century.ibdb. he has no interest in such an affair and believes the invitation from the mysterious woman was meant for his best friend Tournel. They write him a letter. also hurry to the Hotel Coq d’Or. BAFTA Fellow in 2008 (http://www. BAFTA profile by film writer Quentin Falk A Flea in Her Ear A Flea in Her Ear (in French: La Puce à l'oreille) is a play by Georges Feydeau written in 1907. Carlos recognizes Lucienne’s handwriting and assumes that she is trying to start an affair with Victor Emmanuel. html).uk/people/id/495786/) at the British Film Institute's Screenonline • Anthony Hopkins (http://www. Carlos Homenides de Histangua.html) at TV.com/person. hoping to prevent the threatened murder. When Victor Emmanuel receives the letter.imdb. a passionate and violent Spaniard.tv.com/wales/documentaries/ ?player=WAL_Documentaries_26&void=136212) • Early voice-over on HTV-Wales programme (http://www. the young nephew of Victor Emmanuel. She confides her doubts to her old friend Lucienne. Unknown to Victor Emmanuel. begins to doubt the fidelity of her husband. requesting a rendezvous at the Hotel Coq d’Or. hurries off in pursuit.itvlocal. followed by Etienne.com/wales/documentaries/ ?player=WAL_Documentaries_26&void=136217) • Anthony Hopkins.com/person/89293/summary.com/participant/participant.org/awards/film/fellow-man-anthony-hopkins. from a fictitious and anonymous admirer. Victor Emmanuel. who suddenly has become sexually inactive. who suggests a trick to test him. He runs off to the hotel. Finache.bbc.asp?ID=82349) at the Internet Broadway Database • Anthony Hopkins (http://www.org.itvlocal. Camille. after years of wedded bliss.BA. Raymonde is unaware that his behavior is due to a nervous condition. vowing to kill her.com/name/nm164/) at the Internet Movie Database • Anthony Hopkins (http://tcmdb.html) • Fellow Man – Anthony Hopkins (http://www.288. Dr. Raymonde Chandebise.BA.com • Anthony Hopkins (http://www. . Finache decides to go to the hotel in search of his own afternoon rendezvous.bafta.screenonline. an establishment with a dubious reputation. is overjoyed to have his speech impediment corrected by a new silver palate from Dr. Antoinette. in Lucienne’s handwriting. however. at the height of the Belle Époque.Anthony Hopkins 11 External links • Anthony Hopkins (http://www. 2007 Voyager Magazine • Anthony Hopkins interviewed on HTV-Wales program Elinor in the 1980s (http://www. Giant of the Valley — By Michael Feeney Callan.com/wales/ documentaries/?player=WAL_Documentaries_26&void=136218) • An Evening with Anthony Hopkins HTV-Wales (http://www.org/awards/film/ 2008-fellow-of-the-academy. Antoinette's jealous husband. Victor Emmanuel shows the letter to Lucienne’s husband.bafta. and she and Lucienne leave to do so.bmivoyager.uk/wales/arts/sites/anthony-hopkins/) at BBC Wales • Anthony Hopkins (http://www. he and the household cook.itvlocal. Tournel has his eye on Raymonde and eagerly exits to make the appointment.com/2007/10/27/giant-of-the-valley/). a handsome bachelor.jsp?participantId=88825) at the TCM Movie Database • Anthony Hopkins (http://www.

where he is delighted to find Raymonde. She introduces Raymonde to the plot to incriminate her husband. married to Etienne but having an affair with Camille. Camille loses his palate. shoots at anything that moves. married to Antionette. the nephew of Baptistin. He is a personal friend of Victor Emmanuel and his nephew Camille and helps them with their issues. attempting to kill his wife. Lucienne Homenides De Histangua is the best friend of Raymonde and the wife of Carlos. and he assures her that he will put an end to her doubts—tonight. Finache but promptly loses it at the Hotel. followed by Etienne. may or may not be fooling around with Poche. He receives a silver palate to correct his impediment from Dr. and Victor Emmanuel to stop Carlos. Dr. Victor Emmanuel sees Raymonde talking with Tournel and believes she is unfaithful. Don Carlos Homenides De Histangua is a client of Victor Emmanuel and an extremely jealous husband. He is having emotional issues that lead Raymonde to believe he is cheating on her. Ferallion is the militarous proprietor of the Hotel Coq d'Or. this one in Raymonde’s handwriting. Romain Tournel is the best friend and business partner of Victor Emmanuel and the lover of Raymonde. Chandebise sends him to the Hotel Coq d'Or. The owner of the hotel comes by to return an article left behind by a member of the household and clears up the confusion between his porter and Victor Emmanuel. Camille is the nephew to Victor Emmanuel. Raymonde tells Victor Emmanuel the cause of her suspicions. this character is often replaced with different names and ethnicities (such as a German man named "Herr Schwartz" in the 1967 English-language BBC production[1] ). Finally. Rugby is randy British guest at the hotel who speaks little or no French. Things begin to clear up when Carlos discovers a rough copy of the letter written by Lucienne on Raymonde’s desk. The confusion persists even after all are reunited again at Victor Emmanuel’s house. Her best friend is Lucienne. • Poche is a drunken porter of the Hotel Coq d'Or. He carries guns regularly and is not afraid to use them. an alcoholic porter at the hotel who is a dead ringer for Victor Emmanuel. Raymonde Chandebise believes her husband Victor Emmanuel is cheating when she. that Chandebise and Tournel work for. Raymonde for Victor Emmanuel. in fact. Carlos. Etienne is the nosy butler of Victor Emmanuel. Tournel for Raymonde. He attempts to seduce Lucienne and Antionette. is mistaken for him. 12 Characters Victor Emmanuel Chandebise is the faithful husband to Raymonde. and the husband of Olympe. In translated versions. He is a frequent patron of the Hotel Coq d'Or. Olympe is an ex-prostitute and the wife of Feraillon.A Flea in Her Ear The various characters arrive in search of their goals: Finache for fun. His speech impediment (being unable to pronounce consonants) leads people to lose their patience with him. and Tournel tries very hard to seduce Raymonde. Finache is the doctor for the Life Insurance Co. . He looks remarkably like Poche. Eugenie is a maid in the hotel. is having an affair with Romain Tournel. He looks exactly like Victor Emmanuel and the two are often confused. Antionette is the cook in the Chandebise home. Carlos for Lucienne. Victor Emmanuel is believed to be insane when Poche. Baptistin is Feraillon's drunken uncle whom he employs. Camille with Antoinette. He is played by the same actor as Victor Emmanuel.

Film John Mortimer then wrote the screenplay for a 1968 20th Century Fox feature film directed by Jacques Charon (who had also directed Mortimer's 1966 translation for the stage).. Cambridge. it opened on 5 March and ran for 77 performances. America The first American production .. Ladislav Špiner • Marcela Champsboisy .A Flea in Her Ear 13 Adaptions and performance history Television The BBC broadcast a production of the play on 7 June 1967... opening at the Old Vic in 1966. Martin Mejzlík • Carlos Homenides de Histangua . Radek Žák • Yvette . and Rachel Roberts. The play had premiere 5 and 6 April 2008 in Eastern Bohemian Theatre.... An adaptation by Jean-Marie Besset and Mark O'Donnell was staged by the Roundabout Theatre Company in New York City in 1998... starring Olga Villi and Alberto Lionello. Directed by Bill Irwin. The same year.. Stage United Kingdom John Mortimer translated the play for the National Theatre.. This translation was revived at the same theatre from 4 December 2010 to 5 March 2011. It was directed by Gower Champion and starred Robert Gerringer and Ruth Kobart.. Massachusetts. Shull. Václav Dušek • Étienne . Czech title is Brouk v hlavě. and Richard B. Pardubice.. It was directed by Jacques Charon and starred Albert Finney and Geraldine McEwan.. Pardubice • Directed by Lída Engelová. Alice Playten.. Jindra Janoušková • Romain Tournel .. An English language translation by Barnett Shaw had a brief Broadway run at the ANTA Playhouse in 1969....an updated translation . Rosemary Harris. directed by Luigi Squarzina. the RAI -TV of Italy gave a live broadcast from the Teatro Stabile of Genoa. • Viktor Emanuel Champsboisy and Bouton . An adaptation by David Ives was performed by the Constellation Theatre Company at the Source Theater in Washington. Jiří Kalužný • Camille Champsboisy . playing Étienne Plucheux... The cast included Rex Harrison. DC from 8 October to 8 November 2009.... Czech Republic Východočeské divadlo.. Romana Chvalová .... Louis Jourdan... Zdeněk Rumpík • Olympe Ferraillon . Martin Mňahončák • Luisa Homenides de Histangua . It marked the television debut of Anthony Hopkins.. The cast included Mark Linn-Baker. Dagmar Novotná • Eugenia ... directed by Richard Eyre and starring Tom Hollander and Lisa Dillon[2].. Martina Sikorová • Augustin Ferraillon . Kristina Jelínková • Doktor Finache .occurred in the spring of 1967 at the Loeb Theater...

Ladislav Kolář Luisa Homenides de Histangua ....A Flea in Her Ear • Rugby.. ??? 14 Divadlo Na Vinohradech.... Viktor Emanuel Champsboisy and Bouton ....... Zdena Herfortová Doktor Finache . American customer . Jindřich Kratochvíl Městské divadlo. Markéta Sedláčková........... Jan Hrušínský Carlos Homenides de Histangua .. Erik Pardus Carlos Homenides de Histangua .. Marcela Dürrová Rugby. Ilona Svobodová Doktor Finache ..... Viktor Emanuel Champsboisy and Bouton .. Zdeněk Junák Olympe Ferraillon ... Martin Taclík ..... Alexandr Postler • Baptistin ... Prague • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Václav Hudeček... Jana Musilová Romain Tournel . Karel Mišurec Yvette .......... Jiří Dvořák/Petr Štěpán Camille Champsboisy . Martin Dejdar Luisa Homenides de Histangua . Zlata Adamovská Romain Tournel .. Josef Jurásek Étienne .. American customer .. The play had premiere at 27 April 1996 in City Theatre... Viktor Emmanuel Champsboisy and Bouton .. Igor Ondříček Marcela Champsboisy .. The play had premiere in 1970 at Vinohrady Theatre.. Mária Lalková/Petra Jungmannová Augustin Ferraillon .. Eva Gorčicová Eugenia .. 143 repeats. Viktor Preiss Camille Champsboisy ......... Tomáš Sagher/Robert Jícha Baptistin ... Vlastimil Brodský Jiřina Jirásková Zdeněk Řehoř Jiří Pleskot Karolina Slunéčková Otakar Brousek Josef Bláha Lída Vostrčilová Vladimír Krška Stanislava Bartošová Věra Budilová Jan Schánilec Gustav Nezval Jaromír Hanzlík Film • • • • • • • • • Directed by Zdeněk Zelenka.. Michal Novotný Marcela Champsboisy . František Němec Étienne . Brno • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Gustav Skála...... Prague. Brno.

imdb. ibdb. com/ title/ tt0061677/ fullcredits#cast) http:/ / www. php?id=69 http:/ / www..A Flea in Her Ear • • • • Yvette .. The screenplay was jointly adapted[1] with Shelagh Delaney from a short story in her 1963 collection Sweetly Sings the Donkey.S: "Sweetly Sings the Donkey".[3] Notes [1] Hedling. and featuring Anthony Hopkins and Arthur Lowe.. 2004. oldvictheatre. 1998 [2] Delaney. Alžbeta Stanková Augustin Ferraillon .com/title/tt0061181/) at the Internet Movie Database . Plexus. Jaroslava Obermaierová Baptistin ..[2] It was originally commissioned by producer Oscar Lewenstein as one third of a feature comprising three short films based on Delaney stories that would also have included contributions from Anderson's Free cinema collaborators Tony Richardson and Karel Reisz. com/ title/ tt0061677/ http:/ / www. page 62. com/ production. External links • The White Bus (http://www. Cassell..imdb. com/ whatson. Václav Postránecký Olympe Ferraillon . P(ed): "Never Apologise: The Collected Writings". E: "Lindsay Anderson: Maverick Film-Maker". page 105.. Ryan.. php?id=3458 The White Bus The White Bus is a 1967 short film by British director Lindsay Anderson starring Patricia Healey..1967 BBC production • A Flea in Her Ear [4] at the Internet Broadway Database . 1963 [3] Anderson.. New York.. Stanislav Fišer 15 External links • A Flea in Her Ear [3] at the Internet Movie Database .. GP Putnam's Sons. imdb.1969 Broadway production References [1] [2] [3] [4] IMDB entry for 1967 BBC production (http:/ / uk.. L.

the future King Richard I of England 1189-1199). Anjou. based on the Broadway play by James Goldman.''The Lion in Winter (1968 film)'' 16 The Lion in Winter (1968 film) The Lion in Winter Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Anthony Harvey Joseph E. The Lion in Winter. 1968 134 min. and . the son of Louis VII of France. Levine from Goldman's adaptation of his own play. The critically acclaimed film won three Academy Awards. Henry wants his son Prince John (1166–1216. the only time this has happened for actresses in Academy history).276. Synopsis The Lion in Winter is set during Christmas 1183. Meanwhile. within the Angevin Empire of medieval France. while his wife Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine (whom he keeps locked in the Salisbury Tower at Windsor Castle) wants their son Prince Richard the Lionheart (1157–1199. at Henry Plantagenet's château and primary residence in Chinon. It was directed by Anthony Harvey and produced by Joseph E. There was a remake in 2003. and in early appearances. has given his half-sister Alais. including one for Hepburn as Best Actress (she and Funny Girl's Barbra Streisand tied that year.975 Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Lion in Winter is a 1968 historical costume drama made by Avco Embassy Pictures. King Philip II of France. to the future heir. who is currently Henry's mistress. Levine James Goldman Peter O'Toole Katharine Hepburn Anthony Hopkins John Castle Nigel Terry Timothy Dalton John Barry Douglas Slocombe John Bloom Avco Embassy Pictures October 30. United Kingdom English $10 million $22. The movie starred Peter O'Toole. Timothy Dalton and Anthony Hopkins. Eleanor's ex-husband. Katharine Hepburn. the future King John of England 1199-1216) to inherit his throne.

''The Lion in Winter (1968 film)'' demands either the wedding or the return of her dowry. Wales. at the direction of middle brother Prince Geoffrey. there was a Christmas court at Caen in 1182. He and Eleanor go back to hoping for the future. Ireland and on location in Ireland. John. The musical score by John Barry also won an Oscar. In reality. plots with Philip to make war on England. County Wicklow. the Bishop of Durham Background and production The film debuted on October 30. and Tavasson. instead letting them escape. none of the dialogue and action is historical. The article on the Revolt of 1173–1174 describes the historical events leading to the play's events. to be given to John. As a ruse. and in France at Abbaye de Montmajour. Duke of Brittany (1158–1186). but cannot bring himself to kill them. Henry sees that she is right and condemns them to death. so that he can have new sons with Alais.Z. making Richard refuse to go through with the ceremony. but she says he will never be able to release his sons from prison or they will be a threat to his future children. dismisses all three sons as unsuitable. The deal is revealed at the wedding. 1968 (December 29. Château de Tarascon. Henry finds out. Arles. He makes plans to travel to Rome for an annulment. Henry had many mistresses and many illegitimate children. . though the outcomes of the characters and the background are historically accurate. 1968 London premiere). The Lion in Winter is fictional: there was no Christmas Court at Chinon in 1183. The film was shot at Ardmore Studios in Bray. 17 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Peter O'Toole as King Henry II Katharine Hepburn as Queen Eleanor Anthony Hopkins (In his motion picture debut) as Richard John Castle as Geoffrey Nigel Terry as John Timothy Dalton (In his motion picture debut) as King Philip II Jane Merrow as Alais Nigel Stock as Captain William Marshall Kenneth Ives as Queen Eleanor's guard O. Hepburn won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role. and locks them in the dungeon. as did Goldman's adaptation of his play. He makes a side deal with Eleanor for her freedom in return for Aquitaine. Tarascon. Saône-et-Loire. Henry agrees to give Alais to Richard and make him heir. Having believed Henry's intentions. the "Rosamund" mentioned in the film was Henry II's mistress until she died. Whitehead as Hugh de Puiset.

Anthony Harvey Best Original Score .Margaret Furse BAFTA Awards Wins • Best Actress .Douglas Slocombe Best Costume Design .Anthony Harvey Golden Globe Awards Wins • Best Motion Picture • Best Actor .James Goldman Nominations • • • • Best Picture .Katharine Hepburn • Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music .Anthony Hopkins UN Award .Anthony Harvey Best Actor .Peter O'Toole Best Costume Design . Wins • Best Actress .John Barry • Best Adapted Screenplay .Margaret Furse Best Screenplay .John Barry Nominations • • • • • • Best Cinematography .James Goldman Best Supporting Actress .Katharine Hepburn Best Motion Picture Director .James Goldman Best Sound Track .Martin Poll Best Director .Jane Merrow .''The Lion in Winter (1968 film)'' 18 Awards and nominations Academy Awards The film received seven nominations.Chris Greenham Best Supporting Actor .Peter O'Toole Nominations • • • • • Best Actress .John Barry Best Screenplay .Katharine Hepburn • Tied with Barbra Streisand for Funny Girl • Best Music Score .

" In: Postmodern Medievalisms.Martin Poll Directors Guild of America Awards • Outstanding Directorial Achievement . Paden.''The Lion in Winter (1968 film)'' 19 Other Awards Wins David di Donatello Awards • Best Foreign Production . Swan (Cambridge: Brewer. 2004).James Goldman Bibliography • William D. 79-98.Anthony Harvey Laurel Awards • Best Film Writers' Guild of Great Britain • Best British Screenplay . pp.James Goldman Writers Guild of America • Best Written American Drama . com/ title/ tt0063227/ . ed. "I Learned it at the Movies: Teaching Medieval Film. External links • The Lion in Winter [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. Richard Utz and Jesse G.

Plot summary An undefined Intelligence organisation. LeClerc. known as 'The Department ' and its attempts to infiltrate an agent to East Germany. Plot introduction John le Carré has stated that this novel is his most realistic portrayal of the intelligence world as he knew it and that may have been one reason for its relative lack of success. George Smiley. and decides to send an agent across the border to discover the truth without involving the Circus. London and named throughout the book as "The Department" had much success running agents against the Nazis during the Second World War but has been resting on its laurels since. appears in the book. near the West German border. but only in a supporting role. Le Carré's most famous character. The Department expends most of its energies on administrative tasks and on a bureaucratic turf war with the more professional Circus. thus trying . the head of the Department. After The Department comes across rather uncertain and weak evidence that Soviet missiles were being placed near Rostock. by John le Carré is a spy novel about a British Intelligence agency. with such tasks being taken on by the more favoured and experienced Circus. based in Blackfriars Road. led by "Control" and his right hand man George Smiley.''The Looking Glass War'' 20 The Looking Glass War The Looking Glass War Author Country Language Genre(s) Publisher John le Carré United Kingdom English Spy novel William Heinemann (UK) & Putnam (USA) Publication date June 1965 Media type Pages ISBN Print (Hardback & Paperback) & Audio Cassette 246 pp (hardback edition) ISBN 0-434-41200-7 (UK hardback edition) ISBN 0-698-10218-5 (US hardback edition) OCLC Number 257344327 [1] Preceded by Followed by The Spy Who Came in from the Cold A Small Town in Germany The Looking Glass War (1965). seizes the opportunity to re-live old times.

lead the East Germans to determine almost immediately that security had been breached and set out to find Leiser's location. Pub date ? April 1986. It was directed by Frank Pierson. Inc. He tactfully convinces LeClerc to abandon this operation. Hardback • 1965. The Department reactivates one of its World War II agents. Hardback • 1965. or Theatrical Adaptations A film of the novel was released in 1969. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd ISBN 0-340-55813-X. Book Club Edition. Release details • 1965. Leiser. not knowing the fate of the operation. Radio. UK. ISBN0-330-20210-3. Coward-McCann. USA. Pub date 21 November 1991. UK. Broadcast on Radio4.. Pub date 21 November 1991. Leiser's fate is unknown at the conclusion of the story. Leiser is retrained and infiltrated across the border into East Germany to investigate the missiles. BBC Radio produced a radio play of The Looking Glass War in 2009. the clumsiness of the inexperienced Department's operation. UK. UK. Paperback .[2] As part of a series of dramatisation of Le Carre's work. New York. coupled with errors on the part of Leiser (including his killing a young East German border guard and taking far too long over transmissions). and due to his prolonged and slow transmissions. the East German Security determines his location and captures him. 21 Characters • • • • • • Fred Leiser: British spy of Polish background. with Leiser still trapped in East Germany. Paperwork 1985. William Heinemann ISBN 0-434-41200-7. The story comes to its tragic but inevitable end when. receives no response to his transmissions. it starred Ian McDiarmid as LeClerc. Hardback • • • • poster of the film adaptation 1966. starring Christopher Jones as Leiser. G K Hall & Co ISBN 0-8161-4040-5. UK. Hardback (Large Print) 1991. USA. He follows the "War Rules" and plays out the losing game to the end. However. Ralph Richardson as LeClerc. As a result. Putnam Pub Group ISBN 0-698-10218-5. Pub date ? June 1965. Patrick Kennedy as Avery. London. continues with his mission and as a consequence of Smiley's intervention. and Simon Russell Beale as George Smiley. Hardback 1991. a naturalised Pole called Fred Leiser. TV. Pan. Hodder & Stoughton (Coronet) ISBN 0-340-55446-0.''The Looking Glass War'' to enhance the Department's status. Circus agent George Smiley informs LeClerc and his colleagues about the killing of the East German sentry and that the East German Security were looking for Leiser.[3] As with other plays in this series it is now also available as a CD set as ISBN 978-1408400869. and Anthony Hopkins as Avery. Pub date ? June 1965. main protagonist LeClerc: Head of "The Department" Adrian Haldane: Veteran intelligence operative for The Department John Avery: Young agent assigned to Leiser Jack Johnson: Wireless operator assigned to train Leiser George Smiley: Envoy from The Circus Film. Piotr Baumann as Leiser. the "Complete Smiley" series.

Paperback • 1999. com/ Drama+ Arts/ The-Looking-Glass-War/ invt/ 9781408400869) Retrieved on 15 December 2009 External links • The Looking Glass War (http://www.''The Looking Glass War'' • 1992. bbcshop.com/title/tt0066001/) at the Internet Movie Database . Hodder & Stoughton ISBN 1-84032-108-3. Pub date 22 February 1999. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-345-37736-2. org/ oclc/ 257344327 [2] IMDB: The Looking Glass War (1969) (http:/ / www.imdb. UK. Audio Cassette (read by John le Carré) 22 References [1] http:/ / worldcat. imdb. USA. Pub date ? March 1992. com/ title/ tt0066001/ ) Retrieved on 15 December 2009 [3] BBC: The Looking Glass War (2009) (http:/ / www.

consisting of Renaissance fixtures and costumes in a dark. The film also stars Anthony Hopkins as King Claudius. UK English Hamlet is a 1969 British film adaptation of Shakespeare's play Hamlet. was made with a small budget and a very minimalist set. It was directed by Tony Richardson and based on his own stage production at the Roundhouse theatre in London. Mark Dignam as Polonius. to the point of including an incestuous relationship between Laertes and Ophelia. shadowed space. The Ghost of Hamlet's father is represented only by a light shining on the observers. a departure from big-budget Hollywood renditions of classics. Marianne Faithfull as Ophelia. The film. Judy Parfitt as Queen Gertrude.''Hamlet (1969 film)'' 23 Hamlet (1969 film) Hamlet Directed by Produced by Tony Richardson Hans Gottchalk Neil Hartley Leslie Linder Martin Ransohoff William Shakespeare adapted by Tony Richardson Nicol Williamson Marianne Faithfull Anthony Hopkins Judy Parfitt Patrick Gowers Charles Rees Written by Starring Music by Editing by Distributed by Columbia Pictures Release date(s) September 1969 (UK) Running time Country Language 117 min. and Michael Pennington as Laertes. com/ title/ tt0064400/ . imdb. The film places much emphasis on the sexual aspects of the play. A brick tunnel is used for the scenes on the battlements. External links • Hamlet [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. starring Nicol Williamson as Prince Hamlet. Gordon Jackson as Horatio.

of series No.''Department S'' 24 Department S Department S Format Created by Developed by Starring Spy-fi Dennis Spooner Monty Berman Dennis Spooner Peter Wyngarde Joel Fabiani Rosemary Nicols Dennis Alaba Peters Edwin Astley Edwin Astley UK 1 28 (List of episodes) Production Theme music composer Composer(s) Country of origin No. of episodes Producer(s) Cinematography Running time Production company(s) Monty Berman Frank Watts Brian Elvin 49 mins ITC production Broadcast Original channel Picture format Audio format Original run Status ATV 4:3 35mm Colour Mono 9 March 1969 – 4 March 1970 Ended Chronology .

King sidelined as a author of adventure novels involving action hero Mark Kane and managed to work the details of their cases into his novels. The Protectors and Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased). Like many ITC shows Department S gained cult status.from the ITC trailer for the series. King was often seen with beautiful women before being called in on an assignment but had no permanent love interest in the series. often engaging in fisticuffs. . the episode title. The head of Department S was Sir Curtis Seretse (Dennis Alaba Peters). writer and director credits appear before the opening title sequence. Joel Fabiani as Stewart Sullivan.including many seductive. like all ITC's film productions. Annabelle Hurst was a computer expert taking an analytical role in investigations. The series was filmed on 35mm and designed. they turn to the talents of Department S. though after the theme tune has started. A repeat run of Department S began on ITV4 in November 2005. DVD Releases and Repeats The first two episodes of Department S were released on a now deleted DVD in Britain by Carlton Television (now ITV plc). The character of Jason King was the basis for Jason Bentley (Peter Richardson) in the 1993 Comic Strip Presents film Detectives on the Edge of a Nervous Breakdown. to fit the US commercial format. he had once been married to a woman named Marion who had died in a plane crash (A Fish Out Of Water episode). Sullivan did much of the leg work. taking instruction from Seretse. There were hints of romantic interest between Sullivan and Hurst. The trio were agents for a fictional special department (the 'S' of the title) of Interpol. The series was created by Dennis Spooner and Monty Berman. Department S was released on DVD in Australia by Umbrella Entertainment in a box set. and Rosemary Nicols as computer expert Annabelle Hurst. Jason King was the ideas man. However she also went on assignment as a conventional investigator." . Many of the directors on the show had also worked on several other ITC shows – The Saint. sometimes appearing in disguise . Now a playboy with a woman in every city. Episodes were instead written by ITC veterans such as Terry Nation and Philip Broadley. although neither wrote any of the episodes. however. Danger Man. alongside a large number of similar ITC productions. glamorous disguises. Details Department S was a section of Interpol with an office in the Paris Headquarters of Interpol that investigated international cases other crime agencies were unable to solve. It starred Peter Wyngarde as author Jason King (later featured in spin-off series Jason King). Stewart Sullivan was the head of Department S. This version is in PAL with no region code. Production and influence "When a case proves too baffling for the minds of Interpol. but also engaged in some fisticuffs. Network released the series on DVD in the UK [1] featuring many exclusive extras including commentaries and part of a documentary series also covering Jason King: Wanna Watch a Television Series? Chapter One: Variations on a Theme. Sir Curtis Seretse was in charge of the team. Unusually. The series consists of 28 episodes which originally aired in 1969-70. He was something of a bureaucrat who jetted around the world in the course of his job.''Department S'' Followed by Jason King 25 Department S is a United Kingdom spy-fi adventure series produced by ITC Entertainment.

. 4 5110 "The Pied Piper of Hambledown" Roy Ward Baker Donald James 30 March 1969 When an entire village disappears overnight except for one girl.Annabelle Hurst Dennis Alaba Peters. Sullivan investigates... 7 5117 "Handicap Dead" John Gilling Philip Broadley 20 April 1969 When a tournament golfer is found dead on a nearby beach.O. 5 5103 "One of Our Aircraft Is Empty" Paul Dickson Tony Williamson 6 April 1969 An airliner lands at Heathrow and the crew and passengers are missing. 2 5102 "The Trojan Tanker" Ray Austin Philip Broadley 16 March 1969 A crashed tanker with a room built inside and a girl unconscious who disappears before help arrives.000 leads to a painter and engraver. 3 5116 "A Cellar Full of Silence" John Gilling Terry Nation 23 March 1969 Department S are called after the discovery of four dead men are found in a cellar wearing fancy dress. Episode# 1 Prod # 5101 Title "Six Days" Directed by Cyril Frankel Written by Gerald Kelsey Original airdate 9 March 1969 An aircraft goes missing for six days and the crew have no recollection of events. 8 5121 "A Ticket to Nowhere" Cyril Frankel Tony Williamson 27 April 1969 A disappearing scientist and the death of a financier are linked. but Jason and Stewart keep forgetting about the case to the despair of Annabelle.A. 9 5115 "Black Out" Ray Austin Philip Broadley 17 September 1969 A chef and food critic is found unconscious in the Mexican desert and cannot recall the last three days. Department S investigate..Sir Curtis Seretse . Department S are called. senior officers. Is there a connection to the American space program? 10 5119 "Double Death of Charlie Crippen" John Gilling Leslie Darbon 24 September 1969 An assassination attempt leaves only a dummy as the victim and Department S has to discover who the real target is? 11 5120 "Who Plays the Dummy" John Gilling Tony Williamson 1 October 1969 When a car crashes and the sole occupant is a dummy in the driving seat leads Department S on a trail leading to an imminent attack on N. Production number here refers to ITC synopsis guide number and the order in the Network DVD booklet..Jason King Joel Fabiani... Episode list Filming took place between April 1968 and June 1969. ITV[3] regions varied date and order.''Department S'' 26 Cast • • • • Peter Wyngarde.. (Made back to back with Six Days)... Airdate[2] is for ATV Midlands.T.listed as Dennis Alba Peters in first series credits.. .Stewart Sullivan Rosemary Nicols. 12 5123 "The Treasure of the Costa del Sol" John Gilling Philip Broadley 8 October 1969 Two dead fisherman and a haul of plastic fish containig $100.. 6 5118 "The Man in the Elegant Room" Cyril Frankel Terry Nation 13 April 1969 When a dead girl and a demented man are found in a room inside a disused factory Depart S investigate.

''Department S''
13 5107 "The Man Who Got a New Face" Cyril Frankel Philip Broadley 15 October 1969

27

Department S investigate when a man is found dead with a clowns mask glued to his faceand the trail leads to a vicious vendetta. 14 5112 "Les Fleurs du Mal" Cyril Frankel Philip Broadley 22 October 1969

Three plastic flowers contain a coded message that will lead to the proceeds of a bank robbery, but there are interested parties ready to kill for the flowers. 15 5104 "The Shift That Never Was" John Gilling Donald James 25 October 1969

With one exception, every member of staff of a chemical factory take a day off. The one man who went in is murdered and the trail leads to a beauty parlour and nuclear power station. 16 5111 "The Man from X" Gill Taylor Tony Williamson 5 November 1969

A man clad in a spacesuit staggers in a London street, unable to remove the jammed helmet, suffocates. Department S investigate and the only clue is the man has slight radiation burns and had been in vacuum. 17 5106 "Dead Men Die Twice" Ray Austin Philip Broadley 12 November 1969

Department S find that 'dead man' can die twice when a man is murdered twice three years after his double had been murdered. 18 5122 "The Perfect Operation" Cyril Frankel Leslie Darbon 26 November 1969

A surgeon performing a delicate brain operation on a senior British civil servant is forcibly removed and another surgeon enters and completes the operation saving the mans life. Department S investigate the only surgeon capable of doing the operation but he is Russian and too old. 19 5124 "The Duplicated Man" Paul Dickson Harry W.Junkin 3 December 1969

A double agent is killed but is he really dead after he has spent ten years cultivating a second identity to escape from his masters. Department S investigate closely followed by enemy agents. 20 5113 "The Mysterious Man in the Flying Machine" Cyril Frankel Philip Broadley 10 December 1969

A man is found murdered in a mock up aircraft in a warehouse. The team wonder why anybody should go to so much trouble. A message left scrawled on their car is the only clue. 21 5108 "Death on Reflection" Ray Austin Philip Broadley 17 December 1969

Head of Department S, Sir Curtis Seretse is astonished to see a mirror at auction sell for four times its value and when the buyer is murdered asks the team to investigate. 22 5127 "The Last Train to Redbridge" John Gilling Gerald Kelsy 14 January 1970

Multiple Murder on a tube train lead Department S to criminal speculators attempting to tap the hot line between The US. President and the UK Prime Minister. 23 5126 "A Small War of Nerves" Leslie Norman Harry W.Junkin 21 January 1970

A fanatical scientist who has developed a deadly nerve gas threatens to wipe out London unless governments take notice and agree to live in peace. 24 5109 "The Bones of Byrom Blain" Paul Dickson Tony Williamson 28 January 1970

A chauffeur arrives at his destination only to discover his passenger has disappeared leaving only his skeleton behind. Department S investigate and discover the chauffer's skeleton and the same fate awaits Sir Curtis Seretse and Jason King. 25 124 "Spencer Bodily is 60 Years Old" Leslie Norman Harry W.Junkin 11 February 1970

Spencer Bodily is dead, he looks 20 but must be at least 60 and there is no record he ever existed. The body disappears and Department S suspect there could be more cases of 'eternal youth'. 26 5105 "The Ghost of Mary Burnham" Cyril Frankel Harry W.Junkin 18 February 1970

''Department S''
John Burnham is tormented by the ghost of his wife shortly after she is shot and killed. He is a brilliant economist and is someone trying to unbalance him to prevent him taking an important job. Department S has to find out before he is driven insane. 27 5114 "A Fish Out of Water" Cyril Frankel Philip Broadley 25 February 1970

28

When an Interpol agent is found dead, Jason King is sent to take over his mission to crack an international drug ring. Jason realises he has been identified and his life is in danger. Stewart and Annabelle are sent to back him up. 28 5128 "Soup of the Day" Leslie Norman Leslie Darbon 4 March 1970

When a crate of soup is stolen from a bonded warehouse. Department S suspect smuggling but when they locate the stolen soup cans, all intact and all contain only soup. A case of double cross.

References
[1] http:/ / www. networkdvd. net/ product_info. php?products_id=523 [2] Dates from ITC Episode guide issued with the Network DVD [3] History of ITV

External links
• Department S (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0063893/) at the Internet Movie Database • British Film Institute Screen Online (http://www.screenonline.org.uk/tv/id/512800/index.html)

The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens
The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens is a 1970 British television film about the life of Charles Dickens directed by Ned Sherrin and starring Anthony Hopkins, Jenny Agutter and Arthur Lowe.[1] [2]

References
[1] BFI Screenonline: Sherrin, Ned (1931-2007) Biography (http:/ / www. screenonline. org. uk/ people/ id/ 1204295/ ) Retrieved January 2, 2010 [2] Pointer, Michael (1996) Charles Dickens on the screen: the film, television, and video adaptations p.202. Scarecrow Press, 1996

External links
• The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0065796/) at the Internet Movie Database

''When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film)''

29

When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film)
When Eight Bells Toll

When Eight Bells Toll
Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Etienne Perier Elliott Kastner Jerry Gershwin Alistair MacLean Anthony Hopkins Jack Hawkins Robert Morley Nathalie Delon Angela Morley (credited as Walter Stott)

Music by

Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget John Shirley J. Arthur Rank 9 March 1971 94 min. UK English $7 million (approx.)

When Eight Bells Toll is a 1971 action film set in Scotland, based upon Scottish author Alistair MacLean's 1965 novel of the same name. Producer Elliott Kastner planned to produce a string of realistic gritty espionage thrillers to rival the James Bond series, only for the film's poor box office receipts ending his plans.

Plot
British Treasury secret agent Phillip Calvert (Anthony Hopkins) is sent to investigate the hijacking of five cargo ships in the Irish Sea, tracking the latest hijacked ship—the Nantesville, carrying £8 million in gold bullion—to the Scottish Highlands and the sleepy port town of "Torbay" on the "Isle of Torbay" (patterned after Tobermory, on the Isle of Mull). Posing as marine biologists, Calvert and his partner Hunslett (Corin Redgrave) find the local inhabitants suspicious and hostile. They suspect that Cypriot tycoon and shipping magnate Sir Anthony Skouras (Jack Hawkins), whose luxury yacht Shangri-La is anchored off the coast, may be behind the pirating of the gold bullion. While searching the surrounding area in a Royal Navy Helicopter, Calvert makes contact with a group of remote shark fishermen who appear more friendly than Torbay's locals. Calvert also meet's the occupants of a Castle,

As the helicopter brings Calvert back to Torbay it comes under attack from the shore and the Royal Navy pilot is killed. and some thought that the Bond series would end after his departure). Calvert dives in the bay and finds the Nantesville. He then secretly enters Kirkside's castle and question's the Lord's daughter. known as "Uncle Arthur" (Robert Morley).not surprising since MacLean elected to adapt this film himself. Guessing that the missing bullion ships are being sunk to allow the gold to be offloaded invisibly. Producer Elliott Kastner hoped that the film would be the first of a series of spy adventures films featuring MacLean's Philip Calvert character by capturing James Bond series fans after the anticipated demise of that series (Sean Connery was believed to be planning to quit the Bond role. At midnight (eight bells) the shark fishermen ram the gates of the underground dock with their boat. and when a pirate speedboat approaches. Calvert escapes from the helicopter after it sinks to the bottom. after which Calvert lets Charlotte escape with a single bar of gold in her possession. and an explosive shootout replaces MacLean's original Agatha Christie-style summation. When he returns to his research yacht Firecrest he finds Hunslett is missing. Calvert recruits the shark fishermen to deal with Skouras and his modern day pirates. Operating out of his yacht. A fire fight ensues in which the pirates are wiped out. Charlotte (Nathalie Delon). discovering that Skouras is an innocent victim whose real wife is being held hostage along with other locals down in the castle's dungeons. and features some of the same witty dialog .''When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film)'' Lord Kirkside and his teenage daughter. Hopkins was chosen. and Bond film stunt arranger Bob Simmons helped him slim down to become a convincing Royal Naval officer trained as a commando and frogman. On raising the anchor they find the dead body of Hunslett tied to the anchor. Together. The projected Phillip Calvert series was canceled. They are joined by Skouras' wife. whom he has previously encountered and who he suspects killed Hunslett. The helicopter crashes. however. and the Bond series producers decided to continue the series when Connery left.. who behave strangely as well as being hostile. He then sneaks into the underground dock of the castle where the gold is being offloaded. The pirates are expecting them because Charlotte has been transmitting Calvert's plans to them by secret radio. Kastner considered Michael Jayston and Anthony Hopkins for the role of Calvert. 30 Production The story is very close to the novel. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Philip Calvert Robert Morley as Uncle Arthur Nathalie Delon as Charlotte Jack Hawkins as Sir Anthony Skouras Corin Redgrave as Hunslett Derek Bond as Lord Charnley Ferdy Mayne as Lavorski Maurice Roëves as Helicopter Pilot Leon Collins as Tim Hutchinson Wendy Allnutt as Sue Kirkside . Calvert rams it. He fights and kills one of the divers. shoots the occupants and blows up the boat in vengeance for Hunslett's death.[1] When Eight Bells Tolls' attracted limited viewers. Calvert is joined by his boss Sir Arthur Arnford-Jones. explodes and plummets into the sea. Some of the twists in the ending have been changed. Connery returned to the Bond role and appeared in the successful Diamonds Are Forever. they combat boarders and make ready for sea.

videovista.''When Eight Bells Toll (1971 film)'' • Peter Arne as Imrie • Oliver MacGreevy as Quinn • Charles Gray uncredited voice of Sir Anthony Skouras 31 Notes [1] Simmons.com/work/116515) at Allmovie Alistair MacLean (http://www.imdb. Bob Nobody Does It Better: My 25 Years of Stunts With James Bond and Other Stories Blandford 1987 External links • • • • Movie Review at Videovista.net (http://www.com/title/tt0067976/) at the Internet Movie Database When Eight Bells Toll (http://www.com/name/nm0533745/) at the Internet Movie Database .net/reviews/june04/w8bellst.imdb.html) When Eight Bells Toll (http://www.allmovie.

. [2] William Hutchinson.''Young Winston'' 32 Young Winston Young Winston Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Richard Attenborough Carl Foreman Carl Foreman Simon Ward Robert Shaw Anne Bancroft Anthony Hopkins John Mills Alfred Ralston (includes original music and his arrangements of works by Edward Elgar) [1] Music by Cinematography Gerry Turpin Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Kevin Connor Columbia Pictures July 1972 157 minutes United Kingdom English Young Winston is a 1972 British film based on the early years of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The film was written and produced by Carl Foreman and directed by Richard Attenborough. Robert Hardy. during which he takes part in the cavalry charge at Omdurman. during which he is captured and escapes. The film was based on the book My Early Life: A Roving Commission by Winston Churchill. John Mills (as Lord Kitchener). Robert Shaw (as Lord Randolph Churchill). The first part of the film covers Churchill's unhappy schooldays. Geoffrey Drake. his experiences as a war correspondent in the Second Boer War. Other actors included Patrick Magee. and his election to Parliament at the age of 26. Peter James) and Best Costume Design. John Graysmark. Churchill was played by Simon Ward. It was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Screenplay. up to the death of his father. Ashton. who was relatively unknown at the time but was supported by a distinguished cast including. Anthony Hopkins (as David Lloyd George) and Anne Bancroft as Churchill's mother Jennie. Ian Holm. The second half covers his service as a cavalry officer in India and the Sudan. Edward Woodward and Jack Hawkins. Best Art Direction (Donald M.

cut from the original U. [3] Young Winston promotional booklet External links • Young Winston (http://www. At their meeting Churchill suggested that his book My Early Life would make an excellent film. . The full uncensored version of the film is currently unavailable on DVD. The film was made in Morocco and in England. References [1] IMDb credits (http:/ / www. VHS tapes cut the film to just 124 minutes. theatrical release which was 157 minutes.com/title/tt0069528/) at the Internet Movie Database .''Young Winston'' 33 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Robert Shaw as Lord Randolph Churchill Anne Bancroft as Lady Jennie Churchill Simon Ward as Winston Churchill Jack Hawkins as Mr. com/ title/ tt0069528/ fullcredits) [2] "NY Times: Young Winston" (http:/ / movies. com/ movie/ 56012/ Young-Winston/ awards).imdb. Welldon Ian Holm as George E. imdb. Everest Laurence Naismith as Lord Salisbury Basil Dignam as Joseph Chamberlain Robert Hardy as Headmaster Production Carl Foreman was invited to meet Winston Churchill after he had seen and enjoyed Foreman's 1961 production of The Guns of Navarone. NY Times.[3] Foreman was impressed by Richard Attenborough's Oh! What a Lovely War and at first wanted him to both direct and play Lord Randolph Churchill. Retrieved 2008-12-28. Attenborough declined the latter offer.S. Release on VHS and DVD At July 2009 the longest edition available on DVD is Young Winston: Special Edition at 146 minutes. nytimes. Buckle Anthony Hopkins as David Lloyd George Patrick Magee as General Bindon Blood Edward Woodward as Captain Aylmer Haldane John Mills as General Kitchener Peter Cellier as Captain 35th Sikhs Ronald Hines as Adjutant 35th Sikhs Pat Heywood as Mrs.

This dramatization differs from previous ones in that it preserves many of Tolstoy's "minor" characters — notably Platon Karataev.''War and Peace (TV series)'' 34 War and Peace (TV series) War and Peace War and Peace TV mini series DVD cover Format Created by Starring Historical fiction David Conroy Anthony Hopkins Alan Dobie Morag Hood Angela Down United Kingdom 20 Country of origin No. Alan Dobie is the dour. heroic Andrei Bolkonsky and David Swift is Napoleon. whose decision to invade Russia in 1812 has far-reaching consequences for Pierre and the Rostov and Bolkonsky families. Scripted by Jack Pulman and directed by John Davies. The twenty-part serial was produced by David Conroy. design and battle sequences. Conroy's War and Peace had superb cast. Anthony Hopkins heads the cast as the soul-searching Pierre Bezukhov. His aim was to transfer the characters and plot from Tolstoy's magnum opus to television drama to run for 15 hours (actually closer to 17). played by Harry Locke. Morag Hood is the impulsive and beautiful Natasha Rostova. of episodes Production Running time 15 hours Broadcast Original channel Original run BBC 1972 – 1973 War and Peace is a television dramatization of the Leo Tolstoy novel of War and Peace. 1972. The BBC dramatisation of Tolstoy's epic story of love and loss set against the backdrop of the Napoleonic Wars. This 20 episode series began on September 28. . which were filmed in Yugoslavia.

which provides a detailed account of how the series was made. Berg Will Leighton—Tikhon Patricia Shakesby—Vera Rostova. The set is accompanied by an illustrated booklet. Cast List • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins—Pierre Bezukhov Alan Dobie—Andrey Nikolayevich Bolkonsky Morag Hood—Natasha Rostova Angela Down—Maria Bolkonskaya Faith Brook—Countess Rostova David Swift—Napoleon Bonaparte Frank Middlemass—Mikhail Kutuzov Sylvester Morand—Nikolai Rostov Joanna David—Sonya Rostova Harry Locke—Platon Karataev Donald Douglas-Tsar Alexander I of Russia John Cazabon—Barclay de Tolly Fiona Gaunt—Helene Kuragin. married to Berg Alison Frazer—Princess Lisa Bolkonskya Richard Hurndall—Count Rostopchin John Breslin—Marshal Berthier Pat Gorman—French Sergeant Philip Lowrie—French Captain Edmund Bailey—Prokofy . married to Pierre Bezukhov Anthony Jacobs—Prince Nikolay Bolkonsky. written by Andy Priestner. father of Andrey Bolkonsky Athene Fielding—Mademoiselle Bourienne Barnaby Shaw and Rufus Frampton—Petya Rostov Peter Bathurst—Pfuhl Morris Perry—Joseph Fouché Geoffrey Morris—Napoleon's secretary Michael Gover—General Balashev Toby Bridge—young Nikolenka Bolkonski Neil Stacy—Boris Drubetskoy Anne Blake—Princess Drubetskoya Gary Watson—Denisov Donald Burton—Dolokhov Tony Steedman—Marshal Davout Joseph Wise—Russian officer Colin Baker—Anatole Kuragin Basil Henson—Prince Vasili Kuragin Josie Kidd—Katishe James Appleby—German adjutant Gerard Hely—Prince Murat Michael Billington—Lt.''War and Peace (TV series)'' 35 DVD release The series was released in a Region 2 4-DVD boxset by DD Home Entertainment in 2005.

imdb. com/ title/ tt0069654/ .''War and Peace (TV series)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Hugh Cross—Mitenka Richard Poore—French messenger Barbara Young—Anna Scherer Karin MacCarthy—Julie Karagin Maurice Quick—Pavel Roy Spencer—Timohin Hubert Cross—Gen. Rapp Geoffrey Denton—Host Tenniel Evans—Prince Bagration Gordon Faith—Galitsyn John Lawrence—Anna's guest Judith Pollard—Olga Edith Sharpe—Madame Scherer Tony Caunter—French Corporal Erik Chitty—Gerasim 36 External links • War and Peace [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.

Rank Denholm Elliott . 1973 (US) 105 minutes United Kingdom English Release date(s) Running time Country Language A Doll's House is a 1973 British movie.Bob Daphne Riggs .Helen Kimberley Hampton .Dr.Anne-Marie Anna Massey .Ivar . directed by Patrick Garland. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Claire Bloom .''A Doll's House (1973 Garland film)'' 37 A Doll's House (1973 Garland film) A Doll's House US Theatrical Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Patrick Garland Hillard Elkins Christopher Hampton Claire Bloom Anthony Hopkins John Barry Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson Editing by Distributed by John Glen EMI Films (UK) Paramount Pictures (USA theatrical) Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (DVD) May 22. It is based on Henrik Ibsen's 1879 play A Doll's House.Kristine Linde Helen Blatch .Torvald Helmer Ralph Richardson .Old Woman Mark Summerfield .Nora Helmer Anthony Hopkins .Nils Krogstad Edith Evans .

com/ title/ tt0069987/ [2] http:/ / www. allmovie.Emmy 38 External links • A Doll's House [1] at the Internet Movie Database • A Doll's House [2] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. com/ work/ 14228 .''A Doll's House (1973 Garland film)'' • Stefanie Summerfield . imdb.

Zanuck Chris Bryant Allan Scott based on the novel by George Feifer Goldie Hawn Hal Holbrook Anthony Hopkins Henry Mancini Starring Music by Cinematography Vilmos Zsigmond Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Universal Pictures August 22. allmovie. com/ work/ 19816 . External links • The Girl from Petrovka [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Girl from Petrovka [2] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. USA English The Girl from Petrovka is a 1974 feature film starring Goldie Hawn and Hal Holbrook.''The Girl from Petrovka'' 39 The Girl from Petrovka The Girl from Petrovka 1974 movie poster Directed by Produced by Written by Robert Ellis Miller David Brown Richard D. based on the novel by George Feifer. imdb. 1974 103 min. com/ title/ tt0071554/ [2] http:/ / www.

Abraham Cady. Plot summary Parts one and two concern the plaintiff and the defendant in this trial and take us through their lives before meeting in 1967. The plaintiff is Adam Kelno. London. After the war. 1965). Kelno turned him to a eunuch. In this case the defendant paid £500 into court and made a further offer of two pounds in settlement. which ends with the famous violinist Pieter Van Damm revealing that Dr. And the novel ends with the start of the Six-Day War in which the defendant's son. a doctor pressed into the service of the Nazis after Poland was overrun in World War II. This four-part novel highlights the events leading to a life-shattering libel trial in the United Kingdom. Under the rules of court in England and Australia a litigant who loses a case generally pays the costs of the other party. However. in relation to his previous novel Exodus. is killed in combat. the smallest possible amount at the time. as opposed to the claimed fifteen thousand. his past is revealed. he becomes a naturalized citizen of the United Kingdom and serves for several years in a free medical clinic in Borneo. The novel is loosely based on a libel action brought against Uris himself by Dr Wladislaw Dering. he is staunchly defended. The plaintiff did not take this money and therefore even though he won the case he was required to pay the costs because . "Nobody's going to win this trial. he has the opportunity to save many prisoners from the gas chambers. while the defendant is guilty of a minor exaggeration since only one thousand surgeries could be vindicated from evidence. several of whom cite the plaintiff as the source of their suffering. citing "fifteen thousand" as subject of surgery without anaesthesia by Dr. Kelno. At first. He'd been a reporter and a writer of screenplays before and after the war. As head physician in a concentration camp. Part four is set in one of Her Majesty's courtrooms (Queen's Bench. When he publishes a line to this effect in his latest book. in order to promote settlements. Courtroom Seven of the title) where this trial is played out. and one of his books documents the experiences of concentration camp survivors. served overseas in World War II and recovered in England. As the defendant says before the verdict is read.000 were awarded against him). the doctor is confronted with allegations that he collaborated with the Nazis and performed ghastly medical experiments for them. [1] (Costs of £20.''QB VII'' 40 QB VII QB VII by Leon Uris was a best seller published in 1970. as more evidence comes to light in the trial. The defendant. but. which resulted in Dr Dering being awarded a half-penny damages. the whole novel seems to indict the plaintiff for collaborating. Hill and Norman Williams. The jury finds for the plaintiff and awards him one halfpenny in damages—the lowest amount that could (then) be awarded for damages in Britain. The case is reported as Dering v Uris (no2)[1964] 2 QB 669. Part three deals with the defendant's search to vindicate his information. we're all losers. even though most people think that they could resist the pressure that could arise in a concentration camp." since he realizes that. In effect. it is impossible to tell who will be able to resist. he and the publishing house are sued for libel. The judge is not allowed to know how much money has been paid into court by the defendant. The lawsuit and trial against Leon Uris was documented in Auschwitz in England MacGibbon & Kee. a defendant may pay money into court and the plaintiff may take that money on settlement of the case. Upon resuming private practice. by barristers Mavis M. a Polish physician who worked at Auschwitz. who emigrated to Israel.

Adam Kelno Leslie Caron : Angela Kelno Lee Remick : Lady Margaret Alexander Weidman Juliet Mills : Samantha Cady Dan O'Herlihy : David Shawcross Robert Stephens : Robert Highsmith Anthony Quayle : Tom Banniester Milo O'Shea : Dr. it was produced by Douglas S. 1974. The poster for the series shows a gavel. Parmentier Jack Hawkins : Justice Gilroy . but British judges do not use gavels. The series was nominated for thirteen Emmy Awards. The original music was written by Jerry Goldsmith and the cinematography by Paul Beeson and Robert L. Adapted to the screen by Edward Anhalt.[2] It began airing on ABC on April 29. Stanislaus Lotaki John Gielgud : Clinton-Meek Edith Evans : Dr. it was also the last program under the Screen Gems banner. 1974 – 1974 QB VII was made into an American television six-and-a-half hour miniseries produced by Screen Gems. Cramer Running time 390 minutes Broadcast Original channel Original run ABC April 29. Morrison. Cramer and directed by Tom Gries.''QB VII'' the damages were less than £502. winning six. Cast: • • • • • • • • • • • • Ben Gazzara : Abe Cady Anthony Hopkins : Dr. 41 Television miniseries QB VII Format Created by Starring Country of origin Miniseries Leon Uris Ben Gazzara Anthony Hopkins  United States Production Executive producer(s) Douglas S.

''QB VII'' • • • • • • • • • Judy Carne : Natalie Kristoffer Tabori : Ben Cady Joseph Wiseman : Morris Cady Anthony Andrews : Stephen Kelno Signe Hasso : Lena Kronska Sam Jaffe : Dr. com/ title/ tt0071039/ trivia) External links • QB VII (http://www.imdb. ncsj.com/title/tt0071039/) at the Internet Movie Database . org/ AuxPages/ 062503NYTimes_Uris. imdb. shtml) [2] Internet Movie Database -QB VII (http:/ / www. Mark Tessler Alan Napier : Semple Grégoire Aslan : Sheik Hassan Lana Wood : Sue Scanlon 42 See also • List of Holocaust films References [1] New York Times Obituary article quoted by NCSJ (http:/ / www.

The film was directed by Richard Lester. SS Hamburg had recently been sold by its German owners to the Soviet Union and renamed SS Maxim Gorkiy. unhappy with the new script. they chartered it to the film company. had himself credited as Richard DeKoker on the finished film. who took over after directors Bryan Forbes and Don Medford each left the project in pre-production. Picker Productions and released in 1974 by United Artists. as he recounts to biographer Andrew Yule. 1974 Running time Country Language 109 minutes United Kingdom English Juggernaut is a 1974 British disaster film. Alan Plater Richard Harris. Ian Holm. and the ship was renamed the Britannic. Lester completely rewrote the script with writer Alan Plater. Producer/Writer Richard Alan Simmons.''Juggernaut (film)'' 43 Juggernaut (film) Juggernaut original film poster by Robert McCall Directed by Produced by Written by Richard Lester Richard Alan Simmons as Richard DeKoker Richard Alan Simmons as Richard DeKoker. Before the Soviets began operating the ship for paying passengers. It was produced by David V. Shirley Knight. Clifton James Ken Thorne Antony Gibbs Starring Music by Editing by Distributed by United Artists Release date(s) September 25. Omar Sharif. The film was shot mainly aboard a real cruise ship. On taking over the film. the Soviet Union's hammer and sickle emblem in the funnel and bow replaced by the logo of the fictitious Sovereign Line. soliciting extras who would take a lengthy cruise in the . Advertisements were run in British papers. The Black Sea Shipping Company livery carried by the Maxim Gorkiy was altered. David Hemmings. Anthony Hopkins.

trapping the passengers on board. the ship will sink. the British government informs Porter that if he pays the ransom. Porter is all for paying the ransom and saving the 1. Anthony Fallon (Richard Harris) and his team must parachute into the Atlantic. However. Fallon's team will defuse one barrel each. When the ship is in the middle of the Atlantic. Instead. Details of how to render the bombs safe will be sent in exchange for a ransom of five hundred thousand pounds sterling. a series of small explosions on the Britannic's bridge that seriously injures two crewmen. If he fails and the bomb explodes. board the Britannic and defuse the barrels before the deadline. Meanwhile. Cmdr. Because the charter of the ship was negotiated as oil prices skyrocketed in February 1974. his men will know what went wrong. the Soviets ended up losing money on the deal. The barrels are booby-trapped and any attempt to defuse them will result in an explosion. as the story demanded seas too rough for the lifeboats to be lowered. a bomb disposal expert. informing his men of each move. Juggernaut arranges a demonstration. 44 Plot summary The story revolves around a fictitious cruise liner. if two more bombs go off. whose wife and two children are on board the Britannic leads the efforts on land to find Juggernaut. John McCleod (Anthony Hopkins). the SS Britannic. Fallon will defuse the first bomb. After an attempt to defuse one of the bombs by robot fails. Lt. However. the owner of the shipping line. Fallon goes to his backup plan. but with the knowledge that the ship would actually seek out the worst possible weather. Supt. receives a phone call from a man with a lilting Irish accent who refers to himself only as Juggernaut. they will withdraw his company's operating subsidy. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Richard Harris as Lieutenant Commander Anthony Fallon Omar Sharif as Captain Alex Brunel David Hemmings as Charlie Braddock Anthony Hopkins as Superintendent John McLeod Shirley Knight as Barbara Bannister Ian Holm as Nicholas Porter Clifton James as Corrigan Roy Kinnear as Social Director Curtain Caroline Mortimer as Susan McLeod Mark Burns as Hollingsworth John Stride as Hughes Freddie Jones as Sidney Buckland Julian Glover as Commander Marder Jack Watson as Chief Engineer Mallicent Roshan Seth as Azad . Juggernaut tells Porter he has placed seven barrels of amatol (high explosive) aboard the Britannic that will explode and sink the ship by dawn the following day.''Juggernaut (film)'' North Sea for free. To show he is serious. (Ian Holm).200 passengers on board (the seas are too rough to abandon ship).

imdb. com/ title/ tt0071706/ .''Juggernaut (film)'' 45 Origin of story The film was inspired by a real event in May 1972 in which the QE2 suffered a bomb threat that turned out to be a hoax. External links • Juggernaut [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.

Helen. who thought the volume should be titled Ill Creatures Great and Small. Sequel A second film. The title. Script The script by Hugh Whitemore. John Alderton took over the role of James and Colin Blakely that of Siegfried. . a speech he makes early in the film rebuking James for refusing to attend a call during the middle of the night is delivered straight. while Lisa Harrow returned as Helen. Anthony Hopkins as Herriot's eccentric employer. Music The film's incidental music was by Wilfred Josephs. If Only They Could Talk and It Shouldn't Happen to a Vet. The film was directed by Eric Till from a script by Alan Plater. The book is a compilation volume. comprising Herriot's first two novels. a line from the hymn "All Things Bright and Beautiful".''All Creatures Great and Small (film)'' 46 All Creatures Great and Small (film) All Creatures Great and Small Directed by Written by Starring Claude Whatham James Herriot (book) Hugh Whitemore (script) Simon Ward Anthony Hopkins Brian Stirner Lisa Harrow Distributed by EMI Films Release date(s) 27 July 1975 Running time Country Language 87 minutes United Kingdom English All Creatures Great and Small is a 1975 television film. based on the book All Creatures Great and Small. by James Herriot. was derived from a punning suggestion by Herriot's daughter. directed by Claude Whatham. and Lisa Harrow as James's love-interest and then wife. Siegfried Farnon. first published in 1972. and played down Siegfried's eccentricity. as Siegfried himself had earlier told James that he was 'spoiling' the farmers by coming out at all hours. focused very much on James. Brian Stirner as Farnon's errant younger brother Tristan. while in the book it was highly hypocritical. for example. It Shouldn't Happen to a Vet was made in 1975. Cast Simon Ward starred as James Herriot. DVD The film has been released on DVD for both Region 2 PAL and Region 1 NTSC.

worldofjamesherriot.org/) External links • All Creatures Great and Small (http://www.com/title/tt0071118/) at the Internet Movie Database .imdb.''All Creatures Great and Small (film)'' 47 References • Official James Herriot Website (http://www.

Steele convinces her the ailments she is experiencing are serious and potentially life-threatening. He reluctantly agrees to see Judith. who is cold and openly antagonistic toward him. and puts his career plans on hold to tend to her. hedonistic Long Island socialite/heiress with a passion for horses. 1939 104 minutes United States English Dark Victory is a 1939 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding. but dismisses her symptoms. Warner Bros. who refers her to a specialist. and then tumbles down a flight of stairs. Frederick Steele (George Brent) is in the midst of closing his New York City office in preparation of a move to Brattleboro. but when she uncharacteristically takes a spill while riding. and too much smoking and drinking. She shows signs of short-term memory loss.''Dark Victory'' 48 Dark Victory Dark Victory Poster promoting Oscar nominations Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Edmund Goulding Hal B. Dr. where he plans to devote his time to brain cell research and scientific study on their growth. April 22. Plot synopsis Judith Traherne (Bette Davis) is a young. The screenplay by Casey Robinson was based on the unsuccessful 1934 play of the same title by George Brewer and Bertram Bloch. Wallis Casey Robinson Based on the play by George Brewer and Bertram Bloch Bette Davis George Brent Max Steiner Cinematography Ernest Haller Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language William Holmes Warner Bros. Vermont. carefree. her secretary/best friend Ann King (Geraldine Fitzgerald) insists she see the family doctor. fast cars. . She initially ignores severe headaches and brief episodes of dizziness and double vision.

She apologizes to the film's trailer Steele. confronts her about her unruly behavior and she confesses she is dying. Parsons Ronald Reagan as Alec Hamm Cora Witherspoon as Carrie Dorothy Peterson as Miss Wainwright Virginia Brissac as Martha Charles Richman as Colonel Mantle Herbert Rawlinson as Dr. after bidding Ann. Judith will pass away. helps him pack and sends him off. O'Leary insists Challenger will never make a racehorse while Judith sees him as a future champion. Judith breaks off the engagement and reverts to her former lifestyle. Then. She realizes she actually is losing her vision and approaching the end. In order to allow her a few more months of happiness. Judith and Steele become involved romantically and eventually engaged. Their conversation convinces her she should spend her final months Ronald Reagan and Bette Davis (center. Frederick Steele Geraldine Fitzgerald as Ann King Humphrey Bogart as Michael O'Leary Henry Travers as Dr. Challenger. Ann is suspicious and confronts Steele. 49 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bette Davis as Judith Traherne George Brent as Dr. her stablehand Michael O'Leary (Humphrey Bogart). The end will be painless but swift . dignified. She agrees to remain silent. Judith discovers her case history file containing letters from several doctors. (Throughout the film Judith and O'Leary engage in arguments about the prospects of a colt. all of them confirming Steele's prognosis. Carter Leonard Mudie as Dr. Assuming Steele was marrying her out of pity. and her dogs farewell. and with the man she loves. Steele opts to keep the diagnosis a secret and assures Judith and Ann the surgery was a success. Steele discovers the tumor cannot be completely removed. Driscoll Fay Helm as Miss Dodd Lottie Williams as Lucy . We see her face and the image blurs to grey. While helping his assistant pack the office prior to their departure for Vermont. lies down on her bed. Judith agrees to surgery to remove a malignant brain tumor. and the two marry and move to Vermont.) Three months later. who admits the truth. her housekeeper Martha (Virginia Brissac). making an excuse to remain home. One day.shortly after experiencing total blindness. who for years has loved her from afar. and realizes she has less than a year to live. and just before her death O'Leary admits she was correct.''Dark Victory'' When diagnostic tests confirm his suspicions. left to right) in happy. Ann comes to visit. she climbs the stairs. and Judith. Steele is scheduled to present his most recent medical findings (which hold out the long-term prospect of a cure for this type of cancer) in New York. She and Judith are in the garden planting bulbs when Judith comments on how odd it is she still feels the heat of the sun under the rapidly darkening skies.

Davis had recently ended affairs with William Wyler and Howard Hughes and her husband Ham Nelson had filed for divorce.[3] Reception In his review in the New York Times.[7] . a heartless play upon tender hearts by a playwright and company well versed in the dramatic uses of going blind and improvising on Camille. CBS Radio's Hollywood On Stage aired a condensed 30 minute version starring Barbara Stanwyck and David Brian. After Judith's death. but Garbo chose to play the lead in Anna Karenina instead. the performances too honest.[1] In 1935. The film premiered at Radio City Music Hall. and George Brent."[4] Variety called the film "intense drama" and "a nicely produced offering [with] Bette Davis in a powerful and impressive role. The film itself lost the Academy Award for Best Picture to Gone with the Wind. claiming she was too sick to continue. which ran for 51 performances at the Plymouth Theatre. who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score for both this and Gone with the Wind. Nugent observed: "A completely cynical appraisal would dismiss it all as emotional flim-flam. Give Me Time for Tenderness" sung by Judith was written by Edmund Goulding and Elsie Janis. Adaptions On March 6. Dark Victory was the eighth on-screen teaming of Bette Davis and George Brent."[5] Time Out London critic Tom Milne writes: "[Davis] and [director Edmund] Goulding almost transform the soap into style. and the two embarked on an affair that continued throughout filming and for a year after..''Dark Victory'' 50 Production Tallulah Bankhead starred as Judith Traherne in the 1934 Broadway production. Miss Davis. and her stablehand Michael (Humphrey Bogart) was shown crying. Frank S. The voice of Vera Van was dubbed for Davis. her horse was seen winning a race. 100 Passions."[6] The film was included at #32 in AFI's 100 Years. and after the first few days of filming she begged to be released from her contract. Max Steiner. But it is impossible to be that cynical about it. This once we must run the risk of being called a softy: we won't dismiss Dark Victory with a self-defensive sneer.. is — dare we say? — surprisingly self-contained and mature. naturally. as the surgeon. Producer Hal Wallis responded. has dominated — and quite properly — her film. 1952. The mood is too poignant. Awards and nominations Bette Davis was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress but lost to Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind. a Rolls-Royce of the weepie world. David O. lost to Herbert Stothart for The Wizard of Oz. the craftsmanship too expert. but Miss Fitzgerald has added a sentient and touching portrayal of the friend. who had just divorced Ruth Chatterton.[2] The tune "Oh. The scene met with negative response with sneak preview audiences and was cut.stay sick!" She found comfort with Brent. "I've seen the rushes . Another scene for the ending was filmed but ultimately deemed anticlimactic and not used. Selznick wanted to cast Greta Garbo in Dark Victory.

London: Time Out Group. 2005 issue. ibdb. the film was remade as Stolen Hours with Susan Hayward. com/ tcmdb/ title. com/ movie/ review?res=9E03E7DE113CE73ABC4951DFB2668382629EDE) Variety review (http:/ / www. cgi?ProgramName=Hollywood+ Sound+ Stage External links • Dark Victory (http://www. Time Out Film Guide 2009.jsp?stid=586) at the TCM Movie Database • Dark Victory (http://www. In 1976. nytimes. portrayed by Anthony Hopkins. timeout. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) Time Out London review (http:/ / www. The time frame was updated and the locale changed to England. variety. jsp?stid=586& category=Articles) DVD audio commentary by film historian James Ursini and CNN film critic Paul Clinton. Christopher Plummer. it was remade under its original title as an NBC television movie starring Elizabeth Montgomery as television producer Katherine Merrill under the care of Dr. com/ review/ VE1117790247. html). References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Dark Victory at the Internet Broadway Database (http:/ / www.allmovie. tcm. asp?ID=10417) Dark Victory at Turner Classic Movies (http:/ / www.com/work/1:12394) at Allmovie .com/title/tt0031210/) at the Internet Movie Database • Dark Victory (http://tcmdb.imdb. the film was remade under its original title for a TV adaptation for the Broadway Television Theatre starring Sylvia Sidney. com/ film/ reviews/ 64988/ dark-victory.''Dark Victory'' 51 Remakes In 1963. p242 [7] http:/ / radiogoldindex. Michael Grant.com/title/title. com/ production. and Ian Keith. In 1952. com/ cgi-local/ p2. 2008. Warner Home Video New York Times review (http:/ / movies.

Yoni Netanyahu Julius Harris as Idi Amin Kirk Douglas as Hershel Vilnofsky Theodore Bikel as Yakov Shlomo Linda Blair as Chana Vilnofsky Stefan Gierasch as Gen. Uganda. Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Dreyfuss.''Victory at Entebbe'' 52 Victory at Entebbe Victory at Entebbe Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Marvin J. Burt Lancaster. Chomsky Robert Guenette Ernest Kinoy Anthony Hopkins Burt Lancaster Elizabeth Taylor Richard Dreyfuss Julius Harris Charles Fox Music by Cinematography Jim Kilgore Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language ABC December 13. US English Victory at Entebbe is a made-for-television film from 1976 based on an actual event: Operation Entebbe and the freeing of Israeli hostages at Entebbe Airport (now Entebbe International Airport) in Uganda. Cast • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Yitzhak Rabin Burt Lancaster as Shimon Peres Elizabeth Taylor as Edra Vilnofsky Richard Dreyfuss as Col. and was directed by Marvin J. The film starred Anthony Hopkins. Chomsky. 1976 (USA) 119 min. The airport is Uganda's main airport and is situated near the capital city of Kampala. Gur .

imdb. Shomron Helen Hayes as Etta Grossman Wise Helmut Berger as German terrorist Jessica Walter as Nomi Haroun 53 External links • Victory at Entebbe [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0075391/ .''Victory at Entebbe'' • • • • Harris Yulin as Gen.

''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' 54 A Bridge Too Far (1977 film) A Bridge Too Far original film poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring Richard Attenborough Joseph E. 1977 176 minutes USA/UK English. adapted by William Goldman.750. Dutch. BSC Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Antony Gibbs Joseph E. Polish $22. Levine Richard P. Levine and Richard P.000 $50. Levine William Goldman A Bridge Too Far by Cornelius Ryan Dirk Bogarde James Caan Michael Caine Sean Connery Edward Fox Anthony Hopkins Gene Hackman Hardy Krüger Laurence Olivier Robert Redford Maximilian Schell John Addison Music by Cinematography Geoffrey Unsworth. Levine and directed by Richard Attenborough. German. Levine Productions United Artists June 15.000 A Bridge Too Far is a 1977 epic war film based on the 1974 book of the same name by Cornelius Ryan. It was produced by Joseph E.000.[1] .

Kate ter Horst (Liv Ullmann)."[2] The ensemble cast includes Dirk Bogarde. Eisenhower chose Montgomery's Operation Market Garden. The underground resistance leader (Siem Vroom). who is to work his way east along the banks of the river. and Maximilian Schell. of airborne troops. Hardy Krüger. and take and hold the north side of the Lower Rhine River to the bridge at Arnhem. the Allies are advancing but have paused in Belgium. and linking. The music was scored by John Addison. Robert Redford. . as it were. under Major General Maxwell D. The largest airborne assault ever attempted. XXX Corps. and from the north side of the Maas to the north side of the Waal River bridge. "I think we may be going a bridge too far. to Arnhem.it's all a question of bridges . who told Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. Polish Major General Stanisław Sosabowski (Gene Hackman) will lead the 1st Independent Parachute Brigade to secure the south side of the Lower Rhine and make contact with Lieutenant-Colonel John Dutton Frost (Anthony Hopkins). are to cross the Maas-Schelde Canal on the north side of Lommel and push up the road. who served with XXX Corps during Market Garden. describing the state of affairs five years into the war. the last major river between the Allies and the German heartland. each of whom had competing plans for ending the war quickly. Sean Connery. Michael Caine. Gavin (Ryan O'Neal) is responsible for the bridge crossing the Maas. and Second Battalion.S. including the road bridge over the Lower Rhine at Arnhem. 101st. Patton and British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. along with his 13-year old son (Erik van 't Wout). is responsible for the road and bridges from the north side of Eindhoven to the south side of the Meuse River at Grave. The British 1st Airborne. keep careful notes of German troops evacuating throughout Arnhem. and hold them until they can be secured"[4] by the 20.000 vehicles led by XXX Corps. In September. and finally British 1st. as quickly as possible. near Lommel. 1944. Gene Hackman. D-Day had come and gone and the Allies are bogged down by overextended supply lines. the operation's architect. with Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning (Dirk Bogarde) saying. and being the first to get to Berlin. Hooking up. with XXX Corps reaching Arnhem two days after the drop. before the operation. at the Lower Rhine River bridge. the Allied attempt to break through German lines and seize several bridges.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' The film tells the story of the failure of Operation Market Garden during World War II.S. Anthony Hopkins. deputy commander of the First Allied Airborne Army."[3] and confidently suggests that "We shall seize the bridges . Urquhart (Sean Connery) is to land northwest of Oosterbeek.with thunderclap surprise. Taylor (Paul Maxwell).S. Eisenhower had to decide between U. James Caan. General George S. Edward Fox. just north of Nijmegen. lead by Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks (Edward Fox). in the occupied Netherlands. The 82nd Airborne Division. Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt (Wolfgang Preiss) arrives in the Netherlands and discovers he has few resources in men or equipment and morale is very poor. Operation Market Garden envisions 35. The name for the film comes from an unconfirmed comment made by British Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning. with the main objective of Allied armour outflanking the Siegfried Line at its northern extremity. and seizure of the bridge will allow vast Allied armies to turn east into Germany.000 men being flown 300 miles from air bases in England and being dropped as much as 64 miles behind enemy lines in the Netherlands. The 101st Airborne Division. "We're going to lay a carpet. information he will later pass on to the Dutch resistance. and spearheaded by Lieutenant-Colonel John Ormsby Evelyn Vandeleur (Michael Caine) on point. under Brigadier General James M. 82nd. with the U. part of the Dutch resistance underground. Arnhem's bridge crosses the Lower Rhine. U. A Dutch family. over which XXX Corps can pass. under Major-General Robert E. Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. Under political pressure. Elliot Gould. observes the German withdrawal toward Germany and awaits the impending arrival of Allied forces. 55 Plot Introduction and planning The film begins with a montage of archival film footage narrated by a Dutch woman. The plan is to begin in seven days time. Laurence Olivier.

But. Learning that a German Panzer division might be near the Arnhem area. Polish Major General Sosabowski remains silent during the Market Garden command briefing. Sosabowski thinks about asking for a letter from General Browning.F briefing officer's (Jeremy Kemp) uniform insignia and says "Just making sure whose side you're on. Browning speculates that the tanks are not in fully serviceable condition. They will have to land in an open area eight miles (13 km) from the bridge. Everyone at the briefing is surprised they are going to attempt a landing so far from the bridge. an important bit of information for the underground. approximately three to six feet. the entire operation fails. the overall plan is outlined. The major road that connects Lommel with Arnhem (Lommel-Valkenswaard-Eindhoven-Son-Veghel-Uden-Grave-Nijmegen-Elst-Arnhem) is only a single highway linking the various key bridges. it is quite clear that German tanks are present at Arnhem. to allow another low-level reconnaissance mission of the Arnhem area. tells that the key for the eight mile distance from the drop zone to the bridge. Lieutenant-General Browning. and informed by a British doctor (Gerald Sim) whose diagnosis is that the officer is too stressed to perform his duties. Cole's superior. they keep a "stiff upper lip" and do not question their orders. Major Robert Steele (Stephen Moore) thinks that the water and trees of Holland will cause the radios not to work. dismisses the photos. had no trouble with it. and mounted with twin Vickers machine guns. As British officers. but trucks and tanks have to squeeze to the shoulder to pass. they choose not to rock the boat and do not convey their concerns up the chain of command. and also ignores the confirmation reports from the Dutch underground.A. is the use of gliders to bring in a special reconnaissance squadron with Jeeps. Browning does not want to be the one to tell Montgomery of any doubts because 16 consecutive previous airborne drop operations have been cancelled. intelligence officer Major Fuller brings the reconnaissance photos to General Browning. At the XXX Corps briefing. British technical support preparing the portable radios for the mission note they are not likely to work for the long distance from the drop zone to the Arnhem bridge. laying out the bridges that will be taken by the paratroopers. Major Fuller (Frank Grimes).[5] His request is granted. Arnhem must be reached within 2–3 days. SS-Lieutenant General Wilhelm Bittrich's (Maximilian Schell) II SS Panzer Corps (includes 9th SS and 10th SS Panzer divisions) is due for a rest. His is one of two dissident voices that are shuttled aside but correctly forecast defeat. causing anything moving on the road to stand out. Sosabowski walks up to check the R. Browning lays out that if any one group fails. The Dutch teenager manages to pass through German lines and discovers that Field Marshal Model is at the German command HQ. The road is also elevated. As with most others with doubts about the mission. It is the crucial bridge. after which he voices his deep doubts that the plan can work. 56 . A young British intelligence officer. but of course they have to make the best of it. held and then secured by ground forces. It is passable for two regular cars. the last means of escape for the German forces in the Netherlands and an excellent route to Germany for Allied forces who hope to finish the war by Christmas. This follows after he disagrees with the general consensus among the British top brass that resistance will consist entirely of "Hitler Youth or old men". asks the British commander. American command worries about parachuting in daylight (no major daylight drop had been previously attempted) but note it is a "no-moon period" anyway. Speed is the vital factor. Major Fuller's concerns are brushed off and he is actually removed from duty. off the front lines." In a briefing led by General Urquhart. describing 1st British Airborne plan at Arnhem. Lieutenant Cole (Peter Settelen) who used the radio equipment in the desert of North Africa. stating that he is being forced to act under Browning's order in case his men are massacred. Rundstedt suggest they be pulled back to Arnhem and Model agrees. British commanders planning the drop note that they are badly short of transport aircraft and the area near Arnhem is ill-suited for a landing.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' Field Marshal von Rundstedt and Field Marshal Walter Model (Walter Kohut) agree that American General Patton will be chosen to invade the Netherlands.

and assemble quickly. Model. However. Halliwell Halliwell explained what Harmel wants. Much of the special reconnaissance squadron. the airborne drops catch the Germans totally by surprise. However. Urquhart manages to escape capture with less than two thousand of his troops. led by Colonel Robert Stout (Elliott Gould). Finally Sosabowski's troops enter the battle. thinking that the Allies must be trying to capture him personally. approaches the bridge over the Wilhelmina Canal. many of the paratroopers are either captured or forced to withdraw. with paratroops versus crack SS infantry and Panzers. more devastating attack. but not the Waal Bridge at Nijmegen. The advance is also curtailed by the narrow highway. “If it’s all the same to you. but fail. Meanwhile. As the British cross the bridge. To make matters worse. Most of the men come down in soft. XXX Corps meets up with the 82nd Airborne Division. Instead Brigadeführer Heinz Harmel. as is portrayed in the movie. Urquhart confronts Browning about his personal feeling about the operation. much to General Gavin's disappointment. troubles beset Urquhart's division. and there is little to no resistance. lead by Freddie Gough. Urquhart is separated from his men. General Gavin (Ryan O'Neal) breaks two discs in his back during his landing. which was determined to have been 90% successful by a satisfied Montgomery. and they do not arrive in Eindhoven when planned. The drop for the 101st was the best they had during the war. The dialogue between Frost and Bittrich's adjutant requesting surrender. commander of the 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg. either doesn't arrive by gliders at all or are shot up in an ambush. but still knows they will be able to repel the lightly-armed paratroopers. When a German soldier captures the actual plans for Market Garden from an abandoned glider.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' 57 Operation begins The initial phases of Market Garden go as planned. but are isolated can only hold so long. Frost's British paratroopers do take and occupy part of Arnhem around the bridge. After arriving. and getting a reply the paratroopers do not have the facilities to accept German surrender. the Germans attempt to destroy it. selected a British prisoner. as they were not expecting to fight two SS Panzer Divisions. part of the division. but the demolition charges do not go off. Halliwell then told Frost. Operation ends After securing Nijmegen Bridge. led by US Major Julian Cook (Robert Redford). It takes 36 hours to bring up Bailey bridge equipment and construct a bridge. With the Germans fully alert. but they are still hard-pressed. Their radio sets are also useless. Model brushes them off as fake. realise the situation and send forces to reinforce Nijmegen and Arnhem. ploughed fields." . As the 506th PIR of the 101st. but panics and retreats from Arnhem. with the special Jeeps (with Vickers machine guns). soon after landing. I always felt we tried to go a bridge too far. the remainder are forced to stay behind and give themselves up. meaning no contact can be made with either paratroopers moving into Arnhem or XXX Corp. Expected German resistance begins slowing XXX Corps' progress immediately. doesn't think about the bridge. XXX Corps waits several hours for its infantry forces to finish securing the town. and forced to ward off a second. The initial German attack on the paratroopers at the bridge is repelled with many German casualties. and sent him into the British perimeter to request that Frost surrender his forces. There. The men were more likely to get hit by falling equipment than get shot by the Germans. Frost gave Halliwell a message for Harmel to “Go to hell. never took place. Colonel.”[7] Operation Market Garden has failed. After days of house-to-house fighting in Arnhem. is forced to perform a dangerous daylight river crossing in flimsy canvas-and-wood assault boats. Jerry [the Germans] will get the message sooner or later. who have taken the Grave bridge. British Armour continues to fight its way up the corridor. German 88 mm guns blow the bridge up in their face. General Ludwig (Hardy Krüger).”. Sergeant Stanley [6] . but is hopelessly delayed by various events. at Son (Zon). Bittrich and his subordinate. allowing XXX Corp to progress. as you know. and the supply drop zones are overrun by the Germans. They are only able to get a few men across to reinforce the British. they gun down several Polish troops during their drop. it makes no difference: the XXX Corps' progress is still slow and the Germans close in on the 1st Airborne. I’ll stay. When asked if he thinks the operations went well. They attempt to reinforce the British in Arnhem. Browning replies "Well.

The Irish Guards. Hertfordshire. 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment. England Jeremy Kemp Nicholas Campbell Paul Copley [18] Capt. British Army Lt. XXX Corps . 502PIR. 2nd Parachute Battalion.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' 58 Cast and roles Allies Actor Dirk Bogarde James Caan Michael Caine Role Lieutenant-General Frederick "Boy" Browning Staff Sergeant Eddie Dohun (based on Charles Dohun) Notes GOC I British Airborne Corps. fictional [12] [13] . CO. Michael Byrne Sean Connery Edward Fox Elliot Gould Gene Hackman Anthony Hopkins Ryan O'Neal Robert Redford Denholm Elliott Peter Faber Liaison officer with the 82nd Airborne Division. Lathbury made a complete recovery and escaped captivity during Operation Pegasus. XXX [8] Vandeleur Corps. Robert Stout (based on Robert Sink) Maj. Company F. Fuller (based on Brian Urquhart) RAF briefing officer [16] CO. Carlyle (based on Maj. Col. 3rd Battalion (Infantry). Army (attacking Best) Lieutenant-Colonel John Ormsby Evelyn CO. Headquarters RAMC. British Second Army [10] CO. Allison Digby Tatham-Warter) Maj. Arnhem [9] GOC. Col. The Guards Armoured Division. and at HQ First Allied Airborne Army as its deputy commander. British Army stationed at the HQ located in Moor Park Golf Club.S. "Harry" Bestebreurtje acting CO. GOC. 1st Parachute Brigade. Lt. Brian Horrocks Col. CO. Gen. England RAF. Weaver (based on Graeme Warrack) Colin Farrell Richard Kane British Army Senior Medical Officer. 504th PIR. Wicks [19] Batman to Lt. 1st Airborne Division Donald Douglas Brigadier Gerald Lathbury Keith Drinkel Lieutenant Cornish (based on Captain Eric Mackay. later at the Maas-Waal canal and the bridge across the Waal river in Nijmegen CO. The Irish Guards. Gen. Stanisław Sosabowski. (based on Captain LeGrand King "Legs" Johnson) Pvt. British Army at Nijmegen runner for Captain LeGrand King "Legs" Johnson. Giles Vandeleur Major General Roy Urquhart Lt. British Army CO. British Army. US 82nd Airborne Division.E. Frost. Army at the bridge across the Maas river in Grave. British Army at Arnhem road bridge CO. Col. Polish Armed Forces CO. 2nd Battalion. 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment. but the briefing probably took place at the 1st Airborne Corps HQ located in Moor Park Golf Club.) Corporal Hancock Col. 101st Airborne Division [11] CO. Arnhem . F Company. John Frost Brig. Polish 1st Independent Airborne Brigade. 1st Airborne Division. 9th Parachute Sqdn R. 1st Parachute Brigade. 2nd Battalion (Armoured). Hertfordshire. 101st Airborne Division U. British Army in Arnhem. U. James Gavin Maj. Army seizing key bridges over the Maas-Waal Canal and the river assault crossing of the Waal river. 3rd Battalion. 82nd Airborne. Glass CO. A Company.S. U. Arie D. British Army. Wounded and briefly paralized. Office of Strategic Services [14] [15] Royal Dutch Army Christopher Good Frank Grimes Maj. Gen. British Army [17] G-2 (Intelligence Officer) for the 1st Airborne Corps . Cousin to 'Joe'. Julian Cook RAF meteorologist officer Capt. 2nd Parachute Battalion. British Army at the Main Dressing Station in the Schoonoord Hotel of the Oosterbeek Perimeter . 2nd Parachute Battalion.S. 1st Airborne Division. 1st Parachute Brigade.

Division Field [25] Hospital. 101st Military Police Platoon. Army. 101st Airborne Division Clearing Station John Ratzenberger Arthur Hill Lt James Megellas (based on Lt James Megellas) U. Divisional HQ at the Hartenstein Hotel Senior Medical Officer. 101st Airborne Division. 1st Airborne Corps.M. British Army Col. [23] Arthur Austin Eagger) Grenadier Guards major John Stride British Army British Army British Army British Army Alun Armstrong Cpl.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' Paul Maxwell Stephen Moore Maj. 5 [24] Platoon (B Company). British Army. 101st Airborne Division. Maxwell Taylor Maj.B. Source: A Bridge Too Far [27] at the Internet Movie Database . 3rd Parachute Battalion. R. Col. Army surgeon (colonel) Germans Actor Hardy Krüger Maximilian Schell Role SS-Brigadeführer Ludwig (based on Heinz Harmel and Walter Harzer) SS-Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Bittrich Notes Heinz Harmel did not want his name to be mentioned in the movie. OB West Army Group B Wolfgang Preiss Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt Walter Kohut Hartmut Becker Hans von Borsody Lex van Delden Fred Williams Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model German sentry General der Infanterie Günther Blumentritt SS-Oberscharführer Matthias SS-Hauptsturmführer Viktor Eberhard Gräbner Bittrich's aide. 1st Airborne Division. C. Jimmy Cleminson Cox Garrick Hagon Lieutenant Rafferty T/Capt.. Sims (based on (acting Colonel) Lt. Col. Arnhem 59 Donald Pickering Gerald Sim Principal General Staff Officer (Chief of Staff). 82nd Airborne Division. U.S. Army Lieutenant. at Waal [26] River crossing Chief Division Surgeon Lt Col. U. Gen. Robert Steele (based on Major Anthony "Tony" John [20] Deane–Drummond) Lt. Mackenzie CO. Commander of the Reconnaissance battle group of 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. of II SS Panzer Corps. [22] British Army. David Gold. Headquarters.O. 504th PIR. Davies David Auker Michael Bangerter 'Taffy' Brace British staff colonel Michael Graham Capt.S.A.C. U. [Sir] James Arnold Stacey "Jimmy" Cleminson Officer Commanding. Company H. 1st Airborne Divisional Signals [21] British Army. Army at the Zon bridge and later St-Oedenrode Second–in–Command. Arnhem Lieutenant. C..S.S.

DO-4. PH-GVP and PH-ADF. Seven or eight were hastily repaired for the shoot. A camera was mounted in the astrodome. centre escape hatches were removed to make additional camera ports available. and K-688. An Alouette. Levine Presents Incorporated. were also used. In addition. Ten Horsa glider replicas were built. was also employed. (N9985Q and N9986Q) were purchased by Joseph E. with a third camera on the outside of the forward port cabin window and a fourth under the aircraft centre section. A two-seat Blaník sail-plane. A second Aztec.E. provided by a member of the . G-AWDI. Two Portuguese. Aircraft 6171 doubled as the camera ship on most formations. 6153. Three Danish Air Force. with camera angles carefully chosen to avoid revealing this. Levine. G-ASND. Dakota 6153 was fitted with tow gear and Horsa replicas were towed at high speed.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' 60 Dutch Actor Laurence Olivier Liv Ullmann Siem Vroom Erik van 't Wout Role Dr. G-BDWN. All aircraft were required to be CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) or FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) registered and licensed to carry passengers. The Dakotas were gathered by the film company Joseph E. provided that no troops were aboard during filming.O.000 men. and two Air International Dakotas. though none went airborne. operating from Djibouti in French Somaliland. William Goldman's Story of a Bridge Too Far Production Air filming was done in the first weeks of September 1976. but it was not camouflaged. Vandeleur Source: Goldman. After a mishap with G-AWDI. The replica gliders were tail-heavy and required a support post under the rear fuselage. DO-10 and DO-12. K-687. DO-7. F-OCKU and F-OCKX. An original deal for the purchase of ten fell through when two airframes were rejected as passenger configured without the necessary jump doors. ex-Portuguese Air Force. two locally-hired Cessna 172s. Jan Spaander Kate ter Horst Underground leader Underground leader's son Marlies van Alcmaer Underground leader's wife Mary Smithuysen Hans Croiset Josephine Peeper Erik Chitty Source: A Bridge Too Far [27] at the Internet Movie Database Old Dutch lady Old Dutch lady's son Cafe waitress Organist Military consultants • • • • • • Colonel John Waddy Major General John Dutton Frost General James M. and 6171. (N9984Q and N9983Q). Eleven Dakotas were procured. was a back-up camera ship on some shots. and four Finnish Air Force C-47s. with a camouflaged Piper Aztec. together with the dropping of supplies from a number of Dakota aircraft. culminating in a series of air drops of a total of 1. were loaned for the duration of the parachute filming. but a wind storm damaged almost all of them. one on the port upper mainplane surface. K-685. Gavin Lieutenant General Brian Horrocks Major General Roy Urquhart Brigadier J.

Levine financed the $22 million budget himself. telling him that he was taller and more handsome than himself. in particular. 'Well. was "Forward. Dunstable. on June 14. Lieutenant Colonel Joe Vandeleur was on the set. charge". • Edward Fox had known General Horrocks before working on the film. Their original identities were PH-KLU. An episode of the Dutch TV history programme Tijden [29] (site in Dutch) (English: Different Times) about the making of this movie stated that producer Joseph E. PH-NGK.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' London Gliding Club. These were flown by members of the Gilze Rijen Aero Club. Vandeleur was apparently flattered by Caine playing him.000 a week. Spitfire Mk. go. where a similar bridge over the IJssel was still available. Levine told the Deventer town government that their town should host the world premiere for A Bridge Too Far. so he could ask him what the actual line was. was lent by the Hon. Levine turned him down and Redford agreed to play the part for $2 million. A few scenes were shot in Zutphen. Four Harvards portrayed American and German fighters. and considered him a friend.000 for his entourage. B-64 and B-118. • To tempt the distributors. he would cite his portrayal of Horrocks as his favorite film role. . Levine needed to assemble an all-star cast. MH434. it was by the mid-1970s sitting in a modern urban surroundings which could not be used to portray a 1940s city. 61 Facts and figures • Joseph E. During the production. get a move on. the latter two aircraft loaned by the Royal Netherlands Air Force. IX.[28] The scenes around the 'Arnhem' bridge were actually shot in Deventer. with whom he had worked as an actor on The Sand Pebbles and The Great Escape. $470. they would have to reschedule at a cost — including Redford's overtime — of at least a million dollars. "I just said quietly into the microphone. Vandeleur told him.[1] • Shooting of the American-led assault on the Bridge at Nijmegen was dubbed the “Million-Dollar Hour”. The principal players were paid $250.[30] • Dirk Bogarde had known General Browning from his time on Field Marshal Montgomery's staff during the war. Steve McQueen and Robert Redford. RT607. coded AC-S. Because of the heavy traffic. which depicted an Auster V. they had permission to film on the bridge between eight and nine o'clock on 3 October 1976. Years later. Fox took great care to portray him accurately. plus $50. he would show footage from the film to distributors who would then pay him for distribution rights. though Sean Connery held out for a total of $750. Luckily for Caine. For this reason. 1977. which is what Caine says in the film as released. PH-BKT.000 to buy a house he couldn't sell and to have his part scheduled so he could immediately begin production on another film for which he was being paid $3 million. was towed aloft for the interior take-off shots. which also provided an Auster III. and was flown by aerobatic champion Neil Williams. Patrick Lindsay. This never came to be.000. where the old municipality house (a white building which in the film featured the Nazi command centre) and the main church can be seen. which led to the failure of the attack. But McQueen wanted $3 million. By the time the film was finished. Attenborough insisted that all actors playing corpses keep their eyes [1] closed. • Michael Caine's scripted line to order the column of tanks and armoured cars into battle. which was held in Amsterdam. Levine had raised $26 million. putting the film $4 million in the black before it had even opened. thus. and took issue with the film's largely negative portrayal of the general. The movie's treatment of military history is somewhat misleading compared to the original book. in wartime camouflage. and Deventer even missed out on the Dutch premiere. then'". though. and if they couldn't shoot the scene. Although the original bridge in Arnhem still existed. the reasons for the delay in XXX Corps reaching the Arnhem bridge differ considerably from the book. The part of Major Cook came down to a choice between the two biggest box office stars. depicting a photo reconnaissance variant. Attenborough pushed for McQueen.

who was Legs' runner [orderly] wandered over to the hospital for a specific purpose. at the time of its release. com/ page/ arie. he was still telling them to delay and take others. One round entered Legs' helmet and tore into his head. d.[32] While critics agreed that the film was impressively staged[33] and historically accurate. Even when Legs was finally loaded. 101airborneww2. At the hospital in Zon.23rd October 1944 (http:/ / www. headed for Zon. moved to the St. but declined due to low salary. Later that afternoon. Attenborough put many of the extras/soldiers through a mini-boot camp and even had them housed in a barracks of sorts during filming. Royal Engineers p. htm) [14] escaping in 1941 to UK he studied at the Royal Military Academy. Elizabeth Hospital. with a rating average of 6. org/ arnhem/ RepPegasus. Against his objections. Notes Goldman 1977 Ryan 1974.Captain Legs Johnson "Medics made him lie down and set up an IV with plasma flowing into him. Immerman [18] He was initially wounded by a rifle bullet in the right shoulder. • Audrey Hepburn (who had lived in Holland during Market Garden) was the first choice to play Kate Ter Horst. but was taken prisoner. He knew that the captain had a substantial amount of cash in his billfold and he didn't want a stranger from [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] . p. htm) [17] p. b26. many found the film too long and too repetitive. The following is taken from War Stories website (http:/ / www. pegasusarchive. 62 Reception The film received mixed-to-positive reviews from critics.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' • Sean Connery initially turned down his role. According to a "making-of" documentary included in a special edition DVD of A Bridge Too Far.[34] James Caan[34] and Anthony Hopkins were cited by many critics for their standout performances in a film filled with hundreds of speaking roles and cameos by many of the period's top actors. [15] Dutch Wikipedia article [16] The Major did not die of wounds at Brigade HQ. telling the medics to convey the others first. he was relegated to the 'dead pile' of troopers who were wounded so seriously that they had no chance to survive.280 frames 94/95 00:17:21. Sgt Charles Dohun (Hollywood changed his first name to EDDIE). Band of Brothers and The Pacific actors through boot camp was first done by Attenborough for this film.120 frames 177/178 1st Parachute Squadron.6 out of 10. 67 00:11:37. fearing that the film would glamorize a military disaster. In the book Ryan says Sosabowski spoke with the chief liaison officer. Ambrose. but changed his mind after reading the finished screenplay.480 frames 93/94 00:11:41.356. He lost consciousness and would not wake -up until weeks later. Lieutenant Colonel George Stevens. Roger Moore was the first choice to play Horrocks but his contractual commitment to The Spy Who Loved Me prevented him from taking the part. bestebreurtje. Legs was briefly examined and since he was unconscious and his brains were exposed. and later in Edinburgh he was trained as an OSS agent and assigned to operations behind in occupied Holland. to a field hospital in Zon. Legs kept delaying his own evacuation. com/ warstories2. • Steven Spielberg's idea for putting his Saving Private Ryan. At that time. and later conducted an escape Operation Pagasus with the Dutch Resistance to bring out 138 escapees of the battle. he was placed across the hood of the Jeep on a stretcher and then the Jeep scratched-off. [13] (http:/ / www. Since many of the wounded were hit more seriously than himself. and returning to his post with the remnants of his Company Evasion Report: 21st September . html) History vs Hollywood ."[31] Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 67% of 14 critics have given the film a positive review. Arthur In the movie 'Joe' is depicted as leading the tanks of his cousin Giles' battalion although he commanded The Irish Guards Group as was the practice of combining two battalions from same regiment under senior regimental officer [9] Carried the primary responsibility for the 'Garden' ground offensive part of the operation [10] Attacked bridge at Zon and later entered Eindhoven to meet British troops [11] Arrived in the 3rd lift north of Nijemegen and advanced towards Arnhem [12] General Browning failed to arrange for RAF and USAAF liaison officers for the British I Airborne Corps. Medical jeeps bearing stretchers were evacuating wounded two at a time. a German MG42 machine-gun fired at the Jeep from over 500 yards distance.132. "the film was shunned by American critics and completely ignored at Oscar time for daring to expose the fatal inadequacies of the Allied campaign.

5. nytimes. Captain Hugh 'Duke' Roberts. imdb. 2010. The next day." (http:/ / www. he managed to escape from a group who were being escorted out of Arnhem.) Steve A. vpro. the LTC looked at his watch for sixty seconds. When the doctor refused. co. these would eventually arrive in the 'Sea Tail' via Normandy beaches. Lt. Jason. Retrieved Sept. shtml) BBC website. nl/ programmas/ 2899536/ afleveringen/ 19032793/ ''Andere [30] A Bridge Too Far (1977) [[British Film Institute (http:/ / www. in real life I would've made TWO of Dohun. at gunpoint. Stella. and with a steel plate in my head. Chappuis). His depiction in the movie after landing is completely fictional. uk/ films/ 2004/ 05/ 19/ a_bridge_too_far_SE_1977_dvd_review. which is how the author became aware of the story.E. "A Bridge Too Far: Special Edition DVD (1977). Urquhart he however did not become ADC to General Officer Commanding 1st Airborne Division until 1945. Mrs Johnson sent that letter to Ryan. scared guy. and "Silent Steve" placed him under arrest for one minute. was among the few indiividuals who knew the story of how Dohun had ordered the doctor to perform the operation. com/ m/ bridge_too_far/ ) Rotten Tomatoes. 9. 2006). I was a little. "deaf. bfi. but he did NOT pardon the sgt. DC-3 Project Officer for the film. as shown in the film. 33-34. K. [23] O. [32] "A Bridge Too Far (1977)". uk/ features/ attenborough/ bridgefar. but was almost immediately taken prisoner. [34] Morgan. . and Dohun was a great big guy.45 looks more impressive). Flt. the 1977 Hollywood version of Cornelius Ryan's book about Operation Market Garden. who were surrounded at the north end of Arnhem Bridge. July 1977.J. but was Mentioned In Dispatches for Arnhem [25] The name is probably fictional since the event did not occur as portrayed in the movie [26] Most decorated officer of the 82nd Division [27] http:/ / www.. Retrieved Sept. Hell.B.(Legs' wife). "Film: It's a Long War In 'Bridge Too Far'.com (Jan. 1977). 5.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' another unit to get it. [20] The role is based to a point that he was the Major responsible for divisional signals. dinner jacket. Vincent. and along with three other soldiers spent three days trapped in a small room at the back of a German–occupied house. As Dohun stood at attention before his desk. seemingly to bring with him on the operation. Regarding the Hollywood Depiction When I interviewed Legs Johnson in the late 1990s. Sgt Dohun was taken before LTC Steve Chappuis (later Brigadier General (Ret. AIR International. until his death about 15 years ago. but a ." Cornelius Ryan described in his book. When Cornelius Ryan was researching 'A Bridge Too Far'." (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ 1977/ a-bridge-too-far/ ) FilmCritic." As of this writing (October. Talkback column [29] http:/ / geschiedenis. [22] he was effectively CO on the first day until Hicks was contacted by which time he had established Divisional HQ at the Hartenstein Hotel. blind. html)]]. Deane–Drummond successfully swam to the south bank of the Rhine. Legs is still alive in Florida. 63 . "Legs" said :"In the movie. filmcritic. com/ title/ tt0075784/ [28] Hurst. how Sgt Dohun was placed under arrest for threatening to shoot the surgeon. "A Bridge Too Far. bbc. org. [21] He became separated from his unit whilst trying to link up with 1st Parachute Brigade. then told Dohun he could go.O. [19] Although ordered to load his shotgun. (http:/ / www. the second battalion S-1 of the 502 PIR. he carried him into an operating room and ordered the surgeon to save him. and golf clubs into the staff car in the movie. Volume 13. Number 1. explaining how Sgt Dohun had been responsible for saving his life. the 2/502 C. 2005)." (http:/ / movies. (Military Division) of the Order "in recognition of gallant and. Dohun pointed a souvenir Luger at him and threatened to shoot him (he did not use a . Dohun spotted Captain Johnson in the dead pile and examined him-when he discovered that Legs was still breathing. retrieved 2009-10-19 [31] Papamichael. I have not learned the identity of that doctor. [33] Canby. dumb. and through him the XXX Corps HQ. Duke wrote a letter to Mrs Johnson.C. rottentomatoes. The operation was successful. distinguished services in Sicily" Supplement to The London Gazette. Gen. they split up to cross the river. com/ movie/ review?_r=1& res=9C0DE7DC113FE334BC4E52DFB066838C669EDE& partner=Rotten Tomatoes) New York Times (June 16. "Legs" regained consciousness six weeks later in a hospital. He later swam the river Lek to contact Gen. and spent the next eleven days hiding inside a large cupboard until he felt safe to move. On managing to leave this building. 2010. Charles Dohun survived WW2 and lived in N. pp.45 as shown in 'A Bridge Too Far'. 23 March 1944 [24] Shown accompanying Maj. he commented on how he and Sgt Dohun were portrayed in 'A Bridge Too Far'. Sosabowski.

htm" . Richard H. After the Battle (London: Plaistow Press) (17): 10–34 • Ambrose. Ebury Press. Colonel John (1977).. "The Making of a Bridge Too Far". William (1977).boxofficemojo. Cornelius (1974). ISBN 0-340-22340-5 [NB: Book has no page numbers] • Ryan. London: Hamish Hamilton.com/movies/?id=bridgetoofar. Stephen E. 1999 External links • • • • • A Bridge Too Far (http://www.com/work/7107) at Allmovie A Bridge Too Far (http://tcmdb. Coronet Books. Max.com/films_page/a_bridge_too_far/ a_bridge_too_far_page_one. University Press of Mississippi.com/title/tt0075784/) at the Internet Movie Database A Bridge Too Far (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo A Bridge Too Far (http://www. A Bridge Too Far. Ike's spies: Eisenhower and the espionage establishment.''A Bridge Too Far (1977 film)'' 64 References • Arthur.britishcinemagreats.allmovie.imdb. 2004 • Goldman.com/title/title.jsp?stid=15854) at the TCM Movie Database A Bridge too far at http://www. & Immerman. Forgotten Voices of the Second World War: A new history of world war two in the words of the men and women who were there. William Goldman's Story of a Bridge Too Far. ISBN 0-340-19941-5 • Waddy.

in New York. Hoover had come to believe this through information given to him by two clairvoyant psychics. along with his wife.''Audrey Rose (film)'' 65 Audrey Rose (film) Audrey Rose Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Robert Wise Frank De Felitta Joe Wizan Frank De Felitta Marsha Mason Anthony Hopkins John Beck Susan Swift Michael Small Music by Cinematography Victor J. directed by Robert Wise. Kemper Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Carl Kress United Artists April 6. that his name is Elliot Hoover. she bangs her hands on a window and becomes burned. living with her parents. two minutes before Ivy was born. The mother is afraid of Hoover but also . who died in a fiery car accident. with metaphysical content. Ivy hears him from her room and enters an altered state where she cannot be calmed down without the assistance of Hoover. an attorney. 1977 113 minutes United States English Audrey Rose is a 1977 horror film. The original music score was composed by Michael Small. over lunch with him. and discover. starring Marsha Mason and Anthony Hopkins. which Hoover says is a result of her daughter's experience of being burned alive in the car. The husband asks a friend of his. In this state. Janice and Bill Templeton. The parents notice a stranger stalking them over the course of a few weeks. but when Hoover speaks Audrey's name out loud. to hide in their apartment to hear Hoovers full story to build a case against him. and that he is convinced their daughter is a reincarnation of his daughter Audrey Rose. Plot Ivy Templeton is a nearly eleven year old girl. It was based on the novel of the same title by Frank De Felitta.

Brice Mack Reception The film received a poor review from Vincent Canby at the New York Times..afi. having once been. The movie closes on a quotation from the Bhagavad-Gita: "There is no end. Nor. "The soul of the movie is that of "The Exorcist" instantly recycled. who she says has started to accept what she and Hoover believe to be true.com/wise/films/audrey_rose/audrey. with a Hindu holy man giving an explanation of reincarnation as testimony. Hoover appears at their home during one of her nightmares.Prosecutor Scott Velie Robert Walden .com/title/tt0075704/) at the Internet Movie Database • Audrey Rose (http://www. and testifies as much.Bill Templeton Susan Swift . The film then moves forward some months to an ongoing trial.Dr."[1] References [1] (http:/ / movies. nytimes. eternal." 66 Main cast • • • • • • • Marsha Mason . It is unborn.Ivy Templeton Norman Lloyd .allmovie. com/ movie/ review?res=9E05E5DB1039E334BC4F53DFB266838C669EDE) External links • Audrey Rose at the American Film Institute website (http://www. Ivy continues to be disturbed by nightmares which keep getting worse. ever-existing.Elliot Hoover John Beck . and indicating this is with her husband's permission. The last scene is the mother writing a letter to Hoover thanking him for transporting Ivy/Audrey's ashes to India.. while the father is hostile to Hoover and demands he stay away.imdb. The mother comes to believe Hoover's story. Hoover testifies in court that after his daughter's death. Ivy revisits the traumatic car crash as Audrey Rose and dies during the relived trauma.''Audrey Rose (film)'' concerned for her daughter. html) • Audrey Rose (http://www. undying and primeval. and has their lawyer request Ivy be hypnotized to show she is not a reincarnation of Audrey Rose. Steven Lipscomb John Hillerman . does it ever cease to be.Janice Templeton Anthony Hopkins .com/m/audrey_rose/) .com/title/title. and at the request of the mother Hoover is able to calm Ivy down by calling to her as Audrey Rose. The trial has become a worldwide phenomenon. Hoover had traveled to India and become a believer in reincarnation and Hinduism. where Hoover is attempting to persuade a jury that his actions were necessary to grant his daughter's spirit peace. During the hypnosis.com/work/A3295) at Allmovie • Audrey Rose (http://tcmdb. who said of it. but is arrested for allegedly briefly abducting her to his recently rented upstairs apartment. but the father does not.jsp?stid=17428) at the TCM Movie Database • Audrey Rose at Rotten Tomatoes website (http://www.rottentomatoes. For the soul there is never birth nor death.

000 (Rentals only) Magic is a 1978 psychological horror film starring Anthony Hopkins. .900. Ann-Margret. Levine William Goldman (novel) William Goldman (screenplay) Anthony Hopkins Ann-Margret Burgess Meredith Ed Lauter David Ogden Stiers Jerry Goldsmith Music by Cinematography Victor J.000 US $11. 1978 (USA) 107 min English US $7. and Burgess Meredith. who also wrote the novel on which it was based. Kemper Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue John Bloom 20th Century Fox November 8. Levine Richard P. It was written by William Goldman.''Magic (1978 film)'' 67 Magic (1978 film) Magic Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Richard Attenborough Joseph E.000.

In the Catskills. Fats kills him with "help" from Corky. sends Corky to get help. He then removes all of Greene's identification and drags the corpse to the lake. and that even off-stage he hears Fats talking to him. His powerful agent Ben Greene is on the verge of signing Corky for his own television show. Duke. She thinks everything is fine until Fats "comes alive" and reveals that Corky's card trick is only a ruse he uses to seduce women. Repulsed. He suspects she cheated on him with Corky. however. But she insists on waiting to tell Duke face to face. Corky. manages to drown Greene. The next morning Fats becomes even more possessive and jealous when Corky says that he plans to leave Fats behind so that he and Peggy can go away together. who is stuck in a passionless marriage. Corky comes back as a combination magician and ventriloquist with a foul-mouthed dummy named Fats and is a huge success.''Magic (1978 film)'' 68 Plot Charles "Corky" Withers has just failed in his first attempt at professional magic. Duke. convinces Corky to kill Greene. Duke awkwardly confides to Corky that he loves Peggy and is worried about losing her. In truth. Rather than confront him as Duke still remembers Corky as his old high school friend. Greene suddenly lunges at him. After a heated argument. she rejects Corky and locks herself in her bedroom. Greene has tracked Corky down. he meets with his high-school crush. Peggy returns to their cabin." They wonder which of them will die first. having committed suicide so that he won't kill anyone else. from this point on. He immediately asserts this new authority by ordering Corky to kill Peg. Curious. Peggy Ann Snow. but Corky bails out for the Catskills. (The dummy stabs Duke while Corky is covered by a curtain behind him. Corky returns with a bloodstained knife. apologizes to Peggy from in front of her locked door. Fats. Duke suddenly spots Greene's dead body on the edge of the lake. Moments later. which sparks the jealousy not only of Peggy's tough-guy husband who was also Corky's best friend during high school. and that Peg is only the latest of his conquests. wooden head. Corky performs a feat of magic with a deck of cards that charms Peg into thinking they are soul mates. After a tense confrontation where Greene discovers the truth about Corky's mental state. As a result Fats also feels "faint. . he does not want to take the required psychological testing because doctors might find out that he suffers from multiple personality disorder. turning on the charm and using Fats' voice. A short while later. the agent demands that Corky get help. Duke finds that the man is indeed dead. Duke returns from his trip earlier than expected. Peggy storms off and Duke decides to have a talk with Corky on the lake. still alive. Corky does this by using Fats' hard. he will make the decisions in Corky's life. Fats seems pleased — until it is revealed that the blood on the knife is Corky's. however. Corky. A year later. happily calling out that she has changed her mind and has decided to run away with Corky after all. When Corky tries to dispose of the body. Fats says that. believing it could still be alive. after an intense fight. They make love. They row toward the body. His mentor says that he needs to have a better show business gimmick. but the dummy Fats. claiming to be afraid of success.) An increasingly deranged Corky manages to pull himself together and persuade Peg to run away with him. he decides to search Corky's cabin.

gave the film a very positive review. It is. and ranked it at #9 on his list of the 10 best films of 1978. Horror and Fantasy Film Review" 1990 writeup of the film remarks that Hopkins appears stiff in the lead role. . Hopkins received each a Golden Globe and BAFTA nomination for his role as the tragically disturbed Corky. invests her role with a considerable sparkle.. the film continued to play on broadcast television in edited versions. It features Fats reciting the tagline." [2] Goldman received a 1979 Edgar Award. other companies have released home video versions of Magic over succeeding years under different licenses. after which his eyeballs roll into the back of his head. Particularly good is the great and underrated Burgess Meredith whose sharp and alert Hollywood agent is a real plum of a performance. "The Science Fiction. Recently. the rights to this film were acquired by AMC and its parent company. but praised the supporting cast: "Ann-Margaret. and now the uncut version is once again available on widescreen DVD. Rainbow Media Holdings. for Best Motion Picture Screenplay. The trailer for this film was pulled from TV due to calls from parents who claimed that it gave their children nightmares.. LLC (while television rights now reside with CBS Paramount Television). subsequent legal complications kept the film from being formally reissued on VHS and DVD in the last decade due in part to Embassy Pictures' corporate holdings being divided amongst different entities. Legal issues with the film As 20th Century Fox never owned complete rights to this film (they did and still do own the theatrical distribution and music rights). However. Vincent Canby for the New York Times wrote that "Magic is neither eerie nor effective. This is followed by a cast reading. very heavy of hand." [1] Gene Siskel. The trailer in question is less than 30 seconds in length. however. Jerry Goldsmith also adds a fine nervy carnivalesque score. In the meantime. film critic from the television show Siskel & Ebert. from the Mystery Writers of America.''Magic (1978 film)'' 69 Cast • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Corky (and the voice of Fats) Ann-Margret as Peggy Ann Snow Burgess Meredith as Ben Greene Ed Lauter as Duke David Ogden Stiers as Todson Reception The film received mixed reviews when released. then Fats opens his eyes and gazes to his left.

New York Times.''Magic (1978 film)'' 70 Soundtrack The score was composed by the American Film composer Jerry Goldsmith. Footnotes [1] Canby. com/ mem/ movies/ review. moria. nytimes. Moria . Vincent (1978-11-08). Horror and Fantasy Review [3] 10 of the Most Underrated Horror Scores! (http:/ / www. "Film: Dummy Takes Over in 'Magic':Wooden Handed" (http:/ / movies2.[3] Cultural references In 2010. html?title1=& title2=Magic (Movie)& reviewer=VINCENT CANBY& v_id=30775& partner=Rotten Tomatoes).imdb. htm).Science Fiction. As a result. whenever Gove is referenced. Hugh Dennis does an impression of Fats ordering "Govey" to do things. bloody-disgusting. [2] Magic (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2005-12-30. . co.com/title/tt0077889/) at the Internet Movie Database . nz/ horror/ magic. com/ news/ 20063) External links • Magic (http://www. the BBC Radio 4 satirical comedy series The Now Show claimed that Michael Gove looked like a scary ventriloquist puppet.

The Pie. He sires his last foal after Sarah's arrival in England. where she is the junior. she and her horse. but she does well under the stern guidance of Captain Johnson. She shows enough talent to be selected for the British Olympic team. It was a sequel to the 1944 classic. Sarah and Velvet are present for the birth of this foal and Sarah eventually decides that she'd like to purchase him. She is sent to England to live with her aunt Velvet Brown and Uncle John. United States English National Velvet International Velvet is a 1978 dramatic film. 1978 Running time Country Language Preceded by 127 min. she was instantly disqualified due to her young age and the fact that women were not allowed to ride in the race. When Velvet was a similar age to Sarah. She later finds out that her Aunt Velvet has bought him for her. Christopher Plummer. Sarah Brown. Sarah aptly names him "Arizona Pie" (combining the name of his sire and the state in which Sarah lived). National Velvet. however. She falls in love with an American . Sarah lives up to her dream and enters the Olympic Three Day Event helping Great Britain win the team competition. The Pie is ultimately put out to stud upon his retirement. Plot International Velvet is the story of an American girl. Anthony Hopkins and Nanette Newman. The film stars Tatum O'Neal. entered the legendary Grand National horse race and won. who is orphaned when her parents are killed in a car crash.''International Velvet (film)'' 71 International Velvet (film) International Velvet The advertising material Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Bryan Forbes Bryan Forbes Bryan Forbes Enid Bagnold (book) Tatum O'Neal Nanette Newman Anthony Hopkins Christopher Plummer Jeffrey Byron Sarah Bullen Richard Warwick Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Release date(s) July 19.

References [1] http:/ / www. It is. Interviewer Brenda Cowling as Alice Locations • Flete Estate [1]. no doubt. uk/ External links • International Velvet (http://www. At the conclusion of the film she gives her Olympic gold medal to her Aunt Velvet. when Sarah introduces her fiance and says: " Scott. Devon. the best line of this sentimental but hard-to-resist movie. I want you to meet my parents". flete.''International Velvet (film)'' competitor and moves back to America with him.V. co.com/title/tt0077743/) at the Internet Movie Database .imdb. Curtis Sarah Bullen as Beth Jeffrey Byron as Scott Saunders Richard Warwick as Tim Daniel Abineri as Wilson Jason White as Roger Martin Neil as Mike Douglas Reith as Howard Dennis Blanch as Policeman Norman Wooland as Team Doctor Susan Jameson as T. 72 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tatum O'Neal as Sarah Brown Christopher Plummer as John Seaton Anthony Hopkins as Captain Johnson Nanette Newman as Velvet Brown Peter Barkworth as Pilot Dinsdale Landen as Mr. Mothecombe.

Michael Elphick. Coates Brooksfilms Paramount Pictures (USA) EMI Films (International) October 3. a severely deformed man in 19th century London. John Gielgud. and Freddie Jones.010. Hannah Gordon. Anthony Hopkins.864 (USA) [1] Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Elephant Man is a 1980 American drama film based on the true story of Joseph Merrick (called John Merrick in the film). Wendy Hiller. The film was directed by David Lynch and stars John Hurt. 1980 124 minutes United States English US$5 million $26. Anne Bancroft.''The Elephant Man (film)'' 73 The Elephant Man (film) The Elephant Man Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by David Lynch Jonathan Sanger Stuart Cornfeld Mel Brooks Christopher De Vore Eric Bergren David Lynch Sir Frederick Treves Ashley Montagu Anthony Hopkins John Hurt Anne Bancroft John Gielgud Wendy Hiller John Morris Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Freddie Francis Editing by Studio Distributed by Anne V. .

leading the surgeon to resolve to do what he can to help the unfortunate man. The ward nurses are horrified by Merrick's appearance. Mothershead (who has charge of Merrick's daily care) complains to Treves that he is still being treated as a freak show attraction. Mothershead (Wendy Hiller). where he is once again put on show and subjected to cruelty and neglect. And while Merrick is treated well during the daytime. Christopher De Vore. and expresses his wish that she would love him if she could only see what "lovely friends" he now has. On Merrick's return. One day. both men are astonished to hear Merrick recite the 23rd Psalm. Mothershead. a . He becomes a popular object of curiosity and charity to high society... and Bytes claims him to be an imbecile. Merrick is so deformed that he must wear a hood and cape when in public. Gomm arranges a suite of rooms for him to reside in at the hospital. As these connections and visits increase. including Best Picture in 1981.. but as he walks away.. Merrick is gradually revealed to be sophisticated and articulate. shows them his most treasured possession. Merrick escapes with the help of his fellow freak show attractions. and accidentally knocks down a young girl. Bytes accuses Treves of likewise exploiting Merrick for his own ends. Treves brings him to take afternoon tea at home together with his wife. the Night Porter (Michael Elphick) secretly makes money by bringing punters from nearby pubs to gawp at Merrick. drawing and making a model of a church visible through his window. Ann (Hannah Gordon). a picture of his mother. Mrs. and received eight Academy Award nominations. Carr Gomm allows Merrick to remain. But Merrick is then returned to his old life when Bytes gains access to his room during one of the Night Porter's late-night "viewings". 74 Plot Frederick Treves (Anthony Hopkins). It was shot in black-and-white. Bytes abducts Merrick to continental Europe. celebrated style. takes action against the night porter with the help of Mrs. He is chased. For Treves' part. which compels him to sleep with his head resting upon his knees. and cornered by an angry mob. Merrick. When the police return Merrick to the hospital. stating that Merrick will receive permanent care at the hospital and the necessary funds have been arranged. discovers John Merrick (John Hurt) in a Victorian freak show in London's East End. as the weight of his skull would asphyxiate him if he were to ever lie down. a surgeon at the London Hospital. am . There. at which point he cries out: "I am not an elephant! I am not an animal! I am a human being!" I . this observation (and his role in this situation) deeply trouble him. To persuade Carr Gomm that Merrick has potential. the hospital's Governor. Carr Gomm sees through the ruse. Bytes beats him so severely that a sympathetic apprentice (Dexter Fletcher) alerts Treves. Treves coaches him to recite a few polite phrases. Mrs. and Eric Bergren from the books The Elephant Man and Other Reminiscences (1923) by Sir Frederick Treves and The Elephant Man: A Study in Human Dignity by Ashley Montagu.. Threatened dissent at a board meeting toward the decision to keep Merrick indefinitely is overturned when the hospital's Royal Patron — HRH The Princess of Wales — pays a surprise visit with a message from Queen Victoria. and he begins to question whether or not he has done the right thing. before collapsing. he is . Mr. his oversized skull. Later. as the hospital is not designed as a residence for "incurables".''The Elephant Man (film)'' The screenplay was adapted by Lynch. unmasked. is reluctant to house Merrick (who has thus far remained mute). consumed with guilt over Merrick's plight. displaying him as a physiological curiosity. and Merrick passes his days reading. Treves presents Merrick to his colleagues in a lecture theatre.. so Treves places him in a quarantine room under the watchful care of the formidable matron. albeit in a more upper class. The Elephant Man was a critical and commercial success. he is harassed by a group of boys at Liverpool Street station. Treves. overwhelmed by the familial love he perceives in the domesticity about him. Merrick begins to receive society visitors in his rooms. However. where he is managed by the brutish Bytes (Freddie Jones). Treves is professionally intrigued by Merrick's condition and pays Bytes to bring him to the Hospital so that he can examine him. Carr Gomm (John Gielgud). Treves draws attention to Merrick's most life-threatening deformity. who returns him to the hospital. man!". including the celebrated actress Madge Kendal (Anne Bancroft). and makes it back to London. Shocked by this display of intelligence.

not afterward. The screenplay perpetuates several myths about Merrick because it was written before the publication of Colin Ford and Michael Howell's The True History of the Elephant Man (1980). the film refers to Merrick as "John". That night. Production The film was produced by Mel Brooks. Ford and Howell also showed that there is no evidence that Merrick was abused while working at the British freak show. Merrick had saved up a great deal of money from the wages he had earned while working there and considered the freak show coordinator a close friend. and Treves often had to act as his interpreter for visitors. As a treat. lies down on his bed and dies. back at the hospital. but rather freely approached the doctor with a written note requesting his care. Mrs. grew accustomed to his impeded speech but it remained indistinct and worsened as his condition deteriorated. The final make-up was devised by Christopher Tucker. appears in the opening sequences as an Alderman trying to close down the freak show.[2] Hurt's makeup was made from casts of Merrick's body. but makes numerous changes to recorded fact. It was so convincing that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences — which had earlier refused to give a special award to Tucker's work on The Elephant Man and [3] received a barrage of complaints — was prompted to create a new category for Best Make-up for the Oscars. For example. He recovers a little but it is soon clear he is dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. great-nephew of the surgeon. Sam Roper and Joe Ferarri. 75 Historical accuracy The film is based on historical events. the film uses "Adagio for Strings" by Samuel Barber. which had been preserved in the private museum of the Royal London Hospital.''The Elephant Man (film)'' reinstated to his rooms. Bytes. Those who knew him well. Lynch provided the musical direction and sound design. Actor Frederick Treves. the incidents in Belgium and at the railway station took place before Merrick was admitted to Treves' hospital. who had been impressed by Lynch's earlier film Eraserhead at a private screening. which revealed a wealth of new information. For example. It was Lynch's second feature film. Treves did not "rescue" Merrick from a sadistic carnival proprietor. consoled by a vision of his mother. indeed. Mary Jane Merrick. Brooks made sure that his name was not used in the marketing and promotion of the film because he did not want fans to expect that the film would be a comedy. he rises in the Royal Box to an ovation. quoting Alfred Lord Tennyson's "Nothing will Die". Lynch originally attempted to do the make-up himself. and Merrick traveled to Belgium of his own accord. Imitating one of his sketches on the wall—a sleeping child—he removes the pillows that have allowed him to sleep in an upright position. Resplendent in white tie. is a conflation of Merrick's three owners Tom Norman. The film's chief antagonist. and his first studio film. In addition to writing and directing the film. having had the performance dedicated to him from Mrs Kendal. Kendal arranges an evening at the musical theatre. because freak shows had been made illegal in Britain. Due to the constrictive deformity of his mouth. During its depiction of the final moments of Merrick's life. which Treves had erroneously used instead of his true name "Joseph". but the results were not filmable. Merrick was never able to speak as clearly as in the film. . Merrick thanks Treves for all he has done and finishes his model of the nearby church. such as hospital staff and friends.

the film did not win any. Art Direction-Set Decoration (Stuart Craig. and Writing: Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium. Tom (2010). The version released as part of the David Lynch Lime Green Box includes several interviews with John Hurt and David Lynch as well as an extensive documentary on the life of Joseph Merrick entitled The Real Elephant Man. [9] "StudioCanal Collection" (http:/ / www.. and I kept drawing blanks. In 2006. Cinematography. and was nominated for four others: Direction. com/ movies/ ?id=elephantman. Costume Design. com/ doc/ 1P2-3735317. com/ ). NY Times. "The Elephant Man" (http:/ / www. Inc). a man!" References [1] "The Elephant Man (1980)" (http:/ / www. Berkeley: University of California Press. [10] "NY Times: The Elephant Man" (http:/ / movies. studiocanalcollection. nytimes. and Medicine: Reexamining 'the Elephant Man'". com/ movie/ review?res=EE05E7DF1731B32CA0484CC0B7799C836896) [6] Roger Ebert: The Elephant Man review (http:/ / rogerebert. rottentomatoes. It was listed by Entertainment Weekly's film's "Saddest Moments". the physical production is beautiful. webcitation. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Film. p.. She blamed this sentimentality on Lynch's reliance on Frederick Treves' memoirs as source material. .. . . com/ m/ 1006527-elephant_man/ ) [5] Vincent Canby: The Elephant Man review (http:/ / movies. Actor in a Leading Role (John Hurt).[4] Vincent Canby wrote: "Mr. Best Actor (John Hurt) and Best Production Design. Masculinity. studiocanalcollection. and that it was "unashamedly sentimental". timeout. Retrieved 2010-08-01. as well as other BAFTA Awards for Best Film.[9] Awards and media listings The Elephant Man was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Picture. htm). highbeam. 2010 [2] Huddleston. "David Lynch: interview" (http:/ / www."[6] In her book The Spectacle of Deformity: Freak Shows and Modern British Culture. The Independent. html) on 16 June 2010. Director. nytimes. Nadja Durbach said that the film was "much more mawkish and moralizing than one would expect from the leading postmodern surrealist filmmaker".[10] However. the film was listed in a televised Australian series 20 to 1 countdown celebrating "Great Movie One-Liners". boxofficemojo. Screenplay. with a 91% "fresh" rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. com/ en/ collection/ show/ 8-The_Elephant_Man). .com.[7] Home media There have been many releases of the film on both VHS and DVD. Box Office Mojo (IMDb. It can't be easy to act under such a heavy mask. writing: "I kept asking myself what the film was really trying to say about the human condition as reflected by John Merrick. 35 [8] "The Elephant Man on StudioCanal Collection" (http:/ / www.[8] This material is also available on the exclusive Blu-ray treatment on the European market as part of Optimum's StudioCanal Collection. com/ movie/ 15593/ The-Elephant-Man/ awards). com/ apps/ pbcs. org/ 5qWlSJaBH).''The Elephant Man (film)'' 76 Reception The Elephant Man received an enthusiastic critical response. especially Freddie Francis's black-and-white photography. Hurt is truly remarkable. Roger Ebert awarded the film 2/4 stars. html). suntimes.[5] Conversely. retrieved July 4. . Film Editing. Retrieved 2010-08-01. The Spectacle of Deformity: Freak Shows and Modern British Culture. . archived from the original (http:/ / www. Robert Cartwright.. Nadja (2009). Hugh Scaife). "Monstrosity. the line featured was the iconic "I am not an animal! I am a human being! I am. and Editing. [4] Rotten Tomatoes: The Elephant Man (http:/ / uk. • Durbach. retrieved 16 June 2010 [3] Roger Clarke (2007-03-02). Time Out (Time Out Group Limited). dll/ article?AID=/ 19800101/ REVIEWS/ 1010313/ 1023) [7] Durbach (2009). Music: Original Score. com/ film/ features/ show-feature/ 5443/ david-lynch-interview. Retrieved 2008-12-31.

com/movies/?id=elephantman.com/m/1006527-elephant_man/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Elephant Man (http://www.allmovie.''The Elephant Man (film)'' ISBN 0520257685.timeout.imdb.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Elephant Man (http://www.html) interviews David Lynch about the film • Joseph Merrick tribute website (http://josephcareymerrick.com/film/titles/elephant-man) at Metacritic Time Out magazine (http://www.com/work/15593) at Allmovie The Elephant Man (http://www.com/film/features/show-feature/5443/david-lynch-interview.com/) • • • • • • .boxofficemojo.metacritic.rottentomatoes. OCLC 314839375 77 External links The Elephant Man (http://www.com/title/tt0080678/) at the Internet Movie Database The Elephant Man (http://www.

. Adam is infuriated when he learns about his wife's new relationship. who unexpectedly arrives to confront her parents with their outrageous behavior. and she in turn defends her right to enjoy the same carnal pleasures he does. philosophical campus carpenter Pete Lachappelle.''A Change of Seasons (film)'' 78 A Change of Seasons (film) A Change of Seasons Videotape cover Directed by Produced by Written by Richard Lang Noel Black Martin Ransohoff Erich Segal Martin Ranshoff Ronni Kern Fred Segal Shirley MacLaine Anthony Hopkins Bo Derek Michael Brandon Mary Beth Hurt Henry Mancini Starring Music by Cinematography Philip H. where their efforts to behave like liberal adults are tested by middle-aged angst. and teenager Kasey Evans. Lathrop Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Don Zimmerman Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation December 1. hurt feelings. Plot When fortysomething Karen Evans discovers her arrogantly self-centered professor husband Adam is having an affair with student Lindsey Rutledge. she retaliates by having a dalliance of her own with young. The four decide to share a Vermont ski house. 1980 102 minutes United States English A Change of Seasons is a 1980 American dramedy film directed by Richard Lang.

and witless dialogue sink everything except for the perky intelligence of MacLaine. Adam Evans Bo Derek . "It would take the genius of an Ernst Lubitsch to do justice to the incredibly tangled relationships in A Change of Seasons. glib trappings . .. .. steals what there is of the picture to steal. Karyn Evans Anthony Hopkins . The theme song "Where Do You Catch The Bus For Tomorrow?" was written by Alan and Marilyn Bergman and Henry Mancini and performed by Kenny Rankin. "Worst Actor" .. who clearly deserves better than this. Kasey Evans Edward Winter ... Steven Rutledge K Callan . though. Vincent Canby said the film "exhibits no sense of humor and no appreciation for the ridiculous . the only appealing performance is Miss MacLaine's.Anthony Hopkins • 1981: Nomianted... . .. . Awards and nominations Golden Raspberry Award • 1981: Nominated.. Alan Bergman) • 1981: Nominated. Alice Bingham Critical reception In his review in the New York Times. . and she's too good to be true. The switching of couples seems arbitrary and mechanical. . A Change of Seasons does prove one thing. adding the film "is as predictable as a long Arctic winter. ." [3] Time Out London calls it "kitsch without conviction." [4] The film is rated  M  in New Zealand. Marilyn Bergman. and just about as interesting .. "Worst Screenplay" ..Erich Segal. ...... . Principal cast • • • • • • • Shirley MacLaine . "Worst Original Song" .... schlock without end ...''A Change of Seasons (film)'' 79 Production notes The film was shot on location in Glenwood Springs. Ronni Kern." [2] TV Guide rates it one out of a possible four stars.. Massachusetts. Where Do You Catch the Bus Tomorrow? (Henry Mancini. Pete Lachapelle Mary Beth Hurt .. Colorado and Williamstown. Lindsey Rutledge Michael Brandon ." [1] Variety observed.. the screenplay [is] often dreadful . and director Richard Lang is no Lubitsch. . A farce about characters who've been freed of their conventional obligations quickly becomes aimless..For the song.. . and more sour than amusing. Marybeth Hurt .. Fred Segal ..

nytimes.imdb. timeout. variety. tvguide.''A Change of Seasons (film)'' 80 References [1] [2] [3] [4] New York Times review (http:/ / movies.com/title/title. com/ film/ reviews/ 69065/ A_Change_of_Seasons.com/work/8891) at Allmovie • A Change of Seasons (http://tcmdb. html) External links • A Change of Seasons (http://www.allmovie. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) TV Guide review (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ change-seasons/ review/ 110655) Time Out London review (http:/ / www.jsp?stid=70628) at the TCM Movie Database . com/ review/ VE1117789822. com/ movie/ review?res=9C03EED71638F93AA25751C1A966948260) Variety review (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0080515/) at the Internet Movie Database • A Change of Seasons (http://www.

The most noteworthy legacy of the film was Anthony Hopkins' portrayal of Adolf Hitler. for which he won an Emmy. . Time/Life production and HBO Video release based on the book of the same name. The movie makes significant deviations from James O'Donnell's book--published in 1978. For example. Actors on the set claimed his performance was so good that those playing German soldiers snapped to attention whenever Hopkins came onto the set.''The Bunker (1981 film)'' 81 The Bunker (1981 film) The Bunker Directed by Produced by Written by George Schaefer David Susskind Diana Kerew Uwe Bahnsen John Gay James O'Donnell (author) Anthony Hopkins Richard Jordan Cliff Gorman Susan Blakely United States English Starring Country Language Original channel CBS Time-Life Productions Release date Running time January 27. 1981 154 minutes The Bunker is a 1981 CBS television film. The film opens in 1945 with O'Donnell gaining entry to the Führerbunker by bribing a Russian sentry with a pack of cigarettes. even though he uses the exact words recounted by the witnesses. even if he wasn't in character. The interpretations of the events by the actors differ in many ways with the traditional accounts. These accusations were consistently denied. Hopkins adopts a sarcastic tone and gestures (including mock applause) that suggest that Hitler was already aware of Speer's betrayal. and allowing the actors license to interpret some of the dialogue he recorded. during the final meeting between Hitler and Albert Speer. This became a fairly controversial scene due to a perception in some circles that the resemblance to Jesus Christ's legendary foreseeing of Judas's betrayal was intentional. The deviations are mainly due to an effort to clarify the events. as were reports regarding a rumored on-set romance between Piper Laurie (Magda Goebbels) and Cliff Gorman (Joseph Goebbels).

but sometimes in an impossible manner. and in one scene. O'Donnell himself provided brief voice-over narrations at both the beginning and end of the film.''The Bunker (1981 film)'' Also. the movie constantly shifts the point-of-view character. In a short scene at the beginning of the movie. Constanze Manziarly. even though he was never interviewed (having died later in 1950). For example. the movie ends just as the groups are leaving the bunker and there is never any explanation given for the flamboyant caviar scene. Clement as Constanze Manziarly John Sharp as Theodor Morell Michael Sheard as Heinrich Himmler Tony Steedman as Alfred Jodl Peggy Frankston as Margarete Speer . given O'Donnell's work on the breakout. Dr. Manziarly actually has a flashback. Likewise. so neither O'Donnell nor any other person was able to interview her or get her viewpoint. Manziarly disappeared while escaping the bunker. Ironically. a younger O'Donnell is played by actor James Naughton. O'Donnell Michael Lonsdale as Martin Bormann Piper Laurie as Magda Goebbels Susan Blakely as Eva Braun Martin Jarvis as Johannes Hentschel Michael Kitchen as Rochus Misch Robert Austin as Walter Wagner Andrew Ray as Otto Günsche Yves Brainville as Heinz Guderian Michael Culver as Wilhelm Mohnke Julian Fellowes as Nicolaus von Below Frank Gatliff as Ernst-Günther Schenck Terrence Hardiman as Hermann Fegelein Edward Hardwicke as Dieter Stahl Karl Held as Hans Baur David King as Hermann Göring Sarah Marshall as Traudl Junge John Paul as Wilhelm Keitel Morris Perry as Werner Haase Pam St. 82 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Adolf Hitler Richard Jordan as Albert Speer Cliff Gorman as Joseph Goebbels James Naughton as James P. Werner Haase is used in this manner. two scenes are written from the viewpoint of Hitler's cook. However.

''The Bunker (1981 film)'' 83 External links • The Bunker [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0082114/ .

Mark the Evangelist Clive Arrindell . He preaches there under house arrest for two years before being executed by Nero.''Peter and Paul'' 84 Peter and Paul This article is about a 1981 film. The film is fairly accurate in its portrayal of Biblical events. beginning with his being struck down and converted by the Lord Jesus on the road to Damascus.S. gaining converts in Galatia and Greece. Glouner A. The film mostly shows the works of Paul.James.Silas David Gwillim .Barnabas Jon Finch .Timothy Jose Ferrer .C. son of Zebedee .Saul/Paul of Tarsus Robert Foxworth .Apostle Peter Denis Lill .John the Apostle Nicholas Savalis .James the Just Herbert Lom . Editing by Distributed by Running time Country Language Houseley Stevenson Universal 194 minutes United States English Peter and Paul is a 1981 film starring Anthony Hopkins as Paul of Tarsus and Robert Foxworth as Peter the Fisherman.Luke the Evangelist John Rhys-Davies . It was directed by Robert Day. After which Peter arrives in Rome and continues what Paul started. and eventually going to Rome for his trial.Priscilla Giannis Voglis . please see Feast of Saints Peter and Paul. For the saints. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins . David Gwillim as Mark and Jon Finch as Luke.Ananias of Damascus Jean Peters . From there it shows his ministry to the Gentiles. Peter and Paul Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Robert Day Stan Hough Christopher Knopf and Stan Hough Anthony Hopkins Robert Foxworth Eddie Albert Raymond Burr Jose Ferrer Jon Finch David Gwillim Herbert Lom John Peters Allyn Ferguson Music by Cinematography Richard C.Gamaliel Emrys James .

com/ title/ tt0082900/ .''Peter and Paul'' • • • • • • • Julian Fellowes .Seneca the Younger Donald Douglas .Herod Agrippa I Paul Herzberg .Herod Agrippa II Olga Karlatos .Porcius Festus Raymond Burr .Caesar Nero Eddie Albert .Berenice (daughter of Herod Agrippa I) Valentine Dyall . imdb.Sextus Afranius Burrus 85 External links • Peter and Paul [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www.

of seasons No. of episodes UK English 7 37 (List of episodes) Production Producer(s) Cedric Messina Jonathan Miller Shaun Sutton Production company(s) Time Life Television BBC Television Distributor 2 Entertain BBC DVD Broadcast Original channel Picture format Audio format Original run Status BBC2 4:3 Monaural 1 December 1978 – 1 April 1985 Ended Chronology Related shows An Age of Kings The Spread of the Eagle External links Production website [1] . History Cedric Messina William Shakespeare Theme music composer William Walton Country of origin Language(s) No.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' 86 Othello (1981 TV film) BBC Television Shakespeare DVD Box-Set Also known as Genre Created by Written by The Shakespeare Collection (UK) The Complete Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare (US) Drama. Comedy. Tragedy.

Part 2. Messina also wanted to shoot the plays in chronological order of how they were written. Scotland shooting J. Barrie's The Little Minister for the BBC Play of the Month series. During filming. the concept had grown considerably. Jeremy Bulloch as Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and David Swift as the Earl of Northumberland were unable to do so. O'Ferrall would oversee numerous productions of Shakespeare over the course of 1937. but never on this scale. By the time he had returned to London. with the plan being to adapt the three Henry VI plays into a two-part episode. and a sixty seven-minute extract from Othello starring Baliol Holloway as Othello. Part 2 and Henry V (all also directed by Giles) were treated as a trilogy during the second season. Henry IV. The second four plays were then directed by Jane Howell during the fifth season as one unit. 87 Introduction[2] Origins The concept for the series originated in 1976 with Cedric Messina. was treated as a stand-alone piece. but this was rejected because it was felt that doing so would necessitate the series beginning with a run of relatively little known plays. who was on-location at Glamis Castle in Angus. This idea was soon rejected however. a series which would adapt all thirty-seven of Shakespeare's plays. and Messina now envisioned an entire series devoted exclusively to the dramatic work of Shakespeare. Clarke-Smith as Iago and Celia Johnson as Desdemona. and the parts had to be recast. The first broadcast was on the afternoon of 5 February 1937. D. Part 2. who played Richard III. and it was decided to simply have one season with seven episodes. directed by Robert Atkins with Margaretta Scott as Rosalind and Ion Swinley as Orlando. thus undermining the concept of shooting the plays as one sequence. Another early concept of Messina's which had to be rejected was the idea of shooting the eight sequential history plays (Richard II. Messina envisioned the series as having six seasons of six episodes each. During the early planning stages for Richard II and Henry IV. O’Ferrall also produced a 1938 broadcast of a live thirty-minute extract from an Old Vic production of Macbeth. Part 1. Ultimately. 1938 also saw the first full-length broadcast of a Shakespeare play. starring Henry Oscar (11 February). Dallas Bower's modern dress production of Julius Caesar at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre starring Ernest . directed by George More O'Ferrall and starring Henry Oscar as Henry and [4] Yvonne Arnaud as Katherine. a twenty-five minute extract from Macbeth. Part 1. Ron Cook. a fourteen-minute segment from the wooing scene of Henry V was screened.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' The BBC Television Shakespeare was a set of television adaptations of the plays of William Shakespeare. Later that evening. For example. Richard II. Henry VI. a ten-minute excerpt from Much Ado About Nothing with Henry Oscar as Benedick and Margaretta Scott as Beatrice (also 11 February). the plan for linked casting fell apart when it was discovered that although Jon Finch (Henry Bolingbroke in Richard II) could return as Henry IV. Part 1.[3] At first. Initially. a thirty-minute extract from Twelfth Night. with a common set and linked casting. also appeared in minor roles in Henry VI. an eleven-minute scene from As You Like It. produced by the BBC between 1978 and 1985. however. Part 3 and Richard III) in chronological order of the events they depict. it occurred to Messina that the castle would make a perfect location for an adaptation of Shakespeare's As You Like It for the series. whilst Henry IV. although still directed by Giles.[5] a ten-minute excerpt from Mark Antony's funeral speech in Julius Caesar. Part 2. Henry IV.A. with Henry Oscar as Macbeth and Margaret Rawlings as Lady Macbeth (25 March). with John Wyse as Orsino and Greer Garson as Olivia (14 May). as it was felt to be an unacceptable compromise. directed by Michel Saint-Denis and starring Laurence Olivier and Judith Anderson. Part 1 and Henry VI. Shakespeare on the BBC The BBC had screened many Shakespearean adaptations before. Henry VI. with most of the cast playing multiple roles in the four plays. Henry IV.M. during the first season. with linked casting between them. with linked casting and the same director for all eight adaptations (David Giles). a veteran BBC producer. Henry V. Henry VI. Part 1 however.

starring Alexander Knox as Oberon and Thea Holme as Titiana. and afterwards. In 1948. William Gaskill and John Dexter to direct adaptations. Ingmar Bergman. he failed. The third was the Peter Dews produced The Spread of the Eagle (1963). Michael Caine as Horatio and Donald Sutherland as Fortinbras. The restriction regarding conservative interpretations was non-negotiable. The Play of the Month series screened several Shakespearian adaptations over the years. A two and a half hour maximum running time was also required but this was swiftly jettisoned when it became clear that the major tragedies in particular would have suffer severely if truncated too heavily. with Peggy Ashcroft as Miranda and John Abbott as Prospero. for example.[8] . After the war. The second was An Age of Kings (1960).[6] In 1964. Julius Caesar (1969). starring Welles himself. Another 1964 production was Hamlet at Elsinore. Sebastian Shaw as Claudius. the show comprised fifteen one-hour episodes which adapted all eight of Shakespeare's sequential history plays. a one hundred-minute abridged version of Orson Welles' legendary modern dress Mercury Theatre production of Julius Caesar." Partly because of this. a twenty five-minute extract from Stephen Thomas' Regent's Park production of A Midsummer Night's Dream. Produced by Peter Dews and directed by Michael Hayes. and a one hundred and forty-minute version of Dallas Bower's production of The Tempest. Financing took over two years to secure. Later. because they had invested so much in the project. However. However. The Merchant of Venice (1972). Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra. the BBC Television Shakespeare project was the most ambitious engagement with Shakespeare ever undertaken by either a television or film production company. the John Barton adaptation of the three Henry VI plays and Richard III into a three-parter called The Wars of the Roses by the Royal Shakespeare Company was aired over a four-week period. Macbeth (1970). The Tempest (1968). in its early years the series developed a reputation for being overly conventional. So large was the project that the BBC couldn't finance it alone and required an American partner who would guarantee access to the United States market. A Midsummer Night's Dream (1971). Produced and directed by Ronald Eyre and starring Roger Livesey as Falstaff. George More O'Ferrall directed and produced a made-for-TV two-part adaptation of Hamlet with John Byron as Hamlet. the backers were able to suggest terms. for example. Starring Christopher Plummer as Hamlet. although there were numerous live transmissions of actual plays. directed by Philip Saville and produced by Peter Luke. The financiers were primarily concerned with ratings and the restrictions worked to this end. Margaret Rawlings as Gertrude and Muriel Pavlow as Ophelia. the BBC returned to smaller screenings with less financial risk. in chronological order of the real life events. The first was The Life and Death of Sir John Falstaff (1959). Later in the series when Miller tried to persuade directors such as Peter Brook. the entire play was shot on-location in Denmark at the real Elsinore Castle. These transmissions came to an end with the onset of war in 1939 and none of them survive now. The Spread of the Eagle was not a huge success. Coriolanus. deemed essential for the series to recoup its costs. with Time–Life acting as the series' largest underwriter. Clark-Smith as Mark Antony. ensuring the plays had "maximum acceptability to the widest possible [7] audience. Robert Shaw as Claudius. Shakespearean adaptations were screened less frequently. Love's Labour's Lost (1974) and King Lear (1975).A. There were also three multi-part Shakespearean adaptations shown during the 1950s and 1960s. Additionally.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Milton as Caesar and D. Exxon. although later productions under Messina's successors Jonathan Miller and Shaun Sutton. would be more experimental. the series took all of the Falstaff scenes from the Henry IV plays and The Merry Wives of Windsor and adapted them into seven half-hour episodes. The most important of these was that the productions must be traditional interpretations of the plays set in either Shakespeare's time (1564 to 1616) or in the period of the events depicted (such as ancient Rome for Julius Caesar or c1400 for Richard II). 88 Production As such. Romeo and Juliet (1967). which featured nine one-hour episodes adapting. Metropolitan Life and Morgan Guaranty Trust also provided financing.

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' During Messina's tenure as producer (seasons one and two). he revamped things. which were shot on location. Miller's aesthetic policies continued under Shaun Sutton who took over at the start of season six. with the exception of two first season episodes. pushing the definition of "traditional". According to Martin Wiggins. Sutton was successful and the series closed with a broadcast of Titus Andronicus roughly twelve months late. artefacts in their own right to be realised in production using the visual and conceptual materials of their period. though the style was dominated by the post-Shakespearean 17th century artists Johannes Vermeer and Rembrandt. Miller saw them as products of a creative imagination. Messina's approach had treated the plays in realistic terms as events which had once taken place and which could be literally represented on screen. who had scored Olivier's three Shakespearean films (Henry V. having more than broken even by 1982. Cedric Messina.[10] All productions were shot on video with multiple cameras in Studio 1 at the BBC Television Centre studios. Miller was against dilution. outside the BBC's tradition of painstaking research and accurate historical verisimilitude. 89 The 37 Plays Season one. This led to a major reappraisal of the original production guidelines. as per the financiers' restrictions the adaptations tended to be conservative. The project was Sutton's retirement job after twelve years as the head of BBC Drama and he was under strict orders to bring the series to a close as it had run over by twelve months during Miller's reign. As You Like It and Henry VIII. producer Romeo and Juliet • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Alvin Rakoff Taping dates: 31 January-5 February 1978 First transmitted in the UK: 3 December 1978 First transmitted in the US: 14 March 1979 Patrick Ryecart as Romeo Rebecca Saire as Juliet Celia Johnson as the Nurse Michael Hordern as Lord Capulet John Gielgud as the Chorus Anthony Andrews as Mercutio Alan Rickman as Tybalt Joseph O'Conor as Friar Laurence Laurence Naismith as Prince Escalus Jacqueline Hill as Lady Capulet Christopher Strauli as Benvolio Christopher Northey as Paris Peter Henry as Peter Roger Davidson as Balthasar . Miller came from. Also worth noting is that composer William Walton. but when Jonathan Miller took over at the start of season three. Messina had favoured a broadly 'realistic' approach which worked to simplify the texts for audiences unfamiliar with Shakespeare. This allowed directors to stamp more of their aesthetic credo on the productions."[9] A change by Miller that was met with great delight by directors was his tendency to encourage the adaptations to be more adventurous than Messina had permitted. Miller adopted a visual and design policy of sets and costumes inspired by great paintings of the era in which the play were written. Messina's gamble in 1978 proved successful as the series was a financial success. Hamlet and Richard III) came out of retirement to write the theme music for the show.

Duke of Lancaster Charles Gray as Edmund Langley. an unusually young age for an actress playing Juliet (even though she is only thirteen in the play itself). King Richard the Second • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Giles Taping dates: 12–17 April 1978 First transmitted in the UK: 10 December 1978 First transmitted in the US: 28 March 1979 Derek Jacobi as Richard II Jon Finch as Henry Bolingbroke John Gielgud as John of Gaunt.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • John Paul as Montague Zulema Dene as Lady Montague Esmond Knight as Old Capulet David Sibley as Samson Jack Carr as Gregory Bunny Reed as Abraham Vernon Dobtcheff as Apothecary John Savident as Friar John 90 Behind-the-scenes Rebecca Saire was only fourteen when the production was filmed. Duke of York Wendy Hiller as the Duchess of York Mary Morris as the Duchess of Gloucester David Swift as the Duke of Northumberland Clifford Rose as the Bishop of Carlisle Charles Keating as Duke of Aumerle Richard Owens as Thomas Mowbray Janet Maw as the Queen Jeffrey Holland as the Duke of Surrey Jeremy Bulloch as Henry 'Hotspur' Percy Robin Sachs as Bushy Damien Thomas as Bagot Alan Dalton as Green David Dodimead as Lord Ross John Flint as Lord Willoughby Carl Oatley as Earl Berkeley William Whymper as Sir Stephen Scroop John Barcroft as Earl of Salisbury David Garfield as Welsh Captain Desmond Adams as Sir Pierce of Exton Bruno Barnabe as Abbot of Westminster Jonathan Adams as Gardener Alan Collins as Gardener's Man John Curless as Lord Fitzwater Terry Wright as Murderer .

but he was forced to shoot entirely in May. Director Basil Colemen initially felt that the play should be filmed over the course of a year. even though the play begins in winter. the other being Henry VIII. with the change in seasons from winter to summer marking the ideological change in characters.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' As You Like It • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Basil Coleman Taping dates: 30 May-16 June 1978 First transmitted in the UK: 17 December 1978 First transmitted in the US: 28 February 1979 Helen Mirren as Rosalind Brian Stirner as Orlando Richard Pasco as Jaques Angharad Rees as Celia James Bolam as Touchstone Clive Francis as Oliver Richard Easton as Duke Frederick Tony Church as Duke Senior John Quentin as Le Beau Maynard Williams as Silvius Victoria Plucknett as Phebe Marilyn Le Conte as Audrey Tom McDonnell as Amiens David Lloyd Meredith as Corin Arthur Hewlett as Adam Jeffrey Holland as William Timothy Bateson as Sir Oliver Martext David Prowse as Charles the Wrestler John Moulder-Brown as Hyman Paul Bentall as Jacques de Boys Chris Sullivan as Dennis 91 Behind-the-scenes Filmed at Glamis Castle in Scotland. Julius Caesar • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Herbert Wise Taping dates: 26–31 July 1978 First transmitted in UK: 11 February 1979 First transmitted in the US: 14 February 1979 Richard Pasco as Brutus Charles Gray as Julius Caesar Keith Michell as Marcus Antonius David Collings as Cassius Virginia McKenna as Portia Elizabeth Spriggs as Calpurnia Sam Dastor as Casca Jon Laurimore as Flavius John Sterland as Marullus . this was one of only two productions shot on location.

and that interpreting it literally as being a play about Ancient Rome trivialised the story. Measure for Measure • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Desmond Davis Taping dates: 17–22 May 1978 First transmitted in the UK: 18 February 1979 First transmitted in the US: 11 April 1979 Kenneth Colley as the Duke Kate Nelligan as Isabella Tim Pigott-Smith as Angelo Christopher Strauli as Claudio John McEnery as Lucio Jacqueline Pearce as Mariana Frank Middlemass as Pompey Alun Armstrong as Provost Adrienne Corri as Mistress Overdone Ellis Jones as Elbow John Clegg as Froth William Sleigh as Barnardine . Wise felt that Shakespeare had written the play specifically as a commentary on Elizabethan culture.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Garrick Hagon as Octavius Caesar Brian Coburn as Messala Leonard Preston as Titinius Alexander Davion as Decius Brutus Darien Angadi as Cinna Andrew Hilton as Lucilius Anthony Dawes as Ligarius Roger Bizley as Metellus Cimber Manning Wilson as Cicero Ronald Forfar as The Soothsayer Patrick Marley as Artemidorus William Simons as Trebonius John Tordoff as Cinna the Poet Philip York as Young Cato Christopher Good as Clitus Robert Oates as Pindarus Jonathan Scott-Taylor as Lucius Maurice Thorogood as Strato Michael Greatorex as Varro Nicholas Gecks as Volumnius Michael Jenkinson as Dardanius Roy Spencer as Lepidus Terence Conoley as Popilius Noel Johnson as Publius 92 Behind-the-scenes Director Herbert Wise felt that Julius Caesar should be set in the Elizabethan era. but he was compelled by the financiers to set it in a Roman milieu.

Archbishop of Canterbury Barbara Kellerman as Anne Bullen Timothy West as Cardinal Wolsey Julian Glover as the Duke of Buckingham John Rowe as Cromwell Lewis Fiander as the Duke of Suffolk Alan Leith as Sergeant-at-Arms Tony Church as Prologue John Bailey as Griffith David Troughton as Surveyor John Nettleton as Lord Chamberlain Charles Lloyd Pack as Lord Sandys Nigel Lambert as Sir Thomas Lovell Adam Bareham as Sir Henry Guildford Jeremy Kemp as the Duke of Norfolk Jack McKenzie as Sir Nicholas Vaux Michael Poole as Cardinal Campeius Peter Vaughan as Gardiner. Bishop of Winchester David Rintoul as Lord Abergavenny David Dodimead as the Bishop of Lincoln Oliver Cotton as the Earl of Surrey John Rhys-Davies as Capucius John Rogan as Dr. 25 February 1979 First transmitted in the US: 25 April 1979 John Stride as Henry VIII Claire Bloom as Katharine Ronald Pickup as Cranmer. Butts Jack May as the Lord Chancellor . The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Kevin Billington Taping dates: 27 November 1978 – 7 January 1979 First transmitted in UK.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • Neil McCarthy as Abhorson Yolanda Vazquez as Juliet Eileen Page as Francesca Kevin Stoney as Escalus Godfrey Jackman as Friar Thomas 93 Behind-the-scenes Director Desmond Davis based the brothel in the play on a traditional Western saloon and the prison on a typical horror film dungeon.

Earl of Douglas David Neal as Scroop. Penhurst Place and Hever Castle and in the actual rooms in which some of the real events took place. with the life and death of Henry surnamed Hotspur • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Giles Taping dates: 7–12 March 1979 First transmitted in the UK: 9 December 1979 First transmitted in the US: 26 March 1980 Anthony Quayle as Sir John Falstaff Jon Finch as King Henry the Fourth David Gwillim as Hal. Archbishop of York Norman Rutherford as Sir Michael Richard Owens as Owen Glendower Terence Wilton as Sir Richard Vernon Jack Galloway as Poins Gordon Gostelow as Bardolph Steven Beard as Peto Sharon Morgan as Lady Mortimer The Second Part of King Henry the Fourth. producer The First Part of King Henry the Fourth.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Behind-the-scenes Shot at Leeds Castle. Cedric Messina. Prince of Wales Tim Pigott-Smith as Henry 'Hotspur' Percy Michele Dotrice as Lady Percy Brenda Bruce as Mistress Quickly Rob Edwards as Prince John of Lancaster David Buck as the Earl of Westmorland Robert Brown as Sir Walter Blunt Clive Swift as Thomas Percy. Earl of March John Cairney as Archibald. 94 Seaon two. Earl of Worcester Bruce Purchase as Henry Percy. Earl of Northumberland Robert Morris as Edmund Mortimer. Archbishop of York Michael Miller as Lord Mowbray Richard Bebb as Lord Hastings . Duke of Clarence Bruce Purchase as the Earl of Northumberland David Neal as Scroop. including his death and the coronation of King Henry the Fift • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Giles Taping dates: 11–16 April 1979 First transmitted in the UK: 16 December 1979 First transmitted in the US: 9 April 1980 Jon Finch as King Henry the Fourth David Gwillim as Prince Henry of Wales Rob Edwards as Prince John of Lancaster Martin Neil as Prince Humphrey of Gloucester Roger Davenport as Prince Thomas.

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Humphry as Lord Bardolph Salvin Stewart as Sir John Colville David Strong as Travers Carl Oatley as Morton Rod Beacham as the Earl of Warwick David Buck as the Earl of Westmorland Brian Poyser as Gower Ralph Michael as the Lord Chief Justice Anthony Quayle as Sir John Falstaff Jack Galloway as Poins Gordon Gostelow as Bardolph Bryan Pringle as Pistol Steven Beard as Peto Robert Eddison as Justice Robert Shallow Leslie French as Justice Silence Raymond Platt as Davy Frederick Proud as Fang Julian Battersby as Ralph Mouldy Roy Herrick as Simon Shadow Alan Collins as Thomas Wart John Tordoff as Francis Feeble Roger Elliott as Peter Bullcalf Jenny Laird as Lady Northumberland Michele Dotrice as Lady Percy Brenda Bruce as Mistress Quickly Frances Cuka as Doll Tearsheet 95 The Life of Henry the Fift • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Giles Taping dates: 18–25 June 1979 First transmitted in the UK: 23 December 1979 First transmitted in the US: 23 April 1980 John Abineri as the Bishop of Ely Robert Ashby as the Earl of Salisbury Trevor Baxter as the Archbishop of Canterbury Rob Beacham as the Earl of Warwick Jocelyne Boisseau as Princess Katherine Alan Brown as the Governor of Harfleur John Bryans as the Duke of Bourbon David Buck as the Earl of Westmoreland Roger Davenport as the Duke of Clarence Keith Drinkel as Lewis the Dauphin Rob Edwards as the Duke of Bedford Ronald Forfar as Bates Carl Forgione as Rambures John Fowler as the Boy Julian Glover as the Constable of France .

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Gordon Gostelow as Bardolph David Gwillim as Henry V Garrick Hagon as Mountjoy Robert Harris as the Duke of Burgundy Jeffrey Holland as Nym Derek Hollis as the Duke of York George Howe as Sir Thomas Erpingham Alec McCowen as Chorus Michael McKevitt as Jamy Clifford Parrish as the Duke of Exeter David Pinner as Williams Brian Poyser as Gower Ian Price as Scrope Bryan Pringle as Pistol Anna Quayle as Alice David Rowlands as Sir Thomas Grey Pamela Ruddock as Queen Isabel John Saunders as the Duke of Orléans Martin Smith as the Duke of Gloucester Thorley Walters as the King of France Paddy Ward as Macmorris William Whymper as the Earl of Cambridge Tim Wylton as Fluellen Brenda Bruce as Mistress Quickly

96

Twelfth Night • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by John Gorrie Taping dates: 16–21 May 1979 First transmitted in the UK: 6 January 1980 First transmitted in the US: 27 February 1980 Alec McCowen as Malvolio Robert Hardy as Sir Toby Belch Felicity Kendal as Viola Annette Crosbie as Maria Sinéad Cusack as Olivia Trevor Peacock as Feste Clive Arrindell as Orsino Ronnie Stevens as Sir Andrew Aguecheek Robert Lindsay as Fabian Maurice Roëves as Antonio Michael Thomas as Sebastian Malcolm Reynolds as Valentine Ryan Michael as Curio Ric Morgan as the Sea Captain Arthur Hewlett as the Priest

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Behind-the-scenes Director John Gorrie interpreted the play as an English country house comedy, and incorporated influences ranging from Luigi Pirandello's Il Gioco delle Parti to ITV's Upstairs, Downstairs. Gorrie also set the play during the English Civil War, hoping the use of cavaliers and roundheads would help focus the dramatisation of the conflict between festivity and Puritanism. The Tempest • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by John Gorrie Taping dates: 23–28 July 1979 First transmitted in the UK: 27 February 1980 First transmitted in the US: 7 May 1980 Michael Hordern as Prospero Derek Godfrey as Antonio David Waller as Alonso Warren Clarke as Caliban Nigel Hawthorne as Stephano David Dixon as Ariel Andrew Sachs as Trinculo John Nettleton as Gonzalo Alan Rowe as Sebastian Pippa Guard as Miranda Christopher Guard as Ferdinand Kenneth Gilbert as Boatswain Edwin Brown as Master Paul Greenhalgh as Francisco Christopher Bramwell as Adrian Gwyneth Lloyd as Juno Elizabeth Gardner as Ceres Judith Rees as Iris

97

Behind-the-scenes The special effects seen in this episode were not developed especially for use here. They had been developed for Top of the Pops and Doctor Who. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Rodney Bennett Taping dates: 31 January-8 February 1980 First transmitted in the UK: 25 May 1980 First transmitted in the US: 10 November 1980 Derek Jacobi as Hamlet Claire Bloom as Gertrude Patrick Stewart as Claudius Eric Porter as Polonius Lalla Ward as Ophelia David Robb as Laertes Patrick Allen as the Ghost of Hamlet's Father Robert Swann as Horatio

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jonathan Hyde as Rosencrantz Geoffrey Bateman as Guildenstern Emrys James as Player King Jason Kemp as Player Queen Ian Charleson as Fortinbras Tim Wylton as First Gravedigger Peter Benson as Second Gravedigger Paul Humpoletz as Marcellus Niall Padden as Bernardo Christopher Baines as Francisco John Humphry as Voltimand John Sterland as Cornelius Peter Gale as Osric Raymond Mason as Reynaldo Dan Meaden as Norwegian Captain David Henry as English Ambassador

98

Season three; Jonathan Miller, producer
The Taming of the Shrew • Directed by Jonathan Miller • Taping dates: 18–24 June 1980 • First transmitted in the UK: 23 October 1980 • First transmitted in the US: 26 January 1981 • Simon Chandler as Lucentio • Anthony Pedley as Tranio • John Franklyn-Robbins as Baptista • Frank Thornton as Gremio • Sarah Badel as Katherine • Jonathan Cecil as Hortensio • Susan Penhaligon as Bianca • Harry Waters as Biondello • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Cleese as Petruchio David Kincaid as Grumio Angus Lennie as Curtis Harry Webster as Nathaniel Gil Morris as Philip Leslie Sarony as Gregory Derek Deadman as Nicholas Denis Gilmore as Peter John Bird as the Pedant Alan Hay as the Tailor David Kinsey as the Haberdasher John Barron as Vincentio Joan Hickson as the Widow
Petruchio (John Cleese) and Katherine (Sarah Badel)

which was often sung in Puritan households at the end of a meal during Shakespeare's own day. In tandem with this interpretation. as Cleese feared "about a lot of furniture being knocked over."[11] As such. and took some persuading from Miller that the BBC Shrew would not be. the song sung at the end of the play is a musical version of Psalm 128. Miller told Cleese that the episode would interpret Petruchio as an early Puritan. and that the part was not to be acted along the traditional lines of the swaggering bully a la Richard Burton in Franco Zeffirelli's adaptation. Cleese had never performed Shakespeare before. The Merchant of Venice • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jack Gold Taping dates: 15–21 May 1980 First transmitted in the UK: 17 December 1980 First transmitted in the US: 23 February 1981 John Franklyn-Robbins as Antonio John Rhys-Davies as Salerio Alan David as Solanio John Nettles as Bassiano Richard Morant as Lorenzo Kenneth Cranham as Gratiano Gemma Jones as Portia Susan Jameson as Nerissa Daniel Mitchell as Balthasar Warren Mitchell as Shylock Marc Zuber as the Prince of Morocco Enn Reitel as Lancelot Gobbo Joe Gladwin as Old Gobbo Roger Martin as Leonardo Leslee Udwin as Jessica Peter Gale as the Prince of Arragon Arnold Diamond as Tubal Douglas Wilmer as the Duke of Venice Shaun Scott as Stephano 99 All's Well That Ends Well • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Elijah Moshinsky Taping dates: 23–29 July 1980 First transmitted in the UK: 4 January 1981 First transmitted in the US: 18 May 1981 Celia Johnson as The Countess of Rousillion Ian Charleson as Bertram Michael Hordern as Lafeu Angela Down as Helena Peter Jeffrey as Parolles Donald Sinden as the King of France Paul Brooke as Lavache .''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Behind-the-scenes The casting of John Cleese as Petruchio was not without controversy at the time. a lot of thighs being slapped and a lot of unmotivated laughter. a lot of wine being spilled. and was not a fan of the first two seasons of the BBC Television Shakespeare.

The Winter's Tale • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jane Howell Taping dates: 9–15 April 1980 First transmitted in the UK: 8 February 1981 First transmitted in the US: 8 June 1981 John Welsh as Archidamus David Burke as Camillo Robert Stephens as Polixenes Jeremy Kemp as Leontes Anna Calder-Marshall as Hermionie Jeremy Dimmick as Mamillius Merelina Kendall as Emilia Cyril Luckham as Antigonus Margaret Tyzack as Paulina John Curless as Cleomenes Colin McCormack as Dion Arthur Hewlett as The Old Shepard Paul Jesson as the Clown Harold Goldblatt as Time Rikki Fulton as Autolycus Robin Kermode as Florizel Debbie Farrington as Perdita Janette Legge as Dorcas Maggie Wells as Mopsa Pat Gorman as The Bear . director Elijah Moshinsky composed many of the shots of the film as live action replicas of the work of Johannes Vermeer.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • Robert Lindsay as the first Lord Dumaine Dominic Jephcott as the Second Lord Dumaine Rosemary Leach as The Widow of Florence Pippa Guard as Diana Joolia Cappleman as Mariana Nickolas Grace as the "Interpreter" Terence McGinity as The First Gentleman Max Arthur as The Second Gentleman 100 Behind-the-scenes In line with producer Jonathan Miller's new aesthetic policy.

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Timon of Athens • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jonathan Miller Taping dates: 28 January-3 February 1981 First transmitted in the UK: 16 April 1981 First transmitted in the US: 14 December 1981 John Fortune as the Poet John Bird as the Painter Tony Jay as the Merchant David Kinsey as the Jeweller Jonathan Pryce as Timon John Welsh as Flavius Sebastian Shaw as Old Athenian James Cossins as Lucullus Norman Rodway as Apemantus Geoffrey Collins as Flaminius Terence McGinity as Servilius John Shrapnel as Alcibades Hugh Thomas as Lucius Max Arthur as Lucillus Donald Gee as Ventidius John Bailey as Sempronius Michael Anthony as Caphis Elyane Sharling as Phryina Diana Dors as Timandra 101 Behind-the-scenes Michael Bogdanov was originally hired to direct this episode. Antony and Cleopatra[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jonathan Miller Taping dates: 5–10 March 1980 First transmitted in the US: 20 April 1981 First transmitted in the UK: 8 May 1981 John Paul as Canidius Jonathan Adams as Ventidius Jane Lapotaire as Cleopatra Colin Blakely as Antony Darien Angadi as Alexas Janet Key as Charmian Howard Goorney as the Soothsayer Cassie McFarlane as Iras Emrys James as Enobarbus Mohammad Shamsi as Mardian Ian Charleson as Octavius Caesar Esmond Knight as Lepidus Harry Waters as Thidius . but he resigned after his modern-dress interpretation was considered too radical.

Season four. During production itself. Jonathan Miller based the visual design on the work of El Greco. producer Othello • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jonathan Miller Taping dates: 9–17 March 1981 First transmitted in the UK: 4 October 1981 First transmitted in the US: 12 October 1981 Anthony Pedley as Roderigo Bob Hoskins as Iago Geoffrey Chater as Brabantio Alexander Davion as Gratiano Anthony Hopkins as Othello David Yelland as Cassio Joseph O'Conor as Lodovico John Barron as Duke of Venice Penelope Wilton as Desdemona Rosemary Leach as Emilia Tony Steedman as Montano Wendy Morgan as Bianca Behind-the-scenes James Earl Jones was originally hired to play the role of Othello. but Equity. the snake crawled down the back of Jane Lapotaire's dress. refused to issue a work permit.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • David Neal as Proculeius Anthony Pedley as Agrippa Geoffrey Collins as Dolabella Donald Sumpter as Pompeius George Innes as Menas Desmond Stokes as Menecrates Lynn Farleigh as Octavius Simon Chandler as Eros Christopher Ettridge as Scarus George Howe as Euphronius Alec Sabin as Dercetas 102 Behind-the-scenes During the shooting of the scene with the snake. Troilus and Cressida • • • • • • • Directed by Jonathan Miller Taping dates: 28 July-5 August 1981 First transmitted in the UK: 7 November 1981 First transmitted in the US: 17 May 1982 Charles Gray as Pandarus Anton Lesser as Troilus Tony Steedman as Aeneas . the English Actor's Guild. Jonathan Miller.

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Suzanne Burden as Cressida Max Harvey as Alexander Vernon Dobtcheff as Agamemnon Geoffrey Chater as Nestor Benjamin Whitrow as Ulysses Bernard Brown as Menelaus Anthony Pedley as Ajax The Incredible Orlando as Thersites Kenneth Haigh as Achilles Simon Cutter as Patroclus Esmond Knight as Priam John Shrapnel as Hector Elayne Sharling as Cassandra David Firth as Paris Paul Moriarty as Diomedes Ann Pennington as Helen Peter Whitbread as Calchas Merelina Kendall as Andromache Cornelius Garrett as Margarelon Tony Portacio as Helenus Peter J. Cassell as Deiphobus 103 Behind-the-scenes Director Jonathan Miller used the work of gothic painter Lucas Cranach as a visual influence during the production. and several of Cranach's paintings can be seen in Ajax's tent. A Midsummer Night's Dream • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Elijah Moshinsky Taping dates: 19–25 May 1981 First transmitted in the UK: 13 December 1981 First transmitted in the US: 19 April 1982 Estelle Kohler as Hippolyta Nigel Davenport as Theseus Hugh Quarshie as Philostrate Geoffrey Lumsden as Egeus Pippa Guard as Hermia Nicky Henson as Demetrius Robert Lindsay as Lysander Cherith Mellor as Helena Geoffrey Palmer as Peter Quince Brian Glover as Nick Bottom John Fowler as Francis Flute Don Estelle as Robin Starveling Nat Jackley as Tom Snout Ray Mort as Snug Phil Daniels as Puck Helen Mirren as Titania .

Season Five. Originally.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • Peter McEnery as Oberon Bruce Savage as Peaseblossom Massimo Mezzofanti as Cobweb Dominic Martelli as Moth Timothy Cross as Mustardseed 104 Behind-the-scenes Elijah Moshinsky based the fairies in the play on the baroque eroticism of Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens. Like the BBC Shakespeare version. Miller's previous production starred Michael Hordern as Lear and Frank Middlemass as the Fool. however Robert Shaw was cast as Lear but died in 1978 before production began. Jonathan Miller and Shaun Sutton. producers King Lear • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jonathan Miller Taping dates: 26 March-2 April 1982 First transmitted in the UK: 19 September 1982 First transmitted in the US: 18 October 1982 John Shrapnel as Kent Norman Rodway as Gloucester Michael Kitchen as Edmund Michael Hordern as King Lear Gillian Barge as Goneril Brenda Blethyn as Cordelia Penelope Wilton as Regan John Bird as Albany Julian Curry as Cornwall David Weston as Burgundy Harry Waters as The King of France Anton Lesser as Edgar John Grillo as Oswald Frank Middlemass as Fool Ken Stott as Curan George Howe as Doctor Behind-the-scenes Jonathan Miller had previously directed an adaptation of King Lear in 1975 for the BBC series Play of the Month. Cymbeline[12] • • • • • • • Directed by Elijah Moshinsky Taping dates: 29 July-5 August 1982 First transmitted in the US: 20 December 1982 First transmitted in the UK: 10 July 1983 Richard Johnson as Cymbeline Hugh Thomas as Cornelius Claire Bloom as Queen .

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Helen Mirren as Imogen Michael Pennington as Posthumous John Kane as Pisanio Paul Jesson as Cloten Robert Lindsay as Iachimo Geoffrey Lumsden as Philario Patsy Smart as Helen Graham Crowden as Caius Lucius Michael Gough as Belarius Geoffrey Burridge as Guiderius David Creedon as Arviragus Patricia Hayes as Soothsayer Marius Goring as Sicilius Leonatus Michael Hordern as Jupiter 105 The Merry Wives of Windsor • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Hugh Jones Taping dates: 1–8 November 1982 First transmitted in the UK: 28 December 1982 First transmitted in the US: 31 January 1983 Alan Bennett as Justice Shallow Richard O'Callaghan as Slender Tenniel Evans as Sir Hugh Evans Bryan Marshall as George Page Richard Griffiths as Sir John Falstaff Gordon Gostelow as Bardolph Nigel Terry as Pistol Michael Robbins as Nym Miranda Foster as Anne Page Judy Davis as Mistress Ford Prunella Scales as Mistress Page Ron Cook as Peter Simple Michael Graham Cox as Host Lee Whitlock as Robin Elizabeth Spriggs as Mistress Quickly John Joyce as John Rugby Michael Bryant as Doctor Caius Simon Chandler as Fenton Ben Kingsley as Frank Ford Ralph Brown as John Peter Gordon as Robert Crispin Mair as William Page .

Charles (Ian Saynor). Jones got around this by basing his set on the house which belonged to Shakespeare's son-in-law. John Hall. Reignier (David Daker) and the Bastard (Brian Protheroe) 106 . The First Part of Henry the Sixt • Directed by Jane Howell • Taping dates: 13–19 October 1981 • First transmitted in the UK: 2 January 1983 • First transmitted in the US: 27 March 1983 • Peter Benson as Henry VI • Brenda Blethyn as Joan la Pucelle • Antony Brown as the Duke of Burgundy • David Burke as the Duke of Gloucester • Michael Byrne as the Duke of Alençon • Paul Chapman as the Earl of Suffolk • Arthur Cox as Sir John Fastolfe • David Daker as Reigner. Alençon (Michael Byrne).''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Behind-the-scenes Director David Jones originally wanted to shoot the episode in Stratford-upon-Avon but was restricted to a studio setting. Duke of Anjou • Brian Deacon as the Earl of Somerset • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tenniel Evans as the Duke of Bedford Derek Farr as the Earl of Salisbury Julia Foster as Margaret Alex Guard as Young Talbot Bernard Hill as the Duke of York Joanna McCallum as the Countess d'Auvergne Frank Middlemass as Cardinal Beaufort Joseph O'Conor as the Duke of Exeter Trevor Peacock as Lord Talbot Brian Protheroe as the Bastard of Orléans Ian Saynor as the Dauphin Charles Mark Wing-Davey as the Earl of Warwick Peter Wyatt as Woodville Joan (Brenda Blethyn).

Margaret (Julia Foster).''Othello (1981 TV film)'' 107 The Second Part of Henry the Sixt • Directed by Jane Howell • Taping dates: 17–23 December 1981 • First transmitted in the UK: 9 January 1983 • First transmitted in the US: 10 April 1983 • Peter Benson as Henry VI • Antony Brown as Walter Whitmore/Alexander Iden • David Burke as the Duke of Gloucester/Dick the Butcher • Michael Byrne as John Hume • Anne Carroll as the Duchess of Gloucester • Paul Chapman as the Duke of Suffolk • Ron Cook as Richard Plantaganet • Arthur Cox as Thomas Horner/Lord Clifford • David Daker as the Duke of Buckingham • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Brian Deacon as the Duke of Somerset/Smith the Weaver Tenniel Evans as the Earl of Salisbury/Clerk of Chartham Derek Farr as Lord Saye Julia Foster as Queen Margaret Derek Fuke as Simpcox Bernard Hill as the Duke of York Paul Jesson as John Holland/George Plantagenet Pat Keen as Margery Jourdayne Gabrielle Lloyd as Simpox's Wife Oengus MacNamara as Young Clifford Frank Middlemass as Cardinal Beaufort Trevor Peacock as Jack Cade Brian Protheroe as Edward Plantagenet David Pugh as Peter Thump Mark Wing-Davey as the Earl of Warwick Peter Wyatt as Sir Humphrey Stafford York (Bernard Hill). Somerset (Brian Deacon). Iden (Antony Brown) and Henry (Peter Benson) .

Prince of Wales Mark Wing-Davey as the Earl of Warwick Peter Wyatt as the Duke of Norfolk The Battle of Tewkesbury 108 Behind-the-scenes This episode was filmed on the same set as The First Part of Henry the Sixt and The Second Part of Henry the Sixt. designer Oliver Bayldon altered the set so it would appear that the paint work was flaking and peeling. However.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' Behind-the-scenes This episode was filmed on the same set as The First Part of Henry the Sixt. as England descended into an ever increasing state of chaos. However. Duke of Gloucester • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Rowena Cooper as Lady Elizabeth Grey Arthur Cox as the Duke of Somerset David Daker as Lord Hastings Mathew David as the Earl of Rutland Brian Deacon as Earl of Oxford Derek Farr as the Duke of Exeter Julia Foster as Margaret Derek Fuke as the Earl of Westmoreland Tim Fuke as the Earl of Richmond Alex Guard as the Marquess of Dorset Bernard Hill as the Duke of York Paul Jesson as George. King of France • Michael Byrne as the Marquess of Montague • Paul Chapman as the Earl of Rivers • Ron Cook as Richard. as England descended into an even worse state of chaos. The Third Part of Henry the Sixt • Directed by Jane Howell • Taping dates: 10–17 February 1982 • First transmitted in the UK: 16 January 1983 • First transmitted in the US: 24 April 1983 • John Benfield as the Earl of Northumberland • Peter Benson as Henry VI • Antony Brown as Lewis. designer Oliver Bayldon altered the set so it would appear to be completely falling apart. and the set falling into a state of disrepair. The Tragedy of Richard III • • • • • Directed by Jane Howell Taping dates: 31 March-6 April 1982 First transmitted in the UK: 23 January 1983 First transmitted in the US: 2 May 1983 Peter Benson as the Ghost of Henry VI . Duke of Clarence Merelina Kendall as Lady Bona Oengus MacNamara as Young Clifford Brian Protheroe as Edward IV Nick Reding as Edward.

as England reached its lowest point of chaos. Earl of Richmond Tenniel Evans as Lord Stanley Derek Farr as Sir Robert Brackenbury Dorian Ford as Edward. designer Oliver Bayldon altered the set so it would appear to be a ruin. Season six. However.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Antony Brown as Sir Richard Ratcliffe David Burke as Sir William Catesby Michael Byrne as the Duke of Buckingham Anne Carroll as Jane Shore Paul Chapman as Earl Rivers Ron Cook as Richard III Rowena Cooper as Queen Elizabeth Arthur Cox as Lord Grey Annette Crosbie as the Duchess of York David Daker as Lord Hastings Brian Deacon as Henry. Prince of Wales Julia Foster as Margaret Derek Fuke as Sir Thomas Vaughan Alex Guard as the Marquess of Dorset Bernard Hill as Sir William Brandon Patsy Kensit as Lady Margaret Plantagenet Oengus MacNamara as Lord Lovell Brian Protheroe as Edward IV Nick Reding as the Ghost of the Prince of Wales Zoë Wanamaker as Lady Anne Mark Wing-Davey as Sir James Tyrell Peter Wyatt as the Duke of Norfolk 109 Behind-the-scenes This episode was filmed on the same set as the three Henry VI plays. Shaun Sutton. producer Macbeth[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jack Gold Taping dates: 22–28 June 1982 First transmitted in the US: 17 October 1983 First transmitted in the UK: 5 November 1983 Brenda Bruce as First Witch Eileen Way as Second Witch Anne Dyson as Third Witch Mark Dignam as Duncan James Hazeldine as Malcolm John Rowe as Lennox Gawn Grainger as Ross Nicol Williamson as Macbeth Ian Hogg as Banquo David Lyon as Angus .

''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • Jane Lapotaire as Lady Macbeth Alistair Henderson as Fleance Tony Doyle as Macduff Tom Bowles as Donalbain Eamon Boland as Seyton Jill Baker as Lady Macduff Crispin Mair as Young Macduff Matthew Long as Menteith Peter Porteous as Caithness William Abney as Old Siward Nicholas Coppin as Young Siward 110 The Comedy of Errors • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by James Cellan Jones Taping dates: 3–9 November 1983 First transmitted in the UK: 24 December 1983 First transmitted in the US: 20 February 1984 Cyril Cusack as Aegeon Charles Gray as Solinus Nicolas Chagrin as Master of the Mime Michael Kitchen as Antipholus Roger Daltrey as Dromio Suzanne Bertish as Adriana Joanne Pearce as Luciana Marsha Fitzalan as Luce Sam Dastor as Angelo David Kelly as Balthazar Geoffrey Rose as Pinch Ingrid Pitt as Courtesan Wendy Hiller as the Abbess The Two Gentlemen of Verona • Directed by Don Taylor • Taping dates: 25–31 July 1983 • First transmitted in the UK: 27 December 1983 • First transmitted in the US: 23 April 1984 • Frank Barrie as Eglamour • Tessa Peake-Jones as Julia • Hetta Charnley as Lucetta • Tyler Butterworth as Proteus • John Hudson as Valentine • Nicholas Kaby as Speed • Michael Byrne as Antonio Proteus (Tyler Butterworth) and Valentine (John Hudson) • John Woodnutt as Panthino • Joanne Pearce as Sylvia .

For example. John Dowland's piece 'Lachrimae' was rewritten and performed by Rooley.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • Tony Haygarth as Launce • David Collings as Thurio • Paul Daneman as the Duke Behind-the-scenes The music in this episode was created by Anthony Rooley. which was slightly divorced from every day reality. The Tragedy of Coriolanus[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Elijah Moshinsky Taping dates: 18–26 April 1983 First transmitted in the US: 26 March 1984 First transmitted in the UK: 21 April 1984 Joss Ackland as Menenius Alan Howard as Gaius Marcius Coriolanus Patrick Godfrey as Cominius Peter Sands as Titus Lartius John Burgess as Sicinius Anthony Pedley as Junius Brutus Mike Gwilym as Aufidius Valentine Dyall as Adrian Irene Worth as Volumnia Joanna McCallum as Virgilia Heather Canning as Valeria Damien Franklin as Marcus Nicolas Amer as Aedile Teddy Kempner as Nicanor 111 Behind-the-scenes Director Elijah Moshinsky modelled the relationship between Coriolanus and his mother after that between Rose Kennedy and her sons. According to director Don Taylor. the use of the young actors dressed as cherubs was to convey the idea that the characters lived in a 'Garden of Courtly Love'. Pericles. Prince of Tyre[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Hugh Jones Taping dates: 21–28 June 1983 First transmitted in the US: 11 June 1984 First transmitted in the UK: 8 December 1984 Edward Petherbridge as Gower John Woodvine as King Antiochus Edita Brychta as Antiochus' daughter Mike Gwilym as Pericles Robert Ashby as Thaliard Patrick Godfrey as Helicanus Toby Salaman as Escanes Norman Rodway as Cleon . who wrote new arrangements of works from Shakespeare's own time.

. producer Much Ado About Nothing[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Stuart Burge Taping dates: 15–21 August 1984 First transmitted in the US: 30 October 1984 First transmitted in the UK: 22 December 1984 Lee Montague as Leonato Cherie Lunghi as Beatrice Katharine Levy as Hero Jon Finch as Don Pedro Robert Lindsay as Benedick Robert Reynolds as Claudio Gordon Whiting as Antonio Vernon Dobtcheff as Don John Robert Gwilym as Conrade Tony Rohr as Borachio Pamela Moiseiwitsch as Margaret Ishia Bennison as Ursula Oz Clarke as Balthasar Michael Elphick as Dogberry Clive Dunn as Verges Graham Crowden as Friar Francis Behind-the-scenes A production of Much Ado About Nothing directed by Donald McWhinnie and starring Penelope Keith and Michael York was the first production to be recorded in the series. but it was felt that audiences may not respond well to this. and [13] During the reshoot for season seven. Shaun Sutton. entire episode against a blank tapestry background. but was thought unsatisfactory for US audiences. and the idea was scrapped. director Stuart Burge initially thought about shooting the never broadcast.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Annette Crosbie as Dionyza Christopher Saul as Lord of Tarsus Patrick Allen as King Simonides Juliet Stevenson as Thaisa Edward Clayton as Philemon Stephen Oxley as Lord of Pentapolis Valerie Lush as Lychorida Clive Swift as Lord Cerimon Nick Brimble as Leonine Amanda Redman as Marina Trevor Peacock as Boult Lila Kaye as Bawd Patrick Ryecart as Lysimachus Elayne Sharling as the Goddess Diana 112 Season seven. with no set whatsoever.

King of France Jonathan Coy as Lewis the Dauphin Luc Owen as Arthur.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' The Life and Death of King John • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by David Giles Taping dates: 1–7 February 1984 First transmitted in the UK: 24 November 1984 First transmitted in the US: 11 January 1985 Leonard Rossiter as King John William Whymper as Chatillon Mary Morris as Queen Elinor Robert Brown as the Earl of Pembroke John Castle as the Earl of Essex John Flint as Lord Bigot John Thaw as Hubert de Burgh George Costigan as Philip the Bastard Edward Hibbert as Robert Faulconbridge Phyllida Law as Lady Faulconbridge Mike Lewin as James Gurney Charles Kay as Philip. Duke of Britany Gordon Kaye as Lymoges. Duke of Austria Claire Bloom as Constance John Moreno as Melun Janet Maw as Blanche Richard Wordsworth as Cardinal Pandulph Alan Collins as Peter of Pomfret Rusty Livingstone as Prince Henry 113 Love's Labour's Lost • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Elijah Moshinsky Taping dates: 30 June-6 July 1984 First transmitted in the UK: 5 January 1985 First transmitted in the US: 31 May 1985 Jonathan Kent as the King of Navarre Christopher Blake as Longaville Geoffrey Burridge as Dumain Mike Gwilym as Berowne David Warner as Don Armado John Kane as Moth Paul Jesson as Costard Frank Williams as Dull Paddy Navin as Jaquenetta Clifford Rose as Boyet Maureen Lipman as the Princess of France Katy Behean as Maria Petra Markham as Katharine Jenny Agutter as Rosaline Jay Ruparelia as Adrian .

but she ultimately settled on a more conventional approach.[14] Omissions and changes With the exception of Pericles. This was inaccurate however.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • • • • • John Burgess as Sir Nathaniel John Wells as Holofernes Valentine Dyall as Marcade Linda Kitchen as Spring Susanna Ross as Winter 114 Behind-the-scenes Director Elijah Moshinsky used the paintings of Jean-Antoine Watteau. the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the writing of Pierre de Marivaux as inspiration during the making of this episode. which is the only play of the thirty-seven to be set in the eighteenth century.[15] however. Prince of Tyre. all of the productions were based on the texts of the First Folio (1623). numerous changes were made throughout the series. it was rumoured that the BBC were worried about the violence in the play and that disagreements had arisen about censorship. Initially. Titus Andronicus[12] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Directed by Jane Howell Taping dates: 10–17 February 1985 First transmitted in the US: 19 April 1985 First transmitted in the UK: 27 April 1985 Paul Davies Prowles as Young Lucius Edward Hardwicke as Marcus Walter Brown as Aemilius Brian Protheroe as Saturninus Nicholas Gecks as Bassianus Derek Fuke as Sempronius Eileen Atkins as Tamora Peter Searles as Alarbus Neil McCaul as Demetrius Michael Crompton as Chiron Hugh Quarshie as Aaron Gavin Richards as Lucius Crispin Redman as Quintus Tom Hunsinger as Martius Michael Packer as Mutius Trevor Peacock as Titus Andronicus Anna Calder-Marshall as Lavinia Paul Kelly as Publius Behind-the-scenes Because Titus was broadcast several months after the rest of the seventh season. with the delay caused by a BBC strike in 1984. . • Richard II • The trial/multiple challenges portion of Act IV is omitted. director Jane Howell wanted to set the play in present day Northern Ireland.

The character of Warwick as portrayed by Mark Wing-Davey is Richard Neville. In the play however. Act 5. some of the dialogue between Clifford and Warwick is absent (ll. but you two are sped. Scene 6. Part 2 • Lines are omitted from almost every scene. Some of the more notable omissions include. Fastolf's escape from Rouen is seen rather than merely mentioned. Suffolk's accusation that Humphrey was involved in necromancy with Eleanor is omitted from Act 3. Scene 1 is absent. Scene 7.231-235).86-88). • The Taming of the Shrew • • • • The Induction. Scene 2 (ll. "Now go thy ways. • Much other material. both of Humphrey's references to Bedford are absent (ll.10-17). Part 1 • Lines are omitted from almost every scene. The last line spoken is Petruchio's "We three are married. In Act 1. . is cut. Scene 1. And being a winner. twelve of Joan's sixteen lines are cut. Talbot's complaint about the French wanting to ransom him for a prisoner of less worth is absent (ll. some of Charles' praise of Joan is absent (ll. Scene 1 (ll. 95-96).47-53). Some of the more notable omissions include. In Act 4. Scene 1. In Act 4. Scene 7 and Act 5. as is Humphrey's outline of how he dealt with criminals during his time as Lord Protector (ll. In Act 5. Act 5. Scene 5 (a brief scene showing Scales and Gough on patrol at the Tower of London) is absent. Scene 2 follows immediately after Act 1. 131-133). as we see Henry VI singing a lament for his father. Scene 7.6-25). thou has tamed a curst shrew". Scene 5. • Twelfth Night • Act 2. Alençon's praise of the resoluteness of the English army is absent (ll. The brief conversation between Biondello and Lucentio which opens Act 5. Several lines are omitted from the conversation between Grumio and Curtis in Act 4.200-210)." thus omitting Petruchio's comment to Lucentio "'Twas I won the wager. Scene 1. but remain. 82-83. and York's allusion to Althaea and Calydon in his closing soliloquy (ll. The adaptation opens differently to the text. the first three lines of her five line mockery of Lucy's listing of Talbot's titles (ll. later Henry V. is omitted. In Act 1. God give you good night". some of the dialogue between Talbot and John is absent (ll. In Act 4. In Act 1. Bedford's references to children crying and England becoming a marsh since Henry V died. and Lucentio's closing statement. as is the reference to Suffolk's demands that he be paid for escorting Margaret from France (ll. "'Tis a wonder.8-11). especially involving Falstaff. Scene 5. the character is Richard de Beauchamp. by your leave. Scene 2 now form one continuous piece.1 is York's reference to how he fought alongside Cade in Ireland (ll.37-43). York's outline of Edward III's seven sons is absent from Act 2.48-51).360-370).41). and engage in a song with all present. Scene 1.29-34). as is Salisbury's reference to Owen Glendower (l. Scene 1 are absent. in Act 1." Additionally. and the first two lines of her four line speech where she mocks Lucy about to take over Talbot's position (ll. as well as Hortensio's line. Scene 2.128-132). Also absent from 3. • Henry IV. 16th Earl of Warwick.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • All mention of Henry IV's son. Scene 1. Part 2 • The Epilogue is omitted. (ll. Scene 2 are reversed so that Act 4. Petruchio and Katherina do not leave the banquet prior to the end of the play. 13th Earl of Warwick. 115 • Henry VI. and the interjection of Sly at the end of Act 1. Neville's father-in-law. in Act 1. Scene 1 and Act 5. she will be tamed so.21-27). though you hit the white. Scene 2 ends differently to the play. all references to Walter Whitmore's name as Gualtier are absent. • • • • • Henry VI. the entire seven line speech where she says John Talbot refused to fight her because she is a woman (ll. The entirety of Act 4.72-75).

He is introduced in Act 1. as he had already been introduced as a combatant at the end of 2 Henry VI./Or whether he be scaped away or no/From Clifford and Northumberland's pursuit". • The character of George Plantagenet is introduced towards the end of the play. Scene 3 is Rutland's appeal to Clifford's paternal instincts (ll.41-43). Scene 1. Scene 2.197 and 198). "This is the palace of the fearful king". each one a perfect sun. For example. not York. the second half of line 139 ("Pompey the Great. In Act 2. Scene 3. Also in Act 1. Scene 1. no stay". if we should recount/Our baleful news. where the incident involving Clarence's return to the Lancastrian side is completely different to the text found in the Folio. and Richard's "Great lord of Warwick. the first twelve lines are absent (where Elizabeth reports to Rivers that Edward has been captured).''Othello (1981 TV film)'' • Some lines have also been added to the play. All of these additional lines are taken from the 1594 quarto of the play. Scene 2 • The play ends slightly differently to how it is indicated in the text. we have no staff. In Act 1. "Ah Plantagenet. his lines are either spoken by Clarence or omitted. the victorious House of York leave the stage. all the spirit's dialogue is spoken 'through' Magarey Jourdayne.". a line is inserted when York asks Henry if he agrees to the truce and Henry replies "Convey the soldiers hence.21-25). In Act 4. • Several lines are spoken by characters other than who speak in the Folio text. Scene 4. Scene 1.31 and 32). In Act 3. Scene 1. Scene 6. I hold thee reverentially" is absent (l. • Henry VI. Scene 3. Also in Act 1. it is Clarence who says Edward's "I wonder how our princely father scaped. Scene 1. In Act 4. all references to Clarence's entry into the conflict are absent. and at each word's deliverance/Stab poniards in our flesh till all were told. later in that scene. Instead the play begins with Warwick proclaiming. particularly in relation to Clarence. Act 2. Absent from Act 1. Some of the more notable omissions include.221-226). After the battle. it is Buckingham who reads the prophecies.186-188). as are her references to the pains of child birth. In Act 2. Part 3 • Lines are omitted from almost every scene./Not separated with the racking clouds/But severed in a pale clear-shining sky". During the debate between the Yorkists and the Lancastrians in Act 2. In the text however. Scene 2. and then I will. our prop to lean upon/Now thou art gone. Scene 1. In Act 1. In Act 5. two lines are added to the conversation between Margaret and Thump. Also. Warwick's reference to Salisbury's death and the incident with his niece are both absent (ll. Clarence also speaks Richard's "Three glorious suns. Scene 4. and is taken entirely from the octavo text of The True Tragedy of Richard Duke of York (1595). all references to Margaret chairing a session of parliament are absent (ll. who sadly looks around the field of battle at the many dead bodies. • Some lines are also added to the play. Richard's "Northumberland. just prior to the Battle of St Albans. "The reverence of mine age and the Neville's name/Is of no little force if I command" (between ll.. Scene 1. Scene 3. • Several lines are spoken by characters other than who speak in the Folio text. Scene 1. George is not introduced until 3 Henry VI. • The presentation of the character of Montague also differs from the Folio text. Scene 1.35-42). Humphrey's line "This is the law. 116 .. during the conjuration. Montague is not present in Act 1. and this Duke Humphrey's doom" is given to Henry. the conversation between Humphrey and Beaufort is extended. and as such. In Act 1. Scene 1. all except Salisbury. Henry's references to Daedalus and Icarus are absent (ll. there is no separate spirit in the scene. and Henry's shameful behaviour in disinheriting his son (ll. where Thump mistakes the word 'usurper' for 'usurer' and is corrected by Margaret (between ll. in Act 2. and Suffolk dies by pirates") is given to the Lieutenant./The words would add more anguish than the wounds". In Act 1. the opening twenty-four lines of the first scene. with which the play closes." Most significant is in Act 5. The First part of the Contention betwixt the two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster.109). why seekest thou to depose me?/Are we not both Plantagenets by birth?/And from two brothers lineally descent?/Suppose by right and equity thou be king. four lines are added at the beginning of Henry's declaration that he would rather see civil war than yield the throne. In Act 1. Edward's "Sweet Duke of York. wherein Humphrey says that Beaufort was born "in bastardy". two lines are added to Salisbury's vow to support York if he can prove he is a legitimate heir to the crown.

[11] "Michael Brooke. I'll win them. ca/ Theater/ spotlight/ 2005-10/ filmintro5. uk/ tv/ id/ 459382/ index. [12] The first transmission date in the United States is earlier than that in the United Kingdom. Screenonline.60) is changed to "Cousin.org. Mercatio by showing her a coffer overflowing with gold coins.org. "Brother. Internetshakespeare. Retrieved 18 January 2010. html) for details [14] Michael Brooks. 23 October 1980. Retrieved 18 January 2010. Scene 3 is heavily cut. Scene 3 is different from the text. • The capture of Silvia and the flight of Eglamour is seen. and Montague's "Brother. html). fear it not. Retrieved 18 January 2010. ten tragedies. [13] See here here (http:/ / internetshakespeare. fear it not" (l. seventeen comedies. screenonline. Screenonline. org. screenonline. when York is giving his men instructions. Screenonline.uk. ac.uk. org. These comprised the thirty-six plays from the First Folio of 1623. (Chapel Hill & London: The University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved 18 January 2010. the servant's monologue is totally omitted.uk. [5] All information taken from the British Universities Film & Video Council (http:/ / bufvc. though Lucilius appears in the background for the scene. screenonline. • Cymbeline • Acts 4 and 5 are heavily cut. and scenes and speeches are freely rearranged. html). ca/ Theater/ sip/ production/ recorded/ 431/ main. plus Pericles. uk/ tv/ id/ 466545/ index. uk/ tv/ id/ 459382/ index. Screenonline. Prince of Tyre (which had been added to the Third Folio in 1664). html). Scene 4 (once again without any dialogue). html). . As The Two Noble Kinsmen was considered to be primarily the work of John Fletcher and Shakespeare's authorship of Edward III was still in doubt. Screenonline: The BBC Television Shakespeare" (http:/ / www. • Timon of Athens • Act 3.org. these two plays were not included in the series. html). I go. I go. html [2] Unless otherwise stated. org. uk/ tv/ id/ 527139/ index. uk/ tv/ id/ 527447/ index. Scene 1 begins with Mercatio and Eglamour attempting to formally woo Julia. html)' [7] Susan Willis. uvic. . Retrieved 22 January 2010. uk/ shakespeare/ search. 6 [10] "Michael Brooke. Screenonline: Shakespeare on Television" (http:/ / www. . his order to Montague. and wasn't published under Shakespeare's name until the Third Folio in 1664 ." Additionally. 'The Television Revolution' (2002)" (http:/ / internetshakespeare. org.36) is changed to "Cousin. the report of the death of Warwick and Montague's brother Thomas Neville in Act 2. Rothwell. • Eglamour is also present at the end of Act 5.uk.uvic. uvic. screenonline. Screenonline: The Taming of the Shrew" (http:/ / www. and 'gentleman' in line 23 is replaced with 'Salisbury'. Various smaller cuts.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' but with some notable changes to the text. York's reiteration of the order "My brother Montague shall post to London" (l. org. The (BBC DVD) Shakespeare Collection: Viewing Notes (booklet included with the DVD box-set) [3] At the time. [9] Martin Wiggins.org. and ten histories. [4] "Kenneth S. php?adv_q1="George+ More+ O'Ferrall"& adv_index1=person& adv_oper1=and& sort=date_asc) [6] Michael Brooke. 10-11 [8] "Michael Brooke. screenonline. Screenonline: The Spread of the Eagle (http:/ / www. Eglamour by displaying a parchment detailing his family history (there is no dialogue in this scene). The BBC Shakespeare Plays: Making the Televised Canon. 1991). Titus Andronicus (http:/ / www. [15] Pericles was not included in the First Folio. I'll win them.54) is changed to "Hast you to London my cousin Montague". The (BBC DVD) Shakespeare Collection: Viewing Notes (booklet included with the DVD box-set). .ca. all background information in this section and all behind-the-scenes information in the next is taken from Martin Wiggins. 'son' in line 15 is replaced with 'father'. org. thou shalt to London presently" (l. 117 Footnotes [1] http:/ / www. 'brother' in line 19 is replaced with 'son'. Screenonline. uk/ tv/ id/ 527846/ index. as opposed to merely being described. screenonline. thou shalt to London presently". • The Two Gentlemen of Verona • Act 1. Shakespeare's complete canon was considered to be thirty-seven plays.

ca/Theater/spotlight/2005-10/filmintro5.uk/tv/id/459382/index.uk/shakespeare/) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film) The Hunchback of Notre Dame Video cover Distributed by Creator Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Columbia Pictures Television Victor Hugo (novel) Michael Tuchner Alan Hume Malcolm J.uvic. taken from the book Shakespeare on Screen: An International Filmography and Videography by Rothwell and Annabelle Henkin Melzer (New York: Neal-Schuman.org. 1990) • British Universities Film and Video Council (http://bufvc.''Othello (1981 TV film)'' 118 External links • Screenonline: The BBC Television Shakespeare (http://www.html). Christopher John Gay Anthony Hopkins Derek Jacobi Lesley-Anne Down Sir John Gielgud Ken Thorne Alan Hume Keith Palmer Music by Cinematography Editing by Production company Hallmark Hall of Fame Country Language Release date Running time  United Kingdom  United States English 4 February 1982 100 minutes . by Michael Brooke • 'The Television Revolution' (http://internetshakespeare.ac. Chapter 4 of Shakespeare on Screen: A Chronicle History by Kenneth S. Rothwell.screenonline.html).

with the word "Why?" on his lips. Not only does Esmeralda survive. based on the Victor Hugo novel. Quasimodo also kills Frollo in self-defence by impaling him on a hook in the wall rather than throwing him off of the tower. Not only does Esmeralda survive at the end. again as in that film. It was produced as part of the long-running Hallmark Hall of Fame series. Production code Original air date Season 31 Episode 2 265 4 February 1982 Episode chronology ← Previous Next → "The Marva Collins Story" "Witness for the Prosecution" Episode list The Hunchback of Notre Dame (sometimes known as simply Hunchback) is a 1982 British-American TV movie starring Anthony Hopkins. and. Lesley-Anne Down. and Sir John Gielgud. soldiers pursue him and he plunges to his death from the parapet of Notre Dame. but she recognizes Quasimodo's kindness toward her and kisses him goodbye before she leaves in safety with the poet Gringoire.''The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film)'' 119 "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" Hallmark Hall of Fame episode Episode no. Several plot elements not in the novel are borrowed from the 1939 film as well. The ending of the 1982 movie is very different. After Frollo is killed and Gringoire and Esmeralda leave. it is strongly implied that they stay together after he rescues her. Sir Derek Jacobi. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Quasimodo Derek Jacobi as Claude Frollo David Suchet as Clopin Trouillefou Gerry Sundquist as Pierre Gringoire Tim Pigott-Smith as Philippe John Gielgud as Jacques Charmolue Robert Powell as Captain Phoebus Lesley-Anne Down as Esmeralda Nigel Hawthorne as Magistrate at Esmeralda's trial Roland Culver as Bishop of Paris Rosalie Crutchley as Simone David Kelly as Tavernkeeper Joseph Blatchley as Albert Dave Hill as Coppenhole Donald Eccles as Judge Timothy Bateson as Commerce Jack Klaff as Officer Timothy Morand as Maurice Martin Carroll as Herald . but she eventually comes to love Gringoire. The film ends without the audience knowing if Esmeralda learns of his death.

com/ title/ tt84100/ [2] http:/ / www. allmovie. imdb. com/ work/ 23864 .''The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982 film)'' • • • • • • • • • • Hugo de Vernier as Nobility Eunice Blalck as Clergy Kenny Baker as Pick Pocket Michael Burrell as Clerical Aide Antony Carrick as Auditor John Kidd as 1st Physician Stanley Lebor as Torturer Norman Lumsden as King's Attorney John Rutland as 2nd Old Man Wally Thomas as 1st Old Man 120 External links • The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Hunchback of Notre Dame [2] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www.

and produced by Bernard Williams with Dino De Laurentiis as executive producer.''The Bounty'' 121 The Bounty The Bounty Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Roger Donaldson Bernard Williams Dino De Laurentiis Robert Bolt Captain Bligh and Mr. The music score was composed by Vangelis and the cinematography was by Arthur Ibbetson. The screenplay was by Robert Bolt and it was based on the book Captain Bligh and Mr. It was made by Dino De Laurentiis Productions and distributed by Orion Pictures Corporation and Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment. Christian (1972) by Richard Hough. It is the fifth film version of the story of the mutiny on the Bounty. Christian by Richard Hough Mel Gibson Anthony Hopkins Laurence Olivier Edward Fox Daniel Day-Lewis Liam Neeson Vangelis Starring Music by Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson. BSC Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Tony Lawson Orion Pictures Corporation Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment 4 May 1984 132 minutes United Kingdom English The Bounty is a 1984 British historical film directed by Roger Donaldson. .

due to harsh weather. Ship's Surgeon Simon Adams – Midshipman Peter Heywood John Sessions – Steward John Smith Andrew Wilde – Able Seaman William McCoy Neil Morrissey – Able Seaman Matthew Quintal Richard Graham – Gunner's Mate John Mills Dexter Fletcher – Able Seaman Thomas Ellison Pete Lee-Wilson – Carpenter William Purcell Jon Gadsby – Quartermaster John Norton Brendan Conroy – Robert Lamb. Thomas Huggan. so he decided to stay on the island for four months longer than originally planned. . but failed. it would be fair to say that ship discipline became problematic. Bligh found that due to the delays the wind was against him for a quick return journey. against whom a mutiny is led by Master's mate Fletcher Christian. Cast and characters The film stars Mel Gibson and Anthony Hopkins with Laurence Olivier. real name Maimiti (Christians wife) Philip Martin Brown – Able Seaman John Adams Simon Chandler – David Nelson Botanist Malcolm Terris – Dr. Finally arriving in Tahiti in October 1788. and had to take the longer eastern route. Edward Fox. Bernard Hill. In that time. making the relation with their Captain tense. Daniel Day-Lewis. the Bounty sailed west to round the tip of south America. constantly subjected the crew to pressure. Butcher Barry Dransfield – Able Seaman Michael Byrne Steve Fletcher – Able Seaman James Valentine Mission Setting out from Britain in December 1787 for the Pacific island of Tahiti to gather breadfruit pods for transplantation in the Caribbean as slave fodder. and many of the crew developed a taste for the easy pleasures that island life afforded. Bligh. eventually reaching a breaking point.''The Bounty'' 122 Plot For the historical events. Ship's Corporal Wi Kuki Kaa – King Tynah Tevaite Vernette – Mauatua. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins – Lieutenant William Bligh Mel Gibson – Master's Mate Fletcher Christian Laurence Olivier – Admiral Hood Edward Fox – Captain Greetham Daniel Day-Lewis – Sailing Master John Fryer Bernard Hill – Boatswain William Cole Phil Davis – Midshipman Edward "Ned" Young Liam Neeson – Charles Churchill. This version follows both the efforts of Fletcher Christian (Mel Gibson) to get his men beyond the reach of British punishment. and the epic voyage of Captain Bligh (Anthony Hopkins) to get his loyalists safely to the Dutch East Indies in a tiny longboat. see Mutiny on the Bounty The film is based on the real life story of Lieutenant William Bligh. at the same time. Philip Davis and Liam Neeson.

But both men turn against each other over the course of the film. however. . King Tynah. They are shown as a group of typical 18th-century sailors—a much more "rough and tumble" group. and cast adrift. but instead is seen as a traditional British naval captain and a man of his times.''The Bounty'' 123 Bligh Bligh is not shown as a cruel tyrant. along with those considered loyal to him. His intention to round Cape Horn once again in attempts to circumnavigate the globe pushes the crew to the breaking point. Blissfully happy at their new-found freedom (though Christian feels remorse. Realising the folly of staying. and understands the implications of what's been done) they naively sail back to Tahiti to collect their wives. Matters become worse when the ship leaves Tahiti as Fletcher had been forced to leave his wife Mauatua behind. Bligh is roused from his bed and arrested. Bligh insists that the boat is dirty and orders the crew to clean up several times a day. while at the same time he protected his loyal non-mutineers when he guides their overcrowded boat to safety without any firearms or navigational equipment. Christian's Tahitian wife is given as more of a reason that Fletcher led the mutiny than before. Fletcher Christian Fletcher Christian is a much more complex character than in prior films. creates an atmosphere of tension and violence. they are shown as having more responsibility than they did in the other versions of the story. He and Bligh are at first friends. the more militant members of the crew finally persuade Christian to take control of the ship. though some do. is shocked by this turn of events. and Bligh even asks him to sail for a second time with him. and Mauatua chooses the uncertainty of a life with Christian over remaining with her father but without her husband. are singled out for severe. in this version of the film a desire to return to Tahiti is shown to be one of the primary motivations behind the mutiny. he tells another mutineer that he wished he had supplied Bligh with muskets before setting him adrift. and native friends. their presence on the island could incite King George to declare war against Tahiti and his people. and all of them are forced into the ship's launch. minimally supplied. including Christian. Previous films portrayed the crew's desire for freedom from Bligh's oppressive behavior. some of whom use the "might-is-right" principle to impose a hierarchy of sorts below decks. The Bounty leaves Tahiti The resumption of naval discipline. exceeding the limits of the ship's company. He makes them aware that. Corporal punishment is meted out for the slightest offence. they gather supplies and sail away to try and find a safe refuge. Christian pleads with Tynah to allow Mauatua to decide her own destiny. Fletcher shows regret over one of his decisions. Their motivations in this film were not as noble as in the other two films. The worsts acts of Bligh are compared with those of the crew. Tynah concedes. even hysterical tongue-lashings by Bligh. The crew The crew is portrayed in a different light than the previous films. The mutiny Playing on Christian's obvious resentment against Bligh's treatment of both him and the men. girlfriends. and is ultimately portrayed as a man who takes his sense of discipline and command too far. and a Bligh who has slowly turned into a tyrant not willing to tolerate any disobedience whatsoever. Also. Many of the men. as mutineers.

and is commended for the voyage of the open launch. He decided to combine it into one. those that remained on board the Bounty are so frustrated that they are ready to rebel against Christian in order to turn the ship back towards Tahiti. but he's in danger of blowing it . They would hold their breath at night when I went off. one named The Lawbreakers that dealt with the voyage out to Tahiti and the subsequent mutiny. Melvyn Bragg ended up writing a considerable portion of the script. "Mel is a wonderful. who worked on it from 1977 until 1980. After Christian forces the crew to continue on. Production This version was originally a longstanding project of director David Lean and his frequent collaborator. and the second named The Long Arm that studied the journey of the mutineers after the mutiny. If you see the film. The latter has since gone on to become HMS Surprise in Peter Weir's Master and Commander.[1] Anthony Hopkins was one of two actors considered for the role of Captain Bligh by David Lean.and also a return of his good character and leadership qualities successfully manages to reach civilization after a very harrowing journey. Lean had also looked at refitting the frigate Rose to play the role of Pandora. Robert Bolt. Fletcher Christian and his men realize that they will never go back to England. Christian notes that his charts indicate that the island was sighted by a sailor named Pitcairn but no landing was made due to the lack of suitable terrain.''The Bounty'' 124 Bligh's journey Bligh. Sting and David Essex were considered for the role of Fletcher Christian. Christopher Reeve. London. The Bounty was finished [2] under budget. and even looked at a seven-part TV series. He's already something of a superstar. However. By this point. as they all realise that any pursuing RN vessels will search all known islands and coastlines to find them. and the entire film cost $25 million. The other was Oliver Reed. through courage and excellent seamanship . as well as the admiralty's response in sending out the frigate HMS Pandora and her famous box in which some of the mutineers were imprisoned. The replica of the Bounty used in the film was built before the script was even completed at the cost of $4 million. withdrew from the project. unlike many other films filmed on water. Lean could not find financial backing for both films after Warner Bros. French Polynesia. you can see the swelling in certain scenes. As well as the New Zealand–built Bounty. Many of the shots of the ship were filmed in Opunohu Bay. The role of Peter Heywood (who inspired the character 'Roger Byam' in the novel and earlier film versions) was originally intended to be played by Hugh Grant. Gibson described the making of the film as difficult because of the long production and bad weather: "I went mad. One night I had a fight in a bar and the next day they had to shoot only one side of my face because the other was so messed up. the judgment of Bligh's court martial is read Bligh is found to have not been responsible for the loss of the Bounty. they eventually find Pitcairn Island. The film was shot on location in Moorea. It was originally to be released as a two-part film. The project suffered a further setback when Bolt suffered a massive stroke and was unable to continue writing. New Zealand and at Greenwich Palace and the Reform Club. the lack of a precise longitude made its location an unknown and therefore their best hope of avoiding the Royal Navy. Pall Mall. For the storm sequences a detailed 25-foot model of the Bounty was built. Moorea which is the same bay Captain James Cook anchored in 1777. and that the island's location only was recorded by its latitude. Final voyage of the Bounty The search for a safe haven is long and seemingly impossible. One man was killed by natives as the crew stopped for supplies in a hostile island. a place which Christian realises may not be marked on British maps of the region." Anthony Hopkins was worried about Gibson’s heavy drinking. wonderful fellow with a marvelous future. Lean was ultimately forced to abandon the project. saying. As the crew of the Bounty burn the ship to keep it from being found.

without any real justification."[4] The film also portrays the sailors exploiting the islanders. Trevor Howard and Richard Harris. They'd made voyages together before they sailed on the Bounty. His Bligh was stubborn and didn't suffer fools. It didn't quite work. In Gibson’s description. starred Clark Gable. This version is generally regarded as a more revisionist as well as historically accurate depiction of the mutiny than the two earlier film versions.''The Bounty'' unless he takes hold of himself. an Australian silent film. But really Fletcher Christian was a social climber and an opportunist. The third and more famous version. fooled them. Maybe he'd gone island crazy. and made him second in command. "He was terrific. this film did not portray Bligh as a villainous character. The Mutiny on the Bounty (1935). the current US distributor of this version. “Fletcher was just a lad of twenty-two and he behaved like one. According to director Donaldson. but didn't go far enough. and didn't tell them the whole truth."[3] 125 Differences from earlier versions The first version. But they wanted to exonerate Captain Bligh while still having the dynamic where the guy was mutinying for the good of the crew. “It was a complete culture shock and it was unbelievable to them. his was probably the closest. "I think the main problem with that film was that it tried to be a fresh look at the dynamic of the mutiny situation. They should have painted it that way. In the old version.'[6] . a remake of the third film."[2] Unlike earlier versions. it was a mistake. Gibson said. which indeed he was. According to Gibson." Gibson agreed with this concern. He was good to work with because he was open and he was willing to give. released in 1962. The first time he decided to test his horns and fight for the herd. He ended up setting all these people adrift to die. The fourth. and added his admiration for the Welsh actor. Bligh demoted another officer and promoted Christian. Both versions were produced by MGM. but he was brilliant and just had a lot of bad luck.” Gibson later expressed the opinion that film did not go far enough in correcting the historical record. The Mutiny of the Bounty was made in 1916. They should have made him the bad guy. And while they were on the Bounty.”[5] Gibson chose to suddenly erupt in violent emotion during the mutiny scene because eyewitness accounts had described Christian as 'extremely agitated' and 'sweating and crying. starred Marlon Brando. The second.freedoms that shouldn't have been taken advantage of. Charles Laughton and Franchot Tone. Captain Bligh was the bad guy and Fletcher Christian was the good guy. "The major difference between our film and the other versions is that none of the others pointed out that Bligh and Christian were friends. They exploited the people. "It was a kind of fresh look at Captain Bligh. What interested me was to explore how their relationship deteriorated from that point to where Christian leads a mutiny against Bligh. and I think of all the renditions of who Bligh was. He’s a moral man. who was at that stage nothing but a midshipman. In the Wake of the Bounty (1933) was another Australian production."[4] The Bounty also paints a far less heroic portrait of Christian. and you could see this. I think we had the same attitudes. It was paradise in terms of personal freedoms . starring Errol Flynn in his film debut. He shouldn't have done it.

stating. The actual log. it is by no means perfect in its historical accuracy. [11] . Despite the praise the film has received for correcting some of the mythology of previous versions."[9] Vincent Canby of the New York Times expressed the opposite view stating "Both Bligh and Christian are unfinished characters in a screenplay that may or may not have been tampered with. high-spirited and intelligent. especially given its distinguished cast. many were disappointed with the film. • The Bounty's logbook is shown with the title "H.. her log" on the front cover and on the first page before Bligh makes an entry dated 23 December 1787 recording the first day at sea. and Cape of Good Hope. but something of a production triumph as well.M. However. Many critics singled out Gibson's performance as bland. Bounty. Critical response The film received mixed reviews. Bligh had strict orders[8] to take his cargo of breadfruit plants from the Society Islands to Jamaica via the Endeavour Strait. "this Bounty is not only a wonderful movie. In reality Hood did preside at the court martial of the alleged mutineers in 1792 but not at Bligh's in 1790. now in the State Library of New South Wales. It's totally lifeless.A.''The Bounty'' 126 Historical errors Advisor Stephan Walters was responsible for much of the film’s great attention to historical detail.. many liking the film for realism and historical accuracy as well as being an entertaining film. Sunda Strait. particularly when compared to the performances given by Clark Gable and Marlon Brando in the two earlier MGM versions.V.The movie seems to have been planned. • Admiral Hood is shown presiding at Bligh's court martial for the loss of the Bounty at a location presumably intended to represent the Admiralty building. To attempt the homeward journey via Cape Horn would have endangered the cargo of tropical plants due to the near Antarctic temperatures to be encountered en-route. In addition both courts martial were actually held aboard warships at anchor. Roger Ebert gave the film a very impressive review. written. director Roger Donaldson also noted that dramatic license was taken in the areas where people do not know what really happened. shot and edited by people who were constantly being overruled by other people.[10] The film was entered into the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. 1787. has only 'Bounty's Log' in Bligh's hand on the spine and begins with 'Remarks at Deptford' describing preparations for the voyage with the first daily entry being the initial unsuccessful attempt to leave Spithead on 1 Dec.[7] • The plot device of the mutiny being triggered by Bligh's decision to make a second attempt to round Cape Horn and hence circumnavigate the globe is non historical. and to embark additional useful plants en route. acted. • Australia is mentioned in the dialogue even though it would be more than a decade before Matthew Flinders would promote that name for what was then known as New Holland. However.

Michael Fleming (July 2000). Bob Thomas (4 May 1984). org/ etext/ 15411). commanded by Lieutenant William Bligh" (http:/ / www.Papers relating to HMS Bounty.review of 1935. [11] "Festival de Cannes: The Bounty" (http:/ / www. for the purpose of conveying the bread-fruit tree to the West Indies. au/ item/ itemdetailpaged. “The Bounty” Sails Again". Joan Goodman (December 1984). "William Bligh .com. . [8] "A Voyage to the South Sea. http:/ / movies. "Mel Gibson". bfi. "Buoyed by Fresh Insight. com/ movie/ review?_r=1& res=9C05E6D9143AF937A35756C0A962948260& oref=slogin. festival-cannes. Associated Press.htm) . uk/ material.solarnavigator. Playgirl. 1962 and 1984 films • Movie stills (http://film.net/mutiny_on_the_bounty.com/work/6798) at Allmovie • Mutiny on the Bounty (http://www. com/ apps/ pbcs. Close Up.allmovie. "Mel Gibson: Living Dangerously". sl. Retrieved 22 June 2009. [9] "The Bounty" (http:/ / rogerebert. Retrieved 20 June 2008. nsw. Terry Poulton (Summer 1984).com/film. "Is Mel Gibson Australian or American?".imdb. .com. Chicago Sun-Times. nytimes.com/title/tt0086993/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Bounty (http://www. org.php?filmid=480) • Official website of the Replica HMS Bounty in Hong Kong (http://www. festival-cannes. suntimes. New York Times. gutenberg. undertaken by command of His Majesty. dll/ article?AID=/ 19840101/ REVIEWS/ 401010315/ 1023). .thebounty. gov. html). Retrieved 19 November 2008. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 1172/ year/ 1984.''The Bounty'' 127 References http:/ / lean. . in His Majesty's Ship the Bounty. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] External links • The Bounty (http://www.virtual-history. Movieline. aspx?itemid=414398). State Library of New South Wales" (http:/ / acms. php?theme=2& title=bounty Stephen Farber (29 April 1984). [10] . "Mel’s Movies".hk) .

Joyce Blair and Richard Pasco.''Arch of Triumph (tele-movie)'' 128 Arch of Triumph (tele-movie) Arch of Triumph (1985 film) DVD cover Directed by Produced by Waris Hussein Mort Abrahamson Peter Graham Scott John Newland Charles E. This version was directed by Waris Hussein and produced by Mort Abrahamson. It is a remake of the 1948 film of the same name with Ingrid Bergman and Charles Boyer. Israel Erich Maria Remarque (novel) Anthony Hopkins Lesley-Anne Down Donald Pleasence Georges Delerue Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Bob Edwards Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Harlech Television (HTV) 1985 94 minutes United Kingdom English Arch of Triumph is a 1985 British made-for-television film by Harlech Television. The film stars Anthony Hopkins. Lesley-Anne Down and Donald Pleasence with Frank Finlay. author of All Quiet on the Western Front. Peter Graham Scott and John Newland. In the film. Both films are based on the novel Arch of Triumph by Erich Maria Remarque. The adaptation was by Charles E. Joan Madou (Lesley-Anne Down) sings J'attendrai. the music score by Georges Delerue and the cinematography by Bob Edwards. . Israel.

loopholes. he was being missed by a date. It turns out he had been cheating on Jackie. and the elusive watertight alibi. This is what Arthur wanted. Deep in his own imagination. There is no hope for Arthur now. archive. and she is shot dead. In 1939 he is living in Paris. constantly aware of the risk of being arrested. Arthur. all evidence points to him now. testified it was only an accident. They realize the gravity of the situation and immediately put together their own scheme to do away with him and make it look like suicide. the only witness. is an Austrian doctor who helped Jews escape from the Nazi regime. He was tortured in a concentration camp. through in his mind. His imagination works overtime for the duration of the film as he arranges and rearranges scheme after scheme to kill Louise. on one of Paris bridges over the Seine. but it was an accident.''Arch of Triumph (tele-movie)'' 129 Plot Ravic (Anthony Hopkins). poking holes in what was supposed to be a foolproof scheme. which could require that he pay a large sum in alimony. and while Louise was trying to murder him. as he plays each murder. pointing out the flaws in the plan. so suicide was out of the question. Video Release: Format: DVD Publisher: Digiview Productions . In exchange for not having to pay alimony. shoots him dead. As a defense attorney. He escapes unscathed. At night. The film is a drama. Then he stops imagining things. Eventually his mistress Jackie Willis (Swoosie Kurtz) puts two and two together and confronts Louise in secret. He shot his wife. he will not bring the matter to court with the cassette as evidence. This is the start of a romance. or the subsequent trial. a woman about to (possibly) attempt suicide. produced by CBS Entertainment. Plot Arthur's marital difficulties with his wife Louise (Blythe Danner) suggest divorce. with as many twists and turns as Arthur's own conniving mind. com/ title/ tt0088734/ [2] http:/ / www. what jury would possibly believe it? Case closed. Arthur was recording the whole situation to cassette. he is familiar with both the courts and the minds of criminals. a brief struggle ensues. sort of. Louise is hysterical. there really is no evidence on his side. her plan was supposed to work! She chases him with the gun. and helps her. albeit at gunpoint. and phones Jackie to inform her that the deed is done. he bounces ideas off of himself (a double played by Donegan Smith). searching for problems. However. if Jackie. imdb. org/ details/ ArchOfTriumph Guilty Conscience (film) Guilty Conscience is a 1985 American TV movie. External links • Arch of Triumph [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Arch of Triumph [2] available for free download at the Internet Archive [more] References [1] http:/ / www. The cassette was only a bluff. Ravic meets Joan Madou (Lesley-Anne Down). takes control of the situation. but also a mystery. under a false name and without any documents. and Louise arrives home. starring Anthony Hopkins as criminal defense attorney Arthur Jamison. directed by David Greene.

It originally aired on HBO in September 1985. Mussolini's wife Barbara De Rossi as Claretta Petacci. Merano. Bolzano. mistress. Verona. Military Governor and Supreme SS and Police Leader of Northern Italy Harald Dietl as Otto Skorzeny. led Operation Oak to rescue Mussolini from Campo Imperatore Dietlinde Turban as Frau Beetz.Guilty Conscience (film) Catalog Reference Number: MV5-A Video Released: 2004 NTSC. Foreign Minister of the Third Reich Carlheinz Heitmann as Karl Wolff. The film starts just before World War II and shows the political and personal side of Benito Mussolini aka Il Duce's fall from power until his death and the end of the war. com/ title/ tt0089239/ Mussolini and I Mussolini and I is a 4 hour docu-drama that was made for television. It is divided into 4 segments for a total of 240 minutes and was released by Koch Entertainment Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bob Hoskins as Benito Mussolini Susan Sarandon as Edda Ciano. Filming was also done at the well known Villa Torlonia and Palazzo Venezia. All filming was done in Italy. Most of the film is based on the diaries of Ciano. and admiration of Hitler. Mussolini's mistress Massimo Dapporto as Vittorio Mussolini. including northern Italy's Gargnano. It was released on a 2 disc DVD in August 2003. born as Hildegard Burkhardt. It is about Italy's fascist regime leader Benito Mussolini. she was a German agent who visited Galeazzo in prison and tried to help him Ted Rusoff as Francesco Saverio Nitti David-George Brown as Giuseppe Castellano Gianni Pulone as Enzo Galbiati Stefano De Sando as Dino Grandi Luciano Baglioni as Carlo Scorza Franco Meroni as Giuseppe Bottai Leslie Thomas as Emilio De Bono Piero Palermini as Roberto Farinacci Robert Sommer as Giacomo Suardo Franco Mazzieri as Giovanni Marinelli . Rome and L'Aquila. friend of Galeazzo's and leader of the Republican Fascist Party Kurt Raab as Adolf Hitler Marne Maitland as King Victor Emmanuel III Hans-Dieter Asner as Joachim von Ribbentrop. It was directed by Alberto Negrin. imdb. wife. and in central Italy. daughter. son of Mussolini Vittorio Mezzogiorno as Alessandro Pavolini. son in-law of Mussolini Annie Girardot as Rachele Mussolini. It delves into Il Duce's relationship with his son in-law. Encoded for ALL regions 130 External links • Guilty Conscience [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. daughter of Mussolini Anthony Hopkins as Count Galeazzo Ciano.

Mussolini and I • Ulrich Engst as Major Otto-Harald Mors 131 External links • Mussolini and I [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0089645/ .

and Michael Byrne. It also included Stephen Fry's first film role.''The Good Father'' 132 The Good Father The Good Father Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Mike Newell Ann Scott Peter Prince Christopher Hampton Anthony Hopkins Jim Broadbent Harriet Walter Frances Viner Simon Callow Richard Hartley Music by Cinematography Michael Coulter Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Peter Hollywood Mainline Pictures November. Simon Callow is the unscrupulous solicitor. Harriet Walter. 1985 90 min United Kingdom English The Good Father is a 1985 British film directed by Mike Newell and starring Anthony Hopkins. . Simon Callow. Fanny Viner. Jim Broadbent. Joanne Whalley. The script was based on Peter Prince's novel of the same title. The movie was made for British TV and received a theatrical release in the US. Anthony Hopkins is a father who loses custody of his child and takes out his anger by befriending Jim Broadbent's character and funding the latter's court case to regain his child's custody.

com/ title/ tt0093103/ .''The Good Father'' 133 External links • The Good Father [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. imdb.

and food parcels to compensate for post-World War II food . the bookshop staff. A long distance friendship evolves over time. Although the play has only two characters. She contacts the shop and chief buyer and manager Frank Doel fulfills her requests. including birthday gifts.486 (US) 84 Charing Cross Road is a 1987 British/American drama film directed by David Hugh Jones.083. in search of obscure classics and British literature titles she has been unable to find in New York City. which itself was an adaptation of the 1970 epistolary memoir of the same name by Helene Hanff. not only between the two but between Hanff and other staff members as well. holiday packages. Plot In 1949 Helene Hanff. 1987 (Australia) 100 minutes United Kingdom/United States English $1.''84 Charing Cross Road (film)'' 134 84 Charing Cross Road (film) 84 Charing Cross Road Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by David Hugh Jones Mel Brooks Geoffrey Helman Hugh Whitemore Based on the play by James Roose-Evans adapted from the book by Helene Hanff Anne Bancroft Anthony Hopkins George Fenton Cinematography Brian West Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Chris Wimble Brooksfilms Columbia Pictures February 13. The screenplay by Hugh Whitemore is based on a play by James Roose-Evans. a compilation of letters between herself and Frank Doel dating from 1949 to 1968. notices an ad in the Saturday Review of Literature placed by antiquarian booksellers Marks & Co located at the titular address in London. the dramatis personae for the film were expanded to include Hanff's Manhattan friends. 1987 (United States) April 30. and Doel's wife Nora.

Hanff postpones visiting her English friends until too late: Doel dies in December 1968 and the bookshop eventually closes. Soho Square. and Saint Thomas Church. which was based on a best-selling book. St James's. . I should know. White Hart Lane in Tottenham. and the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. . She would have loved this movie. Reception Critical response In his review in the New York Times. . too. in the process creating one of her most memorable characterizations. the Brooklyn Dodgers. . Trafalgar Square. and suburban Richmond. Smith-Cameron as Ginny Production The film was shot on location in London and New York City. Miss Fiske . She never had to talk to me about the love of books because she simply exuded it and I absorbed it. "The film is based on a hit London and New York play. was the librarian at the Urbana Free Library when I was growing up ."[3] . and a stack of cinnamon toast from which the crusts have been removed. But Miss Fiske is gone now. a movie of such unrelieved genteelness that it makes one long to head for Schrafft's for a double-gin martini. I suspect. Sitting next to her. one of the most notable being Anne Bancroft's fantastic performance in the leading role . Westminster."[2] Variety described it as "an appealing film on several counts. and I found it pretty slow-going on my own. She finally visits Charing Cross Road and the vacant shop in the summer of 1971. . that already is a series of miracles. I would have loved it. Vincent Canby called it "a movie guaranteed to put all teeth on edge . and I still don't think the basic idea is sound . Their correspondence includes discussions about topics as diverse as the sermons of John Donne.''84 Charing Cross Road (film)'' shortages in England. how to make Yorkshire Pudding. . Manhattan settings include Central Park. . 135 Principal cast • • • • • • • • • • Anne Bancroft as Helene Hanff Anthony Hopkins as Frank Doel Judi Dench as Nora Doel Maurice Denham as George Martin Eleanor David as Cecily Farr Mercedes Ruehl as Kay Daniel Gerroll as Brian Wendy Morgan as Megan Wells Ian McNeice as Bill Humphries J. Madison Avenue. And yet there are people who are pushovers for this material. . I read the book and I saw the play and now I am reviewing the movie. Given the thin and unlikely subject matter. . [She] brings Helene Hanff alive in all her dimensions. London settings include Buckingham Palace. ."[1] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed. Interiors were filmed at Lee International Studios and Shepperton Studios in Surrey. straight up.

variety.''84 Charing Cross Road (film)'' 136 Box office In its opening weekend in the U.S. the film grossed $24. Whitemore and Helene Hanff shared the first USC Scripter Award for their contributions to the screenplay.imdb. and Hugh Whitemore for BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.083.[4] Awards and nominations Anne Bancroft won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role. boxofficemojo.350 at one theater. The total U.com/title/tt0090570/) at the Internet Movie Database .S. Judi Dench was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role. suntimes. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) 84 Charing Cross Road at BoxOfficeMojo. References [1] [2] [3] [4] New York Times review (http:/ / movies.486. Anthony Hopkins was named Best Actor.com (http:/ / www. and David Hugh Jones was nominated for the Golden Prize for his direction. com/ movie/ review?res=9B0DE1D6113DF930A25751C0A961948260) Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. htm) External links • 84 Charing Cross Road (http://www. nytimes. box office was $1. com/ review/ VE1117790662. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ movies/ ?id=84charingcrossroad. At the Moscow International Film Festival. dll/ article?AID=/ 19870327/ REVIEWS/ 703270301/ 1023) Variety review (http:/ / www.

Jean Simmons and Rebecca Pidgeon. the two develop a relationship. with whom she’s desperately in love. Over the course of the film. when Barrie comes up to her. It is her birthday. Hugh Grant. Nancy goes down to the beach. 97 minutes United Kingdom English The Dawning is a 1988 British film. as a result of Harry’s behaviour with another girl and the way he treats Nancy. The Old Jest which depicts the Irish War of Independence through the eyes of the Anglo-Irish landlord class. walking through hills. burns all her books in happiness. to tea. through her company Lawson Productions. It starred Anthony Hopkins. she realises that her love for Harry was nothing more than childish infatuation. She leaves a note requesting that it be left alone. Plot The film opens with Angus Barrie (Anthony Hopkins). However. One day. and her aunt (Jean Simmons) has invited over Harry (Hugh Grant). and coming to rest on a beach. Meanwhile. where there is a little hut. and notices that her hut has been slept in. during the course of the film. an Irish Republican Army member.''The Dawning'' 137 The Dawning The Dawning DVD cover Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Robert Knights Sarah Lawson Jennifer Johnston (novel) Bernard MacLaverty Anthony Hopkins Rebecca Pidgeon Hugh Grant Jean Simmons Adrian Dunbar Simon May Music by Cinematography Adrian Biddle Editing by Distributed by Running time Country Language Max Lemon TVS Television The Vista Organisation Ltd. despite her not really knowing and understanding his job: he is one of the first people that . based on Jennifer Johnston's novel. she is on the beach reading. Soon after. Nancy Gulliver (Rebecca Pidgeon) having just left school. and was produced by Sarah Lawson.

''The Dawning'' became part of a group named the IRA. she runs to the cottage on the beach where Cassius was staying to tell him to flee. and ask her if she knows where Cassius is.BritFest 2). Incidentally. Tweedie Production The Dawning was filmed in Ireland in the mid-1980s. much to Nancy's distress.[1] [2] Actors Anthony Hopkins and Hugh Grant reunited five years later in 8 Academy Award-nominated film The Remains of the Day. She denies any knowledge. he died shortly after production ended. it was Rebecca Pidgeon's first feature film. considerably older and wiser than when the film started. Carroll Joan O'Hara as Maurya Charmian May as Celia Brabazon Ann Way as George Brabazon Mark O'Regan as Joe Mulhare Brendan Laird as Tommy Roche Adrian Dunbar as Capt. The film ends with Nancy back at home. The film was shown at the AFI/Los Angeles International Film Festival (New British Cinema .k. a light shines on them: the RIC has found him.I.C. Rankin Geoffrey Greenhill as Cpl. The police officers' suspicion is aroused when Nancy's grandfather (played by Trevor Howard) says he saw her talking to a man on the beach. and the film was dedicated to him. Angus Barrie Rebecca Pidgeon as Nancy Gulliver Jean Simmons as Aunt Mary Trevor Howard as Grandfather Tara MacGowran as Maeve Hugh Grant as Harry Nicholas Fitzsimons as Slain Soldier Ronnie Masterson as Bridie John Rogan as Mr. As they walk out. Later that day. When they leave.a. largely on location in Ireland. only to find that he has already packed. and dubs him "Cassius" ("because you have a mean and hungry look!") After Cassius asks her to pass on a message to a colleague. and Trevor Howard's final film. Despite having contributed largely to the production. and is on the run from the government. Nevertheless. comes to see Nancy. (Howard had made an earlier IRA film in 1946. she grows fond of Barrie. winning two prizes). He is gunned down.) It was also Jean Simmons' first feature film for nearly ten years. several constables of the Royal Irish Constabulary are gunned down at a horse race show. the Cannes Film Festival (for market purposes). where it was successful. 138 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Cassius a. Bernard MacLaverty was uncredited as a screenwriter. the R. and at the Montreal World Film Festival (in competition. . the classic I See a Dark Stranger.

[4] Awards and nominations • Montréal World Film Festival (1988) • won Jury Prize Robert Knights[5] [6] • won Prize of the Ecumenical Jury . timeout. com..Robert Knights[5] [7] • Austin Texas International Film Festival (1988) • Won best picture award References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] The Dawning .[3] China Daily noted that Hopkins had played his character "wonderfully". ffm-montreal.Archives (http:/ / www. org/ palmares/ en_1988. org/ palmares/ en_1988. imdb. html?dataSet=1) The Dawning trivia at Movies.''The Dawning'' 139 Critical reception The Dawning was received largely positively by the critics.com/title/tt0094955/) at the Internet Movie Database ..com (http:/ / movies. html) IMDb . com/ film/ reviews/ 65010/ the-dawning. its main strength lies in the performances" and mentioning that Rebecca Pidgeon had given a "remarkable debut". chinadaily. com/ moviescommunity/ tidbits?movieid=808673) Time Out Review (http:/ / www. com/ profiles/ Film/ main/ 111541/ The Dawning.Variety details (http:/ / www. variety. describing the film as "solidly crafted .Archives (http:/ / www. go. com/ title/ tt0094955/ awards) [6] <Montreal Film Festival Official Website . html) [7] <Montreal Film Festival Official Website .Special Mention .Awards and Nominations (http:/ / www. ffm-montreal. will a five star review from Time Out. cn/ star/ 2004/ 0115/ wh-event.imdb. html) DVD reviews (http:/ / app1. html) External links • The Dawning (http://www.

He rapidly progresses through the ranks to become the male lead. while simultaneously conducting liaisons with several of the female cast.''A Chorus of Disapproval'' 140 A Chorus of Disapproval A Chorus of Disapproval Original window card Directed by Written by Starring Michael Winner Alan Ayckbourn Michael Winner Jeremy Irons Anthony Hopkins Prunella Scales Jenny Seagrove Sylvia Syms John Du Prez Music by Cinematography Alan Jones Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Chris Barnes Michael Winner Curzon Films 1988 105 minutes United Kingdom English A Chorus of Disapproval is a 1988 British film adapted from the Alan Ayckbourn play of the same title. as he joins an amateur operatic society that is putting on The Beggar's Opera. Guy Jones. Richard Briers. The story follows a young widower. directed by Michael Winner. Jeremy Irons. and Alexandra Pigg. . Among the movie's cast are Anthony Hopkins.

com/work/9457) at Allmovie .allmovie.imdb.''A Chorus of Disapproval'' 141 Cast and characters • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jeremy Irons – Guy Jones Anthony Hopkins – Dafydd Ap Llewellyn Prunella Scales – Hannah Ap Llewellyn Jenny Seagrove – Fay Hubbard Sylvia Syms – Rebecca Huntley-Pike Gareth Hunt – Ian Hubbard Patsy Kensit – Linda Washbrook Lionel Jeffries – Jarvis Huntley-Pike Alexandra Pigg – Bridget Baines Richard Briers – Ted Washbrook Barbara Ferris – Enid Washbrook Pete Lee-Wilson – Crispin Usher Dave King – Mr. Bawden References External links • A Chorus of Disapproval (http://www.com/title/tt0094871/) at the Internet Movie Database • A Chorus of Disapproval (http://www. Ames Amanda Mainard – Woman in Theater Dinah May – Girl at Work Anne Priestley – Hilda Shaw Audrey Trotter – Mrs.

Nothing came of it and the rights were offered for sale by MGM in 1983.R44 T4 1985b The Tenth Man (1985) is a short novel by British novelist Graham Greene. Background In the introduction to the First edition of his novel[2] Graham Greene states that he had forgotten about this story until receiving a letter about it from a stranger in 1983. Greene had first suggested it as an idea for a film script in 1937. The buyer (Anthony Blond) allowed Greene to revise and subsequently publish the work. and later developed it whilst working for MGM during the 1940s.''The Tenth Man'' 142 The Tenth Man The Tenth Man Author Country Language Genre(s) Publisher Publication date Media type Pages ISBN OCLC Number Dewey Decimal Graham Greene United Kingdom English Thriller novel The Bodley Head and Anthony Blond 1 January 1985 Print (Hardback & Paperback) 158 pp ISBN 0-370-30831-X 11351816 [1] 823/.912 19 LC Classification PR6013. Greene also writes of this novel that "I prefer it in many ways to The Third Man" (Greene 1985:10) .

Finally in Part IV. He offers all his money to anyone who will take his place. as well as being adapted for the stage at the New End Theatre in 1994. Characters Louis Chavel. Chavel becomes hysterical and desperately offers his entire wealth to any man willing to die in his place. In Part II. Charlot. Upon his release from prison the lawyer must face the consequences of his actions. com/ 2010/ 03/ the-tenth-man-by-graham-greene/ . His real name is Michel. lots are drawn to decide who will die.The protagonist who buys his life from Janvier. known as Janvier. He is apparently a wanted murderer. ISBN 0-370-30831-X. Thérèse.The "Tenth Man" to draw lots. Carosse. Carosse attempts to denounce Charlot. Film. he becomes their servant.A man who was also in the prison with Chavel that pretends to be Chavel by coming to the house. One of the three chosen by drawing lots is a rich lawyer named Chavel. set in prison. org/ oclc/ 11351816 [2] Greene. A young man. One of the men chosen is a rich lawyer. who claims to be Chavel. who seems to being dying of tuberculosis. also called Charlot Thérèse Mangeot. Part III sees the arrival of an impostor. having fallen in love with Thérèse. The Tenth Man (Hardcover ed. the war is over and Chavel is alive and free. In Part I. but virtually destitute. but achieves his lifelong goal of dying rich. TV or theatrical adaptations The book was turned into a movie starring Anthony Hopkins as Chavel and Kristin Scott Thomas as Therese. He returns to the house he sold for his life and finds it occupied by Janvier’s mother and sister. Assuming the false name Charlot.Janvier's sister who Chavel tries to use to get back his money and also to get redemption Janvier. It is decreed that one in every ten prisoners is to be executed. External links • A critical review of The Tenth Man [3] Footnotes [1] http:/ / worldcat.''The Tenth Man'' 143 Plot summary The story begins in a prison in Occupied France during World War II. and then goes back to work in his old house at St. and thinks he can use Chavel's name to steal the property that Chavel gave up. and thus is willing to sell his life in a trade with Chavel. the occupying German guards issue a decimation order to the thirty inmates.). United Kingdom: The Bodley Head and Anthony Blond. accepts his offer and is executed. [3] http:/ / reviewsindepth. win the favour of Thérèse and stake a claim on the property. Graham (1985). One man agrees. as a means of redemption from his earlier cowardice. named Carosse. The story comprises four parts. must save her from Carosse. He dies. Jean de Brinac.

But whereas Martita Hunt 'played Miss Havisham as a magisterial Queen Mary figure'. and adheres closely to Dickens' published ending. such as Orlick and Wopsle. running five hours. The result is more understandable plot development. played Miss Havisham in the 1989 version. Jean Simmons who had played Estella. Susan Franklyn as Biddy and Martin Harvey as young Pip. Having the same actress play Estella as a child and adult provided a smoother transition in following the character than in some adaptations. Drummle. Kim Thomson. allowed the restoration of significant characters omitted in other versions. Ray McAnally as Jaggers. Other key roles include John Rhys-Davies as Joe Gargery. (6 60-minute episodes) United Kingdom English Great Expectations is a 1989 British miniseries based on Charles Dickens' novel of the same title.S. The miniseries format. Kim Thomson as both young and adult Estella. This version takes relatively few liberties with characters and plot turns. enabled much more of the original story to be filmed than other versions. such as class striving and the values of character vs.[1] Jean Simmons. John Rhys-Davies. Miss Havisham and the adult Estella. Simmons saw Miss Havisham 'as a physically frail woman.' It has only been released in VHS form in the U. who played the role of the young Estella in the 1946 movie. wealth. it was first broadcast in 1991. Anthony Calf as the adult Pip. Anthony Calf. the exquisite young woman encouraged to break mens hearts by the bitter and reclusive Miss Havisham in David Leans film of 1946. such as Biddy. her hate and disappointment give her strength. Ray McAnally. Niven Boyd as Orlick.''Great Expectations (1989 film)'' 144 Great Expectations (1989 film) Great Expectations Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Kevin Connor Greg Smith Charles Dickens (novel) John Goldsmith Jean Simmons. Adam Blackwood as Herbert Pocket. Adam Blackwood. Anthony Hopkins as Abel Magwitch. and the better examination of the roles of other characters. and the revelation of themes of the work that tend to be obscured in shorter versions. . A six-part serial. returned here to Dickens late masterpiece. Anthony Hopkins Ken Thorne Cinematography Douglas Milsome Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Barry Peters Buena Vista Television 1989 303 min.

Ray McAnally Pip .Anthony Hopkins Miss Havisham .John Rhys Davies Mr Jaggers .John Quentin Mr Hubble .Kim Thomson Herbert .Niven Boyd Compeyson . 20-26 July 1991 External links • Great Expectations (http://www.Anthony Calf Estella .Martin Harvey Mrs Gargery .Rosemary McHale Orlick .Jean Simmons Joe Gargery .Preston Lockwood Mrs Hubble .imdb.Adam Blackwood Young Pip .''Great Expectations (1989 film)'' 145 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Magwitch .Frank Middlemass Mr Wopsle .com/title/tt0096601/) at the Internet Movie Database ..Eve Pearce References [1] Radio Times.Sean Arnold Uncle Pumplechook .

Bosworth goes screeching off into the sunset. play & screenplay) Lawrence Konner Mark Rosenthal (screenplay) Mickey Rourke Anthony Hopkins Mimi Rogers Lindsay Crouse Kelly Lynch David Mansfield Christopher Rouse Starring Music by Editing by Distributed by MGM Release date(s) October 5. Nancy sneaks a gun to Bosworth. and their partner. 1990 Running time Language 105 min. Only a friend of Nancy's impedes the escape.''Desperate Hours'' 146 Desperate Hours Desperate Hours Directed by Produced by Written by Michael Cimino Michael Cimino Dino De Laurentiis Joseph Hayes (novel. . Desperate Hours stars Mickey Rourke. Needing a hideout until Nancy can catch up with them. half-witted Albert (David Morse). Bosworth and Nancy slip away down a fire escape. the three settle on the home of decorated Vietnam veteran Tim Cornell (Anthony Hopkins) and Nora Cornell (Mimi Rogers). Plot In Utah. the hulking. Kelly Lynch. After Bosworth snaps a guard's neck.15-year-old May (Shawnee Smith) and her younger brother Zack (Danny Gerard). Joining his brother Wally (Elias Koteas). English Desperate Hours is a 1990 film. Mimi Rogers. when she literally bumps into Nancy. a remake of the 1955 William Wyler crime drama called The Desperate Hours. During a parole hearing. knocking her off her high heels. Lindsay Crouse and David Morse. so that Bosworth has to leave Nancy behind. a sociopathic convict. Anthony Hopkins. which was in turn based on the novel by Joseph Hayes. Nancy Breyers (Kelly Lynch) is a defense lawyer who is inexplicably in love with client Michael Bosworth (Mickey Rourke). who have two kids -.

He's right. php?id_film=6 http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0099409/ http:/ / www. Bosworth holds a gun on Nora and is prepared to use it if Tim interferes. who puts surveillance on her every move. and is fatally shot. where Bosworth ignores the FBI's order to surrender. com/ m/ 1030864-desperate_hours/ ) http:/ / www.With no suspense.[1] External links • Desperate Hours at the Internet Movie Database • Desperate Hours [3] at Unofficial french website [4] [2] references [1] [2] [3] [4] The Desperate Hours (1990) . Tim drags Bosworth outside. Critic and movie historian Leonard Maltin referred to the film this way: "Ludicrous." The film holds a 57% "rotten" rating on the reviews aggregation site Rottentomatoes. Tim and Nora decide not to get a divorce. Tim and Nora are in the process of getting a divorce. A friend of the Cornells visits the house by chance. Nancy eventually cuts a deal with Chandler to have charges against her reduced by betraying Bosworth and his men. He is unaware that Tim has removed the bullets. 147 Cast • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Tim Cornell Mickey Rourke as Michael Bosworth Mimi Rogers as Nora Cornell David Morse as Albert Lindsay Crouse as FBI Agent Chandler Kelly Lynch as Nancy Breyers Elias Koteas as Wally Bosworth Shawnee Smith as May Cornell Matt McGrath as Kyle Danny Gerard as Zack Cornell Reception The film.. Nancy acts an innocent victim of her client. and Wally is fatally shot. But the Cornells must work together to fight off Michael. Albert decides to go off on his own. imdb. an at-times-laughable music score. michaelcimino. and Albert. fr .Review on Rottentomatoes (http:/ / www. but does not fool FBI agent Brenda Chandler (Lindsay Crouse). The house is surrounded that night.''Desperate Hours'' Bosworth is attracted to the house because the "For Sale" sign out front indicates to him a home in trouble. fr/ film-michael-cimino.. and Shawnee Smith as a daughter/victim you'll beg to see cold-cocked. directed by Michael Cimino. was a commercial disappointment and received split reviews. so Bosworth shoots him. Wally. rottentomatoes. and is killed by FBI agents on a river bank. michaelcimino.

played by Hopkins.922 Manhunter Hannibal The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 American film that blends elements of the crime and horror genres.742. a young FBI trainee played by Foster. It is based on the novel of the same name by Thomas Harris. Anthony Hopkins. Scott Glenn. Clarice Starling. to help apprehend another serial killer.[2] It was directed by Jonathan Demme and stars Jodie Foster. a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer. Hannibal Lecter. seeks the advice of the imprisoned serial killer and cannibal Hannibal Lecter. known only as "Buffalo . his second to feature Dr. 1991 118 minutes United States English $19 million [1] $272.''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' 148 The Silence of the Lambs (film) The Silence of the Lambs Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Jonathan Demme Kenneth Utt Edward Saxon Ron Bozman Ted Tally The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris Jodie Foster Anthony Hopkins Scott Glenn Ted Levine Howard Shore Screenplay by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Tak Fujimoto Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Craig McKay Orion Pictures February 14. In the film. and Ted Levine.

. a former psychiatrist and incarcerated cannibalistic serial killer. Lecter refuses Starling's pleas for the truth. 1991. She telephones Crawford to inform him that Buffalo Bill is trying to fashion a "woman suit" of real skin. after their conversation is interrupted by Chilton and the police who escort her from the building. whom he dislikes. Lecter agrees and is flown to Memphis where he reveals personal information on Buffalo Bill to federal agents. as she believes everything he stated was false. Some time later at Starling's FBI Academy graduation party. Lecter then hangs up the phone. Though Lecter denies killing this man.S. As the manhunt begins. In light of Buffalo Bill's recent abduction of a U. also known as fool's gold). Lecter kills his two guards. As she is leaving. She returns to Lecter. Frederick Chilton to Lecter's solitary quarters. Lecter begins a game of quid pro quo with Starling. but Crawford is already en route to make an arrest. Crawford authorizes Starling to offer Lecter a fake deal promising a prison transfer if he provides information that helps find Buffalo Bill and rescue the abductee. He assures her that he does not plan to pursue her and asks her to show him the same courtesy. Starling travels to the Baltimore State Hospital for the Criminally Insane. Lecter.''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' Bill". She tells him how she was orphaned. Starling is led to the house of "Jack Gordon". who tells her that the man is linked to Buffalo Bill. Chilton secretly records the conversation and reveals Starling's deal as a sham before offering to transfer Lecter in exchange for a deal of Chilton's own making. Starling travels to the victim's hometown and discovers that Buffalo Bill was a tailor. escapes from his cell and disappears. Lecter gives her the case files on Buffalo Bill. where she is led by Dr. senator's daughter. who is fleeing since Lecter is at large. and begins following a newly arrived Chilton. Later that evening. something she was advised not to do. After turning off the basement lights. Starling visits Lecter at his special cell in a Tennessee courthouse and confronts him with her decryption of the name he provided ("Louis Friend". with dresses and dress patterns identical to the patches of skin removed from each of his victims. Gumb stalks Starling in the dark with night-vision goggles but gives his position away when he cocks his revolver and is shot to death by Starling. Starling analyzes Lecter's annotations to the case files and realizes that Buffalo Bill's first victim knew him personally before he killed her. an anagram of "iron sulfide". Although initially pleasant and courteous. he offers to profile Buffalo Bill if he can be transferred away from Chilton. Best Actress. This leads her to a storage shed where she discovers a man's severed head. having cross-referenced Lecter's notes with a hospital's archives and finding a man named Jame Gumb who once applied for a sex-change operation. it received much critical acclaim. calls Starling back and tells her to seek out an old patient of his. 149 Plot Clarice Starling is pulled from her training at the FBI Academy at Quantico. offering comprehensive clues and insights about Buffalo Bill in exchange for events from Starling's childhood. The film won the top five Academy Awards: Best Picture. Virginia. Starling continues interviewing friends of Buffalo Bill's first victim while Crawford leads an FBI tactical team to Gumb's address in Illinois. and forces her to recount her traumatic childhood. When The Silence of the Lambs was released on February 14. she receives a phone call from Lecter. who considers discourtesy "unspeakably ugly". believing Lecter's insight might be useful in the pursuit of a serial killer nicknamed "Buffalo Bill" (Levine) who skins his female victims' corpses. saying he's "having an old friend for dinner". Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay. He tasks her with interviewing Hannibal Lecter. Best Actor. Instead. where she discovered a lamb slaughterhouse and failed in an attempt to rescue one of the lambs. She pursues him into his multi-room basement. who she realizes is actually Jame Gumb. relocated to a relative's farm. one of the prisoners flicks semen at her. who is at an airport in Bimini. where she discovers the senator's daughter alive. which she says she cannot do. Lecter grows impatient with Starling's attempts at "dissecting" him and rebuffs her. by Jack Crawford (Glenn) of the Bureau's Behavioral Science Unit. but traumatized and trapped in a dry well.

Robert De Niro. Tate Alex Coleman as Sgt.[6] and has since recognized the film as a "horror masterpiece". Dustin Hoffman. Response Critical Anthony Hopkins and Jodie Foster garnered much acclaim for their portrayals of Hannibal Lecter and Clarice Starling. MGM (which bought Orion in 1997) currently holds the rights. who also wished to direct. alongside such classics as Nosferatu. Boyle Danny Darst as Sgt. and Halloween. even though Hopkins' screen time is only a little more than 16 minutes. Hannibal Lecter Scott Glenn as Jack Crawford Ted Levine as Jame Gumb. Ruth Martin Charles Napier as Lt. he later changed his mind. Jack Nicholson. the other being . Michelle Pfeiffer was offered the role of Clarice Starling. Anthony Hopkins and Jodie Foster also received praise for their performances.[7] However.[3] According to Jonathan Demme. but turned it down. "(It was) a difficult decision. Rotten Tomatoes records that The Silence of the Lambs received a 96 percent positive response from critics. later saying. Gene Siskel. Other actors offered or considered for the role: Sean Connery.''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' 150 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jodie Foster as Clarice Starling Anthony Hopkins as Dr. Melanie Griffith.[4] The Silence of the Lambs was a sleeper hit that only gradually gained widespread success. and Meg Ryan. Bimmel Masha Skorobogatov as Young Clarice Starling Pre-production Casting The role of Dr Hannibal Lecter was originally to be played by Gene Hackman. there were 300 applicants for the role of Clarice Starling. the film is also notable for being one of two multi-Oscar winners disapproved of by Ebert's colleague. including Geena Davis. Psycho.[5] The film ultimately received widespread critical acclaim. "Buffalo Bill" Anthony Heald as Frederick Chilton Brooke Smith as Catherine Martin Kasi Lemmons as Ardelia Mapp Frankie Faison as Barney Matthews Diane Baker as Sen. but I got nervous about the subject matter". Jim Pembry Dan Butler as Roden Paul Lazar as Pilcher Ron Vawter as Paul Krendler Roger Corman as FBI Director Hayden Burke Chris Isaak as SWAT Commander Harry Northup as Mr. Production The Silence of the Lambs was distributed by Orion Pictures. and Robert Duvall. Roger Ebert specifically mentioned the "terrifying qualities" of Hannibal Lecter.

100 Movies . Jodie Foster 2. Anthony Hopkins 3.#65 • AFI's 100 Years. Best Director (Demme) and Best Adapted Screenplay (Ted Tally). Edward Saxon. Anthony Hopkins 2.[8] 151 Box office Domestic Box Office Opening Weekend % of Total Gross Close Date Total U.[10] In 2006 at the Key Art Awards.814 10. Jonathan Demme 4.[11] The Silence of the Lambs placed seventh on Bravo's 100 Scariest Movie Moments for Lecter's infamous escape scene. Bozman 5. Best Actress (Foster).''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' Unforgiven. Kenneth Utt. Ted Tally received an Edgar Award for Best Motion Picture Screenplay.. 100 Thrills .922 Awards and honors Academy Awards record 1.[12] American Film Institute recognition • AFI's 100 Years. Best Actor.5% 10 October 1991 $130. with Vincent Price presenting the award to the film's executive producer Gary Goetzman..742. 100 Heroes and Villains: . Gross $13. The film was awarded Best Horror Film of the Year during the 2nd Horror Hall of Fame telecast. the film was listed as one of the 100 greatest movies in the past 100 years by the American Film Institute. Best Picture.[9] In 1998. Best Actor.766.. Demme was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for best director. Best Actor (Hopkins). Ted Tally Golden Globe Awards record 1.. Ronald M. Jodie Foster BAFTA Awards record 1. Best Actress. CHI Awards and PEO Awards.#5 • AFI's 100 Years. The American Film Institute named Hannibal Lecter (as portrayed by Hopkins) the number one film villain of all time[12] and Clarice Starling (as portrayed by Foster) the sixth greatest film hero of all time.. Best Actress. The film was nominated as best film by the BAFTA Awards (British Academy of Film and Television Arts).S. Best Adapted Screenplay. the original poster for The Silence of the Lambs was named best film poster "of the past 35 years". Best Actress..922 Worldwide Box Office Total Worldwide Gross $272. Best Director. Jodie Foster The film won five major Academy Awards: Best Picture. Other awards include best picture from the National Board of Review.742.

20009786.. org/ web/ 20070312005001/ http:/ / www. [. ISBN 0415905761. salon. Retrieved 4 February 2010. com/ apps/ pbcs. [15] The Silence of the Lambs: Collector's Edition | DVD Review | Entertainment Weekly (http:/ / www. . Not the Playboy centerfold.Villain #1 • 2005. 100 Movies (http:/ / www. com/ entertainment/ movies/ film_salon/ 2010/ 09/ 10/ movie_heresy_slide_show/ slideshow. 2007 at the Wayback Machine. [3] The Barbara Walters Special. imdb. com/ hr/ search/ article_display. Routledge. Janann Sherman. aspx) Accessed 14 March 2007. but it was about the evisceration.. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002690024) Hollywood Reporter. REVIEW (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ movies. . James (1992). Archived (http:/ / web.[13] [14] Director Demme's next project was the 1992 AIDS-related drama Philadelphia. html). 62. hollywoodreporter. com/ ). afi. [14] "The events that shaped the under-30 mind — a new generation of successful gays and lesbians" (http:/ / findarticles. 1992 [4] "Oscar fast facts" (http:/ / didyouknow."[16] References [1] IMDb Box office/ Business Information for The Silence of the Lambs (http:/ / www. Univ.. html?res=9F0CE7DE1439F93BA15751C0A965958260& sec=& spon=& pagewanted=all). JT Film Review.#74 152 Accusations of homophobia and sexism Upon its release.00. dll/ article?AID=/ 20010218/ REVIEWS08/ 102180301/ 1023) [8] Turpin. REVIEW (http:/ / rogerebert. wordpress. aspx) Accessed 14 March 2007. I'm not denying the movie was an artistic triumph. archive.[15] In a 1992 interview with Playboy magazine...Hero #6 • Dr.. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ movies. "Unforgiven" (http:/ / jatufilmrev. . com/ gst/ fullpage. the skinning alive of women. 56. [6] Roger Ebert (1991). com/ apps/ pbcs.''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' • Clarice Starling . "I thought it was absolutely outrageous that The Silence of the Lambs won four Oscars. suntimes.] I'm not saying that the movie shouldn't have been shown. . archive. reprinted in full in Interviews with Betty Friedan. Press of Mississippi. dll/ article?AID=/ 19910214/ REVIEWS/ 102140301/ 1023) [7] Roger Ebert (2001). Jim (1992). 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Hannibal Lecter . "Trash-talking nine classic movies: "The Silence of the Lambs"" (http:/ / www. retrieved 7 October 2007 [12] AFI 100 Years. afi. .. 100 Movie Quotes . AFI's 100 Years.#21 • "A census taker once tried to test me. Salon. That is what I find offensive. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ handv. aspx) March 12. 51-54. [5] Collins. afi. com/ tvevents/ 100years/ handv. 2002. The New York Times. org/ web/ 20070305225428/ http:/ / www. The Silence of the Lambs was criticized by members of the gay community for what they perceived as another in a long line of negative on-screen portrayals of LGBT characters. ISBN 1-57806-480-5. html) [16] Interview of Friedan by David Sheff Playboy September 1992. 149. pp. google. 100 Heroes and Villains (http:/ / www. afi. nytimes. suntimes.. American Broadcast Company. 60. ew. which featured a homosexual as one of the main protagonists.. Film Theory Goes to the Movies (http:/ / books. p. "From Visions of Paradise to Hell on Earth" (http:/ / query. 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) . . . ed.. com/ ew/ article/ 0." • AFI's 100 Years. Jeffrey (28 February 1993). aspx) March 5. [13] Schmalz. com/ title/ tt0102926/ business) Retrieved 14 March 2007 [2] Matt Zoller Seitz (2010-09-10). Retrieved 2010-09-12. org/ fastfacts/ oscars/ ). com/ p/ articles/ mi_m1589/ is_n739-40/ ai_20139080). [11] "Sin City" place to be at Ket Art Awards (http:/ / www. Archived (http:/ / web. 35. [9] 2nd Annual Horror Hall of Fame Telecast. notable feminist and women's rights advocate Betty Friedan stated.. 58. I ate his liver with some fava beans and a nice Chianti. 1991 [10] AFI's 100 Years. com/ books?id=oDwTPU8l2RQC& pg=PA35& lpg=PA35& dq="The+ Silence+ of+ the+ Lambs"+ "sleeper+ hit"& source=bl& ots=fWfjp5-PIO& sig=C6R6uTdKvADMTSEKfFpFg0o2_0U& hl=en& ei=oxhkSv_-I6LKtgee0Ln4Dw& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=1).

com/title/title.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=silenceofthelambs.com/current/posts/5) .imdb.mgm.com/view/Movie/1814/The-Silence-of-the-Lambs/) at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Criterion Collection essay by Amy Taubin (http://www.''The Silence of the Lambs (film)'' 153 External links • • • • • • • • The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.com/work/44663) at Allmovie The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.com/title/tt0102926/) at the Internet Movie Database The Silence of the Lambs (http://tcmdb.com/film/titles/the-silence-of-the-lambs) at Metacritic The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.com/m/silence_of_the_lambs/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.rottentomatoes.allmovie.criterion.jsp?stid=90121) at the TCM Movie Database The Silence of the Lambs (http://www.metacritic.

Hannibal Lecter

154

Hannibal Lecter
Hannibal Tetralogy character

Sir Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs Birth name D.O.B. Titles Aliases Hannibal Lecter VIII January 20, 1933 (1936 in film)
[1]

Dr. Hannibal Lecter M.D. / Count Hannibal Lecter VIII Lloyd Wyman Dr. Fell Mr. Closter Hannibal the Cannibal Male Lithuanian (Father), Italian (Mother), French (Citizenship), American (Long-time residence) Caucasian Lithuanian nobility (Paternal) Italian nobility (Maternal) Mischa Lecter (Sister) Count Robert Lecter (Uncle) Lady Murasaki (Aunt-by-marriage) Lady Murasaki Clarice Starling (Novel) Institut De Médecine St Marie, Paris, France (M.D.) Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland (Psychiatry Residency Training) Cannibalism and Torture 29+

Nicknames Gender Nationality Race Ancestry Relatives

Romance Education M.O. Victims

Occupation(s) Forensic Psychiatrist Created by Thomas Harris

Portrayed by: Brian Cox - Manhunter Anthony Hopkins - The Silence of the Lambs, Hannibal, Red Dragon Gaspard Ulliel - Hannibal Rising Aaran Thomas - Hannibal Rising (child)

Hannibal Lecter is a famous fictional character in a series of horror novels by Thomas Harris and in the films adapted from them.

Hannibal Lecter Lecter was introduced in the 1981 thriller novel Red Dragon as a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer. The novel and its sequel, The Silence of the Lambs (1988), feature Lecter as one of two primary antagonists. In the third novel, Hannibal (1999), Lecter becomes the main character. His role as protagonist and anti-hero occurs in the fourth novel, Hannibal Rising (2006), which explores his childhood and development into a serial killer. The first film adapted from the Harris novels was Manhunter, based on Red Dragon, features Brian Cox as Lecter, spelled "Lecktor". In 2002, a second adaptation of Red Dragon was made under the original title, featuring Anthony Hopkins, who had played Lecter in the motion pictures The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal. Hopkins won an Academy Award for The Silence of the Lambs in 1991. In 2003, Hannibal Lecter (as portrayed by Hopkins) was chosen by the American Film Institute as the #1 movie villain.[2]

155

Appearances
In literature
Hannibal Lecter is introduced in the 1981 novel Red Dragon as a brilliant psychiatrist incarcerated after having been revealed to be a cannibalistic serial killer. The novel finds FBI Special Agent Will Graham, who originally captured Lecter, consulting him in order to catch another serial killer, Francis Dolarhyde, known only to law enforcement and media by the pseudonyms "The Tooth Fairy" and "The Red Dragon." In the 1988 sequel The Silence of the Lambs, Lecter assists an FBI agent-in-training named Clarice Starling in catching a serial killer known as "Buffalo Bill". Lecter and Starling form an unusual relationship in which he provides her with a profile of the killer and his modus operandi in exchange for details about her unhappy childhood. Lecter eventually stages a dramatic, bloody escape from captivity and disappears. Following the success of The Silence of the Lambs and the immense popularity of Lecter, Harris wrote a third novel, 1999's Hannibal. It takes place seven years after the end of Silence of the Lambs and finds Lecter living in Florence, Italy, under an assumed name, while Mason Verger, one of his surviving victims, attempts to capture him with the intention of feeding him to a pack of wild boars. Lecter returns to the United States to escape Verger's Sardinian henchmen, but they soon capture him anyway. Clarice Starling comes to rescue Lecter, only to be knocked unconscious; after orchestrating Verger's death, Lecter carries Starling to safety and the two escape. Having figured out that Starling's corrupt superior, Paul Krendler, sold them both out to Verger's men, Lecter recruits Starling in avenging themselves on him. He kidnaps Krendler, drugs him, and performs a craniotomy upon him. Lecter, Starling and Krendler himself then feast upon his brain, before Lecter kills him with a crossbow. Afterwards, Lecter and Starling become lovers and disappear together, to be last seen by Lecter's former ward orderly, Barney Matthews, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Subsequently, Harris wrote a 2006 prequel to the Lecter books, Hannibal Rising, after film producer Dino De Laurentiis (who owned the cinematic rights to the Lecter character), announced that he was going to make a film depicting Lecter's childhood and development into a serial killer with or without Harris' help. (Harris would also write the film's screenplay.) The novel chronicles Lecter's early life, from birth into an aristocratic family in Lithuania in 1933, to being orphaned, along with his little sister Mischa, in 1944 when invading German and Soviet forces storm the family estate. Shortly thereafter, Lecter and Mischa are captured by a band of Nazi deserters, who murder and cannibalize Mischa before her brother's eyes. Lecter is so traumatized that he is rendered temporarily mute and later becomes fixated on cannibalism. Lecter escapes from the deserters and takes up residence in an orphanage until he is adopted by his uncle Robert and his Japanese wife, Lady Murasaki. As Lecter grows into a young man, he forms a close, pseudo-romantic relationship with the widowed Murasaki and shows great intellectual aptitude, entering medical school at a young age. During this period, he is tutored in the Japanese martial art of kenjutsu by Murasaki, who descended from a house of Hiroshima Samurai. Despite his seemingly comfortable life, Lecter is consumed by a savage obsession with avenging Mischa's death. After experiencing his first taste of murder, Lecter methodically tracks down, tortures and murders each of the men who killed his sister, in the process forsaking

Hannibal Lecter his relationship with Murasaki and seemingly losing all traces of his humanity. The novel ends with Lecter being accepted into the Johns Hopkins Medical Center.

156

In film
Red Dragon was first adapted to film in 1986 as the Michael Mann film Manhunter. Due to copyright issues, the filmmakers changed the spelling of Lecter's name to "Lecktor". He was played by Scottish actor Brian Cox.[3] In 1991, Orion Pictures produced a Jonathan Demme-directed adaptation of The Silence of the Lambs, in which Lecter was played by Welsh actor Anthony Hopkins. Hopkins' Academy Award–winning performance made Lecter into a cultural icon. In 2001, Hannibal was adapted to film, with Hopkins reprising his role. The ending for the film was changed from the novel due to the controversy that the novel's ending generated upon its release in 1999: in the film adaptation, Starling attempts to apprehend Lecter, who cuts off his own hand to free himself from her handcuffs. In 2002, Red Dragon was adapted again, this time under its original title, with Hopkins again as Lecter and Edward Norton as Will Graham. In late 2006, the script for the film Hannibal Rising was adapted to novel format. The novel was written to explain Lecter's development into a serial killer. In the film, the young Lecter is portrayed by Gaspard Ulliel. Both the novel and the film received generally negative [4] critical reception.

Brian Cox as Hannibal "Lecktor" in Manhunter. Cox was the first actor to portray the character.

Gaspard Ulliel as young Lecter in Hannibal Rising.

Concept and creation
Thomas Harris has given few interviews, and has never explained where he got inspiration for Hannibal Lecter. However, in a making-of documentary for the film version of Hannibal Rising, Lecter's early murders were said to be based on murders that Harris had covered when he was a crime reporter in the 1960s. In 1992, Harris also attended the ongoing trials of Pietro Pacciani, who was suspected of being the serial killer nicknamed the "Monster of Florence". Parts of the killer's modus operandi were used as reference for the novel Hannibal, which was released in 1999. According to David Sexton, author of The Strange World of Thomas Harris: Inside the Mind of the Creator of Hannibal Lecter, Harris once told a librarian in Cleveland, Mississippi, that Lecter was inspired by William Coyne, a local murderer who had escaped from prison in 1934 and gone on a rampage that included acts of murder and cannibalism. In her book Evil Serial Killers, Charlotte Greig asserts that the serial killer Albert Fish was the inspiration, at least in part, for Lecter.[5] Greig also states that to explain Lecter's pathology, Harris borrowed the story of reported serial killer and cannibal Andrei Chikatilo's brother Stepan being kidnapped and eaten by starving neighbours (though she states that it is unclear whether the story was true or whether Stepan Chikatilo even existed).[6] Red Dragon firmly states that Lecter does not fit any known psychological profile. However, Lecter's keeper, Dr. Frederick Chilton, claims that Lecter is a "pure sociopath." Lecter's pathology is explored in greater detail in Hannibal and Hannibal Rising, which explain that he was irreparably traumatized as a child in Lithuania in 1944 when he witnessed the murder and cannibalism of his beloved younger sister, Mischa, by Lithuanian Hilfswillige. As well, his parents had been shot and killed prior to the death of his sister. One of the Hilfswillige members also

entitled SILENCE! The Musical. 15. In 1992.Hannibal Lecter claimed that Lecter unwittingly ate his sister as well. p.crimelibrary. In the 1993 comedy National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1. [3] BBC interview with Brian Cox on youtube. External links • • • • Hannibal Lecter (http://www.com (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-02-12.php?storyId=89472698) . Lecter's eyes are a shade of maroon.[7] In Hannibal. Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters (2009). 17. Billy Crystal. 157 Popular culture Hannibal Lecter has often been the subject of parodies and references in general media. made his entrance in mask and straitjacket as Hannibal Lecter. Austin Powers in Goldmember. para.e.com/serial_killers/weird/lecter/1.net/) Crime Library profile of Lecter (http://www. The novel also reveals that Lecter's left hand has a condition called mid ray duplication polydactyly. Charlotte.27 [6] Grieg. slicked-back hair with a widow's peak. and in his hands and arms she saw wiry strength like her own". para.imdb. filmsite. Addams Family Values. he performs plastic surgery on his own face on several occasions.html?sect=3/) NPR broadcast on Lecter (http://www. Family Guy. These include an appearance in MAD magazine. i. and they reflect the light in pinpoints of red". 2: "Dr.[8] He is also said to have small white teeth[9] and dark. and removes his extra digit.manhunter. 4: "He tapped his small white teeth against the card and breathed in its smell". . The Critic and Clerks 2. p.102 [7] Silence of the Lambs p. para 4: "Dr. as well as several television series and films such as The Simpsons. Lecter is described through Clarice Starling's eyes as "small. Murray Abraham plays "Harold Leacher. Whose Line Is It Anyway. Lecter's eyes are maroon. Lecter has six fingers on his left hand". sleek. com/ watch?v=ccPeC-uRI2c) [4] Hannibal Rising (http:/ / www. the Nickelodeon program Fairly OddParents.npr." a Lecter-like character. [9] The Silence of the Lambs p. Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters (2009). In the novel "The Silence of the Lambs". and reflect the light in "pinpoints of red". com/ m/ hannibal_rising/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes [5] Grieg. org/ afi100heroesvilla. The character has also been parodied in a musical. June 2003. a duplicated middle finger. References [1] (see case file extras on DVD of Red Dragon) [2] "AFI's 100 Heroes & Villains" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. with a focus on Manhunter (1986) (http://www. F. American Film Institute.com/character/ch0001399/) at the Internet Movie Database Information about Hannibal Lecter.org/templates/story/story. while hosting the 64th Academy Awards. 16. Charlotte. The Office. South Park. youtube. [8] Silence of the Lambs p. html).

Aside from the most basic elements — the journey of a modern man into a future where everything is for sale. the film received mostly negative reviews. Grand L. Upon its release in the United States. Inc. by Robert Sheckley Emilio Estevez Mick Jagger Rene Russo Jonathan Banks Anthony Hopkins Trevor Jones Story by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Amir Mokri Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Dennis Virkler Morgan Creek Warner Bros. 1992 110 min. Jonathan Banks. Mick Jagger. a 1959 novel by Robert Sheckley. . Bush and Anthony Hopkins. English $30 Million (estimated) [1] Freejack is a 1992 science fiction film directed by Geoff Murphy. starring Emilio Estevez.''Freejack'' 158 Freejack Freejack Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Geoff Murphy Stuart Oken Ronald Shusett Steven Pressfield Ronald Shusett Dan Gilroy Steven Pressfield Ronald Shusett Immortality. which depicts a world of zombies. The story was adapted from Immortality. Rene Russo. January 17. Inc.. and the presence of a "spiritual switchboard" in which souls are suspended — the cyberpunk plot bears little resemblance in tone or content to Sheckley's story.

for use as substitute bodies. negotiates with Michelette to arrange a meeting with the powerful McCandless executive. Michelette concludes that the transfer was completed and tries to kill Furlong. Furlong can't even trust his old friends from 1991. are known as "freejacks. It is now revealed that the transfer was not complete. now in opposition. Furlong reads the code slowly. Furlong remarks about how well he feels in his "new" body. McCandless' scientists cannot determine the answer. Their plans to flee into the lobby are thwarted by a gunfight between McCandless' security guards and Vacendak's mercenaries. who is gunning for McCandless' job as corporate boss. Vacendak and his security personnel stop them as the car leaves the estate. Vacendak lets them go and Furlong and Julie speed away. In a virtual reality encounter with McCandless' essence.. Alex Furlong (Estevez) is a professional race-car driver who is just about to die in a spectacular 1991 crash when a time machine snatches him from the cockpit and into the 21st century Bronx. but is gunned down by Vacendak and his men. and there isn't a machine to give you one!" Furlong fights the process as Michellette stumbles in. After she slaps him in return for his mockery. but Vacendak can." and considered less than human under the law. Hours after the coup. and Vacendak asks him to continue. a wasteland populated by scavengers and killers. and rekindling his relationship with Julie. they also have to deal with running from the private guards of McCandless' corporate X. is revealed to be the dying man trying to steal Furlong's body. you need a new soul. Tired of running. Despite Julie's plan to escape the building on the hundredth floor. to snatch people from the past just prior to the moment of their deaths. McCandless explains his goal to use Furlong's body to satiate his love for Julie. a hardened mercenary who has snatched him on behalf of the all-powerful McCandless Corporation. Furlong's former fiancée Julie Redlund (Russo) is now an executive at McCandless. Furlong and Julie take one of McCandless' favorite vehicles for a drive. Michelette has seen the footage of Julie's desperate grief after Furlong's 1991 accident. As it turns out. Apologizing. before ordering Julie to dress more appropriately so that the two of them can take a drive. one of whom is happy to sell him out. this makes them unattractive as replacement bodies. protests. Michelette (Banks). Furlong. and Vacendak went along with it. . after all: Furlong guessed wrong McCandless' secret number. the time traveler is able to escape from Victor Vacendak (Jagger). Mark Michelette. in turn.O. Furlong. a ruthless pursuer who nevertheless lives by a code of honor. he offers to die and let Furlong run the company under the guise of being McCandless. Ian McCandless. rather than allowing their minds to be replaced with those of the rich. waiting to catch him in a mistake: McCandless couldn't drive." mercenaries equipped with time travel devices. Not only do Furlong and Julie have to evade Vacendak's army of security guards and McCandless Corporation police forces. When Furlong's captors are ambushed by a hit squad. Furlong spends much of the film escaping the clutches of Vacendak. the couple go on the run again. counting on his not knowing about the couple's past relationship. Julie grabs the gun of the soldier holding her and shoots the processing crystal which conducts the transfer process. The results are inconclusive as to whether it is McCandless or Furlong in Furlong's body. As Vacendak arrives. Julie says it could be pulled off. the elevator takes them automatically to the very top of the building where McCandless' mind is in storage. "You don't need a new body. as only Vacendak knows a secret code McCandless gave him. Those who flee. as he himself died on a business trip out of town. pretending to take Julie hostage. But as it turns out. Julie's boss (Hopkins). The film is set in a dystopic future where most indigent people suffer from poor physical health as a result of rampant drug use and environmental pollution.''Freejack'' 159 Plot In the year 2009. forced into the apparatus. In the confusion. the super-wealthy achieve immortality by hiring "bonejackers. having problems with the Vice President. McCandless reveals he was merely stalling for time. wounded from fighting Vacendak's soldiers.

rottentomatoes.com) • Freejack (http://www.com/title/tt0104299/) at the Internet Movie Database . with a DVD release following in 2002.[2] Home video releases Freejack was released on VHS in 1992.imdb. References [1] IMDB (http:/ / www.dimensionsofsheckley. com/ title/ tt0104299/ ) [2] http:/ / uk. com/ m/ freejack/ External links • Official site of Robert Sheckley (http://www.''Freejack'' 160 Cast Actor Emilio Estevez Mick Jagger Rene Russo Character Alex Furlong Victor Vacendak Julie Redlund Anthony Hopkins Ian McCandless Jonathan Banks David Johansen Grand L. Bush John Shea Frankie Faison Mark Michelette Brad Boone Morgan Homeless man Reception The film holds a 17% rating at Rotten Tomatoes. imdb.

Kim Barry Angela Punch McGregor . The plot bears some superficial similarity to the later film Kinky Boots.Gordon Gary Adams .Carey Alwyn Kurts . whose products are failing to keep up with market demands. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins . It is also known as The Efficiency Expert in America.Robert.Kevin Jeff Truman .Wendy Robinson Russell Crowe . made in 1990-1991.Errol Wallace Ben Mendelsohn .''Spotswood (film)'' 161 Spotswood (film) Spotswood Directed by Written by Starring Mark Joffe Max Dann.Caroline Wallace Daniel Wyllie .Jerry Finn Rebecca Rigg .Mr. Carey's Father John Walton . in that it involves an ailing shoe manufacturer.Cheryl Ball Toni Collette . Ben Mendelsohn.Ron . Andrew Knight Anthony Hopkins.Frank Fletcher John Flaus . Bruno Lawrence Ricky Fataar Offshoot Films 23 January 1992 95 minutes Australia English Music by Editing by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Spotswood is an Australian comedy film directed by Mark Joffe. Ball Bruno Lawrence . released in 1992 in some locations. Alwyn Kurts.

348. w3p.page=0. Carey's Mum (as Jillian Murray) 162 Box Office Spotswood grossed $1.querytype=.afc. pdf) External links • Spotswood (http://www. gov.[1] which is equivalent to $2.holdingType=.parentid=.Australian Films at the Australian Box Office (http:/ / film. au/ resources/ documents/ AA4_Aust_Box_office_report.resCount=10) .nfsa.com/title/tt0102969/) at the Internet Movie Database • Spotswood at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.''Spotswood (film)'' • Toni Lamond .884 at the box office in Australia.query=Number:287697.groupequals=. Lorna Ball • Jill Murray .au/nfsa/search/display/ display. References [1] Film Victoria .adv=yes.imdb.group=.887 in 2009 dollars.gov.rec=0.Ophelia.Mrs. vic.505.

''Howards End (film)'' 163 Howards End (film) Howards End Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring James Ivory Ismail Merchant Ruth Prawer Jhabvala Howards End by E. directed by James Ivory and produced by Ismail Merchant.966. The screenplay was written by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. a story of class relations in turn-of-the-20th-century England. Forster's 1910 novel Howards End. M. . M. The film — produced by Merchant Ivory Productions as their third adaptation of a Forster novel (following A Room with a View in 1986 and Maurice in 1987) — was the first film to be released by Sony Pictures Classics. Forster Anthony Hopkins Vanessa Redgrave Helena Bonham Carter Emma Thompson Richard Robbins Percy Grainger (opening and end title) Music by Cinematography Tony Pierce-Roberts Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Andrew Marcus Merchant Ivory Productions Channel 4 Films Mayfair (UK) Sony Pictures Classics 13 March 1992 (United States) 1 May 1992 (United Kingdom) 140 minutes United Kingdom English $8 million $25.555 Howards End is a 1992 film adaptation of E.

it is revealed that she is pregnant with Leonard's child. Margaret Schlegel (Emma Thompson). who approaches her with Henry to find out who she is. Ruth bequeaths Howards End to Margaret. Leonard returns to the house to make an apology and during tea the sisters find that he has an ambition to better himself through the kind of literature and sentiments that they share. when the Wilcox family takes a house near to the Schlegels in London.' The film asks the question 'Who will inherit England?' and answers it through the ownership of the house. his lover Jacky finds the Schlegels' card in Leonard's possessions and is convinced he is having an affair. Later. In a fit of jealousy she calls on the Schlegels but leaves after an embarrassing scene due partly to the sisters having forgotten Leonard after the umbrella incident. Helen attends a lecture about Beethoven and accidentally leaves the hall with an umbrella belonging to the clerk Leonard Bast (Samuel West). She insists that Helen take the Basts away and refuses them help. the older sister. Jacky recognises Henry and it becomes clear that some years previously he had an affair with her and that she had effectively to prostitute herself in order to survive. The Wilcoxes burn the piece of paper that Ruth's bequest is written on. As a result. in accordance with Henry's wishes and sense of pride. Her Aunt Juley (Prunella Scales) arrives at Howards End and so makes the Wilcox family aware of an engagement that the two young people would rather have kept from them. and knowing she is soon to die due to an illness that she has kept from her family. who refuse to believe that Ruth was in her "right mind" or intended her home to go to a relative stranger. Hearing that the Schlegels are to be turned out of their apartment when their lease ends. a house which she dearly loves and which is the symbol of rural England and English tradition. and decide to keep her will secret. the two become close and Henry proposes. Humiliated. he insists that she cannot stay in the house. Howards End.''Howards End (film)'' 164 Plot The story takes place in Edwardian England. the class that is displacing the aristocracy. Over the course of a few months. Later. Paul. however. the two women become close and Ruth sees in Margaret a kindred spirit. She befriends the mother. the younger sister. rashly becomes engaged to the younger Wilcox son. Henry Wilcox (Anthony Hopkins) offers to help Margaret find a new place to live. The two plotlines come together at the marriage party of Evie Wilcox (daughter of Henry and Ruth). Henry breaks off the engagement but that evening he and Margaret are reconciled and she forgives his sexual impropriety and infidelity. and take advice from Henry Wilcox about Leonard's financial situation. and the Basts are the lower middle-class. intending to move to Germany for good. and that the man responsible must be . After several months. The next day both realise their mistake and break it off but Helen has sent a letter to her family announcing their relationship. Three families represent three social classes: the Wilcoxes are rich Victorian capitalists. Ruth Wilcox (Vanessa Redgrave). as it passes from person to person. He is not aware of this. Because he knows that he has prevented the Schlegels from finding a home in Howards End. that the novel is 'not concerned with the very poor. Forster is clear. When Henry Wilcox finds out. However. Because of this. A parallel plotline involves the younger sister. and about the same time as the Wilcoxes arrive in the neighbourhood. in order to avoid contact with everyone. the Schlegel sisters represent the enlightened bourgeois. At the start of the film. This causes great consternation for the Wilcoxes. Helen. He follows her and calls at the house to retrieve it. She asks if she can keep them at Howards End and stay there for the night. Henry advises that Leonard should leave his post at the insurance company because it is heading for a crash. feels compelled to visit because of the social embarrassment of the previous year. They begin a project to improve his lot. Leonard does so but the advice is premature and he finds himself in a worse position and eventually unemployed. Ruth is descended from English yeoman stock and it is through her family that the Wilcoxes own Howards End. Helen Schlegel (Helena Bonham Carter). much to Margaret's puzzlement. the Schlegel sisters drift apart. Margaret accepts. Whilst the Schlegels are still living in the London house. Helen drifts away from Margaret and stays in very distant contact with her. After this. Jacky Bast becomes drunk and she comes to the attention of Margaret. Helen has spent time with Leonard and we see an idyllic moment spent on a boat in a romantic scene. Helen comes back for her possessions. Helen has found the Basts starving and brings them to the party.

2005. Ruth Wilcox's wish is fulfilled: Helen is eventually reconciled with Margaret who now owns Howards End. University of London. Ultimately. 2010. Roger Ebert included it on his list of "Great Movies". Miranda Richardson and Tilda Swinton were all considered for the part of Margaret Schlegel before Emma Thompson accepted the role. Charles inadvertently kills Leonard. Joely Richardson. and the Swiss Re building. and is later taken away by the police. Phoebe Nicholls. Margaret and Henry argue bitterly about the different standards of sexual propriety applied to men and women and Margaret says she is leaving Henry. This is the only time they have shared the screen.[4] As of December 28. and the Wilcox's house is nearby [2] . where Helen will raise her son as its heir. a production in which the third sister was played by Vanessa's sister Lynn Redgrave. [5] According to the website Box Office Mojo the Total Gross of the film stands at $25. Leonard and the oldest Wilcox son Charles (James Wilby) all make their way separately to Howards End and the final tragedy unfolds. is her real-life niece. Some scenes were also shot at Brampton Bryan in Herefordshire[3] . Soon after filming there it was bombed by the IRA. razed. Mary Axe. [1] The "Howards End" house in the countryside is Peppard Cottage in Rotherfield Peppard. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Henry Wilcox Vanessa Redgrave as Ruth Wilcox Helena Bonham Carter as Helen Schlegel Emma Thompson as Margaret Schlegel James Wilby as Charles Wilcox Samuel West as Leonard Bast Prunella Scales as Aunt Juley Jemma Redgrave as Evie Wilcox Adrian Ross Magenty as Tibby Schlegel Joseph Bennett as Paul Wilcox Susie Lindeman as Dolly Wilcox Nicola Duffett as Jacky Bast . in Surrey. or The Gherkin was erected on its site. On June 5. [6] Cast Anthony Hopkins accepted the part of Henry Wilcox without reading the script. 30 St. who plays the daughter of Vanessa Redgrave (Ruth Wilcox). the final ownership of Howards End is a symbol of new class relations in England: the wealth of the new industrialists (the Wilcoxes) married to the politically reforming vision of liberalism (the Schlegels) that will benefit the children of the lower classes (the Basts). London. although Jemma did act with her Aunt Vanessa on stage in Chekhov's Three Sisters in 1990. 3 "rotten"). the film-critics aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes listed 91% positive reviews based on 34 reviews (31 "fresh". Margaret. Other scenes were shot in the quadrangle of the Founder's Building at Royal Holloway.''Howards End (film)'' found out and punished for dishonouring her.966. In both film and novel. 165 Filming locations Part of the movie was filmed at the Baltic Exchange.555. Oxfordshire. Jemma Redgrave (Evie Wilcox). Critical reception The film received massive critical acclaim.

Best Actress (Emma Thompson) 1992 : Los Angeles Film Critics' Association . Ian Whittaker) 1993 : BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role (Emma Thompson) 1993 : BAFTA Award for Best Film (Ismail Merchant. John Bright) Original Music Score (Richard Robbins) Best Direction (James Ivory) Best Screenplay . Awards Winner • • • • • • 1992 : Cannes Film Festival 45th Anniversary Prize (James Ivory)[7] 1992 : New York Film Critics' Circle .Best Actress (Emma Thompson) 1992 : Southeastern Film Critics Association .Adapted (Ruth Prawer Jhabvala) Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Helena Bonham Carter) Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Samuel West) • 1993 British Academy Film Awards: . with elements of the score based on Percy Grainger's works Bridal Lullaby and Mock Morris.Best Actress (Emma Thompson) 1993 : Academy Awards • Best Actress (Emma Thompson) • Best Adapted Screenplay) (Ruth Prawer Jhabvala) • Best Art Direction (Luciana Arrighi.Motion Picture Drama (Emma Thompson) 1993 : Chicago Film Critics Association Awards (Emma Thompson) 1993 : Evening Standard British Film Awards • • • • • • Best Actress (Emma Thompson) • Best Film (James Ivory) • 1993 : Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards .''Howards End (film)'' • • • • • Mark Payton as Percy Cahill Jo Kendall as Annie Barbara Hicks as Miss Avery Peter Cellier as Col. Fussell Crispin Bonham-Carter as Albert Fussell 166 Score The score was composed by Richard Robbins. James Ivory) 1993 : Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .(British Film of the Year) Nominated • 1993 Academy Awards: • • • • • • • • • • Best Picture (Ismail Merchant) Directing (James Ivory) Best Supporting Actress (Vanessa Redgrave) Best Cinematography (Tony Pierce-Roberts) Costume Design (Jenny Beavan.Best Actress (Emma Thompson) 1992 : National Board of Review .(Emma Thompson) • 1993 : London Critics Circle Film Awards . The piano pieces were performed by the English concert pianist Martin Jones.

Retrieved on March 6. com/ title/ tt0104454/ locations). [5] [http://www. festival-cannes. [7] "Festival de Cannes: Howards End" (http:/ / www.com/m/Howards_End/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Plot summary and links (http://emforster. suntimes. . co. html [2] IMDB Filming locations for Howards End (1992) (http:/ / imdb. 2007. "Interview. Edward Harley" (http:/ / www.imdb. External links • Howards End (http://www. Retrieved 2009-08-14.''Howards End (film)'' • • • • • Best Cinematography (Tony Pierce-Roberts) Best Production Design (Luciana Arrighi) Best Costume Design (Jenny Beavan. com/ apps/ pbcs.rottentomatoes. html). Howards End was parodied in the 1998 comedy.de/hypertext/template.com/m/howards_end/ Retrieved on 2010-12-28. Castmembers Prunella Scales and Samuel West appeared in the film. John Bright) Best Editing (Andrew Marcus) Best Make-Up Artist (Christine Beveridge) 167 • 1993 Golden Globe Awards: • Best Director . [4] "Howards End (1992)" (http:/ / rogerebert. References [1] http:/ / www. html#part2).Motion Picture (James Ivory) • Best Motion Picture .rottentomatoes.com/title/tt0104454/) at the Internet Movie Database • Howards End (http://www. Retrieved 11 May 2010.php3?t=howa) .Drama • Best Screenplay (Ruth Prawer Jhabvala) • 1993 César Award for Best Foreign Film (James Ivory) • 1992 Cannes Film Festival (Palme d'Or)[7] Other adaptations • Along with several other Merchant-Ivory movies.com. . • A television adaptation of the novel was broadcast in 1970 with Leo Genn and Glenda Jackson. . uk/ For-Staff/ on-campus/ media/ oct2001.htm Retrieved on 2010-12-28. dll/ article?AID=/ 20050605/ REVIEWS08/ 506050301/ 1023). com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 6/ year/ 1992. [6] [http://boxofficemojo. countrylife. Chicago Sun-Times. Stiff Upper Lips.com/movies/?id=howardsend. rhul. [3] Country Life. uk/ culture/ article/ 313371/ Historic-Houses-president. festival-cannes. ac.

1992 128 minutes United States United Kingdom Romania English Romanian Greek Bulgarian Latin $40 million [3] [4] Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue $215. Hart Bram Stoker (novel) Gary Oldman Winona Ryder Anthony Hopkins Keanu Reeves Wojciech Kilar Annie Lennox [1] [2] Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Michael Ballhaus Editing by Anna Goursand Glen Scantlebury Nicholas C. based on the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker.692 Dracula (also known as Bram Stoker's Dracula)[5] is a 1992 American Gothic horror-romance thriller directed and co-produced by Francis Ford Coppola. .[6] It stars Gary Oldman as Count Dracula and Winona Ryder as Mina Harker.862. also featuring Anthony Hopkins as Professor Abraham Van Helsing. Smith American Zoetrope Columbia Pictures November 13.''Dracula (1992 film)'' 168 Dracula (1992 film) Dracula Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Francis Ford Coppola Francis Ford Coppola Fred Fuchs James V.

Van Helsing. and learns via her connection with Dracula that he is sailing home in his last remaining box. As sunset approaches. The film's score was composed by Wojciech Kilar and featured "Love Song for a Vampire" by Annie Lennox as the closing credits theme. the Count discovers a picture of Harker's fiancée. Dracula confesses that he murdered Lucy and has been terrorizing Mina's friends.''Dracula (1992 film)'' Keanu Reeves as Jonathan Harker. Lucy's deteriorating health and behavioral changes prompts Lucy's former love-interests Quincey Morris and Dr. As Dracula . while the others try to stop the Gypsies transporting the Count.who is now a wrinkled. who recognizes Lucy as the victim of a vampire. who is staying in Seward's quarters while the others hunt Dracula. who has gone insane. taking up residence at Carfax Abbey. Dracula was greeted by a generally positive critical reception and was a box office hit. but she gives into their chanting and attempts to seduce Van Helsing. Holmwood. with Van Helsing and Mina traveling to the Borgo Pass and the castle. Van Helsing hypnotizes her Gary Oldman as Dracula in his geriatric form. Dracula leaves Jonathan to be seduced by his brides and sails to England with boxes of his native soil. Renfield. At night. During the signing of the papers. Seward and Morris kill Lucy. In 1897. meets and charms Mina. Seward. pursued by the hunters. In London. a member of the Order of the Dragon. Harker slits his throat while a wounded Morris stabs him in the heart with a Bowie knife. In the morning. The hunters split up. along with her fiancée. Dracula emerges as a werewolf-like creature amid a fierce thunderstorm and hypnotically seduces. to summon Dr. A fight between the hunters and gypsies ensues and at sunset Dracula bursts from his coffin. At her insistence.M. newly-qualified solicitor Jonathan Harker takes the Transylvanian Count Dracula as a client from his colleague R. The hunters burst into the bedroom. Jonathan travels to Transylvania to arrange Dracula's real estate acquisition in London. where they destroy the Count's boxes of soil. Enraged at the notion of his wife being damned for committing suicide. now an inmate in Dr. Dracula. Van Helsing and Mina are approached by Dracula's brides. but Dracula reads Mina's mind and evades them. Dracula's carriage arrives at the castle. who has escaped the castle and recovered at a convent. Vlad Dracula. pale old man inhabiting a bizarre castle. Dracula begins transforming her into a vampire. Abraham Van Helsing . Dracula desecrates his chapel and renounces God. Before Mina can feed on his blood Van Helsing places a communion wafer upon her forehead. 169 Plot In 1462. His arrival is foretold by the ravings of Renfield. he infiltrates the castle and decapitates them. Jack Seward's neighboring insane asylum. now young and handsome. with whom Mina is staying while Jonathan is in Transylvania. leaving a mark. Mina and believes that she is the reincarnation of Elisabeta. Dracula enters the asylum. The hunters depart for Varna to intercept him. When Mina receives word from Jonathan. but a confused and angry Mina admits that she still loves him and remembers her previous life as Elisabeta. Arthur Holmwood. including Carfax Abbey. Jonathan meets Dracula . He surrounds them with a ring of fire to protect them from the brides. then rapes and bites Lucy Westenra. with Dracula claiming Mina as his bride before escaping. declaring that he will rise from the grave to avenge Elisabeta with all the powers of darkness. returns from a victory against the Turks to find his wife Elisabeta has committed suicide after hearing reports of his death. As Mina begins changing. They frighten Mina at first. where he kills Renfield for warning Mina of his presence before visiting Mina. After Jonathan and Mina return to London. In his fury Dracula transforms Lucy into a vampire. she travels to Romania to marry him. and Sadie Frost as Lucy Westenra. Jonathan and Van Helsing lead the others to Carfax Abbey.

"[13] .. writing: "I enjoyed the movie simply for the way it looked and felt. Morris Sadie Frost as Lucy Westenra Tom Waits as R. The mark on her forehead disappears as Dracula's curse is lifted. To the director."[11] Jonathan Rosenbaum felt the film suffered from a "somewhat dispersed and overcrowded story line" but that it "remains fascinating and often affecting thanks to all its visual and conceptual energy. Coppola made his Dracula too old to be menacing. Holmwood tries to attack but Van Helsing and Harker allow her to retreat with the Count. The cinematographer. Mina rushes to his defense.[8] Roger Ebert awarded the film 3/4 stars. He asks Mina to give him peace. Michael Ballhaus. Hawkins Reception Reviews Dracula received considerable attention upon release. instead of what might have been a gothic masterpiece. however. Production designers Dante Ferretti and Thomas Sanders have outdone themselves.. In the chapel where he renounced God Dracula lies dying in an ancient demonic form. Coppola knows that it is more than an organ to drive a stake into. gets into the spirit so completely he always seems to light with shadows. voice mild criticisms on what he felt were "narrative confusions and dead ends. the count is a restless spirit who has been condemned for too many years to interment in cruddy movies. Morris dies surrounded by his friends. She decapitates him and gazes up at the fresco of Vlad and Elisabeta ascending to Heaven together. as well as Elisabeta's soul. They share a kiss as the candles adorning the chapel miraculously light in God's presence. yet when it came down to it. being greeted with generally positive reviews from critics."[9] Vincent Canby described the film as being akin to "the work of a precocious film student who has magically acquired a master's command of his craft. Renfield Monica Bellucci as Dracula's Bride Michaela Bercu as Dracula's Bride Florina Kendrick as Dracula's Bride Jay Robinson as Mr."[12] Empire's Tom Hibbert panned the film. M. gave Keanu Reeves a part and took out all the action. So all we're left with is an overly long bloated adaptation."[10] Richard Corliss said. writing: "Has a film ever promised so much yet delivered so little? There was so much potential. Grant as Dr. Based on 44 reviews collected from notable publications by popular review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes." Ebert did. Everyone knows that Dracula has a heart. Mina shoves the knife through Dracula's heart. the film holds an overall approval rating of 82%.''Dracula (1992 film)'' staggers. This luscious film restores the creature's nobility and gives him peace. "Coppola brings the old spook story alive . 170 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Gary Oldman as Count Dracula / Vlad III the Impaler[7] Winona Ryder as Mina Harker (née Murray) / Elisabeta Anthony Hopkins as Professor Abraham Van Helsing / Priest Keanu Reeves as Jonathan Harker Richard E. Jack Seward Cary Elwes as Sir Arthur Holmwood Billy Campbell as Quincey P.

522. The Los Angeles Times. Mungle) and was nominated for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Thomas E. latimes. Amiga.339.692. The Los Angeles Times.902 for a total worldwide gross of $215. rottentomatoes. Game Gear. The Los Angeles Times. latimes. Retrieved 2010-11-22. latimes. NES. [2] "COMMENTARY : A Shtick Through the Heart : Francis Ford Coppola's sympathetic Count Dracula is a radical departure from previous versions.[28] A novelization of the film was published. grossing $82. . Sega Master System. com/ 1992-01-26/ entertainment/ ca-1125_1_bram-stoker). Best Costume Design (Eiko Ishioka). It fared much better overseas grossing $133.[14] [15] However. [3] "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. . Stone) and Best Makeup (Greg Cannom. Best Sound Effects Editing (Tom C. and the documentaries "The Blood Is the Life: The Making of Dracula". The box contained the film on VHS. teaser and full-length trailers.[26] and video game adaptations for the Super Nintendo. It's enough to scare horror-film traditionalists" (http:/ / articles. [4] "How a Scribe and a Damsel Saved 'Dracula' from Cable" (http:/ / articles. Dracula was first released to DVD in 1999[21] and again as a Superbit DVD in 2001. com/ 1992-10-25/ entertainment/ ca-1098_1_coppola-movie).862. [8] Bram Stoker's Dracula (http:/ / www. : BITE THIS : Coming Soon From Coppola: More Hearts of Darkness" (http:/ / articles.[27] Various action figures and model sets were also produced. "In Camera: The Naïve Visual Effects of Dracula". Game Boy. latimes. Garrett Lewis). com/ 1992-11-15/ entertainment/ ca-662_1_count-dracula). Sega Genesis. Matthew W. Retrieved 2010-11-22.679. gothic statue heads (as seen on the original film poster) adorned the front cover of the book against a grey stone background. Grey.8% of its audience after its first weekend[16] and falling out of the top five after 3 weeks. Retrieved 2010-11-22. The "Collector's Edition" special features include an introduction and audio commentary by director Francis Ford Coppola.[25] a pinball game. Sega CD. Sanders. latimes.[20] Home video releases and merchandise In 1993 a special boxed set was released of Dracula. Retrieved 2010-11-22. Retrieved 2010-11-22.[22] Neither release contained any extra features. and "Method and Madness: Visualizing Dracula". A two-disc "Collector's Edition" DVD[23] and Blu-ray[24] was released in 2007. Other merchandising for the film included a board game. com/ m/ bram_stokers_dracula/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes . : REALLY SCARY KIDS : Before the Crypt Opens on Dracula.[29] Notes [1] "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. : QUICK BITES : Bet You Thought Bela Lugosi's Neck Biter Was True to Bram Stoker" (http:/ / articles. and the original Dracula novel by Bram Stoker in paperback. In addition to these items. it dropped off in subsequent weeks losing 50.[19] Awards and honors The film won three Academy Awards. . . [5] "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. The Los Angeles Times.521. accurate licensed replicas of Dracula's sword and Quincey's bowie knife were available from Factory X. in the shape of a coffin. "The Costumes Are the Sets: The Design of Eiko Ishioka".[18] making it the 9th highest grossing film of the year worldwide.790 domestically and becoming the 15th highest grossing film of the year[17] . com/ 1992-01-26/ entertainment/ ca-1125_1_bram-stoker). The Los Angeles Times. deleted and extended scenes. . A four-issue comic book adaptation and 100 collectible cards based on the movie were released by the Topps company with art provided by Mike Mignola. Still. which included a behind-the-scenes documentary. a Little Surgery" (http:/ / articles. and PC. written by Fred Saberhagen. The Los Angeles Times. McCarthy. latimes. David E.''Dracula (1992 film)'' 171 Box office The film opened at #1 at the box office with $30. . The Los Angeles Times. : QUICK BITES : Bet You Thought Bela Lugosi's Neck Biter Was True to Bram Stoker" (http:/ / articles. Retrieved 2010-11-22. : REALLY SCARY KIDS : Before the Crypt Opens on Dracula. com/ 1992-11-08/ entertainment/ ca-42_1_dracula-films). a Little Surgery" (http:/ / articles. com/ 1992-06-07/ entertainment/ ca-284_1_count-dracula). latimes. Retrieved 2010-11-22. com/ 1992-06-07/ entertainment/ ca-284_1_count-dracula). Michèle Burke. [7] "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. [6] "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. it managed to become a box office hit. .

Bram Stoker's Dracula (http:/ / www. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. com/ reviews/ reviewcomplete.imdb. com/ reviews/ draculace. com/ movie/ review?res=9E0CE2D61539F930A25752C1A964958260) [11] A Vampire With Heart.jsp?stid=18878) at the TCM Movie Database Dracula (http://www. com/ movies/ capsules/ 1354_BRAM_STOKERS_DRACULA) [13] Bram Stoker's Dracula review (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Dracula (http://www.. [15] "Weekend Box Office `Dracula' Counts for Plenty" (http:/ / articles. 1992 [10] Movie Review . boxofficemojo.TIME (http:/ / www.Review/Film.Factory X . . Coppola's Dizzying Vision Of Dracula . ipdb. Chicago Sun-Times." (http:/ / articles. boardgamegeek. com/ 1992-11-17/ entertainment/ ca-508_1_weekend-box-office). com/ title.boxofficemojo. htm) FictionDB. fictiondb. htm [17] http:/ / www. htm [18] Movie Dracula . Empire [14] "Dracula Takes a Big Bite Out of Box Office : Movies: The Francis Ford Coppola production overshadows competitors with an estimated $32-million gross. News. boxofficemojo.Bram Stoker's Dracula .Awards (http:/ / www. . php) October 22nd. php?ID=8157) The Comic Book Database [28] Dracula: Rhino Bowie Knife . [16] http:/ / www. 2007 [24] DVD Verdict Review . com/ movies/ 1992/ 0BRMS. chicagoreader.Bram Stoker's Dracula (Blu-Ray) (http:/ / www.9171. php) December 18.com/work/6939) at Allmovie Dracula (http://www. 2007 [25] Bram Stoker's Dracula: The Board Game (http:/ / www. time. cgi?gid=3072) Internet Pinball Machine Database [27] Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992) (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ draculabluray. Retrieved 2010-11-22. nytimes. com/ reviews/ draculasuperbit. latimes. boxofficemojo. the-numbers. dll/ article?AID=/ 19921113/ REVIEWS/ 211130301/ 1023) by Roger Ebert. suntimes.Prop Replicas at Entertainment Earth Item Archive (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0103874/ awards) from Internet Movie Database [21] DVD Verdict Review . php) October 4th. com/ author/ fred-saberhagen~bram-stokers-dracula~181817~b. php) July 6th. Cast Information (http:/ / www. asp?FID=15026) by Tom Hibbert. dvdverdict. com/ boardgame/ 1156) BoardGameGeek] [26] Williams Bram Stoker's Dracula (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ bramstoker. entertainmentearth.977025.com/movies/?id=dracula. htm [20] Dracula (1992) .From the Chicago Reader (http:/ / onfilm. org/ machine. Retrieved 2010-11-22.com/title/tt0103874/) at the Internet Movie Database Dracula (http://tcmdb. imdb. com/ item_archive/ items/ Dracula_Rhino_Bowie_Knife. dvdverdict.00. comicbookdb.Dracula . latimes. empireonline. html) [12] Bram Stoker's Dracula .NYTimes.com/m/bram_stokers_dracula/) at Rotten Tomatoes . 2001 [23] DVD Verdict Review .com (http:/ / movies. The Los Angeles Times. com/ 1992-11-16/ entertainment/ ca-521_1_francis-ford-coppola). php) from The Numbers [19] http:/ / www. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1992& p=.com/title/title. 1999 [22] DVD Verdict Review .Box Office Data.''Dracula (1992 film)'' [9] Bram Stoker's Dracula review (http:/ / rogerebert.com 172 External links • • • • • Dracula (http://www.Bram Stoker's Dracula: Superbit Edition (http:/ / www.allmovie. dvdverdict. November 13.Bram Stoker's Dracula: Collector's Edition (http:/ / www. The Los Angeles Times. asp) [29] Bram Stoker's Dracula by Fred Saberhagen (http:/ / www.Capsule by Jonathan Rosenbaum . com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=1992& p=.rottentomatoes. . dvdverdict.. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=bramstokersdracula.

''Chaplin (film)'' 173 Chaplin (film) Chaplin Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Richard Attenborough Richard Attenborough Mario Kassar Diana Hawkins William Boyd Bryan Forbes William Goldman Robert Downey. Geraldine Chaplin Moira Kelly Dan Aykroyd Penelope Ann Miller John Barry Starring Music by Cinematography Sven Nykvist Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Anne V. It was produced and directed by Richard Attenborough and stars Robert Downey. 1992 144 minutes United Kingdom United States English $31 million $9. Kevin Kline. It also features Geraldine Chaplin in the role of her own paternal grandmother. The original music score was composed by John Barry.493. Jr. Hannah Chaplin. William Boyd. and Anthony Hopkins. Jr.. Bryan Forbes and William Goldman from the books My Autobiography by Chaplin and Chaplin: His Life and Art by film critic David Robinson. The film was adapted by Diana Hawkins. Coates Carolco Pictures TriStar Pictures December 25. . Dan Aykroyd.259 Chaplin is a 1992 biographical film about the life of English comedian Charlie Chaplin.

Attenborough was sufficiently confident in Downey's performance to include historical footage of Chaplin himself at the end of the film. a California attorney David Duchovny as Roland Totheroh. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Robert Downey. The film was lauded for its high production values. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's second wife Diane Lane as Paulette Goddard. The life of Charlie Chaplin was so vast and varied that a film is far too restrictive a format to give it justice. as Charlie Chaplin Geraldine Chaplin as Hannah Chaplin. Jr. British music-hall impresario Moira Kelly as Hetty Kelly / Oona O'Neill. a young Hollywood actress Penelope Ann Miller as Edna Purviance. a leading man in early Hollywood movies Matthew Cottle as Stan Laurel. after which he relocates to the United States. Edna Purviance. Mildred Harris.[1] One critic wrote that the screenplay "endeavors to cover too much ground. Chaplin's long time cameraman Critical reception Although the film was criticized for taking dramatic licence with some respects of Chaplin's life. head of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation Deborah Moore as Lita Grey. Paulette Goddard. Marion Davies. but many critics dismissed it as an overly glossy biopic. Charlie's mother Paul Rhys as Sydney Chaplin. a young Hollywood actress Kevin Kline as Douglas Fairbanks. Charlie's biography editor Dan Aykroyd as Mack Sennett. the editor of his autobiography."[2] Awards Academy Awards . Georgia Hale. a leading lady in early Hollywood movies Milla Jovovich as Mildred Harris. an early Hollywood film producer Marisa Tomei as Mabel Normand. Edgar Hoover. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's first wife Kevin Dunn as J. Charlie's brother John Thaw as Fred Karno.''Chaplin (film)'' 174 Plot The film is structured around lengthy flashbacks as the elderly Chaplin recollects moments from his life during a conversation with fictional character George Hayden (Anthony Hopkins). Joan Barry and Oona O'Neill). The film includes references to some of his many romantic episodes (including Hetty Kelly. a Hollywood comedian Maria Pitillo as Mary Pickford. a young Hollywood actress James Woods as Joseph Scott. from which he escapes by immersing himself in the world of the London music halls. Charlie's final wife Anthony Hopkins as George Hayden. Downey's performance as Chaplin won almost universal acclaim. Lita Grey. a young Hollywood actress and Charlie's third wife Nancy Travis as Joan Barry. Chaplin's recollections begin with his childhood of extreme poverty.

[3] The 15th Anniversary Edition Blu-Ray of Chaplin will be released on February 15. Jr. Jr. Jr. 2011. Robert Downey.''Chaplin (film)'' 175 Award Nominated: Best Actor Best Score Person Robert Downey. Person BAFTA Award for Best Production Design Stuart Craig Golden Globe Awards Award Nominated: Best Original Score Best Actor – Drama John Barry Robert Downey. the same as the original theater release). The anniversary edition contained extensive interviews with the producers. Person Best Supporting Actress Geraldine Chaplin Home media The film was released on DVD in 1997. and included several minutes of home-movie footage shot on Chaplin's yacht. John Barry Best Art Direction Stuart Craig Chris Butler BAFTA Awards Award Awarded: BAFTA Award for Best Actor Nominated: BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair John Mollo Ellen Mirojnick Wally Schneiderman Jill Rockow John Caglione. . Jr. The box for this DVD mistakenly lists the film's running time as 135 minutes (it is 144 minutes. A fifteenth-anniversary edition was released by Lions Gate Entertainment (who obtained the distribution rights to the film in the interim) in 2008.

com/title/tt0103939/) at the Internet Movie Database Chaplin (http://tcmdb. . com/ chaplin_(1992).Chaplin (1992).com/movies/?id=chaplin. com/ Film/ Chaplin-44781/ ) [2] "Chaplin (1992)" (http:/ / www. movie-tv-episode-database. htm).com/title/title.com/m/chaplin/) at Rotten Tomatoes . com/ archive/ chaplin92.htm) at Box Office Mojo Chaplin (http://www. External links • • • • • Chaplin (http://www.allmovie.boxofficemojo." (http:/ / www. Combustiblecelluloid. Retrieved 2010-09-07. dvd review" (http:/ / www. shtml). hometheaterinfo. Moira Kelly. [3] "Combustible Celluloid film review .''Chaplin (film)'' 176 References [1] "Dismissed on its release by many critics as a typically fluffy paean to Chaplin . combustiblecelluloid. but it's anything but bland.com. Hometheaterinfo.jsp?stid=23157) at the TCM Movie Database Chaplin (http://www. this sumptuous biopic may have a touch too much gloss.imdb. . . Richard Attenborough.rottentomatoes.. 2008-10-08. Robert Downey Jr.com.com/work/8916) at Allmovie Chaplin (http://www. Retrieved 2010-09-07.

The film takes place in 1950s Berlin at the height of the Cold War and centres around the joint CIA/MI6 operation to build a tunnel under the Russian sector of Berlin. Campbell Scott Gerald Gouriet. imdb. Isabella Rossellini.''The Innocent (1993 film)'' 177 The Innocent (1993 film) The Innocent Original film poster Directed by Produced by John Schlesinger Norma Heyman. Written by Ian McEwan and based on his novel of the same name. 1993 119 min. Germany / United Kingdom English The Innocent is a 1993 John Schlesinger film starring Anthony Hopkins. Isabella Rossellini. Anthony Hopkins Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Dietrich Lohmann Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Richard Marden Miramax September 16. Wieland Schulz-Keil. com/ title/ tt0106185/ . James Grant and Jeremy Sinden. External links • The Innocent (1993 film) [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. and Campbell Scott with Hart Bochner. Chris Sievernich Ian McEwan Anthony Hopkins.

The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards.''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 178 The Remains of the Day (film) The Remains of the Day Film poster Directed by Produced by James Ivory Ismail Merchant Mike Nichols John Calley Ruth Prawer Jhabvala Harold Pinter (uncredited) Kazuo Ishiguro (novel) Anthony Hopkins Emma Thompson James Fox Christopher Reeve Hugh Grant Ben Chaplin Richard Robbins Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Tony Pierce-Roberts Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Andrew Marcus Columbia Pictures 5 November 1993 134 minutes United Kingdom United States English $15 million $63. Hugh Grant and Ben Chaplin. It starred Anthony Hopkins as Stevens and Emma Thompson as Miss Kenton with James Fox.968 [1] The Remains of the Day is a 1993 Merchant Ivory film adapted by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala from the novel by Kazuo Ishiguro.954. Christopher Reeve. It was directed by James Ivory and produced by Ismail Merchant. Mike Nichols and John Calley. .

He asks Stevens if he remembers the comments. one of the dignitaries at a conference. who argued in favour of the foreign policy being conducted by "professionals" rather than by "gentlemen amateurs". Stevens. who worked with him as housekeeper during the years prior to the Second World War. leaving Stevens and Darlington Hall behind. Lewis (Christopher Reeve). though his feelings are left ambiguous. his utter focus and emotional repression were most fully displayed when his own father. . He irritated Congressman Lewis. Finally. When she cried in frustration. was dying. Stevens (now one of the few remaining servants from the Darlington era) goes to visit Miss Kenton. Miss Kenton was equally efficient and strong-willed but warmer and less repressed. Before her departure. to which Stevens replies that he was too busy serving. but he still refused to be moved. Stevens continued his duties without pause. and perhaps he with her. The two men eventually coax it out a window and it flees to freedom. Indeed. It becomes clear that she had fallen in love with him. At the time. men who decided important affairs of state while there. had to manage the household so that the servants seemed almost invisible. He recognises his former master's failings and indicates that he has regrets about his own life. loyal and perfectionistic. but Stevens' coldness was too formidable. a pigeon then flies into the room through the fireplace and becomes trapped in the hall. Mr. The film flashes back to Kenton's arrival as housekeeper. and he took great pride in his skills and his profession. where a table tennis table now lies. she struck up a relationship with another man and married him. Stevens departs for Darlington Hall in a downpour of rain. calm and efficient. as does Miss Kenton (now Mrs. fearing that the girls would have to return to Germany. Symbolically. Stevens carried out the order but Miss Kenton almost resigned in protest. Mr Stevens (Anthony Hopkins). He clashed with Miss Kenton. Lord Darlington used his influence to broker the policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany. also an employee. the butler of Darlington Hall. Relations between the two eventually warmed and Kenton even teased Stevens. After reading the work of Houston Stewart Chamberlain. As the two men enter the banquet hall. The film's final scene shows Stevens making the final preparations to Darlington Hall in preparation for the arrival of Congressman Lewis' family. her own need for employment caused her to avoid following through. However. since their daughter is soon to present them with a grandchild. Lord Darlington commanded that two German-Jewish maids should be dismissed. Twenty years later. When asked about his former employer. ostensibly to persuade her to return to service. Congressman Lewis reflects on the banquet that he attended in this room in 1935 and admits embarrassment over his comments. Stevens at first denies having served or even met him but later admits to having served him. but displayed only understated irritation with her and others. his reputation destroyed after he had been denounced a traitor in the Daily Mail. she insulted Stevens. Kenton declines Stevens' offer to return to Darlington Hall. the only response he could muster was to call her attention to a domestic task. but they could not be located. announcing instead that she wants to remain with her husband.''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 179 Plot In 1950s England. Darlington Hall was frequented by many politicians of the interwar period. Benn). his equal in the household hierarchy. She tried to break through the wall. Darlington died a broken man. Lord Darlington (James Fox) has died and his stately country manor has been sold to a retired American Congressman. still unable to demonstrate any feeling. receives a letter from Miss Kenton (Emma Thompson). considering their employment inappropriate. After the meeting. leaving the house just before the outbreak of World War II. while Stevens. Kenton cries. Darlington later regretted his decision and asked Stevens to reinstate the maids. simply raises his hat. Kenton reveals that her marriage has failed and that she is nostalgic for the days when she worked at the house. clearly out of distress that he had never expressed any emotional interest in her.

Nichols remained associated with the project as one of the producers of the Merchant Ivory film. which he has decided not to publish. he refused to allow his name to be listed in the credits" (125). he asked to have his name removed from the credits.[2] Christopher C.''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 180 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Head Butler Mr James Stevens Emma Thompson as Housekeeper Miss Sarah 'Sally' Kenton James Fox as Lord Darlington Christopher Reeve as Congressman Trent Lewis Peter Vaughan as William Stevens ("Mr Stevens senior") Hugh Grant as Cardinal (Lord Darlington's godson) John Haycraft as Auctioneer Caroline Hunt as Landlady Paula Jacobs as Mrs Mortimer Ben Chaplin as Charlie Steve Dibben as George (footman #2) Abigail Harrison as Housemaid Patrick Godfrey as Spencer Peter Halliday as Canon Tufnell Terence Bayler as Trimmer Hugh Sweetman as Scullery Boy Tony Aitken as Postmaster Emma Lewis as Elsa Joanna Joseph as Irma Tim Pigott-Smith as Benn Lena Headey as Lizzie Production A film adaptation of the novel was originally to be directed by Mike Nichols. some of Pinter's script was used in the film. from a script by Harold Pinter.] Gale and me that he had learned his lesson after the revisions imposed on his script for The Handmaid's Tale. Hudgins observes: "During our 1994 interview. in keeping with his contract.[3] [4] [5] Though no longer the director. When his script for Remains of the Day was radically revised by the James Ivory-Ismail Merchant partnership. but. while Pinter was paid for his work. Pinter told [Steven H. .

4:57 11. entrance hall). the production designer.7:27 2. the interior of which was used for the aqua-turquoise stairway scenes. Sir Geoffrey Wren and Stevens. Luciana Arrighi. Music Room of Powderham Castle in 1983 Score The Remains of the Day Film score by Richard Robbins Released Length 1993 49:26 The original score is composed by Richard Robbins. Blue Moon .1:33 5. conservatory. Among them was Dyrham Park for the exterior of the house and the driveway. Powderham Castle (staircase. A Portrait Returns/Darlington Hall/End Credits .5:22 12.6:54 .2:21 9. Scenes were also shot in Weston-super-Mare. The score was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score (lost to the score of Schindler's List). music room. The Cooks in the Kitchen . Corsham Court (library and dining room) and Badminton House (servants' quarters. Somerset. Opening Titles. The Conference Begins .1:34 7.4:14 3. Sei Mir Gegrüsst .1:51 4. who was able to cajole permission for the production to borrow various houses not normally open to the public. . The Keyhole and the Chinaman . hall. Tradition and Order . Sr. scouted most of these locations.4:13 6.6:19 10. Loss and Separation .''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 181 Settings A number of English country estates were used as locations for the film.2:41 8. Track listing 1. bedroom). Darlington Hall . You Mean a Great Deal to This House . Sentimental Love Story/Appeasement/In the Rain . partly owing to the persuasive power of Ismail Merchant.

• ---. part of which appeared in 'Harold Pinter: A Conversation' in Literature/Film Quarterly. and Lolita. . Retrieved 2010-09-29. fortunately ("We can thank our various lucky stars"). 2003. KY: The UP of Kentucky. Pinter's contract contained a clause to the effect that the film company could bring in another writer. The Films of Harold Pinter. [3] Hudgins adds: "We did not see Pinter's name up in lights when Lyne's Lolita finally made its appearance in 1998. Christopher C. ISBN 9780791449325. ISSN 08959706. ." all of which Hudgins considers "masterful filmscripts" of "demonstrable superiority to the shooting scripts that were eventually used to make the films". All references to Pinter's screenplay in the text [of Jones's essay] are to this unpublished manuscript" (107n1). the-numbers. Tampa: U of Tampa P. Italy. during an interview that I conducted with him in London about his screenplay in May 1992. 132-39. Pinter goes on in the March 13 [1995] letter [to Hudgins] to state that 'I have never been given any reason at all as to why the film company brought in another writer. The Remains of the Day. 2001. It doesn't surprise me. • Hudgins. in March 2006. [5] In his 2008 essay published in The Pinter Review. Print. ISBN 9781879852198 (hardcover). The Films of Harold Pinter. com/ movies/ 1993/ 0ROTD. he has never been given any reason as to why another writer was brought in" (Gale 352). which he revised January 24. • ---. but that in such a case he could withdraw his name (which is exactly the case with [the film] The Remains of the Day-he had insisted on this clause since the bad experience with revisions made to his Handmaid's Tale script). Francis Gillen with Steven H. Works cited • Gale. Print. Jones: "Pinter gave me a copy of his typescript for his screenplay. In that interview.' . Sharp Cut: Harold Pinter's Screenplays and the Artistic Process. ISBN 9780813122441 (13). Ed. Politics. Gale. [4] Cf. 2008. 1991. Lolita.2008. "Three Unpublished Harold Pinter Filmscripts: The Handmaid's Tale. php). XXI (1993): 2-9. Poetry. "Harold Pinter's Lolita: 'My Sin. Hudgins "examin[es] all three unpublished filmscripts in conjunction with one another" and "provides several interesting insights about Pinter's adaptation process" (132). in this essay. Hudgins discusses further details about why "Pinter elected not to publish three of his completed filmscripts. which he first presented as a paper at the 10th Europe Theatre Prize symposium." 123-46 in Gale.' again quite similar to the equally ungracious treatment that he received in the Remains of the Day situation" (125). Albany: SUNY P. Steven H. Print. the essay on the film The Remains of the Day published in Gale's collection by Edward T.. Pinter: Passion." The Pinter Review: Nobel Prize / Europe Theatre Prize Volume: 2005 . Original Score Best Picture Lost to Tom Hanks (Philadelphia) Holly Hunter (The Piano) Ewa Braun and Allan Starski Gabriella Pescucci (The Age of Innocence) Steven Spielberg (Schindler's List) John Williams (Schindler's List) Schindler's List Best Writing. he says. The Handmaid's Tale. My Soul'. The Remains of the Day. Pinter mentioned that Ishiguro liked the screenplay that he had scripted for a proposed film version of the novel. ISBN 0791449327.''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 182 Awards The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards: Award Best Actor in a Leading Role (Anthony Hopkins) Best Actress in a Leading Role (Emma Thompson) Best Art Direction-Set Decoration Best Costume Design Best Director Best Music. Lexington. ISBN 0813122449 (10). "these Pinter filmscripts are now available not only in private collections but also in the Pinter Archive at the British Library". [2] "In November 1994 Pinter wrote that 'I've just heard that they are bringing another writer into the "Lolita" film. held in Turin. ISBN 9781879852204 (softcover).. Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium Steven Zaillian (Schindler's List) Notes [1] "The Remains of the the Day" (http:/ / www. ed.

imdb.html) at Merchant Ivory Productions The Remains of the Day (http://www.''The Remains of the Day (film)'' 183 External links • • • • The Remains of the Day (http://www.com/remains.com/title/tt0107943/) at the Internet Movie Database The Remains of the Day (http://www.allmovie.com/work/122235) at Allmovie The Remains of the Day (http://merchantivory.com/m/remains_of_the_day/) at Rotten Tomatoes .rottentomatoes.

deeper feelings surface. Lewis and Joy Davidman. feisty Gresham. middle aged bachelor C. Initially their marriage is one of convenience. and Lewis' faith is tested as his wife tries to prepare him for her imminent death. whose uninhibited behavior offers a sharp contrast to the rigid sensibilities of the male-dominated university. Lewis finds his quiet life with his brother Warnie disrupted by the outspoken. the film focuses on reserved. Plot Set in the 1950s.''Shadowlands (film)'' 184 Shadowlands (film) Shadowlands UK theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Richard Attenborough Richard Attenborough Brian Eastman William Nicholson Anthony Hopkins Debra Winger Edward Hardwicke George Fenton Music by Cinematography Roger Pratt Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Lesley Walker Price Entertainment Savoy Pictures (US) Paramount Pictures (UK) 25 December 1993 131 minutes United Kingdom English Shadowlands is a 1993 British biographical film directed by Richard Attenborough. Each provides the other with new ways of viewing the world. Sibley later wrote the book. an Oxford University academic at Magdalen College and author of The Chronicles of Narnia series of children's books. What begins as a formal meeting of two very different minds slowly develops into an intense feeling of connection and love. Lewis. The original television film began life as a script entitled I Call it Joy written for Thames Television by Brian Sibley and Norman Stone. Shadowlands: The True Story of C. a platonic union designed to allow Gresham to remain in England. But when she is diagnosed with cancer. S. . The screenplay by William Nicholson is based on his 1985 television production and 1989 stage adaptation of the same name. and his relationship with divorced American poet Joy Gresham and her young son Douglas. S.

. Attenborough opts for modest. unobtrusive direction that serves the material and actors . "Jack" Lewis Debra Winger as Joy Gresham Edward Hardwicke as Warren "Warnie" Lewis Joseph Mazzello as Douglas Gresham James Frain as Peter Whistler Julian Fellowes as Desmond Arding Michael Denison as Harry Harrington John Wood as Christopher Riley Critical reception Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film "intelligent. nominee) BAFTA Award for Best Direction (nominee) BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee) National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (Hopkins. winner) BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role (Winger.S. that the drama works effectively on both personal and collective levels . . winner) . Hopkins adds another laurel to his recent achievements. moving and beautifully acted. "It's a testament to the nuanced writing of William Nicholson ."[2] In Variety. . . nominee) Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee) BAFTA Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film (winner) BAFTA Award for Best Film (nominee) BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Anthony Hopkins. there's music in his speech and nothing is over-deliberate or forced about his acting . . Winger at last plays a role worthy of her talent. . . "William Nicholson's screenplay brims with substance and wit."[3] Awards and honors • • • • • • • • • • • Academy Award for Best Actress (Debra Winger. winner) Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (Hopkins.''Shadowlands (film)'' 185 Cast • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as C. . Emanuel Levy observed. winner) Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor (Hopkins."[1] Rita Kempley of the Washington Post described it as "a high-class tear-jerker" and a "literate hankie sopper" and added. though it's essentially a soap opera with a Rhodes scholarship . . . [Winger] and Hopkins lend great tenderness and dignity to what is really a rather corny tale of a love that was meant to be. Coming off years of desultory and unimpressive movies. As always.

com (http://artsandfaith. html?categoryid=31& cs=1) External links • Shadowlands (http://www. htm) [3] Variety review (http:/ / www. washingtonpost.com/title/tt0108101/) at the Internet Movie Database • Shadowlands at Arts&Faith. com/ wp-srv/ style/ longterm/ movies/ videos/ shadowlandspgkempley_a0a3fe. dll/ article?AID=/ 19940107/ REVIEWS/ 401070302/ 1023) [2] Washington Post review (http:/ / www. variety. com/ apps/ pbcs.php?film=70) . com/ review/ VE1117902067.com/t100/2005/entry. suntimes.imdb.''Shadowlands (film)'' 186 References [1] Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert.

John Cusack as budding health-food entrepreneur Charles Ossinning. Bridget Fonda as his spouse Eleanor. Lionel Badger. Kellogg. Coraghessan Boyle (novel) Alan Parker (screenplay) Anthony Hopkins Matthew Broderick Bridget Fonda John Cusack Rachel Portman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Peter Biziou Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Gross revenue Gerry Hambling Columbia Pictures (USA) October 28.5 million The Road to Wellville is a 1994 American film adaptation of the novel of the same name by T. New York at the Mohonk Mountain House. It was written and directed by Alan Parker. Colesberry T. Also used were the North Carolina towns of Winnabow and Wilmington. Matthew Broderick as sanitarium patient William Lightbody. 1994 (USA) 118 min. Coraghessan Boyle. which tells the story of the doctor and clean-living advocate John Harvey Kellogg and his methods as employed at the Battle Creek Sanatorium at the start of the 20th Century. Dana Carvey as the doctor's adopted son George and Colm Meaney as Dr. It was filmed in New Paltz. . The Road to Wellville stars Anthony Hopkins as Dr.''The Road to Wellville (film)'' 187 The Road to Wellville (film) The Road to Wellville Directed by Produced by Alan Parker Alan Parker Armyan Bernstein Robert F. English US$6.

thrashes Dr. who has a modern attitude toward sexual pleasure. where he puts into practice his unusual methods for maintaining a healthy body including colonic irrigation. Having enlisted the services of George Kellogg. influenced by the works of Dr. Kellogg's dietary treatments were an essentially iron-free diet. Ossining's business is a disaster. as well as vegetarianism and physical exercise. He's good. John Harvey Kellogg has opened a sanitarium in Battle Creek. Badger is masturbating. who suffers from "greensickness"--a disease which turns the skin a shade of green. and Eleanor following the premature death of their child. the doctor's estranged (and strange) adopted son. only to find her and Virginia Cranehill receiving clitoral massages from Dr. and a digestive problem that has caused him to restrict his diet to dry toast and water. His wife Eleanor. He subsequently burns the sanitarium down. Spitzvogel with a branch and takes Eleanor away. electrical stimulus and sexual abstinence. at a visiting day at Kellogg's sanitarium. Ossining decided to sell the product as a health food for pigs--when he is stopped by George. Kellogg does seem to reconcile with George in the mud bath at the aftermath of the fire. where he is reprimanded by Dr. befriends Virginia Cranehill. and he's cheap. a potential investor.000 in his health food business. The sanitarium attracts a number of well-to-do patients including William and Eleanor Lightbody. Will returns drunk to the sanitarium. Ossining meets his aunt. He and his partners resort to stealing Kellogg's cornflakes and repackaging them in their own boxes. gets drunk and eats meat. Bookbinder created many batches of Perfo. who is hoping to make his fortune by exploiting the craze for health food cereals. Kellogg and abandoned by a distraught Eleanor. Kellogg actually kills George by drowning him in macadamia paste. (Greensickness is a form of pernicious anemia. who he described to Ossining as "one of Kellogg's top men. In the chaos. Later he discovers that Ida has died. who are suffering from ill health: William from the effects of overindulgence in liquor. all inedible.''The Road to Wellville (film)'' 188 Plot Dr. upon turning around Charles is met by two sheriff's deputies who inform him Dr. and had never produced breakfast cereal before. Bender hired Bartholomew Bookbinder.) Following the death of a patient in the sinusoidal bath. Michigan. and now he works for us. incensed. where he is exposed as a fraud and arrested. the finest and most expensive hotel in Battle Creek. an addiction to opium caused by Eleanor's attempt to use "Sears White Star Liquor Cure" to keep him from drinking." Ossining later discovers Bookbinder worked on Kellogg's dairy farm. meanwhile. Charles goes to the Post Tavern Hotel. After attempting to eat every batch. Will Lightbody is separated from his wife and begins harboring lustful thoughts toward Nurse Graves and patient Ida Muntz. flees the sanitarium. The desk clerk tells Charles Bender has disappeared in the middle of the night. who explained not even the pigs would eat it. which was believed to have special healing properties. Lionel Badger. At the restaurant he meets Ossining and agrees to invest $1.) . leaving a substantial hotel bill which was presented to Charles. to call on Bender. George Kellogg pays a final visit to his father but things go wrong. Eleanor explains to Charles she has become a "Battle Freak"--someone who repeatedly visits the Sanitarium--and will be making her fourth stay there. Will finally succumbs to Ida Muntz's charms. Nurse Graves attempts to seduce Will. Spitzvogel at the same time Dr. He goes to find Eleanor. (In the book. and having to throw them all away. Will has a breakdown. Ossining makes his escape. they attempt to produce "Kellogg's Perfo Flakes" in an ersatz bakery located in a barn at a hog farm. Perfo was advertised as a "celerized" food--one containing extracts of celery. as well as the discovery of yet another death. George dumped the unwanted cornflakes into the hog trough. On their way to Battle Creek they meet the enterprising Charles Ossining. Will. which is treated by increasing the body's intake of iron. Kellogg has filed suit to stop the production and distribution of "Kellogg's Perfo" and is seeking substantial damages. He is guilt-stricken and spurns her advances. In the sanitarium. Ossining finds a partner in the devious Goodloe Bender.

) Dr. com/ 38/ wellville1. Charles becomes rich making and selling "Perto.com. "Black and White Breakfast" (http:/ / www.imdb. The film has a 44% rating on Rottentomatoes. with a good deal of criticism of the scatological nature of the film."[1] The film flopped at the box office. Spitzvogel Critical reception The film was poorly received at the time of its release. Lionel Badger John Neville as Endymion Hart-Jones Norbert Weisser as Dr. Retrieved 31 January 2008.000 from Ossining. Kellogg dies in his 70s of a heart attack while diving off a high board.com/title/tt0111001/) at the Internet Movie Database . References [1] Tanfer Emin-Tunc.''The Road to Wellville (film)'' In a final coda." a tonic made by soaking herbs in white lightning.) 189 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Dr. Writing in Bright Lights Film Journal. grossing only $6. Not all the reviews were negative.5 million in the USA. Upon returning to New York state. (In the book. Charles is given a drink of an alcoholic "woman's tonic" whose label makes health claims similar to those on the Perfo boxes. brightlightsfilm. Will receives a cheque for $1. John Harvey Kellogg Matthew Broderick as William Lightbody Bridget Fonda as Eleanor Lightbody John Cusack as Charles Ossining Lara Flynn Boyle as Ida Muntz Dana Carvey as George Kellogg Traci Lind as Nurse Graves Michael Lerner as Goodloe Bender Camryn Manheim as Virginia Cranehill Colm Meaney as Dr. Bright Lights Film Journal. (The real Kellogg lived to age 91. Tanfer Emin-Tunc commented: "It is a sophisticated blend of humor and documented historical material that seeks to question the various forms that race and class have assumed in twentieth-century American society. the Lightbodys are happily married with four daughters. htm). External links • The Road to Wellville (http://www. who has become a cola beverage tycoon. . Hopkins' portrayal of Kellogg was also singled out for criticism.

his sons. The film was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Cinematography. Tristan. Wittliff Brad Pitt Anthony Hopkins Aidan Quinn Julia Ormond Henry Thomas James Horner Written by Starring Music by Cinematography John Toll Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Steven Rosenblum Bedford Falls Productions TriStar Pictures December 16. Canada.000 (estimated) $66. and object of the brothers' love. ending with a brief scene set in 1963.[1] [2] The movie's timeframe spans the decade before World War I through the Prohibition era. Colonel Ludlow.502. Wittliff Edward Zwick Jim Harrison (novella) Susan Shilliday William D.573 Legends of the Fall is a 1994 drama film based on the 1979 novella of the same title by Jim Harrison. and into the 1930s. and Best Sound.''Legends of the Fall'' 190 Legends of the Fall Legends of the Fall Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Edward Zwick Marshall Herskovitz William D. Best Art Direction.000. and Samuel. 1994 133 minutes United States English $30. It was directed by Edward Zwick and stars Brad Pitt.[1] This movie was shot in Alberta and British Columbia. Susannah. . including veteran of the Indian Wars. and won the category for Best Cinematography. The film centers on the Ludlow family of Montana. Anthony Hopkins and Aidan Quinn. Alfred.

" Alfred finds her weeping on the porch and tries to comfort her. Colonel Ludlow finds them together. A jealous Alfred confronts Tristan and later leaves to make his name in Helena. killing two gunners. These demons force him to go travelling for several years.''Legends of the Fall'' 191 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Brad Pitt as Tristan Ludlow Anthony Hopkins as Col. As I am dead. Devastated. where Susannah finds him weeping over Samuel's grave. Alfred and Tristan also depart. where they build a ranch. leads a charge into no man's land. Tristan holds Samuel until he dies. he returns to camp with the scalps of German soldiers hanging around his neck. but she declines. Tristan touches a sleeping grizzly bear.[4] Alfred. At the ranch. and they become lovers. While visiting Alfred in the field hospital. Samuel tells his family that he is leaving for Calgary to join the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Tristan single-handedly raids behind German lines. He rushes off to protect his brother but arrives too late to save him from being killed. Colonel Ludlow has three sons: Alfred. does not adapt to the harsh winters and moves to the East Coast. Colonel Ludlow later suffers a stroke. the youngest. To the horror of his fellow soldiers. She finds Tristan captivating. Colonel William Ludlow (Anthony Hopkins) retires to a remote part of Montana with One Stab. The Colonel's wife. and aid Britain[3] in the fight against Germany. is educated but naive and constantly watched over by his brothers. Accompanying them are hired hand Decker. leading to an argument and falling out between the Colonel and Alfred. Samuel returns from Harvard with his fiancée. the eldest. CEF. Tristan is wild and well-versed in American Indian traditions. O'Banion John Novak as James O'Banion Kenneth Welsh as Sheriff Tynert Bart the Bear as The Bear Plot Sick of the betrayals the United States government has perpetrated on the Native Americans. He is discharged from army service but does not go home. As the boys grow up. Susannah Fincannon. as well as feeling responsible for driving Alfred away. the brothers find themselves in the 10th Battalion. During World War I. Susannah tries to comfort him. He does not speak for years . At age 12. William Ludlow Aidan Quinn as Alfred Ludlow Julia Ormond as Susannah Fincannon Ludlow Henry Thomas as Samuel Ludlow Karina Lombard as Isabel "Isabel II" Decker/Isabel Decker Ludlow Gordon Tootoosis as One Stab Christina Pickles as Isabel Ludlow Paul Desmond as Decker Tantoo Cardinal as Pet Decker Robert Wisden as John T. Seething with hatred. commissioned as an officer. Tristan returns home. Tristan's relationship with Susannah is doomed by his guilt and pain for failing to protect Samuel. Tristan abandons his unit to be at Samuel's side. a Native American friend. Much to their father's displeasure. Samuel. is responsible and cautious. and Alfred is wounded. Before they can marry. Susannah waits for him but eventually receives a letter: "All we had is dead. Isabel. Marry another. injuring him. but loves Samuel. Tristan learns that Samuel has volunteered for a dangerous reconnaissance mission. The attack is repulsed with heavy casualties. Decker's Cree wife Pet and their daughter Isabel II. which he sends home to be buried on his father's ranch. then cuts out Samuel's heart. Alfred returns to Montana and proposes marriage to Susannah. The bear awakens and slashes at Tristan. but he stabs at the bear's paw and cuts off a claw.

everyone in Tristan's life dies before him. html) Calgary Highlanders webpage (http:/ / www. the eldest being a boy named Samuel in honor of his late brother.. with full-blooded performances and heartfelt melodrama. com/ title/ tt0110322/ awards Legends of the fall Script (http:/ / www.1257. Susannah commits suicide after realizing she cannot live without Tristan.. Tristan returns during Prohibition." On the other hand. bringing life back to the ranch and his father.1021. He draws his knife and fights it. htm http:/ / www. Deseret News. html). Roger Ebert describes it as "pretty good .. Alfred's business and politics cause him to get involved with the O'Banion brothers. 1994 and made $14 million in its first weekend in wide release a month later. "Legends of the Fall" (http:/ / deseretnews. After his release. washingtonpost. Susannah visits. Best Actor (Drama). com/ movies/ view/ 1. where it was nominated for Best Picture (Drama). When the remaining O'Banion brother comes for Tristan. and Best Director. Tristan enters a clearing to investigate an animal carcass and is set upon by a grizzly bear. boxofficeguru. knowing he will be blamed for the men's disappearance. It went on to have a final box office total of $66 million..com/film. the film was nominated for just three awards. Chris (1995-01-13). the image freeze-frames as One Stab narrates: "It was a good death". htm) http:/ / www. com/ covers/ covers2004. bootleggers and gangsters."[6] References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Hicks. based on the reviews of critics from major publications. Tristan becomes involved in small-scale smuggling bootleg liquor. finding himself at odds with the O'Banion brothers. com/ movie_scripts/ l/ legends-of-the-fall-script. script-o-rama. is only 44% positive).00.allmovie. including one of the O'Banion brothers. The film was much more successful at the Golden Globes. but Tristan refuses her advances and insists she "go home to Alfred".php?filmid=19138) . They have two children. htm External links • Legends of the Fall (http://www. Rita Kempley of the Washington Post says ". and in a fit of agonized grief Tristan beats the officer nearly to death and has to serve thirty days in jail. Tristan. Alfred reconciles with his father and brother. leaves for the mountain country after asking Alfred to take care of his children. Life seems to become normal again for Tristan as he finds true happiness in his young family.the yarn doesn't so much sweep as sprawl across the screen in all its panoramic idiocy. . He accepts Susannah's marriage and later falls in love with and marries Isabel II. now a congressman. he and the corrupt sheriff are killed by Colonel Ludlow and Alfred as Tristan attempts to protect his father. In time Susannah agrees to marry Alfred. Over time. calgaryhighlanders. 192 Awards and reception The film opened in limited release on December 23.virtual-history. As they struggle.[5] Although released in the hopes of being an Academy Award frontrunner. http:/ / www. The film has a 63% positive review from critics on Rotten Tomatoes (although the "Top Critics" rating. imdb.imdb. com/ l. in none of the major categories.com/work/A132041) at Allmovie • Movie stills (http://film. As an old man.''Legends of the Fall'' and the ranch deteriorates. Tristan and Decker kill those responsible for Isabel II's death.com/title/tt0110322/) at the Internet Movie Database • Legends of the Fall (http://www. com/ wp-srv/ style/ longterm/ movies/ videos/ legendsofthefallrkempley_c0049b. It won for best cinematographer John Toll. Tristan's wife is accidentally killed by a police officer working for the O'Banions.

though deeply flawed.960 (USA) Nixon is a 1995 American biographical film directed by Oliver Stone for Cinergi Pictures that tells the story of the political and personal life of former US President Richard Nixon. 1995 192 minutes United States English $44 million $13. Unlike Stone's earlier film JFK. The film portrays Nixon as a complex and. in many respects. played by Anthony Hopkins.''Nixon (film)'' 193 Nixon (film) Nixon (film) Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Oliver Stone Dan Halsted Eric Hamburg Oliver Stone Stephen J..] based on numerous public sources and on an incomplete historical record".. Nixon begins with a disclaimer that the film is "an attempt to understand the truth [.560. an admirable person. . Rivele Christopher Wilkinson Oliver Stone Anthony Hopkins Joan Allen Paul Sorvino Bob Hoskins Powers Boothe Larry Hagman Ed Harris E. G. Marshall John Williams Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Robert Richardson Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Brian Berdan Hank Corwin Hollywood Pictures Cinergi Pictures December 22.

[3] What convinced Hopkins to ultimately take on the role and "impersonate the soul of Nixon were the scenes in the film when he talks about his mother and father. and suitor to his eventual wife. I felt that was the quality that always marked Nixon". The director briefly considered Gene Hackman. including his downfall due to abuse of executive power in the White House. Gerald Ford. T. Army One. The character • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . as well as his growth as a young man. Nixon's alcohol dependence. George H. a role that the director had planned to offer Ed Harris. G. are also shown in the film. as is the medication addiction he faced during his remaining years in office (Nixon's health problems. Jimmy Carter. Haldeman Woods talked Stone into giving him the part. R. Jack Jones.[1] James Woods as H. is a composite character. a billionaire investment banker and real estate tycoon. is fully implied in the film. and all living ex-presidents at the time. Bush. Gordon Liddy Paul Sorvino as Henry Kissinger Powers Boothe as Alexander Haig Ed Harris as E. That affected me. Stone met with Warren Beatty but the actor wanted to make too many changes to the script. Beatty told Stone that he had found his Pat Nixon. It explores most of the important events of his presidency. It depicts his childhood in Whittier. Ronald Reagan. They wanted Tom Hanks or Jack Nicholson — two of Stone's original choices. Real life footage of Nixon's state funeral in Yorba Linda. are shown in attendance. Cast • Anthony Hopkins as Richard Nixon. as well as that of his wife. Pat Ryan.''Nixon (film)'' 194 Plot The film covers all aspects of Nixon's life as a composite of actual events. football fan and player. plays out over the extended end credits. Robin Williams and Tommy Lee Jones. Mitchell Madeline Kahn as Martha Beall Mitchell David Paymer as Ron Ziegler David Hyde Pierce as John Dean Kevin Dunn as Charles Colson Edward Herrmann as Nelson Rockefeller Sam Waterston as Richard Helms (scenes present only in director's cut) Larry Hagman as "Jack Jones" Unlike some other characters in the film who represent actual people. Marshall as John N. California.[5] who is emblematic of "big business" in general.[1] Stone cast Hopkins based on his performances in The Remains of the Day and Shadowlands. Walsh as John Ehrlichman John Diehl as G.[2] When the actor met the director he got the impression that Stone was "one of the great bad boys of American pop culture. The studio did not like Stone's choice to play Nixon. Edgar Hoover E. Afterwards. W. The loneliness. California. including his bout of phlebitis and pneumonia during the Watergate crisis. and his various medicants are sometimes attributed to these health issues)."[4] Joan Allen as Pat Nixon When Beatty was thinking about doing the film. he insisted on doing a reading of the script with an actress and Allen was flown in from New York City.[1] J. and I might be a fool to walk away". The film ends with Nixon's resignation and famous departure from the lawn of the White House on the helicopter. and then-president Bill Clinton. Stone on Anthony Hopkins: "the isolation of Tony is what struck me. Howard Hunt Bob Hoskins as J.

a key figure in the Watergate scandal who handled the flow of paper to the President. Hunt and other entrepreneurs. Rivele with the concept being that they would incorporate all of the politician's misdeeds. We can't get into it that much. Stone turned his attention to a biopic about Richard Nixon. Christopher Wilkinson. "as a bunch of unattractive older white men sitting around in suits..T.. Walsh decided not to contact John Ehrlichman because he had threatened to sue after reading an early version of the script and was not happy with how he was portrayed. but J. 1994.[2] Hopkins watched a lot of documentary footage on Nixon. Hamburg mentioned the idea of a Nixon film to writer Stephen J. letting it seep into his subconscious. Government power. according to the director. Robert Kennedy. it begins to take you over..[2] With Hamburg and actors Hopkins and James Woods."[10] .[8] In another interview.[1] Rivele and Wilkinson delivered the first draft of their script on June 17. the 20th anniversary of Nixon's resignation. 3) corporate power.[2] The former President's death on April 22. it's a System of checks and balances that drives itself off: 1) the power of money and markets. was also a key factor in Stone's decision to make a Nixon film. who made sure that every aspect of the script was accurate and wrote a few uncredited scenes for the film. got the idea of a film about Nixon after having dinner with Oliver Stone. 4) the political process.. the Vietnam War.. and 5) the media. former speechwriter and staff member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. they saw it.[2] In 1993. but. At night. both known and speculative. David Hyde Pierce and Paul Sorvino talked to their real-life counterparts. Sr. 1994. and helped Nixon's rise to power and his fall from it as well.[1] former deputy White House counsel John Sears. Hamburg encouraged Rivele to write a film instead and with his screenwriting partner.[1] They conceived of a concept referred to as "the Beast". the director elaborates.[7] Stone said in an interview that Nixon realizes that "the Beast" "is more powerful than he is.[10] Hopkins said.[1] Rivele liked the idea and had previously thought about writing a play exploring the same themes. L.''Nixon (film)'' may be a reference to Richard Nixon's meetings with Clint Murchison. as a consultant to make sure that the Oval Office was realistically depicted. although he also illuminates Nixon's relationships with Howard Hughes. he would go to sleep with the Nixon footage playing.. Jr. D. which Wilkinson describes as "a headless monster that lurches through postwar history. The director also hired Alexander Butterfield. When they both did not get made. and John Dean. He pitched the film to Warner Bros." a metaphor for a system of dark forces that resulted in the assassinations of John F. but we hint at it so many times — the military-industrial complex. "I see the Beast in its essence as a System . Stone commissioned the first draft of the film's screenplay in the fall of 1993. which is probably greater than state power.C. H.[1] Pre-production Stone immersed himself in research with the help of Hamburg..[1] Originally. or election through money. He also interviewed Robert McNamara. "It's taking in all this information and if you're relaxed enough. and interviewed the surviving members of Nixon's inner circle: lawyer Leonard Garment and Attorney General Elliot Richardson.[6] 195 Production Origins Eric Hamburg. which grinds the individual down .[1] Butterfield also appears in a few scenes as a White House staffer. a former Secretary of Defense under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. and Martin Luther King.[9] It was this concept that convinced Stone to make Nixon and he told Hamburg to hire Rivele and Wilkinson.[1] Stone loved the script but felt that the third act and the ending needed more work. Kennedy.[1] They wrote another draft and delivered it on August 9. Stone flew to Washington. they wrote a treatment on November 1993. which is therefore in tow to the System. Powers Boothe. To research their roles. Oliver Stone had been developing two projects — the musical Evita and a movie about Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega. which mostly protects the status quo and their ownership's interests". the anniversary of the Watergate break-in. with a lot of dialogue and not enough action". 2) State power. the forces of money".

Kennedy. The American President. leaked a copy of the script to Richard Helms. who threatened to sue the production. Stone cut out all scenes with Helms from the theatrical print and claimed that he did for "artistic reasons" only to reinstate this footage on the home video release. it reflected accurately what happened". it was based on research and interpretation". saying.[1] Vajna's company.[1] [11] Stone took the project to Hungarian financier Andrew Vajna who had co-financing deal with Disney. Time magazine reported that an early draft of the screenplay linked Nixon to the assassination of President John F. Hopkins was intimidated by the amount of dialogue he had to learn. "There were moments when I wanted to get out. making changes in 48–72 hours. After the success of Killers. former Director of the CIA.[1] When Stone told Milchan that he wanted to make Nixon. He withdrew after Stone paid him an undisclosed amount.[10] In Spring of 1994. "I'd always tell him how great he was in Psycho.[2] To cut costs. that was being added and changed all the time[7] as he recalled. I'd call him Lady Perkins all the time instead of Sir Anthony Hopkins".[1] In response.[11] Stone was finalizing the film's budget a week before shooting was to begin.[7] Stone addressed the criticism of fictional material in the film. Stone said that it was "the most intense post. Stone leased the White House sets from Rob Reiner's film. Milchan. told the director that he would only give him $35 million.5 million.[2] [10] According to the actors. This angered Milchan who claimed that Nixon was his film because of his three-picture deal with Stone and he threatened to sue.I've ever done.[3] The facts contained in the script were based on research from various sources.[8] .''Nixon (film)'' Stone originally had a three-picture deal with New Regency Films which included JFK. when I wanted to just do a nice Knots Landing or something". Arnon Milchan.[10] Woods says that Sorvino told Hopkins that he was "doing the whole thing wrong" and that he was an "expert" who could help him.[11] Stone could make any film up to a budget of $42.[2] 196 Principal photography The film began shooting on May 1.[8] If one editor wasn't successful with a scene then it went to another. head of the Nixon Presidential Library. and Natural Born Killers. Stone had his editors in three different rooms with the scenes from the film revolving from one room to another.[9] John Taylor. this was all good-natured joking.[1] During the post-production phase. head of New Regency. rescreening the film and then making another 48 hours of changes.[10] Woods recalls that Sorvino took Hopkins to lunch and then he quit that afternoon. even more intense than JFK" because they were screening the film three times a week.[3] Sorvino told him that his accent was all wrong.[2] He made a deal with Cinergi and Disney's Hollywood Pictures in order to supply the $43 million budget. were willing to finance the $38 million film.[1] Early on during principal photography.[10] Hopkins told Stone that he wanted to quit the production but the director managed to convince him to stay. Dean said about the film's accuracy: "In the larger picture. signed Stone for three more motion pictures. transcripts and hours of footage from the Nixon White House. thinking that this would cause Stone to abandon the project. Cinergi Films. "The material we invented was not done haphazardly or whimsically. Heaven and Earth. Woods said.[2] Sorvino claims that he told Hopkins that he thought "there was room for improvement" and that he would be willing to help him. who was not keen on the idea. including documents. 1995 but there was a week of pre-shooting at the end of April to film scenes that would be used as part of a mock documentary about Nixon's career. "depending on how successful they were".

He finds neither the timber of Nixon's plummy baritone.[16] Some critics took Stone to task for portraying Nixon as an alcoholic. that of his childhood. felt that "the problem here isn't accuracy.[14] This statement was based on a published copy of the script.[7] Film critic Roger Ebert praised the film for how it took "on the resonance of classic tragedy. the film has grossed a total of $13. Fawn Brodie. and was an attempt to gain "a fuller understanding of the life and career of Richard Nixon — the good and the bad. where J. and the legacy he left his nation and the world". also had a problem with Hopkins' portrayal: "Hopkins. Nixon grossed a total of $2.[12] The film received generally positive reviews from critics and holds a 75% rating at Rotten Tomatoes. Nixon's memories in the mind of the American public". Mick LaSalle in the San Francisco Chronicle. scaled the mountain and was still not high or big enough". wrote a letter to Nixon's daughters saying that Stone had "committed a grave disservice to your family. Much of the added time consists of two scenes: one in which Nixon meets with Central Intelligence Agency director Richard Helms (played by Sam Waterston) and another on Tricia Nixon's wedding day. Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Joan Allen).[15] Stone does not see his film as the definitive statement on Nixon but as "a basis to start reading. calling parts of the film "reprehensible" and that it was designed to "defame and degrade President and Mrs. though. with raw hands. and one of the achievements of Nixon is to show that greatness was within his reach".[20] It was nominated for four Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Anthony Hopkins). Stone responded that his "purpose in making the film.[19] Richard Corliss. Janet Maslin from The New York Times praised Anthony Hopkins' performance and "his character's embattled outlook and stiff. nor the stature of a career climber who. the triumphs and the tragedies. Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen. and his part in planning the assassination of Fidel Castro. and to American history". well below its $44 million budget. to start investigating on your own". The film was re-released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on August 19. Diane Disney Miller. Nixon was neither malicious nor defamatory".''Nixon (film)'' 197 Reaction In its opening weekend.2 million in 514 theaters.[14] Walt Disney's daughter.[17] Ebert also placed the film on his list of the top ten films of the year. As of December 19.6 million in the United States and Canada. 2008 with the first anamorphic widescreen version of the film. California issued a statement on behalf of the Nixon family. Entertainment Weekly ranked Nixon #40 on their "50 Best Biopics Ever" list[21] and one of the 25 "Powerful Political Thrillers". Best Music. Tragedy requires the fall of a hero. Edgar Hoover persuades Nixon to install the taping system in the Oval Office. and Tom Wicker. in his review for Time. Hopkins' exaggerated portrayal of Nixon is the linchpin of a film that in its conception and presentation consistently veers into camp".[18] However. 2006. to the Presidency. . with its wonderfully false attempts at intimacy.[14] The statement also criticized Stone's depiction of Nixon's private life. It's absurdity. though Stone says that was based on information from books by Stephen Ambrose. the Richard Nixon Library and birthplace in Yorba Linda. Original Dramatic Score and Best Writing.[13] Two days before the film was released in theaters. hunched body language with amazing skill".[22] DVD A director's cut was released on DVD with 28 minutes of previously deleted scenes restored. is a failure.

com/m/nixon/) at Rotten Tomatoes White House Museum . dll/ article?AID=/ 19951220/ REVIEWS/ 512200302/ 1023). Retrieved 2009-03-18. [18] Maslin. Time. Mark C (Vol. edu/ MRC/ pastimperfect. .00. . [13] http:/ / www. . Toronto Sun. Bernard (December 19.salon. Bernard (December 17.org/special/movies. . 1995). Public Affairs. David Ansen (December 11. com/ movies/ ?id=nixon. "Stone's Embrace of a Despised President" (http:/ / movies2.html) . shtml).boxofficemojo. Norman (December 15.00.20209601_12. [11] Kit. Cineaste. "Nixon" (http:/ / www. [19] LaSalle. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. New York Times. "Hollywood's Most Controversial Director Oliver Stone Takes on Our Most Controversial President Richard Nixon". Retrieved 2009-09-02. Jay (December 17. 1995). "Death of a Salesman" (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ gallery/ 0. 1995). Entertainment Weekly. edu/ MRC/ Nixon.com/16dec1995/features/stone. citypaper. com/ ew/ gallery/ 0. "Hopkins Takes Presidential Duties Seriously". com/ cgi-bin/ article.00. . [8] Smith. [21] "50 Best Biopics Ever" (http:/ / www. DTL). berkeley. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 1995).whitehousemuseum. Toronto Star. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1996/ 07/ 12/ DD59636. [12] "Nixon" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. 2007. html).com/movies/?id=nixon.com/work/135504) at Allmovie Nixon (http://www.com/title/tt0113987/) at the Internet Movie Database Nixon (http://www. Nixon. . Philadelphia City Paper. Zorianna (October 29. 1995). . External links • • • • • Nixon (http://www. Eric (2002). .imdb. 4. New York Times. Retrieved 2006-12-19. html). . [15] "Nixon's Family. 1995. 1997). San Francisco Chronicle. [20] Corliss. No. Mick (July 12.htm) at Box Office Mojo Nixon (http://www. 1996). Retrieved 2006-12-19. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Roger (December 20. Retrieved 2008-08-20. lib. ew. 1995). html).. [7] Weinraub. [4] Carr. [9] Carnes. Associated Press. Gavin (March 1995). The New York Times. "The Dark Side".com Stone interview (http://www. sfgate. "Stars Come Out for Hollywood Premiere". lib. 1996). [10] Weiskind.htm#nixon) • Salon. "Richard Nixon Gets Stoned". Cineaste. 1995). "Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies" (http:/ / www. Oliver Stone & Me". suntimes. berkeley. Ron (December 24. "Nixon" (http:/ / rogerebert. Cindy (December 28. Richard (December 18. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ m/ nixon/ [14] Weinraub. time. Sight and Sound. Retrieved 2006-12-19. . [17] Ebert. "Nixon Family Assails Stone Film as Distortion". "JFK. December 20. [22] "Democracy 'n' Action: 25 Powerful Political Thrillers" (http:/ / www.. [3] Wilner. com/ apps/ pbcs. [5] Fuchs. Boston Globe. 1995). nytimes. Christopher (Winter 1996). Box Office Mojo. Ron (December 24. Retrieved 2007-09-26. September 26. XXII. "Oliver Stone's Absurd Take on Nixon" (http:/ / www. html?res=9C01E7DC1E3AF933A15751C1A963958260). 1995). 1995). Retrieved 2009-04-16. [16] Weiskind.20252565_11. Entertainment Weekly. htm). ew. "Nixon" (http:/ / www.allmovie. com/ mem/ movies/ review. rottentomatoes. Disney's Daughter Attack Stone's Film".''Nixon (film)'' 198 References [1] Hamburg. [2] McGuire. 1995).How accurately did the movie recreate the architecture and floor plan of the actual White House? (Review) (http://www. net/ articles/ 122895/ article023. Retrieved 2009-04-16. "Perfectly Clear". "Professor Stone Resumes His Presidential Research". [6] Sharrett. html). html). Stryker. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. 1995–January 4.9171.983860. Janet (December 20. "Casting Stone at Nixon". Newsweek.rottentomatoes.

.''Surviving Picasso'' 199 Surviving Picasso Surviving Picasso Directed by Produced by James Ivory Ismail Merchant David L. Wolper Humbert Balsan (co-producer) Donald Rosenfeld (executive) Paul Bradley (executive) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala Anthony Hopkins Natascha McElhone Julianne Moore Joss Ackland Peter Eyre Jane Lapotaire Joseph Maher Bob Peck Diane Venora Susannah Harker Joan Plowright Dominic West Richard Robbins Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Tony Pierce-Roberts Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Andrew Marcus Warner Bros. 20 September 1996 125 min English Surviving Picasso is a 1996 Merchant Ivory Film starring Anthony Hopkins as the painter Pablo Picasso. It was shot in Paris and southern France. It was directed by James Ivory and produced by Ismail Merchant and David L. Wolper. Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's screenplay was loosely based on the biography Picasso: Creator and Destroyer by Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington.

com/ picasso/ index. Marie-Thérèse Walter (played by Susannah Harker). It shows Françoise being beaten by her father after telling him she wants to be a painter. html [3] http:/ / www. Dora Maar (played by Julianne Moore). com/ title/ tt0117791/ . and a 55 out of a 100 on Metacritic. rather than his paintings. merchantivory. saying that he can sleep with whomever he wants. The film is seen through the eyes of his lover Françoise Gilot (Natascha McElhone). and as a womanizer. such as Olga Khokhlova (played by Jane Lapotaire).''Surviving Picasso'' 200 Plot The film starts with a young woman named Françoise meeting Picasso in Paris during the Nazi occupation of the city. rather than a lawyer. com/ picasso. html [2] http:/ / www. The film depicts several of the women who were important in Picasso's life. and where it does show paintings. Reception Surviving Picasso was not well received from critics. where Picasso is complaining that people broke into his house and stole his linen. the film is more about Picasso's personal life rather than his works. When Picasso is shown painting Guernica. they are not of his more famous works. with the work only slightly visible. imdb. firing his driver after a long period of service. Surviving Picasso earned a "rotten" rating of 29% on Rotten Tomatoes. External links • Official Site [1] • Merchant Ivory Productions [2] • Surviving Picasso [3] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / movies. the camera sits high above the painting. warnerbros. Picasso is shown as often not caring about other people's feelings. and Jacqueline Roque (played by Diane Venora). Because the producers were unable to get permission (as usual) to show the works of Picasso in the film.

Her presence in the beginning of the movie acts as a catalyst for the film's bold rivalry between Baldwin and Hopkins.7 million The Edge is a 1997 survival and relationship drama film directed by Lee Tamahori starring Anthony Hopkins as billionaire magazine publisher Charles Morse and Alec Baldwin as Bob Green. Q. also appears. it touches upon many themes common to Mamet's other works.''The Edge (1997 film)'' 201 The Edge (1997 film) The Edge Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Lee Tamahori Art Linson David Mamet Anthony Hopkins Alec Baldwin Harold Perrineau Elle Macpherson Bart the Bear L. through action and intricate dialog. Q. Elle Macpherson has a supporting role as Hopkins' trophy wife and model for his magazine. including the bonding of strong male characters. tough posturings and playful surprises. L. Bart the Bear. as a vicious grizzly. and it would be one of his last film roles. Jones Jerry Goldsmith Music by Cinematography Donald McAlpine Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Language Budget Gross revenue Neil Travis 20th Century Fox September 26. Jones has a supporting role as an innkeeper. The movie was written by David Mamet and. one of his ambitious employees. The story explores. Harold Perrineau also co-stars as the group's photographer Stephen. despite the unusual setting. . 1997 English Unknown $27. a trained Kodiak Bear known for appearing in several Hollywood movies. the survival instincts of these men in terms of their competition with each other and with their environment.

Bob responds. They all have seemingly forgotten that it is also Charles' birthday. the plane flies into a flock of geese. She and an entourage arrange to travel to Alaska for a photo shoot. Bob uses a signal flare over Charles' mild objection that they will need those for signaling rescue planes. however. They are lost. a beautiful model. blowing in the breeze. The bear returns and attacks the terrified Stephen. is nearly swept over a waterfall. carrying the signal flares bag. confident. board a small plane to seek an Indian man whom Bob wants for a model.I like your style. Charles goes to gather firewood and returns to find one of the bloody cloths used to staunch Stephen's wound stuck to a branch. where Charles saves Stephen's life by performing CPR on him. and makes it to the surface with this load. The pilot is dead. and tempers are flaring. and I think your wife's pretty cute too. The men end up going in a circle. Bob risks his own life to save Charles from the raging edge of the waterfall. While trudging along. smashing the windshield and injuring the pilot. albeit public. then crashes into a lake. Charles uses his knowledge of how to make a compass from a piece of metal to try to lead them to a location where a rescue craft might find them. After failing to light a fire using book matches. He knows that the smell of blood in the air could attract wild animals. breaking off one of the pontoons. His companions treat his wound. He demands to know why it was not burned or buried as he had instructed. then she quickly winks affectionately at her onlooking husband." in a tone that tries to pass it off as a joke. . who nonetheless looks troubled by this interaction. He falls. following Bob. Disagreements begin over how to survive. The plane. and the husband of a much-younger wife. out of control. Before Bob has a chance to reply. disabling the engine. and assertive. until a surprise party reveals that they had not. Stephen accidentally deeply cuts his leg. and who never knows whom to trust. Charles uses his birthday knife (given to him by Bob) to cut the jammed seat belt of the drowning Stephen. Charles refuses to engage in the subterfuge that the comment was said in jest. Charles' beautiful wife. The character of Charles is intellectual yet capable. The situations are often ambiguous. After Bob and Stephen safely make it over. Bob muses about how difficult it must be to be a rich man from whom others always want something. in contrast. is jovial. Charles attempts to calm Stephen by assigning him to shape a spear with his knife. and while doing so. Charles and Bob. Throughout. Stephen hears a movement in the trees. The first involves the race to avoid hypothermia as they are all in wet clothes and the day is waning. kiss on the cheek of his model. serene. Charles responds that no one should feel sorry for a man who owns a plane. ". They escape by crossing a raging river via a hastily constructed single-log bridge. plants a quick. cynical. and loses the flares. Bob. eating him alive. and persuade Charles to accompany them. and superficial while pretending to appear that he is not. but then he wonders aloud what Bob values in him. hauls him up out of the plane. snatching the bag of signal flares along the way. but the bear chases them away and takes Stephen. Importantly. then hunker down in the rain with him. the bear catches up and shakes the log while the hapless Charles is attempting to cross. and asks Bob calmly how he plans to kill him. with dimming hopes of being rescued. Charles displays his character by remaining calm. cold and hungry.''The Edge (1997 film)'' 202 Plot Charles Morse is a silver-haired billionaire.. A hint of trouble comes when Robert Green (Bob). the fashion photographer. as each person (except Charles) takes turns having emotional breakdowns. Mickey. under a makeshift shelter of branches. clips a mountain peak. and Bob finally steps in and assists by hauling the barely conscious Stephen further up a slope to safety. They swim to shore. the other men trying their best to help. and raising questions about whether Charles was off the mark in mistrusting him. along with their friend Stephen. kind. and certain of their ability to get themselves to a location where they have a better chance of being rescued. Flying over a mountainous region of Alaskan wilderness in the small private craft.. their plight is worsened when they encounter a huge and aggressive Kodiak bear (they had been warned about such problem bears earlier in the film) which chases them.

who has lost a lot of blood. Charles realizes that Bob is drinking a bottle of fictional whisky named "Old Eagle" while loading the rifle because he can't kill him while sober. Before Bob can pull the trigger. they skin the bear and fashion clothing to keep warm. Instead. he takes one too many steps backwards. whom he finds dead. Charles turns and tells the press who ask about the fate of the two men with him. 203 . Alone in the cabin. It is implied that Charles too has now given up in despair. Charles picks up the rifle as though he plans to shoot Bob.''The Edge (1997 film)'' They stay on the move. At the same time. As the bear rears up on its hind legs to crush him. Bob is badly wounded and begs Charles to help him.who had also killed bears elsewhere). Charles is returned safely to his wife who is surrounded by friends and reporters. Charles plants his spear into the ground. smoke-producing foliage on the fire. In order to fend him off. They also finally get to eat some real meat cooked over the fire. Through the night. The spears fail to stop the bear. He asks why Charles would help someone who has so horribly betrayed him. looking for food and a way to get rescued. A helicopter appears and Charles throws some wet. Bob appears to be getting ready to kill Charles. This catches the helicopter's attention and the pilot circles back toward the fire. On their way again. Charles works the action to unload the rifle and pulls him out of the pit and tends to his wounds. they attract the bear to a location where they have carved long. Charles makes use of his earlier observation of a "deadfall" pit trap on the property and stops to distract Bob with conversation. Bob is injured and seemingly about to be killed. and what Charles plans to do when they return. Luring it with the smell of their own blood on a handkerchief in the breeze. Her face falls further as she now faces the loss of both men she loves. but Charles seems doubtful and says only "it's something" (previously mentioned in the film were other men . Bob vows that Charles' wife was never involved in any plot to kill him. The bear lunges forward. which only appears to strengthen Bob's resolve. Charles and Bob light a ring of fire around their camp and keep it burning all night. in the canoe down the river. On the riverbank. Charles by chance comes upon proof that his deepest fears about Bob and his wife are true. Bob forces Charles to walk outside at riflepoint. that they will kill the bear. killing it. Charles tells Bob he intends to start his life over because "you can change your life. The bear appears suddenly in front of Charles while he is fishing in a river with makeshift tackle. as it proved the depth of his own character. Charles replies that maybe he never will go back . signals her that he knows of her disloyalty to him. "saving my life. where Charles starts a fire to keep them warm. simply. but he eventually declares. Charles turns in relief to Bob. and falls into the camouflaged trap. and the audience privately shares with her husband the secret knowledge that she has lost someone else whom she loves."for what?" he asks. who charges the two men. Charles comes to the realization that the bear will continue to hunt them relentlessly.or young boys . and is impaled by its own weight." Bob opines. Her face shows that she is less joyous at her husband's return than might be expected. having succumbed to his injuries while attempting to sit up on the helicopters's arrival." This final gesture implies that Charles has true gratitude for the experience with Bob and Stephen. After killing the bear. that they both died. sharpened spears from nearby trees." The two men continue walking and come across an old shack. Charles reveals indirectly that he knows of his betrayal by Bob and his wife. Charles takes the clearly ill Bob." Bob says this certainly qualifies. but Charles coaxes the animal away. in a quiet gesture. Bob says he is "not 100%" and Charles stops to allow Bob to rest. "you'd be the first. at the same moment that Charles is softly warning him to beware of it. Charles appears pensive and confides to Bob after some prompting that "All my life I've wanted to do something that was unequivocal. Charles describes his plan for the battle with the bear and they put it into action. Charles. allowed him the chance to change his life and also saved him from living out the charade of his former life.

The Spirit (0:36)* 6. Stephen's Death (2:26)* (contains an unused ending from 1:45 onwards) 13. Initially called Bookworm. Stalking (5:46) 15. Three months before release. Rescued 10. A Lucky Man/Open Door (1:41)* (does not include the final orchestral outburst as the "bear" bursts through the door. Dozens of others were considered. according to Linson. Robert de Niro showed some interest in the role of Morse but ultimately declined. as a limited pressing of 3500 units. The River 9. Tracklist: 1. The Cage / False Hope / No Matches (3:34)* (contains crossfades between the three cues. the script was turned down by Harrison Ford and Dustin Hoffman before Alec Baldwin settled on the role of Green. the studio felt Bookworm needed a more commercial title. The Fire / Breakfast (2:31)* 8. Birds (2:22) 7. although they are separated in the film) 14. until the film was renamed The Edge. The Edge La-La Land Records release: June 15th 2010[3] La-La Land Records. Deadfall / Bear Fight (6:21) . by RCA Records and La-La Land Records. Stalking 7. Birds 4.[1] Music The film's music score was composed by Jerry Goldsmith and has received two CD releases. Deadfall 8. which had rustling noises during some quieter parts. This release also fixes a problem on the RCA release affecting the track "Rescued". as part of their limited edition series of releases. RCA Records release: September 30th 1997[2] Tracklist: 1. including around 25 minutes of unreleased music. Lost in the Wind 2. Wound (1:38)* 12. Bitter Coffee 6. Mighty Hunter 5. Lost In The Wild(s) (2:59) 3. Early Arrival (1:32)* 2.''The Edge (1997 film)'' 204 Production The shooting of the film is discussed by Art Linson in his 2002 book What Just Happened?. Rich Man (0:58)* 9. The Ravine 3. Bitter Coffee (3:01) 11. presented the complete score. Mighty Hunter (1:31) 5. which only lasts for a few seconds) 4. The Ravine (4:36) 10.

17. 18. 2002. References [1] Linson.aspx?ck=208&cik=3180) plane crash scene. soundtrackcollector. It contains no special features and has a non-anamorphic widescreen transfer.com/title/tt0119051/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Edge Clip (http://www. What Just Happened? Bitter Hollywood Tales from the Front Line. html External links • The Edge (http://www. New York: Bloomsbury. php?movieid=6050 [3] http:/ / www.''The Edge (1997 film)'' 16. .imdb. False Hope (Alternate Take) (1:08)* (alternate of 0:56 .maxim. 20.2:00 of track 13. Art (2002). The Edge (Alternate Take) (3:00)* (alternate recording of track 20) Total Time 66:15 (* = Previously unreleased) DVD release The DVD was released by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment on June 4. Rescued (Film Version Ending) (1:19)* (alternate ending of track 18. com/ TheEdge.1:46) The River (2:26) Rescued (6:03) End Title (Lost In The Wild)(s) (1:59)* The Edge (2:55) 205 Bonus Tracks 1. com/ catalog/ soundtrackdetail. [2] http:/ / www. reflecting the film version) 3. The Discovery / Turn Your Back (5:01)* (contains a brief alternate segment at 1:34 . 19. with more percussion and an additional brass melody) 2.com/slideshows/display. ISBN 1-58234-240-7. lalalandrecords.

and how former President John Quincy Adams took part in the proceedings. This was the second film for which Anthony Hopkins received an Academy Award nomination for playing a United States President. having previously been nominated in 1995 for playing Richard Nixon in Nixon. It shows how.''Amistad (1997 film)'' 206 Amistad (1997 film) Amistad Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Steven Spielberg Debbie Allen Steven Spielberg Colin Wilson David Franzoni Morgan Freeman Anthony Hopkins Djimon Hounsou Matthew McConaughey Nigel Hawthorne Stellan Skarsgård Harry Blackmun Anna Paquin John Williams Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Janusz Kamiński Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Michael Kahn HBO Films DreamWorks December 10. .441 Amistad is a 1997 historical drama film directed by Steven Spielberg based on the true story of a slave mutiny that took place aboard a ship of the same name in 1839. it was appealed by President Martin Van Buren to the Supreme Court. and the legal battle that followed.229. Retired U.S. 1997 154 minutes United States English $40 million $44. even though the case was won at the federal district court level.

James Covey Derrick Ashong as Buakei Geno Silva as Ruiz John Ortiz as Montes Ralph Brown as Lieutenant Gedney Darren E.''Amistad (1997 film)'' Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun appears in the film as Justice Joseph Story. as General Espatero Harry Blackmun as Justice Joseph Story Frank T. O'Connor as Missionary Robert Walsh as Guardsman Sean McGuirk as Courier Tony Owen as Farmer . Pendleton Pedro Armendáriz Jr. Molen as Magistrate Kevin J. Wells as Crier Michael Massee as Prison Guard Roy Cooper as Pickney Jake Weber as Mr. Wright Victor Rivers as Captain Ferrar Joseph Kosseh as Birmaja Steve Passewe as Cinque's In-Law Sherly Acosta Williams as Cinque's Wife Matt Sarles as Young Aide George Gerdes as Marshal Gerald R. 207 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Morgan Freeman as Theodore Joadson Nigel Hawthorne as Martin Van Buren Anthony Hopkins as John Quincy Adams Djimon Hounsou as Sengbe Pieh/Cinqué Matthew McConaughey as Roger Sherman Baldwin David Paymer as Secretary of State John Forsyth Pete Postlethwaite as William S. Calhoun Austin Pendleton as Professor Gibbs Daniel von Bargen as Warden Pendleton Rusty Schwimmer as Mrs. Burrows as Lieutenant Meade Allan Rich as Judge Juttson Paul Guilfoyle as Attorney Peter Firth as Captain Fitzgerald Xander Berkeley as Hammond Jeremy Northam as Judge Coglin Arliss Howard as John C. Holabird Stellan Skarsgård as Lewis Tappan Razaaq Adoti as Yamba Abu Bakaar Fofanah as Fala Anna Paquin as Queen Isabella II Tomas Milian as Calderon Chiwetel Ejiofor as Ens.

They eventually happen upon a black sailor in the Royal Navy. in court. the elderly former President and politician. but neither side is able to understand anything the other party says. They begin to walk round the city docks. the surviving officers of La Amistad. who is bombarded with demands for compensation from the juvenile Spanish Head of State. they sight land. News of the Amistad incident also reaches current President of the United States. James Covey (Chiwetel Ejiofor). Adams is introduced to two of the country's leading abolitionists. The film's protagonist. are thrown into a grim dungeon. the two abolitionists enlist the help of a young attorney specialising in property law. refuses to help. Cinqué's apparent rival for authority amongst the Africans. Baldwin and the abolitionists. and Cinqué is growing angry with Yamba who believes keeping the Spaniards alive is the only way to get back to Africa. who he believes can sail them back to Africa. Ruiz and Montez. the Africans are charged with "insurrection on the high seas". The film's focus now shifts to Washington. screaming and chanting in their native languages as a prison riot threatens. and the officers of the naval vessel responsible for re-capturing the slave-ship. believing that execution will send them to a pleasant afterlife. At a preliminary hearing in a district court. Unable to answer. Aware that they cannot fight the case on moral grounds. Sengbe Pieh (Djimon Hounsou). both of whom are leading shipping magnates in New England and co-proprietors of the pro-abolitionist newssheet "The Emancipator". claiming that he neither condemns nor condones slavery. Sr. The death of a young man provokes the Africans into a furious demonstration against the American authorities. most known by his Spanish name. "Cinqué. has converted to Christianity and is now resigned to his death. Adams. Baldwin and Joadson approach Adams for advice. several Africans and most of the ship's Spanish crew are killed. apparently verging on senility.the Spaniards have tricked the Africans by sailing directly for the United States. they pass another vessel. During the night. Unsure of their location. but Cinqué saves two of the ship's officers. events among the Africans are accelerating. the Amistad Africans are taken to a municipal jail in New Haven. While there. In the prison. a slave-ship carrying captured West Africans into slavery. As the hearings drag on. The two have heard of the plight of the Amistad Africans and attempt to enlist Adams to help their cause. Roger Sherman Baldwin (Matthew McConaughey). D. counting numbers in the Mende language... they still can't communicate with the Africans. . where a session in the House of Representatives introduces John Quincy Adams (Anthony Hopkins). Adams advises them that.C. attempt to talk to the Amistad Africans. La Amistad is found by a military vessel bearing an American flag . where the ship's occupants." painstakingly picks a nail out of the ship's structure and uses it to pick the lock on his shackles. In the ensuing fighting. a nervous Professor of Linguistics. Yamba. At the jail. the ship is running out of food and fresh water. Captured by the American Navy. The next day. Martin Van Buren (Nigel Hawthorne). and the case rapidly dissolves into conflicting claims of property ownership from the Kingdom of Spain. At this point. they decide that their priority must be to find a way to communicate with the Africans. and a tearful Cinqué. the elderly freed slave Theodore Joadson (Morgan Freeman) and Christian activist Lewis Tappan (Stellan Skarsgård).''Amistad (1997 film)'' • Harry Groener as Tecora Captain • Hawthorne James as Creole Cook • Ingrid Walters as Woman Overboard with Baby 208 Plot The film begins in the depths of the schooner La Amistad. the United States. awaiting trial. He then asks them pointedly what their story is. After six weeks have passed. Queen Isabella II of Spain (Anna Paquin). a group of African men takes one of the ship's boats to shore to fetch fresh water. Freeing a number of his companions. the side with the best story usually wins. along with Josiah Willard Gibbs. Connecticut. in an attempt to find and recruit an interpreter. While strolling in the gardens. Cinqué initiates a rebellion on board the storm-tossed vessel. carrying a group of wealthy English-speaking passengers having a dinner party on deck.

Adams then invokes the spirits of America's founding fathers. Cinqué tells of the various horrors of the Middle Passage. who break the news to an enraged and disgusted Cinqué. his client invoked the spirit of his ancestors. Judge Coglin (Jeremy Northam) dismisses all claims of ownership. At the Supreme Court. In his first speaking role in the courtroom. and ends his tirade with a concealed but clear threat that should the government set a precedent for abolition by releasing the Amistad Africans. one of America's founding fathers. invites the African leader to his home. presumably because he thinks of his own father. Senator John C. Mr. Baldwin and his companions are able to talk to Cinqué. In need of an ally with legal background in the intricacies of Supreme Court workings. tells the haunting story of how he became a slave. As Fitzgerald is cross-examined by the haughty Holabird. During preparations for the Supreme Court hearing.''Amistad (1997 film)'' Using Covey's linguistic abilities. apparently including the judge — in a court ruling. Furious. and authorizes the United States to convey the Amistad Africans back to Africa at the expense of the nation. While Adams gives him a rambling tour of his greenhouse. 209 . orders the arrest of the Amistad's remaining crew on charges of slave-trading. horrific torture. tension in the courtroom rises. dominated by its Southern slave-owning judges. While exploring the impounded vessel La Amistad for much-needed evidence to support the Africans' claims. While conversing with the Spanish Ambassador to Washington. Joadson. the South will have little choice but to go to war with the north. Cinqué was able to free himself of his shackles. before the hearing. The courtroom drama continues as District Attorney William S. There. convinces Adams to assist the case. native to his homeland. that war will simply be the final battle of the American Revolution. Adams. the United States would have exalted him as a hero. who has been following the case carefully. He argues that if Cinqué were white and had rebelled against the British. the United States awaits the Supreme Court's ruling. Cinque tells Adams that he is invoking the spirits of his ancestors. and began the slaves' rebellion for freedom. and the jubilant Africans celebrate their victory. through a series of flashbacks. Upon their arrival in Cuba. including his own father. including frequent rape. rules that the Africans were captured illegally and not born on plantations. Calhoun (Arliss Howard) launches into a damning diatribe aimed at President Van Buren. emphasising the economic importance of slaves in the South. He tells the court how. he exhorts the judges to free the Africans. a heartfelt plea using the English he has learned. Baldwin and Joadson meet again with John Quincy Adams. Once aboard La Amistad. aware that Cinqué is now refusing to talk to Baldwin. Holabird (Pete Postlethwaite) and Secretary of State John Forsyth (David Paymer) press their case for property rights and dismiss Cinqué's story as a mere piece of fiction. Adams invokes the Declaration of Independence. ultimately prompting Cinqué to leap from his seat and cry "Give us us free" over and over. by the owners of La Amistad. Baldwin calls expert witnesses including Captain Fitzgerald (Peter Firth). John Quincy Adams gives a long and passionate speech in defense of the Africans. and that the Africans' rebellion to gain their freedom was no different to the Americans' rebellion against their oppressors some seventy years earlier. Cinqué. along with many other Tecora survivors. stuffed into a crevice by Ruiz and Montez to conceal the evidence of illegal slave-trading. including the deaths of fifty people deliberately drowned in order to save food. Cinqué's plea touches many. he and hundreds of other captured Africans were loaded onto transatlantic slave-ship (Tecora). and random executions carried out by the crew. Tappan splits with Joadson and Baldwin. if a verdict in his favor should hasten a civil war. Using the book as hard evidence of illegal trading. the camera frames Adams with the marble bust of his father behind him. Cinqué's emotional reaction to seeing a West African violet. an illegal facility in the British Protectorate of Sierra Leone. Cinqué. This makes a strong impression upon Adams. With his advisors warning that the Amistad incident could bring the United States one big step closer to civil war. While Cinqué. Cinqué was sold at a slave market and purchased. a peasant farmer and young husband and father in West Africa. Arguing that condemning the Amistad Africans would render the principles and ideals of the Constitution worthless. Baldwin happens upon a notebook. He concludes by arguing that. In a poignant shot. was kidnapped by African slave-hunters and taken to the slave fortress of Lomboko. President Van Buren orders that the case be submitted to the Supreme Court. Baldwin. a British naval commander assigned to patrol the West Africa coastline to enforce the British Empire's anti-slavery policies. a state dinner at the White House threatens to overturn the ruling. His case made.

whose illustrations provide some insights into Christianity to at least one of the imprisoned Africans. the Lomboko Fortress was destroyed in 1849 . the West African colour of victory and accompanied by James Covey. giving Joadson his most treasured possession. United States laws on slave ownership do not apply. The pictures shown were created by Gustave Doré. which lay twenty years in the future. dressed in white.''Amistad (1997 film)'' On the day of judgment. to the African leader. The Supreme Court authorizes the release of the Africans and their conveyance back to Africa. The film concludes on this bittersweet note. and likely sold into slavery. who has shed his British uniform in exchange for African attire. Over the background score of haunting African music. Furthermore. in the Mende language."[2] Another anachronism occurs in the film during the trial section concerning the Bible. With the fortress evacuated. "Amistad's problems go far deeper than such anachronisms as President Martin Van Buren campaigning for re-election on a whistle-stop train tour (in 1840. or people constantly talking about the coming Civil War. but U. Royal marines assault the Lomboko Slave Fortress. as they had arrived on American soil as free persons. and the Battle of Atlanta from the American Civil War. government could not take them back to Africa. Believing that the Amistad Africans were illegally kidnapped from their homes in Africa. Cinqué bids emotional farewells to his companions.S. The "Amistad" Africans returned to their homeland in 1842. Interspersed with this are scenes of Martin Van Buren losing his election campaign. the Amistad case revolved around the Atlantic slave trade — by 1840 outlawed by international treaty — and had nothing whatsoever to do with slavery as a domestic institution. Isabella II learning of the African's release. orders his warship of the Royal Navy's West Africa Anti-Slavery Squadron to open fire on the facility. destroying Lomboko. it was perfectly possible in the nineteenth century to condemn the importation of slaves from Africa while simultaneously defending slavery and the flourishing slave trade within the United States. candidates did not campaign). who has finally located the fortress. Incongruous as it may seem. a lion tooth which is his only memento of Africa. The final scenes depict Cinqué and the freed Africans returning to Africa. Captain Fitzgerald. 210 Historical accuracy The Supreme Court decision reversed District and Circuit decrees regarding African's conveyance back to Africa. Legally freed for the second and final time. They were to be deemed free. like Eric Foner. Justice Joseph Story (Harry Blackmun) announces the Supreme Court's decision on the case. killing the slavers and freeing the kidnapped Africans held within the dungeons. since that was the case. have criticized the film Amistad for historical inaccuracy and the misleading characterizations of the Amistad case as a "turning point" in American perspective on slavery. and thanking Baldwin in English. the Amistad Africans were within their rights to use force to escape their confinement." Furthermore Professor Foner states. DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University. His Bible was not published for almost three more decades. shaking Adams' hand. who was about 9 years old at the time of the Amistad events. The end of the film depicts various scenes.[1] Many academics. Baldwin clasps Cinqué and bids a farewell. Foner wrote that "In fact. As Cinqué is about to leave. a postscript informs the audience that Cinque returned to find his own wife missing.

vs. Eric.com/apps/pbcs.S. edu/ background/ amistad/ opinion.htm) at Box Office Mojo Amistad (http://www.''Amistad (1997 film)'' 211 References [1] STORY.sandiego.allmovie.htm) from AmericanRhetoric.suntimes. Joseph. cornell. Audio. law. html [2] FONER. edu/ d/ 74/ External links Amistad (http://www. The Amistad Case in Fact and Film http:/ / historymatters.dll/article?AID=/19971212/ REVIEWS/712120301/1023) • Review Sally Haden (http://history.rottentomatoes. U.com/title/tt0118607/) at the Internet Movie Database Amistad (http://www. http:/ / www.imdb. gmu. Video (http://www.com/work/158798) at Allmovie Amistad (http://www.edu/gen/filmnotes/amistad-review.americanrhetoric.boxofficemojo.com/moviespeeches.html) (Educational POV) • • • • • .com • Roger Ebert Film Review (http://rogerebert.com/movies/?id=amistad. Amistad.com/m/amistad/) at Rotten Tomatoes 2 Speeches from the Movie in Text.

288.''The Mask of Zorro'' 212 The Mask of Zorro The Mask of Zorro Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Martin Campbell Steven Spielberg Doug Claybourne David Foster John Eskow Ted Elliott Terry Rossio Ted Elliott Terry Rossio Randall Jahnson Characters by Johnston McCulley Antonio Banderas Anthony Hopkins Catherine Zeta-Jones Stuart Wilson James Horner Screenplay by Story by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Phil Meheux Editing by Studio Thom Noble TriStar Pictures Amblin Entertainment Zorro Productions. 1998 136 minutes United States English $96 million $250. Inc.523 The Legend of Zorro Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by . David Foster Productions Sony Pictures Entertainment July 17.

a mysterious avenger who defends the Mexican peasants and commoners of Las Californias. as his own. he learns that Montero told Eléna that her mother died in childbirth. Montero then imprisons his enemy and takes De La Vega's infant daughter. who has spent two decades in dungeons. and their guards at the hacienda. Eléna (Catherine Zeta Jones). She releases Diego from his cell and they proceed to the mine. De La Vega decides to take Alejandro as his protégé. and directed by Campbell. Montero decides to destroy the mine and kill the workers. The film was released in the United States on July 17. Salmon cast Sean Connery as Don Diego de la Vega. who needs money to fund his upcoming war with the United States. and he escapes. 213 Plot In 1821. and Stuart Wilson. where peasants and criminals are used for slave labor. Zorro duels Montero. not a thief and adventurer. After a brief period of deliberation. Montero returns from exile in Spain planning to turn California into an independent republic. the cruel governor of the region. Diego scolds him claiming that Zorro was a servant of the people. As he is taken away. Rafael Montero (Wilson). When Alejandro escapes. Diego tells Alejandro to release the workers on his own so that he can reclaim Eléna. to steal Montero's map leading to the gold mine. The film was directed by Martin Campbell and stars Antonio Banderas. Alejandro attends a party at Montero's hacienda. When Alejandro steals a black stallion resembling Toronado. a sequel also starring Banderas. Don Diego De La Vega (Anthony Hopkins) fights against Spain in the Mexican War of Independence as Zorro. still posing as "Bernardo" the servant. who happens to be Montero's right-hand man. The Mask of Zorro features the original Zorro. in a tragic accident. Diego corners Montero at the hacienda and reveals his identity. Mexico. Eléna. where he gains Eléna's admiration and enough of Montero's trust to be invited to a secret meeting. Alejandro and the Dons are taken to a secret gold mine known as "El Dorado". convincing her that Diego is her father. Alejandro Murrieta (Antonio Banderas). dressed as Zorro. Zeta-Jones. Murrieta endures the tough training regimen out of revenge on his brother's killer. Anthony Hopkins. With her by his side. Montero hints at a plan to retake California for the Dons by buying it from General Santa Anna. he encounters a thief. Producer Steven Spielberg had developed the film for TriStar Pictures with directors Mikael Salomon and Robert Rodriguez before Campbell signed on in 1996. while Rodriguez brought Banderas in the lead role. Eléna attempts to retrieve Montero's map. Diego tells Eléna the name of the flowers she recognized upon her arrival in California. Connery dropped out and was replaced with Hopkins. where Zorro and Diego defeat Love and Montero. Terrified of Santa Anna's retribution if he discovers that he is being paid with his own gold. a visiting nobleman. He challenges Alejandro to gain Montero's trust and pose as Don Alejandro del Castillo y García. Don Rafael Montero (Stuart Wilson). but he seduces her. has grown into a beautiful woman. was released in 2005. leading to a passionate kiss before he flees. Montero plans to buy California from Santa Anna using gold mined from Santa Anna's own land. learns De La Vega's identity and. Soon after. resulting in Zorro going over $10 million in its production budget. Captain Harrison Love (Matt Letscher). Eléna and Alejandro free the . and The Mask of Zorro began filming in January 1997 at Estudios Churubusco in Mexico City. Catherine Zeta-Jones. Love. feeling betrayed by Diego's vendetta. escaping from his 20-year imprisonment to avenge the death of his wife and find his long-lost daughter (Zeta-Jones). Alejandro sets off. Diego sends Alejandro. as a child. Twenty years later. Don Diego de la Vega (Hopkins). De La Vega's beloved wife(Julieta Rosen)is killed at his adobe. The Legend of Zorro. He is aided by a handpicked successor (Banderas). While walking in a market. who's pursues his own vendetta against the corrupt governor. Montero's re-appearance awakens a long-dormant passion in De La Vega. The film encountered scheduling problems when Campbell was hospitalized for bronchitis. once did Zorro a favor. Diego uses this opportunity to become closer to Eléna. but Montero captures him after.''The Mask of Zorro'' The Mask of Zorro is a 1998 American swashbuckler film based on the character of the same name created by Johnston McCulley. Eléna meets the woman who was her nanny. with Diego as his servant. who. 1998 with both financial and critical success.

but Zorro had never been portrayed by a Spaniard. Zeta-Jones discovered similarities between her "volatile" Celtic temper and the Latin temperament of Eléna. 214 Cast • Antonio Banderas as Alejandro Murrieta / Zorro: The character has always been Spanish. Anderson rated Banderas the best natural talent he worked with. Jr.''The Mask of Zorro'' workers before the explosives go off.[8] [9] • Stuart Wilson as Don Rafael Montero: Armand Assante had initially been cast in the role. spending 10 hours a day for two months specifically on fight scenes from the film. who worked with Campbell on GoldenEye. where they attend to the mortally injured Diego. However.[7] The actress credits The Mask of Zorro as her breakthrough in entering A-list recognition. Jones as Three-fingered Jack • Julieta Rosen as Esperanza De La Vega. passing the mantle of Zorro to him."[4] • Anthony Hopkins as Don Diego De La Vega / Zorro: Hopkins was cast in December 1996.[2] The three were trained from Bob Anderson during pre-production in Mexico.[3] During interviews for The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. but having worked with him there's nobody I'd rather use. They would complain about the intensity of the training.[10] Stuart Wilson. and Judith Godreche both screen tested for the part. as Don Pedro • L.[6] • Catherine Zeta-Jones as Eléna (De La Vega) Montero: The actress signed on in November 1996. before he studied additional fencing and swordsmanship with Anthony Hopkins and Catherine Zeta-Jones. and gives his blessings for Alejandro's and Eléna's prospective marriage.[8] Izabella Scorupco. Banderas. honoring Alejandro's brother.[7] Despite being a Welsh actress portraying a Latina character. the fictional brother of the real-life Joaquin Murrieta.Q. "We used to call him Grumpy Bob on the set. he was such a Antonio Banderas is the first Spanish actor to perfectionist. Banderas practiced with the Olympic fencing team in Spain for four months. his alter-ego in the film is Alejandro Murrieta. They re-build the De La Vega house and have a son named Joaquin. "He was portray Zorro." director Martin Campbell reflected. one month before filming began. but dropped out due to scheduling conflicts with The Odyssey.[11] • Matt Letscher as Captain Harrison Love • Tony Amendola as Don Luiz • Pedro Armendáriz. took up the role over his enthusiasm to be in an action film.[1] To prepare for his role. and also refused to treat any of the actors as stars. when Spielberg saw her performance in the Titanic miniseries and recommended her to Campbell. who was paid $5 million for the role. is the first Spanish actor to portray Zorro.[5] Hopkins. incredibly inventive. who Campbell previously directed in No Escape. known for his dramatic acting. Don Diego's beloved wife and Élena's mother . making the character Banderas portrays either Mexican or Chilean. He makes peace with Alejandro before dying. was cast in Assante's place four months after.

Zorro's plastic blade included among them. while Rodriguez wanted $45 million. TriStar Pictures and Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment were planning to start production on Zorro the following year.''The Mask of Zorro'' 215 Production Development In October 1992. but the studio refused and set $41 million as their highest mark. three hours east of Mexico City. an uncredited screenwriter. 1997 on a $60 million budget. and Randall Jahnson.[12] [13] Spielberg was producing Zorro with the potential to direct. and TriStar entered pre-production. Martin Campbell.[18] Connery and Salomon eventually dropped out. Rossio. signed to direct with Desperado star.[24] Rodriguez pulled out of Zorro in June 1996 over difficulties coming to terms with TriStar on the budget. where the production crew constructed the Montero hacienda and town set pieces. re-wrote some scenes. Sean Connery was cast as Don Diego de la Vega. but the start date was pushed back to July. and in September 1995. Branko Lustig was producing the film with Spielberg.[26] Filming Principal photography started in Mexico on January 27. was hospitalized for bronchitis. Desperado. turning down the chance to direct Tomorrow Never Dies. based on a story by Elliott.[29] the troubled production caused The Mask of Zorro to go $10 million over its budget.[21] [22] [23] The release date was then moved to Easter 1997. Pre-production proceeded even further in August when Salomon compiled test footage for a planned April 1995 start date. creating early promotion for the film that same month at the ShoWest trade show.[17] In August 1994. Antonio Banderas starring in the tile role as Robert Rodriguez (pictured) cast Antonio Banderas as Zorro before dropping out as Zorro. Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio. Walter F. and hired Joel Gross to rewrite the script after they were impressed with an adaptation he did with TriStar on The Three Musketeers.[32] . the producers were frustrated by customs agents when some props and other in negative costs. and shifted away from their initial plans with Salomon to make a big-budget version of Zorro. fresh from the success of Desperado. Foster and David Ward.[30] which added to $70 million [29] In December. was added three months after filming had ended.[31] The ending.[25] The finished screenplay would be written by John Eskow. Parkes.[19] TriStar and Amblin had been surprised by Rodriguez's director.[28] Production was delayed again in March for six days. when Campbell was sent back to hospital with his condition. Sony sent David Foster to join the project as a producer. The studio projected a range of $35 million.[20] Spielberg had hoped Rodriguez would start filming in January 1996 for a Christmas release date. items were held for nine days.[24] Banderas remained attached. where Alejandro and Eléna are happily married with their infant son. and Mikael Salomon was attached as director. They both attempted to compromise when Rodriguez lowered it to $42 million.[27] Production stalled for four days in February when the director. Spielberg and Campbell considered Diego De La Vega's death in the arms of his daughter too depressing. and Martin Campbell signed on later than month.[14] Gross completed his rewrite in March 1993. Robert Rodriguez.[3] [11] The Mask of Zorro was mostly shot at Estudios Churubusco in Mexico City.[27] During post-production. and Laurie MacDonald who were busy running DreamWorks. He was replaced by Martin Campbell low-budget filming techniques for his action films.[15] [16] By December 1993. El Mariachi and one month later. to help fill the void left by Steven Spielberg. Filming resumed in Tlaxcala. while Salomon assured that the rest of the major cast would be Hispanic and Latino Americans.

when pick-ups were commissioned. wanted an action film for its first quarter releases of 1998. and an original ending on the DVD includes an appearance by Antonio López de Santa Anna. who . the actual Harry Love preserved Murrieta's head in a large. Their duet. 82% of the critics enjoyed The Mask of Zorro with an average score of 7. Horner was influenced by Miklós Rózsa and Kelly Robinson's score from El Cid. portrayed here as Texas Army Captain "Harrison Love". plays in the closing credits of the film and was released as a single in Europe. a Royal Command Performance for Zorro was toplined by Prince Charles and his sons. this time to July 1998. 1997 before it was changed to March 1998. who had been known for their low-key presence at the ShoWest trade show.1/10. released by Sony Classical Records. TriStar purchased a 30-second advertising spot on Super Bowl XXXII for $1.[46] Reception Critical response Based on 66 reviews counted by Rotten Tomatoes.in 1841. with a 77% approval rating and an average score of 6. alcohol-filled glass jar.[45] The Mask of Zorro caught the attention of European Royalty with the film's foreign premieres.3 million. Antonio Banderas' Alejandro is a fictional brother of Joaquin Murrieta.[49] Richard Schickel of Time magazine praised Zorro as a summer blockbuster that pays tribute to the Classical Hollywood cinema swashbuckler films. (The film takes place more than a decade earlier. in 1853. Spain's King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sophia and Princess Elena attended the first Royal premiere in Madrid in seven years. as opposed to digitized. "The action in this movie. On December 10.[41] The delay from March to July added $3 million in interest costs. 1998. and Zorro was Sony's first film to use VRML.[34] The soundtrack. Even more strategically. a Mexican outlaw killed by California State Ranger Harry Love."[50] Zorro exceeded Roger Ebert's expectations.[47] The film was more balanced with the 13 critics in the website's "Top Critics" category. Metacritic received an average score of 63/100.[40] It was speculated that TriStar did this in an attempt to avoid competition with Titanic. based on 22 reviews collected.[36] [37] Historical references The Mask of Zorro and its sequel The Legend of Zorro incorporate certain historical events and persons into their narratives.[35] The song went #3 on the French Singles and #4 on the Dutch Singles charts. "is motivated by simple. powerful emotions of an old-fashioned and rather melodramatic nature.[44] Sony launched an official website in June 1998.5/10.) Similarly. Release The Mask of Zorro was initially set for release on December 19.[38] As he did in the movie. people.[30] The release date was once again pushed back.[42] To market Zorro. was commercially successful and propelled by the rising profile of Latin heartthrob Marc Anthony and Tina Arena.[33] For his work on The Mask of Zorro.''The Mask of Zorro'' 216 Music James Horner was hired to compose the film score in September 1997. 1998. while actors Antonio Banderas and Anthony Hopkins presented a panel at the conference on May 10. showed clips from the film. most of which takes the form of spectacular stunt work performed by real. who is only mentioned in the finished film. TriStar's parent company.[43] The studio also attached Zorro's trailer to prints of Godzilla. Sony Pictures Entertainment.[42] Sony. there is a character called Three Fingered Jack although the real person was a Mexican named Juan Duarte rather than an Anglo-American.[48] By comparison.[39] The opening sequence is set during the aftermath of the Mexican War of Independence. but Zorro encountered production problems that extended its shooting schedule. Internet marketing was an emerging concept in the late-1990s. "I Want to Spend My Lifetime Loving You"." Schickel continued.

found the that the actor's "performance presents a slight problem: The film asks us to believe that no one has figured out that Zorro and his real-life persona are the same person. Alejandro renders Eléna topless with a flurry of sword slashes.523. and $156.523 in domestic totals.[56] One critic placed it on his list of "Erotic [Film] Scenes in the 90s".095. Catherine Zeta-Jones Nominated Nominated Nominated MTV Movie Awards [64] Best Breakthrough Female Performance Best Fight . and that it would depend on the on-screen chemistry between Banderas and Zeta-Jones. Greg P. "It's a reminder of the time when stunts and special effects were integrated into stories.525. Travers also expected the film to be a failure with audiences. Pud Cusack Graciela Mazón Result Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated British Academy Film Awards [62] (BAFTAs) Golden Globe Awards [63] Best Costume Design Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Antonio Banderas Catherine Zeta-Jones Antonio Banderas." Berardinelli continued.[57] 217 Box office The Mask of Zorro was released in the United States on July 17. as well as Hopkins and Zeta-Jones." He was undecided whether the film would be a box office success. a Spaniard. and derring-do. Mick LaSalle.855 in its opening weekend. Even though Zorro doesn't feature the non-stop cliffhanger adventure of Raiders."[34] In his review for Rolling Stone magazine. tumult. but it's closer in spirit to a vintage Errol Flynn or Tyrone Power swashbuckler than anything that's come out of Hollywood in quite some time. earning $22."[53] Todd McCarthy of Variety found the film's length to be "somewhat overlong" and lacking "the snap and concision that would have put it over the top as a bang-up entertainment. rather than the other way around.288. Sony sold the TV rights of Zorro for $30 million in a joint deal to CBS and Turner Broadcasting System (TBS).[55] In one of the film's most popular scenes.000 in foreign countries.193.[54] Internet reviewer James Berardinelli compared the tone and style of The Mask of Zorro to producer Steven Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark.[60] Accolades Awarding Body Academy Awards [61] Award Best Sound Editing Best Sound Mixing Nominee Dave McMoyler Kevin O'Connell. even though they are the only guys in Mexico who talk with a British accent. who are both Welsh.515 theaters. writing in the San Francisco Chronicle. "there's still plenty of action. "While The Mask of Zorro isn't on the same level. 1998 in 2."[51] Ebert later called The Mask of Zorro "probably the best Zorro movie ever made. Disappointed with the film's entertainment value.[58] With the commercial success of the film. Peter Travers criticized the casting choices for the Mexican roles. it's not an altogether ridiculous comparison. Russell.[59] The Mask of Zorro eventually earned $94. which included Banderas.[58] The film dropped from its number one position in the second week with the releases of Saving Private Ryan and There's Something About Mary."[52] Despite giving credit to Anthony Hopkins for his masculine portrayal of an older Zorro.''The Mask of Zorro'' was surprised by the screenplay's display of traditional film craftsmanship. coming to a worldwide total of $250.

Richard (2001-12-29). [13] Frook. Variety. html). "Nicholson. . [3] Archerd. [4] Cohen. the character Zorro has been in the public domain. the judge found that any similarities between the film and the TV series' secondary characters and plot elements were [66] insufficient to warrant an injunction. and a promotional clip for the sequel. variety. com/ ew/ article/ 0. The DVD release included a making-of featurette and a photo gallery. [14] Eller. Sony Pictures re-released Zorro on DVD as a two-disc special edition on September 25. com/ article/ VR103598). [7] Sterngold. Army (1996-12-08). Army (1996-12-09). 2001.00. Daniel (1998-08-14). [12] Frook. com/ ew/ article/ 0. The New York Times. ew. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 1998. "Wilson's taking up the sword for ' Zorro'" (http:/ / www. "En Garde! The Master Who Puts the Swords in the Hands of the Stars"." As to specific elements of The Mask of Zorro. Lawrie (1998-08-02). The Morning Call. ew. variety. com/ article/ VR1117862964). Variety. Claudia (1993-02-01). The New York Times. variety. com/ article/ VR101521).. [6] Wolk.00. Army (1996-08-14).''The Mask of Zorro'' Saturn Awards [65] 218 Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film Best Actress Best Costumes Catherine Zeta-Jones Graciela Mazón Nominated Nominated Nominated Home media The film was released on VHS and DVD in the United States on December 1. Variety. "that since the copyrights in [Johnson McCulley's 1919 short story] The Curse of Capistrano and [the 1920 movie] The Mark of Zorro lapsed in 1995 or before.S. Amy (1998-07-11). . . 2001. "Happy Birthday to Kirk Douglas" (http:/ / www. 2001. It contained the same features from the previous two-disc release. Variety. "Douglases save coastal land" (http:/ / www. Dan (1996-12-12). John Evan (1992-11-23). Retrieved 2010-10-22. Retrieved 2010-10-22. Entertainment Weekly. Mouseketeers" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-22. Mancuso team" (http:/ / www. . "The Devil In Miss Zeta-Jones" (http:/ / www. "Spotlight on Antonio Banderas". Nolte. html). com/ article/ VR1117466640). . John Evan (1992-10-14). html?categoryid=38& cs=1).284462. variety. denied Sony's motion for a preliminary injunction. .. James (1998-05-10). the producers of the syndicated television series Queen of Swords Sony alleged copyright infringement and other claims. a "deluxe edition" of The Mask of Zorro was released. "Anthony Hopkins gets active in 'The Mask of Zorro'" (http:/ / www. . Rick (1999-05-02). Sony Pictures Entertainment filed a lawsuit in United States District Court. "Q and A with Antonio Banderas". against Fireworks Entertainment Group. "Assante may not carve out his 'Z'" (http:/ / www. On April 5. Retrieved 2010-10-22.83608. To coincide with the release of The Legend of Zorro in theaters. "'Musketeers' vs. Retrieved 2010-10-22. . noting. [10] Archerd. Variety. variety. Josh (1997-07-17). [9] Fierman. Western Division. Entertainment Weekly. The New York Times. [2] Masterson. variety. Variety. Retrieved 2010-10-22. among other points. Retrieved 2010-10-22. References [1] Longsdorf. com/ vstory/ VR1117466187. . saying the series "copied protectable elements from [the] 'Zorro' character and 'Zorro' related works". . Lawsuit On January 24. Variety. "Makeover Time for a Once and Would-Be Star". com/ article/ VR1117466462). "Zorro's Girl Outgrows Her Petticoats". U. [8] Marin. variety. Sunday Mirror. [5] Archerd. com/ article/ VR101139). Central District of California. Retrieved 2010-10-24. "TriStar Pix kicks off 'Rudy' film" (http:/ / www. [11] Cox. District Judge Collins.

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Variety. Army (1994-08-04). Dan (1997-03-20). As Diego De La Vega" (http:/ / www. variety. . "DreamWorks revving up its filmmaking engine" (http:/ / www. [39] Gumbel. . Variety. [42] Archerd. "Beastie Boys still 'Nasty'" (http:/ / www. variety. "'Desperado' Team Reunited". . Retrieved 2010-10-26. "Sean Connery.. . com/ vstory/ VR1117436166. [45] Staff (1998-05-20). variety. [31] Archerd. .290094. variety. Nederlandse Top 40. John Evan (1993-12-09). Variety. [27] Muttalib. com/ article/ VR103707). [26] Wolf. "Berle tribute gets emotional" (http:/ / www. ew. San Jose Mercury News. . uk/ news/ world/ americas/ what-the-legend-of-zorro-tells-us-about-the-history-of-america-512376. . [43] Cox. . "'Zorro' ending to stay" (http:/ / www. variety. "Budget Dispute Hangs Up 'Zorro'". [17] Frook. com/ m/ mask_of_zorro/ ). Variety. Variety. [29] Cox. Army (1997-09-23). com/ article/ VR1117478996). . Retrieved 2010-10-24. Variety. "Inside Moves" (http:/ / www. . Variety. 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. html). Filmsite. Retrieved 2010-10-24. bafta. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. com/ weekly/ chart/ ?yr=1998& wk=30& p=. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1998/ 07/ 17/ DD92928.boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2010-10-24. James (2000-01-01). com/ reviews/ movie/ _/ id/ 5949275). rollingstone. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2010-10-26. org/ past.988757. "The Legend of Zorro" (http:/ / rogerebert. . Box Office Mojo. saturnawards. Fireworks Enter. [66] "Sony Pictures Entertainment v. Fantasy & Horror Films. . "Zzzzzz-orro: Entertaining swashbuckler a cut below exciting" (http:/ / www. [64] "1999 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www.metacritic. jsp?curTime=1288074473864). Retrieved 2008-03-13. com/ movies/ ?id=maskofzorro. Retrieved 2010-10-25. com/ research/ wfrmDocViewer. San Francisco Chronicle. \FDCT\CCA\2001\20010405_0000017. 1998" (http:/ / www. html). . Retrieved 2010-10-25. time. Roger (1998-07-17). Retrieved 2010-10-26. boxofficemojo. Reel Views. com/ m/ mask_of_zorro/ #top-critics-numbers). Tim.allmovie. Academy of Science Fiction. variety. Variety. aspx/ xq/ fac. org/ ampas_awards/ DisplayMain. htm). . [58] "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / www. archive. Turner cut $30 mil 'Zorro' pact" (http:/ / www. suntimes. php?identifier=1232). org/ sexualfilms8. filmsite. org/ web/ 20051031062448/ www. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. "Sexual or Erotic Films" (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . . [59] "Weekly Box Office: July 24-30. . .com/m/mask_of_zorro/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Mask of Zorro (http://www. "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / web.''The Mask of Zorro'' [48] "The Mask of Zorro: Top Critics" (http:/ / www. [61] "71st Academy Awards" (http:/ / awardsdatabase. [52] Ebert. com/ article/ VR1117478900). metacritic. Retrieved 2010-10-24. . [56] Dirks. filmsite. [50] Schickel. . org/ browse/ film/ 25412). .00. oscars. Box Office Mojo.com/film/titles/the-mask-of-zorro) at Metacritic The Mask of Zorro (http://www. Retrieved 2010-10-26. html). html?sq=The+ Mask+ of+ Zorro). rottentomatoes. com/ movie/ the-mask-of-zorro). [53] LaSalle. MTV Movie Awards. goldenglobes. com/ apps/ pbcs. Retrieved 2010-10-25. Filmsite. . Time. Tim.com/work/158887) at Allmovie The Mask of Zorro (http://www. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. org/ scenes26. Peter (1998-07-17). "Eye web.imdb.com/movies/?id=maskofzorro." (http:/ / ca. html). CCA. "Great Moments and Scenes from the Greatest Films" (http:/ / www. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 1999/ ). mtv. DTL). sfgate. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. "Cinema: The Mark of Excitement" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-25. [55] Berardinelli.com/title/tt0120746/) at the Internet Movie Database The Mask of Zorro (http://www. boxofficemojo.org.org. htm). Retrieved 2010-10-26.9171. suntimes. Chicago Sun-Times. com/ apps/ pbcs. htm/ qx#D*fn4) 220 External links • • • • • The Mask of Zorro (http://www. Cynthia (1998-07-27). "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / www. [60] Littleton. . com/ cgi-bin/ article. Retrieved 2010-10-26. reelviews. Roger (2005-10-28). org/ awards-database. [49] "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / www. [62] "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / www. . [51] Ebert. net/ php_review_template. Richard (1998-07-20). dll/ article?AID=/ 20051027/ REVIEWS/ 510270309/ 1023).rottentomatoes. Chicago Sun-Times. . "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / rogerebert. Mick (1998-07-17). [63] "The Mask of Zorro" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-26. [57] Dirks. Rotten Tomatoes. . dll/ article?AID=/ 19980717/ REVIEWS/ 807170302/ 1023). . [54] Travers. [65] "Past Award Winners" (http:/ / www. . Metacritic. Retrieved 2008-03-13. Retrieved 2010-10-26. findacase. Retrieved 2010-10-24. Retrieved 2010-10-24.

loosely based on the 1934 film Death Takes a Holiday (originally by Paramount Pictures. It was the second pairing of Hopkins and Pitt after their 1994 film Legends Of The Fall. Ltd. directed by Martin Brest and starring Brad Pitt.''Meet Joe Black'' 221 Meet Joe Black Meet Joe Black Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Martin Brest Martin Brest Bo Goldman Kevin Wade Brad Pitt Anthony Hopkins Claire Forlani Jake Weber Marcia Gay Harden Thomas Newman Music by Cinematography Emmanuel Lubezki Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Joe Hutshing Michael Tronick Universal Pictures November 13.). 1998 181 minutes (Original) 129 minutes (Alan Smithee cut) United States English $90 million $142. . but now owned by Universal through EMKA.940. Anthony Hopkins and Claire Forlani.100 Death Takes a Holiday (1934 original) Meet Joe Black is a 1998 American romantic drama/fantasy film produced by Universal Studios.

you'll give yourself a heart attack and ruin my vacation. Drew departs. Susan meets a vibrant young man (Brad Pitt) with whom she is instantly enamored. he simply says. Joe Black" and inform them that the rival company has clarified its offer: it will accept Parrish Communications with or without its chairman. and gentle. he is approached in his home and work by what he thinks are hallucinations. Susan is warned by Bill not to become attached to this mysterious stranger. experience. touched by his dream-like brush with mortality. Drew (Jake Weber). They are interrupted by Bill. Joe ventures into the city to explore it. who has overheard the argument with Drew. whereupon Joe cautions "Easy. After a tense and crude standoff. Indeed. Susan (Claire Forlani). instructing Bill to reveal his identity to nobody. Drew leaves Susan and Joe alone. After a number of snide comments aimed at Joe during dinner. which was apparently unknown to him. Joe instead soothes her pain and promises to take her later. He is even more rankled by the increasing closeness between Susan and Joe. And the end began with this guy. After a tense board meeting wherein Bill advises the board against the merger. Bill shall be his guide on Earth. wherein Death himself has come with the intention of escorting him to the afterlife. This last task is complicated when the Board of Directors of Bill's corporation are urging a union with a larger company at the instigation of Susan's fiancé (and Parrish board member). the man dies in a collision with two cars. After Bill's emphatic refusal to accept the merger or oblige the board's request for Joe's identity. who reiterate their intentions regarding the merger. but her father is not favorably impressed by her relationship. which ends in Drew's uncertainty. Death's personality alters to become mildly curious. Bill. angrily announcing to Susan that this is "the end of my chapter with the Parrishes. during his time on Earth. upon learning that he is Death. they vote to make Bill "Chairman Emeritus". "Stay open. Parrish is confronted by Drew and the board of directors.''Meet Joe Black'' 222 Plot The movie opens with an introduction to the guide. believing that a man should leave something of integrity in his passing. explaining that Bill's impassioned speech has piqued his interest after an eternity of boredom. they all agree. He returns to visit Bill. expresses his desire for his daughter. Bill. Bill Parrish (Anthony Hopkins). When she asks for the short version of his impassioned speech. Bill attempts a broken and awkward speech focusing on the idea of family. Death has chosen him and tells Bill that in return for a delay. A dying Jamaican patient recognizes him as a spirit. ruminative. Death returns to Bill's home in the form of the young man. Death then places himself at Bill's right hand under the name 'Joe Black' and establishes his place in Bill's home and work. Given Bill's "competence. Touched by his feelings. to live a life with passion. observes the human aspect of mortality. prompting their anxiety. who is trying to organize his sixty-fifth birthday party. She is considering marriage. After a flirtatious conversation with Joe. Drew secretly gathers the board of the company to advise them that Bill Parrish has been unconditionally influenced by "Mr. Upon delivering the stark threat that the board will see Bill removed from the chair. who shows concern for his daughter." Realizing that Joe could end his delay at any time. Immediately after this encounter (and unbeknownst to her). and wisdom". He visits Susan at the hospital where she works as a doctor and in doing so. to whom he was strongly attached. she asks to be taken to the afterlife. Bill. Bill becomes angry at the prospect of the company that he built becoming compromised. sardonic. The next day. meanwhile. Drew confronts Susan about her feelings for Joe. Allison (Marcia Gay Harden). is reminded of his family's importance to him by the distress of his other daughter. After the meeting. who is angered by the presence of Joe Black (who appears to have taken the ear of Bill Parrish and disrupted Drew's plans). who is bothered by the reversal of Bill's decision regarding the merger. Who knows? Lightning could strike!" Shortly after hearing this advice. who doubts that he will live for many more years. who has also followed. having been worldly. Bill unprecedentedly arranges for dinner with his family two nights in a row. The following morning. after which he invites them all back for dinner again the next night." indicating Joe. and arrogant until he revealed his appearance. Their conversation is interrupted by Drew. who describes his late wife. with one exception: Drew. thus depriving him of power. Notably. Drew reveals .

Joe returns to Bill. it fared much better overseas. Howard as Eddie Sloane Location Most of William Parrish's country mansion scenes were shot at the Aldrich Mansion. goes for a nap. Bill is restored as chairman and the merger is canceled.''Meet Joe Black'' to Quince (Jeffrey Tambor). Joe assists by claiming that he is an IRS agent investigating Drew's dealings (a play on Drew's earlier comment on "death and taxes"). indicating that she understands (as hinted earlier) that Joe Black was Death. with Ebert adding "there's so much that's fine in this movie". Bill Parrish fondly expresses his appreciation to his daughters for their work preparing it as well as his love for both of them. Joe later escorts Bill out of sight over a nearby bridge. disheartened. who tries to entrap Drew. by cutting most of the plotline involving Hopkins' character's business. and that her father is dead.100[2] . allowing Susan the chance to pursue a relationship with him. the movie grossed a worldwide total of $142. While the film had a disappointing domestic box office return of $44. with the intention of seizing power and then selling off Parrish Communications for a huge profit. but rather of the man whose body he has assumed. Taking in an additional $98.000.100.940. the film received mostly mixed reviews. 223 Cast • • • • • • • Brad Pitt as Joe "Death" Black / Young Man in Coffee Shop Anthony Hopkins as William "Bill" Parrish Claire Forlani as Susan Parrish Jake Weber as Drew Marcia Gay Harden as Allison Parrish Jeffrey Tambor as Quince David S. where Bill.017.619. . Bill and Joe return home. In his speech at the lavish gala celebration. Box office Meet Joe Black opened on November 13. Susan tells him she wishes he could have met her father. 1998 and grossed $15. The story ends as both of them are watching the fireworks celebrating her father's birthday. behind The Waterboy's second weekend and the opening of I Still Know What You Did Last Summer[1] . presumably to his death. Brest derided this edit of his film and thus disowned it.321. who is Allison's husband and fellow board member. Edited version • A two-hour version was made to show on television and airline flights. Shortly after another encounter with Susan. so the director's credit was changed to the Hollywood pseudonym Alan Smithee. gave it "Two Thumbs Up". Joe realizes that she is not enamored exactly of him. Joe comes across Susan and after an awkward moment they have sex. Critical response Siskel and Ebert. Joe then sends back to life the young man whose body he borrowed. having a 50% "rotten" response from Rotten Tomatoes. Bill consequently defies this union and reminds Joe of his purpose in the universe but Joe disregards Bill's words. that he was in collusion with the rival company.995 domestically upon its opening weekend (11/13-15) at #3.[3] Overall.

com/ movies/ ?id=meetjoeblack. Donald Sutherland Maura Tierney George Dzundza John Ashton John Aylward Thomas Q.com/m/meet_joe_black/) at Rotten Tomatoes Instinct (film) Instinct Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Jon Turteltaub Michael Taylor Barbara Boyle Gerald Di Pego Anthony Hopkins Cuba Gooding. dll/ article?AID=/ 19981113/ REVIEWS/ 811130304/ 1023) External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=meetjoeblack. com/ apps/ pbcs.htm) at Box Office Mojo Meet Joe Black (http://www.allmovie.com/title/tt0119643/) at the Internet Movie Database Meet Joe Black (http://www.imdb. United States English . com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=1998& wknd=46& p=. htm [3] Roger Ebert Review (http:/ / rogerebert. suntimes. boxofficemojo.com/work/158858) at Allmovie Meet Joe Black (http://www.com/) Meet Joe Black (http://www.rottentomatoes. htm [2] http:/ / www.boxofficemojo. Morris Doug Spinuzza Paul Bates Danny Elfman Music by Distributed by Touchstone Pictures Spyglass Entertainment (some markets) Release date(s) 4 June 1999 Running time Country Language 126 min. Jr.meetjoeblack.''Meet Joe Black'' 224 References [1] http:/ / www.

living in the jungle with gorillas.Dr. He gets a hearing to reveal the truth. . a novel by Daniel Quinn.105. Donald Sutherland. Jr. It was inspired by Ishmael. Eventually its revealed that the man did it to protect his gorilla family when the rangers arrived and started shooting them. Ethan Powell Maura Tierney .. but becomes entangled in a quest to learn the true history and nature of mankind.''Instinct (film)'' Budget Gross revenue $80 million $34.[1] In the United States. using a pen to dig out the lock on a window and heads back to Africa.Peter Holden Rex Linn .[4] . and is sent to prison. It was a financial failure as well. Powell escapes from prison.207 225 Instinct is a 1999 film starring Anthony Hopkins. In the year 2000. George Dzundza. At the end of the movie. and Maura Tierney. the film had the working title Ishmael. the film was nominated for and won a Genesis Award in the category of feature film. Ben Hillard John Aylward . but an attack by a vicious guard causes Powell to stop talking again. A bright young psychiatrist (Gooding) tries to find out why he killed these men. Cuba Gooding. Reception The movie received mostly poor or mixed reviews.Lynn Powell John Ashton . He had been convicted of killing and injuring several supposed Wilderness Park Rangers in Africa.Guard Alan Commercial soundtrack . Theo Caulder Anthony Hopkins .Dr.Dr. John Murray Donald Sutherland .Warden Jack Keefer Doug Spinuzza . Cast • • • • • • • • • • [5] Cuba Gooding.Guard Dacks George Dzundza . MetaCritic giving an average rating of only 43[2] .Dr. Jr.Nicko Thomas Morris .[3] The film won a Genesis Award. Synopsis The film examines the mind of an anthropologist (Hopkins) who has been missing for a few years.

com/ Sections/ Awards/ Genesis_Awards/ 2000) "Instinct" (http:/ / www. html) http:/ / www. 7.com/work/179998) at Allmovie Instinct (http://www.allmovie. salon. "Main Title" "Into the Wild" "Back to the Forest" "Everybody Goes" "The Killing: "The Riot" "Escape" "End Credits" References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] Salon Arts & Entertainment | "Instinct" (http:/ / www.imdb. 4.htm) at Box Office Mojo Instinct: a film fansite (http://www.com/movies/?id=instinct.nz.enjoy. 5. imdb. metacritic.boxofficemojo. com/ movie/ instinct http:/ / www.moria. www. 3. 8. imdb. com/ title/ tt0128278/ Genesis Awards 2000 (http:/ / www.''Instinct (film)'' 226 Instinct Film score by Danny Elfman Released 1999 Danny Elfman chronology Men in Black (1997) Instinct (1999) Sleepy Hollow (1999) 1.com/title/tt0128278/) at the Internet Movie Database Instinct (http://www. 6. com/ ent/ movies/ review/ 1999/ 06/ 04/ instinct/ index. nz/ horror/ instinct. moria. Retrieved 2006-10-22. . External links • • • • Instinct (http://www. co.co.com/instinct/) . htm). 2.host22.

It was produced by Jody Patton. .290 Language Budget Gross revenue Titus is a 1999 film adaptation of Shakespeare's revenge tragedy Titus Andronicus.007. about the downfall of a Roman general.''Titus (film)'' 227 Titus (film) Titus Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring Julie Taymor Julie Taymor Conchita Airoldi Julie Taymor Titus Andronicus by William Shakespeare Anthony Hopkins Jessica Lange Alan Cumming Harry Lennix Elliot Goldenthal Music by Cinematography Luciano Tovoli Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country François Bonnot Fox Searchlight Pictures December 26. It was the first film of the play (aside from TV productions). The film was made by Overseas Filmgroup and Clear Blue Sky Productions and released by Fox Searchlight Pictures. It was the directorial debut of Julie Taymor who co-produced and wrote the screenplay. Conchita Airoldi and executive produced by Paul G. Allen. 1999 162 minutes Italy United Kingdom United Kingdom English $20 million $2.

captures Aaron and threatens to hang the infant. they cut out her tongue as well as her hands. Taymor shows Marcus taking Lavinia to her father. The new emperor takes Lavinia as his bride much to Titus's. so that the spirits of his 21 dead sons might be appeased. marching on Rome with an army.and most terrifying -. Later. the general at the center of the play. her sons (Jonathan Rhys Meyers. meets Tamora's sons Chiron and Demetrius. To save the baby. but Titus refuses. The two are arguing over which should take sexual advantage of the newlywed Lavinia. post-rape and in pain. much to the latter's delight. Titus has truly lost power. Tamora begins planning her revenge. where they are to marry. Aaron reveals the entire plot to Lucius. Matthew Rhys. One of the film's most effective -. Saturninus. the Emperor arrests them. Tamora's lover.[1] Desperate for revenge. Queen of the Goths (Jessica Lange). Titus. rape and dismemberment. He and his remaining son Lucius have begged for the lives of Martius and Quintus. Marcus Andronicus. in order to have their way with her. he begs her to reveal the identity of her assailants. a bomb blast frightens him but he is rescued and taken to an Amphitheatre. . but Tamora refuses. Marcus directs the arrows to land inside the palace of Saturninus. Later. Lucius. Tamora begs for the life of Alarbus. In Renaissance semiotics. he ties written prayers for justice to arrows and commands his kinsmen to aim them at the sky so they may reach the gods. and Raz Degan). Titus kills his son Mutius. When Marcus discovers her. but it is Titus who has Aaron cut off his (Titus's) left hand and take it to the emperor. where an invisible audience cheers. who is enraged by this added to the fact that Lucius is at the gates of Rome with an army of Goths. who has been helping Titus read to Lavinia. Tamora delivers a mixed-race child.''Titus (film)'' 228 Plot A boy eating at a table surrounded by his toys plays war. since Bassianus was previously betrothed to the girl. complains that she will not leave his book alone. she indicates to Titus and Marcus the story of Philomela. wearing only her petticoat. dishonours Titus and marries The Goth Queen Tamora instead. but he refuses the throne in favour of the late emperor's eldest son Saturninus. In return. the hand is a representation of political and personal agency. a messenger brings Titus the heads of his sons and his own severed hand. Aaron kills the nurse and flees with the baby to save it from the Emperor's inevitable wrath. Each demands the right to do so. as Aaron had directed them. announces that the people's choice for new emperor is his brother. but the two are found guilty and are marched off to execution. They are easily persuaded by Aaron to ambush Bassianus and kill him in the presence of Tamora and Lavinia. Aaron enters. With his hand chopped off. Titus vows revenge. To keep her from revealing what she has seen and endured. Feigning madness. Titus sacrifices Tamora’s eldest son. replacing them with tree branches. Titus's grandson (Lucius's son). Titus orders Lucius to flee Rome and raise an army among their former enemy. his family's and Bassianus's chagrin. and falsely tells Titus. The Emperor of Rome has died and his sons Saturninus and Bassianus are squabbling over who will succeed him. Aaron the Moor. The Tribune of the People. and Aaron the Moor (Harry Lennix). In the fighting. During a hunting party the next day. In the book. When she and Titus are reunited. Alarbus. Later on. relishing in every murder. the general is overcome with grief. Aaron then brings Titus' sons Martius (Colin Wells) and Quintus (Kenny Doughty) and frames them for the murder of Bassianus with a forged letter outlining their plan to kill him. Angry. in which a similarly mute victim "wrote" the name of her wrongdoer. Titus is angry with his sons because in his eyes they are disloyal to Rome. Lavinia begs Tamora to stop her sons. balancing helplessly on a tree stump in the middle of a field of them. Lucius.scenes features Lavinia. the Goths. Lavinia leans towards the camera and opens her bloodied mouth. then take Lavinia away and rape her. and Marcus that the emperor will spare the prisoners if one of the three sacrifices a hand. Chiron and Demetrius throw Bassianus's body in a pit. return victorious from war. Romans under the command of Titus Andronicus (Anthony Hopkins). Marcus gives her a stick to hold with her mouth and stumps and she writes the names of her attackers in the dirt. The new emperor. Titus's surviving sons help them escape and run for the Pantheon. understanding the method in Titus's "madness". They bring back as spoils Tamora. An army resembling the Terracotta Army enter. and the nurse can tell it must have been fathered by Aaron.

lines 87-99). 229 Cast • Anthony Hopkins as Titus Andronicus. When she is gone Titus's servants bind Chiron and Demetrius. Titus draws the ire of Tamora. Titus agrees. • Colm Feore as Marcus Andronicus. Murder. will you kill your brother? . What. ye alehouse painted signs/Coal-black is better than another hue/In that it scorns to bear another hue" ("Titus Andronicus. Tamora. however. he forsakes the Andronicus family and turns instead to Tamora as his new bride. Aaron. one of Titus's sons." IV-ii. Following his failed attempts at freeing his condemned brothers. and then kills Tamora. He orders that Saturninus be given a proper burial. Titus's grandson and a key-character in the sense that he observes most of the key events. victorious Roman General who declines a nomination for Emperor upon his return to Rome. Aaron says to Chiron and Demetrius. • Angus Macfadyen as Lucius. while Lavinia holds a basin in her stumps to catch their blood. another of Titus's sons. and that Aaron be buried chest-deep and left to die of thirst and starvation. who swears revenge against Titus and the Andronicus family for the atrocities visited upon her eldest son. Following a post-war ritual of executing the proudest warrior of his enemy. dressed as the spirits of Revenge. The next day. one of Tamora's sons. during the feast at his house.. Lucius is banished from Rome and defects to the Goths. Titus's eldest son and loyal soldier. Titus goes to Lavinia and kills her by breaking her neck. one of Titus's sons. shallow-hearted boys/Ye whitelimed walls. brother to Bassianus and newly-crowned Emperor of Rome. and Rape. servant and illicit lover to Tamora. and tells Saturninus what Tamora's sons had done. The scene dissolves back to the Roman Arena where Lucius tells his family's story to the people and is proclaimed Emperor. • Laura Fraser as Lavinia. and Titus asks Saturninus whether a father should kill his daughter if she has been raped. She agrees. He plans to cook them into a pie for their mother. Lavinia enters the dining room. unaware of her inevitable appointment as the Queen of Rome. murderous villains. • Colin Wells as Martius. Titus reveals that they were in the pie Tamora has just been enjoying. Saturninus then kills Titus after which Lucius kills Saturninus to avenge his father's death. . • Blake Ritson as Mutius. One of Aaron's speeches also provides compelling fodder for a discussion of Shakespeare and race. She tells Titus that she (as a supernatural spirit) will grant him revenge if he will convince Lucius to stop attacking Rome. When the Emperor asks for Chiron and Demetrius. one of the deceased emperors sons and brother to Saturninus. the vanquished Goths.''Titus (film)'' Aaron's obvious love for his child complicates his role as villain. • Jessica Lange as Tamora.. an executed prisoner of war. the ailing Titus. Knowing of the threat to his son's life due to the child's darker skin. defeated Queen of the Goths. • Matthew Rhys as Demetrius. ye sanguine. what. Roman Senator and staunch ally of his brother. convinced of Titus's madness. that Tamora's body be thrown to the wild beasts. and the chief architect of her vengeful plans against the Andronicus family • Alan Cumming as Saturninus. sending Marcus to invite Lucius to a feast. using her newly-claimed powers as Queen of Rome • Jonathan Rhys-Meyers as Chiron. Spurned by his attempts at claiming Lavinia as his new bride. When the Emperor agrees. "Revenge" offers to invite the Emperor and Tamora and is about to leave. one of Tamora's sons. where he rallies a sizeable army to challenge Saturninus. • Kenny Doughty as Quintus. and Titus cuts their throats. daughter of Titus and fiancee of Bassianus • Harry Lennix as Aaron. approaches him along with her two sons. • Osheen Jones as Young Lucius. Young Lucius picks up Aaron's child and carries him away into the sunrise. • James Frain as Bassianus. "Stay. is unrepentant to the end. but Titus insists that "Rape" and "Murder" stay with him.

carrying him away from the violence as he walks slowly into the sunrise. Style The film. including Taymor's stage production. at the beginning. near Rome. Reception The film received mixed reviews[5] and.[6] Nevertheless it received a "Critics Pick" from the New York Times. The forest scenes were shot at Manziana. jstor. dressed as a chef. creating lurid cutscenes and incorporating elements of vaudeville. Croatia. in the spirit of the play. including Ancient Rome and Mussolini's Italy. One of the experimental concepts in the film was that the character of Young Lucius (Titus' grandson) is initially introduced as a boy from the present who finds himself transported to the fantastical reality of the film. such as when Titus is shown the heads of his two sons and his own chopped-off hand. At the end. bfi. when Titus' son Lucius avenges his father by condemning the villainous Aaron to a painful death. Some shots of underground tunnels and ruins were filmed at Hadrian's Villa in Rome. org/ stable/ pdfplus/ 3844238. the boy takes pity on Aaron's infant son.3 (Autumn 1994). pdf) Julie Taymor. 45. 230 Background and production Director Julie Taymor took Shakespeare's script. Taymor engages with a "freakshow" style for her film. so far. added various linking scenes without dialogue (while cutting some of the text) and set the play in an anachronistic fantasy world that uses locations. and the streets where he rounds up his conspirators are the Roman Ghetto. Shakespeare Quarterly. it was praised for its visual effects. This ending is perhaps more positive than the ending of other productions of the play. Titus's house is represented by an old house near an aqueduct in Rome. the film follows the play quite closely." by Katherine A. complete with motorcycle outriders. The brutality builds up throughout the film to the climactic ending. Tamora's eldest son who is sacrificed.[3] The film was shot at the Cinecittà studios in Rome and on location at various historic monuments. . It is. design and attention to symbolism. when Hopkins. to give the impression of a Roman Empire that survived into the modern era.[7] References [1] [2] [3] [4] "Dismembering and Forgetting in Titus Andronicus. as of February 2008. inventive and dissonant feel.[2] Apart from the deliberate anachronisms. DVD commentary. the only theatrical film based on a Shakespeare play in which Hopkins plays the leading role (he played Claudius in the 1969 version of Hamlet. uk/ sightandsound/ review/ 563) | A Tale of Two Tituses | Shakespeare Quarterly (2002) (http:/ / www. in which nearly every important character dies. setting the drama into gear. The Emperor's palace is represented by the 1930s Esposizione Universale Roma building in Rome. At the beginning of the film his toy soldiers turn into Titus' Roman army. Soundtrack The score to the film was created by Taymor's long-time friend and partner Elliot Goldenthal and is a typical Goldenthal soundtrack with an epic. 279-303 BFI | Sight & Sound | Titus (1999) (http:/ / www. costumes and imagery from many periods of history. The opening scenes commence with a heavily choreographed triumphal march of the Roman troops. serves Tamora's two sons to her in a pie.[4] Although the film did not do well at the box office. org. has a 67 percent fresh score on Rotten Tomatoes.''Titus (film)'' • Raz Degan as Alarbus. in which Young Lucius is fixated upon the "tiny black coffin" holding the dead infant. This leads to a domino-like path of carnage. pp. The selection of music is similarly diverse. is garishly violent. Rowe. as well as the title role in a BBC production of Othello). The arena that appears at the beginning and ending of the film is the Arena in Pula.

com/ movie/ review?res=9C00E0D71539F937A15751C1A96F958260 231 External links • • • • • • • • Titus (http://www.Films .bbc.empireonline.''Titus (film)'' [5] Titus (film) (http:/ / www.imdb. metacritic.co.boxofficemojo.metacritic.review .htm) at Box Office Mojo Titus (http://www. Pictures .Titus (http://www.au/reviews/review.com/film/titles/titus) at Metacritic Boston Review article about the film (http://bostonreview.uk/films/2000/08/31/titus_review. asp?FID=6155) . com/ m/ titus/ ) [7] http:/ / movies.com/movies/?id=titus.rottentomatoes.html) BBC .net/BR25.com/m/titus/) at Rotten Tomatoes Titus (http://www. Movie News and Interviews (http://www.com/title/tt0120866/) at the Internet Movie Database Titus (http://www.com.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / uk. nytimes.2/stone.allmovie.com/work/181521) at Allmovie Titus (http://www. rottentomatoes. com/ film/ titles/ titus) at Metacritic [6] Titus Movie Reviews.shtml) Empire: Film Reviews.

200 Mission: Impossible Mission: Impossible III . Kimball Editing by • • • • Christian Wagner Steven Kemper Stuart Baird Cruise/Wagner Los Angeles Center Studios Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Paramount Pictures May 24. 2000 123 minutes United States English $125 million $546.388. Moore Brannon Braga Tom Cruise Richard Roxburgh Dougray Scott Thandie Newton Ving Rhames Hans Zimmer Klaus Badelt Main theme: Lalo Schifrin Music by Cinematography Jeffrey L.''Mission: Impossible II'' 232 Mission: Impossible II Mission: Impossible II Theatrical teaser poster Directed by Produced by John Woo • • • Tom Cruise Paula Wagner Michael Doven Screenplay by Story by Starring Robert Towne • • • • • • • • • • • Ronald D.

and then injects Nyah with Bellerophon. Ambrose opts to let Nyah wander the streets of Sydney in a daze. both which he was forced to developed by Biocyte. intent on killing herself to prevent Chimera from spreading. Ambrose quietly meets with Biocyte's CEO. It is a sequel to Brian De Palma's 1996 film Mission: Impossible with Cruise reprising his role as agent Ethan Hunt of the IMF. but purposely crashed the commercial airline en route. Spain. and allows Hunt to continue his vacation with her in Sydney. 233 Plot Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise). As Ambrose takes Nyah and escapes from the laboratory. thus preventing Ambrose from simply killing her to get it. using the footage to force McCloy to cooperate with them. Nyah is able to steal the video footage long enough to transfer it to Hunt and his team. Hunt reports to IMF on the successful mission. he and Ambrose engage in a fist fight. Hunt is able to destroy all but one sample of the virus before Ambrose interrupts him. Ambrose. Hunt's team is able to locate and infiltrate the meeting. Australia. a professional thief. tricks Nyah into revealing Hunt's plan. Nyah gets close to Ambrose and begins to find any information related to the Chimera virus.''Mission: Impossible II'' Mission: Impossible II (also known as M:i-2) is a 2000 action film directed by John Woo. Hunt meets his team. John C. and had all the known samples of Bellerophon. computer expert Luther Stickell (Ving Rhames) and pilot Billy Baird (John Polson) in Sydney. Ambrose has blackmailed McCloy to sell him the virus for £37. After recruiting Nyah. believing that former IMF agent Sean Ambrose (Dougray Scott) is behind the incident. With the crash of the plane. and an ensuing firefight begins.000. When she does so. IMF is worried that the virus is out in the open. Luther and Billy locate Nyah who has wandered to a cliff side. while vacationing. now presently in Ambrose's hands. IMF clears Nyah's criminal record. had forewarned the IMF of his arrival. Vladimir Nekhorvich (Rade Serbedzija) of Biocyte Pharmaceuticals to enter into the United States. and shows him a video of the Chimera virus affecting one of Nekhorvich's colleagues taken from Biocyte. where Biocyte laboratories are located along with Ambrose's headquarters. presently operating in Seville. Hunt learns that Ambrose is holding Nyah and stops firing. Bellerophon. who learn that the Chimera virus has a 20 hours dormant period before it causes mass destruction of the victim's blood cells and kills them. but must include Nyah Nordoff-Hall (Thandie Newton). With little time left on the 20 hour countdown.000 and promising to return the samples of Bellerophon. McCloy (Brendan Gleeson). Nekhorvich. during which Ambrose orders Nyah to retrieve the last sample. and demands McCloy to effectively hand over control of Biocyte to him. The IMF team kidnaps McCloy and learn that Nekhorvich had actually injected himself with Chimera. As the two IMF agents bring Nyah to Hunt. posing as Hunt. a top-secret espionage and clandestine operation agency. an old friend of Hunt. . is alerted by the IMF that someone has used his identity to assist Russian bio-chemical expert Dr. Hunt starts a 20 hour countdown and departs before Biocyte security arrives. the only way he could smuggle the virus from Biocyte. and starring Tom Cruise. As Hunt and the others stake out Biocyte. At a horse racing event. Ambrose secures Nyah and prepares to raid Biocyte himself to secure the virus. planning to deliver a new virus called Chimera and its cure. who also served as the film's producer. Hunt's team plans to break into Biocyte and destroy the virus. Hunt finally gains the upper hand over Ambrose and kills him. as she will be able to get close to Ambrose. she injects herself with it. into the IMF's hands. stealing the samples of Bellerophon while taking out many of Ambrose's men. IMF assigns Hunt and his team to recover it. or else Nyah's infection will cause a pandemic and kill 17 million people in Australia alone.

The studio expressed concern over the safety of filming Ethan Hunt's entrance in the film.105 .000 Opening Weekend Gross (Domestic) . but both walked away from it on good terms.$330.388.978.845.$125. Cruise refused to drop the idea because he could not think of a better way to reintroduce the character. He tore his shoulder when performing Hunt's jump from one part of the cliff to another.$57. Box office totals • • • • • • Budget .297 Total Domestic Grosses . but he did have a harness. Cruise and Woo had reportedly clashed several times throughout filming over creative differences. Nekhorvich (as Radé Sherbedgia) William Mapother as Wallis Dominic Purcell as Ulrich Mathew Wilkinson as Michael Nicholas Bellas Accountant Cristina Brogers as Flamenco Dancer Kee Chan as Chemist Kim Fleming as Larrabee Sam Jones as Plane Passenger Production Production of the film was troubled and was shut down for several weeks as the script was re-worked.[1] Reception Box office The film was a financial hit and grossed close to $215 million in its domestic North American release and approximately $331 million abroad.$215.[2] It was the highest-grossing movie of 2000.''Mission: Impossible II'' 234 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tom Cruise as Ethan Hunt Dougray Scott as Sean Ambrose Thandie Newton as Nyah Nordoff-Hall Ving Rhames as Luther Stickell Richard Roxburgh as Hugh Stamp John Polson as Billy Baird Brendan Gleeson as John C.000 Marketing cost .409.216 Total Worldwide Grosses .000.200.889 Total Overseas Grosses .$546. McCloy Anthony Hopkins as Mission Commander Swanbeck Rade Šerbedžija as Dr. There was no safety net as he filmed the sequence. As a result both Dougray Scott and Thandie Newton lost the chance to appear in starring roles in other films. where he is rock climbing.$37.

J.com" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ mission_impossible_ii/ ). com/ movies/ ?id=mi2. more sure-footed in the way it marries minimal character development to seamless action.276298. Box Office Mojo. . Village Voice [11] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www. Variety . php3?showid=1169). [5] Roger Ebert."[5] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly felt the film was a "throwaway pleasure" but also "a triumph of souped-up action. every plane crash. com/ filmrev/ cfropen."[8] Lou Lumenick of the New York Post said. laweekly.. [7] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www. html)."[9] J. Ella Taylor. New York Post [10] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a normalized rating of 56% based on 133 reviews. and movement. more confident. . htm). Owen Gleiberman. Chicago Sun-Times. bbc.[3] Metacritic gives the film a weighted average score of 60% based on 33 reviews. washingtonpost. 2009-01-23. Retrieved 2009-03-05. . dll/ article?AID=/ 20000524/ REVIEWS/ 60503001/ 1023). Music Score The original score was composed by Hans Zimmer and has vocals performed by Lisa Gerrard. com/ wp-srv/ entertainment/ movies/ reviews/ missionimpossible2howe. Retrieved 2009-01-24. "Mission: Impossible II review" (http:/ / rogerebert. Time Inc. A teaser trailer included on the DVD spoofed Mission: Impossible II with scenes from Piglet's Big Movie. CBS Interactive. .."[7] Desson Thomson of the Washington Post said that "[John] Woo [. uk/ iplayer/ episode/ b00fm6wz/ Friday_Night_with_Jonathan_Ross_Series_16_Episode_1/ ). co. "P:B:M-1". com/ movies/ 4523. htm). . It was nominated for two Golden Raspberry Awards including Worst Remake or Sequel and Worst Supporting Actress (Thandie Newton). Soundtrack The Mission: Impossible II Soundtrack includes Limp Bizkit's rendition of Lalo Schifrin's Mission: Impossible theme. Hoberman of the Village Voice called the film "a vaguely absurd thriller filled with elaborately superfluous setups and shamelessly stale James Bond riffs. "Check your brains at the popcorn stand and hang on for a spectacular ride. Lou Lumenick. Also the Mission: Impossible II Soundtrack includes Metallica's song "I Disappear". shtml)."[6] Ella Taylor of LA Weekly said that "every car chase. com/ ew/ article/ 0. 3/4 stars [6] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www. metacritic. htm).] takes complete command of the latest technology to create brilliant action sequences. ew. rottentomatoes. [3] "Mission: Impossible II reviews" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ issues/ 0022/ hoberman. this one is more evolved.00. BBC iPlayer.[4] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said that "if the first movie was entertaining as sound. asp?recordID=1117782016). variety. [4] "Mission: Impossible 2 reviews at Metacritic. fury. was a spoof of the promo title "M:I-2" for this film. Amazon. com/ apps/ pbcs. villagevoice. "Take a Look Around".com. com/ film/ film_results. Metacritic. LA Weekly [8] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www. Desson Thomson. nypost. suntimes. Flixster."[12] The promo title featured on posters for the film Piglet's Big Movie. Washington Post [9] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / www.. com/ video/ titles/ missionimpossible2). Entertainment Weekly. every potential drop off a cliff is a masterpiece of grace and surprise."[10] Dennis Harvey of Variety said the film is "even more empty a luxury vehicle than its predecessor" and that it "pushes the envelope in terms of just how much flashy packaging an audience will buy when there's absolutely nada inside.''Mission: Impossible II'' 235 Critical response Critical reaction to Mission: Impossible II was mixed. Hoberman. References [1] "Friday Night with Jonathan Ross: Series 16: Episode 1" (http:/ / www."[11] Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader said that "no hero or villain winds up carrying any moral weight at all. [2] "Mission: Impossible II (2000)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Dennis Harvey.

html).boxofficemojo. com/ MovieCaps/ M/ MI/ 19014_MISSION_IMPOSSIBLE_TWO. Jonathan Rosenbaum.com/ent/col/srag/2000/06/01/towne/) .htm) at Box Office Mojo Interview with screenwriter Robert Towne (http://www.salon. chireader.imdb. Chicago Reader 236 External links • • • • Mission: Impossible II (http://www.allmovie.''Mission: Impossible II'' [12] Mission: Impossible II review (http:/ / onfilm.com/title/tt0120755/) at the Internet Movie Database Mission: Impossible II (http://www.com/work/184585) at Allmovie Mission: Impossible II (http://www.com/movies/?id=mi2.

Seuss. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas (known as The Grinch for promotional purposes). is a 2000 American live-action film from Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment. Because the film is based on a children's picture book. 2000 101 minutes United States English $123 million $345. based on the 1966 TV special which itself is based on 1957 book of the same name by Dr.''The Grinch (film)'' 237 The Grinch (film) How the Grinch Stole Christmas Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Ron Howard Ron Howard Brian Grazer Jeffrey Price Peter S.403 Dr.141. Seuss Anthony Hopkins Jim Carrey Taylor Momsen Jeffrey Tambor Christine Baranski Bill Irwin Molly Shannon Clint Howard James Horner Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Donald Peterman Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Dan Hanley Mike Hill Imagine Entertainment Universal Studios November 17. Seaman How the Grinch Stole Christmas! by Dr. many .

he realizes that Christmas means much more than mere "material gifts". spoiling the party and upsetting Cindy Lou. and starring Jim Carrey. he was not the cruel and selfish person who he became. after a moment of reflection. where everyone celebrates Christmas with much happiness and joy. Seuss story made into a feature film. he soon realizes that his attack does not remove the spirit of Christmas from them.''The Grinch (film)'' additions had to be made to the storyline to bring it up to feature-length.141. The film received mixed reviews from critics. but spent four weeks as the #1 film in the United States. an insight that profoundly touched him and (literally) makes his heart grow up three times its original size. it is the first Dr. Although he shows some sadistic tendencies as a child. though some were slightly changed. produced by Howard and Brian Grazer. 238 Plot The movie begins with a celebration in the microscopical city of Whoville. Angry with the idea of spending another annoying Christmas in his cave. the Grinch deduces that the Whos only celebrate Christmas because of their extravagant gifts. But when she offers an invitation to the Grinch. including some information about the backstory of the title character. openly defends her by arguing that she did nothing wrong and reminds everyone that they still have the Christmas Spirit -. Directed by Ron Howard. with the exception of the cynical and misanthropical Grinch (Jim Carrey). touched by this story. starts to create interest in the Grinch and his history and asks everyone what they know about him. but dropped out at the last minute. the Grinch. who despises Christmas and the Whos with great wrath and occasionally pulls dangerous and harmful pranks on them. who reluctantly agrees. believes that he destroyed Christmas and decides to destroy all the stolen gifts after he hears the Whos crying. he sings his theme song. something that makes him remember his traumatic childhood and go on rampage again. he (with a "little help" from Max. decides to make the Grinch the main participant of the Whobilation. Cindy Lou (Taylor Momsen). But much to his shock and chagrin. However. In the next day. no one likes or cares for him. His burglary is successful but ends up forcing Max to pull all the things stolen when his flying sleigh runs out of fuel. he actually hears the joyful singing of the Whos and realizes that his plan has backfired. but much to his dismay. and soon discovers that he has a tragic past. Meanwhile. While he is initially disgusted with the party. he starts to genuinally enjoy himself until Augustus proposes to Martha in marriage and gives the Grinch an electric shaver as a Christmas present. The people agree with this speech. and goes on a rampage against Christmas. he only grumbles and sends her out of his cave. and that the principal meaning of Christmas is to spend it with family and friends and not about giving or receiving gifts and putting up decorations. The Grinch is the highest grossing Christmas film of all-time with $345. and he (with the unintended help of Max) decides to steal all their belongings while they sleep. Most of the rhymes used in the book were used in the film. While he creates a Santa suit and a sleigh. after much gossip and debate with himself. Cindy. when the Whos wake up and notices that they were robbed. his dog) goes to the party anyway. Lou Lou Who. to the great displeasure of Augustus. and is adopted by two ladies. He actually comes from a mistake by a wrong wind when he was a baby. As a result. Disgusted and puzzled. . after becoming aware of the Grinch's existence.the one thing that doesn't come from a store. and begin to sing. DreamWorks Pictures was originally planning to co-produce the film. The Grinch is pleased with his rampage. Augustus gets mad and openly accuses Cindy Lou as the person responsible for "ruining Christmas!" But her father. unaware of what is happening in the town. and new rhymes were put in as well. he simply was ridiculed by all of his classmates (mostly by Augustus May Who (Jeffrey Tambor)) because of his appearance (with the exception of Martha May Whovier). the Grinch starts to ask why his plan failed and. and that they will do the commemoration of the Christmas tomorrow without any trouble.403 made worldwide.

2. 6.The Eels "You're a Mean One. and also offers to accept any punishment they want to give him. who thinks the Christmas spirit in Whoville is lost. son of Lou and Betty. "Grinch 2000" . His humiliation at school by Augustus is what drives him into a hatred of Christmas. and Cindy tells him that she came to see him. Cindy Lou's mother and a rival to Martha May in a house lighting contest. but the gifts are too heavy for him. It is unknown how or when The Grinch got him. and brother to Drew and Cindy Lou. 4. the chief of police. until Cindy (who decides to give him another chance) appears on top of the gifts. explains what has transpired. 8. 3. son of Lou and Betty. Thyne as Stu Lou Who.'N Sync . and he is about to let them fall. J. Cindy Lou's father and the postman of Whoville. Much to Augustus's chagrin. He ridicules the young Grinch. 7. the Grinch appears along with Cindy and the gifts. • Mindy Sterling as Clarnella. Whoville's mayor. and a horrified Grinch decides to save it. the Whos not only decide to forgive him. the Grinch's lifelong crush and the romantic interest of Augustus. The redeemed Grinch starts a new life with the Whos and commemorates Christmas with them in his cave. the mayor's aid.Barenaked Ladies "Christmas of Love" . • Molly Shannon as Betty Lou Who.Smash Mouth "Whoville Medley" (Perfect Christmas Night/Grinch) . • Ben Bookbinder as an 8-year-old Augustus May Who. • T. • Taylor Momsen as Cindy Lou Who." 239 Cast • Jim Carrey as the Grinch. After a long descent.Busta Rhymes and Jim Carrey "Green Christmas" . Crumpit. and apologizes for all his evil deeds and pranks against the Whos. • Bill Irwin as Lou Lou Who.Jim Carrey "You Don't Have to be Alone" . It was revealed in his origin that he started to hate Christmas after everybody in his school laughed at him after he tried to shave his chin.Trans-Siberian Orchestra "Christmas is Going to the Dogs" . who always hated Christmas since he was an 8-year-old child. gravity starts to pull the stolen gifts to the edge of the cliff. but Martha also denies Augustus's proposal and decides to stay with the Grinch (much to his personal happiness and delight). • Clint Howard as Whobris. which then motivated the Grinch to hate Christmas. whereas in the book and TV special she was "no more than two"). He is surprised and asks her what she's doing up there. the teacher. • Josh Ryan Evans as an 8-year-old Grinch. • Jeremy Howard as Drew Lou Who. • Anthony Hopkins as the Narrator. This provides the Grinch with enough strength to lift the gifts. • Jeffrey Tambor as Mayor Augustus May Who. and that "nobody should be alone on Christmas". • Christine Baranski as Martha May Whovier.Ben Folds "Better do it Right" . (In this version. • Kelley as Max the Dog and Frank Welker as his voice. she is about eight years old.Little Isidore and the Inquisitors "Lonely Christmas Eve" . • Jim Meskimen as Officer Wholihan. • Landry Allbright as an 8-year-old Martha May Whovier. • Reid Kirchenbauer as an 8-year-old Whobris. 9. who is the Grinch's only pet dog and companion on Mt. Grinch" . and brother to Stu and Cindy Lou. Soundtrack 1. a young Who. She shows compassion towards the young Grinch.''The Grinch (film)'' But his happiness doesn't last. The film ends with the camera backing up and it becomes a snowflake showing the words "The End. 5. Mr.

Where Art Thou? The film won a Saturn Award for Best Music.578 in other territories for a total worldwide gross of $345. Christmas?" .825 in the United States and Canada and an additional gross of $85.Taylor Momsen "Stealing Christmas" (with dialogue) . Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas was a smash hit at the box office. 2009.''The Grinch (film)'' 10. DVD and Blu-ray A Blu-ray and DVD combination pack was released on October 13. The film garnered three Academy Award nominations. Carrey was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. "Where Are You.082.230. including Best Costume and Best Art Direction. 240 Dialogue • • • • "Kids Today" . classifying it as "Rotten".096. However. and won the Academy Award for Best Makeup.141. and Taylor Momsen "The Big Heist" "Does Cindy Lou Really Ruin Christmas?" "A Change of the Heart" "The Sleigh of Presents" "He Carves the Roast Beast" (includes "Welcome Christmas") Reception Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas [2] at the Internet Movie Database Dr. At the Golden Globes.originally written and recorded by Mariah Carey and then given to Faith Hill.Anthony Hopkins and Jim Carrey Original score by James Horner • • • • • • • • • "The Shape of Things to Come" (includes "Happy Who-lidays") "Memories of Green Childhood" "Christmas. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas [4] at Metacritic Dr. 2001 after 15 weeks with a final gross of $260. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas [3] at Rotten Tomatoes Dr.Faith Hill. Anthony Hopkins. opening at #1 with a weekend gross of $55. losing the award to George Clooney for O Brother. Rotten Tomatoes lists the film with a 53% rating. It closed on March 1.044.403.127 theaters.615 from 3. it was also nominated for two 2000 Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Remake or Sequel and Worst Screenplay. losing both categories to Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2 and Battlefield Earth respectively. and Metacritic listed the film with a 46% rating.Jim Carrey "Christmas Means More" . indicating "mixed or average reviews". for an average of $17. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas [5] at Box Office Mojo .Jim Carrey and Taylor Momsen "Grinch Schedule" .Jim Carrey "Reindeer" . Why Can't I Find You?" . External links • • • • • Official website [1] Dr.Jim Carrey. The film received mixed reviews from critics.

grinched. com/ title/ tt0170016/ http:/ / www. htm . rottentomatoes. com/ film/ titles/ howthegrinchstolechristmas http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. metacritic. com/ http:/ / www. imdb. com/ movies/ ?id=grinch. com/ m/ how_the_grinch_stole_christmas/ http:/ / www.''The Grinch (film)'' 241 References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] http:/ / http:/ / www.

the extremely wealthy Mason Verger (portrayed by Gary Oldman). Lecter's only surviving victim. the premise is that Dr. 2001 131 minutes United States English $87 million $351. Julianne Moore co-stars. Set ten years after The Silence of the Lambs. is determined to capture.''Hannibal (film)'' 242 Hannibal (film) Hannibal Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring Ridley Scott Ridley Scott Dino De Laurentiis David Mamet Steven Zaillian Hannibal by Thomas Harris Anthony Hopkins Julianne Moore Gary Oldman Ray Liotta Giancarlo Giannini Hans Zimmer Music by Cinematography John Mathieson Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Pietro Scalia Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Universal Pictures February 9.692. The film's . torture.268 The Silence of the Lambs Red Dragon Hannibal is a 2001 psychological thriller directed by Ridley Scott. and kill him. taking over for Jodie Foster in the role of FBI Agent Clarice Starling. adapted from the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. It is a sequel to the 1991 Academy Award-winning film The Silence of the Lambs that returns Anthony Hopkins to his iconic role as serial killer Hannibal Lecter.

she looks on in confusion and horror as Lecter removes the top of Krendler's skull. Upon recognizing Dr. Clarice intervenes to free Lecter but is herself wounded and Lecter rescues her from the voracious animals. Clarice and her connection to Hannibal Lecter (Sir Anthony Hopkins) come to the attention of Lecter's only surviving victim. Australia. and hopes Clarice's involvement will draw Lecter out. The pickpocket is mortally wounded by Lecter. insulting Clarice in cruder terms than he had used before. Lecter then baits Pazzi into an isolated room of the library. infiltrates Verger's estate. When Krendler arrives for the Fourth of July break he's subdued and drugged by Lecter. Verger means to have Lecter eaten alive by a herd of vicious boars bred specifically for this purpose. Pazzi questions Lecter.[1] The "bumpy" development of Hannibal drew a large amount of attention.[3] 243 Plot Ten years after tracking down serial killer Jame Gumb. capture Lecter and transport him to Verger. It marked the third film appearance of Lecter. Fell in the surveillance tape. Fell". She contacts the police departments of the cities where the shops are located.S. where he along with Verger's men are killed by the boars. The bedridden Verger uses his immense wealth and political influence to have Clarice reassigned to Lecter's case and meets with her in his mansion. where Chief Inspector Rinaldo Pazzi (Giancarlo Giannini) is investigating the disappearance of a library curator. As he prepares to eat his meal. the assistant curator and now caretaker of the library. showing the very kind of disinhibition that is classically caused by removal of the prefrontal cortex. ties him up with electrical cords and hangs and disembowels him before escaping back to the United States. Indeed. based on Harris' novel Red Dragon. a character first portrayed (as "Lecktor") by Brian Cox in the 1986 film Manhunter. sautees it and feeds Krendler his own brain. When her superiors refuse to act. Pazzi (using his special password) accesses the FBI's ViCAP database of wanted fugitives. Clarice. Verger furiously orders his private physician Cordell (Željko Ivanek) to shoot Lecter. FBI Special Agent Clarice Starling (Julianne Moore) is unjustly blamed for a botched drug raid. Clarice. Lecter is later seen on a flight with a Dean and Deluca boxed lunch on his pull-down table. One of the cities is Florence. After the meal. torture. but manages to get the print and provides them to Pazzi who in turn contacts Verger. With the help of his associates. with Silence of the Lambs director Jonathan Demme. Lecter sends her a mock-sympathetic letter after learning of her publicized criticism for the raid.[2] Upon release. a convicted child molestor whom Lecter left horribly disfigured and paralyzed after having been assigned as Verger's court-appointed therapist. Clarice detects a strange fragrance that a perfume expert later identifies as a rare skin cream sold only in a few shops in the world. Lecter takes a sedated Clarice to Krendler's secluded lake house and treats her bullet wound. masquerading as "Dr. Lured by Verger's bounty. Mason Verger (Gary Oldman). Hannibal was a highly anticipated sequel. including what may or may not be . He recruits a pickpocket to obtain a fingerprint of Lecter to show as proof of his whereabouts and thus collect the reward. Krendler chatters away merrily. to accuse Clarice of withholding a note from Lecter. requesting surveillance tapes. Weakened by the drugs. disoriented by morphine and dressed in a slinky black-velvet evening gown. He learns of Verger's US$3 million reward to anyone turning Lecter over to him rather than to the FBI. Clarice tries to attack Lecter but is quickly overpowered. Verger is pursuing an elaborate scheme to capture. Pazzi ignores warnings by Clarice against trying to capture Lecter alone. Canada and the UK in February 2001. wakes to find Lecter cooking and Krendler in a wheelchair seated at the table set for an elegant dinner. who have followed Clarice. screenwriter Ted Tally and actress Jodie Foster all eventually declining involvement. Lecter lures her to Union Station but Verger's men. Verger bribes Justice Department official. cuts out part of his prefrontal cortex. and kill Lecter. Hannibal broke box-office records in the United States. Paul Krendler (Ray Liotta). leading to her suspension. Italy. She manages to handcuff his wrist to hers and Lecter brandishes a meat cleaver and severs his own hand to escape. Though the letter contains no clue to Lecter's whereabouts. but instead Lecter persuades Cordell to throw Verger into the pen.''Hannibal (film)'' locations alternate between Italy and the U. on her own initiative.

told the Los Angeles Times that Foster.[6] In April 1999." When The Silence of the Lambs became a commercial and critical success in 1991.[9] Demme informed the producers of Hannibal that he would pass on directing Hannibal. winning five Academy Awards..[5] Dino De Laurentiis produced Michael Mann's film Manhunter in 1986. featuring the first appearance of Hannibal Lecter. Good luck to Jonathan Demme. Hopkins. Mort Janklow.." The newspaper further reported that. Hannibal Lecter Julianne Moore as Clarice Starling Gary Oldman as Mason Verger Ray Liotta as Paul Krendler Giancarlo Giannini as Chief Inspector Renaldo Pazzi Željko Ivanek as Dr. which produced Silence of the Lambs. De Laurentiis and his wife Martha (also his co-producer) had no direct involvement in The Silence of the Lambs. less than a year before the novel was published.6 million print run in the summer of 1999. Jonathan Demme was asked in 1994 about a possible sequel in Rolling Stone. based on Harris's novel Red Dragon. They did. and Demme would soon receive manuscripts of the novel.. a young boy seated next to him asks to try some of his food. author of The Silence of the Lambs.. strolling round the streets of Florence or Munich.''Hannibal (film)'' Krendler's brain.[8] Hannibal went on to sell millions of copies following its release in mid-1999. although Silence of the Lambs cost only $22 million. the Los Angeles Times reported that the budget for an adaptation of Hannibal could cost as much as $100 million. it was not Red Dragon. both Dino and Martha De Laurentiis found themselves sitting on a valuable asset and eager for a follow-up novel they could adapt. we create a new pope. to use the character of Lecter for free. De Laurentiis finally received a call from Harris telling him he had finished the sequel to The Silence of the Lambs and De Laurentiis purchased the rights for a record $10 million."[6] He has since added that Demme felt he could not make a sequel as good as The Silence of the .[11] De Laurentiis said on Demme's decision to decline: "When the pope dies. 244 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Dr. claiming it would make an unbelievable movie.[5] It has been claimed Demme turned down the project because he found the material "lurid"[10] and was averse to the book's "gore". not wishing to be "greedy."[4] Demme stated his intention to be involved in the cinematic adaptation of Hannibal in 1998. which Lecter allows." he said. De Laurentiis did not like Mann's film: "Manhunter was no good. gazing in the windows of watchmakers." Demme had an idea even at that time that it would not be a straight follow up. Harris's agent at the time. Good-bye. own the rights to the Lecter character and reportedly allowed Orion Pictures. this would not deter the studio from going ahead with Hannibal. Harris told Demme: "I imagine Doctor Lecter going somewhere in Europe. It speculated that both Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins would receive $15 million each to reprise their roles and "$5 million to $19 million for director Jonathan Demme.. Cordell Doemling Hazelle Goodman as Evelda Drumgo Frankie R.. a decision De Laurentiis came to regret. played by Brian Cox. Faison as Nurse Barney Ivano Marescotti as Carlo Deogracias Francesca Neri as Allegra Pazzi Danielle de Niese as Beatrice Development Background The Silence of the Lambs director.[7] The book sold out of its initial 1. had been working on the follow-up for "seven or eight years. Demme said that Thomas Harris. however. After a lengthy wait.

This was pre-Blade Runner. which. He's always enthusiastic and aggressive and came after me when I did both Blade Runner and Alien. Anyway. believing it to be a "symphony". He arrived with a manuscript of Hannibal.''Hannibal (film)'' Lambs. Harris said no." He asked author Thomas Harris if he was "married to his ending". had problems with the novel's "excesses". so he replied: "Basically. earning 12 Academy Award nominations. but I couldn’t do the films. I’m doing a Roman epic right now. like Demme. marijuana.C.[5] Gladiator became a commercial and critical success.[8] "I always imagined Hannibal likes cannabis."[7] Mamet was preparing to direct his own film.[6] A script review at ScreenwritersUtopia."[8] Although Scott had accepted the job Jonathan Demme had rejected. himself..’ I said. thinking De Laurentiis was speaking of the general and historical figure from Carthage who nearly brought down the Roman Empire back around 200 B. have some uncertainty with the source material. And I wasn’t sure I was interested. I’ll do it.[10] Steven Zaillian (writer of Schindler's List) was offered the chance to write the adaptation after Tally passed but he also declined. we had an espresso together and a few days later. the screenwriter for The Silence of the Lambs. I think one of the attractions about Starling to Hannibal is what a straight arrow she is. Scott misunderstood which Hannibal he meant.[12] Scott was in the third week before principal photography was due to finish on Gladiator.. he called me to ask if he could visit the Gladiator set. and expressed his desire to do it. "didn’t buy the book from the opera scene onwards.to explore his mind palace.[6] Stacey Snider.. opium. old boy. I'd rather just have a cigar. It was so rich in all kind of ways. about a month before it was published in book form.[5] Scott further explains how he got involved: "I was shooting Gladiator in Malta and one day. they are too much for me.. ” Script development Ted Tally. He also. He explained that "I was busy.. He had difficulties with the ending of the novel in particular—"I couldn’t take that quantum leap emotionally on behalf of Starling. Dino had pursued me to direct Dune and another film.[12] 245 Ridley Scott De Laurentiis visited Ridley Scott on the set of Gladiator and suggested to Ridley he read the novel he had bought the rights to. who had already passed. he said: "My first question was: ‘What about Jonathan?’ and they said: ‘The original team said it's too violent. Tally.’ I haven’t read anything so fast since The Godfather.com describes the Mamet draft as "stunningly bad" but found Zaillian's rewrite to be "gripping entertainment".[9] De Laurentiis asked Scott if he would like to direct the film version of Hannibal." “ [13] —Ridley Scott on his thoughts of the character "Hannibal Lecter". reconsidered and became involved in the project.[14] Zaillian. 'Okay.needless to say I don’t do either."[5] Scott read the manuscript in four sittings within a week." (In the novel Lecter and Starling end up an actual couple on the run together). You can almost never win when you do a sequel.'" Scott did. Certainly. I don’t wanna do elephants coming over the Alps next. co-chairman of Universal Pictures (a co-production deal was struck between Universal and MGM) said on the rejection of Mamet's screenplay: "There's no way David was going to read 15 pages of our notes and then be available to work on the script day-to-day. But for Starling. no."[6] David Mamet was the first screenwriter to produce a draft. so he changed it. was another key member of the original team to decline involvement in Hannibal (he won an Oscar for his Silence adaptation).. Dino. needed major revisions.. He said: ‘Lets make this one. on behalf of Hannibal—I’m sure that's been in the back of his mind for a number of years. saying: "It's hard to say no to Dino once and it's almost impossible to say no to him . for the hell of it. according to Ridley Scott and the producers. I went for a walk for half a mile down the road to the Malta Film Studio to see my old buddy Dino. I had not seen him since I’d worked on a version of Dune. which became like a vampire movie.

'Hannibal' was green lit and his first draft only took about a month. "It was one of those moments when you sit down and think."[8] Asked if he had read Mamet's draft.[16] This would cause problems for the studio. it's like: 'When is it going to happen? When is it going to happen?'"[1] Producer Dino De Laurentiis thought Foster would decline once she read the book (Hannibal). in 1997. Some say she had "sequel-itis".[13] A key objective of Zaillian.[15] Scott worked through the script with Zaillian for 28 days making him "sweat through it with him and discuss every inch of the way with him. Producer De Laurentiis confirmed this after the film's release: "First and foremost. in a nice dignified way. that she "would definitely be part of it". goodbye. Flora Plum. The withdrawal of both—Foster and Hopkins. and I know it sounds kind of strange to say but there was no way that either of us could really trample . We discussed Hannibal endlessly. because there were very few rewrites once I brought in Steve Zaillian.[6] Misher added that. Universal and partner MGM. Universal's president of production."[5] 246 Casting It was unclear if Jodie Foster (Clarice Starling) and Anthony Hopkins (Dr. Steve Zaillian would be one of them. was to revise the script by David Mamet until it pleased all parties—meaning the "love" story would need to be done by suggestion instead of by "assault". ‘Give my love to Judy Foster. but he was off doing a film.. because that draft needed a lot of work. an Academy Award winner. If you were to ask who were the best three screenwriters in the business. and the audience will not accept anyone else?"[6] Foster said in December 1999 that the part of Clarice Starling in Hannibal had "negative attributes" and "betrayed" the original character. I mean." Said Kevin Misher." After 25 days Scott suddenly realized that Zaillian was "exorcising the 600 pages of the book. Every time I see him..[7] It became apparent that the producers and the studio could do without one of the original "stars" (and would go on to find a replacement). She said: "The official reason I didn’t do Hannibal is I was doing another movie.[17] Salary demands may also have played a part in Foster's non-participation. I knew we had no movie without Anthony Hopkins."[12] Involvement of Jodie Foster Jodie Foster confirmed to Larry King (on her potential involvement in Hannibal).. saying he had a "hunch" she would not be.[5] Foster did turn it down."[8] Scott has said there were writing and "structural problems" as to what they would do with parts of the movie.[1] Jodie Foster talked about Hannibal in an interview with Total Film magazine in late 2005. ‘Can Clarice be looked upon as James Bond for instance? A character who is replaceable?' Or was Jodie Foster Clarice Starling. hemorrhaging talent and money" even despite Hopkins being on-board.Clarice meant so much to Jonathan and I[sic]. very efficient.[16] Yet there is still uncertainty as to why Foster declined. could possibly have been terminal for the project. confirming this in late December 1999. But I was scared that he would not be able to give me enough attention. however.[5] Anthony Hopkins also had doubts Foster would be involved. even believing the final movie was better for it."[6] This question (regarding the script development) was put to Ridley Scott by Total Film magazine: "There were lots of rewrites on 'Hannibal'—what was the main problem with the original material?" Scott replied: "That's inaccurate.[8] She told Entertainment Weekly in 1997 that "Anthony Hopkins always talks about it. De Laurentiis said: "I call the agent of Judy Foster. that I wasn’t available when that movie was being shot..Frankly I could have just made it. she really did. So I moved on basically. Hannibal Lecter) would reprise their respective roles for which they won Academy Awards in The Silence of the Lambs (best actress/actor). everybody wants to do it. Others contended that she didn’t want to do it without Demme or was slated herself to direct another film. He say to me ‘I have instruction. She no want to read the script if you no give her an offer of $20m and 15% of the gross.[1] [6] "The studio is just back from the holiday and is regrouping based on the news.’ And I say. he said: "Yes.''Hannibal (film)'' twice. and has no cohesive game plan at the moment.’"[6] (The article makes clear that "Dino comically mispronounces the actress's name")[6] Entertainment Weekly described the project as becoming "a bloody mess. He is very fast. He was distilling through discussion what he was gonna finally do.[6] Her spokeswoman said the reason was because Claire Danes had become available in Foster's own project Flora Plum. So I get to say.

Ashley Judd. Lecter has had plastic surgery in an attempt to disguise himself.[5] Scott said he was "really surprised to find that I had five of the top actresses in Hollywood wanting it. . Hilary Swank. though original actor Ron Vawter died before the production of Hannibal) and Italian screen legend Giancarlo Giannini as the opportunistic Detective Rinaldo Pazzi. Allegra. with whom he had worked on Surviving Picasso. Francesca Neri won the role of Pazzi's wife. the production team considered several different actresses. Lecter is first seen in Florence "as the classical Lecter. Some of it I found intriguing. Hannibal. Hopkins changed his appearance by building up muscle and cropping his hair short "to make him like a mercenary.."[19] Anthony Hopkins as Hannibal Lecter Hopkins was generally expected to reprise his Academy Award-winning role. and thought her a "terrific actress".[22] 247 “ He's still the sort of Robin Hood of killers. I thought it was really overreaching and so bizarre. a renaissance man. She can be a lunatic in Magnolia.[13] Moore talked about stepping into a role made famous by another actress: "The new Clarice would be very different.[7] Hopkins says on the making-of feature on DVD that he couldn’t make up his mind to commit. (The actor had appeared in Silence of the Lambs in the same role."[5] The Hollywood Reporter would confirm that Hopkins had agreed to reprise his role in late December 1999. Manhunter as another character.but this film is going to be very different. but added: "It needs some condensing."[6] In the book. He informed De Laurentiis that he knew Julianne Moore."[8] Moore would eventually secure the part. that he would be so fit and so strong that he could just snap somebody in two if they got. [22] — Anthony Hopkins on Hannibal Lecter. Angelina Jolie. Faison signed on to reprise his role as former hospital orderly Barney Matthews. 'Do I repeat that same performance. a porn star in Boogie Nights and a romantic in The End of the Affair "[8] "Julianne Moore.[6] Anthony Hopkins asked his agent if he had any "power" over casting. ” Further casting Other stars subsequently cast included Ray Liotta as corrupt Justice Department official Paul Krendler (a character that appeared in Silence of the Lambs. Helen Hunt and Julianne Moore. a vamp in An Ideal Husband. or do I vary it?' Ten years had passed so I changed a bit.. Scott thought it correct to discuss who would be Hopkins' "leading lady". Gillian Anderson. according to Hopkins. Hopkins did say in June 1999 that he would only be interested if the script was "really good". Lt."[18] Julianne Moore as Clarice Starling When it became clear that Foster would skip Hannibal. saying he had approved the latest draft of the script by Steven Zaillian." said Scott on his female lead.. once Jodie decided to pass was always top of my list.[5] including Cate Blanchett. With his big hat."[5] When the producers confirmed that they were going to film Harris' novel. Hopkins told them yes. Scott said his decision was swayed in favor of Moore because: "She is a true chameleon.[22] When the film moves to the US. "I just learned the lines and showed up and walked around as Hannibal Lecter.[21] Hopkins explains why: "It's as if he's making a statement – 'catch me if you can'. he's so obvious that nobody thinks he's Hannibal Lecter.[5] Although Hopkins' agent told him he had no contractual influence on casting. I thought. "I was kind of surprised by this book. So I couldn’t make up my mind about it all.[20] Hopkins said he had no difficulty moving back into "Lecter's mind". Of course people are going to compare my interpretation with that of Jodie Foster's. Fisk).. He kills the—what do they call them? The terminally rude. lecturing and being smooth". I've always thought he's a very elegant man. He also appeared in the film. in his way".''Hannibal (film)'' on her. some I was a little doubtful about. Frankie R."[21] In the film. This was left out of the film because Scott and Hopkins agreed to leave the face alone.

and they all just say ‘Oh my God.[26] Filming locations • The whole second act of Hannibal takes place in Florence. was used to house 15 "performing hogs". situated on the estate of President James Madison. But the locations were beautiful. North Carolina.. Co-producer Martha De Laurentiis said they had a "funny situation" with Oldman wanting a prominent "credit".We were there at the height of tourist season..C. the biggest privately owned estate in the U. one of Lecter's two surviving victims. which makes me very happy. Julianne Moore underwent Federal Bureau of Investigation training at the Bureau's headquarters before filming. were from a selection of around 6. Virginia.[24] • Filming would last for seven weeks in Richmond."[6] Oldman was apparently "out" of the movie for while. the Pharmacy of Santa Maria Novella and the Cathedral. the Palazzo Vecchio.. but described it as "quite an experience.[5] . 2000. Production designer Norris Spencer had worked on Thelma & Louise.’ and walk away. He would have no lips.[24] The fifteen Russian boars used in the shoot.[24] The unusual sight of a carousel would appear in the transportation hub and shopping plaza at the request of director Ridley Scott. Gladiator. but then came back in.[25] The film visited key locations in Florence and various locations around the United States. the Ponte Vecchio.[24] • After leaving Italy on June 5.[24] Martha De Laurentiis said the movie has almost a hundred locations and that is was a: "constant pain of moving and dressing sets. the production moved to Washington. Virginia[24] for the shootout in a crowded fish market early in the film.. Who could complain about being allowed to shoot in Palazzo Vecchio in Florence? Or President James Madison's farm in Montpelier or the amazing Biltmore Estate in Asheville?"[24] Eighty million dollars and a year and a half in production were spent before director Ridley Scott got his first look at Hannibal in the editing room.[24] Production and post production Background Hannibal was filmed in 83 working days over 16 weeks.[6] She said: "Now how can you have a prominent credit with Hannibal? The characters are Hannibal and Clarice Starling. cheeks or eyelids.''Hannibal (film)'' Gary Oldman was cast as Mason Verger."[6] Oldman said that having his name completely removed from the billing and credits allowed him to "do it anonymously" under that heavy make-up.[6] Oldman would become transformed and "unrecognizable as himself" to play the part of Verger. Filming took place over six days at Union Station. D."[24] Within Florence the production would visit various locations such as the Palazzo Capponi (as Dr. Black Rain and 1492 Conquest of Paradise. editor Pietro Scalia and composer Hans Zimmer had all worked on Scott's previous film.000 of which the animal wranglers looked at.[24] • Biltmore Estate in Asheville.S. I’ve been showing people pictures [of Oldman as Verger]. Cinematographer John Mathieson..It was kind of organized chaos. So we really couldn’t work something out (at first)..Fell's workplace). Ridley Scott had never filmed there before. 2000 in Florence. Make-up artist Greg Cannom said: "It's really disgusting. was chosen to signify the huge personal wealth of Mason Verger. asking to go "unbilled".[24] • A barn in Montpelier..[25] The film began production on May 8.[23] 248 Key production crew Scott recruited key production crew whom he had worked with previously.

[5] For Mason Verger the make-up team would initially produce 20 different "heads" which looked like "zombies" and did not reflect the vision director Ridley Scott had of the character—Scott wanted Verger to look real with hideous scarring. and yes.[5] Zimmer used a symphony orchestra for the opera sequence. even the monologue combine to make this an intense listening experience. "Zimmer truly crafts a score worthy of most fans' full attention..[5] Scott believed it a good idea as it fundamentally asked the question: Where is Hannibal Lecter? Scott explains: "And of course this story tells it. where you wonder where that is.only cellos and basses all playing at the extreme ends of their range. which he thought "touching"—he wanted to make Mason Verger more "touching" than "monstrous"..[27] Music Ridley Scott worked very closely with composer Hans Zimmer. being able to also adjust the performance of the actors in fact." This was done to emphasise the character of Hannibal Lecter. would morph into the face of Hannibal Lecter. but would mostly use what he described as a "very odd orchestra.[5] Dante's sonnet was put to music by Zimmer and Patrick Cassidy for the opera scene in Florence.[29] ..almost sympathetic.. played by Ray Liotta.."[14] In a poll by Classic FM (UK) listeners to find the greatest movie soundtrack of all-time.[5] The studio thought it not "quite right" however. during post-production on Hannibal. in the final cut. but it remained on Scott's mind and would eventually end up as the main title sequence."[5] Zimmer and Scott sat in during the editing process with editor Pietro Scalia to discuss scenes in the film and "not music".[5] Title sequence The main titles were designed by Nick Livesey a graduate of the Royal College of Art who worked for one of Scott's production companies in London. which become more "perverted" as the movie progressed according to Zimmer. shot in Florence by Livesey himself was intended as the second promotional trailer for the film."[5] The titles are said to have been influenced by the film Se7en. with pigeons in the cobblestones of somewhere.. as he thought the character of Verger as being "someone who hadn’t lost his sense of humour.[5] Scott himself would actually call up the help of expert doctors in an effort to get the look of the character as realistic as possible."[5] Oldman would spend six hours a day in make-up to prepare for the role. The sequence.[5] Livesey would gather footage of pigeons in an empty square in Florence early one morning which..com wrote positively of Zimmer's score.[5] The character of Mason Verger. had his own "theme"." Zimmer also did not want the score to sound like a "modern day orchestra".[5] For one of the final and infamous scenes of the movie an exact "duplicate" was created of the character Paul Krendler. and not something from the "House of Wax".and there he is his face appears.[5] Scott believes the music to a film is as important as dialogue—"It is the final adjustment to the screenplay.the classical elements..''Hannibal (film)'' 249 Special make-up effects Make-up artist Greg Cannom was pleased to be involved in Hannibal as it offered him the chance to produce "incredible and original make-ups".[28] Tracksounds. a scene which blended make-up. puppet work and CGI in a way which director Ridley Scott called "seamless". Hannibal ranked at 59.[5] Scott showed the make-up team pictures of "foetal things". He explains: "Anthony's character is for me somebody at the extreme range of whatever is humanly imaginable somehow.

you might even wonder or certainly from one direction—is it more than affection?"[5] "It is dark. on corruption in the American police force.[31] Corruption Part of the story involves the character Rinaldo Pazzi (Giancarlo Giannini). the wife of "Pazzi" asks Hannibal (upon Hannibal giving her "Dante's first sonnet"): "Do you believe a man could become so obsessed by a woman after a single encounter.[5] He told CNN that: "Hannibal was quite a different target.[13] "There is something very moral about Lecter in this film".[13] Paul Krendler also succumbs to greed and corruption." He added..[13] There is a moment in the film when Pazzi becomes corrupted. I think he's as sane as you or I. Starling however does not."[15] Hopkins said: "It's not exactly a romance there is that element." This scene. Ridley says it comes across very clearly. .''Hannibal (film)'' 250 Themes Romance Allegra DePazi: Dr. "In some instances. "In our normal terms. I'm told. in his own way.[30] Rolling Stone even said in their review: "Scott offers a sly parody of relationships—think "When Hannibal met Sally. because the story is of course essentially dark. despite being what Scott describes as "very thoughtful"." Hannibal replies: "Yes I believe they could. Funny enough. as the loneliest woman on earth. egged on by the desire to have the best for his much younger wife.. where a tear slides down Starling's cheek during a confrontation with Lecter. to be "pure" – one of the key motivating factors for the character is the search for "retribution and punishment".. But would she see through the bars of his plight and ache for him? Scott has said he believes the underlying emotion of the film Hannibal is "affection"."[9] During the opera scene in Florence. He just likes it. They could not agree if it was a tear of "anguish". is one which Scott claims most people "missed" the meaning of. There's that erotic element in the story. It was in reference to "Clarice" – to their encounter in The Silence of the Lambs[13] The New York Times in its review of the film. "loneliness" or "disgust". essentially a study between two individuals. and perseveres to the end even refusing to release Lecter when she believes he is about to cut off her hand in order to free himself."[13] Scott did say. centering on two people who should never be together—a modern day Romeo and Juliet. said Hannibal. as a horror movie. the affair of the heart between Lecter and Starling is "metaphorical". "The behaviour of Hannibal is never insane—didn’t want to use that excuse. a Florentine policeman who becomes corrupted by the prospect of financial gain when he learns Dr. however. Is he insane? No. Scott."[5] Zimmer ultimately believes it to be a dark love story.[13] The antagonist character of Mason Verger has one overriding objective in life: to capture Lecter and subject him to a slow.. said Scott in his audio commentary. painful death. but it's kind of romantic at the same time. but also there's some quite bad behaviour as well. "toys" with the idea of: "love that dare not speak Its name"[27] Composer Hans Zimmer believes there to be "many" messages and subtext in each scene of the film.[5] He says "I can score this movie truly as a Freudian archetypal beauty and the beast fairy tale." Retribution and punishment Ridley Scott has said that he believes Lecter. it's rather romantic and also quite humorous. Fell.. do you believe that a man can become so obsessed with a woman from a single encounter? Hannibal: Could he daily feel a stab of hunger for her and find nourishment in the very sight of her? I think so. His escalating abandonment of morality allows him to countenance and facilitate the death of a gypsy pickpocket. Fell's true identity. in the movie..[5] Scott told the New York Post that. as the most elegant piece. he's truly evil.[5] During post-production of the film."[13] Scott also brings up the notion of absolution in reference to the Lecter character towards the end of the film. the beauty in renaissance.[5] Scott openly admits to a "romantic thematic" running though the film. Zimmer and the editor passionately argued about what a single shot meant.

. Premiere[34] and Empire. But this superior sequel has romance in its dark heart. At the time (February 2001) this was the third-biggest debut ever—only 1997's The Lost World: Jurassic Park and 1999's Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace grossed more in an opening weekend. he is a great fan of director Ridley Scott's work.dirty."[43] Roger Ebert gave the film a "Thumbs down" rating on the television program At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper and gave the film a 2.268 with a worldwide gross of $351. the biggest opening box office for an R-rated movie ever.''Hannibal (film)'' 251 Promotion The first trailer appeared in theaters and was made available via the official website in early May 2000. writing in the British Film Institute magazine Sight & Sound.[39] in a year which also saw the blockbuster releases of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. praised the film.[41] He adds: "It is. Hannibal is nevertheless tantalizing. Hopkins' portrayal of Hannibal Lecter was chosen as the unique selling point of Hannibal. That's how the movie was saved. and planned accordingly. Jill Serjeant stated that "the long-awaited sequel to the grisly 1991 thriller Silence of the Lambs is cooking up the hottest Internet and media buzz since the 1999 Star Wars 'prequel'. was released in late November 2000. Hannibal is toothless to the end.nytimes.com. which featured footage from the new movie. Retrieved 31 August 2010." Empire gave it two out of five stars."[41] Thomson does make clear.000 in US video rentals following release in August 2001. As the film had only just begun production. Hannibal was met with significant media attention."[42] A negative review in The Guardian claimed that what was wrong with the film was carried over from the book: "The result is an inflated. was quickly removed from circulation as it was deemed "too shocking and disturbing for the public.. which he began with the following: "Ridley Scott's Hannibal is a carnival geek show.[38] Hannibal was the tenth highest grossing movie of the year worldwide.com" [33]. said Elvis Mitchell in a 2001 New York Times article. engrossing and occasionally startling. nothing ever will..092."[41] Variety in its review said "Hannibal is not as good as Lambs. featuring Lecter with a "skin mask" covering the right side of his face.692. calling it ". good-looking. This. "It works. A second trailer. Retrieved 31 August 2010. Entertainment Weekly. ultimately more shallow and crass at its heart than its predecessor... idmb."[44] . In marketing the film. Hannibal also made over $87.[36] It was also. literally. It seems clear that Anthony Hopkins and Scott saw that.230 screens). The Silence of the Lambs was a marvelous thing. it proves that if a man cutting off his face and feeding it to his dogs doesn't get the NC-17 rating for violence.[40] Reception The reviews for Hannibal were mixed. sexy. Release Box office Hannibal grossed $58 million (USA) in its opening weekend (from 3. including Vanity Fair. however. Whetting That Large Appetite for Second Helpings" [32].Elvis Mitchell (9 Feb 2001). that Hannibal Lecter has become such a household joke that he can't be dreadful again.[35] In an article for CBS News."[35] Stars Anthony Hopkins and Julianne Moore made the covers of a number of magazines. We must give it credit for the courage of its depravity. if it proves nothing else. by contrast is barely okey-dokey. www. good-looking bore of a movie. over nine months before the film was released.[36] Final domestic box office gross (USA) reached $165.[28] [34] with the film's stars and director making several appearances on television.laughable to just plain boring.[19] [36] [41] TIME wrote: "A banquet of creepy. The New York Times.5 out of 4 stars rating in his print review. A poster released in the UK to promote Hannibal. footage was used from The Silence of the Lambs.[37] The film spent three weeks at number one in the US box office chart. when it was released.268. naughty and knowing. and four weeks at number one in the UK.000. It's smart. "Mr Hopkins is the draw here". in newspapers and in magazines.""Hannibal trivia on imdb. gory or grotesque incidents is on display in Hannibal. "Hannibal FILM REVIEW. fun." David Thomson.. Upon its release.com.

stimulates her brother to ejaculate with a cattle prod. Following up on Krendler's fate in the book. Lecter. Margot. He also has a sister. This forges an odd alliance between Starling and Lecter.'. because I suspected that there was that romance. Differences from the novel According to Variety the script for Hannibal was: ". These flashbacks formed the basis for the 2007 film Hannibal Rising which portrays Lecter as a young man who eventually becomes the killer of the prior films. only the package artwork was changed. 252 Home release Hannibal is available as a one-disc and two-disc DVD. Margot."[47] . As she herself is sterile due to steroid abuse. eaten by German deserters in 1944. The book's controversial ending has Lecter presenting Starling with the exhumed bones of her father. at Lecter's advice. the crooked FBI official is killed when Lecter shoots him with an arrow. production stills and unused poster concepts. you have to reduce it to a script of 100 pages. I did. At the end of the book. at the end of SotL. most notably Mason Verger's muscle-bound macho sister Margot. Verger literally has no face and has to be kept in a sterile room at all times to keep bacteria from affecting exposed muscle and tissues. Also gone from the film were the flashbacks to Lecter's childhood. she said. A special "steel-book" edition of Hannibal was released in 2007.for better or worse. quite faithful to the Harris blueprint."[45] Producer Dino De Laurentiis was asked why some characters were left out of the film: "I think if you get a book which is 600 pages. Mason Verger runs an orphanage. fans of the tome may regret the perhaps necessary excision of some characters. and then kills him by ramming his pet Moray eel down his throat. does not appear in the film. and cut characters which weren't so vital.. deleted and alternate scenes. When she disclosed her sexual orientation to her family. In two hours of film. Other people found that preposterous. in the novel. I think it would have been very interesting had she gone off.. I think it would have been a very interesting thing though. I suppose there's a moral issue there."[42] Time Out in its review of Hannibal noted: "The weight-watchers script sensibly dispenses with several characters to serve a brew that's enjoyably spicy but low on substance. you cannot possibly include all the characters. whom he raped when they were children and who is a lesbian. We set ourselves a limit. with the only surprise twists saved for its wake). 'Dr. attachment there. and a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 38 percent. which he "brings to life" by hypnotizing Starling. from which he calls children to verbally abuse as a substitute for his no longer being able to molest them. I guessed that a long time ago. Barney (the hospital orderly) sees them at the Teatro Colón of Buenos Aires. with an average rating of five out of ten from 160 reviews. at the last phone call to Clarice. five making-of featurettes and a "marketing gallery" which contains trailers. Also."[46] In the book. Verger exerts some control over her by promising her a semen sample with which to impregnate her lover. Dr. even the climactic dinner party is served up intact. Mischa. Hopkins was asked in an interview on the subject of whether or not he believed the idea of Starling and Lecter heading off in to the sunset as lovers (as happens in the book). in which he sees his younger sister. who could then inherit the Verger fortune. but will basically feel the book has been respected (yes.. The two disc DVD contains an array of special features including: Commentary by director Ridley Scott. as well as the considerable fascinating academic detail. There are no significant changes made to the DVD itself.. The character of Jack Crawford. that obsession with her. their father disowned her. "Yes. while in the book. So much story is squeezed into 131 minutes that little time's left for analysis or characterization. At the end of the novel. culminating in their becoming lovers and escaping to Argentina.''Hannibal (film)'' Hannibal currently has an overall Metacritic rating of 57 out of 100 from 36 reviews. Lecter. Margot and Starling both help Lecter escape during a shootout between Starling and Verger's guards. allowing her to say goodbye.

[9] "Bloody 'Hannibal' lacks bite of 'Lambs'" (http:/ / archives. countingdown. BBC. co. [10] Morris. guardian. Jill (9 February 2001). com/ movie/ review?res=9B04E2D81431F93AA35751C0A9679C8B63 [33] http:/ / www. CBS News. . Whetting That Large Appetite for Second Helpings" (http:/ / query. 20 February 2001. Retrieved 7 March 2007. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 592904.cbsnews. html) [24] Official Hannibal production notes [25] Official Hannibal Journal [26] Rose. . IMDB. . London: The Guardian. com/ Entertainment/ story?id=109619& page=1). co. Retrieved 9 March 2007. ign. Ridley Scott: Pocket Essential. [12] Prigge. com/ rollingstone. [29] "Top 100 movie soundtracks" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 6 March 2007. . [8] "Interview with Ridley scott". asp?id=223575). shtml). shtml). ISBN 0753507315. CNN. BBC..00.00. co. stm). Retrieved 9 March 2007. com/ features/ the_total_film_interview__jodie_foster). . stm). . "Hannibal—Rolling Stone Review" (http:/ / www. uk/ films/ 2001/ 02/ 12/ anthony_hopkins_hannibal_120201_interview. nytimes. New York Times. uk/ film/ reviews/ article251440. php?name=Content& file=print& pid=116). cbsnews. [5] Hannibal DVD "Making of feature" [6] Bernstein. com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948327/ review/ 5948328/ hannibal). Retrieved 9 March 2007. McFarland. . [30] id=5800 "Hannibal News" (http:/ / www. shtml). 21 December 1999. Retrieved 9 March 2007. com/ articles/ 035/ 035937p1. Retrieved 12 June 2007. . "Pleased to eat you" (http:/ / film. Entertainment Weekly. "FILM REVIEW. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 581813. Virgin Film: Ridley Scott. [35] Jill Serjeant (2 Feb 2001). . Gillian (11 October 2002). [11] Flynn. shtml?source=search_story). com/ stories/ 2001/ 02/ 02/ entertainment/ main269156. html). Dan. . storefrontdemme. Retrieved 8 June 2007. cbsnews. [16] "Lambs 'in doubt' without Foster" (http:/ / news. Virgin Books. ew. [3] "Taste of success" (http:/ / comment. Retrieved 31 August 2010. bbc. Counting Down. Brian (2005). nytimes. com/ title/ tt0212985/ trivia?tr0748077 [34] Nick Sambides Jr. cnn. [36] "Box Office: Hannibal Takes Record-Sized Bite" (http:/ / abcnews. . com/ rollingstone. html) on December 15. Retrieved 9 March 2007. Retrieved 7 March 2007. 6 January 2000.00. com/ stories/ 2001/ 02/ 08/ entertainment/ main270627.. 29 December 1999.. "Lecter's bloody second course has a hollow centre" (http:/ / enjoyment. www. The Guardian (London).357302. Retrieved 2007-06-08. "60 Minutes: Actors' Take On Ridley Scott" (http:/ / www. co. co. com/ movies/ 1203/ news?item). Retrieved 6 March 2007. bbc. html). [19] Rob. . . independent. Mark (6 February 2001). BBC.com. go. Charlie (30 January 2001). "Appetites Whet For Hannibal" (http:/ / www. ABC News. Movie Moguls Speak: Interview with top film producers. .com: Interview with Gary Oldman (http:/ / uk. id=5800. imdb.. ISBN 978-0-7864-1929-6. Steven (2004). [15] Travers. (8 Feb 2001). Entertainment Weekly. "Taking A Bite Out Of Hannibal" (http:/ / www. uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. ece). com/ cinema_reviews/ hannibal). . movies. Archived from the original (http:/ / storefrontdemme. Retrieved 7 March 2007. . Rolling Stone.cbsnews. [21] "Movie Interview: Anthony Hopkins" (http:/ / www. com/ modules. [22] Rose. . [17] "Foster passes on Lambs sequel" (http:/ / news.com. html).435456. Retrieved 6 March 2007.00. Mark (4 February 2001). BBC. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. ece). Retrieved June 12 2007. totalfilm. James (2002). Pocket Essentials. "Hannibal film review" (http:/ / www. com/ gst/ fullpage. 11 February 2001. independent. [4] "Rolling Stone" (http:/ / web. [18] "The Total Film Interview: Jodie Foster" (http:/ / www. ScreenwriterUtopia. .''Hannibal (film)'' 253 References [1] "Killer Instinct" (http:/ / www. ISBN 978-1-904048-47-3. uk/ leading_articles/ article253462. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. The Independent (London). Total Film. [23] IGN.275700. shtml?source=search_story). The Independent (London). com/ article. Retrieved 7 March 2007. . co. . 8 February 2001. com/ stories/ 2001/ 01/ 28/ 60II/ main267669. html). Peter. Elvis (9 February 2001). review/ index. Retrieved 7 March 2007. co. [31] Wilson. Total Film. Retrieved 31 August 2010. html). cbsnews. CBS. ew. "60 Minutes: Ridley Scott" (http:/ / www. www. com/ 2001/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 02/ 08/ hannibal. bbc. html). 17 March 2000. Retrieved 7 June 2007. stm). "Rebirth of Cruel" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 7 March 2007. [13] Hannibal DVD "Ridley Scott commentary" [14] "Script Review: Hannibal" (http:/ / screenwritersutopia. org/ web/ 20061215220221/ http:/ / www. [28] Clarke. rollingstone. . MMI Reuters Limited. March 2001. com/ stories/ 2001/ 01/ 27/ 60II/ main267597. Retrieved 9 March 2007. [7] "News articles" (http:/ / imdb. [32] http:/ / movies. uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. [2] Jolin. Retrieved 6 April 2007. html?res=9B04E2D81431F93AA35751C0A9679C8B63). . .433350. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 2006. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 573715. "How Hannibal came to be made" (http:/ / film. [20] "Sir Anthony set for Lambs sequel" (http:/ / news. classicfm. cbsnews. co. archive. Total Film. Retrieved 9 March 2007. totalfilm. Classic FM. bbc. com/ title/ tt0212985/ news). guardian. Charlie (27 January 2001). [27] Mitchell.

html). . [40] "US Video rentals" (http:/ / pro. co. Retrieved 10 April 2007. shtml). Box Office Mojo.imdb.438460. James. [38] "Box Office" (http:/ / pro. html). html?categoryid=31& cs=1). David (2001). com/ movies/ ?id=hannibal. [42] McCarthy. 254 External links • Official website (http://http://www. [43] Brooks. [47] "Interview with Anthony Hopkins" (http:/ / uk.com) • Hannibal (http://www. htm). co. imdb. uk/ sightandsound/ feature/ 84/ ).dailyscript. Retrieved 6 March 2009.com/film/titles/hannibal) at Metacritic • Hannibal (http://www. imdb.com/m/1104385-hannibal/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Hannibal (http://www. . Retrieved 7 June 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2007. com/ review/ VE1117797220. [45] "Hannibal review" (http:/ / www. bbc. . . .com/work/233530) at Allmovie • Hannibal (http://www.boxofficemojo. ign. com/ film/ dvd/ 63664. . Chicago Sun-Times.com/scripts/hannibal_unproduced. dll/ article?AID=/ 20010209/ REVIEWS/ 102090301/ 1023).com. html).htm) at Box Office Mojo • Unproduced script by David Mamet (http://www. com/ title/ tt0212985/ boxoffice). Retrieved 10 March 2007.allmovie. suntimes. org. variety. IGN. Retrieved 2009-12-05. Al Kehoe (2001). IMDB Pro. boxofficemojo. "Interview: Dino De Laurentiis" (http:/ / www. "The Riddler Has His Day" (http:/ / www. "Hannibal" (http:/ / rogerebert. . . uk/ films/ 2001/ 02/ 12/ dino_de_laurentis_hannibal_120201_interview.rottentomatoes.hannibalmovie. Time Out Film Guide. movies. Xan (16 February 2001). Sight & Sound. Retrieved 10 April 2007. htm). .''Hannibal (film)'' [37] "Hannibal (2001)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. timeout. Retrieved 13 March 2007. com/ title/ tt0212985/ videorevenue). Retrieved 16 April 2007. suntimes. [44] Roger Ebert (2001-02-09).com/movies/?id=hannibal. [46] Mattram. [41] Thomson.. Retrieved 9 April 2007. The Guardian (London). guardian. "Hannibal Review" (http:/ / www. Boxofficemojo.00. . . Variety. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2001& p=. uk/ News_Story/ Critic_Review/ Guardian_review/ 0. "Hannibal Review" (http:/ / film.com/title/tt0212985/) at the Internet Movie Database • Hannibal (http://www. [39] "Box-Office data for Hannibal" (http:/ / www. IMDB. Retrieved 9 April 2007.metacritic. BBC. Todd (5 February 2001). bfi. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ articles/ 035/ 035935p1.html) .

''Hearts in Atlantis (film)'' 255 Hearts in Atlantis (film) Hearts in Atlantis Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Scott Hicks Kerry Heysen Stephen King (Book) William Goldman Anthony Hopkins David Morse Anton Yelchin Hope Davis Mika Boorem Deirdre O'Connell Mychael Danna Music by Cinematography Piotr Sobocinski Editing by Studio Pip Karmel Castle Rock Entertainment Village Roadshow Pictures NPV Entertainment Warner Bros. September 28.415 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Hearts in Atlantis is a 2001 American/Australian drama thriller directed by Scott Hicks. 2001 101 minutes United States Australia English $31 million $30.919. . It is loosely adapted from Stephen King's novella "Low Men in Yellow Coats". from his story collection Hearts in Atlantis.

Ted yells to Bobby as he is being driven away that he wouldn't have missed a moment "not for all the world". like announcements about missing pets. so Bobby could buy a bicycle he wants. That and the "low people" are closing in on him. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Ted Brautigan David Morse as Robert "Bobby" Garfield Anton Yelchin as Bobby Garfield Hope Davis as Elizabeth "Liz" Garfield Mika Boorem as Carol Gerber/Molly Deirdre O'Connell as Mrs. while his mother is busy with her job .''Hearts in Atlantis (film)'' 256 Plot Hearts in Atlantis tells the story of Robert "Bobby" Garfield (David Morse). Liz arrives. and mistakenly believes that Ted is a child molester. As some form of closure. Bobby sees one. Bobby doesn't believe that this is the real job. Ted asks Bobby to keep an eye on the neighborhood looking for any signs of the "low men". the self-centered Liz Garfield (Hope Davis). During that summer. and how her behavior is affecting her relationship with her son. She is confronted by Ted's ability to tell her the truth about what she has been through. Gerber Will Rothhaar as John "Sully" Sullivan Tommy Reifsnyder as Harry Doolin Alan Tudyk as Monte Man Tom Bower as Len Files Celia Weston as Alana Files Adam LeFevre as Don Biderman . The two form a father-son bond. Bobby lives with his single mother. in particular the summer when he was eleven years old (Anton Yelchin). However. who takes in Brautigan as a boarder. Carol. These same powers are the reason that Brautigan has come to this sleepy town. Harry hurts Carol. afraid to lose his new friend. Ted offers Bobby a job—his eyes aren't as good as they used to be. and later Bobby mirrors the same feelings. and when Ted manipulates her dislocated shoulder into place. Harry Doolin (Tommy Reifsnyder). a middle-aged man recollecting his past. at one point. whom Ted is able to scare away by looking into his mind and finding out that his violence is used to cover up the fact that he is secretly a cross-dresser. and he is right. providing another reason that Ted must leave. he has escaped the grasp of the "Low Men". Carol Gerber (Mika Boorem) and John "Sully" Sullivan (Will Rothhaar). but doesn't tell Ted. and John have frequent conflicts with the local town bully. after being raped by her boss. experienced many things together. the most mysterious of which was meeting an elderly drifter named Ted Brautigan (Anthony Hopkins). Ted takes the lonely Bobby under his wing.including entertaining her boss as a way of paying off debt supposedly left by Bobby's late father. Bobby. and to earn a dollar a week. and it slowly becomes clear that Ted has some psychic and telekinetic powers that rub off on the young boy. strange people who would stop at nothing to get their hands on Ted. he and his two friends. Ted is eventually captured with the help of a tip from Liz. so he asks the boy to read a newspaper for him.

boxofficemojo. it has a score of 49% on Rotten Tomatoes.919. box office. of course) to 'break' down the beams surrounding the Dark Tower. htm [2] http:/ / www.494 USD in its opening weekend at the U.781. com/ m/ hearts_in_atlantis/ External links • • • • Official website (http://http://www2. When Bobby returns home. fairly short of its $31 million budget. it shot to the top of the DVD release taking $48 million in the first two weeks.com/m/hearts_in_atlantis/) at Rotten Tomatoes . rottentomatoes. htm [3] http:/ / www. Ted Brautigan was a 'breaker'."[3] When the film was released on DVD.com/movies/?id=heartsinatlantis. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2001& wknd=39& p=. In the original novella. Firestarter.htm) at Box Office Mojo Hearts in Atlantis (http://www. References [1] http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. it would total $30.[1] The film would eventually gross a domestic total of $24.733. which concludes that "Hearts in Atlantis is well-acted and beautiful to look at. Carol is only believed to have died in a violent Vietnam protest.185.634.000 short of the budget. com/ movies/ ?id=heartsinatlantis.S. As of March 2009.com/title/tt0252501/) at the Internet Movie Database Hearts in Atlantis (http://www. about $80. In the book.021.[2] Reception This movie received mixed reviews. agents of the Crimson King.warnerbros. but with an international $6.boxofficemojo. the 'low men' were in fact Can-toi.com/heartsinatlantis/) Hearts in Atlantis (http://www.imdb. but the movie is nothing more than a mood piece. the linchpin of all existence. Differences from the source material The story that it was based on had deep ties into King's epic The Dark Tower. most notably Carol being dead in the film's coda. In order to gain wider audience appeal.''Hearts in Atlantis (film)'' 257 Release Box office The film opened at #3 raking in $9. his psychic powers being used for national-security purposes. This ties logically to Stephen King's 1980 novel. the film version of Ted is written as a runaway government agent. boxofficemojo. There are several other changes.415. they meet again. a psychic whose abilities made him able (unwillingly.

scalps tickets and works at small clubs in Jersey City to make ends meet. Plot When a mission to retrieve a stolen suitcase bomb goes bad. from whom he was separated at birth. produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and starring Anthony Hopkins and Chris Rock. Hayes hustles chess games. Meanwhile Hayes's girlfriend.977. 2002 117 minutes United States English $70 million [1] [1] $65. Goodman David Himmelstein Jason Richman Michael Browning Anthony Hopkins Chris Rock Trevor Rabin Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Dariusz Wolski Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Mark Goldblatt Robert Lambert Touchstone Pictures June 7. Julie (Washington) grows tired of waiting for him to grow up and decides to move to . CIA agent Kevin Pope (Rock) is killed. who is desperate to complete the mission discovers that Agent Pope had a twin brother.295 Bad Company is a 2002 action-comedy film directed by Joel Schumacher. Jake Hayes (also Rock). The CIA. Pope was working undercover as an antiquities dealer under the name Michael Turner.''Bad Company (2002 film)'' 258 Bad Company (2002 film) Bad Company Film poster Directed by Produced by Joel Schumacher Jerry Bruckheimer Michael Browning Mike Stenson Gary M.

As Hayes starts to enter the codes to disarm the bomb. When Hayes begins paying attention. learn they can't detonate the bomb because of the missing codes. they track the bomb to Grand Central Station. Hayes goes to his foster mother only to be found by Oakes who persuades him to finish the mission. Vas' men double cross him with the rival buyer. Andre holds Julie hostage.''Bad Company (2002 film)'' Seattle. After the CIA successfully persuades Hayes into participating and begins to train Hayes for a mission that is to take place in Prague (Czech Republic). Moving forward with the plans. Hayes and Oakes meet up with Adjanic and are able to steal the arming codes. they are initially dismayed by his lack of refinement. Hayes is able to disarm the bomb just prior to detonation. At the ending of the film. Adrik Vas. Now the race begins to find Hayes and the bomb. the CIA sets him up in his brother's old apartment in Manhattan to test him and try to bait the men who killed his brother. Oakes rescues Hayes by killing two terrorists. but escapes unharmed. the criminal thinks Hayes is Kevin. When they return to their hotel. Washington. they kidnap Julie. After interrogating one of the captured terrorists. is an ex-Russian Army Colonel with ties to the Russian Mafia. When the rival dealers. Agent Oakes (Hopkins) confronts Hayes telling him he doesn't trust him. Nicole figures out Hayes isn't his brother and returns to her assignment covering the Balkans for CNN. who are part of a terrorist organization. Looking for a way out. Hayes gives himself up trying to save his girlfriend and the terrorists get the codes back and arm the bomb. Hayes meets with the men selling the suitcase bomb posing as his dead brother. Just as they close the deal. The seller. Hayes is greeted by his brother's ex-girlfriend Nicole. Oakes comes up to Hayes and warns him that a dangerous criminal has escaped from prison and is seeking revenge upon Kevin Pope. After arriving in Prague. Believing that Hayes is his brother the two have dinner and return to the hotel only to be ambushed by rival buyers. Hayes is attacked. but since Kevin is dead and Hayes was impersonating him. Hayes begins to panic and demand that Oakes has to protect him. but Oakes starts laughing as he reveals that it was just a joke. they locate the bomb and Andre who has started the countdown. With the clock ticking. as Officer Parish Wills Robbins as Officer McCain Marek Vašut as Andre . Hayes pretends to shoot Oakes and they kill Andre by shooting him repeatedly. In order to distract Andre. 259 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Officer Oakes Chris Rock as Jake Hayes/Kevin Pope/Michael Turner Peter Stormare as Adrik Vas Gabriel Macht as Officer Seale Kerry Washington as Julie Adoni Maropis as Jarma/Dragan Henchman #1 Garcelle Beauvais as Nicole Matthew Marsh as Dragan Adjanic Dragan Mićanović as Michelle 'The Hammer' Petrov John Slattery as Roland Yates Brooke Smith as Officer Swanson Daniel Sunjata as Officer Carew DeVone Lawson Jr.

"[6] Soundtrack A soundtrack containing hip hop. 2002). asp?id=3858). alternative and R&B music was released on June 4.htm) at Box Office Mojo . [5] Ebert. org. "'Bad Company' is a waste of 111 minutes" (http:/ / www.[1] The film was originally slated to be released in December 2001 but because of the attacks of September 11. . [7] "Bad Company (Original Soundtrack) – Charts & Awards" (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. Dunkley. Cathy (September 19. Chicago Sun-Times. 2009. suntimes. the film's release was postponed given the fact the film was about a terrorist attack on New York City.[7] References [1] "Bad Company (2002)" (http:/ / www. webcitation. hollywoodreporter. 2009.com/movies/?id=badcompany. 2002). Retrieved August 29. Retrieved August 29. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. webcitation. .boxofficemojo. . "Bad Company Review" (http:/ / www."[4] Roger Ebert remarks in the Chicago Sun-Times that the film "jams too many prefabricated story elements into the running time.[3] Seattle Post-Intelligencer reviewer William Arnold calls the film "wildly overproduced. dll/ article?AID=/ 20020607/ REVIEWS/ 206070301/ 1023) on August 29. boxofficemojo. Retrieved August 29.295. Variety. [4] Arnold. seattlepi. It peaked at number 98 on the Billboard 200 and number 11 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. and Schumacher does probably as good a job as anyone at bringing off the Hopkins/Rock collision of acting styles and onscreen personas. Roger (June 7. . 2009. Retrieved August 29. [3] "Bad Company (2002)" (http:/ / www. the film is given a 10% "rotten" rating. 2009. htm). com/ m/ 1114548-bad_company/ ).imdb. Retrieved August 29. "Bad Company Review" (http:/ / www. Carl. 2009. Archived from the original (http:/ / rogerebert. 2002).com/title/tt0280486/) at the Internet Movie Database • Bad Company (http://www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. org/ 5jNpFcs3T) on August 29. com/ album/ r594768/ charts-awards). 2009. com/ movies/ ?id=badcompany. inadequately motivated every step of the way and demographically targeted to please every one (and no one). com/ apps/ pbcs. 2009. David Hunter of The Hollywood Reporter noted the film as having "all the familiar Bruckheimer elements. shtml) on August 29.817. org/ 5jNm3Ksyk). 2009."[5] However. 2009. "'Bad' timing means pic shuffle" (http:/ / www. The Hollywood Reporter. . William (June 7. amo. 2001. com/ hr/ search/ article_display. based on 133 reviews. allmusic.com/m/1114548-bad_company/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Bad Company (http://www. 2002 by Hollywood Records. rottentomatoes. org/ 5jNmHPfZO). Allmusic. jsp?vnu_content_id=1507378). Rotten Tomatoes. .160.161 in the United States and $35. David (June 5. com/ movies/ 73579_badcompany07q. .[2] The film was also generally poorly received by film critics. Bad Company did poorly at the box office earning only $30. Box Office Mojo. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. au/ artist. Retrieved August 29. [6] Hunter. 2001). On film review compilation site Rotten Tomatoes.''Bad Company (2002 film)'' 260 Reception In the theaters. External links • Bad Company (http://www. [2] Diorio.977.134 outside the US for a worldwide total of $65. webcitation. Retrieved August 29. 2009.

by then. The film was directed by Brett Ratner and written by Ted Tally. after Lecter's original capture and incarceration.298 Hannibal [1] Red Dragon is a 2002 thriller film based on Thomas Harris' novel of the same name and featuring psychiatrist and serial killer Dr. Hannibal Lecter. it stars Edward Norton as FBI agent Will Graham and Anthony Hopkins as Lecter. a role he had. 2002 124 minutes United States English $78 million $209. The film's story takes place before the events in The Silence of the Lambs. who also wrote the screenplay for The Silence of the Lambs. played twice before in The Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal. .''Red Dragon (film)'' 261 Red Dragon (film) Red Dragon Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Starring Brett Ratner Dino De Laurentiis Ted Tally Red Dragon by Thomas Harris Edward Norton Ralph Fiennes Anthony Hopkins Emily Watson Harvey Keitel Mary-Louise Parker Phillip Seymour Hoffman Danny Elfman Music by Cinematography Dante Spinotti Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Mark Helfrich Scott Free Productions Universal Pictures Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer October 4.196.

he requests a first-class meal in his cell and having his book privileges returned. Graham slings insults at his son that are reminiscent of the ones Dolarhyde's grandmother had used against him. who kidnaps Lounds. but his Dragon personality demands that he kill her." He is obsessed with a William Blake painting. Dolarhyde apparently shoots himself. Dolarhyde kills Mandy." Freddy Lounds (Philip Seymour Hoffman). Lecter for help. During the consultation and brainstorming session. The death of another family weighing on his conscience. which he could only have seen if he worked for the editing company that transfers home movies to video cassette. Molly. severely traumatized by the experience. such as the kidneys and liver. Graham gives Lounds an interview. Graham receives a letter from Lecter. However. a tabloid reporter who hounded him after Lecter's capture. This provokes Dolarhyde. Lecter in the murders. another serial killer appears. saved from the wreckage of the house. Hoping to lure the Tooth Fairy into a trap. with whom he has been working on a psychological profile of a serial killer. "What is her name?" . Nicknamed the "Tooth Fairy". super-glues him to a wheelchair. retires from the FBI. Special Agent Jack Crawford (Harvey Keitel) seeks Graham's assistance. Dolarhyde attacks Graham as the boy flees to safety. which bids him well and hopes that he isn't "too ugly. ends the ordeal by shooting and killing Dolarhyde. Lecter is sentenced to life imprisonment in an institution for the criminally insane while Graham. "The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun. it turns out Dolarhyde staged his own death by leaving behind the body of Ralph Mandy. and setting him on fire. Dolarhyde falls in love with a blind co-worker named Reba McClane (Emily Watson). he concludes that he must once again consult Dr. Further complicating the investigation is the secret correspondence between Lecter and Dolarhyde. Edible body parts of the victims.''Red Dragon (film)'' 262 Plot Baltimore. having taken her to his house. almost disemboweling Graham before being subdued. sets it on fire. After recovering. psychiatrist Dr. leading Graham to believe that the killer is a cannibal.and obsession with murder. which Graham found in the scrapbook. Jealous and enraged. Frederick Chilton (Anthony Heald) then informs Lecter that there is a young woman from the FBI (presumably Clarice Starling). he stalks seemingly random families during sequential full moons. Lecter is later visited by Will Graham (Edward Norton). a man whom she actually dislikes. Years later. kidnaps Reba and." Graham eventually realizes that the killer knew the layout of his victims' houses from their home videos. Graham reluctantly agrees. Hannibal Lecter (Anthony Hopkins) hosts a dinner party. 1980: in his townhouse. At his job in a photo lab. Hoping to capture the killer before his next attack.the verbal abuse he suffered from his grandmother (voice of Ellen Burstyn) . Lecter is aware that the feds are onto him. where he threatens Graham's son with a piece of broken glass. After visiting the crime scenes. Dolarhyde comes to Graham's home in Florida. He finds himself unable to shoot her. Dolarhyde attempts to stop the Dragon's "possession" of him by going to the Brooklyn Museum and consuming the original Blake watercolor of "The Red Dragon. then asks. Graham is given Dolarhyde's scrapbook. he was made a monster. Lecter attacks him." Dr. He finds her with a co-worker. Lecter looks up. Dolarhyde goes to see Reba one last time. Graham feels pity for Dolarhyde. Both men are severely wounded when Graham's wife. Graham discovers evidence implicating Dr. The "Tooth Fairy" is actually a disturbed man named Francis Dolarhyde (Ralph Fiennes) who kills at the behest of an alternate personality he calls "The Great Red Dragon. Graham's wife (Mary-Louise Parker) and child (Tyler Patrick Jones) are endangered when Lecter gives Dolarhyde the agent's home address. were removed from the bodies. He ups the stakes: in return for his help in capturing the Tooth Fairy. He takes her home. waiting to speak with him. Ralph Mandy (Frank Whaley). a gifted. now follows Graham for leads on the Tooth Fairy story. then forces him to recant his allegations before biting out his tongue. allowing Reba to escape. not born one. Maryland. in which he gives disparaging details of the FBI's profile of the killer: impotent and pathetic. which details the killer's tragic childhood . young FBI agent. To save the boy. and they make love. where his guests might well be dining on portions of a man they knew.

Trailers.imdb. php) (http:/ / www.artchive. com/ movies/ ?id=reddragon.allmovie.com/m/red_dragon/) at Rotten Tomatoes • The Hannibal Lecter Studiolo (http://hannibalstudiolo.[8] References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] http:/ / www.com/artchive/ B/blake/blake_great_red_dragon. earning $93. rottentomatoes.jpg. Pictures – Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.''Red Dragon (film)'' 263 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins – Hannibal Lecter Edward Norton – Will Graham Ralph Fiennes – Francis Dolarhyde Harvey Keitel – Jack Crawford Emily Watson – Reba McClane Frank Whaley – Ralph Mandy Philip Seymour Hoffman – Freddy Lounds Mary-Louise Parker – Molly Graham Anthony Heald – Frederick Chilton Ken Leung – Lloyd Bowman Frankie Faison – Barney Matthews Ellen Burstyn – Voice of Grandma Dolarhyde Reception Red Dragon was a box office success. Trailers. boxofficemojo.898 in the US. com/ m/ red_dragon/ ?name_order=asc) (http:/ / www. htm) (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Pictures – Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. com/ m/ red_dragon) External links • Red Dragon (http://www.html) . com/ m/ red_dragon/ numbers.[6] Roger Ebert gave the film 3.5 stars out of 4. com/ movies/ ?id=hannibal.[2] Although the film's worldwide and domestic profit margin[3] was less than its predecessor Hannibal. com/ movies/ ?id=reddragon. htm Red Dragon – Movie Reviews.149.rottentomatoes. rottentomatoes. htm) (http:/ / www. com/ m/ 1104385-hannibal/ ?name_order=desc) (http:/ / rogerebert.boxofficemojo.php/) • William Blake's The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in the Sun (http://www.[7] The average Rotten Tomatoes rating was "fresh" with a rating of 68%. suntimes.com/movies/?id=reddragon.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Red Dragon (http://www.com/work/266877) at Allmovie • Red Dragon (http://www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20021004/ REVIEWS/ 210040302/ 1023) Red Dragon – Movie Reviews.com/phpBB2/index.[4] the audience and critical reviews for Red Dragon[5] were noticeably more positive than for Hannibal. com/ apps/ pbcs. rottentomatoes.com/title/tt0289765/) at the Internet Movie Database • Red Dragon (http://www. rottentomatoes. boxofficemojo.

804 Language Budget Gross revenue The Human Stain is a 2003 American romantic thriller film directed by Robert Benton. The screenplay by Nicholas Meyer is based on the 2000 novel of the same name by Philip Roth. .863.''The Human Stain (film)'' 264 The Human Stain (film) The Human Stain Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Robert Benton Bob Weinstein Harvey Weinstein Gary Lucchesi Nicholas Meyer Novel: Philip Roth Anthony Hopkins Nicole Kidman Gary Sinise Rachel Portman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Jean-Yves Escoffier Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Christopher Tellefsen Lakeshore Entertainment Miramax Films October 31. The film stars Anthony Hopkins and Nicole Kidman. 2003 106 minutes United States Germany France English $30 million $24.

Massachusetts and McGill University in Montreal. Roth's themes with admirable clarity and care and observe his characters with delicate fondness. Release The film debuted at the Venice Film Festival.998.160 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $19. Silk Phyllis Newman as Iris Silk Production Campus scenes were filmed at Williams College in Williamstown. . a mentally unbalanced Vietnam War veteran who blames her for the deaths of their children in an accident.''The Human Stain (film)'' 265 Plot synopsis In the late 1990s. writer Nathan Zuckerman (Gary Sinise) has settled in a lakeside New England cabin following his second divorce and a battle with prostate cancer. . Coleman's wife died suddenly following the scandal. A. His idyllic life is interrupted by Coleman Silk (Anthony Hopkins). Its deepest flaw is an inability to link those moments of empathy and insight into a continuous drama. the Bergen International Film Festival. the story fails to cohere . Flashbacks reveal to the audience Coleman's secret: he is an African-American man who has passed as a full Jewish white man for most of his adult life. . semi-literate woman who supports herself by working at menial jobs. Their relationship is threatened by the faculty members who forced Coleman from his job and by Faunia's stalker ex-husband Lester.379. Roth's intelligence . At its best . and he wants to avenge his loss of career and companion by writing a book about the events with Nathan's assistance. Scott called it "an honorable B+ term paper of a movie: sober. a former dean and professor of classics at local Athena College. The project is placed on the back burner when Coleman falls into an affair with Faunia Farley (Nicole Kidman). which holds all the novel's disparate elements together.381. . It was shown at the Toronto Film Festival.O. who was forced to resign after being accused of making racist remarks in class. to suggest that the .227 in the US and $13.which also tends to be at its quietest . Box office The film grossed $5. Critical reception In his review in the New York Times. . but they cannot hope to approximate the brilliance and rapacity of his voice.The Human Stain allows you both to care about its characters and to think about the larger issues that their lives represent. The filmmakers explicate Mr. a considerably younger. . Without the active intervention of Mr. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Coleman Silk Nicole Kidman as Faunia Farley Gary Sinise as Nathan Zuckerman Ed Harris as Lester Farley Wentworth Miller as Young Coleman Silk Jacinda Barrett as Steena Paulsson Mimi Kuzyk as Delphine Roux Clark Gregg as Nelson Primus Anna Deavere Smith as Mrs.387 [1] . scrupulous and earnestly respectful of its literary source . and the Hollywood Film Festival before its release in the US.

" [7] Awards and nominations • American Film Institute Award for Best Movies of 2003 (winner) • Washington D. . . html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. The result is something admirable but lifeless. . Mick LaSalle called it "a mediocre movie . and that." [5] In Rolling Stone. [that] falls victim to a fatal lack of narrative drive. com/ apps/ pbcs. cuts the film off from any sustained vitality.''The Human Stain (film)'' characters' lives keep going when they are not on screen." [2] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed. muted performance. variety. but that's easier since we can believe the stories of these people. rollingstone. . . . . "Hopkins and Kidman . DTL) Variety review (http:/ / www. Miller. are both as mesmerizing as they are miscast . combined with a pervading inevitability." [3] In the San Francisco Chronicle. suspense and drama. convinces as a light-skinned African-American in a way Hopkins never does. Not many movies probe into matters of identity or adaptation. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress (Anna Deavere Smith. uk/ article/ 0. winner) • Black Reel Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture (Wentworth Miller. . It's just that the believability gap looms large. Kidman and Hopkins are wrong for their roles. com/ movies/ 2003/ STAIN.C. the-numbers. Here are complex.00. dll/ article?AID=/ 20031031/ REVIEWS/ 310310303/ 1023) San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www.com (http:/ / www. It's the flashes of dramatic lightning that make it a trip worth taking. nominee) References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] The Human Stain at TheNumbers. which is not to suggest that the Welsh-born actor doesn't give another intelligent." [6] The Times called it "sapping and unbelievable melodrama . brave enough to breathe deeply and take one more risk with their lives. com/ cgi-bin/ article. flawed people. html) . winner) • Black Reel Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture (Smith. sfgate. nominee) • Black Reel Award for Best Breakthrough Performance (Miller. nytimes. and they never change. A key problem Benton is unable to avoid is that Hopkins and Miller don't look (or talk) the least bit like one another. "We have to suspend disbelief over the casting. com/ movie/ review?res=9505E4D81430F932A05753C1A9659C8B63) Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. Most movie characters are like Greek gods and comic book heroes: We learn their roles and powers at the beginning of the story. timesonline. Peter Travers said. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2003/ 10/ 31/ DD231134.7943-971961. troubled. . . who gives a strong. co." [4] 266 David Stratton of Variety described it as "an intelligent adaptation of Philip Roth's arguably unfilmable novel powered by two eye-catching performances . com/ reviews/ movie/ _/ id/ 5947821/ rid/ 5947822/ ) The Times review (http:/ / www. The Human Stain is heavy going. php) New York Times review (http:/ / movies. an unforgivably turgid lecture about political correctness. com/ review/ VE1117921675. suntimes. powerful portrayal..

''The Human Stain (film)'' 267 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.imdb.miramax.boxofficemojo.rottentomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Human Stain (http://www.php?filmid=12285) .com/film.com/movies/?id=humanstain.com/m/human_stain/) at Rotten Tomatoes Anthony Hopkins interview (http://www.net/news/20031026_2606.virtual-history.com/thehumanstain/) The Human Stain (http://www.html) Movie stills (http://film.com/title/tt0308383/) at the Internet Movie Database The Human Stain (http://www.moviehole.

Nordberg Yann Hervé Alex Marquez Internationale Medien und Film Warner Bros. Intermedia Constantin Film Warner Bros.''Alexander (film)'' 268 Alexander (film) Alexander Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Oliver Stone Moritz Borman Thomas Schühly Jon Kilik Iain Smith Oliver Stone Christopher Kyle Laeta Kalogridis Colin Farrell Angelina Jolie Jared Leto Val Kilmer Rosario Dawson Anthony Hopkins Christopher Plummer Rory McCann Neil Jackson Joseph Morgan Nick Dunning Francisco Bosch Elliot Cowan Gary Stretch Jonathan Rhys Meyers John Kavanagh Raz Degan Erol Sander Connor Paolo Vangelis Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Rodrigo Prieto Editing by Thomas J. Studio Distributed by .

if Hephaestion should die first. including his difficult relationship with his father Philip II of Macedon. His relationship with his father is destroyed when Philip marries Attalus's niece. Also shown are Alexander's private relationships with his childhood friend Hephaestion and later his wife Roxana. Hephaestion compares Alexander to Achilles. and the conquest of the Persian Empire in 331 BC. his invasion of the mighty Persian Empire and his death. Alexander grows up with his mother Olympias and his tutor Aristotle. We see Alexander's daily life and the strained relationship between his parents. poetry and military combat. Alexander distances himself from his wife. Eurydice. The film is based mostly on the book Alexander the Great. including his being declared as the son of Zeus by the Oracle of Amun at Siwa Oasis. After Hephaestion succumbs to an unknown illness either by chance or perhaps poison. to which Alexander replies that. However. the unification of the Greek city-states and the two [3] Greek Kingdoms (Macedon and Epirus) under the Hellenic League. where he finds interest in love. When Hephaestion mentions that Patroclus died first. Persia and part of Ancient India. despite her pregnancy. Alexander pledges that. who narrates throughout the film.''Alexander (film)'' Release date(s) 16 November 2004 (Hollywood premiere) 24 November 2004 (United States) 23 December 2004 (Germany) 7 January 2005 (United Kingdom) 175 minutes Germany United States United Kingdom English $155 million $167. After Philip is assassinated. [1] grossing a total of $132 million in overseas revenue. music. while costing $155 million to produce. Hephaestion shows extensive jealousy when he sees Alexander with Roxana and deep sadness when he marries her.5 million copies in the United States. written in the 1970s by historian Robin Lane Fox. with Colin Farrell in the title role. if he is Achilles. King of Macedon. who gave up his screen credit in return for being allowed to take part in the epic cavalry charge during the film's recreation of the Battle of Gaugamela.298. The film was critically derided upon its release and failed at the American box office. It grossed only US$34 million domestically. Ptolemy gives an overview of Alexander's west-Persian campaign. Egypt. exploration. It is not a remake of the 1956 film which starred Richard Burton.192 269 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Alexander is a 2004 epic film based on the life of Alexander the Great. he will follow him into the afterlife. Shown are some of the key moments of Alexander's youth. Hephaestion must be his Patroclus (Achilles's lover). Alexander becomes king of Macedonia and Greece. It also outlines his early life. his strained feeling towards his mother Olympias. honor. it did better internationally in recovering its losses.[2] Plot The film is based on the life of Alexander the Great. It was directed by Oliver Stone. The two earlier DVD versions of Alexander ("director's cut" version and the theatrical version) sold over 3. believing that she has . Having briefly mentioned his punitive razing of Thebes and burning of Persepolis. his great battle against the Persian Emperor Darius III in the Battle of Gaugamela and his eight-year campaign across Asia. going so far as to attempt to keep her away from him after Alexander murders Cleitus the Black in India. It also details his plans to reform his empire and the attempts he made to reach the end of the then known world. who conquered Asia Minor. The story begins in 356 BC with Ptolemy I Soter.

''Alexander (film)'' killed Hephaestion. 270 Cast Actor Colin Farrell Jared Leto Angelina Jolie Val Kilmer Raz Degan Erol Sander Tsouli Mohammed Annelise Hesme Rosario Dawson Connor Paolo Jessie Kamm Gary Stretch Christopher Plummer Anthony Hopkins Elliot Cowan Role Alexander The Great Hephaestion Queen Olympias King Philip II Darius III of Persia Pharnakes Persian chamberlain Stateira Roxana Young Alexander Child Alexander Cleitus Aristotle Ptolemy I Soter Young Ptolemy I Soter Jonathan Rhys Meyers Cassander Rory McCann Francisco Bosch John Kavanagh Joseph Morgan Ian Beattie Neil Jackson Denis Conway Marie Meyer Nick Dunning Bin Bunluerit Toby Kebbell Brian Blessed Patrick Adolphe Alif Shinobi Jaran Ngamdee Patrick Carroll Craterus Bagoas Parmenion Philotas Antigonus Perdiccas Nearchus Eurydice Attalus Porus Pausanias of Orestis Wrestling trainer Alexander's servant boy Indian Servant Indian Prince Young Hephaestion . He dies less than three months after Hephaestion. keeping his promise that he would follow him.

• There is no narrative explanation by Ptolemy during the trial of Philotas. This. since (according to data collected from test screenings) there was a significant number of viewers who did not know that 356 BC represented an earlier historical period than 323 BC. then. • The scene in which Roxana is prevented from entering Alexander's tent by Hephaestion is also removed. enveloping the trial of Philotas and assassination of Parmenion. . and her attempt to kill him after her discovery of his relationship with Hephaestion is cut. such as 323 BC and 356 BC. • Ptolemy's narration of the march through the Gedrosian desert additionally mentions the helplessness of Alexander watching his broken army die due to natural causes and harsh conditions. it is also mentioned when Alexander rallies the troops —. shortened the running time from 175 minutes to 167. • The two flashbacks with the arrival of Eurydice to the court and the wedding feast are shifted into the eastern campaign.''Alexander (film)'' 271 Director's cut Oliver Stone's director's cut was re-edited before the DVD release later in 2005. This is the last remnant of a Roxana-Cassander subplot that was filmed but not included. he had to refrain from using regular "BC" dates. for the theatrical release in the United States. that Darius assisted the assassination of Philip — in both versions. Stone explains that. like "30 years earlier". during Roxana's dance. • Alexander does not mourn Cleitus. • When Alexander uncovers the page's plot. • The scene in which Aristotle gives a lesson to the young Alexander and his friends is re-edited and extended by a few seconds. who falls on his sword with the words "Death to all tyrants". it is moved to follow Alexander's grievous wounds in the Battle of the Hydaspes. More explicit footage of Alexander and Roxana having sex is added. He does not mention either Alexander's new marriages in his final years or that the march across the Gedrosian desert was the "worst blunder of his life". Stone removed thirty minutes of footage and added nine back. Perdiccas can be seen breaking up a fight between Hephaestion and Cleitus. who is featured dictating it to an unseen scribe. rather. This is removed in the director's cut. as opposed to referring to time lapses. the director's cut features a scenelet in which Perdiccas goes to arrest Hermolaus. • In the theatrical version. • There is no scene on the night before the Battle of Gaugamela or the omen reader looking into the intestine of the ox-sacrifice before the Battle of Gaugamela. there is an additional flashback in which Philip explains the Titans to the young Alexander. is shortened. In his commentary. The differences between the director's cut and the theatrical version are as follows: • Dates in the flashbacks and flashforwards use normal historical figures. • Between the scene in which Alexander smashes the "rebellion" within the ranks and the final battle. • Directly after Alexander's mourning the dead after the Battle of Gaugamela. He mentions the official Macedonian accusation. • The sex scene between Alexander and Roxana is shortened. • The flashback of Alexander questioning Olympias does not appear immediately after the flashback of Philip's assassination. • The scene of the army returning to Babylon. together with that in which Olympias receives the omen of Alexander's death. and the proclamation by the Oracle of Amun is moved to a later part of the narrative. there is an additional scene in which Alexander reads a letter from Aristotle. • Ptolemy's narration leading up to the Battle of Gaugamela gives no reference to the razing of Thebes and burning of Persepolis. • Ptolemy's backstory at the beginning is shortened.

Hephaestion.''Alexander (film)'' 272 Final cut: "Alexander Revisited" Stone also made an extended version of Alexander. Thailand . Morocco Babylon gates: Marrakech. northeastern Ubon Ratchathani Province. with the energy and memory I still have for the subject. put everything I like in the movie. "I'm going to do a Cecil B. England Alexandria (effect back plate): Malta Temple of Pallas Athena. Amphoe Mueang.40:1 anamorphic widescreen with English Dolby Digital 5.. Beyond the new introduction with Stone. Alexander: Revisited takes a more in-depth look at Alexander's life and his relationships with Olympias. it was a complicated story.[5] The Blu-ray and HD-DVD releases both feature a variety of special features however.1 Surround audio. this is the complete Alexander. Morocco Hindu Kush (effect back plate): Himalayas.] see it more and understand it more. Saraburi Province. England Pella/Babylon/Indian palaces and myths cave: Pinewood Studios. as it will contain all the essential footage we shot. including two audio commentaries and a new featurette. it would never quite be the same again. India Macedonian amphitheater: Morocco Hyphasis: Mekong.[6] Production details Locations • • • • • • • • • • • Library of Alexandria: Shepperton Studios. "I'm doing a third version on DVD. Morocco Bactrian fortress: Lower Atlas Mountains. Philip. and it doesn't hurt to make it longer and let people who loved the film [. "Over the last two years. He [Alexander] was a complicated man. there are no other extras on the DVD except for a free coupon to the movie 300. if I didn't do it now." he said in an interview with Ropeofsilicon.. not theatrical. The film has a running time of three hours and 34 minutes (214 minutes) (about 40 minutes longer than the theatrical cut and almost 50 minutes longer than the first director's cut) and is presented in 2. DeMille three-hour-45-minute thing. For me." The extended version of the film was released under the title of Alexander Revisited: The Final Unrated Cut on 27 February 2007. I'm going to go all out." he said. Roxana and Ptolemy. London. The two-disc set featured a new introduction by Stone.com."[4] The film is restructured into two acts with an intermission. and I felt. Thailand Hydaspes: Central Botanical Garden. but I have been fortunate to have the opportunity because of the success of video and DVD sales in the world. I don't know how many film-makers have managed to make three versions of the same film. This film represents my complete and last version. Morocco Gaugamela: desert near Marrakech. the clearest interpretation I can offer. Mieza and Macedonian horse market: Essaouira. London. "I have been able to sort out some of the unanswered questions about this highly complicated and passionate monarch — questions I failed to answer dramatically enough.

but on a muddy plain on a night with torrential rains.000. like a king. whose cover characterizes them as making it "faster paced.00 Total Worldwide Grosses: US$ 167. though the infantry did suffer many casualties. Hydaspes was not fought in a forest on a sunny day. who were upset by the film's renderings of Persians and Macedonians alike. Pakistan. was also criticized by some scholars for censoring Alexander's homosexuality.191. Criticism by historians Alexander attracted critical scrutiny from historians due to its various factual errors.[10] [11] Some historical accounts have provided considerable detail concerning Alexander's sexuality that support this line of critique. Issus.[14] The criticism prompted him to make significant changes to the film for its DVD release.00 Criticism Even prior to its release. As an example. Most academic criticism was concerned with the insufficient adherence to historical details.''Alexander (film)'' 273 Reception Box office performance • • • • Budget: US$ 155. In the movie Gaugamela is meant to represent the entire campaign). Farrokh also observed that.00 Total Overseas Grosses: US$ 133. and what's very disturbing is. and Gaugamela. A group of 25 Greek lawyers initially threatened to file a lawsuit against both Stone and the Warner Bros.192. homosexuality. was the Battle of Hydaspes or Jhelum River in ancient India (now in modern-day Pakistan). more specifically. the "Macedonian forces are typically shown [to be] very organised.001. "but we are saying that the production company should make it clear to the audience that this film is pure fiction and not a true depiction of the life of Alexander". "in what way should I treat you?" Porus replied. the lawyers announced that they would not pursue such a course of action. "We are not saying that we are against gays. The center of the Macedonian line was never surrounded by any accounts. Alexander and his troops defeat the Persian army in a single battle in the movie. more action-packed". When Alexander won the battle. Porus was captured and presented to him. heavily dramatized and altered from history. however. in his various commentaries in the film's DVD. After an advanced screening of the film. He goes into great detail explaining how he merged all the major aspects of the Battle of Granicus and ."[17] However.[15] Major objections came from Iranian historians. when the so-called Persians are shown confronting the Macedonians. The film has also been criticized for omitting a famous story about Alexander's conversation with Indian King Porus.[12] At the British premiere of the film. film studio for what they claimed was an inaccurate portrayal of history. Oliver Stone has. there was controversy about the film's depiction of ancient Greek sexual mores or.001." said Yannis Varnakos. their armies are totally disorganised. This only occurred during a siege later that year against the Malhi in what is now the city of Multan.000. O Alexander. "Tell me". Alexander was not (contrary to what the movie claims) severely injured by an arrow during this battle.[13] He argued that American critics and audiences had blown the issue of Alexander's sexuality out of proportion. and so on. said Alexander.297. defended many of the most glaring historical issues by claiming that he had no time or resources to accurately portray a multitude of battles at the expense of storytelling.[16] The final battle depicted in the film. the Siege of Tyre. "Treat me. disciplined.00[7] [8] Total Domestic Grosses: US$ 34. in the film.298. but Persian historian Farrokh holds that the real Alexander had to fight several fierce battles before he was able to defeat Darius III (Alexander had to fight the battle of Granicus.[9] The film. a similar scene exists in the film regarding the Princess of Babylon. Stone blamed "raging fundamentalism in morality" for the film's US box-office failure.

Breaking Ground With a Gay Movie Hero. edu/ historyinthemovies/ alexander. . html). webcitation. Bend Bulletin. Retrieved 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2010-08-22. Worst Director (Oliver Stone). html) (Friday. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4064727. [6] "The Digital Fix: Home Cinema .. Alas.. co. References "Boxofficemojo. Whv. com/ movies/ ?id=alexander. . [10] "Oliver Stone's Alexander by Terrell Carver" (http:/ / muse. uk/ news/ story/ 0. bbc. [8] Bowles. Online: DVD Shop Browsing" (http:/ / whv. co.12589. ecnext. html) Bowra. S. .. (http:/ / www. uk/ content/ id/ 65466/ alexander-revisited-the-final-cut-hd-in-september-extras. [internet] 20 November..org (http:/ / www. fortune did not favor 'Alexander'. com/ news. [internet] 28 November. Alexander Box Office Gross. [11] "The Alexander bromance: male desire and gender fluidity in Oliver Stone's historical epic" (http:/ / goliath. google. htm). php?id=4906) By Brad Brevet (Monday. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2004-11-28-box-office_x. boxofficemojo. Roger Ebert wrote in his review. [1957] (1994).com. Actress.12589.jhu.1384483. p.edu. as well as heavily simplifying the Battle of Hydaspes into a straight-forward clash. Retrieved 2010-08-22. Available at NYtimes. The Greek Experience. jsp?OID=18842). C. Homecinema. 2carver. edu/ login?uri=/ journals/ film_and_history/ v035/ 35. com/ WHVPORTAL/ Portal/ product. Retrieved 2006.''Alexander (film)'' the Battle of Issus into the Battle of Gaugamela.com" (http:/ / www. html).google. an intelligent and ambitious picture that crucially lacks dramatic flair and emotional involvement. Ph. Worst Supporting Actor (Val Kilmer) and Worst Screenplay. Muse. Providence Journal.D. . htm) By Cathy Schultz. "Oliver Stone's 'Alexander' Gets Another DVD Release The final. 26 November 2004. 10 December 2004) [15] "Alexander (opened 11/ 24/04) Oliver Stone's Costly History Lesson" (http:/ / www. M. [1] [2] [3] [4] . html). The New York Times. htm). 200. com/ ?id=1ha9GgWNmy0C& pg=PA178& lpg=PA178& dq=Pausanias+ attalos+ sex#v=onepage& q=alexander& f=false).)"[19] Manohla Dargis wrote in The New York Times that Alexander "brought out the best of the worst in terms of inaccurate storytelling that lacks planning. Retrieved 5 January 2010..co.00. 2009. nytimes. Orion Books Ltd. USA Today.com (http:/ / www. 28 November 2004. guardian. org/ 5mYVCCU18) [9] "Greek lawyers halt Alexander case" (http:/ / news. "[W]e welcome the scenes of battle. stm).. Retrieved 2010-08-22. html) (Thursday 6 January 2005) [14] "Stone says Alexander is too complex for 'conventional minds'" (http:/ / film. [12] The origins and role of same-sex relations in human societies by James Neill (http:/ / books. losing four of them to Catwoman (Picture. warnerbros. pomp and circumstance because at least for a time we are free of the endless narration of Ptolemy the historian". Worst Actor (Colin Farrell).warnerbros. com/ article/ CA6400409. 2004.EXTRAS!!" (http:/ / homecinema. videobusiness. Accessed 5 January 2010.Alexander Revisited: The Final Cut (HD) in September . stfrancis.. ropeofsilicon. usatoday. jhu. BBC News. the film was nominated in six categories: Worst Picture. co. Director and Screenplay) and two to Fahrenheit 9/11 (Actor and Supporting Actor). . in Dayton Daily News. 2004. Retrieved from Videobusiness.com. thedigitalfix. 2007-08-19. Available at USAtoday. . guardian. 2004-12-03. 18 December 2006) [5] "Warner Bros. Dry and academic where Troy (2004) was vulgar and willfully ahistorical(. 24 November 2004. Worst Actress (Angelina Jolie). [7] Waxman. com/ coms2/ gi_0199-11799489/ The-Alexander-bromance-male-desire.thedigitalfix. S. [13] "Stone blames 'moral fundamentalism' for US box office flop" (http:/ / film. . "Oliver Stone's 'Alexander' is at best an honorable failure. final cut is now confirmed. p. com/ 2004/ 11/ 20/ movies/ MoviesFeatures/ 20alex. for which Todd McCarthy wrote. while merging the near-death of Alexander from the siege of Malli. (Also in Joliet Herald News. ISBN 9780786435135.[18] Faint praise came from Daily Variety Magazine.com (http:/ / www.1371013.com (http:/ / www. Books. Retrieved 2010-08-22. London: Phoenix. published on 21 November 2004.00.com. ISBN 1-85799-122-2. Goliath. 28 November 2004.ecnext. 9. Retrieved 2010-08-22. Archived at Webcitation. 274 Criticism by film critics One of the principal complaints among US film critics was that Alexander resembled less an action-drama film than a history documentary. html)." Nominations At the 25th Golden Raspberry Awards. co. uk/ news/ story/ 0.uk.) [16] Kaveh Farrokh [17] Rogers.

com/film/titles/alexander) at Metacritic Alexander (http://movies. 48–51 (2004). Los Angeles Times 12 September 2004. • A.com/movies/?id=alexander. (http://www. Carver. Variety.com/article/VR1117915415?categoryid=1019&cs=1) • D.allmovie. com/ review/ VE1117925592. The Alexander Movie: How are Iranians and Greeks Portrayed? (http://hellenicnationalist. Bosley. Bergery. 11 (2005).nybooks.hollywoodreporter. K. Fleming. com/ apps/ pbcs.com/title/tt0346491/) at the Internet Movie Database Alexander (http://www. "Alexander. 1973). The American Historical Review 110:2. B. blogspot.historycooperative.uk/) Alexander film discussion Board (http://forum. Daniel (13 January 2005).com/) 80:38 (6 December 2004). h-net. Lane Fox.html) • T.suntimes.com. Entertainment Weekly (http://www. "Oliver Stone's Alexander: Warner Bros. London.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001001472) • R. dll/ article?AID=/ 20041123/ REVIEWS/ 41105003/ 1023). "The Critics: The Current Cinema: War-Torn: Oliver Stone's 'Alexander'".co. a film directed by Oliver Stone]". 44–45 (2004). . Lane. 12–23 (2005). The New Yorker (http:// www.28 January 2005 "World: Oliver Stone's 'Alexander' Stirs Up Controversy" By Golnaz Esfandiari (http://www. 6 (2005). "Alexander" (http:/ / www.com/index) 52 (1). 553 (2005). Kaveh Farrokh. Retrieved 2010-08-22. "Dramatizing Issues That Historians Don't Address: An Interview with Oliver Stone". Worthington. 83–84 (2005). Directed by Oliver Stone". variety. Variety 397:6 (27 December 2004–2 January 2005). • I. "Timing Alexander". ISSN 0028-7504. And Intermedia Films (2004)". 275 Bibliography • G. 26–32 (2004).com/work/288641) at Allmovie Alexander (http://www. html?categoryid=31& cs=1). the Movie! [Review of Alexander.com/2004/12/iranian-perspective-on-alexander-movie.2/ br_111.imdb. but Hope International Release Proves Epically Successful".com (http:/ / rogerebert. 45–46. variety.warnerbros. 125–127 (2004).alexander-the-great. Alexander the Great (Penguin Books. Alexander (R) [19] By (21 November 2004). (http://www. • R. Cineaste (http://www. • M.co. "Book Review: Europe: Ancient and Medieval: Alexander.org/featuresarticle/2005/01/e840ee45-68ca-4718-bf39-c2f01168d738.theasc.yahoo. • Mendelsohn. Abel. "Warrior King".com/) 30:2 (Spring 2005).''Alexander (film)'' [18] Rogerebert. Hollywood Reporter 390 (2 August–8 August 2005).newyorker. Crowdus. • D. (http://www. suntimes. html) • Dr.uk/) .rferl.cineaste. • G.metacritic.com/movie/1808402866/info) at Yahoo! Movies Alexander film fan site (http://www.boxofficemojo. Gritten. E21 (2004).ew. Fierman. What Could Go Wrong?".htm) at Box Office Mojo Alexander (http://www.org/journals/ahr/110. the New York Review of Books (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/) Alexander (http://www.com/magazine/nov04/alexander/ index. "Fall Sneaks: Fearsome Phalanx: Executing His Vision Of Grandeur. Oliver Stone Leads A Front Line Of Powder-Keg Actors Across 3 Continents. American Cinematographer 85:11.org/~filmhis/) 35:2. Film & History (http://www. "Stone Redraws Battle Plans: Producer Admit 'Alexander' Missteps.alexander-the-great. (http://www. 42–43.com/) 793 (19 November 2004).com/ thr/search/article_display. ibid.com/m/alexander/) at Rotten Tomatoes Alexander (http://www.html) • Radio Free Europe/Radio liberty.html) External links • • • • • • • • • Official website (http://alexanderthemovie. 36–40.

com/article/ VR1117871273).htm) Images of set pieces for this film • Riding with Alexander (http://www.asp?article_id=2059&lmodule=divertissement)–Menara (French) • Colin Farrell interview for Alexander (http://www.html)–interview with Robin Lane Fox on Archaeology magazine (http://www.archaeology.html) .ma/ Infos/includes/detail.net/news/20041109_4502.archaeology.''Alexander (film)'' • J.org/featuresarticle/2005/01/ e840ee45-68ca-4718-bf39-c2f01168d738. Reames.keithshortsculptor.html) • Alexander Production Notes (http://madeinatlantis. "Fire Bringer: Oliver Stone's Alexander" (http://myweb.comprehensive review by a researcher of Macedonian history • Keith Short . "Leo may be great for Alexander epic" (http://www.com/alexander.html)–Radio Free Europe • Divertissement: Le tournage d'Alexander s'est déroulé dans d'excellentes condition (http://www.htm) • Michael Fleming (2002-08-14).variety.moviehole. 276 .com/movies_central/2004/alexander.menara.org/) • World: Oliver Stone's "Alexander" Stirs Up Controversy (http://www.unomaha.rferl.org/online/interviews/fox.edu/~mreames/Beyond_Renault/ review2. Variety.Film Sculptor (http://www.

''Proof (2005 film)''

277

Proof (2005 film)
Proof

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Produced by Written by John Madden Alison Owen Jeff Sharp David Auburn (play) David Auburn Rebecca Miller Gwyneth Paltrow Anthony Hopkins Jake Gyllenhaal Hope Davis Stephen Warbeck

Starring

Music by

Cinematography Alwin Kulcher Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Mick Audsley Miramax Films September 5, 2005 100 minutes English $20 million $21,725,191

Proof is a 2005 American drama film directed by John Madden and starring Anthony Hopkins, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jake Gyllenhaal, and Hope Davis; it was written by Rebecca Miller, based on David Auburn's Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same title.

Plot
Catherine (Gwyneth Paltrow) has been looking after her father, a brilliant mathematician, Robert (Anthony Hopkins), who had gone "crazy" some years before. When he dies, his former student, Harold (Jake Gyllenhaal), goes through his notebooks, hoping to make a discovery. Catherine suspects he may want to steal the credit for himself. Her sister, Claire (Hope Davis), arrives from New York and begins to cast doubts on Catherine's mental state. Catherine begins a relationship with Harold and gives him the key to her father's desk where he finds a notebook containing a proof of an important theorem. She claims it is her own work, but the handwriting appears to

''Proof (2005 film)'' be her father's. Everyone, including Catherine herself, begins to doubt her sanity. The film also deals extensively with the subject of death and dying. The physical death of Robert occurs offstage, but multiple metaphorical deaths including death of career, loss of sanity, and the sex act are portrayed explicitly. The conflict between Catherine and Claire as to which of Robert's many deaths is the "real" one is as contentious as the argument over the authorship of the proof.[1]

278

Cast
• • • • Gwyneth Paltrow as Catherine, the protagonist Anthony Hopkins as Robert, Catherine's father Jake Gyllenhaal as Harold "Hal" Dobbs, a former student of Robert's Hope Davis as Claire, Catherine's sister

Production
The film is based on the four-character stage play Proof. The film adds many bit parts for the sake of realism, and "opens up" the setting considerably. The role of Catherine was first played by Mary-Louise Parker in the play's 2000 Manhattan Theatre Club original production. Gwyneth Paltrow played Catherine in a London stage production before being cast in the film. Hopkins' character is a mathematics professor at the University of Chicago. Although many scenes were filmed on the university's campus, the mathematics building itself (Eckhart Hall) was not used. Instead, many scenes that were set in the math building were actually shot at the Divinity School. The film opens with a pan of Gwyneth Paltrow's character bicycling across the Midway Plaisance and shows many scenes in the quadrangle before Harper Library.

Release
Proof opened at #35 in its opening weekend with $193,840 and went on to gross a mild $7,535,331 in the USA and $14,189,860 worldwide.[2]

Awards and nominations
Gwyneth Paltrow was nominated for the Golden Globe for Best Actress in a Drama for Proof, but lost to Felicity Huffman.

References
[1] “Proof” and the Anthropology of Death: A Different Kind of Movie Review (http:/ / www. anthropologytimes. com/ 2010/ 10/ 20/ proof-and-the-anthropology-of-death-a-different-kind-of-movie-review/ ), Anthropology Times, 20 October 2010. [2] Proof (2005) (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=proof. htm), Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ ).

External links
• Proof (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0377107/) at the Internet Movie Database • Proof (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=proof.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Proof (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/proof/) at Rotten Tomatoes

''The World's Fastest Indian''

279

The World's Fastest Indian
The World's Fastest Indian

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Written by Starring Roger Donaldson Roger Donaldson Anthony Hopkins Diane Ladd Jessica Cauffiel Christopher Lawford J. Peter Robinson

Music by

Cinematography David Gribble Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) John Gilbert Tanlay Productions Cameo FJ Entertainment Magnolia Pictures December 7, 2005 (New Zealand) February 3, 2006 (United States) 127 minutes English $25 million $18,297,690

Running time Language Budget Gross revenue

The World's Fastest Indian is a 2005 New Zealand biographical film based on the Invercargill, New Zealand speed bike racer Burt Munro and his highly modified Indian Scout motorcycle. Munro set numerous land speed records for motorcycles with engines less than 1000 cc at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah in the late 1950s and into the 1960s. Some suggest his records may never be broken. The film stars Anthony Hopkins and was written and directed by Roger Donaldson. The film opened in December 2005 to positive reviews[1] and quickly became the highest grossing local film at the New Zealand box-office taking in $7,043,000;[2] and taking in over US$18,297,690 worldwide.[3]

skepticism and the coldness of big city people. However. Along the way. who assists him in clearing customs and helps him in buying a car. These were on display at the Southland Museum and Art Gallery. In a show of sportsmanship. most of all. however. He finally arrives at the Bonneville Salt Flats.''The World's Fastest Indian'' 280 Plot Burt Munro is a sort of folk hero in his hometown for his friendly and charming personality and for being featured in Popular Mechanics magazine (May 1957 p6) for having the fastest motorcycle in Australia and New Zealand. The location used for Burt Munro's workshop in New Zealand took place on land once used as the headquarters for the notorious Black Power gang during the 1990s until the house burnt down in 1998. including all the exploded pistons and the piston mould that Hopkins uses for a scene in the film. His leg is burned by the exhaust. that recognition is contrasted by his exasperated neighbours. only to be turned away by race officials for not registering his bike for competition in advance. he achieves over 200 mph then falls with the bike and skids to a stop. He wins over the hardened motel clerk. a woman named Ada who helps him repair his trailer and briefly becomes his lover. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Burt Munro Jessica Cauffiel as Wendy Joe Howard as Otto Chris Williams as Tina. various competitors in the Bonneville series intervene on his behalf. and shortly afterwards begins his long trip to Utah. a used car salesman Christopher Lawford as Jim Moffet Annie Whittle as Fran Aaron James Murphy as Tom Chris Bruno as Bob Tim Shadbolt as Frank Bruce Greenwood as Jerry Diane Ladd as Ada Saginaw Grant as Jake Production Director Roger Donaldson had been working on this film for over 20 years before he started filming it. neglecting his garden. When Burt arrives in Los Angeles. . he experiences bureaucracy. his longtime dream. Burt declines the offer. The car salesman allows Burt to use his shop to make a trailer and later offers him a job after Burt fixes most of the cars on the lot. In the 8th mile. yet he succeeds in his quest and sets a new land speed record. A house has been built on the plot since the film was released. waking up before sunrise to rev his bike's very loud engine. a transgender woman named Tina. including a Native American who aids him when his trailer fails. Many of the props used for filming were actually owned by Munro. a transvestite motel clerk Paul Rodriguez as Fernando. and an Air Force pilot who is on a leave from his military service in Vietnam. and he is eventually allowed to make a timed run. and had previously directed a short television documentary about Munro called Burt Munro: Offerings to the God of Speed in 1971. It is his blunt but gregarious nature which overcomes each hurdle. Burt travels by cargo ship to the USA to participate in the Bonneville Speed Week. and. Burt meets many people. who are fed up with his un-neighbourly habits such as urinating on his lemon tree every morning. however.

as Burt tries to adapt to the high pace materialistic world that is depicted as 1960’s America. simply because Munro's view on life was not all that different from his own. but did reach 205. no mention is made of children in the film. • Burt’s arrival in America can be seen as symbolic in the way it portrays the differences between 1960’s America. these records are only implied in the film. • The May 1957 edition of Popular Mechanics (p6) has a letter to the editor about H.[4] Munro does crash after his 201 MPH record-breaking run. but it is implied that he was married and either estranged or divorced. Hopkins' portrayal of a New Zealander The Welsh-born Hopkins did not employ the kind of Kiwi accent which the real Munro would have had — the review in The New Zealand Herald said that "his vowels swoop from the Welsh valleys to the high veldt without ever alighting in Southland" [Munro's home region of New Zealand]. on which he unfortunately crashed. this friendliness is taken advantage of. Speed Week participants throw money into "the hat" and Burt Munro is presented with a bag of cash before he sets the speed record. • Munro in the film recalls the death of a twin brother named Ernie. the historical Munro had an older brother who was killed when a tree fell on him. However. whom he later divorced.07 MPH. Nevertheless the same reviewer said Hopkins gives a "generous.[5] • Near the end of the film. • The historical Munro had set numerous speed records in New Zealand during the late 1930s through the early 1970s. The couple had four children together.A. In 1962 at Bonneville.''The World's Fastest Indian'' In interviews Hopkins has stated that Munro was one of the easiest roles that he has ever played in his career. In some cases. Burt is greeted with a down to business mentality that does not reflect his natural outward friendliness which he had become accustomed to in New Zealand. which is officialised unlike the 205. who did.S. 281 Historical accuracy • The historical Munro married Florence Beryl Martyn in 1927. • The Bonneville run in the film is a composite of several runs Munro made.67 MPH on an uncompleted run. film director Roger Donaldson added that detail as a tribute to his own father. Chris Bruno stated this was "one of the most exciting jobs" he's ever done. • Munro was never known to urinate on his lemon tree. His statement about trying not to fear anything after his brother’s death reinforces this point.67 MPH run. and 1960’s New Zealand. Munro had to take up a collection before Speed Week as U. However. the first in 1956. "Dad" Munro and his 1920 Indian Scout. He never set a record of 201 MPH at Bonneville as the film portrays.971 MPH. Munro also had a stillborn twin sister. he set the record of 178.[6] Symbolism • Burt’s story about his Brother’s death can be recognized as an important symbol to the story as it highlights the fact that Burt is willing to take chances and live dangerously in order to fulfill his life dreams. genial and utterly approachable performance … he nails the backyard eccentric genius dead centre … he has inhaled the nature of a mid-century Kiwi bloody good bloke and he inhabits the part to perfection". who died when a tree fell on him. However. • Munro's fastest complete run at Bonneville was 190. Customs required a cash bond before releasing his motorcycle.[7] . In fact.

boxofficemojo. References [1] "The World's Fastest Indian (2005)" (http:/ / www. • Antarctic Angels Bikes The bikes ridden by the New Zealand bikers comprise largely of early to mid 60’s Triumphs and BSA’s. htm). (http:/ / www. the Velox used a number of inline six cylinder engines and was produced until 1965. Assembled In Bedfordshire England.org/httpdocs/Archives/Munro. 2010. These modifications were largely done in Munro’s shop using primitive methods and tools as depicted in the film. 2005.rottentomatoes. google. and a recorded speed of 205 mph. Most of these bikes are twin cylinder models and are 500 cc or larger.com/title/tt0412080/) at the Internet Movie Database The World's Fastest Indian (http://www.A New Zealand Legend. . External links • • • • • The World's Fastest Indian (http://www. webmasters. rottentomatoes. Four bikes are used in the film to depict the actual “Munro Special” two of which were replica Indian Scouts. 2010. com/ *) [7] Peter Calder: The World's Fastest Indian.metacritic.pdf From the article HERO! reprinted through the courtesy of Classic Bike magazine by the Granite State BMW Riders (http:/ / ns2. co.imdb.''The World's Fastest Indian'' 282 Important Vehicles • 1920 Indian Scout “Burt Munro Special” The 1920 Indian Scout portrayed in the film started life as a 600 cc motorcycle with a top speed of 55 mph. • Burt’s Car (New Zealand) 1954 Vauxhall Velox The Vauxhall Velox depicted as Burt’s car in New Zealand is typical of the many British built cars exported to New Zealand and Australia in the Mid 50’s. nz/ news/ ootb million dollars box office.com/work/316050) at Allmovie The World's Fastest Indian (http://www. Retrieved July 5. The Munro Special (http:/ / www. Munro’s streamlined record setter was largely modified with capacity being increased to 950 cc. nzherald. the others being Ducatis.htm) at Box Office Mojo . com/ movies/ ?id=worldsfastestindian. Retrieved July 5.com/movies/?id=worldsfastestindian. co.com/film/titles/worldsfastestindian) at Metacritic The World's Fastest Indian (http://www. com/ features/ munro/ munro. com/ books?id=KeEDAAAAMBAJ& lpg=PP1& pg=PA6#v=onepage& q& f=false) [6] gsbmwr.May 1957 (http:/ / books. boxofficemojo.allmovie. nzfilm. doc) [3] "The World's Fastest Indian (2005)" (http:/ / www. cfm?c_id=6& objectid=10349290) The New Zealand Herald. [2] New Zealand box office Top 10 (http:/ / www. [4] Burt Munro . Box Office Mojo. indianmotorbikes. htm) [5] Popular Mechanics . . com/ m/ worlds_fastest_indian/ ). Rotten Tomatoes.com/m/worlds_fastest_indian/) at Rotten Tomatoes The World's Fastest Indian (http://www. October 8. nz/ lifestyle/ news/ article.

2006 120 minutes United States English $14 million $20.806 .597. Macy Sharon Stone Nick Cannon Mary Elizabeth Winstead Joshua Jackson Elijah Wood Jacob Vargas Freddy Rodriguez Christian Slater Demi Moore Martin Sheen Music by Mark Isham Cinematography Michael Barrett Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Richard Chew MGM November 17.''Bobby (2006 film)'' 283 Bobby (2006 film) Bobby Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Emilio Estevez Michael Litvak Holly Wiersma Emilio Estevez • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Harry Belafonte Anthony Hopkins Laurence Fishburne Heather Graham Helen Hunt Ashton Kutcher Shia LaBeouf Lindsay Lohan William H.

the hotel manager. Ohio. It uses an ensemble plot device similar to that employed in the 1932 film Grand Hotel.[1] Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Harry Belafonte as Nelson Joy Bryant as Patricia Nick Cannon as Dwayne Clark Emilio Estevez as Tim Fallon Laurence Fishburne as Edward Robinson Dave Fraunces as Robert Kennedy Jeridan Frye as Ethel Kennedy Spencer Garrett as David Brian Geraghty as Jimmy Heather Graham as Angela Anthony Hopkins as John Casey Helen Hunt as Samantha Joshua Jackson as Wade Buckley David Krumholtz as Agent Phil Ashton Kutcher as Fisher Shia LaBeouf as Cooper Lindsay Lohan as Diane Howser . Diane (Lohan). campaign manager Wade and staffer Dwayne (Jackson and Cannon). is played over a montage of the reaction of those present to the assassination. food and beverage manager Daryl Timmons (Slater). and later used by Robert Altman in Nashville. Several of the characters get wounded. Miriam Ebbers (Stone)." delivered in 1968 to the City Club of Cleveland. Jimmy and Cooper (Geraghty and LaBeouf). 1968 shooting of United States Senator from New York and former U. Patricia (Bryant). who is marrying her friend William (Wood) with the hope his marital status will have him deployed to a military base in Germany rather than the battlefields of Vietnam when his tour of duty begins. who is in a love interest with Angela's colleague. whose racist attitude gets him fired. and Czechoslovak reporter Lenka Janáčková (Metkina). Kennedy in the kitchen of The Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles following his win in the California Democratic Party primary for the 1968 Presidential Election. a beautician who works in the hotel salon. African American sous chef Edward Robinson (Fishburne) and Mexican American busboys José and Miguel (Rodriguez and Vargas). The characters include John Casey (Hopkins). The screenplay is a fictionalized account of the hours leading up to the June 5. Samantha and Daryl. Virginia Fallon (Moore). her put-upon husband/manager Tim (Estevez).''Bobby (2006 film)'' Bobby is a 2006 American drama film written and directed by Emilio Estevez. married socialites and campaign donors Samantha and Jack (Hunt and Sheen). 284 Plot The film recreates the ambiance of the era and invokes the hopes inspired by Kennedy through the use of actual newsreel footage of the senator intercut with dramatic sequences involving mostly fictional characters. Jimmy & Cooper. hotel coffee shop waitress Susan (Winstead). Kennedy's speech "On the Mindless Menace of Violence.S. a retired hotel doorman who spends his days playing chess with his friend Nelson (Belafonte) in the lobby. Attorney General Robert F. who is determined to get an interview with Kennedy. and her agent Phil (Krumholtz). and her husband Paul (Macy). who is having an affair with switchboard operator Angela (Graham). an alcoholic singer whose career is on the downswing. campaign volunteers who are sidetracked by an acid trip they take with the help of drug dealer Fisher (Kutcher). At the end of the film we are told that they all survived. such as William. At the end of the film.

"Wives and Lovers" by Jack Jones. an original acoustic version of "The Sound of Silence" by Simon & Garfunkel. While talking to the woman working at the front desk. The hotel was scheduled for demolition one week after filming was scheduled to begin. "Magic Moments" by Perry Como. the young man who was photographed cradling Kennedy's body immediately after he was shot. . but is obliged to work a double shift. and was congratulated by Kennedy during the victory speech he delivered just before being shot. Suffering from writer's block. with "Never Gonna Break My Faith" written by Bryan Adams and performed by Aretha Franklin. who represents Juan Romero. he could make some headway with his writing. As well. "Pata Pata" by Miriam Makeba. he checked into a motel in Pismo Beach where he hoped. and the Boys Choir of Harlem.[2] Production The Ambassador Hotel had shuttered its doors and put its fixtures and furnishings up for auction during the film's pre-production period. 1968. he discovered she had been in the Ambassador Hotel on the evening Kennedy was shot. free from interruption. Estevez used her experience to mold the character of Diane. Macy as Paul Ebbers Svetlana Metkina as Lenka Demi Moore as Virginia Fallon Freddy Rodriguez as José Rojas Martin Sheen as Jack Christian Slater as Daryl Timmons Sharon Stone as Miriam Ebbers Jacob Vargas as Miguel Mary Elizabeth Winstead as Susan Taylor Elijah Wood as William Avary David Kobzantsev as Sirhan Sirhan 285 Development In Bobby: The Making of an American Epic. "Black Is Black" by Los Bravos. Estevez got permission to film in and around the building during that period. and "Initials" from the musical Hair. "I Was Made to Love Her" by Stevie Wonder. and the rest of the story fell into place. The only other character based on a real person is busboy José. including "Tracks of My Tears" by Smokey Robinson. Blige. screenwriter/director Emilio Estevez discusses the problems he had developing his script. "Come See About Me" by The Supremes. "Season of the Witch" and "Hurdy Gurdy Man" by Donovan. "There's a Kind of Hush (All Over the World)" by Herman's Hermits. a newly recorded version of "Louie Louie" was performed in character by Demi Moore for the film. Drysdale did in fact achieve his sixth shutout on June 4. which was played during the closing credits. Songs heard throughout the film consist of a music compilation from the 1960s. Mary J.''Bobby (2006 film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • William H. Music The film's score was composed by Mark Isham. forcing him to miss the game. adding to the film's authenticity. and later married two young men to help them avoid the draft. giving production designer Patti Podesta the opportunity to purchase much of the furniture and decorative pieces used in the film. "Anji" by Paul Simon. The character of José has tickets to the Los Angeles Dodgers game in which Don Drysdale is expected to set the record of six consecutive shutouts. "Ain't That Peculiar" by Marvin Gaye.

and drug-related plots.801 in North America and $9. 2006. . and AFI Fest before going into limited release in the US on November 17."[10] Michael Medved. Intentions do count for something. Galway the film premiered at the Venice Film Festival and was shown at the Deauville Film Festival. falls flat dramatically in nearly every other way. as did Lou Lumerick of the New York Post who dubbed it "ambitious. But." He added. awarded the film three out of four stars and called it "intriguing but imperfect. . the Vienna International Film Festival." He ranked it among the worst films of 2006. not so much subtlety . the melodramatic. It eventually earned $11. "Estevez writes and directs with lots of passion. but the pedestrian and overly expositional dialogue of the film's characters proves to be as stifling as the excerpts from Kennedy's speeches are stirring. "Emilio Estevez . It scored a 45% based on 161 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes[4] and a normalized rating of 54% based on 31 reviews on Metacritic. the point is hammered home too hard .242. and that it "literally and vividly unites different ethnic groups. the Toronto Film Festival. . . It is important to appreciate this in spite of his movie's evident shortcomings. In the Vietnam. ."[11] Richard Roeper said. "Stepping up as writer and director in a way he never has before.806. calling it "a misguided jumble of too much fiction. are more distracting than convincing . O. . .''Bobby (2006 film)'' 286 Release After an initial premiere at the NUIG Student Cinema at the National University of Ireland."[12] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one star and called it "trite fiction" and a work of "insipid ineptitude. ." and added the film "carries an eerie topicality that makes many of its insights instantly click. Playing on two screens. who was in the Ambassador ballroom (in fact 20 feet from the podium) the night Kennedy was shot.005 in other territories for a total worldwide box office of $20."[6] Kevin Crust of the Los Angeles Times called it "an ambitious film drenched in sincerity and oozing with nostalgia that. [he] successfully pulls together a complexly designed narrative. Scott of The New York Times said. it grossed $69. Petersburg Times graded the film C. 1968-vintage Americans.[3] Critical reception The film received mixed reviews. multi-character format proves somewhat uneven and distracting. in which a star-studded cast endures melodramatic story lines as the audience awaits the inevitable momentous event and tries to guess who will be around at the finish . It's easy to become swept up in the palpable enthusiasm Estevez shows toward his subject. . [He] wants the movie to be on the level of a Robert Altman film like Nashville but falls short."[7] Deborah Young of Variety said of Estevez. The actors seem more like 'very special guest stars' than like real. Some of the stories feel too obviously melodramatic. few facts and zero speculation" and Estevez "a mediocre filmmaker."[8] Armond White of New York Press wrote that the film "has a humane sweetness". "Emilio Estevez gets most of the feelings of the occasion right. labor strata and social castes" in a way that "is not schematic—its exactitude and believability has a Tocquevillian brilliance. ."[9] Steve Persall of the St.355.[5] A. It aspires for the Altmanesque interplay of Nashville or Short Cuts but instead feels like one of those '70s disaster epics such as Earthquake or The Towering Inferno. while others are vague to the point of inscrutability. Estevez's seem to me entirely admirable . and their period-appropriate get-ups ."[13] . . despite the energy provided by its title icon via archival footage. . the London Film Festival. but utterly wrong-headed trivialization. while other narratives wind toward no discernible point at all. . Nonetheless the ambition behind Bobby is large and serious. sets himself a large and honorable task.039 on its opening weekend. . and Mr.597.

com (http:/ / images.allmovie. com/ film/ titles/ bobby) [6] New York Times review (http:/ / movies. nytimes. com/ article-15091-healing-with-hope. boxofficemojo.imdb. html?sec=6& subsec=BOBBY) [13] Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. htm) [4] Bobby at RottenTomatoes. variety. com/ printedition/ calendar/ cl-et-bobby17nov17. New York Press. org/ lifevision/ onthemindlessmenaceofviolence/ ) [2] Don Drysdale at BaseballLibrary.com/title/tt0308055/) at the Internet Movie Database • Bobby (http://www. story) [8] Variety review (http:/ / www. winner) • Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Breakout Performance of the Year . nominee) • Venice Film Festival Biografilm Award (Emilio Estevez. html) [7] Los Angeles Times review (http:/ / www. com/ 2006/ 11/ 22/ Floridian/ _Bobby__is__a_misnome. com/ tv/ buenavista/ ebertandroeper/ index2. com/ ballplayers/ player.com (http:/ / www.Motion Picture (nominee) • ALMA Award for Outstanding Screenplay . com/ images/ pdf/ bobby. Eliot Kennedy.0. doc) [12] Richard Roeper review at BV Entertainment (http:/ / bventertainment. shtml) [11] Michael Medved review at MichaelMedved.com (http:/ / www. baseballlibrary. html?nav=reviews07& categoryid=2352& cs=1& p=0) [9] Healing with Hope (http:/ / www. html). metacritic. Armond White. and Andrea Remanda. com/ reviews/ movie/ 9740235/ review/ 12583294/ bobby) External links • Official website (http://http://www. nominee) • Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture (nominee) • ALMA Award for Outstanding Motion Picture (nominee) • ALMA Award for Outstanding Directror .7778372. rottentomatoes.com (http:/ / www. go.com/) • Bobby (http://www.Motion Picture (nominee) • NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture (Harry Belafonte. michaelmedved. com/ 2006/ 11/ 17/ movies/ 17bobb.com/work/334717) at Allmovie . winner) • Venice Film Festival Golden Lion (Estevez.Director (winner) References [1] Text of "On the Mindless Menace of Violence" from the RFK Memorial (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=bobby. 2006 [10] St. com/ m/ 1162559-bobby/ ) [5] Bobby at Metacritic. Petersburg Times review (http:/ / www. nypress. rfkmemorial. php?name=Don_Drysdale_1936) [3] BoxOfficeMojo. calendarlive.com (http:/ / www. sptimes. December 6.''Bobby (2006 film)'' 287 Awards and nominations • Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture — Drama (nominee) • Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song ("Never Gonna Break My Faith" by Bryan Adams. rollingstone. nominee) • Hollywood Film Festival Award for Best Ensemble Cast (winner) • Hollywood Film Festival Award for Best Breakthrough Actress (Lindsay Lohan.bobby-the-movie. com/ awardcentral_review/ VE1117931460.

The film co-stars Jude Law.450.''All the King's Men (2006 film)'' 288 All the King's Men (2006 film) All the King's Men Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Steven Zaillian Ken Lemberger Mike Medavoy Arnold Messer Steven Zaillian Steven Zaillian Robert Penn Warren Sean Penn Jude Law Kate Winslet James Gandolfini Tj Falterman Mark Ruffalo Patricia Clarkson Jackie Earle Haley Anthony Hopkins James Horner Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Paweł Edelman Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Wayne Wahrman Columbia Pictures September 22.897 All the King's Men is a 2006 film adaptation of the 1946 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren. Patricia Clarkson and Jackie Earle Haley in his first film since Maniac Cop III: Badge of Silence thirteen years prior. 2006 125 minutes United States English $55 million $9. Anthony Hopkins. Kate Winslet. It was directed by Steven Zaillian. a fictional character resembling Louisiana governor Huey Long. James Gandolfini. The story is about the life of Willie Stark (played by Sean Penn). Mark Ruffalo. who also produced and scripted. .

He lies in wait at the steps of the state capitol. however. whose father was once governor. There the film was first screened to the press. The world premiere was held at the Toronto Film Festival[1] on September 11. spout the party line and lose. Donaldsonville. Dr. pulls a gun and assassinates Stark. expected to split the vote. Jack has been raised around politics. Morgan City. Duffy now works for him as lieutenant governor. at the Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge and many other places in Louisiana. Judge Irwin disapproves.''All the King's Men (2006 film)'' All the King's Men had previously been adapted by Robert Rossen in 1949. Tiny Duffy. an honorable man. In time. According to IMDb. He defies Duffy publicly and begins to give speeches with straightforward talk that the public appreciates. He has a pet project. Stark has by now become a ruthless tyrant. Following this revelation. but he does manage to uncover the fact that many years ago. and convinces Dr. Burden Travis Champagne Tom Stark . A special screening was held at the Tulane University in New Orleans on September 16. menacing driver and bodyguard called Sugar Boy. seeing Stark as an opportunist. Adam Stanton. Although it does not follow the 1949 film's narrative and is more faithful to the novel than the earlier movie. popular with the voters but a charlatan to those who really know him. Jack insists that no such dirt exists. provoking Sadie's jealousy and Jack's disappointment. He is the former lover of Anne Stanton. an idealistic small-town lawyer. Filming took place in New Orleans. Stanton discovers that even the hospital is a front for the governor's own personal and political gain. He also has a silent. He also begins an affair with Anne Stanton. using any means necessary. his stepfather. 2006. Circumstances develop that result in Stark's being urged to run for governor by a local political leader. Finally. Cast Actor Sean Penn Jude Law Kate Winslet Anthony Hopkins James Gandolfini Patricia Clarkson Mark Ruffalo Kathy Baker Role Willie Stark Jack Burden Anne Stanton Judge Irwin Tiny Duffy Sadie Burke Adam Stanton Mrs. Zaillian never saw the original film. 2006. Criticized publicly by Judge Irwin and embroiled in increasing political controversy. he encourages Jack to come work for him as an adviser. Willie Stark is a persuasive man. Stark demands that Jack dig up dirt on the judge to be used against him. Anne Stanton seems to agree and so does her brother. Jack was raised by Judge Irwin. Dr. the 2006 film is often considered a remake of the 1949 version. the judge commits suicide. He becomes governor in the next election. Judge Irwin accepted a bribe. and adapted the screenplay solely from Warren's novel. Jack and political strategist Sadie Burke reveal to Stark that he is actually a dupe in the governor's race. and he vows not to be fooled again. and knows how to get his way. This opens his eyes to the realities of politics. Stanton to run it for him. 289 Plot Louisiana newspaper reporter Jack Burden takes a personal interest in Willie Stark. building a new hospital.

Richard Schickel (Time Magazine) liked the movie. despite its high-profile cast. the film was featured in Nathan Rabin's ongoing blog feature for The Onion's A." He argued that Zaillian's script and direction "expertly extracted the core of this greatest of American political novels. fiasco. hysterically over-the-top yet strangely lifeless."[4] A. In an interview with the Los Angeles Times. The article concluded the only reason for the film not to win an Oscar was its delayed opening (the film was originally to be opened in 2005). and production team. Zaillian said that the film's poor performance was "like getting hit by a truck. Scott (New York Times) expressed disappointment with the film: "Nothing in the picture works. or secret success). which opened with only $3. Club."[7] Zaillian was clearly stunned by the poor critical and box-office results of this film. . Of three categories (failure.. direction."[5] Michael Medved gave All the King's Men two stars (out of four) calling it "depressing and disappointing". plodding period-piece".2 million at the end of its run in US theaters. despite garnering strong Oscar buzz before its initial opening. I don't know what to make of it. pretentious.[3] Kenneth Turan (Los Angeles Times) praised the film's "undeniable moral seriousness" and the actors' "exceptional ensemble work.[6] Recently. It is both overwrought and tedious. its complicated narrative bogging down in lyrical voiceover.''All the King's Men (2006 film)'' Jackie Earle Haley Roderick "Sugar Boy" Ellis Connor Fux Tennis Boy 290 Montgomery John Adam Stanton..[2] Entertainment Weekly in its August 18. The weekend's other new wide release.1 million. executive producer time and outside it. Few critics endorsed it. a "stodgy melodrama" and a "pointless. "My Year of Flops". long flashbacks and endless expository conversations between people speaking radically incompatible accents. Jackass Number Two. arguing that "it's much more faithful to the tone of the novel" than the original. a work that is both of its James Carville. he labeled All the King's Men as a failure and said of the film: "Zaillian’s dud manages the formidable feat of being at once histrionic and agonizingly dull.8 million and barely made $7. O."[8] . 2006 issue included All the King's Men in its Oscar Preview and said the film was most likely to win an Oscar. made $28.V. Age 11 Reception The film was a commercial failure.

which includes Tom’s death. now prepared to cope with "the awful responsibility of time. He instead supports MacMurphy. His father whitewashes the situation by bribing the girl’s family. By chance Jack encounters Sugar Boy at a library and barely resists the temptation to coax him into assassinating Tiny Duffy to avenge Willie's death (a scene to this effect is included on the DVD). • The film ends a few minutes after Willie Stark’s assassination. Stark defeats MacMurphy to become governor. which many critics have argued serves as the novel's moral center. In the book. In the book. Shortly afterwards. Jack Burden explains many things that take place after the assassination. • The whole storyline in the book involving Tom Stark is removed. He is only seen a few times in the film.''All the King's Men (2006 film)'' 291 Differences between the book and the screenplay • The film (with the exception of flashbacks) is set during the early 1950s. Stark wins the first gubernatorial election he enters. Jack returns to his study of Cass Mastern. which threatens his father with a huge scandal (A scene to this effect is included on the DVD). In addition. His research was Jude Law (left) and Sean Penn star in Columbia about Cass Mastern. However. an ancestor who lived in the Antebellum South Pictures’ drama All the King’s Men. Jack also reveals that he and Anne got married. Stark pulls out of the original election after learning why he had been asked to run. In the book Tom impregnates a girl. The book is set during the Great Depression. • Jack’s doctoral research storyline is not in the film. Tom is seriously injured during a college football game. 2007 Film soundtrack 56:42 Varèse Sarabande Producer Simon Rhodes and James Horner . in the next election. and fought in the American Civil War. eventually dying shortly after his father’s assassination." Soundtrack All the King's Men Soundtrack by James Horner Released Genre Length Label September 27. while his wife agrees to raise the child. Tom becomes a vegetable. Jack walks away from his study of Mastern because he is unwilling to accept the way in which people's actions influence the fates of others. explaining little (through newspaper headlines) about what takes place after the event. After an unsuccessful surgery performed by Adam Stanton and a revered spinal doctor. The book devotes an extensive passage to the story of Mastern and the way in which he unwittingly and drastically influences the lives of others. • In the movie.

com/film/titles/allthekingsmen) at Metacritic All the King's Men (http://www. Rotten Tomatoes.soundtrack.soundtrack. Retrieved 2006-12-10.3:17 Love's Betrayal .. calendarlive.3:43 Jack's Childhood . time. "'All the King's Men'" (http:/ / web. story). com/ content/ node/ 58657). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.0. "American reviews of 'All the King's Men'" (http:/ / www.3:23 Time Brings All Things to Light.A.A.1:45 Give Me the Hammer and I'll NAIL 'EM UP! . "Southern Fried Demagogue and His Lurid Downfall" (http:/ / movies2. com/ m/ all_the_kings_men).com/title/tt0405676/) at the Internet Movie Database • • • • • • • All the King's Men (http://www.2:49 As We Were Children Once .net/news/article/?id=778) .com/work/318750) at Allmovie All the King's Men (http://www. Times" (http:/ / articles.1533420-1. nytimes. MichaelMedved. [8] L. .450440. html?8mu& emc=mu).2:49 Verdict and Punishment .''All the King's Men (2006 film)'' Track listing • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Main Title .com/m/all_the_kings_men/) at Rotten Tomatoes All the King's Men (http://www. The A. avclub. I Trust It So . calendarlive.com.allmovie. michaelmedved.sonypictures.metacritic. . "He Had a Great Fall" (http:/ / www.soundtrack. Los Angeles Times. com/ pg/ jsp/ eot/ review. com/ 2006/ oct/ 03/ entertainment/ et-zaillian3).net/movies/allthekingsmen/) • All the King's Men (http://www.V. ca/ home/ default. torontointernationalfilmfestival. [5] A. External links • Official website (http://http://www. com/ movies/ cl-et-king22sep221.6:00 All Our Lives Collilde . com/ 2006/ 09/ 22/ movies/ 22men.com/movies/?id=allthekingsmen. "Extract of the interview with the L. html).2:22 The Rise to Power . "My Year Of Flops: CaseFile #7: All The King's Men" (http:/ / www. Scott (2006-09-22). Retrieved 2006-12-30. asp).net/features/article/?id=204) Footage from James Horner's scoring session (http://www. [4] Kenneth Turan (2006-09-22). archive.imdb. [2] Rotten Tomatoes.. [3] Richard Schickel (2006-09-10). [6] Michael Medved. . Retrieved 2006-12-10.3:14 Anne's Memories . . . Retrieved 2007-03-07. . latimes.7:36 292 References [1] "2006 TIFF Archive" (http:/ / archives.2:47 Adam's World . story) on 2007-01-02.2:54 Only Faded Pictures . Retrieved 2006-12-24.5:59 Bring Down the Lion and the Rest of the Jungle Will Quake in Fear . "All The King's Men" (http:/ / www.net/albums/database/?id=4201) Album Information A 'First Listen' of James Horner's soundtrack (http://www. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. NY Times.3:34 Conjuring the 'Hick' Vote . [7] Nathan Rabin (2007-02-15).9171. org/ web/ 20070102130209/ http:/ / www.00. jsp?pid=3285). Log Angeles Times.rottentomatoes.0. . com/ movies/ cl-et-king22sep221. Time.htm) at Box Office Mojo Soundtrack (http://www. . Times (2006-10-03).O.boxofficemojo. Club.450440. Retrieved 2006-12-10.4:30 Time Brings All Things to Light . Retrieved 2006-12-10.

2007 105 min. Although filmed in 2001.000. and Jennifer Love Hewitt as The Devil. it was plagued with financial difficulties and sat unreleased for several years. Alec Baldwin as Jabez Stone.000 Shortcut to Happiness is a 2004 film adaptation of the Stephen Vincent Benet classic short story The Devil and Daniel Webster. Shortcut to Happiness. . USA English $35. It stars Anthony Hopkins as Daniel Webster. Baldwin also directed the film.''The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film)'' 293 The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film) Shortcut to Happiness Movie poster for Shortcut to Happiness Directed by Produced by Alec Baldwin (credited as "Harry Kirkpatrick") Randall Emmett George Furla Bob Yari David Glasser Pete Dexter Bill Condon Nancy Cassaro (screenplay) Stephen Vincent Benet (story) Archibald Macleish (play) Anthony Hopkins Jennifer Love Hewitt Alec Baldwin Dan Aykroyd Kim Cattrall Amy Poehler Ramin Djawadi Christopher Young Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Adam Holender Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Yari Film Group July 13. In 2007 the Yari Film Group announced a deal to release the film to theaters under a new title.

However.Luigi Barry Miller . During post-production Baldwin had said the movie was taken from him. After accepting the deal Jabez is quickly lavished with all he had ever dreamed of. agrees to the offer. money.Daniel Webster Dan Aykroyd .Mike Weiss Mike Doyle . the film was plagued with financial difficulties. the name was ultimately replaced with the pseudonym "Harry Kirkpatrick". Baldwin had his name removed from the directing credit.Molly Gilchrest Darrell Hammond John Savage . finds success.Constance Hurry Jason Patric . Shortcut to Happiness is now available to watch online as part of Netflix's Watch Instantly feature. he is losing the friendship.Luke Production history Shot in early 2001 in New York City. having lost faith in himself. as well as to replace temporary music.''The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film)'' 294 Plot Jabez Stone (Alec Baldwin) is a desperate.The Devil Anthony Hopkins . Throughout in his attempts to get his work published. Stone begs the Devil to release him from their deal.[3] In 2007 the Yari Film Group announced the acquisition of the film and distribution plans. notoriety. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Alec Baldwin . respect and trust of those around him. a rough cut was screened at film festivals in 2003 and 2004. women. down on his luck writer who reaches rock bottom when his close friend.[4] The company also announced the title of the film would be changed from The Devil and Daniel Webster to Shortcut to Happiness. Once the film cleared to be sold for distribution.[2] Bob Yari bought the film from a bankruptcy court for an undisclosed amount. It has also been aired on Starz. Stone. but was said to be several million dollars. The film needed further financing to complete the editing and special effects. The two conclude that they should take the battle to court with Webster defending Stone in an otherworldly trial against the Devil in the ultimate battle of wits in a fight over the fate of Stone's soul. it was announced that Yari's company would work on finishing the film and that it would be released sometime in 2007. Stone now had it all.[1] Due to this and other creative differences. A book deal. though much of the film's post-production work was never finished. despite the success.Jabez Stone Jennifer Love Hewitt . When the Devil scoffs he turns to famed orator Daniel Webster (Anthony Hopkins). Julius Jensen (Dan Aykroyd). In July 2006.Julius Jensen Kim Cattrall . Coming to the realization that he didn't quite get everything he bargained for.Ray Amy Poehler .Johnny Frank Sivero . . he meets a beautiful stranger (Jennifer Love Hewitt) who offers him a chance at fame and fortune in exchange for his soul.

com/title/tt0263265/) at the Internet Movie Database Shortcut to Happiness (http://www.yarifilmgroup. ananova.imdb.rottentomatoes. quirkies) [2] 'New Life for Baldwin Devil' (http:/ / www.com/) . html) External links • • • • • • Official Website (http://www.com/m/shortcut_to_happiness/) at Rotten Tomatoes Fictionalized account of production difficulties (http://the-devil-and-daniel-webster.com/) Yari Film Group Website (http://www.com/work/385254) at Allmovie Shortcut to Happiness (http://www.com/films/shortcuttohappiness/) Shortcut to Happiness (http://www.shortcuttohappiness. variety. com/ seven/ 01142007/ gossip/ pagesix/ new_life_for_baldwin_devil_pagesix_. NY Post.allmovie.''The Devil and Daniel Webster (2001 film)'' 295 Rating This film is rated PG-13 by the MPAA for language and sexual content. com/ article/ VR1117957052. nypost.blogspot. 2007-01-14 [3] IMDB (http:/ / imdb. References [1] Baldwin says Feds have seized his debut film (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0263265/ ) [4] Bedeviled pic finds distributor (http:/ / www. html?menu=news. htm). com/ news/ story/ sm_838125.

and directed by Anthony Hopkins. 2007 [1] Release date(s) Country Language Gross revenue  United States English $27.769 (worldwide) [2] Slipstream is a 2007 American science fiction film starring. Miller United States: Strand Releasing (theatrical) Destination Films (all media) October 26. The film premiered at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival.''Slipstream (2007 film)'' 296 Slipstream (2007 film) Slipstream Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Anthony Hopkins Stella Arroyave Robert Katz Anthony Hopkins Anthony Hopkins Stella Arroyvae Lisa Pepper Anthony Hopkins Music by Cinematography Dante Spinotti Editing by Distributed by Michael R. . scored. written. which explores the premise of a man who is caught in a slipstream of time and remembers his own future.

" ” Hopkins initially shopped his script to studios for whom he had been bankable. that God is actually time. [5] 'Ah.Bonnie Fionnula Flanagan . My own interpretation is if there's a God.[7] Hopkins also composed the score for Slipstream and conducted the orchestra for the music.[4] initiating filming on June 12. I'm fascinated by the fact the older I get every moment just slips past. What is real? You grasp this moment and then it's gone. Epatha Merkerson .Felix Bonhoeffer Stella Arroyave . and he instead found a new.Bette Lustig Christopher Lawford . He proceeded to begin production. It's about reality and the illusion of life because life to me. who's caught in a slipstream of time falling back on itself and he remembers his own future."[4] Hopkins explained his perspective of the premise: “ I'm fascinated by time. is so illusion-like. but Hopkins refused to take the input.''Slipstream (2007 film)'' 297 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins . 2006 in Los Angeles and moved to the California desert. (Arroyave is the real-life wife of Anthony Hopkins.Chauffeur / Aaron Lana Antonova . I've written a script about the nature of reality. unidentified patron to finance the film for under $10 million. It just kept evolving on itself. so dream-like. I wanted to poke them in the nose.[4] In post-production.[4] During production.Gavin Aaron Tucker . I've got a theory that at the moment of impact of death we'll wake up and say. it's all a dream. who praised the dialogue but warned that financing would be difficult. as I get older.Himself Gavin Grazer ..Harvey Brickman Camryn Manheim .Lily Jana Thompson Production Actor Anthony Hopkins first wrote the script for Slipstream for fun.Geek / Jeffrey / Dr. It's about a man. Executives expressed interest as well as input for the script. Maybe the puzzle of life is asking what it's all about. saying.' My life has been governed a lot by those thoughts and feelings..)[3] Christian Slater . filmmakers invited six graduate students from Northern Illinois University to assist with the film for college credit.Tracy Kevin McCarthy . that I think it's all a dream. I was talking 10 minutes ago but that's all gone. the wife.[6] Hopkins rejected studios who wanted to have a final cut of the film. Geekman S.Barbara Jeffrey Tambor . Hopkins used quick editing and digital technology to edit a fast-paced cut of Slipstream to speed audiences through the film.Ray / Matt Dodds / Patrolman #2 John Turturro .Lars Michael Clarke Duncan . Hopkins showed the script to director-producer Steven Spielberg.Mort / Phil Lisa Pepper . "I had no idea where it was going.Gina.they take themselves so seriously.[8] . that was it all along. I always wanted to poke fun at the movie business and the acting profession -.

boxofficemojo. htm "Sir Anthony makes a star of his Missus". jsp?vnu_content_id=1002652782) on 2007-09-20. Los Angeles Times.273 over the weekend and $8. com/ hr/ search/ article_display. com/ article/ sphereNews/ idUSN2248344320070122?sp=true& view=sphere). org/ filmguide/ popup.[14] The film closed on November 1. who wondered about the actual meaning of the premise. com/ movies/ ?id=Slipstream. World Entertainment News Network. com/ apps/ pbcs. .com/title/tt0499570/) at the Internet Movie Database Slipstream (http://www.com/fall2007/ slipstream. suntimes. [10] Claire Hill (2007-01-27). "if you'll actively engage your sympathy with Hopkins' attempt to do something tricky and difficult. Western Mail. [9] "Slipstream" (http:/ / festival. 2007-01-17. sundance. 2007. Liverpool Daily Post. Retrieved 2008-01-29. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002652782). The Hollywood Reporter. Metacritic. "Anthony Hopkins 's latest film Slipstream meets confusion and derision at Sundance". 2006-01-26. . If you want to lay back and let the movie come to you.965 in the full week. Anthony Hopkins feels like a film rebel" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. after a week at the box office grossing $8. you may be lying there a long time. [8] Bob Tourtellotte (2007-01-22).[12] Not all reviews were negative.allmovie."[13] Box Office The film later experienced a one-week limited release in 6 theaters in the United States on October 26. hollywoodreporter. [13] http:/ / rogerebert. Reuters. [7] Sara Hooker (2006-07-17). metacritic. earning $6. [12] "Slipstream (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. http:/ / www. . .804 in the foreign market for an international total of $27. Retrieved 2008-01-29.965 in the domestic market and $18. the film received a metascore of 47 out of 100 from 14 reviews. com/ hr/ search/ article_display.imdb. aol. "Seven more slip into pic for Hopkins" (http:/ / web.filmmakermagazine. org/ web/ 20070920200050/ http:/ / www. . Slipstream received a 25% rating based on reviews from 36 critics. 2007 . archive. 2007.php) at Filmmaker Magazine . John Horn (2007-01-18). Retrieved 2008-01-29. "Star-struck Six NIU students selected to work on Anthony Hopkins' latest film".769. aspx?film=4741). Sundance Film Festival. reuters. External links • • • • Slipstream (http://www. Retrieved 2007-10-19. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved 2008-01-29.[11] On the similar site Metacritic. Box Office Mojo. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2008-01-29. . htm). com/ movie/ slipstream/ 26988/ main).com/movies/?id=Slipstream.[10] On the film review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes. indicating "mixed or average reviews". Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars and suggested that the film is worth seeing. "At 69. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www.[9] The film was met with confusion by Sundance audiences. Daily Herald.''Slipstream (2007 film)'' 298 Reception Critical Reception Slipstream premiered at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival on January 20.htm) at Box Office Mojo Slipstream (http://www. Retrieved 2008-01-29. dll/ article?AID=/ 20071025/ REVIEWS/ 710250307/ 1023 [14] "Slipstream (2007)" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/work/352928) at Allmovie interview with Slipstream director Anthony Hopkins (http://www. [11] "Slipstream" (http:/ / www. "Hopkins suggests God is time in first screenplay". com/ film/ titles/ slipstream). References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] "Slipstream" (http:/ / movies. "Weird Slipstream Has Hopkins' Stamp". Tatiana Siegel (2006-06-14). com/ m/ 10007898-slipstream/ ). com/ movies/ ?id=Slipstream. Moviefone.

He then murders her and manipulates the justice system to get away with the crime.354. William Beachum (Ryan Gosling) is a determined prosecutor bound to prove his guilt. Ted Crawford (Anthony Hopkins) discovers that his wife has been having an affair. directed by Gregory Hoblit. However.000.215 [1] Fracture is a 2007 legal/crime suspense film from New Line Cinema and Castle Rock Entertainment. 2007 113 minutes United States English $10. .''Fracture (2007 film)'' 299 Fracture (2007 film) Fracture Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gregory Hoblit Charles Weinstock Glenn Gers Daniel Pyne Ryan Gosling Anthony Hopkins David Strathairn Rosamund Pike Embeth Davidtz Jeff Danna Mychael Danna Music by Cinematography Kramer Morgenthau Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue David Rosenbloom Castle Rock Entertainment New Line Cinema April 20. starring Anthony Hopkins and Ryan Gosling.000 $91.

Beachum goes to great lengths to get a court order to keep Jennifer on life support. who is a judge. At the trial. With the case closed. Beachum confronts Crawford with his new evidence. a restraining order is issued forbidding Beachum to visit the patient. He then engages in a battle of wits with rising star deputy district attorney William "Willy" Beachum (Ryan Gosling). and Crawford orders the hospital staff to take Jennifer off life support. Crawford shot his wife with Nunally's gun. while at the same time taking back his original. Nikki Gardner (Rosamund Pike). Beachum is able to get a court order from Nikki's father. He figures out that. which serves as a key vehicle for the plot of the movie—matching up against a star prosecutor as a supposedly untrained litigant. hoping that she will wake up. Crawford can now be prosecuted for murder. If he had not pulled Jennifer off life support. seriously wounding her. at which point Nunally unwittingly holsters his own gun. Crawford proceeds to shoot his wife. trying to revive her. Since she died. a . While Nunally lingered over Jennifer. Nunally tackles and assaults him before he is arrested. before the crime. Crawford is arrested by the waiting police. . who considers this an open-and-shut matter and agrees to go to trial. as it was fruit of the poisonous tree. he could have been protected by the double jeopardy clause. the bullet lodged in Jennifer's head can now be retrieved and matched with Nunally's gun. outside the courtroom. However. having previously been tried merely for attempted murder. at Crawford's request. Beachum tricks Crawford into confessing. Beachum arrives too late. Crawford retracts his confession. Since the house was under surveillance the entire time from the shooting to Crawford's arrest. With no new evidence to present to the jury. and begins a romantic relationship with his future boss. a wealthy and talented Welsh aeronautical engineer in Los Angeles. whereupon the detective arrived on the scene carrying Crawford's gun. at his arraignment. Distracted by the sight of Jennifer's body. and Crawford is acquitted. the murder weapon. Nunally did not notice the guns being switched back. Beachum discovers that Crawford's handgun was not used to shoot his wife because it had never been fired and did not match the shell casings at the crime scene. Crawford acts as his own attorney. Nikki Gardner refuses to help him. and they end their relationship. The film ends with a new trial about to begin. However. repeatedly visiting the comatose Jennifer in the hospital. a well-known law firm. Crawford reveals that the arresting officer (Nunally) was having an affair with his wife and was also present during his interrogation. the police are baffled. allowing her to die. Beachum is tempted by Nunally's scheme to plant false evidence to implicate Crawford but decides against it at the last minute. Beachum's future with the prestigious firm is in tatters. unused gun. Crawford reloaded Nunally's gun and placed it back where Nunally had left it. The disgraced Nunally commits suicide with his own gun. A mix-up of cell phones leads Beachum to realize that both Nunally and Crawford used the same gun. Beachum is busy.''Fracture (2007 film)'' 300 Summary Theodore "Ted" Crawford (Anthony Hopkins). Beachum is forced to concede the trial.45 caliber Glock 21. Beachum reveals that by allowing his wife to die. knowing that Crawford thinks he is protected under the double jeopardy clause. This time. In a last-ditch effort. His confession is ruled to be inadmissible as evidence. discovers that his wife Jennifer (Embeth Davidtz) is having an affair with police detective Robert Nunally (Billy Burke). Crawford switched his gun with Nunally's identical Glock 21 in a hotel room where Jennifer and Nunally secretly met. Realizing that Crawford's plan is to dispose of the only eyewitness to the crime. When Crawford appears back in the room brandishing his original gun. and immediately confesses the crime to Nunally at the scene. making preparations for his transition from criminal law to corporate attorney for Wooton & Simms. and lets Crawford's unused one to be taken as evidence. However. he obsessively continues to search for evidence. the defendant is surrounded by attorneys.

700 at the Box Office.[2] The second nomination was for World Soundtrack Award for Mychael Danna in the Film Composer of the Year category. who can light fast and made every scene look exquisite. Retrieved September 19. 2007 and made $39. AskMen. askmen. I'm proud that we could make a rich-looking movie.com/2007/05/03/review-fracture-2007) . boxofficemojo. Rob Nunally Cliff Curtis as Detective Flores Fiona Shaw as Judge Robinson Bob Gunton as Judge Frank Gardner Josh Stamberg as Norman Foster Xander Berkeley as Judge Moran Zoe Kazan as Mona Awards Fracture was nominated for two awards. Kramer Morgenthau.com) Fracture (http://www. External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.[3] The film currently holds a 70% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes. work decent hours and do it for a good price.fracturemovie. He's going to have a name as one of the best in the business for a long time to come. 2010. The first nomination was the Teen Choice Award for Ryan Gosling in the Choice Movie Actor category. Encino. 45: Ryan Gosling (http:/ / www. 2010. Hawk Koch. [3] Fracture (2007) .P.htm) at Box Office Mojo Fracture (2007) .allmovie. We owe thanks to our D. imdb. References [1] Fracture (2007) (http:/ / www. The critics review of this film gave it an average of a B. New Line Cinema was the distributor for the movie. said. com/ movies/ ?id=fracture.imdb. The film is rated R in the USA due to language and some violent content.boxofficemojo. California at the Sherman residence (Noeline Ave. Production Scenes for the film were shot on location in Encino. Box Office Mojo.''Fracture (2007 film)'' 301 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Theodore "Ted" Crawford Ryan Gosling as William "Willy" Beachum David Strathairn as District Attorney Joe Lobruto Rosamund Pike as Nikki Gardner Embeth Davidtz as Jennifer Crawford Billy Burke as Lt." The film was released on April 20.Awards (http:/ / www.com/movies/?id=fracture.com/title/tt0488120/) at the Internet Movie Database Fracture (http://www.com.com/m/fracture/) at Rotten Tomatoes Fracture (http://www. html). a ranch home designed by Peter Tolkin Architecture. com/ specials/ 2007_top_49/ ryan-gosling-45. htm).. 2010.Review (http://commentarytrack. Producer. Retrieved September 19. [2] Top 49 Men of 2007 No.com/work/345081) at Allmovie Fracture (http://www. com/ title/ tt0488120/ awards).rottentomatoes. "My challenge was to make our film look like a 60 or 70-million dollar film and not spend anywhere near that kind of money. Retrieved October 15.004. CA).

393.745 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Beowulf is a 2007 American performance capture fantasy film based on the Old English epic poem of the same name. the film was created through a motion capture process similar to the technique . 2007 115 minutes United States English Old English $150 million $196. Directed by Robert Zemeckis.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' 302 Beowulf (2007 film) Beowulf Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Robert Zemeckis Robert Zemeckis Steve Bing Jack Rapke Steve Starkey Neil Gaiman Roger Avary Ray Winstone Crispin Glover Angelina Jolie Anthony Hopkins John Malkovich Brendan Gleeson Robin Wright-Penn Alison Lohman Costas Mandylor Chris Coppola Alan Silvestri Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Robert Presley Editing by Studio Jeremiah O'Driscoll Shangri-La Entertainment ImageMovers Paramount Pictures November 16.

and Angelina Jolie. and Beowulf decides to kill her too when Hrothgar says that she is the last of demonkind. and was available to view in IMAX 3D. he sees Grendel's mother draw Beowulf's body beneath the waves. Grendel's vengeful mother kills all the rest of the Geats except Beowulf and his friend. John Malkovich. Wiglaf stares impassively. Hrothgar's skeptical advisor. His mother. and Beowulf agrees to slay Grendel. Beowulf returns to Heorot with Grendel's severed head which is unceremoniously tossed into the ocean. Beowulf strips naked because he believes it would be more honorable to fight Grendel with neither weapon nor armor so they may fight as equals. Anthony Hopkins. Beowulf and Wiglaf go to the cave where Grendel's mother lives. Years later an aging Beowulf. Hrothgar reveals that Grendel's mother killed the men. He informs his people that Beowulf will become king upon his retirement and throws himself from the battlements to his death. golden. Dolby 3D and standard 2D format. The cast includes Ray Winstone. RealD. in exchange. He then dissembles about killing Grendel's mother and losing Hrunting and the horn to her. the horn Beowulf gave to Grendel's mother is found by Unferth's servant Cain. Brendan Gleeson. a water-demon. Hrothgar then reveals that he was Grendel's father. Grendel crawls back to his cave and later dies under his mother's caresses. One winter evening. Crispin Glover. Beowulf stabs the dragon in the chest. takes interest in Hrothgar's presence. The Geats bed down in the mead hall when challenged by Unferth (John Malkovich). With his dying breath. Heorot. The dragon attacks Heorot and attempts to kill Wealtheow and Ursula. Beowulf (Ray Winstone) and his group of Geats arrive by ship. and then he literally rips its heart out. 2007. physically perfect man resembling Beowulf before his body washes away. As he watches the funeral boat burn. The following night. Beowulf and the dragon fall from a great height onto the beach far below. The dragon's form dissolves away into a hairless. Grendel's mother appears as a golden naked woman and seduces Beowulf into giving her a son. shares his bed with a young mistress named Ursula (Alison Lohman) while queen Wealtheow (Robin Wright-Penn) suffers quietly. despondent and depressed over his deceit. the film opens with King Hrothgar (Anthony Hopkins) celebrating the construction of his mead hall. a dragon suddenly appears and burns down a nearby village. Beowulf is given a Norse funeral. Alison Lohman. Beowulf realises Grendel's mother has reneged on their bargain. Hrothgar has the mead hall sealed and offers half of the gold in his kingdom for a hero to kill Grendel. dismisses his words. Wiglaf (Brendan Gleeson). now king. However. in his grief over Beowulf's mortal wounds and attempting to soothe Beowulf. finds the horn washed up on the beach. That night. armed with the sword Hrunting and a golden horn shaped like a dragon. Beowulf is crowned king soon after. When Hrothgar privately confronts Beowulf he lets slip with the truth. but only Beowulf ventures in. who attacks the mead hall and slaughters nearly all of the people there. Wiglaf. 303 Plot Set in Denmark in the 6th century. and Heorot is once more in danger. Robin Wright Penn. .but Wiglaf. Beowulf attempts to tell Wiglaf the truth . leaving Unferth as the only survivor and carrying the message of "the sins of the fathers". Beowulf realizes that the dragon is in fact his own son and ventures forth to kill both him and his demon mother. who kills some of the Geats before Beowulf mortally wounds him in unarmed combat by breaking his left arm off. He retreats to his mother's (Angelina Jolie) cave when Hrothgar challenges him to fight.that Grendel's mother still lives .''Beowulf (2007 film)'' used in The Polar Express and Monster House. draining its ability to breathe fire. It was released in the United Kingdom and United States on November 16. Their singing attracts Grendel. Hrothgar does not reveal where Grendel's father is but offers the curious opinion that he poses no threat to them. she promises Beowulf's name will be legendary for all time. Thus freed from the curse of Grendel's mother. leaving it ambiguous whether he resists her seduction or continues the tragic cycle. the music disturbs and enrages the monstrous creature Grendel (Crispin Glover). before rising up again with an expectant smile. Hrothgar implies that the burden is now Beowulf's to bear.

[4] Glover's dialogue was entirely in Old English. There was no time to sit around. stating that "You were allowed to go. Then I was brought into a room with Bob. So I tried to get around to reading Beowulf just before I did this movie. Malkovich became involved in the project because one of his friends. but realized this would not be a problem as on a motion capture film he could choose his angles later. He also found the process intriguing: "say you do a normal day of filmmaking. for me." When asked if he had to read the original poem of Beowulf in school. Welsh would be my closest because that's where I come from. I’ve got kids and I thought 'That's great. because of his lack of understanding of shooting a film. Glover had previously worked with Zemeckis in Back to the Future. and a bunch of pictures and examples. There was no time to actually sit around and lose your concentration." Winstone also noted that his computer-generated counterpart resembled himself at the age of eighteen." It was also his first time working with motion capture technology. I’m not sure. I'm going to be this crazy reptilian person and creature. is portrayed by Ray Winstone. where you carry a scene on and you become engrossed within the scene. Hopkins noted in an interview that since Zemeckis is an American." He found the experience of working with motion capture to be similar to his experiences working in the theater. I have no idea [.[3] Jolie had wanted to work with Zemeckis. I liked the script very much and I liked the group involved and the process interested me a great deal also. Zemeckis had found Glover tiresome on set. I'm not stupid. but I was so inattentive. stating that for an animated film “I was really surprised that I felt that exposed."[5] • Unferth is portrayed by John Malkovich. I was hopeless at school. you act the entire day all the time except for the tiny amount of time it takes them to sort of coordinate the computer information. "I had the beauty of not reading the book. "I didn't know what was expected.. It was Trevor Griffiths. and that “I think we got smacked if we couldn’t recite a . but their animated counterparts bear much resemblance to themselves. I had always found him a very interesting and innovative filmmaker. "Well. let’s say.". you know. It was explained to me. You actually cracked on with a scene and your energy levels were kept up. I actually really. • The title character. They were altered on screen using computer-generated imagery. although the filmmakers did not have a photo for reference. and had read the poem years before but could not remember it well until she read the script and was able to recall basic themes. normally let’s say it’s 2½ pages. with just bare bones and you have nothing else. and make sure that the computers are reading the data and that you’re transmitting the data. Hopkins told him. who was just very slow. I didn't have any of that baggage to bring with me. sometimes it’s 3/8th of a page. but I couldn't hack it. and then a lizard. I couldn't read anything. Sometimes that’s 1/8th of a page. didn't know what they were talking about. and he showed me this picture of a woman half painted gold.[1] On the topic of the original poem. That's so bizarre. Beowulf." Malkovich also recalled that he studied the original poem in high school. and it was a good modern translation. In this.[3] Winstone also played a dwarf performer. I was one of those poor kids. So you may be acting for a total of 20 minutes a day. respectively. like theater. She was startled by the character's nude human form.. I loved the speed of it. So. really enjoyed this experience. so it is like being in a Brecht play. he wasn't certain what accent Hopkins should use for the role of Hrothgar.'" Jolie filmed her role over two days when she was three months pregnant.[3] • King Hrothgar is portrayed by Anthony Hopkins. a hero and a warrior and that was it. I mean I could read. and the "Golden Man"/Dragon.. who had worked with Zemeckis. Winstone commented during an interview. but I still don't get the idea of how it works. It interests me on that level because I’m a professional actor so I’d just as soon act as sit around."[2] Winstone enjoyed working with motion capture.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' 304 Cast The cast members of Beowulf were filmed on a motion capture stage.[2] • The antagonists Grendel and Grendel's mother are portrayed by Crispin Glover and Angelina Jolie. and I tend to like to just go with the script if it's a good script. you know. Hopkins noted. Hopkins replied: "No.] you don't have sets. The actress was told that she "was going to be a lizard. when he portrayed George McFly. Now it’s probably a little more than it used to be but not always.. "spoke very highly of him. which I understand portrays Beowulf as a very one-dimensional kind of character. And. maybe 3. Zemeckis cast Winstone after seeing his performance as the title character of the 2003 ITV serial Henry VIII.

there were a lot of shots where Bob cut loose. because "there is nothing that you could write that would cost me more than a million dollars per minute to film. Unferth's disabled slave Dominic Keating as Adult Cain Rik Young as Eofor Charlotte Salt as Estrith Leslie Harter Zemeckis as Yrsa 305 Production Author Neil Gaiman and screenwriter Roger Avary wrote a screen adaptation of Beowulf in May 1997 (they had met while working on a film adaptation of Gaiman's The Sandman in 1996. Beowulf's lieutenant Robin Wright-Penn as Queen Wealtheow Alison Lohman as Ursula. It’s pure performance. Because of the expanded budget. but because of his torment. It was in the Old English class and I think my rendition was exemplary.[9] . Actors on set wore seventy-eight body markers. he has shed much of his scales as well as exposing his internal workings. Avary stated he wanted to make a small-scale.[1] Sony Pictures Imageworks created the animation for the film. He still had to resemble Crispin Glover though: the animators decided to adapt Glover's own parted hairstyle to Grendel.[10] The three primary monsters in the film share a golden color scheme. The actors don’t have to hit marks. As the beast is Beowulf's son with Grendel's mother.[9] In designing the dragon. They don’t have to know where the camera is. In January 2005. production designer Doug Chiang wanted to create something unique in film. producer Steve Bing. Two teams of animators worked on the film. with visual effects supervisor Jerome Chen overseeing creative and technical development for the project.[7] [8] Zemeckis did not like the poem. was worth relinquishing the directorial reins. The animators said they worked very closely on replicating the human characters. He doesn’t have to worry about lighting. and also designed its tail to allow underwater propulsion. Impossible with live action actors. This method of filmmaking gives him freedom and complete control. the other working on body movement. Zemeckis told the screenwriters to rewrite their script." A 25 × 35-foot stage was built. who went on to direct an adaptation of The Rules of Attraction. because he is a monster. supported by the strength of digitally enhanced live action. the entire fight with the dragon was rewritten from a talky confrontation to a battle spanning the cliffs and the sea. Animation supervisor Kenn MacDonald explained that Zemeckis used motion capture because “Even though it feels like live action. The cameras recorded real time footage of the performances. similar to Jabberwocky or Excalibur. shots which Zemeckis reviewed. not human."[6] The cast also includes: • • • • • • • • • • • Brendan Gleeson as Wiglaf. canceled it). elements such as Winstone's eyes and cheekbone structure were incorporated into its look. Amazing shots. the rights returned to Avary.[1] The project eventually went into turnaround after the option expired. at the behest of Zemeckis who was wanting to direct the film himself. Beowulf's concubine when he is an old king Costas Mandylor as Hondshew Sebastian Roche as Wulfgar Greg Ellis as Garmund Tyler Steelman as Young Cain. but enjoyed reading the screenplay.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' certain number of stanzas. and it used 244 Vicon MX40 cameras.[1] The script had been optioned by ImageMovers in the same year and set up at DreamWorks with Avary slated to direct and Robert Zemeckis producing. Go wild!" In particular. The director then used a virtual camera to choose camera angles from the footage which was edited together. The designers looked at bats and flying squirrels for inspiration. with a budget of $15-20 million. Grendel has patches of gold skin. but the character of Grendel had to be almost reworked. before Warner Bros. with one group working on replicating the facial performances. because they are all related. albeit with bald patches. revived the production by convincing Avary that Zemeckis' vision. gritty film.

as additional time would be needed to process these scenes in particular.[12] As a result. which involves the blurring of different overlays of a single scene in an attempt to generate a single scene film. the data being collected by the markers slowed down the studios' computer equipment.[12] Mark Vulcano. the scenes were rendered using foreground occlusion. required numerous props that served as additional markers. Over 450 individual graphic designers were chosen for the project.[11] Zemeckis used Alan Ritchson (Aquaman of Smallville fame) for the facial image and movement for the title character of Beowulf. and five months were spent developing a new save/load system that would increase the efficiency of the studios' resources.[12] Jerome Chen worked to process large crowd scenes as early as possible. whom Zemeckis worked with on The Polar Express.[12] Designers at Imageworks generated new animation tools for facial. meaning half-man. In the cases that using cached data was not possible. so that she can attempt to sire another of demonkind.[12] However. They justified these choices by arguing that Beowulf acts as an unreliable narrator in the portion of the poem in which he describes his battle with Grendel's mother. which used motion capture technology to create three-dimensional images of characters.[12] Other elements of the movie were borrowed from that of others created by Imageworks. and if Grendel is dragging men back to the cave then it must be for the mother. and elements of keyframe animation were incorporated into the movie to capture the facial expressions of the actors and actresses. believing that a correlation could be made between Christ's face and a universally accepted appeal. which run quicker and more efficiently. The 2007 film Ghost Rider lent Beowulf the fluid engine that was used to model the movements of protagonist Johnny Blaze. these markers allowed for a more accurate manifestation of a battlefield setting as the battle progressed.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' Robert Zemeckis insisted that the character Beowulf resemble depictions of Jesus Christ.[12] The mead hall battle scene near the beginning of the film. and cloth design especially for the movie. the studio was forced to upgrade all of its processors to multicore versions.[12] Appointing Jerome Chen. but his mother was always said to be full demon.[12] To aid in the process of rendering the massive quantities of information. was Senior Character Animator for the film. California was necessitated by the movie's production. who had previously worked on VeggieTales and Monster House. So who's the father? It must be Hrothgar.[12] So much data was produced in the course of the creation of the movie. 306 Visual effects Director Robert Zemeckis drew inspiration for the visual effects of Beowulf from experience with The Polar Express. Differences from the poem "It occurred to me that Grendel has always been described as the son of Cain. the development team used cached data. while the waves of the ocean and the cave of Grendel's Mother were modeled after the wave fluid engine used in Surf's Up. the largest team ever assembled for an Imageworks-produced movie as of 2007." — Roger Avary [1] One objective of Neil Gaiman and Roger Avary was to offer their own interpretation for motivations behind Grendel's behavior as well as for what happened when Beowulf was in the cave of Grendel's mother. body. The creation of additional rendering nodes throughout Culver City. the film's development team designed a priority scale and incorporated it into their processors so graphic artists would be able to work with the scenes when they arrived. half-demon.[13] These choices also helped them to better connect the third act to the second of their screenplay. which is divided in the poem by a 50-year gap. the two decided to chart realism as their foremost goal.[14] Some of the changes made by the film as noted by scholars include: • the portrayal of Beowulf as a flawed man . Spider-Man 3 lent the lighting techniques it used and the fluid engine present in the Sandman. among others.

PC and PSP formats.[23] At Comic-Con International in July 2006..000 theaters for its release date in November 2007. 2007.' . Bay Wolf. who sinned against him earlier and brought the vengeance upon themselves. where Grendel's mother was linked with the ancient Germanic fertility goddess Nerthus. Gleeson. What man doesn’t get involved with Angelina Jolie?' Wheeler asks.[28] . are pride and prejudice. the monsters are outcasts because they're bad (just as Cain. and 3-D re-release of The Nightmare Before Christmas.' Wheeler says. Grendel is even visually altered after his injury to look like an innocent. California on November 5.[27] The soundtrack composed by Alan Silvestri was released on November 20. is just misunderstood rather than evil (similar to the version presented in John Gardner's novel Grendel). leaves it ambiguous as to exactly what happened between him and Grendel's mother. Critics and even some of the actors expressed shock at the British rating (12A) of the film. but was not ready in time. which is a retelling of Beowulf in a modern day setting.[24] The following October. The blame for Grendel's violence is shifted to the humans. Beowulf as the narrator. more of a succubus rather. the new film wants us to understand and humanize our monsters.[22] The film's world premiere was held in Westwood. Beowulf would additionally be released in 35mm alongside the 3-D projections. a four-issue comic book adaptation by IDW Publishing was released every week in October 2007. including director Robert Zemeckis gave interviews for the film podcast Scene Unseen in August 2007. and Hopkins was released on Xbox 360. In addition. 2007. albeit scaly. In the original Beowulf. Smoke and Mirrors. Asma argues that "Zemeckis's more tender-minded film version suggests that the people who cast out Grendel are the real monsters. Southern Methodist University's Director of Medieval Studies Bonnie Wheeler is "convinced that the new Robert Zemeckis movie treatment sacrifices the power of the original for a plot line that propels Beowulf into seduction by Angelina Jolie—the mother of the monster he has just slain. Gaiman said Beowulf would be released on November 22. This is noteworthy especially because it marks the only interview given by Zemeckis for the film. Beowulf was announced to be projected in 3-D in over 1.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' • • • • the portrayal of Hrothgar as a womanizing alcoholic the portrayal of Unferth as a Christian Beowulf's funeral the portrayal of Grendel's mother as a beautiful seductress.. who bears Grendel as Hrothgar's child and the dragon as Beowulf's child • the fact that Beowulf becomes ruler of Denmark instead of his native Geatland[15] [16] [17] Scholars and authors have also commented on these changes. distribution and Warner Bros. was outcast because he killed his brother). the sad thing is the movie returns to…a view of the horror of woman.[26] A video game featuring the vocals of Winstone. and arranged with Paramount Pictures for U. which allowed children under twelve in Britain to see the film if accompanied by their parents. but in the film Beowulf the monsters are bad because they're outcasts [.'"[18] Other commentators pointed to the theories elucidated in John Grigsby's work Beowulf and Grendel. there is a poem.] Contrary to the original Beowulf. the monstrous female who will kill off the male. little child.[21] Beowulf was set to premiere at the 2007 Venice Film Festival. PlayStation 3. Angelina Jolie called it "remarkable it has the rating it has". In the film. To promote the film. 'It’s a great cop-out on a great poem. their progenitor. Chicken Little. And the story of Beowulf is so much more powerful. according to this charity paradigm. and said she would not be taking her own children to see it. but on a larger scale than previous films.[25] Several cast members. 2007.. The studios planned to use 3-D projection technology that had been used by Monster House. In Gaiman's collection of short stories.."[20] 307 Release Columbia Pictures was set to distribute the film. In this story. The only real monsters.S.[19] This is not the first time that the theme of a relationship between Beowulf and Grendel's mother was explored. in this tradition. 'It seems to me you could do so much better now. philosophy professor Stephen T. but Steven Bing did not finalize a deal. The monster. 'For me. for international distribution.

By imagining the distant past so vividly. The stories being filmed are just as flimsy. While the technology has improved since 2004's Polar Express (particularly in the characters' more lifelike eyes).. That was a very bad reason to revisit Beowulf." Ambrose also argues that “the creepy dead eyes thing has been fixed.5/10. and the movie becomes tiresome and trivial . 2009."[41] San Francisco Chronicle critic Mick LaSalle suggests: "It's the Beowulf saga once again. at least.662.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' 308 Box office Beowulf ranked #1 in the United States and Canada box office during its opening weekend date of November 18[29] grossing $27.] Although his Cockney accent initially seems incongruous [. migraine-inducing affairs.215 and a foreign box office total of $113.[34] Time magazine critic Richard Corliss describes the film as one with "power and depth" and suggests that the "effects scenes look realer[sic].447 for a worldwide gross of $196."[40] Manohla Dargis of the New York Times compared the poem with the film stating that. there should be some reason to do Beowulf at all. for example.] Previously. "If you don’t remember this evil babe from the poem.. indicating "mixed or average" reviews. But you'd never know that by looking at the movie. in his reliance on a medium that allows for enormous range and fluidity in its visual effects yet reduces his characters to 3-D automatons.. say. It all suggests that this kind of a moviemaking is more than a stunt."[35] Corliss later named it the 10th best film of 2007. exotic setting and mythic grandeur. the] result is. Of course Beowulf does have a more impressive literary pedigree than. Beowulf & Grendel revisited the tale in order to present Grendel as a nice guy with his own point of view. the actors still don't seem entirely there. but even its more vigorous bloodletting pales next to its rich language. because they meet the traced-over live-action elements halfway.. 3D movies were blurry.."[42] .. the film has grossed an estimated domestic total of $82..149."[38] Justin Chang of Variety argues that the screenwriters "have taken some intriguing liberties with the heroic narrative [.5 million in 3. These creative interventions aren’t especially surprising given the source material and the nature of big-studio adaptations. it’s because she’s almost entirely the invention of the screenwriters Roger Avary and Neil Gaiman and the director Robert Zemeckis. deeds and curves." He also argues that “Zemeckis prioritizes spectacle over human engagement. based upon 183 reviews.195. who together have plumped her up in words.well done within the narrow limits of its aspiration but not worth the inflated effort.. In 2005. Under the category "Cream of the Crop" Beowulf received a rating of 71 percent. Bwana Devil. To do Beowulf again.[32] On Metacritic. will have you jumping out of your skin and begging for more.954. with an average reviewer rating of 6.153 theaters. 2008.[33] Giving Beowulf three out of four stars. goosed into twenty-first century life by a screenplay from sci-fi guru Neil Gaiman and Pulp Fiction's Roger Avary. based on 35 reviews. It's outrageously entertaining. the film had an average score of 59 out of 100.."[37] Tom Ambrose of Empire gives the film four out of five stars. Roger Ebert argues that the film is a satire of the original poem. There’s plenty of action in Beowulf. but at least it was a reason. Zemeckis and his team prove that character capture has a future.[31] Critical reception As of July 1. on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. a much livelier piece of storytelling than the charmless Polar Express. I've never seen a 3-D movie pop with this kind of clarity and oomph. Beowulf is a huge step forward [. and the special glasses required for viewing have gotten a whole lot more substantial.[30] As of April 27.] Winstone’s turn ultimately reveals a burgeoning humanity and poignant humility. Beowulf received a rating of 71%.[36] Rolling Stone critic Peter Travers argues that “The eighth-century Beowulf.. He argues that Beowulf is "the finest example to date of the mo-capabilities of this new technique [. more integrated into the visual fabric. Beowulf's story of a hero who slays monsters has become a fanboy fantasy that panders with demonic energy to the young male demographic."[39] Kenneth Turan of National Public Radio criticizes the film arguing: “It's been 50 years since Hollywood first started flirting with 3-D movies.

2007. Records/Warner Music Group Producer Glen Ballard and Alan Silvestri The soundtrack was released November 20. before animation was applied (a notable exception to this is Angelina Jolie.[45] The score is notorious for violent and foreshadowing tones intertwined with gentler.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' 309 Home media Beowulf was released for Region 1 on DVD February 26. whose scenes are depicted using storyboards and rough animation rather than the unaltered footage from the set). 2008. The HD DVD contains eleven short features and six deleted scenes.[46] Title Beowulf Main Title First Grendel Attack Gently as She Goes What We Need is a Hero I'm Here to Kill Your Monster I Did Not Win the Race A Hero Comes Home (In-film version) Second Grendel Attack I Am Beowulf The Seduction King Beowulf He Has a Story to Tell Composer/ Performers Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer).[44] Composer Alan Silvestri was largely responsible for the production of the soundtrack album. 2007 Recorded 2007 Genre Length Label Score/Vocal 46:52 Warner Bros. The theatrical cut includes A Hero's Journey: The Making of Beowulf while the single disc director's cut features four more short features. 2008. A director's cut was also released as both a single-disc DVD and two-disc HD DVD alongside the theatrical cut. although actresses Robin Wright Penn and Idina Menzel performed several songs in the soundtrack's score. Soundtrack Beowulf Original Soundtrack Soundtrack by Alan Silvestri Released November 20. Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer). 2008 and in the United States on July 29.[43] The director's cut was released on Blu-ray Disc in the United Kingdom on March 17. Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) [47] Robin Wright-Penn (performer) [45] [47] Robin Wright Penn (performer) [45] Length [47] 0:54 [47] 1:50 [47] 1:36 [47] 1:40 [47] 1:47 [47] 2:16 1:08 [47] [47] 4:02 [47] 4:32 [47] 4:03 [47] 1:44 [47] 2:42 . The Blu-Ray edition includes a "picture-in-picture" option that allows one to view the film's actors performing their scenes on the soundstage. anthem-like tendencies.

Retrieved 2007-11-07. html). Beowulf" (http:/ / web. 2005). [15] Walter Quinn (November 23. Retrieved November 28. 2007). moviesonline. org/ web/ 20071114133646/ http:/ / www. html). . written by Caitlín R. Beowulf" (http:/ / web.[51] References [1] Tom Ambrose (December 2007). Retrieved 2007-11-16. [6] Sheila Roberts. story?coll=cl-movies).[49] On November 1. "Anthony Hopkins Interview. Retrieved 2007-11-13. . . and Party!" (http:/ / www. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 139–142. . Claude Brodesser (January 20. Retrieved 2007-11-16. "He Is Legend". 2007 in the United States. . [11] "Jerome Chen Talks Beowulf VFX Oscar Potential" (http:/ / vfxworld. chud. com/ x/ pittsburghtrib/ living/ movies/ s_539150. [12] "Beowulf: A New Hybrid for an Old Tale" (http:/ / vfxworld. 2007). org/ web/ 20071111211024/ http:/ / www. Movies Online. org/ web/ 20071114132506/ http:/ / www. . moviesonline.. Movies Online. ca/ movienews_13412. . "Beowulf" (http:/ / www. [10] Sheigh Crabtree (November 4. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [8] Kevil Kelly (July 26. Retrieved 2007-11-08. Inc. [7] Nicole Laporte.443706. html) on 2007-11-11. . Retrieved 2007-11-08. [5] Sheila Roberts. cinematical. VFXWorld. 2007). 2007. html?id=opencms:/ out/ films/ video_interviews/ neil_gaiman_roger_avary). AWN. 2007 during its Ubidays event in Paris. 2007). story?coll=cl-movies) on 2007-11-14. moviesonline. Retrieved 2007-12-02. html). Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Q&A. html).[50] Novelization A novelization of the film. . ""Beowulf" movie takes poetic license — and then some — from the original text" (http:/ / www. [9] Barbara Robertson (November 28. php?type=interviews& id=11232). video interview" (http:/ / www. Los Angeles Times.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' Full of Fine Promises Beowulf Slays the Beast He Was the Best of Us The Final Seduction Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) Alan Silvestri (composer) 1:11 6:01 5:23 2:25 3:13 [47] 310 [47] [47] [47] A Hero Comes Home (End credits version) Alan Silvestri (composer). ca/ movienews_13394. com/ movies/ cl-ca-beowulf4nov04. pittsburghlive. . stv. co. 2008. cgsociety. org/ story_custom. 2007. Inc. The side-scrolling action video game was developed by Gameloft. com/ index. 2007). IGN. CG Society. [2] Rob Carnevale (November 12. "Comic-Con: 'Beowulf' Footage Screening. moviesonline. variety. . [4] "Becoming Beowulf" (http:/ / movies. [13] "Neil Gaiman and Roger Avary: Shaping Beowulf's story. ca/ movienews_13412. com/ article/ VR1117916682. shtml). "Sony. July 25. VFXWorld. Beowulf: The Game was released for mobile phones. archive. [3] Sheila Roberts. calendarlive. . pp. Movies Online. html). Retrieved 2007-11-07. com/ articles/ 808/ 808022p1. "John Malkovich Interview. Kiernan. . was published in September 2007. bbc. com/ 2007/ 07/ 26/ comic-con-beowulf-footage-screening-qanda-and-party/ ). 2008. BBC. ca/ movienews_13362. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. archive. com/ ?atype=articles& id=3474).443706. Retrieved 2007-11-13.[47] Idina Menzel (performer)[45] [47] Video games Beowulf: The Game. moviesonline. "Cast of Beowulf Interview" (http:/ / web. calendarlive. tv/ content/ out/ film/ videointerviews/ display. html) on 2007-11-07. Variety. 2007. archive.0. 2007). Empire. ign. AWN. [14] Jeremy Smith (July 30. a video game based on the film for PC and consoles. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). The characters are voiced by the original actors who starred in the film. html) on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-11-27. "Beowulf Effects" (http:/ / features. 2007.. "Interview: Neil Gaiman and Roger Avary (Beowulf)" (http:/ / www. uk/ films/ 2007/ 11/ 12/ ray_winstone_beowulf_2007_interview. php?story_id=4336). moviesonline. com/ ?atype=articles& id=3457). The game was announced by Ubisoft on May 22. ca/ movienews_13394. com/ movies/ cl-ca-beowulf4nov04. Bing get Anglo on "Beowulf"" (http:/ / www.[48] It was released on November 13. Retrieved November 27.0. . CHUD. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. ca/ movienews_13362. Retrieved 2007-01-13. org/ web/ 20071107194529/ http:/ / www. Cinematical. archive. ""Beowulf" breathes fire into a new kind of dragon" (http:/ / web.

shtml). Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. . variety. com/ dp/ B000WVUNXG). com/ reviews/ movie/ 7667721/ review/ 17335234/ beowulf_paramount). uk/ arts-entertainment/ film-and-tv/ features/ beowulf-a-her-for-our-times-399739. "Beowulf and Grendel — and Grendma" (http:/ / www. [39] Justin Chang (November 9. html?ex=1195880400& en=e0059fd42f72cf7d& ei=5065& partner=MYWAY). 2007). empireonline. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2007-11-16. shtml) on 2008-01-02. Fleming (November 29. Retrieved 2007-01-13.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' [16] Duane Dudek (November 16. Retrieved 2007-11-17. "Beowulf: A her for our times" (http:/ / www. . npr. metacritic. Retrieved 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-10-01. BBC. . smu. com/ news/ releases/ beowulf. 2007). November 19. jsonline. co. beefed up. Retrieved 2007-11-16. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 2007. SMU. Retrieved 2007-01-13. Variety. 2007. [23] Robert Sanchez (November 5. com/ articles/ features/ anthony-hopkins-ray-winstone-make-video-game-debuts-in-beowulf/ 71086/ ). 2007). ""Beowulf" Sexes Up. com/ film/ awards/ 2007/ toptens. [30] "Beowulf (2007)" (http:/ / www. "Beowulf (US . [25] Ben Fritz. Retrieved 2008-10-22. Amazon. . "Good Grief. com/ apps/ pbcs. variety. . San Francisco Chronicle. IGN. . archive. 2007. "Comic-Con 2006: Neil Gaiman's Future Movies" (http:/ / movies. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. org/ templates/ story/ story. "Anthony Hopkins. htm).1684839. Dave McNary (August 17. [44] "Beowulf Soundtrack: Alan Silvestri: Music" (http:/ / www. php?option=com_ezine& task=read& page=1& category=3& article=3659). Can Beowulf Conquer the 21st-Century Guilt Trip?". com/ article/ VR1117952561. html). BBC. com/ 2007/ 11/ 16/ movies/ 16beow. "Beowulf" (http:/ / rogerebert. The New Republic. com/ news/ newsitem. html). Archived from the original (http:/ / blogs. 2007). [21] Michael Fleming. 2007). The Chronicle of Higher Education: B20. [27] John Gaudiosi (October 23. . Not to Mention His Naked Mom" (http:/ / movies. 2007. DTL& type=movies). Lyman (June 13. metacritic. bbc. . uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 7090277. [19] Paul Vallely (November 10. . 2007). net/ index. ""Beowulf" misses Venice festival bow" (http:/ / www. Grendel" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-01-17. Internet Movie Database. 2007). ""Beowulf" gets 3-D bigscreen bow" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-11-19. time. gamedaily. com/ m/ beowulf/ ). IMDb. . uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 7101565. 2007). 2007. TIME. "Never Mind Grendel. boxofficemojo. . "Exclusive Photo Gallery: World Premiere of Beowulf!" (http:/ / www. . "Beowulf" (http:/ / www. comicbookresources. com/ reviews/ reviewcomplete. cgi?id=10939). jsonline.00. Metacritic. html). The Independent. com/ time/ arts/ article/ 0. edu/ newsinfo/ pitches/ beowulf-16nov2007. 2005). html?categoryid=13& cs=1).Soundtracks" (http:/ / www. [42] Mick LaSalle (November 16. Retrieved 2007-11-21.DVD R1 | HD)" (http:/ / www. IESB. . Box Office Mojo. . com/ cgi-bin/ article. [38] Tom Ambrose. [37] Peter Travers (November 15. . Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-01-01. com/ article/ VR1117927670. Retrieved 2007-11-25. com/ articles/ 720/ 720459p1. "Par.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. suntimes. WB cry "Beowulf"" (http:/ / www. archive. "Beowulf (Paramount)" (http:/ / www. com/ dudek/ archive/ 2007/ 11/ 16/ the-real-beowulf. Retrieved 2007-11-09. com/ index. 2007). "Beowulf" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20071121144808/ http:/ / blogs. rottentomatoes. com/ dudek/ archive/ 2007/ 11/ 16/ the-real-beowulf. [32] "Beowulf . ign. php?storyId=16334109).com. "The Real Beowulf" (http:/ / web. [33] "Beowulf (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ politics/ good-grief-grendel). amazon. 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-24. Variety. sfgate. asp?layout=awardcentral& jump=review& reviewid=VE1117935372). [36] "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http:/ / web. November 16. November 12. . . 2007). . Amazon. . co. 2006). com/ movies/ ?page=intl& id=beowulf. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2007/ 11/ 16/ DDIITCC2D. . [20] Asma Stephen (December 7. bbc. . variety. . Retrieved 2007-11-27. Retrieved 2007-11-16. Dumbs Down an Epic" (http:/ / www. [26] ""Beowulf" coming to theaters and comics" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-11-27. Retrieved 2007-01-13. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 311 .8599. . imdb. . Rotten Tomatoes. [40] Kenneth Turan (November 16. dvdactive. Metacritic. html). Retrieved 2007-11-08. "Confronting the Fabled Monster. com/ movies/ ?id=beowulf. [45] "Beowulf (2007) . Game Daily.International Box Office Results" (http:/ / www. National Public Radio. Pamela McClintock (October 24. Box Office Mojo. com/ title/ tt0442933/ soundtrack). . aspx). org/ web/ 20080102102034/ http:/ / www. com/ film/ titles/ beowulf). [43] Tom Woodward. . [28] "Beowulf violence "shocked" Jolie" (http:/ / news. New York Times. com/ hr/ content_display/ awards_festivals/ news/ e3i2d5887633794139a8e655639dfbe6c76). 2007). nytimes. [22] Eric J. metacritic. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). [24] Hilary Goldstein (July 21. Retrieved 2007-11-19. [31] "Beowulf (2007) . . Retrieved 2008-01-05. The Hollywood Reporter. stm). [35] Richard Corliss (November 16. 2007). Ray Winstone Make Video Game Debuts in Beowulf" (http:/ / www. "Review: "Beowulf" is back. independent. com/ film/ awards/ 2007/ toptens. Variety. aspx) on 2007-11-21. asp). [29] "Beowulf tops US box office chart" (http:/ / news. tnr. Retrieved 2007-11-17.com. stm). 2007). [34] Roger Ebert (November 15. . Retrieved 2007-11-12. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 2007). in 3D" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20071114/ REVIEWS/ 71115001). asp?FID=11012). [41] Manohla Dargis (November 16. Chicago Sun-Times. DVD Active. [18] "Beowulf movie cops out with revised theme:It’s that evil woman’s fault" (http:/ / www. . rollingstone. co. htm). iesb. Retrieved 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2007-11-13. June 19. 2006). Empire. [17] John V.

com/movies/?id=beowulf. [48] "IGN" (http:/ / uk. . games. .rottentomatoes.com/) Beowulf (http://www.beowulfmovie. html). 2007. pc. .com/work/334172) at Allmovie Beowulf (http://www. [50] "Beowulf: The Game" (http:/ / wireless.com. Harper Entertainment. [49] "Beowulf Game Launches Alongside Film" (http:/ / uk. Retrieved 2008-11-28. com/ articles/ 790/ 790755p1.com/title/tt0442933/) at the Internet Movie Database Beowulf (http://www.imdb.com/film/titles/beowulf) at Metacritic Beowulf Production Notes (http://madeinatlantis. pp. Retrieved 2008-10-14. Macrovision Corporation. 312 External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. ign.htm) . com/ articles/ 836/ 836712p1. html). allmusic.''Beowulf (2007 film)'' [46] "Beowulf Review" (http:/ / www. com/ objects/ 953/ 953438.htm) at Box Office Mojo Beowulf (http://www.boxofficemojo. ISBN 0061341282. [47] "Beowulf (Warner Brothers Soundtrack)" (http:/ / www. 2007. IGN. com/ album/ r1241972). . Allmusic. .allmovie. Allmusic. Macrovision Corporation.com/movies_central/2007/beowulf_production_details. ign. allmusic. [51] Beowulf.metacritic. 384.com/m/beowulf/) at Rotten Tomatoes Beowulf (http://www. 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-08. com/ album/ r1241972). html).com. ign.

2007 (at the ceremony of the Trophée des Arts for James Ivory from the French Institute New York). where it received its official world premiere at the International Rome Film Festival. out of competition. It had an early preview in New York City on November 27. James Ivory brought the film to Rome. Screen Media will distribute in the United States. with release scheduled for . then showing at Tokyo International Film Festival for Hiroyuki Sanada's special screening.''The City of Your Final Destination'' 313 The City of Your Final Destination The City of Your Final Destination Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Based on Starring James Ivory Paul Bradley Pierre Proner Ruth Prawer Jhabvala The City Of Your Final Destination by Peter Cameron Anthony Hopkins Laura Linney Charlotte Gainsbourg Hiroyuki Sanada Omar Metwally Hiroyuki Sanada Alexandra Maria Lara Jorge Drexler Music by Cinematography Javier Aguirresarobe Pierre Mignot (Montréal) Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language John David Allen Hyde Park International A Merchan Ivory Film Screen Media Films February 7. 2010 (United States) 118 minutes United States English The City of Your Final Destination is a first Merchant Ivory Film without producer Ismail Merchant and also composer Richard Robbins. In October 2009. 2009 (European Film Market) April 16. It is directed by James Ivory and with a screenplay by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala.

who wishes to write a biography on an obscure writer. Cast (in order of appearance) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicholas Blandullo as Young Adam Sofia Viruboff as Adam's Mother James Martin as Postman Omar Metwally as Omar Razaghi Alexandra Maria Lara as Deirdre Rothemund Susana Salerno. who died years before. César Bordón. The film follows a graduate student. Van Euwen's Guests Luciano Suardi as Doctor Pereira Carlos Torres as Barber Pietro Gian as Taxi Driver Julia Perez as Nurse Yuri Vergeichikov as Luis. 2010. He must travel to Uruguay to persuade the Gund family to authorize the biography. Van Euwen Arturo Goetz. Diego Velázquez. Jules Gund. 314 Plot The film is based on Peter Cameron's 2002 novel of the same name.''The City of Your Final Destination'' April 16. Sophie Tirouflet as Mrs. Marcos Montes. Omar Razaghi (Omar Metwally). Rossana Gabbiano as Helpful People at the Bus Depot Julieta Vallina as Schoolbus Lady Ambar Mallman as Portia Gund Charlotte Gainsbourg as Arden Langdon Laura Linney as Caroline Gund Norma Argentina as Alma Hector Fonseca as Old Gaucho Anthony Hopkins as Adam Gund Hiroyuki Sanada as Pete Oscar Rolleri as Young Gaucho Norma Aleandro as Mrs. the Driver Agustín Pereyra Lucena as Guitarist Pablo Druker as Conductor Eliot Mathews as Deirdre's Escort Andrew Sanders as Caroline's Escort Soundtrack • "J'ai perdu mon Eurydice" (from "Orphée et Eurydice") Performed by Anthony Roth Costanzo Composer Christoph Willibald Gluck • "Venetian Medley" Composed and performed by Anthony Hopkins • "Dos Palomitas" Performed by Charlotte Gainsbourg & Ambar Mallman Traditional popular song from Argentina .

7 Introduction.000. In October 2007. iht. 2007 . Tres lent et calme" Performed by The Nash Ensemble Composer Francis Poulenc Hyperion Records • "Sambaden" Artist/Composer Agustín Pereyra Lucena • "Sonatine" Performed by Charlotte Gainbourg & Ambar Mallmann Composer G. php) – Associated Press – (c/o International Herald Tribune) – October 18. Intermezzo. Anthony Hopkins claimed he had yet to be paid for his work on the film. . pr-inside. director Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sony Classical • "'El museo de las distancias rotas'" (end title 1) Composed for this film and performed by Jorge Drexler Ediciones SEA / Warner Chappell • "'La bruna del ayer'" (end title 2) Composed for this film and performed by Jorge Drexler Ediciones SEA / Warner Chappell 315 Controversy In early 2007. Turk Arranged by Cecilia V. Second Act: No. April 5. Gonzalez • "Bastien and Bastienne" Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra Raymond Leppard. com/ articles/ 2007/ 10/ 18/ arts/ peepfri. htm). com/ merchant-ivory-deny-hopkins-non-payment-claims-r86026.[2] References [1] "Merchant Ivory Denies Hopkins Non-Payment Claims" (http:/ / www. Meryl Streep" (http:/ / www. and that Merchant Ivory had short-changed the cast and crew.[1] Merchant Ivory counter-argued that Hopkins' payment terms had in fact recently been renegotiated higher. [2] "People: Ellen DeGeneres.''The City of Your Final Destination'' • "The Merry Widow. Tanz und Vilja-Lied" Performed by Cheryl Studer and Chorus Composer Franz Lehár Deutsche Grammophon • "Sonata for violin and piano (1943). Hopkins filed a lawsuit against Merchant Ivory for payment of his salary of $750. PR Inside. Anthony Hopkins. the actor filed court papers to take the company to an arbitrator. 2007. Later in the year.

html) Screen Media Films (http://www. php?id=225) .net/#page=4a4262ad933de) Roma Cinema Festival (http://2009.php?videoName=coyfdTrailer) The Molecule (Clips) (http://www.romacinemafest.tiff-jp.screenmediafilms.asp?ID_WEB_FILM=2963) The World of Sanada Hiroyuki (Tokyo Internaional Film Festival) (http://www.imdb.''The City of Your Final Destination'' 316 External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.net/coyfd/) The City of Your Final Destination (http://www.net/ja/lineup/works.screenmediafilms.com/thecity/index.themolecule.org/catalogoEng.merchantivory.com/title/tt0896923/) at the Internet Movie Database Merchant Ivory Productions (http://www.net/index.

747. the film stars Benicio del Toro and Anthony Hopkins. 2010 103 minutes United States $150 million $162. 2010 in France[3] and in the United States on February 12.[2] Directed by Joe Johnston. It was released on February 10. 2010.[4] Despite the film being a box office disappointment and mixed reviews by critics.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' 317 The Wolfman (2010 film) The Wolfman Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Joe Johnston Scott Stuber Benicio del Toro Rick Yorn Sean Daniel Andrew Kevin Walker David Self Curt Siodmak (Original screenplay) Benicio del Toro Anthony Hopkins Emily Blunt Hugo Weaving Danny Elfman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Shelly Johnson Editing by Dennis Virkler Walter Murch Mark Goldblatt (uncredited) Relativity Media Stuber Pictures Universal Pictures February 12. the film found more success in DVD/Blu Ray sales and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Makeup.729 (with DVD-sales) [1] Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Budget Gross revenue The Wolfman is a 2010 American remake of the 1941 classic horror werewolf film of the same name. . The original plot was significantly altered and expanded during the last half of the film.

He finds his father in the catacombs beneath the crypt. The local townspeople raid the camp to force them to turn over a dancing bear that might have been the killer. Lawrence then learns that Ben's mauled body had been found the day before. Lawrence is subjected to ice-water and electrotherapy treatments overseen by the sadistic Dr. Sir John leads Aberline and the local police to where a dazed. Another claims that several decades earlier a similar murder had happened and that his father suspected a werewolf. apparently chasing him. Later. Inspector Aberline (Hugo Weaving) arrives from London to investigate the recent murders. Many years before. Her daughter insists Lawrence should be killed. and then locks himself in the room alone. The next day. In 1891 in the Blackmoor woods. Upon arriving in Blackmoor. Hoenneger (Antony Sher). slaughtering most people. The medallion shows a monk in a position of prayer with two wolves.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' 318 Plot The film opens with the original rhyme as told by the gypsy Maleva (Geraldine Chaplin): Even a man who is pure of heart and says his prayers by night may become a wolf when the wolfsbane blooms and the autumn moon is bright. he kills several townspeople who had created a trap in hopes of catching the monster. Renowned Shakespearean actor Lawrence Talbot (Benicio del Toro) is touring London in a stage production of Hamlet when he receives word of his brother's disappearance from Gwen Conliffe (Emily Blunt). in a shrine to his dead mother. He tries to escape. Worried about what might happen. As Lawrence tries to leave. Lawrence sends Gwen away. Sir John tells Lawrence that he has been "dead" for years. Maleva tells him that something evil had befallen his brother. who has been viciously mauled to death by something that cannot be human. He has several fearful dreams but after a few weeks appears to have completely healed. Sir John had been hunting in India. Lawrence reunites with his estranged father. France. Sir John (Anthony Hopkins). a piece which the man remarks he acquired in Gévaudan. which is kept at the local slaughterhouse. While sharing the train compartment with an elderly man (Max von Sydow). Sir John's faithful Sikh manservant. He then follows Sir John to Solana's crypt. Ben Talbot (Simon Merrells) is confronted by a superhuman wolf-like creature. Lawrence goes to the gypsy camp on the night of a full moon. he turns into the Wolfman. bloody human Lawrence is hiding. Many blame a band of gypsies who are camped outside of town. Lawrence goes into town to see the body. a shrine that includes a chair specially fitted with restraints. When Gwen leaves for London after the funeral. shows Lawrence the silver bullets he has and implies that something monstrous is on the loose in Blackmoor. Lawrence follows but is attacked by the wolf. but Maleva refuses. Having been taken to the same asylum in London where he was incarcerated as a child. saying he is still a man and that only a loved one can release him. his mother Solana (Christina Contes) committed suicide. Singh (Art Malik). The butcher gives Ben's personal effects to Lawrence. wolf-headed cane. He suspects Lawrence is responsible because of his past mental issues and masterful portrayals of mentally ill protagonists such as Hamlet and Macbeth. Ben's fiancé. It was afterwards that Sir John sent Lawrence to an insane asylum in London. Lawrence sees a young boy run into the woods. Gwen returns to Talbot Hall to nurse Lawrence back to health. Lawrence travels by locomotive to his family estate in Blackmoor. Lawrence overhears the locals debate about who was responsible. who bites him on the shoulder before being chased off by the armed townspeople. one on either side of the monk. he is given a silver. in the local tavern. a town renowned during the mid-eighteenth century for a string of over one hundred murders attributed to a werewolf known as the Beast of Gévaudan. Rampaging through the woods. Sir John visits Lawrence to explain the curse hanging over the family. but is followed and subsequently mauled and killed by the creature. . Among Ben's belongings was a medallion that had been purchased from the gypsies. It is revealed that when Lawrence was young. Intending to rescue him. He recoils from the sight of his brother. But the wolf-like creature descends on the camp. Maleva sutures his large neck wounds.

this time armed with silver bullets. Lawrence reverts to human form and thanks Gwen for doing what needed to be done. When the full moon rises. She lays down the gun and pleads with Lawrence still inside the beast. Lawrence arrives at Talbot Hall and finds Singh's mauled body hanging in the foyer. When he is distracted by the sounds of a mob coming to kill him. He loads the gun with Singh's silver bullets and tracks Sir John through the house. Hoenneger takes Lawrence to an observation room to present him to his colleagues as an interesting test case. They realize they have fallen in love. When he finds Sir John he attempts to shoot but the gun will not fire. suggesting that this time Inspector Aberline is now the new Wolfman. While in the cave. Hoenneger David Schofield as Constable Nye Simon Merrells as Ben Talbot . they both transform into werewolves and fight. but Lawrence has already escaped and begun the long walk back to Blackmoor. because he was bitten by the previous Wolfman Lawrence. Sir John got drunk and into a heated argument with Ben. Dr. In their struggle. The next day. As the full moon streams through the window. Sir John seems to have the upper hand until the Wolfman kicks Sir John into the fireplace. Inspector Aberline is also in attendance. He kills Hoenneger and escapes into the night. Sir John reveals that he removed the powder from the silver bullets years ago. setting Talbot Hall on fire in the process. Yet one night. As he lays dying. and Sir John beats Lawrence. burning him alive. Gwen's parting words are heard as the fires continue to burn Talbot Hall: "It is said there is no sin in killing a beast Only in killing a man But where does one begin and the other end?" Then The Wolfman's howl is heard one last time. Sir John traveled to a remote area. Sir John has no intention of restraining his power anymore. pursued by Aberline. Gwen arrives hoping to save Lawrence.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' Intrigued by reports of an unusual predator living in a remote cave. the Wolfman bites Aberline but chases Gwen rather than finish him off. Lawrence transforms into the Wolfman in front of the doctors. 319 Cast • • • • • • • • • Benicio del Toro as Lawrence Talbot/The Wolfman Anthony Hopkins as Sir John Talbot Emily Blunt as Gwen Conliffe Hugo Weaving as Inspector Francis Aberline Geraldine Chaplin as Maleva Art Malik as Singh Antony Sher as Dr. As Gwen flees with Aberline's revolver. Aberline arrives and searches the shop. When the Wolfman attacks her. Sir John killed Ben and attacked the gypsy camp. Gwen retrieves the revolver and shoots him with a silver bullet just before he can bite her. he was encountered by a feral boy who had bit him and infected him with lycanthropy. Inspector Aberline bursts in and shoots at him but Gwen disrupts the shot. Lawrence's consciousness faintly returns where the Wolfman recognizes her and hesitates. The Wolfman traps Gwen above a waterfall. Sir John had relied on Singh to imprison him during full moons. Maleva confirms that Lawrence cannot be cured and asks God to help Gwen to do what she must. Gwen also makes her way to Blackmoor. but Singh never knew. Now invigorated by the power of being a werewolf. Gwen studies lycanthropy and tracks down Maleva to ask her help. Having knocked Singh out and unable to lock himself in. Lawrence realizes that he had seen his father as a werewolf kill their mother. The Wolfman kills several people before disappearing into the night. Aberline tracks Lawrence to Blackmoor. a human Lawrence visits Gwen at her antiques shop. The wounded Aberline with the silver wolf's head cane and the mob arrive as Lawrence dies in peace. and then decapitates him.

Derbyshire. he eagerly pursued it. for a day. Pick-ups at Pinewood were conducted in May 2009. a fan of the original and collector of Wolf Man memorabilia in the lead role. developing the original film's story to include additional characters as well as plot points that would take advantage of modern visual effects.[10] In February 2007. who's practically the Wolf Man already. 2008. but the studio also met with Frank Darabont.[12] Johnston was hired to direct on February 3.[11] They shot at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire. dead grass and ivy. and Castle Combe in Wiltshire. to Benicio del Toro with more hair and bigger teeth.[11] Brett Ratner emerged as a frontrunner to replace Romanek. as both The Wolf Man and Frankenstein inspired him to become a make-up artist as a child. in return for filming in the tithe barn for a scene involving frozen corpses. Here we have Benicio del Toro."[20] .[15] At that time the film was budgeted at US$85 million.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' • • • • • • • • Cristina Contes as Solana Talbot Michael Cronin as Dr.[18] A funeral scene was also shot beside the Temple of Ancient Virtue at Stowe House. Universal Pictures announced the remake of The Wolf Man with actor Benicio del Toro. we went from this naked man to a four-legged hound from hell.[17] They also shot in Lacock in Wiltshire. 2008.[7] [8] Screenwriter Andrew Kevin Walker was attached to the screenplay. and the film's shooting schedule and budget remained as intended. a village conserved by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty.[5] The Wolfman's howl incorporated elements from Gene Simmons and David Lee Roth.[9] Del Toro also looked towards Werewolf of London and The Curse of the Werewolf for inspiration. Like when I did An American Werewolf in London.[6] 320 Production In March 2006.[19] Rick Baker created the make-up for The Wolfman. Chatsworth. and we had a lot of room to go from the transformation and do a lot of really extreme things. director Mark Romanek was attached to helm The Wolfman. When he heard Universal was remaking the film.[9] In January 2008.[16] They transformed Chatsworth House by adding weeds. and Martin Campbell was interested. Universal donated £5000 to the village. He acknowledged transforming del Toro was not difficult because he is a hairy man: "Going from Benicio to Benicio as the Wolf Man isn't a really extreme difference. as well as opera singers and animal impersonators. with the temple coated in false ivy and copious amounts of smoke/mist floating over the setting. in the United Kingdom. James Mangold and Joe Johnston. Lloyd Nicholas Day as Colonel Montford Clive Russell as MacQueen Roger Frost as Reverend Fisk Shaun Smith as Carter Make-up artist Rick Baker makes a cameo appearance as the Gypsy man who is the first killed. Romanek left the project because of creative differences.[14] Shooting took place from March 3 to June 23.[13] Johnston hired David Self to rewrite the script. They were also interested in Bill Condon.

2009. “I recognized that there were things that I was going to be able to do from the beginning to the end. which is the finished result.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' Baker and del Toro were adamant about the design resembling the make-up created by Jack Pierce. Emily Blunt.[21] The make-up took three hours to apply. he transforms .” [23] In February 2009.[26] it was first pushed back to February 12. 2009. “I decided to basically shoot just Benicio. Originally scheduled for a November 12. That was really my main reason [for using CG].. 2010. which disappointed him Rick Baker. The purpose of the reshoots was to change the way one werewolf looked in the movie.[28] [29] Finally. in April 2008..[27] In December 2008.[30] In most European countries the film was released on February 10 and 11. 2009. Universal moved the release to November 6. while several dentures and wigs were created in case some were damaged. The unrated director's cut is released with an exclusive Wolfman glow-in-the-dark cup and a Wolfman Dog Tag Keychain.[31] The film premiered in Rome on January 27. and one hour to remove. in the sequence where . at the 2009 Halloween Horror Nights.. the film was yet again moved in late July 2009 to February 12. but Romanek went through thousands of concept art.[20] Baker said the transformation would likely be computer-generated. Also. The Wolfman suffers from a suspense-deficient script and a surprising lack of genuine chills. He has stated.. he stands on four. it got moved to April 3. but now. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 32% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 193 reviews. and Benicio del Toro at the 2008 as he would not be involved and felt it would look Comic-Con convention promoting the film unrealistic (as the animators did not have his knowledge of the design). an action scene was added between "the Wolf Man and the Werewolf" according to Vic Armstrong.[25] 321 Release During the course of its production The Wolfman saw its release date postponed several times.[32] The cast and crew were back on location re-shooting the movie in the grounds of The Old Royal Naval College and park in Greenwich over the weekends of May 22–25 and 30–31. and things that I had to rely on post-production for. 2009. Previously. 2010. concluding that "The Wolfman bites. it gave me so much more flexibility.[37] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone assigned the film one and a half stars out of four.[36] Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film two and a half stars out of four. indicating mixed or average reviews. it stood on two legs.[35] The critical consensus is: Suitably grand and special effects-laden.[24] In addition to the film. but not — I think — in the way the . 2010.” In reference to filming Benicio del Toro's actual transformation into the Wolfman. with an average score of 4.[34] Critical reception The film has received generally mixed reviews. Johnston further explained.[35] It received a weighted average score of 43% on Metacritic based on 36 reviews. When Johnston signed on. which was released to theaters on August 21. Baker returned to his second design. and decide in post-production what I wanted the transformation to be.[27] Then.. 2008 release. New pieces of latex prosthetic makeup and loose hair was applied to del Toro's face each day.[33] The first trailer for The Wolfman was attached to Inglourious Basterds..7/10. Universal Studios Florida added The Wolfman to the event. ZBrush art of the transformation by Baker leaked online.[22] Director Joe Johnston explained that joining the picture three weeks before photography placed limitations on his ability to film without using CG effects. 2009.

849. and Thomas Lindgren) were brought in to shape Elfman's score to fit the final cut of the film. which includes DVD-sales. which is already available on iTunes. the film and makeup artists.[43] Varese Sarabande Records has announced a CD of Elfman's score. however. in fact. previously worked with Elfman on Sleepy Hollow as an orchestrator and is a frequent collaborator with composer John Williams.[39] In 2011. Some confusion has surfaced regarding this. the film has grossed $160. Thaxton and Haslinger himself. which was rejected by the studio after the film was cut down half an hour in length and the music became too "wall-to-wall. comparing it to Lon Chaney.[45] However. The main theme has a similar "Eastern-European edge" to it. and $31. the producers decided rather than to expand on his ideas with a new composer (a path that they would eventually take). Danny Elfman's version of The Wolfman score was officially released on February 23. Edward Shearmur. as many news sources are claiming Elfman never "completed" his score." creating what Johnston called too much repetition. It is believed the material Haslinger did record specifically for the studio as his intended version of the score was subsequently destroyed shortly after his removal.670. Prokofiev. and moody score for The Wolfman. as well as compose new material for the film.'s in the original.[42] Universal decided to switch back scores close to the last minute. Soundtrack It was reported that Danny Elfman wrote a dark."[38] Owen Glieberman of Entertainment Weekly praised Del Toro's role as Lawrence.[41] Thus far. Whether Haslinger retained any of his work for personal purposes is currently unknown. realizing their experiment had failed. Elfman's score.000 on its opening day. melodic. the one that is used in the final film instead. both featured Elfman's score in some form. A similar situation formed for Elfman's Spider-Man 2. 11 days after the film's release.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' filmmakers intended. turning a slow-paced story into a much faster one. The idea was to quicken the pace and strike a similar tone to the successful Underworld films. Due to his not being able to come back and re-score (because he was contractually obligated to work on Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland feature film). but had not re-shaped it to fit the studio's ever evolving changes. Paul Haslinger subsequently wrote an electronic contemporary incarnation of The Wolfman score. which reflected the first incarnation of the score.235 in its opening weekend. sidestepping that he did. he is not credited for his work on the film.[44] Dark ambient musician Lustmord mentions on his personal blog that he made "some sounds for the score". coming in third at the box office after Valentine's Day and Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief.850. . This is actually the original score Elfman made for the earlier cut of The Wolfman before it was temporarily rejected.479. A believed-to-be sample of Haslinger's rejected score was released around the same time. Jr.[40] 322 Box office The film grossed $19. where the music in the final film stood mostly separate from the original work on the CD release. as well as the soundtrack Wojciech Kilar wrote for Francis Ford Coppola's 1992 version of Dracula. Rick Baker and Dave Elsey. which was previously recorded is as a result. which the studio quickly realized was not appropriate for the 1800s Gothic setting. There has of late been two versions of the film Universal has known to have shown to test audiences. and Bernard Herrmann. Elfman's original recording was used in the final film. Elfman's Wolfman is very much inspired by the works of Bartok. Conrad Pope. some additional music composers (Conrad Pope. additional composer. a film which Anthony Hopkins also co-starred in. complete it. which would include extensive re-shooting of scenes. to take a gamble and attempt a different composer. but was ultimately confirmed a false sample by Film Score Monthly record producer Ford A. along with a completely different approach. In terms of style. received an Academy Award nomination for Best Makeup for the 83rd Academy Awards.

suggesting this was changed during the remake's development to be closer to the original film. Wolf Suite Pt 1 (4:12) 2. It includes a scene early in the story which explains how Lawrence obtained the cane with a silver wolf's head (which features prominently in the original film but only sparingly in the remake). Wake Up. Be Strong (2:31) 15. 323 Merchandising Several companies are involved in the merchandising of the film.[47] In early January 2010. Lawrence (5:17) 8. Because costumes are sold to retailers months in advance. Prologue (2:57) 4. The Madhouse (5:32) 16. Bad Moon Rising (0:59) 6. Wolf Wild #2 (1:27) *contains additional music by Edward Shearmur and Thomas Lindgren. The Finale (4:11) 19.[48] The Company released a 7 and a 12-Inch figure. Dear Mr. First Transformation (3:30) 11. You Must Go (3:46) 12. 2010. Wolf Suite Pt 2 (5:55) 3. of which the paperback was released on February 2. the Halloween costumes came out in 2009 since the film being pushed back to 2010 happened after the costumes had been shipped to retailers. Reflection/2nd Transformation (4:12)* 17. Gypsy Massacre (2:24)* 7.[49] Novelization Jonathan Maberry wrote a novelization to the film. The Antique Shop (3:32) 13. The Healing Montage (2:50) 10. Talbot (1:45) 5. Country Carnage (2:31)* 14. The Traveling Montage (4:27) 18. Rubies Costumes is making both child and adult costumes. Mezco Toyz donated the prototypes of the toys to the Museum Of The Moving Image in New York. They are also producing replicas of the medallion from the film. . It also has Gwen and her father owning an apothecary rather than an antiques shop.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' Tracklisting: 1.[46] Mezco Toyz is making 7 inch and 12 inch tall Wolfman action figures. the same day the original The Wolf Man movie was re-released on DVD with Universal's Legacy Series. with Lawrence exchanging his ordinary wooden cane with an elderly Frenchman for the silver wolf's head cane on his initial trip to Blackmoor. alongside publishing The Wolfman Collectible Medallion Replica. The Funeral (4:13)* 9.

The Hollywood Reporter. com/ article/ VR1117979801. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3i1bca43ffb402e1d79849f348de10f930). dreadcentral. variety. imdb. . com/ movies/ ?id=wolfman. Retrieved 2007-02-08. there is still a credit for "Assistant to Mr. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). . Trivia page (http:/ / www. . hollywoodreporter. although it has gone through changes. "Romanek drops out of 'Wolf Man'" (http:/ / www. 2006-03-14. exclusive to the UK. Retrieved June 16. and also includes the standard DVD with the extended and deleted scenes. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3i2b58004ff7cfb2623b1bb3e41d76990e). Retrieved 2008-03-21. The Wolfman (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20070210055231/ http:/ / www. [9] Borys Kit (2007-02-08). von Sydow. Empire Online. The original Universal Studios logo used in the original Wolfman movie was inserted at the very beginning of the Uncut version. com/ news/ hopkins-might-be-papa-wolf-1828). variety. com/ news/ 35403/ old-school-rockers-give-wolfman-his-howl). Though Max von Sydow's credit is absent from the theatrical cut. Box Office Mojo. is available on Blu-ray Disc." Home media The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in the US on June 1. [13] Michael Fleming (2008-02-04). originally it was thought to be announced for June 14. which incorporates 17 minutes of footage back into the film. Variety. com/ news/ story. The Blu-ray Disc includes many special features and featurettes on the making of the film. but it was later confirmed for June 7. The Hollywood Reporter.[53] A limited edition in Steelbook packaging. "Hugo Weaving to pursue 'Wolfman'" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2008-03-21. com/ title/ tt0780653/ trivia) at the Internet Movie Database "Old School Rockers Give Wolfman His Howl" (http:/ / www.[52] The release date for the UK has also been announced. archive.’ Declares No Monster Montgomery-goes-old-school-for-wolf-man-declares-no-monster-cameos/". Variety. Joe Johnston stated that the 17 minutes of additional footage will be re-instated on the extended cut. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). including two alternate endings of the film. Both editions include the theatrical version and the new director's cut. hollywoodreporter. com/ article/ VR1117939762. variety. [8] "Del Toro bites into 'Wolf Man'" (http:/ / www.] [7] "A fan of the origine = Producer Talks Wolfman" (http:/ / www. References "The Wolfman (2010)" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117981295. Variety. latinoreview. Also to appear on the Blu-ray Disc version will be the opportunity for viewers to stream the original 1941 version of The Wolf Man. . html?cs=1). [10] Rodrigo Perez. [11] Michael Fleming (2008-01-29). html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. Retrieved 2008-02-01. bloody-disgusting. DreadCentral. "Johnston to direct 'Wolfman'" (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt780653/ ) at the Internet Movie Database "'The Wolfman' Whimpering Into Theaters with Two Versions Being Cut?" (http:/ / www. 2010. variety. imdb. Retrieved November 9. "Ratner among 'Wolf' men" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 18612). Retrieved 2008-02-04. . The only special features included on the standard DVD are a set of deleted and extended scenes.com.[50] Johnston said the reason for deleting the 17 minutes from the final cut was "to push the story along so that audiences would get to the first Wolfman transformation sooner. "Hopkins might be paper wolf" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . [14] Diane Garrett (2008-02-21).''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' 324 Extended cut Director Joe Johnston has claimed that an extended cut of the film will be released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc. . The UK Standard Definition DVD only contains the Extended Director's Cut and the Deleted Scenes. boxofficemojo. . com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3i1bca43ffb402e1d79849f348de10f930) on 2007-02-10. empireonline. Best Buy has released an exclusive 2-Disc DVD set that includes a bonus disc featuring most of the BD features. IMDb. . 2008-03-21. com/ article/ VR1117980108. January 19. 2010. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved 2008-02-22. "Romanek stalks Del Toro 'Wolfman'" (http:/ / web. either as way to pay homage and respect to the original Wolfman and the original Universal Horror films or to foreshadow the return of the Universal Monster movies. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] . asp?NID=22240). [12] Borys Kit (2008-02-01). htm). . 2010. 2010. Retrieved 2008-01-30. "Benicio del Toro Goes Old School For ‘Wolf Man."[51] The extra footage contains the origin of the silver cane-sword and also the uncredited and completely removed part played by Max von Sydow who was the original owner of the cane.

. php?id=43761). suntimes. variety. Italy (http:/ / fashionrules. Variety. January 13. [17] "Film stars at Chatsworth" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20100210/ REVIEWS/ 100219997). com/ news/ 14072). Slash Film. [50] "Johnston Prepping Wolfman Extended Cut" (http:/ / www. [43] Danny Elfman’s ‘Wolfman’ Score Brought Back Into Play (http:/ / screenrant. Cinefantastique. html). asp?layout=chart_film_prod_d& dept=Film& recordid=1117786736). [22] Larry Carroll (2008-07-27).net. com/ news/ topnews. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2008-07-30. Variety. . "'Monsters' makes room for 'Avatar'" (http:/ / www.. . Retrieved 2010-02-05. com/ news/ comicconnews. . Dark Horizons. Retrieved 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2010-02-13.net. [21] Ryan Rotten (2008-07-29). thestar. . Shock Till You Drop. com/ apps/ pbcs. net/ news/ movienews. de/ movies/ wolfman). com/ blog/ exclusive-interview-ninjas-claw-at-the-truth-with-wolfman-and-captain-america-director-joe-johnston) [24] "Want to See Some Wolfman Concept Art?!" (http:/ / www. "The Wolfman howls on February 10. 2010) [30] "Universal Pictures Sets Upcoming Slate" (http:/ / www. . com/ article/ VR1117972295. slashfilm. dreadcentral. [39] Glieberman. mtv.''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' [15] "Film Production Detail" (http:/ / www. org/ awards/ academyawards/ 83/ nominees. Steve. rottentomatoes. com/ news/ 35907/ toyfair-2010-mezcos-wolfman-collectibles-tear-things-up).. Sheffield Telegraph. . Shock Till You Drop. Retrieved 2008-03-19. Marc Graser (2007-09-19). 16 February 2010. 2008-03-07. metacritic. 2009-02-26. com/ the-wolfman-danny-elfman-music-score-ross-42292/ ) [44] "UPDATED: The Wolfman's Rejected Score Surfaces" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ topnews. com/ 2009/ 11/ wolfman. [32] Emily Blunt at the Wolfman Premiere in Rome. Two Legs Bad'"" (http:/ / www. [34] Three Weeks of The Wolfman Contest Part 1 (http:/ / www. . MTV Movies Blog. [45] http:/ / b-lustmord. [28] Biodrowski. . php?id=57556). moviepilot. Retrieved 2009-08-19. Retrieved 2010-02-06. "Film fans descend on Wolf Man's Lacock set".". Retrieved 2011-01-25. ComingSoon. dreadcentral. Retrieved 2010-02-13. ew. . ""Wolfman" Reshoots Underway In UK" (http:/ / www. . google. TheStar. [23] 30 Ninjas Interview Wolfman Director Joe Johnston on Make-up VS CGI (http:/ / 30ninjas.00.20343651. com/ reviews/ movie/ 21471372/ review/ 32131793/ the_wolfman). . com/ article/ VR111997153. com/ 2008/ 07/ 27/ cgi-wolf-man-an-upset-rick-baker-shows-his-teeth/ ). [18] Scott McPherson (2008-04-10). asp [47] http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 01/ emily-blunt-at-the-wolfman-premiere-in-rome-italy/ ). darkhorizons. Retrieved 2008-06-20. comingsoon.com :: Reviews" (http:/ / rogerebert. php?id=7133). Retrieved 2010-02-13. dreadcentral.4M opening weekend" (http:/ / www. [33] ""Wolfman Reshoots Say 'Four Legs Good. com/ hostednews/ ap/ article/ ALeqM5ia1FPSxXY_CtWNU2djwNxRbGiU3wD9DS3S580). html [46] http:/ / costumezone.co. Entertainment Weekly. shocktillyoudrop. 2009-07-06. [26] Pamela McClintock. net/ thewolfman. "CGI Wolf Man? An Upset Rick Baker Shows His Teeth" (http:/ / moviesblog. [41] "'Valentine's Day' courts $52. Variety. [19] Garth Franklin (2009-05-07). com/ main/ mezco-donates-the-wolfman [49] "Toy Fair 2010: Mezco's Wolfman Collectibles Tear Things Up!" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 16664). This is Wiltshire. bloody-disgusting. mezco. [31] The Wolfman (http:/ / www. co. ew. [16] "Werewolf at door. shocktillyoudrop. com/ 2009/ 07/ 09/ wolfman-reshoots-say-four-legs-good-two-legs-bad/ ). . Retrieved 2009-07-28. "'Wolfman.20185191. . "The Wolfman" (http:/ / www.00. "First Look: Benicio del Toro as the Wolfman" (http:/ / www.uk.. Chicago Sun-Times. variety. Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. . [38] "The Wolfman:Review:Rolling Stone" (http:/ / www. actionfigureinsider. . Retrieved 2009-05-09. 325 . com/ 2009/ 01/ the-wolfman-howls-on-november-6/ ). ComingSoon. com/ news/ 35973/ the-wolfmans-rejected-score-surfaces). html). [42] "Danny Elfman WILL Be Scoring The Wolfman After all" (http:/ / www. . html). oscars. 3856711. html?categoryid=13& cs=1).. "SDCC '08: The Wolfman At Your Door" (http:/ / www. 2008-04-07. [37] "The Wolfman :: rogerebert. 2009-07-28. uk/ news/ Film-stars-at-Chatsworth. com/ m/ 1194949-wolfman/ ). com/ news/ 37571/ three-weeks-the-wolfman-contest-part-1) [35] "The Wolfman Reviews" (http:/ / www. [40] "Nominees for the 83rd Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. jp). php?id=14007). comingsoon. com/ ew/ article/ 0. (dead link January 5. Rolling Stone. html [48] http:/ / www. . com/ index. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). . Bloody Disgusting. . [27] "Valkyrie Moved Back to 2009" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 35451/ danny-elfman-will-be-scoring-the-wolfman-afterall).' 'Nottingham' delayed" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-04-07. variety. [36] "The Wolfman Reviews" (http:/ / www. . 2008-03-08. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 2008-04-09. Metacritic. php?id=9704). com/ wolfman-movie-halloween-costumes. 2010" (http:/ / cinefantastiqueonline. [25] "'The Wolfman' Joins Uni's Hollywood's Halloween Horror Nights" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-07-27. com/ film/ titles/ wolfman). Retrieved 2009-02-26. rollingstone. 2009 [29] Pamela McClintock (2008-12-10). dreadcentral. Owen. Entertainment Weekly. . [20] Lindsay Soll (2008-03-19). blogspot. net/ news/ movienews. Retrieved 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2010-02-13. shocktillyoudrop. .

. com/ universal/ -wolfman-turns-blu-june-1-18906).''The Wolfman (2010 film)'' [51] http:/ / screenrant.thewolfmanmovie.imdb.rottentomatoes. David Lee Roth Provide 'Wolfman's' Howl?! (http://www. com/ news/ releases/ the-wolfman3.com/movies/?id=wolfman.allmovie.com/news/ 18747) External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/work/388948) at Allmovie The Wolfman (http://www.com/title/tt0780653/) at the Internet Movie Database The Wolfman (http://www. com/ the-wolfman-extended-cut-niall-44484/ [52] "‘The Wolfman’ Turns Blu June 1" (http:/ / www.boxofficemojo.com/m/1194949-wolfman/) at Rotten Tomatoes .bloody-disgusting. homemediamagazine.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Wolfman (http://www. [53] http:/ / www. html 326 • Gene Simmons. dvdactive.com/) The Wolfman (http://www.

Gemma Jones.6 million [1] Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger is a 2010 English-language Spanish-American co-production comedy-drama film written and directed by Woody Allen. Josh Brolin. Freida Pinto. 2010 (Cannes Film Festival) September 23. and Naomi Watts. Anthony Hopkins.''You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger'' 327 You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Woody Allen Letty Aronson Stephen Tenenbaum Jaume Roures Woody Allen Zak Orth Antonio Banderas Josh Brolin Anthony Hopkins Gemma Jones Freida Pinto Lucy Punch Naomi Watts Written by Narrated by Starring Cinematography Vilmos Zsigmond Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Alisa Lepselter Sony Pictures Classics (US) Pathé (UK) May 15. It premiered on 15 May 2010 at the Cannes Film Festival in an out-of-competition slot.[2] . It features Antonio Banderas. 2010 (United States) 98 minutes Spain United States English $15 million $26.

and Roy is shocked to hear that the friend is actually in coma and recovering. He also has esoteric beliefs. she’s in for a rude awakening. Sally considers having an affair with Greg (Antonio Banderas). eventually. Sally is furious. When Roy hears that a friend has died. but we need some delusions to keep us going. and they have first received the blessing of his deceased wife for the new relationship. a widower.”[3] The film is the fourth Allen shot in London. following Match Point (2005). but he starts an affair with a colleague. She starts a relationship with the keeper of a bookshop.''You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger'' 328 Plot Alfie (Anthony Hopkins) and Helena (Gemma Jones) divorce and Alfie marries a prostitute. and claims it is his work. And the people who successfully delude themselves seem happier than the people who can’t. She gets pregnant. there was a mix-up with another friend who has died. and all of a sudden. he steals it. for setting up her own art gallery. It is well received. The problem is. This sounds so bleak when I say it. She has acquired from Cristal a belief in reincarnation.[4] Cast • • • • • • • • • • Roger Ashton-Griffiths as Jonathan Antonio Banderas as Greg Clemente Ewen Bremner as Henry Strangler Josh Brolin as Roy Anthony Hopkins as Alfie Gemma Jones as Helena Freida Pinto as Dia Neil Jackson as Allen Lucy Punch as Charmaine Naomi Watts as Sally . and sees her life now as only one episode in her series of lives. and of whom only Roy knows that the friend had just finished a manuscript that he had not shown to anyone else yet. However. who once wrote a successful book. a musicologist he sees through a window near his and Sally’s flat. So it occurred to me that that was a good character for a movie: a woman who everything had failed for her. Helena begins seeing fortune teller Cristal (Pauline Collins). Originally. it turned out that a woman telling her fortune was helping her. Alfie gets into financial trouble and worries about Charmaine's high expenses. and is now eagerly waiting for response from his publisher about the manuscript of his second one. He convinces Dia to break off her engagement. but she refuses because according to Cristal it is astrologically a bad time. while Charmaine argues that it does not matter. she has sex with another man. Alfie wants a DNA test to find out whether he is the father. her boss at an art gallery. who is also a writer. Roy falls for Dia (Freida Pinto). Nicole Kidman was cast in one of the lead roles. However. Their daughter Sally (Naomi Watts) has a troubled marriage with author Roy (Josh Brolin). Scheduling conflicts arose because of her production company and her film Rabbit Hole. except for Helena. In the end. She was eventually replaced by Lucy Punch. Charmaine (Lucy Punch). Production Allen wrote the script because he was “interested in the concept of faith in something. I’ve known people who have put their faith in religion and in fortune tellers. Scoop (2006). all are dissatisfied with their choices. and Cassandra's Dream (2007). Also. Sally asks Helena for a loan she promised.

htm). [3] Itzkoff. a few dangling loose ends and an overall mood of sloppy. rottentomatoes. Hollywood Reporter. . Metacritic. html). hollywoodreporter.O. (September 21. nytimes. [10] Scott. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 11019455/ year/ 2010. and More at Metacritic" (http:/ / www. tolerant cynicism. 2009). "Kidman bolts from Woody Allen film" (http:/ / www. . Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly stated "The film is notable. [5] http:/ / www.''You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger'' • • • • • • • Celia Imrie as Enid Wicklow Pauline Collins as Cristal Anna Friel as Iris Anupam Kher as Dia’s father Natalie Walter as Allen's sister [5] Christian McKay as Poker Friend Philip Glenister as Poker Friend 329 Reception On the brink of the film’s premiere at Cannes. Credits. Fleming. variety. com/ movies/ ?id=talldarkstranger.[7] Its consensus states: “It’s sporadically amusing. . com/ hr/ content_display/ film-festival/ cannes/ reviews/ e3ib30a7315dd82b7c9bb5e43098f44f5bb).”[10] Two reviews expressed opposing viewpoints about where the film stands among Allen’s films shot in London. Cannes 2009. a representative of Sony Picture Classics. with an average score of 4. "Woody Allen on Faith. com/ 2010/ 09/ 22/ movies/ 22you. [9] Honeycutt. imdb. droplets of melodrama. 2010. a fanciful fable. Retrieved 2010-10-02. [8] "You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger Reviews. and typically well-cast.[8] Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter described it as “A serviceable Woody Allen comedy that trifles with its characters rather than engaging with them.com. Variety. com/ article/ VR1118003504). com/ m/ you_will_meet_a_tall_dark_stranger/ ). Festival-cannes. Baz (16 May 2010). com/ movie/ you-will-meet-a-tall-dark-stranger). O. Pictures" (http:/ / www. [2] "Cannes Film Festival . The New York Times. calculated an average score of 53 based on 22 critics. with an idealised London as its setting. nytimes. dailymail. .Selection List" (http:/ / www.. but Woody Allen’s You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger is easily the best of his recent London-based films. . There are hints of farce. "You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger . "Looking for Something When Life Signifies Nothing" (http:/ / movies. html). Dave (September 14. 2010). . Retrieved 2010-10-02. Metacritic. boxofficemojo. com/ title/ tt1182350/ fullcredits#cast [6] Bamigboye. Retrieved January 7. com/ 2010/ 09/ 15/ movies/ 15woody. reversals and semi-surprises. metacritic. for being the first movie Allen has made in London that is every bit as bad as his most awful New York comedies. . CBS Interactive. festival-cannes. co.4/10. told the Daily Mail they planned to mount an Oscar campaign for Gemma Jones. but noted Allen was just “treading water. Fortune Tellers and New York" (http:/ / www. .. [4] Jaafar. "Sixtysomething British actress Gemma Jones is the talk of Cannes with Oscar-tipped role in Woody Allen movie" (http:/ / www. Ratings. Retrieved 2010-09-20. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 46% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 97 reviews."[11] David Gritten of The Daily Telegraph wrote “It sounds like damning with faint praise.”[12] Mark Kermode also considered it the best of Allen's London films. . uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-1278632/ Sixtysomething-British-actress-Gemma-Jones-talk-Cannes-starring-role-Woody-Allen-movie. Retrieved 2010-10-29. like Anything Else and Melinda and Melinda. .. Retrieved 2010-10-29.[6] The film has received generally mixed reviews. Retrieved 2010-10-02. Retrieved 2010-10-07.”[9] A. Retrieved 2010-10-29.” [7] Another review aggregate. if that’s the word. Ali. [7] "You Will Meet A Tall Dark Stranger Movie Reviews. but You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger isn’t one of Woody Allen’s more inspired late-period efforts. 2010).. which assigns a normalized rating of 0-100 of top reviews from mainstream critics. The New York Times.”[13] References [1] "You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger (2010)" (http:/ / www. Scott called Allen the “great champion of cosmic insignificance” and said the film is served up with a “wry shrug and an amusing flurry of coincidences. Daily Mail. A. Michael (May 12. Kirk (2010-05-15). the film’s distributor in the United States. Rotten Tomatoes. Box Office Mojo. html).Film Review" (http:/ / www. html?pagewanted=all).

BBC. co. David (17 May 2010). co. Retrieved 2010-10-29.So what's good this year?" (http:/ / www. . The Daily Telegraph.com/title/tt1182350/) at the Internet Movie Database • You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger (http://www. uk/ blogs/ markkermode/ 2010/ 05/ cannes_2010_day_4_so_whats_goo.imdb. telegraph. [12] Gritten. html) (Adobe Flash). "Cannes Film Festival: You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger. bbc.sonyclassics.ew. review" (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. Owen (2010-05-15). "Cannes: Mike Leigh scores and Woody Allen bores" (http:/ / movie-critics.com.''You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger'' [11] Gleiberman. uk/ culture/ film/ cannes-film-festival/ 7732762/ Cannes-Film-Festival-You-Will-Meet-a-Tall-Dark-Stranger-review. html). Retrieved 2010-10-29. Kermode Uncut (video blog). ew. com/ 2010/ 05/ 15/ mike-leigh-scores-woody-allen-bores/ ). Mark (17 May 2010). "Cannes 2010 Day 4 . 330 External links • Official website (http://http://www.com/youwillmeetatalldarkstranger/) • You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger (http://www. Movie-critics. [13] Kermode. .com/m/you_will_meet_a_tall_dark_stranger/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes . Retrieved 2010-10-02. .

Ashley Miller. Natalie Portman. Zack Stentz and Don Payne. 2011 (United States) United States English $150 million [1] Thor is an upcoming 2011 American superhero film based on the comic book character of the same name published by Marvel Comics.''Thor (film)'' 331 Thor (film) Thor Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Kenneth Branagh Kevin Feige Mark Protosevich Ashley Miller Zack Stentz Don Payne J. 2011 May 6. Tom Hiddleston. Egypt.[2] The film will star Chris Hemsworth.[3] [4] The project of a film adaptation of Thor was in development hell for several years before Marvel Studios signed . 2011 in Belgium. Jaimie Alexander and Anthony Hopkins with Kenneth Branagh directing a script by Mark Protosevich. 2011 in the United States. Michael Straczynski Thor by Stan Lee Larry Lieber Jack Kirby Chris Hemsworth Tom Hiddleston Natalie Portman Anthony Hopkins Jaimie Alexander Patrick Doyle Story by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Haris Zambarloukos Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Budget Paul Rubell Marvel Studios Paramount Pictures April 27. France and Switzerland and on May 6. It is the fourth film to be released in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and is scheduled to be released on April 27.

who’s amazing. the way [Thor] moves and fights. to have a woman as a scientist’". Portman replied "I just thought it sounded like a weird idea because Kenneth Branagh's directing it. Marvel Studios stated in an announcement that the character will be updated from the comics' initial portrayal for the feature adaptation. and what's his relationship with people in the individual scenes?'"[8] About approaching Thor's fighting style. in a very big movie that is going to be seen by a lot of people. I just have to dress cute in movies’". and getting to do it with Branagh was a new way of approaching it. Hiddleston also stated that he had to keep a strict diet before the start of filming because "Ken (Branagh) wants Loki to have a lean and hungry look. —Marvel. he can't be posing as Thor".[10] • Natalie Portman as Jane Foster: A scientist and Thor's love interest.[7] On his take of the character. Thor learns what it takes to be a true hero when the most dangerous villain of his world sends the darkest forces of Asgard to invade Earth. Hiddleston was chosen after previously working with Branagh on Ivanov and Wallander.[13] Regarding her preparation for the role Portman remarked. very low to the ground and big open chest and big shoulder swings and very sort of brutal but graceful at the same time. Thor is also scheduled to be released in 3-D.'"[12] Portman also stated that she really wanted to do a big effects movie that emphasized character. Mike Tyson. but it's all very true to the original stuff". We talked about boxers. and a lot of his power seems to be drawn up through the ground. Physically.[5] 332 Premise The Mighty Thor.[11] When asked why she took the role.[14] . but it is those little things that makes girls think it’s possible. It doesn’t give them a [role] model of ‘Oh. Thor is cast down to Earth and forced to live among humans as punishment. "She’s a very serious scientist. I got to read all of these biographies of female scientists like Rosalind Franklin who actually discovered the DNA double helix but didn’t get the credit for it.[9] • Tom Hiddleston as Loki: Thor's adoptive brother and nemesis based on the deity of the same name. but also bring it back to 'Who is this guy as a person.[6] Hemsworth said the film stays true to the comics.[3] Initially Hiddleston auditioned to play Thor but Branagh decided his talent would be better harnessed playing Loki. About the character Portman stated. The struggles they had and the way that they thought — I was like. stating. but nastier". and the film's release was rescheduled into 2011. "I signed on to do it before there was a script. there are "so many different versions of the comic books. he remarked. and then as we shot stuff things became easier". we looked at the comic books and the posturing. Look into all the research about the comic books that we could. relative to Star Wars. a powerful but arrogant warrior whose reckless actions reignite an ancient war. [3] Cast • Chris Hemsworth as Thor: The god of thunder based on the Norse mythological deity of the same name. they've sort of bonded quite a few of them to form this particular story. I've gotta do it. "First. you know.''Thor (film)'' Protosevich to write its script in 2006. Branagh replaced Vaughn in late 2008. And Ken. Matthew Vaughn was to direct the film in late 2008 for a release in 2010. was like. who is so incredible. Hemsworth said. like Cassius in Julius Caesar. Because in the comic she’s a nurse and now they made her an astrophysicist. ‘You can really help create this character‘. Really. "We just kept trying to humanize it all. and keep it very real. Director Kenneth Branagh and Marvel Studios chief Kevin Feige chose Hemsworth after a back-and-forth process in which the 27-year-old actor was initially dropped from consideration and then given a second chance to read for the part. Once here. I know it sounds silly. About the character Hiddleston stated that "Loki's like a comic book version of Edmund in King Lear. ‘What a great opportunity. so I was just like. 'Kenneth Branagh doing Thor is super-weird.com. The main characters were cast in 2009 and principal photography took place from January to May 2010.

. 'That is why I'm king. "I'm very interested in that relationship between fathers and sons". I try to pick different films. no. Skarsgård remarked. Fandral the Dashing. And if you’ve seen any of the Frost Giants. I "chose Thor because of [director] Kenneth Branagh. Townsend was replaced by Dallas citing "creative differences". tough. my karma is. Kelly of Asgard.[19] Alexander said the part required hours a day in the gym. I think he would like to think of himself a philanderer. He didn't mean any harm.[24] About his character Feore remarked.". men are not so forgiving.[29] [30] However. so I banish him.[16] Hopkins stated. "My father's relationship with me was cold.' He's ruthless. and Hiddleston at the 2010 San young.' And I move on. We’ve got some massive. He's a hot-headed. About her relationship with Thor she stated. saying. of course. "Fandral. days before filming began. "She's a very talented. he expressed his disappointment because I Diego Comic-Con International. I was saying. though training is not unfamiliar to her. probably a chip off of the old block but I decide he's not really ready to rule the future kingdom. father of Thor. move on. "I am the King of Frost Giants.[15] In an interview Hopkins stated he knew nothing of the comic. 'If you don't like it. as the R. He would like to think of himself. cold. based on the mythological deity of the same name. He's a man with purpose. So I had a very happy time on it. but with a bit of Shakespeare thrown in".''Thor (film)'' • Anthony Hopkins as Odin: The ruler of Asgard. He was a hot-blood character but to me. and that. the Napoleon of Frost Giants. nine feet. Alexander is best known for her portrayal of Jessi XX on the ABC Family series Kyle XY. not a fighter". Dennings. Texas. high-school wrestling team. When I was Hemsworth. About the film he said. But.[26] 333 Skarsgård stated that he was not initially familiar with Thor.[25] • Stellan Skarsgård as Professor Andrews. "It's a superhero movie.[21] • Colm Feore as Ymir: King of the Frost Giants." Hopkins also expressed that he finds a personal resonance in the Odin role.[17] • Jaimie Alexander as Sif: A warrior and Thor's childhood friend based on the mythological deity of the same name.[31] About the character Dallas stated.[22] [23] Feore stated it took five hours for his makeup to be applied. skilled warrior and can stand on her own against any villain in the film". What I always try to do is immediately do something I just haven’t done so I get variation in my life. Dallas also mentioned that Errol Flynn was an inspiration for the character . I'm a little like Odin myself".[20] Alexander described her character as "one of the guys" and that. Can’t you tell by the commanding presence? I am the boss". you know that I am. was bad in school and all of that. He also revealed that the film uses all modern language. a group of three Asgardian adventurers who are among Thor's closest comrades. fabulous guys who dwarf me and come in at around eight-and-a-half feet. I'm harsh and my wife complains and I say. I’ve made about 90 films and if I did the same thing over and over again I would be bored by now. Women are much more forgiving. He’s a lover. I go and do those big ones and having done that I can usually afford to go and do some really small obscure films and experiment a little". "He's a stern man. and adoptive father of Loki. temperamental young man.. I know in my life. The script was nice and we got to rehearse and talk to the writers and do some collaborating in the process to make it fit us.[18] Alexander admitted that shes was already very familiar with Marvel Comics before taking the part having grown up with four brothers.[27] As to why he took the part. take-it-or-leave-it. a scientist doing research in New Mexico who encounters Thor. but I felt I could never meet up to his expectations.[29] Stuart Townsend was initially cast after Zachary Levi was forced to vacate the role due to a scheduling conflict. "She is very loyal to Thor and cares a lot about protecting him and protecting Asgard. explaining she was one of few girls on her Colleyville.[28] • Joshua Dallas as Fandral: The leader of the Warriors Three. Portman. I play the god who banishes his son from the kingdom of Asgard because he screwed up.

I think that's a sign of the times for the future. And when he unleashes the storm. stating.D.I.. step mother of Thor and the adoptive mother of Loki. and a bit of a beer gut to suggest that enormous appetite. and take as much as he dishes out -.L.[47] Thor was abandoned until April 1997.[13] Adriana Barraza has been cast in an unknown role though is said to be a human. he’s the guy who just goes about his business". "I've tried the suit on.. co-writer of Thor. "He doesn’t speak much but when he does. Even over-confident. He's brash.[42] Gatt said he will be playing a villain "with a lot of action". You want to feel Thor's rage when he rages. "[C]asting now is taking definitely a more open-eyed approach to it. Odin sends him to Earth because he's not perfect. That’s OK. everybody shuts up.[35] The casting also prompted a boycott of the film by white supremacists. but he's not the sort of Weeble-shaped figure he is in the comics.''Thor (film)'' stating. About the character. "He's got every bit of that Falstaffian verve and vigor. but they did not understand it. “Thor’s mythical. Elba also stated that he was inspired by the source material: "I looked at the comic books actually because Heimdall. Stevenson will wear a fat suit for the role. He's Falstaff with muscles. and I think that's good". and Troy Brenna have also been cast in unspecified roles.[38] • Kat Dennings as Darcy: A co-worker of Jane Foster. meeting Stan Lee and pitching the concept to 20th Century Fox. He struggles.E. all-hearing Asgardian sentry of the bifröst bridge. based on the mythological deity of the same name.[34] News of Elba's casting was met by online complaints from some comic book fans who saw it as inappropriate for a Norse deity to be played by a black actor. yes. You don't want his adventures to be clean and antiseptic. agent Phil Coulson from Iron Man and Iron Man 2. You want to see the dirt. "He was a big inspiration for the character and for me. Elba remarked.. when Marvel Studios . Michael Straczynski[45] will have cameo appearances. I think we will see multi-level casting .".H. you want to feel like you're seeing the power of a GOD at work.[43] Stan Lee[44] and J. about the project [46] Sam Raimi originally envisioned the idea for Thor after Darkman (1990).[29] Stevenson previously worked with Kenneth Branagh in the 1998 film The Theory of Flight. and what they've done is kind of sex him up: he's sort of slimmer but rounder. Life kicks him where it hurts the most. You want to feel every bone crunching moment of every fight.. You want to have a visceral reaction to the guy. Stevenson said.[39] Dennings described her character as Foster's "little helper gnome".[33] • Idris Elba as Heimdall: The all-seeing. based on the mythological deity of the same name. and grime and blood.[32] • Tadanobu Asano as Hogun: One of the Warriors Three. arrogant. I've got this amazing foam-injected undersuit that flexes with me. You want to see him fight like hell. right? Thor has a hammer that flies to him when he clicks his fingers. primarily characterized by his grim demeanor and the only member who is not an Æsir. and with Marvel Studios as the titular character in Punisher: War Zone. 334 Production Development "Thor's powers are godly..he also bleeds.[32] • Ray Stevenson as Volstagg: The comic relief of the Warriors Three known for both his hearty appetite and wide girth. he’s a very central character and I wanted to reflect him as he is in the comic books". If you know anything about the Nords.". he's a man..." Ashley Miller. but the color of my skin is wrong?”[36] About his casting. they don’t look like me but there you go.. Flynn had a lot of that boyish charm that Fandril’s got all that in him". queen of Asgard. Joshua Cox.. In response to the boycott Elba said. I was cast in Thor and I'm cast as a Nordic god.[41] Actors Joseph Gatt.[40] Clark Gregg will reprise his role as S. I watched a lot of his movies and kind of got that into my bones.[37] • Rene Russo as Frigga: The wife of Odin. and what happens to him.. I tried to bring out that little bit of Flynn-ness in it.But at the end of the day.maybe more.[29] Ray Stevenson said of Asano's character. But also in the healing room where everyone licks their wounds.

'"[69] In February 2009 a casting call went out looking for actors with certain physical attributes to audition for the role of Thor.[72] Feige also mentioned that the film would take place on both modern day Earth and Asgard but Thor's human host.[1] He intended to start filming in late 2008[59] and after the success of Iron Man.[50] [51] [52] However. Branagh confirmed that he has been hired. Dr. they pushed for a script and approached Tyler Mane to lead as Thor. 'Naw.[49] In May 2000. Studios confirmed in June of that year that both Hemsworth and Hiddleston had signed on. to distance the film's release from that of Captain America: The First Avenger.[66] They later moved the release date to May 20. Jackson revealed that he will not be appearing in Thor. signed to write the script in April 2006.”[64] Branagh stated that he hoped to begin filming in January 2010[65] and Marvel Studios set back the release date of the film from its scheduled July 16.[72] . The plan was for the film to be made for TV. excited by the prospect. Director Kenneth Branagh at the another Marvel Studios film which was scheduled to be released on July 22.[61] By September 2008 D. but of a god realizing his true potential. J. who had briefly portrayed Nick International. as Protosevich's first draft would have cost $300 million to produce. though there were talks between Goyer and Marvel. but Thor was still laboring in development hell by April 2002. with Iron Man 2 being used to introduce the character of Thor. [67] 2010 San Diego Comic-Con 2011. at which point Marvel set Protosevich to work on a new draft and began searching for a new director.[57] In August 2007 Marvel Studios signed Matthew Vaughn to direct the film. had been cast as Loki. It's the story of an Old Testament god who becomes a New Testament god".[55] That year the film was also announced to be a Marvel Studios production. 2010. they said I was in the trades.[70] In May 2009 it was reported that Chris Hemsworth was in negotiations to portray the title role after something of a back-and-forth process in which the 25-year-old actor was nixed early on. I'm not in charge of making those kinds of decisions. 'Well shit. 2010 date to June 17.[62] Later that month. though at this point the film was still set to be distributed through Sony Pictures. Sony Pictures Entertainment purchased the film rights. Goyer was in negotiations to write and direct. 2011. in an April 2010 interview.[6] The next day it was announced that Tom Hiddleston. Fury at the end of the film Iron Man.[56] In December 2007. and I was like. UPN was in talks for airing it. they need to pay me if they're gonna put my name in it. Samuel L. Jackson.[63] and in December 2008. "I have no idea.''Thor (film)'' was beginning to rapidly expand. but not one about a human gaining super powers. Caruso had been discussing taking on the project. almost a full year later.[68] However. and in December 2004 David S. I thought I was. it was revealed that Kenneth Branagh had entered into negotiations to direct. Protosevich described his plans for it "to be like a superhero origin story. signed on to reprise the role in the film as part of an unprecedented nine-picture deal with Marvel Studios. In February 2009. it was revealed that Goyer was no longer attached. a fan of the Thor comic book.[60] 335 Pre-production Vaughn was released when his holding deal expired in May 2008. 'Ooh! I got a job!' I called my agent he said. then given a second chance to read for the part. and in June 2004 the project still had yet to be optioned by a studio. who had worked with Branagh before [3] [71] Kevin Feige of Marvel and had initially been considered to portray the lead role. 2011. Marvel Studios announced that they intended to release Thor on June 4.[58] Vaughn then rewrote Protosevich's script in order to bring down the budget to $150 million. Donald Blake will not be included. though he did not read the script.[48] The film first gained momentum after the successful release of the film X-Men. Marvel Studios brought Artisan Entertainment to help finance it as a film.[54] Mark Protosevich. you're not in it. When asked why not Jackson explained. during which time Paramount Pictures acquired the rights from Sony.' I was like.[53] In 2005. He described it as "a human story right in the center of a big epic scenario.

Paramount said this coastline was ideal because its gradual slope of sand down to the waterline creates excellent reflection opportunities on film. citing "creative differences".[38] Later that month it was reported that actors Joseph Gatt.[18] In an interview with Swedish news site Ystads Allehanda. Captain America: The First Avenger and The Avengers . Hogun was to be played by Tadanobu Asano and Volstagg was to be played by Ray Stevenson. Marvel Studios signed a long term lease agreement with Raleigh Studios to shoot their next four films . Paramount wants to use a 300-yard stretch of Del Mar beach for a scene involving six horses running down the terrain. a fan of the comic book since childhood. a coworker of Portman’s Jane Foster.[80] .[73] According to Variety. the rest of the cast began to fill out. California facility. It's about finding the framing style. 2011. where an entire town was built for the shoot. the exciting tension in the film". California had fallen through. with Alexander portraying Sif and Feore's role unrevealed.. but it was said to be a human. Paramount and Marvel Entertainment decided to push up the release of Thor by two weeks to the then vacated date of May 6. Dennings will play Darcy. portraying Heimdall. Her role was not revealed.[31] When Spider-Man 4's production stalled. California to film a beach scene for Thor.[75] Production Weekly reported that filming on Marvel's Thor was scheduled to begin in LA mid-January. then move to Santa Fe. Thor's adoptive mother and Odin's wife. If it succeeds.''Thor (film)'' With Hemsworth and Hiddleston in place. though it is thought to be a villain.at Raleigh's Manhattan Beach. in a supporting capacity. I think that potentially is the exciting fusion.[11] Jaimie Alexander and Colm Feore were reported to have joined the cast in September. the color palette.[42] In January 2010 it was reported that Adriana Barraza had also joined the film's cast. it will mark this film as different. New Mexico. it was reported that Clark Gregg had signed on to reprise his role from Iron Man and Iron Man 2 as Agent Coulson.[34] In an interview Natalie Portman revealed that actress Kat Dennings would be involved in the project. finding the texture and the amount of camera movement that helps celebrate and express the differences and the distinctions in those worlds. and Joshua Cox had been cast in the film.[40] Only days before filming began. it was reported that the prospect for filming parts of Thor in Del Mar. we've tried to find a way to make a virtue and a celebration of the distinction between the worlds that exist in the film but absolutely make them live in the same world.[74] 336 Filming In October 2008.[29] A few days later it was announced that Idris Elba had also joined the cast. Thor.[79] In April..[39] In December Rene Russo was cast as Frigga.[41] In February it was reported that Paramount Pictures will enter negotiations with Del Mar.Iron Man 2. as Marvel's film division preps for the eventual production of The Avengers. 2010. commented on the challenge of bridging Asgard and the modern world: "Inspired by the comic book world both pictorially and compositionally at once. Paramount Pictures sent a letter informing the city that it has instead chosen an undisclosed Northern California location to film a beachfront scene for the film.[76] Principal photography began on January 11. though none of their roles were revealed.[15] Several weeks later Marvel announced that they had cast the Warriors Three: Fandral was to be played by Stuart Townsend. Stellan Skarsgård stated that he had joined the cast.[26] In late October it was reported that Anthony Hopkins had been cast as Odin in the film.[4] A few days after filming began. New Mexico from March until late-April. The combination of the primitive and the sophisticated. The letter cited cost concerns with moving production too far away from its headquarters.[77] On March 15. the ancient and the modern. though he did not specify his role. In July it was announced that Natalie Portman was set to portray Jane Foster.. Stuart Townsend was replaced by Joshua Dallas as Fandral. Troy Brenna.[78] Branagh. 2010 production of Thor moved to Galisteo.

"[92] Animation Marvel Animation announced a 26-episode animated series in November 2008. . The Guardian (London). producer Kevin Fiege stated that the "special effects for the film were conceived and executed from the beginning in 3-D". 2010-01-11.com. html). Marvel_Studios_Update~colon~_Loki_Cast_in_Thor). uk/ news/ story/ 0. html). .[95] References [1] Vaughn.[5] In October 2010 it was reported that Thor underwent reshoots for a couple of new scenes. Retrieved 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2007-10-08. "It continues the grand tradition of connecting the film to another property in development around the Marvel movie universe. . [5] Boucher.[81] Digital Domain will also work on the visual effects. Los Angeles Times. the official logo for Thor surfaced on the internet. [3] "Marvel Studios Update: Loki Officially Cast in 2011 Thor Movie" (http:/ / www. marvel.. guardian. Retrieved 2010-07-14. Paramount reportedly paid three million dollars to run the thirty second ad. 2010 and entered post-production. [4] "Thor Movie: Principal Photography Starts!" (http:/ / marvel. 10874.[84] Marketing The first publicity image from the film released depicts Hemsworth in costume as Thor.[90] The first television advertisement is scheduled to air during Super Bowl XLV on the FOX network in the United States. com/ news/ story/ 14622/ learn_thors_international_release_dates). [2] "Learn Thor's International Release Dates" (http:/ / marvel.[91] Iron Man 2 A post-credits scene in the film Iron Man 2 showed Agent Coulson (played by Clark Gregg) reporting the discovery of a large hammer in the desert.[83] In July 2010 it was reported that the film will be released in 3-D. Retrieved 2009-05-19. latimes. In an interview with the Los Angeles Times. writing.2185548.[86] Footage of the film was shown at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International[13] and was later leaked on the Internet. thor_movie~colon~_principal_photography_starts~excl~). 2009-05-18.[94] Video game A video game titled Thor: God of Thunder based on the film is being developed by Sega using the voices and likenesses of actors Chris Hemsworth and Tom Hiddleston and is schedule to be released in spring 2011. Rick Marshall of MTV News believed it to be the weapon Mjöllnir belonging to Thor. .[5] Although 2-D was used for principal photography. Marvel Comics. to air in late 2010 before the release of Marvel Studios' film. co. com/ news/ moviestories. com/ herocomplex/ 2010/ 07/ thor-3d-captain-america-3d-comiccon-marvel-studios.[85] In June 2010. 8063.[8] It was reported in February 2010 that France-based BUF Compagnie will be the lead visual effects house working on the film. Marvel. . "My week: Matthew Vaughn" (http:/ / film.[87] In December 2010 Marvel debuted the first poster[88] as well as the first trailer online[89] and in theaters attached to The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. Matthew (2007-10-07).00. com/ news/ moviestories. entitled Thor: Tales of Asgard is expected to hit shelves around the time Kenneth Branagh's live-action Thor hits theaters. Geoff (2010-07-14). Retrieved 2010-11-23.[82] In June 2010 some concept art surfaced of Chris Hemsworth's costume. illustrating elements taken from the comic character's design. Marvel Comics. Kenneth Branagh stated that the 3-D process initially made him cringe but "We came to feel that in our case 3-D could be the very good friend of story and character for a different kind of experience". . "It's official: 'Thor' and 'Captain America' will be 3-D films" (http:/ / latimesblogs. 2010-11-10.''Thor (film)'' 337 Post-production Chris Hemsworth revealed that the film ended principal photography on May 6.[93] An animated direct-to-video film.

com/ article/ VR1118010609. html). [20] Martin. Amy and Boucher.com. Montreal Gazette. [31] "Townsend replaced in Marvel Comics tale `Thor'" (http:/ / hosted. 2010. . comicbookresources. Retrieved 2009-05-30. Talks THOR. 338 .''Thor (film)'' [6] Finke. mtv.com. html). Retrieved July 25. . superherohype. "Colm Feore's range knows no bounds" (http:/ / www. Chris Hemsworth Confirmed As Lead" (http:/ / splashpage. latinoreview. [29] "Thor Update: Warriors Three Cast" (http:/ / marvel. Interview. hitfix. Alexandra (2010-12-29). 'Captain America'. 2009-11-13. org/ dynamic/ stories/ U/ US_FILM_MARVEL_THOR?SITE=NCWIN& SECTION=HOME& TEMPLATE=DEFAULT). [16] "EXCLUSIVE: Anthony Hopkins Talks 'Thor. 2010-09-27. "Colm Feore On Set Interview THOR. The Daily Blam!. mtv. . Scott (2010-05-14). deadline. com/ blogs/ 2008-12-6-motion-captured/ posts/ comic-con-avengers-assemble-and-captain-america-and-thor-give-first-looks). Retrieved 2010-05-13. . 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Cinematical. com/ 2010/ 11/ 19/ natalie-portman-says-thor-role-hammers-away-at-cute-stereotypes/ ). NBC New York. . com/ exclusive-chris-hemsworth-is-thor/ ). . [17] Boucher. [24] Thompson. . . . Los Angeles Times. montrealgazette. Retrieved 2010-09-28. latimes. [11] "Natalie Portman Joins 'Thor' Cast. Deadline. Marvel. Scott (2010-12-08). [15] Flemming. HitFix. Retrieved 2010-07-30. "Jaimie Alexander" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-12-30. com/ stellan-skarsgard-intervie-thor-girl-with-dragon-tattoo/ 67252/ ). Variety. and David Fincher’s THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTOO" (http:/ / collider. Drew (2010-07-27). com/ 2010/ 07/ star-wattage-marvel-assembles-the-avengers-for-comic-con-panel/ ). com/ entertainment/ Colm+ Feore+ range+ knows+ bounds/ 3014598/ story. superherohype. Retrieved 2010-01-10. Thor_Update~colon~_Warriors_Three_Cast/ ). "Your Next Nerd Crush: "Thor's" Jaimie Alexander" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-05-19. "Thor. Los Angeles Times. com/ film/ jaimie-alexander/ ). Baz (2009-05-29). George (2009-09-22). com/ 2009/ 10/ 05/ stellan-skarsgard-joins-thor/ ). com/ news/ moviestories. variety. Nikki Finke’s Deadline Hollywood Daily. "Anthony Hopkins cast in 'Thor'" (http:/ / www. "Stellan Skarsgard on 'Thor. Steve (2010-12-10). [13] "MARVEL-OUS STAR WATTAGE: Actors Assemble For Comic-Con Panel Including 'The Avengers'. Michael (2010-01-20). com/ herocomplex/ 2010/ 02/ thor-star-anthony-hopkins-explains-the-ruthless-charm-of-odin-. Retrieved 2010-08-24. Access Hollywood. 2010-02-09. [19] Huzer. . The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-05-14. com/ news/ 2010/ 09/ 26/ jaimie-alexander-describes-sif-marvels-thor-stoic-intense-powerful). "On the Set of “Thor”: Colm Feore" (http:/ / www. [7] "Chris Hemsworth: 'Thor' Stays True To Comic Book" (http:/ / www. collider. "Chris Hemsworth Reveals Mike Tyson's Contribution To 'Thor' " (http:/ / splashpage. dailyblam. MTV News. mtv. Superhero Hype!. The King of the Frost Giants Reveals All!" (http:/ / www. html). 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CinemaBlend.imdb. net/ news. businesswire. "EXCLUSIVE: Studios Set Super Bowl Ads. The Hollywood Reporter. Rick (2010-04-28).net.com/title/tt0800369/) at the Internet Movie Database Thor Movie Hub (http://marvel.thor) at Marvel. . MTV Splash Page. com/ 2010/ 04/ 28/ iron-man-2-post-credits-scene-revealed/ ). [94] Marshall. James (2008-11-17). . MTV News. . [93] Harvey.metacritic.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2011-01-20. com/ 2010/ 02/ 08/ new-thor-tales-of-asgard-trailer/ ). marvel.com) Thor (http://www. 2010-12-02. "'Iron Man 2' Post-Credits Scene Revealed!" (http:/ / splashpage. Rick (2010-02-08). Retrieved 2010-09-12.toonzone. 341 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://thor. com/ new/ First-Thor-Trailer-Will-Be-Attached-To-Narnia-Vague-Description-Online-22138. [92] Marshall. [95] "SEGA Inks Actors Chris Hemsworth and Tom Hiddleston to Star in the Video Game Thor: God of Thunder" (http:/ / www.' 'Transformers. . Eric (2010-12-09). cinemablend. . toonzone. 'Pirates. Business Wire. html). . hollywoodreporter. mtv. Retrieved 2010-02-08. com/ news/ home/ 20101202005510/ en/ SEGA-Inks-Actors-Chris-Hemsworth-Tom-Hiddleston). Retrieved 2011-01-11.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Thor (http://www.com/movies/?id=thor.' 'Captain America'" (http:/ / www.''Thor (film)'' [90] Eisenberg.com/m/1197233-thor/) at Rotten Tomatoes . Press Release" (http:/ / marvel. mtv. "Hi-Res Promotional Image From Upcoming "Thor" Animated Series.boxofficemojo.com Thor (http://www. [91] McClintock.com/film/titles/thor) at Metacritic Thor (http://www.com/movies/thor.marvel.allmovie.com/work/411473) at Allmovie Thor (http://www. php?action=fullnews& id=131). "First Thor Trailer Will Be Attached To Narnia" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-20. com/ news/ studios-set-super-bowl-ads-73548). "New 'Thor: Tales Of Asgard' Trailer" (http:/ / splashpage. Retrieved 2010-12-02. Pamela (2011-01-19).

New Line Cinema January 28.[4] It stars Anthony Hopkins as Father Lucas. .000 [2] [1] The Rite is an American horror film based on Matt Baglio's The Rite: The Making of a Modern Exorcist[3] . 2011. 2011 127 minutes United States English $37. directed by Mikael Håfström and written by Matt Baglio and Michael Petroni.[5] It was released on January 28.000.''The Rite (2011 film)'' 342 The Rite (2011 film) The Rite Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Based on Mikael Håfström Beau Flynn Tripp Vinson Matt Baglio Michael Petroni The Rite: The Making of a Modern Exorcist by Matt Baglio Anthony Hopkins Colin O'Donoghue Alex Heffes Starring Music by Cinematography Ben Davis Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Peter Boyle TriBeCa Productions Warner Bros.

declining to comment on Father Lucas. He tells Michael that he was asked to keep an eye out for a qualified candidate and that he believes Michael to be qualified for the class. Michael leaves Rome. Father Lucas begins behaving strangely. Disheartened. Father Lucas he feels as if he has failed her. However. such as the girl spitting up three long nails. who is also taking the course. Unable to refuse. Michael comforts her in her last moments of agony by commending her soul to God and absolving her sins. It is later revealed that she became pregnant through incestuous relations with her father. Seeing how calmly and well he handled the situation. Father Lucas takes them into his house and. he enters his first class late. tells Michael that he needs to find Father Xavier in order to perform the exorcism. entering a confessional and beginning to hear a girl's confession. When Michael arrives in Rome. Father Lucas. causing the baby to die from cardiac arrest and causing the mother to die via blood loss.''The Rite (2011 film)'' 343 Plot The film begins with Michael Kovak preparing the body of a young suicide victim for a viewing at his father's funeral home. believing Michael to be a priest after seeing his clerical garb. Father Lucas performs another exorcism on the girl while Michael observes. While dressing the young woman. causing the Dominican priest teaching the course. There. Michael agrees and meets Father Lucas at his home. Michael decides to perform the exorcism on his own. exhibiting signs of demonic possession. who is a renowned exorcist. the possessed girl's condition worsens which prompts Father Lucas and Michael to have her taken to a hospital for further care. Michael later decides to enter the local seminary in order to get away from everything. knowing himself to be possessed. Michael regains his once lost faith and is able to force the demon to reveal its name. After constant rebuking by the demon and a long. Michael notices a tattoo of the devil on one of her legs. Successful. . who asks him to bless her doll. Father Xavier. returning to America and to his life. After Michael sees this. Father Xavier later asks Michael to see a friend of his. citing a lack of faith and a desire to leave his post. even after witnessing several preternatural events. however. the demon begins to act upon her again. The final scene of the film shows Michael. While Father Superior is attempting to catch up with Michael on the street. Michael remains skeptical. to scold him. Learning this. However. Michael reluctantly accepts the offer after being told by Father Superior that if he still desires to resign from his position after taking the class. He completes the exorcism and the demon leaves Father Lucas. a car hits both he and a young woman. who asks him to relay the information that he gets from Father Lucas to her. he later approaches Michael and extends to Michael an invitation to travel to Rome in order to attend a class on exorcism. whether Michael believes this or not. When his choice is questioned by a friend. where he sees one of the priest's patients: a pregnant sixteen-year-old girl. After the death of the young woman. He shows up at an overlook with nothing but his cappello romano and overcoat on and slaps a little girl. Michael and Angelina later finds him sitting outside of his house in the rain. as she has tried to get an interview with him many times now but has been refused. then he will be free to leave. he explains that. He soon learns that she is a reporter who has been asked to cover the course for an article in a newspaper. leading to her possession. He meets a young woman. Late that night. he decides to confer with Angelina. revealing that he has found his calling as a priest and did not resign. they leave the hospital room together with Michael leaving the hospital and Father Lucas staying overnight outside of the girl's room. now Father Michael Kovak. he also reveals that this also is not the first person who died under his care. "in my family you either become a mortician or a priest. asks him for absolution. He later speaks with Angelina again. drawn out fight. after ordination he writes a letter of resignation to his Father Superior. they learn that he is out of town." Four years pass and Michael is being ordained to the diaconate at the seminary. Michael refuses to relay the information he has gathered to her. Angelina and Michael try desperately to contact and find Father Xavier. The young woman. Dissatisfied with his own life. Meanwhile. Father Superior knows that Michael is called to be a priest. Angelina.

[25] [26] The book traces Father Gary's life prior to and subsequent to their acquaintance in 2005 which involved Baglio observing over twenty exorcisms performed by Father Gary. it’s very important. 18% of them gave it a positive review (23% of 26 top critics gave it a positive review).''The Rite (2011 film)'' 344 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Colin O'Donoghue as Michael Kovak[6] Anthony Hopkins as Father Lucas[7] Marta Gastini as Rosaria Maria Grazia Cucinotta as Aunt Andria Alice Braga[8] as Angelina Ciaran Hinds[9] as Father Xavier Toby Jones[10] as Father Matthew Chris Marquette as Eddie Rutger Hauer as Istvan Kovak Marija Karan as Sandra Torrey DeVitto as Nina Production Håfström began working on the exorcism thriller in February 2010. which was published in 2009. The consensus is "Anthony Hopkins is as excellent as ever. it helped me reconnect to the Church and understand the value of faith. released the film on January 28. 2011.[11] Håfström began casting in March for the lead roles of Father Lucas and Michael Kovak. but he's no match for The Rite's dawdling pace and lack of chills -. Baglio indicates that the experience in writing the book "was just a very spiritual process and in a lot of ways. To research the book.or Colin O'Donoghue's tentative performance in the leading role."[22] Background The film is based on the book The Making of a Modern Exorcist by Rome-based Matt Baglio. It has given some thought to exorcism. Season of the Witch."[16] The film was generally more well received within the Catholic community although questioning its classification as "horror. California to become an exorcist for the diocese. Initially skeptical and reluctant. its cinematography is eerie and evocative. a parish priest from Saratoga.[15] A trailer was attached to screenings of Paranormal Activity 2."[27] . and it has something to say. Father Gary becomes an "apprentice" to a Rome-based exorcist and his skepticism is soon replaced by the cold reality of evil and the ways it sometimes takes the form of demonic possession. and the actors enrich it. Grant its assumptions."[17] [18] [19] [20] [21] Roger Ebert also questioned the "horror" classification: "I admire 'The Rite' because while it delivers what I suppose should be called horror. Rotten Tomatoes says that out of 72 critics. Hereafter.[13] [14] Release Warner Bros.[12] The film was produced by Beau Flynn and Tripp Vinson (The Exorcism of Emily Rose) under their Contrafilm Studios company. This isn’t something that is silly and prayer. which qualifies the film as "Rotten". and The Fighter Reception The film has received mixed reviews. it is atmospheric. deciding on Anthony Hopkins and Colin O'Donoghue. California who was tasked by the local bishop in San Jose. Baglio participated in a seminar on exorcism by the Vatican[23] [24] where he met Father Gary Thomas.

com/ 2011/ 01/ 28/ 146838/ ) [22] Roger Ebert: The Rite (http:/ / rogerebert. coordinated the development of his screenplay with Baglio. latimes. "Behind-the-Scenes Images: The Rite" (http:/ / www. com/ data/ stories/ cns/ 1100268. . Petroni. html). dll/ article?AID=/ 20110126/ REVIEWS/ 110129982/ 1023) [23] "Warner Brothers Adjusts Horror Schedule" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 20217).Busted Halo (http:/ / www. dreadcentral. php?id=40094) [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] . [16] Rotten Tomatoes: The Rite (http:/ / www. . bloody-disgusting. com/ gossip/ Movie-Casting-Anthony-Hopkins-Is-The-Rite-Choice-1659557. com/ news/ 19263). Ben (January 27. com/ news/ 19592). Håfström attended some exorcisms in Rome although never being present in the actual room. catholicnews. com/ author. htm) [21] Catholic Exchange: The Rite Stuff (http:/ / catholicexchange. Håfström also believes that "this story is about a young man finding himself and finding his way. "Movie projector: 'The Rite' and 'Mechanic' open as 'King's Speech' looks for post-Oscar nomination boost" (http:/ / latimesblogs. . catholic. .[33] 345 References [1] "Warner Bros. [2] Fritz. Release Shifts: 'The Factory. "The Rite Cast Expands by Three" (http:/ / www. . fearnet. com/ news/ 20217). com/ news/ b19019_three_more_join_anthony_hopkins_in_rite. org/ movies/ CNSMovieBrief. com/ 2010/ 05/ 03/ ciaran-hinds-toby-jones-alice-braga-the-rite).1885372. html?utm_source=fearnet& utm_medium=rssfeeds& utm_campaign=rss_imdb).''The Rite (2011 film)'' While Baglio was still researching his book. com/ news/ 36594/ colin-odonoghue-to-help-hopkins-face-off-against-demons-the-rite). dreadcentral. he could hear what was taking place. com/ 592/ transcript-of-cs125-matt-baglio-the-rite/ ) [26] Interview: Father Gary Thomas. com/ featured/ the-rite/ ) [19] American Catholic: The Rite (http:/ / www. bloody-disgusting. suntimes. . . com/ news/ 37283/ the-rite-cast-expands-three). com/ news/ 20043). dreadcentral. collider. [3] (http:/ / www.[28] Director Mikael Håfström was invited to direct the film "intrigued by the fact that he would be working from facts. [10] "Three More Join Anthony Hopkins in 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www. "Three More Heads Spin for Exorcist Drama 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www. Vatican-certified exorcist ." While the film is focused on exorcism. bloody-disgusting. Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). com/ entertainmentnewsbuzz/ 2011/ 01/ rite-mechanic-kings-speech. html) [4] "Anthony Hopkins Has The Rite to Exorcise Demons" (http:/ / www. [11] "Hollywood Has Exorcism Fever! New Line Begins Casting 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www. [12] "Colin O'Donoghue To Help Hopkins Face Off Against Demons in The Rite" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 37632/ behind-scenes-images-the-rite). [24] The Story of a Modern-Day Exorcist . "Colin O'Donoghue Becomes Hopkins' Student in 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www.00. com/ news/ 36118/ anthony-hopkins-has-the-rite-exorcise-demons). aspx?reviewID=12912) [20] Catholic news Service: 'The Rite' is honorable drama disguised as conventional horror flick (http:/ / www. bloody-disgusting. . bloody-disgusting. html) [15] "Warner Bros. . com/ apps/ pbcs.' 'The Rite' and 'White Male'" (http:/ / www. . bustedhalo. bloody-disgusting.TIME (http:/ / www. mattbaglio.' 'The Rite' and 'White Male'" (http:/ / www. the Author of The Rite (http:/ / catholicspotlight. . Toby Jones and Alice Braga Join The Rite" (http:/ / www. 2011). Release Shifts: 'The Factory. a practicing Catholic. . dreadcentral. com/ news/ exorcist-praises-new-movie-the-rite-for-showing-power-of-faith/ ) [18] The Catholic Spirit: Review of The Rite (http:/ / thecatholicspirit. com/ news/ 37521/ warner-brothers-adjusts-horror-schedule).[29] [30] Father Gary Thomas served as a consultant on the set of “The Rite”[31] [32] and indicated that the exorcisms in the film were "very accurate" with some "expected licenses" taken.8599." In preparation for the film. 2011. the Author of The Rite: The Making of a Modern Exorcist (http:/ / catholicspotlight. not just someone's imagination. com/ m/ the_rite/ ) [17] Catholic News Agency: Exorcist praises new movie 'The Rite' for showing power of faith (http:/ / www. [13] "Hollywood Has Exorcism Fever! New Line Begins Casting 'The Rite'" (http:/ / www. com/ videoandaudio/ interview-father-gary-thomas-vatican-certified-exorcist) [27] Catholic Spotlight interview with Matt Baglio. [14] Movie Casting: Anthony Hopkins Is 'The Rite' Choice (http:/ / celebrifi. . time. catholicnewsagency. dreadcentral. The producers contacted Michael Petroni (who was one of the writers for "The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader") to write the screenplay. Retrieved January 28. html) [25] Catholic Spotlight interview with Matt Baglio. . org/ ae/ movies/ review. com/ news/ 19263). com/ 592/ transcript-of-cs125-matt-baglio-the-rite/ ) [28] Catholic Online "'The Rite' is Riveting! It Opens a Window to a Seldom Seen World" (http:/ / saints. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. producers Tripp Vinson and Beau Flynn (who had already produced "The Exorcism of Emily Rose") learned about Baglio's book proposal and decided to purchase the movie rights. rottentomatoes. americancatholic. who was now writing the book at about the same time. "Ciaran Hinds.

catholic.rottentomatoes.com/title/tt1161864/) at the Internet Movie Database The Rite (http://www.com/movies/?id=rite. com/ movies/ Anthony-Hopkins-The-Rite.mattbaglio.html) .com) The Rite (http://www.com/index. php?option=zenit& id=31515) [33] The Rite Interviews .''The Rite (2011 film)'' [29] Catholic Online "'The Rite' is Riveting! It Opens a Window to a Seldom Seen World" (http:/ / saints.com/movie/the-rite) at Metacritic The Rite (http://www. catholic.allmovie.boxofficemojo.warnerbros. php?id=40094) [30] Cinema Blend: Exclusive Interview: The Rite Director Mikael Hafstrom (http:/ / www.Anthony Hopkins and Father Gary Thomas (http:/ / video. org/ subpages/ selectedstory. catholicreview. priest's training as exorcist being made into movie (http:/ / www.imdb. about. net/ index.htm) at Box Office Mojo Matt Baglio (http://www. html) [31] Catholic Review: Book focusing on U. aspx?action=9034) [32] Catholic Net: Interview with Father Gary Thomas. com/ new/ Exclusive-Interview-The-Rite-Director-Mikael-Hafstrom-22846.S. Official Exorcist of San Jose California (http:/ / www. htm) 346 External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://whatdoyoubelieve.metacritic. cinemablend.com/m/the_rite/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Rite (http://www.com/work/517764) at Allmovie The Rite (http://www. org/ ae/ movies/ review.

Cartoon Boy. Zoso77. Garik. Lsaleh. ExpressingYourself. Fiestaman87.wikipedia. So God created Manchester. Philip Trueman. Zzyzx11. Donreed.wikipedia. BD2412. Signhere. Bchaosf. Neddyseagoon. Films addicted. Falcon8765. Sreejithk2000. Phbasketball6. LilHelpa. Piano non troppo. AndrewHowse. Rigadoun. TMC1982. Ken Gallager. ShelfSkewed. Kpjas. DJRafe. RattleandHum. Kalaong. Alma Pater. Jamo777. Johnhpaulin. ITV Local Wales. Oxymoron83. Lugnuts. Jonyandrhe. 192. Justshanna. Carty. Brookie. Rms125a@hotmail. Cresix. Karljoos. Kusma. Dickens  Source: http://en. Lugnuts. Wysdom. TAnthony. Hooliganos. Reimelt.org/w/index. Bejinhan. Sreejithk2000. TheMovieBuff. Grstain. AdjustShift. Owain. DadaNeem. Nick Cooper. Andymaq.php?oldid=379929857  Contributors: Alan Smithee. 6 anonymous edits Young Winston  Source: http://en. Sreejithk2000.alf. Skier Dude. Jeff Muscato. Whitehall Farce. Jeremy Bolwell. Sheets. TheRetroGuy. Leah01. Fallsdowne. King Cobb. 5 albert square. JJEagleHawk. Longhair. 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