Veritas NetBackup™ Administrator’s Guide, Volume II

for Windows

Release 6.5

12308282

Veritas NetBackup Administrator’s Guide, Volume II
Copyright © 1993-2007 Symantec Corporation. All rights reserved. NetBackup 6.5 Symantec, the Symantec logo, and NetBackup are trademarks or registered trademarks of Symantec Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. The product described in this document is distributed under licenses restricting its use, copying, distribution, and decompilation/reverse engineering. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form by any means without prior written authorization of Symantec Corporation and its licensors, if any. THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NONINFRINGEMENT, ARE DISCLAIMED, EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH DISCLAIMERS ARE HELD TO BE LEGALLY INVALID, SYMANTEC CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, PERFORMANCE, OR USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION. THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENTATION IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. The Licensed Software and Documentation are deemed to be “commercial computer software” and “commercial computer software documentation” as defined in FAR Sections 12.212 and DFARS Section 227.7202. Symantec Corporation 20330 Stevens Creek Blvd. Cupertino, CA 95014 www.symantec.com Printed in the United States of America.

Third-party legal notices
Third-party software may be recommended, distributed, embedded, or bundled with this Veritas product. Such third-party software is licensed separately by its copyright holder. All third-party copyrights associated with this product are listed in the accompanying release notes.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

Licensing and registration
Veritas NetBackup is a licensed product. See the NetBackup Installation Guide for license installation instructions.

Technical support
For technical assistance, visit http://entsupport.symantec.com and select phone or email support. Use the Knowledge Base search feature to access resources such as TechNotes, product alerts, software downloads, hardware compatibility lists, and our customer email notification service.

.

....34 .....................................................................................33 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT ........................................................................................................................................18 Demultiplexing .......................................................................29 REQUIRED_NETWORK ........................................................23 Registering a media server ...........32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT ................29 vm....................................27 NetBackup administration options .................................................................................................30 API_BARCODE_RULES ....................28 NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING ........................................................................................28 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR ......................................................................................13 When to use multiplexing ......................................................15 Other configuration settings to consider using multiplexing ......................14 Maximum streams per drive for a storage unit .............28 NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS ...........................................................30 ACS_mediatype ................................29 NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY .15 Media multiplexing for a schedule ............25 NetBackup configuration options .....21 Software on each server ...................................................................................................19 Using multiple NetBackup master servers ...........23 Adding a media server .34 CLUSTER_NAME ..............................................................................22 NetBackup catalogs ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28 NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL ........................................................................................27 NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO ....................20 Using multiple media servers with one master server ...Contents Chapter 1 Additional configuration Multiplexing .32 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION ............33 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY ........................................34 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW ..........................................................................................................................14 How to configure multiplexing ..............................................................................................................28 NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD .................30 ADJ_LSM .........................................................................................31 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED .............................................................conf options for media servers .......................................................................................................................................................................................................33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY .......................

...................... 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL ......................................................................................................................................conf file .................................................................................. 36 EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 Disabling direct I/O ........ 49 Configuring a dynamic UNIX NetBackup client ....................................................................... 55 ............................................ 38 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS ................................. 55 Catalog backup information .......................................... 49 Configuring email notifications ............................................ 45 Dynamic host name and IP addressing ............................................................. 54 How NetBackup uses host names .......... 43 Direct I/O for backups ..................... 36 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH ............................................. 37 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT ................................................................................................... 40 REQUIRED_INTERFACE ........... 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX ...................... 37 MAP_ID ............................................... 43 Example vm. 35 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS ............................................................................................................................................ 41 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL ................................................................................................... 39 PREFERRED_GROUP ............... 35 DAS_CLIENT ........................................................... 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT .............. 41 SERVER .... 46 Configuring the NetBackup master server .............................. 47 Configuring a dynamic Microsoft Windows client ............................................................................................................. 43 TLH_mediatype . 51 Chapter 2 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup .... 45 Setting up dynamic IP addresses and host names ................................ 42 SSO_HOST_NAME ................... 55 Error catalog .................................. 43 TLM_mediatype ................................................................................................................................... 43 VERBOSE ....................................................... 39 MM_SERVER_NAME ......................................................... 54 Policy configuration ................................... 37 INVENTORY_FILTER .........................................6 CONNECT_OPTIONS ................... 36 EMM_RETRY_COUNT ................................................................................................................... 36 EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT ........................................................................................................................................................ 55 Image catalog ................................................................................................................................ 50 Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation ............................................. 40 RANDOM_PORTS .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Qualifying host names ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

60 Determining NetBackup transfer rate .....................................................60 Network transfer rate .........81 parent_start_notify.................cmd ...................58 Factors that affect backup time ..............................................................................................................................................................61 Examples .........................bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) ....................................................................................................................................86 Using TapeAlert ..........................cmd ....................................................................................80 nbmail..................................................................................................cmd .bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) .................................cmd .................................................................................87 ....67 NetBackup notify scripts ...................................................................................................................................................82 restore_notify..................................................65 Building the worklist (Queue) ..............59 Device delays ............................................................................................................................................................cmd ................81 parent_end_notify......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................cmd .....................................................................................66 Determining backup media requirements ......................83 session_start_notify.....................68 backup_notify...................................62 How NetBackup builds a worklist ............................59 Total data ...................................................................................82 session_notify...............69 backup_exit_notify....................................................................................85 Device management ..56 Special considerations for Domain Name Service (DNS) ..........................................84 Media management ...........87 Requirements for using TapeAlert .....69 bpstart_notify (UNIX clients only) ........................................................................................................................................70 bpstart_notify.....87 TapeAlert log codes ......................................................................cmd .........................cmd .....59 Transfer rate ...........................................................................7 How to update NetBackup after a host name changes ...72 bpend_notify (UNIX clients only) ....................................................................76 dbbackup_notify.74 bpend_notify................................................................................cmd .....................61 Total transfer rate ..................................78 diskfull_notify..................................................................................................................83 Media and device management best practices ..........................................................................56 Reading backup images with tar ........................................79 mail_dr_info........................................cmd ............85 Performance and troubleshooting ...................cmd .....61 Using the system monitor ......................................................................83 userreq_notify................................................................................65 To prioritize queued jobs .........................................................................................................cmd ............................58 Effects of a non-NetBackup tar .............................84 General practices ....60 Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate ..............................................................

.................................................................... 100 Media ID generation rules ................................. 109 SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands ............................................. 102 Controlling hardware compression ..............................................................................................................................................................................100 Example barcode rules ................................... 94 Rules for assigning volume groups ...102 Replacing devices .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 SCSI reservation logging .................................. 106 How NetBackup reserves drives .............................................................................................................................................. 94 Volume pool and volume group example ........................................... 114 Checking for data loss ........... 97 Barcode overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 92 Frequency-based cleaning limitations ............................. 98 Barcode advantages .................... 90 Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert) ................................... 102 Decommissioning a media server ............................... 107 SCSI persistent reserve process ........................ 91 TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning .............................................8 Drive cleaning overview ........... 99 Checking barcodes ...... 93 Volume pool and volume group overview ........................................... 109 SPC-2 SCSI reserve process .................. 91 Frequency-based cleaning ..............104 How NetBackup selects drives ................................... 112 SCSI reserve requirements and limitations ....................... 102 Changing your hardware configuration ..................................................................................... 99 NetBackup actions for barcodes ....................................... 111 Breaking a reservation ......................... 91 TapeAlert cleaning ................................................................................ 94 Volume groups ................................................................114 ................................................................................. 98 Barcode rules .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 110 SCSI reservation conflicts ...................... 108 SCSI persistent reserve commands ............... 93 Volume pools .................................................... 92 Operator-initiated cleaning .................. 109 SCSI persistent reserve conflicts ..................................................................... 93 Using a cleaning tape .................................... 91 Library-based cleaning ................................. 114 Server operating system limitations ............................................................................................................ 95 Scratch volume pools ............................. 96 Scratch pool example ................................................. 111 Forcing a release .................................................................................. 96 Scratch pool usage ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 98 Barcode best practices .............................................

.................................................................128 Correlating devices and device files on UNIX hosts ....................................................................................................................................122 Device discovery overview .............................................................................130 Chapter 3 UNIX reference topics Cross mount points ..................................................................................................121 Spanning tapes ....................................................................................................................................................................121 Fragmented backups ...............................................................117 Media selection using stand-alone drive extensions .................116 Selecting media in robots .................................................................................................................................................................139 Schedules for user backups or archives .......................................114 Checking for tape and driver configuration errors .....136 Creating an include list on a UNIX client ..............................124 Devices that can be discovered .......................................................................................................120 QIC/WORM tape format ......................................120 Standard tape format ....................................................................................................................136 Creating an exclude list on a UNIX client ..........122 Media Manager commands ............................................121 Multiplexing format ..141 System requirements .....125 Device discovery in the Device Configuration Wizard ...................128 Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses .........................................................115 Common configuration problems ...........................................................................................115 How NetBackup selects media ..125 Device discovery in NetBackup ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................118 Media formats ....................................120 Optical media format ............................................................................126 Viewing and verifying the device configuration ............................................................................141 ...........................................141 Configuration ...............................134 Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients .......128 Correlating devices and names on Windows hosts ...........115 Configuring SCSI reserve ...................................124 Device serialization ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................141 Server and client installation .......................................116 Spanning media ..............140 Chapter 4 Using NetBackup with AFS Installation ........127 Device mapping file .............................................................127 Adding devices without discovery ................................117 Selecting media in stand-alone drives ..........................................................9 Possible data loss causes ...........126 Device discovery and shared tape drives .....................................................................

....................................................... 153 Creating bootable diskettes .................................................... 142 Client list ............................................................................ 148 Requirements for IDR ...0 and later ...................................................... 151 Backing up the protected computer ............................................ 156 Creating IDR diskettes ...................................10 General policy attributes ................................................. 149 Overview of IDR use .. 159 Updating IDR diskettes only .................................. 142 Backup selection list directives ........................161 Step 1: Boot your computer .....exe to create or update a DR file ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 167 ..................................................................................................... 162 Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery .. 152 Creating IDR media ............................................................................................................................. 160 Using drfile.................................................... 144 Backups ......................................................................................................... 144 Automatic backup ...... 164 Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes ........................ 144 Restore from the NetBackup for AFS client ................. 148 Supported Windows editions ..................... 145 Notes about restores .................................................................................................. 142 Backup selections .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................145 Troubleshooting backups ....................................................................................................................................................................... 163 Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard ............................................................................... 150 About the DR files .............................................144 Manual backup ......................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Troubleshooting .............. 144 Restores ............ 144 Backups and restores ..................................................................................................................157 Updating IDR media ............160 Recovering your computer ................................... 146 Troubleshooting restores ....................................................................................... 152 Choosing the bootable media ....................................... 150 Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR ....................................................................................................................................... 154 To modify diskette sets for use with multiple Windows 2000 computers 155 Creating a bootable CD image ..................... 144 Restore from the NetBackup master server ................................ 143 Exclude and include lists .................................................... 158 Updating a bootable CD ............................................................................................. 158 Updating bootable diskettes ..................................................................................................................... 142 Regular expressions ........... 146 Chapter 5 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Changes for NetBackup 6.............................................................................................

...169 IDR frequently asked questions ..168 Recovering IBM computers ...............................................169 ...................................................................................................................167 Recovering the dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID .........................................................................11 Notes on recovering specific platforms ........168 Recovering Compaq computers ........................................

12 .

in most instances. Separate volume pools or media IDs are not necessary. Multiplexed and unmultiplexed backups can reside on the same volume. NetBackup multiplexes the backups sequentially onto the media. are optional. The sections in this chapter include the following: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ “Multiplexing” on page 13 “Using multiple NetBackup master servers” on page 20 “Using multiple media servers with one master server” on page 21 “Adding a media server” on page 23 “NetBackup configuration options” on page 27 “Direct I/O for backups” on page 44 “Dynamic host name and IP addressing” on page 45 “Configuring email notifications” on page 50 “Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation” on page 51 Multiplexing NetBackup multiplexing sends concurrent backups from one or several clients to a single storage device.Chapter 1 Additional configuration This chapter explains settings that. .

Therefore. set the storage unit maximum fragment size to a value smaller than the largest allowed value. Instances in which NetBackup uses software compression. are also improved. Multiple slow networks. Clients Disk Server Removable media or magnetic disk Disk Disk When to use multiplexing Multiplexing is generally used to reduce the amount of time that is required to complete backups. How to configure multiplexing Multiplexing must be set in two places in the NetBackup configuration: . The performance in the following situations would be improved by using multiplexing: ■ Slow clients. The parallel data streams take advantage of whatever network capacity is available. incremental backups). Many short backups (for example. Note: To reduce the impact of multiplexing on restore times. ■ ■ Multiplexing reduces performance on restores because it uses extra time to read the images.14 Additional configuration Multiplexing No special action is required to restore a multiplexed backup. NetBackup finds the media and restores the requested backup. the storage device transfer rate is maximized. In addition to providing parallel data streams. which normally reduces client performance. multiplexing reduces the time each job waits for a device to become available.

The Media Multiplexing value specifies the maximum number of backups from the schedule to be multiplexed onto any single drive in the configuration. see “Enable multiplexing” on page 228 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. If the server cannot perform other tasks or runs out of memory or processes. specify a Media Multiplexing value for each schedule. Consider the following to estimate the potential load that multiplexing can place on the central processing unit: ■ The maximum concurrent jobs that NetBackup can attempt equals the sum of the concurrent backup jobs that can run on all storage units. The number can range from 1 through 32. see “Media multiplexing” on page 148 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide.Additional configuration Multiplexing 15 ■ ■ Storage unit Schedule Note: If you change these values. Volume I. reduce the Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for the storage unit. Because extra buffers are required. Choose a value that is based on the ability of the central processing unit to handle parallel jobs. The Media Multiplexing setting ranges from 1 through 32. it does not take effect until the next time a schedule runs. where 1 is the default and specifies no multiplexing. For more information. Regardless of the setting on a schedule. memory is also important. ■ Media multiplexing for a schedule In addition to the Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for a storage unit. NetBackup attempts to add multiplexed jobs to drives that are already use multiplexing. The value is set for each storage unit. Volume I. For more information. . The maximum concurrent jobs that can run on a storage unit equals the Maximum Streams Per Drive value. multiplied by the number of drives. Maximum streams per drive for a storage unit The Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for a storage unit specifies how many backups NetBackup can multiplex onto any single drive in the storage unit. If multiplexed jobs are confined to specific drives. the maximum jobs that NetBackup starts never exceeds the Maximum Streams Per Drive value for the storage unit. other drives are available for non-multiplexed jobs. where 1 is the default and specifies no multiplexing.

For example. ■ . The storage unit’s Maximum streams per drive setting. NetBackup adds Schedule A jobs to Drive 2. 1 denotes the start of job A1 on Drive 1. If the limit is reached for a drive. NetBackup sends jobs to other drives. 9 denotes the completion of job A1 on Drive 1. unshaded numbers denote a job starting. NetBackup can add jobs from more than one schedule to a drive. it continues to add jobs to a drive until the number of jobs on the drive matches either of the following: ■ This schedule’s Media Multiplexing setting. Shaded numbers denote job completion.16 Additional configuration Multiplexing When NetBackup multiplexes jobs. when the Schedule A limit is reached on Drive 1. In the following figure. In the following figure.

Jobs B1 and B2 for client fox start on drive 1. Storage unit max mpx is reached for this drive. Storage Unit Max mpx is reached for drive 2. other drives are available for non-multiplexed jobs. so a client can have multiple data streams. JobA5 is the last job for schedule A. Jobs A1 and A2 from client dog finish on drive 1. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 prevents job A5 from starting on drive 1. NetBackup attempts to add multiplexed jobs to drives that already use multiplexing. However. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 is reached for this drive. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 prevents job A5 from starting on Drive 2. Jobs A3 and A4 from client cat start on drive 2. Also. Therefore. 1 3 5 7 2 4 6 8 Jobs A1 and A2 from client dog start on drive 1. Job B2 is the only job currently running on drive 1. 11 12 Job A3 from client cat finishes on drive 2 and job B1 from client fox finishes on drive 1. Jobs B3 and B4 from client otter start on drive 2. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 is reached for this drive. job A5 starts on Drive 1. If multiplexed jobs are confined to specific drives. 13 .Additional configuration Multiplexing 17 Figure 1-1 Schedule A Media Multiplexing per drive = 2 dog 1 2 9 10 Multiplexing and schedules Storage Unit Max mpx per drive = 4 A1 A2 A5 13 Drive 1 B2 6 B1 Schedule B Media Multiplexing per drive = 4 fox 5 12 cat 3 11 A3 Drive 2 4 A4 B4 8 B3 7 otter Assume schedule A begins first (note that the schedules can be in the same or in different policies). Job A5 from client cat starts on drive 1. assume that Allow Multiple Data Streams is enabled. jobs B1 and B2 for client fox 9 10 continue to run. All jobs are now running for schedule B.

For example. it prevents NetBackup from fully using the storage unit’s multiplexing capabilities. For more information. Delay On Multiplexed Restores appears on the General Server properties dialog box. Maximum jobs this client You can also set the maximum number of jobs that are allowed on a specific client without affecting other clients. the maximum number of jobs that are permitted on the client would be reached before the multiplexing limit is reached for the storage unit. Volume I. The property specifies how long the server waits for additional restore requests of files and raw partitions in a set of multiplexed images on the same tape. MPX restore delay The Delay On Multiplexed Restores property applies to multiplexed restores.18 Additional configuration Multiplexing Note: If the backup window closes before NetBackup can start all the jobs in a multiplexing set. Maximum jobs per client The Maximum Jobs Per Client property limits the number of backup jobs that can run concurrently on any NetBackup client. When the maximum number of jobs on the client is reached.) Other configuration settings to consider using multiplexing Limit jobs per policy Set Limit Jobs Per Policy high enough to support the specified level of multiplexing. For more information. However. Figure 1-1 on page 17 assumes that the Activity Monitor shows A1 through A5 as queued and active. (A1 in this example. Maximum Jobs Per Client appears on the Global properties dialog box. In this case. Volume I. NetBackup completes only the jobs that have started. the client setting does not affect multiplexing. see “Maximum data streams” on page 386 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. then only the first queued and active job starts and completes. see “Limit jobs per policy” on page 104 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. NetBackup does not perform the other jobs that are in the set. Usually. . consider a case where jobs from different schedules on the same client go to the same storage unit. If only A1 and A2 start before the window closes. If the window closes before any jobs have started.

Duplication allows one multiplexed backup at one time to be copied from the source media to the target media.) The duplicate copy can be made into the primary copy.Additional configuration Multiplexing 19 Demultiplexing Demultiplexing speeds up future restores and is useful for creating a copy for off-site storage. do not include the -mpx option on that command. . When duplication is complete. (The target can also contain other backups. the target contains a single demultiplexed copy of each duplicated backup. Do not select Preserve Multiplexing in the Setup Duplication Variables dialog box when backups are duplicated. Note: If you use the bpduplicate command instead of the NetBackup Administration Console. Use duplication to demultiplex a backup.

The following figure shows a multiple-server configuration where the two sets of networks (A1/A2 and B1/B2) each have enough clients to justify separate servers. You can also create a configuration where one server is the master and the other is a media server. the two NetBackup server configurations are completely independent.20 Additional configuration Using multiple NetBackup master servers Using multiple NetBackup master servers For a large site. you can use multiple NetBackup master servers to optimize the backup loads. You divide the clients between the servers as necessary. Workstations Network A1 Mass Storage NetBackup Master Server A Workstations Network A2 Mass Storage Network B1 Workstations Router Workstations Network B2 NetBackup Master Server B . In this environment.

They may have peripheral devices to provide additional storage. ■ A protection domain refers collectively to the NetBackup master server. which controls all backup scheduling. A common alternative strategy is to install extra peripherals on the clients that produce large amounts of data. which reduces network traffic because the data does not traverse the network. Multiple protected NetBackup clients. which write the backup images to disk or removable media. The master server directs the data from the client to the client’s peripherals. and its NetBackup clients. which send their data to the media servers. . This strategy also distributes the backup load between the master and the media servers. Two important points to remember about master and media servers: ■ ■ There can be only one master server in a group. a client can have backups directed to any device on any server in the group. its NetBackup media servers.Additional configuration Using multiple media servers with one master server 21 Using multiple media servers with one master server You can set up a NetBackup protection domain as follows: ■ ■ One master server. Multiple media servers. A NetBackup master server is a media server for itself but cannot be a media server for another master server. In a group of NetBackup servers.

volumes) Administration Interface* User Interface User Interface (BAR) Storage Device NetBackup Media Server NetBackup Media Server Storage Device Remote Admin Console* Remote Admin Console* * You can also use the Backup. and Restore user interface from a Windows client that has the Remote Administration Console installed. Administration Interface* User Interface (BAR) Master Server NetBackup Catalogs Configuration files Image database User Interface (BAR) NetBackup Client Storage Device Information in relational databases (about devices. Install NetBackup server software on each NetBackup server that has a peripheral that you want to include in a storage unit.22 Additional configuration Using multiple media servers with one master server The following figure shows where software is installed and where the NetBackup catalogs are located (by default). The following topics provide more details on master and media servers and a procedure to configure them. Software on each server Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. Archive. The NetBackup installation program has choices for master and media server installation. .

attach the devices and install any software that is required to drive the storage devices. Note: The NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager service must be active when you add a media server. Prepare the device drivers on the new media server host’s operating system as explained in the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. For help. Add the new media server to the additional servers list of the master server and of the clients the new media server backs up. The master server is the default location for the NetBackup catalogs. If the EMM server resides on a host other than the master server. The catalogs include the media and the volume database (emm_data. The volume database contains the media usage information and the volume information that are used during the backups. configure devices and volumes.db). For example. Note: To avoid problems with NetBackup. to add the new media server to clients. Use the following procedure to add a media server to an existing NetBackup environment. Adding a media server The following section applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. and backup or restore clients. do the following: a Select NetBackup Management > Host Properties > hosttype.Additional configuration Adding a media server 23 NetBackup catalogs Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. add it to the additional servers list on all media servers in the group. ensure that the host name you use in NetBackup matches the host name in your TCP/IP configuration. select Clients. see the vendor’s documentation. To add the new media server to the additional servers list. 2 3 . If the new media server is part of a server group. To add a media server 1 On the new media server host. add the new media server to the additional servers list on that host.

Click Add to add the server to the additional server list for all selected hosts. For more information. Configure the drives and robots as explained in ”Devices” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. the EMM server. h Click OK. add the new media server name by using a SERVER entry in the bp. Click Close. Install the NetBackup media server software as explained in the NetBackup Installation Guide. Select Actions > Properties. Configure the volumes as explained in “Media” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide.24 Additional configuration Adding a media server b Select the host that you want to change in the right pane. On NetWare target clients. see “Servers properties” on page 467 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. Volume I. On the master server. c d e f g Select the Servers properties. hold down the Shift key and select all the hosts that you want to change in the right pane. 4 5 6 7 8 9 Restart the NetBackup services on the master server. do the following to the NetBackup configuration: . Volume I.ini file. Volume I. Click Add next to the Additional servers window and type the name of the new server. and the media servers on which you added the new server name. To select more than one host.

You cannot discover. the media server is not registered. c 10 Test your configuration by performing a user backup or a manual backup that uses a schedule that specifies a storage unit on the media server. To use the offline. and manage devices. configure. “NetBackup Catalog” on page 273 in the Administrator’s Guide. run the following command (use the host name of the media server): nbemmcmd -addhost -machinename hostname -machinetype media -masterserver server_name -operatingsystem os_type -netbackupversion level. On the EMM server host. Volume I.Additional configuration Adding a media server 25 a b Add storage units to the media server. hot catalog backup method: NetBackup enters the paths automatically. Enter the catalog paths if necessary: To use the online. see Chapter 4. Always specify the media server as the media server for the storage unit. Paths on a UNIX media server: media_server_name:/usr/openv/netbackup/db media_server_name:/usr/openv/var media_server_name:/usr/openv/volmgr/database Configure the NetBackup policies and schedules to use the storage units that are configured on the media server.major_level. To register a media server 1 2 Start the EMM service on the EMM server. cold catalog backup method: Add the catalog paths for the media server to the NetBackup catalog backup configuration.minor_level . Registering a media server If the EMM server is not running when you add a media server. For more information. You must register the media server with the EMM server. Paths on a Windows media server: media_server_name:install_path\NetBackup\db media_server_name:install_path\NetBackup\var media_server_name:install_path\Volmgr\database Where install_path is the directory where the NetBackup software is installed on the media server.

ensure that the host name you use in NetBackup matches the host name in your TCP/IP configuration.26 Additional configuration Adding a media server Note: To avoid problems with NetBackup. see NetBackup Commands for UNIX and Linux or NetBackup Commands for Windows. . For nbemmcmd command usage.

conf file as explained in this chapter. these options are configured in the NetBackup Administration Console. under Host Properties. then use bpsetconfig to change the entries as needed. . To change a default value. However. Options for configuring media and device management in the vm. Generally. The commands are described in NetBackup Commands for Windows. some options cannot be configured by using the NetBackup Administration Console.conf file contains configuration entries for media and device management.conf file) NetBackup administration options The following NetBackup configuration options cannot be configured by using the NetBackup Administration Console. use the bpgetconfig command to obtain a list of configuration entries. The vm.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 27 NetBackup configuration options NetBackup configuration options allow an administrator to customize NetBackup to meet specific site preferences and requirements. ■ ■ NetBackup administration options Media and device configuration options (vm.

) For example.28 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO The NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. Default: 5 minutes passes before the initial request is reevaluated. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. and if no other requests or resources have been released.exe) queues. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. . using no cached EMM information. This entry indicates the number of seconds (default: 60) that can elapse between evaluations of the pending request queue. a pending request queue can include. Default: 1 (true). This entry indicates the number of seconds that can elapse between full evaluations of all NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb. NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL The NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD indicates the time between evaluations if an outstanding request is not satisfied. jobs awaiting resources. full evaluations include matching job resource requests with available resources. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. For example. NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD The NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager and NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb.exe). No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. This entry indicates the number of seconds (default: 60) that can elapse between the cleanup of obsolete information in the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb) database. NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS The NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. This entry indicates whether the Resource Broker caches states of resource requests. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. (Default: 1800 seconds/30 minutes. NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING The NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager.

0 Note: If the variable is set and the network is not available. nbrb. See Chapter 7 in the Administrator’s Guide.) The error must be one where a retry is possible. To indicate that NetBackup should use only the backup network. This entry indicates how long NetBackup waits after an EMM error before attempting again. This entry indicates the number of seconds that the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb.132. For example. During restores. REQUIRED_NETWORK The REQUIRED_NETWORK entry specifies the required route for backup traffic in an environment where the network traffic is segregated. all connections fail and no backups are performed. Volume I for more details. This host property is found in the NetBackup Administration Console under NetBackup Management > Host Properties > Select master server > Timeouts > Media mount timeout.28. (Default: 60 seconds. For example.0. if a media server is down.exe) waits for a new job to appear before a tape is unloaded.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 29 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR The NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. (Default: 10 seconds.0 and a backup network at 192. NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY The NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager.132. During user backups.28.14. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. Default: 300 seconds (5 minutes).) This setting can help avoid unnecessary reloading of tapes and applies to all backup jobs. not NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY. add the following entry in the bp. an environment may contain a production network at 145.exe uses the maximum value of NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY and the Media mount timeout host property setting when unmounting the tape. The RE_READ_INTERVAL entry determines how often NetBackup checks disk storage units for available capacity.conf file: REQUIRED_NETWORK = 192. Media mount timeout is used. .21.

This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run during a robot inventory operation. Volume I. Use this entry to specify the physical orientation of the LSMs in an ACS robot.conf file contains configuration entries for media and device management. NetBackup may create this file. you do not need to know which MAP (or ACS CAP) to select for efficient ejects. This algorithm is only for the cases where more than one MAP has been requested to handle the eject. see “Media Type Mappings tab” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide for Windows. it must be created to add entries.30 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options vm.conf. If this algorithm is used. but if it does not exist.conf. This nearest-MAP algorithm is based on the physical orientation of the LSMs that defined with this entry. A pass-through mechanism passes media from one LSM to another. daemon. See “Example vm. the ACS media type is mapped to the specified Media Manager media type.conf file” on page 43 for an example configuration file. The NetBackup component reads this configuration file on the host where the component runs. or utility. This travel time can be excessive when media must pass through several LSMs. any MAP_ID entries in vm. For a list of the valid ACS_mediatype entries. The host may be a NetBackup administration client or a server where administration operations are requested.conf are ignored.conf options for media servers The install_path\volmgr\vm. process. The NetBackup component is a command. . ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM = robot_num ACS_ID. pass-through mechanisms may move ejected media to the media access port (MAP). NetBackup determines the appropriate MAP to complete the media eject using a nearest-MAP algorithm. You can specify more than one ACS_mediatype entry. If this entry is specified in vm. In an ACS robot with multiple library storage modules (LSMs). Use this entry on every NetBackup media server that functions as an ACS robot control host. ACS_mediatype ACS_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server If this entry is used in vm.LSM_ID ACS_ID.LSM_ID This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.

4 0. It is not available from the NetBackup Administration Console. NetBackup assumes that all LSMs are interconnected with pass-through ports. Without this entry present. Figure 1-2 Pass-through example Interconnections for Robot 700 1 0 6 5 4 2 3 API_BARCODE_RULES API_BARCODE_RULES This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.1 0. For example.6 0.1 0. robot_num is the robot number. ACS_ID and LSM_ID are the coordinates of the LSM.6 0.0 0.5 The robot has pass-through mechanisms between 7 LSMs. except for the first LSM and the last LSM.0 0. . The LSMs are interconnected in a line formation.4 0.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 31 Note: The nearest-MAP capability is only available using the vmchange command with the -map option or the Vault administrative interface. the following entries are required to specify the physical layout of LSM interconnections for robot number 700 (Figure 1-2 on page 31): ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM = = = = = = = = 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.

On Windows computers. AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION = YES|NO If this entry is specified in vm. This entry is read and interpreted on media servers on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. If the value is NO.conf. If the value is YES. Barcode rules are especially useful when multiple generations of the same tape drive use the same type of media.conf file SERVER entry to control which hosts can monitor and control devices on this host. This entry is read and interpreted on the media server on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. the vm. Therefore.conf. Other STK1R media not in this barcode range are configured as hcart (the default for STK1R). this entry is read and interpreted on the host . Symantec recommends that you use this entry and SERVER entries. the device configuration remains unchanged when the NetBackup Device Manager service (ltid) is started.32 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options If this entry is specified in vm. but write data at different densities. barcode rule support for API robots is enabled. NetBackup barcode rules allow default media mappings to be overridden.conf. the saved device configuration may be different than the actual configuration after you change devices and restart the server. For maximum security. You can specify a barcode rule for a series of barcodes to configure some of the media as hcart2. If no AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists and no SERVER entries exist.conf file also must include a SERVER entry for every media server that controls devices on this host. For example STK 9940A and STK 9940B drives use STK1R media. any NetBackup server can monitor and control devices on this host. The drive must be configured using different drive types such as hcart or hcart2. AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED This entry specifies that NetBackup should use the vm. Without this entry. If this entry is specified in vm. a robot inventory operation configures all media of type STK1R as either hcart or hcart2. depending on how the drive was configured. NetBackup tries to discover attached devices and then automatically update the device configuration for any device paths that are incorrect. it specifies whether automatic device path remapping is enabled or disabled.

this entry is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. Most robotic libraries with multiple partitions do not post a unit attention when the MAP has been opened. It is disabled by default on all other servers. AVRD_PEND_DELAY AVRD_PEND_DELAY = number_of_seconds If this entry is specified in vm. Device path remapping is enabled by default on Windows and Linux servers.conf. AVRD_SCAN_DELAY AVRD_SCAN_DELAY = number_of_seconds If this entry is specified in vm. NetBackup delays mount requests by an average of 7. NetBackup reports PEND if the drive reports Busy when a volume is unmounted. Use this entry to minimize tape mount times. The maximum is 255. A value of zero is converted to 1 second. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which avrd runs. Use this entry to minimize the display of this misleading status. . Symantec recommends that this entry not be used with partitioned libraries. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which avrd runs.5 seconds. AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT Use this entry to inject media automatically from the Media Access Port (MAP) into a TL8 or TLD robot and update the EMM database. This entry only operates with the TL8 or TLD robots that post a unit attention when their MAP has been opened. On UNIX and Linux computers. Media are injected if the robot generates a unit attention message. and HP-UX).Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 33 on which the NetBackup Device Manager service runs. NetBackup delays mount requests and drive status updates in the Device Monitor. If a value is used that is greater than the default. The minimum for number_of_seconds is 1.conf. avrd waits number_of_seconds between normal scan cycles. The minimum for number_of_seconds is zero. The maximum is 180. avrd waits number_of_seconds before it displays a pending status (PEND) in the Device Monitor. The default value is 180 seconds. On some server operating systems (Windows. Tru64. The default value is 15 seconds. Without this entry.

minutes can be from 1 to 144000 (100 days).conf.conf. Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm. Use the gethostname() name. NetBackup may not detect media changes. Data loss may occur. Use the same name that NetBackup uses.34 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options Caution: If number_of_seconds is set to a value that allows media to be changed within one scan cycle. A value of zero is specified for start. CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW = start end Use this entry to specify the range of non-reserved ports on this host that are used to connect to vmd on other hosts. CLUSTER_NAME CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias This entry and the following two entries determine the name other NetBackup servers and clients should use when they refer to this server: MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm. The default value is 30 and a value of zero is converted to the default value of 30.conf. Unprocessed requests to clean a drive are removed from the queue after 30 minutes. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm. . For example. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmd runs. CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT = minutes Use this entry to specify how long NetBackup waits for a drive to be cleaned before it removes the cleaning request from the cleaning queue. the following entry permits ports from 4800 through 5000: CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW = 4800 5000 The operating system determines the non-reserved port to use in the following cases: ■ ■ A CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW entry is not specified.

5 or higher for vnetd to operate correctly. The server must be at NetBackup level 4. The first and second options currently are not used. server_name is the name of the media server to connect to.conf. connect by using the traditional port number of the daemon. CONNECT_OPTIONS CONNECT_OPTIONS = server_name 0 0 [0|1|2] Add this entry in vm. The third option specifies the connection method to use to connect to server_name as follows: ■ A value of 0 specifies to use vnetd to connect to a daemon on the server. use only vnetd. By default this client . The default value is 2. CONNECT_OPTIONS entries can be specified for multiple servers. ■ ■ Examples The following entry specifies to use either vnetd or the daemon’s port number to connect to server shark: CONNECT_OPTIONS = shark 0 0 0 The following entry specifies to use vnetd only to connect to server dolphin: CONNECT_OPTIONS = dolphin 0 0 1 The following entry specifies to use the daemons’s port number only to connect to server perch: CONNECT_OPTIONS = perch 0 0 2 DAS_CLIENT DAS_CLIENT = client_name This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server If this entry is specified in vm. If vnetd is not active. A value of 2 specifies to use the traditional port number of the daemon to connect to the daemon on the server.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 35 This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed. A value of 1 specifies to use vnetd only to connect to a daemon on the server. Server connection options can be any of the following: use vnetd or the daemon’s port number. specify the DAS client name that the TLM robot uses for communications with the DAS/SDLC server.conf to specify the options that enhance firewall efficiency with NetBackup. Specify zero for these options. or use only the daemon’s port number.

This entry is read and interpreted on the hosts where vmd is running. For more information about Unified Logging. This entry does not impact debug logs created by Unified Logging. A value of zero means that the logs are not deleted. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. Windows.conf file or change this value. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. Only change the value of this vm. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where tlmd is running. The default is zero. The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine for how long they should try to reconnect to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager. Default: one retry. If you add this entry to the vm. EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT = number_of_seconds The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine how many seconds to allow a request to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager to complete. specify the number of days to keep debug logs before vmd deletes them.conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. . If you add this entry to the vm. EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT = number_of_seconds This value applies for broken connections between the vmd and the ltid daemons and the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager.conf.conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. Default: 20 seconds. and Linux. see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for UNIX. DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS = days If this entry is specified in vm.36 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options name is the host name of the media server. Only change the value of this vm. EMM_RETRY_COUNT EMM_RETRY_COUNT = number_of_retries The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine how many times to retry requests to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager. Default: 300 seconds.conf file or change this value.

If you add this entry to the vm. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run.conf file or change this value. This default is highlighted as a choice in the NetBackup Administration Console but you can also select other Media Access Ports for ejects. robot_type can be ACS or TLH. INVENTORY_FILTER INVENTORY_FILTER = robot_type robot_number mode value1 [value2 .Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 37 Only change the value of this vm.conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. This entry must be added to the configuration file (vm. see the NetBackup 6.conf) on the NetBackup server on which the inventory operation is invoked. Newer versions of STK Library Station allow robot inventory commands to function correctly so filters are not required.. robot_number is the number of the robot as was configured in NetBackup. See the following examples: INVENTORY_FILTER = ACS 0 BY_ACS_POOL 4 5 INVENTORY_FILTER = TLH 0 BY_CATEGORY FFFA CDB0 MAP_ID MAP_ID = robot_num map_ID This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. .. Use this entry to configure the default Media Access Port (MAP) to use to eject media from Automated Cartridge System (ACS) robots.] This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. For information about the ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH configuration entry.0 documentation. For information on Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization. mode is BY_ACS_POOL for ACS or BY_CATEGORY for TLH. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. Used to filter robot inventory results in ACS or TLH robot types. ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH NetBackup encourages the use of Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization for NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) instead of legacy security implementations. Note: This entry may be required for an ACS robot and the ACS library software host was an STK Library Station. see the NetBackup Security and Encryption Guide.

it controls NetBackup media ID generation.38 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options If the MAP is not available or the vm.1.conf. The following example specifies the MAP ID for ACS robot number 700. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run as part of the robot inventory operation. For more information. seconds cannot be zero and values greater than 1200 (20 minutes) may cause the robotic daemon to cancel the operation.0 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT = seconds This entry applies only when the vmchange command is used and the -w option is specified.0 is used. NetBackup uses the smallest MAP that can hold the number of media to be ejected. the robot must support barcodes and the robot type cannot be an API robots. The default timeout value for seconds is 300 (5 minutes). MAP_ID = 700 0. robot_num is the robot number. If NetBackup selects multiple MAPs. the SCSI robotic daemons wait the specified number of seconds before they time out.comf file does not contain this entry. If this entry is specified in vm. see “ADJ_LSM” on page 30. map_ID is in the format of an ACS CAP (Cartridge Access Port) ID and cannot contain any spaces. MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS = robot_num barcode_length media_ID_rule Note: To use this entry. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the SCSI-controlled robotic daemon or process runs. NetBackup uses the nearest-MAP algorithm rather than the MAP that is specified in the MAP ID entry.conf. NetBackup uses the default MAP selection process. Caution: Non-mount activities such as a robotic inventory can not occur during this timeout period.1. A timeout can occur while waiting for a reply from the user to continue after removing volumes from the media access port. . The ACS CAP ID of 0. If this entry is specified in vm. By default. A timeout results in the operation being aborted.

The best way to add media to a robot is to use the Robot Inventory Update Volume Configuration operation. Any alphanumeric characters must be valid for a media ID.conf. Multiple entries can be added to the vm. A media_ID_rule consists of a maximum of six fields that colons delimit. if the generated media ID is different from the label on the media. that character is inserted in that position in the generated ID. it defines the media ID prefixes to use for media without barcodes. If the pound sign (#) prefixes a character.conf file. Numbers in the fields define the positions of the characters in the barcode that NetBackup extracts (from left to right). 2 in a field extracts the second character from the barcode. MM_SERVER_NAME MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name This entry determines the name other NetBackup servers and clients should use when they refer to this server: CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias . The numbers can be specified in any order. robot_num is the robot number. For example.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 39 Choose how NetBackup creates media IDs by defining the rules that specify which characters of a barcode on tape NetBackup uses. For example. The multiple entries allow flexibility for multimedia. Use rules to create media IDs of many different formats. However. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation. MEDIA_ID_PREFIX MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = media_id_prefix If this entry is specified in vm. media management may be more difficult. specify media ID generation for each robot or for each barcode format that has different numbers of characters. The following is an example rule and the resulting generated media ID: Barcode on the tape: 032945L1 Media ID rule: #N:2:3:4:5:6 Generated media ID: N32945 Also see “Media ID generation rules” on page 102. barcode_length is the length of the barcode. If no MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS entries exist or the entry is invalid. Alphanumeric characters can be specified to be inserted in the ID. NetBackup uses the rightmost six characters of the barcode to create its media ID.

conf. PREFERRED_GROUP NetBackup encourages the use of Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization for NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) instead of legacy security implementations. RANDOM_PORTS RANDOM_PORTS = YES|NO .conf.conf. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the TL8 robot control daemon or process (tl8cd) runs. Use the same name that NetBackup uses. For information on Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization. Without this entry present. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm. Use inject or eject for access. To override PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL Do one of the following: ◆ ◆ Use the test utility and run allow media removal. Use the gethostname() name.0 documentation.40 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm. The robot's main door or the MAP cannot be opened while the robotic control daemon runs. see the NetBackup Security and Encryption Guide. NetBackup allows the removal of media. Specifying this entry changes the default operation for TL8 robots. Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm.conf. PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL Applies to the TL8 robots only. TL8 robots execute the SCSI command PREVENT MEDIUM REMOVAL. see the NetBackup 6. For information about the PREFERRED_GROUP configuration entry. when volumes are added or moved. If this entry is specified in vm.

NetBackup chooses numbers sequentially. Use the gethostname() name. REQUIRED_INTERFACE REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name This entry and the following two entries determine the name other NetBackup servers should use when they refer to this server: CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm.conf. and by default the operating system determines the one to use. NetBackup begins with the highest number in the allowed range.conf file on UNIX.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 41 Use this entry to specify whether NetBackup chooses port numbers randomly or sequentially for communication with other NetBackup servers. To specify no random ports in the NetBackup configuration file ◆ Do one of the following: ■ ■ Specify RANDOM_PORTS = NO in the bp.conf.conf. A NetBackup server can have more than one network interface. If random ports are not specified in the NetBackup configuration. use REQUIRED_INTERFACE and specify the network host name of that interface. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm.conf file. Use the same name that NetBackup uses. If YES or no entry exists (the default). If NO. then tries the next highest. Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm. and so on until a port is available. To force NetBackup to connect through a specific network interface. NetBackup chooses port numbers randomly from those that are available in the allowed range. Use the NetBackup Host Properties on Windows. SERVER SERVER = host_name . specify RANDOM_PORTS = NO in the vm. This entry is read and interpreted on hosts on which vmd runs. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed.

conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. If the AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists. the vm. SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT = minutes This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. Use the SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL entry to tune this interval. any NetBackup server can monitor and control devices on this host. If no AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists and no SERVER entries exist. This reregistration allows conditions such as a device allocator restart to have minimal impact on use of shared drives.conf file contains any SERVER entries. After the entry is added. ltid delays before trying again. The default for the reregistration interval is 5 minutes. stop and restart ltid for the change to take effect. If ltid encounters problems during communications with EMM/DA or a failure while trying to reserve a shared drive.42 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options SERVER entries in the vm. This entry is read and interpreted on media servers on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. it also must include a SERVER entry for itself or it cannot manage its own devices. This vm. SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL = minutes This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. After the entry is added. If the vm. The SERVER entries work with the AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry to control which hosts can monitor and control devices on this host. Use the SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT entry to tune this delay period. ltid on a scan host periodically registers its shared drives with EMM/DA to ensure that it is still provides the drive scanning function. This vm. the entries that allow only specific hosts to access the devices must be added remotely.conf file are used for NetBackup media server security.conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only.conf file must include a SERVER entry for every media server that controls devices on this host. . stop and restart ltid for the change to take effect. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. Only one of the hosts that share a drive scan the drive. The default value for the delay is 3 minutes. For security.

and release shared drives with EMM/DA. After the problem is resolved. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation.conf. TLM_mediatype TLM_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. This vm. This entry specifies the name that the current host uses to register. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation. The default is the local host name. Example vm. If this entry is specified in vm. TLH_mediatype TLH_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 43 SSO_HOST_NAME SSO_HOST_NAME = host_name This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. reserve. on host server1: SERVER = server1 SERVER = server2 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = NV MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = NETB ACS_3490E = HCART2 .conf.conf.conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only. IBM ATL media types in Tape Library Half-inch (TLH) robots are mapped to Media Manager media types. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs.conf file.conf file The following is an example of a vm. Use this option only if problems occur or if requested by Symantec support. all Media Manager components on the host are started with verbose logging enabled. remove the debug logs or add a DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS entry. VERBOSE If this entry is specified in vm. DAS/SDLC media types in Tape Library Multimedia (TLM) robots are mapped to Media Manager media types. If this entry is specified in vm.

44 Additional configuration Direct I/O for backups Direct I/O for backups By default. An increased buffer size can improve backup speed. backups written to that storage unit automatically use direct I/O. The storage unit must be either a Basic Disk or an Array Disk storage unit. the following conditions must be met: ■ ■ ■ ■ The storage unit must be owned by a Windows media server. the buffer size for disk storage units is 256K. At this time. The backup to be stored cannot be multiplexed. SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS enter this touch file value 32768 65536 98304 131072 163840 196608 229376 For a data buffer of this size (kilobytes). create one of the following touch files on the media server that owns the storage unit: ■ For backups to disk: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\config\ SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK For backups to disk or tape: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\config\ SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS ■ If both touch files are present. To increase the buffer size. SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK overrides the value in SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS. To increase the buffer size. Possible values to include in SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK or SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS include the following: Table 1-1 Absolute byte values for SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. Symantec recommends using SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. If the buffer size is set to a value greater than 256K. The touch file that disables direct I/O must not be present (install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\DISABLE_DIRECT_IO). 32 64 96 128 160 192 224 .

similar to the NetBackup altnames feature. Multiply the buffer size by 1024 for the touch file value. This assumption makes it difficult to back up any clients that have network host names that might change. . Buffer size: <buffer size>. a portable machine that plugs into a LAN and obtains IP addresses from a DHCP server. Be sure to define network host names for the range of dynamic IP addresses in the hosts file and (or) DNS on your network. 1 Configure your network to use a dynamic IP addressing protocol like DHCP. NetBackup requires that IP addresses of clients have a network host name.” Disabling direct I/O To disable direct I/O. create the following touch file on the media server that owns the storage unit: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\DISABLE_DIRECT_IO Dynamic host name and IP addressing By default. a NetBackup server assumes that a NetBackup client name is the same as the network host name of the client machine. Note: If you use dynamic addressing. 256 Data buffer sizes continue in multiples of 32. A direct I/O backup triggers the following message: “Enabling direct I/O.Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 45 Table 1-1 Absolute byte values for SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. For example. The following steps are required to support the configurations that use dynamic IP addressing for NetBackup. a remote machine that dials into a PPP server. Before you make changes to a configuration. NetBackup dynamic host name and IP addressing allows you to define NetBackup clients that do not have fixed IP addresses and host names. remember that the NetBackup servers still require fixed IP addresses and host names. read this entire section. Or. SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS enter this touch file value 262144 For a data buffer of this size (kilobytes). Note: All clients configured to use dynamic addressing and host names must trust each other.

(Select NetBackup Management > Host Properties > Clients. Configure the system to notify periodically the master server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name. The bpdynamicclient command is used to notify the master server. Make changes on the master server: a b Create NetBackup policies with client lists that include the names from step 2. enable the Announce DHCP Interval option: Open the NetBackup Administration Console and navigate to the Host Properties for clients. The NetBackup client name that is assigned to a client is permanent—do not change it. Under the Windows Client host properties. Archive. Create the entries by using the bpclient command. it requests an IP address from the DHCP server.conf file to include a CLIENT_NAME entry with the correct NetBackup client name for the machine. and Restore user interface on the client. select Network.46 Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 2 Determine the NetBackup client names for the machines that have dynamic IP addresses and network host names. Create entries in the NetBackup client database for the client names from step 2. 3 4 Make changes on each dynamic NetBackup Windows client: Start the Backup. For example. Check the Announce DHCP Interval checkbox. Configure the system to notify the master server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name during startup. .) Open the client properties for the Windows client(s). when a DHCP client starts up. The server then assigns an IP address to the client from a range of predefined addresses. On the master server. Select the General tab. A protocol like DHCP has a server and several clients. Change the Client Name to the correct NetBackup client name for the machine. These NetBackup client names are used in step 3 and step 6. Make changes on each dynamic NetBackup UNIX client: a b Modify the bp. 5 6 c Setting up dynamic IP addresses and host names Configure your network to use a dynamic IP addressing protocol. The NetBackup Client Properties dialog box appears. Select File > NetBackup Client Properties. Each NetBackup client must have a unique NetBackup client name.

123. update. create the client database on the master server. The NetBackup client name that is assigned to a client is permanent and should not be changed. If you want these machines to be NetBackup clients. Next.123.Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 47 NetBackup requires that the IP addresses of NetBackup clients have corresponding network host names. suppose that you have 10 dynamic IP addresses and host names available. suppose you have 20 machines that share the IP addresses as previously defined. For example. list. create your NetBackup backup policies. nbclient20 Configuring the NetBackup master server On the master server. The client name that is assigned to NetBackup clients with dynamic IP addressing must not be the same as any network host names on your network. The bpclient command is in the following directory: install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd ■ To create a dynamic client entry: . The host name should be defined in the host file. Ensure that each IP address that could be assigned to NetBackup clients has a network host name.72 123. nbclient01) rather than the dynamic network host names (for example. The client database consists of directories and files in the following directory: install_path\NetBackup\db\client You can create.71 123.123. backup and restore results are unpredictable. dynamic01).123.123. For client name lists.123. .123.79 dynamic00 dynamic01 dynamic02 dynamic03 dynamic09 Assign a unique NetBackup client name to each NetBackup client that might use one of these dynamic IP addresses.123. If the NetBackup client names are changed or are not unique. NIS. . 123.70 123. . .73 . As an example.123. The dynamic IP addresses and host names might be: 123.123. you might assign them these NetBackup client names as follows: nbclient01 nbclient02 nbclient03 nbclient04 . and DNS on your network. use the NetBackup client names (for example. and delete client entries with the bpclient command.

0.48 Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing bpclient. The -dynamic_address 1 argument indicates that the client uses dynamic IP addressing.exe -L -All In our example.0. You can create entries with -dynamic_address 0 for static IP addressing.0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes . .0. .exe -add -client client_name -dynamic_address 1 where client_name is the NetBackup client name.0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes Client Name: nbclient02 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0.0. .0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes .0.exe -L -client client_name ■ To list all client entries: bpclient. but that is unnecessary and adversely affects performance. ■ To delete a client entry: bpclient. you can enter these commands to create the 20 clients: cd install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd bpclient -add -client nbclient01 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient02 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient03 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient04 -dynamic_address . bpclient -add -client nbclient20 -dynamic_address 1 1 1 1 1 To see what is currently in the client database.exe -delete -client client_name ■ To list a client entry: bpclient. run bpclient as follows: install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd\bpclient -L -All The output is similar to the following: Client Name: nbclient01 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0. .0. Client Name: nbclient20 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0.

install NetBackup on the Windows client. If the host names match. If . bpdynamicclient determines if the host name that is written in the file is the same as the current network host name. Configuring a dynamic UNIX NetBackup client If not already installed. Change the Client Name to specify the NetBackup client name for the Windows client. On the client. the Current Host. it checks for the existence of file_name. Edit the /usr/openv/netbackup/bp. bpdynamicclient writes the current network host name into file_name. If the host names do not match. set Announce DHCP Interval. Hostname. a good value to use is one-half of the lease period. stop and restart the NetBackup Client service to have the changes take effect. bpdynamicclient connects to the master server and informs the server of its NetBackup client name and host name. This value specifies how many minutes the client waits before it announces that it will use a different IP address.Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 49 The NetBackup client notifies the NetBackup server of its NetBackup client name and network host name. bpdynamicclient notifies the NetBackup server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name.conf file. Start the Backup. and Restore user interface on the client and then select File > NetBackup Client Properties. In the NetBackup Administration Console. If file_name exists. install the NetBackup client software. Use the CLIENT_NAME entry to specify the NetBackup client name for the machine. The server is not notified if the default value of 0 is used. see “Announce DHCP interval” on page 457 in the Administrator’s Guide. Configuring a dynamic Microsoft Windows client If it is not already installed. The bpdynamicclient command is in the directory: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin The format of the bpdynamicclient command is as follows: bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname file_name When bpdynamicclient starts up. Volume I. For more information. and IP Address fields display the values for that NetBackup client. as follows: CLIENT_NAME = nbclient00 You must run the bpdynamicclient command once when the system first starts up. Select the General tab. Then. For a DHCP client. The NetBackup Client Properties dialog box appears. bpdynamicclient exits and does not connect to the master server. If bpdynamicclient successfully informs the server. Archive.

archive. Administrator’s E-mail Address.d/S99nbdynamicclient <<EOF #! /bin/sh rm /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname \ /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname EOF # chmod 544 /etc/rc2. and restore operations. You must also create a root crontab entry to call periodically the bpdynamicclient command.d/S99nbdynamicclient Ensure that the dynamic client startup script is called after the machine obtains its IP address. bpdynamicclient deletes file_name. or a backup of the NetBackup databases occurs. Notify server administrators when a scheduled backup. Most UNIX systems provide a facility to define startup scripts. Configuring email notifications You can configure NetBackup to send email notifications to users and administrators with the results of backup. the following entry (one line) calls bpdynamicclient at seven minutes after each hour: 7 * * * * /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname If you use DHCP. a good interval to use between calls to bpdynamicclient is one-half of the lease period.d directory on a Solaris system: # cat > /etc/rc2.) . you can create a script in the /etc/rc2. administrator-directed manual backup. (See the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide for Windows. For example. Configure NetBackup to email these notifications by specifying the server administrator’s address with the NetBackup master server Global Attribute property.50 Additional configuration Configuring email notifications bpdynamicclient cannot inform the server. For example. Volume I.

and years would be as follows: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss -yyyy-mm-dd or: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss/dd /mm/yy You can add more TL lines. the TL line for the C locale is: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss/mm/dd /yyyy An alternate specification to the order of months. The fourth and the fifth fields define the date and the time fields and associated separators for that supported locale is as follows: You can modify the existing formats to change the default output. To help ensure consistency among the applications. date. days. the format of the file is summarized here. TL Lines The third field of the TL lines defines the case-sensitive locales that the NetBackup applications support. Table 1-2 Platform Windows To specify the locale of a NetBackup installation Directions To access the regional settings. see the comments in the . NetBackup uses a single.conf file is divided into two parts. UNIX The /usr/openv/msg/.Additional configuration Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation 51 Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation NetBackup applications can display a wide range of international date and time formats as determined by the locale of the installation. configurable source to define the locale conventions.conf file contains information on the supported locales. and time formats. If the . The Regional and Language Options dialog box provides access to the predefined number. The . The .conf file. This file defines the date and the time formats for each supported locale. the TL lines and the TM lines. For example.conf file contains very specific instructions on how to add or modify the list of supported locales and formats. See the Microsoft Help pages for further assistance. .conf file is not accessible. the default locales (TL lines) are: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss /mm/dd /yyyy TL 2 ov :hh:mn:ss/mm/dd /yyyy Note that C and ov are synonymous. double-click Regional and Language Options in the Windows Control Panel. However.

. the TM line is: TM 6 french 2 fr To map french to C TM 6 french 1 C To add more TM lines. no default TM lines exist. as defined by the TL lines. The fifth field defines the supported equivalent that is identified in the TL lines. If the . For example. use the following TM line to map the unrecognized locale french to the supported locale fr.conf file. The third field of the TM lines defines the unrecognized locale. as the default locale is C (ov).52 Additional configuration Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation Table 1-2 Platform To specify the locale of a NetBackup installation (continued) Directions TM Lines The TM lines define a mapping from unrecognized locales to those supported by NetBackup. see the specific instructions in the .conf file is not accessible.

Chapter 2 Reference topics The topics in this chapter provide additional information about various aspects of NetBackup configuration and management: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ “Rules for using host names in NetBackup” on page 54 “Reading backup images with tar” on page 58 “Factors that affect backup time” on page 59 “Determining NetBackup transfer rate” on page 60 “How NetBackup builds a worklist” on page 65 “Determining backup media requirements” on page 67 “NetBackup notify scripts” on page 68 “Media and device management best practices” on page 84 “Using TapeAlert” on page 87 “Drive cleaning overview” on page 90 “Volume pool and volume group overview” on page 93 “Barcode overview” on page 98 “Changing your hardware configuration” on page 102 “How NetBackup selects drives” on page 106 “How NetBackup reserves drives” on page 107 “How NetBackup selects media” on page 116 “Media formats” on page 120 “Media Manager commands” on page 122 “Device discovery overview” on page 124 “Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses” on page 128 .

In many cases. For more information. and initiate processes on NetBackup client and server computers.bdev. The correct use of host names during configuration is essential to the proper operation of NetBackup. NetBackup validates its connections by performing a reverse host name lookup.bdev rather than only mercury. WINS. NetBackup uses TCP/IP host names to connect to NetBackup servers and clients. This practice is not recommended. or the local %Systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file (if necessary). . the short host name of a computer is adequate. That is. communicate with. Qualifying host names A major consideration is the extent to which you qualify host names. It can be necessary to import all previously used media to the server before you can use it under the new host name. Note: Do not change the host name of a NetBackup server. qualify host names to the extent that servers and clients can identify each other in a multi-domain environment. For example. The host name and address resolution must be set up correctly in DNS.54 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup ■ “Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses” on page 128 Rules for using host names in NetBackup NetBackup uses host names to identify. If the network environment contains multiple domains. How NetBackup uses host names The following topics discuss how NetBackup stores and uses host names.null.com or mercury. see “Dynamic host name and IP addressing” on page 45. NetBackup determines the IP address of a connection and then uses the IP address to look up the host name with gethostbyaddr(). These topics also address considerations to choose host names. Note: Place the system host name and IP address in the %Systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file to accelerate name lookups. use a name such as mercury.

. In this case. Each of these backup records contains the host name of the server on which the backup was written. These entries contain the host name of the server that generates the entry and the client’s configured name.and administrator-action is required to restore from some of the backups. the client cannot view all the files that are backed up on its behalf. qualify the host name of the media server in the file path. Every backup for a client has a separate file in this subdirectory. If the same name is not used. or restore request to the NetBackup server. shark instead of shark. The server host name is normally the server’s short host name. The server uses the client’s configured name to connect to the client and start the processes that satisfy client requests. always use the same name in all cases. When a client makes a user backup. if applicable. Qualified names are necessary because they allow the master server to connect to the media server. Always use qualified host names to add clients to a policy so that all NetBackup servers can connect to the clients.) Catalog backup information Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only.com. Image catalog A subdirectory in the image catalog is created for a client when a backup is first created for that client. If you include a media server’s catalog files in the NetBackup catalog. the server uses the peer name of the client. file restores become complicated because both user. Error catalog NetBackup uses entries in the error catalog for generating reports. The subdirectory’s name is the client’s configured name. The peer name (identified from its TCP connection) is used to determine the client’s configured name. archive.null.Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup 55 Policy configuration The configured name for a client is the host name as it is added to a policy. This name is how the client is identified in the NetBackup configuration. (For example. If you add a client to more than one policy.

users must change CLIENT_NAME in that file to the new name. the ALTPATH file is created in the following location: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client1\ ALTPATH Create a directory for the new client2 in the \images directory: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client2 On the first line of the client1\ALTPATH file. specify the path to the directory for the new client. change the CLIENT_NAME value in the bp. Archive. ■ Note: If users on UNIX clients have a bp. You do not need to reinstall NetBackup software on the client. 1 On the master server: ■ Delete the client’s old name from all policies where it exists and add the client’s new name to those policies. For example.) On UNIX clients. (See the online help in the Backup. The path is the only entry in the ALTPATH file. change the client name setting either through the user interface or in a configuration file. Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client2 a b c 2 On the client: ■ On PC clients.conf file to the new name. Create a file named ALTPATH in the image catalog directory. The client continues to have access to all previous backups. If the name is unknown to . client software sends the name that it obtains through its gethostname library function. Use the following steps to update the NetBackup configuration if a client’s host name is changed. and Restore client interface. if the client name is client1. Special considerations for Domain Name Service (DNS) In some requests to the master server.conf file in the $HOME directory. A name change might require that all previously used media be imported to the server before the host can be used under the new name.56 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup How to update NetBackup after a host name changes Note: Do not change the host name of a NetBackup server.

■ ■ Consider the following example: 0 xxxx xxxx. One possible solution is to reconfigure the client or the master server DNS hosts file.com always replaces xxxx. The name must match the name in the NetBackup configuration on the master server and must also be known to the master server’s network services.aaa. Another option is to create a special file in the altnames directory on the master server. And. The substitution resolves the problem if the following conditions are true: ■ ■ When gethostname is run on the client.Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup 57 the master server Domain Name Service.eng. which indicates a configured name translation. The client was configured and named in the NetBackup configuration as xxxx.aaa. it returns xxxx. Each line is left-justified. The client name must correspond to the name that is obtained by running the client’s gethostname. This possible situation depends on how the client and the server are configured. hostname_from_client is the value to translate.eng.eng. the master server may not be able to reply to client requests. Currently this value must always be 0.aaa. install_path\NetBackup\db\altnames\host. If gethostname on the client returns host the names that DNS on the master server cannot resolve. ■ . The value must be sent to the server in the request.xlate file contains three elements: a numeric key and two host names. the name xxxx.xlate Each line in the host.com. this name is also known to network services on the master server. client_as_known_by_server is the name to substitute for hostname_from_client for request responses.com The line specifies that when the master server receives a request for a configured client name (numeric key 0). The master server’s network services gethostbyname library function did not recognize the name xxxx. problems occur. The file forces the translation of NetBackup client host names. and a space character separates each element of the line: key hostname_from_ client client_as_known_by_server Where ■ key is a numeric value used by NetBackup to specify the cases where translation is to be done.

VxFS named data streams cannot be restored to a client. sparse files. The directory is no longer hidden and the name of the directory has a + appended to it. Another possibility is to use tar on the fragments. long pathnames. the system’s dd command may be useful. ACL information. To combine the fragments. you must read and combine the fragments from the media to give to tar. Solaris extended attributes cannot be restored to a client.exe on Windows to extract files from a NetBackup for Windows backup image. Non-NetBackup versions of tar may have trouble with sparse files and often skip sparse files. The following is a list of some effects that a non-NetBackup tar may encounter in certain situations: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Compressed backups cannot be recovered. Although non-NetBackup versions of tar can be used to restore files. By using the modified tar. Effects of a non-NetBackup tar Non-NetBackup versions of tar do not supply all of the restore capabilities that the NetBackup /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/tar provides. though NDMP vendors may have tools or the utilities that may perform a restore directly from the media. (Includes FlashBackup images. NetBackup can understand compressed files. Note: You cannot use the NetBackup modified-GNU tar on UNIX or tar32. ■ ■ ■ ■ . Multiplexed backups cannot be recovered. HP CDFs are restored with non-NetBackup versions of tar.58 Reference topics Reading backup images with tar Reading backup images with tar NetBackup for UNIX uses a modified GNU tar for reading backup images. It offers features similar to those in cpio. Possible problems result. Backups cannot be recovered that contain raw partitions. If the backup spans more than one piece of media. To use tar on fragments may allow recovery of any file in the backup other than the one that spanned the media. they provide only limited restore capabilities.) NDMP client backup images cannot be restored.

incremental backups are larger. Transfer rate The transfer rate depends on the following factors: ■ The speed of the backup device. Longer backup times also increase the possibility of a problem that disrupts the backup. The following formula shows the major factors that affect backup time: Backup = time Total data Transfer rate x Compression factor (optional) + Device delays Total data The total amount of data to back up depends on the size of the files for each client included the policy. mtime. Backups that are sent to tapes with a transfer rate of 800 kilobytes per second are generally faster than tapes with . If a large number of files change frequently. The importance of time is particularly true for the sites that handle large amounts of data. a full backup usually takes longer than an incremental backup.Reference topics Factors that affect backup time 59 Some versions of the HP9000-800 /bin/tar command are known to give a directory checksum error for the second fragment of a backup that crossed media. the amount of data depends on the frequency with which files change. The time to back up files can also give an indication of how long it may take to recover the files. and ctime strings with the file name and create the file paths that are not desirable. Cumulative incremental backups include all the data that has changed since the last full backup. For example. ■ Some versions of Solaris tar combine the atime. ■ ■ For incremental backups. Factors that affect backup time The time NetBackup requires to complete a backup is an important factor in setting up schedules. Differential incremental backups include only the data that has changed since the last full or incremental backup. Therefore. ■ Full backups involve all the data. the total backup time can exceed the time that is allotted to complete backups and interfere with normal network operations. The total amount of data also depends on whether the backup is a full backup or an incremental backup.

is faster than a backup for 20. Clients can process larger files faster than smaller ones. ■ ■ ■ For more information. For more information. see “Using the system monitor” on page 62. The speed with which the server can process the data. For example. Network transfer rate The network transfer rate is the rate provided in the All Log Entries report. For example. . server speed also varies with the hardware platform and depends on the other applications that run on the platform. The speed with which the client can process the data. File size is also an important factor. Like client speed. The following are the three rates and calculation methods: ■ ■ “Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate” on page 61 “Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate” on page 61 The Microsoft Windows System Monitor also displays the NetBackup transfer rate. (Assume that other factors allow for the faster transfer rate.) ■ The available network bandwidth. the device may be slow to find the location on the media at which to start writing the backup.000 files that are 1 kilobyte each. see “Determining NetBackup transfer rate” on page 60. the throughput is significantly reduced. Device delays Device delays can be due to the following factors: the device may be busy or slow to load the media. The speed varies with the hardware platform and depends on the other applications that run on the platform. Network configuration can affect performance. multiple backups occurring on the same network compete for bandwidth. A backup for twenty files. Or. Determining NetBackup transfer rate Calculate three variations of the backup transfer rate by using NetBackup report data. The available bandwidth is less than the theoretical network bandwidth and depends on how much other network traffic is present. 1 megabyte each.60 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate a transfer rate of 400 kilobytes. These delays can vary widely and depend on the devices and the computing environments. when some machines run full-duplex and some run half-duplex in an Ethernet environment. The number of concurrent backups being performed also affects server speed.

1161824 Kbytes at 230. the rate does include the end-of-backup processing that is ignored in the network transfer rate. The time that the tape file requires to close and write an additional NetBackup information record to the tape. fragment 1 to media id TL8033 on device 1 .325 Kbytes/sec Sample List Client Backups Report: Client: Backup ID: Policy: Client Type: Sched Label: giskard giskard_0767592458 production_servers Standard testing_add_files .Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 61 The network transfer rate considers only the time it takes to transfer data over the network from client to server. Sample All Log Entries Report: TIME SERVER/CLIENT TEXT 04/28/06 23:10:37 windows giskard begin writing backup id giskard_0767592458. (The total bytes that are transferred is recorded in the All Log Entries report. This rate ignores the following: ■ ■ The time the device requires to load and position media before a backup. To determine this rate. use the All Log Entries report and calculate the time from the message: begin writing backup id xxx until the message successfully wrote backup id xxx To calculate the transfer rate. Use the List Client Backups report to calculate the transfer rate by dividing Kilobytes by Elapsed Time (converted to seconds). However. Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate This rate ignores the time it takes to load and position media before a backup. Examples Assume that the reports provide the following data.) Total transfer rate This transfer rate includes the time it takes to load and position the media as well as the end-of-backup processing. fragment 1. divide this time (in seconds) into the total bytes that are transferred. . . 04/29/06 00:35:07 windows giskard successfully wrote backup id giskard_0767592458.

325 Kbytes per second Network transfer plus end-of-backup processing rate: 23:10:30 .00:35:07 = 01:24:30 = 5070 seconds 1161824 Kbytes/5070 = 229. The read or write counters are updated depending on the type of NetBackup operation performed. The System Monitor displays object instances when NetBackup reads or writes from the disk or tape. To attach to the process . To monitor NetBackup counters remotely. or from which NetBackup is reads.62 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate Schedule Type: Backup Retention Level: Backup Time: Elapsed Time: Expiration Time: Compressed: Kilobytes: Number of Files: Full one week (0) 04/28/06 23:07:38 001:27:32 05/05/06 23:07:38 no 1161824 78210 The following three rates were compiled with the backup data from the sample reports: Network transfer rate: 1161824 Kbytes at 230.216 Kbytes per second Using the system monitor NetBackup adds the NetBackup Disk/Tape performance object to the list of objects that the Windows System Monitor monitors. The object instance is removed from the list once the NetBackup operation is completed. In this case. The instances can be drive names or absolute paths to which NetBackup writes. the initiating computer attaches to the target computer’s WinLogon process through RPC. the object instance is removed when performance monitoring stops. the object instance exists after the NetBackup operation is complete.157 Kbytes per second Total transfer rate: Elapsed time = 01:27:32 = 5252 seconds 1161824 Kbytes/5252 = 221. Four counters are available for the NetBackup Disk/Tape performance object: ■ ■ ■ ■ Disk/Tape Read Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Read Bytes/sec (KB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes/sec (KB) The NetBackup performance object supports instances in the System Monitor. If the performance is monitored locally or remotely during a NetBackup read or write operation.

The user must have permissions to read the Windows registry. Available counters are: ■ ■ ■ ■ Disk/Tape Read Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Read Bytes/sec (KB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes/sec (KB) 4 Select one or more object instances from the list of instances.Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 63 locks the object instances. Click the plus sign (+) to add a counter to the display. the following conditions must be met: . Instances are displayed when NetBackup begins to read or write from the disk or the tape drives. The Performance dialog box appears.The drive must be connected to a Windows media server (or SAN media server).A NetBackup job must be active (a drive is in use). . . To use the system monitor with NetBackup 1 2 Open the System Monitor on your Windows system. Note: In order for the NetBackup objects to be available for selection. thus. . . 3 Select the counter to display from the list of available counters. Select NetBackup Disk/Tape from the Performance objects drop-down list. the object instances remain until the system is rebooted.Performance data collection is enabled (select Host Properties > Media Servers > Universal Settings > Enable performance data collection).

The number of bytes that are read or written is updated dynamically. along with the rate. .64 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 5 Click Add. The NetBackup counter you select is displayed in the Performance dialog box.

then sorts all the jobs in the worklist in the order that the jobs are due: a b NetBackup builds a worklist that consists of jobs for every client in every policy. ■ . When the job completes. Building the worklist (Queue) NetBackup builds an internal worklist that contains all scheduled. the job becomes Active and begins. and appears on the Jobs tab of the Activity Monitor. Once a job receives the resources it needs. The following items are some of the factors that affect the job order on the worklist: ■ Whether the job finished successfully or whether it failed and is Waiting for Retry. If the job does not succeed after the number of attempts that are allowed. The number of attempts counts toward the Schedule backup attempts limit. the job is considered Done. The status of the job indicates that the job was not successful. the job is considered Queued. NetBackup calculates the due time for each job. This information is useful to evaluate problems with schedules. (Found under Host Properties > Global Attributes > Schedule backup attempts. active jobs. The order of the jobs on the worklist is dynamic. NetBackup computes the next due time for the job. While a job waits for resources (devices) to become available. based on the following factors: ■ ■ ■ When the job ran last How often the job is scheduled to run (the frequency of the job) How soon the next scheduled window is open for the job (if the window is not currently open) c NetBackup sorts the worklist by the due time of each job.Reference topics How NetBackup builds a worklist 65 How NetBackup builds a worklist The following topics explain how NetBackup determines the order in which automatic backups occur for each client.) Whether attempts to run the job exceed the number of attempts that the Schedule backup attempts host property indicates. NetBackup evaluates each job and determines when it is due. thus the worklist is perpetually calculated and reordered. A retried job retains the original job ID. (The time that NetBackup waits before it tries the job again is configurable by setting the Job retry delay Global Attribute master server property.

even if a job of higher priority is on the worklist. NetBackup prioritizes backups according to how long they are overdue. assume that client_1 and client_2 are in the same policy but their schedules have different retention periods. The client_2 job runs first because it can be stored on a tape that is already mounted to use resources most efficiently. NetBackup checks for the following items when it determines the order in which to run the backups: 1 NetBackup checks for the jobs that are to be multiplexed. To determine how long a backup is overdue. Here. If the priorities and retention level are equal. When a parent job is Active. 2 3 4 . If there is another drive of the correct type available. The clients that are the most overdue have the highest priority. Also. However. NetBackup checks the priority of the job. all of the children from that parent job have precedence over other jobs. To prioritize queued jobs The worklist generally contains jobs from different policies and schedules. (The backup frequency is indicated on the schedule in the policy. as determined by the policy Job priority setting. For example. Backup jobs from the policy with the highest priority run first. a tape is mounted on that drive for the client_1 job. assume that the client_1 job is the most overdue. assume that client_1 and client_2 have some backup jobs that are in the same policy and have the same retention level. NetBackup looks for the backup jobs that are most overdue. The last backup for client_1 ran 25 hours ago and the last backup for client_2 ran 26 hours ago. the jobs for client_1 always run before the client_2 jobs. To choose a tape with the same retention level reduces delays to mount tapes.66 Reference topics How NetBackup builds a worklist ■ Whether the job is a child job. assume that client_1 and client_2 are in different policies and that client_1 is in the policy with the highest priority. For example. NetBackup tries to start a backup job that has the same retention period as a tape that is currently mounted. The precedence includes the children of another parent job. a tape is mounted that has the same retention level as client_2. The schedules for these backup jobs both have a frequency of 1 day. NetBackup looks for backups with a retention level that is the same as a tape that is currently mounted. NetBackup subtracts the frequency from the length of time since the last successful backup for that client. For example. The jobs join an existing multiplexed group if allowed. If policy priorities are equal.

The daily requirement must be known to ensure that enough media is available for each backup session. storage devices. determine the amount of media that is required for both daily and long-term use. ensure that enough media is defined to accommodate the data. worn media. To plan for the future. Consider the changes in disk usage patterns over time. The sizes of the tape marks vary depending on the media type. Determining backup media requirements To manage a backup environment efficiently. The priority of the most overdue jobs is important in a busy NetBackup configuration where the backup window can close before all backups can begin. Media sharing may be used to help maximize tape usage. A tape with many small backups (possibly incremental backups) contains less real data when compared to a tape that contains fewer large backups.Reference topics Determining backup media requirements 67 Both clients are overdue for a backup. and off-site storage (if required). Then. consider the following points: ■ How long you want to retain the data. If disk usage and capacity increase. check the Media Summary report to verify that enough media IDs and disk space are available. Whether duplicates for off-site storage or extra security are needed. additional media is required for each different retention level. If not enabled. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . For daily requirements. Allow for the replacement of old. The long-term requirements are necessary to assess costs for acquisition of new media. However. A tape that contains many small files has more backup overhead because each file requires an extra 512 bytes for catalog information on the media. the job of client client_2 is the most overdue and runs first. This approach ensures that a backup that was unsuccessful during its previous backup window has priority over the successful backups. Allow for new software releases and other special backups. backup needs may also increase. first determine the approximate amount of data in the files that you back up to each type of media each day. If you have many different volume pools. Tape marks are created between backups. All backups on a given tape or optical disk have the same retention level unless the Allow multiple retentions per media property is enabled. Consider the number of backups on one tape.

68 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

NetBackup notify scripts

NetBackup uses the following scripts or batch files for collecting information
and providing notification of events.
The following scripts are active on the master server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\backup_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\backup_exit_notify.cm
d
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\dbbackup_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\diskfull_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\mail_dr_info.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\restore_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\session_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\session_start_notify
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\usereq_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\parent_end_no
tify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\parent_start_
notify
Scripts that run on clients: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpend_notify.
bat
To use the client scripts, the scripts must first be created on the client. Use the procedures as described in “bpstart_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)” on page 72 and “bpend_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)” on page 76. For further information, refer to the comments in the scripts. Caution: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. If you use either the bpstart_notify or bpend_notify scripts, do not include any commands that write to stdout. NetBackup sends the output that is written to stdout to the server as part of the backup. The resulting backup can abort with an error message that pertains to block sizes. Also, ensure that all commands in the scripts are appropriate to the client platform. For example, the -s parameter is invalid for the UNIX mail command on some UNIX platforms. Its use can cause data to be written to stdout or stderr.

Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

69

backup_notify.cmd
The backup_notify.cmd script runs on the NetBackup server where the storage unit is located. It is called each time a backup is successfully written to media. The parameters that NetBackup passes to this script are:
■ ■

The name of the program doing the backup The backup-image name or path

For example: backup_notify.cmd bptm bilbo_0695316589
Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. If NetBackup backs up files to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage migratory manages, the backup_notify script notifies Storage migratory to perform migration as quickly as possible. The released script does not, however, have commands to force a backup of the managed file system after NetBackup has stored its backups. To back up the managed file system, modify the script as necessary to meet site requirements for backup.

backup_exit_notify.cmd
The backup_exit_notify.cmd script runs on the master server. It is called to perform site-specific processing when an individual backup completes. Table 2-3 Parameter
clientname policyname schedname schedtype

backup_exit_notify parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR (differential incremental), CINC (cumulative incremental), UBAK, UARC Exit code for the entire backup job.

exitstatus

For example: backup_exit_notify.cmd freddie production fulls FULL 0 backup_exit_notify.cmd Dane production incrementals INCR 73

70 Reference topics
NetBackup notify scripts

bpstart_notify (UNIX clients only)
Note: Ensure that this script can be run by other on the client before it is used. To do so, run chmod 755 script_name, where script_name is the name of the script. On UNIX clients, NetBackup calls the bpstart_notify script each time the
client starts a backup or an archive.
To use this script, copy the following file from the server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
And place it to the following location on the UNIX client: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/
Modify the script and ensure that you have permission to run the script.
The bpstart_notify script runs each time a backup or an archive starts and
initialization is completed. The script runs before the tape is positioned. This
script must exit with a status of 0 for the calling program to continue and for the
backup or archive to proceed. A nonzero status causes the client backup or
archive to exit with a status of bpstart_notify failed.
If the /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify script exists, it runs
in the foreground and the bpbkar process on the client waits for it to complete
before continuing. Any commands in the script that do not end with an &
character run serially.
The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the
time that the BPSTART_TIMEOUT option specifies on the server.
The default for BPSTART_TIMEOUT is 300. If the script needs more time than
300 seconds, increase the value to allow more time.
Table 2-4 Parameter
clientname policyname schedname schedtype

bpstart_notify parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR (differential incremental), CINC (cumulative incremental), UBAK, UARC

For example.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 71 Caution: The bpstart_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .production and bpstart_notify. client. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled. the following environment variables can be used to support multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number.fulls. The first stream from a policy.policyname or . if there are both bpstart_notify. Note: For a given backup. NetBackup uses only bpstart_notify.policyname. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy that is named production only when the schedule is named fulls.production.production. and schedule is 1.production.fulls scripts. .schedulename suffix. NetBackup uses only one bpstart_notify script and that is the script with the most specific name. The following are examples of the strings that are available to the script to use to record information about a backup: BACKUPID=freddie_0857340526 UNIXBACKUPTIME=0857340526 BACKUPTIME=Sun Mar 2 16:08:46 2006 In addition. create script files with a .schedule] is not specified. The following are two examples of script names for a policy (production) that has a schedule (fulls): /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify. The bpstart_notify script can use the following environment variables: BACKUPID UNIXBACKUPTIME BACKUPTIME The NetBackup bpbkar process creates these variables. For example: bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify freddie cd4000s fulls FULL danr cd4000s incrementals INCR hare cd4000s fulls FULL freddie cd4000s user_backups UBAK DangDang cd4000s user_archive UARC To create a bpstart_notify script for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.fulls The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy that are named production.policyname[.production /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify.

72 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy, client, and schedule. STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar. RESTARTED can be used for checkpointed restarts or checkpointed backup jobs. A value of 0 indicates that the job was not resumed. (For example, upon first initiation.) A value of 1 indicates that the job was resumed.

bpstart_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)
For all Windows clients, you can create some batch scripts that provide
notification whenever the client starts a backup or archive.
To use this script, copy the following file from the server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
And place it on the client in the same directory as the NetBackup client binaries: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\ Where Install_path is the directory where NetBackup is installed. You can create bpstart_notify scripts that provide notification for all backups or for backups of a specific policy or schedule. To create a script that applies to all backups, name the script bpstart_notify.bat To create a bpstart_notify script that applies only to a specific policy or policy and schedule combination, add a .policyname or .policyname.schedulename suffix to the script name.

The following script applies only to a policy named days: install_path\netbackup\bin\bpstart_notify.days.bat
The following script applies only to a schedule that is named fulls in a policy named days: install_path\netbackup\bin\bpstart_notify.days.fulls.bat

Caution: The bpstart_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .policyname[.schedule] is not specified. The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy named days. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy named days only when the schedule is named fulls. For a given backup, NetBackup calls only one bpstart_notify script and checks for them in the following order: bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat
bpstart_notify.policy.bat

Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

73

bpstart_notify.bat For example, if there are both bpstart_notify.policy.bat and bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat scripts, NetBackup uses only the bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat script. Note: bpend_notify scripts can provide a different level of notification than the bpstart_notify scripts. For example, to use one of each, the script names might be bpstart_notify.policy.bat and bpend_notify.policy.schedule.bat. When the backup starts, NetBackup passes the following parameters to the script. Table 2-5 Parameter
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6

bpstart_notify.bat parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR, CINC, UBAK, UARC Status of the operation is always 0 for bpstart_notify. Results file that NetBackup checks for a return code from the script. NetBackup uses %6 to pass the file name and then expects the script to create the file in the same directory as the script. If the script applies to a specific policy and schedule, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES.policy.schedule
If the script applies to a specific policy, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES.policy
If the script applies to all backups, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES
An echo 0> %6 statement is one way for the script to create the file. NetBackup deletes the existing results file before it calls the script. After the script runs, NetBackup checks the new results file for the status. The status must be 0 for the script to be considered successful. If the results file does not exist, NetBackup assumes that the script was successful.

The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the time that the NetBackup BPSTART_TIMEOUT option specifies. The default for

74 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

BPSTART_TIMEOUT is 300. If the script needs more than 300 seconds, increase
the value to allow more time.
For Windows 2000 clients, the bpstart_notify script can use the following
environment variables for the support of multiple data streams:
STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. The first stream from a policy,
client, and schedule is 1. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not
enabled.
STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this
policy, client, and schedule.
STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar.

bpend_notify (UNIX clients only)
Caution: The bpend_notify script is run when the client is finished sending data, but the server has not yet completed writing to media.

Note: Ensure that this script can be run by other on the client before it is used. To do so, run chmod 755 script_name, where script_name is the name of the script. To receive a notification whenever a UNIX client completes a backup or an archive operation, copy the following file from the server: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpend_notify
And place it to the following location on the UNIX client: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify
Modify the script and ensure that you have permission to run the script.
The bpend_notify script runs each time a backup or archive completes. For
archives, it runs after the backup but before the files are removed.
If bpend_notify exists, it runs in the foreground and bpbkar on the client
waits until it completes. Any commands that do not end with an & character run
serially.
The server expects the client to respond within the time that the
BPEND_TIMEOUT NetBackup configuration option specifies. The default for
BPEND_TIMEOUT is 300.
If the script needs more than 300 seconds, set BPEND_TIMEOUT to a larger
value. Avoid too large a value because it can delay the server from servicing
other clients.
NetBackup passes the following parameters to the bpend_notify script.

For example: bpend_notify freddie pol_1 fulls FULL 0 bpend_notify danr pol_1 incrementals INCR 73 To create a bpend_notify script for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy production only when the schedule is named fulls.0 or later software.fulls scripts. NetBackup uses only bpend_notify.schedulename suffix. The client can display a status 0 when. One of the following: FULL. UBAK. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. INCR (differential incremental).policyname[.production.production. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. UARC Exit code from bpbkar. Note: For a given backup. If the UNIX client is running NetBackup 3. The following are two examples of script names for a policy that is named production with a schedule that is named fulls: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify. CINC (cumulative incremental). The status is the client status and does not indicate that the backup is complete and successful. NetBackup uses only one bpend_notify script and that is the one with the most specific name.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 75 Table 2-6 Parameter clientname policyname schedname schedtype bpend_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog.production. the All Log Entries report displays a status 84.fulls.schedule] is not specified.production and bpend_notify. create script files with a .production /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify. due to a failure on the server.fulls The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy production. the bpend_notify script can use the following environment variables: BACKUPID UNIXBACKUPTIME .policyname or . exitstatus Caution: The bpend_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .policyname. For example. if there are both bpend_notify.

76 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts BACKUPTIME The NetBackup bpbkar process creates these variables.bat ■ . client. ■ The following script applies only to a policy named days: Install_path\netbackup\bin\bpend_notify. and schedule.days.bat To create a script that applies only to a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.fulls. STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar.policyname or .schedulename suffix to the script name.bat Where Install_path is the directory where NetBackup is installed. client. add a . you can create some batch scripts that provide notification whenever the client completes a backup or archive. A value of 1 indicates that the client was finished sending all the of data. You can create bpend_notify scripts that provide notification for all backups or for backups of a specific policy or schedule.policyname. To create a bpend_notify script that applies to all backups. The first stream from a policy. and schedule is 1.days. name the script bpend_notify. FINISHED can be used for checkpointed restarts of backup jobs. These scripts must reside on the client and in the same directory as the NetBackup client binaries: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\bpend_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) For Windows clients. STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy. The following are examples of the strings that are available to the script for use to record information about a backup: BACKUPID=freddie_0857340526 UNIXBACKUPTIME=0857340526 BACKUPTIME=Sun Mar 2 16:08:46 2005 The following environment variables can be used for the support of multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. bpend_notify. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled. A value of 0 indicates that the client was not finished sending all of the data.bat The following script applies only to a schedule that is named fulls in a policy named days: Install_path\netbackup\bin\bpend_notify.

bat and bpend_notify. Table 2-7 Parameter %1 %2 %3 %4 %5 bpend_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy named days.policy.policy. if you had one of each. they could be bpstart_notify.bat bpend_notify.policy. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy named days only when the schedule is named fulls. NetBackup uses only bpend_notify. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog.bat For example. if there are both bpend_notify.schedule.schedule. When the backup completes. UBAK.bat bpend_notify. UARC Status of the operation. CINC. It is the same as sent to the NetBackup server.bat.bat scripts. One of the following: FULL.policy. NetBackup passes the following parameters to the script.schedule. Note: bpstart_notify scripts can provide a different level of notification than the bpend_notify scripts. . INCR. The status is 0 for successful backups and 1 for partially successful backups.bat. For a given backup.bat and bpend_notify.policy. the status is the value associated with that error.schedule.schedule] is not specified. For example.policyname[.policy. If an error occurs.policy. NetBackup calls only one bpend_notify script and checks for them in the following order: bpend_notify.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 77 Caution: The bpend_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .

STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar. and schedule is 1. the bpend_notify script can use the following environment variables for the support of multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. If the script applies to a specific policy and schedule. For Windows 2000 clients. client. The status must be 0 for the script to be considered successful. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES.schedule If the script applies to a specific policy. If the results file does not exist. STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy. increase the value to allow more time.78 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts Parameter %6 Description Results file that NetBackup checks for a return code from the script. The default for BPEND_TIMEOUT is 300.policy. cold catalog backup. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled. NetBackup deletes the existing results file before it calls the script.cmd script each time NetBackup completes an offline. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES An echo 0> %6 statement is one way for the script to create the file. client. If the script needs more than 300 seconds. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script: Table 2-8 Parameter device dbbackup_notify parameters Description Device type the backup was written to. The first stream from a policy. NetBackup uses %6 to pass the file name and then expects the script to create the file in the same directory as the script. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES. dbbackup_notify.cmd NetBackup calls the dbbackup_notify.policy If the script applies to all backups. NetBackup assumes that the script was successful. and schedule. After the script runs. . The script runs on the server that receives the data for the offline catalog backup. The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the time that the BPEND_TIMEOUT option specifies. NetBackup checks the new results file for the status.

cmd TAPE XYZ047 SUCCESS You must be able to identify the most recent catalog backup.cmd DISK /disk1/bpsync1 SUCCESS dbbackup_notify. Or modified to perform actions such as removing other files in the affected directory or file system. diskfull_notify.cmd The diskfull_notify. Path to the file being written. Specifies whether the backup was successful and must have a value of either SUCCESS or FAIL. You must modify the script to meet site requirements for backup of the Storage Migrator catalog. the dbbackup_notify script notifies Storage Migrator to perform migration as quickly as possible. (The file being written is kept open by the active bpdm).Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 79 Parameter vsn_or_path status Description Volume serial number (for tape) or path (for disk) used for the backup. have commands to force Storage Migrator to back up its own catalog after a backup of the NetBackup catalog. The disk media manager (bpdm) calls this script if it encounters a disk full condition while it writes a backup to a disk storage unit. Modify this script to produce a printed copy of the media ID to which the catalog backup was done.cmd script runs on the NetBackup server that contains the storage unit. The default action is to report the condition and immediately try to write the data again. For example: dbbackup_notify.cmd OPTICAL AA0001 FAIL dbbackup_notify. Table 2-9 Parameter programname pathname diskfull_notify parameters Description Name of the program (always bpdm). The script can be modified to send a notification to an email address. The script does not. however. For example: . If the NetBackup catalog files are backed up to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage Migrator manages. Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script.

) For details.cmd script default condition was to sleep for five minutes when a disk storage unit became full. To create the script. Table 2-10 Parameter %1 %2 %3 %4 mail_dr_info. or Modify the script. see the comments in the nbmail. The message file name.old_revision_number script to netbackup/bin/diskfull_notify.cmd to send NetBackup disaster recovery information to specified recipients after running an online.cmd. enter email1. . Note: All NetBackup email notifications require that a public domain SMTP mail client be configured. (For example.cmd Place it into the following location: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\mail_dr_info. Update the script using the following script parameters. For multiple addresses. To retain this behavior upon upgrade. NetBackup checks to see if mail_dr_info.cmd exists.cmd parameters Description The recipient's address. either: ■ Copy the netbackup/bin/diskfull_notify.cmd script.email2 The subject line.cmd Use mail_dr_info. NetBackup passes the parameters to the script. blat. copy the following script from the master server: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail. If mail_dr_info. hot catalog backup.cmd is present in Install_path\NetBackup\bin.cmd bpdm /disk1/images/host_08193531_c1_F1 Note In previous releases. to change sleep 0 to: sleep 300 ■ mail_dr_info. The attached file name. the diskfull_notify.80 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts diskfull_notify.

enter email1. copy Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail. The recipients email addresses must also be configured in the host properties.cmd NetBackup calls the parent_end_notify. see “Universal Settings properties” on page 480. Windows systems also require that an application to transfer messages using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol be installed in order to accept script parameters.email2 The contents of the subject line.cmd from the master server into Install_path\NetBackup\bin of each client that is to receive the notification. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. For multiple addresses. This is generated by another script.cmd Use nbmail. Table 2-11 Parameter %1 nbmail. The attached file name. Table 2-12 Parameter clientname policyname parent_end_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. To create the script on a client. Update the script using the following parameters.cmd to send specified recipients notifications about scheduled backups.cmd parameters Description The recipient's email address. . %2 %3 %4 NetBackup checks to see if nbmail.cmd script each time a parent job ends. UNIX platforms have a built-in SMTP transfer method. If nbmail. The file that is sent in the body of the email. parent_end_notify.cmd exists. NetBackup passes the parameters to the script.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 81 nbmail. Update the script using the following script parameters.cmd exists is present in Install_path\NetBackup\bin. For more information.

status streamnumber restore_notify.cmd script runs on the server that contains the storage unit.82 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts Parameter schedname schedtype Description Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. the restore_notify script notifies Storage Migrator to perform migration as quickly as possible after the restore is complete. Update the script using the following parameters.cmd script each time a parent job starts. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. INCR (differential incremental). If the files are restored to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage Migrator manages. The stream number for a parent job is always -1. The NetBackup tape or disk manager (bptm or bpdm) calls the script when it is finished sending data to the client during a restore. One of the following: FULL. The script is called regardless of whether data is sent. One of the following: FULL. INCR (differential incremental). CINC (cumulative incremental). UARC Exit code for the entire backup job. UBAK. The stream number for a parent job is always -1. The restore_notify. UBAK. UARC Exit code for the entire backup job. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script: .cmd Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only.cmd NetBackup calls the parent_start_notify. CINC (cumulative incremental). Table 2-13 Parameter clientname policyname schedname schedtype parent_start_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. status streamnumber parent_start_notify. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog.

import For example: restore_notify. restore. duplication.cmd The userreq_notify. archive. NetBackup calls it each time a request is made to: ■ ■ List files that are in backups or archives Start a backup. Path to the backup name or path.cmd bptm bilbo_0695316589 duplication session_notify. When a set of backups is due to run. so no other backups can start until that time. userreq_notify.cmd script runs on the master server. NetBackup calls this script to do any site-specific processing before it starts the first backup.cmd The session_start_notify. archive. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script. It is called at the end of a backup session if at least one scheduled backup has succeeded.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 83 Table 2-14 Parameter programname pathname operation restore_notify parameters Description Name of the program doing the restore or other read operation. list Defines the client name.cmd The session_notify. session_start_notify.cmd script runs on the master server. verify. clientname .cmd script runs on the master server. Scheduling is suspended until this script completes. NetBackup passes no parameters to this script. One of the following: restore. manual_backup. Table 2-15 Parameter action userreq_notify parameters Description Defines the action and can have the following values: backup. NetBackup passes no parameters to this script. or restore You can alter this script to gather information about user requests to NetBackup.

server platforms. Those files contain configuration settings. Periodically verify your backups using NetBackup Management > Catalog in the NetBackup Administration Console.cmd archive mercury jdoe userreq_notify.conf (UNIX system) files on your media servers.cmd manual_backup mercury jdoe userreq_notify. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ .symantec. use backups from the same point in time.conf and bp.cmd backup mercury jdoe userreq_notify. Following these best practices should save you time. The release notes also contain information about all new functionality in each release. master server databases and the EMM database).84 Reference topics Media and device management best practices Parameter userid Description Defines the user ID. Refer to the NetBackup release notes to see if the methods you use are eliminated in the current release or eliminated in future releases. see the NetBackup support web site. and the latest device mapping file. If you follow these recommendations. Many of these practices also reduce the time and effort that are required to administer your configuration. http://entsupport. Use the documented methods for terminating the NetBackup Media Manager daemons and services. Also.cmd list mercury jdoe Media and device management best practices The following are best practices for NetBackup media and device management. You may also want to back up the vm. Always back up the NetBackup catalogs.com. you can minimize problems. For a list of supported devices. When you restore the NetBackup catalog (for example. For example: userreq_notif.cmd restore mercury jdoe userreq_notify. periodically restore files to prove that restores work correctly. General practices The following are general best practices for media and device management: ■ Use only Symentec documented and Symentec supported options for NetBackup commands.

you must down the drive if the drive is in the UP state. Configure cleaning cartridges for your tape drives. ■ Media management The following are media management best practices: ■ ■ ■ Use the robot inventory update operation for media management. ■ . ensure that the media access port is empty. Use barcode naming conventions to differentiate between data and cleaning tapes and different physical media types. Read the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide before configuring devices on media servers (or SAN media servers). Replace old cleaning media also. Although NetBackup can handle a port that is not empty. Before performing inject or eject commands. tape drives and tape drivers. and use TapeAlert for automatic drive cleaning if the drives support automatic cleaning. see the NetBackup hardware compatibility list on the NetBackup support site. To use devices with other applications and NetBackup controls those devices. Use robotic libraries that have a barcode reader and use only barcode labels that the robot vendor recommends. Use barcode rules for media type assignment when you inventory multimedia libraries. A common convention is a prefix that identifies the type of media. Use only robots. Investigate the causes of all drives that are down. Use a scratch pool for unassigned media. Replace old media according to the life-span recommendations of the manufacturer. Monitor devices by using the NetBackup Device Monitor.Reference topics Media and device management best practices 85 ■ Ensure that all names and numbers for devices and all media IDs and barcodes are unique across the entire enterprise. and server platforms and hardware that are tested and supported by Symatec. some libraries may have problems. ■ ■ ■ ■ Device management The following are device management best practices: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Monitor the NetBackup system log for device errors encountered. For supported devices. Do not use the robotic test utilities while running backup or restore jobs.

The default Microsoft medium-changer driver is acceptable (but is not required) for use with NetBackup. Download and install the latest device mapping file from the NetBackup support web site before you use the Device Configuration wizard. use dlt as the logical drive type for all DLT7000 drives. Use persistent bindings for fibre-attached devices. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . For problems with devices. Use the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard to configure your devices. Use only a dedicated server for the NetBackup master server and Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) server. Consult the Troubleshooter in the NetBackup Administration Console or the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for all error conditions. the Solaris st. when you install operating system release updates.conf file). Always configure and use pass-through paths for robotic libraries and drives. Do not use a server that hosts other applications or stores data. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Performance and troubleshooting The following are performance and troubleshooting best practices: ■ Use the performance-tuning documents available on the NetBackup support Web page. Always install the latest NetBackup release updates that are available from Symantec. Use consistent logical drive types for all physical drive types on all servers in your environment. consult the vendor for firmware upgrades and consult the NetBackup hardware compatibility list for supported firmware levels. Plan periodic maintenance periods for all of your backup servers. When possible. For example. Verify all SCSI-related operating system configuration files (for example. Do not use the NetBackup DISABLE_RESOURCES_BUSY touch file. A fully-serialized SCSI library should report a serial number for the robot and also a serial number for each drive in the robot.86 Reference topics Media and device management best practices ■ Use only fully-serialized devices. use SCSI reserve. Do not load vendor medium-changer drivers on Microsoft Windows hosts. Do not disable the operating system TCP_NODELAY functionality.

Passthru device files must be configured on UNIX media servers. Requirements for using TapeAlert To use TapeAlert. or SharedDisk. all of the following conditions must be true. see the Symantec support site.Reference topics Using TapeAlert 87 ■ See the NetBackup Shared Storage Guide before you install and configure the NetBackup Shared Storage Option. NetBackup writes TapeAlert conditions into: ■ ■ ■ ■ The bptm log The error log The job details log The system log on UNIX and Event Viewer on Windows For more information. OpenStorage. To clean drives using TapeAlert. ■ The drive must support the TapeAlert capability. TapeAlert checks for errors of the following types: ■ ■ ■ Recoverable read and write drive problems Unrecoverable read and write drive problems Hardware defects . see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. For more information. The TapeAlert utility can detect tape quality problems. the TapeAlert firmware monitors the drive hardware and the media. and the TapeAlert must be enabled on the drive. For the tape drives that support TapeAlert. defects in tape drive hardware. warning. Refer to the device’s documentation for the list of codes that are supported by the device. and the need to clean drives. a cleaning tape is configured and available in NetBackup for the robotic library. also see “Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert)” on page 91. Using TapeAlert TapeAlert is a tape drive status monitor and message utility. and informational states are logged on a TapeAlert log page. The cleaning tape has not reached its end of life. To determine if a drive supports TapeAlert. ■ ■ ■ TapeAlert log codes TapeAlert codes are derived from the T10 SCSI-3 Stream Commands standard. No additional configuration is needed. Error.

CRT Warning .WRN Critical .WRN Warning .FRZ None None Error message READ WARNING WRITE WARNING HARD ERROR MEDIA READ FAILURE WRITE FAILURE MEDIA LIFE NOT DATA GRADE WRITE PROTECT NO REMOVAL 0x0b None CLEANING MEDIA 0x0c None UNSUPPORTED FORMAT REC.FRZ Freeze media .FRZ Freeze media .CRT Informational INFO Informational INFO Informational INFO Critical .WRN Warning .WRN Warning .WRN Critical .FRZ Freeze media .CRT Critical .WRN Critical .CRT 0x0f 0x10 0x11 0x12 Freeze media ..FRZ 0x0e Freeze media .WRN .WRN Warning .FRZ None None None Warning .FRZ Freeze media . An additional set of conditions are defined that can cause a drive to be downed. Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes Error type Warning . MECH.FRZ Critical .CRT Critical .CRT TapeAlert code Default action 0x01 0x02 0x03 0x04 0x05 0x06 0x07 0x08 0x09 0x0a None None None Freeze media . CARTRIDGE FAILURE UNREC. MECH. CARTRIDGE FAILURE MIC FAILURE FORCED EJECT READ ONLY DIRECTORY CORRUPTED ON LOAD 0x0d Freeze media .88 Reference topics Using TapeAlert ■ ■ ■ Wrong or worn-out media Expired cleaning tapes Abnormal errors A set of TapeAlert conditions are defined that can cause the media in use to be frozen.CRT Warning . Table 2-16 on page 88 describes the TapeAlert codes.

DOWN None None None None None None None None None Warning .WRN 0x19 0x1a None None Warning .WRN 0x1b None Warning .FRZ Critical .FRZ CLEAN NOW CLEAN PERIODIC EXPIRED CLEANING MEDIA INVALID CLEANING TAPE RETENSION REQUESTED DUAL-PORT ERROR COOLING FAN FAILURE POWER SUPPLY FAILURE POWER CONSUMPTION DRIVE MAINTENANCE HARDWARE A HARDWARE B INTERFACE EJECT MEDIA DOWNLOAD FAIL DRIVE HUMIDITY DRIVE TEMPERATURE DRIVE VOLTAGE PREDICTIVE FAILURE DIAGNOSTICS REQ.FRZ Error message NEARING MEDIA LIFE 0x14 0x15 0x16 Clean drive .WRN Critical .WRN Critical .CRT Warning .CRT Warning .CRT Critical .CRT 0x18 None Warning .WRN Critical .Reference topics Using TapeAlert 89 Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes (continued) Error type Informational INFO Critical .CRT Warning .WRN Critical .WRN Warning .CRT TapeAlert code Default action 0x13 Freeze media .0x31 None Down drive .WRN Informational INFO .WRN 0x1d 0x1e 0x1f 0x20 0x21 0x22 0x23 0x24 0x25 0x26 0x27 0x28 .WRN 0x1c None Warning .DOWN Down drive .WRN Warning .CRT Warning .WRN Warning . UNDEFINED 0x17 Freeze media .WRN Warning .CLN Clean drive .CLN Freeze media .

FRZ Freeze media .FRZ Freeze media .WRN Warning .FRZ Critical . UNLOAD FAILURE AUTOMATION INTERFACE FAILURE FIRMWARE FAILURE WORM MEDIUM INTEGRITY CHECK FAILED WORM MEDIUM OVERWRITE ATTEMPTED UNDEFINED 0x34 Freeze media .FRZ Warning .FRZ Error message LOST STATISTICS DIRECTORY INVALID ON UNLOAD SYSTEM AREA WRITE FAILURE SYSTEM AREA READ FAILURE NO START OF DATA LOADING FAILURE UNREC.0x40 None Informational INFO Drive cleaning overview The following types of drive cleaning are available using NetBackup: ■ Reactive cleaning Symantec recommends that you use reactive cleaning.FRZ Warning .CRT Critical .CRT 0x39 None Critical .90 Reference topics Drive cleaning overview Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes (continued) Error type Warning .FRZ Critical .WRN 0x3d .WRN Warning .CRT 0x35 Freeze media .WRN 0x3c Freeze media .CRT Critical .CRT 0x3a 0x3b None Freeze media .CRT 0x36 0x37 0x38 Freeze media . Library-based cleaning Frequency-based cleaning Operator-initiated cleaning ■ ■ ■ .WRN TapeAlert code Default action 0x32 0x33 None Freeze media .FRZ Critical .

TapeAlert allows reactive cleaning for most drive types. see “Requirements for using TapeAlert” on page 87. the NetBackup bptm process polls the drive for status from TapeAlert. When you use TapeAlert without frequency-based cleaning. These different methods often interfere with NetBackup robotic control operations. . Symantec recommends that you use reactive cleaning. TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning Using TapeAlert with frequency-based cleaning ensures that a drive is cleaned at least every x hours. Not all platforms. If a drive supports the TapeAlert capability and it is enabled on the drive. robots.Reference topics Drive cleaning overview 91 Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert) Reactive cleaning (also known as on-demand cleaning or TapeAlert cleaning) using TapeAlert is a function of the tape drive. Before the next backup or restore to the drive. For more information. Although a drive can recover from these errors. For more information. Library-based cleaning NetBackup does not support library-based cleaning (also known as robotic cleaning or auto cleaning) for most robots because robotic library and operating systems vendors have implemented this cleaning in different ways. drives. see “Frequency-based cleaning” on page 92 and “TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning” on page 91. or firmware levels support this type of reactive cleaning. In addition. For the drives that do not support TapeAlert. TapeAlert cleaning A drive with TapeAlert capability tracks how many read and write errors it has encountered within a certain time period. The drive determines and initiates the cleaning when needed. a drive is cleaned only when the drive sets its CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flags. depending on the setting for the cleaning frequency. If bptm detects that either of these flags is set. you can configure and use frequency-based cleaning. if the CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC TapeAlert flags are set by the drive. it performs a cleaning at one of the following times: ■ ■ At the end of a backup or a restore to the drive. the drives sets a CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flag when a threshold is reached. the drive may be cleaned sooner.

Frequency-based cleaning Frequency-based cleaning occurs when the accumulated mount time exceeds the time you specify for the cleaning frequency. use the robot vendor interfaces. The robotic library software controls the drive cleaning. if cleaning is due after the first tape is full. The mount time is reset after the drive is cleaned. A cleaning can occur within a backup if the backup spans tapes. drive cleaning occurs when the accumulated mount time exceeds the time you specified for cleaning frequency: ■ ■ ■ The drive is in a robotic library that supports drive cleaning. NetBackup cleans the drive immediately after a tape is unmounted. If the following conditions are met. It does not affect cleaning frequency because NetBackup increments the mount time only when NetBackup assignes the media to a process. The cleaning frequency value remains the same.92 Reference topics Drive cleaning overview NetBackup does not define cleaning media that is used for library-based cleaning. The cleaning frequency is configured when you add a drive to NetBackup. NetBackup cleans the drive before it mounts the next tape. A cleaning tape is configured and available for the robotic library. Frequency-based cleaning is not supported for drives in ACS or TLH libraries that are under API robotic control. Drive cleaning never causes an unmount in the middle of an active backup. . The cleaning tape has cleanings that remain. Media can remain in a drive for extended periods. Because TapeAlert provides the same type of cleaning as library-based cleaning. and the robotic library manages the cleaning media. Frequency-based cleaning limitations The following applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. You can also change the cleaning frequency by changing the drive properties or by using the Media and Device Management Device Monitor. For example. NetBackup updates the mount time for the drive each time a tape is unmounted. To manage drive cleaning for these robots. Symantec recommends that you disable library-based cleaning when using TapeAlert.

The TapeAlert CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flag is set. Volume groups are convenient for updating a . When the number of cleanings is zero. The comment field of the output from the tpclean -L command. The Tape Cleaning Comment column of the Drive List in the Devices node of the NetBackup Administration Console. You can clean stand-alone drives or robotic drives if a cleaning tape of the correct media type and residence for the drive was added to NetBackup. You can use a new cleaning tape or increase the number of cleanings that are allowed for the tape. You can specify the number of cleanings that are allowed for a cleaning tape. Volume pool and volume group overview A volume pool is used to identify a logical set of volumes by usage. NetBackup stops using the cleaning tape. The drive is a stand-alone drive and no cleaning tape has any cleanings that remain. The drive is a stand-alone drive and a cleaning tape is not defined. Symantec suggests that you follow the recommendations from cleaning tape vendors for the amount of tape usage. cleaning delays may occur (due to excessive tape position operations) and drives may be downed. NetBackup reports that a drive needs cleaning if either of the following conditions are true: ■ ■ The value for the mount time is greater than the cleaning frequency. If you use a cleaning tape past its recommended life. A volume group is a logical grouping that identifies a set of volumes that reside at the same physical location. This number is decremented with each cleaning. and either of the following conditions are true: ■ ■ NetBackup displays NEEDS CLEANING as follows: ■ ■ Using a cleaning tape Note: NetBackup does not control the cleaning tapes that library-based cleaning uses.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 93 Operator-initiated cleaning You can initiate a drive cleaning regardless of the cleaning frequency or accumulated mount time of the drive.

94 Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview configuration when you move volumes (for example. Operations include moves between a robotic library and a stand-alone location or deletetions from NetBackup. NetBackup creates volume pools named None. NetBackup. Volume groups Volume groups show the location of a volume. If you move a volume physically. associate them with the appropriate pool. NetBackup. However. Rules for assigning volume groups The following are the rules for assigning volume groups: ■ All volumes in a group must be the same media type. The only way to clear a volume group name is to move the volume to stand-alone and not specify a volume group. You cannot add volumes to a robotic library without specifying a group or having Media Manager generate a name for the group. Volume groups let you perform operations on a set of volumes by specifying the group name rather than each individual media ID of each volume. You specify volume pools and volume groups when you add volumes to NetBackup. Volume pools The volume pool concept is relevant only for NetBackup storage units and does not apply to disk storage units. you also must move it logically (a logical move means to change the volume attributes to show the new location). a media type and its corresponding cleaning media type are allowed in the same volume group (such as DLT and DLT_CLN). All volumes in a robotic library must belong to a volume group. and DataStore. such as the case when a volume is moved off-site. you must create a volume pool before you can add volumes to it. Volumes pools protect volumes from access by unauthorized applications. and as you add volumes. With the exception of the CatalogBackup. You can create volume pools for applications or other reasons. You can also move unassigned volumes to a different pool. Volume groups are convenient for tracking the location of volumes. CatalogBackup. ■ ■ . By default. from robotic to stand-alone). such as the robot in which it resides. and DataStore volume pools.

Note that the data is stored on separate volumes by assigning different volume pools. you cannot add a group (or part of a group) to a robotic library if it already exists in another robotic library. . All volumes. The volumes in a pool can be in more than one physical location and in more than one volume group.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 95 ■ More than one volume group can share the same location. standalone1. and off-site volume groups. These groups also have volumes from more than one pool (though the volumes in each group must all be the same type). members of the same volume pools are in different volume groups. All volumes in a group must be in the same robotic library or be stand-alone. a robotic library can contain volumes from more than one volume group and you can have more than one stand-alone volume group. the volumes in the pool NB_pool_dept_1 are spread among the rob_A. however. remain in the same pool. In this example. volumes can be moved between the groups in the robotic library and any groups that are off-site. That is. In this example. ■ Volume pool and volume group example Figure 2-3 on page 95 shows an example with one volume pool (named NB_pool) and several volume groups. Figure 2-3 Volume pool with multiple volume groups Standalone Robotic Group 1 Group 2 NB_pool Off-site 1 Group 3 Group 4 Off-site 2 In Figure 2-4 on page 96. For example.

the scratch pool is named Scratch_pool.96 Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview Figure 2-4 Robot A Group rob_A Volume groups with multiple volume pools Standalone Standalone Group standalone1 Group off-site NB_pool _dept_1 NB_pool _dept_2 Robot B Group rob_B NB_pool _dept_3 You also can configure a scratch pool from which NetBackup can transfer volumes when a volume pool has no media available. If a scratch pool is configured. NetBackup moves volumes from that scratch pool to other pools that have do not have volumes available. The three robots contain volumes from that pool in addition to those from other pools. Scratch pool example In Figure 2-5 on page 97. Robot C has no unassigned volumes available in the NB_pool_dept_1 pool. see “Scratch volume pools” on page 96. Assume the following sequence of events: ■ NetBackup requires a DLT volume. For more information. so Media Manager attempts to assign one from NB_pool_dept_1 in Robot C. Scratch volume pools The scratch pool is an optional volume pool that you can configure. ■ .

NetBackup logs a media unavailable status. For example if a NetBackup policy or schedule specifies the scratch pool. Otherwise.DLT Group rob_C NB_pool_dept_1 Figure 2-5 Robot A . all requests for those volumes are denied. Scratch pool example Robot C . Media Manager does not move assigned volumes to other pools as it does with unassigned volumes.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 97 ■ NetBackup searches the scratch pool for an unassigned DLT volume in Robot C. ■ ■ .TL8 Group rob_B NB_pool_dept_2 Scratch pool usage The following list contains important notes about scratch pool usage: ■ If the scratch pool contains assigned volumes. Media Manager returns expired media to the scratch volume pool automatically (media that is returned must have been originally in the same scratch pool). NetBackup does not assign volumes while they are in a scratch pool. these volumes remain in the scratch pool. NetBackup moves it to NB_pool_dept_1. If a volume is available.TL8 Group rob_A Scratch_pool Robot B .

Barcodes offer the following advantages: ■ Automatic media ID assignment. The maximum barcode length that NetBackup supports depends on the type of robot. if a tape does not have a barcode. degrading performance.98 Reference topics Barcode overview ■ To have Media Manager manage the allocation of your volumes to your volume pools. ■ ■ Barcode best practices When you select barcodes for your volumes. A robot that reads barcodes performs a scan each time it moves a tape. More accurate tracking of volume location. Define a scratch pool and add all of your volumes to it. ■ . NetBackup obtains barcode and slot information from the robotic library. However. The robot stores the correct barcode in memory or verifies a previously saved barcode. A robot inventory update can determine which volumes are in a robot. However. it scans the media for barcodes and saves the results. and NetBackup does not support barcodes for optical disk libraries (ODL robots). Symantec suggests that you use media with barcodes in the robots that can read barcodes. When you add new media to a robot. Barcode advantages NetBackup functions well whether or not barcodes are used. consider the following: ■ Barcodes usually appear on the labels that you attach to the outside of tape volumes. the robot retries the scan multiple times. NetBackup moves volumes to the other pools as they are needed. Not using barcodes can adversely affect performance for some robots. Barcode overview When a robotic library has a barcode reader. Barcodes are not generally used on optical disks. do the following: a b Create volume pools as required. but do not add any volumes to the pools. NetBackup is able to assign media IDs according to the criteria that you specify. Increased performance. The results associate the slot number and the barcode with the media in that slot.

Otherwise. Also. you choose whether to use barcode rules when you set up the robot inventory update operation. For API robots. get barcode labels in that series. See the robot vendor’s documentation to determine the requirements for a specific robot type. the barcode for a volume must be identical to the NetBackup media ID. You can match barcodes to media IDs by getting custom labels in the same series as your media IDs. or between any characters). This volume identifier is used as the NetBackup media ID. to match a set of media IDs from AA0000 to ZZ9999. and TLM robots. at the end. TLH. you should use barcodes to differentiate between data tapes and cleaning tapes or to differentiate between volume pools.Reference topics Barcode overview 99 ■ When you purchase barcode labels for use with NetBackup. When a robotic library can contain more than one media type. In NetBackup. you should assign specific characters in the barcode to different media types using media ID generation rules. but different robots support different lengths of barcodes. Barcodes can represent any combination of alpha and numeric characters. NetBackup actions for barcodes When a robot inventory update operation uses NetBackup barcode rules and a new barcode is detected in the robot: ■ NetBackup searches the list of rules (from first to last) for a rule that matches the new barcode. always follow the robotic library vendor’s recommendations. If a rule matches the barcode tag. Volumes in an API robot have a real or a logical barcode. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Barcode rules A barcode rule specifies criteria for assigning attributes to new robotic volumes. NetBackup verifies that the media type in the rule is compatible with the media type you specified for the update. For example. the robot or NetBackup may not read them correctly. NetBackup assigns these attributes using the barcode for the volume that the robotic library provides and your barcode rules. ■ . This volume identifier is the volume serial number in ACS. Use barcodes without spaces (at the beginning. The barcode rules are stored on the EMM server . Ensure that the barcodes have the correct number of characters.

NetBackup verifies the barcode to ensure that the robot loads the correct volume. The operator must then find the volume and do one of the following: ■ Check the Device Monitor to find a suitable drive and mount the requested volume in that drive. ■ If the volume is labeled (tape or optical platter). update the volume configuration to reflect the correct location for the media. the automatic volume recognition daemon reads the label and the drive is assigned to the request. NetBackup: ■ May assign the request a pending status (for media-specific jobs such as a restore) May use another volume (for backup or duplicate jobs) May fail the job (cold catalog backup jobs) ■ ■ If a requested volume is not in a robot. Two exceptions are the <NONE> and <DEFAULT> rules. Move the volume into the robot. volume pool.100 Reference topics Barcode overview ■ If the media types match. If the volume is unlabeled and not associated with a robot. which are always located at the end of the list. and resubmit the request. The attributes include the media type. the operator manually assigns the drive to the request. Note: NetBackup does not use barcode rules if a volume already uses a barcode. If the barcode on the volume does not match the barcode in the EMM database. Checking barcodes In the robots that have barcode readers. NetBackup assigns the attributes in the rule to the volume. maximum number of mounts (or number of cleanings). Rules are sorted first according to the number of characters in the barcode tag and then by the order you add them. a pending request message appears in the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor. Example barcode rules The following table shows some example barcode rules. Table 2-17 Barcode tag 0080 DLT Example barcode rules Media type 8MM DLT Volume pool b_pool d_pool Max mounts / cleanings 55 200 Description new 008 volumes dlt backup . and description.

Reference topics Barcode overview 101 Table 2-17 Barcode tag CLD CLT TL8 TL <NONE> <DEFAULT> Example barcode rules (continued) Media type DLT_CLN 8MM_CLN 8MM 8MM DEFAULT DEFAULT Volume pool None None t_pool None None NetBackup Max mounts / cleanings 30 20 0 0 0 0 Description dlt cleaning 8-mm cleaning 8-mm backup 8-mm no pool no barcode other barcodes Refer to the previous table for example barcode rules for the following examples. NetBackup uses the rule with the barcode tag of TL8 and assigns the following attributes for the volume: Media ID = 800001 (last six characters of barcode) Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Volume Pool = t_pool Max Mounts = 0 (no maximum) If a new volume has a barcode of TL000001. Assume that you select the following media settings (update options) for the update operation for a new 8-mm volume in a TL8 robot: Media Type = 8MM Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Use Barcode Rules = YES Volume Pool = DEFAULT If a new volume in this robotic library has a barcode of TL800001. NetBackup uses the rule with the barcode tag of TL and assigns the following attributes for the volume: Media ID = 000001 (last six characters of barcode) Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Volume Pool = None Max Mounts = 0 (no maximum) .

Changing your hardware configuration The following are advanced topics for changing an existing NetBackup configuration: ■ ■ “Replacing devices” on page 102. the serial number of the new device is different than the old device. If this file exists. NetBackup recognizes the change and updates the EMM database without restarting ltid.102 Reference topics Controlling hardware compression Media ID generation rules Note: To use media ID generation rules. NetBackup also . Replacing devices If you replace an existing device in your configuration. In a rule. two eight-character barcodes are S00006L1 and 000006L1. “Decommissioning a media server” on page 104. you can control how NetBackup creates media IDs by specifying which characters of a barcode are used in the media ID. Media ID generation rules are saved in the Media Manager configuration file (vm. You also can specify that alphanumeric characters are to be inserted into the ID. NetBackup uses the last six characters of the barcode to generate its media IDs. To disable compression. Using media ID generation rules allows you to override the default media ID naming method NetBackup uses.conf). create a file named install_path\NetBackup\Volmgr\NO_COMPRESSION. In this example. For example. Multiple rules allow flexibility for the robots that support multiple media types. You can define rules to specific robots and for each barcode format that has different numbers of characters in the barcode. NetBackup disables hardware compression for all tape drives that it uses. If you do not specify any media ID generation rules. the robot must support barcodes and the robot cannot be an API robot. You can define multipe rules to accommodate your robots and the barcode lengths. the same media ID for the two barcodes would be created (0006L1) . Controlling hardware compression NetBackup tries to turn on hardware compression on all tape drives that support compression. The default method uses the last six characters of the barcode the robot provides to generate the media ID.

see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. Alternatively. Replace the drive or physically update the firmware for the drive. select the new drive. The drive must first be recognized by the operating system of each server. Those devices may be configured as unserialized or configured with a different serial number. If you replace a drive with a drive of a different type or replace a serialized drive with an unserialized drive. 2 3 . select Down Drive. a device may be unusable (such as the tape drive may be downed). Integrity checks occur when ltid performs automatic path correction or when the run-time Plug-n-Play code (Windows only) performs serial number checks. Up the drive.x hosts. specify the same SCSI ID for the new drive as the old drive. In the Device Monitor. From the Actions menu. a change to a serial number formatting algorithm may affect a small number of tape drives and robotic libraries. From the Actions menu. In such cases: ■ Update the serial number or reconfigure the device so that the new serial number to be stored in the EMM database. and possibly a reboot of the operating system. you must restart ltid before NetBackup recognizes the new device. Therefore.0 and later. configure the new drive by using the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard. down the drive using the vmoprcmd command with the -downbyname drive_name option. If so.conf option.Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration 103 recognizes device firmware upgrades. To swap a serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a single host 1 Down the drive. “To swap a shared serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a shared drive” on page 104 ■ ■ Disable runtime serial number checks by using the AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION vm. For more information. For procedures. see ■ “To swap a serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a single host” on page 103 For a shared drive. Device configuration may require remapping. In upgrades from NetBackup environments earlier than 6. rediscovery. For devices on NetBackup 5. In NetBackup 6. NetBackup integrity checks that query the device serial number and compare it with the serial number in the database may fail. In the Device Monitor. If you replace the drive. devices retain their serial numbers.0. select Up Drive. select the drive to swap or update.

Note: If you use NetBackup Vault and plan to decomission a media server. If you do not do the following and a subsequent restore requires media that is associated with the old media . The tpautoconf command reads the serial number from the new hardware device and then updates the EMM database. contact Symantec Consulting for help with this task. In the Device Monitor. In the Device Monitor. 4 5 6 7 Decommissioning a media server This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. Alternatively. specify the same SCSI ID for the new drive as the old drive. If the new device is a robot. You must perform several steps to decommission a media server and remove it from a NetBackup configuration. If you replace the drive. run the device configuration wizard on the server that is the robot control host.104 Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration To swap a shared serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a shared drive 1 2 3 Down the drive. you must move that media to a new NetBackup media server. run tpautoconf -report_disc on one of the reconfigured servers. From the Actions menu. To produce a list of new and missing hardware. if the media is no longer usable or valid. select Down Drive. Up the drive. select Up Drive. Use the following procedure to decommission a server (the old_server) and move its media to a new media server (the new_server). Replace the drive or physically update the firmware for the drive. you must delete it from the NetBackup configuration. If any devices attached to the media server contain NetBackup media. select the drive to swap or update. This command scans for new hardware and produce a report that shows the new and the replaced hardware. run the device configuration wizard on all servers that share the drive. select the new drive. Ensure that all servers that share the new hardware are up and that all NetBackup services are active. From the Actions menu. Run tpautoconf with the -replace_drive drive_name -path path_name options or -replace_robot robot_number -path robot_path options. If the new device is an unserialized drive.

Select each robot that is attached to the old_server. You can use the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard.conf file on the master server. Importing media consumes more time than performing the following procedure. The command allows restores from the media that are associated with the old_server to occur from a new_server. Verify that the operating systems on the new media servers recognize the robots. do the following: a Power down the affected servers. you must import the media. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to add the robots and drives to those media servers. Run the bpmedia command for each tape that has active images as identified in step 1. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to delete all storage units that use the robots that are associated with the old_server. To decommission a media server 1 Run the bpmedialist command to determine which tapes on the old_server contain NetBackup images that have not expired. The command replaces the old_server with the new_server in the EMM database and updates the images database on the master server. highlight all of the tapes. FORCE_RESTORE_MEDIA_SERVER = old_server new_server 4 Use the NetBackup Administration Console to move the tapes that are in the robots that are attached to the old_server to non-robotic status (stand-alone). 5 6 7 b c . bpmedialist -mlist -l -h old_server 2 Select another server or the master server (new_server) to manage the tapes from the old_server. and move them to stand-alone.Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration 105 server. If any robots from the old_server are reused on other media servers. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to create the appropriate NetBackup storage units. disconnect the robots from the old servers. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to delete the drives and then the robots from the old_server. bpmedia -movedb -ev media_ID -oldserver old_server -newserver new_server 3 Add the following command to the end of the bp. The -l option produces one line of output per tape. and then connect them to the new media servers.

conf files (UNIX only) and vm. 9 10 Use the nbemmcmd command to remove the host aliases and host names that reference the old_server. A drive must meet the following criteria to be selected for the mount request. the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb) queries the EMM database for the media ID of the volume requested. if applicable. the media request is matched with a compatible drive in the robot. Location is the robotic library and the storage slot number. Compatible with the media type . Remove all reference to the old_server in the bp. 11 Update the server list on all clients to no longer refer to the old_server. ■ ■ ■ The drive is configured. These policies must be changed to point to any other defined storage units in the NetBackup configuration or to Any Available. How NetBackup selects drives NetBackup stores media information and device configuration and status information in the EMM database. The drive is in the robotic library that contains the media. The EMM server (nbemm) manages the drives and requests for locally-attached or shared drives in the EMM domain by doing the following: ■ Determines which of the drives are currently available. Restart the NetBackup daemons (or services) on any system that was updated. If the volume is in the EMM database. The drive allows the requested media density. Run nbemmcmd -listhosts to verify that all references have been removed. as appropriate.conf files on the NetBackup master server and all NetBackup media servers. 8 Modify any policies that explicitly specified any of the storage units on the old_server.106 Reference topics How NetBackup selects drives d Use the NetBackup Administration Console to inventory the robots that are attached to the new_server. A drive is available if it is: ■ ■ ■ Configured as UP Not assigned. When a robotic mount request is issued. The inventory updates the location of all tapes in these robots. The mount request is forwarded to the appropriate robotic daemon (UNIX) or process (Windows) based on the location of the media.

NetBackup selects the robotic-based drives over stand-alone drives unless the corrrect media already is loaded in a stand-alone drive. Shared drives require the Shared Storage Option. (Shared Storage Option is a multiple-initiator environment.) ■ However. (SPC-2 SCSI reserve provides no method for drive status detection. the new SCSI persistent reserve method may be more effective in either of the following environments because it provides device status detection and correction: ■ You operate NetBackup media servers in a cluster environment. and so on. ■ Picks an available drive that was used least recently. Therefore. How NetBackup reserves drives In multiple-initiator (multiple host bus adapter) environments. you should thoroughly analyze your . If some of the drives are shared drives. The only commonly available technique for this purpose is SPC-2 SCSI reserve and release functionality. SPC-2 SCSI reserve is effective for most NetBackup environments. a drive reset usually is required because the reservation owner is inoperative. device-level access protection is required to avoid unintended sharing of tape devices and possible data loss problems. NetBackup has used SPC-2 SCSI reserve since NetBackup 3. then the second drive. the SCSI persistent reserve method is not supported or not supported correctly by all device vendors. NetBackup can resolve NetBackup drive reservation conflicts and maintain high drive availability. You can see the drive order in the configuration by using the tpconfig -d command. Alternatively. NetBackup chooses a nonshared drive first (if one is available). SCSI access protection operates at the SCSI target level and depends on correct operation of the fibre-to-SCSI bridge or the native fibre device hardware.3. NetBackup chooses a shared drive first so the shared drives can be used on other hosts that share the drives. (With SPC-2 SCSI reserve. The following applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 107 ■ Not reserved by another host (NetBackup Enterprise Server only).4.) You want very high drive availability.) Access protection on a tape drive prevents an HBA that is not the reservation owner from issuing commands to control the drive. All tape drive vendors support the SPC-2 SCSI reserve method. The first drive in the drive configuration is used first. and it is the default tape drive reservation method in NetBackup. NetBackup can recover and use a reserved drive after a failover (if NetBackup owns the reservation).

The reservation prevents other host bus adapters (HBAs) from issuing any commands that can cause data loss. The protection setting configures tape drive access protection for all tape drive paths from the media server on which the setting is configured.) This option provides SPC-2 SCSI reserve protection for SCSI devices. Other HBAs can send the commands that may cause a loss of data to the tape drives. which NetBackup uses to resolve reservation conflicts within NetBackup. This option provides SCSI persistent reserve protection for SCSI devices. the NetBackup process has exclusive use of the device. . SCSI persistent reserve process The NetBackup process that reads from or writes to the media in a drive (bptm) issues SCSI persistent reserve commands to do the following: ■ Register with the tape drive’s device server (the server is a logical unit within a drive that processes SCSI tasks) Request an exclusive access reservation ■ If the tape drive’s device server grants the reservation. NetBackup unloads the drive and sends a persistent reserve clear command to the drive. SPC-2 SCSI reserve. The command removes both the reservation and the registration.108 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives environment to ensure that all of your hardware supports SCSI persistent reserve correctly.2 standard. SCSI access protection is used on tape drives only. SCSI persistent reserve also provides device status detection. The devices must conform to the SCSI Primary Commands . You can override the media server setting for any drive path.3 (SPC-3) standard. The following are the protection options: ■ SCSI persistent reserve. When the NetBackup process is finished with the drive. ■ ■ You can configure access protection for each NetBackup media server. No protection. SCSI reservations provide protection for NetBackup Shared Storage Option environments or any other multiple-initiator environment in which drives are shared. (The default option. If the reservation fails. The devices must conform to the reserve and release management method in the SCSI Primary Commands . NetBackup fails the job. NetBackup lets you configure either SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve.

Also. Therefore. NetBackup sends SCSI commands to unload the drive. Power cycled (usually). Preempted by an SCSI persistent reserve command. For example. Therefore. it does not process commands from any other HBA until the HBA that owns the SCSI persistent reservation clears the reservation. NetBackup on the active cluster node detects the persistent reservation and clears the reservation. SCSI persistent reserve conflicts NetBackup uses unique reservation keys. or bpbackupdb.) If the device is not reserved. A device stays reserved until one of the following occurs on the device: ■ ■ ■ Released by the HBA that reserved it. NetBackup does not clear a NetApp persistent reservation.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 109 The reservation does not prevent other applications on the host that has the reservation from using the same device and from causing data loss. NetBackup reports a pending status in the Device Monitor. NetBackup regains use of the drive without power-cycling the drive. (The process can be bptm. bprecover. the mt command may take control of the drive. NetBackup tries to unload the drive again by using additional information to release or preempt the persistent reservation. If an application sends a command to a reserved device. such as Inquiry or Request Sense. other HBAs can clear or release an SCSI persistent reservation. if a user on the same host issues a UNIX mt command. If NetBackup does not own the persistent reservation. the device fails the command by returning a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT. Based on the drive status. The reservation owner must clear the reservation before NetBackup can use the drive. SCSI persistent reserve commands When a device receives an exclusive access type SCSI persistent reservation command. The only exceptions to this action are several commands that cannot interfere with the reservation. NetBackup acquires a reservation. In cluster environments after a failover event. . NetBackup attempts to resolve conflicts with other NetBackup reservations. SPC-2 SCSI reserve process The NetBackup process issues an SPC-2 SCSI reserve command to the tape drive that contains the media. If a conflict exists. an application can clear another HBAs reservation (although it should not do so). For example.

The reservation does not prevent other applications on the host that has the reservation from using the same device and from causing data loss. it cannot remove the reservation. NetBackup fails the job. However. These resets may be issued from any HBA. such as Inquiry or Request Sense. To break a reservation. These resets are protocol dependent and differ between parallel SCSI and FCP (SCSI on fibre channel). For example. PRLI. the device must be reset by any of the following: ■ ■ SCSI reset Bus device reset . ■ ■ A negative consequence of SPC-2 SCSI reserve occurs if the HBA that owns the reservation fails. Power cycled. If the reservation fails. Released by fibre channel LOGO. Only the reservation owner (the host bus adapter) can release the reservation. it does not process commands from any other HBA until the HBA that owns the reservation issues the release command. A device stays reserved until one of the following occurs on the device: ■ ■ Released by the HBA that reserved it. Therefore. these limitations do not interfere with NetBackup operations in most environments. If the HBA that owns the reservation fails. SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands When a device receives an SCSI reserve command.110 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives The drive does not process commands from any other host bus adapters (HBAs) until NetBackup releases the reservation or the reservation is broken. PRLO. Released by a TARGET or a LOGICAL UNIT RESET. or TPRLO action or failed discovery (link actions). PLOGO. the reservation must be broken. which means the system must be available. If an application sends a command to a reserved device. The release frees the device for access by another HBA. if a user on the same host issues a UNIX mt command. A device that an HBA reserves stays reserved until the reservation is removed or broken. SCSI reserve does not provide a method to determine if a device is reserved. Only the original HBA can remove the reservation. The only exceptions to this action are several commands that cannot interfere with the reservation. the mt command may take control of the drive. it issues an SPC-2 SCSI command to release the reservation during the unmount operation. the device fails the command by returning a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT. After the NetBackup process has finished with the media.

NetBackup cannot release or break an SPC-2 SCSI reservation automatically. Issue the vmoprcmd command on the host that is the device allocator (DA host). You must force a release or break the reservation to make the drive available. a reservation problem may exist. If the HBA that reserves the drive is unavailable (for example. SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands are mandatory for all SCSI-2 and SCSI-3 devices. SCSI reservation conflicts The NetBackup Automatic Volume Recognition process (avrd) manages access to tape devices. See the SCSI 2 standard for a detailed description of SCSI reserve command operation and behavior. the following message is written to the log: Reservation Conflict status cleared from DRIVENAME (device NUMBER) Forcing a release To force a release of an unavailable HBA’s SPC-2 reservation. The SCSI release command returns tape devices to general availability after a system crash. The DA host is also the EMM server. avrd changes the status of the device to PEND and writes the following message in the system log: Reservation Conflict status from DRIVENAME (device NUMBER) Also. When the conflict is resolved. .Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 111 ■ ■ ■ LUN device reset Power cycle Fibre channel link actions may break reservations. even for a failover server in a cluster environment. When avrd starts. it cannot release the reservation. use the -h option of the command to specify the DA host. A properly configured NetBackup environment and properly configured tape devices should not receive a reservation conflict message from a tape drive. due to a system crash or hardware failure). the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor or the output from the vmoprcmd command shows PEND in the Control column. Alternatively. If a conflict occurs. it issues an SPC-2 SCSI release to all configured. If avrd gets a reservation conflict message. nondisabled tape drive paths that are currently in the Up state. The command releases all devices that were SPC-2 reserved at the time of a system reboot or crash. you can use the following NetBackup vmoprcmd command and option: vmoprcmd -crawlreleasebyname drive_name This option requests that all hosts that are registered to use the drive issue SPC-2 SCSI release commands to the drive.

Lastly. Breaking a reservation If you cannot release an SPC-2 SCSI reservation. you can try to use an operating system command that forces a device reset. you can power-cycle the drive. SCSI reserve requirements and limitations The following are the requirements to use SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve: . See the st(1m) man page for more information. To break an SPC-2 reservation on HP-UX ◆ Issue st -f drive_path_name -r. Issue mt -f drive_path_name release. if the following operating system commands cannot break the reservation. Loss of data is also possible. However. The procedure depends on the operating system type. see NetBackup Commands for UNIX and Linux or NetBackup Commands for Windows. A power cycle breaks SPC-2 SCSI drive reservations (and usually breaks SCSI persistent drive reservations). For more information about using the vmoprcmd command. You should first try alternate methods to break the reservation on a device (using switch and bridge hardware). Caution: The reset operation may reset other devices in your configuration. See the mt(1) man page for more information. A device reset breaks a reservation. To break an SPC-2 reservation on Solaris 1 2 Issue mt -f drive_path_name forcereserve. To break an SPC-2 reservation on AIX ◆ Issue tctl -f drive_path_name reset. See the tctl man page (in the IBM AIX Commands Reference) for more information. do not issue this command during backups.112 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives Caution: You can use this command after a PEND status has been displayed in the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor.

Depending on your tape drives. With SPC-2 SCSI reserve. If a drive path changes. see the appropriate operating system chapter of the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. For instruction. You can use SCSI persistent reserve. HP Tru64 is a system that uses dynamic path sharing. The NDMP filer is responsible for providing exclusive device access. backups and restores fail. see the NetBackup Snapshot Client Administrator's Guide. you cannot use SPC-2 SCSI reserve or SCSI persistent reserve in NetBackup. To retain reservation of a tape device during a third-party copy backup. ■ ■ ■ . jobs fail in cluster environments or any multipath environments that share paths dynamically. devices may remain reserved after a failover in cluster environments or multipath environments with failover capability. Third-party copy configurations must be configured correctly. On HP-UX systems. AIX and Solaris may require such a change.conf file. The passthru driver must be installed and all required paths must be created. If you cannot disable dynamic path sharing. ■ ■ ■ The NetBackup implementation of SCSI persistent reserve and SPC-2 reserve has the following limitations: ■ SCSI persistent reserve and SPC-2 reserve do not apply to NDMP drives. Do not use SCSI persistent reserve on the drive paths that are used for third-party copy backups. Therefore. you must configure the NetBackup mover.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 113 ■ There must be passthru driver access to all shared drives. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide . You must configure the operating systems on the NetBackup media servers so they allow NetBackup to control SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve. For procedures. For more information. You cannot use SPC-2 SCSI reserve if the following are true: the failover does not break the device reservations and those devices that were in use during the failover must be available without manual intervention. you may have to disable the operating system’s use of SPC-2 SCSI reserve. For information about how to configure and use the passthru driver for UNIX operating systems. you must disable the operating system's use of SPC-2 SCSI reserve. see “Enabling SPC-2 SCSI reserve” in the “Hewlett-Packard HP-UX” chapter of the NetBackup Device Configuration Guides.

If you use other applications. The following error message entry is written to the bptm log: FREEZING media id xxxxxx. SCSI reservation commands are labelled SCSI PERSISTENT RESERVE or SCSI RESERVE in the log. Checking for data loss To detect data loss. information about the SCSI persistent reservations that are broken are also written to the NetBackup Problems report. the following occurs: ■ ■ ■ The tape is frozen. If the actual position is less than the expected position at the end of the backup process. multiple master servers. In addition. incorrect paths.114 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives SCSI reservation logging The bptm process logs SCSI reservation-related commands. Tru64 and Windows operating systems cannot distinguish between a reserved device and a busy device. the following may cause data loss: any third-party or operating system utilities that run on the server that runs the NetBackup backup job. incorrect Shared Storage Option configurations. You can use the AVRD_PEND_DELAY entry in the vm. you should use the NetBackup tpreq command or Down the drive before you use the drive. The backup fails. all data on media is lost Possible data loss causes If tape drive access protection is not enabled on your NetBackup media servers. External event caused rewind during write. and third-party or operating system utilities. the bptm process reads the tape position and then verifies the actual position against the expected position. the following may cause data loss: configuration errors. . If access protection is enabled on all NetBackup media servers. These operating systems also may report PEND if the drive reports Busy when a volume is unmounted. You should examine the bptm log on all NetBackup media servers to ensure that the SCSI operations are logged.conf configuration file to filter out these extraneous reports. Therefore. PEND appears in the Device Monitor if another application controls the tape drive. NetBackup cannot share tape devices with other applications. Server operating system limitations This topic applies to Tru64 and Windows servers.

The backup fails. To override the media server protection setting: use the NetBackup Administration Console to set the drive path property Override SCSI reserve settings when you add a drive or change a drive’s properties. data loss cannot be prevented only recognized after the fact. Checking for tape and driver configuration errors To detect data loss. you can import the image using the NetBackup bpimport command so the data is available for restores. A less common error may be in the tape driver's configuration data. NetBackup does not remove catalog information about the backup sessions that were lost. the bptm process reads the tape position and then verifies the actual position against the expected position. You must use the bpexpdate command to expire the images for the lost backup sessions. too many data blocks written. You can configure the protection for each media server. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. If so.conf file on a Solaris system. The following error message entry is placed in the bptm log: FREEZING media id xxxxxx.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 115 Unfortunately. The most common configuration error is a failure to configure the driver for variable length blocks. and you can override the global setting for any drive path. For information about tape driver configuration. To configure SCSI reserve protection on a media server: use the NetBackup Administration Console to set the media server host property Enable SCSI Reserve on the Media tab. Configuring SCSI reserve The SCSI reserve protection setting configures tape drive access protection for all tape drives from the media server on which the setting is configured. such as in the /kernel/drv/st. If a configuration problem causes the actual position to be greater than the expected position at the end of the backup process. Common configuration problems You must identify and fix the source of the configuration problem that causes data loss. the following occurs: ■ ■ ■ The tape is frozen. . check tape/driver block size configuration The backup data may be usable.

However. NetBackup issues the commands that move the volume to a drive. If a suitable volume is not in a robot but is in a stand-alone drive. NetBackup selects a volume in a robot in the following order: ■ NetBackup searches the media catalog for a volume that is already mounted in a drive and meets the following criteria: ■ Configured to contain backups at the retention level that the backup schedule requires. If the volume is in a protected format.116 Reference topics How NetBackup selects media How NetBackup selects media How NetBackup selects media depends on whether the media is in a robot or a stand-alone drive. it searches the EMM database for the media ID. device density. Of the same density that is required by the requested backup andin the robot that is requested by the backup. import. NetBackup does not search by retention level. If a suitable volume is not in a robot or a stand-alone drive. NetBackup detects tape format after the volume is mounted. ■ If NetBackup cannot find a mounted volume that satisfies all of the previous conditions. A request for a volume includes the media ID. and the file name that is used to link to the device that is assigned. FROZEN. In the volume pool that is required by the backup. NetBackup uses it. No manual intervention is required. it checks the media catalog for any volume that is suitable. or tpreq). or SUSPENDED state. and assign it to the request. ■ If a suitable volume is in a robot. Not currently in use by another backup or a restore. NetBackup unmounts the volume and resumes the search. NetBackup does one of the following: ■ ■ ■ Pends a mount request if the request is media-specific (restore. No manual intervention is required. NetBackup automatically mounts and assigns it. IMPORTED. if the NetBackup Media host property Allow multiple retentions per media is specified for the server. Not in a FULL. If a suitable volume is found. . position the heads to the beginning of the volume. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Not written in a protected format. Selecting media in robots When NetBackup receives a request for a volume. The external media ID should correspond to the NetBackup media ID.

NetBackup uses another volume to start the next fragment and the resulting backup is composed of fragments on different volumes. Is for the correct robot type (if applicable). ■ If more than one volume qualifies. In this case. ■ Selecting media in stand-alone drives The following subsections explain media selection and other aspects of stand-alone drive operations. Schedule backup attempts. ■ Spanning media After an end of media (EOM) is reached. as follows: ■ NetBackup spans media if the NetBackup Media host property Allow backups to span media is specified for the server. Is in the correct volume pool.Reference topics How NetBackup selects media 117 ■ Attempts to to use another volume (for backup jobs where any other media can be used). Is not expired (if an expiration date is defined in NetBackup). NetBackup does not span media if Allow backups to span media is not specified. ■ If the media catalog does not have a suitable volume or if a suitable volume is at end of media (EOM). Is located in the requested robotic peripheral (if applicable). . a new volume is assigned. In this case. If there are no unassigned volumes of the requested type. Has not exceeded the maximum number of mounts allowed. NetBackup chooses the volume that was least recently used. NetBackup may assign a new volume even if a volume is not full (because NetBackup received an EOM message from the drive). The new volume must meet all of the following criteria: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Is the correct media type. automatic media selection depends on whether NetBackup is configured to allow backups to span media. the backup terminates with an error message that no media was available. the backup terminates abnormally and the operation is retried according to the NetBackup Global Attributes host property. Is not currently assigned (not already allocated to NetBackup). NetBackup then adds it to the media catalog and assigns it the specified retention level. Resides on the requested host.

This capability is enabled by default during installation. If you clear this property. You can specify the -u parameter ito force assignment of a specific drive index. If the media is unlabeled. ■ ■ If the unused media is not labeled. if the NetBackup Media host property Allow multiple retentions per media is specified for the server. Contain backups at the retention level and be in the same volume pool as the backup that requires a volume. The Device Monitor shows the mount request. NetBackup adds the requested volume pool to the volume configuration (if the backup policy specifies a volume pool). A00000. If a media ID prefix is not specified.118 Reference topics How NetBackup selects media Media selection using stand-alone drive extensions With NetBackup stand-alone drive extensions. ■ A volume that has been used previously for backups must meet the following criteria: ■ ■ Not be FULL. if necessary. If a media ID is added. NetBackup adds a media ID to the volume configuration. . NetBackup tries to select and use that volume. NetBackup uses media that was not used previously. the following actions occur: ■ ■ NetBackup labels the media. the default prefix is the letter A. FROZEN. you can label it by using the bplabel command. If an appropriate drive contains a volume. However. NetBackup uses the same method to select media for stand-alone drives as it uses for robotic drives. and an operator must manually insert the volume and assign it to a drive. NetBackup does not require a specific retention level. or SUSPENDED. NetBackup tries to use any labeled or any unlabeled media that is in a stand-alone drive. Disabling stand-alone drive extensions You can disable the stand-alone drive extensions by clearing the NetBackup media server host property. which eliminates the need to assign the drive manually. NetBackup selects a volume as explained in “How NetBackup selects media” on page 116. For example. Enable standalone drive extensions. The media selection process is as follows: ■ If a backup is requested and an appropriate stand-alone drive does not contain a volume. the NetBackup Media ID prefix (non-robotic) is used as the first characters of the media ID.

The wait period is helpful when a gravity feed tape stacker takes a long time to load the next media in the drive. use the nbemmcmd command to enable the -do_not_eject_standalone option. NetBackup attempts to use an unassigned volume rather than one that already has images on it. The media is still ejected if EOM is reached or an error is encountered. NetBackup then does not search for other media or generate a pending mount request. This property specifies the number of seconds NetBackup waits to use a volume that is loaded in a compatible drive before looking for another drive. Also. ■ ■ NetBackup does not span media if Allow backups to span media is not specified. the media is ejected if the drive needs to be used with another media or the media needs to be used with another drive. in the correct volume pool. (A gravity feed tape stacker is not controlled by software. as follows: ■ NetBackup spans media if the media server host property. NetBackup selects a volume. NetBackup checks the EMM database for a volume that is the correct media type. . NetBackup also waits to generate a pending mount request during tape span operations. is specified for the server. Keeping stand-alone drives in the ready state To leave stand-alone drives in a ready condition after a backup or restore completes. One standalone drive may be ready and contain suitable media. specify the Media request delay media server host property.) To direct NetBackup to wait.Reference topics How NetBackup selects media 119 Spanning media Media selection after an end of media (EOM) condition depends on whether NetBackup is configured to allow backups to span media. you can direct NetBackup to wait until a volume is loaded in a compatible stand-alone drive. See the NetBackup Commands for Windows for detailed information on the nbemmcmd command. Allow backups to span media. The Media request delay property is effective only when stand-alone drive extensions are enabled. If a suitable unassigned volume is unavailable. The operation is rescheduled according to the master server host property Schedule backup attempts. NetBackup does not eject the tape after an operation completes. ■ After an EOM condition. NetBackup selects another volume to begin the next fragment. and so on. When NetBackup spans media and an EOM is encountered on a stand-alone drive. The backup terminates abnormally when the end of media is reached. and the resulting backup has data fragments on more than one volume.

. Image EH Standard tape format For all tape media except quarter-inch cartridge (QIC) and WORM. NetBackup does not write empty backup headers (EH). Backup Headers (1024 bytes).120 Reference topics Media formats Media formats NetBackup writes media in a format that allows the position to be verified before appending new backups. The format is as follows: MH * BH Image * BH Image * BH Image * To append backup images to QIC media. When complete. Unlike the standard tape format. . NetBackup positions to the end of data (EOD) and then starts the next backup.. it terminates the tape with two tape marks and does not write an EH. One for each job that is part of the set of jobs being multiplexed Data from the backup. the tape is positioned to the EH and the position is verified. Tape mark. BHn Description Media Header (1024 bytes). QIC/WORM tape format This format is used for quarter-inch cartridge (QIC) and WORM media. When NetBackup encounters the end of media during a write. The format for tape and optical media differs slightly because of characteristics of the media. a new EH is written for future positioning validation. Symbol MH * BH BH1 . The following symbols are used in the media format descriptions in the following subsections. which is used for position validation. The EH is overwritten by a BH and the backup proceeds. Empty Backup Header. Backup Header (1024 bytes). the format for the backups that are not multiplexed is as follows: MH * BH Image * BH Image * BH Image * EH * When you add a new backup image.

Faster restores from any backup images that NetBackup Storage Migrator migrated. Fragmented backups For fragmented backups.. find operations and verify a position operations are a fast.. Storage Migrator does not have to retrieve the entire 500 MBs.. The following is an example: MH * BH1 BH2 BH3 Image* BH2 BH3 Image* BH2 BH3 BH4 Image. ■ Note: If an error occurs in a backup. The difference is that NetBackup breaks the backup image into fragments of the size that you specify when you configure the storage unit. faster restores because NetBackup can advance to the specific fragment before starting its search for a file. The following is an example: MH * BH Image (frag 1)* BH Image (frag 2)* BH Image (frag n) * EH * Fragmentation is intended primarily for storing large backup images on a disk type storage unit.Reference topics Media formats 121 Optical media format For optical media. Multiplexing format The tape format for multiplexed backups is as follows: MH * BH1 . The following are some benefits of image fragmentation: ■ For multiplexed backups. Because optical disks can seek to a random position. NetBackup writes a tape mark and starts multiplexing the revised set of jobs. BHn Image. By default. the format is as follows: MH BH Image EH BH Image EH BH Image EH Optical disk media have no tape marks to delimit backups. The data on an optical disk is recorded in successive sectors. the entire backup is discarded and the backup restarts from the beginning.. the data image is in 64-kilobyte blocks. Each block also contains 512 bytes that are reserved for multiplexing control information and to identify the backup to which the block corresponds. the media format is similar to the standard tape format. For example. . Exception: checkpoint and restart backups resume from the last checkpoint fragment. Storage Migrator has to retrieve only the fragment that has the files. if a 500-MB backup is stored in 100-MB fragments. . When a job ends or a new job is added to the multiplexing set. It does not restart from the fragment where the error occurred.

Starts the NetBackup Device Manager service. robotic control. and automatic volume recognition daemons. Media Manager volume. These commands are located in install_path\VERITAS\Volmgr\bin.. The first fragment on the next tape begins with the buffer of data where the end of media occurred. ltid tl4d . and terminates the tape with two tape marks): MH * . *BHn Image (frag 1) * * The following is the second tape format: MH * BHn Image (frag2)* . Table 2-18 Command acsd Starting services and processes Description The Automated Cartridge System robotic process. avrd The Automatic Volume Recognition process.122 Reference topics Media Manager commands Spanning tapes By default... Note: Services should be started and stopped using the Services tool available in Administrative Tools in the Windows control panel. The following is the first tape format (NetBackup does not write an EH. This process is started by ltid. some services will occupy that NetBackup Console session until they are stopped. NetBackup spans a backup image to another tape if it encounters the end of media during a backup. If they are started from the command line. Starting ltid also starts the robotic. * EH * Media Manager commands See the NetBackup Commands for Windows for detailed information about the commands shown in the following tables. The Tape Library 4MM robotic process. The format is the same as described for fragmented backups. This process is started by ltid. Note Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.. This process is started by ltid.

The Tape Library DLT robotic process. This process is started by ltid. Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. This process is started by ltid. vmscd is started by nbemm on the same host as the EMM server if one or more NetBackup 5. and robotic-control services.Reference topics Media Manager commands 123 Table 2-18 Command tl8cd Starting services and processes (continued) Description Starts the Tape Library 8MM robotic-control process. The NetBackup Status Collection service. Note tldcd -t tl8cd -t . This process is started by ltid. Note tl8d tldcd tldd tlhcd tlhd The Tape Library Half-inch robotic process. This process is started by ltid. Starts the Tape Library DLT robotic-control process. This process is started by ltid.x servers are present in the configuration. The Tape Library 8MM robotic process. robotic. Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. vmd The NetBackup Volume Manager service. tlmd The Tape Library Multimedia process. This process is started by ltid. Stops the Tape Library DLT robotic-control process. This process is started by ltid. Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. Stops the Tape Library 8MM robotic-control process. Starts the Tape Library Half-inch robotic-control process. vmscd Table 2-19 Command stopltid Stopping services and processes Description Stops the device. This process is started by ltid.

NetBackup can determine the drive's position (or address) in the robotic library. the device is not discovered. A pass-through path to a device must exist. Most robots and drives support device serialization. the following actions occur when the Device Configuration Wizard queries the devices. For information about configuring the devices in your operating systems. ■ Each robot and each drive returns a unique serial number. If both a robotic library and a drive fully support serialization. Detection depends on physical attachment (SCSI. If a device supports serialization. Device discovery provides data that correlates the devices that are interconnected across multiple hosts or multiple host bus adapters on the same host. A unique serial number identifies a device. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. Device discovery is an exploratory method used to determine which peripheral devices a host can detect.124 Reference topics Device discovery overview Table 2-19 Command tlhcd -t Stopping services and processes (continued) Description Stops the Tape Library Half-inch robotic-control process. Discovery sends SCSI commands through operating system device files (on UNIX) or APIs (on Windows) that support SCSI pass through. and so on). NetBackup determines device relationships by comparing serial numbers from multiple sources that refer to the same device. . otherwise. device state (on and responding or off and not responding). The goal of device discovery is to provide information to enable fully or partially automatic configuration of peripherals for use with NetBackup. Device serialization Device serialization is a firmware feature that allows device identification and configuration. Device discovery overview NetBackup discovers devices and configures them automatically on all supported operating system server platforms (except NetWare servers) and for supported peripherals. Note Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. and host-based system device-layer configuration. Fibre.

The robot returns the number of drives and the serial number for each of the drives in the robot. the wizard issues an additional command. Even with the proper firmware. and TLH robots. The greater the number of drives and robots in your configuration that do not support serialization. The wizard uses the information to determine the correct drive number for each drive in the robot. Devices that can be discovered NetBackup can discovery the following types of devices: ■ ■ ■ SCSI-based robotic libraries (such as changers. If a device does not support serialization. autoloaders. The EMM database contains the primary attribute information that the following NetBackup components need to use devices: ■ ■ ■ ■ The NetBackup Administration Console used on the master server Device configuration wizards that are used on the master server The tpconfig command that is used locally on each media server An internal API . make sure that you follow the maximum configuration limits that they allow. NetBackup uses the information to construct your configuration. ACS. Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP) and FC-AL (loop) connections. and stackers). SCSI over IP (reported). If you know that your devices do not support serialization. TLM. These configurations are persistent for robotic libraries and tape or optical drives in the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) database. ■ ■ ■ Device discovery in NetBackup This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. Native parallel SCSI. some devices require the vendor to perform another action to enable serialization for the device.Reference topics Device discovery overview 125 ■ For any robots in the configuration. NDMP devices that run NDMP version 3 or later. the greater the chance of configuration problems using the Device Configuration Wizard. SCSI-based tape drives. ask the vendor for the new firmware that returns serial numbers. NetBackup is based on a static configuration of devices.

ensure that no jobs are active when you start the Device Configuration wizard. ltid is stopped and restarted to activate the latest device configuration. Components on the same host communicate by using shared memory IPC or socket protocols. You can drag and drop devices between specific addresses in a robotic library and the group of stand-alone (non-robotic) drives. Therefore. Socket protocols are used between components across multiple hosts. NetBackup can be configured to run an automated form of device discovery during ltid startup (which is the default behavior for Windows). NetBackup polls locally-attached non-shared tape drives on the hosts where they are configured when they are in the UP state and are not in use. only the scan host polls drives until a mount request is received . Automated discovery detects differences between the actual device configuration and the device configuration that is defined in the EMM database. and media for jobs.126 Reference topics Device discovery overview The EMM database also contains the discovered device attributes that are required for device correlation and for validation of consistency in the configuration. If the devices are fully serialized. media. The NetBackup scheduling components use the EMM database information to select the server. the wizard issues device discovery queries to all the hosts and correlates the data returned. the wizard configures it. When the device manager ltid starts up. it reads device information from the EMM database into a shared memory segment. The EMM server contains information for all media servers that share devices in a multiple server configuration. ltid cannot be stopped and restarted while NetBackup activity is in progress. NetBackup then can reconcile those differences. storage units. drive path. Device discovery in the Device Configuration Wizard The NetBackup Device Configuration Wizard uses device discovery. You can use the Device Configuration wizard after initial configuration. Command line interfaces are available to obtain run-time (shared memory) information and static device configuration information. Device discovery and shared tape drives This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. robotic libraries. For a list of hosts to be discovered. If the device configuration changes or if it needs to be verified. you can use the Device Configuration wizard again. For shared tape drives. you do not have to move devices. However. The wizard changes the device configuration as needed on all hosts on which device discovery was requested. The EMM database ensures consistency between drives. and volume pools across multiple servers.

However. You can use the NetBackup robtest utility to mount tapes and validate the configuration. NetBackup also supports some devices that require user intervention during the discovery process. Viewing and verifying the device configuration You can view your device configuration by using one of the following device configuration interfaces available in NetBackup: ■ ■ ■ Media and Device Management in the NetBackup Administration Console Menu-based device configuration interface (tpconfig on UNIX) Command line interface for device configuration (tpconfig -d command) You can verify your device configuration by running the Device Configuration wizard. To add and configure those devices.) This design enables NetBackup to support Dynamic Loop Switching or SAN zones. During a mount request. (A scan host is the host from which the automatic volume recognition process (avrd) scans unassigned drives. automated device path correction when the ltid device manager starts is limited. However.Reference topics Device discovery overview 127 from NetBackup. A central device arbitrating component manages scan host assignments for shared drives. it cannot detect connectivity breaks (for example. NetBackup supports some devices that cannot be discovered automatically. you can use Media and Device Management in the NetBackup Administration Console or the tpconfig command. The arbitrating component also provides a network drive reservation system so that multiple NetBackup media servers can share a drive. . some details of a device configuration cannot be validated without attempting tape mounts. However. Each tape drive needs to be detected only from a single host. Adding devices without discovery Symantec recommends that you use device discovery and the Device Configuration Wizard to add storage devices to NetBackup and to update the NetBackup device configuration. For the devices that NetBackup cannot discovered or that do not have serial numbers. NetBackup uses the host that requests the mount to poll the shared drive. discontinuity in the Fibre Channel fabric) until I/O occurs. Each tape drive can potentially have its own scan host that switches dynamically to process errors and continue availability. Polling a shared tape drive allows dynamic loop switching and reduces the number of device accesses and reduces CPU time.

128 Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

Device mapping file
NetBackup uses a file to determine which protocols and settings to use to
communicate with storage devices.
In some cases, you can add support for new or upgraded devices without waiting
for a release updates from Symantec. For information about how to update this
file, see the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide, Volume I.

Related topics

Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses
If your tape drives do not support device serialization, you may have to determine which device file, logical device name, or SCSI address matches the physical drive. For shared drives, see the NetBackup Shared Storage Guide for more information. (NetBackup Enterprise Server only.)

Correlating devices and device files on UNIX hosts
Correlate device files to physical drives when you create the device files for each drive. The NetBackup Device Configuration Guide provides guidance to help you create device files. The following is a general procedure: To correlate device files 1 Determine the physical location of each drive within the robotic library. The location usually is shown on the connectors to the drives or in the vendor’s documentation. Physically connect the drives to SCSI adapters in your host. Record the adapter and SCSI addresses to which you connected each drive. Create device files for each drive; use the SCSI addresses of the drives and adapters. Add the device file using your notes from step 3 to complete the correlation between device files and physical drive location. Configure the robot in NetBackup and then add the drives. When you add the drives, verify that you assign the correct drive address (for example, robot drive number) to each device path.

2 3 4

5

Optionally, use the appropriate NetBackup robotic test utility to verify the configuration. For information about the robotic test utilities, see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide.

Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

129

After you create device files and configure NetBackup, you can verify the
configuration.
To verify the configuration (UNIX)
1 2 Stop the NetBackup device daemon (ltid).
Start ltid, which starts the Automatic Volume Recognition daemon (avrd). You must stop and restart ltid to ensure that the current device configuration has been activated. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If robotic control is not local to this host, also start the remote robotic control daemon. Use the robotic test utility to mount a tape on a drive. Use the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor to verify that the tape was mounted on the correct robot drive.

3 4

Verify configuration example For example, assume a TLD robot includes three drives and the operating system includes the following device paths:
■ ■ ■

Drive 1: /dev/rmt/0cbn Drive 2: /dev/rmt/1cbn Drive 3: /dev/rmt/3cbn

Also assume that in step 3 in “To verify the configuration (UNIX),” you requested that the tape be mounted on drive 1. If the device path for the drive is configured correctly, the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on drive 1. If the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on a different drive, the device path for that drive is not configured correctly. For example, if the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on Drive 2, the device path for drive 1 is incorrect. Replace the drive 1 device path (/dev/rmt/0cbn) with the correct device path (/dev/rmt/1cbn) for drive 2. You may need to use a temporary device path while making these changes. You also know that the device path for drive 2 is incorrect. Possibly, the device paths were swapped during configuration. Use the robotic test utility to unload and unmount the tape from drive 1. Repeat the test for each drive. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If the path to the drive where the tape is mounted is not on the host with direct robotic control, you may have to unload the drive with a command from another host or from the drive’s front panel.

130 Reference topics
Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

Correlating devices and names on Windows hosts
Use the following procedure to match the logical device name with the drives: To correlate SCSI addresses 1 2 Note the SCSI target of the drive. Correlate the SCSI target to the drive address by using the robot’s interface panel. Alternatively, examine the indicators on the rear panel of the tape drive. Determine the physical drive address (for example, number) by checking labels on the robot. Configure the robot in NetBackup and then add the drives. When you add the drives, nsure that you assign the correct drive address to each set of SCSI coordinates.

3 4

Optionally, use the appropriate NetBackup robotic test utility to verify the configuration. For information about the robotic test utilities, see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide. To verify the configuration (Windows) 1 2 Stop the NetBackup Device Manager (ltid). Restart ltid, which starts the Automatic Volume Recognition process (avrd). You must stop and restart ltid to ensure that the current device configuration has been activated. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If robotic control is not local to this host, also start the remote robotic control daemon. Use the robotic test utility to mount a tape on a drive. Use the NetBackup Device Monitor to verify that the tape was mounted on the correct robot drive.

3 4

Verify configuration example For example, assume a TLD robot includes three drives at the following SCSI addresses:
■ ■ ■

Drive 1: 5,0,0,0 Drive 2: 5,0,1,0 Drive 3: 5,0,2,0

Also assume that in step 3 in “To verify the configuration (Windows),” you requested that the tape be mounted on drive 1. If the SCSI coordinates for the

You also know that the SCSI coordinates for drive 2 are incorrect. you may have to unload the drive with a command from another host or from the drive’s front panel.0) for drive 2. the SCSI coordinates were swapped during configuration. Repeat the test for each drive.1. Replace the drive 1 SCSI coordinates (5. the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on drive 1. If the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on a different drive.0. . the SCSI coordinates for drive 1 are incorrect. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. the SCSI coordinates for that drive are not correctly configured. If the data path to the drive where the tape was mounted is not on the host with direct robotic control. if the Device Monitor shows the tape mounted on drive 2.0.Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses 131 drive are configured correctly. For example. Possibly.0.0) with the correct SCSI coordinates (5. Use the robotic test utility to unload and unmount the tape from drive 1.

132 Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses .

Most administrative tasks on the UNIX systems can be performed by using the NetBackup administration interface on a Windows NetBackup server or administration client.Chapter 3 UNIX reference topics This chapter contains information that pertains specifically to administering UNIX NetBackup clients or media servers from a Windows NetBackup master server. This chapter includes the following sections: ■ ■ ■ “Cross mount points” on page 134 “Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients” on page 136 “Schedules for user backups or archives” on page 140 .

NetBackup backs up root (/) and all files and directories under it in the tree. For example. If the raw partition that is backed up is the root partition and has mount points for other file systems. other than those available through NFS. if you specify root (/) as the file path. Do not use Cross Mount Points in policies where you use the ALL_LOCAL_DRIVES directive in the backup selection list. Table 3-20 summarizes the behavior of Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS: Table 3-20 Cross mount point behavior Follow NFS Disabled Enabled Disabled Enabled Cross mount points Disabled Disabled Enabled Enabled Resulting behavior No crossing of mount points (default). /usr and /home). . regardless of the file system. Disable Cross Mount Points to back up only the files and directories that are in the same file system as the selected file path. Follow the specified path across mount points to back up files and directories (including NFS). the other file systems are not backed up even if you select Cross Mount Points. Usually. This lets you back up a file path such as root (/) without backing up all the file systems that are mounted on it (for example. ■ Notes on cross mount points ■ Cross Mount Points has no effect on UNIX raw partitions. ■ How cross mount points setting interacts with follow NFS To back up NFS mounted files. regardless of the file system where they reside. Cross local mount points but not NFS mounts. ■ Enable Cross Mount Points.134 UNIX reference topics Cross mount points Cross mount points The following information applies specifically to UNIX clients. The Cross Mount Points attribute controls whether NetBackup crosses file system boundaries during a backup or archive on UNIX clients or whether NetBackup enters volume mount points during a backup or archive on Windows clients. to back up all files and directories in the selected path. Back up NFS files if the file path is (or is part of) an NFS mount. this means all the client’s files. select Follow NFS.

In these examples. NetBackup considers only the directories and files that are in the same file system as the backup selection list entry it process. Another file system named /home/njr exists on disk d2 and is mounted on /home. /(root) /usr d1 /home /home/njr /net /net/freddie /net/freddie/home NFS Disks on Local System d2 d3 Disk on Remote System Here. To prevent the policy from backing up everything. and /home in separate partitions on disk d1. In this case. the client has /. Example 2 Assume that you select Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS and include only / in the backup selection list. assume the client disks are partitioned as shown.UNIX reference topics Cross mount points 135 Cross mount point examples The next two examples illustrate the cross mount point concepts. The following backup selection list backs up only /usr and individual files under /: /usr /individual_files_under_root . In addition. It does not back up /home/njr or /net/freddie/home. leave / out of the list and separately list the files and directories you want to include. including those under /home/njr and /net/freddie/home. disk d3 contains a directory named /net/freddie/home that is NFS-mounted on /net/freddie. NetBackup backs up all the files and directories in the tree. /usr. Example 1 Assume that you clear Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS and have the following entries in the backup selection list: / /usr /home In this case.

136 UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives. On UNIX clients. /usr/tmp Man pages Software that you can restore from original installation tapes Automounted directories CD-ROM file systems NetBackup automatically excludes the following file system types: ■ ■ ■ ■ mntfs (Solaris) proc (all UNIX platforms) cdrom (all UNIX platforms) cachefs (AIX. The following types of files appear in an exclude list: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ *. NetBackup skips the files during automatic full and incremental backups.out files Files that begin or end with ~ (backups for editors) Files and directories under /tmp. Solaris. Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives. you create the exclude and include lists in the following files on the client: /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list The following topics explain the rules for creating these lists on UNIX clients.o files core files a. Creating an exclude list on a UNIX client If a /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list file exists on a UNIX client. SGI. NetBackup uses the contents of the file as a list of patterns. UnixWare) .

assume the brackets in the following are to be used literally: /home/abc/fun[ny]name In the exclude list. For example. Only one pattern per line is allowed. ■ If all files are excluded in the backup selections list. The following special or wildcard characters are recognized: [] ? * {} To use special or wildcard characters literally. Do not include extra spaces unless they are part of the file name. ■ . precede the character with a backslash (\). Files can be excluded by using / or * or by using both symbols together (/*). Spaces are considered legal characters. For example. NetBackup backs up only what is specified by full path names in the include list. Otherwise. Check with users before any files are excluded from backups. NetBackup normally interprets a backslash literally because a backslash is a legal character to use in pathnames.UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients 137 Note: Veritas suggests that you always specify automounted directories and CD-ROM file systems in the exclude list. NetBackup must wait for a timeout before proceeding. precede each bracket with a backslash as in /home/abc/fun\[ny\]name ■ Note: A backslash (\) acts as an escape character only when it precedes a special or a wildcard character. if you want to exclude a file named /home/testfile (with no extra space character at the end) and your exclude list entry is /home/testfile (with an extra space character at the end) NetBackup cannot find the file until you delete the extra space from the end of the file name. Syntax rules The following syntax rules apply to exclude lists: ■ ■ ■ Blank lines or lines that being with a pound sign (#) are ignored. if they are not mounted at the time of a backup.

All files or directories named test that are two levels beneath home. If the pattern does not end in / (for example. For example. The file is still backed up in this case because the actual directory path. For example: test rather than /test This is equivalent to prefixing the file pattern with a slash: / /*/ /*/*/ /*/*/*/ and so on. regardless of the directory path. Do not use patterns with links in the names. does not match the exclude list entry. an exclude list contains the following entries: # this is a comment line /home/doe/john /home/doe/abc/ /home/*/test /*/temp core Given the exclude list example. The directory /home/doe/abc (because the exclude entry ends with /). To exclude all files with a given name. /usr/home/doc. /home/doc. /home/test/). assume /home is a link to /usr/home and /home/doc is in the exclude list. ■ .138 UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients ■ End a file path with / to exclude only directories with that path name (for example. All files or directories named temp that are two levels beneath the root directory. NetBackup excludes both files and directories with that path name. enter the name without a preceding slash. /usr/test). ■ ■ Example of an exclude list In this example. the following files and directories are excluded from automatic backups: ■ ■ ■ ■ The file or directory named /home/doe/john. All files or directories named core at any level.

we use the example from the previous discussion.schedulename suffix. Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives. The exclude list in that example causes NetBackup to omit all files or directories named test from all directories beneath /home/*/test. The policy contains a schedule that is named fulls: /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list. For a given backup.fulls The first file affects all scheduled backups in the policy that is named workstations. The second file affects backups only when the schedule is named fulls. add a file named /home/jdoe/test back into the backup by creating an include_list file on the client.policyname.fulls NetBackup uses only: exclude_list.fulls Creating an include list on a UNIX client To add back in a file that is eliminated with the exclude list. /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list.wkstations /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list. The same syntax rules apply as for the exclude list. In this case. For example. NetBackup uses a single exclude list—the list that contains the most specific name.policyname or .wkstations and exclude_list.wkstations. To illustrate the use of an include list.workstations /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list. if there are files named: exclude_list.policyname or .wkstations. The following are two examples of include list names for a policy that is named wkstations that contains a schedule that is named fulls.workstations. use a . create a /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list file.UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients 139 Exclude lists for specific policies or schedules NetBackup allows you to create an exclude list for a specific policy or for a policy and a schedule combination. Create an exclude_list file with a . The following two file examples use a policy that is named wkstations. The second file affects backups only when the schedule is named fulls.fulls The first file affects all scheduled backups in the policy that is named wkstations.policyname. Add the following to the include_list file: # this is a comment line /home/jdoe/test To create an include list for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination. .wkstations.schedulename suffix.

conf file on the client. add the following options to the /usr/openv/NetBackup/bp.fulls as the include list.workstations.workstations include_list. Schedules for user backups or archives To have NetBackup use a specific policy and schedule for user backups or archives of a UNIX client.fulls NetBackup uses only include_list. . NetBackup uses only one include list: the list with the most specific name. Given the following two files: include_list.140 UNIX reference topics Schedules for user backups or archives For a given backup.workstations. ■ ■ ■ ■ BPARCHIVE_POLICY BPARCHIVE_SCHED BPBACKUP_POLICY BPBACKUP_SCHED These options can also be added to a user’s $HOME/bp.conf file.

or IBM AIX 4.3.x or 6. (AFS is an acronym for Andrew File System.1 clients AFS level 3. and use NetBackup to back up AFS file servers.) Note: AFS is no longer available from IBM and IBM has ended support for AFS. configure. add an AFS policy to the NetBackup configuration on the master server.0 or 5. AFS is not supported with 6.Chapter 4 Using NetBackup with AFS This chapter explains how to install. Configuration To configure backups for NetBackup AFS clients.3 platforms NetBackup 5. except for the differences that are mentioned here.0. . To back up the files and directories that are not in AFS volumes. create separate policies. The requirements are the same as for other NetBackup policies. Installation System requirements ■ The AFS file servers that can be NetBackup AFS clients: ■ ■ ■ Solaris 7 and HP-UX 11.x clients that run under 5.6 or later installed Server and client installation The NetBackup software that is needed to support AFS is automatically installed with the server and client.5 clients. AFS continues to be supported with NetBackup 5.0 servers.

backup copies also ensures that the backups include the latest changes. specify the names of the AFS file servers to be backed up. Client list In the client list. all the volumes in the partition are backed up one at a time. These systems must have the NetBackup client installed.* In this instance.backup copies. Creating .abc All volumes in vice partition vicepb All volumes in vicepc that begin with user. NetBackup overwrites it to create a more recent copy. Backup selection list directives The following directives can be in the backup selection list in an AFS policy: ■ CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES This directive causes NetBackup to create .142 Using NetBackup with AFS Configuration General policy attributes Specify AFS as the policy type in the policy’s general attributes. NetBackup backs up the following: ■ ■ ■ The volume user. .backup volume already exists.backup volumes before it performs the backup. Backup selections In the backup selection list for the AFS policy. The following example shows both volumes and vice partitions: user. this directive is useful if an automated mechanism is not in place to create .backup copy of AFS volumes.abc /vicepb /vicepc/user. Note: NetBackup supports the maximum AFS 3.6 volume size of 8 GB. When the list includes a vice partition. If a . specify the AFS volumes and vice partitions to be backed up. Because NetBackup backs up only the .

The different groups allow for concurrent backups or multiplexing. Split volumes and vice partitions on AFS file servers into groups that can be backed up by separate policies. For example: SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES ■ The following rules also apply to the directives: ■ ■ Directives must be all upper case. Although directives can be located anywhere in the backup selection list. Add vice partitions without having to change the backup selection list. The directive removes .backup volumes that are created using the CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES directive or created by another mechanism. ■ REMOVE_BACKUP_VOLUMES This directive causes NetBackup to remove . include the CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES directive in the backup selection list or AFS volumes are not backed up. For example: SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES=5 (do not include spaces on either side of the = sign) In this example.backup volumes after performing the backup.backup copies. Specify any number for the volume size.abc /vicepb Regular expressions NetBackup supports regular expressions in backup selection list entries. try to place directives at the top. SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES This directive allows small or empty volumes to be skipped during backups. If no number is specified. The following examples use regular expressions: user.Using NetBackup with AFS Configuration 143 Caution: If an automated mechanism is not in place to create . the size defaults to 2 KB. For example: CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES /user. These are useful to perform the following actions: ■ ■ ■ Add or move volumes without having to change the backup selection list. NetBackup skips volumes ≤ 5 KB.[a-m]* /vicep[a-c] .

To restore a vice partition. All changes or files that were created since the last backup are lost. the volumes are overwritten.144 Using NetBackup with AFS Backups and restores Exclude and include lists Exclude lists can be created on the client to exclude certain specific volumes from automatic backups. Automatic backup The most convenient way to back up NetBackup for AFS clients is to configure an AFS policy and set up schedules for automatic. An include list adds volumes to the backup that were specified in the exclude list. Volume I. Restores The administrator performs all restores on either the NetBackup AFS client or the master server. Caution: If the Overwrite Existing Files option is selected. the include list can add back specific volumes within the range. unattended backups. For information about manual backups. the administrator must select all the volumes in that partition. if a range of volumes is excluded. Archive. see Chapter 3 of the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. Backups and restores Backups Note: User backups or archives of AFS volumes are not allowed. An exclude list cannot contain vice partitions but it can contain individual volumes within a vice partition. Restore from the NetBackup for AFS client An administrator on a NetBackup AFS client (AFS file server) can use the NetBackup Backup. Manual backup The administrator on the master server can use the NetBackup Administration Console to run manually a backup for an AFS policy. For example. and Restore interface to restore volumes to that . Restores are performed on the basis of volumes.

see the online help in the Backup. (The maximum allowable length for a volume name is 22 characters. to perform a redirected (or server-directed) restore. Restore from the NetBackup master server The administrator can use the NetBackup Backup. ■ Troubleshooting The following sections provide tips and information for troubleshooting problems with NetBackup for AFS. Archive. In this case. NetBackup adds an R to the name of the restored volume. Archive. For example: ■ If the volume name is less than 22 characters long.abc The restored name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/Ruser. NetBackup adds a leading R to the name of the restored volume. To restore a volume to an alternate vice partition.documents1 ■ ■ To specify an existing volume to restore to an alternate path. the entire volume is overwritten. the first character of the original volume name is replaced with an R. Or. enable the Overwrite Existing Files option. and Restore interface on the master server to restore volumes to the same NetBackup AFS client (AFS file server). For instructions.abc If the volume name is 22 characters long. . the vice partition must exist or the restore fails. Notes about restores ■ If the administrator does not specify Overwrite Existing Files or an alternate name for the volume. An administrator can perform a redirected restore as well. For example: If the volume name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/user. If Overwrite Existing Files option is not enabled. A redirected restore restores a volume to another volume or another vice partition.) For example: If the volume name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/engineering. See the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for UNIX and Windows for overall troubleshooting information. and Restore interface.documents1 The restored name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/Rngineering. the restore fails.Using NetBackup with AFS Troubleshooting 145 client.

Then. The bpbkar debug log shows the command that was run. Also. The vos listvol command can demand much from system resources so NetBackup caches the output of the vos listvol command in this file. the code indicates an AFS vos command failure. Create the following debug log directory on the NetBackup for AFS client: /usr/openv/netbackup/logs/bpbkar If the AFS backup terminates with a status code of 9. Run the vos command manually to attempt to duplicate the problem.) If the AFS backup terminates with a status code of 78. retry the operation and check the resulting log to see that the vos restore command was run. (An extension release update is needed. Create a /usr/openv/netbackup/logs/tar debug log directory if a vos restore command failure is indicated. examine the /usr/openv/netbackup/listvol file on the NetBackup client for irregularities. the code indicates that NetBackup AFS client software was not properly installed.) ■ Troubleshooting restores If the restore of an AFS volume fails.conf file on the NetBackup for AFS client. . NetBackup uses the cached listvol file to obtain the volume list instead of running another vos listvol command. check the restore process log for additional information.146 Using NetBackup with AFS Troubleshooting Troubleshooting backups To increase the level of detail in the logs: ■ Add the VERBOSE option to the /usr/openv/netbackup/bp. (afs/dfs command failed) The NetBackup Problems Report provides additional information as to why the command failed. (If the cached listvol file was created less than four hours before the backup.

“Overview of IDR use” on page 150 explains the main steps that are involved in using the disaster recovery software. This chapter contains the following sections: ■ “Changes for NetBackup 6. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . “Creating IDR media” on page 152 explains how to use the IDR Preparation Wizard to prepare the bootable media that is used to recover data. “Backing up the protected computer” on page 152 explains that you must back up the computer before you create the bootable media that is used in recovery.0 and later. “About the DR files” on page 150 introduces the Disaster Recovery files and explains their importance in disaster recovery “Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR” on page 151 explains how to configure the policies that contain the clients that use IDR. “Supported Windows editions” on page 148 documents the Windows versions that IDR supports.0 and later” on page 148 explains limited supported for IDR in NetBackup 6. It allows administrators to recover Windows computers quickly and efficiently after a disaster. “Updating IDR media” on page 158 explains how and when to update the IDR media so it is always ready when it is needed. The IDR wizards help administrators prepare for disaster recovery and recover computers to their state before the disaster.Chapter 5 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Intelligent Disaster Recovery (IDR) for Windows is an automated disaster recovery solution.

You cannot use IDR to protect or recover NetBackup 6.0 clients. “Notes on recovering specific platforms” on page 167 provides information on data recovery for specific types of platforms.1 and 5.0 or later client computers. If no other problems exist. Requires a supported NetBackup 5. “IDR frequently asked questions” on page 169 answers questions that are frequently asked about IDR. the NetBackup master server must be licensed for IDR. the client data is backed up. Windows NT 4. and Web Edition). ■ ■ ■ . and Professional. However.0 return a status of 0 (successful). Windows 2000 Server. Enterprise Edition.0 release. you can use Intelligent Disaster Recovery on NetBackup 6.1 or 5. Backup jobs for NetBackup 6. ■ ■ Changes for NetBackup 6.0 and later Bare Metal Restore replaces Intelligent Disaster Recovery beginning with the NetBackup 6. Supported Windows editions IDR lets you protect and recover the following Windows computers: ■ Windows Server 2003 (Standard Edition.0 clients. Small Business Server. and Workstation editions with Service Pack 6A or later.0 and later clients. use the Bare Metal Restore option for NetBackup. Backup jobs for NetBackup clients earlier than 6.x media server to back up the client. Windows XP 32-bit versions. Advanced Server.0 and later ■ “Recovering your computer” on page 161 explains how to perform disaster recovery. If a backup policy is configured to collect IDR information: ■ ■ If you use IDR with NetBackup 6.148 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Changes for NetBackup 6. To protect NetBackup 6.0 or later clients return a status of 1 (partially successful).0 and later servers as follows: ■ ■ To protect NetBackup 5.0 or later to protect NetBackup 5. To generate bootable media for supported clients (master server only).0 Enterprise Server. The NetBackup server tries to collect IDR information from those clients and is unable to do so.

Windows NT computers: The IDR Preparation Wizard may detect that the driver on the protected computer is different than the driver on the Windows NT installation CD. The IDR Preparation Wizard that runs on the client computer generates recovery media only for the computers that have the same IDR version installed. IDR is not installed on NetBackup 6. This section contains a list of cards that have passed Microsoft compatibility tests without service packs. Symantec ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . select a driver to use.8 GB of data.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Requirements for IDR 149 Requirements for IDR The following are the requirements for IDR: ■ NetBackup client software must be installed on the Windows computers that you want to protect. The protected computer must contain sufficient space to accommodate the restored data. For example. The protected computer must contain sufficient swap space to support the computer’s RAM.97 GB. The NetBackup master server that collects the disaster recovery information must be licensed for IDR.0 and later client computers. The partition on the first physical drive on the protected computer must be the boot partition and must be labeled C:\. The NetBackup master server that collects the disaster recovery information can reside on either a Windows or UNIX computer. In that case. For a 2-GB partition that stores 1. For more information. for 128 MB of RAM. Windows must support the required driver of the CD-ROM drive on a protected computer. see “Supported Windows editions” on page 148. the required hard drive space for that partition is 1. At least 40 MB of hard drive space to hold the minimal recovery computer on the protected computer. the minimum swap that is used is 128 MB. A protected computer must use a network card that does not require a Windows service pack to be installed. The IDR software is installed automatically when that client software is installed. In addition. for a total of 1. it must contain 128 MB plus 40 MB. The protected computer must be an Intel computer that runs a supported Windows operating system. Refer to the “Network LAN Adapters” section of the “Hardware Compatibility List” that accompanies the Microsoft Windows software. The IDR software is not required (and cannot be installed) on UNIX computers.8 GB.

You can use a NetBackup master server on either a Windows or UNIX computer to collect disaster recovery information. you must enter an IDR license key on the master server. IDR is not installed on NetBackup 6. On the NetBackup master server. To activate IDR for backups. Use the Disaster Recovery Wizard to help rebuild the protected computer and restore data to that computer.150 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Overview of IDR use recommends using the SCSI drivers currently installed on the protected computer because the drivers on the Windows CD may not be up to date. A DR file contains the following information about the protected computer: ■ Hard disk partition information. Recovery. and media preparation steps are necessary for to recover a Windows computer through a network connection to a NetBackup server. use the SCSI driver currently installed on the computer. Configuration. Licensing. Preparing the IDR media. The protected computers should be backed up regularly by NetBackup. Overview of IDR use Using IDR involves the following steps: ■ NetBackup client software must be installed on the Windows computers that you want to protect. you should back up your computer frequently and update the DR files often. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ The installation. An initial full backup must be completed of a protected computer before you create IDR media. Backup. backup. The IDR software is installed automatically when that client software is installed. The IDR software is not required (and cannot be installed) on UNIX computers. select the Collect disaster recovery information general attribute when setting up the policy configuration for protected clients. Use the IDR Preparation Wizard on the client computer to help prepare the media that is used to recover protected computers. Also. About the DR files The disaster recovery (DR) files are mentioned frequently in this chapter and in the wizard screens. For IDE hard disks greater than 8 GBs. configuration. .0 and later client computers.

rename the DR file that is created after each backup before using it in a recovery. Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR Set up the policy configuration on the NetBackup master server as follows: ■ ■ Ensure that each protected client is in an MS-Windows-NT type policy. if the network recognizes the computer name bison.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR 151 ■ ■ Network interface card information. If a client does not have IDR installed. If the NetBackup client name is different.) On the NetBackup master server. The DR files that are generated after a backup are named in the format netbackup_client_name.dr. the DR files for all clients are stored in the NetBackup catalog on the server. the Collect disaster recovery information attribute cannot be selected.dr. The automatic recovery of an IDR-protected computer requires a copy of the DR file for that computer. the backups for that client by this policy can never end with a status of 0. ■ The NetBackup master server that collects disaster recovery information must be licensed for IDR. Select the Collect disaster recovery information policy attribute for at least one of the MS-Windows-NT policies that backup protected clients. Note: IDR requires that the DR file name match the computer name of the client.dr. NetBackup stores a copy on the client and the master server after each of the following backups: ■ ■ ■ ■ Full backup Incremental differential or incremental cumulative backup User backup User archive NetBackup stores the DR file for each client in the install_path\NetBackup\Idr\data directory on the client. A successful backup in this instance ■ . Ensure that all the clients in this policy have IDR installed. The server must be configured to collect disaster recovery information for NetBackup to create a DR file. That is. the DR file is bison. if the client name is bison.dr. (Use the format computer_name. IDR must be installed on the server and client. If not. For example. the DR file must be named bison. NetBackup configuration information necessary to restore data files.

usually by the computer vendor. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers. (Use the format computer_name. Ensure that all local drives are backed up. for a NetBackup 5. However. ensure that System State is backed up. For Windows 2000 computers.0 and later collects the DR information from the clients that run versions of NetBackup earlier than 6. If the names do not match. which includes the DR file used in recovery.dr. Utility partitions are small partitions created on the hard drive. Ensure that any utility partitions are backed up. rename the DR file that is created after each backup before using it in a recovery. System-specific drivers and the Disaster Recovery Wizard. ■ ■ ■ To create IDR media.) ■ Backing up the protected computer Perform a full backup of the protected computer before you prepare the IDR media.0.1 client. you must use the IDR software revision on the client to prepare the bootable media for that client.152 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Backing up the protected computer shows a status of 1 (partially successful). Ensure that the client name that is used in the NetBackup policy configuration matches the client’s computer name. The disaster recovery (DR) file. use the same IDR version to prepare the IDR media. ■ NetBackup 6. that may contain computer configuration and diagnostic utilities. Windows Automated System Recovery files. The status is a result of NetBackup being unable to find a DR file to store in its catalog after each backup. For example. Creating IDR media The IDR Preparation Wizard helps you to create the IDR media that is used in recovery. A set of IDR media includes the following: ■ The bootable media that is used to boot the computer and install and configure the operating system. you must have: . The backup information that is collected is used to create the DR file. You can prepare IDR bootable media if differential or incremental backups have occurred since the full backup. The NetBackup master server that performs the backup must be configured to collect disaster recovery information.

For more information. Consider the following factors to decide between diskettes and CD-ROM media: ■ Diskettes work on most computers but require more time for preparation and recovery than CDs. To use one set of diskettes to protect multiple computers. diskettes hold SCSI driver information for only one computer. Note: IDR does not support bootable diskette media for Windows XP or Windows Server 2003. Choosing the bootable media For Windows NT and Windows 2000. choose one computer that represents all the other computers and create bootable media for it. Administrative privileges for the protected computer. The Windows installation CD for the version and language that is installed on the protected computer.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media 153 ■ ■ At least one full backup of the computer to be protected. or Windows Server 2003 operating system. the IDR Preparation Wizard can create both bootable diskettes and bootable CD-Recordable (CR-R) or CD-Rewritable (CR-RW) media. For CD-R or CD-RW. see “Step 1: Boot your computer” on page 162. Diskettes require the Windows installation CD during recovery. The license key for the Windows 2000. create a set of diskettes for each computer with a different driver. Because of space limitations. For computers with different SCSI drivers. Windows XP. you should also try booting from the media before a disaster occurs to ensure that your hardware can boot from it. Use a single CD for multiple computers during disaster recovery. A device that can create bootable media: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ CD-R drive (CD Recordable CD-ROM) CD-RW drive (CD Rewritable CD-ROM) Diskette drive (IDR does not support bootable diskette media for Windows XP or Windows Server 2003) More information about media is provided later in this chapter. ■ ■ ■ ■ . CD media has enough space to store SCSI driver information for multiple computers. CDs require less time for preparation and recovery than diskettes. You must prepare the media before a disaster.

The IDR Preparation Wizard creates a bootable image to write to a CD on any computer that contains a CD writer.44-MB diskettes for each set of disaster recovery diskettes. With both diskettes and CDs. prepare separate media for each operating system level and language being protected. Note: Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 do not support bootable diskettes. The IDR Preparation Wizard creates these diskettes. A Microsoft Windows utility creates the Windows Setup diskettes. The IDR Preparation Wizard modifies these setup diskettes for use specifically with NetBackup for Windows. . The protected computer does not require a CD writer. The utility is on the Windows installation CD. third-party CD writing software is required if the protected computer does not have a CD writer. The CD hardware and software must be able to write ISO 9660 CD images. ■ ■ ■ Creating bootable diskettes The IDR Preparation Wizard helps create a full set of diskette media to boot a computer during recovery and to run the Disaster Recovery Wizard. Note: The Windows installation CD is required both to prepare disaster recovery diskettes and for disaster recovery using those diskettes. For CD media.154 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media ■ CD media requires that the protected computer have a BIOS that supports a CD boot. You also need the Windows 2000 license key. ■ Windows NT requires five and Windows 2000 requires six blank. either during bootable diskette preparation or during recovery. The software is also required if the IDR Preparation Wizard cannot detect the CD writer that is attached to the protected computer. formatted 1. A full set of IDR diskette media includes the following: ■ Windows setup diskettes. CD media requires CD writing hardware. Intelligent Disaster Recovery Diskettes that contain the computer-specific information that is necessary to perform disaster recovery.

You can use the same diskettes 2 through 5 for all of the . The option appears on the Select Computer for Diskette Preparation screen of the wizard. select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard.Full Set of Diskettes to boot the Windows Installation CD and click Next. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed. Click Next to continue. To prepare the diskettes. The Starting Bootable Diskettes Creation screen appears.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media 155 To create bootable diskettes 1 Format the diskettes. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. 2 3 4 Select Create . do not select Let IDR Automatically Partition the Boot and System Drive. 5 To modify diskette sets for use with multiple Windows 2000 computers To use the same diskettes 2 through 5 for all IDR-protected Windows 2000 computers. Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 do not support bootable diskettes. Windows NT requires five diskettes and Windows 2000 requires six. The IDR Preparation Wizard Welcome screen appears.

156 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media

Windows 2000 computers. However, you have to create a different diskette 1 for each computer protected with IDR. Diskette 1 contains a file named winnt.sif. It is the script used to automate the installation of Windows 2000 for disaster recovery. This scripted installation of Windows 2000 requires that the name of the computer being recovered be listed in the winnt.sif file. Therefore, for each Windows 2000 computer that shares diskettes 2 through 5, make a copy of diskette 1 (and its files). For each copy of diskette 1, edit the winnt.sif file and change the computer name to the name of the computer to be protected. If you do not change the computer name, duplicate computer names on the network may occur. The duplicate names may prevent the recovered computer from participating on the network.

Creating a bootable CD image
The IDR Preparation Wizard helps create a bootable CD image. Then write the
image to a CD using the IDR Preparation Wizard or other writing software. The
computer where you run the IDR Preparation Wizard may not have a CD-R or
CD-RW drive. If it does not, write the image onto a CD on a different computer
using third-party CD writing software.
The CD image contains all the necessary IDR files unless you choose to store the
Windows Server 2003 Automated System Recovery files on a diskette. If you
store them on the CD, the ASR files always are read from the CD even if more
recent versions are on a diskette. For example, suppose you create a bootable CD
and then later create IDR diskettes. During recovery, the ASR files are read from
the CD even though the IDR diskettes contain more recent versions.
The Windows installation CD is required only during media preparation.
The license key for your Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Server 2003
operating system is required. If you do not enter the license key while creating
the bootable CD, you must enter it during recovery.
Note: On Windows NT 4.0 computers, the IDR software cannot write to a CD; therefore, you must use other CD writing software to create the CD. To create a bootable CD image 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the bootable CD image. The IDR Preparation Wizard Welcome screen appears. Click Next to continue.

2

Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media

157

The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears.

3

Select Create - Bootable CD Image for Use with CD Writers (ISO 9660) and click Next. The Starting CD Image Creation screen appears. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed.

4

Caution: Test your bootable CD to ensure that your computer can boot from it. (See “Step 1: Boot your computer” on page 162.)

Creating IDR diskettes
Two formatted, 1.44 MB floppy diskettes are required to create IDR diskettes. To create IDR diskettes 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the IDR diskettes. The Welcome screen for the IDR preparation wizard appears.

158 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media

2

Click Next to continue. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears.

3 4

Select Create - IDR Diskettes Only (Includes ASR Files for XP/2003) and click Next. The Creating the IDR Diskettes screen appears. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed.

Updating IDR media
Update the IDR media if the hardware configuration changes, if SCSI drivers
were updated, or if other computer drivers were updated.
Also, Symantec recommends periodic IDR diskette updates so the diskettes
contain the latest DR files.

Updating a bootable CD
You cannot update a bootable CD, you must create a new bootable CD image and then burn a new CD. If you install new hardware or change components on a protected computer, create a new bootable CD. For procedures, see “Creating a bootable CD image” on page 156.

Full Set of Diskettes Used to Boot the Windows Installation CD and click Next.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media 159 Updating bootable diskettes Use the IDR Preparation Wizard to update the set of bootable diskettes. 2 3 4 Select Update . The Welcome screen for the IDR preparation wizard appears. After other computer driver updates. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed. Update the diskettes: ■ ■ ■ ■ After hardware changes. After SCSI driver updates. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. To update IDR bootable diskettes 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the IDR diskettes. Click Next to continue. When you already have a full set of bootable diskettes that you want to update. .

Copy the DR file to the diskette. Using drfile.160 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media Updating IDR diskettes only You can update the IDR diskettes with the latest DR file (and ASR files for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers) by using the IDR Preparation Wizard. see “Using drfile. run the drfile.exe file from a command prompt to create a new DR file.exe to create or update a DR file” on page 160.exe program on the client to update only the DR file. To update IDR diskettes using IDR preparation wizard 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard. run the drfile.exe to create or update a DR file If IDR diskettes have already been created. Then copy the DR file to the diskette that . For more information. To update the DR file only. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed. Click Next to continue. to prepare the IDR diskettes. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. 2 3 4 Select IDR Diskettes Only (Includes ASR Files for XP/2003) and click Next. The Welcome screen for the IDR Preparation Wizard appears.

network-interface-card driver. Use the previously prepared IDR bootable media to boot the computer being recovered. even if it differs from the name that is used in the NetBackup policy configuration. If the NetBackup client name is different than the computer name. The latest DR file for the computer being recovered. insert the separate diskette when prompted for the DR file during disaster recovery. The name of the DR file must match the computer name of the client. The diskette can be one of the IDR diskettes or a separate diskette. 2 3 Recovering your computer To use IDR to restore a computer to its pre-disaster status includes the following steps: ■ Step 1: Boot your computer. The DR file name is in the form computer_name. Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard. Use the Windows installation program to partition and format the computer drive on the computer being recovered. or backup set information. Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery.exe.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 161 contains the DR file. Insert the diskette that contains the DR file and copy the DR file to it.exe program creates (or updates) the DR file that is located in the install_path\NetBackup\Idr\Data directory on your computer. If the NetBackup client name is different than the computer name. 1 Go to install_path\NetBackup\bin and double-click drfile. you must rename the DR file so it can be used in a recovery. If you have not updated the DR file since the last backup. If you use a separate diskette. Use the NetBackup IDR Disaster Recovery wizard to restore your computer to its pre-disaster state and restore your data files. The name of the DR file should match the computer name of the client (the name that IDR requires). rename the DR file. it may contain out-of-date hard disk partition. The IDR bootstrap process loads and runs the Windows installation program from the Windows installation CD.dr. ■ . The name is required. The drfile. ■ ■ Automating the recovery with the Disaster Recovery wizard requires the following: ■ A NetBackup server that can restore the latest backups to the computer being recovered.

you may have to press a function key to boot from the CD drive. The computer being recovered must have a device capable of booting from the bootable media. The license key for your Windows operating system (if you did not enter the license key during preparation of the IDR bootable media). Reinstall the partitions by using the OEM-supplied installation program. Start the computer. the ASR files for the computer being recovered. The NetBackup Intelligent Disaster Recovery Bootstrap screen appears. Perform one of the following actions: 3 . During recovery. To boot a computer using a bootable diskette 1 2 3 Insert the bootable diskette.reinstall any utility partitions before the recovery process begins. Start the computer and perform the tasks necessary to boot from the CD. To boot from a bootable CD 1 2 Insert the bootable CD.162 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer ■ ■ Bootable IDR CD media or the original Windows installation CD. For example. Step 1: Boot your computer You can recover a Windows computer by using the bootable diskettes or the CD that was created during disaster preparation. the hard drives on those computers may be partitioned and formatted. If your network adapter requires special driver software. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers. Special drivers are the drivers that are not on the operating system installation program. ■ ■ Note: Windows 2000: if Let IDR Automatically Partition the Boot and System Drives was not selected during IDR preparation. select the option to partition and format the drives manually. Caution: Disconnect any storage area network or cluster computers that are attached to the computer being recovered. For example. Follow the on-screen boot process instructions and continue with “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163. a driver for a network interface card (NIC) supplied by the manufacturer. use the installation program that the CD manufacturer provides. If they are not disconnected.

Then remove the CD from the drive. press Esc to exit. place it in the floppy disk drive so the ASR files can be loaded. For Windows NT and Windows 2000. Windows Setup is started from that CD. To use Windows setup in IDR recovery 1 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue the boot process. you may have to make choices about the following: ■ 2 For Windows NT. If you booted from the IDR bootable CD. press F2 to load the ASR files when prompted by the boot process. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. 4 . you must choose which file system format to use. The Windows Setup program is loaded and performs the tasks necessary to partition and format drives and install a limited version of the operating system. the DR boot process uses the Windows Setup program to partition and format the computer drive on the recovery computer. If you have an ASR diskette. Express Setup is the best choice. Select FAT format for the C drive. If you booted from diskette. IDR cannot partition to the old layout if you build the partition as NTFS. the Disaster Recovery Wizard starts automatically. Go to “Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard” on page 164.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 163 ■ To test the CD to determine if it can boot the computer. go to “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163. Usually. If you booted from diskette. the program prompts you to insert the Windows installation CD. If a new hard drive is detected. press Enter to continue with the boot process. To perform disaster recovery. FAT or NTFS file system. Press Enter to reboot the computer. Express Setup or Custom Setup. For Windows NT. After the reboot. Use Custom Setup if SCSI drivers are not present on the boot media or if RAID hardware needs to be reconfigured. ■ 3 Ensure that no diskettes or CDs are in the drives when prompted to reboot. During Windows Setup. the system prompts you to insert the Windows installation CD so the Windows Setup can be started. ■ 4 Depending on the computer. perform one of the following actions: ■ ■ 5 Continue by going to “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163. Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery During the recovery process.

Follow the instructions to recover the computer. For more information. Perform one of the following actions: ■ If your network adapter requires special driver software. the Disaster Recovery Wizard starts as part of the recovery process. click Run Disk Administrator or Run Disk Manager. click Next to continue the recovery process. as follows: ■ Whether to replace the current hard drive partition with the partition information contained in the DR file or to keep the current hard drive partitions. ■ 3 For Windows 2000. For example. However. For example. Special drivers are the drivers that are not on the operating system installation program. 2 One or more screens about hard disk layout may appear.164 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard After Windows Setup finishes. click Next to proceed. click Yes to continue in manual mode. To use the Disaster Recovery Wizard 1 When the wizard prompts you. see the operating system documentation.dr file. if the computer is named carrot look for the carrot. ■ . click Pre-install Custom Network Driver. Run the Windows Disk Administrator (or Disk Manager) program. Otherwise. the process is similar to the following. The name of a DR file matches the computer for which it was created. When the wizard notifies you that you did not select a recovery file. select the DR file for the computer to recover and click Next. These instructions do not provide a procedure because different conditions affect the process. Follow the prompts to find and install the appropriate driver software. For more information about Disk Administrator and fault tolerant configurations. To make partition changes. a Completed IDR Phase 1 dialog box appears. see “Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes” on page 167. The program lets you make additional changes to the partition information. a driver for a network interface card (NIC) supplied by the manufacturer. click Next and go to step 5 to continue the recovery. To continue. Note: If a DR file does not exist.

it may include the appropriate network drivers if the drive were found during the IDR preparation process. The Windows NT Networking Installation dialog box appears. Proceed to step a. Then click Have Disk. click Select from list. (If you created a bootable CD.) Note: If additional screens about setting up your network interface card appear. perform one of the following actions: ■ ■ a Click Select from list if the network adapter requires a manufacturer-supplied setup diskette. the Windows NT installation program must be able to recognize the network interface card being used.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 165 4 For Windows NT only. ■ Note: If your network adapter is not listed. If your network adapters require special drivers and software. Click Next. Enter the name of the workgroup or domain for your computer and click Next. click either Select from list or Start search. Select Wired to the Network and click Next. select Manual Restore. Click Finish to complete the network installation. you are asked to select either Automatic Restore or Manual Restore for network installation. respond as appropriate. For automatic network installation to succeed. Select the networking protocols that are used on the network. Windows NT is ready to install the networking components. b c The next screen lists the default network protocols. Proceed to step 5 to continue the recovery. select Automatic Restore. If the network adapter does not require a manufacturer-supplied setup diskette. d If TCP/IP is selected as the network protocol. e f . Then click Have Disk add an adapter to the Network Adapter List. enter a TCP/IP number. A list of network adapters appears. Click Next to continue. Perform one of the following actions: ■ If your network adapters use the drivers and the software that is included with the operating system. you are prompted to use DHCP. If you do not want to use DHCP. Insert the Windows NT installation CD or the IDR bootable CD into the CD-ROM drive. To select the network adapter. Click Next to start the network and complete the installation of the networking components.

click Next and proceed to step 8. Go to step 7. select the server from which you want to restore files. When the recovery is complete. If you selected Automatic. Click Start Restore to submit the restore request to the selected server. Select either Automatic or Manual: ■ ■ 6 The restore process merges hardware information from the current live version of the registry into the saved version of the registry when recovering the registry. To prevent merging the registries. The files are restored and the hardware information from the current live version of the registry is merged with the saved version of the registry.166 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer Note: Symantec recommends that you enter the name of a temporary workgroup rather than the name of a domain. you do not have to merge the live version and the saved version of the registry. The hardware registry settings are identical to the setting in the saved version of the registry. W2KOption -restore -display -same_hardware 1 The following output appears: c NetBackup Restore Options ----------------------------------------SYSVOL Restore: Primary Hard Link Restore: Perform secondary restore Same Hardware Restore: Assume different hardware NetBackup Restore Options ----------------------------------------SYSVOL Restore: Primary Hard Link Restore: Perform secondary restore Same Hardware Restore: Assume same hardware . continue with step a: a b Start a command window by pressing F1. (The saved version is the registry version that was backed up. then press Enter. click Next and proceed to step 6. g 5 Click Finish to complete the network installation and continue with recovery. %SYSTEMROOT% is usually C:\Windows) : %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\VERITAS\NetBackup\Bin Type the following command.) The registry merger ensures that the computer reboots after the restore if the hardware changed. If the hardware changed. If the hardware has not changed. the computer is restored to its original workgroup or domain. Navigate to the following directory (the default location. If you select Manual.

you can make changes to the NetBackup configuration and you also have more control over the restore. please refer to the Windows NT Server 4. close the Backup.0. The Windows NT Disk Administrator program is accessible during the IDR recovery process within the Recovery Wizard. Archive. For example. 9 10 Remove any diskettes from drive A and click Finish to reboot the computer. Using this interface. Archive. Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes Note: This section applies only to Windows NT and Windows NT 4. For information about fault tolerant configurations. Go to step 10. Run the Windows NT Disk Administrator program to alter the partition sizes to match the larger hard drive size. The recovery computer may contain a larger hard drive than before the recovery. see the following. a larger hard drive may have been installed or the DR file may be from a computer with a smaller hard drive. Select Start NetBackup Interface to start the NetBackup Backup. and Restore interface and any other open NetBackup windows. When the restore is complete. and Restore interface.0 Resource Kit. Archive. then continue with the restore process. Notes on recovering specific platforms For information about specific platforms.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Notes on recovering specific platforms 167 d 7 8 Make sure that Assume Same Hardware is displayed in the Same Hardware Restore field. . (See the NetBackup Backup. click Next. After the restore is complete. IDR defaults to restore hard drive partitions to their pre-recovery size. Formatting and partitioning is not supported on Windows 2000. or Windows Server 2003.) When the restore is complete. Windows XP. click Next. and Restore Getting Started Guide for more information on using the interface. There may be unused and unallocated hard drive space.

press Enter and proceed as normal to recover the computer. Windows prompts for IDR diskette 2. To recover a Dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID configuration is different from recovering a regular computer with one hard drive.168 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Notes on recovering specific platforms Recovering the dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID Note: This section discusses how to restore a Dell computer. . 4 5 6 7 8 Recovering IBM computers If the drive that contains the computer’s configuration information fails. press and hold down the F6 key. reconfigure the computer before you recover it. Load the Adaptec controller driver manually after loading the PowerRaid II driver. which is not bundled with the Windows operating system. After the PowerEdge RAID software is loaded. To load Windows on this type of computer. Use the following steps with your IDR recovery diskette set 1 2 3 When the Windows blue Setup screen appears after booting with the IDR boot diskette. you must load the PowerRaid II driver manually. Follow the on-screen instructions to load the PowerEdge RAID II controller software. Release the F6 key and press the S key. Use the IBM Reference Diskette to reconfigure the computer. a Setup screen appears that lets you specify additional devices. After the additional drivers are loaded. Insert IDR diskette 2 and press and hold the F6 key again. Failure to follow these steps results in Windows being unable to recognize any hard drive partitions on the computer. press S again to specify loading another device. The general procedure is the same for any computer that requires the use of third-party drivers. After both pieces of third-party software are loaded. Follow the on-screen instructions to load the Adaptec controller software next.

the OS/2 boot manager resides in its own hard drive partition that NetBackup cannot access. In this case. I do not see a disaster recovery file. Q. The following chart lists the order that Windows uses to assign disk drive numbers. reinstalling the boot manager should fix the problem. No. Generate it manually as explained in “Using drfile. For some reason. Because of the many different boot managers on the market.Intelligent Disaster Recovery IDR frequently asked questions 169 Recovering Compaq computers If the drive that contains the System Configuration Partition fails.exe to create or update a DR file” on page 160. Why does the recovery wizard warn me that one or more of my hard drives are smaller than the originals? A. Windows Hard Drive Numbering Scheme Primary IDE Master Server Media Server Master Server Media Server Secondary IDE . Q. Keep in mind that this chart can change if third-party drivers are used. The minimal version of Windows that runs the recovery wizard may have detected the hard drives in a different order than originally configured. IDR frequently asked questions Q. because boot managers usually are installed at a very low level that NetBackup cannot protect. What happened? A. If the original configuration does not match. Be sure that the hard drive and controller configuration matches the original configuration before a disaster occurs. Can I restore boot managers such as System Commander or OS/2 Boot Manager with Intelligent Disaster Recovery for Windows? A. the DR file was not generated automatically. an IDR restore may render the computer unbootable. you may be able to control the numbering of the hard drive. I ran a full backup of my computer but when I run the IDR Preparation Wizard again. IDR recreates the partition on the new hard disk. use the Compaq SmartStart utilities to update the computer partition. However. It may be unbootable even though the operating system has been restored. For example.

. continue with the automated restore of the backup media. SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is Wide SCSI) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 . To do so. Then. SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is wide SCSI) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 ... SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is Wide SCSI) SCSI Adapter 1 SCSI Adapter n Other types of mass storage controllers are usually seen as SCSI controllers by Windows.. Note: Windows NT: If the IDR Recovery Wizard does not detect the hard drive order. enable the Use SCSI drivers currently installed on this computer option. To do so. use the Windows NT Disk Administrator option within the Disaster Recovery Wizard. create bootable diskettes. .170 Intelligent Disaster Recovery IDR frequently asked questions Windows Hard Drive Numbering Scheme (continued) SCSI Adapter 0 (In order of the lowest I/O port address) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 . set up hard drive partitions manually. If the recovery wizard reports drives greater than 8 GBs as being only 8 GBs...

vm.conf file 105 UNIX client options 50 bpdynamicclient 49 bpend_notify script UNIX client 74 Windows client 76 bpstart_notify script UNIX client 70 Windows client 72 C catalog backups backup notification script 78 catalogs offline. vm. vm. vmoprcmd option 111 B backup selection list.conf entry 32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT. 143 backup_exit_notify script 69 backup_notify script 69 backups backup_exit_notify script 69 backup_notify script 69 bpend_notify script UNIX client 74 Windows client 76 bpstart_notify script UNIX client 70 Windows client 72 compressed 58 diskfull_notify script 79 estimating time required 59 media requirements 67 . vm. vm.conf entry 34 cleaning frequency-based 92 library-based 91 reactive 91 times allowed 93 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW. vm. vm.conf entry 32 auto cleaning 91 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION.conf entry 34 Compaq computers. vm. recovering with IDR 169 compressed backups 58 CONNECT_OPTIONS. host.conf entry 33 multiplexed 58 session_notify script 83 session_start_notify script 83 barcodes 98. vm.Index A ACS_ vm. vm. UNIX 136 include files list 139 cluster environments 34.conf entry 35 crawlreleasebyname.conf entry 34 clients changing host names 56 dynamic UNIX client 49 exclude files list.conf entry 33. vm. 99 boot managers and IDR 169 booting a computer with IDR bootable media 162 bp.xlate file 56 Andrew File System (AFS) backup selection list 142 directives 142 installing 141 regular expressions 143 restores 144 troubleshooting 145 Announce DHCP interval property 46 API robots 99 API_BARCODE_RULES. cold backups 78 cdrom file system 136 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT. 113 CLUSTER_NAME. 114 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY.conf entry 30 ADJ_LSM. AFS 142.conf entry 32 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED.conf entry 30 Administrator’s e-mail address property 50 AIX cachefs file system 136 Allow Backups to Span Media 117 alternate client restores.conf entry 33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY.

vm.conf entry 36 Enable performance data collection property 63 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH. when to use 163 diskettes preparing 152 updating 159 diskettes.exe command 160 drives cleaning manual 93 operator-initiated 93 overview 90 Dynamic host name and IP addressing 45 G GNU tar 58 H hardware compression 102 host names changing client name 56 changing server name 54. recovering with IDR 168 include files list 139 Intelligent Disaster Recovery (IDR) bootable media choosing type 153 creating CD image 156 preparing 152 configuration 151 custom setup. vm. vm. updating 160 DR files obtaining from server 151 overview 150 update with drfile.conf entry 36 dbbackup_notify script 78 decommission a media server 104 Dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID recovering with IDR 168 device delays 60 discovery 124 DHCP server 45 directives for AFS 142 disaster recovery diskettes.conf entry 37 escape character on UNIX 137 Exclude files list UNIX 136 exclude lists creating 136 example 138 files on UNIX 136 for specific policies and schedules 139 . for catalogs 67 diskfull_notify script 79 Domain Name Service (DNS) hostnames 56 drfile. vm. 56 client peername 55 correct use 54 short 55 host. updating 160 procedure 161 disk administrator 167 disk overhead. vm. altering sizes 167 E e-mail notifications 50 EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT.xlate file and alternate client restores 56 I IBM computers.conf entry 35 DataStore volume pool 94 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS.exe 160 frequently asked questions 169 hard disk partition changes 164 hard drive partition.conf entry 36 EMM_RETRY_COUNT.172 CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES 142 cross mount points effect with UNIX raw partitions 134 examples 135 setting 134 syntax rules 137 wildcards in 137 extended attribute files 58 F FlashBackup 58 Follow NFS mounts with cross mount points 134 format description for optical 121 fragmented backups 121 frequency-based drive cleaning 92 D DAS_CLIENT.

conf entry 39 mntfs file system 136 multiple servers 20 multiplexing (MPX) backups 121 O optical disk format 121 OS/2. vm.cmd 80 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT. vm. boot manager and IDR 169 P peername.173 overview 150 preparation wizard 152 recovery wizard 161 requirements for using 149 supported Windows editions 148 updating bootable media 158 updating IDR media recovery diskettes 159. vm. 119 using tar to read images 58 Media Manager best practices 84 configuration file 30 security 42 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS. client 55 Performance Monitor. 37 demultiplexing 19 Maximum jobs per client property 18 recovering backups 58 schedule media multiplexing 15 storage unit max per drive 15 tape format 121 N named data streams VxFS 58 nbmail. AFS file list 143 remove a server from a configuration 104 REMOVE_BACKUP_VOLUMES 143 replacing a device in a shared drive . 117 server register 25 spanning 117. 160 using drfile. using with NetBackup 63 PREFERRED_GROUP. vm.conf entry 40 proc file system 136 R RANDOM_PORTS.conf entry 38 MAP_ID. 40 network transfer rate 60 notification scripts 68 L library-based cleaning 91 M mail_dr_info. vm.conf entry 36.conf entry 37 maximum barcode lengths 98 media determining requirements 67 formats 120 ID generation rules 102 pool 93 selection algorithm 116.conf entry 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX.conf entry 39 MM_SERVER_NAME. vm.exe 160 when to update 158 using boot managers 169 Windows disk administrator 164 editions supported 148 setup 163 wizards disaster recovery 161 IDR preparation 152 INVENTORY_FILTER. vm.cmd 81 NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO 28 NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS 28 NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL 28 NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY 29 NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING 28 NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD 28 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR 29 NDMP 58.conf entry 40 raw partitions 58 reactive cleaning 91 reconfiguring devices in a shared drive configuration 103 register a media server 25 regular expressions.conf entry 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL. vm. 113 NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) use of 37. vm.

112 error recovery 111 limitations 113. using with NetBackup 62. 72 dbbackup_notify 68 diskfull_notify 68 mail_dr_info.conf entry 43 TLM_ vm. 119 tape format fragmented 121 multiplexed 121 non-QIC 120 QIC/WORM 120 spanned tapes 122 TapeAlert 87. 91 log codes 87 requirements 87 tar GNU 58 to read backup images 58 TLH_ vm.conf entry 41 RESERVATION CONFLICT status 111 restore_notify script 82 restores AFS clients 144 restore_notify script 82 robotic cleaning 91 S schedules how processed 65 scratch pool 96 scripts backup_exit_notify 68 backup_notify 68 bpend_notify 68 bpstart_notify 68. vm.conf entry 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT.conf entry 43 transfer rate 59.cmd 68 notification 68 parent_end_notify 68 parent_start_notify 68 restore_notify 68 session_notify 68 session_start_notify 68 userreq_notify 68 SCSI persistent reserve 108 SCSI reserve/release break a reservation 110.conf entries 43 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL.174 configuration 102 REQUIRED_INTERFACE 29 REQUIRED_INTERFACE. 56 NetBackup master 21 media 21 multiple 20 session_notify script 83 session_start_notify script 83 SGI cachefs file system 136 SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES 143 Solaris extended attributes 58 file systems 136 spanning media 117.conf file ACS_ entries 30 ADJ_LSM entries 30 . vm. for catalogs 67 spanning 117. disabling 118 System Commander and IDR 169 System Monitor. 114 overview 108 PEND status 111. vm. vm. 60 troubleshooting AFS backups 145 U UnixWare cachefs file system 136 userreq_notify script 83 using Media Manager devices with other applications 85 V VERBOSE. 122 SSO.conf entry 42 SSO_HOST_NAME.cmd 68 nbmail. 119.conf entry 43 stand-alone drive extensions. 63 T tape overhead. 112 requirements 112 RESERVATION CONFLICT 110.conf entry 41 servers changing host names 54. vm. 70. 111 SERVER.conf entry 43 vm. vm. vm.

37 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT entries 38 MAP_ID entries 37 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS entries 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX entries 39 MM_SERVER_NAMEentries 39 overview 30 PREFERRED_GROUP entries 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL entries 40 RANDOM_PORTS entries 40 REQUIRED_INTERFACE entries 41 SERVER entries 41 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL entries 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT entries 42 SSO_HOST_NAME entries 43 TLH_ entries 43 TLM_ entries 43 VERBOSE entries 43 volume group rules for assigning 94 pool configuring a scratch pool 96 overview 93 VxFS named data streams 58 W wildcard characters in AFS file list 143 in exclude lists 137 UNIX escape character 137 wizards disaster recovery 161 IDR preparation 152 worklist.175 API_BARCODE_RULES entries 32 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entries 32 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION entries 32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOTentries 33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY entries 33 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY entries 33 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT entries 34 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW entries 34 CLUSTER_NAME entries 34 CONNECT_OPTIONS entries 35 DAS_CLIENT entries 35 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS entries 36 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH entries 37 INVENTORY_FILTER entries 36. prioritizing 66 .

176 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful