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Solution

Solution

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Published by: Edisy_Chan_2396 on Aug 08, 2011
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08/25/2015

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ModuliSpaces@HKG

Using IBP, we obtain


0
sin
n
x
x
n
dx =
−1
n −1


0
sin
n
xd(x
−n+1
)
=
1
n −1


0
(sin
n
x)

x
n−1
dx
= ...
=
1
(n −1)!


0
(sin
n
x)
(n−1)
x
dx.
Note that we have
sin
n
x =













1
2
n−1
n−1
2

k=0
(−1)
n−1
2
−k

n
k

sin((n −2k)x) if n is odd
1
2
n

n
n
2

+
1
2
n−1
n
2

k=0
(−1)
n
2
−k

n
k

cos((n −2k)x) if n is even
Hence
(sin
n
x)
(n−1)
=
1
2
n−1
[
n−1
2
]

k=0
(−1)
k

n
k

(n −2k)
n−1
sin((n −2k)x).
Then we get


0
sin
n
x
x
n
dx =
1
2
n−1
(n −1)!
[
n−1
2
]

k=0
(−1)
k

n
k

(n −2k)
n−1


0
sin((n −2k)x)
x
dx
=
1
2
n−1
(n −1)!
[
n−1
2
]

k=0
(−1)
k

n
k

(n −2k)
n−1
(sgn(n −2k)
π
2
)
=
π
2
n
(n −1)!
[
n−1
2
]

k=0
(−1)
k

n
k

(n −2k)
n−1
,
since sgn(n − 2k) = 1 and


0
sin((n −2k)x)
x
dx = sgn(n − 2k)
π
2
by Laplace
transform.
1

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