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MEEM 3700 Mechanical Vibrations

Mohan D. Rao Chuck Van Karsen
Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics Michigan Technological University
Copyright 2003

Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility

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Rotating Unbalance
Unbalance in rotating machinery is one of the main causes of vibration.

e
M
k c

x

ω

m m0

Issues: 1.) What is the magnitude X of the steady state motion of the mass? mass? 2.) How much force is transmitted to the foundation (ground)?
Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility

MEEM 3700

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Rotating Unbalance meω 2 sin (ωt ) meω 2 m M meω 2 cos (ωt ) x ∑ F = ( M − m ) && x x M = total system mass m = unbalance mass kx & cx e = eccentricity Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 3 Rotating Unbalance x ∑ F = ( M − m ) && x & − kx − cx + m eω 2 sin (ωt ) − && = ( M − m ) && x x & && − kx − cx + meω 2 sin (ωt ) = Mx ( ) && & Mx + cx + kx = meω 2 sin (ωt ) Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 4 2 .

Rotating Unbalance && & Mx + cx + kx = meω 2 sin (ωt ) = Fo sin (ωt ) Fo = meω 2 Steady state solution xss ( t ) = X sin (ωt − φ ) Xk Xk = = Fo meω 2 ⎡ 1− r2 ⎢ ⎣ 1 ( ) 2 + ( 2ζ r ) ⎤ ⎥ ⎦ 2 1 2 φ = tan −1 ⎢ ⎡ 2ζ r ⎤ 2 ⎥ ⎣1 − r ⎦ Alternative form: Change k = M ω n 2 and use r = ω / ω n Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 5 Rotating Unbalance && & Mx + cx + kx = meω 2 sin (ωt ) = Fo sin (ωt ) xss ( t ) = X sin (ωt − φ ) Alternative form: MX = me ⎡ 1− r2 ⎢ ⎣ r2 ( ) 2 + ( 2ζ r ) ⎤ ⎥ ⎦ 2 1 2 Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 6 3 .

Rotating Unbalance Equation form: Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 7 Vibration Isolation General Harmonic Force Fo cos (ωt ) Force due to Rotating Unbalance m ω e x x m M k c k c What is the force transmitted to the foundation? Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 8 4 .

but ⎣ ⎦ Xk Xk = = Fo meω 2 ⎡ 1− r2 ⎢ ⎣ ( 1 .Vibration Isolation Fo cos (ωt ) or meω 2 sin (ωt ) x m kx & cx FT = force transmitted to base FT = kx + c x = X cos (ω t − φ ) − cω X sin (ω t − φ ) Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility . hence 2 ⎤ + ( 2ζ r ) ⎥ ⎦ 1 2 2 Fo ⎡ k 2 + ( cω ) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ FT = 1 2 2 ⎡ k − mω 2 + ( cω )2 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 1 ) 2 2 ( ) F F Transmissibility (Tr ) ≡ T = T 2 Fo meω Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility 2 ⎡ ⎤ k 2 + ( cω ) FT ⎢ ⎥ Tr = = Fo ⎢ k − mω 2 2 + ( cω )2 ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 1 2 ( ) MEEM 3700 10 5 . MEEM 3700 9 Vibration Isolation Magnitude of total transmitted force 1 2 2 2 & FT = ⎡( kx ) + ( cx ) ⎤ = X k 2 + ω 2 c 2 .

Vibration Isolation ⎤ FT ⎡ 1 + ( 2ζ r ) ⎥ =⎢ Tr = 2 2 Fo ⎢ 1 − r + ( 2ζ r ) ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 2 1 2 ( ) Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 11 Vibration IsolationIsolationForce Transmissibility Lecture 11-Rotating Unbalance & Force Transmissibility MEEM 3700 12 6 .