iferaft Manual
Table of Contents see page 24


Published by Seefahrtsamt Sole manufacture

der DDR Republic

in the German Democratic

VEB Textil- und Veredlungsbetrieb

- 8706 Neugersdorf



For the attention of the leader!


Discipline a swell a sthe orderly and responsible execution of the jobs and duties entrusted to the survivors are the leading principles in liferafts. Above all it is essentiol that the survivors shold never give up hope. Never give rise to hopelessness, despair or panic. Inflata ble Iiferafts a re safe places of refuge! Encounter indifference and apathy by allocating duties and jobs as soon as possible. Thus occupy the mind and prevent the survivors from brooding on the distress. Good leadership, encouragement of any liferaft's crew. and the maintenance of reasoned

optimism are likely to be the factors of most importance in the survival


Carry out any immediate actions as they are specified in the label on the inner surface of the canopy. Leakages Repair as soon as possible by patching the leakages which have been temporarily sealed with leak stoppers. To this end use the repair kit contained in the emergency pock, see page 9. The liferoft will remain fully buoyant and stable with only one buoyancy chamber inflated. Check the pressure in the buoyancy chambers from time to time by pressinq the chambers with the fist. In case of a "flabby" chamber top up the latter with the bellows provided. The topping-up valves are clearly marked on the buoyancy tubes. When topping up the tubes place the bellows on your upper thigs, or on the packing material of the emergency pack. If the pressure in the buoyancy tubes drops very rapidly, search for hidden leaks. Notice: ignore a possible slight hiss from the safety/topping-up valves. This is a normal escape of gas due to gas overpressure during inflation, or by direct insolation. Don't let it worry you - it is a matter of course!

Pressure in the buoyancy tubes


Dry the floor of the liferaft with the sponge, If necessary able out raft with the bailer, only then wipe dry the floor with the sponge.


Radar Reflector

Set the Radar Reflector! Unfold the reflector such as to form a globe
and lock it by means of the hinged stirrups provided. Mount the reflector to the patch provided to this end on the canopy and fasten in there with the loops and the beckets.

Rod Aerial

Mount the rod aerial if a portable wireless set is on board the lifercft. Stick the rod aerial through the liqht- coloured patch provided to this end at the canopy above the retaining patches and extend the aerial to full length. Fasten the aerial as tight as possible to the buoyancy tubes with the webs provided. Take care that the foot of the aerial stands on the doubler and tie it up with the piece of thread to be found there, Operate the wireless set in accordance Operating Instructions. with the accompanying

liferaft lights

The liferof is equipped ith an anterior light and a sea leght having a normal servi e life of about 10 hours,

Disconnect the water-activated cells in daytime to extend the lighting service life. The cells shall be left in the water. The connector is to be found either in the internor at the entrance or outside the raft at the entrance on a level with the water-line. After the first set of water-activated cells is exhausted, connect the spare cells (contained in the emergency pack). Remove the two plugs and hang the cells into the water. In case the raft is provided with two spare cells of different size and with a sea-light being of the intermittent type, the big spare cell is intended for the sealight.

Temperature and Ventilation

For regulating


and ventilating

the interior, the weather

aprons of the entrances can be used. In cold weather and in a rough sea close the two enxrances. Never forget to ventilate the interior from time to time for health and comfort! Keep the floor inflated!


The liferaft is equipped with

2 drogues which are released by the inflat-

ing liferaft. Tthe drogues are intended to reduce drift and to bring the raft in a favourable position with regard to wind and motion 0 fthe sea.


In addition to thi sthe drogue is intended to propulse the raft. Throw out the drogue in the direction desired then haul in the drogue line. Continue in doing so.


The liferaft can be towed by means of the towing/operating fastened to the raft.


Fishing Kit

Fasten the spinner to the fishing line (fasten it well with knots) and throw it overboard. Keep the fishing ine moving hand over hand, or by jigging.

Distress Signal Means

Keep the signal means ready for immediate use. Acquaint yourself with the instructions of how to use such means (see the labels on the tins). Launch the pyrotechnic signals under an angle of 70°..,-80° down wind. Extend your hand out of the raft holding the red hand flares. You should be very careful to refrain from using pyrotechnics until a ship is actually sighted.


The Heliograph consisting of mirrors, is visible to ship and aircraft at very considerable distances, depending on the amount of sunshine and the luminous intensity of the searchlight. Follow the instructions for use very carefully. The torch is a versatile signal means signalling by Morse code), Give the signal S 0 S . , . - - - .. , (3 short, 3 long. 3 short) or any other striking light signals! See also the table "General found in the emergency pack! International Distress Signals" to be


Righting Up


a life raft


In case the raft should have capsised and is floating righting up the raft can be done only by one man.

upside down,

Right the raft by a man levering himself aboard, using the handling strap in the vicinity of the gas bottle. He should now stand, or crouch, near the gas bottle, and, grasping the handling strap, pull steadily while leaning a sfar backwards as he can. Turn the opposite side into the wind. Remember a steady pull is better than a jerk. The man should then jump aside before the floor of the raft touches the surface of water. There is no danger of being injured by the falling down raft.


Leak stopper

Repair Instructions

Repair the liferoft as follows: 1. Close small damages temporarily with leak stoppers until such time as it is practicable to carry out more permanent repairs by patching. It is important not to force the plug in too far as this may extend the damage. 2. Dry thoroughly the damaged area and roughen it with sand paper. 3. Apply one coat of rubber solution and wOII until it has become dry. 4. Apply a second coat of rubber solution and wait until it has become tacky. 5. Apply the patch and press it in place.

If the patches are not of the self-adhesive type, roughen them and apply also 2 coats of rubber solution. Inflate the repaired part of the raft not before 20 minutes have elapsed. 10

The leader
In the distress roster os each vessel there are mentioned by name a leader and a 2nd leader for each of the inflatable liferafts. if, in case of distress, neither the one or the other should be on board the raft, the survivors must nominate a leader from their midst. Generally the most experienced ,dynamic and energetic person in the liferaft i sappointed leader. The orders given by the leader must be strictly observed.

The leader's responsibility: • • • .. • • • • Distribution Distribution Attention to Distribution of watches of look-out duty the comfort of the injured of food- and water rations

Decision whether to use pyrotechnics Decision whether to use the portable wireless set (if available) Decision on the proper use of the raft equipment aMintenance of reasoned optimism


Watches and look-out duties

The distribution

of watches depend son the number of men in the

liferaft, and revailing circumstances. It is advisable to have two on watch at the same time in watches of two hours' duration. One person shall be on the look-out for rescue ships or aircrafts, the other shall take care of the liferaft and the survivors. For the kind attention of the look-out man: Report any observations to the leader!

Keeping together liferafts

Keep together liferafts and lifeboats by connecting them one to another by means of lines, enabling mutual assistance and preventing the rafts from drifting apart, leaving enough lazy line to accommodate any sea that may be running. An danger of mutual damage cut off the connecting lines. If a helicopter approaches the liferaft it is indicated to show the wind direction either by means of strips of cloth or smoke signals.

Helicopter Rescue

There are two methods by which the survivors may be rescued by helicpter : Wi h the rescue strop or Ii..!' he rescue net


Both rescue means are designed for one person in each case. Never tie-up the net or the loop to the liferaft! Prevent the rescue line from getting entangled with part of the liferaft or the lifeboat! Helicopters are rescuing only one person in each case, i.e, one person after the other. Observe the strictest discipline. Danger 0 fupsetting! Strictly observe the directions given by the helicopter pilot. Do not waste energy unnecessarily because you will increase your food requirements. Also it will increase sweating, which will result in the loss of valuable body fluid and so increase thirst.


Distribute only small food rations in each case. Chew well ans slowly. In case of drinking water shortage reduce the food rations, because the disposal of waste products necessitates the loss of water. Chewing gum is capale of quenching your thirst!


The water ration should be Ji2 litre per day and head. Distribute this quantity in several partial rations. Moisten oral cavity and throat before swallowing the water. Drink slowly and by sips! 13

Never waste drinking water. Catch rainwater when there is a chance. Before catching rainwater, dean the rainwater catchment assembly from any salt that adheres to it.


Never drink sea-water! are the result!

Bod thirst, numbness and after all the death

Fish may be eaten only as last resort, bearing in mind that fish is salt and your fresh water intake should be adequate. Fish with spikes, and fish that puff themselves up, are poisonous. All fish hithout normals scoles, but with spines, bristles or spikes should not even be handfed as you will run risk of poisoning.


Seasickness being highly dangerous in consequence of a considerable
loss of water, disintegration of strength and apathy A man may be free of seasickness on board his ship yet suffer when exposed to the motion of a small raft. To prevent this, seasickness tables should be ussued to all hands. For rorniting use the plastic bags provided.


Oxygen starvation in the raft makes itself felt and feebleness. Ventliae the interior!

by continuous yawning

Don't smoke! Smoking makes thirsty and may set fire to the liferaft. To urinate use the plastic bags provided. Urinate about every 4 hours. Difficulties by the waving floor of the liferaft can be overcome by sitting down or by kneeling on the cover of the emergency pack. To relieve the bowels use the bailer. Cleaness in the liferaft being of greatest importance!


Injured persons

Treat the injured according to the rules of first aid. The first aid kit in the emergency pack contains sterile bandages for open wounds. Splint fractures temporarily with paddles, parts of the emergency pack or other suitable material. Treat cutaneous inflammation and chappy lips with borax oinment.

Chafing Sores are caused by long sitting on the rubber floor, especially if the clothes are wet. Preventive measure: Frequent change of position. Dry your clothes.

Guard against this by the use of any grease available. Therapy: Borax ointment

Oil Pollution being highly dangerous to survivors. Clean mouth and nose with a piece of cloth. Wipe the eyes with a piece of surgical gauze from the first-aid kat. When swallowed, the oil shall be vomitted if possible. Make it possible to clean the skin by rubbing down with pieces of cloth. 16


In case of strong insolation provide for shade and sufficient ventilation. Avoid overheat with wet pieces of cloth. Bathino over the side should be discouraged, and that even in calm weather. Bathing will causes an increase in internal heat, that means an additional, unnecessary expenditure of energy. When the human body is exposed to cold (in the water, for instance), or if survivors are exposed to wind with the clothes being wet, it loses heat. Toke off wet clothes, wring them out thoroughly and, in case of need, put them on again. To maintain the blood circulation move frequently your feet and toes. To keep warm the survivors lay down sideways on blankets or heat insulation foils, close together flexing the knees. Cover the survivors with blankets or heat insulation foils.

Use the following pages to toke notes, such as survivors' personal data. important observations, any measures tgken, etc.
























Directions for use Page Pressure in the buoyancy tubes Radar reflector Rod aerial liferaft light Temperature and ventilation Drogue Towing. Fishing Kit Distress signal means. Righting up Repair instructions

Further particulars Page The leader Watches and look-out duties Keeping together liferafts Helicopter rescue Food Woter Sea-water Seasickness Injured persons Medical advice. Hygiene 11

4 4 4 5 5 6 6 6 8

13 12 12

13 13
14 14 16



16-17 16-17



111/28/14 J 1156/n 234 5000


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