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THE USUAL WARNINGS:
ON DOCTORS, DRUGS AND THE FDA
CAN I :\SSlJ\-IE that most readers of this bopk are healthy, phys­
ically acrive and (I hope) not overweight? Good! However. I
must warn you about the temporary changes to your metabo­
1\,1'1
II{,II
, 1111,
lism that ,he BODYOPUS DiCl will cause.
Yl'ur blood pressure may decrease. Your blood sugar levels
'1'11'1'
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will radically plummet over 5 days. Your body v,rill produce fat
byprodu<:ts thar slighlly acidify the bloml. If yon aren't careful,
some minerals, notably potassium, calcium and magnesium,
will be excreted rapidly. In hal climates, you might dehydrate
II'
1'1'
III
easily. Alrhough these negative effects are possible, I am coo­
"inced thaI the net health gains 0utweigh the risks.
11'1'1:
I II,
\.1ost of the "diny lricks" and shonculs I will discuss art'
considered incorrect by dogmatic MDs, the AMA and the FDA.
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Quick, easy fal loss is considered unnecessary by rhe American
Medical Club.
I 'II I
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To the arhletically inclined and the life extensionisLs. the
FDA is an adversary To improve your meraholisrn with prescrip­
'I' 'I
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tion drugs, unapproved foreign drug.,;; or grealer-than-rrcognized
amount" or nutrients, is an arouow; task. The FDA considers Ihis
11', 1,1
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19
BODYOFUS - DUCHAlt';E
l8
practice frivolous, unnecessary and possibly dangerous.
All of the drugs you'll encomHer in chis book have been
used by athletes and life c](tensionist<;, along with millions of
mdi1'lary people h\ing outside the Uniteu Stales. All or these
slibstances ;.lrc effective, non-toxic and henign in eHeer and sIde
effect.
::-.Jane or drugs or nl1Tnt>nIS 1"1\ mention are illegal to use,
possess or import. Although the FDA tries to interfere with their
importaUon, distribution and transportation, they cannot "ban"
drugs. Only Congress and the DEA haH, the dULhori.\v to uu
this. Some drugs arc illegal in certain states, but this varies,
Perhaps the word. "drug" makes you antsy. In BODYOPCS,
"drug" is uot a fOUT-letter word. The legal and sciemific defini­
tion or (erm i.-; (chemical or nutrient) substance
that infiuences the metabolism in a dis.cernible way. [n the
United StaleS, there are three broad categories of drugs,
Over_rhe_counter (OTC) drugs can be purchased
where, from drug stores 10 gas stations. OTC drugs are milu
wedieations [or minor ailments.
Prescription drugs are more potenl medicat10ns that
require a doctor's authorization. They are dispensed from phar­
macies, dooors' offices, hospio;als and dinit:s. Prescription drugs
have traveled througr. the labyrilltlline FDA testing process.
Once <l tlwg is approved, rhe FDA has little, if any, cOnLnl\ over
what a doctor prescribes it for.
Some prescription drugs Lhal have dependency potential at
re(reationa: purposes are nnde.r [he control of the DEA. Most of
lhese drugs are labeled Sometimes dnlgs are reclas­
silied as narcotics because of political pressure. For example.
anabolic sterojus were fairly ordinary prescription dtug.... until
they were Scheduled in 1990. Steroids are called "n<lu.;olics··
BODYl'['US - Dt'CHA1NE
even though they don't cause dependence and arec', used recrt'­
ationally.
Recteational drugs are considered to be and
withont mcdical purpose. fOL Lilt:: mu"L pan, these are not
manufactured by legitimate drug companies, nor can they be
prescribed by doctors. However, there ate always cxceplior.s.
For example, COcaine is still used in the g>llIzt> p:1.cking after
rhinoplasty. Marijuana is used oceasionally in chemmherapy
and with glaucoma patients.
Of course, the rest of the world doesn't have :0 follow the
FD& rules. You'll fiml a plethora 01 effective and "afe drugs
(both OTC and prescription) thai are similar, if not identical, to
the FDA-approved ones in this country, of foreign
drugs <lre as effective and safe as the CS vn"iun". There are
highly rotent (etgo, desirahle) metabolic aids that for one rea­
son or will ne.... er be approved and sold in thc United
States.
Every American adult can import foreign non-FDA.
approved urugs fat personal use, as long as Lhe dtugs are not
DcA-Scheduled. Of course, the FDA tries to make it difficnlt.
There are rules and loopholes. and Cl1stoms Alcrt Bulletins an'
not furnished to private ciri:ens. The mastet list 01 Customs
Alert Bulletins. wh\ch is between the FDA and (he Cus­
toms Sl'rvicf", is constantly being updated, Howeya, you UUl
fmd gonu bOOKS on importing urugs fat personal use in the
health section of most bookstores. Many longeVity alld exercise
magazines contain advertisements fot books that list
mail-order wmpanies. Even FDA-approved prescription drug.'i
ate cheaper when purchased outside the fDA-Ar-.L4. Pharma­
ceutical Buying Club.
]11 the \-iew, the innocuous health lood store sellin,?;
11\ -.
20
21 BODYOPliS - DCCHAl:'lE
BODYClPU5 - DUCHAll\r.
herbs, vit3mins, minerals and amino acids is a dangerous unreg­
ulated pharmacy. Remember, any substance that changes the
body is a drug. The FDA views herbs and large amounts of
nutrients as toxic, hannful and candIdates for future removal.
There arc two broad L,negories of substances in heallh
food stores. Vitamins, mlnerals, amiuo acids, proleins, carbo­
hydrates and [ats are nutrients, the minor and major foods
needed for life. In addilion, the FDA maintains (he GRAS list
(things that are Generally Recognized As Safe), which contains
a vast array (and this list is puhlished) of chemicals. This list
includes herbs and food additives (stabilizers, foaming agems,
ful"vorings), the various brie-a-brae necessary to manufacture
modern processed foods. Often barh research and folklore will
sugges
l
the use of GRAS ingredients in a purified form or large
doses to cause a drug-like action.
The second consistS of uon-GRAS drug-like
chemicals. suhs\anc6 are nol supposed to be sold 10
the public, bUl they are. Confnsed? You should be. The rules
don't have to be logical In fact. many of them go against valid
medieal research and plain common sense. for example,
chromium is a lrace mineral deemed essential to nonnal health
(and nrst place at {he car show). Various chehues of chromium
are sold in health food stores - legally, of course. Large doses
act like insulin, making chromium beneficial to diabetics and
athletes alike.
Vanadium, in a more soluhle form called vanadyl suUaLe, is
even more efTective_ Vanadyl sulfate might be necessary for
human life; scieutists and the FDA aren't too sure. Vauadyl sul­
fate is not on Ihe GRAS list and. techni.cal\.y; according to FDA
rules, shouldn't he ingested at all. However, many health food
stores and mail-order compame<; do setl vanady\ sulfate in vari­
ous forms. Is this a violation of fDA pc)licy? Yes. Has the FDA
curtailed its sale by enforcing the drug labeling and transporta­
tion la""-'S? :--.Jo. Cal1 they banish vanadyl from health food stores?
Yes. \Vill they? No one knows. but I wouldn't be snrprised.
ThIS example illustrates how an il1nocuous and popular
item can become enmeshed in (he bewildering maze of
approved and non-approved dmgs, l1uLrient and nOI1-l1utrient
GR.AS items. The simplest nutrients can tangle up with laws
(civil and criminal). rules. regulaLlons and simple naticmal
agency grudge matches.
All of rhe drugs and subs Lances mentioned in BODYOPUS
are remarkably (even st:lnlingly) efTeel.ive, safe, health-promot­
ing and legal to buy and use. Al1abolic steroids are, in most
instances, illegal to possess and buy, but they will occasionally
be discussed simply because they have historically been the
most dramatiC ami-catabolic drugs.
Now. lets discuss docrors: MDs and DOs. I've alway'S had
a problem v.'ith doctors, but it would be stupid for me to say
that doctors are adversaries like the fDA. Physicians are essen­
tial 10 mainwin al1d restore proper health - at least the pre­
vailil1g normal, status quo types of health thaL most physicians
buy into with membership in the American Medical Club
Doclors are necc>;sary to cure or alleviate moderate 10
severe ailments, al1d (J would hope) to prevcnt future health
prohlems. Unfortunately, because of high medical C05[S or lack
of insurance (or both) most people uon'l ....ish lheir doctor when
they appear and feel If I guessed that you spent more
time aud money on things like hair, skin and naib than on med­
ical tare. would I he right?
lndi.... iduals who are physically fit and nUlritiol1ally selec­
tive are surprisingly cavalier IOwards their medical upkeep.
23

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22
111
They see a doctor Slllncthing i" (usually very) ....,ong. Reg­
'I , "\1\1 I il
uhn exacise, good nutrition, n..-oirl:mcp of lobacco and alcohol,
I, 'I
'I ill blah, blah, blah. We know the drill. All of these good habits will
I\1
11
I
help you to a'-'aid many health problems and feci bella th;m
i1111:
mJny sedentary people do However ..
A snarl physician would ten you lbal a feeling of hlness is
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nm an accurate indication of good health. Athlcles wi1l some­
times [oohsh1,y ignore woss signs of abuse - aches, pains,
III
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minor illJuries. tiredness - as part of the tralning. Often.
I1 1
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[hey (NSS over [rom admirable discipline w plain
1111
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Re,gu]ar vi"ilS \0 a donor nre just as important for athleres. You
I III
don't gc'_ any waivers just hecausc you appear to be healthier
lhan more sedentary people.
I I
in (rpng to pursue sUiJra-heahh, bodybuddt:r:i and liff'
extensicnisLs ha.. e problems with docwrs. Dealing with a
11111'
general practitioner can be a supremely lrustratmg experience.
I ,
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There's one basic re("'lIrring problem. A confrontation arises
l
I II
because the patient asks the donor for help in lmpr(/\!;ng his
metabolism, perhaps fortifying or replacing hormones.
dl
II
l
adding drugs or mcgauosing on unusual nurriems. 1n the physi­
I I cian's mind, the pursuit of thiS goal IS unnecessary, uuwise,
(potenlially:' unheahhy and, most importantly, immoral as
1\
American medicine defilles ""haL docLors should be domg with
' I ,
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patients,
I ' It dODT\'t help matters that Ihe concepts of
athletic perfonnance and longeviry are not Laught ill ally med­
ical srhoo1 that I am aware of. You won't find these specialists
III
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listed in the Yellow Pages. Spans medicine specialists devote
most of their to trCil[i.ng injuries.
I
With so many uocrors m the pbone hook, you'd think that
the IllW of averab':es woulu enable you tu find u sympathetic,
I Ii
B(lDYOPUS - DiJCH .... I>lE
enlightened physicIan willing to work with you to achieve the
Platonic ideal of supra-he31rh. Be\\iare: "sympaheric" doesn't
necessarily mean qualifted. It's disappointing that most of the
dOctors that have helped me with my bodybUilding ende:nmrs
over the last twenty years have been - well- benign quacks.
Yes, Ihey were 'Willing lO help. They wrote appropnutc pre­
scripIicHlS and were concerned With my progress - but they
didn't understand what tbey were doing and why. Looking back
to some: of those consultations I think, "I can't belie..-e that a
uoctor conld have said that! I was SO gullible to have believed
him."
I'm still cautiously optimistic aboul the p05sibilil)' of find­
ing an American MD who 1S a supra-health expert. I:'s an eco­
nOllll( prohlml. Yon'll probahly nerd In visit a doCIOr'; olTice far
away from home, and "shopping" for docLors isn't free. Office
mOlley eve!1 if yuu phIl w corne back. Gee used
to wasting a lOL of time en isolated visils unlil yon find an
acceptahle pbysician. Networking can help. but don't limit your­
self to just like-minded friends. In many instancrs, nutritionists
and chiropractors are the most qualified proresslonals. Try to
find a compromise of two, or eyell three, lIledlcal
working together. Many MDs now recommend nutritionisL5,
and some states allow chiropractors to order blood tesLs.
I'm ashamed to say Iha[ I've had to use tWo MDs who wrrr
not working together. I (rusl my local physician fur regular
health maintenance, She's been marvelous at it. Dnl .. er I
tried discussing bodybuilding or longeviLY drugs with her, jts
like I became Sat.an. So 1 just use another dOelor, one of the
benign quack types, \0 write out the unusual American pre­
scrip[iDns.
A national lisl of supra-health professionals is sorely
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BOD,OPUS - Dt.:CHAINE
1'1 ,1,
24
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' needed, but it won't happen until we an get together - bouy­
'I" 1 ,1 ""
1 builders, life extensionisL<; and 'smart drug" people.
1\'1,11,1 BODYOPCS involves drugs, doctors and the FDA. I've
always aspired to optimize bodies beyond what nm be accom­
I 11'1
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plished v.ith prudent eating and caUtious, moderate exercise,
beyond the idea of "excellent for hoth the general pop­
II' "I \1
'I ulation and the American medical profession.
111\111111
What would be the highest stan&ard? 1won't accept the old
excuse of "good genes." An enhanced metabolism altai.ned
through manipulation with nutrients, other suhstances (GRAS
II 111111
111I111I11
or not) and prescription drugs (approved or not! is my ambition
11,11 1
11
and talent.
11
1
1
1
1
[ hope that we're in agreement on the ideal - superior
I
III"II'!' health, longevity, vigor and aesthetics. Is lhat too much to ask
II I" 11'1
[or? I hope not. Other diet and exerrise programs \\-ilh the best
11111111I111 of intentions can ultimately damage the body. All melabolic aids
11,1
1
I
_vitamins, minerals, amino acids, chemicals, recognized phar­
1
maceuticals _ are, to put it blnntly, drugging the body. As dis­
1111111
\1
11 tasteful as the label o[ "drug" is to Americans. they do improve
. 1 1
our lives. We can't cheat death, but the quality of an aging body
III'
can be influenced.
II II
In this book, you'll encounler idcas that can change your
1
1
1
body into something you thought wasn't possible, even when
11
'111
you've tried almost everything else. In this uncharted territory,
the legal, moral and social status of many of the methods and
I,ll
substances recommended is constantly in flux. For example, at
I
' Iill
this particular moment lhe FDA is expending tremendous effon
',' ,I
to control the sale of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Many
I 'II
of the innocuous bUl 'viral heallh food items of lOday could be
I"
the prescription drugs l)r tomorrow. (Hands up, amino junkies!)
Reauiug this information is one thing, but pUlting it into
BODYOPU5 - Dt:CHAINE 25
practice is something else. Rememher, a smart physician is not
some traitor to the cause. Before you begin a diet and exercise
program, even if you've been exercising regularly and feel fine,
book an office visit. The uoctor may roll his eyes when you
relate your mission, but don't make this metabolic adventure a
secret from him. The most prudent thing to do \hlUld be [Q pur­
chase: an additional copy of this hook for your physiuan, We
might convert him!
None of the foreign drugs suggesteu are illegal III pllssess
However, some individuals become so frustrated with US Cus­
roms' confiscations of their foreign mail-order drugs that they
act deceptive and sneaky The recommendations in DODYOPlJS
are not illegal, but fraudulent behavior and smuggling Qre, Find
the applicable regulations and follow lhem. FDA-granled priv­
ileges are not ideal, but the alternative is a new policy of,1O priv­
ileges. The FDA can change its rulings overnight. Take it from
someone who knows: I uon't recommend the criminal flip side
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174 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
My final advice with clenbuterol? Try it infrequently - just
don't get married to it.
CHAPTER 27
ANTI-ESTROGENS
ANTI-ESTROGEN USE is amazingly common in bodybuilders, not
\ only in America but around the world. Outside of this subcul­
ture, it is virtually unknown. Over 14 years ago, I postulated
that one anti-estrogen, Nolvadex, might help prevent breast
cancer. I was also alarmed (back in 1982) by the amount of
estrogenic substances in common foods, like wheat germ oil.
Now mainstream science has caught up to me; there are clini­
cal trials using Nolvadex in women at a high risk for breast can­
cer. A recent study finally conceded that estrogenic compounds
~ i n common foods affect metabolism adversely in both men and
[)women. Back in 1980, all of the doctors thought I was com­
i, pletely nuts to worry about estrogen in seemingly healthy male
and female bodybuilders.
I believe that I was the first person to use anti-estrogens on
bodybuilders, first with women and later with men. Back in
1981, I noticed that female bodybuilders were not successful at
stripping away lower body fat. NoW; we have a pretty good idea
why women have trouble losing lower body fat, which you
learned about in the last few chapters. Back then, I was still
groping for an answer. I saw that it was women who had the
177 176
BODYOPUS - DUCHAiNE
lower fat problem, not men. I reasoned that it must be estrogen
that caused the problem. Even today, many physicians hold this
assumption.
I was able to persuade my female training partner to try
Nolvadex, but I had a damned hard time trying to convince a
physician to write a prescription for it. Back then, Nolvadex was
only used on late-stage breast cancer tumors. The MDs had no
idea what I was gibbering about. I persevered, and finally got a
prescription through the shabbiest of methods, involving a
gonzo male bodybuilder, a lonely doctor, and the ruse: "Doc! I
gotta have cancer either in my testicles or my prostate and you
gotta check it out ... " Need I elaborate?
Nolvadex was a good newslbad news kind of thing. When
taking 40 mg of Nolvadex per day, we saw discernible overall fat
loss, tightening of the physique and a small reduction in lower
body fat. The bad news: it did not make a dramatic difference in
the lower body It was, in my mind, a disappointment. Over the
next few years women tried larger dosages (up to 60 mg a day)
along with other anti-estrogens like Proviron. Although the
anti-estrogens did make a difference in overall fat loss, the
lower body fat problem did not get solved.
Male bodybuilders started using Nolvadex and Proviron to
combat the aromatization (estrogen conversion) of high dosages
of anabolic steroids. Higher estrogen in males was claimed to
promote gynecomastia, the creation of small benign tumors in
the breast area, which is partially true. Estrogen was also being
blamed for increased water retention and fat accumulation,
which is also partially true. Men blamed estrogen completely
because male bodybuilders are unusually sensitive about having
any female hormones at all.
After 12 years, Nolvadex is still being used by both male
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
and female bodybuilders. It must be working; bodybuilders will
qUickly abandon a drug if there is no bang for the buck. I've
dieted with and without Nolvadex, and I lost fat faster with
r, Nolvadex. Anti-estrogens are currently a matter of economics.
You have encountered many more potent dieting drugs in this
book. Clenbuterol and yohimbe are more cost-effective, too.
However, anti-estrogens can be of value in some capacity: Let's
discuss the popular ones in use in bodybuilding.
NOLVADEX (TAMOXIFEN CITRATE)
Both women and men use 20 to 40 mg per day while diet­
ing. While Nolvadex is a prescription drug in America, it is over­
. the-counter in Mexico. Nolvadex works in hoth sexes, even if
It you aren't using anabolic steroids. It has a perceptible but not
!'
~ dramatic effect on fat loss. Some women have reported gains in
Vstrength and muscle preservation. Nolvadex works by binding
\' the estrogen receptor so that the estrogen in the blood has no
, place to roost.
To a layperson, Nolvadex's effects are subtle, but many
dieters swear by it; it has a cultish quality about it. High dosages
':c'{over 40 mg) haven't proven to work visibly better. Most female
jbodybuilders use it infrequently, so it doesn't cause any notice­
t'able bone density loss. But really, how could we tell?
~ I Although Nolvadex has been almost a dieting tradition in
!':
"b
odybuilding, I hope that Nolvadex use in women will decline
'now that yohimbe is recognized as a better way to reduce lower
i
body
fat. Women at very low body fat levels (under 10 percent)
! Usually have a problem with maintaining facial fat, the old
SUck-face problem. Nolvadex exacerbates this effect. Besides, at
very low body fat levels, women produce very little estrogen
anyway Women who have a problem with excessive gauntness
""
178
BODY OPUS - DUCHAINE
in the face would look better without Nolvadex. Women who
have high body fat levels will find Nolvadex to be worthwhile.
I know it "works," and so do thousands of bodybuilders. But
don't try to explain it to your doctor unless you enjoy the MD­
dangerous-ineffective-crazy song and dance.
I've also found Nolvadex to be useful in women with sys­
temic lupus. Is there any research on this? No, but my personal
experience shows it to be true. Middle-aged men who have
higher than normal estrogen from too much body fat or too lit­
tle testosterone have found Nolvadex to be a good adjunct to
Proscar (the prostate drug). Nolvadex may also help counteract
the recent rise in environmental estrogens. Perhaps in another
12 years or so, mainstream doctors will get the message.
That Nolvadex does have a noticeable effect on dieting is
a given in the bodybuilding world. Beyond the obvious effect,
there's a lot of mystery about this drug. Bodybuilders have been
using Nolvadex for 12 years, but nobody has adequately
explained why it "works," myself included. Some postulate that
it works by reducing the amount of thyroid-binding albumin
associated with high estrogen levels. Nolvadex is also anti-cata­
bolic, which is most noticeable in women who are not using
steroids.
The nagging mystery in my mind is the relationship
between estrogen and high amounts of A2 adrenoreceptors in
lower body fat. It's given that women have more A2 receptors.
The question in my mind is: when did this adrenoreceptor ratio
start? Is it genetic, set before birth? Or does it start in puberty?
Pre-adolescent girls have a fat distribution similar to boys the
same age. Women who have Cushing's Syndrome (excess corti­
sol), have a curious migration of body fat from the lower body
to the upper body. To make it more interesting, fat cells have
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 179
almost no estrogen receptors, although they can convert andro­
gens to estrogens.
I don't yet have answers to these questions. All I can say is:
I took 10 mg daily of Nolvadex for close to 2 years straight. I
was significantly leaner, especially in the lower body. When I
didn't use Nolvadex, I was fatter. Nolvadex didn't do a Svengali
transformation, but good things happened.
TESLAC (TESTOLACTONE)
Nolvadex is an after-the-fact anti-estrogen; it blocks estro­
gen that is already in the bloodstream at the receptor in the tar­
get tissue. It is a good choice for women who have naturally
high ovarian estrogen production.
In men, however, estrogen is usually elevated through
aromatization of testosterone, naturally occurring or from ana­
bolic steroids. Most of this conversion occurs in the muscle
cells, but fat cells convert more androgens as men age.
There are some excellent reasons to control androgen
aromatization. Obviously, an androgen (natural or synthetic) is
no longer an anabolic substance once converted to estrogen. In
addition, low estrogen will guard against fat accumulation.
Men's breast tissue, like women's, has numerous estrogen
receptors. The most benign symptom of men with high estrogen
. (other than making Floyd look bewitching) is a slight swelling
of the breast tissue. As the symptoms become more extreme,
hard lumps develop which must be removed with surgery.
.',
Whenever men's estrogen levels are higher than normal,
iii the number of androgen receptors in the prostate increases.
This sensitizes it to minute amounts of dihydrotestosterone, and
ii' causes enlargement. Although Nolvadex is an effective estrogen
. , antagonist and can be used in these circumstances, it doesn't
181
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180 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
work at the source. In theory, a drug that inhibits the conversion
Proviron is not recommended for women because it has
of androgens to estrogen would be a good idea. Translating the
androgenic side effects. For the athlete without anabolic steroid
idea to reality has been a frustrating process.
supplementation, Proviron will cause a drop in testosterone
Teslac, for example, would seem to be a perfect aromatase
because it blocks natural testosterone at the receptor level. And,
inhibitor. It blocks both the conversion of testosterone to estra­
of course, it is a felony to possess and use Proviron without a
diol and the other androgens (notably androstenedione) to the
valid foreign prescription. Proviron has recently fallen out of
less potent estrone. Teslac has been available since the 1950s
favor, not so much because it doesn't work, but because it does
and has FDA approval for tumor reduction in breast cancer. As
not achieve the effects as elegantly as Teslac does.
a bonus in men, Teslac raises testosterone. With all of the advan­
tages, you'd think that it would be used as often as Nolvadex. In
CYTADREN (AMINOGLUTETHIMIDE)
fact, Teslac is rarely used. Why?
Cytadren also causes aromatase inhibition, and has been
The first problem is cost. The recommended dosage, 5
successfully used in post-menopausal women and breast cancer
tablets per day, costs $25! In addition, Teslac is not available in
patients. It is still the wild child drug, enticing yet uncontrol­
Mexico. Although various cheap European generics are listed in
lable; you need too high a dosage to achieve the effect.
the Merck Index, none have actually been produced.
If I had been writing this book a few years ago, I would
CONCLUSION
have been concerned about Teslac's high cost and lack of avail­
The effectiveness of these anti-estrogens has not changed
ability. However, with today's new fat loss alternatives, Teslac is
over the years, only our perception of it. Back in the mid-1970s,
no big deal. The effect of excess estrogen has been magnified out
anabolic steroids were the mainstay of dieting, then thyrOid hor­
of proportion. RedUcing estrogen does have a discernible effect,
mone and mild diuretics at contest time.
but after considering all of the other drugs available, anti-estro­
Nolvadex was introduced to bodybuilders in 1981. It
gens are pretty low on my list of Diet All-Stars.
seemed glamorous and mysterious because it was new and vis­
ibly effective. It developed a cult-like follOWing. Many female
PROVIRON (MESTERONE)
athletes who would not consider using anabolic steroids or thy­
Proviron is another aromatase-inhibitor. This non-FDA­
roid hormone, embraced Nolvadex with no ethical qualms. Per­
approved androgen is much cheaper than Teslac. Proviron binds
haps they embraced it not for its phYSical effects, but because it
at the androgen receptors, with a higher affinity than either
. fulfilled an emotional-sexual agenda. It's not that they wanted to
testosterone or dihydrotestosterone. It has no anabolic proper­
be more like men (as anabolic steroids would do), but to con­
ties.
trol a previously uncontrollable estrogenic destiny. I know
Is this a problem? For the steroid-using male athlete, no.
female athletes who are dependent on Nolvadex - not because
However, aside from this small group, Proviron has problems.
of its physical effects, but because they dread the estrogenic
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BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
rebound when they stop taking it. After stopping Nolvadex, a
woman can expect fat accumulation, water retention, emotional
depression and physical weakness - which are a supreme test
for some women's self-esteem.
In the grand hierarchy of diet drugs, anti-estrogens are now
considered below average. Certainly, you will get better effects
with c1enbuterol, yohimbe, ephedrine and phenformin. After all
of these, choose Nolvadex or Teslac. Although anti-estrogens
can be helpful for a variety of other maladies, they are an unnec­
essary luxury for dieters.
CHAPTER 28
APPETITE SUPPRESSANTS
CONTEST BODYBUILDERS are at their physical zenith. After viewing
such perfectly lean, tanned, shaven and groomed bodies, an "out­
sider" assumes that such divine-looking specimens must have
tremendous discipline and resolve. You might think that the
bodybuilders who have made it to contest-ready shape were suc­
cessful because of will power and fortitude in the face of hunger,
suffering and anxiety. However, many people who call them­
selves bodybuilders don't always "make it" to single-digit lean­
ness, for the same reasons that normal people fail at dieting ­
" ~ i they succumb to hunger and anxiety. Other problems - thyroid
!)hormone, adrenoreceptor ratios, and so forth - are never actu­
~ a l l y encountered.
The picture of the rigidly disciplined, stoic bodybuilder,
} semi-starving his body into submission is appealing to many,
but there's a dirty little secret among a good number of com­
petitors who did "make it." A number are complete fuck-ups! If
they had to get by on willpower, they'd be at the Mr. Couch
Potato contest instead of the Mr. Olympia.
Whenever I have a choice in the matter, I'd rather coach an
athlete who doesn't need to use appetite suppressants. However,
185
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184
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
I've had experience with a number of them from mild to wild,
either personally or through my athletes. Most of these drugs
are not dangerous or life-threatening, although, like most diet
pills, they can cause dependency. But you already knew that.
Anorectics are not a free ride; they will eventually exact a
price for their effects. For that matter, ephedrine, ampheta­
mine's better-behaved cousin, causes the same dependence prob­
lems on a small scale.
Two of the thermogenic agents, ephedrine and c1enbuterol,
blunt hunger quite well because they slow gastric emptying.
Because the food sits in the stomach longer, the body is fooled
into thinking you are eating enough. This "side effect" has been
a pleasant surprise to many people.
All of the other really effective anorectics are DEA-sched­
uled prescription drugs. Prescriptions for DEA-scheduled drugs
cannot be refilled without a doctor's authorization, which shows
how people's opinion of diet pills has changed over the years.
During the 1970s, diet pills, even Schedule II amphetamines,
were freely given by regular doctors to non-obese dieters. Dur­
ing World War II, amphetamines were openly given to military
personnel, with no prescriptions or doctors around.
The new Puritan morality is being applied to anorectic
drugs for dieting. It's hard to convince a doctor to write a pre­
scription for diet pills unless you are morbidly obese.
There may have been a time when too many people were
dependent on diet pills. However, I think that the recent over­
reaction to anorectics is somewhat extreme. There are a number
of bodybuilders who need anorectics; without them they would
never get into contest shape. These athletes are not absolute
fuck-ups. They train hard and sacrifice much of the personal
and financial lives to pursue their seemingly frivolous endeav-
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
ors. On contest day they are transcendent, a shining zenith of
elusive physical god-like perfection. The audience, the photog­
raphers, the judges and the sports historians don't care how such
perfection was arrived at.
Ironically, the most accessible anorectics, cocaine and
methamphetamines, are now street drugs simply because real
,; doctor-prescribed anorectics are no longer easy to find. I wish it
'were different, and as a personal prejudice I've avoided even
learning about the street anorectics. However, I do have experi­
ence with the FDA-approved (albeit Scheduled) anorectics. To
avoid any mention of them would be to avoid my personal
responsibility to make such knowledge available, even though
such things are now in disfavor.
I'll tell you flat out that I am not an Anorectic Guru. I'm
I" sure that many obesity specialists could teach me a lot. How­
, ever, I do know more than the usual pedestrian diet expert, and
how many doctors specialize in the use of anorectics for healthy
athletes?
It is against Federal law to import anorectics unless you
leave the country, get the drugs with a foreign prescription, and
hand carry them back. Diet pills are Scheduled because they
have the potential for abuse and dependence. I will limit this
to the least controlled category, Schedule IV drugs.
lFor reference, anabolic steroids are Schedule III because they
{supposedly have more potential for dependency. Go figure.
With all of these dire warnings out of the way, I'd like to
it
pstart this discussion with the most valuable anorectic of all. For
the life of me I cannot understand why it's Scheduled. Sixty-five
percent of the adult population is overweight, and a truly ben­
eficial drug is locked away in the Scheduled category where doc­
tors tread too lightly.
187
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
186
Pondimin (fenfluramine) is available in America in 20 mg
tablets, and in 75 mg capsules and a transdermal patch in
Europe. Pondimin is unique because it is not a central nervous
system stimulant. All of the other appetite suppressants try to
mimic the action of amphetamine.
Daytime appetite is usually not the problem. By keeping
busy and using thermogenic drugs like ephedrine and clen­
buterol, appetite is reasonably controlled during the day.
Because you must time the dosages of thermogenic drugs to
wear off by evening (so you can sleep), they can't help you at
night.
The elegance of Pondimin is that it is a central nervous sys­
tem depressant. Pondimin will not keep you awake at night ­
quite the opposite. In addition, research has not shown it to
have the dependence hazards of the other anorectics.
Most American bodybuilders don't use Pondimin while
dieting because they are unfamiliar with its unique properties
and American MDs are usually hesitant to prescribe such a
drug to an obviously non-overweight person. In Europe, the
capsules are extremely popular, used at night after taking ther­
mogenic drugs during the day.
I don't have as many nice things to say about the other
anorectics. All of the other prescription anorectics are deriva­
tives of the "gold standard" of the anorectics, amphetamine,
which is a popular street drug. Amphetamine is still an FDA­
approved drug, but is quite restricted because it's Schedule II. All
of the lesser anorectics try to generate the same appetite sup­
pression without the extreme side effects of amphetamine.
The problem with these stimulants is that you are so, well,
stimulated - euphoric, energetic and without fatigue. People
don't use them infrequently as they should, but constantly, until
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BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
they are physically and mentally exhausted.
When you stop using these anorectics, you crash, becom­
ing overwhelmingly tired, lethargic and depressed. You feel like
a zombie for at least 2 weeks, and frequently more.
These dramatic side effects are not a mystery, but are cer­
tainly hard to control. Even the most educated, savvy and ratio­
nal athlete will overtrain while on these diet drugs. If you are
using them with ephedrine and clenbuterol, the hazards of ele­
vated blood pressure and heart rate are compounded.
With all of these caveats, I will briefly highlight the three
anorectics most commonly used by bodybUilders.
TENUATE (D1ETHYLPRION)
Tenuate is available in 20 mg tablets that are active for a
few hours. The 75 mg Tenuate Dospan tablet is a longer-acting
(about 6 hours) version. Tenuate is less offensive than the other
anorectics. One doctor friend of mine used to call it "the next
step up from caffeine." The advantage, in my mind, is the short
duration of the 25 mg tablets. Most people aren't hungry all day
long, and Tenuate can be used only during the problem times.
Tenuate's main failing is that the anorectic effects attenuate
rapidly, in about 2 weeks or less. At this point, most people
either double the dosage or add another anorectic. As you can
imagine, both courses of action can accelerate abuse and depen­
dence.
THE PHENTERMINES
Fastin and Ionamin are both phentermines. Fastin (phen­
termine hydrochloride) is a 30 mg capsule that has a duration
of 10 to 12 hours. Ionamin (phentermine resin) supposedly lasts
f longer and has a milder effect.
; ' ~ ' .
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
188
I mention the phentermines for a number of reasons. Ion­
amin (regular is 15 mg; "forte" is 30 mg) is the anorectic of
choice for European bodybuilders. Fastin, for some reason, is
the number one choice for American bodybuilders. As anorec­
tics go, they both have an acceptable balance of effectiveness
and side effects.
The phentermines have recently been mentioned in the
mainstream press, as noted obesity specialists are now vigor­
ously (and this is unusual) advocating a long-term therapy of
one of the phentermines during the day and Pondimin during
the evening hours. Obese patients have had significant fat loss
with this combination when all other traditional methods have
failed.
The mechanism behind anorectics' action is still some­
what unexplained. Users of these drugs lose more weight than
would be predicted from a simple absence of calories. Some of
it is excess heat production caused by adrenergic stimulation.
However, there is a further mystery calorie debit that is not
accounted for. Some postulate that the missing calories are due
to increased glucose uptake in the brain.
I don't advocate any anorectics besides Pondimin. How­
ever, some athletes diet for a living, and hundreds of thousands
of dollars can depend on as little as 5 pounds of extra body fat.
The diet battle takes place at the refrigerator and pantry door. As
the nutritionist-coach is out of sight most of the time, anorec­
tics are necessary tools. Are these winners "fuck-ups"? History
and the engraved trophy will never tell.
CHAPTER 29
TRICKS OF THE TRADE
\ IF DIETING IS AN ART, then competition bodybuilders are the
master craftsmen. Competition bodybuilders use a bewildering
variety of drugs: prescription, over-the-counter and non-FDA­
approved. Although I have excluded most anabolic steroids, the
list of dieting drugs in the next chapter contains 50 different
drugs! I have personally tried almost every drug on list over the
past 12 years. Some of the drugs are only used for bodybuilding
competitions, and are of no use to the everyday dieter. Others
have become cultural icons, worshipped in the same way that
some life extensionists worship their drugs.
I've listed them first by the name that most people use,
whether it is the American trade name or the generic name. I
haven't differentiated between vitamins, minerals, over-the­
counter, prescription or non-fDA-approved drugs. My list con­
tains the dieting uses for the drug, which may be very different
from the original approved use. I've included a few items that
don't directly affect fat loss, such as diuretics, because some ath­
letes (and dancers, actors, models and jockeys) will want to use
them for rapid and temporary weight loss. I've also included
each drug's legal status, although this may change. Ephedrine
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BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
may be reclassified from over-the-counter to prescription, or
herbs and amino acids may be restricted by the FDA.
For further information on FDA-approved drugs, particu­
larly on side effects and contra-indications, check the Physicians'
Desk Reference. In addition, you can find more information on
some of the drugs, including important basic research, in the
Merck Index.
Finally, I will warn you that many of the drugs have no
published research on dieting or weight reduction uses. Of
course, this is not a shopping list. I might find some of these
choices to be effective while dieting, but I can't tell you what to
do. I have included some drugs that you might consider creepy
because they have some kind of stigma. Remember, it's better
that you learn about them from me than some word-of-mouth
thrice removed anecdote.
It would be nice if I could advise you to discuss these
choices with your physician. Unfortunately, that's going to be a
problem. Most doctors are totally unfamiliar with the use of
drugs for dieting. At the very least, you should tell your physi­
cian which drugs you are using. Be prepared for the usual spiel
about avoiding all frivolous medications. Remember, my per­
sonal comments are only to be used as illuminating notions, not
instructions.
CHAPTER 30
THE "TOP 50" DIETING DRUG LIST
FOR EACH DRUG LISTED, I've included 8 lines of information
about availability and use, and then a paragraph with my per­
sonal observations.
The first line is the most commonly used name for the drug
among athletes. This can be the generic or the trade name,
depending on which is easiest to pronounce.
The generic name is listed next. As I mentioned, sometimes
the popular name and the generic name are the same.
The third line lists the type of drug, which is not neces­
sarily the approved use. For example, clenbuterol, an asthma
medication, is listed as a thermogenic/anti-catabolic agent.
The fourth line, "How Supplied," will tell you what sizes
are available and in what form.
The fifth line, "Used For," is used primarily to separate
highly specialized drugs, like diuretics and blood conditioners,
from the drugs dieters could use every day.
The sixth line contains the legal status of the drug. I use
the following acronyms for drugs:
193
192 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
RAAD is my personal acronym for Recognized As A
Drug.
FDA if the drug is an FDA-approved
medication.
Non-FDA includes prescription drugs that are not
approved by the FDA and available in other
countries.
Rx means that you need a prescription from a
doctor.
OTC is short for over-the-counter.
If I mention that the drug has a Customs Alert status, then
American citizens need a prescription to import these drugs
legally.
Nutrients will either be labeled GRAS (Generally Recog­
nized As Safe) or left blank.
I've also included information about DEA scheduling. Ana­
bolic steroids and appetite suppressants have been assigned to
a control number. Steroids are C-III. Appetite suppressants vary
from C-IV (Tenuate) to C-II (amphetamines).
The sixth line has information about availability, which
necessarily subjective. Obviously, all GRAS nutrients have an
Excellent (E) rating. Good (G) availability indicates that the
drug is generally available on the black market, or that it would
not be too difficult to find a doctor to write a prescription. Fair
(F) availability indicates that you would need to travel to bring
the drug back. A Poor (P) rating means that the drug is virtu-
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
ally impossible to obtain, even in other countries.
Next, I list my opinion of the drug's cost-effectiveness.
The lowest rating is one star (*). Four stars (****) is excellent.
For the drugs that can cause dependency, such as anorectics or
injectable painkillers, I thought it best to simply not rate (NR)
them.
This Top 50 Diet Drug List is specific to North America. I
have done my best to specify availability by region.
195
194 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
ALDACTAZIDE
Generic name: Spironolactone and hydrochloro­
thiazide
Type of drug: Diuretic, oral
How supplied: Tablets: 25 mg/25 mg, 50 mg/50 mg
Used for: Bodybuilding, competition specialty only
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: *
This odd diuretic combines an aldosterone antagonist
(spironolactone) with a traditional thiazide diuretic. It is often
found rather than chosen. Competition bodybuilders looking
for a mild diuretic usually find this one instead of a better one.
I don't personally work with this diuretic, but since the "dried­
out" look is in vogue in current bodybuilding competitions, a
diuretic may be better than no diuretic.
Some athletes confuse this drug with Aldactone, which is
milder because it has no thiazide in it. This mistake has dehy­
drated many unsuspecting bodybuilders who assumed that the
two drugs have the same intensity of action. Spironolactone is
the potassium-sparing part, but because it is combined with thi­
azide, the pill is not totally potassium-sparing.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
ALDACTONE
Generic name: Spironolactone
Type of drug: Diuretic, oral
How supplied:
Tablets: 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg
Used for:
Bodybuilding competition, specialty only
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness:
**
Aldactone, the weakest of the prescription diuretics, works
by antagonizing aldosterone, the hormone that regulates sodium
in the body. Because both aldosterone and androgens are steroid
hormones, Aldactone is also a slight androgen antagonist. As a
mild and potassium-sparing diuretic, it is especially popular
with female bodybuilders.
If bodybuilders were satisfied with Aldactone's subtle
results, it would be a good choice. However, many bodybuilders
want more diuresis and make the mistake of combining it with
other, more powerful, diuretics. For mild diuresis, Diamox is a
better choice although it is harder to find. Overdosing on Aldac­
tone can result in too much potassium in the blood.
197
196 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
BUPRENEX
(TEMGESIC IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Buprenorphine hydrochloride
Type of drug: Analgesic, oral and injectable
How supplied: Tablets: .2 mg; Ampoules: .3 mg/cc
Used for: Anti-catabolic bodybuilding specialty
drug
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-Y, Mexican Rx
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: NR
Buprenex is one of those secret drugs that some body­
builders use and don't discuss. It's considered a non-narcotic
analgesic, mimicking the effects of morphine. In addition to its
pain-relieving properties, it appears to act as a mild anti-cata­
bolic, diuretic and anorectic.
Because of its unusual scheduling (C-V is subject to only
state and local restrictions), Buprenex is not as popular as
Nubain and Stadol, which are also non-narcotic analgesics. The
Mexican version, Temgesic, requires a doctor's prescription.
Because of its long duration, Buprenex is the best of the non­
narcotic morphine analogues.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
CARNITINE
Generic name:
Same
Type of drug:
Nutrient, quasi-amino acid derivative
How supplied
Tablets; capsules; powder (varies)
Used for:
Dieting, fat burning
, Legal status:
GRAS limbo
Availability:
Excellent
Cost-effectiveness:
*** (for ketogenic diets)
Carnitine is a natural substance produced in the muscle
cells that helps the body utilize fats in the mitochondria. In
"I; addition, carnitine is used by the liver to convert fatty acids into
ketones. Once present in the bloodstream, ketones will lower
cortisol levels and reduce catabolism. Red meat is the best nat­
ural source for carnitine. However, daily dosages of the con­
centrate can be as high as 5 g. Carnitine is an ideal supplement
for low-calorie, very low-carbohydrate diets, and highly recom­
mended for BODYOPUS. Carnitine's legal status is in limbo, as
availability is Widespread, but it is not on the GRAS list.
~
I.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
198
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 199
CLENBUTEROL
CHROMIUM
(SPIROPENT AND NOVEGAM IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Varies according to accompanying
Generic name: Same
bonding compound
Type of drug:
B2 adrenergic agonist (asthma drug)
How supplied:
Tablets; capsules (varies)
Type of drug:
Nutrient (essential mineral)
How supplied:
Tablets: 20 mcg; syrups; others
Used for:
Insulin agonist, repartition agent
Used for:
Thermogenic, anti-catabolic agent
Legal status: GRAS limbo in some forms
Legal status:
RAAD, non FDA, Alert
Availability: Good
Availability: Excellent
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Cost-effectiveness:
****
This is a potent, although problematic, fat burner. Clen­
gistically with insulin. Although foods such as brewer's yeast or
Chromium is an essential trace mineral that works syner­
buterol, unlike natural adrenaline, is tailored to affect only the
cinnamon are good sources of chromium, most athletes choose
B2 adrenoreceptor. Its major effects are bronchial dilation and
to supplement chromium in tablet or capsule form.
increased heat production in the mitochondria of muscle and
possibly brown fat.
Chromium's two forms are chromium picolinate (which
contains a non-GRAS bonding compound) and chromium
Clenbuterol's major problem is the rapid attenuation of its
polynicotinate. Daily dosages as high as 1 mg (1000 mcg) have
effectiveness after a few weeks of use. Clenbuterol actually has
been reported. Chromium repartitions the body by causing glu­
fewer side effects than ephedrine. Although there is no law in
cose disposal into muscle cells instead of fat cells.
America making it illegal to use or import clenbuterol, it is on
Chromium picolinate, which is patented by the US Depart­
the Customs Alert list, with instructions to be disallowed and
ment of Agriculture, is only available from one source, Nutrition
mailed back to the country of origin or destroyed. In summary,
21 of San Diego, California. Many dieters are chromium-deficient.
clenbuterol is an instant-gratification fat burner, but there are
thermogenic agents that have less side effects or slower attenu­
ation of effects.
201
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,
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BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
200 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
CLOMID CREATINE MONOHYDRATE
(OMININ AND SEROFENE IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Same
Generic name: Clomiphene citrate
Type of drug: Nutrient
Ovulation stimulator, anti-estrogen
Type of drug: How supplied:
Tablets; capsules; powder; liqUid (varies)
How supplied: Tablets: 50 mg
Used for:
Strength, energy substrate replacement
Used for:
Men only; anti-estrogen and testosterone
Legal status: GRAS limbo
elevation Availability: Excellent
Legal status:
RAAD, FDA, Rx
Cost-effectiveness:
****
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: ** (for men)
The primary energy source for muscular movement and
heat production is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is made
Clomid, which induces ovulation, is a popular oral fertil­
through a process that directly involves creatine phosphate.
ity drug for women. Clomid was originally developed as an
Common wisdom says that red meat imparts strength. Specifi­
as as estrogen antagonist, but was not popular the safer
cally, meat's creatine content is the energy substrate. Creatine
Nolvadex. Clomid is a useful drug for men because it stimulates
supplementation provides energy without calories, fat or cho­
testosterone secretion and works as an estrogen antagonist at the
lesterol.
same time. For many men Clomid has worked better than
Creatine's drawback is the amount needed to duplicate the
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injections in starting
results of the research studies. Optimal dosage is 30 g per day
up testosterone production, probably because it is easier to
.(the equivalent of 10 pounds of beeD, usually taken in 5 g serv­
administer than HCG.
ings, 6 times per day. Despite the cost, inconvenience and the
Clomid is obscenely expensive in the United States and dirt
fact that it tastes like sand, creatine is a worthwhile supplement
cheap in Mexico. For the quickest response, use 100 mg per day
if you have the patience to keep taking it. It will be more bene­
(2 tablets). However, even at high dosages, Clomid does not ele­
ficial to dieters who do not consume beef. Lower dosages (6 g
vate serum testosterone to dazzling levels. Athletes with low
\ a day) can be effective after a loading phase.
testosterone will find Clomid will not boost natural testosterone
into even the middle of normal range.
203
202
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
CYTADREN
Generic name:
Aminoglutethimide
Type of drug:
Anti-cortisol
How supplied:
Tablets: 250 mg
Used for:
Anabolic steroid replacement,
anti-estrogen
Legal status:
RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability; Poor
Cost-effectiveness: *
Since many of the benefits of anabolic steroids come from
their anti-catabolic action, bodybuilders have become inter­
ested in drugs developed for Cushing's Syndrome, such as Cyta­
dren. Cytadren inhibits cortisol secretion at the adrenal glands.
While it has helped Cushing's Syndrome patients, it has been a
disappointing performance drug. Anabolic steroids block corti­
sol from its receptors, but at the same time proVide some of the
anti-inflammatory properties of cortisol.
By reducing cortisol at the source, Cytadren does nothing
with the cortisol receptor, and has no anti-inflammatory prop­
erties whatsoever. Overdoses of Cytadren will actually increase
cortisol secretion. Low dosages will cause joint inflammation,
without any anti-catabolic benefit. Cytadren is not an effective
alternative to anabolic steroids, but might be useful as an
adjunct.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
CYTOMEL
(CYNOMEL IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Liothyrine sodium
Type of drug:
T3 thyrOid hormone replacement
How supplied: Tablets: 5 mcg, 25 mcg, 50 mcg
Used for:
Dieting and body temperature regulation
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness:
**
Cytomel is synthetiC T3 thyroid hormone. Most natural T3
is not made by the thyrOid gland, but is converted from T4 thy­
roid hormone. In traditional thyroid replacement therapy, T4 is
the best choice. However, athletes who have low T3 levels from
faulty T4 to T3 conversion will not benefit from added T4. Both
low-calorie diets and some thermogenic drugs can reduce avail­
able T3.
" Cytomel supplementation can be beneficial, but it is nec­
to take blood tests to ensure that you maintain normal

gland function. Too much T3 will suppress the thyroid
,J,gland for up to 8 weeks. Mexican Cynomel is only available in
1"25 mcg amounts.
;',
205 BODYOPUS - DUCHAiNE
204
DHEA
(ACRONYM FOR D1HYDROEPIANDROSTERONE)
General name:
Type of drug:
How supplied:
Used for:
Legal status:
Availability:
Cost-effectiveness:
same
Adrenal androgen
Capsules: 50 to 150 mg (varies)
Dieting, repartitioning
RAAD, non-FDA, C-III (!)
Poor
*
DHEA is a steroid which was Scheduled by the DEA in
December 1994. DHEA, the most abundant androgen in the
body, is produced in copious amounts by the adrenal glands of
both men and women. If the supplement has anabolic or andro­
genic effects, I haven't seen any signs of them. Obviously, the
DEA differs in opinion.
DHEA is interesting because both geriatrics and the obese
are usually DHEA deficient. Research indicates that DHEA accel­
erates fat loss via an unknown mechanism. Many of these stud­
ies were done with a surprisingly low 50 mg oral dose.
Besides the lack of substantial research, DHEA has a num­
ber of problems. It's hard to find in America, quite expensive,
and there's no consensus on the optimal dosage. Now, you must
go out of the country to purchase it legally. Many dieters have
tried the 50 mg size with no results.
,.
'.>
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
DIAMOX
Generic name:
Type of drug:
How supplied:
Used for:
Legal status:
Availability:
Cost-effectiveness:
Acetazomide
Quasi-diuretic
Tablets: 125 mg, 250 mg;
injectable: 500 mg
Bodybuilding competition specific
RAAD, FDA, Rx
Poor
****
Diamox is not an ordinary diuretic. It was originally
intended to be used to reduce edema in glaucoma patients and
high elevation mountain climbers. Diamox is unusual because
it seems to pull fluids out of the tissues before the kidney
Injectable Diamox looks like a perfect candidate for one-time
bodybuilding use because it is rapid and predictable. Since it is
designed to reduce edema in the tissues, the fluid reduction
doesn't lower blood pressure as radically as other diuretics do.
Many bodybuilders may find that Diamox is the only diuretic
they need for competition. Ultimately, however, Diamox has the
same problem that all diuretics do - excreting fluids from the
wrong tissues too rapidly There will be better "tools" available
for contest bodybuilders in the immediate future.
207 206 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
DYAZIDE
Generic name: Hydrochlorothiazide and
Triamterene
Type of drug: Diuretic
How supplied: Capsules: 25 mg, 50 mg
(tablets in Mexico)
Used for: Bodybuilding competition specific
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: **
Dyazide is the most popular diuretic among bodybuilding
contest competitors. Dyazide is a mild potassium-sparing
diuretic, which causes diuresis through sodium excretion. Since
muscle tissue holds more potassium than sodium, bodybuilders
favor Dyazide, hoping that muscle size will stay while "dropping
water."
In reality, Dyazide is not a terribly effective diuretic. Most
bodybuilders aren't happy with just 1 or 2 pills over the course
of a day. After realizing that Dyazide is "weak," bodybuilders
usually take more or use something stronger. Of course, high
dosages will deplete potassium as Dyazide is not completely
potassium sparing.
Dyazide is fine, I guess, if it makes you happy. However,
Dyazide is slow, imprecise and not very controllable. There are
better diuretics to use.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
EPOGEN AND PROCRIT
(EPREX IN MEXICO)
Generic name:
Epoetin Alpha or Erythropoietin
Type of drug:
Red blood cell booster
How supplied
Injectable: 2000, 3000, 4000, 10,000 IU
Used for:
Ergogenic aid (oxygen carrier)
. Legal status:
RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness:
* (dieting) * * * (ergogenic aid)
This drug is used mostly in endurance sports, where it
replaces the older blood doping trick. Epogen stimulates the
production of red blood cells, which allows your blood to carry
more oxygen. Epogen has had very limited use in the strength
sports, as red blood cell count is usually normal to high in male
weight trainers using anabolic steroids. However, in some cases,
especially in women who are dieting too severely and (over)
training, hematocrit will fall to an unacceptable level. Hemat­
ocrit (blood cell percentage of total blood volume) should ide­
ally be between 40 to 50 percent. Of course, athletes prefer
numbers closer to 50 to achieve better energy, vascularity,
"pumpability" and a healthier look. Contest bodybuilders who
use diuretics should not use Epogen, because their blood will
already be too viscous. By the way, Epogen is even more expen­
sive than human growth hormone.
209
208 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
EPHEDRINE
(VARIOUS TRADE NAMES)
Generic name: Same
Type of drug: Beta-adrenergic agonist
How supplied: Tablets and capsules: 25 mg (GTC)
Used for: Thermogenic agent
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, GTC, Rx (50 mg)
Availability: Excellent (for now)
Cost-effectiveness: ***
Ephedrine is a refinement of Ephedra vulgaris, also known
as Ma Huang, the Chinese energy herb. Ephedrine acts much like
adrenaline (and somewhat like amphetamine). Ephedrine pri­
marily stimulates B1 and B2 adrenoreceptors, but also affects the
alpha adrenoreceptors. Ephedrine is an over-the-counter asthma
medication in the United States, limited to one 25 mg size,
although prescription ephedrine is available in a 50 mg tablet.
This drug has been immensely popular with athletes and dieters
because of its thermogenic effects and slight Bl agonist action.
Although popular and legal, ephedrine is not a very elegant
thermogenic agent. Its side effects include increased heart rate,
blood pressure and risk of stroke. Actually, clenbuterol, which is
more receptor specific, is more effective and has less side effects.
If clenbuterol is available, ephedrine is not necessary.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
ESICLENE
(ITALY ONLY)
Generic name:
Formyldienolone
Type of drug:
Anabolic steroid
How supplied:
Injectable; tablets (varies)
Used for:
Temporary and locally injected cosmetic
muscle growth
Legal status:
RAAD, non-FDA, C-III, Alert
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness:
***
Esiclene is one of those oddball Italian anabolic steroids
coveted by contest bodybuilders. This injectable steroid is not a
potent anabolic. However, it has the curious side effect of caus­
ing so much irritation at the injection site that the muscle starts
swelling. This temporary condition does not look puffy like reg­
ular water retention. The muscle looks bigger and the skin is
"still thin-looking. Injections over several days will "bring up" an
, underdeveloped muscle area. Esiclene works best in small mus­
cle groups like calves, shoulders and arms.
210
211
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
FASTIN
(REDUCCING S IN MEXICO)
Generic name:
Type of drug:
How supplied:
Used for:
Legal status:
Availability:
Cost-effectiveness:
Phentermine hydrochloride
Appetite suppressant
Capsules: 30 mg
Dieting
RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-IV
Fair
NR
Fastin is an appetite suppressant and central nervous sys­
tem (CNS) stimulant that also causes mild thermogenesis by
stimulating systemic noradrenaline. This drug was very popular
with bodybuilders in years past. All versions of Fastin are sup­
posed to be timed-release, but the trade name and the generics
seem to have different results. "Real" Fastin works gradually and
evenly. All of the generics I tried peaked quickly and didn't last
as long. You can feel the effects of Fastin for 8 to 10 hours; the
generics only last for 6 hours.
Like all CNS stimulants, Fastin reduces fatigue, which can
lead to overtraining. Cessation of use causes mental and physi­
cal depression. Recently, scientists have become interested in
Fastin as an under-prescribed drug for the obese.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
FERTODUR
(MEXICO ONLY)
Generic name:
Type of drug:
How supplied:
I Used for:
Legal status:
Availability:
Cost-effectiveness:
Cyclofenil
Fertility/ovulation
Tablets: 100 mg
Testosterone elevation (men only)
RAAD, non-FDA
Fair
*
I've never understood the popularity of this drug. American
male athletes have been using this drug over the last few years
for its testosterone-stimulating effects. Cyclofenil is in the same
class of drugs as Clomiphene (Clomid), but twice as much is
needed (100 mg) twice as often. Clomid causes the same effect
with only 50 mg. Clomid is widely available in Mexico, while
Fertodur is harder to find. Both Clomid and Fertodur can be
imported for personal use. For a short time Cyclofenil was sold
openly via mail-order in the United States. It was technically
illegal to do so, but for a while the FDA wasn't aware of its sales.
Fertodur is not a bad drug, but it's not as good as Clomid. It's
not any cheaper, either. Both drugs cause only minimal testos­
terone elevation in men. Neither are potent enough to restore
low testosterone levels. Think of Fertodur as an adjunct to nor­
mal testosterone, not a replacement therapy.
212
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
213
GHB
(PROTOPRIN AND HUMATROp, SAIZEN (ACRONYM FOR GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE)
AND GENOTROPIN IN MEXICO)
General name: same
Generic name: Growth hormone (GH) Type of drug: Fatty acid derivative
Type of drug: Anabolic pituitary hormone How supplied: Powder; liquid (varies)
How supplied: Injectable (varies) Vsed for: Growth hormone stimulator, sleep aid
Vsed for:
Dieting, anti-catabolic, repartitioning Legal status: RAAD, non-FDA, Alert
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Alert Availability: Poor
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness:
**
Cost-effectiveness: **
GHB has caused a lot of controversy over the past few
This is one of those "icon" drugs. GH is expensive and years, and the FDA has finally recognized GHB as an orphan
hard to find on the black market in America. This exclusivity drug. Before they decided on its status, they allowed its sale in
has led to a kind of cult status; GH is immensely popular with health food stores and by mail order as a nutritional supple­
athletes who can afford it because it cannot be detected on a ment.
urine drug test.
GHB is a fatty acid derivative naturally produced in the
A 4 IV vial averages $125. Potency varies (by brand name) human brain. Although it has drug-like action, it is not recog­
between 1 IV for each 10 to 16 pounds of lean body weight, nized as a hormone in the body. For a short time GHB was sold
administered 3 times per week. If you do the arithmetic, you'll openly as a sleep aid (which it does quite well). Oral dosages
see that a GH bill can be over $1000 per week. Top professional average 3 grams dissolved in liquid and cause sleep within 20
athletes (especially bodybuilders) who earn six figures a year ': minutes. GHB can probably raise growth hormone in individu­
feel that this expense is justifiable. GH causes significant fat als who can still secrete GH with stimulus; however, this abil­
reduction, but has less of an anabolic effect than steroids. How­ ity declines radically with age. It is popularly thought to be anti­
ever, this small contribution can push a competitor beyond the catabolic although it raises cortisol. Go figure. Although the
steroid plateau. French have done a lot of research on GHB for its potential to
increase longevity, GHB is no longer sold openly in America.
Life extensionists are mourning its demise more than athletes.
Because it happens to be an absurdly simple compound to
, mix up with two chemicals, GHB is now being used as a recre­
ational street drug.
GH
'"
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 214
HCG
(PREGNYL, GONAKOR, GONOPLEX
IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Type of drug: Fertility hormone
How supplied: Injectable (varies)
Used for: Testosterone elevator (men)
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, Alert
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness:
*
HCG is an injectable fertility drug. Its primary use is to
induce ovulation. In men, HCG has been used as an adjunct to
anabolic steroid use (either concurrently or consecutively) to
normalize testosterone secretion. The problem with HCG is not
the drug itself, but faulty administration of too large and too fre­
quent dosages. HCG has better potential than Clomid or Ferto­
dur, but many athletes will prefer oral preparations, either
because of convenience or because they have had good experi­
ences with them in the past. Various preparations of HCG,
some with Bvitamins added in, are available in Mexico. HCG is
not an estrogen antagonist; in fact, HCG will raise estrogen in
men through higher gonadal estrogen secretion. Even optimal
doses of HCG will not raise testosterone measurably in older
men. Testicle function declines as men age, even with supple­
mental stimulation.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 215
IONAMIN
(DIMINEX IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Phentermine resin
Type of drug: Appetite suppressant
How supplied: Capsules: 15 mg, 30 mg
Used for: Dieting, slight thermogenic effect
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-IV, Rx Mexico
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: NR
Ionamin is the other appetite suppressant in the phenter­
mine family. While Fastin has been the diet pill of choice for
bodybuilders in America, Ionamin is the anorectic most often
used by European athletes. Most athletes prefer the 30 mg size,
called "forte" (strong) in Europe. Ionamin is supposed to be
milder and work longer than Fastin. However, most athletes
familiar with both say that Fastin has a harder and longer "kick"
and Ionamin has a gentler and shorter activity. Some people who
get too jittery on Fastin can tolerate Ionamin better. Ionamin has
the usual side effects and dependency problems of prescription
anorectics.
217 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
216
LASIX
(EDENOL IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Furosemide
Type of drug: Diuretic
How supplied: Tablets: 20 mg, 40 mg;
injectable: 2,4,10 ml
Used for: Bodybuilding competition specialty drug
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Lasix is the king of diuretics. Many athletes choose Dyazide
instead because of Lasix's reputation of being harsh and potas­
sium-robbing. In reality, large doses of Dyazide will also deplete
potassium. I prefer to use Lasix (in a coach capacity) because of
its speed and predictability. In addition, 1 always prefer to use
injectable diuretics because they are more controllable and more
precise than oral preparations. The beauty of Lasix is that a
small intravenous injection will start working within 5 minutes
and will peak within 30 minutes, which allows full fluid deple­
tion in less than a day. When used synergistically with Mydox,
Lasix can be given in low dosages.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
MAXIBOL
(MEXICO ONLY)
Generic name: Dibencozide
Type of drug: B-12 co-enzyme derivative
How supplied: Capsules
Used for: Anabolic (ha-ha-ha)
Legal status: GRAS
Availability: Excellent (American generics)
Cost-effectiveness:
***
This is not an anabolic steroid, although many American
bodybuilders have been fooled into believing that they were
buying the similar sounding Maxibolan. Maxibol is a black-col­
ored capsule containing the light-sensitive co-enzyme B-12, a
more potent form of the familiar vitamin B-12. Even though
Maxibol is listed in the Mexican drug registry as an "anabolic,"
it is not. Some athletes swear that dibencozide stimulates
appetite and causes an energy burst, but this does not happen to
everyone. I prefer the Maxibol brand over the generics because
Maxibol is a quality product packed in black opaque capsules
and foil wrap to protect it from light. Many generics look like
they were made in a hurry and have been adulterated with light.
219
218 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
MELADININA
(MEXICO ONLY)
Generic name: Ammoidin
Type of drug: Melanin enhancer
How supplied: Tablets: 10 mg; cream: 4 mg/ml;
liquid: 7.7 mg/ml
Used for: Tanning accelerator
Legal status: RAAD, non-FDA
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: NR
Unfortunately, competition rules require bodybuilders to
have a skin tan. I don't like the practice, and I wish that judges
would not influence competitors to damage their skin this way
All paint-on tans have an odd hue unless you have dark skin
underneath. Meladinina creams and liquids are both popular
melanin enhancers. While taking Meladinina, even normal expo­
sures to UV light can cause severe burns. Individuals tend not to
believe that Meladinina works so well and, of course, they get
burned. I suppose that Meladinina is okay if used properly; it cer­
tainly could drastically reduce tanning time. However, most
users don't exercise restraint. Personally, I can't stand tanned skin
- I like very white skin, with little blue veins. I also like long,
long red hair. Ooo-la-Ia!
BooyOPUS - DUCHAINE
MELLITRON
(MEXICO ONLY)
Generic name:
Metformin with clorpropamide
Type of drug:
Insulin agonist, glucose disposal agent
How supplied:
Tablets: 400 mg/125 mg
Used for:
Repartitioning agent, blood glucose
disposal agent
Legal status:
RAAD, FDA (Glucophage)
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness:
*
, Mellitron is classified as one of the biquides, a class of
1:,1
rdrugs used as a glucose disposal agent for diabetics. Unfortu­
f nately, Mellitron also includes a sulfonylurea drug that stimu­
glates insulin release, which defeats the purpose of using met­
!formin to lower insulin secretion.
Since the FDA has just approved metformin under the
:1, trade name Glucophage, Mellitron is not a good choice. I pre­
~ d i c t that Glucophage and Debeone will be the next big "find" in
~ J h e bodybuilding world. Cannily used, these biquides can cause
%greater glycogen supercompensation during carb-ups and also
'!:lower blood glucose more quickly to induce ketosis. Metformin
"'is also popular with life extensionists, as insulin levels tend to
increase with age.
220 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 221
MYDOX
Generic name: Metolazone
Type of drug: Diuretic
How supplied: Tablets: 500 mg
Used for: Bodybuilding competition specialty drug
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: ****
On its own, Mydox is not particularly fast-acting nor
potent. A few years ago it would not have merited any attention.
Now, however, bodybuilding contests require a more "dried
out" look. Mydox is useful because it works synergistically with
Lasix, making a smaller dose of Lasix work even more qUickly
than a larger dose.
The same compound comes in a slower-acting form called
Zaroxolyn, which is available in Mexico. Zaroxolyn is formu­
lated in the following tablets: 2-1/2 mg (8-hour duration), 5 and
10 mg (24-hour duration). I prefer the shorter-acting Mydox
because it will allow you to end the diuresis before bed on the
night before the show.
NARINGIN
Generic name: Same
Type of drug: Xanthine extender
How supplied: Tablets; powders
Used for: Thermogenic enhancer (not)
Legal status: Non GRAS
Availability: ?
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Remember the Grapefruit Diet which was supposed to
burn the fat off with grapefruit? We smart-alecks had a good
laugh about that one, but now we know it's true. The bitter com­
pound naringin is concentrated in grapefruit flowers and rinds.
When used with caffeine or theophylline, naringin will slow the
breakdown of the xanthines in the liver. Because caffeine's
metabolite, paraxanthine, is just as thermogenic as caffeine,
naringin will not enhance caffeine's thermogenic effect. How­
,f ever, naringin will extend caffeine's stimulant effect. Unfortu­
nately, you will not see a naringin pill on the market; the FDA
disallowed these pills a few years ago because of drug-like
claims on the label.
222 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
NEUROFOR
(MEXICO ONLY)
Generic name: Dibencozide
Type of drug: B-12 co-enzyme
How supplied: Injectable
Used for: Anabolic (I wish)
Legal status: Quasi RAAD, non-FDA, Alert
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: **
Neurofor is the holy grail of dibencozides, a water-based
injectable co-enzyme B-12. Only 10 percent of ingested B-12
makes it through the digestive system to the bloodstream. This
is no big deal, as the RDA of B-12 is small and the vitamin can
be stored in the liver. Athletes who want to really jack up their
B-12 or dibencozide can just use some big doses in oral form.
Injection is a more elegant solution. Neurofor is produced
by Roussell, the maker of quality oral dibencozide preparations.
Personally, I never thought Neurofor was good for anything.
However, there are plenty of track-and-field athletes who are
convinced that Neurofor has anabolic and energizing effects.
Bodybuilders who have used anabolic steroids don't rate Neu­
rofor highly at all. Neurofor is foreign, odd, injectable, quasi­
legal. Ergo, popular.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 223
NOLVADEX
(TAMOXIL IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Tamoxifen citrate
Type of drug: Estrogen antagonist
How supplied: Tablets: 10 mg, 20 mg
Used for: Dieting repartitioning agent
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, Alert
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness:
**
This oral anti-estrogen has been immensely popular among
competition bodybuilders. It has a curious reputation, as some
athletes feel that Nolvadex is ineffective, while others (usually
people who have actually used the drug) think that Nolvadex is
essential.
The truth, as I see it, is that Nolvadex works moderately
well. When judged against clenbuterol or yohimbe, Nolvadex is
not cost effective. However, it cannot be dismissed. Although
other anti-estrogens, such as Teslac, would seem to be prefer­
able, the availability and price of Nolvadex make it attractive.
Nolvadex will definitely make a difference for women dieters.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
224 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 225
NUBAIN
(NARCANTI, NALBU IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Nalbuphrine hydrochloride
Type of drug: Mild pain killer
How supplied: Injectable: 10 cc (20 mglml vial),
1 cc 00 mg ampoule)
Used for: Dieting, anti-catabolic
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, Mexico Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: NR
Nubain brings up a touchy subject among bodybuilders.
Nubain is an injectable morphine-like analgesic (pain-killer)
that is not narcotic and has no special scheduling other than
being a prescription drug. Numerous top bodybuilders have
used Nubain for pre-contest preparation. It has a range of attrac­
tive effects - appetite suppression, cortisol reduction, pain
control and sleep assistance. Basically, it makes the brutal pre­
contest dieting and training easier.
Does it have problems? Nubain has remarkably few dele­
terious physical effects, but it does have the potential to cause
dependency. If it was as dangerous as morphine, it would have
been Scheduled. However, remember that it can cause depen­
dency in individuals who would have problems with any addic­
tive drug.
OKG
(ACRONYM FOR ORNITHINE KETO-GLUTARATE)
Generic name: same
Type of drug: Amino acid combination
How supplied: Capsules, powders (varies)
Used for: Anti-catabolic, energy substrate
replacement
'i, Legal status: GRAS
Availability: Excellent
Cost-effectiveness:
*
Every once in a while some odd nutritional compound
descends out of hospitals and into the athletic nutritional sup­
plement business. OKG is a combination of ornithine, an amino
acid, and an amino acid derivative called keto-glutarate. OKG
"I has been shown to be anti-catabolic in bum patients and in geri­
atrics recovering from surgery. OKG is supposed to boost
growth hormone, raise insulin and replace diminished energy
substrates.
Although it's effective at preventing muscle loss while diet­
ing, the real question is: will you have the patience take 10 g of
it every day? OKG is a totally obnoxious-tasting compound; 10
g cost about $3. Because of the cost and discipline involved,
most people won't use OKG in the proper dosage in a consistent
i manner.
227
226 BODY OPUS - DUCHAINE
PERVITIN
(GERMANY ONLY)
Generic name: Amphetamine
Type of drug: Appetite suppressant
How supplied: Injectable
Used for: Dieting, anti-fatigue agent
Legal status: RAAD, non-FDA, C-II
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: NR
I wasn't sure I wanted to include Pervitin on this list.
Pervitin is a creepy injectable amphetamine produced in Ger­
many. Amphetamines are the most potent of the anorectics and
easily cause addiction.
Pervitin is very popular in bicycle racing - which of
course means that it is banned and tested for. European body­
builders use it for dieting. It does everything you imagine, both
bad and good - increases strength, eliminates fatigue and
reduces appetite for 12 hours or more. Most athletes overtrain
while using it.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
1 PHENFORMIN
(DEBEONE AND FENFORMIN IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Same
How supplied: Tablets: 25 mg; capsules: 50 mg
Used for:
Dieting, repartitioning agent
Legal status: RAAD, special FDA, Alert
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness:
****
Whenever I write a new book I predict the next big drug
for the athletic world. This time, I predict that phenformin
(along with yohimbe) will be one of those neglected drugs that
will be found to be immensely effective for a few specific pur­
poses.
Phenformin is the most potent glucose disposal agent I
know of (other than, of course, insulin). It serves the same pur­
pose as chromium and vanadyl sulfate, but works through a
more powerful mechanism. It has been used to manipulate
blood glucose downward to cause ketosis, although it has not
been its use in glycogen supercompensation has not been inves­
tigated.
Perhaps phenformin works too well. It had FDA approval
up until 1977, when it was voluntarily withdrawn because of
some problems with blood acidosis. Physicians used to be able
to obtain phenformin through the FDA for diabetic patients who
could not administer insulin via injections (due to blindness or
arthritis, for example), and needed an oral insulin replacement.
Phenformin still has a future in athletics as most doctors will
not prescribe Glucophage to non-diabetics and phenformin is
over-the-counter in Mexico.
229
228 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
PONDIMIN
(DIOMERIDE IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Fenfluramine
Type of drug: Appetite suppressant
How supplied: Tablets: 20 mg; capsules: 15 mg;
transdermal patch
Use for: Dieting, sleep aid
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-IY, Mexico Rx
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: ****
I usually don't comment positively on diet pills. Even the
milder ones mask fatigue too well and lead unwary athletes into
overtraining. In addition, athletes who use caffeine, ephedrine
and clenbuterol don't need another upper thrown into the mix.
However, Pondimin is so different and fills a need so well
that I think it's a worthwhile dieting drug. Pondimin is an
appetite suppressant that is not a stimulant. In fact, it has a slight
depressive effect. Many dieters control appetite during the day
with ephedrine and clenbuterol, but you can't use stimulants at
night. Pondimin is perfect for night use because it significantly
dulls your appetite while allowing you to sleep. Because
Pondimin does not cause euphoria, the potential for abuse is
quite low. I have tried both tablets and the capsules, and I pre­
fer the capsules.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
PROVIRON
Generic name: Mesterolone
Type of drug: Androgenic steroid
How supplied: Tablets: 25 mg
, Used for:
Estrogen antagonist
Legal status: RAAD, non-FDA, C-III, Alert
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness:
*
Proviron is an oral steroid that has no anabolic effects.
Although I have excluded most steroids from this list, I have
included Proviron because it gained a reputation in the early
I 1980s as an anti-estrogen. Proviron is similar to Teslac in that it
I; is supposed to block the conversion of testosterone (or similar
i,; synthetic steroids) into estrogen. The best drug for this purpose
: is Teslac; Proviron has been chosen over Teslac simply because
of availability and price.
I have found that Proviron has too many problems to make
it worthwhile. It is now illegal to use. It has androgenic side
~ effects, especially in women. In addition, Proviron has a higher
affinity to steroid receptors than anabolic steroids, including
~ : natural testosterone. Proviron's net effect is to lessen the over­
t; all anabolic climate in the body.
230
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
SLO-K
Generic name: Potassium chloride
Type of drug: Essential mineral
How supplied: Tablets: 600 mg (approx. 325 mg
potassium)
Use for: Electrolyte replacement
Legal status: RAAD(!), FDA, Rx
Availabili ty: Good
Cost-effectiveness: *
There are two instances in which you might need potas­
sium supplementation. First, it can be used to replace potassium
that has been excreted after using diuretics. Also, ketogenic diets
(such as BODYOPUS) increase potassium excretion. In either
case, you need to know how much potassium to replace. Serum
potassium levels from a blood test are the only true measure.
Too much potassium will cause irregular heartbeat, paralysis
and cardiac arrest. Please refer to the section on diuretics for a
more complete discussion of potassium.
Slo-K is not the best potassium preparation, but it's the
most popular. I have no idea why. A much better potassium
replacement is Polycitra-K, a liquid preparation that also lowers
blood acid (which would be especially helpful to BODYOPUS
dieters). Non-prescription potassium supplements are limited to
99 mg per pill.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 231
STADOL
Generic name: Butorphanol tartrate
Type of drug: Pain killer
How supplied: Injectable: 2 mg/cc (10 cc vial);
nasal spray
Used for: Dieting, anti-catabolic
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Fair
Cost-effectiveness: NR
This injectable pain killer is related to Nubain and
Buprenex. With athletes who use such drugs, Stadol is second
in popularity after Nubain. Stadol is more potent milligram for
milligram; 2 mg of Stadol has the pain suppression power of 20
mg of Nubain. Stadol will make you more lethargic than Nubain
will. Recently, the bodybuilding community became aware of
the veterinary version of this drug (trade name Torbugesic,
which comes 10 mg/ml, in a 50 ml bottle).
232 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
SYNTHROID
(TIROlDINE IN MEXICO)
Generic name: Levothyroxine sodium
Type of drug: T4 Thyroid replacement
How supplied: Tablets: 25 mcg to 300 mcg
Used for: Thermogenic agent
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: **
Synthetic T4 thyroid is the most popular thyroid replace­
ment drug; it is uncommon to see physicians prescribe animal­
derived thyroid preparations. Synthrotd lasts for a long time in
the body, as most of the drug is bound to carrier proteins in the
blood.
If the cause of reduced thyroid hormone levels is decreased
output from the thyroid gland (which will be indicated by ele­
vated thyroid stimulating hormone levels), then Synthroid is the
right choice. However, if the T4 to T3 conversion process is the
problem (if you have normal T4 levels and low T3 levels), T4
supplementation will not help.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 233
TENUATE
Generic name: Diethylpropion hydrochloride
How supplied: Tablets: 25 mg, 75 mg (Tenuate Dospan)
Used for: Dieting (appetite suppressant, anti­
fatigue)
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-IV, Mexico Rx
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: NR
The problem with Tenuate, which is the mildest of the diet
pills, is that many athletes start out with Tenuate with the best
of intentions and later try to get it to do things that it is not
intended for. Of the non-amphetamine anorectics, Tenuate's
effects attenuate the fastest. Usually, the appetite suppressing
effects peter out within 2 weeks. At the point, some athletes will
double the dose or combine Tenuate with another anorectic,
notably Fastin.
Tenuate's attraction is that it is one of the few CNS stimu­
, lating anorectics that is available in a small, short-acting tablet;
25 mg only lasts a few hours. Because most people aren't hun­
gry all day, Tenuate is useful in blocking hunger at specific
times. Side effects and withdrawal symptoms are less apparent
than with other anorectics.
234 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
TESLAC
Generic name: Testolactone
Type of drug: Anti-estrogen
How supplied: Tablets: 50 mg
Used for: Dieting, repartitioning agent
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, C-III
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: ***
Teslac is rarely used as an estrogen antagonist in body­
building, which is too bad because it has a lot of potential in this
area. Teslac was developed in the 1950s, and currently only has
one approved use in America - to combat breast cancer tumor
growth in post-menopausal women, whose main source of
estrogen is from the conversion of adrenal androsterone to
estrone (the less potent of the three estrogens).
Teslac blocks the enzyme that causes this conversion. For
athletes, Teslac would be an ideal solution to steroid aromatiza­
tion. Teslac also stimulates testosterone production in men.
Unfortunately, Teslac is expensive, with an average retail price
of $5 per tablet at a daily dose of 5 tablets. Although I haven't
found any way to get it more inexpenSively, someone eventually
will. Teslac was recently reclassified as a Schedule III drug (the
same category as anabolic steroids).
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 235
THEOPHYLLINE
Same
CNS stimulant, methylxanthine,
thermogenic agent
Tablets; capsules; liqUids (varies)
Synergistic with thermogenic drugs
Fair
*
Both theophylline and caffeine are methylxanthines, and
have a very similar chemical structure. In America, theophylline
is used as an asthma medication, either alone (by prescription)
with ephedrine (over-the-counter). All methylxanthines
i;release fatty acids by inhibiting the enzyme that breaks down
ticyclic AMP (cAMP) in cells. Theophylline allows cAMP to build
i,lfup in the fat cells, so that stimulation by catecholamines (nora­
ephedrine, clenbuterol, etc.) lasts longer. Theo­
side effects include increased heart rate and blood

Although theophylline probably works better with
than caffeine, FDA regulations make caffeine and
iptheophylline combinations easier to acquire.
'·i"
237
236 BODYOPUS - DUCHA1NE
TICLlD
Generic name: Ticlopidine hydrochloride
Type of drug: Blood platelet aggregation inhibitor
How supplied: Tablets: 250 mg
Used for: Bodybuilding diuretic adjunct
Legal status: RAAD,FDA,Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: ****
This is one of the "insurance" drugs that should be used
before you take diuretics. Ticlid keeps the solid parts of the
blood cells from clumping together. In most healthy people,
clumping is not a problem. However, extreme dehydration from
diuretics will highly concentrate the solids in the blood. Hema­
tocrit levels, which are usually between 40 to 50 (percent), can
climb to above 70 (1) during a bodybuilding competition. Less
blood fluid also independently reduces the slipperiness of the
blood solids. To insure against blood clots, strokes and cardiac
arrest, it is a good idea to use Ticlid and Trental for 2 weeks
before contest diuretics are started. Of course, Ticlid is no guar­
antee that a disaster won't happen. In addition, Ticlid increases
the risk of bleeding from everyday cuts.
BODYOPUS - DUCHA1NE
THIOMUCASE
(THIOMUCASE IN FRANCE,
WYDASE IN AMERICA)
Generic name: Hyaluronidase
Type of drug: Diffusing agent
How supplied: Tablets; injectables; suppositories;
creams
Used for: Fat cell reducer (ha-ha-ha)
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx, Alert, approved
for cosmetic use
Availability: Poor (cream is OTC)
Cost-effectiveness:
*
This enzyme is used to allow fluids to spread out from an
area that has been injected with another drug. American Wydase
is approved only for this purpose. In France, however, Thiomu­
case is marketed as a cream to remove cellulite. They reason that
Thiomucase will repartition the excess water out of the fat cells.
Some people have used Thiomucase wraps combined with mild
electric current through the fatty areas. Bodybuilders who have
used Thiomucase didn't find it to be effective. Thiomucase
cream is approved in this country for cosmetic purposes, as long
as it makes no claims to reduce fat, only to make the cellulite
look better. Obviously, the FDA allows a bit of slack for cosmetic
products.
239
238 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
TRENTAL
Generic name: Pentoxifylline
Type of drug: Blood viscosity conditioner
How supplied: Tablets: 400 mg; injectable: 300 mg
(Mexico only)
Used for: Diuretic adjunct
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Because diuretics thicken the blood, I recommend Trental
and Ticlid as insurance against a blood aggregation disaster.
Trental differs from Ticlid in that Trental makes red blood
cells more flexible and slippery, which allows blood to continue
to flow even when hematocrit is stupidly high. It would be nice
if bodybuilders didn't need to use these drugs, but strong diuret­
ics are part of top male bodybuilding contests. Trental won't
impart any better cosmetic "look." It's insurance. A live, vertical
competitor always looks better than a dead, horizontal one.
TORBUGESIC
Generic name: Butorphoral tartrate
Type of drug: Pain killer
Ii: How supplied:
Injectable: 10 mglml (50 ml vials)
Used for:
Analgesic, anorectic, anti-catabolic,
sleep aid
Legal status:
RAAD, FDA, Rx (animal use only)
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness: NR
Torbugesic is a concentrated form of Stadol. It is probably
the most potent morphine analogue you can get without the
special paperwork that is required for Scheduled drugs. Let me
remind you that I don't recommend all of the drugs in this list.
I have tried to include every drug I've been involved with so you
know about them, not necessarily because they are wonderful.
You may have noticed that I do not rate anorectics and pain
killers because they are often abused. I included Torbugesic,
although, like Stadol, it has a high potential for dependency,
because the markedly higher dosage makes it almost a different
drug. This drug will make you extremely lethargic. Do some
bodybuilders use it? Yes.
240 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
TRIACANA
(FRANCE ONLY)
Generic name: Triac
Type of drug: Quasi-thyroid (T3 type)
How supplied: Tablets: 35 mcg; creams
Used for: Dieting, thermogenic agent
Legal status: RAAD, non-FDA, Alert
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness:
***
Triacana is a T3-like drug which lacks the amino acid tail
that natural thyroid hormones have. In France, Triacana is not
used as a thyroid replacement, but as a dieting drug because it
has a slight thyroid-hormone-like action. Supposedly, Triacana
will not interfere with the body's natural thyroid production,
although a high enough dose will cause TSH depression. Tria­
cana is not as potent or effective as synthetic T3 (Cytomel), but
it is mild enough that a small overdose will not cause major
problems.
Triacana, which is also a mild thermogenic agent, is not a
bad choice for a temporary dieting aid. As with any thyroid
drug, you should get blood tests done before taking Triacana. Of
course, since Cytomel is more effective, it should be used much
more cautiously, and certainly along with blood tests.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 241
TRISORALEN
Generic name: Trioxsalen
Type of drug: Melanin enhancer
How supplied: Tablets: 5 mg
Used for: Tanning accelerator
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
Availability: Poor
Cost-effectiveness:
**
Trisoralen is similar to Meladinina, although it is only
available in oral form. Trisoralen has very specific directions.
Two tablets should be taken 2 hours before UV radiation and for
only 14 days (the bottles contain 28 tablets). Trisoralen is used
by American bodybuilders to prepare for contests. Although
tablets are convenient and neat, the cream and liqUid are much
more effective. All forms increase your risk of skin burns. Many
bodybuilders use 3 instead of 2 tablets - perhaps they figure
that there is more skin to tan! Bodybuilders are eagerly looking
forward to the yet-to-be-approved melanin boosters that will
cause a tan without the use of UV radiation. As for me, I still
prefer porcelain-white skin.
242 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE
VANADYL SULFATE
Generic name: Same
Type of drug: Mineral (nonessential)
How supplied: Tablets; sublingual drops (varies)
Used for: Dieting, glucose disposal
Legal status: non-GRAS
Availabili ty: Excellent
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Vanadyl sulfate is a soluble form of vanadium. Scientists
haven't determined if vanadium is essential, and for some rea­
son it is not included on the GRAS list. Vanadyl sulfate seems
transport glucose from the bloodstream across the cell mem­
brane much like chromium. Unlike chromium, vanadyl sulfate
does not require insulin to work its glucose trick.
Most athletes prefer vanadyl sulfate over chromium
because it works better. Since chromium is essential, I recom­
mend that you use both minerals daily. Vanadium is not present
in large amounts in food, so it must be taken as a supplement.
Oddly enough, vanadyl sulfate is still used for dyeing textiles
and ceramics. Most health food supplements never fulfill expec­
tations of drug-like action, but vanadyl sulfate is one of the two
supplements that does. (The other is creatine monohydrate.)
Money spent on vanadyl sulfate is money well spent.
BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 243
YOHIMBE
(DAYTO HIMBIN, YOCON, YOHIMEX
IN AMERICA)
Generic name: Same
Type of drug: A2 adrenergic antagonist
How supplied: Tablets: 5.4 mg
Used for: Fat loss (sort aD, penile erector
Legal status: RAAD, FDA, Rx
, Availability: Good
Cost-effectiveness: ****
Yohimbe is the concentrated extract of an African tree
bark. Although yohimbe is prescribed for male impotence in
America, it is one of the rare A2 adrenergic antagonists. Meta­
bolic slowdown and accumulated lower body fat in women can
be blamed in part on an excess of A2 receptors. Yohimbe is not
a thermogenic agent, but a thermogenic extender. Yohimbe, by
binding up the A2 receptors, should block the decrease in nora­
drenaline production caused by extended dieting.

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Yl'ur blood pressure may decrease. If yon aren't careful. or grealer-than-rrcognized amount" or nutrients. task. Your blood sugar levels will radically plummet over 5 days. notably potassium. Quick. In hal climates. DRUGS AND THE FDA CAN I :\SSlJ\-IE that most readers of this bopk are healthy.flODYOPL':. the AMA and the FDA.he BODYOPUS DiCl will cause. The FDA considers Ihis . you might dehydrate easily. calcium and magnesium. Your body v.. is an arouow.. some minerals. easy fal loss is considered unnecessary by rhe American Medical Club. will be excreted rapidly. I am coo­ "inced thaI the net health gains 0utweigh the risks. Alrhough these negative effects are possible. the FDA is an adversary To improve your meraholisrn with prescrip­ tion drugs. I must warn you about the temporary changes to your metabo­ lism that . phys­ ically acrive and (I hope) not overweight? Good! However.rill produce fat byprodu<:ts thar slighlly acidify the bloml.. \.1ost of the "diny lricks" and shonculs I will discuss art' considered incorrect by dogmatic MDs. - 16 DUC~IAINE CHAPTER 4 THE USUAL WARNINGS: ON DOCTORS. unapproved foreign drug. To the arhletically inclined and the life extensionisLs.

and Cl1stoms Alcrt Bulletins an' not furnished to private ciri:ens. Of course. the labyrilltlline FDA testing process. effect. OTC drugs are milu wedieations [or minor ailments. Most of lhese drugs are labeled "narcolies. non-toxic and henign in eHeer and sIde even though they don't cause dependence and arec'. Although the FDA tries to interfere with their importaUon. "drug" is uot a fOUT-letter word. They are dispensed from phar­ macies. There are rules and loopholes. Even FDA-approved prescription drug.L4.lrc effective. if any. dooors' offices. these drug~ are not manufactured by legitimate drug companies. ]11 the FDA'~ \-iew. is constantly being updated. Prescription drugs are more potenl medicat10ns that require a doctor's authorization. possess or import. Recteational drugs are considered to be dang~rous and withont mcdical purpose. You'll fiml a plethora 01 effective and "afe drugs (both OTC and prescription) thai are similar. rhe FDA has little. COcaine is still used in the g>llIzt> p:1.. unnecessary and possibly dangerous. Steroids are called "n<lu. distribution and transportation.. Howeya. Every American adult can import foreign non-FDA. to the FDA-approved ones in this country. Of course. nor can they be prescribed by doctors. Prescription drugs have traveled througr. wh\ch is sha~d between the FDA and (he Cus­ toms Sl'rvicf". the dULhori.er be approved and sold in thc United States. "drug" makes you antsy. ~1any of the~(' foreign drugs <lre as effective and safe as the CS vn"iun".'i ate cheaper when purchased outside the fDA-Ar-. but this varies. you UUl fmd gonu bOOKS on importing urugs fat personal use in the health section of most bookstores. [n the United StaleS.-.cernible way.r [he control of the DEA. For example. Only Congress and the DEA haH. ::-. if not identical. There are highly rotent (etgo. Many longeVity alld exercise magazines contain advertisements fot books that list foteig~ mail-order wmpanies.s. The legal and sciemific defini­ tion or ~he (erm "tlru~" i.. Pharma­ ceutical Buying Club. Some prescription drugs Lhal have dependency potential at re(reationa: purposes are nnde.Jane or drugs or nl1Tnt>nIS 1"1\ mention are illegal to use... hospio. Perhaps the word.als and dinit:s. The mastet list 01 Customs Alert Bulletins.E BODYl'['US - Dt'CHA1NE 19 practice frivolous. All or these slibstances .. Some drugs arc illegal in certain states. used recrt'­ ationally. the FDA tries to make it difficnlt.\v to uu this.?. until they were Scheduled in 1990. Marijuana is used oceasionally in chemmherapy and with glaucoma patients.. the rest of the world doesn't have :0 follow the FD& rules. the innocuous health lood store sellin.. Over_rhe_counter (OTC) drugs can be purchased any~ where. as long as Lhe dtugs are not DcA-Scheduled. cOnLnl\ over what a doctor prescribes it for. fOL Lilt:: mu"L pan. there ate always cxceplior.cking after rhinoplasty. In BODYOPCS. Once <l tlwg is approved. from drug stores 10 gas stations. All of the drugs you'll encomHer in chis book have been used by athletes and life c](tensionist<. However..~ Sometimes dnlgs are reclas­ silied as narcotics because of political pressure.l8 BODYOFUS - DUCHAlt'. along with millions of mdi1'lary people h\ing outside the Uniteu Stales. anabolic sterojus were fairly ordinary prescription dtug. For example. approved urugs fat personal use. (lH~ (chemical or nutrient) substance that infiuences the metabolism in a dis. desirahle) metabolic aids that for one rea­ son or ~uother will ne. they cannot "ban" drugs. there are three broad categories of drugs.olics·· .

Has the FDA curtailed its sale by enforcing the drug labeling and transporta­ tion la""-'S? :--. because of high medical C05[S or lack of insurance (or both) most people uon'l . which contains a vast array (and this list is puhlished) of chemicals. shouldn't he ingested at all. making chromium beneficial to diabetics and athletes alike. minerals and amino acids is a dangerous unreg­ ulated pharmacy. any substance that changes the body is a drug. Large doses act like insulin. BODYOPliS - DCCHAl:'lE 21 herbs. Vauadyl sul­ fate is not on Ihe GRAS list and. Various chehues of chromium are sold in health food stores .'ith doctors. of course. scieutists and the FDA aren't too sure.AS items.y. Cal1 they banish vanadyl from health food stores? Yes. I've alway'S had a problem v. The FDA views herbs and large amounts of nutrients as toxic. The rules don't have to be logical In fact. for example. All of rhe drugs and subs Lances mentioned in BODYOPUS are remarkably (even st:lnlingly) efTeel. al1d (J would hope) to prevcnt future health prohlems. proleins. many health food stores and mail-order compame<. Remember. The simplest nutrients can tangle up with laws (civil and criminal). carbo­ hydrates and [ats are nutrients.at least the pre­ vailil1g normal. lets discuss docrors: MDs and DOs.ive. . chromium is a lrace mineral deemed essential to nonnal health (and nrst place at {he car show). health-promot­ ing and legal to buy and use. safe. the minor and major foods needed for life. bUl they are. In addilion. Vanadium. but they will occasionally be discussed simply because they have historically been the most dramatiC ami-catabolic drugs. according to FDA rules. ~on-GRAS suhs\anc6 are nol supposed to be sold 10 the public.legally.20 BODYClPU5 - DUCHAll\r. amiuo acids. Is this a violation of fDA pc)licy? Yes. many of them go against valid medieal research and plain common sense. techni. in most instances. the various brie-a-brae necessary to manufacture modern processed foods. but I wouldn't be snrprised. regulaLlons and simple naticmal agency grudge matches. Now..Jo. This list includes herbs and food additives (stabilizers. iduals who are physically fit and nUlritiol1ally selec­ tive are surprisingly cavalier IOwards their medical upkeep. the FDA maintains (he GRAS list (things that are Generally Recognized As Safe). Vitamins. but it would be stupid for me to say that doctors are adversaries like the fDA. The second calq~ory consistS of uon-GRAS drug-like chemicals. skin and naib than on med­ ical tare. Often barh research and folklore will sugges l the use of GRAS ingredients in a purified form or large doses to cause a drug-like action. hannful and candIdates for future removal. would I he right? lndi. status quo types of health thaL most physicians buy into with membership in the American Medical Club Doclors are necc>. ThIS example illustrates how an il1nocuous and popular item can become enmeshed in (he bewildering maze of approved and non-approved dmgs. is even more efTective_ Vanadyl sulfate might be necessary for human life.. However. Physicians are essen­ tial 10 main win al1d restore proper health . Confnsed? You should be. \Vill they? No one knows.sary to cure or alleviate moderate 10 severe ailments. Unfortunately. Al1abolic steroids are.i sh lheir doctor when they appear and feel ~healthy:" If I guessed that you spent more time aud money on things like hair. There arc two broad L. do setl vanady\ sulfate in vari­ ous forms..negories of substances in heallh food stores. ful"vorings). illegal to possess and buy. in a more soluhle form called vanadyl suUaLe. mlnerals.cal\. vit3mins. foaming agems. rules. l1uLrient and nOI1-l1utrient GR. .

but they didn't understand what tbey were doing and why.-e that a uoctor conld have said that! I was SO gullible to have believed him. Dnl ~!Lerlt::... Networking can help." I'm still cautiously optimistic aboul the p05sibilil)' of find­ ing an American MD who 1S a supra-health expert. you'd think that the IllW of averab':es woulu enable you tu find u sympathetic. and some states allow chiropractors to order blood tesLs. \0 write out the unusual American pre­ scrip[iDns.aches. pains. athletic perfonnance and longeviry are not Laught ill ally med ­ ical srhoo1 that I am aware of. and "shopping" for docLors isn't free. enlightened physicIan willing to work with you to achieve the Platonic ideal of supra-he31rh.ng his metabolism. one of the benign quack types.. They wrote appropnutc pre­ scripIicHlS and were concerned With my progress . Yes. Reg­ uhn exacise. e problems with docwrs. Yon'll probahly nerd In visit a doCIOr'. You won't find these specialists listed in the Yellow Pages. I (rusl my local physician fur regular health maintenance. good nutrition. Often.~ - DUCHAII\E B(lDYOPUS - DiJCH . the pursuit of thiS goal IS unnecessary. It dODT\'t help matters that Ihe concepts of supra~health. Try to find a compromise of two. in (rpng to pursue sUiJra-heahh. "I can't belie. She's been marvelous at it.. I:'s an eco­ nOllll( prohlml.. Spans medicine specialists devote most of their tim~ to trCil[i..benign quacks. (potenlially:' unheahhy and.. You don't gc'_ any waivers just hecausc you appear to be healthier lhan more sedentary people. 1n the physi­ cian's mind. I'm ashamed to say Iha[ I've had to use tWo MDs who wrrr not working together. I>lE 23 They see a doctor w~el1 Slllncthing i" (usually very) . adding drugs or mcgauosing on unusual nurriems. but don't limit your ­ self to just like-minded friends.an. With so many uocrors m the pbone hook. Ihey were 'Willing lO help.well.'~t mOlley eve!1 if yuu lIcw~r phIl w corne back.ong.-oirl:mcp of lobacco and alcohol. Dealing with a general practitioner can be a supremely lrustratmg experience. uuwise. blah.y ignore woss signs of abuse .m mJny sedentary people do However . In many instancrs. A national lisl of supra-health professionals is sorely . immoral as American medicine defilles ""haL docLors should be domg with patients. tiredness . n. It's disappointing that most of the dOctors that have helped me with my bodybUilding ende:nmrs over the last twenty years have been . lIledlcal prufes~i()nab working together. Athlcles wi1l some ­ times [oohsh1. Looking back to some: of those consultations I think. nutritionists and chiropractors are the most qualified proresslonals. Gee used to wasting a lOL of time en isolated visils unlil yon find an acceptahle pbysician. All of these good habits will help you to a'-'aid many health problems and feci bella th. A snarl physician would ten you lbal a feeling of hlness is nm an accurate indication of good health.. Be\\iare: "sympaheric" doesn't necessarily mean qualifted. blah. er I tried discussing bodybuilding or longeviLY drugs with her.gu]ar vi"ilS \0 a donor nre just as important for athleres.. most importantly.as jU~~ part of the tralning. perhaps o~ fortifying or replacing hormones... minor illJuries.ng injuries. Office vi~it~ ll. [hey (NSS over [rom admirable discipline w plain slUhbornnc~­ Re. bodybuddt:r:i and liff' extensicnisLs ~ill ha.. or eyell three... olTice far away from home. jts like I became Sat. We know the drill.'oP.22 B{)/)'. So 1 just use another dOelor. Many MDs now recommend nutritionisL5. blah. There's one basic re("'lIrring problem. A confrontation arises because the patient asks the donor for help in lmpr(/\!.

moral and social status of many of the methods and substances recommended is constantly in flux. longevity.24 BOD. In this uncharted territory. amino acids. FDA-granled priv­ ileges are not ideal. some individuals become so frustrated with US Cus ­ roms' confiscations of their foreign mail-order drugs that they act deceptive and sneaky The recommendations in DODYOPlJS are not illegal." An enhanced metabolism altai. minerals and amino acids. at this particular moment lhe FDA is expending tremendous effon to control the sale of vitamins. chemicals. even if you've been exercising regularly and feel fine. other suhstances (GRAS or not) and prescription drugs (approved or not! is my ambition and talent. As dis­ tasteful as the label o[ "drug" is to Americans. We might convert him! None of the foreign drugs suggesteu are illegal III pllssess However. [ hope that we're in agreement on the ideal . In this book. but don't make this metabolic adventure a secret from him. but fraudulent behavior and smuggling Qre. vigor and aesthetics. beyond the idea of "excellent health~ for hoth the general pop ­ ulation and the American medical profession.:CHAINE BODYOPU5 - Dt:CHAINE 25 needed. drugging the body. a smart physician is not some traitor to the cause. BODYOPCS involves drugs. The most prudent thing to do \hlUld be [Q pur­ chase: an additional copy of this hook for your physiuan. We can't cheat death. For example.1O priv­ ileges. Many of the innocuous bUl 'viral heallh food items of lOday could be the prescription drugs l)r tomorrow. even when you've tried almost everything else.superior health. What would be the highest stan&ard? 1 won't accept the old excuse of "good genes. Take it from someone who knows: I uon't recommend the criminal flip side can be influenced. amino junkies!) Reauiug this information is one thing. minerals. moderate exercise. the legal. life extensionisL<.ned through manipulation with nutrients.OPUS - Dt. Other diet and exerrise programs \\-ilh the best of intentions can ultimately damage the body. The FDA can change its rulings overnight. doctors and the FDA. The uoctor may roll his eyes when you relate your mission. they do improve our lives. I've always aspired to optimize bodies beyond what nm be accom­ plished v. book an office visit. All melabolic aids _vitamins. Find the applicable regulations and follow lhem. to put it blnntly. Rememher. you'll encounler idcas that can change your body into something you thought wasn't possible. and 'smart drug" people. but pUlting it into . (Hands up. but the alternative is a new policy of. but the quality of an aging body practice is something else. recognized phar­ maceuticals _ are. but it won't happen until we an get together .bouy­ builders.ith prudent eating and caUtious. Before you begin a diet and exercise program. Is lhat too much to ask [or? I hope not.

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I was still groping for an answer. Nolvadex. I believe that I was the first person to use anti-estrogens on bodybuilders. all of the doctors thought I was com­ i. not \ only in America but around the world. Back in 1980. pletely nuts to worry about estrogen in seemingly healthy male and female bodybuilders.174 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE My final advice with clenbuterol? Try it infrequently . first with women and later with men. it is virtually unknown. I was also alarmed (back in 1982) by the amount of estrogenic substances in common foods. ANTI-ESTROGEN USE is amazingly common in bodybuilders. we have a pretty good idea why women have trouble losing lower body fat. there are clini­ cal trials using Nolvadex in women at a high risk for breast can­ cer. Back in 1981. might help prevent breast cancer. I saw that it was women who had the . Back then. CHAPTER 27 ANTI-ESTROGENS w. NoW. Over 14 years ago. like wheat germ oil. which you learned about in the last few chapters. I postulated that one anti-estrogen. Now mainstream science has caught up to me. A recent study finally conceded that estrogenic compounds ~in common foods affect metabolism adversely in both men and [)women. I noticed that female bodybuilders were not successful at stripping away lower body fat.just don't get married to it. Outside of this subcul­ ture.

it has a cultish quality about it. a disappointment. You have encountered many more potent dieting drugs in this book. Over the next few years women tried larger dosages (up to 60 mg a day) along with other anti-estrogens like Proviron. Estrogen was also being blamed for increased water retention and fat accumulation. Anti-estrogens are currently a matter of economics. The MDs had no idea what I was gibbering about. It must be working. so it doesn't cause any notice­ t'able bone density loss. I've dieted with and without Nolvadex. Clenbuterol and yohimbe are more cost-effective. which is also partially true. Back then. it is over­ . To a layperson. in my mind. Nolvadex's effects are subtle.. the creation of small benign tumors in the breast area. The bad news: it did not make a dramatic difference in the lower body It was. While Nolvadex is a prescription drug in America. we saw discernible overall fat loss. I reasoned that it must be estrogen that caused the problem. a lonely doctor. Male bodybuilders started using Nolvadex and Proviron to combat the aromatization (estrogen conversion) of high dosages of anabolic steroids. bodybuilders will qUickly abandon a drug if there is no bang for the buck. NOLVADEX (TAMOXIFEN CITRATE) i Both women and men use 20 to 40 mg per day while diet­ ing. Even today. Higher estrogen in males was claimed to promote gynecomastia. Nolvadex is still being used by both male r. Women at very low body fat levels (under 10 percent) ! Usually have a problem with maintaining facial fat. the lower body fat problem did not get solved. but I had a damned hard time trying to convince a physician to write a prescription for it. Men blamed estrogen completely because male bodybuilders are unusually sensitive about having any female hormones at all. High dosages ':c'{over 40 mg) haven't proven to work visibly better. tightening of the physique and a small reduction in lower body fat. how could we tell? ~I Although Nolvadex has been almost a dieting tradition in "bodybuilding. However. place to roost. too. Although the anti-estrogens did make a difference in overall fat loss. Some women have reported gains in V strength and muscle preservation. When taking 40 mg of Nolvadex per day. After 12 years. the old SUck-face problem. and the ruse: "Doc! I gotta have cancer either in my testicles or my prostate and you gotta check it out . but many dieters swear by it. many physicians hold this assumption. at very low body fat levels. " Need I elaborate? Nolvadex was a good newslbad news kind of thing.176 BODYOPUS - DUCHAiNE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 177 lower fat problem. But really. even if It you aren't using anabolic steroids. Nolvadex exacerbates this effect. I was able to persuade my female training partner to try Nolvadex. anti-estrogens can be of value in some capacity: Let's discuss the popular ones in use in bodybuilding. involving a gonzo male bodybuilder. Most female jbodybuilders use it infrequently. and finally got a prescription through the shabbiest of methods.. and female bodybuilders. Nolvadex works in hoth sexes. Besides. women produce very little estrogen anyway Women who have a problem with excessive gauntness . I hope that Nolvadex use in women will decline !': 'now that yohimbe is recognized as a better way to reduce lower body fat. not men. It has a perceptible but not !' ~ dramatic effect on fat loss. Nolvadex works by binding \' the estrogen receptor so that the estrogen in the blood has no . and I lost fat faster with Nolvadex. which is partially true. Nolvadex was only used on late-stage breast cancer tumors. the-counter in Mexico. I persevered.

mainstream doctors will get the message. .'. there's a lot of mystery about this drug. Some postulate that it works by reducing the amount of thyroid-binding albumin associated with high estrogen levels." myself included. That Nolvadex does have a noticeable effect on dieting is a given in the bodybuilding world. Nolvadex is an after-the-fact anti-estrogen. but fat cells convert more androgens as men age. fat cells have almost no estrogen receptors. has numerous estrogen receptors. but nobody has adequately explained why it "works. Women who have Cushing's Syndrome (excess corti­ sol). TESLAC (TESTOLACTONE) . although they can convert andro­ gens to estrogens. Nolvadex didn't do a Svengali transformation. like women's. Whenever men's estrogen levels are higher than normal. Most of this conversion occurs in the muscle cells. In addition. The nagging mystery in my mind is the relationship between estrogen and high amounts of A2 adrenoreceptors in lower body fat. naturally occurring or from ana­ bolic steroids. As the symptoms become more extreme. iii the number of androgen receptors in the prostate increases. I was fatter. especially in the lower body. In men. hard lumps develop which must be removed with surgery. The question in my mind is: when did this adrenoreceptor ratio start? Is it genetic. Nolvadex is also anti-cata­ bolic. All I can say is: I took 10 mg daily of Nolvadex for close to 2 years straight. however. Beyond the obvious effect. I've also found Nolvadex to be useful in women with sys­ temic lupus. This sensitizes it to minute amounts of dihydrotestosterone. it blocks estro­ gen that is already in the bloodstream at the receptor in the tar­ get tissue. Nolvadex may also help counteract the recent rise in environmental estrogens. It's given that women have more A2 receptors." and so do thousands of bodybuilders. I know it "works. but good things happened. It is a good choice for women who have naturally high ovarian estrogen production. To make it more interesting.178 BODY OPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 179 in the face would look better without Nolvadex. antagonist and can be used in these circumstances. Although Nolvadex is an effective estrogen . Middle-aged men who have higher than normal estrogen from too much body fat or too lit­ tle testosterone have found Nolvadex to be a good adjunct to Proscar (the prostate drug). The most benign symptom of men with high estrogen . But don't try to explain it to your doctor unless you enjoy the MD­ dangerous-ineffective-crazy song and dance. but my personal experience shows it to be true. have a curious migration of body fat from the lower body to the upper body. and ii' causes enlargement. which is most noticeable in women who are not using steroids. an androgen (natural or synthetic) is no longer an anabolic substance once converted to estrogen. There are some excellent reasons to control androgen aromatization. estrogen is usually elevated through aromatization of testosterone. Obviously. When I didn't use Nolvadex. set before birth? Or does it start in puberty? Pre-adolescent girls have a fat distribution similar to boys the same age. Bodybuilders have been using Nolvadex for 12 years. it doesn't . low estrogen will guard against fat accumulation. I don't yet have answers to these questions. Men's breast tissue. Is there any research on this? No. Women who have high body fat levels will find Nolvadex to be worthwhile. Perhaps in another 12 years or so. I was significantly leaner. (other than making Floyd look bewitching) is a slight swelling of the breast tissue.

you need too high a dosage to achieve the effect. Is this a problem? For the steroid-using male athlete. Teslac has been available since the 1950s and has FDA approval for tumor reduction in breast cancer.180 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 181 work at the source. aside from this small group. For the athlete without anabolic steroid supplementation. but after considering all of the other drugs available. but because it does not achieve the effects as elegantly as Teslac does. it is a felony to possess and use Proviron without a valid foreign prescription. In fact. Teslac. It's not that they wanted to be more like men (as anabolic steroids would do). Translating the idea to reality has been a frustrating process. Many female athletes who would not consider using anabolic steroids or thy­ roid hormone. Nolvadex was introduced to bodybuilders in 1981. Although various cheap European generics are listed in the Merck Index. It has no anabolic proper­ ties. However. It developed a cult-like follOWing. you'd think that it would be used as often as Nolvadex. but because they dread the estrogenic . then thyrOid hor­ mone and mild diuretics at contest time. not so much because it doesn't work. with a higher affinity than either testosterone or dihydrotestosterone. It is still the wild child drug. embraced Nolvadex with no ethical qualms. Proviron has recently fallen out of favor. Per­ haps they embraced it not for its phYSical effects. of course. It blocks both the conversion of testosterone to estra­ diol and the other androgens (notably androstenedione) to the less potent estrone. The effectiveness of these anti-estrogens has not changed over the years. but to con­ trol a previously uncontrollable estrogenic destiny. for example. RedUcing estrogen does have a discernible effect.not because of its physical effects. However. As a bonus in men. The recommended dosage. This non-FDA­ approved androgen is much cheaper than Teslac. Proviron binds at the androgen receptors. only our perception of it. a drug that inhibits the conversion of androgens to estrogen would be a good idea. with today's new fat loss alternatives. Teslac is rarely used. anabolic steroids were the mainstay of dieting. PROVIRON (MESTERONE) ~. no. With all of the advan­ tages. but because it . Back in the mid-1970s. Proviron has problems. Teslac is no big deal. costs $25! In addition. none have actually been produced. If I had been writing this book a few years ago. would seem to be a perfect aromatase inhibitor. And. enticing yet uncontrol­ lable. CONCLUSION Proviron is another aromatase-inhibitor. I know female athletes who are dependent on Nolvadex . CYTADREN (AMINOGLUTETHIMIDE) Cytadren also causes aromatase inhibition. 5 tablets per day. Proviron will cause a drop in testosterone because it blocks natural testosterone at the receptor level. fulfilled an emotional-sexual agenda. The effect of excess estrogen has been magnified out of proportion. Teslac raises testosterone. anti-estro­ gens are pretty low on my list of Diet All-Stars. It seemed glamorous and mysterious because it was new and vis­ ibly effective. i Proviron is not recommended for women because it has androgenic side effects. I would have been concerned about Teslac's high cost and lack of avail­ ability. and has been successfully used in post-menopausal women and breast cancer patients. Why? The first problem is cost. Teslac is not available in Mexico. In theory.

Certainly. anti-estrogens are now considered below average. ephedrine and phenformin. I'd rather coach an athlete who doesn't need to use appetite suppressants. CHAPTER 28 APPETITE SUPPRESSANTS CONTEST BODYBUILDERS are at their physical zenith. In the grand hierarchy of diet drugs. Olympia. a woman can expect fat accumulation. choose Nolvadex or Teslac. many people who call them­ selves bodybuilders don't always "make it" to single-digit lean­ ness. they'd be at the Mr. } semi-starving his body into submission is appealing to many. but there's a dirty little secret among a good number of com­ petitors who did "make it. an "out­ sider" assumes that such divine-looking specimens must have tremendous discipline and resolve. Couch Potato contest instead of the Mr." A number are complete fuck-ups! If they had to get by on willpower. After viewing such perfectly lean. tanned. they are an unnec­ essary luxury for dieters. However. Although anti-estrogens can be helpful for a variety of other maladies. suffering and anxiety. for the same reasons that normal people fail at dieting ­ "~i they succumb to hunger and anxiety.which are a supreme test for some women's self-esteem.182 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE rebound when they stop taking it. You might think that the bodybuilders who have made it to contest-ready shape were suc­ cessful because of will power and fortitude in the face of hunger. The picture of the rigidly disciplined. yohimbe. After all of these. . However. water retention. stoic bodybuilder.thyroid !)hormone.are never actu­ ~ally encountered. After stopping Nolvadex. adrenoreceptor ratios. shaven and groomed bodies. emotional depression and physical weakness . you will get better effects with c1enbuterol. Whenever I have a choice in the matter. Other problems . and so forth .

Go figure. either personally or through my athletes. Diet pills are Scheduled because they have the potential for abuse and dependence. To avoid any mention of them would be to avoid my personal responsibility to make such knowledge available. anabolic steroids are Schedule III because they {supposedly have more potential for dependency. I think that the recent over­ reaction to anorectics is somewhat extreme. and a truly ben­ eficial drug is locked away in the Scheduled category where doc­ tors tread too lightly. were freely given by regular doctors to non-obese dieters. ~ With all of these dire warnings out of the way. The audience. cocaine and methamphetamines. I" .. During the 1970s. amphetamines were openly given to military personnel. However. How­ . Prescriptions for DEA-scheduled drugs cannot be refilled without a doctor's authorization. I'm sure that many obesity specialists could teach me a lot. they can cause dependency. the judges and the sports historians don't care how such perfection was arrived at. This "side effect" has been a pleasant surprise to many people. ampheta­ mine's better-behaved cousin. I will limit this ~. Schedule IV drugs. are now street drugs simply because real . Ironically. and hand carry them back.discussion to the least controlled category. The new Puritan morality is being applied to anorectic drugs for dieting. causes the same dependence prob­ lems on a small scale. Because the food sits in the stomach longer. like most diet pills. the most accessible anorectics. For the life of me I cannot understand why it's Scheduled. doctor-prescribed anorectics are no longer easy to find. Dur­ ing World War II. There are a number of bodybuilders who need anorectics. ephedrine and c1enbuterol. although. the photog­ raphers. All of the other really effective anorectics are DEA-sched­ uled prescription drugs. diet pills. However. lFor reference. Two of the thermogenic agents. Anorectics are not a free ride. For that matter. I do have experi­ ence with the FDA-approved (albeit Scheduled) anorectics. On contest day they are transcendent. without them they would never get into contest shape. But you already knew that. I wish it 'were different. get the drugs with a foreign prescription. the body is fooled into thinking you are eating enough. There may have been a time when too many people were dependent on diet pills. a shining zenith of elusive physical god-like perfection. with no prescriptions or doctors around. Most of these drugs are not dangerous or life-threatening. They train hard and sacrifice much of the personal and financial lives to pursue their seemingly frivolous endeav- ~ ors. and how many doctors specialize in the use of anorectics for healthy athletes? It is against Federal law to import anorectics unless you leave the country.184 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 185 I've had experience with a number of them from mild to wild. which shows how people's opinion of diet pills has changed over the years. ephedrine. even though such things are now in disfavor. they will eventually exact a price for their effects. blunt hunger quite well because they slow gastric emptying. I do know more than the usual pedestrian diet expert. I'd like to it pstart this discussion with the most valuable anorectic of all. These athletes are not absolute fuck-ups. It's hard to convince a doctor to write a pre­ scription for diet pills unless you are morbidly obese. ever. even Schedule II amphetamines. I'll tell you flat out that I am not an Anorectic Guru. Sixty-five percent of the adult population is overweight. and as a personal prejudice I've avoided even learning about the street anorectics.

When you stop using these anorectics. Fastin (phen­ termine hydrochloride) is a 30 mg capsule that has a duration of 10 to 12 hours. and frequently more.186 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 187 Pondimin (fenfluramine) is available in America in 20 mg tablets. As you can imagine. All of the lesser anorectics try to generate the same appetite sup­ pression without the extreme side effects of amphetamine. If you are using them with ephedrine and clenbuterol. but is quite restricted because it's Schedule II. is the short duration of the 25 mg tablets. All of the other prescription anorectics are deriva­ tives of the "gold standard" of the anorectics. Pondimin is unique because it is not a central nervous system stimulant. in about 2 weeks or less. amphetamine. THE PHENTERMINES rt f . Fastin and Ionamin are both phentermines. All of the other appetite suppressants try to mimic the action of amphetamine. You feel like a zombie for at least 2 weeks." The advantage. Most people aren't hungry all day long. becom­ ing overwhelmingly tired. In addition. Ionamin (phentermine resin) supposedly lasts longer and has a milder effect. they can't help you at night. Because you must time the dosages of thermogenic drugs to wear off by evening (so you can sleep). energetic and without fatigue. TENUATE (D1ETHYLPRION) Tenuate is available in 20 mg tablets that are active for a few hours. I don't have as many nice things to say about the other anorectics. research has not shown it to have the dependence hazards of the other anorectics. People don't use them infrequently as they should. The 75 mg Tenuate Dospan tablet is a longer-acting (about 6 hours) version. At this point. in my mind. In Europe. which is a popular street drug. appetite is reasonably controlled during the day. lethargic and depressed.euphoric. both courses of action can accelerate abuse and depen­ dence. Daytime appetite is usually not the problem. and Tenuate can be used only during the problem times. and in 75 mg capsules and a transdermal patch in Europe. The problem with these stimulants is that you are so. well.'~'. With all of these caveats. most people either double the dosage or add another anorectic. By keeping busy and using thermogenic drugs like ephedrine and clen­ buterol. I will briefly highlight the three anorectics most commonly used by bodybUilders. until they are physically and mentally exhausted. Even the most educated. Amphetamine is still an FDA­ approved drug. but constantly. The elegance of Pondimin is that it is a central nervous sys­ tem depressant. the hazards of ele­ vated blood pressure and heart rate are compounded. Tenuate's main failing is that the anorectic effects attenuate rapidly. stimulated . savvy and ratio­ nal athlete will overtrain while on these diet drugs. Most American bodybuilders don't use Pondimin while dieting because they are unfamiliar with its unique properties and American MDs are usually hesitant to prescribe such a drug to an obviously non-overweight person. These dramatic side effects are not a mystery. . Tenuate is less offensive than the other anorectics. used at night after taking ther­ mogenic drugs during the day. the capsules are extremely popular. One doctor friend of mine used to call it "the next step up from caffeine. Pondimin will not keep you awake at night ­ quite the opposite. but are cer­ tainly hard to control. you crash.

Some of the drugs are only used for bodybuilding competitions. there is a further mystery calorie debit that is not accounted for. models and jockeys) will want to use them for rapid and temporary weight loss. Ion­ amin (regular is 15 mg. CHAPTER 29 TRICKS OF THE TRADE \ IF DIETING IS AN ART. Some of it is excess heat production caused by adrenergic stimulation. is the number one choice for American bodybuilders. As the nutritionist-coach is out of sight most of the time. over-the­ counter. such as diuretics. for some reason. Users of these drugs lose more weight than would be predicted from a simple absence of calories. Some postulate that the missing calories are due to increased glucose uptake in the brain. I've listed them first by the name that most people use. I don't advocate any anorectics besides Pondimin. they both have an acceptable balance of effectiveness and side effects. over-the-counter and non-FDA­ approved. actors. and are of no use to the everyday dieter. "forte" is 30 mg) is the anorectic of choice for European bodybuilders. Are these winners "fuck-ups"? History and the engraved trophy will never tell. Obese patients have had significant fat loss with this combination when all other traditional methods have failed. Ephedrine . which may be very different from the original approved use. some athletes diet for a living. Competition bodybuilders use a bewildering variety of drugs: prescription. minerals. Others have become cultural icons. then competition bodybuilders are the master craftsmen. The phentermines have recently been mentioned in the mainstream press. I haven't differentiated between vitamins. anorec­ tics are necessary tools.188 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE I mention the phentermines for a number of reasons. Fastin. prescription or non-fDA-approved drugs. The diet battle takes place at the refrigerator and pantry door. As anorec­ tics go. the list of dieting drugs in the next chapter contains 50 different drugs! I have personally tried almost every drug on list over the past 12 years. The mechanism behind anorectics' action is still some­ what unexplained. I've included a few items that don't directly affect fat loss. whether it is the American trade name or the generic name. and hundreds of thousands of dollars can depend on as little as 5 pounds of extra body fat. Although I have excluded most anabolic steroids. because some ath­ letes (and dancers. However. My list con­ tains the dieting uses for the drug. as noted obesity specialists are now vigor­ ously (and this is unusual) advocating a long-term therapy of one of the phentermines during the day and Pondimin during the evening hours. How­ ever. although this may change. worshipped in the same way that some life extensionists worship their drugs. I've also included each drug's legal status.

I use the following acronyms for drugs: . "Used For.190 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE may be reclassified from over-the-counter to prescription. or herbs and amino acids may be restricted by the FDA. check the Physicians' Desk Reference. For example. like diuretics and blood conditioners. At the very least. Remember. not instructions. you should tell your physi­ cian which drugs you are using. you can find more information on some of the drugs. particu­ larly on side effects and contra-indications. and then a paragraph with my per­ sonal observations." is used primarily to separate highly specialized drugs. The third line lists the type of drug. is listed as a thermogenic/anti-catabolic agent. sometimes the popular name and the generic name are the same. The fifth line. As I mentioned. it's better that you learn about them from me than some word-of-mouth thrice removed anecdote. from the drugs dieters could use every day. For further information on FDA-approved drugs. Be prepared for the usual spiel about avoiding all frivolous medications. clenbuterol. Of course. depending on which is easiest to pronounce. Finally. an asthma medication. The first line is the most commonly used name for the drug among athletes. Unfortunately. Most doctors are totally unfamiliar with the use of drugs for dieting. The generic name is listed next. The sixth line contains the legal status of the drug. I've included 8 lines of information about availability and use. that's going to be a problem. including important basic research. in the Merck Index. but I can't tell you what to do. Remember. which is not neces­ sarily the approved use. CHAPTER 30 THE "TOP 50" DIETING DRUG LIST FOR EACH DRUG LISTED. It would be nice if I could advise you to discuss these choices with your physician. "How Supplied. I have included some drugs that you might consider creepy because they have some kind of stigma. The fourth line. In addition. this is not a shopping list. This can be the generic or the trade name. I might find some of these choices to be effective while dieting. I will warn you that many of the drugs have no published research on dieting or weight reduction uses." will tell you what sizes are available and in what form. my per­ sonal comments are only to be used as illuminating notions.

then American citizens need a prescription to import these drugs legally.192 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 193 RAAD is my personal acronym for Recognized As A Drug. Steroids are C-III. FDA Non-FDA ally impossible to obtain. or that it would not be too difficult to find a doctor to write a prescription. I thought it best to simply not rate (NR) them. This Top 50 Diet Drug List is specific to North America. which necessarily subjective. Nutrients will either be labeled GRAS (Generally Recog­ nized As Safe) or left blank. all GRAS nutrients have an Excellent (E) rating. For the drugs that can cause dependency. The lowest rating is one star (*). Next. if the drug is an FDA-approved medication. includes prescription drugs that are not approved by the FDA and available in other countries. The sixth line has information about availability. Ana­ bolic steroids and appetite suppressants have been assigned to a control number. Obviously. Fair (F) availability indicates that you would need to travel to bring the drug back. A Poor (P) rating means that the drug is virtu- . even in other countries. means that you need a prescription from a doctor. Appetite suppressants vary from C-IV (Tenuate) to C-II (amphetamines). I list my opinion of the drug's cost-effectiveness. Rx OTC If I mention that the drug has a Customs Alert status. I have done my best to specify availability by region. Good (G) availability indicates that the drug is generally available on the black market. Four stars (****) is excellent. I've also included information about DEA scheduling. such as anorectics or injectable painkillers. is short for over-the-counter.

it is especially popular with female bodybuilders. works by antagonizing aldosterone. If bodybuilders were satisfied with Aldactone's subtle results. many bodybuilders want more diuresis and make the mistake of combining it with other. Competition bodybuilders looking for a mild diuretic usually find this one instead of a better one. Rx Good ** This odd diuretic combines an aldosterone antagonist (spironolactone) with a traditional thiazide diuretic. Because both aldosterone and androgens are steroid hormones. . oral Tablets: 25 mg/25 mg. competition specialty only RAAD. Overdosing on Aldac­ tone can result in too much potassium in the blood. Aldactone is also a slight androgen antagonist. the pill is not totally potassium-sparing. Spironolactone is the potassium-sparing part. but since the "dried­ out" look is in vogue in current bodybuilding competitions. specialty only RAAD. It is often found rather than chosen. a diuretic may be better than no diuretic. oral Tablets: 25 mg. This mistake has dehy­ drated many unsuspecting bodybuilders who assumed that the two drugs have the same intensity of action. the weakest of the prescription diuretics. 50 mg/50 mg Bodybuilding. which is milder because it has no thiazide in it. FDA. Rx Fair * ALDACTONE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Spironolactone Diuretic.194 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 195 ALDACTAZIDE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Spironolactone and hydrochloro­ thiazide Diuretic. 100 mg Bodybuilding competition. FDA. 50 mg. more powerful. Some athletes confuse this drug with Aldactone. I don't personally work with this diuretic. However. but because it is combined with thi­ azide. For mild diuresis. Aldactone. it would be a good choice. As a mild and potassium-sparing diuretic. diuretics. Diamox is a better choice although it is harder to find. the hormone that regulates sodium in the body.

196 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 197 BUPRENEX (TEMGESIC IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Buprenorphine hydrochloride Analgesic. Because of its unusual scheduling (C-V is subject to only state and local restrictions). FDA. oral and injectable Tablets: . C-Y. requires a doctor's prescription. Carnitine's legal status is in limbo.3 mg/cc Anti-catabolic bodybuilding specialty drug RAAD. mimicking the effects of morphine. it appears to act as a mild anti-cata ­ bolic. Once present in the bloodstream. carnitine is used by the liver to convert fatty acids into ketones. In addition to its pain-relieving properties. Buprenex is not as popular as Nubain and Stadol. However. powder (varies) Dieting. daily dosages of the con­ centrate can be as high as 5 g. very low-carbohydrate diets. fat burning GRAS limbo Excellent *** (for ketogenic diets) Buprenex is one of those secret drugs that some body ­ builders use and don't discuss. Because of its long duration. and highly recom­ mended for BODYOPUS. "I. Red meat is the best nat ­ ural source for carnitine. Rx. The Mexican version. diuretic and anorectic. Carnitine is an ideal supplement for low-calorie. Ampoules: . capsules. quasi-amino acid derivative Tablets. as availability is Widespread. .2 mg. but it is not on the GRAS list. It's considered a non-narcotic analgesic. ketones will lower cortisol levels and reduce catabolism. which are also non-narcotic analgesics. Mexican Rx Poor NR CARNITINE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied Used for: . Buprenex is the best of the non­ narcotic morphine analogues. Temgesic. Carnitine is a natural substance produced in the muscle cells that helps the body utilize fats in the mitochondria. In addition. Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same Nutrient.

Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same B2 adrenergic agonist (asthma drug) Tablets: 20 mcg. . Although foods such as brewer's yeast or cinnamon are good sources of chromium. anti-catabolic agent RAAD.198 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 199 CHROMIUM Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Varies according to accompanying bonding compound Nutrient (essential mineral) Tablets. syrups. but there are thermogenic agents that have less side effects or slower attenu­ ation of effects. non FDA. most athletes choose to supplement chromium in tablet or capsule form. Alert Good **** Chromium is an essential trace mineral that works syner­ gistically with insulin. Clenbuterol actually has fewer side effects than ephedrine. is only available from one source. This is a potent. In summary. Many dieters are chromium-deficient. is tailored to affect only the B2 adrenoreceptor. unlike natural adrenaline. Chromium repartitions the body by causing glu­ cose disposal into muscle cells instead of fat cells. Its major effects are bronchial dilation and increased heat production in the mitochondria of muscle and possibly brown fat. Nutrition 21 of San Diego. repartition agent GRAS limbo in some forms Excellent **** CLENBUTEROL (SPIROPENT AND NOVEGAM IN MEXICO) ~ I. Clen­ buterol. Chromium picolinate. fat burner. Daily dosages as high as 1 mg (1000 mcg) have been reported. with instructions to be disallowed and mailed back to the country of origin or destroyed. California. Clenbuterol's major problem is the rapid attenuation of its effectiveness after a few weeks of use. capsules (varies) Insulin agonist. Chromium's two forms are chromium picolinate (which contains a non-GRAS bonding compound) and chromium polynicotinate. clenbuterol is an instant-gratification fat burner. it is on the Customs Alert list. although problematic. which is patented by the US Depart­ ment of Agriculture. Although there is no law in America making it illegal to use or import clenbuterol. others Thermogenic.

6 times per day. Creatine's drawback is the amount needed to duplicate the results of the research studies. inconvenience and the fact that it tastes like sand. Optimal dosage is 30 g per day . but was not as popular as the safer Nolvadex. Common wisdom says that red meat imparts strength. . which induces ovulation. The primary energy source for muscular movement and heat production is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Lower dosages (6 g \ a day) can be effective after a loading phase. is a popular oral fertil­ ity drug for women. Clomid is obscenely expensive in the United States and dirt cheap in Mexico. ATP is made through a process that directly involves creatine phosphate. Clomid does not ele­ vate serum testosterone to dazzling levels. fat or cho­ lesterol. powder. Specifi­ cally. Rx . FDA. creatine is a worthwhile supplement . Creatine supplementation provides energy without calories. It will be more bene­ ficial to dieters who do not consume beef. liqUid (varies) Strength. Athletes with low testosterone will find Clomid will not boost natural testosterone into even the middle of normal range. probably because it is easier to administer than HCG. if you have the patience to keep taking it. meat's creatine content is the energy substrate. Despite the cost. usually taken in 5 g serv­ ings.200 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 201 CLOMID (OMININ AND SEROFENE IN MEXICO) CREATINE MONOHYDRATE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Clomiphene citrate Ovulation stimulator.. even at high dosages. For many men Clomid has worked better than human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injections in starting up testosterone production. anti-estrogen Tablets: 50 mg Men only. Clomid was originally developed as an estrogen antagonist. anti-estrogen and testosterone elevation RAAD. However. Clomid is a useful drug for men because it stimulates testosterone secretion and works as an estrogen antagonist at the same time. Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: ! Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same Nutrient Tablets. use 100 mg per day (2 tablets). energy substrate replacement GRAS limbo Excellent **** Fair ** (for men) Clomid. For the quickest response.(the equivalent of 10 pounds of beeD. capsules.

Most natural T3 is not made by the thyrOid gland. bodybuilders have become inter­ ested in drugs developed for Cushing's Syndrome. Too much T3 will suppress the thyroid . Anabolic steroids block corti­ sol from its receptors. In traditional thyroid replacement therapy. Overdoses of Cytadren will actually increase cortisol secretion. Rx Good * ** Since many of the benefits of anabolic steroids come from their anti-catabolic action. Cytadren is not an effective alternative to anabolic steroids.~ .202 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 203 CYTADREN Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability.~:essary to take blood tests to ensure that you maintain normal ~:'thyroid gland function. Cytomel is synthetiC T3 thyroid hormone.J. " Cytomel supplementation can be beneficial. and has no anti-inflammatory prop­ erties whatsoever. but is converted from T4 thy­ roid hormone. athletes who have low T3 levels from faulty T4 to T3 conversion will not benefit from added T4. . T4 is the best choice. but might be useful as an adjunct. without any anti-catabolic benefit. However. but at the same time proVide some of the anti-inflammatory properties of cortisol. Low dosages will cause joint inflammation. but it is nec­ . Cytadren inhibits cortisol secretion at the adrenal glands. such as Cyta­ dren. By reducing cortisol at the source.'. 50 mcg Dieting and body temperature regulation RAAD. FDA. While it has helped Cushing's Syndrome patients. anti-estrogen RAAD. it has been a disappointing performance drug. 25 mcg. Mexican Cynomel is only available in 1"25 mcg amounts. Rx Poor CYTOMEL (CYNOMEL IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Liothyrine sodium T3 thyrOid hormone replacement Tablets: 5 mcg. Cytadren does nothing with the cortisol receptor. .gland for up to 8 weeks. Cost-effectiveness: Aminoglu tethimide Anti-cortisol Tablets: 250 mg Anabolic steroid replacement. FDA. Both low-calorie diets and some thermogenic drugs can reduce avail­ able T3.

quite expensive. If the supplement has anabolic or andro ­ genic effects. non-FDA. Since it is designed to reduce edema in the tissues. Diamox is not an ordinary diuretic. the fluid reduction doesn't lower blood pressure as radically as other diuretics do. FDA. It's hard to find in America. is produced in copious amounts by the adrenal glands of both men and women. 250 mg. Besides the lack of substantial research. DHEA. Many bodybuilders may find that Diamox is the only diuretic they need for competition.. and there's no consensus on the optimal dosage. Diamox has the same problem that all diuretics do .> Acetazomide Quasi-diuretic Tablets: 125 mg. DHEA has a num­ ber of problems. It was originally intended to be used to reduce edema in glaucoma patients and high elevation mountain climbers. Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: '. Rx Poor General name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: same Adrenal androgen Capsules: 50 to 150 mg (varies) Dieting. Many dieters have tried the 50 mg size with no results. Many of these stud ­ ies were done with a surprisingly low 50 mg oral dose. Research indicates that DHEA accel­ erates fat loss via an unknown mechanism. Obviously. repartitioning RAAD.excreting fluids from the wrong tissues too rapidly There will be better "tools" available for contest bodybuilders in the immediate future. . the DEA differs in opinion. you must go out of the country to purchase it legally. however.204 BODYOPUS - DUCHAiNE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 205 DHEA (ACRONYM FOR D1HYDROEPIANDROSTERONE) DIAMOX Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: . DHEA is interesting because both geriatrics and the obese are usually DHEA deficient. injectable: 500 mg Bodybuilding competition specific RAAD. the most abundant androgen in the body. I haven't seen any signs of them. Now. C-III (!) Poor * **** DHEA is a steroid which was Scheduled by the DEA in December 1994. Diamox is unusual because it seems to pull fluids out of the tissues before the kidney Injectable Diamox looks like a perfect candidate for one-time bodybuilding use because it is rapid and predictable. Ultimately.

Contest bodybuilders who use diuretics should not use Epogen. FDA. which causes diuresis through sodium excretion. Dyazide is not a terribly effective diuretic. Hemat­ ocrit (blood cell percentage of total blood volume) should ide­ ally be between 40 to 50 percent. bodybuilders favor Dyazide. There are better diuretics to use. 50 mg (tablets in Mexico) Bodybuilding competition specific RAAD. Dyazide is a mild potassium-sparing diuretic. Epogen has had very limited use in the strength sports. Of course. However. Dyazide is slow. hoping that muscle size will stay while "dropping water. . imprecise and not very controllable." In reality.206 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 207 DYAZIDE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Hydrochlorothiazide and Triamterene Diuretic Capsules: 25 mg. vascularity. because their blood will already be too viscous. By the way. "pumpability" and a healthier look. as red blood cell count is usually normal to high in male weight trainers using anabolic steroids. Epogen stimulates the production of red blood cells. I guess. 4000. However." bodybuilders usually take more or use something stronger. Of course. 10. Dyazide is fine. FDA. which allows your blood to carry more oxygen.000 IU Ergogenic aid (oxygen carrier) RAAD. Most bodybuilders aren't happy with just 1 or 2 pills over the course of a day. Rx Fair ** EPOGEN AND PROCRIT (EPREX IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied Used for: . Rx Fair * (dieting) * * * (ergogenic aid) Dyazide is the most popular diuretic among bodybuilding contest competitors. athletes prefer numbers closer to 50 to achieve better energy. This drug is used mostly in endurance sports. high dosages will deplete potassium as Dyazide is not completely potassium sparing. Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Epoetin Alpha or Erythropoietin Red blood cell booster Injectable: 2000. especially in women who are dieting too severely and (over) training. 3000. Epogen is even more expen­ sive than human growth hormone. if it makes you happy. After realizing that Dyazide is "weak. hematocrit will fall to an unacceptable level. Since muscle tissue holds more potassium than sodium. in some cases. where it replaces the older blood doping trick.

limited to one 25 mg size. Its side effects include increased heart rate. clenbuterol. This injectable steroid is not a potent anabolic. is more effective and has less side effects. tablets (varies) Temporary and locally injected cosmetic muscle growth RAAD. Ephedrine acts much like adrenaline (and somewhat like amphetamine). it has the curious side effect of caus­ ing so much irritation at the injection site that the muscle starts swelling. which is more receptor specific. This temporary condition does not look puffy like reg­ ular water retention. Esiclene works best in small mus­ cle groups like calves. non-FDA. GTC. Although popular and legal. Rx (50 mg) Excellent (for now) *** Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Ephedrine is a refinement of Ephedra vulgaris. underdeveloped muscle area. ephedrine is not necessary. This drug has been immensely popular with athletes and dieters because of its thermogenic effects and slight Bl agonist action. Injections over several days will "bring up" an . shoulders and arms. also known as Ma Huang. . Ephedrine is an over-the-counter asthma medication in the United States. blood pressure and risk of stroke. If clenbuterol is available. although prescription ephedrine is available in a 50 mg tablet. but also affects the alpha adrenoreceptors. Formyldienolone Anabolic steroid Injectable. Ephedrine pri­ marily stimulates B1 and B2 adrenoreceptors. However. the Chinese energy herb. Alert Poor *** Esiclene is one of those oddball Italian anabolic steroids coveted by contest bodybuilders. Actually. FDA. C-III. The muscle looks bigger and the skin is " still thin-looking. ephedrine is not a very elegant thermogenic agent.208 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 209 EPHEDRINE (VARIOUS TRADE NAMES) ESICLENE (ITALY ONLY) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same Beta-adrenergic agonist Tablets and capsules: 25 mg (GTC) Thermogenic agent RAAD.

Recently. C-IV Fair NR I Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Cyclofenil Fertility/ovulation Tablets: 100 mg Testosterone elevation (men only) RAAD. For a short time Cyclofenil was sold openly via mail-order in the United States. All versions of Fastin are sup­ posed to be timed-release. Cyclofenil is in the same class of drugs as Clomiphene (Clomid). which can lead to overtraining. Like all CNS stimulants. but the trade name and the generics seem to have different results. It's not any cheaper. You can feel the effects of Fastin for 8 to 10 hours. Fertodur is not a bad drug.210 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 211 FASTIN (REDUCCING S Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: FERTODUR IN MEXICO) (MEXICO ONLY) Phentermine hydrochloride Appetite suppressant Capsules: 30 mg Dieting RAAD. while Fertodur is harder to find. I've never understood the popularity of this drug. Rx. This drug was very popular with bodybuilders in years past. Neither are potent enough to restore low testosterone levels. American male athletes have been using this drug over the last few years for its testosterone-stimulating effects. the generics only last for 6 hours. non-FDA Fair * Fastin is an appetite suppressant and central nervous sys­ tem (CNS) stimulant that also causes mild thermogenesis by stimulating systemic noradrenaline. but it's not as good as Clomid. Cessation of use causes mental and physi­ cal depression. either. Think of Fertodur as an adjunct to nor ­ mal testosterone. . but twice as much is needed (100 mg) twice as often. It was technically illegal to do so. scientists have become interested in Fastin as an under-prescribed drug for the obese. not a replacement therapy. Fastin reduces fatigue. Clomid is widely available in Mexico. All of the generics I tried peaked quickly and didn't last as long. Clomid causes the same effect with only 50 mg. Both Clomid and Fertodur can be imported for personal use. but for a while the FDA wasn't aware of its sales. "Real" Fastin works gradually and evenly. Both drugs cause only minimal testos­ terone elevation in men. FDA.

Alert Poor ** ** GHB has caused a lot of controversy over the past few years. For a short time GHB was sold openly as a sleep aid (which it does quite well). you'll see that a GH bill can be over $1000 per week. non-FDA.212 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 213 GH (PROTOPRIN AND HUMATROp. sleep aid RAAD. administered 3 times per week. GH is expensive and hard to find on the black market in America. this abil­ ity declines radically with age. Go figure. Potency varies (by brand name) between 1 IV for each 10 to 16 pounds of lean body weight. liquid (varies) Growth hormone stimulator. Because it happens to be an absurdly simple compound to . SAIZEN AND GENOTROPIN IN MEXICO) GHB (ACRONYM FOR GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Vsed for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Growth hormone (GH) Anabolic pituitary hormone Injectable (varies) Dieting. and the FDA has finally recognized GHB as an orphan drug. A 4 IV vial averages $125. anti-catabolic. This is one of those "icon" drugs. Alert Fair General name: Type of drug: How supplied: Vsed for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: same Fatty acid derivative Powder. they allowed its sale in health food stores and by mail order as a nutritional supple­ ment. Before they decided on its status. GH causes significant fat reduction. it is not recog­ nized as a hormone in the body. however. . GH is immensely popular with athletes who can afford it because it cannot be detected on a urine drug test. GHB is now being used as a recre­ ational street drug. Although it has drug-like action. but has less of an anabolic effect than steroids. GHB is a fatty acid derivative naturally produced in the human brain. GHB can probably raise growth hormone in individu­ als who can still secrete GH with stimulus. Top professional athletes (especially bodybuilders) who earn six figures a year feel that this expense is justifiable. If you do the arithmetic. mix up with two chemicals. GHB is no longer sold openly in America. this small contribution can push a competitor beyond the steroid plateau. How­ ever. FDA. Oral dosages average 3 grams dissolved in liquid and cause sleep within 20 ': minutes. This exclusivity has led to a kind of cult status. It is popularly thought to be anti­ catabolic although it raises cortisol. repartitioning RAAD. Although the French have done a lot of research on GHB for its potential to increase longevity. Life extensionists are mourning its demise more than athletes.

Various preparations of HCG. Ionamin has the usual side effects and dependency problems of prescription anorectics. HCG has better potential than Clomid or Ferto­ dur. Even optimal doses of HCG will not raise testosterone measurably in older men. GONOPLEX IN MEXICO) IONAMIN (DIMINEX IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) Fertility hormone Injectable (varies) Testosterone elevator (men) RAAD. '" called "forte" (strong) in Europe. . However. HCG has been used as an adjunct to anabolic steroid use (either concurrently or consecutively) to normalize testosterone secretion. but faulty administration of too large and too fre­ quent dosages. slight thermogenic effect RAAD. Some people who get too jittery on Fastin can tolerate Ionamin better. The problem with HCG is not the drug itself. Ionamin is the other appetite suppressant in the phenter ­ mine family. Rx Mexico Poor NR HCG is an injectable fertility drug. In men. Ionamin is supposed to be milder and work longer than Fastin. some with B vitamins added in. in fact. HCG will raise estrogen in men through higher gonadal estrogen secretion. FDA.214 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 215 HCG (PREGNYL. but many athletes will prefer oral preparations. Its primary use is to induce ovulation. Rx. 30 mg Dieting. GONAKOR. Alert Fair * Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Phentermine resin Appetite suppressant Capsules: 15 mg. are available in Mexico. Most athletes prefer the 30 mg size. even with supple­ mental stimulation. While Fastin has been the diet pill of choice for bodybuilders in America. Testicle function declines as men age. either because of convenience or because they have had good experi­ ences with them in the past. FDA. Rx. most athletes familiar with both say that Fastin has a harder and longer "kick" and Ionamin has a gentler and shorter activity. HCG is not an estrogen antagonist. C-IV. Ionamin is the anorectic most often used by European athletes.

In addition. FDA. 40 mg. I prefer to use Lasix (in a coach capacity) because of its speed and predictability. Many athletes choose Dyazide instead because of Lasix's reputation of being harsh and potas­ sium-robbing. a more potent form of the familiar vitamin B-12. large doses of Dyazide will also deplete potassium. The beauty of Lasix is that a small intravenous injection will start working within 5 minutes and will peak within 30 minutes. Lasix is the king of diuretics. Even though Maxibol is listed in the Mexican drug registry as an "anabolic. Lasix can be given in low dosages. injectable: 2. I prefer the Maxibol brand over the generics because Maxibol is a quality product packed in black opaque capsules and foil wrap to protect it from light. although many American bodybuilders have been fooled into believing that they were buying the similar sounding Maxibolan. When used synergistically with Mydox.216 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 217 LASIX MAXIBOL IN MEXICO) (MEXICO ONLY) (EDENOL Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Furosemide Diuretic Tablets: 20 mg. In reality.4. Many generics look like they were made in a hurry and have been adulterated with light. 1 always prefer to use injectable diuretics because they are more controllable and more precise than oral preparations.10 ml Bodybuilding competition specialty drug RAAD. but this does not happen to everyone. . Rx Good Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Dibencozide B-12 co-enzyme derivative Capsules Anabolic (ha-ha-ha) GRAS Excellent (American generics) *** **** This is not an anabolic steroid. Some athletes swear that dibencozide stimulates appetite and causes an energy burst. Maxibol is a black-col­ ored capsule containing the light-sensitive co-enzyme B-12." it is not. which allows full fluid deple­ tion in less than a day.

with little blue veins. Metformin "'is also popular with life extensionists. I can't stand tanned skin . However. they get burned. I also like long. f . competition rules require bodybuilders to have a skin tan. long red hair. . these biquides can cause %greater glycogen supercompensation during carb-ups and also '!:lower blood glucose more quickly to induce ketosis. as insulin levels tend to increase with age. trade name Glucophage. Since the FDA has just approved metformin under the :1.7 mg/ml Tanning accelerator RAAD.I like very white skin. Personally. While taking Meladinina. I suppose that Meladinina is okay if used properly. Mellitron is not a good choice. which defeats the purpose of using met­ !formin to lower insulin secretion. Unfortu­ nately. even normal expo­ sures to UV light can cause severe burns.218 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BooyOPUS - DUCHAINE 219 MELADININA (MEXICO ONLY) MELLITRON (MEXICO ONLY) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Ammoidin Melanin enhancer Tablets: 10 mg. I pre­ ~dict that Glucophage and Debeone will be the next big "find" in ~Jhe bodybuilding world.1 Mellitron is classified as one of the biquides. it cer­ tainly could drastically reduce tanning time. most users don't exercise restraint. FDA (Glucophage) Poor * Unfortunately. a class of drugs used as a glucose disposal agent for diabetics. cream: 4 mg/ml. Mellitron also includes a sulfonylurea drug that stimu­ glates insulin release. of course. Cannily used. non-FDA Fair NR Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Metformin with clorpropamide Insulin agonist. glucose disposal agent Tablets: 400 mg/125 mg Repartitioning agent. Meladinina creams and liquids are both popular melanin enhancers. liquid: 7. and I wish that judges would not influence competitors to damage their skin this way All paint-on tans have an odd hue unless you have dark skin underneath. I don't like the practice. blood glucose disposal agent RAAD. Individuals tend not to believe that Meladinina works so well and. Ooo-la-Ia! r 1:.

paraxanthine. 5 and 10 mg (24-hour duration). but now we know it's true. Unfortu­ nately. is just as thermogenic as caffeine. bodybuilding contests require a more "dried out" look. Because caffeine's metabolite. . When used with caffeine or theophylline. I prefer the shorter-acting Mydox because it will allow you to end the diuresis before bed on the night before the show. Rx Fair Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same Xanthine extender Tablets. How­ ever. . Zaroxolyn is formu­ lated in the following tablets: 2-1/2 mg (8-hour duration). The bitter com­ pound naringin is concentrated in grapefruit flowers and rinds.f Remember the Grapefruit Diet which was supposed to burn the fat off with grapefruit? We smart-alecks had a good laugh about that one. FDA. you will not see a naringin pill on the market. Mydox is useful because it works synergistically with Lasix. powders Thermogenic enhancer (not) Non GRAS ? **** Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: **** On its own. Now. naringin will slow the breakdown of the xanthines in the liver. The same compound comes in a slower-acting form called Zaroxolyn. making a smaller dose of Lasix work even more qUickly than a larger dose. Mydox is not particularly fast-acting nor potent.220 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 221 MYDOX NARINGIN Metolazone Diuretic Tablets: 500 mg Bodybuilding competition specialty drug RAAD. however. naringin will extend caffeine's stimulant effect. which is available in Mexico. naringin will not enhance caffeine's thermogenic effect. A few years ago it would not have merited any attention. the FDA disallowed these pills a few years ago because of drug-like claims on the label.

injectable. . the availability and price of Nolvadex make it attractive. Rx. a water-based injectable co-enzyme B-12. Only 10 percent of ingested B-12 makes it through the digestive system to the bloodstream. as some athletes feel that Nolvadex is ineffective. Ergo. 20 mg Dieting repartitioning agent RAAD. However. would seem to be prefer­ able. there are plenty of track-and-field athletes who are convinced that Neurofor has anabolic and energizing effects. it cannot be dismissed. Injection is a more elegant solution. The truth. Bodybuilders who have used anabolic steroids don't rate Neu­ rofor highly at all. Neurofor is produced by Roussell. odd. Nolvadex is not cost effective. When judged against clenbuterol or yohimbe. Alert Good ** ** Neurofor is the holy grail of dibencozides. Neurofor is foreign. while others (usually people who have actually used the drug) think that Nolvadex is essential. Athletes who want to really jack up their B-12 or dibencozide can just use some big doses in oral form. FDA. This is no big deal.222 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 223 NEUROFOR (MEXICO ONLY) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Dibencozide B-12 co-enzyme Injectable Anabolic (I wish) Quasi RAAD. is that Nolvadex works moderately well. Nolvadex will definitely make a difference for women dieters. non-FDA. I never thought Neurofor was good for anything. However. This oral anti-estrogen has been immensely popular among competition bodybuilders. Personally. quasi­ legal. popular. It has a curious reputation. as the RDA of B-12 is small and the vitamin can be stored in the liver. such as Teslac. Although other anti-estrogens. the maker of quality oral dibencozide preparations. Alert Good NOLVADEX (TAMOXIL IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Tamoxifen citrate Estrogen antagonist Tablets: 10 mg. as I see it.

appetite suppression. Basically. pain control and sleep assistance. powders (varies) Anti-catabolic. If it was as dangerous as morphine. Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: same Amino acid combination Capsules. Because of the cost and discipline involved. 1 cc 00 mg ampoule) Dieting. NALBU Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: OKG IN MEXICO) (ACRONYM FOR ORNITHINE KETO-GLUTARATE) Nalbuphrine hydrochloride Mild pain killer Injectable: 10 cc (20 mglml vial). OKG is a combination of ornithine. FDA. and an amino acid derivative called keto-glutarate. Numerous top bodybuilders have used Nubain for pre-contest preparation. Rx. It has a range of attrac­ tive effects . the real question is: will you have the patience take 10 g of it every day? OKG is a totally obnoxious-tasting compound. an amino acid. anti-catabolic RAAD. Nubain is an injectable morphine-like analgesic (pain-killer) that is not narcotic and has no special scheduling other than being a prescription drug. remember that it can cause depen­ dency in individuals who would have problems with any addic­ tive drug. energy substrate replacement GRAS Excellent * Nubain brings up a touchy subject among bodybuilders. "I i Every once in a while some odd nutritional compound descends out of hospitals and into the athletic nutritional sup­ plement business. Mexico Rx Fair NR Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: 'i. it makes the brutal pre­ contest dieting and training easier. OKG has been shown to be anti-catabolic in bum patients and in geri­ atrics recovering from surgery.224 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 225 NUBAIN (NARCANTI. OKG is supposed to boost growth hormone. but it does have the potential to cause dependency. raise insulin and replace diminished energy substrates. 10 g cost about $3. most people won't use OKG in the proper dosage in a consistent manner. . However. Although it's effective at preventing muscle loss while diet­ ing. Does it have problems? Nubain has remarkably few dele­ terious physical effects. cortisol reduction. it would have been Scheduled.

Phenformin still has a future in athletics as most doctors will not prescribe Glucophage to non-diabetics and phenformin is over-the-counter in Mexico. It does everything you imagine. for example). but works through a more powerful mechanism. of course. repartitioning agent RAAD. C-II Poor NR 1 PHENFORMIN (DEBEONE AND FENFORMIN IN MEXICO) Generic name: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Same Tablets: 25 mg. and needed an oral insulin replacement. It has been used to manipulate blood glucose downward to cause ketosis. when it was voluntarily withdrawn because of some problems with blood acidosis. Most athletes overtrain while using it. Whenever I write a new book I predict the next big drug for the athletic world. Pervitin is very popular in bicycle racing .increases strength. although it has not been its use in glycogen supercompensation has not been inves­ tigated. Phenformin is the most potent glucose disposal agent I know of (other than. eliminates fatigue and reduces appetite for 12 hours or more. Alert Good **** I wasn't sure I wanted to include Pervitin on this list.226 BODY OPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 227 PERVITIN (GERMANY ONLY) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Amphetamine Appetite suppressant Injectable Dieting. special FDA. Pervitin is a creepy injectable amphetamine produced in Ger­ many. European body ­ builders use it for dieting. It serves the same pur­ pose as chromium and vanadyl sulfate. insulin). anti-fatigue agent RAAD. This time. I predict that phenformin (along with yohimbe) will be one of those neglected drugs that will be found to be immensely effective for a few specific pur­ poses. Amphetamines are the most potent of the anorectics and easily cause addiction. . non-FDA. It had FDA approval up until 1977. Perhaps phenformin works too well. both bad and good .which of course means that it is banned and tested for. capsules: 50 mg Dieting. Physicians used to be able to obtain phenformin through the FDA for diabetic patients who could not administer insulin via injections (due to blindness or arthritis.

transdermal patch Dieting. Pondimin is perfect for night use because it significantly dulls your appetite while allowing you to sleep. In addition. Proviron's net effect is to lessen the over­ t. C-III. especially in women. C-IY.228 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 229 PONDIMIN (DIOMERIDE Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: PROVIRON IN MEXICO) Use for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Fenfluramine Appetite suppressant Tablets: 20 mg. it has a slight depressive effect. FDA. In fact. However. I have included Proviron because it gained a reputation in the early I 1980s as an anti-estrogen. Alert Poor * I usually don't comment positively on diet pills. is supposed to block the conversion of testosterone (or similar i. In addition. It has androgenic side ~ effects. The best drug for this purpose : is Teslac. Proviron is similar to Teslac in that it I. Rx. Proviron is an oral steroid that has no anabolic effects.. all anabolic climate in the body. Even the milder ones mask fatigue too well and lead unwary athletes into overtraining. Proviron has been chosen over Teslac simply because of availability and price. Because Pondimin does not cause euphoria. Pondimin is an appetite suppressant that is not a stimulant. Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Mesterolone Androgenic steroid Tablets: 25 mg Estrogen antagonist RAAD. synthetic steroids) into estrogen. Although I have excluded most steroids from this list. sleep aid RAAD. ephedrine and clenbuterol don't need another upper thrown into the mix. non-FDA. Pondimin is so different and fills a need so well that I think it's a worthwhile dieting drug. including ~: natural testosterone. Proviron has a higher affinity to steroid receptors than anabolic steroids. capsules: 15 mg. I have tried both tablets and the capsules. and I pre­ fer the capsules. I have found that Proviron has too many problems to make it worthwhile. but you can't use stimulants at night. Mexico Rx Poor **** Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: . athletes who use caffeine. . Many dieters control appetite during the day with ephedrine and clenbuterol. It is now illegal to use. the potential for abuse is quite low.

Recently. it can be used to replace potassium that has been excreted after using diuretics. 2 mg of Stadol has the pain suppression power of 20 mg of Nubain. FDA. Also. 325 mg potassium) Electrolyte replacement RAAD(!).230 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 231 SLO-K Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Use for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Potassium chloride Essential mineral Tablets: 600 mg (approx. you need to know how much potassium to replace. paralysis and cardiac arrest. Rx Fair NR There are two instances in which you might need potas­ sium supplementation. but it's the most popular. I have no idea why. In either case. anti-catabolic RAAD. which comes 10 mg/ml. Stadol is more potent milligram for milligram. a liquid preparation that also lowers blood acid (which would be especially helpful to BODYOPUS dieters). Stadol is second in popularity after Nubain. . Please refer to the section on diuretics for a more complete discussion of potassium. Stadol will make you more lethargic than Nubain will. Non-prescription potassium supplements are limited to 99 mg per pill. nasal spray Dieting. Serum potassium levels from a blood test are the only true measure. the bodybuilding community became aware of the veterinary version of this drug (trade name Torbugesic. With athletes who use such drugs. in a 50 ml bottle). Too much potassium will cause irregular heartbeat. ketogenic diets (such as BODYOPUS) increase potassium excretion. First. This injectable pain killer is related to Nubain and Buprenex. A much better potassium replacement is Polycitra-K. Slo-K is not the best potassium preparation. FDA. Rx Good * STADOL Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Butorphanol tartrate Pain killer Injectable: 2 mg/cc (10 cc vial).

Tenuate's effects attenuate the fastest. If the cause of reduced thyroid hormone levels is decreased output from the thyroid gland (which will be indicated by ele­ vated thyroid stimulating hormone levels). it is uncommon to see physicians prescribe animal­ derived thyroid preparations. the appetite suppressing effects peter out within 2 weeks. as most of the drug is bound to carrier proteins in the blood. lating anorectics that is available in a small. . then Synthroid is the right choice. anti­ fatigue) RAAD. FDA. C-IV. some athletes will double the dose or combine Tenuate with another anorectic. which is the mildest of the diet pills. However. notably Fastin. is that many athletes start out with Tenuate with the best of intentions and later try to get it to do things that it is not intended for.232 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 233 SYNTHROID (TIROlDINE IN MEXICO) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Levothyroxine sodium T4 Thyroid replacement Tablets: 25 mcg to 300 mcg Thermogenic agent RAAD. FDA. Rx. Usually. 75 mg (Tenuate Dospan) Dieting (appetite suppressant. Because most people aren't hun ­ gry all day. short-acting tablet. Tenuate's attraction is that it is one of the few CNS stimu ­ . Rx Good TENUATE Generic name: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Diethylpropion hydrochloride Tablets: 25 mg. T4 supplementation will not help. Mexico Rx Poor NR ** The problem with Tenuate. Side effects and withdrawal symptoms are less apparent than with other anorectics. Of the non-amphetamine anorectics. Tenuate is useful in blocking hunger at specific times. 25 mg only lasts a few hours. At the point. if the T4 to T3 conversion process is the problem (if you have normal T4 levels and low T3 levels). Synthetic T4 thyroid is the most popular thyroid replace­ ment drug. Synthrotd lasts for a long time in the body.

For athletes. ephedrine.~I '·i" Teslac is rarely used as an estrogen antagonist in body­ building. repartitioning agent RAAD.pressure. Although theophylline probably works better with 'r~phedrine than caffeine. Teslac also stimulates testosterone production in men. .renaline. Teslac blocks the enzyme that causes this conversion.) lasts longer.to combat breast cancer tumor growth in post-menopausal women.lfup in the fat cells. etc.'. and currently only has one approved use in America . capsules. Theophylline allows cAMP to build i. Teslac was recently reclassified as a Schedule III drug (the same category as anabolic steroids). which is too bad because it has a lot of potential in this area. ~I. Unfortunately.release fatty acids by inhibiting the enzyme that breaks down ticyclic AMP (cAMP) in cells. FDA regulations make caffeine and iptheophylline combinations easier to acquire. Teslac is expensive. All methylxanthines i. theophylline is used as an asthma medication.. Teslac was developed in the 1950s. C-III Poor THEOPHYLLINE Same CNS stimulant. methylxanthine.234 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 235 TESLAC Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Testolactone Anti-estrogen Tablets: 50 mg Dieting. whose main source of estrogen is from the conversion of adrenal androsterone to estrone (the less potent of the three estrogens). liqUids (varies) Synergistic with thermogenic drugs Fair *** * Both theophylline and caffeine are methylxanthines. Rx. Theo­ ~iphylline's side effects include increased heart rate and blood "~. In America. thermogenic agent Tablets. and have a very similar chemical structure. Although I haven't found any way to get it more inexpenSively. FDA. so that stimulation by catecholamines (nora­ ~:p. clenbuterol. Teslac would be an ideal solution to steroid aromatiza­ tion. with an average retail price of $5 per tablet at a daily dose of 5 tablets. someone eventually will. either alone (by prescription) ~!or with ephedrine (over-the-counter).

Ticlid is no guar­ antee that a disaster won't happen. Hema­ tocrit levels. However. WYDASE IN AMERICA) Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Hyaluronidase Diffusing agent Tablets. strokes and cardiac arrest. suppositories.236 BODYOPUS - DUCHA1NE BODYOPUS - DUCHA1NE 237 TICLlD Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Ticlopidine hydrochloride Blood platelet aggregation inhibitor Tablets: 250 mg Bodybuilding diuretic adjunct RAAD. . FDA. Rx. the FDA allows a bit of slack for cosmetic products. Ticlid keeps the solid parts of the blood cells from clumping together. Of course. Bodybuilders who have used Thiomucase didn't find it to be effective. Thiomucase cream is approved in this country for cosmetic purposes. approved for cosmetic use Poor (cream is OTC) * This is one of the "insurance" drugs that should be used before you take diuretics. Thiomu­ case is marketed as a cream to remove cellulite. can climb to above 70 (1) during a bodybuilding competition. however. Alert. injectables. Obviously. only to make the cellulite look better. Some people have used Thiomucase wraps combined with mild electric current through the fatty areas. In addition. In France. They reason that Thiomucase will repartition the excess water out of the fat cells. extreme dehydration from diuretics will highly concentrate the solids in the blood. clumping is not a problem. as long as it makes no claims to reduce fat.Rx Good **** THIOMUCASE (THIOMUCASE IN FRANCE. Ticlid increases the risk of bleeding from everyday cuts.FDA. This enzyme is used to allow fluids to spread out from an area that has been injected with another drug. creams Fat cell reducer (ha-ha-ha) RAAD. which are usually between 40 to 50 (percent). Less blood fluid also independently reduces the slipperiness of the blood solids. To insure against blood clots. it is a good idea to use Ticlid and Trental for 2 weeks before contest diuretics are started. In most healthy people. American Wydase is approved only for this purpose.

Rx (animal use only) Poor NR Because diuretics thicken the blood.238 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 239 TRENTAL Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Pentoxifylline Blood viscosity conditioner Tablets: 400 mg. which allows blood to continue to flow even when hematocrit is stupidly high. You may have noticed that I do not rate anorectics and pain killers because they are often abused. anti-catabolic. This drug will make you extremely lethargic. It would be nice if bodybuilders didn't need to use these drugs. Do some bodybuilders use it? Yes. like Stadol. but strong diuret­ ics are part of top male bodybuilding contests. vertical competitor always looks better than a dead. anorectic. I have tried to include every drug I've been involved with so you know about them. sleep aid RAAD. Trental differs from Ticlid in that Trental makes red blood cells more flexible and slippery. It is probably the most potent morphine analogue you can get without the special paperwork that is required for Scheduled drugs. Torbugesic is a concentrated form of Stadol. horizontal one. Rx Good **** TORBUGESIC Generic name: Type of drug: Ii: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Butorphoral tartrate Pain killer Injectable: 10 mglml (50 ml vials) Analgesic." It's insurance. because the markedly higher dosage makes it almost a different drug. I recommend Trental and Ticlid as insurance against a blood aggregation disaster. Let me remind you that I don't recommend all of the drugs in this list. not necessarily because they are wonderful. . injectable: 300 mg (Mexico only) Diuretic adjunct RAAD. FDA. FDA. although. A live. it has a high potential for dependency. I included Torbugesic. Trental won't impart any better cosmetic "look.

although a high enough dose will cause TSH depression. In France. All forms increase your risk of skin burns. Of course. but as a dieting drug because it has a slight thyroid-hormone-like action. Triacana. which is also a mild thermogenic agent. Trisoralen has very specific directions. and certainly along with blood tests. As with any thyroid drug. since Cytomel is more effective. Tria­ cana is not as potent or effective as synthetic T3 (Cytomel). Rx Poor Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Triac Quasi-thyroid (T3 type) Tablets: 35 mcg. . the cream and liqUid are much more effective.perhaps they figure that there is more skin to tan! Bodybuilders are eagerly looking forward to the yet-to-be-approved melanin boosters that will cause a tan without the use of UV radiation. Trisoralen is used by American bodybuilders to prepare for contests. is not a bad choice for a temporary dieting aid. creams Dieting. I still prefer porcelain-white skin. Triacana will not interfere with the body's natural thyroid production. although it is only available in oral form.240 BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE BODYOPUS - DUCHAINE 241 TRIACANA (FRANCE ONLY) TRISORALEN Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availability: Cost-effectiveness: Trioxsalen Melanin enhancer Tablets: 5 mg Tanning accelerator RAAD. Supposedly. FDA. thermogenic agent RAAD. Although tablets are convenient and neat. As for me. non-FDA. it should be used much more cautiously. Triacana is not used as a thyroid replacement. Many bodybuilders use 3 instead of 2 tablets . but it is mild enough that a small overdose will not cause major problems. Triacana is a T3-like drug which lacks the amino acid tail that natural thyroid hormones have. Alert Poor ** *** Trisoralen is similar to Meladinina. you should get blood tests done before taking Triacana. Two tablets should be taken 2 hours before UV radiation and for only 14 days (the bottles contain 28 tablets).

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VANADYL SULFATE
Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: Availabili ty: Cost-effectiveness: Same Mineral (nonessential) Tablets; sublingual drops (varies) Dieting, glucose disposal non-GRAS Excellent
****

YOHIMBE
(DAYTO HIMBIN, YOCON, YOHIMEX

IN AMERICA)

Vanadyl sulfate is a soluble form of vanadium. Scientists haven't determined if vanadium is essential, and for some rea­ son it is not included on the GRAS list. Vanadyl sulfate seems transport glucose from the bloodstream across the cell mem­ brane much like chromium. Unlike chromium, vanadyl sulfate does not require insulin to work its glucose trick. Most athletes prefer vanadyl sulfate over chromium because it works better. Since chromium is essential, I recom­ mend that you use both minerals daily. Vanadium is not present in large amounts in food, so it must be taken as a supplement. Oddly enough, vanadyl sulfate is still used for dyeing textiles and ceramics. Most health food supplements never fulfill expec­ tations of drug-like action, but vanadyl sulfate is one of the two supplements that does. (The other is creatine monohydrate.) Money spent on vanadyl sulfate is money well spent.

Generic name: Type of drug: How supplied: Used for: Legal status: , Availability: Cost-effectiveness:

Same A2 adrenergic antagonist Tablets: 5.4 mg Fat loss (sort aD, penile erector RAAD, FDA, Rx Good
****

Yohimbe is the concentrated extract of an African tree bark. Although yohimbe is prescribed for male impotence in America, it is one of the rare A2 adrenergic antagonists. Meta­ bolic slowdown and accumulated lower body fat in women can be blamed in part on an excess of A2 receptors. Yohimbe is not a thermogenic agent, but a thermogenic extender. Yohimbe, by binding up the A2 receptors, should block the decrease in nora­ drenaline production caused by extended dieting.

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