MALAYSIAN STANDARD

MS 1184 : 2002

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.

ICS: 11.180
Descriptors: disabled persons, ambulant disabled, access, landscape, signs and symbols, facilities for disabled persons

© Copyright DEPARTMENT OF STANDARDS MALAYSIA

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CODE OF PRACTICE ON ACCESS FOR DISABLED PERSONS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS (FIRST REVISION)

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DEVELOPMENT OF MALAYSIAN STANDARDS
The Department of Standards Malaysia (DSM) is the national standardisation and accreditation body. The main function of the Department is to foster and promote standards, standardisation and accreditation as a means of advancing the national economy, promoting industrial efficiency and development, benefiting the health and safety of the public, protecting the consumers, facilitating domestic and international trade and furthering international cooperation in relation to standards and standardisation. Malaysian Standards are developed through consensus by committees which

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.

regulations, local by-laws or any other similar ways. The Department of Standards appoints SIRIM Berhad as the agent to develop Malaysian Standards. The Department also appoints SIRIM Berhad as the agent for distribution and sale of Malaysian Standards. For further information on Malaysian Standards, please contact: Department of Standards Malaysia Level 1 & 2, Block C4, Parcel C Federal Government Administrative Centre 62502 Putrajaya MALAYSIA Tel: 60 3 88858000 Fax: 60 3 88885060
http://www.dsm.gov.my E-mail: central@dsm.gov.my

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so far as they are made mandatory by regulatory authorities by means of

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are reviewed periodically. The use of Malaysian Standards is voluntary except in

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governed by the Standards of Malaysia Act 1996 (Act 549). Malaysian Standards

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international standards. Approval of a standard as a Malaysian Standard is

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greatest extent possible, Malaysian Standards are aligned to or are adoption of

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with relevant interests, as may be appropriate to the subject in hand. To the

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comprise of balanced representation of producers, users, consumers and others

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SIRIM Berhad (Company No. 367474 - V) 1, Persiaran Dato’ Menteri P.O. Box 7035, Section 2 40911 Shah Alam Selangor D.E. Tel: 60 3 5544 6000 Fax: 60 3 4410 8095
http://www.sirim.my

MS 1184 : 2002

CONTENTS

Page
Committee representation …….…………………………………………………….. Foreword …….……………………………………………………………………….. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………. Scope …………………………………………………………………………………. Interpretation…..……………………………………………………………………… General……….………………………………………………………………………… Vehicle parking and access……..…………………………………………………… Pathways and ramps………………………………………………………………….. Main entrances………………………………………………………………………… Step ramps…….………………………………………………………………………. Door and doorways …………………………………………………………………… Stairs……………………………………………………………………………………. Lifts…..…………………………………………………………………………………. Escalators…….……………………………………………………………………….. Handrails……..………………………………………………………………………… Grab rails……..……………………………………………………………………….. Circulation spaces…….………………………………………………………………. Guiding blocks………….……………………………………………………………… Summary of toilet requirements..…………………………………………………… Water closets………………………………………………………………………… Urinals………….……………………………………………………………………… Shower facilities………..…………………………………………………………….. Washbasins and other facilities…………………………………………………….. Bath…..………………………………………………………………………………… Combined water closet and shower recess……..………………………………… Shelving and wall units….…………………………………………………………… Work surfaces……………………………….………………………………………… Projections, guard rails, openings and drops……………………………………… Finishes………………………………………………………………………………… Controls for use by disabled persons …………………………………………….. Signs and symbols……..……………………………………………………………. Announcements, signals and warnings for people with detective sight or hearing impaired…..……………………………………………………….. Landscape……...…………………………………………………………………… Hotel bedrooms……………………………………………………………………… iv vi 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 6 7 10 12 14 14 16 17 18 21 22 26 26 28 29 31 32 34 35 35 36 38 41 41 42

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Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 Water closets for wheelchair users………………………………………………… Points for dispenser…….…………………………………………………………… Size of symbol for access for varying viewing distance…….…………………… Height of letters for varying viewing distances…….……………………………… Levels of illumination………………………………………………………………… Requirements for hotel bedroom……………………………………………………. i 21 29 39 40 41 42

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MS 1184 : 2002

CONTENTS (continued)
Page Figures 1 2 3 4 5 6 7a) 7b) 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15i) 15ii) 15iii) 15iv) 16 17 18 19 20 21a) 21b) 22a) 22b) 23 24 25 26a) 26b) 27 Maximum allowable camber for pathways and ramps…………………………… Profile of ramp………………………………………………………………………… Step ramp ….…………………………………………………………………………. Door openings towards access for wheelchair users …….……………………… Door opening other than towards access for wheelchair users …..…………….. Door glazing limitation ….……………………………………………………………. Stair for ambulant disabled …………………………………………………………… Configuration of steps …..…………………………………………………………….. Lift car requirement …….……………………………………………………………… Handrails ……….………………………………………………………………………. Coordinating dimensions for handrail grip ………………………………………….. Areas off circulation space …….……………………………………………………… Examples of guiding blocks …………………………………………………………… Examples of guiding blocks layouts ……..…………………………………………… General requirement for water closet ….…………………………………………… Combined water closet and washroom…………………………………………… Separate water closets for wheelchair user …….…………………………………. Separate water closets for wheelchair user …….…………………………………. Water closet for ambulant disabled …….…………………………………………… Urinals and grab rails …………………………………………………………………. Shower facilities ………………………………………………………………………. Location of washbasin and other facilities …………………………………………. Bath requirement ……………………………………………………………………… Combined water closet and shower recess ……..…………………………………. Configuration of unobstructed shelving and wall units for wheelchair users …… Configuration of shelving and wall units adjacent to work surfaces wheelchair users …….……………………………………………………………….. Configuration of unobstructed shelving and wall units for ambulant disabled persons ……..……………………………………………………………….. Configuration of shelving and wall units adjacent to work surfaces for ambulant disabled person ….……………………………………………………. Fixed work surface for disabled………..…………………………………………….. Heights of switches, general power, outlets and door handle …………………… Door handle and auxiliary rails locations …………………………………………… International symbol of access for disabled persons …….………………………. Example of sign and symbol indicating facilities and its direction………………. Example of sign and symbols with tactile additions for the blind …..………….…. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 19 21 22 23 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 33 34 34 37 38 39 39 40

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.

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R. Nah Teik Ong Encik Wan Mohd Nor bin Wan Yaacob Ir. Malaysia Malaysian Association for The Blind Society of The Blind in Malaysia Malaysian Federation of The Deaf Society for The Deaf in Selangor & Federal Territory m en t . Balasegaran Assoc. Shamugam eD iii Encik Ismail bin Shariff/ Encik Lokman bin Darus (Secretary) oc u Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia Social Welfare Department. Ministry of National Unity and Social Development. Dr. Ministry of Housing and Local Government Town & Country Planning Department. comprises representatives from the following organisations: Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia Chartered Institute of Building Malaysia Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia Department of Standards Malaysia Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Malaysian Timber Industry Board Master Builders Association Malaysia National Housing Department Pertubuhan Akitek Malaysia Public Work Department Suruhanjaya Tenaga The Institution of Engineers. Ministry of Health Malaysia Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Zaliha bt. Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia The Technical Committee on Accessibility For Disabled Persons which developed this standard was managed by the Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) in its capacity as an authorised Standards-Writing Organisation and comprise of the following organisations: Assoc. Yahya/ Puan Kalsom Yop bt. Faculty of Medicine. Asiah bt. Urban Transportation Department Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Wong Loo Min Encik H. Ahmad Aziz fe re Dato’ Sayed A. Prof. University Hospital. Pertubuhan Akitek Malaysia Prof. Mohd Nawawi Dr. Abdul Rahim (Chairperson) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Malaysia Society of the Orthopaedically Handicapped. Madya Norwina bt. Johari nc ic Encik Godfrey Ooi/Dr. Civil Works Department The Institution of Engineers. Ministry of Housing and Local Government Planning & Development Division.MS 1184 : 2002 Committee representation The Building and Civil Engineering Industry Standards Committee (ISC D) under whose supervision this Malaysian Standard was developed. Prof.M Storey Pu bl Puan Hajjah Norasiah bt. Malaysia Local Government Department. Rahman bin Sayed Mohd/ Puan Zainon bt. Mohd Kasim Re Encik Fong Tian Yong/ Puan Mahani bt. S. Zakaria bin Osman Encik Mah Hassan bin Hj. Omar Encik Mohamad Sazali bin Shaari Encik M. Kuala Lumpur Hospital Medical Rehabilitation Unit. Architects & Special Project Department Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Dr. University Malaya Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Omar Puan Ch’ng Gaik Bee Ir.

British Standard Code of Practice for Access for the disabled to buildings. t . BS 5810: 1979 . landscape and hotel bedrooms. guiding blocks. and Pu bl ic Re Compliance with a Malaysian Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. ii) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.e. nc eD iv oc u The main changes featured in this standard include : m en This revised standard supersedes MS 1184 : 1991 “Code of Practice for the Accessibility for Disabled Persons in Public Buildings”. i) ii) improvement of some figures and tables with some dimensioning changes.Australian Standard Design for Access and Mobility.MS 1184 : 2002 FOREWORD This Malaysian Standard was developed by the Technical Committee on the Accessibility For Disabled Persons under the authority of the Building and Civil Engineering Industry Standards Committee Development of the Standard was carried out by the Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) which is the Standards Writing Organisations (SWO) appointed by SIRIM Berhad to develop standards for construction industry. Part 1: General Requirements for Access-Buildings. During the development of this standard reference was made to : i) AS 1428. fe re additional topics i.1:1988 .

banks. Pursuant to the spirit of the Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of People with th Disabilities in the Asia And Pacific Region to which Malaysia became a signatory on 16 May 1994. rail. shops. road. the review of the current Code of Practice is relevant. b) Pu bl This Malaysian Standard specifies the basic requirements for elements of buildings and related facilities so as to permit access by people with disabilities. Introduction Malaysia’s commitment to quality living among people with disabilities is extensively addressed in this revised code. and is now called Code of Practice on Access for Disabled Persons to Public Buildings. car-parking building and factories. thereby enhancing the integrative potential of disabled persons into the mainstream activities of society. oc u m en t . department stores. as visitors or for purposes of employment. sea and air travel buildings and associated concourses. post offices. Residential buildings will be covered in another standard. hotels and other administrative and commercial buildings. Scope re nc eD 2 This standard concentrates on the essential provisions that need to be incorporated in buildings to ensure that they are conveniently usable by disabled persons. supermarkets. These requirements are applicable to all buildings that disabled persons may use as members of the general public. ic Re fe 1. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.MS 1184 : 2002 CODE OF PRACTICE ON ACCESS FOR DISABLED PERSONS TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS (FIRST REVISION) 0. The standard has immensely contributed to the fulfilment of the goals set in the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 1993-2002 which aimed at systematically improving the living conditions of disabled persons and helping them to achieve their full development potential. Building types to which the recommendations of the code may be applied include: a) offices. This revised standard covers the provisions that need to be incorporated in public buildings to ensure that they are accessible by disabled persons. which accordingly improves the provisions of the MS 1184: 1991 Code of Practice for Access for Disabled People to Public Buildings. It does not pretend to be comprehensive.

unless the context otherwise requires: 2. entertainment and recreation buildings. as visitors /occupants or for the purposes of the employment. and schools. swimming pools. sticks. hearing or sight impairment or any combination thereof. community buildings. Pu bl ic Re fe re 2. sports buildings and other refreshment. exhibition buildings and.6 Guiding blocks are special tiles incorporated into the walking surface. corridor. nc eD 3 oc u m en t . medical centres. hostels. and others who can walk but have sensory impairment such as the blind and the deaf. hallway or ramp affording access between parts of a building. cultural and scientific buildings. cinemas. universities. 2. libraries. orthoses (calipers). Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. e) f) Buildings having less than 280 m² of floor area per level need not be required to provide vertical access for the disabled persons provided the ground floor is made accessible. religious buildings. and arranged in layouts for the guidance of the blind.3 Circulation space means a passageway. art galleries. crutches or other mobility aids. colleges. 2. which affects their mobility or their use of buildings and related amenities. they have raised markings on them which the blind can feel through their feet. concert halls. other educational. restaurants. clinics and other health and welfare buildings. lobby. theatres.5 Entrance floor means the floor at which the persons using the building normally gain entrance thereto but does not include any basement or utility area.2 Ambulant disabled persons are persons who are able to walk but who may depend on prostheses (artificial limbs). 2.1 Access for disabled persons means a continuous unobstructed path of travel to or within a building capable of being negotiated by a person using a wheelchair or otherwise with limited mobility. conference buildings. museums.MS 1184 : 2002 c) d) hospitals. 2. and any other buildings or any part thereof to which members of the general public has access. zoos. Interpretation In this standard.4 Disabled persons refer to people with a physical. 2.

2 Access for disabled persons should be means of a pathway and ramp complying with Clause 5 or a step ramp complying with Clause 7 or a lift for the transport of persons complying with Clause 10 or any combination thereof. lighting. or Pu bl 2. and any car parking area on the same site (whether within or outside the building).9 a) b) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.7 Landscape Landscape can be divided into: a) Soft landscape such as plants. etc. in the form of audio and visual presentation.1 Access for disabled persons to and within every public building approved by the relevant authorities pursuant to Uniform Building By-Laws or any act or regulations should be provided in accordance with this Malaysian Standard. stairs complying with Clause 9 and escalators complying with Clause 11. 2. and eD 4 oc u m a step ramp complying with Clause 7. General 3. b) Symbols . Vertical access shall include: an internal ramp complying with Clause 5. These include attendant propelled wheelchairs. fe re nc d) any combination of a). 3.10 Wheelchair users are persons who depend on a wheelchair for mobility. ic Re e) in the case of providing access for ambulant disabled. and should commence at: a) b) the street alignment in respect of the site on which the building is located.refer to designs that help to indicate location or direction of places which have facilities for disabled persons. b) Hard landscape such as furniture. and form part of the signs.MS 1184 : 2002 2.8 Signs and Symbols a) Signs . A sign has to be appropriately sized. powered wheelchairs and self-propelled wheelchairs. 3. effectively designed and located for the benefit of disabled persons. b) and c).are graphical representation of the concept. en t . shrubs and trees. 2. c) a lift designed for carrying transport of persons complying with Clause 10. dustbin or part of it any features for decoration.

and c) at every floor level. in accordance with Clause 28.4 Spaces for parking the vehicles of disabled persons should be adjacent to at least one entrance to the building that is visible and usable by them. handrails or other fixtures. All types of vehicle driven by disabled persons may be parked in them.4 In public viewing area. or part thereof available to the public. cinemas and grandstand and other similar spaces for wheelchair users should be provided in the proportion of 1 space to every 200 seats. 3. 3. 4. with a minimum of 2 spaces for wheelchair users. fe re nc 4. to all rooms and others places to which members of the general public have access. b) from the main entrance referred to in Clause 6 and from the vertical access to every floor level.2 Parking spaces should be on the flat surface and not less than 3 600 mm wide. If there is a change in level from the parking space to the walkway. cinemas.3 Flat access should be provided between each parking space and the adjoining walkway.1. doors stop. an induction loop shall be installed which can be connected with the sound system for the benefit of people with impaired hearing using certain types of hearing aid.3 Access for disabled persons should extend: a) from the main entrance referred to in Clause 6 to any vertical access within the building. conference and lecture halls. 4. architrave’s. a step ramp complying with Clause 7 should be provided. as defined in 2. Pu bl 4.1 Vehicle spaces for disabled persons should be provided in the proportion of 1 space to every 100 vehicles.MS 1184 : 2002 c) another building to which wheelchair access is provided in accordance with this section.5 In concert. Vehicle parking and access eD 5 oc u m en t . 3.5 Parking spaces should be identified by a sign incorporating the symbol for access by disabled persons. The sign should be readily visible from a vehicle at the entrance to the car park. Adequate guide signs should be provided to direct the disabled persons to the location of the space. 4. religious buildings. kerbs. in theatres. the dimensions prescribed in this Malaysian Standard including those in figures or tables should not be reduced by any stairways.6 Except where otherwise provided. 3. theatres. skirting. ic Re 4. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. or part thereof available to the public.

b) Banked walkway. or ramp t . 5. b) in no part have a gradient steeper than 1:12.2 pathways and ramps should have a non-slip finish in accordance with Clause 26. Guiding blocks leading to the main entrance should be provided. e) wherever pathways or ramps join other walkways. Maximum allowable camber for pathways and ramps m en 1:40 max. driveways or parking areas.MS 1184 : 2002 4. d) the camber of crowned or banked pathways and ramps should not be more than 1:40 in cross section as shown in Figure 1. All ramps should : a) be provided with landing rest areas not less than 1200 mm in length at intervals of not more than 6000 mm. Pu bl ic Re fe a) have a clear width at every part of not less than 1200 mm.1 Every pathway and ramp forming part of access for the disabled persons should: eD 6 oc u Figure 1. a) Crowned walkway or ramp 1:40 max.6 Disembarkation space near the main entrance to a building or complex is essential for disabled passengers. the transition should be effected without abrupt change of camber. re nc 5. c) the surface of the adjacent grounds to the pathways and internal ramps should be at the same level ± 10 mm. measured clear as shown in Figure 2. and f) 5. ramps. Pathways and ramps Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.

or b) there is a change of level of not more than 215 mm within a building a step ramp. 6. may be provided in place of a pathway or an internal ramp.2 At least one entrance usable by wheelchair users should be on a similar level to lifts where these are provided. Re fe 6.6 Disembarkation space for disabled persons should be provided as in 4. constructed in accordance with Figure 3.1 Every public building should have a doorway at the e ntrance floor providing access for wheelchair users into the building.3 When the main entrance of the building is not usable by the wheelchair users then a sign complying with Clause 28 directing to an alternative accessible entrance should be installed at the same entrance. the height of the microphone should be between 1100 mm to 1300 mm and a special button for the hearing impaired should be provided. 6.4 Entrances and exits used by the sight impaired should be identified for them by guiding blocks.MS 1184 : 2002 Figure 2.5 Door fitted with intercom. re nc eD 7 oc u 6. which should be attached to an adjacent wall or a balustrade in accordance with Clause 12. 7. m en 6.1 Step ramps Where: a) the entrance floor or any other floor is not more than 215 mm above or below the adjacent street or finished ground level. Main entrances Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 7. and c) be provided on the open side with a kerb not less than 100 mm high. Profile of ramp b) be provided on each side thereof with a handrail. t . Pu bl ic 6. 6.6.

7. Doors and doorways Doors and doorways (forming part of access for wheelchair users) should comply with the following: 8. at least one leaf should have the minimum opening of not less than 900 mm clear.MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.1 Every doorway except those to toilet facilities should have an opening of not less than 900 mm clear.4 Step ramps should have a non-slip finish in accordance with Clause 26. 7. In case of double leaf door.3 Step ramps should be located so that disabled persons have an unobstructed view of traffic approaching from any direction. Step ramp re nc eD 8 oc u m en t . Pu bl ic Re fe Figure 3. 8. 7.2 Step ramps should begin at a level not more than 15 mm above the adjacent street or finished ground or floor level (as the case requires). Building such as hospital and sport complexes should have the minimum of opening of not less than 1000 mm clear.

MS 1184 : 2002 8. Figure 4.3 Where a door opens towards access for wheelchair users. Door openings towards access for wheelchair users Pu bl b) Side access for wheelchair users ic Re fe re nc eD 9 oc u m en t . a) Direct access for wheelchair users Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. the circulation space should not be less than those as shown in Figure 4 including the notes thereto. Every doorway to toilet facilities should have an opening of not less than 900 mm 8.2 clear.

8 If door glazing is required. 8. 8. Pu bl ic Side exit or access for wheelchair users Re fe re nc eD 10 oc u m en t . air locks etc. 8. it may be necessary to provide an alternative access for disabled persons. a) Direct exit or access for wheelchair users.7 Where revolving access or turnstiles are installed.5 Doors should open in the exit direction or be double swing in vestibules. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 8.6 Sliding doors should be installed in place where a hinged door would hinder circulation or mobility. the location of door glazing should be provided within the limitation in accordance with Figure 6. Door opening other than towards access for wheelchair users.MS 1184 : 2002 8. b) Figure 5. the circulation space should have dimensions not less than those shown in Figure 5 including the notes thereto.4 Where door opens other than towards access for wheelchair users.

Changes in level more than 180 mm and single steps should be avoided.11 For doors fitted with intercom device.1 Stairs only provide independent access for some ambulant disabled. 8. and the like should be clearly marked at levels between 800 mm and 1500 mm above the plane of finished floor to avoid danger to people with defective vision. In addition to stairs.9 Glass doors or walls. Pu bl 8.5 (main entrances).2 9. Door glazing limitation nc eD 11 oc u m en t . 9.3 The total rise in height of any flight of stairs should not exceed 2000 mm. accessible ramps or lifts or both should be provided to give vertical access for all disabled persons in accordance with Clauses 5 and 10. ic Re fe re Figure 6. 9.10 Threshold to entrance doors should not be more than 10 mm and should be avoided in all internal doors. Stairs 9. refer to 6. 8.MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.4 Treads and risers should comply with the following: a) the dimensions of treads and risers should be uniform for all steps in any one flight. Pu bl Figure 7a).MS 1184 : 2002 9. Stairs for ambulant disabled ic Re fe re nc eD 12 oc u m en t . c) treads should have a non-slip surface in accordance with Clause 26. b) the line of nosing of the top step of a flight of stairs should not be closer than 300 mm to the point where an adjacent wall returns as shown in Figure 7a). and e) projecting nosing and open stairs should not be used. d) the nosing should have a radius of 10 mm to 15 mm and should be flush with the riser and should not be lapped more than 25 mm as shown in Figure 7 b).

complying to all the sub-clauses of this clause.6 The top and bottom steps of any flight of stairs should not encroach on circulation space. 10. should be designed as a lift for wheelchair users. 9.1 Every lift forming part of vertical access for the disabled persons should have an unobstructed depth in front of the lift doors of not less than 1800 mm.MS 1184 : 2002 Figure 7b).4 At least one lift car.9 Stairs should have handrails on both sides in accordance with Clause 12.2 It should maintain a floor level accuracy within a tolerance of 10 mm throughout the range of rated load. 9. adjacent to a public entrance that is accessible for disabled persons.7 Landing and floor levels should be distinguished from stairs either by contrasting colours.4. 10. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 10. oc u m en t . nc eD 13 9. 10. Lifts 10. brightness or textures. and should have space for a wheelchair to be turned through 180° inside the lift in accordance with Figure 8.10 The width between handrails on stairs should not be less than 900 mm as shown in Figure 7 a).5 Illumination levels for stairs and landings refer to 29. 9.3 The handrail in the lift car should not be less than 600 mm long at 1000 mm above the finished floor level and should be fixed adjacent to the control panel. Configuration of steps 9.8 No door should open directly across the top of the flight of stairs or swing so that it obstructs the top and bottom steps. Pu bl ic Re fe re 9.

6 a) b) c) Floor buttons. eD 14 oc u m Figure 8. Call buttons should either project from or be flush with the face of the car-operating panel. The width or diameter of the buttons should not be less than 20 mm. The hearing impaired can use an alarm button and not the emergency telephone. re nc a) the lift doors should be power operated. Lift car requirement en t . the dwell time of an automatically closing door should not be less than 5 s and the closing speed should not exceed 0. and ic Re fe b) should provide a clear opening of not less than 800 mm in accordance with Figure 8.5 The lift door installation should provide the following: c) d) if sensing devices as in c) above are not provided. 10. alarm buttons or emergency telephone and door control buttons in lift cars and lobbies should not be higher than 1400 mm above finished floor level. Pu bl sensing devices should be provided to ensure that lift car and landing doors will not close while the opening is obstructed. and preferably of a design which lights up and produce sound when pressed to reassure those trapped inside. Lift controls should comply with the following: Controls should be clearly indicated and easily operated in accordance with Clause 27. 10.25 m/s. An alarm button should always be provided.MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. subject to the nudging provisions which operate if the door is held open for more than 20 s.

c) An indicator inside the car should signal clearly the direction of travel and the floor at which the lift car is situated. oc u m 11. which may be accessed by wheelchair users and/or ambulant disabled persons.2 The treads of escalators shall be easily distinguished from the floor and landing levels by contrasting colours.3 To alert people with visual impairment that they are approaching escalators. lifts or ramps should be available as an alternative. alternatively.1 Where escalators are installed. Handrails Pathways. an audible indicator should be provided to indicate in advance the arrival of the lift car and its direction of travel. require handrails: 12. fe re nc eD 15 11.MS 1184 : 2002 d) All buttons should be so designed that the sight impaired can identify them by touch. en t 11. Escalators . corridors. Pu bl ic Re 11. ramps and staircases. a strip of suitable guiding blocks (refer Clause 15) of not less than 900 mm long should be laid on the floor leading to the embarking end of the escalators.7 a) 'Lift coming' or 'Call accepted' indicators should be provided at each landing.1 Fixed not less than 840 mm nor more than 900 mm from finished floor level. Button not already so designed are best modified by fixing. Their surfaces shall be slip-resistant. 12. Lift indicators should be provided in accordance with following: 10. not on the buttons themselves. extended in the case of ramp or stairway by 300 mm as shown in Figure 9. embossed or braille numbers or letters. d) Embossed and braille numbering indicating each floor level should be provided beside the outside call button. but adjacent to them. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. brightness and texture. b) Indicators should be provided in each lift lobby to show the position and direction of the lift car.

MS 1184 : 2002 (a) Handrail on pathways or internal ramp Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Handrails fe re nc eD 16 oc u m en t .2 The grip should not be less than 40 mm diameter nor more than 60 mm wide and it should provide a secure non-slip grip as shown in Figure 10. Pu bl ic 12. Re (b) Handrail on stairway Figure 9.

Grab rails Water closets. 12. require grab rails placed around these facilities: 13. 12. urinals.4 So fixed that there is no obstruction to the passage of the hand along the grip. Figure 10. 12. Fixed securely with its ends turned away or turned downwards for not less than 100 fe re nc eD 17 oc u m en t . Coordinating dimensions for handrail grip 12. Pu bl 12. 13.8 Which if located at staircases and ramps should be capable of carrying a minimum load of 100 kg and available on both sides.MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.5 Fixed not less than 50 mm and not more than 100 mm from any adjacent wall.7 Which should preferably contrast in colour to their supporting walls.6 Continued unbroken. bathtubs. throughout each flight of stairs or along each pathway or internal ramp and around landing and rest areas. showers and washbasins which may be accessed by wheelchair users and/or the ambulant disabled.3 mm.1 Fixed not less than 750 mm nor more than 1200 mm from the floor. unless otherwise specified. if practicable. ic Re 12.

4 Constructed with the appropriate materials and in a manner that can support a minimum of 100 kg at any point. 13. or 2000 mm.3 Projecting no more than 115 mm from the wall surface (except for back rest grab rails up to 250 mm). m en t .5 The unobstructed space to be provided in an area leading off a circulation space should be in accordance with either of the alternatives in Figure 11. the circulation space should have a width of not less than 1200 mm. 14. 13.2 mm.3 The minimum distances between the doorways in a straight line forming access for wheelchair users should be the width of the widest door encroaching into the circulation space together with 1200 mm.2 With an external diameter of not less than 30 mm nor more than 40 mm. Circulation spaces 14. Circulation spaces should not include any vertical change in level of more than ± 10 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. other than a step ramp complying Clause 7. Re fe 14.5 Preferably contrasting in colour with their supporting wall and not easily corrosive.MS 1184 : 2002 13.4 Where access for wheelchair users involve a change of direction to gain access to an area off a circulation space. re nc eD 18 oc u 14. allowing the hand to grip the grab rail but not encroaching into the space required for assisted transfers. forming part of access for wheelchair users should have a clear width at every part of not less than 1200 mm. Areas off circulation space ic 14.1 Every circulation space. Pu bl Figure 11. 13. whichever is greater. 14.

Regular inspection. The vertical corners of walls and pillars both inside and outside the buildings should be rounded off to reduce the risk of injury to them. For either type. and deep recessing should be avoided. c) it must be of durable non-slip material. They are used to screen off an or other hazard. lifts. as in Figure 12 a). nc eD 19 oc u b) it must be easily installed and maintained.4 There are two types of blocks bearing different kinds of raised marking: a) Line-type blocks.2 A guiding block should meet the following requirements: Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 15. escalators. ic Re fe re d) it must be contrast in colour with adjacent surfaces. entrances. ramps and others obstacles or hazards. indicate the correct route to follow. as in obstacle. Guiding blocks 15. namely that in which the lines point. to discourage movement in an incorrect direction. give a warning signal. the blocks layout of guiding blocks should all be of similar design and Pu bl 15. t . They must adhere firmly with the base material below. drop-off and to warn of a used within any dimension. and 15. m en a) it must be detectable underfoot.MS 1184 : 2002 14. or b) layout of guiding blocks should be arranged at strategic points such as main entrances. 15. maintenance and repairs should be carried out specifically of guiding blocks.3 The blocks forming a guiding block of the layout should be set adjacent to one another with the base level of their upper surfaces flush with that adjacent footpath or carriageway. location with change of levels including stairs. Isolated pillars are also a hazard to them.1 Guiding blocks should be provided to assist sight-impaired people where they need either warning of dangers ahead such as obstacles and hazards. or guidance as to the correct route to follow for example : a) at the entry points to doors. Figure 12 b). b) Dot-type blocks.6 People with impaired vision who find their way with sticks can most easily follow a plain vertical wall. corner or junction in the correct route.

lifts.MS 1184 : 2002 a) Line-type blocks Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.5 Where guiding blocks are used to warn of hazard. Pu bl ic Figure 12. but at the dangerous drop-off such as a railway platform it should be 900 mm. the distance to the edge of the nearest guiding block should be 300 mm. Examples of guiding blocks 15. the distance between the hazard and the edge of the nearest block should normally be 600 mm. Where used at doors. entrances. escalators and ramps. Re fe b) Dot-type blocks re nc eD 20 oc u m en t . stairs.

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD oc u m en t a) Guiding blocks used at entrances b) Guiding blocks used at stairs 21 MS 1184 : 2002 .

they should be 25 mm to 35 mm wide. Their raised markings should be regularly arranged. e. water closets for wheelchair users should be provided in accordance with Table 1.MS 1184 : 2002 c) Guiding blocks along corridors linking to stairs Figure 13. Water closets for wheelchair users Minimum number for use by wheelchair users (i) One unit for use by both males and females. Table 1. stairs and turning point at corners. or (ii) One unit for use by males only and another one for females only. shopping centres.6 The sides of blocks should not be less than 300 mm long. Summary of toilet requirements fe re nc 15. NOTE. Examples of blocks of suitable design and dimensions are given in Figure 12.g. and spaced with their centres or middle lines 50 mm to 70 mm apart. or (ii) One unit for use by both males and females. one for use by males only. together with (ii) 0ne unit for use by both males and females for each additional 50 water closets or part thereof in excess of 100 water closets. eD 22 oc u m en t . Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.1 In every public building to which access for disabled persons is required. ic Re 16.7 Figure 13 shows how layouts of guiding blocks should be arranged at important points such as main entrances. Number of water closets in the building 1 to 50 Pu bl 16. and should stand out 5 mm to 6 mm above the base level of their upper surface. 51 to 100 (i) Two units for use by both males and females. and another one for females only More than 100 (i) As for 51 to 100. This type of toilet facility should be a public facility located so that access to it does not necessitate traversing an area reserved for one sex only. hotels and the like where a disabled person may be accompanied by an attendant of the opposite sex. Examples of guiding blocks layouts 15. The unisex water closet is recommended in areas used by the general public.

3 Where appropriate other toilet facilities for the disabled should be provided according to Clauses 18 and 20.1 Water closets Water closets for wheelchair users should comply with the following: a) In every public building required under 16.1 to be provided for water closets for use by wheelchair users. b) The water closets should be provided either: Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.MS 1184 : 2002 16. where the washbasin is to be located within the unobstructed area or common facilities outside the water closets.2 If in buildings used by the general public (see note to Table 1) such water closets are not provided on all floors. then notices (see Clause 28) should be displayed at the toilets and lifts on other floors saying where they are located. 16. General requirement for water closet Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 23 oc u ii) as water closets for use by men or women. the water closets should be accompanied by an unobstructed area having dimensions not less than those shown in Figure 14. but the layout of the water closet and unobstructed area may be reversed in plan (mirror image). or t . In this case separate washing facilities are to be provided together with the water closets as shown in Figure 15 ii). m en i) as a combined water closet and washroom as shown in Figure 15 i). Figure 14. 17. 17.

MS 1184 : 2002 Figure 15 i). Combined water closet and washroom Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Figure 15 ii). Separate water closets for wheelchair user Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 24 oc u m en t .

MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. and ic Re fe re Where two or more water closets are provided for wheelchairs in the same public building. Separate water closets for wheelchair user m en t . at least one such closet and accompanying unobstructed area should be reversed in plan (mirror image) to the other closet. f) The flushing control for the water closet should be located not more than 1000 mm above the finished floor level and be activated by a downward operating lever. g) A tap with a flexible hose or other cleaning device which can be used for personal cleansing. h) The design of the water closets pan should allow a wheelchair with its footrest raised to approach from the front until the wheelchair seat touches the closet bowl. should be provided with each water closet within easy reach of the users as shown in Figure 15 iii). nc eD 25 oc u Figure 15 iii). push button or any other convenient system. and a toilet paper holder. c) d) Every door to a room containing a water closet for wheelchair users should: ii) if a hinged door. e) Every room containing a water closet for wheelchair users should have grab rails as Clause 13. open away from the water closets and be hinged on the side furthest from the closet and located in the position shown in Figure 15 i) or Figure 15 ii). Pu bl i) be provided with a lever-action type indicator bolt so design that the door can be opened at any time from the outside.

MS 1184 : 2002 i) It should also be possible for a wheelchair to back alongside the water closet on its unobstructed side until the two seats are in line. the requirements for a water closet for wheelchair users in accordance with 17. j) 17. Water closet for ambulant disabled Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 26 oc u m en t . The configuration of a water closet should be in accordance with Figure 15 iv) and the notes thereto. lift or other circulation space which is in accordance with Clauses 6. 10 or 14. The water closets should be accessible by disabled persons from a main entrance. Figure 15 iv).2 a) b) c) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Water closets for ambulant disabled only should comply with the following: Except for the width of the unobstructed area.1b) ii) should apply to water closets for ambulant disabled. Grab rails should be located on each side of the water closet and should also be of the configuration shown in Figure 15 iv).

and there should be no step or hob as indicated in Figure 16. self-draining. nc eD 27 oc u m a) Wall hung urinals en t b) Stall urinals .1 In every public building where showers are provided for use by wheelchair users or ambulant disabled persons. without a kerb. 19. Figure 16.MS 1184 : 2002 18.2 The shower recess should not be separated by a door from the unobstructed area. it should be separated from the shower recess by a curtain or a sliding screen with a flush door track. 19. If a drying space is required for dressing and undressing. 19. Urinals Urinals provided to be used for disabled persons should comply with the following: a) Where wall-hung urinals are installed. 19. Pu bl ic Re c) Grab rails should be fixed to the wall or partitions of the urinals as shown in Figure 16.5 A self-draining and non-slip fixed or foldable seat should be provided in the shower recess. Shower facilities 19. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. and another in the unobstructed area. fe re Where stall urinals are provided. and at least one stall should be not less than 760 mm wide. each shower should be accompanied by an unobstructed area having dimensions not less than those shown in Figure 17 but the layout of the shower and unobstructed area may be reversed in plan. at least one should have a lip height of 400 mm above the finished floor.3 The dressing space should be fitted with a cloth-hanging device not less than 1200 mm nor more than 1400 mm above the finished floor level. at a height not less than 450 mm nor more than 500 mm above the finished floor level. b) Urinals and grab rails 19. water proof and non-slip.4 The floor of the shower recess should be a continuation of the floor of the unobstructed area. they should be constructed without a step or hob.

Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document.MS 1184 : 2002 19.7 Soap holders should be fully recessed into the wall of the shower recess. Shower facilities Re fe re nc eD 28 oc u m en t . 19. and situated so that they are within reach by persons using the shower seat. Pu bl ic Figure 17. located not less than 1000 mm nor more than 1200 mm above the finished floor level.6 Grab rails should be fixed to the wall of the shower recess as shown in Figure 17.

and situated so that they are within reach by persons using the shower seat and by a carer from outside the shower recess.1 Except as provided in Clause 17 for water closets.13 Every door in a room containing such a shower for disabled persons should be provided with a lever-action type indicator bolt attached to the inside. Washbasins and other facilities eD 29 oc u m en t . 19. which is so design that the door can be opened at any time from the outside. Hot water supply pipes should be insulated. the pole should be so constructed and installed as to be capable of being used as a vertical grab rail. 19.9 A portable shower head attached to a flexible hose not less than 1500 mm in length should be installed in the shower recess. and a fitting should be provided to which the shower head can be attached at varying angles between 900 mm and 1900 mm above the finished floor level.8 The shower controls and fittings should be located not less than 1000 mm nor more than 1200 mm above the finished floor level. 19. every washbasin provided for use by disabled persons should comply with the following: fe re nc 20. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. ic Re 20. 19.MS 1184 : 2002 19. Figure 18. at least one should be reversed in plan (mirror images) to the others provided.11 If a pole is used in conjunction with the portable shower head.10 Thermostatic mixing valves should be installed for showers.12 Where two or more showers are provided for disabled persons in the same building. Pu bl a) The washbasin should be wall-mounted to provide minimum clearance as shown in Figure 18. Location of washbasin and other facilities b) c) Water taps should comply with Clause 27. and in such cases a vertical grab rail need not be provided. 19.

21. they should comply with the following: ic Re 21. 21. 19.2 The bath should have straight sides 480 mm high from the floor level.2 Soap dispensers. Pu bl In every public building where baths are provided for wheelchair users or ambulant disabled persons. 21. sanitary disposal units. eD 30 oc u 20. provided with the facilities referred to in Clauses 17.1 The bath should be accompanied by an unobstructed area having a dimension not less than 1800 mm on one side and at least one end. towel dispensers etc. Points for dispenser Facility Soap Dispenser or Towel Dispenser Sanitary Disposal Unit Point from which measurement to be made The discharge outlet of the dispenser The opening of the fitting Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. the device should be located not less than 1200 mm nor more than 1400 mm above the finished floor level. as shown in Figure 19. Bath fe re nc 20.1.4 Where two or more baths are provided for wheelchair users in the same building at least one should be reversed in plan (mirror images) to the other provided. m en t .3 Where a mirror is provided with the facilities referred to in Clauses 19.4 Where a cloth hanging device is provided together with facilities referred in Clauses 17.MS 1184 : 2002 d) Water supply pipes and waste outlet pipes should not encroach on the required clear space under the washbasin.1.3 Grab rails should be provided as shown in Figure 19. 20 or 21. the base should not be more than 1000 mm above the finished floor level and it should be tilted down by 5° to give complete visibility. The heights should be measured as shown in Table 2. 20. 19 or 21 should be installed at a height not less than 900 mm nor more than 1000 mm above the finished floor level. 20 or 21. 21. with flat tops not less than 75 mm wide and rounded at the edges. Table 2.

Bath requirement 31 MS 1184 : 2002 .Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD oc u m en t Figure 19.

Figure 20. Combined water closet and shower recess Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 32 oc u m en t .MS 1184 : 2002 22. the installation should be in accordance with Figure 20. Combined water closet and shower recess Where a water closet. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. washbasin and shower recess are combined.

MS 1184 : 2002 23.1 Shelving and wall units For wheelchair users: Shelving and wall units for use by wheelchair users should comply with the following: a) The configuration of unobstructed shelving and wall units should be as shown in Figure 21 a) including the notes thereto. Figure 21 a). Configuration of unobstructed shelving and wall units for wheelchair users Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 33 oc u m en t . b) c) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. The vertical space between hotplate elements or burners and combustible material should not be less than 750 mm. 23. The configuration of shelving and wall units adjacent to work surfaces should be as shown in Figure 21 b) including the notes thereto.

Configuration of unobstructed shelving and wall units for ambulant disabled persons Pu bl ic Re a) The configuration of unobstructed shelving or wall units should be as shown in Figure 22 a) including the notes thereto. Configuration of shelving and wall units adjacent to work surfaces for wheelchair users en t .MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Figure 22 a). fe re Shelving and wall units for use by ambulant disabled persons should comply with the following: nc eD 34 oc u m Figure 21 b). 23.2 For ambulant disabled persons: b) The configuration of shelving or wall units adjacent to work surfaces should be as shown in Figure 22 b) including the notes thereto.

Configuration of shelving and wall units adjacent to work surfaces for ambulant disabled persons t .1 Fixed work surfaces provided for use by wheelchair users where the arm rests of the wheelchair are removable should be in accordance with Figure 23 and have an unobstructed seating width of not less than 750 mm. oc u m en Figure 22 b).MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. within which there should be clear space at least 450 mm void. Work surfaces nc eD 35 The vertical space between hotplate elements or burners and combustible material should not be less than 750 mm. Fixed work surface for disabled ic Re fe re 24. c) Pu bl 24. Figure 23.

3 Where transaction are done between staff and public across a counter. openings and drops 25. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. awnings and similar objects that protrude into circulation spaces should have a minimum clearance height of 2000 mm clear. concrete with exposed aggregate finish. Projections. 24.1 Floor finishes: re nc 26. 25. specially formulated with embossed surface. specially formulated with embossed surface. ic Re fe 26. 25. The following finishes are acceptable. 25.4 Openings of any forms whatsoever and any sudden drop of more than 75 mm from the floor level across walkways.MS 1184 : 2002 24. Finishes eD 36 oc u m en t . corridors. or rubber. corridors or any other means of access should be adequately indicated and protected in order to avoid hazard to people with visual impairment.1 Hanging signs.2 Edges and corners of fixed work surfaces should be rounded. a) - For wet locations including interior surfaces which are frequently washed: concrete with abrasive or textured surface. at least part of the counter should be lowered and constructed on the public side as a work surface for wheelchair users in accordance with this clause. 25. natural stone with rough finish. guard rails. bituminous concrete.2 Windows or doors should not open across access walkways. stairs or ramps such that they obstruct circulation. paving bricks with special abrasive finish. lights.3 Guard rails must be provided alongside any drop-off to avoid hazards to people with visual impairment and the public. vinyl. Pu bl Floor finishes should have a non-slip surface with a texture traversal by disabled persons.

vinyl. 27. exposed beams etc. radiators. push buttons of light switches should project clear of the switch plate and have a width not less than 10 mm. rocker. red and green should not be chosen as a pair of contrasting colours.MS 1184 : 2002 b) For dry locations: Including all materials suitable for wet locations.3 a) Electrical fittings should comply with the followings: All light switches should be horizontally aligned with door handles and other fixtures and fittings not less than 900 mm nor more than 1200mm above the finished floor level in accordance with Figure 24 and not less than 500 mm from corners. oc u m en t . timber.2 Where there are disabled persons living in public buildings such as senior citizen homes or hostels. 27. Other requirements Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Controls for use by disabled persons re nc eD 37 Contrasting textures and colour and brightness should be used to emphasise obstructions or hazards such as ramps. push pad or. operating of windows should be made accessible to them whether manually or electrical aided. General power outlets should be fixed not less than 500 mm above the finished floor level and not less than 500 mm from corners. short pile carpet and smooth flooring materials such as the following: 26. Since red or green colour blindness is more common among people with low vision. b) c) Pu bl 27. The toggle. operable by one hand. ic Re fe 27. fixed not more than 1200 mm above the finished floor level. and any other similar material. terrazzo. and not obstructed by any fitting or appliances.1 Locking and opening controls for windows and doors should be readily accessible.2 cork: linoleum.

general power. A shelf should be provided where the deaf can place the keyboard of their telecommunication device. 27. The coin-slot. and if there are side-walls they should be at least 800 mm apart. The coin-slot.MS 1184 : 2002 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. card-slot and dial or buttons should be no higher than 1000 mm above the ground and the dial or buttons should face forwards rather than upwards. The water should be delivered through a centre mixing bib.5 Vending machines. The taps should not be less than 50 mm away from the back wall. The shelf should be 300 mm x 300 mm in size. Heights of switches. Such telephone booths should not have any doors or steps.6 a) Water taps should comply with the followings: Taps should have long handles lever. and placed at least 200 mm below the telephone. card-slot and buttons should be no higher than 1000 mm above the ground and should face forwards rather than upwards.4 One of any group of telephone for public use shall be designed for wheelchair and hearing-impaired users. Pu bl ic Re fe re nc Figure 24. outlets and door handle eD 38 oc u m en t . Handles or other operating deviser should not be less than 900 mm nor more than 1200 mm above the finished floor level and should be horizontally aligned with any adjacent light switches as shown in Figure 24. 27.7 Door handles and related hardware and accessories should comply with the following: a) Doors should be operable with one hand. automatic teller machines and other such facilities should be accessible to wheelchair users. b) 27. 27.

Where a door closer is fitted.MS 1184 : 2002 b) Handles for hinged door should be made from non-slip material of lever action type as shown in Figure 25 a). the pressure required to open the door should not be more than 36 N for external doors and 22 N for internal doors. An auxiliary handrail should be fixed closed for the handles to the door for easier manipulation by disabled persons and should be fixed as shown in Figure 25 b). Figure 25. Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 39 oc u m en t . as shown in Figure 26 a) below.1 The international symbol of access is white on a background of light French blue or vice versa. Door handle and auxiliary rails locations 28. Signs and symbols 28. c) d) e) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. The clearance between the handles and the back plate should not be less than 50 mm.

INFORMATION Pu bl ic Re fe tandas re nc SYMBOL eD oc u DIRECTION Figure 26 b). International symbol of access for disabled persons.2 The size of the symbol for access should not be less than those given in Table 3. Table 3.MS 1184 : 2002 Figure 26 a). Example of sign and symbol indicating facilities and its direction 28. (the grid is for setting purposes only) Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 110 x 110 Max. Size of symbol for access for varying viewing distances Required viewing distances ( m ) 0–7 7 – 18 > 18 Minimum size of symbol ( mm ) 60 x 60 Min. 450 x 450 40 m en t .

Figure 27. information counter at the shopping complexes. 28.4 Additional required location for the signs will depend on the individual nature of the facility for example ablution area of the “surau” (muslim prayer room). cafeteria. lift lobbies and within the lifts. especially the water closets for wheelchair users. toilets and emergency exits. the reception area. type and layout of lettering on signs should be clear and legible and the height of the lettering should be not less than those given in Table 4 below: Table 4. Example of sign and symbols with tactile additions for the blind Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 41 oc u m en t . all main entrance and other subsidiary entrances usable by disabled persons. Height of letters for varying viewing distances Required viewing distance ( m ) 2 3 6 8 12 15 25 35 40 50 Minimum height of letters ( mm ) 6 12 20 25 40 50 80 100 130 150 Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. 28. pathways.5 The signs and symbols at a public building should together provide an adequate directory to enable disabled persons to identify the location of all existing facilities provided for them.MS 1184 : 2002 28.3 Basic or minimum location for the signs are external parking areas. wards area of the hospitals and special bedroom in the hotels. 28.6 The size. 28.7 Additional signs with Braille or embossed lettering can be use for the blind as shown in Figure 27.

signals and warnings for people with defective sight or hearing impaired All public buildings should provide the following requirements : 29. entrances. eD 42 oc u m en t .2 Any decoration features which are located in the circulation area. with the consent of their management. Pu bl ic re nc 29.8 For hotels and other public accommodation. knurling of door handles. should be surrounded by a temporary kerb and should be high enough to be conspicuous. the hazards should be identified for the blind with a guiding block layout which can be supplemented by other methods such as fixing of indicators to the underside of handrails to indicate position of landing. restaurant and indoor swimming pool. 29. Landscape 30. 29.3 Where it is not possible to lock a door leading to a dangerous area.4 The illumination levels in the respective areas should not be lower than those indicated in Table 5. lounge. it is recommended that the local authority. staircases.1 Public announcement systems and emergency warning signals should be both audible and visible. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. Signs can be displayed outside such establishments. toilets. Announcements. foyer. raised letters immediately adjacent to the door handles etc. Levels of illumination Illumination (lux) 150 150 150 150 200 250 200-300 30.MS 1184 : 2002 28.3 Any mannequin or decoration features such as the decor of festival theme in shopping complexes should have stable stands or bases with a minimum height of 450 mm from floor level when located in the circulation area. 30. Location Passageways and walkways Stairs and landing Ramps Lifts Toilet and locker rooms Counter tops General displays Re fe Table 5. 30. tourism development office or a voluntary organisation should compile a brochure listing those with facilities for disabled.2 Should be clearly identified by illumination guide or guiding blocks surface for example nosing of staircases for either normal or emergency use. 29. corridors.1 Soft landscape and hard landscape should not obstruct the disabled at places in the main stream of circulation such as the lobby. courtyards.

who include the blind and deaf as well as those who use walking aids.1) must be remembered for furniture provided whether built-in or installed later. will probably have to be bigger than those provided for other hotels guests. ii) At the door from bedroom there should not be any raised threshold to jump over. a single type of bedroom suitable for both groups of disabled persons may be provided instead. ii) Table top. Requirements for hotel bedroom Table 6 a).MS 1184 : 2002 30.1). if it proves more convenient at the time of designing and building the hotel. Pu bl ic Re fe re nc eD 43 oc u m en t . and c) identified by the hotels management system. 31. 31.5 % of the rooms should be equipped for them according to the requirements given in Table 6. Furniture i) The high and low limits of wheelchair user's reach (see 23.4 Hotel bedrooms (designated at time of construction or renovation) for disabled persons should be : a) preferably on ground floor near exit.3 However. 31. Hotel bedrooms All disabled persons who stay overnight in a hotel. 2. Table 6.2 Bedrooms for ambulant disabled. 31. and should be planned for when the hotel is first designed.1 Bedrooms for wheelchair user. Some of these features relate to structural design and some to furnishing. can probably be of the same size and standard design as those for other hotel guest. with water closet. but require special furnishing and fittings. b) preferably nearer to a fire exit. 17. In this case 3 % of the rooms should be designed and equipped according to the combined requirements given in Table 6. Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. particularly those who are travelling alone. drawers and shelves should be at height within easy reach. wash basin and either a bath or shower with fixed seat (see Clauses 16. 31. For example rails to hang clothing. For wheelchair user Bathroom i) A combined toilet and washroom of special design.4 Any water features should be surrounded by a wall with a minimum height of 600 mm from floor level for the safety of visually impaired. and equipped according to the requirements given in Table 6. require special features in the bedrooms and attached bathrooms which they use. and especially their bathrooms. refer to Clause 24 and for mirror refer to 20. 17. while the drop down should be minimal and ramped rather than vertical. 1 % of the rooms should be designed for them.3.

(refer to Clause 27). Signals i) The door bell.) from one side and some from the other. the fire authority should be consulted. ii) The height of balcony railing should not be less than 900 mm. For wheelchair user (continued) Fixtures i) Switches. should be placed within easy reach (refer to Clause 27). en t . besides ringing. Refer to bathroom item (ii) above. Pu bl iii) The floor should be of non-slip material.2. Outside i) On the outside of the door.2). Balcony Licensed to STANDARDS MALAYSIA / Distributed on 15-May-2009 / Only for public reference document. ii) Regarding the fire alarm requirement. should actuate a flashing light for the deaf to see. Bed Layout i) There should be no step at the door into the corridor. and b) grab rails with which to manoeuvre it or wheelchair for shower. i) Door handle. so it is good to have such rooms available in two mirror-image versions. iv) Where the floor space is large. For ambulant disabled Bathroom i) The water closet should be according to 17. ii) To assist movement when on the bed. a 'monkey pole' or similar device should be installed on request. turn. Within the bedroom there should be ample floor space for the wheelchair to shunt. ic Re fe re nc eD 44 oc u m i)The size of balcony should be big enough for wheelchair users to manoeuvre. bath etc. ii) Taps should have central mixer outlets. those using artificial leg or calipers require: a) shower chair with castors. and come alongside the bed for transfer (see Clause 14). ii) Some wheelchair users are accustomed to doing their transfers (bed. window fastening etc. switches etc. plugs.MS 1184 : 2002 Table 6 a). Furniture Fixtures i) Avoid sharp corners for the safety of the blind (see 23. i) For ease of transfer the height of the made-up bed should be about the same as the wheelchair seat with cushion (450 mm-550 mm). telephone. and hot pipes should be lagged for safety for the blind. there should be an embossed or Braille number which the can sight impaired can feel. within easy reach. Table 6 b).

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