2.8K views

Uploaded by joyce_mabitasan

- Structural Analysis Book
- Theory Of Structures
- Theory of Structures Problems solved by Dk Mamonai
- Elementary Theory of Structures
- Reinforced Concrete Design by Everard and Tanner
- Fundamental Structural Analysis (2)
- Stability & Determinacy of Beams and Frames
- Yuan-yu Hsieh-elementary theory of structures-Prentice Hall.pdf
- Theory of Structures P.1 EL-Dakhakhni
- Structural Analysis
- elementary-theory-of-structures.pdf
- Theory of Structures -Handbook-2
- Review Civil Engineering
- 2010 Besavilla - Transportation Engineering
- Theory of Structures (2nd Edition) - Timoshenko & D. H. Young
- Theory of Structures by s Ramamrutham PDF
- 2010 Besavilla - Surveying
- 2010 Besavilla - Strength of Materials
- Elementary Structural Analysis - By Wilbar Norris(1)
- shear force

You are on page 1of 67

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Text Book: Elementary Theory of Structures, 2nd Edition, by: YUAN-YU HSIEH

References:

1. Elementary Structural Analysis, by: NORRIS, WILBAR UTKU.

2. Statically Indeterminate Structures, by: CHU-KIA WONG.

3. Indeterminate Structural Analysis, by: KINNEY

First Semester:

4.

4.2.

4.3.

4.4.

4.5.

Stability and Determinacy of Beams.

Stability and Determinacy of Trusses.

Stability and Determinacy of Frames.

Stability and Determinacy of Composite Structures.

5.

5.2.

5.3.

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Frames.

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Arched

Frames.

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Composite

Structures.

5.4.

6.

6.2.

6.3.

6.4.

Types of Trusses.

Stability and Determinacy of Complex Trusses.

Examples on Solving and Analyzing Trusses.

7.

7.2.

7.3.

4.2.1.

4.2.2.

4.3.

4.4.

4.5.

4.6.

4.7.

Influence Lines for Statically Determinate Beams.

Maximum Effect of a Function due to external loading:

Due to Concentrated loading.

Due to Distributed loading.

Distributed Dead Load.

Distributed Live Load (occupying any length of the structure).

Distributed Live Load (of a specific length).

Influence Lines for Girders with Floor Systems.

Influence Lines for Statically Determinate Frames.

Influence Lines for Girders in Trusses.

Influence Lines for Statically Determinate Composite Structures.

Maximum Effect of a Function due to Multiple External Moving Loads.

5.

Page 1

6.

6.1.

6.2.

6.2.1.

6.3.

6.4.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Conjugate Beam Method.

Deflection of Beams and Frames.

Unit-Load Method (Virtual Work Method).

Deflection and Rotation of Trusses.

Deflection and Rotation of Composite Structures.

Second Semester:

1.

Approximate Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures:

1.1.

Approximate Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Trusses.

Trusses with Double Diagonal System.

Trusses with Multiple Systems.

1.2.

Approximate Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Portals.

1.3.

Approximate Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Frames.

Frames Subjected to Vertical Loads Only.

Frames Subjected to Lateral Loads Only.

2.

3.

Consistent Deformations.

4.

5.

Slope-Deflection Method.

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Beams by the Slope-Deflection

Method.

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Rigid Frames without joint translation

by the Slope-Deflection Method.

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Rigid Frames with One Degree of

Freedom of joint translation by the Slope-Deflection Method.

5.1.

5.2.

5.3.

6.

6.1.

6.2.

6.3.

6.4.

Moment Distributed Method.

Fixed-End Moments.

Stiffness, Distribution Factor and distribution of External Moment Applied

to a Joint.

Distributed Moment and Carry-Over Moment

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Rigid Frames with One Degree of

Freedom of joint translation by the Moment Distributed Method.

Page 2

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

Review:

1) Roller: One unknown element.

90o

(2 Degree of Freedom)

2) Link or strut: One unknown element.

Link 1

Link 2

R1

R2

F.B.D

(Two Degree of Freedom)

Rx

R

Ry

4) Fixed: Three unknown elements.

M

Rx

R

Ry

Page 3

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

1.

1.1.

(r) = no. of reactions

(c) = The total no. of equations of conditions.

(Where: c=1 for an internal hinge, c=2 for an internal roller and c=0 for

beams without internal connection)

(c + 3) = The total no. of the equilibrium equations.

The beam is set to be:

Unstable if ( r < c + 3 )

R1

R2

R2

R1

R3

R1

R2

r = 3, c = 0

But Unstable

Determinate if Stable if ( r = c + 3 )

R1

R3

R2

r = 3, c = 0

Stable & Determinate

The degree of indeterminacy (m) can be obtained by:

m = r (c + 3)

R3

R1

R2

r =7, c = 2

R4

R5

R6

R7

7 >c + 3 = 2+ 3 = 5

7 > 5, m = 2

Page 4

1.2.

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

(b) = no. of bar elements of truss

(r) = no. of reactions

(j) = no. of joints.

The truss is set to be:

Unstable if ( b + r < 2 j )

r = 2, b = 5, j = 4

b+ r =7, 2 j = 8

7<8

(Unstable)

Determinate if Stable if ( b + r = 2 j )

r = 3, b = 9, j = 6

b + r = 12 , 2 j = 12

Stable & Determinate

The degree of indeterminacy (m) can be obtained by:

m = (b + r ) 2 j

( )

r = 4 , b = 13 , j = 7

b + r = 17 , 2 j = 14

m=3

Stable & Indeterminate to the 3rd degree

Page 5

1.3.

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

(b) = no. of frame members

(r) = no. of reactions

(j) = no. of joints.

(c) = The total no. of equations of conditions.

(Where: c=1 for an internal hinge, c=2 for an internal roller and c=0 for

beams without internal connection)

(c = no. of members connected at joint 1)

The frame is set to be:

Unstable if ( 3b + r < 3 j + c )

Determinate if Stable if ( 3b + r = 3 j + c )

Indeterminate if Stable if ( 3b + r > 3 j + c )

The degree of indeterminacy (m) can be obtained by:

m = (3b + r ) 3 j + c

Frame

10

10

3b+r

39

39

3j+c

Classification

27

Indeterminate

to the 12th

degree

33

Indeterminate

to the 6th

degree

Unstable

Page 6

1.4.

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

(E) = no. of equilibrium equations

(U) = no. of unknowns

The structure is set to be:

Unstable if ( U < E )

Determinate if Stable if ( U = E )

Indeterminate if Stable if ( U > E )

The degree of indeterminacy (m) can be obtained by:

m =U E

Composite Structure

2.

Classification

10

10

Determinate

11

Indeterminate to the

2nd degree

Sign convention:

N: Axial Force (tension +ve, compression ve)

V: Shear Force (turning structure clockwise +ve, counter clockwise ve)

M: Bending Moment (compression outside of structure and tension inside

+ve, otherwise ve)

2.1.

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Frames.

Page 7

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 8

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 9

2.2.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Arched

Frames.

Page 10

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 11

2.3.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Axial Force, shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for Composite

Structures.

Page 12

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 13

3.

3.1.

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

Types of Trusses.

A truss may be defined as a plane structure composed of a number of

members joined together at their ends by smooth pins so as to form a rigid

framework. Each member in a truss is a two-force member and is subjected

only to direct axial forces (tension or compression).

A rigid plane truss can always be formed by beginning with three bars

pinned together at their ends in the form of a triangle.

Common trusses may be classified according to their formation as simple,

compound and complex.

Simple Truss: ( )

A simple truss is formed by a basic triangle; each new joint is connected to

the basic triangle by two new bars.

Compound Truss: ( )

A compound truss is formed from two or more simple trusses connected

together as one rigid framework either by three links neither parallel nor

concurrent, or by a link and a hinge.

Link

Link

Link

Link

Hinge

Page 14

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

Complex Truss: ( )

The truss which is neither simple nor compound is called a complex truss.

h1

g

h2

3.2.

For the shown complex truss there are two

cases:

1. If h1=h2=h, then the truss is unstable.

2. If h1h2, then the truss is stable.

h1

g

h2

3.3.

Page 15

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 16

4.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 17

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 18

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 19

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 20

4.1.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 21

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 22

4.2.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 23

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 24

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 25

4.3.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 26

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 27

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 28

4.4.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 29

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 30

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 31

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 32

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 33

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 34

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 35

4.5.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 36

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 37

4.6.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 38

4.7.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 39

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 40

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 41

5.

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 42

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 43

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 44

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 45

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

:

(

) (

wl 4

(

) ( P )

8 EI

) .( Conjugate Method

MA=wl2/2 w

wl 4

= B

8 EI

dx

RA=wl/2

y

wl/2

Bending Moment Diag.

wl

2

= MA

) (

) ( Curvature :

d2y

M

=

2

dx

EI

:

Page 46

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

dy

= tan

dx

:

dy

=

dx

d d 2 y

M

= 2 =

dx dx

EI

:

M

dx

EI

)------ (1

dy

) ( )

dx

(:

dy

M

= =

dx

dx

EI

M

dx dx

EI

dy = dx =

:

)------ (2

M

dx dx

EI

y = dx =

) (dx ) (

:

dV

= w dV = w dx V = w dx

dx

dM

= V dM = V dx M = V dx = w dx dx

dx

:

)------ (

)------ (4

Page 47

V = w dx

M = V dx = w dx dx

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

) (Conjugate beam

M

) ( )

EI

) (-b

) ( V ) ( M ) ( w ) ( ) (

M

)

EI

( :

M

dx

EI

M

M =

dx dx

EI

V =

)------ (5

)------ (6

)(Conjugate Beam

MB

)(a

l

A

(3 / 4 ) l

wl 2

2 EI

)(b

wl 2 l wl 3

=

= Re sul tan t

2

EI

3 6 EI

) - (

) ( ) ( ) ( ) (

:

.

) ( = V

) (Actual Beam

) (Conjugate Beam .

Page 48

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

.

) ( y = M ) Actual

(Beam

) (Conjugate Beam .

(Beam .

) (Conjugate Beam

) .(Actual Beam )(

:

Free End

Simple End

Interior Support

Fixed End

Simple End

Interior Connection

) (

Conjugate beam

)(subjected to Elastic Load

Free End

Fixed End

Simple End

)(hinge or roller

Interior Connection

)(hinge or roller

Interior Support

)(hinge or roller

V =0

M =0

V 0

M 0

V 0

M =0

V 0

M =0

V 0

M 0

Actual Beam

)(Subjected to applied Load

=0

=0

Fixed End

0

0

Free End

0

=0

Simple End

)(hinge or roller

0

=0

Interior Support

)(hinge or roller

0

0

Interior Connection

)(hinge or roller

(Sign Convention ) :

:

) (x

.

Page 49

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

( ) (BMD .

( .

( ) (BMD ) (

.

(

.

(

.

:

Conjugate beam

)(subjected to Elastic Load

Actual Beam

)(Subjected to applied Load

a

a

)(c

b

b

)(b

)(a

b

a

)(d

)(e

)(f

) (

).( b-

Page 50

(2008-2009)

Theory of Structures

( B) (Actual Beam )

B

: ( B ) ( Conjugate Beam )

wl 3 3

3 wl 4

wl 4

l=

=

MB =

6 EI 4

24 EI 8 EI

wl 4

B =

8 EI

- :(Conjugate Beam Method)

1) Using the (Conjugate Beam Method), find ( B ) for the loaded beam shown

below:

P

MA=Pl

RA=P

B =

x

3

Pl

3 EI

y

(b) S.F.D

(c) B.M.D

-Pl

RA=P

MA=Pl

A

Pl/EI

l/3

2/3l

y

()

- :

Page 51

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

( ) (BMD .

(

) (EI ).(

( .:

2

1

Pl Pl

= ) (l

= Re sul tan t

2

EI 2 EI

* ] [2 l / 3

] [l / 3 .

( ) (B

.

Pl 2 2

= B = M B

l

2 EI 3

Pl 3

= B

3 EI

)(Down

:

.

2) Find the absolute maximum deflection in portion AB using the Conjugate

Beam Method.

)(EI constant

- :

( ) (BMD .

(

) (EI .

( AB .:

Page 52

)(2008-2009

Theory of Structures

2

1

PL PL

= ) (2 L

= Re sul tan t

2

EI EI

* ] [2 L / 3 A ] [L / 3 .B

( ) (A B .

P

C

3

P

2

2L

1

P

2

Conjugate

Beam

PL

EI

B.M.D

PL

PL

EI

PL2

3 EI

PL2

EI

=0

)M

PL2 1

(2 L ) R A ( 2 L ) = 0

EI 3

1 2 PL3 PL2

=

= RA

2 L 3 EI

3 EI

) x . A

1 Px

PL2

=V

x

=0

2 2 EI

3 EI

2

=x

L

3

Page 53

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Mmax

Mmax

2 2

P

L L

2

Px2 x PL2

3 3 PL 2

)=

x=

4EI 3 3EI

4EI

3

3EI 3

2PL3

2PL3

2PL3

6 PL3

4PL3

)=

=

9 3EI 3 3EI 9 3EI 9 3EI

9 3EI

M max

6.

4 PL3

)=

9 3 EI

Page 54

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 55

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 56

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 57

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 58

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 59

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 60

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 61

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 62

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 63

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 64

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 65

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 66

Theory of Structures

(2008-2009)

Page 67

- Structural Analysis BookUploaded byhkelvin2015
- Theory Of StructuresUploaded byFaith Biete Escape
- Theory of Structures Problems solved by Dk MamonaiUploaded byDarya Memon
- Elementary Theory of StructuresUploaded byGodwin Acquah
- Reinforced Concrete Design by Everard and TannerUploaded bygugi
- Fundamental Structural Analysis (2)Uploaded byChiều Tàn
- Stability & Determinacy of Beams and FramesUploaded byDeana White
- Yuan-yu Hsieh-elementary theory of structures-Prentice Hall.pdfUploaded byFABIAN FIENGO
- Theory of Structures P.1 EL-DakhakhniUploaded byShivakumar Patil
- Structural AnalysisUploaded byPenjejak Awan
- elementary-theory-of-structures.pdfUploaded byjim
- Theory of Structures -Handbook-2Uploaded byreagan_roy8177
- Review Civil EngineeringUploaded byNico Geotina
- 2010 Besavilla - Transportation EngineeringUploaded byNath Villena
- Theory of Structures (2nd Edition) - Timoshenko & D. H. YoungUploaded byEngineering Mechanics
- Theory of Structures by s Ramamrutham PDFUploaded byYash Dhabalia
- 2010 Besavilla - SurveyingUploaded byNath Villena
- 2010 Besavilla - Strength of MaterialsUploaded byNath Villena
- Elementary Structural Analysis - By Wilbar Norris(1)Uploaded byajay
- shear forceUploaded byThulasi Raman Kowsigan
- Theory of StructureUploaded byAsraf Muidin
- Cec 205-Theory of StructuresUploaded byVietHungCao
- Structural Analysis, A Unified Classical and Matrix Approach, GhaliUploaded byIrina Deac
- theory of structures , timoshenko.pdfUploaded byGustavo Ferreira
- Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete Design (2)Uploaded byZamir Mear
- Theory of StructuresUploaded byrarunadevi
- Structural Analysis.pdfUploaded byveeraiah
- Statically Indeterminate Structures - Chu-Kia Wang Ph.D - RUploaded byNatalia Aguilar
- 2,500 Solved Problems In Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics.pdfUploaded byD VA