# Precalculus

Pretest

Aug 11, 2011

By writing your name below, you are pledging that you have neither given nor received aid on this pretest. There are 8 questions. Name: Show all work on this pretest. 1. (Deﬁnitions) (a) Explain what |−5| means geometrically.

(b) In your own words, deﬁne a circle (without looking it up).

(c) How many degrees are in a circle? Why?

2. (Mathematical Notation) Find a simpler way of writing: (a) x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x

(b) x · x · x · x · x · x · x · x · x · x · x · x

3. (Mathematical Notation) What does 6 ÷ 2(1 + 2) equal?

4. (Calculator Exploration) See if you can ﬁgure out how to use your calculator to do the following: (a) Change your calculator to polar mode. Change it to radian mode. Change it back to the original modes. (b) What is the smallest window that will let you see all of the graph of y = 4 9 − x2 ?

Precalculus

Pretest

(c) Plot the points (2, 5), (6, 12), (3, −4), (6, 18) so that it shows up with a + sign. Then turn oﬀ the points on the graph. (d) Calculate what the following equal i. log 13 = ii. tan 45◦ = iii. √ 3 12 =

(e) Solve the following equations on your calculator (to three decimal places): i. x2 + 3x − 9 = 0

ii. −4x + 6 = sin x

5. (Drawing for Understanding) Do your best to accurately draw the following statements. (a) 0 ≤ x < 5

(b) y = 3x − 1

(c)

x -1 2 -2 3

y 2 -4 -2 2

(d) y =

x2 − 4 x−2

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Precalculus 6. (Polynomials) (a) Expand (2x + 1)3

Pretest

(b) For the polynomial 5x2 −3x10 +2+9x5 , what is the degree? What is the leading coeﬃcient?

7. (Trigonometry) Use what you learned in geometry to describe sine, cosine, and tangent.

8. (Special Triangles) Draw a 30-60-90 triangle and label the sides with numbers that accurately reﬂect their ratio of side lengths. Do the same with a 45-45-90 triangle.

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