COMBAT LEADERS' GUIDE

CLG
LEADER HANDBOOK

ARMY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INFANTRY FORCES RESEARCH UNIT 1997

INTRODUCTION
The Combat Leaders' Guide is both an extract of doctrinal publications and a compilation of tactics, techniques and procedures(TTPs). It is principally designed as a pocket reference and memory-jogger. Some TTPs you have learned in training do not appear here. The material in this job aid comes from the doctrinal literature program. Laminate pages to be written on; remove, reorganize or tab pages based on your mission; insert other job aids, TTPs or SOPs as needed. Questions? Call SACG at Ft. Benning, DSN 835-5741 LT Kirby, SGT Rose, SGT Sparks.

TABLE OF CONTENTS BASIC COMBAT RULES PAGE
Leading in combat Basic rules of combat 1-1 1-2 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-8 2-15 2-19 2-20 2-21 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6

PLAN
Troop leading procedures Warning order Factors of METT-T Estimate of the situation Operation order (OPORD) Fragmentary order (FRAGO) Time schedule Light and weather data

MOVE
Actions before march Duties of quartering party March orders Actions during march Actions at halts Actions at assembly area

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TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ATTACK Preparation for attack Consolidation Reorganization 4-1 4-3 4-4 DEFEND Defensive priority of work Defense planning outline Coordination checklist Establish observation post Fighting position guidelines Building fighting position Range card preparation Range card (blank) Range card (sample) Sector sketch preparation Sector sketch (sample) Occupation of a battle position 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-7 5-8 5-9 5-11 5-13 5-14 5-15 5-17 5-18 2 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE DEFEND Fighting from a battle position Fire distribution and control Camouflage Physical security Defending during limited visibility 5-19 5-20 5-21 5-22 5-24 DELAY Fundamentals of delay 6-1 WITHDRAW Disengagement planning Disengagement actions Passage of lines coordination Withdrawal under enemy pressure Withdrawal not under enemy pressure Relief in place 7-1 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-7 7-11 3 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE PATROL/RECON Patrol planning steps Patrol coordination Complete the plan Departure from friendly lines Rally points Patrol report (debriefed) Selection of a patrol base Occupation of a patrol base Patrol base activities Principles of a raid Conduct a raid Principles of an ambush Organize an ambush Conduct an ambush Plan a recon mission Recon zone Recon area 8-1 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-7 8-8 8-9 8-10 8-11 8-12 8-13 8-15 8-17 8-19 8-21 8-23 8-25 4 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE NBC NBC-1 report NBC-4 report NBC-prior to attack NBC-during attack NBC-after attack Unmasking with chemical agent detector kit Unmask without chemical agent detector kit MOPP levels Detailed troop decon MOPP gear exchange Mark contaminated area: radiological/bio/chem Prepare for NBC attack/protect against electromagnetic pulse Supervise radiation monitoring Using a dosimeter Collect/report total radiation dose 9-1 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-6 9-8 9-9 9-10 9-11 9-12 9-13 9-15 9-16 9-17 9-18 5 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS FIRE SUPPORT AND OBSERVATION PAGE Principles of fire support planning/coordination Call for fire Call for fire card Target list worksheet Mortar/artillery capabilities AFV Weapon capabilities Target acquisition/signature Attack helicopter capabilities Artillery counterfire 10-1 10-2 10-4 10-5 10-6 10-7 10-8 10-9 10-10 11-1 11-2 11-3 11-4 12-1 12-2 12-3 12-5 SUPPLIES/LOGISTICS Supplies and logistical services Precombat check (mech) Precombat check (light) Classes of supply COMMO Electro counter-counter measures Radio troubleshooting Splicing field wire Installing commo lines 6 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE COMMO Crossing objects with commo lines Messenger briefing 12-6 12-7 13-1 13-3 13-4 13-5 13-6 13-8 13-10 13-11 MINES/DEMO Install/remove hasty protective minefield DA Form 1355-1-R sample DA Form 1355-1-R (blank) Breaching and clearing minefields Nonelectric firing system Nonelectric/electric priming of demo block Clear nonelectric/electric misfires Electric firing system PEACEKEEPING Rules of engagement (ROE) Area assessment checklist Checkpoint/roadblock PIR checklist 14-1 14-2 14-4 7 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS PAGE Aircraft troop commander briefing Safety briefing checklist Reverse planning sequence Ground tactical plan considerations Landing plan considerations Landing zone selection criteria Air assault PZ/LZ planning considerations Extraction loading plan requirements Leader duties in air assault operations Chalk leader duties/platoon air assault Set up a helicopter landing site Night marking of PZs/LZs 15-1 15-2 15-3 15-4 15-5 15-6 15-7 15-8 15-9 15-10 15-11 15-13 8 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE MEDICAL Evaluate a casualty/first aid Shock .symptoms/first aid Heat exhaustion/heat cramps Heat stroke/sun stroke Frostbite Hypothermia/cold weather injury Request army air MEDEVAC Continuous operations planning Heat precautions 16-1 16-2 16-3 16-4 16-5 16-6 16-7 16-8 16-10 17-1 17-2 18-1 18-1 18-2 18-2 18-3 18-4 VEHICLE RECOVERY Vehicle recovery procedure checklist Vehicle recovery fundamentals AIR DEFENSE Engaging aircraft Weapons control status Air defense warning Local air defense warning Engagement/lead distances Passive air defense 9 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS COMBAT IN CITIES PAGE Built-up area fighting principles Attack and clear a building Organize building defense 19-1 19-2 19-3 LEGAL ASPECTS OF WAR Principles of the Law of War Rules of engagement (ROE) and the law of war Handling of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) 20-1 20-3 20-4 MISCELLANEOUS Spot report/SALUTE Find unknown range (WORM) Conversion table: US/metric Converting azimuths Reduce risk of fratricide 21-1 21-2 21-3 21-4 21-5 10 .

TABLE OF CONTENTS MISCELLANEOUS PAGE Risk management Risk management steps Risk management matrix Personnel records 21-7 21-8 21-10 21-11 ACRONYMS Acronyms 22-1 11 .

LEADING IN COMBAT 1 2 3 Set the example Lead from as far forward as you can Lead from a position where your soldiers can see you/your vehicle Lead from where you can control all elements physically or by radio Move to influence the action Make sound. quick decisions Forcefully execute decisions Use reverse planning sequence 4 5 6 7 8 Notes: 1 1-1 1 .

BASIC RULES OF COMBAT TYPE 1 RULE SECURE Use cover and concealment Establish local security/recon 2 MOVE Establish moving element/move to position of advantage Gain and maintain initiative 3 SHOOT Establish base of fire/mutual support Kill/suppress enemy 4 COMMUNICATE Inform everyone/tell soldiers what you expect 5 SUSTAIN Keep fight going/care for soldiers 1 1-2 1 .

TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ACTION Receive mission Issue warning order Make tentative plan Initiate necessary movement Conduct Reconnaissance Complete plan Issue orders Supervise and refine Notes: 2 2-1 2 .

Common uniform/equipment ______ __________________________________ c. Special teams/task organization ___ __________________________________ __________________________________ b. Tentative time schedule __________ __________________________________ 4. Special weapons. equipment __________________________________ __________________________________ d. Special Instructions ________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 2 2-2 2 . Mission __________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 3. General Instructions a. Situation _________________________ ____________________________________ 2. ammo.WARNING ORDER 1.

FACTORS OF METT-T (FACTORS APPLY TO FR & EN) ITEM 1 MISSION Intent one & two levels up Specified tasks Implied tasks Mission essential tasks Limitations/constraints Restated mission FACTORS 2 2-3 2 .

FACTORS OF METT-T ITEM 2 FACTORS ENEMY Disposition/composition Strength Recent activities Weaknesses Possible COAs Probable COAs Reinforcement abilities 2 2-4 2 .

FACTORS OF METT-T ITEM 3 FACTORS TROOPS AVAILABLE Key leaders Disposition Composition Strength (personnel/ materiel) Activities Weaknesses Morale Maintenance level Combat service support 2 2-5 2 .

FACTORS OF METT-T ITEM 4 FACTORS TERRAIN (OCOKA) Observation/Fields of fire Cover & concealment Obstacles Key terrain Avenues of approach 2 2-6 2 .

release points Use 1/3 .FACTORS OF METT-T ITEM 5 TIME Planning & preparation of combat orders Inspections & rehearsals Movement Line of departure Start.2/3 rule FACTORS 2 2-7 2 . critical.

ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 1. Mission/intent of commander 2 levels up b. Restated mission g. Mission essential tasks e. Detailed Mission analysis a. Constraints & limitations f. Mission/intent of immediate commander c. Tasks & purpose/specified & implied d. Tentative time schedule 2 2-8 2 .

effects on personnel & equipment OCOKA Visibility/trafficability mobility/survivability b. Terrain & weather . Estimate situation/develop course of action a. Enemy situation & COA Intentions Capabilities Disposition Composition Strengths Weaknesses Weapons/units Most probable COA based on doctrine/situation 2 2-9 2 .ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 2.

ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION c. Prepare a COA statement & sketch 2 2-10 2 . Friendly situation Troops available Equipment available Time available d. Friendly COA (repeat for each COA) Decisive point & time to focus combat power Results that must be achieved Purposes & tasks of main & supporting efforts Task organization to accomplish mission Control measures e.

Analyze COAs Mission specific factors mission essential tasks commander's intent relative effectiveness logistic support General Factors characteristics of offense and defense METT-T weapon utilization 2 2-11 2 .ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 3.

ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 4. Compare Courses of Action considering how well the COA: Supports scheme of maneuver Helps command & control Concentrates combat power at decisive point Forces provide mutual support Responds to maneuver elements & reserve 1 2 3 2 2-12 2 .

ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 4. Compare Courses of Action considering how well the COA: Exploits enemy weakness Accounts for weather Uses best avenue of approach Provides enough maneuver space Maximizes observation & ranges of weapon systems Provides cover & concealment 1 2 3 2 2-13 2 .

ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION 4. Compare Courses of Action considering how well the COA: Considers obstacles Controls key terrain Helps speed of execution Does not require adjustment of unit positions Uses all HQs Requires normal CSS 5. Decision 1 2 3 2 2-14 2 .

right. Enemy forces: b. Friendly forces: Mission/concept higher Location & actions of units on left. Situation a. rear Units providing fire support 2 2-15 2 .OPERATION ORDER Task organization: 1. front.

Execution Intent a.OPERATION ORDER 2. Concept of the operation (1) Maneuver 2 2-16 2 . Mission 3.

OPERATION ORDER (2) Fires b. Tasks to maneuver units c. Coordinating instructions (1) Time schedule (2) PIR 2 2-17 2 . Tasks to combat support units d.

Command: b.OPERATION ORDER 4. Command and Signal a. Service Support: a. Signal: 2 2-18 2 . General: 5.

Execution 4. Situation 2. Command/Signal 2 2-19 2 . Service Support 5. Mission 3.FRAGMENTARY ORDER (FRAGO provides changes to an existing order. Address only elements that have changed) Reference Task organization 1.

FRAGMENTARY ORDER TIME SCHEDULE WHEN WHAT WHERE WHO 2 2-20 2 .

FRAGMENTARY ORDER LIGHT AND WEATHER DATA ITEM BMNT/EENT Sun Rise Sun Set Moon Rise % Illum Moon Set NVG Hours Temp High/Lo Winds Precip Effects of light & weather: FIRST DAY NEXT DAY 2 2-21 2 .

ACTIONS BEFORE MARCH STEP 1 2 ACTION Give warning order Select quartering party NCO and send to team CP Recon route from AA to SP Record time from AA to SP Adjust departing time from AA to arrive at SP on time Have crews perform precombat checks Have vehicle commanders report their status Give march order to vehicle commanders 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 3-1 3 .

DUTIES OF QUARTERING PARTY STEP 1 2 ACTION Inspect intended assembly area for enemy NBC/mines Secure platoon area until platoon arrives Establish and maintain commo Clear or mark obstacles Select general location of vehicle positions. meet platoon Guide platoon into area Brief platoon leader 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 3-2 3 . mark places Select covered/concealed route to RP.

MARCH ORDERS 1. Order of march ___________________ ____________________________________ 3 3-3 3 . March interval (meters) _____________ 6. SP time __________________________ 5. Time unit leaves present position ____ _____________________________________ 10. Route of march (map) ______________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ 3. Catch up speed (mph/kph) __________ 8. RP (map) _______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ 4. Destination (map) __________________ _____________________________________ 2. critical points. Location of SP. March speed (mph/kph) _____________ 7. Time and location of scheduled halts _____________________________________ _____________________________________ 9.

critical points. RP (unless under radio listening silence) 2 3 4 5 If under radio listening silence use hand and arm signals.ACTIONS DURING MARCH ITEM 1 ACTION Arrive at SP on time at march speed with proper march interval Maintain ground and air security Observe vehicle sectors of responsibility Report SP. flag signals. or flashlight signals 3 3-4 3 .

maintain order Establish/maintain security Move disabled vehicles off road .ACTIONS AT HALTS ITEM 1 ACTION Pull to side of route .post guides to direct traffic Maintain observation/contact with other vehicles Report status Take appropriate actions/repair vehicles if possible 2 3 4 5 6 3 3-5 3 .

ACTIONS AT ASSEMBLY AREA ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ACTION Follow guides into preselected secure positions Clear RP without halting Emplace/maintain security/OPs Conduct fire planning Establish wire commo net/ coordinate with other units Check/adjust positions. camouflage positions Start maintenance/resupply/ rearming Prepare/rehearse reaction plan 3 3-6 3 .

supporting. rearm. adjacent units Rehearse Conduct PMCS as required Check/integrate attachments 4 4-1 4 .PREPARATION FOR ATTACK TASK ACTION 1 Issue warning order 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Move to assembly area Perform commo check Check weapons Check key equipment Rehearse critical tasks Recon rtes to LD/OBJ Issue OPORD Resupply. refuel Coordinate w/higher.

PREPARATION FOR ATTACK TASK 14 15 16 17 18 19 ACTION Check NBC situation/confirm MOPP status Inspect troops Inspect vehicles Feed troops Rest troops Move to LD Notes: Several steps may occur concurrently. 4 4-2 4 .

CONSOLIDATION STEP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ACTION Eliminate all remaining enemy resistance on objective Occupy hasty positions/ prepare for counterattack Bring up base of fire element Prepare for a counterattack Position key weapon systems Develop quick fire plan Prepare range cards Begin planning to continue attack (map recon. orders) Notes: 4 4-3 4 .

REORGANIZATION STEP 1 ACTION Reestablish chain of command Restore commo with higher. process 4 4-4 4 . FSO Report status: ACE (AMMO/ Casualties/Equipment) Request resupply as needed 2 Reestablish security/prep for counterattack Reman key weapons Redistribute ammo. supplies. equipment as needed 3 Clear objective of casualties & EPW Treat. evacuate. adjacent.

REORGANIZATION STEP 4 ACTION Prepare for next mission Relocate weapons & positions Reoccupy & repair positions Repair obstacles & mines Repair & maintain equipment Notes: 4 4-5 4 .

priority targets 6 7 8 9 5 5-1 5 .DEFENSIVE PRIORITY OF WORK STEP 1 2 3 4 5 TASK Establish local security Position key weapons & vehicles Posn sqds/assign sectors Set up commo net Coordinate with adjacent units for interlocking sectors Clear fields of fire Prepare range cards Prepare squad & platoon sector sketches Site final protective line (FPL) and fires (FPF).

DEFENSIVE PRIORITY OF WORK
STEP 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 TASK Prep fighting positions Emplace mines & obstacles Establish fire control measures Assign alternate & supplementary battle positions Take NBC protective measures Improve primary positions Prep alternate then suppl posns Establish sleep/rest plan Recon supply/evac routes Rehearse actions on contact Stockpile ammo, food, water Continue to improve positions

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DEFENSE PLANNING OUTLINE
1. Commander's intent ________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 2. Platoon/squad mission _____________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 3. Position in company defense ________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 4. Sectors of fire/EAs/TRPs____________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 5. Fire support available ______________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 6. Evacuate/destroy procedures for damaged vehicles ____________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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DEFENSE PLANNING OUTLINE
7. Evacuation procedures for friendly casualties___________________________ ____________________________________ 8. Place to take EPW _________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 9. Special signals to use ______________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 10. On-order mission for platoon/squad ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 11. Position and mission of units on flanks ______________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 12. Position and mission of units in the rear ________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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COORDINATION CHECKLIST
STEP ITEM 1 Location of leaders 2 3 4 5 Location of primary, alternate, & supplementary positions Sectors of fire of machine guns, anti-armor weapons & subunits Route to alternate & supplementary positions Location of dead space between platoons & squads & how to cover it Location of OPs & withdrawal routes back to the platoon or squad position Location & types of obstacles & how to cover them

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activities & passage plan for scouts & other units forward of platoon position Signals for fire/cease fire & any emergency signals Engagement & disengagement criteria Location of coordination points 11 12 13 5 5-6 5 . type.size. times of departure & return & routes Fire support planned Location.COORDINATION CHECKLIST STEP 8 9 10 ITEM Patrols .

cover & concealment Overlapping sectors 2 Designate OP security & secure reporting procedures Establish withdrawal plan with procedures & routes Prepare to call for/adjust 3 indirect fire. Use overlapping sectors of observation Change observers every 20-30 minutes as situation permits 5 5 5-7 5 . recorder & security Search. identify & report personnel.name observer.ESTABLISH OBSERVATION POST ITEM ACTION 1 Select site . etc. navigation tools & commo equipment 4 Conduct surveillance . vehicles. use binos/ NODs.

correctly 2 Site to engage the enemy select best position. repair. cover dead space. METT-T dependent Prep by stages with inspection Improvement is progressive 3 5 5-8 5 .FIGHTING POSITION GUIDELINES ITEM DESCRIPTION 1 Protection . especially after rain & after direct/indirect fires Maintain.provide cover & concealment . use max eff range & provide interlocking fires Priority to effective weapon system use.adequate to cover enemy weapons Position .make sure it cannot be seen Fill sandbags 3/4 full Revet excavations in sandy soil Check stabilization of wall bases Inspect daily. improve Use proper material.

1 M16 long. soldier emplace sector stakes Position log or sandbag between stakes Scoop out elbow holes Position lim vis aiming stakes Trace outline on ground Clear fields of fire Leader inspects position 2 Emplace walls: 1 helmet distance from hole to start of cover Front wall 2-3 sandbags high by 2 M16s long for 2 man position Flank wall same height. rear wall 1 sandbag high by 1 M16 long Stakes required to hold logs Leader inspects position 5 5-9 5 .BUILD FIGHTING POSITION STAGE ACTION Establish position: 1 Leader check fields of fire.

BUILD FIGHTING POSITION STAGE 3 ACTION Dig the position: throw & pack dirt Armpit deep Parapets filled. ponchos) placed over top 6" . cannot detect at 35M Logs placed over center front to rear Waterproofing (plastic bags.8" of dirt/sandbags piled on top Overhead cover & bottom camouflaged Leader inspects position 4 5 5-10 5 . all camouflaged Grenade sumps dug/floor sloped Rucksack storage optional Leader inspects position Overhead cover: camouflage blended.

alternate. supplementary position STEP ACTION 1 Draw symbol for weapon/ position in center circle 2 Draw/label L&R sector limits 3 Determine range value for each circle by dividing range to most distant terrain feature by number of circles & label card Draw final protective lines/ principal direction of fire Draw and number TRPs.RANGE CARD PREPARATION Note: Make card and copy for each primary. RPs and possible EAs as ordered Show dead space areas and label Draw max engagement lines Draw terrain features/mark wpn ref point from terrain or grid 4 5 6 7 8 5 5-11 5 .

ammo. range (meters) to limits. grid. magnetic az. TRPs. distance from WRP to position) in remarks 11 Fill in marginal info. describe objects 10 Fill in wpn ref data (description. not higher than company & direction of magnetic north arrow 5 5-12 5 .RANGE CARD PREPARATION STEP 9 ACTION Fill in data section Identify primary. ref points in numerical order Show gun elev (mils). alternate or supplementary position Date & time range card complete Identify weapon/vehicle List L&R limits. TRPs & ref points.

RANGE CARD PREPARATION SQD PLT CO May be used for all types of direct fire weapons MAGNETIC NORTH . DIRECTION/ DEFLECTION ELEVATION DATE EACH CIRCLE EQUALS METERS RANGE AMMO DESCRIPTION REMARKS: DA FORM 5517 R 5 5-13 5 . DATA SECTION POSITION IDENTIFICATION WEAPON NO.

RANGE CARD PREPARATION 5 5-14 5 .

alternate and supplementary position ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ACTION Draw your unit sector or EA Draw main terrain features in sector(s) and range to each Draw subunit positons Draw subunit primary and secondary sectors of fire Draw weapon positions with primary sectors of fire for each Draw MEL for each weapon/ ammo Draw machine gun/cannon final protective lines or principal direction of fire Draw location of CP/OP Draw TRPs and RPs in sector 8 9 5 5-15 5 .SECTOR SKETCH PREPARATION Make card and copy for each primary.

DTG prepared.SECTOR SKETCH PREPARATION ITEM ACTION 10 Draw mines/obstacles 11 Draw indirect fire target locations/final protective fire locations 12 Draw and label dead space 13 14 15 16 Draw patrol routes Draw locations. and magnetic north arrow on sketch (pencil) Notes: 5 5-16 5 . sector of fire of other weapons in your sector Draw location of NODs for use in limited visibility plan Place your unit ID.

SECTOR SKETCH PREPARATION 5 5-17 5 .

alternate & supplementary positions Designate general location of primary posns.OCCUPATION OF A BATTLE POSITION (BP) STEP ACTION 1 Move to turret-down psn on BP 2 Keep rest of plt in hide psn(s) 3 4 5 6 7 Recon primary. plan rts to next BP 8 9 5 5-18 5 . sectors of fire/EA/TRP Coord w/flank/adjacent units OPs/patrols Observation & fields of fire Positions/routes of withdrawal Wire commo Rpt situation to Co/Tm Cdr Improve psn. move platoon Designate primary sectors of fire/EA/TRP Designate alt & suppl psns.

FIGHTING FROM A VEHICLE BATTLE POSITION (BP) STEP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ACTION Determine targets to engage Determine methods of target engagement Send contact and spot report Issue platoon fire commands Call for indirect fire as needed Send spot reports Move to subsequent BP Keep Co/Tm Cdr informed of situation and location Organize to fight from BPs 5 5-19 5 .

considering range. expose only systems actually needed Control firing. to gain standoff advantage Take best shots. terrain and weapon capability Concentrate on long range targets if possible. conserve ammo if possible Avoid fratricide Engage different threats simultaneously 5 6 7 8 9 5 5-20 5 . engage laterally and in depth 2 3 4 Avoid target overkill Use each weapon in its best role Destroy most dangerous targets first.FIRE DISTRIBUTION AND CONTROL ITEM PRINCIPLE 1 Engage critical targets first.

CAMOUFLAGE ACTION STEP 1 Prepare individual/equipment Consider position from enemy 2 viewpoint Use natural concealment/blend Reduce shine and movement Observe from prone position Don't skyline when moving Inspect the following areas Individuals/Fighting positions Vehicles and routes in and out Noise/light discipline plan Camouflage nets Break up vehicle silhouettes use nets Reduce glare and signatures Reduce vehicle noise 3 4 5 6 5 5-21 5 .

PHYSICAL SECURITY ACTION STEP 1 Conduct patrols 2 Conduct stand-to (general) Troops ready Vehicles topped off/loaded/ ready Basic load of missiles/ammo Weapons loaded/ready 3 Radios on/tested Conduct stand-to (evening) Emplace vision block covers/ turn internal lights off Ready driver's night vision viewer Test panel control lights/ thermal sights Prepare NVGs/NODs 5 5-22 5 .

PHYSICAL SECURITY STEP ACTION Check all batteries Upload wpns and ammo Inspect vehicle position to insure no light is visible after dark Silent watch Assign sectors for surveillance Use manual. or AVP power when possible Use radio listening silence Rotate troops using thermal sight(s) Lay guns on primary AAs/EAs 5 Post local security Assign sectors/observe sectors Adjust position(s) closer to vehicle(s) at night 4 5 5-23 5 . battery.

sensors. NOD) 2 Coordinate any movement outside battle psn boundaries with higher and adjacent units Redeploy some units & weapons to concentrate along dismounted avenues of approach Employ scouts. OP.DEFENDING DURING LIMITED VISIBILITY ITEM ACTION 1 Employ long range STANO equip (GSR. patrols. and armor killer teams forward on secondary AA and between positions Employ nuisance obstacles and early warning devices along likely night approaches 3 4 5 5 5-24 5 . ambushes.

DEFENDING DURING LIMITED VISIBILITY ITEM 6 ACTION Plan required movement of weapons. and massing of fires on enemy approaches Rehearse movement of weapons. units. and massing of fires on enemy approaches Reposition weapons to take advantage of differences between enemy and friendly STANO devices Plan illumination on or behind engagement areas to silhouette enemy 7 8 9 5 5-25 5 . units.

DEFENDING DURING LIMITED VISIBILITY ITEM 10 ACTION Move TRPs and/or EAs closer to defensive positions or move weapons closer to themuse METT-T Commence adjustments to defensive organization before dark Complete return to daylight positions before dawn Move closer to avenue(s) of approach you guard during bad weather Be aware that sensors and radar may still penetrate bad weather 11 12 13 14 5 5-26 5 .

ambushes to slow enemy Trade space for time 6 6-1 6 .FUNDAMENTALS OF DELAY ITEM 1 ACTION Centralized control and decentralized execution Maintain enemy contact Coordinate flank security Maximize OCOKA Observation and fields of fire Cover and concealment Obstacles Key terrain 2 Avenues of approach 3 Force enemy maneuver/deploy Use snipers.

FUNDAMENTALS OF DELAY ITEM ACTION 4 Use obstacles Natural and reinforcing Cover by observation/fire Maintain enemy contact Keep enemy in sight Observe and adjust fires Keep free to maneuver Avoid decisive engagement Displace to next position 7 Missions: delay in sector or forward of a line or position for specified time Assign sectors for each committed unit/avenue of approach Each unit sets up own security 5 6 8 9 6 6-2 6 .

Size and composition of advance parties _____________________________ ____________________________________ 6. Size and composition of overwatch forces ______________________________ ____________________________________ 7.DISENGAGEMENT PLANNING 1. Location of new positions ___________ ____________________________________ 5. Combat service support ____________ ____________________________________ 7 7-1 7 . Location of overwatch forces ________ ____________________________________ 8. Scheme of maneuver _______________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 2. Priority of disengagement ___________ ____________________________________ 4. Time of disengagement _____________ ____________________________________ 3.

DISENGAGEMENT ACTIONS ITEM 1 ACTION Deceive the enemy with smoke. radio transmissions Use overwatch elements to keep enemy pressure off disengaging forces Maintain OPSEC/COMSEC Recon/prepare routes Recon/prepare new positions Plan to move wounded Plan to move equipment Move CSS early Move during limited visibility Use obstacles to slow enemy 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7 7-2 7 . patrols. fires.

Size of passage lanes 5. Disposition of the stationary force 2. Supporting fires 12. Known or suspected enemy 3. CS/CSS 14. Initial location 8. Time of transfer of responsibility 9.PASSAGE OF LINES COORDINATION (MECH) 1. Execution (LIGHT) 1. Select routes 4. What type support provided 7 7-3 7 . Actions on contact 5. Assembly area (rearward move) 7. Attack position (forward move) 6. Traffic control/guides 10. Fire & barrier plan 4. Communications/call signs/ frequencies 11. Contact points 3. Recognition signals 13. Ask for changes to previous coordination 2.

WITHDRAWAL UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION 1 Withdrawal principles Co Cdr controls sequence of plt withdrawals/PL controls squads Initiate break contact drill using fire. thinning the lines 7 7-4 7 . obscuration 2 Disengagement technique based on enemy status. available covering fires Simultaneous when overwatch is present. overwatch. by teams. terrain. maneuver.

WITHDRAWAL UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION 3 Maintain base of fire Move AT weapons/tanks back first against enemy mounted attack Use Infantry in close terrain/ limited visibility/against dismounted enemy Plan for/specify Scheme for maneuver Time of withdrawal Location of new positions Size/make-up of advance party/overwatch forces Battle/overwatch positions Routes/checkpoints 4 7 7-5 7 .

WITHDRAWAL UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION Remount point(s) Evacuation of wounded Evacuation of equipment Priorities Obstacles Items to destroy Notes: 7 7-6 7 .

WITHDRAWAL NOT UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM 1 ACTION Withdrawal principles Speed/secrecy/deception At night/in reduced visibility As part of a larger force to perform another mission 2 For plt as company security force Cover entire company area Reposition sqds/wpns to cover withdrawal Place 1 sqd's key weapons in each plt psn to cover most dangerous AA Co XO or PL is security force leader 7 7-7 7 .

WITHDRAWAL NOT UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION 3 For security force made up of 1 sqd / 1mg tm / 2 dragons SL left in position is plt security leader Reposition sqd to cover plt withdrawal and plt area CP scty force Cdr controls plt scty force during withdrawal 4 Security Force Conceals withdrawal Deceives enemy-keeps up normal operating patterns Provides covering fire if enemy attacks Withdraw when company is at next position or as ordered 7 7-8 7 .

conducts fire and maneuver to rear until they break contact 5 Quartering party Send ahead before withdrawal PSG and guide for each squad Recons and selects psn/ sectors/routes/OP for plt Meets and guides plt into psn PSG meets/briefs PL on position/situation 7 7-9 7 .WITHDRAWAL NOT UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION Gets withdrawal order by land line or radio codeword Uses company plan to withdraw Reassembles to move to rear If under attack.

WITHDRAWAL NOT UNDER ENEMY PRESSURE ITEM ACTION 6 Company OPORD contains Time withdrawal will start Location of plt/co assembly area & routes between Plt mission(s) upon arrival Size/org/Cdr of scty force Next co/plt mission 7 Platoon Leader plans When his withdrawal starts Location of sqd/plt assembly areas and routes between Sqd missions on arrival Size/org/Cdr of scty force Next plt/sqd mission(s) 7 7-10 7 .

RELIEF IN PLACE ITEM ACTION 1 Incoming leader recons area 2 Incoming and outgoing leaders coordinate 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Exchange liaison personnel Coordinate positions of weapons and vehicles Exchange range cards and fire plans Exchange relief or organic fire support elements Coordinate obstacles locations Transfer responsibility for minefields Coordinate routes into and out of positions Coordinate vehicle guides 7 7-11 7 .

and other material to incoming unit 12 13 14 15 Coordinate commo for one net during relief Coordinate enemy situation and intelligence Coordinate sequence of relief Coordinate time of change of responsibility for the area Notes: 7 7-12 7 . POL.RELIEF IN PLACE ITEM ACTION 11 Transfer excess ammo. wire lines.

PATROL PLANNING STEPS ACTION STEP 1 Identify actions on objective then plan backward 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Analyze mission in accordance with factors of METT-T Task organize Organize patrol Select personnel/wpns/equip Issue warning order Coordinate Make recon Complete detailed plans Issue order Supervise/inspect/rehearse Execute mission 8 8-1 8 .

RPs. PBs Light/weather data Changes in friendly situation Attachment of soldiers with special skills/equip Use/location of LZs Departure/reentry of friendly lines Fire support on obj & along planned primary/alt routes Rehearsal areas & times Special equipment 8 8-2 8 .PATROL COORDINATION ITEM 1 DESCRIPTION Between leader & BN staff or CO CDR Changes/updates to enemy situation Best use of terrain for routes.

PATROL COORDINATION ITEM DESCRIPTION Transportation support Signal plan Coord with unit thru which plt/sqd will conduct forward & rearward passage of lines PL coordinate with leaders of other patrols 2 3 Notes: 8 8-3 8 .

COMPLETE THE PLAN ITEM 1 DESCRIPTION Essential & supporting tasks on objective. completion of tasks on obj. security/surveillance locations. movement to ORP. return through friendly lines Primary & alternate routes Signals. including rehearsal of special signals 2 3 4 8 8-4 8 . RPs. estab of security. along routes/passage lanes Key travel & execution times for movement. leader recon. danger areas.

EPWs Contingency plans Where leader is going Who else is going along Amount of time leader is planning to be gone Actions to be taken if leader does not return Actions on chance contact while leader is gone 6 7 8 8-5 8 .COMPLETE THE PLAN ITEM 5 DESCRIPTION Challenge & password forward of friendly lines (SOI not forward of FEBA) Actions on enemy contact. including WIA/KIA.

DEPARTURE FROM FRIENDLY LINES
ITEM 1 DESCRIPTION Coordinate with CDR of forward unit/leaders of other patrols SOI, plans, password, procedures, rally points, enemy information PL provide unit ID, patrol size, departure & return times, AO Fwd unit provide info on terrain, en posns/activity, ambush sites, friendly posns, OPs, obstacles & fire plan, support available Planning Move to initial rally point Complete final coordination Move to/thru passage point/single file Establish security

2

3

8

8-6

8

RALLY POINTS
ITEM 1 DESCRIPTION Selection Easy to find Offer cover & concealment Away from natural lines of drift Defendable for short periods Types Initial - inside friendly lines En route - every 100-400 meters based on terrain, vegetation, visibility Objective rally point (ORP) out of sight, sound, small arms range Reentry rally point outside friendly FPF Near & far side rally points danger areas

2

8

8-7

8

PATROL REPORT (DEBRIEFED)
A. Patrol size and composition _________ ____________________________________ B. Mission (type, location, purpose of patrol) _____________________________ ____________________________________ C. Time of Departure and return________ ___________________________________ D. Routes out and back (checkpoints, grid, overlays) _______________________ E. Decription of terrain and enemy position ____________________________ F. Results of enemy encounters _______ ____________________________________ G. Misc information/map corrections____ ____________________________________ H. Condition of personnel _____________ ____________________________________ I. Conclusions/recommendations_______ ____________________________________

8

8-8

8

SELECTION OF A PATROL BASE
STEP ACTION 1 Pick tentative PB site from map or aerial recon 2 Plan for alternate site; recon and observe until occupied or not needed 3 Select site considering lack of tactical value to enemy, terrain, trafficability, water Plan for OPs/commo with OPs Plan for defense of PB, withdrawal routes, rally and rendezvous points Provide security/alert plan, camouflage, noise/light/litter discipline Avoid enemy positions, built up areas, ridges, roads/trails, slopes

4 5

6

7

8

8-9

8

OPs. move clockwise 6 R&S teams report enemy activity. RPs. withdrawal routes 7 Ldr designates routes and RPs outside 8 Each element sets commo.OCCUPATION OF A PATROL BASE STEP ACTION 1 Approach .halt patrol Conduct leader recon of site 2 Recon Patrol ldr designates entry point/CP at center of base Element ldrs recon sectors and return to CP Ldr sends 2 to bring patrol fwd 3 Occupation single file/camouflaged 4 Ldr check perimeter by meeting element leaders in turn 5 R&S team recon fwd. OPs 8 8-10 8 .

commo. OPs. rotate leaders Withdrawal plan Signals.PATROL BASE ACTIVITIES STEP 1 ACTION Security One point of entry/exit Noise light litter discipline challenge all Aiming stakes & claymores in Each sqd estab OP/dig hasty posns SLs prep sector sketch/range cards Alert plan & stand-to time day & night Check posns. order. rendezvous point Maintenance plan for wpns. NVDs Sanitation & personal hygiene plan Mess plan & water resupply Sterilize upon departure 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8-11 8 .

in poor visibility.PRINCIPLES OF A RAID ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 TASKS Conduct with combat patrol. from unexpected direction and terrain Concentrate fire at critical points Achieve violence by surprise. plan withdrawal Attack /destroy posn/ installation Destroy or capture enemy troops/equipment Rescue friendly personnel Gather Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) Do not become decisively engaged Attack when least expected. aggressive attack 8 9 8 8-12 8 . massed fire.

conduct leader recon of objective Coordinate movements of elements to objective 2 Security element duties Move to positions.seal off area Inform patrol leader of changes on objective Shoot only if detected or on order. cover withdrawal of assault and support elements from ORP 8 8-13 8 .CONDUCT A RAID STEP ACTION 1 Patrol move to ORP for recon Recon & secure ORP. secure ORP Block avenues of approach into/prevent escape from objective area.

secure objective when supporting fire lifts or shifts Protect demolition/search teams Withdraw on order/signal 5 Reorganize patrol 1km or 1 terrain feature from ORP: report. treat casualties.CONDUCT A RAID STEP ACTION 3 Support element duties Move into psn prior to assault element Cover withdrawal of assault element Withdraw on order/signal 4 Assault element duties Deploy close to objective for immediate assault (if detected) Seize. redistribute ammo. disseminate info 8 8-14 8 .

unit deploys to 2 or more related point ambushes in area Security elements/teams on flank & rear if possible 8 8-15 8 .PRINCIPLES OF AN AMBUSH ITEM PRINCIPLE 1 Place effective fires into entire kill zone .enemy attacked 6 in single kill zone 7 Area ambush .assign sectors 2 Use well-trained teams with simple plan and prior recon 3 Maintain security. especially when returning to friendly psn 4 Soldier and weapon placement priority to concealment and fields of fire 5 Clear signals to open/shift/cease fire Point ambush .

PRINCIPLES OF AN AMBUSH
ITEM PRINCIPLE Pl reorganize into assault element, support element, security element Man trap/natural boundary on far side of kill zone Plan indirect fires to seal area & cover withdrawal Initiate with most casualty producing wpn - have backup 8 Vehicular ambush - stop lead & trail vehicles in kill zone; kill armor first Night ambush similar to day Control soldiers/issue clear orders & signals Use sector stakes Move to position after EENT; plan illum

9

8

8-16

8

ORGANIZE AN AMBUSH
STEP 1 2 3 ACTION Point or area? L-shaped or linear? Are routes to & from concealed & known to all? Do positions provide early warning & effective fires onto kill zone? Is kill zone isolated & dead space covered w/mines, demo, indirect fire? Does everyone know signal (& backup) to warn of enemy approach, initiate ambush, shift/lift, withdraw? Does everyone know withdrawal routes & sequence?

4

5

6

8

8-17

8

ORGANIZE AN AMBUSH
STEP 7 8 9 10 ACTION Are routes covered by mines or indirect fire if ambush fails? Does everyone know what to do if ambush detected? What is the running password? Does everyone know teams/ tasks?

Notes:

8

8-18

8

CONDUCT AN AMBUSH
STEP ACTION 1 Ambush formation based on METT-T/overall situation Ease of control/target 2 Patrol halt at ORP Establish security/confirm location Recon objective to confirm plan 3 4 Return to ORP/leave R&S team Security element secure ORP & flank of ambush site Support/assault elements leave ORP When security in position Occupy positions Support overwatches assault move to ambush site

8

8-19

8

target size. special weapons/ equipment Patrol ldr alerts other elements Initiates when most of target in kill zone Lift/shift fire if assault into zone required 8 Withdraw to ORP for accountability. disseminate information.CONDUCT AN AMBUSH STEP 5 6 ACTION Patrol waits for target after all elements in position Security team alerts patrol on enemy direction of movement. return to friendly position 7 8 8-20 8 .

PLAN A RECON MISSION STEP ACTION 1 Make estimate of the situation Current intelligence Capabilities of unit Task organize to support mission 2 Plan Intelligence Deceptive measures Use of smallest unit possible to accomplish mission Methods to remain undetected Use of STANO devices Rehearsal Ways to minimize audio and electronic equipment Inspection of recon force and equipment 8 8-21 8 .

PLAN A RECON MISSION STEP ACTION 3 Subordinate missions Command and control Recon of objective Security of force Notes: 8 8-22 8 .

move to next ORP and repeat 2 Use converging routes method Leader select ORP. Recon rtes through zone. entire unit links up at end 8 8-23 8 .RECON ZONE ITEM 1 METHOD Use fan method PL selects series of ORPs through zone Select recon rtes to and from ORP overlapping rtes form fan shaped pattern around ORP. Recon elements recon adjacent rtes After recon complete. and then a link up point Each element recons own route.

RECON ZONE ITEM 3 METHOD Use successive sectors method Leader selects ORP. a series of recon rtes. and link up points Each link up point becomes ORP for next phase Notes: 8 8-24 8 .

clearly defined. recon element & security return to ORP and disseminate information OR 8 8-25 8 . with specific avenues of approach Conduct leader recon Designate positions for security team Security teams move on covered & concealed rtes to posns After security in place.RECON AREA ITEM METHOD 1 Separate recon and security elements if objective restricted in area. recon element departs ORP to recon objective After obj recon.

RECON AREA ITEM 2 METHOD Combine R&S elements if objective not clearly defined and located. entire unit departs when recon complete 8 8-26 8 . acts as quick reaction force. and terrain does not permit plt to secure objective area or if detection possible One R&S team stay in ORP to act as reaction force in case of contact Several R&S teams recon separate parts of obj. then link up at point on far side of objective 1 R&S team w/one follow on security team to follow. then link up at ORP 2 R&S teams use ORP as release point.

RECON AREA ITEM 4 METHOD Recon objective by long range surveillance if possible. short range surveillance if required by METT-T. fire support Notes: 8 8-27 8 . avoid detection Techniques: observe/collect/ record information about enemy/ use binos Well-rehearsed plan Cover movement w/battlefield noise Establish control measures. alternate routes.

spray.(UTM coord) Direction of attack from observer (Degrees) (Mils) Date-time group of detonation/ *area attacked (DTC) Location of attack/*area attacked (Actual) (Estimated) (UTM coord) Means of delivery (artillery.NBC-1 REPORT LINE ITEM *CHEM/BIO B C D F Position of observer . mortar.) G H Height of burst/*type of agent (Air) (Surface) (Unknown) 9 9-1 9 . etc.

NBC-4 REPORT LINE ITEM Height of burst/*agent-type (Air) (Surface) (Unknown) H Q Location of reading (UTM coord) (Air) (Liquid) R Dose rate . 1 meter above the ground (cGy/hr) S DTG of initial reading 9 9-2 9 .measure in open.

M256 kit Leaders check for readiness Cover equipment not in active use 9 9-3 9 .NBC-PRIOR TO ATTACK STEP 1 2 ACTION Increase MOPP level IAW intel Set up chemical agent alarm 100-150 m out & upwind Prevent tampering Attach M42 to M43A1 w/wire (MAX 400M). place near PLT CP & commo Reservice/check every 24 hrs 3 4 5 6 7 Affix M8/M9 detector paper Prep overhead cover Alert detection teams.

cover equipment. liquid M8/M9 paper. AND GRID" message leaders give order to mask & take protective action 2 3 Seek overhead cover for self. GAS.NBC-DURING ATTACK STEP ACTION STOP BREATHING. MASK & 1 GIVE ALARM warn subordinate & higher: send "GAS. close inlet/outlet ports of M8A1 alarm 4 5 9 9-4 9 . close up vehicle Decontaminate M258A1/M291 on skin & equip M11/M13DAP to apply DS2 Go to MOPP4 Initate detection measures: vapor M256 kit. GAS.

NBC-DURING ATTACK ACTION STEP 6 Report. send follow up NBC1 reports 7 8 Notes: Leaders check personnel & protection Continue the mission 9 9-5 9 .

M12 3 4 5 9 9-6 9 . equipment & areas Maintain MOPP4 until ordered to lower level Decontaminate personnel w/M258A1/M291 kits. Apply DS-2 to vehicles Hasty decon: MOPP gear exchange. vehicle washdown w/M17LDS.NBC-AFTER ATTACK STEP 1 2 ACTION CONTINUE THE MISSION Minimize effects on personnel/ equipment Inform CP of extent of contamination-mark personnel.

equipment (decon plt) Casualties .decon with PDK & wrapped as appropriate 6 Notes: 9 9-7 9 .NBC-AFTER ATTACK STEP ACTION Deliberate decon: detailed troop (unit).

have 1-2 soldiers unmask in shade for 5 minutes.UNMASKING WITH CHEMICAL AGENT DETECTOR KIT STEP 1 ACTION Use all available detection equipment (M8 & M9 paper. if none. remain alert for symptoms.) before proceeding Get Cdr's approval Employ M256 or M256A1 Detector Kit If no chemical agent detected. remask for 10 minutes Check for symptoms. 2 3 4 5 9 9-8 9 . others may unmask. chemical alarms. etc.

have soldiers unmask for 5 minutes. etc.) before proceeding 2 Get Cdr's approval 3 Have 1-3 soldiers hold breath & break seal of mask in shade for 15 seconds. if none. break seal of mask. 7 others may unmask. remain alert for symptoms 9 9-9 9 . clear & check masks. if none. wait 10 minutes 5 Check for symptoms. remask for 10 minutes Check for symptoms. chemical alarms. repeat Step 4 6 If no symptoms. take 2-3 breaths. eyes open 4 Reseal.UNMASK WITHOUT CHEMICAL AGENT DETECTOR KIT STEP ACTION 1 Use all available detection equip (M8 & M9 paper.

9 OVERMOPP GARMENTS LEVEL 0 Carried OVERBOOTS MASK/HOOD carried carried GLOVES carried MOPP LEVELS Worn open 1 or closed Worn open 2 or closed Worn open 3 or closed worn worn worn worn worn carried carried carried carried 9-10 4 Worn closed worn worn worn 9 .

DETAILED TROOP DECON STEP 1 2 3 ACTION Equipment decon Mask/hood decon & boot shuffle Remove over garment jacket-high jumper trousers Remove boot & glove Monitor (medical/contam eval) Mask removal (vapor control line) Mask decon Re-issue point 4 5 6 7 8 9 9-11 9 .

MOPP GEAR EXCHANGE STEP *solo 1 2 3 ACTION **buddy team assist Gear drop & decon* Decon hood & roll** Remove overgarment** jacket black side out trousers Remove overboots & step on jackets** Remove CP gloves** Put on overgarment* Put on overboots* Put on CP gloves* Roll down & secure hood** Secure gear* 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 9-12 9 .

MARK CONTAMINATED AREA: RADIOLOGICAL/BIO/CHEM STEP ACTION 1 Locate/identify contaminated area 2 For radiological use marker labeled ATOM. Use same procedures as above. Print information so word "ATOM" faces toward you & in upright psn: print dose rate (centigrays/hr ). if known 4 Position markers so information faces away from contaminated area 9 9-13 9 . If unknown print "UNKNOWN" 3 For biological use marker labeled BIO. for chemical use marker labeled GAS. stating type of agent. date/time (state ZULU or local) of reading & detonation.

MARK CONTAMINATED AREA: RADIOLOGICAL/BIO/CHEM STEP 5 ACTION Attach markers so they can be seen from all routes through area. Place ATOM markers at locations where dose rate measures 1 centigray/hr (cGy/hr) or more 6 Notes: 9 9-14 9 . ensure each is visible from previous marker.

insulate antenna guy lines 3 4 5 9 9-15 9 . Protect electronic equipment against EMP by disconnecting antennas & spare equipment. doors. close hatches. bury 18" Use remote sets only when required.PREPARE FOR NBC ATTACK/ PROTECT AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE STEP 1 2 ACTION Ensure ALL items are covered or dug in when not in use Park vehicles with air vents away from winds. never use commercial power. etc. use common ground for all equipment. Keep cable & wire short. shield with metal Use highest freq possible.

SUPERVISE RADIATION MONITORING STEP ACTION 1 List grid coordinates of central point in area 2 Tell IM-174/AN/VDR-2 operator to take readings from central point hourly. fallout warning received or nuclear burst seen. if moving to another location Check hourly when reading drops below 1 cGy/hr 3 4 5 9 9-16 9 . use NBC-4 report Take continuous readings if reading is 1 or more cGy/hr. check that operator uses IM-174/AN/VDR-2 correctly Have operator report readings to you immediately.

Point where vertical hairline crosses scale is total amount of radiation received in cGy Report the number of cGy to your Cdr 2 3 Notes: 9 9-17 9 . pointing toward light but not directly into the sun. An IM93 must be held parallel to the ground.USING A DOSIMETER STEP 1 ACTION Hold viewing end of dosimeter up to your eye.

ensure readings are accurate Add reported readings together. recharge dosimeters daily Have soldiers who perform duties in unit's area wear dosimeters Collect readings from soldiers at the same time. at least once daily.COLLECT/REPORT TOTAL RADIATION DOSE STEP 1 ACTION Turn in for recharging any dosimeter that does not read 0. divide by number of readings Round up to nearest 10 and report to Cdr 2 3 4 5 9 9-18 9 .

PRINCIPLES OF FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING/COORDINATION ITEM PRINCIPLE 1 Plan early & continuously 2 Consider all available resources & means of fire support mortars. attack helicopters. artillery. known & suspected enemy locations Before LD. CAS Select most effective asset & avoid duplication-check with higher Provide flexibility & safe fires Insure continuous targeting likely. on OBJ. beyond OBJ Use lowest echelon possible 3 4 5 6 7 10 10-1 10 . LD to OBJ.

distance Shift from a known point .CALL FOR FIRE STEP 1 DESCRIPTION STEPS 1-3 ARE REQUIRED Observer ID & warning order: Adjust fire Fire for effect (FFE) Suppress (Tgt #) Immediate suppression (Grid) 2 Target location methods Grid . left or right from kp (dir always OBS to TGT) 3 Target description (SNAP) Size/shape Nature/nomenclature Activity Protection 10-2 10 10 .direction. add or drop.6 digit grid/direction Polar .direction to tgt.

CALL FOR FIRE STEP 4 DESCRIPTION Method of engagement Type of adjustments Danger close Trajectory. Ammunition Distribution 5 Method of fire & control At my command/Cannot observe Time on target Continuous/coordinated illum Cease loading Check firing/Continuous fire Repeat 6 Refinement & end of mission Correct. Record. Report battle damage assessment 10 10-3 10 .

10 10-4 10 .

10 10-5 10 .

500 RAP 30KM 100KM 10 10-6 10 .500 14.100 23.100 18.MORTAR/ARTILLERY CAPABILITIES NAME 60mm/M224 81mm/M29A1 81mm/M252 107mm/M30 120mm/M120 NAME 105MM/M102 105MM/M119 155MM/M198 155MM/M109 155MM/M109A6 Paladin 227MM/MLRS MLRS(ATACM) RANGE 70-3500 70-4790 73-5600 770-6840 200-7200 PLANNING RANGE TYPE HE WP ILLUM HE WP ILLUM HE WP ILLUM RED P HE WP ILLUM HE SMOKE ILLUM ROF MAX/SUST 10 RPM/3 RPM 6 RPM/3 RPM 4 RPM/1 RPM 4 RPM/1 RPM 6 RPM/1 RPM 12 RDS/M 2 missiles/18sec 11.000 18.

AFV WEAPON CAPABILITIES EFFECTIVE RANGE (METERS) SYSTEM 7.62 mm .50 mm 25 mm 40 mm 105/120 152 TOW/ mm mm SHIL HMMWV M1044 M901 ITV M113 APC M2/ 3 BFV LAV25 M1/M1A1 1100 1800 1100 1800 1100 1100 2200 3750 3750 2200 or 3750 3750 1750 AP 3000 HE 3000 2800/ 3990 1700 1100 1800 M60A1/A3 1100 1800 M551 SHER 1100 1800 2000 3000 10 10-7 10 .

TARGET ACQUISITION ITEM SIGNATURE 1 Soldiers . noise Antitank weapons . tactical barbed wire 10 10-8 10 . smoke. flash Aircraft . glare. dust Mines and obstacles . noise 2 3 4 5 6 Tracked vehicles . vapor trails. flash Artillery .noise.fuel.noise. wires. vapor trails. smoke. tripwires.strange material.trash.noise. damaged vegetation. loose/ disturbed dirt.

62 minigun 1 1100 AH-64 APACHE 140 690 AH-60L DIRECT ACTION PENETRATOR 10 10-9 10 .7mm HMG 1 1800 2.75" FFAR 7-28 9300 COBRA 2.75" FFAR 7-28 9300 HELLFIRE 1-16 6000 7.75" FFAR 7-28 9300 HELLFIRE 1-16 6000 30mm chaingun 1 2500 2.62 minigun 1 1100 2.75" FFAR 7-14 9300 HELLFIRE 2-4 6000 12.75" FFAR 7.75" FFAR TOW 20mm cannon 4 9300 1 1100 1 2000 2 8 1 9300 3750 1500 AH-1(S) 170 410 COBRA OH-58D KIOWA WARRIOR 2.ATTACK HELICOPTER CAPABILITIES NAME WEAPON # RANGE M AH-6 AH-1(G) LITTLE BIRD 7.62 minigun 40mm GL 2.

type & caliber of rounds Flash-to-Bang-Time Damage 10 10-10 10 .MORTREP .BOMBREP A B C D E F G H I J K Call sign Coordinates of observer AZ to flash or sound Time shelling started Time shelling ended Coordinates of shelled areas Number of guns Nature of fire Number.ARTILLERY COUNTERFIRE SHELREP .

monitors requests.SUPPLIES AND LOGISTICAL SERVICES ITEM 1 PRINCIPLE Chain of command plans for supply status & equipment for fighting. PSG coordinates/ supervises platoon maintenance with 1SG Plt logistics includes long & short term supply/transportation/ maintenance PSG coordinates/supervises by getting requests for supplies/ equipment from SLs and PLs. reports to PL 2 3 4 11 11-1 11 . 1SG directs Co log services. reviewing & consolidating. giving list to 1SG or supply sgt PSG must maintain status of supplies & equipment in plt.

Check speech security equipment and operation if authorized Check personnel. resolve problems Load vehicles/rucks per load plans Clean/function check individual & crew served weapons Top off vehicles Stow basic load of Classes I & V Fill canteens.PRECOMBAT CHECKS . water & oil cans as needed Index battlesights Check radio frequency and operation if authorized. brief mission Rehearse 11 11-2 11 .MECH ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ACTION Complete prepare to fire weapons checks Complete preops PMCS.

maps present Communications check Rations drawn Weapons test fired 11 11-3 11 .LIGHT ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 Notes: ACTION Leaders inspect equipment and camouflage Packing list checked Compasses.PRECOMBAT CHECKS .

CLASSES OF SUPPLY CLASS DESCRIPTION Rations Expendables POL Barrier material Ammunition Sundry Major end items Medical Repair parts Material to support nonmilitary programs SYMBOL I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X 11 11-4 11 .

ELECTRO COUNTER-COUNTER MEASURES 1 To determine if you are being jammed. disconnect antenna. Continue to transmit on highest power setting Relocate to mask jamming signal with terrain Use directional antenna Turn squelch off NEVER acknowledge jamming Move after transmission 3 MIJI Report 2 If you are being jammed: 12 12-1 12 . then starts again when antenna is reconnected. If noise stops. suspect jamming. If noise does not stop. check radio malfunction.

move if needed Check antenna top section: repair if broken-replace if lost 5 6 7 8 12 12-2 12 .RADIO TROUBLESHOOTING STEP ACTION 1 Check frequency setting 2 3 4 Check battery: charge-new Check antenna: upright-clear Check ALL connections from battery through to antenna: clean-dry-tighten Check ALL power and position switches Replace CVC or handset Check distance/position for terrain mask.

Repeat for second pair 2 12 12-3 12 .SPLICING FIELD WIRE ITEM ACTION 1 Prepare conductors for splicing: Untwist both ends of wire. remove insulation Cut 6" back from one side of each pair so lengths are uneven Splice: Tie long conductor of 1 pair to short conductor of other in square knot.

SPLICING FIELD WIRE ITEM ACTION 3 Secure splices: Separate steel strands from copper. cut off excess copper Repeat for right hand end 4 Tape splices: Start at center of splice & wrap tape to cover 1 1/2" of insulation at one end Work tape back over center of knot to cover other side Retape back to center 12 12-4 12 . cutting steel even with insulation Cross left hand end of copper strands over top of knot. wrap over bare portion of right hand conductor Continue for two wraps.

before connecting line to switchboard. Test wire line after buried or aerial crossings.INSTALLING COMMO LINES STEP 1 ACTION Test field wire on reel: attach telephone sets to ends. install wire. locations with several lines. Installing field wire: tie to fixed object to start & end (allow slack). 2 3 4 12 12-5 12 . before & after splicing new reel. if commo check clear. both sides of buried or aerial crossings. tie several places at ground level Attach wire tags at road crossings. telephones & test stations.

Railroad crossing: Cut enough wire to reach across tracks.CROSSING OBJECTS WITH COMMO LINES STEP ACTION 1 Culvert: Attach wire tag on each side of road. Use lance poles if needed. pull under tracks & secure with stakes along crossties. bury exposed wire. tag. 3 4 12 12-6 12 . Buried crossings: Dig 6-12" deep trench extending beyond each side of road. add protective tape at ends of culvert. pass wire thru culvert. using trees or poles to raise wire. Splice to wire reel. backfill. 2 Aerial crossings: Clear roads by at least 7m. lay wire loosely.

MESSENGER BRIEFING 1. 7. Content (if required). 8. Danger points to avoid. 9. 12 12-7 12 . Action if message cannot be delivered. 4. 2. Is answer required? 6. 10. Special instructions. 5. Route to follow. Name/location of person to receive message. Report destination at OP/lines. Challenge/Password. Speed required. 3.

integrating with other defense plans 3 Report initiation of field.from enemy side to friendly side Report completion of field. under unit observation/fire. place in irregular pattern on avenues of approach Record Field on DA 1355-1-R Arm mines . if field abandoned forward to Cdr 4 5 6 7 13 13-1 13 . warn adjacent units Retain DA 1355-1-R as long as unit/field stay in place.INSTALL/REMOVE HASTY PROTECTIVE MINEFIELD STEP ACTION 1 Report intention/get authorization to lay minefield 2 Recon for best sites.

INSTALL/REMOVE HASTY PROTECTIVE MINEFIELD STEP 8 ACTION Removal: if DA 1355-1-R not available. treat as enemy field and use breaching techniques Remove mines in order using azimuths and distances from DA 1355-1-R 9 Notes: 13 13-2 13 .

DA FORM 1355-1-R 13 13-3 13 .

DA FORM 1355-1-R 13 13-4 13 .

BREACHING AND CLEARING MINEFIELDS STEP 1 2 3 4 5 6 ACTION Suppress enemy covering obstacles Obscure area with smoke Secure near side Reduce obstacle-blow or probe lane through Secure the far side Blow marked mines in place (time permitting) Mark cleared lane Move unit through obstacle 7 8 13 13-5 13 .

insert fuse in fuse hole. rotate & remove plug.NONELECTRIC FIRING SYSTEM STEP ACTION 1 Determine length of fuse needed Cut & discard 6" length. press shipping plug into igniter. cut off 3' length to determine burn rate Light fuse end and list time it takes to burn Compute burn rate per foot (time/burn rate) 2 3 4 Determine amount of explosive needed Cut fuse to proper length & pass end thru priming adapter Attach M60 fuse igniter: unscrew fuse holder cap. tighten cap 13 13-6 13 .

NONELECTRIC FIRING SYSTEM STEP ACTION 5 Attach blasting cap to fuse Inspect open end. remove debris by tapping or shaking gently Hold fuse vertically with square end up Slip cap down over fuse so cap & fuse are in contact Turn cap out & away from body & crimp cap at point 1/8-1/4" from open end 6 Pull pin to detonate charge Notes: 13 13-7 13 .

then finish as above 13 13-8 13 . 40-pound cratering charges or shaped charges STEP 1 ACTION Prime with threaded cap well & priming adapter: Non-electric inspect cap well.NONELECTRIC/ELECTRIC PRIMING OF DEMO BLOCK Note: prime by wrapping demolition blocks with detonating cord. by inserting knot of detonating cord into plastic explosive. by lacing cord thru dynamite. pull cap into place. insert cap with fuse into cap well. screw in adapter Electric after inspection. fasten free ends of cap lead wire to firing wire & pass thru adapter slot.

allowing slack. 13 13-9 13 . pass lead wires thru adapter slot & insert electric cap into cap well. insert blasting cap with fuse into cap well . Electric after inspection. wrap & tie string around block. 3 Prime without threaded cap well or priming adapter: Nonelectric & electric make hole with M2 crimpers. leaving excess. tie lead wires around block.use loose string to keep cap from separating from block. fasten free ends of cap wire to firing wire. then follow step 2.NONELECTRIC/ELECTRIC PRIMING OF DEMO BLOCK STEP ACTION 2 Prime with threaded cap well without priming adapter: Nonelectric inspect cap well.

Wait 30 minutes after misfire before moving to charge ELECTRIC . detonate 1-pound charge at side TAMPED .Without moving or disturbing misfired charge. check entire system for breaks/shorts UNTAMPED .CLEAR NONELECTRIC/ELECTRIC MISFIRES Note: If possible.Dig within 1 foot of misfired charge. make 2-3 more attempts to fire.If dual primed with nonelectric system. misfire should be cleared by soldier who placed the charge STEP 1 ACTION NON-ELECTRIC . wait 30 minutes. disconnect firing wire from blasting machine & shunt wires. Check firing wire connections. detonate a 2-pound charge on top of misfired charge 2 3 13 13-10 13 .

lay out from charges to firing position 2 3 4 5 Test electric blasting cap. twist free wire ends together Move to firing point & test entire circuit Test blasting machine/depress handle On order. connect lead wires to 2 blasting machine posts & detonate charge Notes: 13 13-11 13 .ELECTRIC FIRING SYSTEM STEP ACTION 1 Check firing wire with M51 test set or galvanometer.

RULES OF ENGAGEMENT(ROE) ITEM 1 DESCRIPTION Rigidly enforce the Rules of Engagement devised and disseminated by higher Leaders will take steps necessary & appropriate for unit's self-defense Use minimum force necessary to control the situation and accomplish the mission Individuals apply common sense Minimize risk to innocent civilians without endangering the mission Train to specific ROE using vignettes and dilemmas 2 3 4 5 6 14 14-1 14 .

AREA ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 DESCRIPTION Where are refugees from? Size & area of population What is food & water status? What is medical status? What civilian organizations exist. who are the leaders? What organization/leadership do most of the people support? What UN relief agencies are in operation? What is the security situation? 7 8 14 14-2 14 . who are the leaders? What civil/military organizations exist.

AREA ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST ITEM 9 10 11 DESCRIPTION What commercial or business activities are there? Which groups are most in need? What civil projects would leaders like to see accomplished? How many families are involved? What food is available and what does it cost? What skilled labor and services are available? What is the size and composition of the transient population? 12 13 14 15 14 14-3 14 .

technical equipment or bandits 3 4 5 6 7 14 14-4 14 . license number. markings. signs 2 Number of passengers per vehicle.CHECKPOINT/ROADBLOCK PIR CHECKLIST TO BE REPORTED ITEM 1 Number & type of vehicles stopped. ages. genders Type and quality of cargo Point of origin & destination Stated reason for passenger travel Any weapons found Any passenger reports of sightings of weapons.

CHECKPOINT/ROADBLOCK PIR CHECKLIST ITEM 8 9 Notes: TO BE REPORTED Condition of passengers (general health. dress. attitude) Anything unusual observed/ reported by passengers 14 14-5 14 .

Use of safety belts _______________ ___________________________________ 4. Preflight safety inspection of troops _ ___________________________________ 5. Bump plan (for individuals/loads) ___ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 3.AIRCRAFT TROOP COMMANDER BRIEFING 1. Movement from the LZ/AZ_________ ___________________________________ 15 15-1 15 . Downed aircraft procedures _______ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 7. Offloading procedures ____________ ___________________________________ 8. In-flight procedures ______________ ___________________________________ 6. Loading procedures ______________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 2.

5 safety on. helmets. earplugs. always from sides 3 Approach/depart in a crouch on down slope side to ensure clearance Keep sleeves rolled down 4 Carry weapons without bayonet. bolt closed. muzzle DOWN 6 Bend or tie down radio antennas 7 Fasten seatbelts & leave buckled until crew chief signals exit 8 Maintain written manifest (unit. rank. SSN) separate from aircraft 15 15-2 15 .SAFETY BRIEFING CHECKLIST ACTION ITEM Wear ID tags. 1 when in/near aircraft 2 Never approach rotary wing air craft from rear or front. full name. chamber empty.

REVERSE PLANNING SEQUENCE ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 ACTION Ground tactical plan Landing plan Air movement plan Loading plan Staging plan Notes: 15 15-3 15 .

and plans to sustain the force 3 4 5 6 15 15-4 15 .GROUND TACTICAL PLAN CONSIDERATIONS CONSIDERATION ITEM 1 Missions of all force elements and methods of employment 2 Zones of attack. evacuation. or areas of operations with graphic control measures Task organization to include command relationships Location and size of reserves Fire support to include graphic control measures Combat service support to include resupply. sectors.

location & size of LZ 3 4 5 6 7 8 Force is vulnerable during landing Elements must land with tactical integrity Inform all troops if landing direction changes Force must land prepared to fight in any direction Offer flexibility for options in scheme of maneuver Plan supporting fires in and around each LZ for next lifts and on objective Provide for resupply & medical evacuation by air 9 15 15-5 15 .LANDING PLAN CONSIDERATION CONSIDERATION ITEM Supports ground tactical plan 1 2 Availability.

LANDING ZONE SELECTION CRITERIA CRITERIA ITEM 1 Location (based on METT-T) & capacity (size) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Alternates (one per primary LZ) Enemy disposition/capabilities Cover/concealment Obstacles Identification from air Approach/departure routes Weather/surface/slope 15 15-6 15 .

land on enemy side of obstacles. acquisition. close by. avoid exposing aircraft. access to support assets. masked from enemy observation. or some distance away from the objective (based on METT-T). deny enemy observation. outside the range of enemy artillery 2 LZs: Locate on. size determines how much combat power can be landed. and ADA. 3 Reduced visibility may limit or preclude use 15 15-7 15 .AIR ASSAULT PZ/LZ PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS ITEM 1 CONSIDERATION PZs: Minimum movement.

EXTRACTION LOADING PLAN REQUIREMENTS REQUIREMENT ITEM PZ locations. primary & alternate 1 2 3 4 5 PZ security PZ control party organization & location Fire support Sequence of extraction: main body. security force Movement to PZ: route & order Loading priorities 6 7 NOTE: PZ TIME IS CRITICAL FACTOR 15 15-8 15 . PZ control party.

establish commo nets. lead aircraft signalman responsible for visual landing guidance for lead aircraft 6 7 15 15-9 15 .LEADER DUTIES IN AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS ITEM DUTY 1 Senior person in each lift located with air mission cdr for C3 2 3 4 5 Set up PZ. supervise marking/ clearing of obstacles w/PZCO Brief all chalk leaders Supervise conduct of rehearsals Supervise security. placement of chalks and slingloads on PZ Devise & disseminate bump plan PZ Control Officer (PZCO)/control party: Ensure PZ is cleared. movement of personnel & equipment. plan/ initiate fire support & security.

ensure all in assigned positions & buckled in Keep current on location with map & crew Ensure personnel exit quickly.CHALK LEADER DUTIES/ PLATOON AIR ASSAULT ITEM DUTY 1 Brief chalk & attachments on loading plan. Ensure lights/panels emplaced 4 5 15 15-10 15 . rush to safe distance (10-15m). assume prone position & prepare to return enemy fire. tasks & positions inside aircraft 2 3 Ensure soldiers maintain assigned areas for local security Supervise loading of personnel.

If less than 7 degrees. land upslope. size depends on number & type of helicopters Ground slope of site must be no more than 15 degrees.SET UP A HELICOPTER LANDING SITE STEP 1 ACTION Select & secure landing site. land sideslope Ensure surface conditions free of rocks and debris. sand & snow Ensure ground firm enough to keep helicopter from bogging down during loading/unloading 2 3 4 15 15-11 15 . if 7-15 degrees. avoid dust.

at night mark touchdown point with inverted Y composed of 4 lights. 10:1 horizontal clearance to vertical obstruct Mark landing site and touchdown point based on mission. Ensure sufficient runway to clear obstacles. signalman. capabilities & situation.SET UP A HELICOPTER LANDING SITE STEP 5 ACTION Remove obstacles on approach/ deprture ends and clearly mark obstructions that cannot be removed. lights. 6 15 15-12 15 . Use smoke.

UH-. mark each additional point with 2 lights placed 10mm apart and aligned in the acft direction of flight. For CH-acft. and AH-acft. 15 15-13 15 .NIGHT MARKING OF PZs AND LZs DIRECTION OF FLIGHT LEFT STEM 14m BASE DIRECTIONAL 7m RIGHT STEM NOTES: The aircraft touch down point will be midpoint on the legs of the Y. mark each additional landing point with 1 light at the exact point each acft is to land. For OH-. If more than 1 will land in the same PZ or LZ. add 1 more light for each.

concussion Avoid moving suspected neck or back injuries Do not give water to abdominal wound except to moisten lips Seek medical aid 16 16-1 16 . burns.EVALUATE A CASUALTY/FIRST AID STEP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Notes: ACTION Airway .stop Cover & protect wound Prevent or treat shock Check for fractures.clear and maintain Bleeding .

SHOCK . Keep warm or cool depending on weather Calm patient Seek medical aid 3 4 Notes: 16 16-2 16 . rapid shallow breathing 2 Move to covered area. blotchy wet skin. thirst.SYMPTOMS/FIRST AID STEP ACTION 1 Look for anxiety. loss of blood. pale. nervousness. clammy. nausea. loosen clothing. Lay patient on back. confusion. agitation. elevate feet.

HEAT EXHAUSTION/HEAT CRAMPS STEP ACTION 1 Look for moist pale. loosen clothing. weakness & nausea 2 Move patient to shade. faintness. sweating & thirst. clammy wet skin. If patient conscious. Watch for continued symptoms Seek medical aid if unconscious 3 Notes: 16 16-3 16 . medical personnel give salt water slowly over next 12 hours. headache & dizziness. muscle cramps.

Seek medical aid. delerium. evacuate as URGENT. Give cool salt water if conscious. use ice if available.HEAT STROKE/SUN STROKE NOTE: This is a medical EMERGENCY and potentially fatal STEP ACTION 1 Look for hot. fast pulse. nausea. 3 Notes: 16 16-4 16 . no sweating. continue to cool. high temperature. bright pink skin. Remove clothing. dizziness. fanning. dry. 2 Lower body temperature IMMEDIATELY by immersion in water.

areas of skin that are unnaturally firm. 2 Shelter victim. keep warm with clothing or body heat. or tender and swollen.FROSTBITE STEP ACTION 1 Look for redness. treat as litter casualty 3 Notes: 16 16-5 16 . Remove clothing from affected part. or grey or waxy skin. Seek medical aid. insulate from ground. wrap loosely in dry sterile dressing. blisters. Do not massage area or break blisters or further injury may result. frequently numb or itchy.

irrationality. lethargy.HYPOTHERMIA/COLD WEATHER INJURY STEP ACTION 1 Look for lowered body temp. lack of coordination. use sleeping bag to insulate from ground. Do not rub or give alcohol. violent uncontrolled shivering. evacuate when stable. hot if possible. Start treatment before evacuation. cover and warm. slurred speech 2 Move victim to sheltered area. 16 16-6 16 . 3 Seek medical aid. memory loss. Replace wet clothing with dry if possible. Keep patient awake and drinking fluids. Force conscious patient to drink quarts of heavily sugared liquids.

routine) Special equipment required # of patients by type (litter. priority. LINE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ITEM Location of pick-up site Pick-up site radio frequency. call sign.REQUEST ARMY AIR MEDEVAC NOTE: Send secure or encrypt all items. ambulatory) Security of pick-up site Method of marking pick-up site Patient nationality and status NBC considerations 16 16-7 16 . and suffix # of patients by precedence (urgent.

slow response time. forgetful. insist on briefbacks Do not permit sleeping in or near vehicles. mood change. short attention span.CONTINUOUS OPERATIONS (CONOPS) PLANNING STEP 1 ACTION Set up and ENFORCE an eating and sleeping schedule for ALL personnel Include OPORD and movement times in warning orders so sleep can be scheduled Keep orders simple and clear. move to safe place Recognize symptoms of sleep loss: not alert. irritable 2 3 4 5 16 16-8 16 .

lack of confidence. deal with stress. rest and food. tired even after rest. forgetfulness Situation permitting. especially leaders 7 8 16 16-9 16 . Pair with buddy REINFORCE eating/sleeping schedules for all personnel. reassurance. anger. physical problems interfering with eating & sleeping.CONTINUOUS OPERATIONS (CONOPS) PLANNING STEP 6 ACTION Recognize symptoms of stress: frustration. Give immediate attention.

Watch for dehydration 16 16-10 16 .HEAT PRECAUTIONS HEAT CATEGORY 1 2 3 4 5 WATER INTAKE 1/2 QT/HR 1/2 QT/HR 1 QT/HR WORK/REST CYCLE(min) CONTINUOUS 50 work/10 rest 45 work/15 rest 1 1/2 QT/HR 30 work/30 rest 2 QT/HR 20 work/40 rest Note: MOPP gear or body armor will increase effects of heat.

VEHICLE RECOVERY PROCEDURE CHECKLIST DANGER: Ensure unprotected troops at safe distance ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Notes: PROCEDURE Recon the area Estimate the situation Calculate the ratio (resistance divided by effort) Obtain resistance Verify solution Erect rigging Recheck rigging You are ready 17 17-1 17 .

not lifting eyes or towing pintle Safety: • Cross TOWING cables to prevent tangling & keep vehicles aligned • Position hook with throat (open part) UPWARD 2 3 4 17 17-2 17 .vehicle weight • Fender deep .1/2 vehicle weight • Nosed (grade) .VEHICLE RECOVERY FUNDAMENTALS ITEM 1 FUNDAMENTALS Load resistance: • Overturned .triple vehicle weight Mechanical advantage: divide load resistance by available effort (capacity of winch) Rigging: attach tow cables to TOW HOOKS.vehicle weight • Wheel deep .double vehicle wgt • Turret deep .

VEHICLE RECOVERY FUNDAMENTALS ITEM 4 FUNDAMENTALS Safety (continued): • Use heavy leather palmed gloves when handling cables/wire ropes • Place safety keys in hooks/ shackles/equipment requiring them • Do NOT apply loads suddenly • No smoking/open flame if fuel or oil has spilled Notes: 17 17-3 17 .

ENGAGING AIRCRAFT NOTE: In the absense of unit SOPs STEP 1 ACTION Engage all attacking aircraft & helicopters positively identified as hostile Engage when friendly ADA units are engaging enemy in your area Engage enemy jet aircraft not attacking your position only after ordered to fire 2 3 WEAPONS CONTROL STATUS Wpns FREE Fire at any aircraft not identified as friendly Wpns TIGHT Fire only at aircraft POSITIVELY identified as HOSTILE Wpns HOLD Fire only in self-defense 18 18-1 18 .

response is immediate LOOKOUT Aircraft in area of interest but not threatening OR inbound but there is time to react SNOWMAN No aircraft pose threat at this time 18 18-2 18 .AIR DEFENSE WARNING WARNING RED YELLOW WHITE MEANING Attack is IMMINENT or IN PROGRESS Attack is PROBABLE Attack is improbable LOCAL AIR DEFENSE WARNING (LADW) WARNING MEANING DYNAMITE Aircraft inbound & attacking.

fire on automatic Aircraft coming directly at you: fire full automatic at nose Notes: 18 18-3 18 . Two football field "lead".ENGAGEMENT/LEAD DISTANCES High performance aircraft. fire on automatic Low performance/rotary wing: one half football field "lead".

light. do not skyline or outline. litter discipline 3 4 5 Notes: 18 18-4 18 . do not look at unless firing Maintain COMSEC & air guards Specify visual & audible air warning signals in unit SOP Enforce noise.PASSIVE AIR DEFENSE MEASURES ITEM 1 2 ACTION Use covered & concealed routes and stationary positions Cover glass & camouflage vehicles.

BUILT-UP AREA FIGHTING PRINCIPLES ITEM 1 PRINCIPLE Attack rapidly. to dominate killing areas. sand-bag/harden thinskin vehicles Employ shock-producing weapons to reduce enemy strongpoints Employ expertise/equipment of combat engineers 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 19 19-1 19 . in depth. houses. buildings and basements Mark cleared structures Wear body armor. use masking smoke Clear each house thoroughly/ consolidate Keep equipment light Plan for casualty/EPW armored evac Clear streets. use armored vehicles as transports/moving shield.

covering smoke and fire 4 Support force suppresses enemy in bldg and near by to cover assault force's move 5 Support force resupply ammo. by grenade or burst of fire 8 Aslt force marks each room/ each building when cleared 19 19-2 19 . replace personnel.ATTACK AND CLEAR A BUILDING STEP ACTION 1 Organize unit into assault force and support force 2 Designate special wpns/teams 3 Support force ISOLATES bldg from overwatch position. evacuate wounded/EPWs 6 Aslt force ENTERS bldg at highest level possible to gain foothold or mouseholes into unexpected wall 7 Aslt force CLEARS building room-by-room.

escape route from building 19 19-3 19 .ORGANIZE BUILDING DEFENSE STEP 1 ACTION Select building(s) to defend by considering Protection/Dispersion from enemy weapons/flamability Concealment Fields of Fire Observation Covered routes Building strength/Fire hazard Time available 2 3 4 Position teams/vehicles Plan for/register indirect fires Select/prepare primary/alternate/ supplementary psns for key dismounted weapons.

ORGANIZE BUILDING DEFENSE STEP 5 ACTION Prepare rooms in building(s) Stockpile supplies Establish CP/OPs Set up wire commo lines Cover floors with sand/dirt Reinforce/camouflage psns 6 Prepare outside of building(s) Emplace mines/obstacles to cover deadspace/approaches/ passages Cover all mines/obstacles by observation and fire Inspect preparations 7 Notes: 19 19-4 19 .

booby trap personnel or use medical symbols to deceive. using only mission essential firepower. Do NOT fake surrender. use enemy uniforms. the wounded. Non-combat targets include the following: those surrendering. Attack only combat targets. medical personnel.PRINCIPLES OF THE LAW OF WAR STEP 1 2 PRINCIPLE All US/NATO ammo & weapons are lawful. captives. do not alter. medical vehicles and medical 3 4 20 20-1 20 . the sick. avoiding needless destruction and unnecessary suffering.

5 Provide for the humane treatment and protection of all captives & non-combatants. undefended civilian buildings and monuments. do not loot. Disposition of property: tag and turn in captured or abandoned military property.PRINCIPLES OF THE LAW OF WAR STEP PRINCIPLE buildings. Adherence to the Law of War supports tactical and strategic mission goals. safeguard valuable abondoned private property. 6 7 20 20-2 20 . Identify and report all violations.

RULES OF ENGAGEMENT (ROE) AND THE LAW OF WAR 1 ROE are internally imposed restrictions upon the use of force 2 ROE may restrict actions allowable under the Law of War 3 ROEs are General Orders providing specific guidance for specific operations. use the minimum force required to complete your mission. they are NOT interchangeable. but are punishable under the UCMJ as violations of a General Order Central to every ROE: The right to self-defense is never denied. 4 5 20 20-3 20 . Violations of a ROE are not necessarily violations of the Law of War.

return personal items. sex.no talking SPEED . documents.HANDLING ENEMY PRISONERS OF WAR ITEM ACTION 1 SEARCH.from battle area SAFEGUARD . helmet. tag & mark weapons. military.to prevent harm or escape 20 20-4 20 .by rank.remove. NBC gear 2 3 4 5 Notes: SEGREGATE . civilian SILENCE .

SPOT REPORT/SALUTE LINE ITEM 1 Size 2 3 4 5 Activity Location Unit/Uniform Time observed 6 Equipment 21 21-1 21 .

STEP 1 ACTION Measure the target width using binoculars' mil scale (m) Divide target width in meters (W) by mil width (m) to find range (R) Round R to nearest tenth.FIND UNKNOWN RANGE USING MIL RELATION "WORM" FORMULA NOTE: For MIL Relation Formula. mutiply by 1000 for range to target Remember R = W m 2 3 4 21 21-2 21 . the width or length of the target (W) must be known.

035 2.621 1. MULT IN FT YDS MI QTS GAL OZ LBS MPG MPH X 2.354 0.264 0.280 1.621 = IN FT YDS MI QTS GAL OZ LBS MPG MPH Fahrenheit to Celsius = (F -32) x 5/9 Celsius to Fahrenheit = (C x 9/5) + 32 21 21-3 21 .609 = CM M M KM LTR LTR GMS KG KM/LTR KM/HR X 0.946 3.205 2.54 to get centimeters.454 0.785 28.245 1.914 1. multiply centimeters by 0.394 3.54 0.057 0.305 0.349 0.394 to get inches.CONVERSION TABLE: US TO METRIC TO US EXAMPLE: Multiply inches by 2.609 0.094 0.

CONVERTING AZIMUTHS . if conversion is to the Right. for westerly G-M angle add G-M angle to grid azimuth MAGNETIC TO GRID: (compass to map) for easterly G-M angle M add G-M angle to compass azimuth for westerly G-M angle subtract G-M angle from compass azimuth M 2 G Note:On G-M angle diagram. if conversion direction is to the Left.left add right subtract G M M G Easterly Westerly 21 21-4 21 . ADD. SUBTRACT LARS .GRID TO MAGNETIC/MAGNETIC TO GRID STEP 1 ACTION GRID TO MAGNETIC: (map to compass) G for easterly G-M angle subtract G-M angle from grid azimuth.

REDUCE RISK OF FRATRICIDE ITEM 1 PRIMARY FACTORS Mission and C2 High vehicle or wpns density Cdr's intent is unclear or complex Poor flank coordination Crosstalk lacking No habitual relationships Enemy Weak intelligence or recon Intermingled with friendly Terrain Obscuration or poor visibility Extreme engagement ranges Navigation difficulty Absence of recognizable features 2 3 21 21-5 21 .

REDUCE RISK OF FRATRICIDE ITEM 4 PRIMARY FACTORS Troops & Equipment High weapon lethality Unseasoned leaders or troops Poor fire control SOPs Incomplete ROE Anxiety or confusion Failure to adhere to SOPs Time Soldier & leader fatigue Inadequate rehearsals Short planning time 5 21 21-6 21 .

illness or death of personnel.actual or potential condition leading to injury. property damage or other mission impairing factors). mission degradation Determine hazard probability (likelihood that it will occur). and assess risk by implementing risk management steps. nature of operations Accident risk due to friendly personnel. severity (degree of injury. equipment readiness & environmental conditions Hazard .RISK MANAGEMENT 1 2 3 Risk Management integrated in decision making process Tactical risk due to presence of enemy. 4 5 21 21-7 21 . damage to or loss of equipment/property.

Consider all aspects of METT-T: -length & nature (complexity. day/lim vis/night) -soldier experience levels. heat. snow. danger) of operations -factors of supervision (command & control.RISK MANAGEMENT STEPS 1 Identify hazards . cold. mud. qualify risk as extremely high. high. moderate or low 2 21 21-8 21 .potential sources of danger. training status & condition -environment/weather (terrain. dust. fog. rain. haze. ice) -age & maintenance status of equipment -leader rest status & mission prep time Assess hazards & cumulative effect on mission/objective considering probability of causing problems & severity of consequences.

determine residual risk as controls are developed.RISK MANAGEMENT STEPS 3 Develop controls to eliminate or reduce risk of hazard . state how communicated & put into effect SOP.specify who. what. where. safety briefings. make adjustments. rehearsal Supervise & evaluate -Monitor. reevaluate plan. when & how. CDR make decision whether to accept level of residual risk Implement controls. follow up. incorporate lessons learned Use sample hazard risk assessment matrix 4 5 4 21 21-9 21 .

21 HAZARD PROBABILITY Likely Occasional Seldom Unlikely Frequent E H M L L M L L H M E H H M L L L RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX 21-10 E S Catastrophic E V E Critical R I T Marginal Y H Negligible M 21 .

21 PERSONNEL RECORD # NAME SSN RANK 21-11 21 .

21 # WPN# PERSONNEL RECORD SENSITIVE ITEMS MASK# OTHER 21-12 21 .

21 # BLOOD TYPE RELIG PERSONNEL RECORD INFORMATION/SIZE BOOT HAT BDU MASK 21-13 21 .

casualties. equipment ADA Air Defense Artillery AP Armor piercing APC Armored Personnel Carrier (M113A3) AT Antitank ATACM Army Tactical Missile System AVP Auxiliary Vehicle Power AZ Azimuth or Assault Zone B BFV BMNT BN BP cal CAS cGy Bradley Fighting Vehicle (M2/M3) Beginning of Morning Nautical Twilight Battalion Battle Position C caliber Close Air Support Centigray 22-1 .ACRONYMS A AA Assembly Area/Avenue of Approach/ Anti Armor ACE Ammo.

ACRONYMS C COA coax COMSEC CONOPS CP CQC CS CSS CVC Dir Dis DTG EA EENT EMP EPW FEBA FFAR FPF FPL FRAGO FSO Course of Action coaxial machinegun Communications Security Continuous Operations Command Post Close quarter combat Combat Support Combat Service Support Combat Vehicle Crewman D-E-F Director Distance Date-Time-Group Engagement Area End of Evening Nautical Twilight Electromagnetic Pulse Enemy Prisoner of War Forward edge of battle area Folding fin aerial rocket Final protective fires Final protective lines Fragmentary Order Fire support officer 22-2 .

enemy.ACRONYMS G-H-I G-M GSR HE ID ITV KIA LADW LAV LD log LZ m m M1/M1A1 MEDEVAC MEL METL METT-T Grid-Magnetic Ground Surveillance Radar High Explosive Identification Improved Tow Vehicle J-K-L Killed in action Local Air Defense Warning Light Armored Vehicle Line of Departure logistics Landing Zone M meter(s) mil Abrams Tank Medical Evacuation Maximum Engagement Line Mission essential task list Mission. terrain. troops. & time 22-3 .

ACRONYMS M
MLRS mm MOPP MORTREP Multiple Launch Rocket System millimeter Mission Oriented Protection Posture Mortar Report

N
NBC Nuclear, Biological, Chemical NOD(s) Night Observation Device(s) NVG Night Vision Goggles

O
OCOKA Observation/fields of fire, Cover & concealment, Obstacles, Key terrain, Avenues of Approach OBJ Objective OJT On the job training OP Observation post OPORD Operation Order ORP Objective Rally Point

22-4

ACRONYMS P
PB PIR PMCS PZ PZCO RAP ROE RP R& S SHELREP SHER SHIL SOI SP STANO Patrol Base Priority information requirements Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services Pickup Zone Pickup zone control officer

R
Rocket Assisted Projectile Rules of Engagement Release Point/Rally Point/Reference Point Reconnaissance and Security

S
Shell Report Sheridan Shillelagh missile Signal operation instructions Start Point Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Night Observation

22-5

ACRONYMS T
TOW TRP Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided Target Reference Point

U-Z
WIA WP WRP Wounded in action White Phosphorus Weapons Reference Point

22-6

COMBAT LEADERS' GUIDE
1/25,000 OR 1/250,000
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

1/50,000
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9

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