Predisposing Factors: Precipitating Factors: Age Sex Environment

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF PNEUMONIA Etiology Virulent microorganisms Streptococcus Pneumoniae Lifestyle

Microorganism enters the nose (nasal passages) Passes to the Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea Microorganism enters and affects both airway and lung parenchyma Airway Damage Infiltration of Bronchi epithelial cells Infectious organisms lodges leukocytes stimulation in bronchioles alveolar wall collapse and phlegm production Increase pyrogen in the body FEVER necrosis of pulmonary tissue necrosis of bronchial tissue Lung Invasion Flattening of macrophages and

mucus

narrowing of air passage DOB COUGHING

overwhelming sepsis DEATH .

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