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Question 1 Outline 1st: you will be given 3 minutes to read an article.

2nd: you will hear a lecture that lasts about 2 minutes. 3rd: you will be asked a question about the lecture and the article. 4th: you will be given 20 minutes to write an essay; you can see the article again during this time. 5th: the computer will save your essay and move to the next question. Practice Reading time: 3 minutes Zoos Some critics contend that keeping animals in zoos is inhumane and must be changed. They believe that zoos are unnatural and provide no real benefit to society besides providing entertainment at the expense of the animals involved. The truth is that zoos are essential to a modern culture that places value in animal life. Animals are treated well in zoos. In fact, the most passionate animal lovers are usually the animal keepers found in zoos. They ensure that the animals maintain the same level of psychological “happiness” as their wild counterparts. They, along with the zoo itself, help animals live longer, feed better, and suffer from fewer diseases; These animals are allowed to exist without the fear of predation or famine because of zoos. Additionally, zoos are no longer seen as or marketed as forms of entertainment, but as education. Zoos work to inform the public about exhibited animals, wildlife in general, and the important need to preserve our Earth. The emphasis on conservation and education is an important one. Visitors are taught about issues and animals that they would never have direct experience with otherwise. Thus, zoos provide a crucial tool to direct the public towards more humane ways to look at the world. Finally, zoos serve the vital function of helping to protect and preserve endangered species. For example, the Golden Lion Tamarins are an endangered species native to Brazil. In the early part of the 1970s, only around 200 of these small monkeys existed. It was only through the coordinated actions of several zoos and the Brazilian government

Read more: https://www. answer. What I mean is that with more difficult reading passages the reason may not be only in the first sentence but in the first two or three. but it does for more difficult readings. 1st paragraph: The author’s opinion about the topic is stated 2nd paragraph: One reason of support for the author’s opinion is stated 3rd paragraph: A second reason of support is stated 4th paragraph: A third reason of support is stated Simple. Today. The essay will contain four paragraphs and they will add up to approximately 280 words. this essay will have a title. or whatever else you want to call it) in the first sentence of the paragraph. right? The essay states the author’s opinion about a topic and three reasons for it. How can you grab this important information quickly? You must realize that when we write our introductions in English (as I will teach you for question two of the writing). So. That means that in order to understand more difficult reasons you must understand three sentences well.500 living in the wild. let’s look at what each of these paragraphs is going to do and how to read through each quickly.that these animals were saved from extinction. 1st paragraph with the author’s opinion: last sentence of the paragraph 2nd paragraph with the author’s first reason: first sentence of the paragraph 3rd paragraph with the author’s second reason: first sentence of the paragraph 4th paragraph with the author’s third reason: first sentence of the paragraph Important Note What I just taught you about where to locate the sentences is a tool. or whatever else you want to call it) in the last sentence of the paragraph. this doesn’t always happen.com/content. opinion. Again. when we support ourselves in the following paragraphs. we place our reason (topic sentence.php?pgID=264#ixzz1ULD46lXK 2nd: what the reading will be like and how to take notes on it First.notefull. A good read before the lecture is crucial to helping you earn a top score. main sentence. And. It’s actually what makes them difficult. as a result of these efforts. . Consequently. The title will be the topic of the essay. there are only four sentences you really need to read and take notes on within the 3 minutes. you can find about 1. we tend to write our thesis (claim. it is not 100% going to happen.

In the early part of the 1970s. Visitors are taught about issues and animals that they would never have direct experience with otherwise. the Golden Lion Tamarins are an endangered species native to Brazil. along with the zoo itself. as a result of these efforts. .Our practice is a perfect example. It was only through the coordinated actions of several zoos and the Brazilian government that these animals were saved from extinction. Each box on the left relates to a paragraph in the reading and each box on the right is for notes on how the lecture refutes the paragraph’s point. They believe that zoos are unnatural and provide no real benefit to society besides providing entertainment at the expense of the animals involved. Zoos work to inform the public about exhibited animals. In fact. but as education. wildlife in general. zoos serve the vital function of helping to protect and preserve endangered species. Finally. the most passionate animal lovers are usually the animal keepers found in zoos. help animals live longer. Thus. Today. these animals are allowed to exist without the fear of predation or famine because of zoos. zoos are no longer seen as or marketed as forms of entertainment. Reading Some critics contend that keeping animals in zoos is inhumane and must be changed. only around 200 of these small monkeys existed. They. feed better. and the important need to preserve our Earth. and suffer from fewer diseases. The truth is that zoos are essential to a modern culture that places value in animal life. I have placed the important sentences in bold so you can see how quickly and easily you can break down the reading. so knowing the opinion and reasons of the author is crucial to understanding the lecture.500 living in the wild. The emphasis on conservation and education is an important one. The best way to take notes for this question is by using a chart composed of 8 boxes: four boxes on the left for the reading and four boxes on the right for the listening. Animals are treated well in zoos. Additionally. you can find about 1. For example. We care about this information because the lecture will always oppose the author’s opinion and each reason given in support of that opinion. zoos provide a crucial tool to direct the public towards more humane ways to look at the world. They ensure that the animals maintain the same level of psychological “happiness” as their wild counterparts.

Are we right in our expectation? Let’s look at the transcript of the lecture to find out. are not educational. it contradicts everything you read in the article. you hear the lecture with a sense of expectation. So. With this knowledge. are educational.php?pgID=265#ixzz1ULDBOP4F 3rd: what the lecture will be like and how to take notes on it Consider the lecture nothing more than another article with the exact same structure.com/content.Example Notes Reading Claim Reason 1 Reason 2 Reason 3 zoos are essential animals are treated well educational protect endangered species Lecture I’ll give you some more tips on how to take advantage of the reading later. . we expect the professor to state that zoos are not good because they don’t treat animals well. ever since animal rights have become more of a concern.notefull. They don’t believe that those arguments prove that zoos benefit animals or society in any meaningful way. we know that the article claims zoos are good because they treat animals well. and don’t protect endangered species. and two. many activists have problems with the arguments made in the passage. you know what the professor in the lecture is going to talk about. it is something that you hear. Lecture Zoos have been a topic of debate for the past few decades. Read more: https://www. For instance. which helps you take great notes. and protect endangered species. Though there is room for debate. Except there are two important differences: one.

Though the zoo’s safety managers could have prevented this sad incident. the claim that zoos help endangered species is problematic. This case is one of many that show the lack of care zoo administrators provide for the animals in their exhibits. questions of animal safety arose when two red pandas were found dead after being exposed to rat poison. when the professor refutes the first reason of support in the article. The average zoo houses the kinds of animals that will attract visitors. in one zoo. these species tend to interbreed. Example Basic Notes Reading Claim Reason 1 zoos are essential animals are treated well Lecture problems with passage animal treatment not . When you listen to the lecture. write those notes next to your notes for the article’s first reason. which results in a high number of birth defects. consequently. Most hold only a very small number of an endangered species. when the professor refutes the third reason of support. not as sources of education. And. they were nowhere to be found. the treatment of animals in zoos is not at all as pretty as the author would have you believe. In fact. The lecture is what we expect! The professor opposes the claim and refutes each reason. meaning. visitors can’t truly understand or appreciate these animals because they are seen in artificial and often misleading exhibits. This sends a subtle yet strong message to guests that it is ok for us to use animals for own purposes. take notes in the appropriate boxes in the chart we introduced in the previous step. though there may be some zoos that attempt to inform the public. Third. Also. write your notes in the fourth box on the right. zoos provide no distinct advantage over saving endangered species while they are still in their native habitat.First. Second. most zoos are still seen as forms of entertainment. overall zoos have a very poor success rate. not those that the public should learn about. Though the author points to one successful example of the endangered Tamarin. For example. they mate with members of the same family.

animal treatment not pretty two red pandas deadexposed to rat poisonsafety managers could have prevented lack of care entertainment animals attract visitors. learn message: use animals some inform but artificial. misleading exhibits problem.pretty two red pandas dead show lack of care Reason 2 educational seen as entertainment animals attract visitors. artificial. interbreed with family: result birth defectzoo no advantage to habitat Reason 1 animals are treated well Reason 2 educational Reason 3 protect endangered species . success Taamar. but poor success rate small num. misleading exhibits problematic poor success rateno advantage to habitat Reason 3 protect endangered species Example Perfect Notes Reading Claim zoos are essential Lecture problems with arguments don’t believe zoos benefit animals or society.

What to explain 1st paragraph: state the author’s claim. and know that your notes are your saviors. . 1st paragraph: The article states that . . . .php?pgID=266#ixzz1ULDMISTI 4th: how to write your essay in 20 minutes Take a deep breadth. Finish by 0 min. Simply change your notes into a four-paragraph essay and you’re done. every two boxes in the same row equals a paragraph in your essay.The question you receive after the lecture never changes. the professor explains min. .notefull. Question Summarize the points made in the lecture. Finish by 11½ min. 2nd paragraph: First.com/content. However. It always asks you to explain how the lecture refutes the article. the reading states that . 4th paragraph: Third. . explain how the professor refutes it 3rd paragraph: state the second reason of support. . How? Easy. . . Read more: https://www. and provides three reasons of support. the professor contends that . . and refutes each of the author's reasons. explain how the professor refutes it 4th paragraph: state the third reason of support. Finish by 17 However. The lecture opposes this point by saying that . Take a look at what each paragraph you write must do. . 3rd paragraph: Second. The professor refutes this point by stating that . . . the reading avers that . . being sure to explain how they cast doubt on the points made in the reading passage. explain how the professor refutes it Finish by 6 min. the article claims that . . 2nd paragraph: state the first reason of support. . explain that the professor opposes it How to explain it Timing 20 min. that . . relax.

He says that they offer no advantage to saving animals in their natural habitat. Only write one or two sentences about the article to do this. Make sure to write down EVERYTHING you wrote down in your notes for the lecture. If you spend so much time on the first half of your essay that you can’t get to the last paragraph. 161 words. You get no points by writing a lot about the article. sticking to the timing is essential to make sure that you get the highest score possible. Two. the professor explains that there are problems with these arguments and refutes each of the author's reasons. it’s a waste of time. This shows a lack of care towards animals. However. He explains that in a zoo. the reading states that animals are treated well in zoos.You begin each paragraph by referencing the main point made in the article (either the claim or a reason). The professor says that this claim is problematic. The professor refutes this point. Doing so is what will earn you a high score. a conclusion is not necessary to earn a perfect score. Read through the two examples to see. Third. Second. He states that animals are not treated well. explain how the lecture contradicts the article by explaining everything you heard in the lecture against that point. However. so no one cares if you can summarize it. If you have extra time. the introduction is not important so don’t spend more than 2 to 3 minutes on it. The animals in zoos are to attract visitors. Here are a few things to keep in mind. Then. you lose all of those points. It’s a waste of time. Three. He explains that zoos have a poor success rate with saving endangered species. He also states that we can’t understand them in zoos because they are in artificial and misleading exhibits. Do not ignore the time limits. the article claims that zoos are educational. the professor says that zoos are seen as entertainment. two read pandas died from exposure to rat poison. Big tip: You see the article for the whole 20 minutes you have to write. You must write a complete essay. the reading claims that zoos protect endangered species. Example Fair Answer The article states that zoos are essential and provides three reasons of support. This would earn a score of (21/30) . First. One. review your essay to make sure that you wrote everything down clearly and completely.

This would earn a score of (30/30) If you don’t repeat yourself and write between 225 and 250 words with good grammar. If you write 175 words with ok grammar. Read more: https://www. He explains that in a zoo. expect a score of 22-25. the professor says that zoos are still seen as entertainment. he states that zoos offer no advantage to saving animals in their native habitat. the reading states that animals are treated well in zoos. which results in birth defects. Also. They aren’t the animals that the public should really learn about. zoos have a poor success rate.notefull. expect an 18-22. However. 244 words. expect to earn the highest number of points: 26-30. we can’t understand them in zoos because they are in artificial and misleading exhibits. However. the article claims that zoos are educational. two read pandas died from exposure to rat poison. but were not present. the professor explains that activists don’t believe that zoos benefit animals or society and refutes each of the author's reasons. Third.com/content. Second. He states that animals are not treated well. the reading claims that zoos protect endangered species. Zoos possess a small number of an endangered species so they tend to interbreed. The professor explains that this proves that zoo administrators show a lack of care towards animals. He explains that the Taamarin is one successful example but that overall.php?pgID=267#ixzz1ULDVxp9z . If you write around 200 words with ok grammar. The professor refutes this point. Zoo safety managers could have prevented this. First. Zoos send the message that animals can be used for our own purposes.Example Perfect Answer The article states that zoos are essential and provides three reasons of support. The professor says that this claim is problematic. The animals in zoos attract visitors. He states that though some zoos attempt to inform.

The author has mentioned in the passage that the zoos provide education. This essay consistently places them in the second sentence. There are various points discussed in the lecture to cast the doubts in the reading passage. . The lecture says about the treatment is not pretty and as a result the panthers die and this has raised a question about the treatment mentioned in the reading passage. the lecture says that the endangered species is problematic. Thirdly. Although the author given an example to state that the endangered species plays a vital function. the speaker tells that the zoos have no distinct advantage by saving endangered species. The speaker says that the death of red panther arises a question about the safety. Great structure. Firstly the speaker tells about the animal safety. Secondly. also this questions the responsibility of the care taker in the zoos. but the speaker says that the visitors in the zoos are entertained by the artificial facts and the misleading exibits. whereas the author has mentioned in the passage that the animals are treated well.5th: learn from student examples We’re going to break down an example essay for you into four parts: 1st: structure – learn the way you need to express the information from the article and lecture 2nd: content– see what the important points to mention are and how they should be explained 3rd: grammar – avoid the common mistakes most student makes and improve your score 4th: grade – know how essays are scored Structure back to the top Example Essay The lecture mainly contradicts the information given in the reading passage stating that the zoos are the essential one to the modern culture and provides adequate education. One point: Our strategy has us place the sentences that talk about the article in the beginning of each paragraph. 4 paragraphs that deal with each point made in the reading and how the lecture refutes it. lecture says that the zoos gives the good entertainment rather than the education. whereas the lecture says that the zoos are only good for entertainment rather than the education.

The first paragraph should only state that the lecture refutes the claim made by the author that zoos are essential to a modern culture. but the speaker says that the visitors in the zoos are entertained by the artificial facts and the misleading exibits. The speaker says that the death of red panther arises a question about the safety. The lecture says about the treatment is not pretty and as a result the panthers die and this has raised a question about the treatment mentioned in the reading passage. Firstly the speaker tells about the animal safety.Content back to the top The lecture mainly contradicts the information given in the reading passage stating that the zoos are the essential one to the modern culture and provides adequate education. whereas the author has mentioned in the passage that the animals are treated well. Also. no criticism on content. also this questions the responsibility of the care taker in the zoos. the underlined portion is confused. The professor states that zoo aren’t very educational because exhibits are artificial and misleading. We don’t need the underlined portion. Thirdly. whereas the lecture says that the zoos are only good for entertainment rather than the education. the lecture says that the endangered species is problematic. lecture says that the zoos gives the good entertainment rather than the education. We missed the point that zoos have animals that attract visitors not educate. There are various points discussed in the lecture to cast the doubts in the reading passage. Secondly. Fantastic! Perfect. The author has mentioned in the passage that the zoos provide education. Although the .

Also. . animals interbreed (interbreed means mate with members of their family) in zoos so their babies have birth defects. That’s the ONLY time we should use one. Good sentence. Which points? Points that cast doubt on. Cars are nice. We use it to refer to one item in a group of similar items. Consequently. He is the happy one. you want the word that. The cars are nice. zoos have a low success rate of saving endangered species. Don’t make an unnecessary mistake. Which car do you like among the three? The green one. the speaker tells that the zoos have no distinct advantage by saving endangered species. You don’t want the word to. the modern culture => zoos. First. And. not cast the doubts in. Some things you just have to memorize. what cars? If you’re not talking about a specific group or item that the reader knows about you should not use the. The is only used before nouns that are specific or have already been mentioned. points to cast the doubts in => points that cast doubt on Many students make similar mistakes. we’re speaking generally. modern culture Whenever you speak generally. Good paragraph. the idiom is cast doubt on. we should change: the essential one => essential Many students like to use one. why the? Many students forget that all you need is an adjective to describe a noun. we’re saying that all cars are nice. Bad sentence. Second. (See how the word one is used appropriately here?) You’re describing the word points. Grammar back to the top The lecture mainly contradicts the information given in the reading passage stating that the zoos are the essential one to the modern culture and provides adequate education. Bad sentence. don’t use the. Don’t be one of them. He is happy.author given an example to state that the endangered species plays a vital function. Good sentence. Memorize this! You will likely use it on your test. There are various points discussed in the lecture to cast the doubts in the reading passage. whereas the lecture says that the zoos are only good for entertainment rather than the education. Why? I don’t know. the zoos. but we missed two points.

Tell is followed by a pronoun and a noun clause: He tells me that I should eat breakfast all the time. also this questions the responsibility of the care taker in the zoos. You’re talking about the red panther you read about. but the speaker says that the visitors in the zoos are entertained by the artificial facts and the misleading exibits. The author has mentioned in the passage that the zoos provide education. lecture => the lecture . use talks about. The lecture says about the treatment is not pretty and as a result the panthers die and this has raised a question about the treatment mentioned in the reading passage. they think they have to use them all. students always make this mistake. says about => says that Memorize this: it’s not says about. tells about => talks about Again. The other words are general. the animal safety. You should never use the verb tell in this essay. Get it? Keep it in the past and present. the safety => animal safety. I have taught since I was a baby. since ESL students learn so many. So. Don’t. safety We already saw this in the first paragraph. whereas the author has mentioned in the passage that the animals are treated well. it’s says that. use the. so don’t use the. lecture says that the zoos gives the good entertainment rather than the education. The speaker says that the death of red panther arises a question about the safety. That’s it.Firstly the speaker tells about the animal safety. has mentioned => mentioned The most common verbs used in these essays (and in English) are present and past tense. Secondly. It’s not all red panthers or any red panther. But. red panther. the red panther. Has mentioned is present perfect and we only use it with the words for or since: I have taught for several years. you’re talking about the specific red panther that died.

education. and a few points missing. the zoos. to give. Check for this when you proofread. so don’t use the. We want the present tense here. Closer to 23. the author given => the author gives We can change verbs into several forms: present. Gives not given. the lecture says that the endangered species is problematic. education. ok grammar. Different students have given their example responses to this question. Zoo is singular: zoo gives. gave. good entertainment These words are general. Thirdly. the zoos => endangered species. Zoos is plural: zoos give. the speaker tells that the zoos have no distinct advantage by saving endangered species the endangered species. infinitive: give. past. More Examples Check out this link. it’s easy to catch. present participle. or entertainment. giving. it’s the lecture you heard. the education. This would earn a fair score: 17-23 out of a possible 30. so no the. zoos We’re speaking generally about zoos and endangered species. Grade back to the top 224 words. I have also given my feedback for the different . zoos gives => zoos give Very common. It takes you back to the forum webpage that I linked to on the practice page for this question to post your essay. so use the word the.Again. Although the author given an example to state that the endangered species plays a vital function. all of them. You’re not talking about a specific zoo. which makes it specific. the good entertainment => zoos. it’s not any lecture or lectures in general. You’re talking about them in general. past participle. given.

As you can see. Let me explain. and learn. The lecture would then state that apples are bad because they are not nutritious.notefull. Here. I’ll teach you the second step. use the following chart to guide how you study it. The article might support this by explaining that research by hundreds of scientists proves that apples are nutritious. The lecture would then go on to say something like: the researchers who “proved” that apples were nutritious were paid by apple companies. which is why they get more time. What you should do is use a stopwatch (such as this online stop watch) when you practice. Read more: https://www. If the article states that apples are good and it cites their nutrient content as the first reason. . This will develop your ability to read quickly. The lecture usually opposes the reasons mentioned in the article by attacking the supporting examples given. with an understanding of the supporting examples in the reading. spend some time. you gain an important insight into the lecture.responses given. Visit. First step 1st: author’s opinion 2nd: first reason 3rd: second reason 4th: third reason Second step 1st: nothing 2nd: supporting example 3rd: supporting example 4th: supporting example Timing (3 min. Reading other student essays and hearing my feedback can help you to avoid similar mistakes. which will help you take much better notes.php?pgID=268#ixzz1ULDgEaDU 6th: how to study for this question You must master the reading if you want to improve your score.) Finish by 2 min 30s Finish by 1 min 40s Finish by 50s Finish by 0s What does this all mean? I taught you how to complete the 1st step towards using the reading to get a high score: identify four key elements: the opinion and 3 reasons. so you can’t believe their claims. With the 3 minutes that you have to read them. The first paragraph is the shortest and easiest to analyze and the remaining paragraphs are larger and more complex. You know that the reading contains 4 paragraphs.com/content.

Remember to write short. simple. but I believe it works best if you do it every day for about 15 to 30 minutes. clear sentences that logically move from one to another.notefull. When the alarm sounds. Do all of this and you will improve greatly. You should create your own transcript when finished. You’ll feel improvement after the first few days. with time. This should take you around 2 hours to complete. To improve your note taking on the lecture develop a better ear.php?pgID=269#ixzz1ULDm5MvF . Explain everything. I know we all have busy schedules and may not have 20 minutes free to write an essay. give yourself only 20 minutes and don’t interrupt your time. Compare it to mine. if you’re serious about improving. Make sure he or she can understand what you’re writing and the idea you’re explaining. you must stop and move on.com/content. Read more: https://www. This. will build your skill and speed. The easiest way to become good at doing this is to use the online timer to count down from 30 or 50 seconds. Do it all at once if you wish. How? Dictation. Imagine your talking to a child.Be aware that you only have 30 or 50 seconds to analyze each paragraph. When you write your essay. What’s that? Listen to the lecture again and again and write down every single word that you hear. But. find 20 uninterrupted minutes to practice.

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