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Definition of Marker: Marker is a part of a paper on which the patterns of all parts of the garments are drawn so that garments can be made by using minimum quantity of fabric. Marker width is normally equal to the minimum width of the fabric. Marker length depends on no. of patterns of garments used for making a marker. Marker length depends on some other factor. 1. No. of garments produced by a lay of a spread. 2. Length of the cutting table. 3. Production planning.
Marker Efficiency: Area of the patterns X 100 Area of the marker More the efficiency of the marker, less the loss of fabric. The price of a garments depends mostly on the fabric. So increasing marker efficiency will increase the profit. That’s why marker efficiency is very important.
Factor Effecting Marker Efficiency:
a. Marker Maker: Marker efficiency depends on the knowledge,
experience, dedication and honesty of the Marker maker. b. Size of the garments: If no. of the size of the pattern include in a marker, the marker efficiency increase. c. Marker Length: Increase in marker length will increase marker efficiency. d. Pattern Engineering: Marker efficiency can be increased by changing the pattern design or dividing the pattern in small parts.
Normally white paper or newsprint paper is used for making marker. Grain line points the warp of the fabric. Constraints of Marker Making: a. Grain Line: Grain line is pointed in every pattern. Type of garments: Large pattern sizes in a marker decrease the efficiency. Marker Making: There are two ways of making marker.e. Increasing marker width will increase marker efficiency. Marker is made. Production Planning Methods of Marker making After making the pattern. Marker width: Marker width depends on fabric width. Cutting quality: e. Computerized marker making . There are two process for making marker. 1. Check) decrease the marker efficiency. Using full size pattern b. f. Quality of fabric: Symmetric fabric (looks alike from all side) increases the marker efficiency. That’s why pattern making of symmetric fabric is easy but pattern making of asymmetric fabric is difficult. On the other hand Small pattern sizes will increase marker efficiency. Quality of fabric: Symmetric fabric looks alike from all side but asymmetric fabric looks different. Using small pattern 2. The minimum fabric width is the marker width. Experienced marker maker can produce efficient marker in a short time. Garments Design: The garments which contain special type of design (Such as mirror image) need special care in marker making. At first large pattern are fixed then small patterns are used to fill the gap. Manual and computerized. At first marker width is fixed. d. g. on the other hand asymmetric fabric (Stripes. b. h. Manual marker making a. c. Computerized system has increased efficiency but it required more time.
5. b. After saving the patterns. Scanning system is normally used for this. d. Computer Control Marker Making: 1. grade rule is used for making all size patterns. 4. But it is a costly process. Full size patterns are reduced in 1/5 scale by using pantograph. The are of the marker covered by the pattern is determined by the Planimeter. But it is a slow process. 3. Production pattern is first save in computer memory. In this system the computer screen contain two parallel horizontal lines that gives the marker width. The dimensions of marker table is normally 2 mtr X 50 cm c. The picture of the marker is taken by using a camera. The quality of computer control marker is better than manual marker. e. which indicates the start of the marker. Some computer uses such program that they own can make marker. In computer control marker as much as copy can be possible. The pattern made by hard paper is set on the marker and adjust to increase efficiency. Then marker efficiency is also determined. 2. 2. Almost 2% fabric savings can be done by computer control marker system. . By watching the small and efficient small pattern manual marker. At the left corner of the two lines there is a vertical line. then it is known as interactive marker making. the maker use full size of pattern.Manual Marker Making: 1. This is known as automatic marker making. Using small Pattern: a. When Marker maker uses computer to make marker by himself. This process is useful for short length marker. full size marker can e produced. Using Full Size Pattern: In this type of marker making.
Process: 1. Carbon duplicating method: Use Carbon paper between two marker. The marker become visible by treating with ammonia vapour. Spirit duplicating: Use office duplicating machines. c.Method of Drawing and Duplicating a marker: Normally marker is drawn on white paper. b. Then perforation is done in marker papers by using punch needle. Marker paper is set on the fabric by using pin or gum. Photographic Method: Main marker can be duplicated by light sensitive paper using ultraviolet light. While cutting the fabric the marker also cut. Hand drawing on to the paper: Pattern is set on to the marker. then marker is prepared by using thin pencil. 2. 6 to 8 marker can be produced at a time. Computerised marking: . Perforated marker: At first pattern is set and drawn the marker. so that it is good to keep copies of the marker. Machinaries of marker duplicating: a. d. 40-45 marker can be produced at a time.