Question Part I Cakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are amongfavourite desserts served during special

occasions such asbirthday parties, Hari Raya, weddings and etc. Cakes aretreasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also inthe art of cake baking and cake decorating. Find out howmathematics is used in cake baking and cake decorating andwrite about your findings. Answer: Geometry ± To determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing and decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of cake to be produced Calculus (differentiation) ± To determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-baking, to estimate min. or max.amount of cream needed for decorating, to estimate min. or max. size of cake produced.

Progressions ± To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportional dimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amount of cream for decoration.

Part II Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5 kg of round cake as shownin Diagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Daycelebration.0 cm in height. calculate the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cake ordered by your school. and the corresponding values of diameters of the baking tray to beused. and the height of the cake is to be 7. = 3. 60.784 cm 2)The cake will be baked in an oven with inner dimensions of 80.0cm. explore by using different values of heights.0 cmin width and 45. (Diagram 11) 1) If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 3800 .142)( )² x 7 (3.392 d = 58. Tabulate your answers .0 cm in length.142) = ( )² 863.d cm.872 = ( )² = 29. a)If the volume of cake remains the same.hcm.142] [Use Answer: Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake 3800 x 5 = (3.

form the formulafor d in terms of h by using the above formula for volume of cake. that is: 19000 = (3.53 109.0 6. Furthermore.d(cm) 155.0 9. the cake would be too short and too wide.Answer: First.0 8. (i)state the range of heights that isNOTsuitable for the cakes andexplain your answers.77 68.84 49.0 3. because the resulting diameter produced is too large to fit into the oven. Answer: h< 7cm is NOT suitable.142)(d/2)²h  = = d² d= Height.99 51.0 7.98 89.80 77.78 54.18 (b)Based on the values in your table.0 2.0 4.h (cm) 1.49 58.0 Diameter. .56 63. V = 19000.0 10. making it less attractive.0 5.

(c) (i) Form an equation to represent the linear relation betweenhand d.19 3 0.142)h = = d² d= d= log d = Ž‘‰ log d = Log h Log d Š Š log h + log 155. d = 54.19 1 1.] Answer: 19000 = (3.99cm.142)( )²h 19000/(3. Hence.53 0 2. because it can fit into the oven. plot a suitable graph based on the equation that you haveformed. [You may draw your graph with the aid of computersoftware.69 4 0.69 2 1.(ii)suggest the dimensions that you think most suitable for the cake. and the size is suitable for easy handling. Givereasons for your answer. Answer: h = 8cm.19 .

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23 cm³ Therefore.23 = 3757.99/2)(8) x 1 = 1382.142)( = 2375 cm³ Vol. h = 13.23 cm³ (b)Suggestthreeother shapes for cake. Answer: h = 10. Estimate the amount of fresh cream tobe used on each of the cakes. log d = 1. d = 47. log d = 1.140. use your graph to determine the diameter of the round cake pan required. of cream at the side surface Vol. of cream at the side surface = Area of side surface x Height of cream = (Circumference of cake x Height of cake) x Height of cream = 2(3. Answer: h = 8cm. log h = 1.99cm Amount of fresh cream = VOLUME of fresh cream needed (area x height) Amount of fresh cream = Vol. amount of fresh cream = 2375 + 1382.142)(54.680. of cream at the top surface + Vol.623. Answer: d = 42cm.80cm 3)Best Bakery has been requested to decorate the cake with fresh cream. d = 54.86cm (b) If Best Bakery used a 42 cm diameter round cake tray. The thicknessof the cream is normally set to a uniform layer of about1cm (a)Estimate the amount of fresh cream required to decorate the cake using thedimensions that you have suggested in 2(b)(ii). Answer: )² x 1 .5cm. use yourgraph to estimate the height of the cake obtained.021.5 cm. of cream at the top surface = Area of top surface x Height of cream = (3. that will have the same height andvolume as those suggested in 2(b)(ii). log h = 1.(ii) (a) If Best Bakery received an order to bake a cake where the height of the cake is 10.

1 ± Rectangle-shaped base (cuboid) 19000 = base area x height base area = length x width = 2375 By trial and improvement. 4750 = 95 x 50 (length = 95. width = 47.5 (length = 50.68 cm³ 3 ± Pentagon-shaped base .5)(1) + 2375 = 3935 cm³ 2 ± Triangle-shaped base 19000 = base area x height base area = 2375 x length x width = 2375 length x width = 4750 By trial and improvement.5. width = 50) Slant length of triangle = ¥(95² + 25²)= 98.23 Therefore.23 x 8)(1) + 2375 = 4346. 2375 = 50 x 47. height = 8) Therefore. volume of cream = 2(Area of left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + 2(Area of front/back side surface)(Height of cream) + Vol. of top surface = (50 x 8)(1) + 2(98. amount of cream = Area of rectangular front side surface(Height of cream) + 2(Area of slant rectangular left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + Vol. of top surface = 2(8 x 50)(1) + 2(8 x 47.

Give reasons for youranswers. Use at least two different methods including Calculus. and the formula for amount (volume) of cream to be used for the round cake (as in Q3/a). since it requires only 3135 cm³ of cream to be used. (3) into (2): V = (3.142)r² + ( ) ) (3) V = (3.142)r² + 38000r-1 .142)r²h (1) V = (3.19000 = base area x height base area = 2375 = area of 5 similar isosceles triangles in a pentagon therefore: 2375 = 5(length x width) 475 = length x width By trial and improvement. Part III Find the dimension of a 5 kg round cake that requires the minimum amount of fresh cream todecorate.142)r² + 2(3. amount of cream = 5(area of one rectangular side surface)(height of cream) + vol. Answer: Method 1: Differentiation Use two equations for this method: the formula for volume of cake (as in Q2/a). width = 19) Therefore.142)rh (2) From (1): h = Sub. of top surface = 5(8 x 19) + 2375 = 3135 cm³ (c)Based on the values that you have found which shape requires the leastamount of fresh cream to be used? Answer: Pentagon-shaped cake. 475 = 25 x 19 (length = 25.State whether you would choose to bake a cake of such dimensions.142)r² + 2(3.142)r( V = (3. 19000 = (3.

h = 18.142)[ (r + h)² ± h² ] = (3.22 therefore.142)h² (a = (3. corresponding value of x = r = --h) Sub. such cakes are difficult to handle easily.142). d = 2r = 2(18.22 therefore.104 = r³ r = 18. d = 2r = 2(18. h = 18. value = f(r) = ±(3. value). h = 18. r = 18.44 cm I would choose not to bake a cake with such dimensions because its dimensions are not suitable (the height is too high) and therefore less attractive. r = radius of round cake: 19000 = (3.142)(r + h)² ± (3.22 Sub.142)(--h)²h h³ = 6047.142)(r² + 2hr) -->> factorize (3.22 Sub. Furthermore. with a = (3.142)h².142)r² + 2(3. .142)hr (2) From (2): f(r) = (3.142)r²h (1) f(r) = (3.104 h = 18.142)r²(18.22) = 36. r = --h into (1): 19000 = (3.22 into (3): h= h = 18.22 into (1): 19000 = (3.142) = (3. but only the formula for amount of cream is the main equation used as the quadratic function. b = 2h and c = 0 = (3.142)[ (r + )² ± ( )² ] -->> completing square.894 r = 18.142)r ± ( ) ) -->> minimum value.142) (positive indicates min.22) r² = 331.22 cm. Let f(r) = volume of cream.( ) = 2(3.22cm. therefore =0 0 = 2(3. min.142)r ± ( = 2(3.44cm Method 2: Quadratic Functions Use the two same equations as in Method 1.142)r = r³ 6047.22) = 36.

599« a = 31. 9627.0 cm and the radius of the largest cake is 31.585 Radius of 3rd cake = 25.81 (b) If the total mass of all the cakes should not exceed 15 kg.599. vol. By comparingall these values. 22.142)(31)²(6) = 18116. Answer: . The height of each cake is 6.0 cm. asshown in Diagram 2. 27.414 Radius of 4th cake = 22. vol. vol.772 Radius of 2nd cake = 27.142)r²h Radius of 1st cake = 31. the radius of the third cake is10% less than the radius of the second cake and so on.11. r = V = (3. r = T2/T1 = T3 /T2 = « = 0. 11886. ratio. the second. of 3rd cake = 11886. 25.585.772. « a = 18116. the third and the fourth cakes. of 2nd cake = 14674.995 18116.(a) Find the volume of the first. calculate the maximumnumber of cakes that the bakery needs to bake.11. volume of 1st cake = (3. Answer: height.9. determine whether the volumes of the cakes form a number pattern?Explain and elaborate on the number patterns. The radius of the second cake is 10% less than the radius of the first cake.9. 14674.414.995. Verify your answer using othermethods.772. h of each cake = 6cm radius of largest cake = 31cm radius of 2nd cake = 10% smaller than 1st cake radius of 3rd cake = 10% smaller than 2nd cake 31.FURTHER EXPLORATION Best Bakery received an order to bake a multi-storey cake for Merdeka Day celebration. of 4th cake = 9627.

81n og0.40221 = n n=    n = 4.322 therefore.81 0.40221 = 0. a = 18116.772 and r = 0.Sn =       Sn = 57000.81 57000 =     1 ± 0.81n = 0. n § 4 .59779 0.

Tuesday.Friday And even the weekend that I always looking forward to« 1 28ve 980 ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS (Cover the top part of the phrase ³1 28ve 980´ From now on.REFLECTION In the making of this project. I used to hate Additional Mathematics« It always makes me wonder why this subject is so difficult« I always tried to love every part of it« It always an absolute obstacle for me« Throughout day and night« I sacrificed my precious time to have fun« From..Wednesday. . Without it. I will do my best on every second that I will learn Additional Mathematics.Thursday.I realized that this subject is a compulsory to me. I have spent countless hours doing this project. I can¶t fulfill my big dreams and wishes«. Monday.

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