Local literature Beyond Carrot and Stick: TQM Motivation Factors in Philippine Maritime Schools(2010) Dr.

Patrick Alain T. Azanza UP College of Education Abstract Maritime schools in the Philippines are required to implement quality programs and maintain ISO-certification in compliance with the mandate of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the Standards for Training Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) that were jointly adopted by the Commission of Higher education (CHED) and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) as mandatory requirements for securing school permits to operate and offer maritime courses. As a consequence, Philippine maritime schools had to rely heavily on the performance capability of its human resources in order to meet the said requirements and successfully integrate Total Quality Management (TQM) in their systems. Most of these schools adopted various motivation factors in the hope of rallying their people to comply with the quality implementation standards. Utilizing Vroom¶s expectancy theory, Maslow¶s hierarchy of needs, and Herzberg¶s motivation-hygiene factors, this paper highlights the results of the survey conducted on the rewards and sanctions adopted by fifty-four (54) out of eighty one (81) maritime schools all over the country that have satisfactorily complied with the quality standard requirements in the year 2004 and as a result were included in the IMO white list which recognizes maritime schools offering quality academic programs all over the world. Out of a scale of 1 to 5 (1= very low; 5=very high), the assessment of analysis made on the rewards and sanctions in the maritime schools showed a mean of 4.17 for both, and a standard deviation of .819 and .776 respectively which revealed a relatively homogenous set of responses. A series of stepwise multiple regression analysis was done on nine (9) determinant factors that lead to successful TQM implementation among maritime schools. The study revealed that on the over-all, only four (4) out of the nine (9) determinant factors being studied significantly affected TQM implementation, namely, System and procedures for audit; System and procedures for documentation of studentrelated processes; involvement in planning process; and rewards and sanctions.

MANALASTAS Although exercise motivation is a well-established research area in sport and exercise psychology in the West. TORRE2 AND E. to boost self-esteem. WHY DO FILIPINOS EXERCISE? EXPLORING MOTIVES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF FILIPINO YOUTH (2010) J. The three most frequently identified reasons for exercise were: weight management (³to lose weight´). Future directions for research on exercise in the Philippines. Data on exercise frequency and types of activities engaged in were also collected. This means that the more the motivation factors (system of rewards and sanctions) are assessed. with a beta value of positive . and appearance (³to have a sexy body´). including the construction and validation of a scale for exercise motivation among Filipinos.The survey results further showed that the motivation factors appeared significant at . Given these findings. The purpose of this study was to explore possible motives for exercise behaviour according to Filipino youth using an open-ended methodology. Edna Miraflores.200. the more the TQM implementation is affected. Challenge and competition were the least frequently cited reasons for exercise. strength and endurance (³para lumakas´. B. Manuelito Tacay and Janifer Lao . 1997). One hundred twenty-nine Filipinos aged 15 to 21 years old responded to a questionnaire asking them to free-list reasons for exercise. Markland & Ingledew. and social influence factors. Results also indicated motives that were outside those identified in the EMI-2 subscales. which means ³to increase strength´). the paper discusses the implications of adopting motivation factors beyond the carrot and stick formula towards the successful implementation of TQM in educational institutions and other work organizations. Aileen Ignacio. according to respondents. A Study on the Intrinsic Motivation Factors in Second (2010) Language Learning Among Selected Freshman Students Rochelle Irene Lucas Dennis Pulido. 497 responses (M = 3.J. will be discussed. CAGAS. including: as a requirement. relatively little work on this topic is available in the Philippines.Y.A.9 per respondent) were coded by two independent judges using themes derived from the Exercise Motivation Inventory subscales (EMI-2.032 level.

Inc. A 48-item questionnaire was administered to the selected respondents. Philippines Abstract The paper focused on intrinsic motivation factors that may help identify what specific L2 communicative skill students are more motivated to learn. The secondary purpose . Manila. Abstract The main purpose of this research is to determine the extent of which motivation differentiates foreign language (FL) learners. The study involved 240 freshman college students from different universities and colleges in Metro Manila. Gonzales University of Santo Tomas Graduate School & Development Strategists International Consulting. Motivational Orientation in Foreign Language Learning: The Case of Filipino Foreign Language Learners (2010) Richard DLC. The results of the study showed that students are intrinsically motivated to learn speaking and reading skills and that they are intrinsically motivated via knowledge and accomplishment.De La Salle University. These may suggest that students are motivated to learn these linguistic skills due to the very nature of the skills which they find interesting and relevant to them. The mastery of these linguistic skills somehow helps them achieve their learning goals which may bring benefits to them in the future.

no studies had been found to consider combined effects of these factors in consumer attention. cultural integration and self-satisfaction. As such. Visual attention had been found to be related to instore visual factors such as shelf position.3%). French language learners towards affiliation with foreigners. The study recommends some instructional and pedagogical strategies for teaching foreign languages.7%). Females are more motivationally oriented than males towards communication and affiliation and self-efficacy. this study considered the combined effects shelf . FL being learned and length of studying of FL could influence differentiation in the motivation of FL learning among Filipino students. Results show that younger learners motivational orientation is towards cultural understanding. Data were cross-sectional in nature with 26 learning Chinese (17. However.7%).3%) and 34 learning Spanish (22. 50 learning Japanese (33. Grindulo Studies on visual attention have identified certain visual factors that attract consumer attention. Eighty of the participants are females (53. The participants of this study were 150 students who had elected to study foreign languages from three universities in Metro Manila. Garcia Kimberly L. Japanese language learners are more motivationally oriented towards career and economic enhancement. it was hypothesized that the variables included in this study could differentiate motivation of FL learners. sex. 40 learning French (26. number of facings. despite their importance attracting consumer attention. A Predictive Model of Attention in Viewing Selected Grocery Food Products (2008) Kathleen V.3%). and packaging design.7%). and Spanish language learners towards self-efficacy.of this study is to compare motivation of Filipino FL learners using the Foreign Language Learning Motivation Questionnaire and to investigate whether age group. while 70 are males (46. Go Winnie V. Thus.

Multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the data gathered from the experiment. As these factors attract consumers· attention. number of facings and packaging design with the objective of identifying the significant factors and of developing a predictive model of attention. In order to validate the developed model. while horizontal position and packaging material determines the frequency of fixation. horizontal and vertical shelf positioning. This verified the model developed as packaging and shelf position indeed affected attention. It was found that the horizontal and vertical position and image affects the duration of fixation. Results obtained showed that in-store visual factors are determinants of attention. Using an eye-tracking device that records the frequency and duration of fixation. and also what to consider in making the packaging of their products. the subjects were asked to view a life-size picture of a shelf.position. size. and the text and image on the packaging was used in the development of a conceptual model in predicting attention as measured by the frequency of fixation and the duration of fixation. The significant effects of in-store visual factors specifically number of facings. and material of. it is important that manufacturers and retailers are aware of their relationship as to be guided on where and how to position products on the shelf. the color. an eye-tracking experiment was conducted. .

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