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TRNG I HC LM NGHIP

KHOA O TO SAU I HC

BI KIM TRA T CCH


MN: NNG LM KT HP

Ging vin: PGS.TS Phm Xun Hon Hc vin: L Vn Mn Lp: Cao Hc K18B Lm Hc

H Ni, 8/2011
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bi: Anh (ch) hy gii thch khi nip v h thng NLKH theo t hp cp i v cp ba ca cc yu t hp thnh h thng ny? Lin h vi cc h thng NLKH m anh ch bit? Bi lm 1) H thng NLKH theo t hp cp i: C nhiu nh ngha khc nhau v nng lm kt hp, nhng nh ngha r rng nht l s a dng v cnh quan thin nhin an xen nhau nh cch sp xp cc l ca cy th du Thi Bnh Dng (Hnh 1).

Hnh 1 Nu nhn t trn trc thng xung, cc cnh rng hin ra nh trung tm ca chic l 6 cnh. Vi trung tm l rng kt hp vi cc thnh phn khc gm mi trng, cc loi cy trng, cc loi thc vt, ng c, chn nui, v du lch to nn su dng n gin nht ca nng lm kt hp, cc dng kt hp i ca nng lm kt hp. V d, rng kt hp vi mi trng to nn m hnh chng xi mn, rng kt hp vi cy nng nghip to nn m hnh hng ro xanh,
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rng kt hp vi thc vt to ra m hnh canh tc trong rng, rng kt hp vi ng c to ra m hnh a dng sinh vt, rng kt hp vi chn nui to nn m hnh sn bn ng vt hoang d, v rng kt hp vi du lch thnh m hnh du lch sinh thi. 2) M hnh NLKH t hp chp ba: Cng theo Hnh 1. Ti nhng phn chng ln nhau ca mi cnh l hnh thnh nn cc h thng nng lm kt hp phc tp hn. V d, rng kt hp vi mi trng v cy nng nghip hnh thnh nn m hnh vng m ven sng; rng kt hp vi cy nng nghip v thm thc vt hnh thnh nn m hnh vn nh, rt ni ting vi m hnh vn nh pekarangan nhiu tng ca ngi Innxia. Rng kt hp vi chn nui v ng c hnh thnh nn h thng lm sc, rng kt hp vi chn nui v du lch hnh thnh nn m hnh khm ph cuc sng hoang d, rng kt hp vi du lch v mi trng to nn cnh p. Nng lm kt hp m phng t nhin trong s a dng tuyt vi ca mnh. 3) Lin h thc tin vi h thng NLKH ti a phng ni bn thn cng tc: Trn a bn tnh Thanh Ho, c nhiu m hnh NLKH v ang pht huy c hiu qu, mt trong nhng m hnh l m hnh trng rng xem cy nng nghip ca d n KWF4. Thi gian u tip cn trin khai d n trn a bn, Ban qun l d n Trung ng khng cho php ngi dn trng xen cy nng nghip vi rng trng ca d n, trong khi bin php canh tc kt hp ny c ngi dn a phng thc hin t bao i nay. Tuy nhiu sau mt vi nm trin khai trng rng trn a bn, mc d rng trng d n KWF4 c sut u t ln, cy ging em trng phi p ng tiu chun xut vn tt nht, c kim sot mt cch nghim ngt, cc bin php k thut cuc h, bn phn phi tun th nghim ngt theo ng quy trnh, quy phm k thut, nhng qua i chng cc a phng trong tnh, rng trng d n cht lng thp hn so vi nhng ni trng rng c trng xen cy nng nghip trong 3 nm u, giai on kin thit c bn. Trn c s thc tin chng minh hiu qu ca m hnh NLKH t hp cp i gia cy nng nghip v cy lm nghip pht huy c hiu qu s dng t, c mi quan h tng tc gia cc h sinh thi, to lp nn cn bng sinh thi, gia cc thnh phn ny c mi tc ng qua li c v mt sinh thi v kinh t.
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