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ANTI- ARRHYTHMIC DRUGS

By: Lucky Govina I. Campos Donna Melizza L. Conciso

Used to treat CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS

Disturbance or irregularity in the heart rate, rhythm, or both

The heart is a muscle that works continuously, much like a pump.

Each beat of the heart is set in motion by an electrical signal from within the heart muscle. The electrical activity is recorded by an electrocardiogram, known as EKG or ECG

Located at Right Atrium. The primary pacemaker of the heart. RATE: 60 to 100 bpm.

SA NODE

When the right atrium is full of blood, the electrical signal spreads across the cells of the right and left atria. This causes the atria to contract.

y Slowed conduction, creating a slight delay before

impulses reach ventricles. y Intrinsic rate: 40 60 bpm

Transmits impulses to bundle branches. Located below AV node.

Conducts impulses that lead to the ventricles

Network of fibers that spreads impulses rapidly throughout ventricular walls. Located at terminals of bundle branches. Intrinsic rate 20 40 bpm

SA NODE

y may occur as a result of heart disease

or from a disorder that affects cardiovascular function.


y conditions such as emotional stress,

hypoxia, and electrolyte imbalance also may trigger an arrhythmia.

Goal of Anti-arrhythmic Drug Thepary

to restore normal cardiac function

to prevent life-threatening arrhythmias.