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Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. In a rectangular electro magnetic relay, he exciting coil has 1200 turns. Cross sectional are of the core is A = 6 cm × 6 cm. neglect the reluctance of he magnetic circuit and fringing eﬀects. With coil current kept constant at 2A, derive expression for force on armature as a function of air gap of length x. Find the work done by the magnetic ﬁeld when x decreases from 1 cm to 0.5 cm by integrating the force. [16] 2. (a) Deduce an expression for the voltage induced in a DC generator. (b) The lap wound armature of a 4 - pole generator armature has 51 slots. Each slot contains 20 conductors. What will be the e.m.f generated in machine when driven at 1500 r.p.m. If useful ﬂux per pole is 0.01Wb? [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the armature reaction in a D.C generator on no-load. Enumerate and explain the method to overcome the adverse eﬀects of the armature reaction. (b) A 4-pole 50 KW, 250v wave wound, shunt generator has 400 armature conductors. Brushes are given a lead of 4 commutator segments. Calculate the demagnetizing ampere turns/pole if shunt ﬁeld resistance is 50 ohms. Also calculate extra shunt ﬁled turns/pole to neutralize the demagnetization.[8+8] 4. (a) How do you determine the magnetization characteristics of a DC generator. (b) A separately excited generator when running at 1200 rpm supplies a current of 200A at 125 V to circuit of constant resistance. What will be the current when the speed drops to 1000 rpm if the ﬁeld current is unaltered? Armature resistance is 0.04 ohm and the total voltage drop at the brushes is 2V. Ignore the change in armature reaction. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the drooping charectoristics of a D.C shunt generator (b) A d.c series generator having an reternal charectristics which is a straight line through zero to 50V at 200A is connected as a booster between a station busbar and a seeder of 0.3Ω resistance. Calculate the voltage diﬀerent between the station busbar and the far end Ω the seeder at a curent of i. 1200A and ii. 50A. [6+10]

6. A 20 KW,250 V dc shunt motor has a full-load armature current of 85 A at 1100 rpm.The armature resistance is 0.18 ohm. Determine: 1 of 2

Code No: 07A30201 (a) the initial torque developed;

Set No. 1

(b) the internal torque of the ﬁeld current is suddenly reduced to 80% of its original value; (c) The steady motor speed in part i. assuming the load torque to have remained constant. [16]

7. The speed of a 50 h.p series motor working on 500V supply is 750 rpm at full load and at 90 % eﬃciency. If the load torque is made 350Nm and a 5Ω resistance is connected in series with the machine, calculate the speed at which the machine will run. Assume the magnetic circuit to be unsaturated and the armature and ﬁeld resistance to be 0.5Ω. [16] 8. The Hopkinson’s test on two similar machines gave the following full load results. Line current =48A Line voltage =110V Motor armature current=230A The ﬁeld currents are 3A an 3.5A. Armature resistance of each machine is 0.035 ohms.Calculate the eﬃciency of each machine assuming a brush contact drop of 1V per brush. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

f generated by generator A. if the ﬂux dies away completely in 0. [8+8] 3.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations.1s. (a) Distinguish between lap and wave windings. The interpole air gap is 0. 1 of 2 [4+4+4+4] .02 ohm. Calculate: (a) current in series windings (b) armature currents (c) current in equalizer (d) e.05 ohm. (a) Describe the principle of energy conversion. (b) The armature of a 2 pole.02 ohm. (a) How are the series and shunt windings arranged on the pole of a dc compound machine? (b) How will you distinguish between series and shunt windings of a dc compound machine? [8+8] 5.f generator B. [8+8] 4. 105 V. what is the average value of the emf induced in each coil on breaking the ﬁeld. develop the model of an electro mechanical conversion device. The data regarding the machines are: Generator A: Ra=0. Rsh=80ohm.01 m and ﬂux density in the interpole air gap is 0. From a consideration of the various energies involved. 2 II B. An equalizig bar connects the two machines. If the number of turns in each ﬁeld coil is 1200. 200V generator has 400 conductors and runs at 300 rpm. Generator B: Ra=0. (a) How are demagnetizing and cross magnetizing ampere-turns/pole in a D. The eﬀects of iron parts of iron parts of the circuits and leakage may neglected.C Machines calculated? (b) Determine AT/pole for each interpole of a 4 pole generator with 88 slots each containing 900 amp .3 T .05 ohm. Rsh=100 ohm. Calculate the useful ﬂux or pole.m. [8+8] 2. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (b) Show that the torque developed in a doubly excited magnetic system is equal to the rate of increase of ﬁeld energy with respect to the displacement at constant currents . Rse=0. Rse=0. e. Two short-shunt compound generators A and B running in parallel supply a load current of 140A at a terminal voltage 100 V.m.conductors.Code No: 07A30201 Set No.

iii. ii. Armature reaction weakens the ﬁeld ﬂux by 4% at full load and by 2% at 60% of full load. (a) Draw and explain the speed-torque characteristics and torque charectristics of dc shunt motor. A 10kW 900 rpm. [8+8] 7. (b) A 240V. [8+8] 8. ﬁnd the motor speed. then calculate: (a) The no-laoad armature current. 400V dc shunt motor has armature circuit resistance (including brushes) of 1Ω and shunt ﬁeld resistance of 400Ω. If load torque is reduced to 60% of its full-load value and a resistance of 2Ω is inserted in series with armature circuit.2 ohm and series ﬁeld resistance is 0. 2 6.2Ω. If eﬃciency at rated load is 85%.0 Kw. Calculate: i. 250 V series motor has a wave-connected armature with 1254 conductors. Iron and friction losses amount to 1.5 Nm. The ﬂux per pole is 22 mWb when the motor is taking 50 A. iv.Code No: 07A30201 Set No.2 ohm.800 rpm dc shunt motor has armature circuit resistance of 0. 50A. eurrent. Assume the ﬂux remain constant. (b) The speed when motor draws 20A from the mains and (c) The armature. when the total(or internal) torque developed is 98. (b) A 4-pole. (a) Explain the basic performance equations for a dc motor. the the the the speed BHP shaft torque and eﬃciency at this load. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . Armature resistance is 0.

the number of i. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.C generator (b) A shunt generator is to be converted into a level compounded generator by the addition of a series ﬁeld winding. (b) A 10 KW. From a test on the machine with shunt excitation only. Under normal operating conditions. (a) Prove that energy and coenergy in a linear magnetic system are given by identical expressions. What are the ordinary types of armature winding for dc machine? Explain the essential diﬀerence between them and give relative merits and the applications of the two types windings. Compute the energy stored in the magnetic ﬁeld produced by the ﬁeld winding.c shunt generator has a time constant Lf /Rf of 0. the If rf loss in the ﬁled winding is 600 watts. (a) What are the reasons for failure of voltage build up in a self excited D.[8+8] 5. [10+6] 6. (a) Draw and explain the dc Series motor characterstics.bar voltage of 220 V. total current 100A.025 Ω and ﬁeld resistance of 110 Ω. series ﬁeld turns to balance the back ampere turns in the case of a dc generator having the following data 6000 conductors.Code No: 07A30201 Set No. It has an armature resistance of 0. (a) List the conditions for building up of a dc shunt generator. angle of lead is 100 . leakage coeﬃcient = 1. Neglect the eﬀect of armature reaction.8A to give the same voltage when the machine is supplying its full load of 200A. 6 pole wave wound. 1500rpm d. ﬁnd the noos series turns required per pole. under normal operating conditions.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations. the shunt winding has 1200 turns/pole. 3 II B. [16] 3. 1 of 2 .5 sec 2 for its ﬁeld winding.3 [8+8] 4. Draw circuit diagram. it to give 400V on no-load and 4. [8+8] 2. shunt generator is supplying load connected to a bus . across magnetizing ampere turns ii. (b) A d. demagnetising ampere turns iii.c. (a) How demagnetizing and cross magnetizing ampere turns per pole are calculated in a DC machine? (b) Determine per pole. Calculate the value of load current and load power when it generates an emf of 230 V.

A 250V dc series motor has armature and series ﬁeld resistance of 0.Code No: 07A30201 Set No. The armature is wave-wound and has 492 active conductors. 440 V shunt generator having an armature circuit resistance including inter-pole winding of 0. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . (a) Calculate the current for developing a torque of 80Nm at 1200 rpm. [8+8] 8. Calculate the eﬃciency of the shunt generator at 3/4th full-load. [8+8] 7.5 A. 3 (b) The magnetization characteristic of a 4-pole dc series motor may be taken as proportional to current over a part of the working range. Determine the speed at which the motor will run and the current it will draw when connected to a 220 V supply.15ohms respectively. A 50 Kw. The load requires a gross torque proportional to the square of the speed equal to 30 Nm at 1000 rev/min. The total current drawn by the motor was 5 A including shunt ﬁeld current of 1.15 ohm at normal working temperature was run as a shunt motor on no-load at rated voltage and speed. on this basis the ﬂux per pole is 4.25 and 0. the total resistance of the motor being 2.0 ohm.5 mwb/A. (b) Calculate the percentage reduction in ﬂux when the motor runs at 1800 rpm at half the current obtained in part (a).

C. [8+8] 4. A 250v 4 pole shunt motor has two circuit armature winding with 500 conductors. Calculate the demagnetizing ampere turns/pole. (a) Draw OCC of a dc shunt generator and deﬁne critical speed and critical resistance.c shunt generator has a time constant Lf /Rf of 0. It has 492 armature conductors (a) wave wound (b) lap wound connected.5 1. (b) A dc shunt generator has the following open circuit magnetization curve at its rated speed Field current ( A ) : 0. (b) An 6 pole lap wound generator armature has 720 conductors. (b) A 10 KW. generator can be obtained. [8+8] 2. (Use graph paper) [8+8] 5. [8+8] 6. the brushes are given an actual lead of 100 . A 4-pole generator supplies a current of 143A. When delivering full load.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations. Calculate the e.25 ohms ﬁeld resstance is 125 ohm and the ﬂux per pole is 0.C generators. If the same armature is wave wound.f generated on open circuit. [16] 1 of 2 .02wb. (a) Explain how critical resistale and critical speed of a D.p. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Prove that energy and coenergy in a linear magnetic system are given by identical expressions.neglect armature reaction.ﬁnd the sped and torque developed if the motor draws 14 A from the mains.The armature circuit resistance is 0. at what speed it be driven to generate 600 volts? [8+8] 3. Find the terminal voltage on open circuit. The generator is driven at its rated speed. (a) With neat diagram give the constructional features of dc machine. (b) Draw the load charectristics of all the D. Under normal operating conditions. 1500rpm d.0 1. This ﬁeld winding is shunt connected and takes 10A.m. 4 II B. under normal operating conditions. a ﬂux of 30 mwb and a speed of 600 r.m.5 2 3 4 EMF ( V ) : 180 340 450 500 550 570 The resistance of the ﬁeld circuit is 200 Ω. Compute the energy stored in the magnetic ﬁeld produced by the ﬁeld winding.Code No: 07A30201 Set No. the If rf loss in the ﬁled winding is 600 watts. Find the number of extra shunt ﬁled turns necessary to neutralize this demagnetization.5 sec 2 for its ﬁeld winding.

(b) State one advantage and one disadvantage in the application of each of the three basic types of dc motors.1Ω. 4 7. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [4+4+4+4] 2 of 2 . (a) What are the factors eﬀecting the speed of dc motors. [8+8] 8.Code No: 07A30201 Set No. Determine: (a) the mechanical power developed (b) the power output (c) the load torque (d) the full load eﬃciency. Rf=240Ω and rotational loss=236W. A 200V shunt motor has Ra=0. On full load the line current is 9.8A with the motor running at 1450 rpm.

Shunt ii. machine? Explain how commutation is improved by use of inter poles. The B-H curve data is as follows... c. Series iii. B = 1. (a) Give applications of singly excited system and explain their working. (b) A 22. February 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES .83 wb/m2 H = 2800 3000 3500 AT/m.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. Explain the load sharing of DC Shunt generators operating in parallel.1 mm. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain the method of build-up of the emf in a shunt generator (b) What is classiﬁcation of generators? Explain with relevant connection diagrams. shunt motor has 840 armature conductors and 140 commutator segments.57A. (b) A U shaped lifting magnet made of cast steel is wound with an exciting coil of 800 turns. The magnetic path length of magnet is 75 cm with a cross sectional area of 6 cm2 .I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. It is required to lift a mass of 160 kg in air at a distance of 0. If brushes are shifted backward through 1. Calculate the minimum current required to lift the weight. (a) Sketch the internal and external characteristics of DC shunt and series generators. Neglect the resistance of coil.38 kW. 2-pole wave-wound d. ﬁnd the demagnetizing and distorting amp-turn /pole. (a) What do you understand by retrogressive and progressive windings? Which winding is generally preferred? Why? What are the advantages of retrogressive windings? (b) Give the relation between all pitch(es) for a DC generator with wave winding.82 1. Compound 1 of 2 .5 segments from the geometrical neutral axis. [8+8] 5.c. Its full-load eﬃciency is 88% and the shunt ﬁeld current is 1. [8+8] 3. 400-V.Code No: R050210202 Set No. Explain the essential condition for Dummy coil requirement. [8+8] 2. 1 II B. (a) What are the causes of sparking in a d. What are their ﬁelds of application? (b) Discuss the need for parallel operation of generators. (a) How may the direction of rotation of the following DC motors be reversed? i.81 1. [8+8] 6.

State the factors on which the torque depends. The armature resistance including brushes is 0.3 Ω and the ﬁeld current is 1 A. Its armature and ﬁeld resistances are 0. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . The value of resistance to be added in series with armature to reduce full load speed to 600 RPM. for a no load line current of 6 Amp.4 Ω and 125 Ω respectively and brush voltage drop is 2V. i. [8+8] 8.Code No: R050210202 Set No. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the various losses taking place in DC machines. Calculate the output and eﬃciency when the input current is 20 A. at no-load. (b) A 440 V DC shunt motor takes a current of 3 A. With the help of these losses draw the power ﬂow diagram for a DC Motor. ii. The no load speed. 1 (b) Deduce the expression for torque developed in armature of a DC motor. (a) With Neat diagram Explain the construction and working of 4-point starter (b) A DC shunt motor runs at 750 RPM from 250 V supply and is taking a full load line current of 60 Amps. calculate.

[8+8] 4. If the ﬁeld current of one generator is raised by 5% and the speed remains constant.7 tesla. (b) Determine the torque developed when a current of 30A passes through the armature of a motor with the following particulars: lap winding.2 cm long subtending an angle of 600 at the centre. Six DC generators are running in parallel. February 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . Derive the expression for torque developed by a D. 1 of 2 . [16] 2. (a) Deﬁne torque. (a) Explain about demagnetizing Ampere turn per pole and Cross magnetizing Ampere Turn per pole. 4-pole. [10+6] 5. Calculate (a) New Terminal Voltage (b) Output of each machine. With the help of neat diagram obtain the expression for the energy stored in a magnetic system for a simple attracted armature type relay.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. (b) A DC shunt motor is required to supply a load requiring a constant torque of 120 Nm.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. The total load is 360KW.f(s). motor from fundamentals. [8+8] 3. [8+8] 7. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection? (b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap with 960 conductors. (b) What is the purpose of compensating winding? Explain in detail. 310 conductors.m. [16] 6. running at the same speed and excited to give equal induce e. Explain the operation of system. All generators share load equally at a terminal voltage of 500V. each having an armature resistance of 0. 2 II B. bore radius 16. over a speed of 500 to 2000 RPM.15 ohm. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400 rpm.Code No: R050210202 Set No.C. (a) Draw the neat graph to show open circuit characteristic of a separately excited DC generator? Why is a ﬁeld regulator necessary for this machine. (a) Compare the speed control of DC motor by rheostat control method and speed control by semiconductor devices.2 cm. pole-shoes 16. (b) What is critical speed? Explain the signiﬁcance of critical speed. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to generate the same voltage. ﬂux density in air gap 0.

Motor armature current is 73 A. Calculate the eﬃciency of both machines.5 A and 2 A. ii. For each method above specify the base speed and power rating. Line current including both ﬁeld current is 10 A. [8+8] 8. Explain the three methods of obtaining the required speed range.Code No: R050210202 Set No. (b) Two identical DC machines when tested by Back to back method gave the following test results: Field currents are 2.05 Ω. 2 i. Line voltage is 220 V. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . (a) Explain the Testing method to separate rotational losses in DC machine. The armature resistance of each machine is 0.

Code No: R050210202 Set No. (b) What is the purpose of compensating winding? Explain in detail. [10+6] 1 of 2 . (a) Explain the procedure of withdrawing a DC generator that is already in parallel with others and supplying the load. [8+8] 3. (b) A 6-pole DC motor has a wave connected armature with 87 slots. the break down strength of air.13 ohm when the motor is connected to 240V supply and the armature draws a current of 80A driving a load of 15KW. determine the % change in terminal voltage. Calculate i. The shunt ﬁeld current of each generator is 4A and the armature resistance of each generator is 0. (b) Find an expression for the force per unit area between the plates of a parallel plate condenser in terms of the electric ﬁeld intensity. (b) Eleven DC Shunt Generators are running in parallel. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to generate the same voltage. Each generator supplies a load current o f 400A at 210V. February 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . Speed ii. [8+8] 4. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400 rpm.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. (a) Discuss Armature reaction and commutation in DC motors.wb and the armature has a resistance of 0. What is the signiﬁcance of residual magnetism? Explain the experimental determination of OCC in laboratory? [16] 5. [8+8] 6. 3 II B. If one generator is suddenly switched oﬀ.04 ohm. shaft Torque. (a) Explain about demagnetizing Ampere turn per pole and Cross magnetizing Ampere Turn per pole. Explain their eﬀects on the performance of the motor and give remedies to their eﬀects.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. the total load current being kept unchanged. The ﬂux per pole is 20 m. Find the value of the force per unit area when E = 3 * 106 Volts/ meter. Armature Torque and iii. each slot containing 6 conductors. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection? (b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap with 960 conductors. (a) Explain the doubly excited system? Explain the various losses in it. [8+8] 2.

(b) A 440 V DC shunt motor takes a current of 3 A. The armature resistance including brushes is 0.3 Ω and the ﬁeld current is 1 A. (a) Explain the various losses taking place in DC machines. at no-load. (a) What are the diﬀerent speed control methods of DC Shunt motor? Explain each method and enumerate advantages and disadvantages. 3 7. whose torque varies a cube of speed. The total armature and series ﬁeld resistance is 1 Ω. It takes 10 Amp from 200 V mains and runs at 1000 RPM. (b) A DC series motor is driving a fan load. Find the resistance to be connected in series with the motor to make it run at 800 RPM. [6+10] 8.Code No: R050210202 Set No. Calculate the output and eﬃciency when the input current is 20 A. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . With the help of these losses draw the power ﬂow diagram for a DC Motor.

At what speed will the current be reduced to 60A ? Armature resistance is 0.m. (b) Explain voltage build-up process of self excited DC generator? [8+8] 5. How can the internal characteristic be derived from the external characteristic of a separately excited generator. (b) What is the purpose of compensating winding? Explain in detail.1 ohm. [8+8] 3. Armature reaction may be ignored. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to generate the same voltage. (b) A 6-pole DC motor has a wave connected armature with 87 slots.Code No: R050210202 Set No. Derive the equation for the back e.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. it delivers 120A at 500V.13 ohm when the motor is connected to 240V supply and the armature draws a current of 80A driving a load of 16KW.f induced in a DC motor. [8+8] 4. Find the expression for torque as a function of θ. (a) Distinguish between internal and external characteristic of a DC generator. (a) Explain about demagnetizing Ampere turn per pole and Cross magnetizing Ampere Turn per pole. L11 = L22 = 1.wb and the armature has a resistance of 0. (a) Explain the mechanical energy and work done in singly excited system when actual displacement occurs? (b) An electromechanical device has following self and mutual inductances. Calculate i. explain the diﬀerent types of DC generators and give their application. Find Tav forθ = 30o . [8+8] 2. when coils are connected to a voltage source of 160 sin 314t.6 + cos2θ andL12 = 1 + 0. The ﬂux per pole is 20 m. (a) With relevant connection diagrams. (b) A separately excited generator with constant excitation is connected to a constant load. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400 rpm. When the speed is 1500 rpm. Speed 1 of 2 . ﬁnd Tav for θ= 30o .4cosθ. (a) Distinguish between motor and generator action. Contact drop/brush is 1V. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection? (b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap with 960 conductors. each slot containing 6 conductors. February 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . [8+8] 6.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. 4 II B.

Set No. It takes 10 Amp from 200 V mains and runs at 1000 RPM. [6+10] 8. (b) A DC series motor is driving a fan load. Find the resistance to be connected in series with the motor to make it run at 800 RPM. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . Armature resistance of each machine = 0. (a) What are the diﬀerent speed control methods of DC Shunt motor? Explain each method and enumerate advantages and disadvantages. The total armature and series ﬁeld resistance is 1 Ω.2 A. Motor armature current = 380 Amp. (a) With neat diagram explain the Swinburne’s test conducted on DC shunt motors. line current (excluding ﬁeld current) = 50 A. Field currents are 5 A and 4. shaft Torque. Calculate the eﬃciency of each machine. Armature Torque and iii. whose torque varies a cube of speed. (b) The Hopkinson’s test on two machines gave the following results for full load: Line voltage 250 V. 4 [10+6] 7.02Ω.Code No: R050210202 ii. What are the advantages and limitations of this test? Enumerate all calculations.

f(s). angle of lead = 100 . 1 II B. With the help of neat diagram obtain the expression for the energy stored in a magnetic system for a simple attracted armature type relay. Derive the equation for the back e.3. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection? (b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap with 960 conductors.wb and the armature has a resistance of 0. of series turns to balance the back ampere-turns in the case of a. each slot containing 6 conductors.d.f induced in a DC motor. All generators share load equally at a terminal voltage of 500V. generator. c. of back ampere-turns and iii. each having an armature resistance of 0. running at the same speed and excited to give equal induce e. total current 100A. 2-circuit wave winding. [16] 6.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. The ﬂux per pole is 20 m. (a) Distinguish between motor and generator action. If the ﬁeld current of one generator is raised by 5% and the speed remains constant.c. leakage coeﬃcient = 1.m. [8+8] 4. [8+8] 5. generator having the following data 500 conductors.m. of cross-magnetizing ampere-turns ii. Calculate 1 of 2 . [16] 2. (b) Determine per pole the number i.13 ohm when the motor is connected to 240V supply and the armature draws a current of 80A driving a load of 16KW. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to generate the same voltage. Calculate (a) New Terminal Voltage (b) Output of each machine. [8+8] 3. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400 rpm. (a) Explain the eﬀects of armature reaction in a d.15 ohm.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. 4 poles. Explain the operation of system. (a) Explain experimental determination of critical ﬁeld resistance for a self excited generator? (b) What are the causes and indication of over load generator. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . The total load is 360KW.Code No: R05210206 Set No. Six DC generators are running in parallel. (b) A 6-pole DC motor has a wave connected armature with 87 slots.

The motor armature has a resistance of 0. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .015 Ω.Code No: R05210206 i. i. Determine the value of external resistance to be inserted in the armature circuit so that armature current does not exceed twice its full load value at starting.12 Ω and is designed to operate at 240 V. ii. [8+8] 8. Set No. Speed ii. List the advantages and limitations of both the methods. (b) The Hopkinson’s test on two DC machines gave the following results for full load: line voltage 250 V. ﬁeld currents 5 A and 4 A. Armature Torque and iii. line current = 45 A excluding ﬁeld currents. motor armature current = 385 A. with the armature current at the full load value. (a) With Neat diagram Explain the construction and working of 3-point starter (b) A 2 ? pole lap wound DC shunt motor with 360 conductors operates at a constant ﬂux level of 50mWb. shaft Torque. (a) Compare Swinburne’s test and Hopkinson’s test conducted on DC machines. Armature resistance of each machine is 0. 1 [10+6] 7. taking a current of 60 A at full load. The external resistance is completely cut out when the motor reaches its ﬁnale speed. Calculate the motor speed under these conditions. Calculate the eﬃciency of each machine.

DC compound generator. 2 II B. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the construction of armature core. There are 40 slots on the armature surface and 12 turns per coil.Code No: R05210206 Set No. if ﬂux per pole is 45mwb and generator is rotated at 350 rpm.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations.. machine? Explain how commutation is improved by use of inter poles.5 segments from the geometrical neutral axis. [16] 5. (b) A 22. Repeat calculation for Lap winding.38 kW.c. Each generator supplies a load current o f 400A at 210V.04 ohm. (b) The armature of a DC generator is Wave wound with 2 poles. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . What is critical speed? How do you draw magnetization characteristics in laboratory.57A. [16] 2. The shunt ﬁeld current of each generator is 4A and the armature resistance of each generator is 0. [8+8] 4. c. shunt motor has 840 armature conductors and 140 commutator segments. 2-pole wave-wound d. the total load current being kept unchanged. (b) Eight DC Shunt Generators are running in parallel. The resistance of each conductor is 10 milliohm. (a) Distinguish between: i. If one generator is suddenly switched oﬀ. Explain the operation of system. the torque equation of a DC motor. (a) What are the causes of sparking in a d. Also give applications of each of them. 400-V. (a) Deﬁne torque. DC shunt generator and ii. Derive from ﬁrst principles. If brushes are shifted backward through 1. ﬁnd the demagnetizing and distorting amp-turn /pole. [6+10] 3. Show and explain the nature of external characteristic of each of them. The armature winding is double layer winding. With the help of neat diagram obtain the expression for the energy stored in a magnetic system for a simple attracted armature type relay.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What type of material is used for armature core? Explain the reasons. determine the % change in terminal voltage. ﬁnd the resistance of armature and EMF generated. Its full-load eﬃciency is 88% and the shunt ﬁeld current is 1. 1 of 2 .

Applied voltage = 220 V. The resistances of the armature and ﬁeld circuit are 0. Spring Balances. [8+8] 7. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .5 Amps and 255 V for a ﬁeld current of 5 Amps. bore radius 16.2 cm long subtending an angle of 600 at the centre.Code No: R05210206 Set No. Line current = 50 A. What are the advantages and limitations of this starter on 3 point starter? (b) The EMF developed in the armature of a shunt generator at 1155 RPM is 240 Volts for a ﬁeld current of 4. [6+10] 8. ﬂux density in air gap 0. the eﬃciency when loaded and taking a current of 125 A and the percentage change of speed. The generator is now used as a motor on a 260 V supply and takes an armature current of 75 Amps. 2 (b) Determine the torque developed when a current of 30A passes through the armature of a motor with the following particulars: wave winding.12 Ω. Calculate out put power and eﬃciency. 4-pole.2 cm. when the ﬁeld current is adjusted to 4. Find.7 tesla.2 Ω and 300 Ω respectively. pole-shoes 16. total armature resistance is 0. Speed of the motor = 1000 rpm. (a) Explain the functions of NVC and OLC in 4 Point starter. 310 conductors.8 Amps. Diameter of drum = 42 cm. 08 kgs and 30 kgs. Find the motor speed. (b) A 500 V DC shunt motor takes a current of 5 A on no-load. (a) The following readings are obtained when performing a brake test on DC shunt motor.

C. [16] 3.5 segments from the geometrical neutral axis. The generator is now used as a motor on a 260 V supply and takes an 1 of 2 . [8+8] 4. Explain the operation of system. If brushes are shifted backward through 1.2 cm long subtending an angle of 600 at the centre.38 kW. c.c. pole-shoes 16. Contact drop/brush is 1V. Why does the terminal voltage start decreasing after a certain value of load current? Also give its applications. 4-pole.Code No: R05210206 Set No.57A.1 ohm. (a) What are the causes of sparking in a d. With the help of neat diagram obtain the expression for the energy stored in a magnetic system for a simple attracted armature type relay. 2-pole wave-wound d. (a) Explain the external characteristic of DC series generator. What are the advantages and limitations of this starter on 3 point starter? (b) The EMF developed in the armature of a shunt generator at 1155 RPM is 240 Volts for a ﬁeld current of 4. What is critical speed? How do you calculate the critical speed in laboratory.7 tesla. [16] 5. (b) Determine the torque developed when a current of 30A passes through the armature of a motor with the following particulars: lap winding.2 cm. ﬂux density in air gap 0. bore radius 16. At what speed will the current be reduced to 60A ? Armature resistance is 0. Derive the relation between each for lap and wave winding.. When the speed is 1000 rpm. (b) A separately excited generator with constant excitation is connected to a constant load. 310 conductors. 400-V.5 Amps and 255 V for a ﬁeld current of 5 Amps. it delivers 120A at 500V. (a) Deﬁne torque.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. motor from fundamentals. (a) Explain the functions of NVC and OLC in 4 Point starter. Derive the expression for torque developed by a D. [8+8] 7. [16] 2. ﬁnd the demagnetizing and distorting amp-turn /pole.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (b) A 22. Its full-load eﬃciency is 88% and the shunt ﬁeld current is 1. Armature reaction may be ignored. 3 II B. machine? Explain how commutation is improved by use of inter poles. [8+8] 6. Explain the various pitch(es) related with armature winding. shunt motor has 840 armature conductors and 140 commutator segments. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES .

Code No: R05210206 Set No. Calculate the output and eﬃciency when the input current is 20 A. With the help of these losses draw the power ﬂow diagram for a DC Motor. (b) A 440 V DC shunt motor takes a current of 3 A. at no-load.3 Ω and the ﬁeld current is 1 A.8 Amps. (a) Explain the various losses taking place in DC machines. The armature resistance including brushes is 0. when the ﬁeld current is adjusted to 4.12 Ω. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . total armature resistance is 0. [6+10] 8. Find the motor speed. 3 armature current of 75 Amps.

bore radius 16. 4 II B. [10+6] 6. [8+8] 2. motor from fundamentals. 4-pole. November 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES . (a) Obtain the expression for the mechanical energy developed in electromechanical energy conversion devices (Single excited system).8λ(10.7 tesla. demagnetizing amp-turns/pole ii. [8+8] 3.2 cm long subtending an angle of 600 at the centre. pole-shoes 16.2 cm. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to generate the same voltage.C.2x2 ). (a) Discuss armature reaction and commutation in a dc motor. ﬁnd the force on the armature as a function of λ. The brushes have been displaced through 4 angular degrees from the geometrical axis. 1 of 2 . (a) Discuss in detail the characteristics and applications of DC Shunt. (a) Why we need to control the speed of D. ﬂux density in air gap 0.C. (a) Deﬁne torque. What is critical ﬁeld resistance? How do you draw the open circuit characteristic in laboratory. (b) Determine the torque developed when a current of 30A passes through the armature of a motor with the following particulars: lap winding. x < 1. [8+8] 7. [8+8] 4. the current and ﬂux linkages are related as i = (1.2λ)2 +3.I (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (b) A 2-pole lap connected motor armature has 880 conductors and delivers 120A. Motor? Explain the torque-speed relation of DC Motor. cross-magnetising amp-turns/pole (c) the additional ﬁeld current for neutralizing the demagnetization of the ﬁeld winding has 1100 turns/pole. [16] 5. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400 rpm. (b) In a electromechanical relay excited from a voltage source.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection? (b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap with 960 conductors.Code No: R05210206 Set No. Derive the expression for torque developed by a D. series and compound generators (b) Explain the conditions necessary for the parallel operation of DC generators. Calculate i. 310 conductors.

when the current is 10 Amp. Find the resistance to be added to limit the speed to 3600 RPM. Input current 15 A.06 Ω. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . (b) A Hopkinson’s test on two identical shunt machines gave the following results: Input voltage 500 V. Field current of generator 4A. ﬁeld current of motor 3 A. [8+8] 8. At a speed of 1800 rpm. Assume that ﬂux is linear to current between 10 Amps to 40 Amps. ﬁnd eﬃciency of motor and generator. Armature resistance of each machine 0. it takes a current of 40 A. 4 (b) A 230 V DC series motor has resistance of 0. (a) With neat diagram explain the Back to Back test conducted on two DC machines? Give all calculations assuming equal constant losses. output current of generator 120 A.2 Ω.Code No: R05210206 Set No.

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